Photoionization Characteristics of Selected Compounds

Compound Name Acetaldehyde Acetaldehyde oxime Acetamide Acetic acid Acetic anhydride Acetone Acetonitrile Acetophenone Acetyl bromide Acetic chloride Acetylene Acetylene dichloride Acetylene tetrabromide Acridene Acrolein Acrylic acid Acrylonitrile Allene Allyl alcohol Allyamine Allyl chloride Aminoethanol 2-amino-pyridine Ammonia n-amyl acetate sec-amyl acetate Aniline Anisole Arsine Benzaldehyde Benzene Benzenethiol Benzonitrile Benzotrifluoride Benzyl chloride Biphenyl Bromobenzene 1-bromobutane 2-bromobutane 1-bromobutane 1-bromobutanone 1-bromo-2-chloroethane Bromochloromethane Bromodichloromethane 1-bromo-2-chloropropane Bromoethane Alternate Name Ethyl Aldehyde Alternate Name Ethanal Molar Sensitivity Relative Ionization to Benzene ( = 10.0) Potential with Different Lamps eV 9.5 eV 10.2 eV 11.7 eV 10.21 9.77 10.35 9.69 12.22 9.27 10.55 11.02 11.41 9.80 N/A 7.78 10.10 10.09 10.90 9.83 9.67 9.6* 10.20 9.87 8.34 10.15 N/A N/A 7.70 8.20 10.60 9.53 9.25 8.33 9.70 9.68 10.16 8.27 8.98 10.13 9.95 9.54 9.54 10.63 10.77 10.88 N/A 10.24 0.20 2.30 Ethanoic acid 2-propanone Methyl cyanide 0.50 0.90 4.20 3.28 3.80 0.08 2.80

Ethyne

0.00

2-propenal Vinyl cyanide

Acrylaldehyde Propene nitrile

3.10

2.70 3.85

2.50 1.30

4.70 11.90

3-chloropropene

0.60

3.00

Phenylamine

Aminobenzene

3.90 2.18 6.70 10.00

Benzoic aldehyde

10.00

8.60 10.00

Alpha-chlorotoluene Phenyl bromide

6.70 15.60

11.70 17.80

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Photoionization Characteristics of Selected Compounds
Compound Name Bromothene Bromoform 1-bromo-3-hexanone Bromomethane Bromomethyl ethyl ether 1-bromo-2-methylpropane 2-bromo-2-methylpropane 1-bromopentane 1-bromopropane 2-bromopropane 1-bromopropene 2-bromopropene 3-bromopropene 2-bromothiophene o-bromotoluene m-bromotoluene p-bromotoluene 1, 2-butadiene 1, 3-butadiene 2, 3-butadione Butanal 2-butanal Butane 1-butanethiol 2-butanone iso-butanol sec-butanol tert-butanol 2-butanol 1-butene cis-2-butene trans-2-butene 3-butene nitrile Butoxyethanol n-butyl acetate sec-butyl acetate t-butyl acetate n-butyl alcohol n-butylamine iso-butylamine sec-butylamine tert-butylamine n-butylbenzene iso-butylbenzene tert-butylbenzene Butyl cellosolve Alternate Name Alternate Name Molar Sensitivity Relative Ionization to Benzene ( = 10.0) Potential with Different Lamps eV 9.5 eV 10.2 eV 11.7 eV 9.80 10.51 9.26 10.53 10.08 10.09 9.98 10.10 10.18 10.08 9.30 10.06 9.70 8.63 8.78 8.81 8.67 9.57 9.57 9.23 9.83 9.73 10.63 9.14 9.53 10.47 10.23 10.25 10.10 9.58 9.13 9.13 10.90 10.01 9.91 9.90 10.04 8.71 8.70 8.70 8.64 8.69 8.68 8.68 8.68

Vinylethylene n-butanal n-butane

6.99 6.99

7.60

7.13

2.80

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Photoionization Characteristics of Selected Compounds
Compound Name iso-butyl ethanoate iso-butyl mercaptan n-butyl mercaptan tert-butyl mercaptan iso-butyl methanoate p-tert-butyltoluene isobutylene 1-butyne 2-butyne n-butyl acetate n-butyraldehyde Caprolactam Carbon dioxide Carbon disulfide Carbon tetrachloride Carbon monoxide Cellosolve acetate Chloroacetaldehyde o-chloroiodobenzene Chlorobenzene 1-chloro-2-bromoethane Chlorobromomethane 1-chlorobutane 2-chlorobutane 1-chlorobutanone 1-chloro-2, 3 epoxypropane Chloroethane Chloroethanol Chloroethene 2-chloroethoxyethene 1-chloro-2-fluorobenzene 1-chloro-3-fluorobenzene cis-1-chloro-2-fluoroethene trans-1-chloro-2-fluoroethene Chloroform o-chloroiodobenzene 1-chloro-2-methylbenzene 1-chloro-4-methylbenzene Chloromethylethyl ether Chloromethylmethyl ether 1-chloro-2-methylpropane 2-chloro-2-methylpropane 1-chloropropane 2-chloropropane 3-chloropropene p-chlorostyrene Alternate Name Alternate Name Molar Sensitivity Relative Ionization to Benzene ( = 10.0) Potential with Different Lamps eV 9.5 eV 10.2 eV 11.7 eV 9.95 9.12 9.15 9.03 10.46 8.35 9.44 10.18 9.85 10.01 9.86 9.86 13.79 10.07 11.47 14.01 N/A 10.16 8.35 9.07 10.63 10.77 10.67 10.65 9.54 10.60 10.97 10.00 10.61 9.15 9.21 9.87 9.87 11.42 8.35 8.72 8.78 10.08 10.25 10.66 10.61 10.82 10.78 10.04 N/A

5.50

7.40

iso-butyne

Carbon bisulfide Perchloromethane

3.37

4.90

tetrachloromethane

27.70 4.22

Phenyl chloride

13.00

14.40

Ethyl chloride

0.20

6.70

Trichloromethane

3.15

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Photoionization Characteristics of Selected Compounds
Compound Name 2-chlorothiphene o-chlorotoluene m-chlorotoluene p-chlorotoluene Chlorotrifluoroethane Citral m-cresol o-cresol p-cresol Crotonaldehyde Crotonaldehyde Cumene Cyanoethane Cyanogen bromide Cyanogen chloride 3-cyanopropene Cyclobutane Cyclohexane Cyclohexanol Cyclohexanone Cyclohexene Cyclo-octateraene Cyclopentadiene Cyclopentane Cyclopentanone Cyclopentene Cyclopropane Cyclopropene Decalin Decane 2-decanone Diacetone alcohol Diborane 1, 3-dibromobutane 1, 4-dibromobutane Dibromochloromethane Dibromochloropropane Dibromoethane 1, 1-dibromoethane 1, 3-dibromopropane Dibutyl amine o-dichlorobenzene m-dichlorobenzene p-dichlorobenzene 1, 3-dichlorobutane 1, 4-dichlorobutane Alternate Name 2-chloro-1-methylbenzene 4-chloro-1-methylbenzene Alternate Name Molar Sensitivity Relative Ionization to Benzene ( = 10.0) Potential with Different Lamps eV 9.5 eV 10.2 eV 11.7 eV 8.68 8.83 8.86 8.69 10.40 8.48 8.48 8.48 9.73 9.73 8.75 10.91 11.95 12.49 10.39 10.50 9.88 10.00 9.14 8.95 7.99 8.58 10.52 9.26 9.01 10.06 9.95 10.19 9.40 N/A 11.9* N/A 10.25* 10.59 10.19 10.19 10.07 7.69 9.07 9.12 8.94 N/A N/A 10.60 10.80 0.50 13.60 15.00

2-butenal I-propyl-benzene

Betamethylacrolein

3.10 3.79

6.40

Hexamethylene Ketohexamethylene 1, 2, 3, 4-tetrahydrobenzene

3.40 8.20 3.40 7.30

Pentamethylene

0.90

13.20

n-decane

Decyl hydride

10.41 3.30

1.54

Ethylene dibromide

0.70 2.30

21.80

9.90 11.90 11.90 11.90

15.50 15.50 15.50

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Photoionization Characteristics of Selected Compounds
Compound Name 2, 2-dichlorobutane 2, 3-dichlorobutane cis-1, 4-dichloro-2-butene 1, 1-dichlroethane 1, 1-dichlroethane 1, 2-dichlroethane cis-dichloroethane trans-dichloroethane Dichloroethyl ether 1, 1-dichloroethylene Dichlorofluoromethane Dichloromethane 1, 2-dichloropropane 1, 3-dichloropropane 1, 1-dichloropropanone 2, 3-dichloropropene Dicyclopentadiene Diethoxymethane Diethyl Diethylamine Diethylamino ethanol Diethyl ether N, N-diethyl formamide Diethyl ketone Diethyl sulfide o-difluorobenzene p-difluorobenzene Difluorodibromomethane Difluoromethylbenzene Diiodomethane Diisopropylamine Diisobutyl ketone Diisopropylamine 1,1-dimethoxymethane Dimethoxymethane Dimethylamine Dimethylaniline 2, 3-dimethylbutadiene 2, 2-dimethylbutane 2, 2-dimethyl butane-3, 1 2, 3-dimethylbutane 3, 3-dimethyl butanone 2, 3-dimethyl-2-butene Dimethyl ether 3, 5-dimethyl-4-heptanone 2, 2-dimethyl-3-pentanone Alternate Name Alternate Name Molar Sensitivity Relative Ionization to Benzene ( = 10.0) Potential with Different Lamps eV 9.5 eV 10.2 eV 11.7 eV N/A N/A N/A 11.06 Ethylene dichloride 11.04 9.65 9.65 N/A 9.60 11.75 11.35 10.87 10.85 9.71 9.82 7.74 9.70 8.01 8.01 8.58 9.53 8.89 9.32 8.43 9.31 9.15 11.10 9.45 9.34 7.73 9.04 7.73 9.65 10.00 8.24 7.13 8.72 10.05 9.18 10.01 9.17 8.30 10.00 9.04 8.98

8.40 10.57

Vinylidene chloride Methylene dichloride Propylene dichloride Propylene dichloride

1, 1, dichloroethene

6.40 8.70 12.10 12.10

0.20 0.20 4.00

10.08

4.80

10.00

1, 2-difluorobenzene 1, 4-difluorobenzene

4.90

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Photoionization Characteristics of Selected Compounds
Compound Name 2, 2-dimethyl propane Dimethyl disulfide N, N Dimethyl formamide 3, 5-dimethyl-4-heptanone 1, 1-dimethylhydrazine 2, 2-dimethyl-3-pentanone 2, 2-dimethylpropane Dimethyl sulfide p-dioxane Di-n-propyl disulfide Di-n-propylamine Di-i-propyl ether Di-n-propyl ether Di-n-propyl sulfide Epichlorohydrin Ethane Ethanal Ethanol Ethanethiol Ethanethiol Ethylene Ethylene glycol Ethoxyethanol Ethyl acetate Ethyl acrylate Ethyl amine Ethyl amyl ketone Ethylbenzene Ethyl bromide Ethyl butyl ketone Ethyl chloride (Chloroethane) Ethyl chloroacetate Ethyl ethanoate Ethyl ether Ethyl disulfide Ethyl disulfane Ethyl formate Ethyl iodine Ethyl mercaptan Ethyl methanoate Ethyl isothiocyanate Ethyl methyl sulfide Ethyl nitrate Ethyl propanoate Ethyl trichloroacetate Ethylene Alternate Name Alternate Name Molar Sensitivity Relative Ionization to Benzene ( = 10.0) Potential with Different Lamps eV 9.5 eV 10.2 eV 11.7 eV 10.35 8.46 9.12 9.04 8.88 8.98 10.35 8.69 9.13 8.27 7.84 9.20 9.27 8.30 10.60 11.65 11.65 10.21 9.29 9.29 10.52 16.00 20.00

Cyclopropylene oxide n-ethane Methylmethane Ethyl alcohol Ethyl mercaptan Ethene

0.70

10.30 0.69 2.40

2.46

0.89 4.00 2.50

Ethene

10.11 N/A 8.86 9.10 8.76 10.29 9.02 10.97 10.20 10.10 9.41 8.27 9.40 10.61 9.33 9.29 10.61 9.14 8.55 11.22 10.00 10.44 10.52

4.40

0.60

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Photoionization Characteristics of Selected Compounds
Compound Name Ethylene chloride Ethylene chlorohydrin Ethylene dibromide Ethylene dichloride Ethylene dichlorohydrin Ethylene oxide Ethylbenzene Ethyne Fluorobenzene Fluoroethane Fluoroethene Mono-fluoromethanal Fluorobromomethane o-fluorotoluene m-fluorotoluene p-fluorotoluene Formaldehyde Formic acid Formamide Freon 11 (CFCl3) Freon 12 (CF2Cl2) Freon 13 (CF3Cl) Freon 13 B-l Freon 14 (neat) Freon 21 Freon 22 (CHClF2) Freon 113 (CF3CCl3) Freon 114 2-Furaldehyde Furan Furfural Furfuryl Alcohol Genetron 101 Heptane 2-heptanone 4-heptanone Hexane Hexafluoroacetone Hexafluorobenzene Hexafluoropropene Hexamethylbenzene 2-hexanone 1-hexene Hydrazine Hydrofluoric acid Hydrogen Alternate Name Alternate Name Molar Sensitivity Relative Ionization to Benzene ( = 10.0) Potential with Different Lamps eV 9.5 eV 10.2 eV 11.7 eV 9.20 Dibromomethane 1, 2-dichloroethane EtO EDB 10.90 10.37 11.00 10.90 10.57 8.87 11.41 9.20 12.00 10.37 11.40 11.77 8.91 8.91 9.79 10.87 10.37 10.25 11.77 12.31 12.91 12.08 16.25 12.00 12.45 11.78 12.00 9.21 8.89 9.21 N/A 11.98 10.07 9.33 9.12 10.18 11.81 9.39 10.30 7.85 9.34 9.46 9.00 9.88 15.43 1.86 21.80 10.50 13.20

0.30

1.07

n-heptane

0.20

2.20

15.90

n-hexane

1.24

8.43

0.20

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Photoionization Characteristics of Selected Compounds
Compound Name Hydrogen cyanide Hydrogen selenide Hydrogen sulfide Hydrogen telluride Iodine Iodobenzene 1-iodobutane 2-iodobutane Iodoethane Iodomethane 1-iodo-2-methylpropane 1-iodopentane 1-iodopropane 2-iodopropane m-iodotoluene o-iodotoluene p-iodotoluene Isoamyl acetate Isobutylene Isopar Isopropanol Isopropyl acetate Isopropylamine Isopropylbenzene Isopropyl ether Isovalderhyde Ketene Mesitylene Mesityl oxide Methane Methanol Methyl acetate Methyl acrylate Methyl amine 2-methyl-1, 3-butadiene 2-methylbutanal 2-methylbutane 2-methyl-1-butene 3-methyl-1-butene 3-methyl-2-butene Methyl n-butyl ketone Methyl bromide Methyl butyrate Methyl cellosolve Methyl cellosolve acetate Methyl chloroacetate Alternate Name Alternate Name Molar Sensitivity Relative Ionization to Benzene ( = 10.0) Potential with Different Lamps eV 9.5 eV 10.2 eV 11.7 eV 13.73 9.88 10.46 9.14 9.28 8.73 9.71 9.09 9.33 9.45 9.18 9.19 9.26 9.17 8.61 8.62 8.50 9.90 9.23 10.16 9.99 8.72 8.75 9.20 9.71 9.61 8.40 9.08 12.48 10.85 10.27 10.72 8.97 8.85 9.71 10.31 9.12 9.51 8.67 9.34 10.53 10.07 N/A N/A 10.35

1.20 32.18

10.10

Ethyl iodide Methyl iodide

2-methylpropene Isopropyl alcohol

5.50 18.96 0.88 1.00

3.60

n-methane Methyl alcohol

0.00

0.00

0.00 2.34 5.10

Bromomethane

2.73

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Photoionization Characteristics of Selected Compounds
Compound Name Methyl chloride Methylchloroform Methylcyclohexane Methylcyclohexanol Methylcyclohexanone 4-methylcyclohexene Methylcyclopropane Methyl dichloroacetate Methylene chloride Methyl ethanoate Methyl ethyl ether Methyl ethyl ketone Methyl ethyl sulfide Methyl formate 2-methyl furan Methyl iodide Methyl isobutyl ketone Methyl isobutyrate Methyl isocyanate 1-methyl-4-isopropylbenzene Methyl isopropyl ketone Methyl mercaptan Methyl methacrylate Methyl methanoate 2-methylpentane 3-methylpentane 3-methylpentane 2-methylpropanal 2-methyl-2-propanol 2-methylpropene Methyl n-propyl ketone Methyl styrene Methyl sulfide Methyl-tert-butylether Mineral spirits Monomethyl hydrazine Morpholine Naptha (85% aromatics) Napthalene Nitric oxide Nitrobenzene p-mitrochlorobenzene Nitroethane Nitrogen Nitrogen dioxide Nitrotoluene Alternate Name Chloromethane Alternate Name Molar Sensitivity Relative Ionization to Benzene ( = 10.0) Potential with Different Lamps eV 9.5 eV 10.2 eV 11.7 eV 11.28 11.25 9.85 9.80 9.05 8.91 9.52 10.44 11.35 10.27 9.81 9.53 8.55 8.39 9.54 9.32 9.98 10.67 N/A 9.32 9.44 9.74 10.82 10.11 10.08 10.07 9.74 9.70 9.23 9.39 8.35 10.00 4.00 N/A 8.88 8.12 9.25 9.82 9.96 9.92 15.60 10.88 5.00 16.20 0.60 7.60

Dichloromethane

0.14

6.83

MEK

2-butanone

2.90

5.59

5.30 18.87

36.48

Hexanone

Isopropylacetone

26.76 8.90 4.50

9.20

Methanethiol

0.50

4.30 3.00

7.00

0.02

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Photoionization Characteristics of Selected Compounds
Compound Name Nitromethane Nonane 5-nonanone Octane 3-octanone 4-octanone 1-octene Oxygen Pentane Isopentane Pentachloroethane 1, 3-pentadiene (cis) 1, 3-pentadiene (trans) Pentafluorobenzene Pentamethylbenzene n-pentanal 2, 4-pentanedione 2-pentanone 3-pentanone 1-pentene Perchloroethylene Perfluoro-2-butene Perfluoro-1-heptene n-perfluoropropyl iodide (n-perfluoropropyl)-iodomethane (n-perfluoropropyl)-methyl ketone Phenol Phenyl ether Phenyl isocyanete Phosgene Phosphine Pinene, alpha Pinene, beta Propadiene n-propanal Propane 1-propanethiol Propanol Propanone Propenal (Acrolein) Propene (propylene) Prop-1-ene-2-ol Prop-2-ene-1-ol Propionaldehyde Propionic acid Propionitrile Alternate Name n-nonane n-octane Alternate Name Molar Sensitivity Relative Ionization to Benzene ( = 10.0) Potential with Different Lamps eV 9.5 eV 10.2 eV 11.7 eV 11.08 10.21 9.10 10.24 9.19 9.10 9.52 12.08 10.34 10.32 11.28 8.65 8.56 9.84 7.92 9.82 8.87 9.39 9.32 9.50 9.32 11.25 10.48 10.26 9.96 10.58 8.50 8.09 8.77 11.77 10.10 8.07 8.07 10.19 9.95 11.07 9.20 10.51 11.07 10.10 9.73 8.20 9.67 9.98 10.34 11.84

1.96

n-pentane

Amyl hydride

10.08

7.70

2.00 0.70 0.50

n-propane n-propanol alcohol

Dimethylmethane Propyl alcohol

4.51 0.80

4.00

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Photoionization Characteristics of Selected Compounds
Compound Name n-propyl acetate n-propyl amine n-propyl benzene propylene Propylene dichloride Propylene imine Propylene oxide n-propyl ether n-propyl formate Propyne Pyridine Styrene Tetrabromoethane 1, 1, 1, 2-tetrachloroethane 1, 1, 2, 2-tetrachloroethane Tetrachloroethylene Tetrachloromethane 1, 1, 1, 2-tetrachloropropane 1, 2, 2, 3-tetrachloropropane 1, 2, 3, 4-tetrafluorobenzene 1, 2, 3, 5-tetrafluorobenzene 1, 2, 4, 5-tetrafluorobenzene Tetrafluoroethane Tetrahydrofuran Tertrahydropyran 1, 2, 4, 5-tetramethylbenzene 2, 2, 4, 4-tetramethyl-3-pentanone Thioethanol Thiomethanol Thiophene 1-thiopropanol Toluene o-toluidine Tribromoethene Tribromomethane 1, 1, 1-trichlorobutanone 1, 1, 1-trichloroethane 1, 1, 2-trichloroethane Trichloroethylene Trichloromethyl ethyl ether Trichloromethane 1, 1, 2-trichloropropane 1, 2, 3-trichloropropane Triethylamine 1, 2, 4-trifluorobenzene 1, 3, 5-trifluorobenzene Alternate Name Alternate Name Molar Sensitivity Relative Ionization to Benzene ( = 10.0) Potential with Different Lamps eV 9.5 eV 10.2 eV 11.7 eV 10.04 8.78 8.72 9.73 N/A 8.76 10.22 9.27 10.54 10.36 9.32 8.47 N/A N/A 11.10 9.32 11.47 N/A N/A 9.61 9.55 9.39 10.12 9.45 9.26 8.03 8.65 9.29 9.44 8.86 9.20 8.82 7.44 9.27 10.51 9.54 11.25 N/A 9.45 10.08 11.42 N/A N/A 7.50 9.37 9.30

Propene

4.00

0.76

Vinyl benzene

Phenyl ethylene

2.20 15.34

6.10 14.87

10.70

8.60 8.60

Perchloroethylene

PERC

THF

6.00

6.30

10.20

9.28

11.40

Methyl chloroform Trichloroethene TCE

10.70 9.00

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Photoionization Characteristics of Selected Compounds
Compound Name 1, 1, 2-trifluoroethane Trifluoroethene 1, 1, 1-trifluoro-2-iodoethane Trifluoroiodomethane Trifluoromethylbenzene Trifluoromethylcyclohexane 1, 1, 1-trifluoropropene Trimethylamine 1, 2, 3-trimethylbenzene 1, 2, 4-trimethylbenzene 1, 3, 5-trimethylbenzene 2, 2, 4-trimethyl pentane 2, 2, 4-trimethyl-3-pentanone n-valderaldehyde Vinyl acetate Vinyl benzene (styrene) Vinyl bromide Vinyl chloride 4-vinylcyclohexene Vinyl ethanoate Vinyl fluoride Vinylidene chloride Vinyl methyl ether o-vinyl toluene Water (H2O) o-xylene m-xylene p-xylene 2,4-xylidine Alternate Name Alternate Name Molar Sensitivity Relative Ionization to Benzene ( = 10.0) Potential with Different Lamps eV 9.5 eV 10.2 eV 11.7 eV 10.14 10.14 10.00 10.40 9.68 10.46 10.90 7.82 8.48 8.27 8.39 9.85 8.82 9.82 9.19 8.47 9.80 10.00 8.93 9.19 10.37 8.93 8.20 12.59 8.56 8.56 8.45 7.65 0.24

9.70 3.20 7.80

Chloroethylene

VCM

6.40

10.44 11.20 11.40

Notes: 1) The above molar sensitivities have been determined on a volume/volume basis, generally at a level of 100 ppm. 2) Molar sensitivities will vary from instrument to instrument and will be effected by field conditions such as humidity. 3) The highest level of accuracy for compounds will be achieved by utilizing standards prepared with the actual compounds to be measured. 4) Ionization potentials established by photoionization except those marked " * ", determined by electron impact

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