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1.
1
SOLUTIONS TO CONCEPTS
CHAPTER – 1
1. a) Linear momentum : mv = [MLT
–1
]
b) Frequency :
T
1
= [M
0
L
0
T
–1
]
c) Pressure :
] L [
] MLT [
Area
Force
2
2 ÷
= = [ML
–1
T
–2
]
2. a) Angular speed e = u/t = [M
0
L
0
T
–1
]
b) Angular acceleration o = = =
e
÷
T
T L M
t
2 0 0
[M
0
L
0
T
–2
]
c) Torque t = F r = [MLT
–2
] [L] = [ML
2
T
–2
]
d) Moment of inertia = Mr
2
= [M] [L
2
] = [ML
2
T
0
]
3. a) Electric field E = F/q = ] I MLT [
] IT [
MLT
1 3
2
÷ ÷
÷
=
b) Magnetic field B = ] I MT [
] LT ][ IT [
MLT
qv
F
1 2
1
2
÷ ÷
÷
÷
= =
c) Magnetic permeability u
0
= ] I MLT [
] I [
] L [ ] I MT
I
a 2 B
2 2
1 2
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
=
×
=
t ×
4. a) Electric dipole moment P = qI = [IT] × [L] = [LTI]
b) Magnetic dipole moment M = IA = [I] [L
2
] [L
2
I]
5. E = hv where E = energy and v = frequency.
h = ] T ML [
] T [
] T ML [ E
1 2
1
2 2
÷
÷
÷
=
v
6. a) Specific heat capacity = C = ] K T L [
] K ][ M [
] T ML [
T m
Q
1 2 2
2 2
÷ ÷
÷
= =
A
b) Coefficient of linear expansion = o = ] K [
] R ][ L [
] L [
T L
L L
1
0
2 1 ÷
= =
A
÷
c) Gas constant = R = ] ) mol ( K T ML [
] K )][ mol [(
] L ][ T ML [
nT
PV
1 1 2 2
3 2 1
÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷
= =
7. Taking force, length and time as fundamental quantity
a) Density = ] T FL [
T L
F
] L [
] LT / F [
Volume
leration) force/acce (
V
m
2 4
2 4 2
2
÷
÷
÷
= = = =
b) Pressure = F/A = F/L
2
= [FL
–2
]
c) Momentum = mv (Force / acceleration) × Velocity = [F / LT
–2
] × [LT
–1
] = [FT]
d) Energy =
2 2
) velocity (
on accelerati
Force
mv
2
1
× =
= ] FL [ ] T L [
] LT
F
] LT [
LT
F
2 2
2
2 1
2
= ×
= ×
÷
÷
÷
÷
8. g =
2
sec
metre
10 = 36 × 10
5
cm/min
2
9. The average speed of a snail is 0.02 mile/hr
Converting to S.I. units,
0.02 1.6 1000
3600
× ×
m/sec [1 mile = 1.6 km = 1600 m] = 0.0089 ms
–1
The average speed of leopard = 70 miles/hr
In SI units = 70 miles/hour =
70 1.6 1000
3600
× ×
= 31 m/s
ChapterI
1.2
10. Height h = 75 cm, Density of mercury = 13600 kg/m
3
, g = 9.8 ms
–2
then
Pressure = hfg = 10 × 10
4
N/m
2
(approximately)
In C.G.S. Units, P = 10 × 10
5
dyne/cm
2
11. In S.I. unit 100 watt = 100 Joule/sec
In C.G.S. Unit = 10
9
erg/sec
12. 1 micro century = 10
4
× 100 years = 10
–4
× 365 × 24 × 60 min
So, 100 min = 10
5
/ 52560 = 1.9 microcentury
13. Surface tension of water = 72 dyne/cm
In S.I. Unit, 72 dyne/cm = 0.072 N/m
14. K = kI
a
e
b
where k = Kinetic energy of rotating body and k = dimensionless constant
Dimensions of left side are,
K = [ML
2
T
–2
]
Dimensions of right side are,
I
a
= [ML
2
]
a
, e
b
= [T
–1
]
b
According to principle of homogeneity of dimension,
[ML
2
T
–2
] = [ML
2
T
–2
] [T
–1
]
b
Equating the dimension of both sides,
2 = 2a and –2 = –b ¬a = 1 and b = 2
15. Let energy E · M
a
C
b
where M = Mass, C = speed of light
¬E = KM
a
C
b
(K = proportionality constant)
Dimension of left side
E = [ML
2
T
–2
]
Dimension of right side
M
a
= [M]
a
, [C]
b
= [LT
–1
]
b
[ML
2
T
–2
] = [M]
a
[LT
–1
]
b
¬a = 1; b = 2
So, the relation is E = KMC
2
16. Dimensional formulae of R = [ML
2
T
–3
I
–2
]
Dimensional formulae of V = [ML
2
T
3
I
–1
]
Dimensional formulae of I = [I]
[ML
2
T
3
I
–1
] = [ML
2
T
–3
I
–2
] [I]
¬V = IR
17. Frequency f = KL
a
F
b
M
c
M = Mass/unit length, L = length, F = tension (force)
Dimension of f = [T
–1
]
Dimension of right side,
L
a
= [L
a
], F
b
= [MLT
–2
]
b
, M
c
= [ML
–1
]
c
[T
–1
] = K[L]
a
[MLT
–2
]
b
[ML
–1
]
c
M
0
L
0
T
–1
= KM
b+c
L
a+b–c
T
–2b
Equating the dimensions of both sides,
b + c = 0 …(1)
–c + a + b = 0 …(2)
–2b = –1 …(3)
Solving the equations we get,
a = –1, b = 1/2 and c = –1/2
So, frequency f = KL
–1
F
1/2
M
–1/2
=
M
F
L
K
M F
L
K
2 / 1 2 / 1
= =
÷
ChapterI
1.3
18. a) h =
rg
SCos 2
p
u
LHS = [L]
Surface tension = S = F/I =
2
2
MLT
[MT ]
L
÷
÷
=
Density = p = M/V = [ML
–3
T
0
]
Radius = r = [L], g = [LT
–2
]
RHS =
2
0 1 0
3 0 2
2Scos [MT ]
[M L T ] [L]
rg [ML T ][L][LT ]
÷
÷ ÷
u
= = =
p
LHS = RHS
So, the relation is correct
b) v =
p
p
where v = velocity
LHS = Dimension of v = [LT
–1
]
Dimension of p = F/A = [ML
–1
T
–2
]
Dimension of p = m/V = [ML
–3
]
RHS =
1 2
2 2 1/ 2
3
p [ML T ]
[L T ]
[ML ]
÷ ÷
÷
÷
= =
p
=
1
[LT ]
÷
So, the relation is correct.
c) V = (tpr
4
t) / (8nl)
LHS = Dimension of V = [L
3
]
Dimension of p = [ML
–1
T
–2
], r
4
= [L
4
], t = [T]
Coefficient of viscosity = [ML
–1
T
–1
]
RHS =
4 1 2 4
1 1
pr t [ML T ][L ][T]
8 l [ML T ][L]
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
t
=
n
So, the relation is correct.
d) v = ) I / mgl (
2
1
t
LHS = dimension of v = [T
–1
]
RHS = ) I / mgl ( =
2
2
[M][LT ][L]
[ML ]
÷
= [T
–1
]
LHS = RHS
So, the relation is correct.
19. Dimension of the left side =
2 2 2 2
dx L
(a x ) (L L )
=
÷ ÷
í í
= [L
0
]
Dimension of the right side = 
.

\

÷
x
a
sin
a
1
1
= [L
–1
]
So, the dimension of
í
÷ ) x a (
dx
2 2
≠ 
.

\

÷
x
a
sin
a
1
1
So, the equation is dimensionally incorrect.
ChapterI
1.4
20. Important Dimensions and Units :
Physical quantity Dimension SI unit
Force (F)
] T L M [
2 1 1 ÷
newton
Work (W)
] T L M [
2 2 1 ÷
joule
Power (P)
] T L M [
3 2 1 ÷
watt
Gravitational constant (G)
] T L M [
2 3 1 ÷ ÷
Nm
2
/kg
2
Angular velocity (e)
] T [
1 ÷
radian/s
Angular momentum (L)
] T L M [
1 2 1 ÷
kgm
2
/s
Moment of inertia (I)
] L M [
2 1
kgm
2
Torque (t)
] T L M [
2 2 1 ÷
Nm
Young’s modulus (Y)
] T L M [
2 1 1 ÷ ÷
N/m
2
Surface Tension (S)
] T M [
2 1 ÷
N/m
Coefficient of viscosity (n)
] T L M [
1 1 1 ÷ ÷
Ns/m
2
Pressure (p)
] T L M [
2 1 1 ÷ ÷
N/m
2
(Pascal)
Intensity of wave (I)
] T M [
3 1 ÷
watt/m
2
Specific heat capacity (c)
] K T L [
1 2 2 ÷ ÷
J/kgK
Stefan’s constant (o)
] K T M [
4 3 1 ÷ ÷
watt/m
2
k
4
Thermal conductivity (k)
] K T L M [
1 3 1 1 ÷ ÷
watt/mK
Current density (j)
] L I [
2 1 ÷
ampere/m
2
Electrical conductivity (o)
] L M T I [
3 1 3 2 ÷ ÷
O
–1
m
–1
Electric dipole moment (p)
] T I L [
1 1 1
Cm
Electric field (E)
] T I L M [
3 1 1 1 ÷ ÷
V/m
Electrical potential (V)
] T I L M [
3 1 2 1 ÷ ÷
volt
Electric flux (+)
] L I T M [
3 1 3 1 ÷ ÷
volt/m
Capacitance (C)
] L M T I [
2 1 4 2 ÷ ÷
farad (F)
Permittivity (c)
] L M T I [
3 1 4 2 ÷ ÷
C
2
/Nm
2
Permeability (u)
] T I L M [
3 2 1 1 ÷ ÷
Newton/A
2
Magnetic dipole moment (M)
] L I [
2 1
Nm/T
Magnetic flux (o)
] T I L M [
2 1 2 1 ÷ ÷
Weber (Wb)
Magnetic field (B)
] T I M [
2 1 1 ÷ ÷
tesla
Inductance (L)
] T I L M [
2 2 2 1 ÷ ÷
henry
Resistance (R)
] T I L M [
3 2 2 1 ÷ ÷
ohm (O)
* * * *
Frequency f = KL F M M = Mass/unit length. F = [MLT ] . Ia = [ML2]a. [ML T ] = [ML T ] [T ] 2 –2 2 –2 –1 b 2 –2 5 9 5 2 4 2 3 –2 then Equating the dimension of both sides.9 microcentury 13. L = [L ]. Unit. frequency f = KL F M –1 1/2 –1/2 = K 1/ 2 1/ 2 K F F M L L M 1. Height h = 75 cm. [C] = [LT ] [ML T ] = [M] [LT ] a = 1.G.S. 72 dyne/cm = 0. L = length. Let energy E M C where M = Mass. K = kIa b where k = Kinetic energy of rotating body and k = dimensionless constant Dimensions of left side are. b = 2 So. F = tension (force) Dimension of f = [T ] Dimension of right side.072 N/m 14. …(1) …(2) …(3) Solving the equations we get. 1 micro century = 104 × 100 years = 10–4 365 24 60 min So. P = 10 × 10 dyne/cm 11.I. a = –1. K = [ML T ] Dimensions of right side are.2 . C = speed of light E = KM C (K = proportionality constant) Dimension of left side E = [ML T ] Dimension of right side M = [M] . Surface tension of water = 72 dyne/cm In S. unit 100 watt = 100 Joule/sec In C. Unit = 10 erg/sec 12. Units.8 ms Pressure = hfg = 10 10 N/m (approximately) In C. In S. b = 1/2 and c = –1/2 So.S. Density of mercury = 13600 kg/m .ChapterI 10. b = [T–1]b According to principle of homogeneity of dimension. 2 = 2a and –2 = –b a = 1 and b = 2 15. Dimensional formulae of R = [ML T I ] Dimensional formulae of V = [ML T I ] Dimensional formulae of I = [I] [ML T I ] = [ML T I ] [I] V = IR 17.G. the relation is E = KMC 2 2 –3 –2 2 –2 a a a b –1 b –1 b 2 –2 a b a b 16. M = [ML ] [T ] = K[L] [MLT ] [ML ] M L T = KM b+c=0 –c + a + b = 0 –2b = –1 0 0 –1 b+c –1 a –2 b –1 c a a b –2 b c –1 c –1 a b c 2 3 –1 2 –3 –2 2 3 –1 L a+b–c T –2b Equating the dimensions of both sides.I. 100 min = 10 / 52560 = 1. g = 9.
the equation is dimensionally incorrect. the relation is correct b) v = p where v = velocity –1 –1 –2 –3 LHS = Dimension of v = [LT ] Dimension of p = F/A = [ML T ] Dimension of = m/V = [ML ] RHS = p [ML1T 2 ] [L2T 2 ]1/ 2 = [LT 1 ] [ML3 ] 4 So. c) V = (pr t) / (8l) LHS = Dimension of V = [L ] Dimension of p = [ML T ]. Dimension of the left side = dx (a x ) 2 2 L (L L ) 2 2 = [L ] 0 Dimension of the right side = So. the relation is correct.ChapterI 18.3 . t = [T] Coefficient of viscosity = [ML T ] RHS = –1 –1 –1 –2 4 4 3 pr 4 t [ML1T 2 ][L4 ][T] 8 l [ML1T 1 ][L] So. 19. g = [LT ] RHS = –2 –3 0 2Scos [MT 2 ] [M0L1T0 ] [L] 3 0 rg [ML T ][L][LT 2 ] LHS = RHS So. d) v = 1 (mgl / I) 2 –1 LHS = dimension of v = [T ] RHS = (mgl / I) = [M][LT 2 ][L] [ML ] 2 = [T ] –1 LHS = RHS So. r = [L ]. the relation is correct. a) h = 2SCos rg MLT 2 [MT 2 ] L LHS = [L] Surface tension = S = F/I = Density = = M/V = [ML T ] Radius = r = [L]. the dimension of 1 1 a –1 sin = [L ] a x 2 dx (a x ) 2 ≠ 1 1 a sin a x So. 1. the relation is correct.
4 1 2 2 3 .ChapterI 20. Important Dimensions and Units : Physical quantity Force (F) Work (W) Power (P) Gravitational constant (G) Angular velocity () Angular momentum (L) Moment of inertia (I) Torque () Young’s modulus (Y) Surface Tension (S) Coefficient of viscosity () Pressure (p) Intensity of wave (I) Specific heat capacity (c) Stefan’s constant () Thermal conductivity (k) Current density (j) Electrical conductivity () Electric dipole moment (p) Electric field (E) Electrical potential (V) Electric flux () Capacitance (C) Permittivity () Permeability () Magnetic dipole moment (M) Magnetic flux () Magnetic field (B) Inductance (L) Resistance (R) Dimension [M1L1T 2 ] SI unit newton joule watt Nm /kg radian/s kgm /s kgm Nm N/m N/m Ns/m 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 [M L T ] [M L T ] 1 2 3 1 2 2 [M L T ] [T 1] 1 3 2 [M L T ] [M1L2 ] 1 2 1 [M L T ] [M1L1T 2 ] 1 2 2 [M1T 2 ] [M1L1T 1] [M1L1T 2 ] [M1T 3 ] N/m (Pascal) watt/m J/kgK watt/m k watt/mK ampere/m –1 2 2 4 2 [L2T 2K 1] [M T K ] 1 3 4 [M1L1T 3K 1] [I L ] 1 2 [I2T3M1L3 ] [L1I1T1] m –1 Cm V/m volt volt/m farad (F) C /Nm 2 2 2 [M L I T ] [M L I T ] 1 2 1 3 1 1 1 3 [M T I L ] [I T M L ] 2 4 1 2 1 3 1 3 [I T M L ] [M L I T ] 1 1 2 3 2 4 1 3 Newton/A Nm/T [I1L2 ] [M1L2I1T 2 ] Weber (Wb) tesla henry ohm () [M I T ] [M L I T ] 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 [M L I T ] **** 1.