# 1.

1
SOLUTIONS TO CONCEPTS
CHAPTER – 1
1. a) Linear momentum : mv = [MLT
–1
]
b) Frequency :
T
1
= [M
0
L
0
T
–1
]
c) Pressure :
] L [
] MLT [
Area
Force
2
2 ÷
= = [ML
–1
T
–2
]
2. a) Angular speed e = u/t = [M
0
L
0
T
–1
]
b) Angular acceleration o = = =
e
÷
T
T L M
t
2 0 0
[M
0
L
0
T
–2
]
c) Torque t = F r = [MLT
–2
] [L] = [ML
2
T
–2
]
d) Moment of inertia = Mr
2
= [M] [L
2
] = [ML
2
T
0
]
3. a) Electric field E = F/q = ] I MLT [
] IT [
MLT
1 3
2
÷ ÷
÷
=
b) Magnetic field B = ] I MT [
] LT ][ IT [
MLT
qv
F
1 2
1
2
÷ ÷
÷
÷
= =
c) Magnetic permeability u
0
= ] I MLT [
] I [
] L [ ] I MT
I
a 2 B
2 2
1 2
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
=
×
=
t ×
4. a) Electric dipole moment P = qI = [IT] × [L] = [LTI]
b) Magnetic dipole moment M = IA = [I] [L
2
] [L
2
I]
5. E = hv where E = energy and v = frequency.
h = ] T ML [
] T [
] T ML [ E
1 2
1
2 2
÷
÷
÷
=
v
6. a) Specific heat capacity = C = ] K T L [
] K ][ M [
] T ML [
T m
Q
1 2 2
2 2
÷ ÷
÷
= =
A
b) Coefficient of linear expansion = o = ] K [
] R ][ L [
] L [
T L
L L
1
0
2 1 ÷
= =
A
÷
c) Gas constant = R = ] ) mol ( K T ML [
] K )][ mol [(
] L ][ T ML [
nT
PV
1 1 2 2
3 2 1
÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷
= =
7. Taking force, length and time as fundamental quantity
a) Density = ] T FL [
T L
F
] L [
] LT / F [
Volume
leration) force/acce (
V
m
2 4
2 4 2
2
÷
÷
÷
= = = =
b) Pressure = F/A = F/L
2
= [FL
–2
]
c) Momentum = mv (Force / acceleration) × Velocity = [F / LT
–2
] × [LT
–1
] = [FT]
d) Energy =
2 2
) velocity (
on accelerati
Force
mv
2
1
× =
= ] FL [ ] T L [
] LT
F
] LT [
LT
F
2 2
2
2 1
2
= ×

= ×

÷
÷
÷
÷
8. g =
2
sec
metre
10 = 36 × 10
5
cm/min
2
9. The average speed of a snail is 0.02 mile/hr
Converting to S.I. units,
0.02 1.6 1000
3600
× ×
m/sec [1 mile = 1.6 km = 1600 m] = 0.0089 ms
–1
The average speed of leopard = 70 miles/hr
In SI units = 70 miles/hour =
70 1.6 1000
3600
× ×
= 31 m/s
Chapter-I
1.2
10. Height h = 75 cm, Density of mercury = 13600 kg/m
3
, g = 9.8 ms
–2
then
Pressure = hfg = 10 × 10
4
N/m
2
(approximately)
In C.G.S. Units, P = 10 × 10
5
dyne/cm
2
11. In S.I. unit 100 watt = 100 Joule/sec
In C.G.S. Unit = 10
9
erg/sec
12. 1 micro century = 10
4
× 100 years = 10
–4
× 365 × 24 × 60 min
So, 100 min = 10
5
/ 52560 = 1.9 microcentury
13. Surface tension of water = 72 dyne/cm
In S.I. Unit, 72 dyne/cm = 0.072 N/m
14. K = kI
a
e
b
where k = Kinetic energy of rotating body and k = dimensionless constant
Dimensions of left side are,
K = [ML
2
T
–2
]
Dimensions of right side are,
I
a
= [ML
2
]
a
, e
b
= [T
–1
]
b
According to principle of homogeneity of dimension,
[ML
2
T
–2
] = [ML
2
T
–2
] [T
–1
]
b
Equating the dimension of both sides,
2 = 2a and –2 = –b ¬a = 1 and b = 2
15. Let energy E · M
a
C
b
where M = Mass, C = speed of light
¬E = KM
a
C
b
(K = proportionality constant)
Dimension of left side
E = [ML
2
T
–2
]
Dimension of right side
M
a
= [M]
a
, [C]
b
= [LT
–1
]
b
[ML
2
T
–2
] = [M]
a
[LT
–1
]
b
¬a = 1; b = 2
So, the relation is E = KMC
2
16. Dimensional formulae of R = [ML
2
T
–3
I
–2
]
Dimensional formulae of V = [ML
2
T
3
I
–1
]
Dimensional formulae of I = [I]
[ML
2
T
3
I
–1
] = [ML
2
T
–3
I
–2
] [I]
¬V = IR
17. Frequency f = KL
a
F
b
M
c
M = Mass/unit length, L = length, F = tension (force)
Dimension of f = [T
–1
]
Dimension of right side,
L
a
= [L
a
], F
b
= [MLT
–2
]
b
, M
c
= [ML
–1
]
c
[T
–1
] = K[L]
a
[MLT
–2
]
b
[ML
–1
]
c
M
0
L
0
T
–1
= KM
b+c
L
a+b–c
T
–2b
Equating the dimensions of both sides,
b + c = 0 …(1)
–c + a + b = 0 …(2)
–2b = –1 …(3)
Solving the equations we get,
a = –1, b = 1/2 and c = –1/2
So, frequency f = KL
–1
F
1/2
M
–1/2
=
M
F
L
K
M F
L
K
2 / 1 2 / 1
= =
÷
Chapter-I
1.3
18. a) h =
rg
SCos 2
p
u
LHS = [L]
Surface tension = S = F/I =
2
2
MLT
[MT ]
L
÷
÷
=
Density = p = M/V = [ML
–3
T
0
]
Radius = r = [L], g = [LT
–2
]
RHS =
2
0 1 0
3 0 2
2Scos [MT ]
[M L T ] [L]
rg [ML T ][L][LT ]
÷
÷ ÷
u
= = =
p

LHS = RHS
So, the relation is correct
b) v =
p
p
where v = velocity
LHS = Dimension of v = [LT
–1
]
Dimension of p = F/A = [ML
–1
T
–2
]
Dimension of p = m/V = [ML
–3
]
RHS =
1 2
2 2 1/ 2
3
p [ML T ]
[L T ]
[ML ]
÷ ÷
÷
÷
= =
p
=
1
[LT ]
÷
So, the relation is correct.
c) V = (tpr
4
t) / (8nl)
LHS = Dimension of V = [L
3
]
Dimension of p = [ML
–1
T
–2
], r
4
= [L
4
], t = [T]
Coefficient of viscosity = [ML
–1
T
–1
]
RHS =
4 1 2 4
1 1
pr t [ML T ][L ][T]
8 l [ML T ][L]
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
t
=
n
So, the relation is correct.
d) v = ) I / mgl (
2
1
t
LHS = dimension of v = [T
–1
]
RHS = ) I / mgl ( =
2
2
[M][LT ][L]
[ML ]
÷
= [T
–1
]
LHS = RHS
So, the relation is correct.
19. Dimension of the left side =
2 2 2 2
dx L
(a x ) (L L )
=
÷ ÷
í í
= [L
0
]
Dimension of the right side = |
.
|

\
|
÷
x
a
sin
a
1
1
= [L
–1
]
So, the dimension of
í
÷ ) x a (
dx
2 2
≠ |
.
|

\
|
÷
x
a
sin
a
1
1
So, the equation is dimensionally incorrect.
Chapter-I
1.4
20. Important Dimensions and Units :
Physical quantity Dimension SI unit
Force (F)
] T L M [
2 1 1 ÷
newton
Work (W)
] T L M [
2 2 1 ÷
joule
Power (P)
] T L M [
3 2 1 ÷
watt
Gravitational constant (G)
] T L M [
2 3 1 ÷ ÷
N-m
2
/kg
2
Angular velocity (e)
] T [
1 ÷
Angular momentum (L)
] T L M [
1 2 1 ÷
kg-m
2
/s
Moment of inertia (I)
] L M [
2 1
kg-m
2
Torque (t)
] T L M [
2 2 1 ÷
N-m
Young’s modulus (Y)
] T L M [
2 1 1 ÷ ÷
N/m
2
Surface Tension (S)
] T M [
2 1 ÷
N/m
Coefficient of viscosity (n)
] T L M [
1 1 1 ÷ ÷
N-s/m
2
Pressure (p)
] T L M [
2 1 1 ÷ ÷
N/m
2
(Pascal)
Intensity of wave (I)
] T M [
3 1 ÷
watt/m
2
Specific heat capacity (c)
] K T L [
1 2 2 ÷ ÷
J/kg-K
Stefan’s constant (o)
] K T M [
4 3 1 ÷ ÷
watt/m
2
-k
4
Thermal conductivity (k)
] K T L M [
1 3 1 1 ÷ ÷
watt/m-K
Current density (j)
] L I [
2 1 ÷
ampere/m
2
Electrical conductivity (o)
] L M T I [
3 1 3 2 ÷ ÷
O
–1
m
–1

Electric dipole moment (p)
] T I L [
1 1 1
C-m
Electric field (E)
] T I L M [
3 1 1 1 ÷ ÷
V/m
Electrical potential (V)
] T I L M [
3 1 2 1 ÷ ÷
volt
Electric flux (+)
] L I T M [
3 1 3 1 ÷ ÷
volt/m
Capacitance (C)
] L M T I [
2 1 4 2 ÷ ÷
Permittivity (c)
] L M T I [
3 1 4 2 ÷ ÷
C
2
/N-m
2
Permeability (u)
] T I L M [
3 2 1 1 ÷ ÷
Newton/A
2
Magnetic dipole moment (M)
] L I [
2 1
N-m/T
Magnetic flux (o)
] T I L M [
2 1 2 1 ÷ ÷
Weber (Wb)
Magnetic field (B)
] T I M [
2 1 1 ÷ ÷
tesla
Inductance (L)
] T I L M [
2 2 2 1 ÷ ÷
henry
Resistance (R)
] T I L M [
3 2 2 1 ÷ ÷
ohm (O)
* * * *

Frequency f = KL F M M = Mass/unit length. F = [MLT ] . Ia = [ML2]a. [ML T ] = [ML T ] [T ] 2 –2 2 –2 –1 b 2 –2 5 9 5 2 4 2 3 –2 then Equating the dimension of both sides.9 microcentury 13. L = [L ]. Unit. frequency f = KL F M –1 1/2 –1/2 = K 1/ 2 1/ 2 K F F M   L L M 1. Height h = 75 cm. [C] = [LT ] [ML T ] = [M] [LT ]  a = 1.G.S. 72 dyne/cm = 0. L = length. Let energy E  M C where M = Mass. K = kIa b where k = Kinetic energy of rotating body and k = dimensionless constant Dimensions of left side are. b = 2 So. F = tension (force) Dimension of f = [T ] Dimension of right side.072 N/m 14. …(1) …(2) …(3) Solving the equations we get. 1 micro century = 104 × 100 years = 10–4  365  24  60 min So. P = 10 × 10 dyne/cm 11.I. a = –1. K = [ML T ] Dimensions of right side are.2 . C = speed of light  E = KM C (K = proportionality constant) Dimension of left side E = [ML T ] Dimension of right side M = [M] . Surface tension of water = 72 dyne/cm In S. unit 100 watt = 100 Joule/sec In C. Unit = 10 erg/sec 12. Units.8 ms Pressure = hfg = 10  10 N/m (approximately) In C. In S. b = 1/2 and c = –1/2  So.S. Density of mercury = 13600 kg/m .Chapter-I 10. b = [T–1]b According to principle of homogeneity of dimension. 2 = 2a and –2 = –b  a = 1 and b = 2 15. Dimensional formulae of R = [ML T I ] Dimensional formulae of V = [ML T I ] Dimensional formulae of I = [I] [ML T I ] = [ML T I ] [I]  V = IR 17.G. the relation is E = KMC 2 2 –3 –2 2 –2 a a a b –1 b –1 b 2 –2 a b a b 16. M = [ML ] [T ] = K[L] [MLT ] [ML ] M L T = KM b+c=0 –c + a + b = 0 –2b = –1 0 0 –1 b+c –1 a –2 b –1 c a a b –2 b c –1 c –1 a b c 2 3 –1 2 –3 –2 2 3 –1 L a+b–c T –2b Equating the dimensions of both sides.I. 100 min = 10 / 52560 = 1. g = 9.

the equation is dimensionally incorrect. the relation is correct b) v = p where v = velocity  –1 –1 –2 –3 LHS = Dimension of v = [LT ] Dimension of p = F/A = [ML T ] Dimension of  = m/V = [ML ] RHS = p [ML1T 2 ]   [L2T 2 ]1/ 2 = [LT 1 ]  [ML3 ] 4 So. c) V = (pr t) / (8l) LHS = Dimension of V = [L ] Dimension of p = [ML T ]. Dimension of the left side =  dx (a  x ) 2 2   L (L  L ) 2 2 = [L ] 0 Dimension of the right side = So. the relation is correct.Chapter-I 18.3 . t = [T] Coefficient of viscosity = [ML T ] RHS = –1 –1 –1 –2 4 4 3 pr 4 t [ML1T 2 ][L4 ][T]  8 l [ML1T 1 ][L] So. 19. g = [LT ] RHS = –2 –3 0 2Scos  [MT 2 ]   [M0L1T0 ]  [L]  3 0 rg [ML T ][L][LT 2 ] LHS = RHS So. d) v = 1 (mgl / I) 2 –1 LHS = dimension of v = [T ] RHS = (mgl / I) = [M][LT 2 ][L] [ML ] 2 = [T ] –1 LHS = RHS So. r = [L ]. the relation is correct. a) h = 2SCos rg MLT 2  [MT 2 ] L LHS = [L] Surface tension = S = F/I = Density =  = M/V = [ML T ] Radius = r = [L]. the dimension of 1 1 a  –1 sin   = [L ] a x 2  dx (a  x ) 2 ≠ 1 1 a  sin   a x So. 1. the relation is correct.

4 1 2 2 3 .Chapter-I 20. Important Dimensions and Units : Physical quantity Force (F) Work (W) Power (P) Gravitational constant (G) Angular velocity () Angular momentum (L) Moment of inertia (I) Torque () Young’s modulus (Y) Surface Tension (S) Coefficient of viscosity () Pressure (p) Intensity of wave (I) Specific heat capacity (c) Stefan’s constant () Thermal conductivity (k) Current density (j) Electrical conductivity () Electric dipole moment (p) Electric field (E) Electrical potential (V) Electric flux () Capacitance (C) Permittivity () Permeability () Magnetic dipole moment (M) Magnetic flux () Magnetic field (B) Inductance (L) Resistance (R) Dimension [M1L1T 2 ] SI unit newton joule watt N-m /kg radian/s kg-m /s kg-m N-m N/m N/m N-s/m 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 [M L T ] [M L T ] 1 2 3 1 2 2 [M L T ] [T 1] 1 3 2 [M L T ] [M1L2 ] 1 2 1 [M L T ] [M1L1T 2 ] 1 2 2 [M1T 2 ] [M1L1T 1] [M1L1T 2 ] [M1T 3 ] N/m (Pascal) watt/m J/kg-K watt/m -k watt/m-K ampere/m  –1 2 2 4 2 [L2T 2K 1] [M T K ] 1 3 4 [M1L1T 3K 1] [I L ] 1 2 [I2T3M1L3 ] [L1I1T1] m  –1 C-m V/m volt volt/m farad (F) C /N-m 2 2 2 [M L I T ] [M L I T ] 1 2 1 3 1 1 1 3 [M T I L ] [I T M L ] 2 4 1 2 1 3 1 3 [I T M L ] [M L I T ] 1 1 2 3 2 4 1 3 Newton/A N-m/T [I1L2 ] [M1L2I1T 2 ] Weber (Wb) tesla henry ohm () [M I T ] [M L I T ] 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 [M L I T ] **** 1.