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Published by: Tabrak Khan on Aug 15, 2011
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JIM CASY’S REFLECTION OF POVERTY AS SEEN IN JOHN STEINBECK’S THE GRAPES OF WRATH

THESIS

Presented to Dr. Soetomo University In partial fulfillment of the requirement For the degree of Sarjana in English Literature

By Putera Meidwieka Kanofi NIM 2007610015

DR. SOETOMO UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF LETTERS ENGLISH DEPARTMENT SURABAYA - 2011

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APPROVAL SHEET

This is to certify that the Sarjana’s thesis of Putera Meidwieka Kanofi has been approved by the thesis advisor for further approval by the Board of Examiners.

Surabaya, 3 August 2011 Advisor I

Dra. Budiati, M. Pd. NIDN.0718055101

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APPROVAL SHEET This is to certify that the Sarjana’s thesis of Putera Meidwieka Kanofi has been approved by the Board of Examiners as the requirement for the degree of Sarjana in English Literature on August 9th, 2011.

Dra. Budiati, M.Pd, Chair NIDN.0718055101

Cahyaningsih Pujimahanani, S.S, M.Si, Member NIDN.0715067401

Drs. Susilo Pramono, S.H, M.Si, Member NIDN. 0727015001

Acknowledged by Head, English Department

Approved by Dean, Faculty of Letters

Drs. Putut Handoko, M.Pd NIDN. 0716036601

Drs. Syamsuri Ariwibowo, M.Pd NIDN. 0720105502

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DEDICATION This thesis is proudly dedicated to: My beloved parents Sujiono and Noor Safitri Atik My lovely brother and sister Dimas Fikri Eka Febriono and Nofika Dewi Shaliha

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ABSTRACT

Kanofi, Putera M. 2011. Jim Casy’s Reflection of Poverty as Seen in John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath. Thesis. English Department, Faculty of Letters, Dr. Soetomo University. Advisor : Dra. Budiati, M. Pd. Keywords: Poverty and liberation theology, The research entitled Jim Casy’s Reflection of Poverty as Seen in John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath focuses on how JimCasy reflects liberation theology in poverty. This research is aimed to find out the causes of poverty and to identify how far Jim Casy reflects liberation theology. This research employs the concept of character, types of character, methods of characterization. Besides the literary theories, this research also applies the concept of liberation theology and the causes of poverty based on liberation theology. The research is conducted through qualitative approach. The data of this research are taken from John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath. The procedures of data analysis are written in deductive and inductive technique of writing. The finding shows that there are three causes of poverty. The first cause of poverty is the bank and company which driving out the tenant farmers including Joad’s family from their land. The second cause is the police and elite authority abuse their power to serve the land owners. The third is the churches that are in status quo to support the oppression to the marginal people. The research also identifies to what extent Jim Casy reflects liberation theology. The first Jim Casy’s reflection of liberation theology is when Jim Casy wants to preach the California citizens who have discriminated the okies as sub-human in California. The second reflection is when Jim Casy decides to join Joad’s family and other migrant labors to take real action. The third reflection when Jim Casy tries to reinterpret Bible with the real condition of the poor. The fourth reflection of his liberation theology is when Jim Casy leads the strike against the unjust land owner and elite authority.

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ABSTRAK

Kanofi, Putera M. 2011. Refleksi Jim Casy Terhadap Kemiskinan dalam karya John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath. Skripsi. Sastra Inggris, Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Dr. Soetomo. Pembimbing : Dra. Budiati, M. Pd. Kata kunci: Kemiskinan dan teologi pembebasan Penelitian ini berjudul Refleksi Jim Casy Terhadap Kemiskinan dalam karya John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath berfokus pada bagaimana Jim Casy merefleksikan teologi pembebasan pada kemiskinan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mencari penyebab-penyebab kemiskinan dan untuk mengidentifikasi seberapa jauh Jim Casy merefleksikan teologi pembebasan. Penelitian ini menggunakan konsep karakter, tipe-tipe karakter, metode karakterisasi. Disamping teori sastra, penelitian ini juga mengggunakan konsep teologi pembebasan dan penyebab-penyebab kemiskinan berdasar teologi pembebasan. Penelitian ini dilakukan melalui pendekatan kualitatif. Data yang digunakan diambil dari novel The Grapes of Wrath karya dari John Steinbeck. Tekhnik-tekhnik penganalisaan data ditulis dalam bentuk induktif dan deduktif. Penemuan-penemuan menunjukkan ada tiga penyebab kemiskinan . Penyebab pertama adalah bank dan perusahaan yang mengusir petani garapan termasuk keluarga Joad pergi dari lahan mereka. Penyebab kedua adalah polisi dan elite kekuasaan menyalahgunakan kekuasaanya untuk melayani para tuan tanah. Penyebab ketiga bahwa gereja berada pada status quo. Ada empat refleksi Jim Casy dalam teologi pembebasan. Refleksi Jim Casy terhadap teologi pembebasan yang pertama adalah ketika Jim Casy ingin mengkhotbahi warga California yang mendiskriminasi para okies sebagai bukan manusia. Refleksi Jim Casy yang kedua ketika Jim Casy memutuskan untuk bergabung degan keluarga Joad dan para buruh migran lain untuk mengambil aksi nyata. Refleksi Jim Casy yang ketiga Jim Casy mencoba menafsirkan Injil dengan kondisi nyata dari kemiskinan. Refleksi Jim Casy terhadap teologi pembasan keempat ketika Jim Casy memimpin pemogokan melawan tuan tanah dan elite kekuasaan yang tidak adil.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Bismillahirrahmanirrahim. Firstly, all praise is to Allah, Lord of the world, king of the king, the mercifuland the beneficent who has given me a drop of knowledge with a million powers and patience. Peace and salutation may always be granted to our noble Muhammad SAW, through his endless mediation that I am recognized as a true Moslem. Alhamdulillahirabbil’alamin, because of that divine of bestowed from Allah, Iam finally able to finish this thesis entitled Jim Casy’s Reflection of Poverty as Seen in John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath : Liberation Theology as the requirement for the degree of S1 inEnglish Department Faculty of Letters Dr. Soetomo University Surabaya. In addition, along in process of finishing this thesis I would like to dedicate mybest thanks to: 1. Dra. Budiati, MPd. as my advisor who has guided me and spent a lotof time and thought on checking my thesis. 2. My lovely father, mother, brother, and sister and all my family, thanks for prays, loves, supports, understandings, and affections. 3. Abah Haji Haryono who always patient accompanying and guiding me to complete my thesis. 4. My dearest friends of Mam Atik’s advisor: Farid, Ruli, Mas Budi, Mbak Prita and Erisa.

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5. All my wonder friends in English Class 07: Nyoman “nyemot”, Adit “gondrong”, Fendi “colenk”, Roy”colenk 2”, Azizah “Zee”, Jo, Betsy, Desi,Devina,Fatma, Tere, Pak Adi, Mbak Nita,”Ning” Zuhro. I’ll miss our togetherness! 6. All my crazy friends in Abah Haji Haryono’s House: Tabrani”Tabrak Khan”, Bagus “Regas”, MbakVerlin, Aisyah and Adit “Gondrong”. I’ll miss our craziness’! 7. My best friends on UKKI Unitomo: Dana(FT/2008), Imam(FH/2008), Subaidi (FE/2009),Putu(FS/2009), Afif (FT/2010), Heri (FKIP/2008), Mas

Ibrahim(FT/2006), Rahadian Sensei, Mizan, Mbak Eva,HayatikaUkkiyanus (FIKOM/2007), Pak Kaderin and everyone who have supports me to finish this thesis. Thank you very much guys! Last but not least, I invite the reader’s suggestions and critics responding tothe presence research of my thesis. Hopefully, this research will give many advantages for all of people who much concern in English Language. Alhamdulilahirobbil’alamin….

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE........................................................................................................ i APPROVAL SHEET ........................................................................................... ii APPROVAL SHEET BY THE THESIS EXAMINERS .................................... iii DEDICATION .................................................................................................. iv ABSTRACT ........................................................................................................ v ACKNOWLEDGMENT .................................................................................... vii TABLE OF CONTENT ..................................................................................... ix CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION ...................................................................... 1 A. Background of the Study....................................................................... 1 B. Statement of the Problems .................................................................... 7 C. Objective of the Study .......................................................................... 7 D. Significance of the Study ...................................................................... 7 E. Scope and Limitation .......................................................................... 8 F. Definition of Key Term ........................................................................ 8 G. Organization of Thesis ........................................................................ 8 CHAPTER II THEORETICAL BACKGROUND ......................................... 10 A. Character ........................................................................................... 10 B. Types of character .............................................................................. 11 C. Methods of Characterization ............................................................... 12 D. The Idea of Liberation Theology ........................................................ 15 CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ........................................... 19 A. Research Approach ..................................................................... 19 B. Source of Data .............................................................................. 19 C. Technique of Data Collecting ....................................................... 20 D. Technique of Data Analysis .......................................................... 20 CHAPTER IV ANALYSIS .............................................................................. 23 A. The causes of poverty in John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath ............ 23 1. The exploitative economics system ...................................................... 23

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2. The repressive politics system .............................................................. 26 3. The socio-dominative system ................................................................ 26 B. To what extent Jim Casy’s reflection of liberation theology in John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath ....................................................... 34 1. Answering those who (non persons) whose faith is threatened by destructive forces ............................................................................... 34 2. Starting from this world of oppression and action-oriented ................ 35 3. Built from the ground, from the position of the marginalized and exploited ............................................................................................ 38 4. The liberation theology is focused on the renewal of political world ... 41 CHAPTER V CONCLUSION ......................................................................... 44 BIBLIOGRAPHY ............................................................................................... APPENDICES .....................................................................................................

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Jim Casy’s Reflection of Poverty as Seen in John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath

THESIS

By: Putera Meidwieka Kanofi NIM 2007610015

DR. SOETOMO UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF LETTERS ENGLISH DEPARTMENT SURABAYA 2011

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