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Sustainability Dictionary

Sustainability Dictionary

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Published by: Michael Schmeida on Aug 14, 2011
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Tremco Incorporated

3735 Green Road • Beachwood, Ohio 44122 • 216-292-5000

Commercial Sealants and Waterproofing

Dictionary of Sustainable Terms and Players
August 2011
Please note: Not all terms may have their own entry. If logical, they may fall under a broader category. For example, South Coast (SC) and Bay Area (BA) are specific Air Quality Management Districts (AQMD) and as such are sub-listings to AQMD. All definitions are either directly from or based upon definitions found in industry through entities such as EPA, ASTM, ISO or other government entities or associations

• AIM: – Architectural and Industrial Maintenance Coatings –Coatings that provide either a means of protection, decorative purpose or finishing on a whole host of substrates. –Many subcategories including waterproofing membranes, primers/undercoaters, industrial sealers and specialty. – Generally you are bound to the VOC rules for the strictest possible use of your product. • AQMD: – Air Quality Management District –Regional subdivisions of CARB (over two dozen total) responsible for regional air quality plans, enforcements, etc. •SC (South Coast- the LA Area; Barry Wallerstein) •BA (Bay Area- San Francisco and Oakland Area; Jack Broadbent). – Set VOC rules, local CEQA (California Environmental Quality Act) policies • Architectural Sealants: –Sealants in containers >16 oz. • Article –An item that is in a cured/final state when shipped out, such as a gasket. – Does not require an MSDS today, will in future. • ASC – Adhesives and Sealants Council –North American association for our market –We hold chair on Government Relations Committee • ASHRAE: – American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers –Develop specifications and practice for energy use (HVAC, lighting density, etc). • Most pertinent standards are 62.1, 90.1 and 100.1 • 189.1 is the sustainable design guide • ASTM –Standards group based in US, referenced across most of world. –Committee E60 (Sustainability)

• CEC: – California Energy Commission –Sets energy performance standards and greenhouse gas reduction rules –Ownership of Title 24 (state energy code) • CEQ: – Chair for Environmental Quality (Nancy Sutley) –White House position intended to coordinate federal ecological policy and insure the administration’s wishes are carried out. – Taken by measuring energy to make a material. • CARB: – California Air Resources Board –Part of California EPA that sets and implements air quality plans.. by saving energy and thus reducing fuel burning or even by producing energy via a renewable means. –Often called “Eco Czarina” or “Czarina of the Environment” • Chemicals of Concern: –Chemicals which are possibly or known to be one or more of the following as categorized by one of about 30 government bodies: • Carcinogen • Interfere with reproduction • PBT’s • Especially harmful to children • Aquatic toxicity • Organ toxicity • Eye toxicity • Respiratory or skin sensitizer –Such chemicals include: • Phthalates • Chlorinated paraffins • Cyclosiloxanes . can have a zero-net carbon dioxide/GHG impact. including energy inherent to running lights.–Developing a building guide specification. • CDE – Carbon Dioxide Equivalency (or Emissions) –The amount of greenhouse gases measured as carbon dioxide generated in manufacturing a material. etc. as well as any by-products. environmental product declarations standard and other specs or guides • Brownfield: –A piece of property that has or is perceived to have contamination ranging from methane and radon to industrial solvents that may or may not require some type of special remediation or building to make it safely usable. •Carcinogen: Any substance that can cause or aggravate cancer. • Carbon Neutral: –The concept that a product or system. –Set VOC rules • Carbon footprint: –The total amount of GHG associated with the life cycle of a product. –CEQA (California Environmental Quality Act) owned by them. not just the equipment.

etc. carbon data.Building Product Manufacturers Alliance –Developing a Green Building Products Manufacturers Consortium (GBPMC) • Group of progressive. –Often diffused or filtered light to minimize direct solar heating of an area. –Sealants are considered consumer products for VOC purposes if they are sold in less than 16 oz. –Our “LEED Letters” are EPD’s –Would include any environmental attributes we publish such as recycled content. –NOTE: Contradicts some opinions that no windows are the most energy efficient way to build. –Note: This is an evolving definition and will likely come to mean more life cycle responsibility for manufacturers.Oak Ridge National Lab (Tennessee) • NREL. energy data. depending on the product. • “Eco-labeling Law” in Senate EPW (Sen. water use data. –Can vary from simple recycled content and VOC information to LCA and beyond. D-CA) .National Renewable Energy Lab (Colorado) • DTSC: – Department of Toxic Substance Control –Part of Cal-EPA that handles toxics issues. •The remodeling and restoration of buildings is a classic example of conservation as it recycles/reuses previously used materials. –Rules and market driving this to 3rd Party Validation. many more… • Conservation: –The practice of reserving limited resources for future use by reducing use. such as exposures. containers. • EPD: – Environmental Product Declaration –Statement of the eco-properties of a product. policy and industry leading companies from all sectors working to advance education and green products • Sponsored by CSI and EPA • Daylighting: –Use of natural light to illuminate work and living space. Feinstein.• • • Formaldehyde Some heavy metals Many. FTC Rule 260 or new ASTM Standard (coincides with FTC 260). • DOE: – Department of Energy (Stephen Chu) –“Owner” of most public research and policy creation on energy reduction/efficient design via work done in national labs –Coordinate efforts with other countries (NRCC in Canada) – Three biggest labs focused on buildings: • LBNL. • Consumer Product: –A product that is defined as being suitable for use by consumers either in application and/or packaging. –Generally reference either ISO 1402x. It will likely also come to encompass virtually all products over time. etc. land. • CSI-BPMA – Construction Specification Institute. reusing or recycling.Lawrence-Berkley National Lab (California) • ORNL. VOC.

–This system accounts for factors such as (based on 30 years of DOE and EPA research)… . –Integrating into LEED. CAA. such as exposures. – Works via action plans and other means to regulate control and eliminate materials • EO . green chemistry. • EC and HC: – Environment Canada and Health Canada –EC is Canadian Equivalent of US EPA –Developing or have Developed Rules on VOC. free and use an Excel template. most notably EPA Administrator Jackson. have said that all ecological issues.Insulation .• ASTM proposed Environmentally Preferred Products Standard and Green Building Standard Specification • IgCC Code • EPA’s Design for the Environment criteria • Green-washing backlash • Part of Cal-EPA that handles toxics issues. etc. minimal performance criteria. etc. –Scale of relative performance from 0 – 100 (50 is average). • EnergyStar™: –Program administered by EPA to promote products.000 buildings registered in the world (need to be in top quarter). – Includes design guidelines. Cyclosiloxane. –Referenced in much pending legislation as the report card for a buildings energy performance.Utility usage surveys and inputs –Over 1. be it VOC.Sealing .000. • Eco-efficiency –LCA plus the economic analysis (savings and costs) of a product over the life cycle. Chlorinated Paraffins &Toxics here or coming soon. are all related/the same and will be treated as one single issue. Climate Change. • Can be thought of as LCA plus the value model • “Ecological Issues are No Longer Separate” –Many regulators/politicos. VOC. Water.Shading . systems and buildings that use less energy than most alternatives. • EE: – Embodied Energy – The energy inherent through the life cycles of a material. –Wholly supported in Canada by NRCC –Ties into Rating System… • EnergyStar Rating System for Buildings: –System and related tools designed to promote reductions in whole building energy usage.Climate data . • EPA – Environmental Protection Agency (Lisa Jackson) –Body setting and enforcing environmental and toxics policy –Oversee WaterSense and EnergyStar –Oversee TSCA. CWA –Set federal guide rules for air. –DOE provides scientific background/support. –The tools are web based. Can be positive or negative in any life phase and/or over the whole life.Roof properties . toxicity.

temperature. –Surveys show credibility a major issue (USGBC). performance claims. Biggert (R-IL) . than the next best alternate while maintaining performance. etc. black carbon (soot) and minor others. • House CEC – Committee on Energy and Commerce –Rep. • House SCEIGW – Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming –House co-owner of climate legislation –The major committee right now on ecological and energy policy • HPBCCC – High Performance Building Congressional Caucus and Coalition –Co-founded by Rep. nitrous oxide. Sutton (D-OH. • Green-washing –The miss-stating or misuse of facts involving the ecological properties of a product. –Include carbon dioxide. in a city. etc. etc. etc. HCFC’s. • Exempt Solvent: –A solvent that “doesn’t count as a VOC” because it has a low vapor pressure/rate of evaporation as defined by EPA. • FTC: – Federal Trade Commission –Responsible for setting and enforcing rules on commerce. ozone/smog. • GWP – Global Warming Potential –The strength of any one substance to act as a GHG –Measured versus CO2 • Heat Island Effect: –The impact on local wildlife. Carnahan (D-MO) and Rep. climate. advertising. methane. marketing claims. –Often used to get something done in government w/o an act of Congress –Often times meant to serve as an example of broader desired policy. pavement. due to the heat sink of concrete. –Rule 260 for ecological claims • GHG – GreenHouse Gases –Substances known to contribute to the retention of solar heat in the atmosphere. • Green Chemistry: –A concept that should be called responsible or sustainable chemistry –The practice of using chemicals that are less toxic. persistent. Copley) a more influential member –House co-owner of climate legislation and chemical reform –Well connected to SCEIGW and together proving very influential.– Executive Order –Mandate from the US President directing the heads of the departments and administrations to “make it be”. water vapor.

Blumenauer (D-OR).–Rep. Fudge (D-OH. –Developing the International Green Construction Code (IgCC). envelope construction. (D-OH. Mold Spores. ASHRAE. –DOE. Viruses/Bacteria. IL. Warrensville Hts. MI and WI –Set VOC/air quality regulations • LCA: – Life Cycle Analysis –The calculated ecological impact of a product over all the stages of a product life –Stages: • Raw material acquisition (The “Cradle”) • Raw material transport • Material manufacturing and transport • Material install and functional life • Material removal and recycle/disposal (The “Cradle” or “Grave”) • LEED: – Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design –A rating system for the green-ness of a building . • Off-gassing. CRRC all major supporters.) are members –Group of individuals from industry associations (the coalition) and Congress (the caucus) pushing for better building requirements. EPA. Smoke (Cooking and Cigarette). low-emitting material use and compartmentalization helps mitigate this. • LADCO: – Lake Michigan Air Directors Consortium –Regional Air Quality Board for OH. Allergens and Dust –Proper HVAC construction. –RPM-BSG represented via CSW and Dryvit (only direct industry representation) • IAQ: –Indoor Air Quality –EPA work shows that the most polluted air you breathe is inside. •Coordinated well with ASTM efforts • ISO: – International Standards Organization –Standards development group originating in Europe that leads most of the environmental development standards development worldwide • Environmental series of standards is ISO-140xx series • Jurisdiction: –The authority to enforce laws or pronounce legal judgments –Often stricter as you work down from national to local for environmental and health issues. Rep. Cleveland) and Rep. Kucinich. IN. • ICC – International Code Council –Industry and government group that develops the base code used in over 90% of the US.

Gut and rebuild) • Sub-programs –Schools and Hospitals most common – EB. remains) – CS.: Bentonite Clay. plumbing. holds 90%+ of AZ population –Primary concern to us is their VOC rules • MOE.New Construction • Program we are all most familiar with • New Building or Building that is being significantly overhauled (ex. . • LEED Certified: – A building that has been built and paperwork submitted and recognized as meeting a LEED programs minimum requirements for a “green building” • LEED Systems: – NC. Rocks • NIBS – National Institute of Building Sciences –Non-profit consortium working to promote intelligent building design – Home of The Building Enclosure Council (BEC).Neighborhood Developments • For mixed use neighborhood construction and major urban renewal projects – LEED Systems Categories for Credits: • Sustainable Site Planning (SS) • Water Efficiency (WE) • Energy and Atmosphere (EA) • Conservation of Materials & Resources (MR) • Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) • Innovation & Design Process (ID) • Maricopa County. MOH – Ministry of the Environment and Ministry of Health –Provincial equivalents of EC and HC –Most concerned about ON. etc. understands basic construction practice and job responsibilities and passes a test administered by USGBC.Commercial Interiors • For leasing occupants finishing their interior space for occupation. QC.• LEED AP: – LEED Accredited Professional – Someone who has taken course work in sustainable design. –Homes: • For new home construction and major home renovation.Core and Shell • For owners leasing out unfinished space to tenants – CI. BC • Naturally Abundant Material –A raw material of which we have a near limitless supply. – ND. –Ex.e. AZ: –County that includes Phoenix.Existing Building • Building is 5+ years old and functionally left intact (i.

MA. conditions. –Transfer rather easily among air. MD. sources. Most bottles for chemicals) .VA. • OEHHA •Office of Environmental Health Hazards Assessment • Specific office within DTSC that is managing the green chemistry program. –Can also be your allies if you align properly with the right ones and work with them to a common understanding. –Often the groups that are forcing policy forward at the fast rate. • PCR: – Product Category Rules –Basic assumptions. they work up the food chain to humans. RI. VT. water. • Plastic Types: 1: PET (Plastic water bottles)2: HDPE (Most plastic bags. used to do a complete LCA or other detailed eco-assessment. and generations. NJ. DC. DE. • Staffed with scientists. and land –Span boundaries of regulatory programs. uses.North America) agree upon.• NRCC – National Research Council of Canada –Government owner of energy research and policy in Canada –Canadian administrator of EnergyStar and other programs –Coordinate efforts heavily with DOE • Non-Profits • Why care about them? –Have the most pull right now in environmental policy. PA. • Notables: –Sierra Club: • Very active in California. CT. etc. –Best PCR’s are those which a whole industry in one geography (ex. NH and ME –Set VOC and air quality rules • PBT: – Persistent Bioaccumulative Toxins –Since these persist and bioaccumulate. • Ownership of Prop 65 • OTC: – Ozone Transport Commission –Regional Air Quality Board for N. toxicologists. one of biggest lobbies • Progressive stance –GreenPeace: • Most aggressive stance – Environmental Defense Fund (EDF): • Quite active in DC • Among most “corporation-friendly” and moderate • Working with/spotlighting companies that are doing this on their own and helping bridge the gap between radical environmentalism and corporations. NY. etc. geography.

without treatment. –Emphasis due to support of local economy and reductions in carbon footprint due to minimal transport. Corn & Wheat Grass • REACH – Registration. used for cooking. manufactured.Have been used through their meaningful life.3: Vinyl (Some cosmetics) 4: LDPE (Some bags. –Single use primers regulated by that use’s rule • Product Stewardship: –Idea that a manufacturer has regulatory responsibility for a product from the point of manufacture. etc. through distribution/sale and even through installation/use.: Soy. Bingaman. Bamboo. etc. • Note: This is an evolving definition and will likely come to mean more life cycle responsibility for manufacturers. • Recycled Content –The amount of base materials (should be reported by weight) that are another finished good that has reached the end of it’s useful life. eliminate. –Establish how much and what can be shipped in and sold of any chemical –Used as tool to regulate. within 500 miles. etc.Have not fulfilled there useful life but could. • Recyclable Content –The materials are able to be separated and recycled so long as facilities are present. waste content. • Regionally Available Materials: –Those which are harvested. • Rapidly Renewable Raw Material –A raw material that comes from source with a full life cycle of <10 years. toxics and other chemicals of concern. –Ex. • Pre-Consumer/Post-Industrial. plastic wrap) 5: PP (Non-clear food containers 6: PS (Food containers) 7: Other/Mixed (Can include biodegradable plastics such as PLA) • Potable Water: –Water which is safe enough in bacteria. –NOTE: “Rework” does not count. mined. • Post-Consumer. –Other kinds of water: • Gray water: Not fit for consumption but can still be used for flushing. be it due to pollution. D-NM) –Senate owner of energy legislation • Senate EPW . Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals – Program in the European Union Countries (EU) requiring that all chemicals in all products be registered with the EU and formulations be provided to EU regulators for monitoring how much of any chemical is being sold. laundering or other use that would result in ingestion or prolonged contact with the skin. irrigation. • Primers and VOC: –Multi-use primers fall under the category with the strictest rule. • Senate ENR – Energy and Natural Resources Committee (Sen. toxics and solids to be consumed. • Black water: Water that needs treated for any use. etc.

• USGBC: – United States Green Building Council –Non-profit that oversees LEED and is the lobby for additional sustainable design laws and regulations. • SCAQMD Rule #1168 (Agrees with CARB) –Less than 4% by weight consumer sized • BAAQMD Regulation 8. Boxer. –All GBC’s worldwide are licensees/affiliates of USGBC • VOC: – Volatile Organic Compound –Typically a hydrocarbon solvent such as mineral spirits. Baucus.– Environmental and Public Works Committee (Sen. – Chronic toxicity is the ability of a substance or mixture to cause harmful effects over an extended period. well tied and coordinated • Finance (Sen. also pushing TSCA reform). –Almost everything (exceptions are articles) have VOC or the possibility of having VOC. » Everything is meant to breakdown/deteriorate over time without additional energy. regulations getting tighter. – Subchronic toxicity is the ability of the substance to cause effects for more than one year but less than the lifetime of the exposed organism. –Regulated everywhere. • SRI –Solar Reflectance Index –A calculated measure of a surfaces ability to mitigate the heat island effect based on: • Emissivity: Ability of the surface to absorb light (visible and non-visible wavelengths) and convert into heat • Reflectivity: Ability of a surface to reflect light (visible and non-visible wavelengths). –Strictest VOC Rules/Most Referenced: –Sealants.no process is 100%! • Sustainably Harvested: –Non-rapidly renewable item which is “managed” such that there is never a scarcity. • It is a relative term… there is no 100% sustainable. – Acute toxicity involves harmful effect through a single or short-term exposure. –Cause of ground level ozone and smog. D-MT) • Appropriations (Sen. –Ex. • Sustainability/Sustainable Building: – Practice of designing and then subsequently constructing and using a building that is balance optimized to account for the Social. Lautenberg. etc. •Toxicity: The degree to which a substance or mixture can harm humans or animals. Most Wood (FSC Certified). Rule 51 (Agrees with CARB) –Less than 250 g/L in “big containers” . D-NJ. D-CA) –Senate owner of climate legislation –Very powerful committee. Adhesives. • Repeated or continuous exposure sometimes lasting for the entire life of the exposed organism. –This would defy the laws of physics as it would require 100% efficiency. toluene or xylene. Ecological and Economic (SEE) aspects of the building and its components.

): –A sealant that requires the release of solvent or water to reach it’s final state. etc.1.0%/wt. –Reference test is CDPH 01350 • WaterSense™: –EPA program to promote products and systems that use less water –Currently only covers faucets. worst case.3. “One man’s trash is another man’s treasure.SCAQMD AIM (#1113) Rule –New Consumer Product Sealant Related Definitions and Levels for VOC (CARB): • Chemically Curing (12/31/12. • 100 g/L. –Latexes. etc.” –Redirecting wastes for recycling. toilets. –Relatively new. etc. burn for energy (also called fuel blending).): –A sealant that undergoes a chemical reaction/reaches it’s final state once applied that is not dependant on the release of solvent. . reuse or. Solvent Release (ex. Silicones • Non-Chemically Curing (12/31/10. Membranes.–Coatings. –Urethanes. • Zero-Landfill –Operating under the old saying. 830. growing fast (1500% funding increase) – Water conservation has recently been designated a top level eco-concern in a recent poll of regulators. Butyl.) – • VOE – Volatile Organic Emissions –Chemicals that come off a material after installation. Hybrids. – The next generation of VOC regulation as IAQ becomes a bigger concern.5%/wt. often for weeks or months –Commonly thought of as that “new building smell”.

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