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Instant Discussions
Richard MacAndrew
with Ron Martinez

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THOMSON HEINLE United Kingdom • United States • Australia

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• Canada • M~XjCCl.-Slnt'rapore-.

Contents
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Teenage rebellion Talking about young people and how they rebel against their parents and school rules. Incredible stories Some stories in the newspapers seem too amazing to be true. Naming and shaming What is the best punishment for a crime? One modern solution is naming and shaming. Neighbours from hell Everyone has had them! But what do you do about them? What's in a name? Where do our names come from and why do we choose the names we do? You've got mail! Emails have come to rule our lives. How do we use the internet? Price and value Everything has a price, but does it have a value? How much do we spend? Are we all criminals? At some time in all our lives we have been tempted to commit a crime. Things that go bump in the night! Haunted buildings, ghosts - many people believe they exist. Living longer As life expectancy increases, many problems arise. Giving to charity Which charities are worth supporting and which are not? Jewellery for men More and more men are wearing jewellery. Is this a trend we should encourage? Who cares about the environment? Some issues are worth fighting for, but some are fairly minor. What are our priorities? The power of prayer How many people pray and what benefits does prayer bring? Revenge is sweet! How strong is our desire to get our own back? Probably stronger than we think! A matter of birth and death Couples who cannot have children try other means. What are the ethics? Folk wisdom Where do our folk sayings and traditions come from? I'm on the train! The growth in use of the mobile phone has been phenomenal. How do you use yours? Children and discipline How should parents and teachers discipline children? What is acceptable? Ever eaten dog? Some cultures eat animals which others don't. What is acceptable in your culture?

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21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 A healthy lifestyle Deciding what constitutes a healthy lifestyle - does it depend on exercise, diet or what? Public figures, private lives Should people in public life be allowed to keep their private lives private? Holidays from hell! Sharing stories about different aspects of the worst holiday you have ever had. The dating game Meeting a partner through lonely hearts ads and the potential problems. Newspapers Discussing the content of newspapers, newspaper language and different newspapers. To tip or not to tip? Different cultural traditions of tipping and personal experiences. Royalty Should countries with monarchies keep them? Is it better to have an elected President? Fashion Talking about fashion and the famous and personal fashion preferences and statements. Is it right to eat meat? The arguments for and against becoming a vegetarian. The exploitation of animals The ethics of using animals for entertainment and sport - particularly bullfighting. Why get married? More people are divorcing or remaining single longer - the pros and cons of marriage. I hate my boss! The problems employees have with bad bosses. What makes a good boss? Scams - how can people be so stupid? Some people are very easily fooled. Why do some people spend money on scams? Bad habits Some people's bad habits are anti-social. Which ones are we prepared to admit to? Killed by a flying duck! Many everyday activities can result in injury or even death. Survivorsl Different extreme situations and how we would react if we were involved. Do you spoil your kids? What do we mean by 'spoiling' children? Discussion of parenting style. Do you drive? Driving, cars, speed cameras, driving tests. Special days and dates Different countries have different public holidays and some days have special significance. Where do you live? Talking about houses and planning the ideal home.

as the photograph is a record for the school. 1. In what ways did he feel the school had been reasonable towards her? -= II: -= i ~ ~ Instant Discussions . ASHLEY'S VIEW I couldn't believe it when I realised what they had done to me. started smoking before they were 14. Neil Watts. Despite this we have acted very reasonably. Tick the You o o A friend o o o o Reading o o o Someone in your family o o wore an earring or earrings. wore rings on other parts of their body. Our code of conduct clearly states that pupils are expected to bring credit upon themselves by their appearance and we do not feel that pink hair fulfils this requirement. What did she think the school should have done? 3. All of my friends were asking what I had done to my hair. In what other ways do young people express rebellion? THE HEADMASTER'S VIEW 1. dropped out of school or college. we were assured that she would return it to the natural colour over the holiday but since Christmas her hair has remained pink. or do.Discussion Look at this questionnaire appropriate boxes. My hair was a mousy brown and it looked ridiculous because you could still see all the pink through it. o o o o o o o o o o Compare your answers in pairs. was furious when the headmaster of her school. However. Why do you think the headmaster wanted the colour of Ashley's hair changed? 2. Therefore.there is no way I am going to change my hair colour now! 1 Teenage rebellion We have been trying to resolve the issue of Ashley's pink hair since before Christmas. Why do you think Ashley was furious? 3. Why do you think Ashley dyed her hair pink? 2. 50. always wore black. wore very unusual clothes. Read the following news item which appeared in The Daily Telegraph. had an unusual hairstyle. Ashley's hair colour does not bring credit upon the other pupils and the school. 16. The school should have given me the option either to be in the photo and have my hair airbrushed or not be in it. I was just fuming.. We also allowed her to be in the photograph for the whole year group. we feel strongly that. Why was Ashley furious? lit IP: lIZ lit -f -f . and people you know. about what you. I would rather not have been in it at all. If I had been given the choice. lit lit lit • lit lit lit II:: lit: 2. I was so annoyed that I went straight to the headmaster and complained. as teenagers. We have not excluded Ashley from school and we have allowed her to attend normal lessons in the final year of her exams. How long had Ashley had pink hair? 4. Initially. 1. One thing is certain . Now read the views of Ashley and the headmaster and answer the questions below. Discuss the questions below in pairs: Schoolgirl Ashley Wallace. we asked the photographic company to tone down the hair colour in the photograph. How did the headmaster feel about her hair? 5. did. ordered the school photographers to change the colour of her hair from pink to brown in the final prints of the official school photographs.

3.' (Ice Cube. First. Mark has insisted that he gets it cut before a family wedding. . Her brother is getting married soon.' (Bob Dylan. what? 2.." Instant Discussions Teenagerebellion 1 .Ashley or the headmaster? Why? 2. I'd like to make it dear to you that classes will take place as normal. 2. Your old road is rapidly agin'.. d. in an interview in 1990. 5. c. an orange T-shirt and has a number of chains round different parts of his body. Ashley uses quite informal language. Should you say anything about the way he is dressed? If so.dyed bright green. h. Should she say anything to her? If so. I was extremely upset. Find the informal expressions she uses to say these more formal phrases: a. I'm going straight to the boss. Mary accidentally finds cigarettes and beer hidden in her 14-year-old daughter'S bedroom. get a job (any job will do). Put these sentences into more formal English: 1. You have invited your neighbours and their children to a party at your house. We haven't thrown Ashley out of the school.. how? 5.. Who do you think is right . We've decided that your son should not come back to this school. Jenny is 16 and gets good results at school... There's no way I'm going to let him into my classes again. you got to look to yourself as a parent.. h. 3. First.The Times They Are A-changin'. we've let her come to school as usual . Her mother wants her to wear something different for the wedding.) Are these lines relevant today? Do all teenagers rebel against their parents? Do you know any who haven't? <IfI'm more of an influence to your son as a rapper than you are as a father. Should her parents persuade her to stay on at school? If so. and move into a flat with three of her girlfriends. Should she? And if so. He arrives at the church with short hair . Protest Some forms of popular music are influential shaping teenagers' opinions. I sought an immediate meeting with the head. 1964. Are there any better solutions to the problem of Ashley's hair? What are they? 3. I was so cross that he did not sort out the problem of the timetable. c. pupils ought to show a bit of self-respect . She has rings in her ears and her eyebrows. She wants to leave school at the end of term. We've been trying to sort out . what? Have these or any similar situations you or anyone you know? happened to a.) Do you agree with this or not? Why? Is there anything parents can do to stop their teenage children rebelling? "I think he's swallowed his father. we were told .. black tights. What should Mark say or do? 4.. what? Language 1. She has dyed her hair black and uses black eye make-up. Compare your answers with other groups.Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: Discussion Discuss these situations in pairs: 1. If a 16-year-old arrived at school one morning with pink hair in your country: what would her friends say? what would her teachers say? what would the headteacher say? 1. Their 15-yearold son arrives wearing shorts. 4.. Mark's 18-year-old son usually has shoulderlength hair. Look at these quotations and discuss the questions: in Tour sons and your daughters are beyond your command. Find the more formal expressions the head uses to say these less formal phrases: 3. Jessica wears old black clothes all the time. I have no intention of '" 2.

:.iI. II: II: Discussion Discuss these questions in small groups: 1. have people been evicted from their homes for unusual reasons? Are there any university courses you consider strange? Are there any unusual world championships held in your country? 3.goneorisaleinIndia. which. .'.: how cooks like to cook their food. landed: '" . ".:." British Lib(.l5 hours 37. • "has'..~~~~k~iiii.:~ -= ~ ."' .i. Discuss these questions: 1.:~tam~rbr~n[tg'~~esih~NIT:~e~'::I:t.iJking". !~(fr_~. " .n{)tbe.etitioJlofastxew ~S.' .$~:mtharoPton.\ '.Ll4ST "~.'".IIlst1tiiJ~_ ":.~~n. Do any similar things happen in your country? For example. .IEI. Who was involved and what happened? Compare your answers with other groups. ~ SAVETHE:BEST1.Discussion Work in small groups. minutes.1f~oost iridexeso1.. . '.tr... !I: E ~.'•.~ It II: 11= II. f • • • -= • • • -. .""'." . .". '.JJlstpql)li$ed . The companyis making the whole<lsC~riJbac~wardr " The also developinga cooker whichwill learn climb and descenttopk.J1Shing machine.' ... v: .. What do you think are the reasons behind their actions? 2 Incredible stories Instant Discussions • • -j • ..".arep.'.cl':.'.'The II: -= 'ofltsfirstt. Think about the people involved in each story.".:.'"".th~!e.. 11= 11= ~:~w~.- • • .~" .~. Which story do you find most extraordinary? Why? 2.~'haS.z II: ._ .k·~l~s~hio~Rp~ee:d~~'~j~I~~'~~~hE~~~.'. Decide with a partner which are which.. l h ...c~~mhram~l~. lf.slri¢J.' Ne~is..a collectionofthe.that.Jhe higpesrIiiQtll\iaimiriBrlWp..'. "".~. What is the most extraordinary true story you have heard or read recently? 2.: "s.~'" ' " '. Six are true and two are false..'" . Reading Read the stories below.

· . Complete the table below with words from the texts above: Discussion NOUN management Work in pairs or small groups. ·. NEW NATIONAL FLAG APPROVED 8. winning by four minutes. ROBBERY WITH LOVE AND PEACE 3. ·. ·. 1. Make the stories as unusual as you can! Then compare your answers with those of other groups. Alex Bolton. .. as well as the words from the text. whose (8) and support has been an important factor in our victory. · . said afterwards: "We would like to congratulate our (7) on a hard fought race. Lancashire College of Education (5) last year's success.. Make up stories to go with three or four of the following headlines. MAN BITES DOG 6. Teams from each university were expected to complete the (2) and (3) of both Whernside and Ingleborough. (6) of the Lancashire team." Instant Discussions Incrediblestories 2 . (4) badges from a number of checkpoints on the way. Language 2 Complete the text below using the correct forms of words from the exercise above: SECOND VICTORY FOR LANCASIDRE This year's hill climbing (1) between the University of South Yorkshire and Lancashire College of Education took place last Saturday at Whernside. . ·. Think of other nouns. . TWO NEW OLYMPIC SPORTS 7. ·.11 Language 1 1 l 1 1.. It was a narrow victory. ·. NEW FUEL FOR CARS OF THE FUTURE 2. ·. THE SHORTEST CD EVER 5. Helen Wright." "And don't forget your optician'S appointment.. . Write a paragraph or two for each story. ·. · .. We would also like to thank our coach. VERB manage contest repeat guide launch operate oppose collect ascend descend . which could go in the second column. STRANGE MEETING IN SAHARA DESERT 2. COMPUTERS THAT THINK 4.

Discussion
1. Match the following punishments to the definitions below:

1. a fine

2. a prison sentence 3. a suspended prison sentence 4. community service 5. tagging 6. the death penalty 7. corporal punishment 8. solitary confinement a. you b. you c. you d. you e. you f. you g. you h. you go to prison have to pay money as a punishment have to spend some time working for the local community are beaten or punished physically in some way are killed (for example, by hanging, electrocution, or some other way) can live at home, but if you commit another crime, you will be sent to prison are kept in prison on your own - away from other prisoners have an electronic device fitted to your body so that the police always know where you are

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2. Discuss these questions in pairs:

1. Which of the above punishments are used in your country? 2. What other punishments are used? 3. What is the reasoning behind each different type of punishment? 4. Which punishment is the most effective? Which is the least effective?

Reading
Read the article below and then answer these questions:

1. What sentences were given for a) shoplifting b) drunk driving?

2. What does one woman think are the benefits of these sentences?
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LE~:Tl:lE:PUNISHMENTwhos~daughterhe ran'over, At the bottom of Fi~:~I-tECruME!······~ath,.c~equeijehad t~··write'!"Qf causing the 1n'a'htimb6~·ofcoin1:s ·in.theUS'naiTling and.: ··death:qf.yourdaughter.' sh~iTIirig'isw()tRing.Ifyouarefoundguilty};hamed offenders oftendo not-like their of shoplifting, you may expect a fineor a short ...sentences - and that is the point. 'Shame makes prisensentence.rbut you might actually receive you stop and think,' says a woman with a a totally different punishment. You could have recent conviction for theft. 'It gave me to spend a couple of weeks walking up and humility, which helped me. And if other people down the street outside the store you stole see the sign, maybe they'll think twice before from, carrying a sign that reads: 'I am a thief. they commit a crime.' Do not steal! This could be you.' The only question is: how far will we go down This somewhat eccentric sentencing policy has '.this road? Will each town revive its public all effect. Consider the drunk driver forced to stocks? Will we soonbe going along to throw confront the consequences of his actions every ..' tomatoes and rotten eggs at convicted week for five years. His sentence was.to writea .criminals? Andis this a step forward or one-dollarchequeeveryFriday to theman '3, steptiack? .'

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Naming and shaming

Instant Discussions

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Discussion
Look at these statements about the article you read. Decide if you agree or disagree.

1. I don't think humiliation is a good way to

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punish people. In schools we don't humiliate children any longer when they misbehave. We shouldn't do it to adults either. 2. The punishment for the drunk driver is not enough. It's a clever idea, but this man should also be spending a substantial time in prison.
Compare your answers in pairs or small groups.

3. I think the punishment for shoplifting is far too lenient. A few weeks in prison would be much more effective. 4. These types of punishment are a step back towards the middle ages. Surely civilisation has progressed since then. What will these people want next? Public hangings?

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Find these words and expressions in the text above:

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sentence cause the death of .. , prison

an offender commit a crime a criminal

conviction a fine find someone guilty of ...

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Complete the text below using appropriate forms of the words and phrases above:

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Darren Jackson, 31, of Oxford Road, Abingdon was (1) yesterday of ..................... (2) Abigail Hunt while driving under the influence of drink. Judge Barbara Mowat (3) Mr Jackson to a £1000 (4) and three years in ....... (5) saying: "You have (6) a very serious crime. And what is worse, you have a previous, similar (7). You may think you are unlucky. I think you are a shameless (8). I am giving you a harsh sentence in the hope that it will be a warning to other potential . . . . . . . (9)."
Correct the wrong endings to this sentence:

He should be

locked. put in bars. sent in prison.

Discussion
In an effort to stop petty crime, your government wants to develop a new and radical system of punishments for dealing with minor criminals. Work in pairs and devise suitably imaginative punishments for people who:

1. steal stationery and pens from their employer

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

break the speed limit when driving leave a restaurant without paying the bill pick pockets park illegally steal mobile phones

For example:

"Excuse me, madam, but I have reason to suspect ... "

People who steal mobile phones should: - be made to work in a call centre for two years. - spend one day a week for a year cleaning public phone boxes. - be fitted with an electronic device that blocks mobile phone signals for a distance of ten metres from the wearer.
Compare your answers with other groups.

Instant Discussions

Naming and shaming

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Discussion
Tell a partner if you have ever had any of the following problems with a neighbour:

1. They were making too much noise.

2. They 3. They 4. They 5. They 6. They

regularly held wild parties. left smelly rubbish on the street. lit bonfires in their garden. threw rubbish on to your property. kept dangerous animals.

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Tell your partner what happened and how you reacted. What would you do if a neighbour did any of the things above?

Reading
Read the newspaper article and answer the questions below. What five things do the Thompsons say that Miss Hill has done to annoy them?
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"How are you getting on with your neighbours now?"
thought they

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led to the fIrsidisagreement. . Miss Hill ... becameiincreasingly unhelpful ab~titkeeping the drive clear, often leaving her car parked there and forcing the Thompsons

-, o carry bags:pf shop~ing 50 t metres to.theirJ~W$e. This was followeclby a dispute over land. When Miss Hill .,.--.. ., replaced-a fen¢~oetween'jhe two 'properties, ...thy..... Thompsons accused -her ofit~alingastripof land fiPmthem:Afew ~~~ks la:t~r she .cur down:a tree whiCh the ·Thomps()nsail~g~:was tlJ~irs. She then boughta.li!fge AIsa.tian dog, ··\Vhich.Mrs 'ThQhipson CHllrnS has ···.··attacked·her. ori{ftlore one :~-;.' ~'::,~~ ': occasion, "She knows I hate dogs,'; said Mrs Thompson. "Sllbcloesn \rleed one and only boughtit to frighten me." The last straw came when some fish disappeared from a pond in the Thompsons' garden. "We
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.. . 1]aV~"'~b¢en i stolen by a:.caior. abir~,'.'.sai,4,¥t' ThompsQfl, "bur ~at~verli~gsh~· had. a barbecue in.. erga.r(i'elI1li)d h shekept~!louting t()llstbat·she'd .. got SomeJovely fish:::]". kIioiYth~:Y:'; .: were our·~sh, She:sc~)Inplete.ly .. mad." .. .....' .... :~ ....

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The ThompsoQs\Vant·tbw~~ebtlt are~nableto.·sellthey-ho~$(;'::whi!y·.. the feud Ggntillues i'hey.are~9\V . seeking ·.·165,OOQ ·coIllpeM#lon·. '. frOIrl .Mi·;'!;Hill ...fOT. Jl1e.lQSsin . v~lue ·ot:theirhoJ!1~::"r can't. understand what. the:pfQble~ .is," protests Miss Hill.r'Lhaven'tdone anything ··wrong.· hei'homp$ons T used to be quite friendly but now they're just causing trouble." The case continues.

Discussion
Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups:

How do you think Miss Hill might try and show she has done nothing wrong? If the Thompsons are correct, how do you think the judge should deal with the situation? If you were in a situation like the Thompsons, would you go to court? Or would you try and deal with the matter in a different way?
4 Neighbours from hell Instant Discussions

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3. Your neighbour's garden is a mess. I . e. call the police and tell them? c. It soon to the first disagreement. d. I I t b. talk to the baby's mother and find out if everything's OK? d. . find your garden hose. a tree in your neighbour's garden starts to block off a lot of light from your house and garden. What wakes you up is the father shouting at the baby. who was invited to the party but didn't come. That was the straw. do something else? 3. a. It is two o'clock in the morning and there is a very noisy party going on in a flat across the street. It attacked them on more than one 5. go and join the party? (Well. b. They just trouble. do something else? Discussion Discuss these questions in small groups: 1. report him to the local council? c.full of rubbish and rats. 6. take your guests inside and ignore your neighbour's behaviour? b. ring social services and report him? b. Do you: a. do something else? 2. you want to build an extension on your house. Which of these words would you use about arguments between families or countries that last for a long time? 2. Do you: a. you want to put up a shed in your garden. your neighbour paints his front door a horrible shade of bright orange. h. 4. Which of these verbs is often used of someone defending themselves? c. Do YOU! a. lean over the fence and put it out yourself? d. You have to get up at six to catch a plane. ask him politely to do something about it? b. call the police? c. f. troublemakers. Study this sentence and answer the questions below: Expressions Complete the following from the text: common expressions II Arguments had led to a cycle of hatred and violence. g. Find three other verbs which mean 'to say that you think something is true'. decides to light a bonfire so that the smoke blows over your garden. your neighbour puts up a new fence and 'steals' a few centimetres of your garden. your neighbour has a dog that barks a lot during the day. You are having a party in your garden one sunny summer's afternoon and your neighbour. That's not a problem. you want to go on your neighbour's land to repair your house. Find three other words meaning 'arguments'. do something else? 4. go round and ask him to put it out? c. roll over and keep trying to get some sleep? b. What laws are there in your country governing relations between neighbours? 2. Note: people who cause trouble are known as b.• • • I I I I I I I I I I I I Language 1. c. wait till he goes on holiday and then buy some powerful weedkiller and rat poison? d. 1. Do you: a. It should have been a come true. a. What happens in the following situations? a. your neighbour decides to keep pigs in his garden. They had a dispute land. Study this sentence and answer the questions below: Questionnaire Answer the questionnaire below: The Thompsons accused her of stealing a strip of land. Instant Discussions Neighbours from hell 4 . It's like a jungle . missing four hours' sleep isn't too bad!) d. Why are these verbs often used in newspaper articles about court cases? 1. The new baby in the house next door often cries in the night. 2.

0 . why did you choose the names you did? 5 What's in a name? for children? • ••• It .g. c" .r¢xampl¢.~~fuAci~f\r::~~~:ss 'These'6?ticepf~~ePattic'ulariYcomn16n in E E • • • • • • • • • • • • • t ~ iuunes'hkeF'n~derickaild Matilda.tianscripiures. . :~I~~~es#~~~&~r'!f~&r~~Eit~t~~£~ ~j!.r~ligi9u!). If you have children.narnes-of traditional. Think of some examples of names in your language from as many of the sources listed below as possible..names' .m.~:' .aV.~~X~I1afues'~ecscri~!uial n<ll1e~.'Can1ero(lMacl\. K II: . What about your parents' names? 2..lFknowd an II: II: II: ~~i~i.Discussion Write down your five favourite and five least favourite names for boys and girls: Favourite boys' names: Boys' names you don't like: Favourite girls' names: Girls' names you don't like: Compare your answers in small groups and discuss why you like or dislike these names.. a 1. C"C'::. then report to the whole class: • II: Instant Discussions. Fal1lilyc~ame& ' 'cCc cccc ccc c' Cc . Robert becomes Roberta.1eUrsat.intosh.!t~4m~~~lij~hi~s:..§cripl~ al~cn. ' ':cfUPlrur ••• dec~~paa~~aec.:".frODlZ :.. Bob or Bobby.Reb¢ct<i fromrheOld Testam~nt. J<ic6band ··ordiIlarywords.~~fidBevfrley Sills. It It a a a: Discussion Discuss these questions with a partner.. increasYdPythe. C ..~WiS conSid~abo/• Hindl. '~:-Wh~~~d():. and Jessica.'c. Reading Read the text below about where names come from. frorh.theNewTestament.ij~Ihes¢QItle'.:.C'. Jessica can be Jess or Jessie.each' name thatcan b6createcLRobert c~ also be Rob.frOll) become tTI91'e Slavic thesy have commonly used' as cccc c.".. Compare your answers in pairs. ..ekamplesfrml1.iismbri~gsus Krishna andSita. ~.]~~~t~!~E~~§~g.. And boys' names can be made into girls' names. ccCC ccfirsfniuries 'c 'c~cc'c c cc in 'res:ent times: fo. Isliurigives . Tell a partner the origin of your names.zdl.Ma(thew dMaryare ManyrieJ" names are~t~o created from . Hindu deities.··~l~y~~. cCc . Robbie.. Names from mythology and literature Daphne and Hector are examples of names which derive from Greek mythology.the .'JaqelJade Jagger) and·· .lIna:n~dKaacn. C r .•Riv~r(li~ver Pbpenix)~%e we. Shakespeare gave us Cordelia.nlltTIl:i¥ of vatiationsof .l1ris. Is there a tradition in your family of using names of grandparents 3.' "..'.' . Nicolas becomes Nicola or Nicole or Nicky or Nikki.':~ --.Frqrll Yo~bula':YWQ("ds cCc' Cc' :" '(. C 'c cc C. Arthur and Elaine from Arthurian legend.:£i§~fi~~~:~:e.

tell the 1.. I hate . Cara can mean sweet melody. African Duc Greek Washi Native American Chloe Arabic Some names have special meanings. Why did she change it? Why do people change their names? Would you like to change your name? Should women be forced to change their name when they get married? 2. and third child. For example: I just love Anastasia. Margaret Thatcher. Does your name have a special meaning? "Yes. good. and fox. Were the same names popular amongst your parents' generation? What names were popular then? 3.. daughter of the prophet.f I I The origin of names Work in pairs. Which first names are most popular in your country at the moment? 2. I think it's a beautiful name. Do you like the following names or not? Use the words and phrases talk about them. just to make it more exciting. I quite like . Match the names on the left with their origins on the right: 1 1 J t t Names Origin Cara Slavic Andrew Celtic/Gaelic Pavel Japanese Fatima Welsh Tokala Vietnamese Kunto British Meredith -------. little one. When you are ready. Andrew can mean brave.birthdays or name days? What happens on these days? Language Here are 8 verbs and 8 adjectives following way: we use to talk about things we do or do not like. Curly (for someone with curly hair)..dislike a no strong feelings + like very much I love. Which are more popular in your country . What nicknames can you remember from school? 3. Decide which of the following rest of the class what you think: ideas you want to discuss.. we are Mr and Mrs Smith.. Nicknames: The former British Prime Minister. I adore .. was known by two nicknamesMaggie or The Iron Lady. moral. I loathe .. Hilda Arnold Bernard Dolores Jemima Gwyneth Madonna Russell Roger Wayne Cynthia Edith Discussion Work in pairs. Changing names: Everyone knows that Marilyn Monroe's real name was Norma Jean Mortenson. beautiful ugly gorgeous powerful awful OK strong pathetic above to help you Work in pairs. eagle.. but we want to book in as Mr Pearson and Miss Jones." Discussion Discuss these questions in small groups: 1. I detest .. Mark them in the . I'm fond of . I don't mind .. Pet names: Can you think of typical names in your country for the following animals? a dog a cat a fish a pet bird Instant Discussions What's in a name? 5 . For example.. It is common for schoolchildren to give each other nicknames such as Ears (for someone with large ears).

Dfihelt~speed. < a: '. Many British companies now monitor employees' emails. what is on it? of your friends have their own websites? If so.." ".'.':"'" . how many times a day? What for? 3. II: '. Do you send emails? Who to? Why? 2. 1. upi~~s!liey~Iillowyouvef)T'w~h~! . ~ _'. Have you ever sent an email that offended someone by mistake? 4." :.Discussion Answer these questions.>1. Do you send people jokes by email? What about pictures? 5.-' . what are they like? Reading Read the text below. What sort of style do you use when you write emails? 2.-).' !~.'_ .. ". True or false? Read the text above again and mark the following sentences T (true) or F (false): -= -= a: -= a: II: 1. Do 5. There are no rules about how to write emails. Then discuss your answers in pairs or small groups. --~- . Do 4. 4.y" f{eiaus~!.:' :.' i . Give three reasons why emails are 'dangerous'.~~~ii!lil'I'~1 • "i!ifr£tfu~ltty}M~ylfyari4~. is it right for companies to monitor their staff's emails? Is this an invasion of privacy? 6 You've got mail! Instant Discussions • . Discussion Answer these questions. c.lflrr. 2.eiliaiis seetrtloexp~tt ' 'people ~e -c just. The good thing about emails is that you can delete them so quickly.. -. 3.'~ " . Do you print out your emails or do you leave them on the computer? 6.'~#.':.Bin. as H. .~or .kely til"f'mdit~offensiv. Ernails are a good way of sending jokes.II..'~jii" . Do you you you any surf the net? Which websites do you visit most often? visit chat rooms? Who do you chat to? What about? have your own website? If so. ' . -= -= -= a:: -= -=: -= II: 8: .. Do you use the internet? If so.:'.X " ".'- " '-~. Then compare your answers with a partner.:t.~:" • • _'_ ~ '~. Do you reply to emails immediately or do you wait a while and think about what you want to say? 3.. 1. Do 6.. ')~Qi:tb'i~~~~m~:i!liiif~rmammdlo~g2Wffiaea!i put .

When I do. . Children seeing unsuitable material.a·£riend... 4._. . Then I log off and start my homework. Do. .I'm chatting.often those of my favourite bands.One'of illY' "Can't talk now . homeetspeople w throughan itltern~t dating site? ·Wha t kind o£people 1:lse>this. 2. What do you think should be done about any or all of these problems? Instant Discussions You've got mail! 6 . . " Discussion Which of the following is the most serious problem with the internet? 1..y? . Complete the text below using words or phrases from the exercise above: i..you haye·. (2) and (3) to check my email. ..aIJ.. disadvantages· of meetingpeoplethis way? 3.. visit download go key in surf burn switch on musrc aCD online a website the internet a password your computer Letter 1 Dear Anne rve recently started gOing out with someone I met through an internet dating site. . . the first thing I do is (1) my computer.. wh.. . Lett~ti DearAnne . . Look at these problem page letters and discuss the questions below each one.toAmanda? When I get home from college. Teenagers spending too much time on it. Buying things with a secure system of payment. 3.. We~re going to start meeting my friends and family soon. (7) my own CD. key in my .I I I I I Language 1.Whafadvicewould'yougiv. TmijttnYtiflq{peal"iJtc(JlIege. Match the verbs on the left with an appropriate word or phrase on the right: Problempage Worki~ pairs~~ small groups. I don't often (4) the internet.. . Should I tell them how we met? Or should I ask him to lie and say we met in a more conventional way? What do you think? Amanda·· 1 1 I I I 2. People using work time to send personal messages.d . . Wh.atateJh~advant<lges.. Sometimes I'll (6) some new music and maybe . .nt¢thodofmee6ng p~9Ple?... 2. I usually (5) websites that I know . .

Sm for a seven-bedroom mansion in Hertfordshire. They've earned their money. whereas the Beckhams' was cheap at only £500.Discussion What would you normally spend on: a new shirt food for a week a haircut a flat a coat for a child a hi-fi system a one-week holiday a wedding a car a night out a pair of shoes a party for your friends decorating a bedroom a nanny/childminder for a week a year's membership of a gym What do you think is a reasonable amount of money to spend on: Compare your answers in pairs or small groups. £720.. GuyRitchie and Madonna spent over £Sm on their London home. Do you have a different reaction? If so. the p legw.ask.000 a night. and as for children's clothes! A Gucci baby leather jacket is £900. but sometimes they're just doing what they have to to keep in the business.-a Ferrarifor Mr Beckham. Ybf£eiyinagclfil)e.£l~:stilayearonentertaining. a to pers()i1~rtraitIer£695for 12 sessions (you can't justjQinthegym at £1. Then there's clothes.had a £200. staff. Cars: well. I think it's disgusting and wasteful that they spend so much money. On average.7S0ayear!). b.ddsup to about £30.5m on hers. nannies at £1. e.. Reading Read the article below and compare what the stars spend with what you thought was reasonable.r:bnMir. How do you feel about it? Choose from the options below. they're not doing toobadl~!~ _ ·. The Beckhams spent more on redecorating their home than the house itself cost. 4.65m to ·. Figures quoted !ilCiude. a. please: Weddings: Madonna spent £I. while Madonna. holidays.ax. Hospital fees at the time of the birth at £1-2. Children: don't. Homesahdhorne life is always the biggest expense.eekly edicure and manicure.OOO-. Sometimes it's wasteful. The Beckhams then spent £3m on refurbishment including £20. 2. British movie stars still aren't in the same league as their US counterparts but at £ISm a year to keep it all going.:.EYERYTHING.· CelebiityinBritain comes a little cheaper but will:stillleave most of-us gasping.000 on fibre optic lights to recreate the night sky in Brooklyn's bedroom..THE VALUE OF NOTHING! the American film-industry cosy'.oOUCin·holidays. recently published the astonishing 'fact' lifestyle.And what abCiqt}hat::w. If I was a movie star. Take celebrity g. 7 Price and value Instant Discussions • • It . 3. On average British movie stars spend more on grooming than American movie stars.~?~ili:iI1g:·ayisit a top stylist will cost £125.'b}pli.make-upandgrooming.000.000 a week (including the solicitor to make sure they don't sell your story to the papers).000 ayea. I'd do the same.an<laSwedish massage every week? It illla. THEP:RICE OF. PR peopleall at prices you and I probably wouldn't believe. Cucci baby clothes are not very expensive. American movie stars spend more money maintaining their lifestyle than British movie stars. Mrs Beckham describes it as 've_ry ~at.lhat'an:Artleric~ movie star needs £36.i:airt~~~vie-star -= II: II: 11: lit It ~ -= lit __j True or false? Are the following sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the passage above? -= II:: -= R It a: 1. what? • • • iii • • It ~ • • II. allow anything up to £lSO.'. and £286.000 glass kitchen insralledEsm a year to run a house.000 a year. the Beckhams a modest Ez.

use it to start your own business? d. isn't it? You really must get that diamond ring insured. I . What do you do? a. signed by the author. invest it? c. Match the following amounts to the items below: a. It's very pricey/valuable. £28 million £10.500 £1. 6. If you were buying a CD for yourself. A first edition of Harry Potter and The Philosopher's Stone. spend it on a fantastic holiday for you and your partner? b. 4. £2000 a night! .That's quite invaluable/inexpensive really. Give Jim a pay rise. but keep it because it is part of your family history? b.000! £18 for a CD . I was going to order a hamburger. l I I I ~ • • . You can buy a normal version of the CD for the usual price. b. d. He's invaluable/economical. You go into your local music store to buy the latest CD by one of your favourite bands. In her will your grandmother leaves you a valuable painting of her grandmother which you have never really liked. sell it because you would like the money? d.384.That's an exorbitant/expensive price for a hotel. I I I I I 2. She bought a painting that cost over £20. We had a great meal and it was so cheap/pricey. I 1 I I I Discussion Answer these questions. e. 9.000 £30. If you were buying a birthday present for a friend. 1. 7. A very rare Rolex watch.: • I' Instant Discussions Price and value 7 . 8. hang it in your living room to impress your friends? c. A Rembrandt painting. would you buy the normal version or the limited edition? 4.000 in a competition. or you can buy a limited edition of the CD signed by all the members of the band. £12 for an excellent bottle of wine . f 1. What do you do? a. a.I I I I ~ Language Put these adjectives in the correct box: cheap pricey expensive worth/costing a lot valuable inexpensive exorbitant extravagant invaluable economical worth/costing a little 1 :J t :a I Cross out the wrong word in italics to complete these sentences: 1. We can't let him leave the company.000 £13. 3. 5.That's a bit expensive/valuable. but it was £10! I thought that was a bit pricey/valuable. He only paid £25 for his suit! He's very cheap/economical.000 A pair of pistols owned by George Washington. You win £10. She's so extravagant/exorbitant. Only £10 per person for three courses. c. put it in the attic. Then compare your answers with a partner. something else? 2. A stage costume worn by Elvis Presley. for twice the normal price. something else? 3. would you buy the normal version or the limited edition? b.

".~f B -= ~ -=.wbuld R _. would anybody have found out? Do you think their reward was too much. Have 3.. 5. What did Stacy Truman do with the money she found? 2.al polite statioti:police· ideriiified th~·. harsh'@<1saidshe ··5~:appea1illg.some paper or a pen? photocopied something at work or college without permission? not paid in a car park when you should have done? sent a private email while you were at work or used the office phone? kept something that you found? not declared something you should have done on your tax form? broken any traffic laws .whltfh. too harsh.bag containing.fQuudthe baginAbushort"their . Have 6.ionging a iocil' .'_" -c Tw(} bpys who hanqe<:iin a~~perrnark:et carrier:. way R to a ~ at R a: a's. The bo¥sviere siv~n a reward of£166.~~ footbaIl~l1irts aJ1~(:Qmputel' 1I()N~:~TYr~A.~~nteIlc~ .speeding or parking.El . too little.:"-.irius. 8.60pin cash wereJ~raisedby tl1~'PQliceY~~terdaY<L· John. 4.~§~D '\~()LI. coun¢jl1or..OOOfio1Uthe"bank£i'n~lng ~~i!fIi~~~:i~e . would you have given them a reward? How did Stacy Truman think she would get away with her crime? Do you think her prison sentence was too lenient. Have 7. 3.. What did John and Darius Herbert do with the money they found? • • • • • • • • • • • • • It ~ ··'°tii~ftOffAO.".J II: Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: II: II: II:: ~ L 2. Have 2..-. 6.Have you committed a crime? First answer the following questions on your own: 1.¢qntents 'asb{. Have 5. otheI. If the boys had kept the money. .illldhis brQther D. or about right? Why? If the money the boys found had been yours. Reading 1. . Have 8. -. perhaps? Now compare your answers with a partner. Have you you you you you you you you ever ever ever ever ever ever ever ever stolen anything from a shop? taken something from your place of work or study .:.to $c~t}()l and tookKtQ the liSc. ':Jr.. Have 4.hagfrtiM.. or about right? Why? What would you have done with the money in each situation? 8 Are we all criminals? Instant Discussions • • • I a . Read the two articles and answer these questions: 1.·Berbertl ll.'-..theYa're mteriding to' spel1d.

They don't think they'll win if the case goes to court.. They didn't find any money from the bank. B: Wow! What's going to happen now? A: Well. the thieves are saying that they don't know anything. the son of a friend who is using drugs? 7. appear f let someone go free 1. 1.. They really should be going to prison. them (6) with a warning. the judge let him off with a warning. match e. 1. (4). Do you: a) call all your friends who live abroad? b) tell everyone you know about it? c) tell the phone company? d) do something else? Compare your answers with other pairs. Almost a third said they would not give details of people using drugs.. Nearly one in ten said they would not give information . B: That's not a very good story. So they searched the flat where these guys were living. but he gill: away with a fine. Do you: a) keep it? b) leave it there? c) take it to the police? d) do something else? 2. You see someone shoplifting in a supermarket.how did they catch them? A: Well. a burglary at the home of someone you don't like? 5. 6. escape with a very light sentence c. The police are looking into a number of burglaries in the area. Do you: a) assume she's stealing it.. They found a couple of guys who (3) the description that the bank clerk gave them. The thieves broke into the warehouse and stole some valuable carpets. You discover a phone box that lets you make free international calls. As it was his first offence. Do you: a) tell one of the assistants? b) tell the shoplifter to put it back? c) do nothing? d) do something else? 4. enter illegally b.. Apparently. 4. investigate d.. but unfortunately for these guys a video recorder and a CD player from Jack's house . but say nothing? b) assume she's borrowing it and say nothing? c) tell the boss/principal? d) ask her what she's doing? e) do something else? 3. the police want to . a rape? 3. 31 31 ~ ~ a.. but it turned up in a box in the attic. Would you contact the police if you had information about the following crimes: =If =II 3 :2 3 ~ 3 ~ ~ 1. children buying alcohol underage? 8. But it's been ages since the burglary . a burglary at a friend's home? 4.. B: That's great. but I think they may (5) it. You see a friend of yours removing a computer from your place of work/study. The stuff was given to them by a friend who's gone to live in Australia. Jack was off work for weeks after it happened. We thought he would go to prison. 3. A woman answering to the thief's description was caught on CCTY. I thought we'd lost that book. I Instant Discussions Are we all criminals? 8 .. a murder? 2. You find a carrier bag full of money in a public toilet. a shopkeeper selling alcohol to underage children? Moral dilemmas Discuss these questions with a partner: Language 2 Complete this conversation with the correct form of the underlined verbs in 1 above: a ~ ~ 3 :i 2 ~ 2 2 3 3 I J I I I I A: Have you heard? The police have caught the thieves who (1) Jack's house. Numbers varied according to the type of crime. B: That's terrible. A: No. the police were (2) a bank robbery that happened last month.even for a rape or a murder.~ ~ ~ Language 1 Match the phrases underlined in the sentences to the meanings in a-f below: Discussion Recent figures in Britain suggest that more than one in five people would not give information about a crime to the police. 5. young people using drugs in the city centre? 6.

What does Angela Cooke say? BUYE:RSl. .been scared stiff times..Sel)qKy:repuiati()n.QOO they paid for the cottage. 1. what would you decide? Why? Language In the article above James Duncan says: 'I've been scared stiff at times. Should sellers have to tell buyers if a house has a reputation for being haunted? case about the paranormal or the forces of evil? Or are the Duncans hypersensitive or perhaps bit crazy? were the judge in the case above. 9 Things that go bump in the night! Instant Discussions '. What does George Deakin say? 3.t11~Y..'. 3.~'.. MrDuncan.~TIieydaimlliat'tIi~y became aware of an'evil'pit.o.oftheiI". 't'tiidn'tbelieve in ghosts before Llived hi~tS~d '••. It took them completely by surprise. who has "lived in the.wh()pqugQta}OO~year-old cottage ill Applefidd.·. Iliyedth'erefor ten years. S = The speaker was just surprised..WjfeBetty. I heard it on the news last night.A.eyals.~remembers his .A yquIlgCoupJ~'.ancling. about any reputation.rep{iym¥l1tqfthe·£46. It suddenly charged towards me and gave me the fright of my life. are dem..ma rt~Iliberof local people that ·.sence'a.' is "Th~re are suddenehail'gesintempentture..tfiecottage had. if you sell a house. I couldn't believe my eyes. Is this just a 3.wn accord..' Look at the expressions underlined below and mark them in the following way: F = The speaker was frightened..~~. N0l1hY~n1(il1rre:i!I:e t<ikmgthe sellers... In Britain.grandfjthertellingofa'hqy. '.fterthey..·:a~d'lii'~.I II I rt Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: !I 11 J I 11 I I I I cottage in-the late eighteenth century. . sensation of hands around our throats. . 6.tnoved into the cottage.r:thougliFli waS··.. Do you believe in ghosts? Why/why not? Reading Read the article and answer these questions: 1. J've. 25. a university lecturer.. tell a partner..···· ·1airi¢sriuhcan. If you information that be relevant. and we sometimes wake atnight with the.' . who sold ttie cottage to theDuncans.J~~~F..f!.. said: 'This is complete nonsense. 4. . vil1agti~IJhlSlifJ.f. When he took it out of the bag. you have to tell the buyers about any important might 2. 3. I'll never do that again. " . I nearly jumped out of my skin.pe1ngstrangled' in the I I I am at Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: 1. .•. With a partner discuss what you think 'it' might refer to in each example. n. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • . 72. r never saw a ghost ancllnever he(:lfd .· alJrubbish-but tliere~ defmitelysomethl[ighere. 2.. I wasn't expecting it at all. You should have seen their faces. You could have knocked me down with a feather. 1.' Angela Cooke.. It frightened the life out of me.. Applefiel~f~~.~:. Do you know any ghost stories which people believe to be true? If so.id(ml(Je&rge b¢akin. What are the Duncans claiming? 2.an"c!roul.ole t fro. Are there any buildings or places near where you live which people believe are haunted? Where are they? In what way are they haunted? 2. unexplainable smells. toc?Urt'~cause. 5..thlngs move..were·:~~HQldthe property was ··haunted.

and' they were taken :bothto'.:~~liiJburgh'sghos~.k:tiew?o!hing ..Het.tJ()iashi~e_ 'has.Qeingha. Things that go bump in the night! 9 Instant Discussions .antltoplaceswith 'no 'reports of ::1g1u)sts aU.were <believed to be "hW.an. • Feel the ghosts of Gerald and Diane in the Hotel de la Poste in New Orleans..'. the Take an 18-day tour of the US. What sort of people do you think go on holidays like this? 4.• • I II Discussion Work in pairs or small groups.. at 1.. How would you explain the findings of the investiga tion? 3.··. • Experience strange happenings in The Logan Hotel. .qt~~. really exist: Decide which of the following are real and to what extent you feel they I I I I spaceships from other worlds black magic angels witches extra-sensory perception communicating with the dead Compare your answers ghosts the Bermuda Triangle the Loch Ness Monster faith healing fairies crop circles with other groups or pairs.unted. volunteers who .historyweresdested. • Meet face to face the blue-eyed girl in Resurrection Cemetery.ii\'e~i$t~!:!v~::~ "'.A high frequency of unusual ·"f~perier1ces'wasreport~cl.. New Hope. Would you like to take part in such an investigation? WhylWhy not? and volunteers led by Universityof . I I I I • • I I I I I I I I I I Reading XslnY3Nt "The story goes that he once lived in this house and he hung himself through loneliness.cloiliespullecl. been" investigating ".•.dseeing strange figures. Find more holidays like this on the internet. Pennsylvania. " Read this article and discuss below: the questions Read this advertisement questions: and discuss the HAVE A HAUNTED HOLIDAY! ..\~:ffArd\Viseman. stay in haunted hotels and visit spooky places! Put together your own personalised trip chosen from our carefully-compiled list of the most amazing paranormal experiences the US has to offer. Call 0800-635-5747 and ask for your free 'Haunted Holidays' brochure.'. Have you heard of investigations 1. Orcas Island. Chicago.•. • Hear the pathetic sighs of Alice in the Hotel Rosario. like this in your country? Where and when? 2. These . for '..R.in places with a . but we just ignore him. Do you think this tour would be an interesting experience or a waste of money? 3.phlcestbat . Would you go on a holiday like this? WhylWhy not? 2.\r~Plltation .of. Only ..ofEdinburgh's ' ghostly ·".:~AJeani()fsciehtists b~.

I: 1. If your great-great-grandparents were still alive. Recent work. average life expectancy would not be increased beyond 85." said Dr Baker. What is meant by the expressions 'generational cleansing' and 'to clear away the dead wood'? 2.~f'~e.§:~i:6~qeby. "It is possible that we would have to reconsider the idea of. arid ._.obD A:.:~riggeststhat ageing." .Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: 1. ~:6hg~~~~:~e~~lIld'have'::~:'" .. _. "Some form of 'generational cleansing' would undoubtedly be necessary to clear away the dead wood.JBllch further by~~~ucing ':.•.pi. · . what questions would you like to ask them? 2.the abs()lllte sanctity of human life. 'however"suggdts. profound iirlplicatiQrisesp~ciiI~Y." Reading Read the text and find the answers to these questions: t t ':I: . 19Q9~rl)'eiiievi!~ble. '." 2:: ~I: =-= :a: I ___j rai ~ :ti Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: sA 1..~ . What do Dr Harris and Professor Baker agree about? 2.may soon no.iet~J:itattiCltin the journal ".possjblyevi~lldeath.. for advanced technolcgicalsocienes.t~jf? ~ «We're hoping to be recycled.professbt.. fa • [I: • • • • • • • • • • [I fa !W. a theory illPP()ftedoyProfessor Edwin Baker Of the University of New Malden.: ~ "l]r4~ersity. Would you like to live to the age of 120? WhylWhy not? Make a list of the benefits and disadvantages of having such a long life.ihat geneticengifleeringc()uldexterid that figW:e.J()hnHarris.. Up till now scientists have believed that even if medical science found cures for the major life-threatening diseases. Do you agree with Dr Baker? Why/Why not? 10 Living longer Instant Discussions = . 9fbiQethiGs~~tMancbester. What problem do they foresee? ·~JtAI}w.' .

learn to live together With a partner. jobs housing medical services transport pensions sport entertainment Instant Discussions Living longer 10 . . 'Life. It was only then that doctors learnt how to deal with a number of (3) and as a result people began to live longer. is nothing much to lose. How would you feel if you were living wirh your husband or wife plus 10 other people: your children (aged 2 and 4) your parents (45) your grandparents (70) your great-grandparents (95) your great-great-grandparents (120) 1. 'Life is too short to stuff a mushroom. it suggests a situation where five or more generations could be sharing a house. pay more tax 2. (4) is one of the latest developments in medicine and I guess it is only a matter of time before scientists discover how to slow down or even halt (5) as well as treat or prevent a variety of illnesses. how? If people lived till they were over 100. There are organisations in these countries which run courses on 'How To Live With Your In-Laws'.. If people start to live to the age of 120. Famous quotes Work in pairs or small groups to discuss these quotations: In many countries it is usual for elderly people to live with their families. II II ~ ~ ~ ~ language 1 d. is often thought of as being the 'father of medicine' so I suppose you could say that he founded (1). :t: 11 S :I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 Hippocrates. What did she mean? Can you finish this sentence in other ways? Language 2 Look at the verbs in this conditional sentence: Life is too short to . who lived in Greece around 400 Be.' (Walter B.' (Eubie Blake. Make a list of the advantages and disadvantages of living with your in-laws when you get married. . the ageing. Make more sentences like this using these ideas: r 1 1.. then would have to in the main clause. Now complete the text below using the expressions. .. . it's probably true to say that it wasn't until the nineteenth century that medicine began to have a serious effect on (2). work longer 4. medical. Housman} Why do you think the writer said this? 3.. train more nurses and doctors 5. b expectancy c.. .'(A. and we were young. have bigger houses 3. . Nowadays. lifee f. But young men think it is. I'd have taken better care of myself. Discussion Work in pairs or small groups.' (Shirley Conran) The writer is talking about cooking. We use the simple past (lived) in the conditional clause. .. of course. However. . 'Life begins at 40. Pitkin) What do you think he means? Do you agree? 2. aged 100) Do you take care of yourself with a view to living longer? If so. the diseases engIneenng of human life Complete these expressions from the article: a. 4.w. the husband's parents immediately move in with the newly-married couple. decide what we would have to do in these areas: Discussion In some countries when a couple get married. 'If I'd known I was going to live this long. we would have to build more old folks' homes. E. .. . to be sure.

Overall. But if 1 look round the schoolplayground when I take my kids to school I'm by no means the richest person there. how much do you give them? a) nothing b) just some small change c) a decent amount 4. Vikki There are a few high earners who are extremely generous.Discussion Discuss these questions with a partner. Which person works for a charity? • • • s: ~ Pete· No. If someone is collecting in the street for a charity.so. Which people do not give to charity? 2. Michelle Of course I give. I'd be pretty disappointed. has given the royalties of two books. the poorest 10 percent give 3 per cent of their income. 1. I can see a doctor whenever I need to. Which charities do you give to? a) local charities b) national charities c) international charities 3. Figures show that the richest 20 percent of individuals in Britain give less than 1 per cent of their income. But these are exceptions. Somehow. I have clean water and enough to eat. that's worth amillion and a half. the Harry Potter author. One very wealthy government minister is reported to have given £47 million to charity last year. It's frightening that there are some people who are not prepared to try and improve the lives of those living in extreme poverty. then compare your answers with others in the class. we're trying to moy~h6\lSeand we're considering moving to a house. [I: l~ [2: a:. lreally don't thinkI'mthat well-off. watch television. There is a famous saying in English: Charity begins at home. I'm probably somewhere in the middle. to a charity. we fund-raisers have to change these figures. vote. Brian We used to be able to rely on the government for things like health care and education and pensions but nowadays we have to pay for these things out of our own pocket. I don't feel very generous when it comes to giving away my money. fa: 11 Giving to charity Instant DiSGussions .million pounds really doesn't go veryfar these days. I have a job. Which person does give to charity? 3. There are people who have none of these things.000 in tax last year and I got nothing back for it . What do you think this means? Do you have something similar in your country? • -f -t a It ~ • ~ Reading Read the four texts and answer these questions: 1. I have to. How much money do you give each year to charity? a) nothing b) very little c) more than one week's wages 2. worth about £8 million. I can read.Jdon'tgive to charity. no. write. How could I not? I have a roof over my head. one in three people last year gave nothing. Sure. If I won a million pounds on the-Lottery. Of course I give. lmeanca. I paid about £40. JK Rawling. In fact. does it? It wouldn't even get us the house we want. Are there any charities you would not give to? Why not? 5.

a charity which looks after homeless people in your town 3. 4. She's so generous. . . I a couple of hours each week to address envelopes for a children's charity. She's always a. something . . a charity doing research into cancer 2. a charity for the victims of a recent earthquake in Latin America 9. How generous is your government to the Third World? "I'm sorry . a charity that helps artists who have financial difficulties 2. She's been leaflets encouraging people to give money to the earthquake fund. My parents really don't like accepting charity. Giving to charity 11 . Use the correct form of these phrasal verbs in the sentences: give back give away give out get back pay back get by get over give up . when it comes to giving away my money. spend time - what you want people to do how to catch their attention what images you might want on your poster what information you might want to get across a slogan/catchphrase how people can give moneylcontact you Compare your answers with other groups. a charity to train guide dogs for blind people 6. Match four of the verbs with these meanings: 1. Work in small groups. it as soon as I was paid. a charity for children from poor backgrounds in your country 4. How do you think charities could encourage more people to donate to them? Discuss these questions with reference to your own country: 5. He's never really the shame of losing his house. Then share your ideas with other groups. but they just can't any longer.. Charity is all about giving . What reasons are given by the four people why people do not give to charity? What other reasons do you think people have for not giving? Are these the real reasons? 2. 7. How many people give to charity? a) most b) very few c) about one in ten 6. How do you feel about Pete and Brian? Do you think Michelle is caring and generous. Think about: Language Look at the following underlined expressions from the texts above: I've got nothing back for it . 1. You have won a million pounds to give away to the charity or charities of your choice. I had to borrow £100 last week. a charity that looks after cats and dogs which have been found in the street 10. . Choose a charity that everyone in the group feels comfortable with . 6. .. . or just naive? 3. a charity that helps the poor in Africa 5. recover from b. . Design a poster for the charity. Work in small groups. 5. but I . Do you have door-to-door collections? 8. a charity for old people in your town 8. Do people collect money on the streets? 7.. an international AIDS charity 7. manage financially Instant Discussions c.Discussion Discuss these questions in small groups: 1." Discussion 1. . 8... He couldn't the bank so they took away his house. 3.you shouldn't expect to .. but not her.we can take your mother's clothes. . distribute d. Do you think men and women have different attitudes to charities? 4. . Here is the list of charities.or make one up. 2. You can give it all to one charity or you can divide it up between a maximum of four different ones. money to good causes. Decide how you will divide up the money.

recomm~nd it toanyon~. And she's right. just on special occasions? Do you know any men who wear jewellery? What do they wear? Do you think that generally men look good in jewellery? Would the type of jewellery a man wears influence your attitude towards him? Which of the following do you think men should not wear? a) earrings c) brooches b) necklaces d) toe-rings at 1a at EZ -== s:z tt Reading Read the article below and answer these questions: a:: 1. ·.' 12 Jewellery for men Instant Discussions . daringly.l:rri. (co._. . wearing your wealthis a tradition among nomadic people. Would you wear any of the following? a) more than one ring b) an earring c) a necklace d) a brooch 1... the more resistant people-are to male jewellery.your m9neyro-ound· with you because you don.-'.L611di:>n's:sfreet for jewellers. Why do you wear it? 5.'ttrustbanIcs. a diamond-studded ring on his littlefinger. ." .. What type of jewellery does David Beckham wear a lot at the moment? 2. or a wedding ring. ""-J.:.:!"J_~-' ... Now compare your answers in small groups.PisplaYing showy . .' says .~:.. -.'_:::' :-:::. 6. .. diamond-studded crosses on his ears.-_'/-'/: . . How expensive is/was it? 4..~sme?".. .000 weekly wage packet dispersed about his body as he stepped into the studio that night.. .~<.:... Do you wear/have you ever worn jewellery? 2.. Are there other items of jewellery that you would like to own and wear? What? 6. :-.. 5. iUldexpensiye jewellerY't¢li~the ies~~f·~e .Beckh~r L.. both.. £50. : :".ijow tas£eand style.'That:s()pn~s like a red card and backJp the dr~ssing rooiIHor Mr David.. many wear a ring on their little finger.. 3.. II i: z:t ta::: ~ a:± rat 11~ J: <..>. .~:_.. orld that.c »":'~_"'.:: . author of De brett's New Guide to Etiquetteand. . . __ ". I wouldn't . He probably had most of one £100. _ _. C. 4.. .N. Make a list of all the jewellery you own. _'_'_~_:._. · .Discussion Answer the appropriate questions below. ~·.or is it just plai~naff?[)oreal~Iilen w~aiJ~\Vels and rings? Whilst most British men. .Beckh~.<. How popular are wedding rings amongst British men? --= ~ fi\I~~~illil£ to be justcrazy abolltdiamorrds thesed:iys.' _..sure that·David·. _ •. However. John Morgan.'s taste"i:s a c~~Jcious:w~y. Of course.':'>:i"><>~:':..'. would not gofor Becks' diamond-studded accessories. Why does Mona Drewitt think that David Beckham wears this kind of jewellery? 3. like carrying.._. or sometimes..~well."'.. Mona Drewitt from HattonGarden.':<"<:":".' • -.:.lg~..000 of diamondstudded watch. . QUESTIONS FOR MEN QUESTIONS FOR WOMEN 1. :....':~_:'..Modern Manners warns: 'The higher up the social ladder you go. >< _'?'-'_' ".~·$ecret w challenge: 'Are you·doing·. Try and make sure the groups are not all men or all women. even if they could afford it.alsQ.. Do you wear jewellery every day or 2..' . ._. of displaying his wealth/says M6na Drewitt. . YOu't~rich. But does such·~~(jjspla~._. __ ' .

Would you ever do thisr/Have you ever done this? to look like 1 I I I t l Instant Discussions Jewellery for men 12 . Which styles of the items above do you like? I I I I I Discussion Work in pairs or small groups. What would you say to them? 5. Do you think men should wear jewellery? WhyfWhy not? 4. what would you say to them? 3. rIng necklace brooch tiara bracelet chain earring I I I I I I I I Discuss with a partner which of the items of jewel/ery above you like on men and which on women. What about women? Do you think they can sometimes wear too much jewellery? Language Label the pictures with the fol/owing words: locket 1. Why do people sometimes 'wear their wealth'? 3. Look at the pictures below and discuss these questions: 1.• I I Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: D I I I I I I I 1. What do you think about the amount of jewellery that young sportsmen and other celebrities wear? Does it show good taste or bad taste? 2. If this person was a friend of yours and they had suddenly changed their appearance this. How would you feel if one of your children came home looking like this? 4. Do you like what the person has done to themselves? WhyfWhy not? 2.

but more important is human progress. the environment is important . You report that almost 1. damaging property and possibly taking lives? Yes. on the south coast of England. We really shouldn't worry about it at all. Yours faithfully -= a:: a:: -= -= -= -= -= a: -= S! s:: tR:: . any areas of land which are protected 3. c. • -= -= II: Dear Sir I follow your environmental news section with interest. What three conservation issues does the writer mention? 2. However. Why? A week ago we didn't even know it existed.Discussion Work in pairs or small groups. Who do you think the letter is written to? 2.000 trees have been cut down for no reason at alL The world's smallest lizard. any trees or plants which are protected What is being done to ensure that these things are protected? Reading Read the letter below and answer these questions: 1. measuring 2 em from nose to tail. which was being disturbed by the building work. any animals or birds that are endangered or protected in your country 2. For all we know. I believe that we have begun to take conservation too seriously. Why should we suddenly care so much about it now? At Worthing.000 trees have been cut down in the north of England to create a nature reserve for a tiny snail. s: :. We should do everything we can to protect it. Make lists of: 1. How much will the people who live there be disturbed if the sea breaks through the sea wall. Which of the following is the best summary of the writer's view of the environment? a.a:: ~~ Reginald Wells a::: Read the letter again and answer these questions: 1. What has been done in each case? 3. work has stopped on a sea wall in order to protect the habitat of a rare flower. the lives of other species. and a sense of perspective. b. How does the writer feel about each issue? 13 Who cares about the environment? Instant Discussions . it might already be extinct and 1. has just been discovered in the Dominican Republic and immediately placed on the list of endangered species. We should be more thoughtful about what we protect. Is this sensible? The snail was last seen seven years ago and nobody has seen one since. as a result of a number of recent stories.

.. I didn't mean to embarrass her. It is nature's problem . 2... 3. but .Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: Discussion 1. Humankind has always exploited the resources of the planet . . two-centimetre-long lizards... There are plenty of green open spaces around the world. definitely not. Describe them to a partner and explain the arguments on each side. 4. . 2. All the items on the list below are threatened with extinction. If everyone agrees with a statement. c.. 3. .not ours. Read and discuss each statement below. ones. Work in small groups. 1. how was I to know . He doesn't know the meaning of the word... e..' Read these sentences and complete them with expressions from the box: a.. Instant Discussions Who cares about the environment? 13 . what they put in commercially unless I make produced . We need houses and factories. elephants. she worked for a multinational oil company? 5. You have the power to save just three. Work in small groups. It's natural... . 2.. I hate discussing important issues with Rachel.. 1. Conservation? Don't talk to Gerald about conservation. 6.animal. It has the meaning of 'this might be true but we just don't know. you never know . b. but .. And it's pointless trying to stop it happening. Which three would you save and why? the Sicilian fir tree the giant panda the Sentani rainbowfish the Chinese alligator the Virginia round-leaf birch tree the bowhead whale a type of Sri Lankan ant the red wolf Compare your decision with other groups. Use phrases from the Language activity. She's such a know-all.. I mean. 4. change the statement so that everyone in the group agrees with it. If you need to be near one that badly. If someone disagrees. You know as well as I do that . Plants and animals have been dying out since the beginning of time. What is your opinion about what is happening in these cases? 1. I really can't see the point of struggling to save species that will probably die out anyway. d.. How far do you agree with the writer? Give reasons.. 4.. leave it as it is. if appropriate... mineral and vegetable. I just refuse to eat hamburgers them myself. 2. Few species are worth saving: lions.... giant pandas maybe. it might already be extinct. People shouldn't get so angry about the use of land. . Can you think of any important environmental or conservation issues in your local area or your country? 3.. f I don't know about you. someone will try to steal the eggs. move! Language Look at the underlined this sentence: expression with know in For all we know. We have to do something to keep people away from these birds' nests. .

but I wonder if there's another explanation. perhaps? 7. Hindus. 15? ~ ~ flY~i:froll1'~ePhii~ppt. A scientific study on ~·gr~upof womerl .iies to theIri: once andJ~ded forcingWeengiB~~tosi~p~Thepilot.f:air PRAY .f.safeiY:aeMariila·airport. before a sporting event . b: That's fascinating. Compare and discuss your reactions in pairs or small groups.r¢S.j~t :I-i()ngl{ong. and Christianson the plarte Our Gods must have heard us.tliepl~ne.-= a: a: a: z: "Nostradamus (1503-1566) was a French physician and mystic. famous for publishing prophecies. when you have been ill? 2.· . He has many followers today.ste~df!~:for 'llie passengers'illldcrewoR b. t .6atd a . before a meal? 3. compared with 26% for women who were not prayed for. .iGteAii.·Ash~ttolllilievolqan~. • • • • • • • • • a It • • • • • • R .theplanereash~a~deate.:marl~g~9to. You will find lots of websites devoted to his ideas.'lloweY¢1"..:MountPinatriPQ." e. Do you have a different reaction? a: That's just nonsense! I don't believe it.'fpere~~s aJu~~.Discussion Have you ever prayed in any of the following situations? 1. reported in the Journal of Reproductive Medicine. In this study.~sca~~. -= a: t: . "~~~!1:!~ti~ogt~~ ~ would shut agtWi:·The:r·~WereMushms. . before a meeting? 9.• .ANllGET PREGNANt . after a success of some kind? Compare your answers in pairs or small groups. I can well believe it's true..bl~kedthe·alriRtlikes. 14 The power of prayer Instant Discussions .. before going to sleep at night? 5.wcmea who were prayed for had a 50% chance of becoming pregnant.1 • • . when a close friend or relative has been having an operation? 4. Reading Read the three short articles below and choose one of the following reactions for each one. e: That's interesting. when you have been rushing because you were late for something? 8..an important football match or race.y¢. when you have been in an aircraft that is taking off or landing? 6.ttm ~. undergoingfertilitytreatment suggests"·' that prayer gives women a greater chance of getting pregnant.z: .

7.Discussion Discuss these questions about the articles in pairs or small groups: 1. • Atheists have just as good a life as believers. Do you think prayer was in any way responsible for the engines restarting on the KiteAir plane? 4. in what sort of circumstances? 2. I can easily believe that. I've no trouble with that. the world would be a far better place. You're kidding. 6. 2. 8. Read the following attitudes to prayer. • If more people prayed. Do you believe that prayer really has the power to increase women's fertility or to help the sick? Or do you think that the research is flawed in some way? 3. That seems unlikely to me. 1 don't believe a word of that! I'm sure that's right. 5. choose one of the three areas below.on the person praying? And on the object (person or thing) of the prayer? language Look at the expressions below to do with believing and disbelieving. 3.nothing else. then report to the rest of the class. Which of the expressions above best describe your own view? Comp_are your views with a partner. What effect(s) do you think prayer has . Your own beliefs 1. I've never heard such nonsense. but it doesn't actually make any difference. • Prayer makes you feel better. • I pray 6 times every day. Discuss the questions. why knock it? Instant Discussions Would you say that you are religious? Do you pray? When? How often? How about your friends and family? Is there a tradition of religion in your family? Is religion more important for the older or for the younger members of the family? A recent survey suggests that 70% of people start to pray when they get into difficulty. Mark each expression as follows: "Well. Are you surprised that sales of the Bible rose after September 11th 2001? WhyfWhy not? 2. 9. I've always suspected that. • A lot of people only pray when they're in some sort of trouble. • Prayer is just a form of meditation . 1. • If a lot of people get comfort from prayer. Religion in your country What are the main religions in your country? How important is religion in your culture? How important is religion in the history of your country? What percentage of the population is religious? Is religion more important or less important than it used to be? 3. it will help them if you pray for their recovery. • If someone is sick. 1 have my doubts about that. 4. really! You'd think by now he'd have picked up English!" B D = = it expresses belief it expresses lack of belief Discussion With a partner. • Prayer is pointless. • Prayer is a natural human response to a serious or dangerous situation. Do you pray when you get into difficulty? If so. Holy places Are there any places of pilgrimage in your country? Have you been to any of them? Why? Do you believe that these places possess special powers? Do you know anyone who has been cured by visiting one of these places? The power of prayer 14 . I find that difficult to believe. 10.

Dr Lucas.~a~e~~en. is believed to have left the area with Rev Hughes. Mrs Lucas.IriYsoIidtbTan(Fam seeking adivorce. Where is Dr Lucas' wife now? Rev Hughes? a: ia: of -= a a a . How do you Mrs Hughes? 2. How do you think Rev Hughes felt? 3.J R it -= a R Discussion 1. Not£ven for the sake. badly.!f::Ol1~ :i:~~l~~~ld'6:~~~~~¥i R to liWs. • • It It • • • 1. What did the other people in the church do? 7. ' The Lucases have three children. Rev Hughes and his wife have a grown-up daughter.. What do you think happened 4. How do you think Dr Lucas felt? 2.B:u~""iiefi~he started preaching to people how tolive·tljeir saw ~~d.~~~~~~~~:.Discussion Discuss these questions with a partner: Have you ever been really embarrassed in public? Was it your fault or did someone else embarrass you?What How did you feel? What did you do afterwards? happened? Reading Read the first paragraph of this newspaper article about a vicar and choose the best headline below: SCANDAL IN CHURCH VICAR CHEATS ON LOCAL DOCTOR DOCTOR ATTACKS CHEATING VICAR Discuss these questions: • • • • • • • • • I.htriI·sffici. What would 15 a feel about what the different people have done .S:said:<ihad not intended rhal<~~~"scene. Did Dr Lucas go to the church so that he could embarrass 6. " Read the rest of the article and answer these questions: 5. Have they behaved well. Rev Hughes.'Dr Luc<i. aged12. r~o~'tshare a hou~e:~ith her any longer. What do you think happened next in the church? after the church service? "They suspect arson.of th~ children.. What would 3.thecJiUr~handLri~"oue·has seeri.l. Mrs Lucas.. or just like normal people? you have done if you had been in the church? you have done if you were the vicar's wife -left him or stood by your man? Instant Discussions • ~ a: Revenge is sweet! . Mrs Hughes was not available for comment. 10 and 8. . a teacher at St Mark's Primary School.

He couldn't pretend he was innocent. helpournl~mbe~~ I'~~~hg~i ~>~ / • " ~ 3. b. He was extremely embarrassed. Instant Discussions Revenge is sweet! 15 .. ~.~:. But then when that didn't (3). . d.~_"""_'. You bought a car from someone you know and it keeps breaking down. 1. He 3. She is avoiding you. would you: a) add it to your favourites . With a partner.ide~s for 2. .it's a stupid site. A colleague at work keeps telling everyone how wonderful he is. ~'" .'. Can you imagine ever using anything on the list below to get revenge on someone? What might you use the items for? a box of melted chocolates itching powder a bunch of artificial black roses a miniature tombstone an old love letter from a friend's ex-boyfriend a photograph of a friend as a fat 5-year-old child an empty box for flowers a subscription form for a rude magazine 4. 'r " 1. .fr~~f~~~~f:~r!§~~~1i o -.it will help you with a present problem. If you were surfing the internet and you found a website like the one below. Complete the text below with the correct form of these verb phrases: have an affair leave get a divorce work out be together split up I don't really understand Helen and James at all. Complete the sentences below with appropriate forms of the following phrases: paint the town red go red be caught red-handed see red . .': " ' . \":. unpleasant jobs to do. . Are you generally vengeful or forgiving? Give examples. Then she (4) him for her tennis coach and at that point I thought they were going to (5). I'm not surprised he . Your partner (boy/girlfriend or spouse) has run off with your best friend. Let's Discussion Work in pairs. When she accused me of lying.' " • Has-someone treated you badly? DriYQu'h~edto:~getOlJf ownback?y " .~.you know you will need it. A friend borrowed £200 from you last year and has never paid you back. ~!~sic rey~~ge'i19r1es 3. We've really got something to celebrate. Now they (6) again and they seem to be as happy as ever.. . thiligstobLiyr~' 4. decide what you would do in the following situations: a. he moved back in with Helen. b) read it . "~ev~rige t9'r~think their behaviour: We do hope that the' id~as y~u 'may find here wilJ'b~ usef~l. 2. Your boss keeps giving you really boring.? ilil. ••••• -. 2.I I Language 1. . f. I just 4. I couldn't help getting angry._" _. e.{~. 2. . . Discuss the questions below: 1. They (1) a couple of years ago when James (2) with his secretary. c) move on . A friend borrowed a CD from you two years ago and has never returned it. c..

Are you aware of any cases like Diane Blood's in your country? 16 A matter of birth and death Instant Discussions . c. Diane should not have been allowed to do this a second time.. • • It It 8: It at -= -= It: Discussion 1. It was a disgrace that she could not be treated in Britain. He would have agreed. 4. b. It was wrong that the sperm was removed without Stephen's consent. The law is very strict and it is very difficult to do something like this. With a partner. b. This is a matter for the individual. b. IIf 11% e Reading Read the article below. Do you think that more couples are childless because they don't want children or because they can't have children? 3. How do you think the parents of Stephen Blood felt at the birth of the first child? Do you think they are happy at the idea of another grandchild? 3. Diane Blood died after a fight. 2. Stephen Blood is Liam's father. b. Mark these sentences T (true) or F (false): 1. 3. a. 2. 2. Do you know any couples who are childless? 2. My country has no official policy on things like this. It is crazy that governments should become involved.Discussion 1. Do you know any couples who have had IVF (in vitro fertilisation) treatment? Was it successful? . try to agree on one alternative from each of the following: It It: It!: at 1. A single mother can be just as good a parent. b. What is the situation in your country? at at Itt . It is wrong to bring children into the world with no father present. 4. Diane Blood was treated in Britain. a. a. 3. a. The law is very progressive and Diane Blood would have had no trouble doing what she did. It was right that Stephen Blood's sperm was removed.:: -= z: a. Britain is right to have such strict laws about this kind of thing.

a son. Jason and Lucy decided to (9) a baby. the doctors told her that she was unlikely ever to be able to have children of her own. seven years after the removal of her dying husband's sperm. 4. Very soon afterwards they decided to (2) a family and Annie became pregnant very quickly. Annie loved children and six months later she (4) another baby. a couple in their late thirties who have been married for twelve years and cannot have children 5. No child should be adopted by people from another country without the consent of the child's natural parents. Adoption What kind of people should be allowed to adopt children? Here are six different situations. Which of the following is closest to your view? 1. Many people adopt children from abroad. All four grandparents were present. Finally Diane Blood gave birth to her second child. Instant Discussions A matter of birlh and death 16 . If you look on the internet. (3) born at the beginning of 1991. a lesbian couple in their thirties who want a child 3. It is immoral to remove children from their own country and culture. In spring 1992 Annie (5) birth to a baby girl. however. Jason gave up his job and (6) the children on his own for five years. a couple of gay men in their thirties who want to bring up a child 6. but want to start a second family now that they have re-married 3. Then he met Lucy. Jason's son and daughter think their new baby sister is wonderful. As a result. a young man and woman in their mid-twenties who have been married for three years and cannot have children 2.IVF Which of the options below do you think are acceptable courses of action for a couple who are unable to have children? • IVF treatment in which the mother's egg is fertilised with the sperm of her husband or partner • IVF treatment using the mother's egg and sperm from a sperm bank • paying another woman to have a baby using your husband's sperm 2. another boy. you will find more about the ethics of cases like this. Do you think any of these people should be stopped from adopting? 1. 3. which they did in 1999. It is better for children to grow up in a loving family in the West than in an orphanage in their own country. Joel Michael. Discussion 1. there were complications at the birth and Annie died a few days later. Lucy loved Jason's children but really wanted some of her own. a couple in their early fifties who have grown-up children by their first marriages. The baby was born in Britain. but Mrs Blood had had to go to Belgium to be inseminated. There are thought to be about 40 women in Britain in a similar situation to Diane Blood. a couple in their mid-forties who have just got married 4.~ :n ~1 Language Complete the text using the correct forms of the appropriate verbs from the box below: expect marry be glUe adopt start raise fall lose Jason and Annie (1) in March 1990. After (8) two babies in early pregnancy. Their first child. Tragically. One particular disappointment for Diane was the refusal of the British authorities to allow her to put her husband's name on her children's birth certificates. This is a very difficult issue and it depends on the situation of the children and their natural parents. 2. (7) in love with her and they got married.

take prElcautions'agair)~~ these. . . L__ ~~_ •• ~ _ --------"-". shepherd's warning. but-equalled-by none. What do the sayings mean? 2. • • -= • • a a a . A further important rule to remember is: • A knowledge of Murphy's Law is no help in any situation.. teach him how to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.-~-~~--- Discussion Work in pairs or small groups. " . It • a a • Left to themselves.¢'t.llg9r'Hves.1be theqri. How serious is the writer? 3.. willsuddenlydevelop. .. :Ero~ hisflrst and mQ~tJamolislaw _' 'Ifanythingc~~i~'g . Discuss these questions: 1. which you have not prepared for.~. . .: it . shepherd's delight. my~t~i)~~SW~~~'9rfate. • If everything seems to be going well.'.. Ttwill anyway.go wrong. if win. .history. Tbi~'. cr~ating oth~rr~lated'principles .cango wrong.MUf:phy'sih$piratiQnis oftenseen~sad¢triingmomentiJ) ." • If anythi ng Just cannot go wrong. that gQY.: ~ ..> It .one fi.Introduction Read these two sayings and discuss the questions Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day..p.. Red sky at night.~mng. Do you have similar 'laws' in your country? 17 Folk wisdom Instant Discussions ..~.it wi IL.' • • • • • • a • • • • a :.~e mostimportat1tth..'. you have obviously overlooked something.. Do you think they are useful? 3....~e~r~~ • a below in pairs or small groups: • • • laws? It a wOrse r.' • If iher~isa::possjbjljtyof se'lleralthings going wrong. Can you think of any examples of Murphy's Law applying in your life or the lives of people you know? 4. What do we know about Murphy? 2. o Murpliy"has~een"to :th~'very:h:earr!1fourexistenceand' opened ()ur'~yes·to the . 1. How important does the writer say that Murphy's theories are? 2. the one tha(willcausethe most:rJ~rn~g~vvil. • Ifan¥thing.·· . th ings tend to go from bad to worse.. What is the basic idea behind all of Murphy's if anythirigc!ln :gowrong. red sky in the morning..ay t~~~grld'YEfl<S.'. tlj~'hal11~n'mind. What part of the world do you think they come from? 4.jive.ndo9MedIY. global .wiIJ'-~MlIrphY:Yv~l"It91"1Oto d~y~lopljj$the(llies.~ith a 'deep and 'l~sting~~ff. .pos~i~. .folJr.simpr~"idea about the·".. then CJJifthway. itwill hi.' • IfXf)jJ§~e:~h"atlh~reNe. and. .ict 'on]he way ~. Note: Ifthere is~ time for 50m~tbihgto.rlf:~~PJa'ni~ditselfi'J). .-J~~~~~~~~~~~~\ji~=~.. . copied by many.'. . .e togo wrong. ha~$i. . .inR~t$:9f ou~time. Do you have any similar sayings in your language? Reading Read the text below and answer these questions: 1.'." '.leway~in Which 50metb[n~¢a~'go wrong.lppenth:ell...

Where do you think each saying comes from? Match each of the above with the following sources: I I I I 1 cake. 3. 2. Don't let grass on the path of friendship. explanations for a lot of our folk wisdom. Discussion 1. Add to the list of sayings below with ideas from your country/culture: :I' 3: ~ 3 :I 3 3 3 2 J 1 I I 1. Those who know the least will always know it loudest. 6. What is the point of each saying? Have you heard any of them before? 2. Putting a horseshoe over your door kept witches away. Liberty no price. 2. Everything tastes more or less like chicken. Doubt the key to knowledge. you will have bad luck. What about for these actions? 1. If your nose itches. If you tell a dream before breakfast. 4. There are three kinds of memory: good. 3. Complete the sayings below with words from the box: 1. The idea of having seven years' bad luck if you break a mirror comes from the time when mirrors were very expensive. it would take seven years to save the money for a new one. Do you think there is any truth in any of them? Are they amusing. fashion is even shallower. Some more sayings Here are some more sayings. Touching wood. Never touch a baby. Sometimes people claim that there are rational. Making a wish when you cut your birthday 1. 4. If you walk under a ladder. 6. insightful or just stupid? Do you have similar sayings in your country? What are they? Gennany Norway Japan Iran the Philippines Spain France Native American The light at the end of the tunnel is a train. Work in pairs. 4 . bad and convenient. it will. Compare your sentences in pairs or small groups. 3. People their character by what they laugh at.:0 ~ Language Sayings. Nothing succeeds like success. proverbs and 'laws' are often told using a form of conditional sentence. 7. somebody is coming to visit. 8 today's anger until tomorrow. The tail of a fox dead of old age brings good luck. 4. Beauty is only skin deep. Children more need of models than of critics. 5. or even historical. Instant Discussions Folk wisdom 17 . Putting a tooth that has come out under your pillow at night. The idea that it is lucky to put a horseshoe over our front door comes from a time when it was believed that witches rode on broomsticks because they were afraid of horses. For example: :11 ~ If anything can go wrong. 2. Heroism of hanging on one minute longer. 3. 5. Can you think of any rational or historical explanations for these sayings? 5. 3. 7 . Never argue at a crossroads. You can't the whole sky through a bamboo tube. have see postpone consists grow IS show has 2. 2. 8. it will come true. For example: Discussion 1. An expert is someone with an opinion and a word processor. a mother and a tombstone all in one day. Making the sign of the cross. Shaking hands with your right hand (not your left). If you broke yours.

:~~~::" ': .l1f'~x~s. In fact. .: ' :~\~l~~"l~~..~...yeah ..~_~. I'm in mobile heaven.J1fhis····n¥~tfight into . What is the most embarrassing situation in which someone else's mobile phone has rung? 6."..ttt~~rIQH~ly neg9t!~tlIlgtl1~Jt(rn. How many people do you know who don't have a mobile phone? 3. Good heavens..·iGlt'siii. the correct sentence below: ) The writer thinks: a. What is the most irritating ring tone you have heard? 7. why not? 2. Do you think the stories in the article are true or not? Do you know of any similar stories? 18 I'm on the train! Instant Discussions • • • • • &: .. people worry about how to behave with a mobile phone.:"'~:' . do you use it for both calls and texting? How often? 4. Orllow about the thoughfthh{we mightlook a completeidioton the 6.'. What risks or dangers are mentioned in the article? Can you think of any other risks or dangers not mentioned? 2. too many people have mobile phones.Discussion Work in pairs or small groups. What is the most amusing ring tone you have heard? • • • • • • II (I "Hello .me! For me they're an endless source amusement andfascinrition.:. Do you have a mobile phone? If not.. ~".. mobile phones are fantastic.a :re1igious :Ceremoily 'J~~illli'&fl::~':~!!!I~'r::: • a for <irtr"pbone?It won'thappentcil11e.__:~ . b.'".. If you have a mobile phone.lpj:. Discuss these questions: 1.~~. Discuss these questions: 1.1s. :~'~~ \' :~.~. no! Not.'t"" >..q~J~~J.~..." Reading Read the article and tick (.I'm on the train.':':t'1::" ::.15 fromPaddington saying 'I'm on the train'. • • • • • • • • • • • a • • a: II of _j a II Discussion Work in pairs. What is the most embarrassing situation in which your mobile phone has rung? 5.ldrnl¥~rIDig?':(')tZthe:ltallill1·priest:whointermpted.~ "" c_~. c.

joe's down at the police station. you must be careful not to use it in inappropriate situations. Does the article surprise you? I got on the train home the other day and this .. lavatory h. who was talking noisily and at length into his mobile. You couldn't lend me some money. I've just seen the cops go in there. 3. having no money d. Slang is a kind of colloquial language which can make speech more vivid and interesting.. The whole carriage could hear what he was saying... You should ask that g!!y over there .:----~ \ "Spare the price of a cup of tea?" --- Discussion 1. They asked him where he got the whisky. stole f alcohol g. He nicked some CDs in the new shopping centre and got caught. Instant Discussions 2. drunk c. Think about the following: 1. 5. Let's go somewhere else for a drink. I could smell the (4) on his breath and there was a bottle of whisky sticking out of his pocket. He couldn't walk straight and he laughed too loudly.. Match the underlined slang word in the sentences 1~8to the definitions in the box below: 1. when and where it is appropriate to use them 2... ringtones 6. He looked a bit embarrassed. 2. Does the punishment surprise you? 3. the next thing I know a couple of (5) got on the train and came up to him. 4. After a while I realised he was (3) as well. (1) with red hair got on and sat down opposite me... I think he was a bit pissed. He rang his girlfriend and started talking to her. And then she dropped her glass and spilt red wine on their new carpet. could you? I'm skint. =-------. -. However. the type of conversations allowed 5. when and where it is not appropriate 3. the length of calls 4. a. police e. Anyway. So they arrested him because they reckoned he (6) it from a shop just outside the station and they'd got him on the security cameras. 6. She's such a plonker. Work in pairs or small groups.Language 1 Study this sentence: (She was) sitting opposite some bloke. I knew he was a (2) as soon as he got out his mobile. possible punishments for breaking the rules I'm on the train! 18 . You have been asked to draw up a list of rules for people using mobile phones in public. 8.the one with the green hat. Just a minute! I must go to the 100 before we go. 'Bloke' is a slang word meaning 'man'. Do you think the punishment is too strict or not strict enough? Why? 2. Read this short article and discuss the questions below in pairs or small groups: Language 2 Complete the text below with appropriate forms of the slang words from the exercise above: 1. I'll bring some food if you could bring the booze. man . 7. stupid person b.

We suppozealu live in a civilised societu. then the police can use these laws to bring the parent to justice. indeed anlj form of phqsica! punishment. thinks smacking has more than a physical effect. 9f a parent causes phusica! harm to a child. Laura . Make a list of ways in which parents and teachers discipline children. mentattq harmful and completelq unacceptable in the 21st centuru? Smacking. What age of child is it suitable for? 3. at J af . Can we at last realise that pnusica! punishment is unreasonable.. Who can give this punishment to a child? Parents? Teachers? Other relatives? Reading Read these two letters. /vtlj father used to give me the slipper and it never did me any harm. not in order to cause phusicat harm or pain. ~ . Is this a reasonable punishment to give a child in a civilised society? 2. so they should not be allowed to hit children either. should be made illeqa! immediatetu. deoradinq. Every parent needs the right to be able to give a child a smack.' 'Children should have the same rights as adults. Jack Wallace Laura Flynn R: a: a:: at Discussion Work in small groups. thinks the laws are acceptable as they are now. better ways of disciplining children? 19 Children and discipfine Instant Discussions -= ~ -== . For each punishment on the list discuss the following questions: 1. Some people argue that laws are needed to stop excessivephljsiwl punishment.Discussion Work in pairs. What is all the flAss about? 7ack Wallace Make four true sentences: Dear Sir Thank goodness the government has finalllj begun to see sense regarding the punishment ot chitaren! Let us hope that theu have the couraqe to via awalj with the phljsiwl punishment of children. but more as a shock tactic to stop a child from misbehaving or in some circumstances to stop them causing damage to themselves or other people. Adults cannot hit other adults. but there are quite clear laws dealing with assault and bovlillj harm. and parents and teachers who practise this disgraceful activitlj should be brought before the courts./IjYlYI • f . -= ~ ~ t: -= a: It: &! ~ a: would like to see all physical punishment banned. was smacked as a child.. Which one do you agree most with? Why? Dear Sir 9 think it is quite ridiculous that the government should be considering teqistation to han smackinq. Discuss these statements: -= <Anadult hitting a child of any age is not right and there are much better ways to discipline children.' Do you agree or not? Why? Are there other.

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Language
Study this sentence from the second letter. Notice the phrasal verb with two particles 'to do away with' meaning to abolish.

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Let us hope that they have the courage to do away with the physical punishment of children.
Match the phrasal verbs underlined in the sentences 1-8 with the definitions a-h below:

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1. My brother was always in trouble but he was

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,
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too honest. If I was in trouble I always denied doing anything wrong and I usually got away with it! 2. When I look back on my childhood, I realise my parents treated me really very fairly. 3. If I ran out of money, I would sometimes 'borrow' some from my mother's purse. 4. Sometimes I wished my dad would just give me a smack. It would have been better than listening to him going on about 'responsibility'. 5. I can remember the first time I stood up to my dad. He wanted to punish me for coming back after midnight when I was 15 but I just told him I wasn't a child any longer and he couldn't tell me what to do. 6. I don't exactly look down on parents who smack their children, but I do think that they could find other ways of disciplining their children if they really thought about it. 7. I was really badly behaved when I was a teenager but I seemed to grow out of it when I reached my early twenties. 8. I didn't get into much trouble at school except for once when I was caught fooling around with some chemicals in a science laboratory. a. to not run away from, to resist b. to escape without punishment c. to consider inferior d. to think about something in the past e. to become too old to do something f. to not have any left g. to behave irresponsibly h. to talk about something for a long time and in a boring way
Work in pairs. Look at the sentences again. Are any of them true for you? Do any of them remind you of people you know or knew?

"Frankly, I feel he over-disciplines his animals. "

Discussion
Work in pairs or small groups. Discuss these questions:

1. Which, if any, of the punishments below do

you think are unsuitable for children above the age of three? a. a quick smack on the hand b. a quick smack on the back of the head c. a smack on the bottom d. a smack on the bare bottom e. a blow from a slipper on the bare bottom f. a blow from a belt on the hand g. a blow from a cane on the bottom Would it make any difference if the child was a boyar a girl? What other factors might determine whether a particular punishment was reasonable or not? 2. Which, if any, of these punishments do you think is acceptable? a. sending a child to their bedroom for an hour b. not allowing the child to play with their friends for a week . c. stopping the child's pocket money d. not allowing the child to watch TV for a week e. making the child stay behind at school to do extra work f. giving the child extra jobs around the house 3. At what age do you think it is no longer necessary or appropriate to discipline children?

Instant Discussions

Children and discipline

19

• • •
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Introduction
Mark the items listed below as follows:

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2 3 horse shellfish

o = I have never
steak dog

eaten it. 1 = I have eaten it once or twice. fish eel or snake

= I eat it quite often. = I eat it a lot.
ostrich deer bacon goose chicken/egg insects

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Compare your answers in pairs or small groups.

Reading
Read the article below and then answer these questions:

1. What did the writer do? 2. Why did he do it? 3. How did he feel about it?

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dog casserole.

Yum!

Neighbouring diners watch~cl with interest as this Westerner appreciated their fme Korean delicacies! Whilst not a sight they will ever see again- too strong are my vegetarian sentiments - I must stress it was not an experience about whichI feel any guilt.

True or false?
Read the article again. Mark the following sentences T (true) or F (false):

1. The writer had been sent to research some articles on Korean cuisine. 2. Koreans rarely see Westerners eating dog. 3. The writer eats a lot of meat at home. 4. The writer liked dog so much he plans to make it a regular part of his diet.
20 Ever eaten dog?
Instant Discussions

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •


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Discussion
Work in pairs or small groups and discuss the following questions:

Discussion
1. Work in pairs or small groups. Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups:

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1. Do you think the writer needed to eat dog to be able to write an article? 2. If you had been in the writer's position, would you have eaten dog? 3. Would you ever eat dog? WhylWhy not? 4. Are there things which people in your country eat that people from other countries find unpleasant? 5. Is eating dog any worse than eating lamb or veal? WhylWhy not?

1. What is the most unusual thing you have ever

eaten?
2. What is the most unusual thing you have ever

been offered? 3. Are there any common sorts of food that you really hate? What are they? Why do you hate them?
2. Where do you think the following things are eaten? Match the country or region to the food:

Language
Describing food into the appropriate group 1. Put these adjectives below:

South Africa Colombia Cambodia

Burma Japan California

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1. deep fried tarantula 2 chocolate-dipped scorpion

3. grasshopper marinated in soy sauce
4. deep fried ants

fatty tasty rich sour

tough sweet spicy bland

delicious appetising bitter inedible oily disgusting mouth-watering tasteless

5. cockroach kebab 6. termites fried in tomato
Have you ever eaten insects? If so, what sort? What did they taste like? If not, what do you think they taste like? 3. Read these articles and discuss the questions:

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a. to describe the general quality of food

b. to describe a particular quality of food

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2. In the box above, mark each adjective:

1. Is it acceptable for Sepp Blatter to try and stop

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+ = positive - = negative
3. Choose a negative adjective from the box to describe each of these foods:

the Koreans eating dog? WhylWhy not? 2. Does a sports organisation have any right try and interfere in the eating habits of a nation?

to

a. steak b. salad dressing c. coffee d. curry e. lemon
4. Think of other types of food which can be described by the above adjectives. For example:

:Jlli~~~1
1. Does Brigitte Bardot have any more right than Sepp Blatter to take this attitude? WhyfWhy not? 2. A Korean politician has said: 'Foreign criticism of dog meat reflects lack of understanding of our nation's ancient culture.' Do you agree? Why! Why not?
Why not have a look at the following website? www.tomatoesareevil.com Is there one which you would like to set up? Ever eaten dog? 20

Oranges can be bitter. Frogs' legs probably taste disgusting.

Instant Discussions

2.hbU IdbEi. 3. 6.~~~t~.qk ~~..6~:h~~Jthy.Eio:pl~'w.teatand.'(tth~e~..'t. tH~h ~ -= -= • • -= -=- It: a: ~~i}J~~1~~~ii~~I~~i~~Eji~~' .p.Discussion Put a tick (II) by the things that you think are good for your health and a cross (x) by the things you think are bad for your health.lJq . aboutit. Angela thinks a lot of people ignore the doctor's advice. eating meat living alone keeping a pet yoga tea salt crisps alcohol flying smoking running sunbathing sugar coffee stress watching TV vitamin pills being vegetarian 8i Compare your results in pairs or small groups.earcnsDowsthat. She thinks the health service spends a lot of money on these people. Andrew thinks health and happiness are not connected.~~eylre goihg '.. "o{"'""~'-# th'¢yare g6i~g:t6. (Newcast(~f wrq ng.:\lJhat they ?h9u Id b.f~~11ittle '' -= z: a: It: a:: ensour~g j ng people' tgEf~~t9ciddaoQJ~t th~f!lselves. 21 A healthy lifestyle Instant Discussions { • -t \ ai at ..stopitellin9"" people what isli~dfi:if..r...·.' " Andrew (.out'6flife.'.'.:0I~f.with the iiJjv~. She thinks the government should let them look after themselves rather than provide a health service for them.:t:h~ro. 5.. Reading Read the two letters and answer these questions: Which writer a) follows the doctor's advice? b) thinks the doctor could give better advice? ·1~~~~?~~liiil~j~hi~: theroselvesand:takin9:plE. He thinks the doctor should try to make people happier rather than healthier. He has done some research into the effect of happiness on health.~. do' .~9:less~nd w!iaqhey want.Recent res. ~~'~result/ I thinKYQ1E~h()uld. bepos'itmii. 4.' . a: az a:: a: True or false? Mark these sentences T (true) or F (false): a: Itt It: 1.

diet.. When writing questions you might want to think about some of these areas: • • • 1 1 people's diet ..busy or laid-back their own health over the past few years their past family health history whether they drink or smoke A healthy lifestyle 21 .. 8. excellent..things like brown bread.. 2. Write some praise and/or advice for people based on their marks total. Do you consider yourself to be healthy? 6. that kind of thing.. His health is . First decide six questions. Tell them how healthy you think they are. make up a questionnaire to find out how healthy people are. Decide what total of marks mean that people are healthy or unhealthy. reasonably extremely perfectly 3. fresh fruit.." I • ~ ~ 4. . bread. 2. poor. what you need is a . Think of three different answers for each question. 4.the kind of thing they eat the amount of exercise they take the amount of stress in their lives whether they consider they are happy Instant Discussions their lifestyle . To what extent do you 'look after yourself properly'? 4. 2. Who do you agree with most: Andrew or Angela? Both of them? Neither of them? 2.. Give marks for each answer. Her health is "Actually... 7. madam. muesli. 1. delicate.n 11 Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: n r J r r I I 1. I'm afraid my grandmother is in very .. 5.. lifestyle. 6. 6. major. and 3 there is one word which does not collocate well.. Do you agree with Andrew that there is a connection between health and happiness? Language In 1.. I can recommend everything. She's almost 90. Cross it out.. If you don't mind me saying. He's got a few health problems. It's a healthy environmen t. What a great tan! You're looking ! Where've you been? 7. . for a man of his age. What are the most important points that they make? 3. I Discussion With a partner. She is disgustingly partially healthy. but nothing very serious. Do you eat the right food? Smoke? Drink? Take regular exercise? 5. My father's 75. The dry climate of Switzerland makes it a very . 5. Interview one or two people and note their answers. Do you consider yourself to be happy? 7. Then use expressions from the box to fill the gaps in the sentences below: I I I I I I I I I I I I perfect.. 3. I • I 1. climate.

Are any of them only 'famous for being famous'? 4. it will.. if' anything.it!:: Despite swift' apologie~ 'from :all. what does the writer's attitude seem to be towards gossip about the private lives of famous people? 6. if.th~hWho wash? Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: 1.'.it wasn't . Farrell has had well-documented relationships with a number of actresses and pop stars. he gets" from the . Natasha Davies was on a Caribbean island. Do you think this is fair or not? Why? 5. But far more importantly.~ -= II! It:: -= a: 8: .' . Tom Farrell was on a Caribbean island. Do any of these people object to what is said about them? Why? • -= -= II: Reading Read the newspaper article. In general. phot9s t()ptove .E II: lIZ • -= a: ~:".'FAKl'tl!I. F arrellJs seeking damages for 'embarrassment' and the 'negative effect on his personal and professional reputation'. What aspects of their private lives are reported in the press? 5.. a: . What seems to be the writer's attitude towards the journalists who took the photos? 2.. Are there any public figures in your country whose private lives are often featured in the press? 2.. edlt~l'S. Do you agree with this attitude or not? Why? Instant Discussions a:: a: a: a: &: II: II: 22 Public figures. ~a~:peeII~~hll~y~ "Surprise!" ~ ~ Davies. him with NatashaDaYie~. Surk. courts. 4. 3.Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: 1. And he is not usually unhappy about seeing his name in the papers.!~l~~iaf~~~¥E!~~~: . Do you approve of what they did or not? Why? 3. However. Tom Farrell has never met Natasha Davies. Andtheyh~Y~'tl1e. Mark these sentences T (true) or F (false): 1.beinreresring to see how much. Why does the writer think that Tom Farrell will not get very much money from the courts? 4. the'papers concerned. With such a high-profile lifestyle.'~. The newspapers did not admit their mistake. Who are they? Politicians? Film stars? Pop stars? Sportspeople? Who else? 3. private lives • ~ ~ . 2.

After years of hard work. . . . but she has for high quality work. .European Human Rights Act) Who is right? Discuss the question in small groups. . We always try to good with our customers. what should happen? . freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority. 4. 6. . . . . 3. For years I thought we just had a fairly and then suddenly she asked me to marry her! Discussion Use the three questions below to discuss the situations in pairs or small groups: I I I I I 1. If the case goes to court. The stories in the press about his behaviour have completely . . Instant Discussions Public figures. . Can the story/photos be in any way considered to be 'in the public interest'? 2. have establish open break off maintain a relationship with . . his home and correspondence. Should the press be allowed to publish the story/photos? Why/why not? 3. . .' (Article 8 . . a relationship fine growmg well-earned poor broad reputation I I J 2. have destroy damage establish abolish a reputation I I I I I I I I I Complete the sentences below with complete expressions from the boxes above: 1. . 8. •. . 4. a(n) casual partial intimate sexual business 3.I I I I I I Language Cross out the collocation in each group which is not natural: 1. •. . We just have a We never see each other socially.. private Jives 22 • • . . . . ' (Article 10 . . 2...European The press argue: Human Rights Act) Everyone has <theright to freedom of expression. They were together for five years before she. . . Don't buy one of those cars! They have a very for reliability. . 7. . « Where do you stand? The famous argue: Everyone has <theright to respect for his private and family life. She only started her company last year. he has finally as the best lawyer in town. 5.

andth~manwhb discovered~~ :~y~f artts.>. bedgot25% Dack. a. He did not smell very nice.ho were upset because the t~ilings onih~ir balcony blocked the seaview when-they lay on their deckchairs. how you felt at the time 4.~h¢s 'on.'TheYnatuntlly live all over the place. snored and 'behaved strangely during the day' had his claim refused. After that.H6wever.}Hmbingthe side:of his" . a 50%' refund. decide the amount you should get.~ftheiive-$iringed guitar and ofimitatin~animiU"#oises! $t.ilC'IiilTi~came from the couple".'-'_" _. ~~ordirig:to. While some of these' claims are laughable. ' Insectsareab~tteibet..insectiii:abow!ie.I I I Discussion Work in pairs. so if they find-their waYf'ro~\he'garden into the dining room. Poor chap! The man who caught a'cpld because the airconditionirig on the coach was switched off and the windows opened received a similar lack of sympathy.the floorbyh~rbed got. tlil1li 23 Holidays from hel/! Instant Discussions • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • I III I . • Because I was travelling on my own. Tll.Pexttime you . and during the day he behaved strangely. • I found an insect in my soup. . how things turned out in the end With a different partner. it's notreally allYbody'Sfault. I've got a photo to prove it! Reading Read the text and find out if you were right. it lTiay" outiohe'fheaper y~uthink! aUY of turn ~.but t?be. The man who ended up sharing a room with someone who smelt bad. r caught a cold when the air-conditioning in the coach was switched off and the windows opened."J:eco~kroach ontllecold buffetor an .e wOrrian\YI1~.. but by po means foolproof. decide if you should get compensation for the following complaints. And some the stranger ones even deserve sympathy =Iike the cruise passengers whose entertainmentturned. • While on holiday in India.' .f saini is apparently-not enollgh to spoil-a hol. o I saw a cockroach on a plate of cold meat on the buffet.- ". • I switched on the light in the middle of the night and found 10 cockroaches on the floor beside my bed. CharleiW~terton. • Even though passengers changed places every day on our 14-day coach tour.. I had to share a room with another man.go.on holidaY.-\<'. He snored. r never got to sit in the front seat. I couldn't eat in the hotel restaurant. what went wrong and why 2.that'famous' Briton.lii~te~. :.wokeup torrnd 10 cockroa. • I found an army of ants marching up the side of my bed. GERMANllOLIDAY 'PRf:)BL~MS lJnsucGess6.the judge 'you A can remeve the insect~d C 0I1. Nor are travelling companions a source of refunds. some do demand attention.' Mice ate no good ataJ1. Tell each other: • • I I Then 1.>.)l$nCnmal.o< ".::_.'. what you did about it 3. • One of my fellow guests killed two mice which had come into the hotel dining room from the garden.i~#Y. Also from the Berlin man who never got to sit in the front seat on his coach tour. • The railings on the balcony blocked the view of the sea when we lay in our deckchairs. Tell each other about the worst holiday you have ever had..

Instant Discussions . but to go. Travelling is the ruin of all happiness. but Dennis certainly knows how (3). We went there (2) getting a bit of sunshine and relaxation! Well.use a dictionary if necessary. He complained that I had shown a complete (7) for his condition. Quickly make a note of your answer to each of the following questions. in 5. I think we're friends again now! Hope to see you at the barbecue on Friday. 5. We eventually found a very nice guest house. I travel not to go anywhere. Love Amy Discussion 1. Discuss each of the following quotations. 3. 1. Of course he wouldn't book in advance. in the 6. He's awful when he's ill but I really didn't think he any (6). most places were full.. Then compare notes in small groups. What's What's What's What's What's the the the the the worst flight/boat trip/car journey you have ever made? worst beach you have ever been on? worst thing you have ever eaten on holiday? longest delay you have ever had while travelling? worst holiday illness you have ever had? 2. the weather was OK. I travel for travel's sake. 1... of sympathy 8. 4.Discussion Discuss the following questions in pairs or small groups: 1. What do you think they mean? Do you agree or disagree with them? Why? Travel broadens the mind. When we got back. so we had to drive (4) trying to find somewhere to stay. to place a holiday 3. one of us had to go and find the Tourist Information Centre. a . To travel hopefully is a better thing than to arrive. Work in pairs or small groups. but it certainly wasn't the best. by hope of means 2." Holidaysfrom hell! 23 . There's no looking at a building here after seeing Italy.. Check that you understand what they mean . to deserve . What's the worst hotel you have ever stayed in? 2. all a cold the place 4. So he spent the week complaining about how he was feeling and I had to listen to him. 6. So I told him I had never wanted to go to Devon (8).. Which (if any) of the claims do you feel were completely unreasonable? 3. He travels the fastest who travels alone. Complete this text using appropriate forms of the expressions above: Dear Jill Just got back from a week in Devon. Were you surprised by any of the courts' decisions? Which? Why? 2. Which of the situations would you have complained about? 4. but then he managed (5). It was (l) the worst holiday I've had. Have you ever complained to a holiday company/travel operator? What about? What happened? Language Complete these expressions from the text above. we had a terrible argument. to 7. Fortunately. As it was July.. 6 "Well.

Have you ever replied to a 'Lonely Hearts' ad? What happened? S..~as 36.'fol@Nthegood-looking.t?..'. Professional women use the ads because they don't have much time for socialising. do you think you ever would? WhylWhy not? 4. were . Have you ever placed a 'Lonely Hearts' ad in a paper or anywhere else? If so.qhY (and he was a i'bite mati) but I wa1it~dalo'~g~ieiilifriend~ not :A16ng-distance one.enthusiastic "~~~ut puttinghisti~d ori.suggested. two were nerds. speaks fo(it$Nf!')~omeohhe replies "~ere touching.~l. ¥leatJy.e. 7.am '~ha • II: ~ -= -= It: -= a: a: QaYfu.A. . Do you know anyone who has ever placed a 'Lonely Hearts' ad or replied to one? What happened? Was it a successful experience? Reading Read the passage and answer these questions: 1. Do you ever look at 'Lonely Hearts' websites? 3.liars.sulJlrising. She met her current partner through her ad.:9tliets:were. a: a: a: a: R It: True or false? Mark the following sentences T (true) or F (false): 1. wotrtel1 whb'do not have tft~ tiiri~. 'missed attheiriitia:l" . who have obvious difficulties in getting out.y'Heart~~a:ds:~he tli. some wer~.Edirit>urgh. 'lhuch older..)tealisethey were.. 4.. .and tomorrow hemovesinto my flat. 'defiWiel){'. usually ":.:: . Do you ever read 'Lonely Hearts' ads in the newspaper? 2.In the ~nd I met 12.. And it works! ~~I~~~l~:~~~~~~~~~g~?~.Discussion Answer these questions truthfully.sing'iLonel.10~~0ntething:man "replies.few people 'dearly did nothave sriffiqi~mt: self-knowledge '.nerds.•. fatter?rugli~t than their photos .. One :wasfaiioo . a bej~tiftil. Why has she done this? -= lit • • • • • It II: II! it a WeU. ..lglemothersOh yes . one ii~ed jp. ··thoseof some of the 1. _ was suc~"ful. 0.some . intelligent.'ariety of reasons. Most people who use 'Lonely Hearts' ads don't have many friends.tnykll~.~ppealing and some ":appilIirng. Then compare your answers in pairs or small groups. for"a'. >. What has the writer done? 2. kind.. 3.I think 7$ "'§~~~~t~lia§l~in(eHigent. Some people lied when they replied to the writer's ad. 2.. :The last one Imet\..5 million sit.of finding a partner and sitting across the table from the as I write 'this.GSOH.. The writer thinks that over four million people use 'Lonely Hearts' ads. nd a ··moreusual fnethods . 1. examination.ma:t(yjJ. 24 The dating game Instant Discussions • • • -= 11= .":ul1sultable. S. what happened? Who replied? How did you follow it up? Was it a successful experience? If not.....in~is. I did it. Of these.

What do you think are the advantages 'Lonely Hearts' ad? and disadvantages of trying to make friends through a c. Mark proposed to Lucy. Mark fancied Lucy. Lucy became pregnant. would you lie about any of the following? a) your age b) your appearance c) your job d) your income e) your past Language Work in pairs. They split up. Are there any dangers involved in meeting people through a 'Lonely Hearts' ad? What advice would you give a friend who told you (s)he was going out tonight on a lonely hearts date? Instant Discussions The dating game 24 . Write a description of yourself in 25 words for a 'Lonely Hearts' ad. What does the writer mean when she says 'I did it'? 2.• I I I I I Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: I I I 1. They started going out together. In your country where do most people meet their partners? in school/at work in bars and nightclubs at parties through their family through 'Lonely Hearts' ads some other way h. He asked her out on a date. Lucy asked for a divorce. Ask the teacher to read them out one at a time. They got on very well. She had twin girls. Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: a. 1 1. Mark and Lucy started to have rows. They got married. Lucy got custody of the children. How do you feel about people who place 'Lonely Hearts' ads? Do you think they are sad and lonely? Or are they just normal people who are too busy to meet the sort of people they would like to? 5. Put together the descriptions from everyone in the class and mix them up. Put the sentences below in the correct order to make a story: I I I I I I I I I I I ~ 1. Do you think the writer really does have a 'wide circle of friends'? 3. Mark had an affair. Emma and Katie. They fell in love with each other. Can you recognise the writers? Has anybody lied? Here are some typical expressions from these ads: solvent lady own house with own teeth romantic professional male down to earth easy-going blue eyes looking for fun intelligent guy strong body enjoys cmema sincere and caring likes dancing biker athletic 2. If you ever placed an ad or replied to one. o o o o o o o o o o o o o Discussion o o Now use some of these expressions to tell a story which is true for you. They got engaged. Are 'Lonely Hearts' ads popular in your country as a way of meeting new people? 4. They went on their honeymoon.

Which newspapers do you read? Do you read a paper every day? 3.g. ..~' . pluckily 3.·~ SelmaiR~i4ip·!>.North .lllgetliptq:tbe ragiM tmTent.CaraRhillips. . dragging the terrified girl 25 Newspapers a.. Note that the matches may not be exactly the same grammatically. Have you ever . i\It!>. ~- .\vho pluckily pli.""-. Who saved her? ··q~i~¥hifIi~§. recently laid . a disaster e. swept away on~'gf:hetptjpils..Qiabbirtgyoung ·Cata.. Why do you read thatpaper / those particular papers? • • R Reading Read these two articles. aged 11. I I I t I 1.p'~ariI1g the girl's..wouldh1rve.Cth-~ <: II SCHOOLTRtP:~I'SXSTERAVOIDED . C::u}~I"·..cries. 1. m certmri ge4Y by draggiIlg.- .' tra than usual aftettRe~1"e¢eIltheavyrains.whi:r~tbut ona·sch()oItrip.·· .: :e~f4~f~h:. . She'sawonfjerfUI. It It It II: II: lilt II: Language 1 Look again at the articles. which report the same incident.. What happened to Cara Phillips? 2. yesieitl~y. Give further details where possible..B~~. apaged to avert an alll10~t: .s~ Selitia~'Her.Ms Cariet. . and answer these questions: R III 1.. Th~YW11i~~trYI1J. an almost certain tragedy 4.K!"e Deifi~e'q~er. .. 1"-' R Aschoortriptoth~RlveiWhaife itl...' rfiI:~::~2::::.jumped c.~d!irageof teacher Dehise Carter..todeciqe whetherthesch6tiI:had prop~fly followed the guidelines f()f§chooltrips.. MIRACLEESCAPE· -.hadamiiaculous~scape: ••...~(j.. . ..1 down by the gov¢irlluent.theter&fiedgi~l ." ' .I I I I Discussion Discuss these questions with your partner. .pupi1sab()utthe incident.Dinningfaster a a R and deeper a R It ~!~r~~:ab~~. plunged 5..... The RiverWharf~. .endedin· disas't~r yesterday biItfofth¥. North Yorkshir~p()lice willtoday be questioniIlg staf'f~Md. . .: . yorkshiie.. had your name mentioned in a newspaper? had your photo in a newspaper? written an article for a newspaper? had a photo you took published in a newspaper? had a letter published in a newspaper? 2. . bravely b.... Match the words and expressions on the left with the words and expressions on the right which convey a similar meaning. running faster than usual after recent heavy rain Instant Discussions • • • • II:: . .quick -thinkingankh~rcourag~ savedmydaugVJer's life. rain-swollen 2.· woman. ".•.~l£daught~r pf~ioPknoq~n. pulling the girl d.. bravely jumped iht9the water and pulled the girl to safety..

Did you know Jason Matthews had died? I saw his in the paper this morning. Which article uses the more colourful and emotive language? 2. I don't think I'll bother seeing the new Fred Durkin movie.\" '".. My letter was published yesterday morning.~". ..a :a ::a ~ ~ a a a Discussion Read the articles again. Which 3. Which is probably from a tabloid (or popular) newspaper and which from a 'quality' paper? 8.". It has by far the best .:. I'm never able to do the in The Independent. Which 8. you ought to buy The Daily Telegraph. ~ <. . . and realised it had just been delayed for 24 hours! 8. =~ ~ 31 a 31 21 • • • • • • • :I and tell me what it says for today. One pair writes a short article from a tabloid newspaper about the headline. Which are local..."r.<. Which 6. or national? are tabloid (popular and sensational)? are considered to be 'quality' papers? contain the best news reporting? contain the most gossip? contain the best sports reporting? do you read regularly? 2. Did you see it? Instant Discussions Newspapers 25 . He's Canadian and I believe he was the first foreign of a British newspaper. Have a look at my TV guide horoscope proprietor headline retneu/s .' . Compare your articles._. . It's just so difficult. I thought there'd been another plane crash. 5. .. If you're keen on football and cricket.. Work in groups of four. 2. Which article mentions Cara's mother? Why? 3..~ . .~ •• . I'm staying in tonight. .. 6. will you? I'm a Scorpio.~ .:"". regional. 4. Choose one of the headlines below..~.<:. "~'~ fc PRINCESS Hti~t:'..PH@trOGRAPH:ERi:. Which article is the more factual? 5. =II ===II ~ Language 2 Complete these sentences with appropriate forms of the following words and phrases: =II 3J ~ ~ editor obituary crossword sports article 1. When I saw the . '~ :. ". Which article looks at the wider picture and the consequences of what happened? 6. >">:' . 3. news. I was so angry about the government's plans to raise taxes that I wrote to the of The Times.. Which article is more concerned with news and which with 'human interest'? 7. 9. 7. Explain to your partner the following: =~ 1... .' -'. The were terrible. I want to see if there's anything worth watching. Throw me the .:.. Work in pairs. Which 5. '0". but then I read the . the other pair writes a short article from a quality newspaper about the headline. Which have the biggest circulation? 2. Which 4. Write down the names of 6 or 7 daily newspapers in your country. . Which article has a quote from Cara's mother? 4. Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: Discussion 1. Which 7.':":_~-:~.'. Divide into two pairs. Which do you prefer? 1.

If my taxi fare comes to £10. Decide if you agree or disagree with each one. Customers were encouraged to put money in the box for better service. I never know what to do. -= II: a: -= -= II: ~ II: Where I come from. I don't want trouble. • • I II It E E I: I::: I: &: I: Reading Read the statements below. everyone thinks we're tight with money. the staff should leave.just to try and break down people's prejudices about us. Then compare what you think with your partner. Employers should pay their staff a decent wage.I I I I I I I • Discussion Discuss these questions with a partner: 1.and then they hang around waiting for a tip. I only tip if I know I'm going back somewhere.:- -= a: IR: -- ~ . coffee houses in Britain had a box on each table. I eat out a lot on business. I just give the driver £10. I never tip. No talk. no tip! If I've just had a very expensive meal. Have you had any good or bad experiences when tipping? Did you know? In the 18th century. Soon the money became known by its initials: TIP. They must think I'm mad! I hate it when porters carry my bags to my room in hotels . Do you always tip when you should? 4. I only tip taxi drivers and hairdressers if they chat to me. If they don't. How much do you give? 5. no matter what the service has been like. Otherwise. When? How much should you give? 3.. But if it comes to £6 or £7. lit :. I tell them to keep the change. Is it normal to tip in your country? 2. I reckon it's part of their job. That's nonsense! I tip everyone everywhere . there's no point. Just to be on the safe side. I've had excellent service and truly awful service. I don't see why I should pay through the nose twice! 26 To tip or not to tip? Instant Discussions . I never leave a tip. I leave a 10% tip. A notice on each box read: To Insure Promptness.

In Britain tips are taxed. I don't like to offend so I always tip . Should tips in a restaurant be pooled and shared between all the waiters? Or should each waiter keep his or her own tips? c. Should tipping be made illegal .no what the service has been like. Discussion Who would you tip? Tick the appropriate boxes: =II ~ ~ Yes 1. a tour guide 12. 7. a waiter in an expensive restaurant 3. Now discuss these questions with your partner: 0 0 0 =- II • • • • • • I I I I I I I I I 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 II a. Some people have the reputation of being with their money. 8. a steward on an aeroplane 8. your dentist 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 • • II 0 0 6. There's no in tipping people you're never going to see again in your life! 6. your doctor 11. I don't think one person can down prejudices which are hundreds of years old. a hotel chambermaid Work in pairs and compare your answers. I just don't do it on principle.after all. a waiter in a coffee shop No Maybe 2.just to be on the side! 3. Instant Discussions To tip or not to tip? 26 ." Nothing. I hate it when I hear people saying. the person who conducts your wedding ceremony 10. it's just an excuse for employers to pay less? b. "Just keep the ". 5. "Keep the change. We wouldn't need to tip if employers paid a wage. In Britain a recent court ruling says that tips added to a bill and paid for by credit card belong to the employer ." "Here you are and thank you very much. a taxi driver 5. a hairdresser 4." "Here's your ten per cent. Do you think this is fair? d." "Here's something. Do you think this is fair? What do you say? What do you think British people say when they tip? Tick the expressions you think are possible: o o o o o o "Thanks for everything. 2.1 never tip . 4. an assistant in a high street burger bar 7.~' ==II =a =II =II =II ~ Language Complete the following expressions from the quotes: =II 1.not the waiter." Buy yourself a drink. It's so patronising. In expensive restaurants you're paying through the anyway! Go back and underline the complete expressions in the examples above. a hotel porter 9.

Ar~w~rit opinibl1PQIl on the I: It: cO(I)..hiredaoextra ' of the.". .' -: .~yforPresidents.." .: . Which piece of information do you find most surprising? Why? 2....' ihiee~btdfbbrns'uitein the Principe '..•..secrets are revealed. .. . surfing theinternet.... Ia Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: 1. " . paper so that no state or. No 2.fa ra ra .••." _' . Do you think they are doing a good job or not? Why? 5. .i~per$onihBritainaIlowed ..' receivemoney from the~tate.:£4.. stanis of tlierecipient~ silver :fo~Il1jilsrfdr her shoes. Queen enjoys reading..'.. She.!ttie fr~rri~is rufindiC*tioIl .personal .. Did any of the items make you laugh? Which? Why? 3. she . Compare your answers in pairs or small groups. • It is said that she strangles pheasants while shooting in Scotland. duck and a small' frame~a. What real power does the head of state have in your country? 4.. Queen no longer receives money from the state.r.' '._-.meitievaltimes..~l!ei..t~ttl16Qheen 's own R: I:: I: I: R! by laWt~~atsw~." 1.nighf·She..'. II: £: .. then brown.. : .§pe..l1everreads books unless' they ate .It r..Domestic staff receive unframed photos..·. Instant Discussions -= a Royalty • . Have you ever met the head of state of your country? When? In what circumstances? II It It It It It ~ Reading Read the article below and answer these questions: It "It's a really nice area..This. Who is the head of state at the moment? 3.husbtin4. . It-cost .. estimated at £300 million. • She uses special black blottiIlS' ..irnQ~~~~9UfrfHKQ{]~IiN·· mute '~wans'on~eRiverl1Iames: . Does your country have a monarch or a president? 2. Queen has a large number of shoes." .i . .b~s b~e~ handecl·doVirl : :from. .. ." about horses.f~ntsihem from a jigsaw club: . .. Apparently.. ~She'alsoenjoys Scrabbleand. aplastic has crown i!l her bath. . blue leather frames are the next best.rigijt.hoteril1 Milan. . Sheistrrs6 '. Queen uses a fountain pen. The 3. Whenshegi'i~Kpeoplepresents . .•popuiji-it§ ()fth~ioyal ·. The 27 one except the Queen is allowed to eat swan.300cl.' . . The 4. '··Sheenjoys doing jigsaws arid ·. a: ~ • Her personal wealth was recently True or false? Mark the following sentences T (true) or F (false): &: £ ~ 1. _ . . The S.•.. ". .the oAl.TEN THINGS YOU DIDN'T It It Il: family. of ph~t~gmplls:dfhefseTflUIa herdi·S.'.~vola.' ariel h~r husband are now the orily members of the royal family who:: . _c' 'c· " ..

Come on. to my mind. Discussion Mark these opinions . agree • I'd rather have a president than a monarch. . • I think it's terrible that someone should become a king or a queen just because of an accident of birth. but we're not interested in her family. . We're living in the 21st century now . Fearing for their lives. The Queen's great. (7) for the first time. They're all so boring. Which of the following opinions best sums up your country's view of the British royals? • • • =• • • • • • • • • • • • • • ~ They're really interesting. If members of a royal family were visiting a town in your country near where you live. • If Britain got rid of its monarchy. .we ought to get rid of these ancient institutions. If you have a monarch they are above politics. or Swedish? 5. . Do you feel the British royal family is a worthwhile institution or a waste of money? 6. tabloid journalists would have nothing to write about. it's the 21st century we're living in . A national movement soon rose up demanding to (4) . .that's a major advantage. . How do they compare with other royal families? For example. the people . the Dutch. but the leading generals decided the best way forward for the country as a whole was to (5). What sort of articles are written about them? 4. the king and his immediate family fled the country. The first (6) went smoothly and less than a year after the departure of the king. would you go to see them? WhyfWhy not? Language Make more expressions from the boxes. • Having a monarchy is very old fashioned. disagree no opinion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 • I I 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 • • • • I fnstant Discussions Royalty 27 .• • • :w a Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: 1. Spanish. • The problem with having a president is that it's a political office. . . Then compare your responses in pairs or in small groups.agree I disagree I don't have an opinion. abolish appoint ~ elect ~ found a republic a government a prime minister the monarchy opinion election royal personal wealth family campaign poll :I] Complete this text using the correct form of complete expressions from the boxes above: III A recent (1) showed that the (2) in Erefaria was not at all popular on account of their enormous (3).not the 18th! 2. . . . • Just think of the amount of money spent on a presidential election campaign. Can you read about them regularly in newspapers and magazines? 3. At least you can get rid of a president if you don't like them. The army briefly took control. What a waste! • Monarchy equals continuity .

Do you wear different clothes for work/study? In what way are they different? 3. What do you wear for more formal occasions and for parties? 4. Summary What people wear and don't wear today What fashion designers do A very special dress Paragraph number • -= It: II! iii II: Questions in pairs Work in pairs. Then take turns asking each other the following questions: It: ~ -= 1. Read the article again. Discuss these questions: 1. How many people does the writer think would like a dress like Bjork's? 7. How many dresses have been made like the one Bjork is wearing? 6. What is Bjork's skirt made of? 2.• Discussion Work in pairs or small groups. How do many business executives dress these days? 5. What do most people like to wear these days? 4. Match each of the summaries below to one of the paragraphs in the article: • • • -= I: -= -= II: ~ • If • • • II iii c. Do you read any fashion magazines? Which? Reading Read the article. Do you buy designer label clothes? Which designers? 6. How do fashion designers see their work? 28 Fashion Instant Discussions -= II: E • • a . What is Bjork's top made of? 3. Where do you buy most of your clothes? 5. How do many people feel about fashion designers? 8. What sort of clothes do you wear most of the time? 2.

2 31 Discussion Complete this questionnaire on your own first: 31 How fashion conscious are you? Fill in the table below with appropriate brands you own jeans a a brand/designer names. I reckon I could wear my 60s tie-dyed 'l-shirts again now. Whatever he wears .. How do you think Bjork's outfit sounds? brilliant outrageous decadent 2... Alan must spend a fortune on clothes. What would you say if you were introduced to them? I just love your frock.. Everyone's wearing orange this summer. always . 5. What ARE you wearing? Do you think extraordinary Are fashion designers attention seekers or artists? Who's your designer? =~ clothes really do challenge the way we live? Why? Why not? :a :aI Language Cross out the word in each of the boxes which is not a natural collocation: street current passing be in come back into leave go out of ==3l fashion fashion factory high follow 31 Complete the sentences below with the correct form of a word or expression from the boxes: :Il 31 21 ~ 1. Those ones fashion about five years ago. fashion. Everything from sports clothes to fashion. brands you own watch JI brands you would like to own brands you would never buy • • • • • mobile CD player car computer Compare your answers in groups. what would you think? How embarrassing! Where can I get one? What a waste of money! 3. If you arrived at a party and someone was wearing a dress like that. Instant Discussions Fashion 28 • . 6. You don't see supermodels with rings in their nose or their eyebrow. It's very much fashion. They seem to have fashion. 4. 2.• • :a =II !II ~ ~ Discussion Discuss your reactions to these questions with a partner: 1. You must get some new sunglasses. you would never wear you would like to own 31 T'-shirts jeans trainers a :II dress! suit And fashion isn't just about clothes! It's about other lifestyle things. The clothing industry has gone crazy this year.. Then vote for the person in your class who is the most I least fashion conscious. 3.. I'm sure it's just a fashion.

.• 'U6fcours'e wedon '1 need to eat meatl'm:82 years old o e .:eu:~. teo.•. but that-was before "we knew togro\V ~nough fruit and vegetables. Are you vegetarian? 2.. '_-I ~\"'. .· . '. e:e '. for they live 011 grass' " ~cl hay.:~~W ·i~iamPle..·.:.•..·.·e· . ~In fact.·.. What do you think would happen to sheep."..••.'d' ..ahlma1s:tIi~a. Anyway.ookatelephants.tI1i~iILariidealworicl~\Yt. Ibve didn'teat'l1iea!. s11' .".. c. '.-.. I':l11 extremely fit andaciive. not .I.QP "":ii1~)[e. II: I: SQrile people. '" Is. everyone was vegetarian? 4.eJa[.. if: a.. animals willi abitor~rndries~~nd respect. Q .":"Eoridon'MaratllOn yeat~ So~epeople se~rrito think last '+itiitamralto eat meat=-but thaFsn()fs(). .:" ~.i. •·. Do you know why they are vegetarian? 6. we used .•U. . Sure.' .":'~':'NO... b. Do you eat fish? How often? 4. " a..' I rmillie .thip¥.ib~eatIl1eatinthe past.. . Do you know any vegetarians? 5. Are you happy with the way they are treated? 6...~. .... and they live' to a great age....~lee .•. II: IE: It: Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: 1.•.'a.• .:'uirt~e: •. :I:! 11: 'I: Reading Read the texts below and answer these questions..·. eairplir .cth fe.••• .unforhinate. How well are food animals treated in your country? 5.. cows etc. .'~@aT'ye:~eI1 a vegetarian si!jce:lwas25. enjoys eating meat? has been a vegetarian for a long time? enjoys watching animals? thinks the other is a hypocrite? It: • • :YES T . 'f".~:1'Q'EA'-dMEA'fJ '. Are there many vegetarian restaurants where you live? Compare your answers in pairs or small groups.. .It.tmellf of animals -cmly to them ai1deat them! icih tz E: E: I:: II:: £: wp. Do you eat meat? How often? 3.. Do you think it is really 'necessary' or 'natural' to eat meat? 29 Is it right to eat meat? Instant Discussions It: £: lit It: It! IJt • . they are •':"~norn1?U~ly strong.Discussion First answer these questions on your own: [8 1.d:.. d.. What's l3utthe~wa:yTl()()kafit'iithis.thd:.tllib.e.a . '.~~~el1allanim<t1sare vegetarian .o... According to the texts which person: •• •• I: m: "Their protective colouring sometimes makes them very difficult to hit.slpd •·· .' '~ .. V m·.nne .: ·.'.t. ·.. Do animals really 'face the prospect' of a premature death? 2.£nOer. :s.OU. Do you think it is hypocritical to treat animals well and then kill them and eat them? 7.••.QUld!Jn..OYan.:.'.S.:s~¢~§'abithypocritical to:preach for@ebetter beVegetacians'Al()(6f PQor '.w.f~1~i~h. ••. •. b. '.ee r·.. . Are they ever aware that they are destined to be eaten? 3...Wt·. nJg.·. " "..•• :. the number of vegetarians increased dramatically? b.

I always make something which is vegetarian.II • • • • • • • • III 311 ~ • • • • • Language Underline the following words and phrases in the text and notice how they are used: the way I look at it is this sure. I usually buy farmed fish. Where do you buy most of your food? a.!. 1. Only if there is no alternative. No. I always buy the non-organic option ..!..it's usually cheaper. b. 3.!.!. Vegans always seem to look pale and in need of a good steak! I don't intend changing my 4. I usually buy wild fish. I know all the arguments. What sort of produce do you generally buy? a.. Sometimes.l 'Jallaq op pmoo no. but when they 1. however.. when I invite them round for a meal. Never.. When you buy eggs. Do you buy genetically a :II JI modified foods? a. H uetjJ SS''l H Inq Jalleq qonui op pinoo no"" :e:~ - 'lee nOAle4M a"OJdUl! 01 sAeM moqa llU!4. . invite me back. inq peq 001 ION :B~.l 'lea nOh le4M!0 Ne" eJe no"" jauop lIeM :8JOW JO 6~ '::1tj::le8 JOJ ~ pue ~q tj::ll!9 JOI Z ~I! 4::11!9JOI e: 9JO:lS 29 II I 1.. I hate the thought of what they do to our food. b. .. I sometimes buy the organic option .unless it is much more expensive. we're not in their situation and we have a choice. • • • • • 311 c. What sort of fish do you buy? a. I can't actually afford to buy organic stuff. c. Now use these expressions of course anyway to complete the following situations: what's more for example . but. so in the end I don't really have a choice. I'm not so sure about a vegan diet. You're absolutely right. they never cook meat for me! 2. 6. 7. Yes. 4. what do you do? a. Ask someone who is starving in Africa which they would rather do . lseelle '!. Given the choice between organic and nonorganic foods. I haven't eaten meat for almost 40 years and fundamental belief that it is cruel to eat another creature.9JOOSnoA' PIP MOH Instant Discussions Is it right to eat meat? .. 11 W I '14BnOlH aUlOS I! DU!"!D lJl3lS isruu .. but a friend does and he gives me some. > I agree with you. 3 we need a balanced diet! It's perfectly possible to be a vegetarian and eat healthily. Mostly fresh.. About half fresh... Then add up your score at the end. half tinned or frozen. I always buy organic food. c. Do you grow your own vegetables? a. b.lea nOA le4M moqe lie Ie aiao nOA oa 'e"OJdUl! pue NIIsnUl AlleaJ no"" 'SI!qe4 poof aUlOS e"e4 no. No. from local farmers. c. I always buy the organic option.1!lenb e41lnoqe psuieouoo . b.lIeaJ no"" [. all!1 eq 01 SJe410 apensred 01 N. I just can't bear the thought of eating all the pesticides they spray on fruit and vegetables. 5. 21 1I 1I HOW CONCERNED ARE YOU? Answer the following questions. b.. from supermarkets. It doesn't make any difference to me if they are GM or not. there's not much I can do. but . c. Discussion Complete the questionnaire below. Always. 5. 2. from local markets. I never eat fish.. c. . I've got a few friends who are vegetarians and they drive me mad sometimes. Never.. b.die or eat an animal. Mostly tinned or frozen or ready to cook. . how often do you get free range eggs? a. b. c. I know what their answer would be! > that's understandable. then compare your answers in pairs or small groups.p~ 'no.it's a symptom of the growing affluence of society.

: It I:: I:t simligQf... . dog-racing 3.'. Reading Read the two texts below.:UjO!!~ljali~eof.r~~~:. How are bullfighters treated in Spain? 3. What happens to bulls in the 48 hours before a fight? Why? 5..heir necics-for we~kSl?~(pi~.'.$J~atwW. I•.:.'. • Often the result of a bullfight is not immediate death. o Bulls(lTe kept irii~(lTkri~~s~for48·.:" '. a dog show 9. show jumping 8.ft~~::~n. . i"'. horse-racing 2.h~urs beforea fight. Are bulls always killed cleanly in a bullfight? Why not? 7.properly. ~·'Ratherthan beingacle<ir1 kiIl.=:~t~rt~:~.' .1Ut'it.·~· here<lferepOI1.:.ili~~n~etre~~: ••'. take turns to ask and answer the following questions about the texts: ··.1Jril1d. ..taken into the arena.. I '~bUllfightmaf~¢ari'gllt.()rdinatioll and prey~nt~ .e4hytPe ··.often drugged and blindfolded before being . a fox hunt 10. ·. .'. What animals suffer and how? 30 The exploitation of animals I:: Instant Discussions • • • • It It . Which is pro bullfighting? Which is against it? It It I'Jext 2.:1. Horses are . the bull tormented and tired' out betorethe tnatadot fmallyattempts to kill it.~:l~'~.pavigatiI1g:' . frequently fails and a fully conscious but paralysed beast is dragged fromthe arena..are T Rea~on. Questions in pairs With a partner. a dog fight animals in a circus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 lit lit lit It 12. Do other animals suffer in bullfights? 8. . Their vocal cords are "sometimes cut so that :tb~iicries cannot be heard by the crowd.'~ena they are tlje." ...Jiteith~arella.. How popular is bullfighting in Spain nowadays? Why is this so? 4.iY1Jlllls. ut into-theo .. I It It: Itt ·..It It Ii Discussion Tick the items in the list below that you have seen: 11: It II!: 7. The final death blow.rih . I:: I: I: Ie I:: .. animals in a zoo 6. What do Spaniards feel that bullfighting symbolises? 2. a cock fight 11.k~fcire~.fair figh~.' ...a They are f1ght< 'already jired whep:jhey'~i:. -.J.~ not a . a pheasant shoot lit It It Compare your answers in pairs or small groups. wp¢n they:~go. a performing bear or monkey 1. • Bulls are not the only victims.. .'..Thebiillb~s. performing 4.::. I:: I:'~O? t>eatenand have·lieay:y.{YfJghtsh(Jnground'. which is supposed to sever the spinal column.M?eiI1 fr0l'11. but just excessive mutilation. a bullfight 5. How do bulls 'navigate'? 6. .:Ill=i~b:uis~:~f~. ' is 1.

. Complete the sentences using these words: minute clearly 1. Show jumping horses are nothing more than performing animals. There is nothing more offensive than seeing some of these dogs being shampooed and treated as if they were children. What I mean is . Sorry. The sports should all be made legal. It seems odd that 'sports' II • • • I 36 million pheasants were bred in Britain last year just for the start of the pheasant shooting season. Just a . Look. 10. They are not useful activities. I'd like to come in here if I may. I'm afraid I have to you up on that point .. They humiliate dogs. 3. Fox hunting is as good a way as any to do it. No. How far do you sympathise with the Spanish view of bullfighting? 2. that's not my at all. " . The sport should be banned. Do you think bullfighting is an acceptable 'sport' or should it be banned? 3. What I'm trying to say is . If people want to dress up in red jackets and have a party at the same time. =31 311 ~ • a I think you've got the wrong end of the here actually.. Dog shows should be banned. Try to use the expressions from the Language activity above.IJ Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: :181 :aI =:a :w ~ ~ ~ 1.. Most hunters do not eat the birds they kill so the majority of the dead birds are buried in specially dug holes. 2. That's not the point at all. 6. Perhaps I haven't put this very. Should the EU be allowed to make bullfighting illegal in Spain. . • II Instant Discussions The exploitation of animals 30 . 7. Fox hunting is just another form of pest control. these animals fight each other in the wild. that's their business. Performing animals in circuses are unacceptable these days and yet people seem quite happy about show jumping.. but I must you there. to a discussion? Which ones would you use to correct someone? Which ones would you use to make a positive contribution Which of the expressions are rude? Discussion Where do you draw the line? Do you agree or disagree with these statements? Discuss them in pairs or small groups. . they are just two different ways of getting gamblers to spend money. stick another take something interrupt misunderstood listen point 3 5. S. in which one animal fights another (like cock fighting or dog fighting) are illegal in most countries.a . Why don't you shut up and for a minute? I think you've what I was trying to say. . . This is a disgrace and should be stopped immediately. After all. • • • • • a • • • JI Horse-racing and dogracing should be banned.. . 4. If I could just say at this point . There are too many faxes and they need to be killed. 9. Let me put it way. Nobody worries about killing rats. or not? Language Here are 10 expressions to use during a discussion.

I I Discussion Discuss these questions with a partner: • I I I I I I 1. Are married people treated differently from single people in your experience? In what ways? Share your opinions with the rest of the class. Mike. what are the three commonest reasons people decide to get married? 2.F~~:~~Il~e~bkchel()r:.: '::~~-j::~-. Do you think marriage is 'a thing of the past'? 3.~ri'the 1.~'~§~rjii. He ah~ays thought Johri ~o~ey. • a It B It It It . It I: I! 'W~hid.~!r.~-:-~:.. Why hasn't Cheney got married? 3. Reading Read this newspaper article and answer the questions below in pairs or small groups: .. What was the prize? ili~rn~]"Hfthe gr(/uPtog~6iIFed.. Do you know someone who has had a long and happy marriage? Why has it lasted? 4. will you make me the happiest man in the world and divorce me?" II: • It II: 31 Why get married? Instant Discussions • It . In your opinion. .he'nghtpef~9ri.:hi$~ffiilm~~af a.:''''~km~~clo~1l the aisle in1987." said.'Cheney.ifh. Why do you think there is such a high divorce rate in many developed countries? 5.htY:. "He'st£. Why did they make the bet? Do you think a group of young women would have made the same bet? Was John Cheney's wait worth it? What is a 'confirmed bachelor'? £ :It It "Belinda.pij&'~lasiSat-Uti. " " £ ~ said I: I: £ ~ 2....lVen'tfound t. "'-..

go on honeymoon A = after marriage 12. choose 10 of the expressions • II :81 • 1II Discussion 1. meet someone you like 3. Try to talk them into it. With a partner. situations. Make a list of the benefits and drawbacks of such marriages . become friends 5. see a marriage counsellor 18. =- 31 ::II ::II 1I :II 1I :B! 211 :. Prepare your part in the conversation for 2 31 1I 1I a. • culture? 2. Your best friend is deciding whether or not to get married. Rutgers University in the US released the results of a study which lists the top 10 reasons men are waiting longer these days to get married. start to get close 22... start having marriage problems With a partner. What special problems do you think arise from a marriage between people from different countries or cultures? 3. have a stag / hen night 9. d. Your son/daughter is now 30 and you want them to settle down. Try to persuade them to think about getting married. • • • Language Divide the following expressions into two groups: B = before marriage 1. have an affair with someone 14. get pregnant 6. bring up children 11. choose one of the following minutes. b. get divorced 20. then have the conversation. Try to talk them into it. c. discuss the following: 1. propose to them 13. have kids 10. discuss if you think each is a valid argument. • • =:aI ::II 2. Try to talk them out of it. meet their family 7. talk about marriage 4. walk down the aisle 15. 1I 2. Instant Discussions Why get married? 31 . Would you consider marrying (or are you already married to) someone from another country or . Your best friend is deciding whether or not to get married. get engaged 16. plan the wedding 8. In 2002. get back together again in the box and put them in the ideal order for you. get separated 19. start going out with them 17. find someone attractive 21. 31 • • a Intercultural problems With a partner. You have been going out with your partner for 3 years and are looking for a bigger commitment. In pairs or groups..

~!~f. Give me a break! I am.. wh91S in ]ovewitA.' .credit.iDp~tent. ".·the'wQ~k!'I'msick of this! .fsh~'sdoirtg! ' .dc)this'and 'do that'.. My boss doesn't trust me or anyone else at work. talk to your closest colleagues? e.. He walks past people working at computer terminals to see if he can catch them playing games! Last week I even caught him checking people's desks for..'.Discussion In pairs or small groups. THEN DON'T HIRE ME! I'm finished with my job... .t.nd takes allthe... discuss the following questions: 1.} don't know how she.\~!~'.~·. ...~rl~tibe!ieve.Theu)·w~¢nth~work gets noticed. but somebody who is doing half the work I'm doing and getting twice the pay does not deserve equal status with me. He letspe(}pleassull1e that-he did.. He basically he 'says'.~ .r~~~~~~~s .'..:~¥t~s..'.:. " . come on! She's our boss! She comes into the staffroom during our breaks trying to take part in our conversations and share in bits of gossip.t~~pJ?l~:\l§\~h¢ us-to love the jorta§.~fie. .cts ~ '::sij'.'. '.~¥..<':.ETS:ALL THE CREDIT..~~i·~~s~n1~~W. .. I'm sorry.worka..:.o~nhWbecdp.~er inolOl course $he. Decide which problem you most sympathise Have you or someone you know ever been in any of these situations? t I t t t t t I: ~ it·~~f~0. . . . ··I.\.<. .. go to the personnel department and raise the matter with them? d. d. '.'got her job! She doesn't <k~p\V~h<l. If he sees me on the phone.'·'<. Reading Read the complaints below from a popular website. something else? l t with.... ." I: ~ ·4. Do you think it is simply expected that people dislike their boss? 3.•. 32 I hate my boss! Instant Discussions E £ R: ~ I: lit: It It: -= 8t at .?. he tries to listen in to see if the call is work-related.. I mean.bossiss.~...h~.""" . 6. Have you ever had a boss you didn't like? Why didn't you like him/her? 2.'.fll~:plaG.~::1~~o. discuss your problem with your boss? c. .ff1i:·(... ~*pe..·· . ~. .'l.h)y bosssometii1I~s~·l'.N1)<.a..much as she does! I'm .{~ANT I DO A~TfIING'RIGI-I:r.piease.~. ignore the problem and hope your boss will leave? f..i:. ..'. :·les6:o?ClockringoiiiglioiilekBffhenI'vehad enough! . Which of the following would you do if you didn't like your boss: a. he doesn't sayit was me. '.. 5.goodness knows what! He's a creep! Compare your answers and share your stories. .so tired of my boss pretending she's our friend.:.:".IT@ALL·T:HEWCYRK··A. '.•. resign and find another job? b.Jrthe·. . IF YOU DON'T TRUST ME.PI£ASE DON'T BE MY FRIEND! Oh.se my.

find a student who made the opposite list and compare. Do you think all the people should just leave their jobs? 5.~ •• II> .. -'.. What would you do if you heard one of these complaints at work and realised it was referring to you? =II ==II =:II =:II =- Language 1. . Did any of them seem 'silly' to you? Which ones? 3. 2.. 2.~' .:... 3.. One group should make a list of what makes a good boss. 3. I'm finished my job. :II :21 :II -'..- •• <II". Find the missing 1. Each situation had an expression word to complete these sentences: in it that means the person could take no more. 31 ::II a a til 111 .. 5. Work in two groups. ~. Which of the six situations did you think was the worst one? 2. I can't it any more..'_. Instant Discussions I hate my boss! • 32 . I don't know how much more of this I can ..A good b$ss never . Give me a ! 4. =- 2. Which ones have very obvious solutions? What advice would you give? 4. Do you have equivalents for these expressions in your language? Work with a partner and translate them. Do you agree? Are good bosses like good teachers? Talk about the parallels and the differences . the other should list what makes a bad boss.'" . When you finish. I'm of this.~'".• ==~ ~ Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: 1. "~~'". :.. =- • :. Discussion So what makes a good boss and what makes a bad boss? :II :II :II 1. I've had ! 6...

It must have been like taking candy from a baby. Give some other good ways to spend money? And bad ones? • Reading Read this quote and discuss the questions below in pairs: t t ! I I: 'For years my wife and I saved our money. Is this kind of thing uncommon? 2. t: ~ ~ It 1. "This was an offer I could not refuse. Linda. She had already managed to can him out of over $7. I have nowhere to go. of Wheeling. Who is the 'they' he refers to? 3. How old do you think the person who said this is? 2. Is what she did illegal? Does this happen in your country? 33 Scams .000. How much money did she manage to get from George? 5. According to the psychic. How did George Stockton know the woman? Before continuing to read Part 2. and that each session took more work. We were going to spend the money enjoying our retirement. What do you think 'taking candy from a baby' means? Now read this man's story and answer the questions below: e t ~ Had ." The woman.' 1. At one point. We didn't have any kids. I was devastated. so much. "She lured me in and 1 fell for it. I thought it had to be real. I've been had!" Police are still searching for the scam artist. "1 guess I was taken in by that. I paid her the money." lamented Stockton. line and sinker." George recalls. West Virginia. The psychic offered me a new chance. Tick the sensible ones: I I I I I I 0 0 0 0 0 the lottery a new house getting your palm read psychic readings playing the stock market 0 0 0 0 0 a college or university education a new car renting a flat yoga classes a big traditional wedding 2. The psychic insisted that she needed to buy more special materials. she would receive 'messages' from his departed wife.Part 2 I said. as if she was really there in the room with him. "She seemed to know so much about her. Maybe that's why they found it so easy. It & 5 3. his eyes watering.' The 'incarnation' would allow Linda's spirit to enter her body. Stockton says a woman approached him with an offer to 'put him back in touch' with his deceased wife. Compare the items you ticked in pairs or small groups. requiring higher fees." The 'money' George refers to was his life savings of $48. who Stockton says he met at bingo. hook. I've paid too much money already!" That's when she offered to do an 'incarnation. How much money does he have left? 6.Part 1 George Stockton. talked him into visiting her house where. "Enough. has become the latest victim in a rise in money-making scams aimed at the elderly. "It's all gone now.how can people be so stupid? Instant Discussions • • • It .000." The initial $50 fee increased to $100. George nearly gave up. discuss this question in pairs or small groups: What do you think happens next? E £ It I: Had . That's too expensive. for a fee of $50 initially. 72. Look at this list of ways to spend your money. But then she died. Why did she suddenly offer an 'incarnation'? 4. "I do miss her so.I I I I Discussion 1. this would allow him to speak directly to Linda.

that's right.. A: You've ! Dialogue 2 A: You're getting married. ... " it.. are you coming fishing? B: Yes." I I ..how can people be so stupid? 33 . . it? B: I certainly hope so! Dialogue 4 A: Have fun in Las Vegas. Can you think of any others? Discuss in pairs. I called in sick. then as a class. Do you think the psychic specifically chose George Stockton? Why? 2. . George Stockton's sad case is perhaps an extreme one. all the noise and excitement and spend a fortune! cigarette advertising home contents insurance beauty products sales in shops double-glazing offers revolutionary diets spending on defence psychotherapy alternative medicine self-help books anti-ageing creams cosmetic surgery pet funerals cures for baldness 3. . Instant Discussions Scams . . and now the police are after her. Compare with a partner.Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: Discussion 1. how did that happen? B: I don't know exactly. What techniques did she use to make him give her money? 3. • a . A: Do you think he . . .. Do you consider them scams? l==:II 31 311 • • :II 31 ~ 1...000. . I told him I had an 'extremely contagious' virus. ..000 in the end from George. she . But what if she had stopped at just $500? Or $50? Should it be illegal? Language Go back to the article and underline expressions that mean 'to fool someone'. . George? B: I'm afraid so. . A: How much did you pay for it? B: $15. Have you ever felt you've been 'had'? What happened? 2. A: Well. Then use the expressions you underlined to complete these dialogues: Dialogue 1 A: Is that your new car? B: Yes. • • • • II II • • • • I I I "It worked! We've sent each one home with a gerbil. Somehow. The psychic managed to take over $50. Dialogue 3 A: So.. But be careful! B: Why? A: It's very easy to be .. Look at these situations.

.: •. . .'o/a8charged with" animal: . Do you have any habits which you consider bad habits? 2.:urtderfed. Which one is the strangest? What do they all have in common? II II II II It • • . ··.-- Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: E: II: 1.. police said.were alS~~!founa.-. Did you use to have a bad habit that you've given up? How did you do it? 4. How do you know it was a big job? 3.pseof their owner in his .soft spot for itPando~ed animals and habitually1!roughtihem ".St9ner Jr. up for wbt. believe· .~pet lizards w¢~e found eating the cQJ.I I I I Discussion Discuss these questions with a partner: I I I I 1.\s awaiting triaL . Are there any bad habits in other people that really annoy you? Share your ideas with the rest of the class.>Y~_:'Sevet. Do you have any old habits that you can't give up? 3.ihthewoman's refrigeratorcandrteezer.Anolli~r 24 p~t~. partment.k. said police C.'" '. Do you think Ronald Huff was killed by his lizards? 6.. What size were the lizards? 34 Bad habits Instant Discussions 5 R at It B .In~YOf the. "actually going towards you ~ mouth open. DeL on ViUal~a.{i. I"f~ighbOurssaid had ~.-----------"---. Reading Read about these people with unusually anti-social habits and answer the questions below...M~il1E.h6me.. Why did the authorities go to Antonio Villalba's house? 2.!~s~~ ' I: ~ £ officer was arrestedifter authbriti~sfoUI1d67 dead cats and dozeQsof other '.New:rrl):.~~/. Were all the cats in Audrey Weed's apartment found dead? 4. I: It '~~I~i~f~~!i±~' . . 'J\udreyWeed. It It "Y~ed I: It MAN~OUND DEAD A1'HOMELI:ZARDSEATIN$ mSBODY QOVER. 50.- II: I: ~ ~~-~~ .:·'It W~foul. some-in ··:pi~tic~~gs.n>.." . Del(AJ.'.rieglectedfdines at a: house authorities said was used as 'animal retreat'.i.YliaOW~f:-vlio ·lived:41oiie. police were called to a l{QnaldHuff's apai1IDent iIl. : .butbecarrieoverwheImed. Why do you think someone would keep all those cats? 5.ioshow.~~~~. Police said the dead cats were an John Caldwell said-that the lizards are "alive and well". He added that one of the reptiles recovered was acting aggressively.pt.a.abahdQnmentandW. w~ilaken\yedneSday after he'faiIed.

4. I'm trying to cut down. 8. OK. Get your finger out of there! 5. 7. this is a real problem . What habits do the following refer to? :. d. play with your a. 3. But aren't we all in some small way the following things you secretly hoard: some people. 9. snap your 6. I have a terrible sweet tooth. I just can't throw things out. Are there other things which you are willing to admit to hoarding? Instant Discussions Bad habits 34 . you can't stop. b. Some people find it impossible to throw anything bottles. :::II :21 ill • • _.Language 1. It's a hard habit to break. empty cereal packets. I'm down to two packs a day now.now officially recognised compulsive disorder. The following expressions are common ways to talk about habits. I get on and I can't get off . Underline the verbs. 6.are you a hoarder? Are you a hoarder? Do you find it impossible to throw things out? For Villalba in the article. nails 1.even hoarding used secret hoarders? Tick which of :. I've been meaning to give up. :lCI 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ordinary plastic carrier bags carrier bags from famous shops empty wine bottles empty jam jars old newspapers old magazines favourite old clothes from concerts or plays programmes pens old cosmetics Find other people in the class who share your weakness. 2.I just surf all day long. Match the following to complete the bad habits: :!a ::a ~ ===II :til 1. Do you have equivalents in your language? 2. He stays up all night watching. pick your 5. teeth e. Discussion Work in pairs or small groups. nose d. L a. !:II =II =31 =3 :II :II =- "Hoarder!" Questionnaire . knuckles c. just a drop. bite your 2. grind your 4. :II a :. hair f. fingers b. I can't resist a bargain. Once you start. c. crack your 3. My nails never grow. etc. such as Antonio by doctors as an obsessiveaway .

·t~:c~e . street. The bird's carcass was found nearby and there were feathers on the jet-ski's handlebars. police said. 39. Another man approached. Could any of these have been easily prevented? How? 35 Killed by a flying duck! Instant Discussions • • .·.NeiLEdd~lsotl. man dashing agfossalake 'on his let-ski at' abbut 55 mph waskilledin a coUisiol1with a flying duck. ·~.·~.· . iri .. ·. .erlyman·\Vhile~ewas. Were all of these 'accidents' or 'unintentional'? • • • • • • • It 3.•.sfu.·. and a friend were walking from a barin..tantly.· •. ··4"A eG.u. said the Broward County Sheriff's spokesman.••..t.g. L-__ ~ ~ ". ':i.!a.. Rate the following 0= no risk to your health everyday activities on a health-risk scale. . followed by extracts from real newspaper articles... ..ii~~~~. try to complete the headlines on your own before comparing with a partner: • a FALLS ON MOVING CAR IN INDIANA.· n.c.·.·'·. ~~ . I I I !:f~~=1~t~~~~~~]~%2'" . 2...e . '.I I I I Discussion Work in pairs.·~. an owner of a boat dealership.:.:~. "Our theory is that the bird was-in the afrand hit him in the head. A man died-after he was. police said. ~ Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: 1.~:~ . . punched Eddelson in the head and ran off. Now read the articles and then go back and correctly complete the headlines.·.·.0~~. First.'~.:.~.••.a:New York City. out.e.n.i~. KILLING TWO ADULTS AND THEIR TWO CHILDREN IN THE HEAD IN b.aJ.~m l?bk g for the fire'Prigade~ H~diedii1s. MAN DIES AFTER BEING NEW YORK CITY STREET c FATALLY STRIKES MAN IT WAS SENT TO HELP d..· .. Hugh Graf.uty~\:'.·..: . JET-SKI OPERATOR DIES IN HIGH-SPEED COLLISION WITH A .Lower Milimattan's Tribeca neighbourhood around 9:30 pm on Wednesday..·~.~·:. Give each one a mark: 5 = very dangerous t I I I I I I I I I I f i taking a bath taking a shower eating in a restaurant kissing taking a walk smoking Does everyone in the class agree? flying changing a light bulb watching TV driving your car going camping hitch-hiking Reading The following are real news headlines.'i\.~~:.punthedinthelleMby another man while walking:hlong.r~~~ t I I storln The chances of'thai :tree falimgat :." said David Bamdas. the tifue'"yhen it struck the~ld. Were you surprised by any of these? Why/Why not? 2. .

. .or just uncaring? Killed by a flying duck! 35 Instant Discussions . . There's been a crash on the underground and a lot of people have been injured. There's been an earthquake in Turkey and thousands of people have lost their homes. the bedroom and the bathroom. <Itmay be that your sale purpose in life is to serve as a warning to others. Almost 40% of all accidents in the home involve someone. that's terrible! awful thing to have to tell your children! 4. The most serious danger in any home is fire. Have you heard the news today? A guy ran amok and shot 6 people in a supermarket in Sydney. Can you complete them using the following words? Discussion Discuss the following in pairs or small groups: 1. . > Oh. > That terrible! Do they know how it happened yet? > Accidents in the home Did you know that most injuries to people happen within the four walls of their own home? Here are some true statements about safety in the horne. > appalling! You wonder what gets into these people.. 2. Did you hear that a little girl was killed by a falling tree today? II 11 II Ii II II II • awful! How did it happen? 2... far in this unit are pure misfortune. Which is the best natural reaction to each? a.. Do you believe your life is in danger at any time? In what ways? 3. > That terrible. . 5. .• • • • • • • • • :I II II II • • Language Here are possible reactions to the four situations you read about. That's incredibly sad. or do you believe in fate? 2.... . There's been a gas explosion in town. Something terrible has happened this morning. It just sounds amazing! b. . c.. 3.. Accidents involving often occur in the presence of an adult. 5. . How incredible! What an awful thing to go through! How + adjective: How awful! How amazing! How unbelievable! That sounds unbelievable! That's I That sounds + adjective: That's amazing! That's terrible! That sounds awful! Complete the following situations using words from the examples above: 1. near an active volcano? Do you think people in these areas take 'a calculated risk' or don't they think about it? 4.. . > terrible! I hope it's nowhere near where your friends live. . What a coincidence! The odds of that happening must have been incredible. Almost 40 % of all accidents which need . It spreads fast and is often. 3. Among the most dangerous rooms are the . treatment happen in people's homes.. Do you know anyone who likes to live dangerously? What do you think the term 'adrenaline junky' means? What sort of people are they? S. in an area where hurricanes or cyclones are an annual occurrence? c. 4.. . I hope nobody's been killed.... How awful! I suppose there are mad people everywhere. Notice these different ways to react to amazing news: What a + noun: What a coincidence! What a terrible thing to happen. . • falling children kitchen hospital lethal 1. . . Do you believe the kinds of events discussed so I I I I • I I I I . I don't believe it. How do you feel about living: a. in an area which has a recent history of violent earthquakes? b..' How do you feel about this remark? Could it be true . A friend of mine was backing her car into her drive when she ran over her dog. d. . 6.

his. he·h~d)~everkhQw~i. decide which three of these survival situations are the worst: I I I 1. Alex Compton has already come to terms with this incident. being the only one at a party who doesn't know anyone 8. 3.·survive said ·suchanacCident. 6.... he would have bled to death. Kelly told the hunterhe had been lost fo'r about two weeksilnil'survivedby eating roots and bugs. 8.9rbne~ Ronni~ . . '. • ..I I • Discussion With a partner." _ 12: It It j II J I It It I: R: I:: I:: I.' sheriff's Deputy Michael . S. thetr~cK'His legwas:a1so found... being lost at sea in a small yacht 2.iovedhiS:helr tightened. being lost in the middle of a forest S. . ".'. . 2.bur' doctors cbuldri if reattachiL' ..:~~~:S(}~6~~~~~ij~da~ .. (Ai» .··. -.itarohA4his . Alex Compton lost both legs.''i\lex isa'very.• "-~' • LOST MANSURVIVESINWOODS·.theab::."He's SOrile~jng'speciaL He keeps wanting to know how he's going to ride his bicycle and how he is going to run and play with the other kids. police saId._--___j .•.:\.~<Ul Kelly.lO.. credit cards and passport in a foreign country 4.: '.Hi:Jearned the techIllquefrorn . II lit • cfossingthe)i"acks w~enJri~'f(}ot got . Sean Kelly was forced to eat insects. .. Sean Kelly is an exceptionally lucky person to have survived such an experience.•.•• 'tllightoii()pt~e· and •• bleedIIlg. . .. '...nefghb6~'fouhdAlex~b~side. . .' .anyOIle. Do you think you could have survived? ·nQYUSESIlELT·To·STOPBLE:EDING··.A 2.to walk. If Alex Compton had not used his belt to stop the bleeding. ' ••.1 '.had studied firstaid atschcicifA. . wasfound by. L__ Work in pairs and mark the following T = True F = False statements: NEI = Not Enough Information 1. i~iiri~~[~ii/: "_A "_ .been out there for 30 days and that he survived. 4.sorescuers I transportedhim by heltcopter to Henry Mayo Newhall I treated . your car breaking down on the motorway Reading Read these newspaper articles and answer the questions below. Lorenci said: To survive. • • • • • It II ." .'/\shley .resCrle:wqikerssaid. Sean Kelly went into the woods to go camping..yery'brave child.: : .. losing your wallet. 7.'H'ear-oldman who wandered into the Angeles National Forest a m(}nth ago and got l~sthas been found alive.. Sean Kelly was amazingly well after being so long in the woods. "It's not every day that something like this happens. travelling to do business in a country where you do not speak the language 3.. who.fcteIit.ah~fse:·..CaJif. Alex C6IriPtort.LisaCornptqn. having two fifteen-year-old nephews to stay for a weekend without their parents 7.." Lorenci said. - ~t4~Yi~$"io~~.·to." Ash1ey'·sind.II1bth¢r. 36 Survivors! Instant Discussions It It It 8: .. S.a hunter on Monday about 60lTIiles north of downtown Los Angeles.\Vho wasreported'missingon September30th.. '-Memorial Hospital-where he was It It It It I ! I I AbPeyiUe 'CQ~tyC.living in a dangerous part of the city where people are regularly mugged 6. 1 Kelly wastoo. bereil.::.. he covered himself with dirt and branches at night to keep warm: "We're all-surprised-that he'd.After.weak. ! Lorenci said. < . Alex Compton struggled to get to the hospital by himself.was GORMAN\...

You are trapped in a crowded lift . Imagine that! chance. Do you think the President will resign? 6. Look at this sentence from the second article: It's not every day that something like this happens.Language • • . e. They've found that girl who's been missing for six months . Have you heard there's been an earthquake in central Turkey? 2. 3. but you have no food or water.on safari in Africa. t t . g. It happens all the time. All we need is one flake of snow and the trains are off! 8. Instant Discussions Survtvors! 36 . Use the above expressions to respond to the following: • II II I II I I I II 1. Does this mean that it is very unusual or that it is commonplace? Divide the expressions below into those that mean 'very unusual' and those meaning 'more common': a :aI II very unusual a. which would be the most difficult to cope without? • II I I ~ . h. It was out of the ordinary. I'm not all that surprised. If you lost one of your senses. The small plane you were travelling in has crashed in the middle of the jungle. their sense of smell or taste. d. 5. S. o o o o o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 l 0 Work in pairs. There's been a lot of flooding in Bangladesh. You wake up. It's hard to believe. You are on holiday . It's not unheard of. i. Buildings start moving. 7. Discuss the best ways to survive in these situations: 1. 2. It's an earthquake! 4.2 hours have passed and still no help has arrived. You have just seen a shark about 100 metres away. smell smoke and realise that there is a fire in your house . You are in a busy street in the city. We often read about people who lose their Sight. It's not the first time. b. Someone's just been found alive after two months lost in Brazil. There's been another bomb attack in Belfast. You are camping.nine people are known to have died. more common • • • • • • • II o o o o f. There's been a massive pile-up on the M6 .and she's alive and well! Discussion Work in pairs or small groups. You are unharmed. It was a one-in-a-million c. their speech. I think it's highly unlikely. 4. their hearing. You are swimming about a mile off shore. A very large snake has entered your tent. 3. 6. You are on holiday in Australia.

Sending a child to a private school. and and youngest. Taking a four-year-old child to Florida to see Disneyworld. The boy. Giving a five-year-old pocket money.much crime ifparents would neverintentionally endanger ilibhves of were prepared to punish their kids a little and my children. f. is Jackson's third Michael 1 ackson claims his fathei beat him.'J:that therewouldn't be so.. What other things do you consider spoil children? Reading Read the following article. g. how would you protect your children from the media? 37 Do you spoil your kids? Instant Discussions It & ~ . Were you spoiled as a child? 2. Letting a seven-year-old child stay up till 11 at night. b. Prince Michael II. m E £ a R • 1= 1. his brothers and sisters regularly when they seemed to be covered with a white cloth as were growing up." take care that they stayed on the right track The child. d. Why did Jackson put his son's life at risk? 2. Buying a child expensive toys. What is worrying about the way Jackson is bringing up his children? 3.in~de'~tenjbleri1istakt. How many of the following things do you consider 'spoiling a child'? a. If you were rich and famous. c. then answer the questions which follow: t t f e E t E I ~ singer said..:r~got) ··favour6f spanking chi1d~~n. his tiny legs kicking.•. Letting a child watch as much television as he or she wants. e.· maintained . Buying a child the latest clothes.~'l. He caught up in'the exdt~mentqOhemQme~t. Giving a child sweets every day. h. What does 'spoiling' a child mean to you? 3. What else do you know about Jackson and his children? 4.I t I I Discussion Discuss these questions with a partner: I I I I I I I I I I I 1.

abuse a child 2. then discuss it in the whole class: e. as long as her older sister goes with her.. Your son asks you for a motorbike for his 18th birthday. 21 • :II • e • • e 21 • • 21 • • II • • • • • . 'Have a great night!'.e •••• o ••••••• e •• G e • What is your parenting style? • • 1. You tell her OK. Where did you get those bruises? d. mistreat a child 11. You absolutely forbid it. c. You make your kids struggle because you had to. She forgot to pick her up from school again. You think they're dangerous. You give your kids everything you never had. c. You ask him where he's going and offer him a lift and some cash. beat a child 8. He taught me everything I know. c. raise a child 10. Everyone in your daughter's class is getting tattooed. neglect a child 12. spoil a child Which of the above collocations describe these situations? =II 31 31 31 21 :II :II 31 21 a. You laugh and tell her to do her homework.. b. bring up a child 4. 18. c. look after a child 7. indulge a child 6. Your 17-year-old son is going out on his first real date.. educate a child 5. a. You let her go even though you don't agree with it. so .$50 million! a. They never say no. f. She's always giving in to that boy. b. e. c. 5.a =~ 1. 2.~ C • -. It •• l1li •• l1li l1li l1li • l1li • Instant Discussions Do you spoil your kids? 37 . Your daughter. b.. :21 :JI f/I 31 • • • e G ::. 4. You give him your credit card and say. • l1li l1li l1li. You are the lucky winner of the state lottery . c. discipline a child 9. 3. adopt a child 3. Your 13-year-old daughter wants to go to the movies alone with a 16-year-old boy. b. b. a. but you want to approve the design first. You tell him to forget about it. They couldn't have any kids of their own. You tell her maybe. a. ! r Language Work in pairs or small groups. a. You give him advice on safe sex. wants to join the club.. l1li • . You reluctantly give her the money because you want her approval. Which of the following collocations to do with children have a negative connotation? . That's it! Go straight to your room! Discussion Use this questionnaire first in pairs. b.ee~II) •••• l!fIeeo. l1li •l1li • • • l1li l1li l1li l1li l1li l1li It • • • • . l1li •••• l1li l1li l1li l1li • l1li l1li. g. You give them just what they need and no more. You don't like the idea. You offer to buy him a car on condition he gives up motorbikes. You buy him the motorbike.

. How do you think some of them felt? 3._ I It It It It It > Number 151 Number 181 I I Number 171 It It It but oncea'g~iost contro(:2rakhingiht. 'It was like something out of an old silent movie.:--'. 1 Mrs..~.I I I I Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: I I I I 1. 6. .._'~ . Do you drive? If not. extremely embarrassed and hoped that herneighbours' would understand that it had all bee~ateITible accident.' he said.. What do you think Mrs Dawkins will do when she gets out of hospital? 6..'-: '::. 'I just could not believe what was happening. Do you think a person's car says something about them? If so. She confessed to being.wJl~eler" .6'tIi6gat~s~in" front of n~rnber . 15. do you intend to take a driving test at some time? 2. Have you ever had an accident? What happened? Reading Read this article. I Number 11 I "0 1 Number 161 It co ._ o . what? 4..~". Do you think all Mrs Dawkins' neighbours felt the same way as Daniel Hunt? 2.." . Mark Mrs Dawkins' route on the map below and write in the names of the people who live at each house. ."J.-:. Do you think they will understand that 'it was all a terrible accident'? 4.' Mrs Dawkins spent last night in Worthing General Hospital suffering from shockand minor injuries..'.:. ..'?) J . Daniel Hunt witnessed the whole event frorilhisfiont' room at no. When shedrove into Mrs Beecham's garden at number 11.~y Mr. and finallycorning t()..'(. .. • • • I II II '.. and Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: I: It 1.owned..". - . What would you have done if you had been Daniel Hunt? 5. What sort of car do you have? What sort of car would you like if you had the choice? 3.".: :.. 0 I Number 131 cr 0 a: Martin's Lane co . I had begun to think itwas quite funny and by the time she finally stopped Twas laughing like hell._ 0 .._. Do you know of anything like this ever happening in your country? Instant Discussions II: R It • It It ilt II: 38 Do you drive? ."~:.~. Do you think you are a good driver? WhylWhy not? What makes a good/bad driver? 5.a stop.

(3) . f. We set off and just arrived at the test centre in time. Match the verbs on the left with an appropriate phrase on the right: 1... • • • 31 31 1. go to a different newsagent's? c. driving along a twisting country road behind an old man and his wife who are going very slowly. (1) first and then go on to take my test. I (2) and eventually managed to . Do you: a. please. and quite gently. First of all I (4) and shot backwards about ten metres very suddenly. You want to pick up a newspaper on your way to work but there isn't a parking space outside your local news agent's. As you reverse out of a parking space you accidentally scratch the BMW parked next to you. The examiner got into the car and asked me to drive out of the test centre car park. 'You idiot! This car's only three weeks old'? b. park illegally . d. bumps into the back of your car at some traffic lights. You both get out of your cars. 4. 2.. 'I'll have your name and address.Language 1. 6. find a radio station you like and relax . Someone accidentally.. It was dead.. try and overtake even though it might be quite dangerous? b. 3. drive off quickly? b. Then as I drove forwards (5). .you'll only be five minutes late? 5.you'll only be two minutes? b.. Do you say: a. c. drive as usual. the text below with appropriate a. I (6) of the test centre. 5. drive more slowly all the time now? b. scratch the other side of the BMW too so it looks like vandalism? 4. Do you: a.. drive as usual. but nothing happened... • • :. Complete start have charge put crash into turn out in the text.. Speed cameras have just been installed in your town. Discussion Answer the following questions on your own. You are in a hurry.. b. At that point the examiner said: 'If you don't mind.. 2. Do you: a. Then compare your answers in pairs or small groups.' I've never felt so humiliated. I think it would be better if you came back another day. but slow down for the speed cameras because you know where they are? c. 2.you always used to keep to the speed limit anyway. wait till someone moves their car so you can park legally? 3. e. leave your name and address under the BMW's windscreen wiper? c. My driving instructor arrived on time and we got into my car. Mr Williams. sound your horn to try and make the old fool let you past? c. Do you: a. the battery the gates on to the road the car the car into reverse a driving lesson forms of expressions from the exercise above: Check your answers The day of my first driving test was the worst day I can remember! I was going to . 'Doesn't look too bad to me but I reckon it's probably worth a drink'? • • • • 11 • • II II " Instant Discussions Do you drive? 38 .. My garage'll be checking for any damage'? c.

".Discussion Work in pairs or small groups and discuss the following questions: 1. Maryland.:~..fucoln Gar..names . tWo :(:. • Before 1871 only Christmas Day and Good Friday were official holidays for everyone in Britain."~ ..~~'. • Both Booth and Oswald were assassinatedbefore their trials. . u Ilothass~ssmswer~ known by their three.'. Reniledy's' .~rtJ~o~stn!!.amed Kennedy.::~...:. who succee..~:~m~:.r.':'.C~O~l'nf.:'~..~::~~. __. Ir: &: ~ 1'. ' • Lincoln was-shotat the·theatrell. i~fijt61:~hon~i~~ut great US Presidents.d~~. .eriI1~dYwasshof in a:i. Do you think the number of public holidays is too few.'. • There are now eight bank holidays in Britain.":. Lincoln's secret<l1)'was named Kennedy.~>'" ~:'.tw~la·~·S~blojrn~~~lt. (In fact Lincoln died in 1865. he was in Monroe.K@i.' . -c .'~~~.~~:'.~'d. It It It It ~ Reading Read the information below..erildl:e.rW~h7~o~sl~u.·'·E!:~i~!t:edt"ch coiitain ~~y.rnedY. • • • • • • • It It It Did you know? • The UK has fewer public holidays than any other European country. 'D'v~m-J. . • A week before Lincoln was shot. about right. Kennedy in 1963. l__ __ ~ . What sort of things do these holidays celebrate? 3. ::~ 'Read ttiis . • Northern Ireland has two extra days: March 17th (St Patrick's Day) and July 18th (the anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne).i~0i":itJ1tlOn~Jo~son. K. How many public holidays do you have in your country per year? 2.' • ~d' ~ ? II: '... For example: Kennedy didn't die exactly 100 years after Lincoln. • Boothnm from the the*tre and Vias caught-in a warehouse.'...) Compare your answers in pairs or small groups.~Jev.'::Hncomc:l ence. ".~~~.:~".'~lJ.1'~t~e~w. A week before Kennedy was shot.."__ ~____ J' It: It: It It: R Read the information again and make a list of things which haven't been mentioned (because they obviously weren't coincidences). or too many? Compare your answers with another pair.. . he was with Marilyn Monroe • "__ -= It:: I::: I: I: It: • Both were assassinated by Southerners.: "':'" V~~~.'1 "~~b fill Q:~ou". i.~1:~~1~~t~~~~.. • Both Were succeeded by Southerners named .". . .n -.__.~::"'.:~.• ~".Johnson.fttJlfi "~JJJ u ~u .. How significant 39 are the coincidences above? Are there any coincidences in your life? Instant Discussions R Special days and dates IJ: ...~A:br<l11~ibmco'hfwas '~lected to 'yongress'.....~..~~:. What do you do on these holidays? 4..OSwalci ranfrorn awarehouseand was..c. caught in it theatre.~'c!ee.n'1~ 18!t6?". • Bbth names: are (:omp?s¢d of fifteen letters. . Tick anything that you already knew: It .

Everyone between the ages of 15 and 30 wears traditional (3) and there is a (4) which plays traditional music and songs.Discussion Many people born before about 1953 can remember exactly what they were doing when they heard that President Kennedy had been assassinated. Later.. What has been the most important day of your life so far? Compare your answers with those of other groups... Everyone has a great time. It is called the Festival of the Sea because the village is on the coast. 2. Are there other events.. You heard that Princess Diana had been killed in a car crash in Paris. What other events do you feel have had a similar impact? Language Complete the text below with words from the box: t- ZII r- procession band fireworks ceremony party church costumes festival games meal park homes til • !II ::m =:II til 31 31 ZIJ· til· Every year on 21st July our village has its own special (1).. What religious festivals do you celebrate? What is the religious significance of these festivals? What happens on these days? 3.. Work in small groups and decide: when the holiday will be what it is going to celebrate what official celebrations (if any) there should be 5. . Then. (6) for the fishermen.not even the children. Your country has decided that there should be one more public holiday every year. Do you celebrate any of the following in your country? National Day Independence Day the longest I shortest day of the year either of the solstices (21st March.. At about 12 o'clock everyone arrives at the (5) and there is a special ..J i' • ::Ill . when it starts to get dark. Discussion Discuss the following in pairs or small groups: :II: 31 til ill 2l :s :II' • • 1.. There are (10) for the children and the grown-ups play with the children and chat to each other. Usually nobody gets to bed before about three in the morning . religious or otherwise. The day starts with a (2) through the streets of the village.: -~ Instant Discussions Special days and dates 39 . which you feel should be celebrated. everyone goes back to their (7) for a special (8). You heard about the terrorist attacks on September 11th 2001.. After that.. Can you remember where you were and what you were doing when: 1. in the afternoon.. either with or without a public holiday? 4. there are (11) and there is a big (12) with music and dancing. 21st September) name days What do you do on these days? 2. (9) by the seafront... everyone goes down to the .

~Ie:c~ri9. Describe your favourite room. Which property needs some money spent on it? It It THREE EXCEPTIONAL PROPERTIES FOR SALE It ~A6'useb()at."-. living roorn. this magnificent property is built very much in the grand manner. __ __! Built in 2000. 2 towers..l~with'6rf.Price: £230. -- I .. It has 19 bedrooms. How long have you lived there? 4. ··'I~..SVv~h'lslafidH~fbour."p-W .four b~or()Om.---_--.000 • It S It 40 Where do you live? Instant Discussions . Which is the biggest I smallest? 3. Kitchen/dining room.l r~. ·F?. 24 other rooms..iElE!tlOg ith w ~0. .These . UnbeJievable!Price "£90. ---." &~ . roof garOer1. -.000 ..----'-. Where do you live? 2.' .• • I I I Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: 1. In need of some • I].verand~. .'·" French chateau hear Poitiers. I I It It :~·i~:. Set in a park. It It It It J I i L. giy@[ "h~ll1e~..rl:l. terracesard 65 hectares parkland. Answer these questions: It I: 1.--"_..000.· . .dellgDttyl rive(ytE?vY$:J.set in beautiful countryside in southwest Scotland. Language Match the words and phrases to the pictures: treehouse ungtoam lighthouse windmill palace log cabin • • • • • • • I II It It Reading Look at the three advertisements below.(i.--.VieW:nCiW. this is a-rare chance to acquire a truly fantastlc freehouse with full living acccmmodatlori. It of modernisation.s'ibathroom:...ceptid6~()Om and.propertie~ are rarely()nthe~market..rice:£990. What is your house like? 3.:Two~bedroomfloating .(ji~ti?~. France. par~irig. Which is the most expensive / cheapest? 2.~ti6t»":~J~r.

What size will it be? How many rooms? How many floors? 4. 111'>\ !II '. . . . Which would you least like to live in? Why? Language Use house or home to complete these sentences: • :II ~ ~ =- . . . . on fire. . How will it be decorated? Simply? Very traditionally? Plain colours? Flowery wallpaper? 5. .it's free 1. Yes. we liked each other c. 3. . Jamie. 4. 2. . You want to build a house. No. Think about and discuss the points below and draw up a plan. What do you think the expressions below mean? Do you agree or disagree with them? Why? • • • • • • • • • • • a. 21 J] 1. .it's as safe as . put your wallet away. hi! Nice to see you. Discussion Work in pairs or small groups. sauna. . I know the bridge looks a bit dangerous.. Come inl Make yourself at . . . .it's like a from . What style will it be in? Modern? Traditional? 3.J • . . .i. Have you ever seen or been in any properties like these? Where? What were they like? 4.." Instant Discussions Where do you live? 40 • • • . that's my home. I hadn't met Sam before. There's no place like home. 3. The weather was good but the hotel was nothing to write about. 5. Charity begins at home. Which would you most like to live in? Why? 5. . we are as happy as in our own home d.i'" • • • :at =II :II :at . 4. You don't have enough money to build a house on your own. He's great. Home is where the heart is. but you can manage it if you and your partner do it together. 5. tennis court? Get together with other pairs and compare your designs. What do you think are the pros and cons of each of the three properties? 2. Match each sentence above to the correct meaning below: 1. It's on the 6. 1.. But don't worry . What about things like a swimming pool. it's very safe e. .. it was not very special b. We stay at my sister's house so often . Wherever I lay my hat. till "On a clear day you can see the ground. Will it have a garden? What size? What style? 6. 1.. be comfortable f . We got on like a . An Englishman's home is his castle. Where will it be? Will it have a view? 2. no. . Which property do you think is the most unusual? 3.'Discussion Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups: Planning a house Work in pairs. I suppose we had a good holiday. Plan the ideal house for both of you to live in together. .

descent.3. Reading 1 a. operator. contest.I Unit by unit notes 1 Teenage rebellion Reading I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I t I I Elicit students' opinions on questions 1 . 5 He felt the school had acted reasonably by not excluding her and by allowing her to attend normal lessons.:::ageing'. pupils are expected to bring credit upon themselves . I was just fuming. etc) Unit by unit notes You could display the stories around the classroom so that the class can read and discuss them all. Language 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 contest ascent descent collecting repeated manager opponents guidance r It It I I I I I I I I I: I S ~ Discussion Elicit contemporary examples of youth culture from the students. I went straight to the headmaster.. Bob Dylan was one of the most important singers of the 1960's. opposition. " Instant Discussions . 2 She thought the school should have given her a choice. Initially we were assured . d. operation. guide.. Other possible nouns: manager. guidance.. We have allowed her to attend normal lessons. 5 Initially I'd like to clarify that classes will take place as normal. 2 a. Good groups should be able to work with 3 or 4 of the headlines.. 3 I shall seek an immediate meeting with the director. Weaker groups should do 1 and if they do that in a reasonable time. What were the issues of the day? (the Vietnam War.. women's rights. 2 I have no intention of ever allowing him into my classes. Note in the Dylan quotation 'agin' . 4 We have come to the decision that your son should be excluded from this school.. black rights.. launch. They must start: "Did you hear about the man who . The cartoon Why is the cartoon funny? You could put students into pairs to make up a story based on it. collector. Ask the class why they think protest ' was so common at that time. Possible answers: 1 I was extremely angry that he was unable to resolve the problem of the timetable. b. Protest The stories 'Stuck in the Air' and 'Back Into The Records' are false: Stuck in the Air This story was reported by the BBC and other news agencies. b. Were any of them part of the 60's generation? 2 Incredible stories The stories in this unit can easily be added to from national and local papers or from the internet. but the airline later denied that it was true... there is no way I'm . c. 4 He thought her hair did not bring credit upon her or the school.. c. ask them to do another. collection. Make sure that one person in each group is appointed to write the story down. Answers: 1 Ashley was furious because they changed the colour of her hair in the photograph. Back Into The Records There is no guarantee that Ben Nevis has not been climbed by someone walking backwards! Language 1 contestant. We have not excluded Ashley from school. 3 She had had pink hair since before Christmas. ascent. Then read the texts about Ashley's view and the headmaster's view.. opponent.. repetition.. Find out how they feel about the examples. Language Can the class think of any pop lyrics today which shape the attitudes of young people? You could ask the class to ask their parents what pop music was like when they were young. We have been trying to resolve .

. 6 You've got mail True or false? IT 2F 3F 4T language . This could be you.. feud . The Thompsons say that Miss Hill has: . Ask students to do the questionnaire on their own before comparing their answers with a partner..stolen a strip of land when she replaced a fence .Greek Discussion He should be locked up/put behind bars/sent to prison.' 1b The man had to write a one-dollar cheque every week to the man whose daughter he killed.Arabic Tokala . is a long-running argument.. You can the idea that something also that it may not be.everything from thousands of name suggestions for your pet lizard to 'pet of the month' competitions! One of the main distinctions seems to be people who give their pets human names and those who give them 'fun' names. 1 visit a website go online surf the internet switch on your computer download music key in a password burn a CD 2 1 switch on 5 visit 2 password 6 download 3 go online 7 burn 4 surf Unit by unit notes .cut down one of the Thompsons' trees ..... Type in 'names for pets' and you will be surprised what you find .Vietnamese Washi . isagreement. eg rotten eggs! A very old form of punishment in the UK . dispute. ask the class if they think naming and shaming is a suitable thing to do. Do not steal.allowed her dog to attack Mrs Thompson .• Language : .. '~ Discussion aI f'. If you wish. ..eaten the Thompsons' fish.a wooden structure which held a criminal's legs and arms so that they could not move. this activity could also lead into a discussion about what are appropriate punishments for schoolchildren.Welsh Duc .Celtic/Gaelic Andrew . ~. Who has a common name? An unusual name? A nickname? The origin of names 2 She thinks they will make people stop and think.African Meredith ... 5 What's in a name? You could start this discussion with the names of your class...British Pavel .3 Naming and shaming Discussion Expressions 1 dream 2 led 3f 4c 5h 6e 7d 8g 3 over 4 occasion 5 last 6 cause Questionnaire Ib 2a Reading Make sure students know what 'stocks' are . >4 ".••.Slavic Fatima . This was erected in a public place so that people could throw things at them.•. t a 'family feud'.Native American Kunto . Would it work in their culture? 4 Neighbours from hell Reading You could suggest that students try an internet site to find the most popular names for pets. Language 1 found guilty 2 causing the death of 3 sentenced 4 fine 5 prison 6 committed 7 conviction 8 criminal 9 offenders Cara .not used today! la The shoplifter had to walk up and down the street outside the shops he had stolen from with a sign that read: 'I am a thief.Japanese Chloe .. At the end of the lesson. .been unhelpful about keeping the shared drive clear .

£1. the ageing process d. For example: possessing firearms. 'To clear away the dead wood' means to get rid of something (or in this case some people) that is no longer useful.000 b. 2 A boy was strangled in the cottage in the late eighteenth century. pricey. and possibly even death. Language worth/costing a lot: valuable. the sanctity of human life 1 2 3 4 5 medical science life expectancy life-threatening diseases genetic engineering the ageing process Instant Discussions 'I . £13. Discussion I I i 8 Are we all criminals? Reading 'Generational cleansing' means getting rid of everyone of a particular generation. The cartoon The cartoon is by Ken Pyne. 3 It is complete nonsense. expensive. 9 Things that go bump in the night! Reading 7 Price and value True or false? 1F 2T 3F 4T Language 1 The house that they bought is haunted. but they weren't told about this by the sellers. £30. Do you think it is funny? Is it in bad taste? Why? Are there things we should not laugh at? 10 Living longer Reading 1 They agree that ageing. invaluable.384.000 c.Discussion This is a good opportunity to bring in any current stories in the press relating to internet use or abuse. Language 1 I I I I I I I I I I 1 She took it and flew to France. 2 They took it to the local police station. extravagant. exorbitant worth/costing a little: cheap. £28m e. inexpensive.000 IS 2F 3S 4F 5F 6S You could put pairs together into groups of four to discuss their ideas about 'it' in each sentence. may no longer be inevitable. one of the UK's most famous cartoonists. This might mean that old people would need to be killed off to make way for younger people. genetic engineering f. non-payment of fines etc. economical The following words are wrong: 1 expensrve 2 exorbitant 3 valuable 4 pricey 5 economical 6 invaluable 7 pricey 8 cheap 9 valuable. life-threatening diseases e. Discussion a. Language 1 Ld 2c 3a 2 4b 5f 6e Language 1 broke into 2 looking into 3 answered to 4 turned up 5 get away with 6 let (them) off Unit by unit notes a. medical science b. She lived there for ten years and never had any problems. £10.500 d. You could also raise the following topics: • overall control of the internet • to what extent parents should control their children's use of the internet • should the police and governments exercise tighter control over material that is available on the internet? Discussion In a multinational class you could ask students to discuss what kind of things are sometimes regarded as 'normal' in one country/culture but 'criminal' in another. 2 There would be too many old people.life expectancy c.

important building work has been stopped. The best headline is probably: VICAR CHEATS ON LOCAL DOCTOR 5 No. Language ID 2B 10 D 3B 4D SD 6D 7B 8B 9D 15 Revenge is sweet! Reading 1 giving (money) away 2 gave (it) back 3 giving out 4 give up 5 get (something) back 6 get by 7 pay back 8 got over a b c d get over get by give out give up Note: a vicar is an Anglican priest. 3 A lot of men wear wedding rings. Reading Lb 2£ 3a 4e Sc 6d 14 The power of prayer Prayer and religion are 'sensitive' areas about which people have strong and emotional views. 7 She has left the area with the vicar. sad. 6 They went quiet. Language 2 had an affair 3 work out 4 left 5 get a divorce 6 are together 2 1 went red 2 1 tiara 5 bracelet 2 locket 6 brooch 3 necklace 7 chain 4 earring 8 ring was caught red-handed 3 saw red 4 paint the town red 13 Who cares about the environment? Reading 16 A matter of birth and death This can be a very sensitive issue. 3 Language 11 Giving to charity It might be useful to start this unit by listing important national and local charities in your country. It might be worth checking with a class in advance if this is a topic they would like to discuss. I'm not rich enough Other people have more money than me. He thinks there are more important things than these particular issues. Teachers should be careful which classes they use this material with and be sensitive to the feelings of all the students in the class. Treat it with care. We have to pay for things that used to be free. Language 1 Pete. He had not intended to. Brian (probably) 2 Michelle 3 Vikki Discussion 1 Reasons for not giving (from the texts).000 trees have been cut down to create a nature reserve for the snail.• • • • 8 III III The cartoon • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • The cartoon is by Martin Honeysett. or does it contain some truth? Would old people find it funny? 2 1. protecting the world's smallest lizard (only recently discovered) and preserving the habitat of a rare flower Instant Discussions IF 2T 3F Unit by unit notes • . who specialises in drawing old people. Is this cartoon funny. Reading 1 A newspaper 2 c 1 Saving a very rare snail. The cartoon Make sure students know the meaning of arson. I pay a lot of money in tax. Why do people normally commit arson? Language 1 1 split up 12 Jewellery for men Reading 1 diamond jewellery 2 It is a way of showing everyone how rich he is. the lizard has been placed on the list of endangered species.

Discussion What is the point of the two cartoons in this unit? What is the second cartoon saying about people who beg in the street? Is this a valid or a cynical point of view? • • I I I I 1 The writer says that Murphy's theories are of 19 Children and discipline Reading vital importance. it will be a fine day the next day. of course.: The writer thinks mobile phones are fantastic. Other potential risks concern the effects of radio waves on the brain. 2 Not at all! Discussion 1 have 2 grow 3 is 4 show 5 consists 6 see 7 has 8 Postpone 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 France Native American Iran Germany Norway Japan Spain the Philippines Jack Wallace thinks the laws are acceptable as they are now. Laura Flynn thinks smacking has more than a physical effect. whereas if there is a red sky in the morning. Discussion 1 The writer ate dog.Language 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 married start was was expecting gave raised fell losing adopt (also of looking an idiot). Reading 18 I'm on the train! Reading I: If. The first has some. Language Ib 2d 3f 4h Sa 6c 7e 8g • • • a I: Discussion The discussion could be extended by asking how attitudes to children change from generation to generation. 3 He/She enjoyed it but wouldn't do it again. 2 Things always go wrong. especially for young children. Language 1 I 1 having no money 2 police I I 17 Folk wisdom Introduction 3 a stupid person 4 lavatory 5 alcohol 6 drunk 7 man 8 stole Language 2 1 I i I I I I I The first is a Chinese saying about the importance of education. be a sensitive issue if you have students from dog-eating countries in your class. Jack Wallace was smacked as a child.claim to wisdom. Laura Flynn would like to see all physical punishment banned. The second is a British saying that suggests that if there is a red sky in the evening. True or false? I: I: [I: 1 The writer mentions the risks of being mugged Unit by unit notes IF 2T 3F 4F Instant Discussions fit . 2 Because helshe had to write an article about it. the second has no great claim to accuracy! Reading 1 bloke/guy 2 plonker 3 pissed 4 booze 5 cops 6 nicked The cartoon 1 Murphy was a pessimist. practical skills and teaching people how to look after themselves. a: I: I: ~ 20 Ever eaten dog? This can. the weather will be bad.

private lives Reading 24 The dating game Reading IT2F3F4F Discussion • • • . 2 He asked her out on a date. III 1 The writer doesn't seem to like them much . Emma and Katie. The cartoon Make sure all students know that GSOH means 'a good sense of humour'. 8 They got married. 11 She had twin girls.fatty.disgusting. This could lead to a discussion of the problems of growing up in the public eye or it could lead to a discussion of William's mother. .he calls them 'ugly old journalists'. Princess Diana.bland.. . 7 They got engaged. +/.spicy.some might say. 4 They started going out together. +/. 3 They got on very well. 1 She has put an ad in a 'Lonely Hearts' column. + mouth-watering. . 3 'He is not usually unhappy about seeing his name in the papers. + tasty. 9 They went on their honeymoon . • • • Ask students who the 'William' of the cartoon is. . .Language Language a + delicious. 6 Mark proposed to Lucy. . 5 They fell in love with each other. 2 Because she finds it difficult to meet single men. ~ Cross out: 1 major 2 partially 4 poor health 5 healthy environment 6 disgustingly healthy 7 healthy diet 8 excellent 3 bread t- • t.' 4 Students' own answers.tasteless b . and the way the press hounded her . Reading a Angela M b Andrew C True or false? IF 2F 3T 4T ST 6F Language 1 in the hope of 2 in the first place 3 to catch a cold 4 a lack of sympathy 5 by no means 6 to spoil a holiday 7 all over the place 8 to deserve sympathy 1 2 3 4 5 til •.bitter. 2 Students' own answers. 5 He doesn't seem against it .tough. Instant Discussions Possible answer (there are many possible ones): 1 Mark fancied Lucy.inedible. . 6 Students' own answers. . 10 Lucy became pregnant. True or false? 1 T 2F Language 3F 4T ST .oily 3 a tough b oily c bitter d bland e sour Discussion 2 deep fried tarantula = Cambodia chocolate-dipped scorpion = California grasshopper marinated in soy sauce = Japan deep fried ants = Colombia cockroach kebab = Burma termites fried in tomato = South Africa Cross out: 1 partial 2 open 3 broad 4 abolish 1 business relationship 2 destroyed his reputation 3 established a reputation/a growing reputation 4 broke off the relationship 5 poor reputation 6 established a reputation 7 maintain a (good) relationship 8 casual relationship 23 Holidays from hell! Language 21 A healthy lifestyle ill ~ ill .sweet.rich. .sour. Unit by unit notes . .in fact he is curious about who Natasha Davies' companion was. 6 7 8 by no means in the hope of to spoil a holiday all over the place to catch a cold deserved (any) sympathy lack of sympathy in the first place 22 Public figures. + appetising. to her eventual death.

Often in restaurants a service charge is added to the bill. 13 Mark had an affair. 15 Lucy asked for a divorce. Discussion 27 Royalty True or false? • 4T I IT 2T 3F SF You could ask students to bring in some ads from their own newspapers and translate them. in which case it is not necessary to leave a further sum of money. Denise Carter. but had a lucky escape. elect a government.12 Mark and Lucy started to have rows. the first with human interest 7 the first is probably from a tabloid newspaper.human interest 3 the first 4 the second 5 the second 6 the second is concerned with news. 16 Lucy got custody of the children. NB: strangling pheasants is an act of mercy administered to pheasants which have been shot but not killed. Language 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 bright red ostrich feathers 2. Language I • I • I I I I I 25 Newspapers Reading appoint a minister. when the Queen goes on a pheasant shoot. For taxi drivers and waiters the average tip is 10-12. Language 1 Ie 2a 3d 4b Sc Discussion 1 the first 2 the first . hotel porters and chambermaids. 1 2 3 4 decent safe tight change 5 6 7 8 point matter break nose 29 Is it right to eat meat? Reading What do you say? In Britain people commonly say: 'Thanks for everything' or 'Keep the change' or 'Here you are and thank you very much. election campaign. found a republic opinion poll. For hairdressers and chambermaids the sum is discretionary.' Unit by unit notes a b c d the the the the first second first second Instant Discussions It: It It ~ . article reviews editor 26 To tip or not to tip? In Britain it is customary to tip taxi drivers and waiters.000 shiny red glass beads T-shirt and jeans casual clothes (they dress down) one other nobody many people think they are self-indulgent as art It II It II: • Language Cross out: factory.5% of the total bill. personal wealth 1 opinion poll 1 She almost drowned. the second from a 'quality' paper 8 students' own answers Language 2 2 royal family 3 personal wealth 4 found a republic S elect a government 6 election campaign 7 appointed a prime minister 28 Fashion Reading • • • • 2 3 1 What people wear and don't wear today What fashion designers do A very special dress Questions in pairs IE It II 1 horoscope 2 obituary 3 crossword 4 proprietor 5 TV guide 6 7 8 9 sports headline. royal family. 2 Her teacher. 14 They split up. leave 1 2 3 4 5 6 went out of high is (always) in street come back into passmg It It It It: It It I. Occasionally one may tip hairdressers.

10.000 5 None 6 Students' own answers Unit by unit notes . 5 By using their horns. Part 2 To correct someone you might use: 1. sometimes their vocal cords are cut out so their cries cannot be heard by the crowd. 3 Because they thought they'd all be bachelors for a long time. Language 8B 9 A (B) lOA 11A 12 B 13A 14 B 15 B 16 B 17 A 18 A 19 A 20 B 21 B 22 A 32 I hate my boss! Language 1 sick 2 take 3 break 4 with 5 enough 6 stand 33 Scams . The first example refers to the birds. Reading 1 Several thousand dollars 2 He says he hasn't found the right person yet. Sometimes the final 'death blow' does not kill them. Sure (that's understand abIe) but 3 Of course 4 what's more 5 Anyway The cartoon To make a positive contribution you might use: 4. Others may sound rude depending on your tone of voice. 7 Yes. 3. A 'confirmed bachelor' is a man who has decided never to marry.how can people be so stupid? Reading ~ I . Part 1 1 Students' own answers 2 They met at bingo.. 6 No.5. 6. . 2 Possibly a company sold him something which was a waste of money. 31 Why get married? Be sensitive to students' feelings about using this unit. 2 As national heroes. the second refers to them as meat.• • 30 The exploitation of animals This can be a sensitive issue if there are students in your class from countries where bullfighting is a popular sport. 8. I love pigeon. Questions in pairs 1A 2B 3B 4B 5 A (B) 6B 7B • • • • . 1 • • • • • • • • I 1 Survival and domination of the wild.Language 1 For example 2 the way I look at it is this. 4 Altogether. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 stick listen misunderstood something minute point interrupt clearly another take 1 Perhaps in his 50's or 60's. 7. . Reading Make sure students know the meaning of protective colouring. 3 It means 'very easy' . If any students in your class are recently divorced or separated. Often they become tired. For example: I love feeding the pigeons. 8 Horses are sometimes attacked by the bulls.. 3 It is becoming more popular because it is a celebration of a uniquely national tradition. Instant Discussions 3 Because she realised it was her last chance to get any of Mr Stockton's money.. Language Text 1 is in favour of bullfighting Text 2 is against it. II 111 • . The first page of this unit is a light-hearted look at the topic. You could use the cartoon to remind them that some nouns in English can be both countable and uncountable. it might be better to choose a different topic. Number 2 is rude. 4 They are kept in darkness so they are blinded by the sunlight when they come out into the bullring. 9. over $55.

7. visit: www. 12 a b c d e f g indulging a child educating a child beating/mistreating/abusing indulging/spoiling a child adopting a child neglecting a child disciplining a child . 11. 3 Students' own answers 4 Students' own answers Language 35 Killed by a flying duck! Reading negative ideas are: 1. Ask them why the family had so many gerbils. I: I: • • • • It • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • II Possible answers: a rock / tree b shot / punched c ambulance / police car / fire engine d s:hark / swimmer I whale I boat Unit by unit notes a child .darwinawards.it's not clear from the article. 1 hospital 2 kitchen 3 falling 4 lethal 5 children 2 There was 154 tons of rubbish..com Accidents in the home 34 Bad habits Discussion 1 It stank and housed rats. 3 No .5. The cartoon Possible reactions: a = headline 1 b b = headline 2d 1 How 2 's / sounds 3 What an 4 How 5 How 6 's / sounds c d = headline = 3c headline 4a Make sure students know what gerbils are. wherever they go they are accompanied by the whole Jackson entourage. they have no mother.R Instant Discussions • It (8 . 4 They had 'a soft spot' for them. 5 Possibly . The joke partly depends on students knowing that the children have been given an unwanted gerbil instead of a party bag! How will their parents react?) For more information on unusual ways that people die. What was the scam? (It is common in the UK for children to be sent home at the end of a party with a 'party bag' full of things like sweets.Language Dialogue Dialogue Dialogue Dialogue Discussion 1: been had 2: talked me into 3: fell for 4: taken in by Actual answers: a tree b punched Language c fire engine d flying duck It is very easy to find scam websites on the internet . 2 They wear masks in public.82m) Language 36 Survivors! Be careful about using this unit if any members of the class are particularly squeamish! Reading 1 F 2 T 3 F 4 NEI 5 NEI 6 T 7 T 8 T Language 1 bite your nails 2 crack your knuckles 3 4 5 6 grind your teeth pick your nose snap your fingers play with your hair Suggested answers: 1h 2b or e 3i or h 8b or e 4h Sd or g 6h 7c or i Discussion 37 Do you spoil your kids? Reading (possible answers) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 smoking drinking nail biting nose picking TV addict surfing hoarding shopping eating sweets/chocolate 1 He said he got caught up in the excitement of the moment. 10. they don't mix with other children.some were still alive. 6 Up to 6 feet long (about 1.eg pet funerals.

38 Do you drive? Reading 7 homes The following is a rough sketch of what happened: Number 11 (Mrs Beecham) 8 meal 9 park 10 games 11 fireworks 12 party Number 16 (Mrand Mrs Wheeler) 40 Where do you live? Language 1 lighthouse 2 log cabin Number 13 (Mike Taylor) 3 wigwam Martin's Lane 4 treehouse Number 15 (Daniel Hunt) > o o 5 windmill 6 palace Reading Number 18 (Mrand Mrs Baker) Number 17 (Mrs Dawkins) 1 The French chateau is the most expensive. Language J festival Unit by unit notes . who? . 2 The chateau is the biggest. Would they like to live in that kind of high-rise block? On the 10th floor? Or the 30th? 39 Special days and dates Discussion (second page) The death of Princess Diana was important in Britain and in France.it is 'in need of some modernisation'. where it happened. If so. 3 The chateau needs money spent on it . Language Language 1 start the car 2 have a driving lesson 3 charge the battery 4 put the car into reverse 5 crash into the gates 6 turn out on to the road 1 2 3 4 5 6 have a driving lesson charged the battery start the car put the car into reverse turning out on to the road crashed into the gates 1 house 2 houses 3 home/home 4 home 5 house 6 home 1b 2d 3c 4a The cartoon Sf 6e Ask students what kind of building is in the picture. Perhaps they remember the death of someone important in their country. the houseboat the smallest. the treehouse the cheapest. Ask students if she is remembered in their country.