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Ppt 0000011

Ppt 0000011

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M£CHANICAI WAV£ ANÐ ITS

AÐMINIST£R
IItvI NuvI! I. (0B) Hunnu Vunyu(09) Inus NubI!uL R. (11)
XI-A
WHAT IS MICHAÞICA! WAVI¨
MochnnIcnI wnvo Is wnvo fhnf nood modIum. Tho
oxnmpIo Is sound wnvo, wo cnn honr sound
bocnuso fhoro Is nIr ns modIum.
VI!OCITY, I!IQ!IÞCY, AÞÐ !IÞCTH OI
WAVI
!IMAÞT!!AÞ ÐAÞ !IMIIASAÞ
CI!OMIAÞC
CnrIs Iurus vnng
monvnfnknn nrnh
pornmbnfnn goIombnng
dIsobuf sInnr goIombnng dnn
nrnh sInnr goIombnng soInIu
fognk Iurus dongnn mukn
goIombnng.
Mukn goIombnng (fronf
wnvo) ndnInh fompnf
koduduknn pnrfIkoI-pnrfIkoI
vnng mompunvnI fnso vnng
snmn dnInm goIombnng.
I
r
v
2
v
l
!ndn pomnnfuInn goIombnng borInku:
Suduf dnfnng = suduf pnnfuI
!nnjnng goIombnng dnfnng = pnnnng goIombnng pnnfuI
Koc. goIombng dnfnng = koc. goIombnng pnnfuI
I
r
/unuku!
/u!um
IÞTI!II!IÞSI ÐAÞ ÐII!AKSI
CI!OMIAÞC
O
!

KICI!ATAÞ ÐAÞ !I!CI!ATAÞ
CI!OMIAÞC II!JA!AÞ
Kocopnfnn borgornk fIfIk ! ndnInh furunnn
porfnmn sImpnngnn pndn fIfIk ! forhndnp
wnkfu, vnng momonuhI porsnmnnn:
O
!

!orcopnfnn gofnrnn pnrfIkoI fIfIk ! morupnknn
furunnn porfnmn kocopnfnn gofnr fIfIk !
forhndnp wnkfu
O
!

S!Ð!T IASI, IASI ÐAÞ IIÐA IASI
CI!OMIAÞC II!JA!AÞ
Su/ut Iuse u/u!uL:
O
!

Inso fIfIk A
o
I A
Inso fIfIk I
Iodn fnso nnfnrn fIfIk A dnn I
Gelombang Stasioner
Gelombang stasioner terbentuk dari hasil
interferensi antara gelombang datang
dengan gelombang pantul yang memiliki
amplitudo dan frekuensi yang sama namun
dengan arah rambat yang berlawanan.
&ung Bebas
$ $ $
$ $
!
!
!
!
) sin( kx t A v
d
= æ
) sin( kx t A v
p
= æ
VIdoo
) ) sin( ) sin(
) sin( ) sin(
kx t kx t A
kx t A kx t A
v v v
p d
=
=
=
æ æ
æ æ
) ( 2 / 1 cos ) ( 2 / 1 sin 2 sin sin A A A =
) )
) cos( ) sin( 2
) ( ) (
2
1
cos ) ( ) (
2
1
sin 2
kx t A
kx t kx t kx t kx t A
=

æ
æ æ æ æ
t kx A v æ sin cos 2 =
!
" "
kx A A cos 2 =
$ $ $
$ $
!
!
!
!
) sin( kx t A v
d
= æ
) sin( kx t A v
p
= æ
.587
2
2
1
) 1 ( = 3 x
p3
"38
2

1
) 1 2 ( = 3 x
s3
$
!
$
$ $
!
!
!
Confoh sonI
Soufns fnII dIronfnngknn socnrn horIsonfnI
dongnn pnnjnng 5l0 cm. snInh snfu ujungnvn
dIgofnrknn hnrmonIk nnIk-vurun dongnn porIodo
2 sokon dnn AmpIIfudo 20 cm. Cofnrnn InI
mornmbnf dongnn copnf rnmbnf l8 cm/s,
sohInggn fImbuInh goIombnng sfnsIonor.
Tonfuknn:
n) AmpIIfudo goIombnng sfnsIonor dI fIfIk vnng
borjnrnk 6 cm dnrI ujung bobns¨
b) !ofnk sImpuI ko-2 dnn poruf ko-3 dnrI fIfIk
vnng bobns¨
Known:
Ax =
n2
p3
.2 k
T v
s T
s .2 v
18 36
2 2
36 2 . 18 .
2
/ 18
6 6
2
6
2
= = =
= = =
=
=
.2
kx A
20
2
1
. 0
3
cos 0
16 .
18
cos ) 20 ( 2
cos 2
= = =
=
=
6
6
.2
3
27
36 .

3

1
. 36 ). 1 2 . 2 (

1
). 1 2 (
=
=
=
= 2
.2
3
36
2
1
) 1 3 (
2
1
) 1 (
= =
=
=
2
2
2
!nfIhnn sonI
CoIombnng sfnsIonor dnpnf forjndI knronn supor
posIsI goIombnng dnfnng dnn goIombnng pnnfuI
oIoh ujung bobns. TIfIk sImpuI vnng kosopuIuh
borjnrnk l,52 cm dnrI ujung bobnsnvn. JIkn
frokuonsI goIombnng Ifu 50 Hz, Inju rnmbnf
goIombnngnvn¨
Known :
!nnjnng goIombnng :
v :
0
1
0
2 , 1
10
=
=
=
T
Hz f
.2
s
32 , 0
19
2 , 1

1
) 1 10 . 2 ( 2 , 1

1
) 1 2 (
10
= =
=
=
2
2
2 3
s
s .2 v
v
T
v
/ 16
0 . 32 , 0
=
=
=
2
&ung Terikat
) sin( kx t A v
d
= æ
) sin( kx t A v
p
= æ
VIdoo
$ $ $ $ $ $
!
!
!
!
p d
v v v =
)| sin( ) |sin(
) sin( ) sin(
kx t kx t A
kx t A kx t A
=
=
æ æ
æ æ
) (
2
1
sin ) (
2
1
cos 2 sin sin A A A =
kx t A
kx t kx t kx t kx t A v
sin cos 2
)| (
2
1
sin ) (
2
1
cos 2 |
æ
æ æ æ æ
=
=
t kx A v æ cos sin 2 =
"
"
"
" "
kx A A sin 2 =
$ $ $ $ $ $
!
!
!
!
.587
"38
2
2
1
) 1 ( = 3 x
s3
2

1
) 1 2 ( = 3 x
p3
$ $ $ $ $ $
!
!
!
!
!nfIhnn SonI
!ndn sobunh fnII snInh snfu ujungnvn forIknf,
sodnngknn ujung InInnvn dIgofnrknn hnrmonIk
dongnn frokuonsI 0,5 Hz dnn AmpIIfudo 20 cm.
CoIombnng vnng fImbuI monvobnr dongnn copnf
rnmbnf l2 cm/s. TonfuknnInh :
n) AmpIIfudo goIombnng pndn jnrnk l0 cm dnrI
ujung forIknf¨
b) !ofnk poruf kodun dnn sImpuI kofIgn dnrI
ujung forIknf¨
Known :
Ax
pn=
sn=
1
12 2
2 2
2
, 0
12

= = =
= = =
.2 k
.2
f
v
6 6
2
6
2
.2
kx A A
x
20
2 1 . 0
6

sin 0
10 .
12
sin ) 20 ( 2
sin 2
=
=
¦
'
+

'

=
¦
'
+

'

=
=
6
6
.2
3
18
2 . / 3
/ 1 ) 1 2 . 2 (
1 ) 1 2 (
=
=
=
=
2
2
.2
3
2
2 / 1 ) 1 3 (
2 / 1 ) 1 (
2
2
2
=
=
=
!nfIhnn SonI
!ndn sobunh fnII snInh snfu ujungnvn forIknf,
sodnngknn ujung InInnvn dIgofnrknn hnrmonIk
dongnn frokuonsI 2 Hz dnn AmpIIfudo 6 cm.
CoIombnng vnng fImbuI monvobnr dongnn copnf
rnmbnf 24 cm/s. TonfuknnInh :
n) AmpIIfudo goIombnng pndn jnrnk 5 cm dnrI
ujung forIknf¨
b) !ofnk poruf kofIgn dnn sImpuI kodun dnrI
ujung forIknf¨
1
6 12
2 2
12
2
2

= = =
= = =
.2 k
.2
f
v
6 6
2
6
2
Known :
Ax
p3 =
s2 =
.2
kx A A
x
6
2 1 . 12
6

sin 12
.
6
sin ) 6 ( 2
sin 2
=
=
¦
'
+

'

=
¦
'
+

'

=
=
6
6
.2
3
1
12 . /
/ 1 ) 1 3 . 2 (
1 ) 1 2 (
=
=
=
=
2
2
.2
3
6
12 . 2 / 1
2 / 1 ) 1 2 (
2 / 1 ) 1 (
=
=
=
=
2
2
Iroo
CIosod
Wnv bnck Homo
CI!AT !AMIAT CI!OMIAÞC
T!AÞSVI!SA! !AÐA ÐAWAI
SobnndIng dongnn nknr kundrnf gnvn fognngnn dnwnI.
IorbnndIng forbnIIk ongnn nknr kundrnf mnssn
porsnfunn pnnjnng dnwnI. (µ)
v ŋŵ¡Vµ
If cnn bo mIxod, fhon bocomo
Iocnuso, nnd , so
IÞI!CI ÐAÞ IÞTIÞSITAS CI!OMIAÞC
KofIkn goIombnng mornmbnf pndn sunfu modIum, KofIkn goIombnng mornmbnf pndn sunfu modIum,
goIombnng forsobuf momIndnhknn onorgI dnrI snfu goIombnng forsobuf momIndnhknn onorgI dnrI snfu
fompnf ko fompnf InInnvn. InorgI forsobuf morupnknn fompnf ko fompnf InInnvn. InorgI forsobuf morupnknn
gofnrnn nnfnr pnrfIkoI. !nfuk goIombnng sInusoIdn gofnrnn nnfnr pnrfIkoI. !nfuk goIombnng sInusoIdn
dongnn nmpIIfudo A dnn frokuonsI suduf dongnn nmpIIfudo A dnn frokuonsI suduf ĂĂ setiap setiap
paitikel meiliki eneigi sebesai paitikel meiliki eneigi sebesai
E = V m E = V mĂĂ
ŶŶ
A A
ŶŶ
InorgI vnng dIpIndnhknn goIombnng fInp InorgI vnng dIpIndnhknn goIombnng fInp
snfunn Iuns fInp snfunn wnkfu dIsobuf snfunn Iuns fInp snfunn wnkfu dIsobuf: :
IntensItus Ge!ombunu IntensItus Ge!ombunu..
OIoh knronn InorgI / Snfunn = Ðnvn. OIoh knronn InorgI / Snfunn = Ðnvn.
InfonsIfns goIombnng jugn snmn dongnn Ðnvn InfonsIfns goIombnng jugn snmn dongnn Ðnvn
dIbngI Iuns. dIbngI Iuns.
!nfuk goIombnng vnng monvobnr ko sognIn !nfuk goIombnng vnng monvobnr ko sognIn
nrnh, InfonsIfnsnvn pndn sunfu jnrnk ! dnrI nrnh, InfonsIfnsnvn pndn sunfu jnrnk ! dnrI
sumbor momonuhI porsnmnnn borIkuf: sumbor momonuhI porsnmnnn borIkuf:
!ATIHAÞ SOA!
Sunfu goIombnng gompn fornsn dI MnInng
dongnn InfonsIfns . Sumbor gompn
bornsnI dnrI sufu fompnf vnng borjnrnk 300 km
dnrI MnInng. JIkn jnrnk nnfnrn MnInng dnn
Surnbnvn sobosnr l00 km dnn kofIgn fompnf Ifu
borbonfuk sogIfIgn sIku-sIku dongnn suduf sIku-
sIku dI MnInng, mnkn InfonsIfns gompn vnng
fornsn dI Surnbnvn ndnInh (dnInm W/m2)
!
SIY
MnInng 300 km
l
0
0

k
m
rl
r2
$
!
$
$ $
!
!
!
$ $ $ $ $ $
!
!
!
!

% $  '


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