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Before we go on to our project on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) undertaken by National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), we would first like to introduce the concept of CSR. So that we have a clear understanding of what is CSR and its importance and need. This would facilitate in understanding the CSR of NTPC. All organisations have an impact on the society and the environment through their operations, products or services, and through their interactions with key stakeholder groups including employees, customers/clients, suppliers, investors and the local community. This is demonstrated in the diagram given below.
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress
Now this is where the need for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) arises. Why? Because business has an impact on the society. So, what is meant by CSR? Why is it important for an organisation to undertake CSR? All this is explained as follows.
Meaning of Corporate Social Responsibility
There is no single commonly accepted notion of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). CSR means many things but it usually centres on the concept of “sustainable development”. It has been described/defined in many ways:
CSR is described as “how business takes account of its economic, social and environmental impacts in the way it operates – maximizing the benefits and minimizing the downsides”. In other words, it is about taking responsibility for the impact of our business on all those who are affected by it.
According to World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), CSR is “the continuining commitment by the business to behave ethically and to contribute to economic development while improving the quality of life of the workforce and their families as well as local community and society at large”
Business for Social Responsibility suggests the idea of CSR relates to businessdecision making linked to ethical values, compliance with legal requirements and respect for people, communities and the environment, in a manner that meets or exceeds ethical, legal, commercial and public expectations, that society has of business.
Under these and most other definitions CSR is essentially about what organisations do, how they do it and the impact of their behaviour on the wider society. It focuses on a variety of issues ranging from actions in the workplace and marketplace to questions such as community investment, environment impact, business ethics and human rights. Thus CSR can be summed up as follows: • A voluntary activity in excess of legal compliance
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • • • • Acting in an ethical values Creating positive working environment for employees Giving back to the local community and the society at large Minimising the adverse impact of the operations of the company on the environment
Importance of Corporate Social Responsibility
Every business needs to recognise the impact of its operations on the world. The way they do business dictates the footprint they leave behind. If they take the time to “maximise the benefits and minimise the downsides” then they can help to create a better world. Corporate social responsibility in business isn’t just a do-gooders’ charter or latest example of regulatory overdrive. It is about creating sustainable businesses through the best possible relationships with their communities and stakeholders. The expectations of the traditional stakeholders – shareholders, customers, and employees are increasing and so, too, is the list of groups wanting to know how an organisation is run. As a result, more and more companies are working harder not only to make a positive impact on society and the environment through their operations, products or services, but also to demonstrate it to these groups. A comprehensive set of policies, practices and programmes incorporated throughout a business can increase productivity, contribute to competitiveness, improve staff recruitment and retention rates and create a more positive corporate image. Unfortunately, many companies only use the responsible business approach as a risk management tool. This limits the benefits that could be achieved through focusing on opportunity rather than risk. Socially responsible business is not about restricting business growth; it’s about creating new opportunities, the better way of doing business.
• • Human Resources. Environment Community.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The main aim of the research was to examine how far the notion of Corporate Social Responsibility has permeated the NTPC organisation in both attitudinal and behavioural sense. ethical and environmental issues and to investigate what actions have been taken by the enterprise in pursuit of a more socially responsible approach. ethical and environment 4 . The research was designed to focus specifically on a number of key areas. These include: • • Understanding of and attitude of CSR Actions taken in pursuit of a more socially responsible approach especially relating to. beliefs and assumptions of NTPC with regard to social. The essence of the research study was to explore the underlying attitudes. at local and national level Structural arrangements for CSR Barriers to involvement in social.
NTPC occupies 411th place. power equipment manufacturing. It has diversified into hydro power. In Forbes list of World’s 2000 Largest Companies for the year 2007. coal mining. power trading & 5 . the largest power Company in India. NTPC has installed capacity of 29. was setup in 1975 to accelerate power development in the country. It is among the world’s largest and most efficient power generation companies. oil & gas exploration. It has 15 coal based power stations (23.395 MW).000 MW company by 2017.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress NTPC. It plans to be a 75.394 MW. NTPC has gone beyond the thermal power generation. The company has power generating facilities in all major regions of the country.794 MW).955 MW) and 4 power stations in Joint Ventures(1. 7 gas based power stations (3.
In November 2004. With its experience and expertise in the power sector. NTPC is among the largest five companies in India in terms of market capitalization.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress distribution. NTPC is now in the entire power value chain and is poised to become an Integrated Power Major.50% of the total power generation of the country during 2007-08. NTPC is extending consultancy services to various organisations in the power business. NTPC's share on 31 Mar 2008 in the total installed capacity of the country was 19.25% as offer for sale by Government of India. NTPC has set new benchmarks for the power industry both in the area of power plant construction and operations. NTPC thus became a listed company with Government holding 89. It provides consultancy in the area of power plant constructions and power generation to companies in India and abroad.25% as fresh issue and 5. NTPC came out with its Initial Public Offering (IPO) consisting of 5. The issue was a resounding success.5% of the equity share capital and rest held by Institutional Investors and Public. 6 .1% and it contributed 28.
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Recognising its excellent performance and vast potential.a potential global giant. powering India's growth. NTPC is well on its way to realise its vision of being "A world class integrated power major. Government of the India has identified NTPC as one of the jewels of Public Sector 'Navratnas'. Inspired by its glorious past and vibrant present. with increasing 7 .
integrating multiple energy resources with innovative & Eco-friendly technologies and contribution to the society Core Values .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Vision A world class integrated power major. Mission Develop and provide reliable power related products and services at competitive prices. powering India's growth with increasing global presence.BCOMIT • • • • • • Business ethics Customer Focus Organizational & Professional Pride Mutual Respect & Trust Innovation & Speed Total Quality for Excellence 8 .
financial strength and large experience serve to provide an advantage over competitors.000 MW by 2017. Total Capacity Portfolio India's generation capacity can be expected to grow from the current levels of about 120 GW to about 225-250 GW by 2017. NTPC would endeavour to maintain or improve its share of India's generating capacity. including few integrated coal cum power projects. NTPC would continue to closely monitor developments on nuclear front also and be open to setting up around 2000 MW of Nuclear power generation capacity. NTPC would continue to set up large pit-head coal based projects. To meet the objective of making available reliable and quality power at competitive prices. NTPC would continue to speedily implement projects and introduce stateof-art technologies. Towards this end. A first step in this direction has already been taken with the investment in Koldam Hydro Power Project.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Future Of The Generation Business Developing and operating world-class power stations is NTPC's core competence. possibly through a Joint Venture. both in terms of availability and prices. This is also reflected in the high share of coal-based capacities in NTPC's current portfolio. Fuel / Energy Mix For Capacity Addition Currently. NTPC currently accounts for about 20% of the country's installed capacity and almost 60% of the total installed capacity in the Central sector in the country. With high uncertainties involved in Domestic gas/ LNG. coal has a dominant share in the power generation capacities in India. To reduce the dependence on fossil fuels. NTPC would also consider other energy sources such as 9 . Going forward. Its scale of operation. NTPC would target to build an overall capacity portfolio of over 66. in its target to remain the largest generating utility of India. NTPC would avail of opportunities to add hydropower to its portfolio subject to competitive tariffs. As a leader in power generation. there is a need to push for renewable sources of power in the sector.
NTPC is also giving thrust on diversification in the areas of power trading and distribution. this focus was adequate as the industry was highly regulated with limited diversification opportunities. In fact. In the past. Operations & Maintenance services. though not very significantly. NTPC has taken on a new identity and a new name 'NTPC Limited'. it is essential for NTPC to establish its brand equity in overseas markets. NTPC has moved ahead in diversifying its portfolio to emerge as an integrated power major. Over last few years. NTPC would continue to evaluate various 10 . While a decision on the fuel/energy mix for NTPC in the future would be largely governed by their relative tariff-competitiveness. severely affecting optimum utilisation of its power stations and these shortages are likely to continue in future as well. Diversification would also allow NTPC to offer new growth opportunities to its employees while leveraging their skills to capitalise on new opportunities in the sector. NTPC has recently diversified into coal mining business primarily to secure its fuel requirements and support its aggressive capacity addition program. Going forward. etc for future development thereby reducing the dependence on thermal fuels.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress biomass. Establishing A Global Presence To become a truly global company serving global markets. This is in spite of the fact that India is one of the largest producers of coal in the World. NTPC would continue to focus on offering Engineering & Project Management Services. the country has been facing acute shortages. Diversification Along The Value Chain NTPC has achieved the distinction of being the largest thermal generating company in India. both in coal and gas. Establishing a successful services brand would be a precursor to taking higher investment decisions in different markets. cogeneration. In addition. the fuel mix in 2017 may be different from the existing portfolio. to symbolise this change. fuel cells. and Renovation & Modernization services in the international market. with presence across entire energy value chain. To safeguard its competitive advantage in power generation business.
Elements of the revised profile that NTPC would seek to achieve are: • • • • • • • • Amongst top five market capitalisation in the Indian market An Indian MNC with presence in many countries Diversified utility with multiple businesses Setting benchmarks in project construction and plant availability & efficiency Preferred employer Have a strong research and technology base Loyal customer base in both bulk and retail supply A leading corporate citizen with a keen focus on executing its social –responsibility 11 . Circa 2017: NTPC's Corporate Profile By the year 2017. NTPC would have successfully diversified its generation mix. As a result NTPC would have altered its profile significantly. acquisition of gas blocks etc.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress options for strengthening its presence in global markets including setting up power generation capacity. diversified across the power value chain and entered overseas markets.
NTPC has set up 15 project training centres. As part of post employment training and development opportunities. Besides a comprehensive one year training comprising theoretical inputs as well as on-thejob training.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress NTPC believes in achieving organizational excellence through Human Resources and follows "People First" approach to leverage the potential of its 23. Culture building and Systems building pramod. Commitment building. 2 simulator training centres and an apex institute namely 'Power Management Institute' (PMI). Chemistry. Civil. Human Resources Function has formulated an integrated HR strategy which rests on four building blocks of HR viz.500 employees to fulfill its business plans. a systematic Training plan has been formulated for ensuring minimum seven man days training per employee per year and includes level-wise planned intervention designed to groom people for assuming positions of higher responsibility. While the project training centres 12 . Competence building. All HR initiatives are undertaken within this broad framework to actualize the HR Vision of "enabling the employees to be a family of committed world class professionals making NTPC a learning organization. the new recruits are also attached with senior executives under a systematic and formal 'Mentoring System' of the company to integrate them into the Culture of the company. HR and Finance disciplines also. as well as specific need-based interventions based on scientific Training Needs Analysis. Control & Instrumentation and now encompasses Computer Science." To induct talent and groom them into a dedicated cadre of power professionals "Executive Trainee" Scheme was introduced in the year 1977 for recruitment in the disciplines of Mechanical. Electrical.
medical and recreational opportunities for employees and their family members. NTPC Open Competition for Executive Talent (NOCET) is organized every year in which teams of executives compete annually through oral and written presentation on a topical theme. Pilani (B. health & well-being and social security systems leading to high level of commitment. PMI places emphasis on management development. Gurgaon (Executive MBA programme). BITS. The motivation to perform and excel is further enhanced through a comprehensive NTPC Rewards and Recognition system. Besides a management journal called "Horizon" is published quarterly to enable employees to share their ideas and experiences across the organization. In order to tap the latent talent among non executives and make use of their potential for creativity and innovation. Besides opportunities for long term education are also provided through tie ups with reputed Institutions like IIT. MDI.Tech in Power Generation Technology). NTPC has developed strong employee welfare. Similarly "Professional Circles" have been formed department-wise where Executives of the department meet every fortnight to share their knowledge and experiences and discuss topical issues. Quality Circles have been set up in various units/offices in NTPC. NTPC offers best quality-of-life through beautiful townships with all amenities such as educational.Tech) etc. Demonstrating its high concern for people. In order to realize the HR Vision of making NTPC by a a learning providing number of Organization new capabilities opportunities to continually learn initiatives have been taken. A culture of celebrating achievements and a strong focus on 13 . In order to institutionalize a strong Culture based on Values a number of initiatives are taken to actualize the Vision and Core Values (BCOMIT) across the company. Delhi.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress (Employee Development Centres) have specialized in imparting technical skills and knowledge. (M.
the gaps in their competencies which they can bridge through suitable support from company. These Centers give a good insight to the employees about their strengths and weaknesses. NTPC has institutionalized "Development Centers" in the company to systematically diagnose the current and potential competency requirements of the employees with the objective of enhancing their development in a planned manner. Due to innovative people management practices there is a high level of pride and commitment amongst employees as reflected in the various external surveys including Great Places to Work for in India in which NTPC was rated third Great Place to work for in the country in 2005. 14 .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress performance are a way of life in NTPC.
The policy also envisages efficient utilisation of resources. Environment Policy & Environment Management System Driven by its commitment for sustainable growth of power. thereby minimising waste. Environment Management. maximising ash utilisation and providing green belt all around the plant for maintaining ecological balance. Occupational Health and Safety Systems NTPC has actively gone for adoption of best international practices on environment. maintenance of ecological balance and a pristine environment has been of utmost importance to NTPC. The organization has pursued the Environmental 15 . adoption of latest technologies and continual environment improvement.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Harmony between man and environment is the essence of healthy life and growth. It has been taking various measures discussed below for mitigation of environment pollution due to power generation. Amongst the guiding principles adopted in the document are company's proactive approach to environment. The NEP 2006 has since been approved by the Union Cabinet in May 2006. Therefore. NTPC brought out a comprehensive document entitled "NTPC Environment Policy and Environment Management System". NTPC Environment Policy: As early as in November 1995. NTPC has evolved a well defined environment management policy and sound environment practices for minimising environmental impact arising out of setting up of power plants and preserving the natural ecology. National Environment Policy: At the national level. optimum utilisation of equipment. occupational health and safety areas. the Ministry of Environment and Forests had prepared a draft Environment Policy (NEP) and the Ministry of Power along with NTPC actively participated in the deliberations of the draft NEP.
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Management System (EMS) ISO 14001 and the Occupational Health and Safety Assessment System OHSAS 18001 at its different establishments. various state-of-the-art pollution control systems / devices as discussed below have been installed to control air and water pollution. all NTPC power stations have been certified for ISO 14001 & OHSAS 18001 by reputed national and international Certifying Agencies. Flue Gas Stacks: Tall Flue Gas Stacks have been provided for wide dispersion of the gaseous emissions (SOX. Coal Settling Pits / Oil Settling Pits: 16 . NTPC integrates many environmental provisions into the plant design. Low-NOX Burners: In gas based NTPC power stations. NOX etc) into the atmosphere. Electrostatic Precipitators: The ash left behind after combustion of coal is arrested in high efficiency Electrostatic Precipitators (ESPs) and particulate emission is controlled well within the stipulated norms. by adopting best combustion practices. In order to ensure that NTPC comply with all the stipulated environment norms. As a result of pursuing these practices. NOx emissions are controlled by provision of Low-NOx Burners (dry or wet type) and in coal fired stations. Neutralisation Pits: Neutralisation pits have been provided in the Water Treatment Plant (WTP) for pH correction of the effluents before discharge into Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) for further treatment and use. The ash collected in the ESPs is disposed to Ash Ponds in slurry form. Pollution Control Systems While deciding the appropriate technology for its projects.
The discharged effluents conform to standards specified by CPCB and the same is regularly monitored. DE & DS Systems: Dust Extraction (DE) and Dust Suppression (DS) systems have been installed in all coal fired power stations in NTPC to contain and extract the fugitive dust released in the Coal Handling Plant (CHP). Ash in slurry form is discharged into the lagoons where ash particles get settled from the slurry and clear effluent water is discharged from the ash pond. Cooling Towers: Cooling Towers have been provided for cooling the hot Condenser cooling water in closed cycle Condenser Cooling Water (CCW) Systems. Ash Dykes & Ash Disposal Systems: Ash ponds have been provided at all coal based stations except Dadri where Dry Ash Disposal System has been provided. NTPC has set up a unique system for dry ash collection and disposal facility with Ash Mound formation. At its Dadri Power Station. coal yard and Fuel Oil Handling areas before discharge into ETP. Ash Water Recycling System: Further. Ash Ponds have been divided into lagoons and provided with garlanding arrangements for change over of the ash slurry feed points for even filling of the pond and for effective settlement of the ash particles. in a number of NTPC stations. This helps in reduction in thermal pollution and conservation of fresh water.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress In these Pits. In the AWRS. as a proactive measure. Ash Water Recycling System (AWRS) has been provided. the effluent from ash pond is circulated back to 17 . This has been envisaged for the first time in Asia which has resulted in progressive development of green belt besides far less requirement of land and less water requirement as compared to the wet ash disposal system. coal dust and oil are removed from the effluents emanating from the Coal Handling Plant (CHP).
Farakka. Jhanor Gandhar. Kayamkulam. Talcher Kaniha and BTPS. The scheme has helped stations to save huge quantity of fresh water required as make-up water for disposal of ash. These plants have helped to control quality and quantity of the effluents discharged from the stations. Dadri. service water drains etc. Vindhyachal. Dry Ash Extraction System (DAES): Dry ash has much higher utilization potential in ash based products (such as bricks. After primary treatment at the source of their generation. floor washings. Kahalgaon. Ramagundam. Farakka. Rihand. Rihand. Korba. Faridabad. etc. NTPC has implemented such systems in a number of its power stations such as Ramagundam. Sewage Treatment Plants & Facilities: 18 . Talcher Thermal. Talcher Thermal. DAES has been installed at Unchahar. Simhadri. Simhadri. The scheme involves collection of various effluents and their appropriate treatment centrally and re-circulation of the treated effluent for various plant uses. Condensate Polishing Unit (CPU) effluent. the effluents are sent to the ETP for further treatment.). Singrauli. aerated autoclaved concrete blocks. Portland pozzolana cement. Kahalgaon. Talcher Kaniha.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress the station for further ash sluicing to the ash pond. Water Treatment Plant (WTP). The composite liquid effluent treatment plant has been designed to treat all liquid effluents which originate within the power station e. Liquid Waste Treatment Plants & Management System: The objective of industrial liquid effluent treatment plant (ETP) is to discharge lesser and cleaner effluent from the power plants to meet environmental regulations. Korba and Vindhyachal. Singrauli. Kahalgaon and Talcher Kaniha.g. The ash water recycling system has already been installed and is in operation at Ramagundam. This helps in savings of fresh water requirements for transportation of ash from the plant. Simhadri. Korba. Coal Handling Plant (CHP) effluent. concrete. Vindhyachal.
NTPC is fully compliant with various environment regulations and a pristine environment and ecological balance is maintained in and around its power station and townships. At several stations. In a number of NTPC projects modern type STPs with Clarifloculators. Following is brief description of some of the measures taken during the operation phase of the stations. the company has constituted different groups at project. Environment Management During Operation Phase NTPC's environment friendly approach to power has already begun to show results in conservation of natural resources such as water and fuel (coal. regional and Corporate Centre level to carry out specific environment related functions. oil & gas) as well as control of environmental pollution. 19 . treated effluents of STPs are being used for horticulture purpose.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) sewage treatment facilities have been provided at all NTPC stations to take care of Sewage Effluent from Plant and township areas. The effluent quality is monitored regularly and treated effluent conforming to the prescribed limit is discharged from the station. The Environment Management Group. Gas Collection Chambers etc have been provided to improve the effluent quality. Environmental Institutional Set-up Realizing the importance of protection of the environment with speedy development of the power sector. sludge drying beds. Mechanical Agitators. As already mentioned earlier. look after various environmental issues of the individual station. Ash Utilisation Group and Centre for Power Efficiency & Environment Protection (CENPEEP) function from the Corporate Centre and initiate measures to mitigate the impact of power project implementation on the environment and preserve ecology in the vicinity of the projects. NTPC has chalked out a set of well defined activities that are envisaged right from the project conceptualisation stage so that during the entire life cycle of the power plant. Environment Management and Ash Utilisation Groups established at each station.
it is imperative to have an on-line. These activities have greatly helped to minimise the impact on environment and preserve the ecology in and around its power projects. In consideration of the above.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Performance enhancement and up-gradation measures are undertaken by the organisation during the post operational stage of the stations. a computerized programme. namely "Paryavaran Monitoring System" . prompt and accurate flow of information on environmental performance of Stations was developed and installed in NTPC. ambient air. reliable and efficient environment information system on the plant operational and environmental performance parameters at all three levels i. Monitoring of Environmental Parameters: A broad based Environment Monitoring Programme has been formulated and implemented in NTPC. the Regional Headquarters and most of the Stations. The PMS has already been implemented at Corporate Centre.e. On-Line Data Base Management: In order to have better control on pollution and to achieve effective environment management in and around NTPC stations. surface water and ground water quality in and around NTPC plants are regularly monitored to assess any adverse impacts as a result of operation of the power plant. main plant effluent. ash pond effluent. This software facilitates direct transfer of environment reports and other environment related information from stations to the Regional Headquarters and Corporate Centre. 20 . These measures have been enumerated as follows. Generating Stations. domestic effluent and Condenser Cooling Water (CCW) effluent are monitored at the stipulated frequency at the source itself and at the points of discharge. This system has helped in achieving continuous improvement in NTPC’s environment performance through improved monitoring and reporting system by using the trend analysis and advanced data management techniques.PMS. All pollutants discharged from the power plant such as stack emission. In addition to the above. Regional Headquarters and Corporate Centre. which could provide reliable storage.
Remedial measures have already been taken up and implemented to improve the efficiency of the existing ESPs at various NTPC stations. Such periodic Environmental Reviews and extensive monitoring of the facilities carried out at all stations have helped in compliance with the environmental norms and timely renewal of the Air and Water Consents. NTPC keeps an open mind for Renovation and Modernisation (R & M) and Retrofitting and Upgradation of pollution monitoring and control facilities in its existing stations. As a result of the above retrofits.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Environment Reviews: To maintain constant vigil on environmental compliance. Upgradation & Retrofitting of Pollution Control Systems: In order to keep pace with the changing norms and ensure compliance with statutory requirements in the field of pollution control. Vindhyachal and Unchahar. 1986 and notification of emission control standards under this Act. However. Rihand. Korba.5% and above have been provided at NTPC stations for control of stack particulate emissions. Environmental Reviews are carried out at all operating stations and remedial measures have been taken wherever necessary. In new projects. Farakka. a number of retrofit and upgradation measures have been undertaken at different stations. the ESPs of a number of stations were built prior to the promulgation of the Environment (Protection) Act. High efficiency Electro-Static Precipitators (ESPs) of the order of 99. the emission of Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) has been brought down appreciably at the above stations and is maintained within the present statutory limit of 150 mg/Nm3. ESP performance enhancement programme by adopting advanced micro-processor based Electrostatic Precipitator Management System (EPMS) was installed at its power stations at Singrauli. namely at Badarpur and Talcher Thermal. the ESPs have been 21 . Ramagundam. As a feedback and follow-up of these Environmental Reviews. Additional ESPs were retrofitted in the older power stations. It is important to mention that such modifications/retrofit programs not only helped in betterment of environment but also in resource conservation.
the organization is continually looking for innovative and cost effective solutions to conserve natural resources and reduce wastes. rubber products. grease. Capacity addition in old plants. canteen (bio-degradable) wastes. used resin. The wastes generated are a number of solid and hazardous wastes like used oils & waste oils. within existing land. BioMedical wastes get generated in power plant areas. Some of the measures include: • • • • • Reduction in land requirements for main plant and ash disposal areas in newer units. used photo-chemicals. Municipal Waste Management: 22 .). asbestos packing. plant hospital and the townships of projects. fire resistant fluids etc. Natural gas and Fuel oil) and Reduction in fuel requirement through more efficient combustion and adoption of stateof-the-art technologies such as super critical boilers Waste Management Various types of wastes such as Municipal or domestic wastes. empty cylinders (refillable). These wastes fall either under hazardous wastes category or non-hazardous wastes category as per classification given in Government of India's notification on Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 1989 (as amended in 2000 & 2003). silica gel. Efficient use of Fuel (Coal.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress designed for a maximum permissible outlet dust emission of 50 mg/Nm3 to meet the likely stringent emission norms in the near future. Handling and management of these wastes in NTPC stations have been discussed below. glass wool. building material wastes. e-waste. Resources Conservation With better awareness and appreciation towards ecology and environment. lead acid batteries. paper. metal scrap. fused lamps & tubes. oil & clarifier sludge. Reduction in water requirement for main plant and ash disposal areas through recycle and reuse of water. other lead bearing wastes (such as garkets etc. electrical scrap. hazardous wastes. C&I wastes.
These wastes are small in quantity and are stored in properly identified locations. blood & urines tubes etc.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Domestic or municipal waste is generated in households at townships. asbestos packings. used drums (hazardous) chromium (Cr-III electrolytes. ribbon. used torch batteries. Scientific study on management and handling of hazardous wastes was carried out at a few NTPC stations to adopt the best practices so that there is a complete compliance with statutory requirements. mixed wastes (waste oil. water & cotton) filters. hazardous wastes (non-recyalable) are to be sent to State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) approved common treatment storage and disposal facility (TSDF). The other hazardous wastes such as the activated carbon resins. In NTPC sataione. the handling and disposal of hazardous wastes are done as per the Hazardous Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules 1989 (as amended in 2003) guidelines issued by Government of India for the treatment. blood & chemical mixed cotton. used petro-chemicals. fall under the category of Hazardous Wastes (Non-Recyalable). This waste is segregated into bio-degradable and non-biodegradable wastes at source itself in different coloured containers and thereafter the two types are disposed separately. empty plastic bottles of water & glucose. As per the notification. human anatomical wastes. lamps & tubes etc. Hazardous Waste Management: NTPC being a proactive organization. these wastes are segregated and are placed in buckets of different colours as per the notification for Bio-Medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules. Bio-degradable waste is spread uniformly in identified low lying areas and thereafter it is covered with soil for use later as manure after composting. plaster of paris waste. toners / cartridges. the Hazardous Wastes (Recyclable) are sold / auctioned to registered recyclers / refiners. The seggregated bio-medical wastes are either disposed through the SPCB approved agency or they are treated in autoclaves before disposal into bio- 23 . The segregated non bio-degradable waste is disposed off separately in other identified low lying areas and is spread out uniformly. Bio-Medical Waste Management: Hospital (or Bio-medical) wastes get generated from hospitals and they include urine bags. storage and disposal of hazardous wastes. earth contaminated with synthetic oil (FQF) glass used & sodium silicate.
Afforestation & Energy Plantations: In a concerted bid to counter the growing ecological threat. Land Use / Bio-diversity As a policy. Thrust has also been given to bio-diesel plantation and around 4.8 lakh energy plants including Pongamia and Jatropha have already 24 . Talcher Thermal. Singrauli and Unchahar through plantation and converted these sites into lush green environments. Rihand. Green Belts. NTPC is undertaking afforestation programmes covering vast areas of land in and around its projects. NTPC till date has planted more than 18 million trees at its projects throughout the country. The afforestation has not only contributed to the aesthetics but also has been serving as a 'sink' for the pollutants released from the station and thereby protecting the quality of ecology and environment in and around the projects. NTPC has reclaimed temporary ash disposal areas at some of its projects namely Ramagundam. In order to enhance green cover in the areas around our projects. as a responsible corporate citizen. energy plantations. township and green belt areas of the project have been implemented at all projects.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress medical waste disposal pits. reclamation of abandoned Ash Ponds and EIA and ecological monitoring in the project areas and its surroundings. Extensive plantations have also been undertaken on dry ash mound at NTPCDadri. Reclamation of Abandoned Ash ponds: The reclamation of abandoned ash pond sites is a challenging task. NTPC lays special emphasis on land use and Bio-diversity by way of development of green belts. Appropriate afforestation programmes for plant. The treated bio-medical waste is spread uniformly and covered with 10 cm thick soil in bio-medical waste disposal pits. It is planned to reclaim all the abandoned ash disposal areas by plantation.
Based on the recommendations of Environmental Impact Assessment Study and Environmental Management Plan (EMP) and the conditions stipulated in the clearances from Ministry of Environment and Forests and State Pollution Control Boards. wherever required. 25 . hydrology. NTPC has pioneered several scientific studies in collaboration with national/ international institutions to develop an environmental databank e.g. soil. specific scientific studies are also conducted to scientifically assess the likely impact of the pollutants on the sensitive flora and fauna in the surroundings. as also. A pilot project for extraction of seeds from these bio-diesel plants has also been set up. These studies consists of impact assessment in the area of the land use. Detailed Geohydrological Studies to understand the impact of ash pond leachate on ground water and Ecological Impacts Monitoring through Remote Sensing Data have been carried out at its operating stations as discussed below. The EIA involves stage-by-stage evaluation of various parameters which affect the environment. meteorology. water quality. air quality. water use. terrestrial and aquatic ecology and noise. These studies are conducted before starting the construction as well as after operation of the plant and gives comprehensive status of the environment as existed before construction as well as in the post operational stages of the project. to take preventive and mitigatory measures. Environment Impact Assessment Studies: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Studies are inevitably undertaken to evaluate potential negative impacts as well as to formulate Environmental Management Plans to overcome the identified impacts.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress been planted. wherever required. Ecological Monitoring & Scientific Studies NTPC has been a leader in the industrial sector of India in undertaking scientific studies related to thermal power generation. socioeconomic aspects. Based on EIA study.
26 . increase in average rainfall.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Apart from project specific EIA studies. Geo-hydrological Studies: NTPC has conducted several geohydrological studies of the ash disposal areas at its projects (Singrauli. NTPC also undertakes community development activities in the surrounding villages. Roorkee. Farakka. decrease in waste land etc. The studies have been conducted through National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA). Such studies conducted from time to time around a power project have established comprehensive environment status at various post operational stages of the project. Vindhyachal. In general. Korba. In addition. Rehabilitation and resettlement options include land for land (subject to availability). These studies have revealed significant environmental gains in the vicinity areas of the project as a result of pursuing sound environment management practices. have revealed that there is no significant adverse impact on the ecology due to the project activities in any of these stations. Indian Institutes of Technology. as such. Korba and Ramagundam areas. limited jobs with NTPC and contractors and self employment schemes. Mumbai. Such studies are of first of their kind in India and probably very few such studies have been undertaken in other countries. Ecological Monitoring Programme: NTPC has undertaken a comprehensive Ecological Monitoring Programme through Satellite Imagery Studies covering an area of about 25 Kms radius around some of its major plants. Rihand. Hyderabad at its power stations at Ramagundam. increase in agriculture area. Socio-economic Studies: Detailed socio-economic studies are undertaken to establish the socio-economic status of project affected persons and rehabilitation and resettlement plans are drawn in consultation with the state government. the studies. Some of these important gains which have been noticed are increase in dense forest area. Vindhyachal. Rihand and Singrauli. Korba. Farakka and Talcher) through reputed institutions like Indian Institutes of Technology. Regional Environmental Assessment studies have been conducted for Integrated Development of Singrauli.
NTPC uses only ash based bricks and Fly Ash portland pozzolana cement (FAPPC) in most of its construction activities. the pH of the ash water is either neutral or alkaline (7 or above) and hence the leaching of heavy metals is highly unlikely. At Sipat. The utilisation of ash and ash based products is progressively increasing as a result of the concrete efforts of these groups. Mine filling etc. Use of Waste Products & Services -Ash Utilization Ash is the main solid waste which is put into use for various products and services. These include free issue of all types of ash viz. higher capacity Units of size of 660 MW and advanced Steam Generators employing super critical steam parameters have already been implemented as a green field project. Advanced / Eco-friendly Technologies NTPC has gained expertise in operation and management of 200 MW and 500 MW Units installed at different Stations all over the country and is looking ahead for higher capacity Unit sizes with super critical steam parameters for higher efficiencies and for associated environmental gains. Dry Fly Ash / Pond Ash / Bottom Ash and infrastructure facilities. In order to motivate entrepreneurs to come forward with ash utilisation schemes. Necessary techno-managerial assistance is given wherever considered necessary. All these studies conclude that the leaching of heavy metals from ash occurs only under pH 4 or below. Building materials. Advanced clean coal technologies such as Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) have higher efficiencies of the order of 45% as 27 . Higher efficiency Combined Cycle Gas Power Plants are already under operation at all gasbased power projects in NTPC.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Centre for Studies on Man and Environment. In practice. Calcutta. Demonstration projects are taken up in areas of Agriculture. Necessary help and assistance is also offered to facilitate procurement of land. supply of electricity etc from Government Authorities. wherever feasible. NTPC offers several facilities and incentives. Besides. NTPC has adopted user friendly policy guidelines on ash utilisation.
28 . With the massive expansion of power generation.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress compared to about 38% for conventional plants. NTPC is committed to provide affordable and sustainable power in increasingly larger quantity. NTPC is conscious of its role in the national endeavour of mitigating energy poverty. heralding economic prosperity and thereby contributing towards India’s emergence as a major global economy. there is also growing awareness among all concerned to keep the pollution under control and preserve the health and quality of the natural environment in the vicinity of the power stations. NTPC has initiated a techno-economic study under USDOE / USAID for setting up a commercial scale demonstration power plant by using IGCC technology. These plants can use low grade coals and have higher efficiency as compared to conventional plants.
has been of utmost importance at NTPC. flowering pattern and canopy (spreading nature) are evaluated in their distribution over these sites of afforestation. 29 . Water and Environment.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The afforestation activities of the industrial region not only serve as foreground and background landscape features but also contribute to the overall improvement in the environment. Maintenance of ecological balance and pristine environment therefore. NTPC'S Approach It has been possible to achieve a satisfactory combination of environmental quality and techno-economics through determined efforts at NTPC for its projects. The appropriate afforestation programme for plant. Continuous vigilance is maintained to minimise pollution apart from other management programmes taking root simultaneously with construction activities. The growth characteristics. Environment planning and preservation is an integral part of its project activities. they combat pollution from other industries in the surrounding area. The crucial need for conservation and restoration of the degraded ecosystem and preservation of genetic resources of the country led to the enactment of the "Wild Life Protection Act" (1974) and "Forest Act" (1980) in addition to legal Acts of Air. At times. The species are selected on the basis of their adaptability and grouped with local representatives. green-belt and other sites are designed according to the geographical features. township. NTPC undertakes afforestation programmes covering vast tracts of land in and around its projects in a concerted bid to counter growing ecological threat. These considerations not only contribute to the aesthetics but also go a long way in serving as "Sinks" for the pollutant emissions of the power plant.
Plant species of medicinal value are cultivated separately in isolated patch and information made available to residents for use appropriately. The site specific afforestation details conform to the natural climatic conditions and adaptability of species. planting right at the beginning of construction phase. This will ensure that projects need not wait for clearance for want of identification of areas and State Government's concurrence for compensatory afforestation. the growth pattern and canopy are evaluated in their actual locations of the hexagonal pattern which help uniform canopy spreading. The nursery ensures good quality planting stock so vital in the success of planting programmes. In addition. Forest Bank An innovative proposal to create "Forest Banks" in each state was wherein the Forest Department of all States / Union Territories should identify land to initiate plantations under various programmes of the state. Such areas would facilitate any power project of either the State or Centre to draw necessary "Compensatory Afforestation Area" against the existing balance in the Forest Bank. preservation of trees and advice from State Forest Departments and Agriculture Universities are a few general guidelines followed by NTPC in the afforestation programmes at their projects.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Saving the existing trees. Ash Mound Reclamation 30 . The tree planting. garden and park development in and around the township adds to the general aesthetics. In order to reduce the transport cost and damage to the planting stock. The species are grouped into a heterogeneous combination to impart a natural and healthy assemblage. NTPC has developed independent Horticulture Department at its projects headed by experienced horticulture officers / supervisors. nurseries have been developed at the projects to meet the planting requirement. The arrangement of species in the green belt / buffer zone conforms to hexagonal pattern to facilitate maximum density of species.
with grass species. for the first time in India. Pongamia glabra. Advantages Of Reclamation Reclamation of ash ponds have innumerable advantages such as prevention of fugitive dust from ash ponds. The water table is high and most of the area is low lying. 31 . the reclamation of "ash mound" is still a challenging task unlike ash ponds. mentioned above. the huge quantity of water for the slurry and finally. checking water erosion. has been made to reclaim the completed portions of the "ash mound" initially. In addition. ultimately. is estimated to reach a height of about 55 m. stabilising the surface areas of ash. Leucaena leucocephala. Although experimental trials and commercial reclamation activities over the abandoned ash pond areas have been successfully completed in a few projects at NTPC. secondly. Unlike the wet disposal system. Callistemon lanceolatus have been successfully cultivated.5 and 10. Parkinsonia aculeata. The climate is typical with summer temperature reaching about 46°C. An attempt however. The dry disposal system in comparison saves on land and water. preventing the potential ground water contamination and adding vegetation cover so vital. Dry ash disposal system has been in operation. in the long term. The dry ash disposal system results in an "ash mound" which. Cassia siamea. at the National Capital Power Station (NCPS) located 10 km off Dadri Grand Trunk road and about 50 km from Delhi. Around 80-85% of the project area is alkaline with a pH range between 8. the pipe-line to transport the slurry to ash pond located at varying distances between 7-10 kms. to the land requirement which was estimated at one acre of land per MW of power for the life of plant. a few tree species like Eucalyptus globulus.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The inherent limitations of wet disposal system pertained firstly. Prosopis juliflora. under the prevailing climatic conditions. the pipeline is replaced with the conveyor system (rail / truck).3.
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Towards reduction of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emission from Indian thermal power plants. demonstration and dissemination of state-ofthe-art technologies and practices for performance improvement of coal fired power plants for the entire power sector of India. Win-Win Approach for Global Climate Change NTPC has adopted a win-win strategy at CenPEEP by achieving synergy between environmental concerns and utility needs and initiating Comprehensive Performance Optimization Program thereby successfully balancing the dual objectives of reducing carbon di-oxide emissions that contribute to climate change and facilitating higher efficiency of power generation. 32 . The Centre functions as a Resource Centre for acquisition. NTPC established Centre for Power Efficiency & Environmental Protection (CenPEEP) in collaboration with USAID with a mandate to reduce GHG emissions per unit of electricity generated by improving the overall performance of coal-fired power plants. Reduction of forced outages to improve availability and reliability. which serves as a platform for sustained high efficiency generation is an integral part of optimization program . NTPC has been promoting and deploying efficient power generation technologies and practices from design stage to operation stage and building local institutional capacities for continuously striving for eco-friendly technologies.
CenPEEP is also assisting various state electricity utilities in India by demonstration and dissemination of improved technologies and 33 .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Centre for Power Efficiency and Environmental Protection NTPC’s effort for betterment of Indian Power Sector.
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress practices. To increase outreach to SEBs, two Regional Centres of CenPEEP have been established at Northern Region (Lucknow) and Eastern Region (Patna).This approach has brought significant benefits to the power plants and helped in reduction of emissions.
For greater acceptability and assimilation of eco-friendly technologies and practices, methodology of ‘Technology Acquisition, demonstration and Dissemination’ has been adopted. with focus has been on low cost high benefit options, & involving people from local power stations during demonstration and widespread dissemination.
Methodology and Reach
Boiler Performance Optimization Predictive maintenance System and technologies for diagnostics Best practices for Air-preheater, etc. Condenser Water Pressure Cleaner Condenser Helium leak detector Thermodynamic modeling: A tool for Performance analysis Reliability Centered Maintenance
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Steam Turbine performance assessment & optimization Real time measurements & ‘Balancing of air-fuel ratio Cooling tower, Condenser performance optimization Boiler Grid Mass- flow separation On-line CW flow measurement Introducing new overhaul practices Thermal audit: Accurate assessment of degradations Risk evaluation & prioritization
Impacts on heat rate by using washed coal and techno-feasibility of it for pit head Station, techno-feasibility of ash haul back to mines, establishing facilities of ash resistivity measurements for India power plants are additional interventions towards local environmental protection.
Inaugurated by US Energy Secretary in 1994, CenPEEP has grown into a pioneer National Resources Centre for introduction of several cost-effective technologies for Performance Optimization of Power Plants and environmental protection in Indian Thermal Power Sector. CenPEEP receives technical support for capacity building from US Agency for International development (USAID) through U.S. Department of Energy’s (USDOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Structural Integrity Associates (SI), General Physics, utilities such as Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), Reliant Energy, Mirant Corporation and US utility organizations such as EPRI, US Energy Association (USEA), etc. With its unique management structure, it is ensured that initiatives are relevant to meet sectoral needs. CenPEEP has a unique management structure consisting of Advisory Board and Executive Committee.
CenPEEP has demonstrated performance assessment techniques at several NTPC and SEB stations. The tests have demonstrated heat rate improvement potential even in the best run
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress power stations. Many demonstrated techniques and practices have been adopted by the stations. CenPEEP's efforts have helped in CO2 emissions reductions in NTPC and State Electricity Boards. Some of the state utilities have acknowledged CenPEEP’s support in reducing their emissions by over 4.5 million tones in a year. It has developed ‘Heat Rate Improvement Guidelines’ jointly with TVA, and circulated to all the coal fired power stations in India and regularly publishes ‘Performance Optimiser’, a brief on optimization experiences. (click here for details / Perforamance optimizer page can be linked here). Centre also organizes workshops / training programs to train power sector professionals. ( click here for furthocoming events)
Participant in Asia Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate
Ministry of Power (Government of India) and Central Electricity Authority (CEA) have recognized NTPC/CenPEEP as an important agency involved in GHG reduction efforts and the success achieved in this area. For Asia Pacific Partnership (APP) on Clean Development and Climate, where India is one of the participants along with Australia, China, Korea, Japan, USA, and Canada, Government of India, has entrusted NTPC/CenPEEP to work on efficiency evaluation for improvement in selected power stations of state utilities.
Recognitions Climate Technology Initiative Award of CTI, Paris
CenPEEP has been conferred ‘World Climate Technology Award 2002’ under the Climate Technology Initiative of International Energy Agency, Paris. The award recognizes the outstanding achievements of individuals and organisations in helping to commercialize and diffuse climate-friendly technologies. The award is decided by peer evaluation by an international panel. It was conferred during the Eighth Session of the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC-COP 8) held in New Delhi in October 2002.
Climate Protection Award of USEPA
This recognition reflects the outstanding achievement of CenPEEP. companies.Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Climate Protection Award for 2003. set up in 1991.S.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress CenPEEP has also received U. and organizations that have made significant contributions to protecting the environment. EPA honors the extraordinary accomplishments of individuals. Ash utilization is one of the key concerns at NTPC.S. The Ash Utilization Division. U. strives to derive maximum usage from the vast quantities of ash produced at its coal- 37 .
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress based stations.808 38 . This is attributed to its very low loss on ignition value. It further monitors the progress in these areas and works at developing new fields of ash utilization. the usage over the years also increased. Area wise break-up of utilization for the year 2007-08 is as under: Area of Utilization Land Development Cement & Concrete Roads/Embankments Ash Dyke Raising Bricks Mine Filling Others Quantity (in Million Tons) 6. Partial dry ash collection systems have also been set up at the existing stations where these facilities did not exist earlier. As the emphasis on gainful utilization of ash grew. The quality of ash produced conforms to the requirements of IS 3812. Ash Dyke Raising. cellular concrete. To facilitate availability of dry ash to end-users all new units of NTPC are provided with the facility of dry ash collection system. The fly ash generated at NTPC stations is ideal for use in cement.935 8. and Building Products.14 0.946 0.3 million tonnes in 1991-1992. Land Development. Roads & Embankments.277 3.886 0. Augmentation of these systems to 100% capacity is presently in progress. From 0. concrete products.694 2. the level of utilization during 2007-08 stood at over 23. The various channels of ash utilization currently include use by a number of Cement. Asbestos-Cement products & Concrete manufacturing Industries. The division proactively formulates policy. concrete.686 million tonnes. lightweight aggregates. plans and programme for ash utilization. bricks/blocks/tiles etc.
In order to motivate entrepreneurs to come forward with ash utilisation schemes. These include free issue of all types of ash viz. 3. 4. Ash Collection & Storage System Facilities & Incentives to users Direct Department Activities Administrative & Financial aspects. Necessary help and assistance is also offered to facilitate procurement of land. Prominent among the methods devised so far are: Dry Flyash Extraction Systems Use in cement & concrete Use in Ash based products including setting up of Ash Technology Park 39 .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Total 23. Necessary techno-managerial assistance is given wherever considered necessary. wherever feasible. These include actions identified for: 1. supply of electricity etc. Besides NTPC uses only ash based bricks & portland pozzolana cement (FAPPC) in most of its construction activities. Dry Fly Ash / Pond Ash / Bottom Ash & infrastructure facilities. 2. Mine filling etc.686 NTPC has adopted user friendly policy guidelines on ash utilisation. from Govt. NTPC offers several facilities and incentives. Authorities. Building materials. Demonstration projects are taken up in area of Agriculture. Major Initiatives Taken By NTPC Towards Ash Utilization NTPC continually strives to evolve innovative and diverse means of ash utilization to further broaden the scope. FAPPC (as per IS 1489 Part-1) and Fly Ash Bricks (as per IS 12894) have been included in our standard specifications.
list of equipment manufacturers.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Land Development/Wasteland Development. NTPC (together with the Government of India) has been partaking in Fly Ash Mission activities NTPC Guide For Users Of Coal Ash NTPC. Raising ash dykes' Mine filling / Stowing Agriculture In addition. brief write-up about various technologies available for utilization of ash. It covers salient information about NTPC's power stations. facilities offered for setting up of ash based industry. agencies who may be approached for setting up the projects etc. Embankments and Road pavement construction 40 . Roads & Embankments. statistics about ash production and its quality. Other Promotional literature printed for distribution includes Brochures titled: Ash a Resource Eco-Friendly Bricks for new Millennium Flyash based Portland Pozzolana Cement Coal ash Environment friendly material for fills. Ash Utilization Division has brought out a booklet titled 'NTPC Guide for Users of Coal Ash' for distribution amongst prospective entrepreneurs and users of ash. technology suppliers.
NTPC has been a committed and socially responsible corporate citizen since its inception and formulated specific guidelines for the welfare of Project Affected persons (PAPs) and community development in the neighborhood villages around its power stations as early as 41 . Delhi Metro Rail Corporation. A documentary film. Ash Utilization Division at the address mentioned below.NOIDA Expressway. Persons interested to collect the above-mentioned printed material/film may contact Head. has also been produced covering use of ash in construction activities of NOIDA-Gr.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Besides. Sarita Vihar Flyover (in Delhi) etc. titled 'Coal ash as a Fill Material'. literature related to Cement Concrete & Fill Material has also been compiled and is available in a booklet form.
NTPC's approach towards CSR. further articulated in the corporate objectives on sustainable power development. and energy conservation". The concept of Corporate Social Responsibility is deeply ingrained in NTPC.s culture. ash utilization. NTPC's mission in the area of CSR is to "Be a socially responsible corporate entity with thrust on environment protection. It is one of the first in the corporate sector to formulate comprehensive resettlement and rehabilitation policy for addressing the issue of PAPs. community development. is as follows:: "To contribute to 42 .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress 1980s.
" NTPC's fresh impetus on Community Development is reflected through formulation of CSRCD Policy. July 04.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • • sustainable power development by discharging corporate social responsibilities. peripheral development and energy conservation practices. establishing NTPC foundation as a trust and initiating scheme for economic self reliance of physically challenged persons (PCP). The Social Commitment 43 . lead the sector in the areas of resettlement and rehabilitation and environment protection including effective ash-utilization.
as also taking into consideration the GO's recently notified NPRR-2003. a comprehensive R&R policy was formulated in and for May approved implementation 1993. In this regard Resettlement and Rehabilitation (R&R) program becomes an area of sharp focus. and in that way the pioneer. organisation guidelines for the facilities to be given to the land oustees in 1980 Building on the earlier guidelines. Based on its experiences and good practices adopted at various projects since the implementation of the 1993 policy. The organisation was the first Public Sector Undertaking (PSU). as also the Government of India. in having such a policy in 1993. The Comprehensive Policy Framework The R&R policy aims at improving the overall economic status of Project Affected Persons (PAPs). International funding agencies. The policy has been arrived at after intense consultation with the stakeholders. The Pioneer Sensitive the to the social framed issues since its inception. It attaches great importance to discharging its overall social responsibilities to the community and the society at large where its projects and stations are located.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress NTPC believes in growth with a human face. 44 . NTPC R&R policy has been revised in June 2005. a program that addresses people affected directly or indirectly in the wake of the projects undertaken by NTPC. and pursuing people-centred development. recognise and acknowledge the experiences gained by NTPC in this significant task. This is achieved by providing opportunities in the fields of sustainable income. NTPC is a socially committed organisation and a socially responsible corporate citizen.
drainage. agricultural land owners. Village Development Advisory Committee (VDAC) etc. Each program is based on the specific local requirement and guided by the extensive Socio Economic Surveys (SES). education. thereby bringing into its fold homestead oustees. Sulabh Sauchalaya etc. This helps meet the objective of ensuring that the Project Affected Persons (PAPs) improve or at least regain their previous standard of living. panchayat ghar. dispensary. drinking water well/ hand pumps. agricultural and non agricultural labourers. The PAPs are systematically categorised on an individual basis. The Resettlement and Rehabilitation program is meticulously worked out for each PAP. sanitation. Efforts are made to adopt a holistic approach to community development. communication and other such areas. occupiers cultivating forest land etc. tribals. The R&R policy options and entitlements include : Resettlement • Developed alternate free house plot in resettlement colony with necessary infrastructure facilities or provisions for self resettlement. WBM roads. • Suitable Resettlement Grant etc. Rehabilitation • 'Land for land' on a 'willing buyer willing seller' basis 45 . • Infrastructure to be provided includes primary school.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress health. Thrust is also given on participation and consultation of stakeholders and setting up of institutional mechanisms like Public Information Centre (PIC). Community development activities are carried out in a transparent and participative manner. • Free transport arrangement for belongings and reusable material or suitable transport grant.
infrastructure 46 . providing them infrastructure facilities and also ways and means of rehabilitation. Improving the roads. The rehabilitation process is attuned to the local conditions and the needs of the people. reputed institutes surveys. There is sharp focus on all round socio economic development of the community. Facilitation for Land for Land on a 'willing buyer willing seller basis' is the main focus for rehabilitation. vocational training has been built into the rehabilitation process. education. With an eye on long-term development. which is why the efforts do not stop at the individual or family level redressal but take a holistic approach.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • • • • • Other rehabilitation options based on need and requirement Capacity Addition Programmes Suitable Rehabilitation Grants. The PAPs are encouraged to be partners in the implementation of the project. Subsistance Allowance etc. Additional Economic Opportunities as per need and requirement The rehabilitation plans rest on the sound foundation of Socio (SES). Other innovative measures like incentivising purchase of land by the landless etc. The plans are implemented within a definite time frame and a specified budget. RAPs are prepared for new expansion and green field projects The plans are finalised in a consultative manner with the PAPs and the State administration and soon they translate into viable projects. economic surveys and these help Independent conduct Surveys professional assess the information on each PAP and chalk out the Rehabilitation Action Plan (RAP). vocational training. The plans primarily aim at resettling PAPs in resettlement colonies. health care.
Farakka. However. 5. Raps Under Implementation RAPs have been finalised for thirteen projects and are in various stages of implementation viz. were provided for. Auraiya-I and NCPS Dadri have been carried out and Remedial Actions Plans (ReAPs) prepared. 13. Ramagundam. In those projects/stations also. 3. Kahalgaon.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress development and sports are major activities. Vindhyachal-I. All the 12 ReAPs have been completed and are closed as on date 47 . 7. the PAPs' Resettlement & Rehabilitation was taken care of and the inputs/facilities etc. Retrofit SES for such 12 projects viz. 12. Kawas. 11. Korba. 8. 6. 4. These ReAPs were time bound with a specified budget. Singrauli. Kayamkulam Talcher Kaniha Vindhyachal Ash Dyke Korba Ash Dyke Rihand Ash Dyke Faridabad Simhadri Unchahar-II Sipat Anta-II Auraiya-II Kol Dam Barh Remedial Action Plan Some Projects/Stations of NTPC were already fully or substantially developed by the time the 1993R&R Policy was adopted/implemented in 1993. Apart from that various welfare and cultural activities are also taken up. Gandhar. 1. Rihand-I. 10. the Company did a re-assessment of the activities in the older projects/stations and carried out a 'retrofit' R&R operation to bridge the gaps wherever they had occurred. Anta-I. 9. to cope with its total commitment to the well being of PAPs. 2.
consultation and transparency with the stakeholders in its activities. The Grievance Redressal Mechanism for each project encourages PAPs to approach them if dissatisfied with the arrangements. Monitoring And Evaluation Institutional Framework R&R Group Recognising the importance of sound institutional framework to achieve the desired results NTPC has set up dedicated R&R groups. service groups etc to augment organisational efforts for the socio economic development of the areas. At the project level the group is responsible for coordinating and implementing the R&R plans and activities. In addition to this. it oversees consistent application of policies. The right skill mix has also been provided by associating people with social expertise and philanthropic thoughts. Regional Headquarters and the Corporate Centre. social scientists wherever and whenever such help was felt necessary. The regional R&R groups are responsible for monitoring the progress of implementation of R&R plans and follow up of the respective R&R activities. facilitators. The R&R groups operate at projects. Public Information Centres (PICs) and Village Development Advisory Committees (VDACs) have been set up by the organisation. consultants.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Implementation. depending upon the need. 48 . At Corporate level. scheduling .budgeting and approval of RAPs etc. Encouragement has been given for the formation of informal groups at project level involving employees. their families. For effective participation. the programmes are carried out closely with the NGOs/CBOs. its revision from time to time and facilitates the projects and the regions in planning. Professional NGOs/CBOs capable of assisting self employment have been engaged at times to achieve the desired results depending upon the need and requirement.
land records. The representatives of PAPs. Block Development Officer. constitute it and meet regularly since the formulation of RAP till completion and closure of RAPs at respective projects. other representatives of State Government NTPC and NGOs/CBOs. Our personnel in-charge of R&R activities in the organisation endeavour to not just meet the formal organisational commitments made to the PAPs but go beyond them through the application of innovative practices from time to time Public Information Centre (PIC) To disseminate information on the project. 49 . innovative practices are used from time to time depending on the project. action plans. Panchayat representative. Gram Pradhan. The PAPs are able to glean information on various facets of the project and also submit any query or grievance.survey reports. PICs at Corporate Centre and the projects house an array of documents.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress In an endeavour to not just meet its promise but transcend. policy etc. Village Development Advisory Committee (VDAC) VDACs facilitates finalisation and implementation of RAPs in a participative manner.
about 44% of the rural house-hold do not have access to electricity. NTPC provides necessary technical support. Training & capacity building of local community to enable them to independently manage.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress India is aiming at spectacular economic development in near future and this specifically needs to include all sectors to contribute. All decisions w. bio-diesel etc. NTPC has initiated the concept of rural electrification through Distributed Generation (DG) projects for assisting the Government of India (GoI) in achieving the goal of “Electricity for all”. As per census 2001. 50 .r. payment to operator charges penalties if any and bears the O&M expenses. implementation & sustainability of the projects are taken by VEC with full confidence of the villagers by convening a Gram Sabha as per the guidelines for Panchayati Raj system of Governance. solar photovoltaic. To ensure viability and long term sustainability of DG projects. operated & maintained by the local villagers through a cooperative “Village Energy Committee” (VEC). operate & maintain the plant. Integrated growth & development of rural areas by enhancing employment education. especially the rural sector where 80% of our population lives.t. Objectives • • • • Implementation of distributed generation projects using locally available renewable resources such as biomass. Some of the villages are located in remote & inaccessible areas where it would be either impossible or extremely expensive to extend the power transmission network. This will facilitate integrated development of the villages and subsequently economic growth of our country. These projects are located within the village and managed. In such isolated and remote rural areas. micro hydel. The VEC is responsible for collecting electricity consumption charges from the consumers. Such an economic development cannot be achieved without availability of energy and subsequently efficient energy management which is crucial for rural development. income generation & livelihood opportunities. NTPC has formulated a Business Model for implementation of these projects with respect to viability and long term availability. training and capacity building of the VEC for enabling them to operate & manage the plant independently.
Wind resource assessment at NTPC Simhadri. 5. 2. NTPC plans to broad base generation mix by evaluating conventional and non-conventional sources of energy to ensure long run competitiveness and mitigate fuel risks. Renewable Energy Sources Wind energy farms Small Hydro Project Solar PV Power Project Solar Thermal Biomass Power Project Geothermal Power Project Capacity 650 MW 300 MW 5 MWe 10 MW 15 MW 30 MW Foray Into Renewable Energy • • • 100 MW wind farm. NTPC has also formulated its' business plan of capacity addition of about 1. 6.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • To ensure implementation of various technologies as demo/pilot project. 51 . Proposed 250 MW wind farm in Tamil Nadu. Renewable Energy Renewable energy (RE) is being perceived as an alternative source of energy for “Energy Security” and subsequently “Energy Independence” by 2020. 4. Renewable energy technologies provide not only electricity but offer an environmentally clean and low noise source of power.000 MW thru renewable resources. Portfolio of Renewable Power S. 3. No 1.
Identification of potential site(s) for geothermal based power plant. 5 MW solar plants at Andaman & Nicobar. 1. Identification of site in Madhya Pradesh & Chhattisgarh for biomass based project on combustion technology. 1 MW bio-fuel based project in Chhattisgarh for cluster of villages.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • • • • • • • • 8 MW hydro based plant at NTPC – Singrauli. 52 .5 MW biomass based power plant on gasificationtechnology in Madhya Pradesh. 10 MW addition of solar field at NTPC. 4 MW hydro based plant at NTPC – Rihand.Anta.
“Be a socially responsible corporate entity with thrust on environment protection. • To lead the sector in the areas of resettlement and rehabilitation and environment protection including effective ash-utilization. NTPC mission statement on CSR states . NTPC’s approach towards CSR has also been articulated in the corporate objectives on sustainable power development as stated below: • To contribute to sustainable power development by discharging corporate social responsibilities. 53 . NTPC is also a member of Corporate Roundtable on Development of Strategies for Environment (CoRE) initiated by TERI and confirmed its support for the principles outlined in the CoRE Sustainability Charter drawn from International Chamber of Commerce’s Business Charter for Sustainable Development. and energy conservation”. Environment and Anti-corruption. Labour. powering India’s growth”.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress NTPC’s integrated approach towards Corporate Social Responsibility For achieving its vision . ash utilization.” NTPC is a member of Global Compact.“To be one of the world’s largest and best power utilities. peripheral development and energy conservation practices. community development. a UN initiative launched by its Secretary General Mr Kofi Annan and is committed to adhere to its ten principles in the areas of Human Rights.
54 . Energy Conservation and adoption of international standards like ISO-14000. as responsible corporate citizen has been addressing the issue of community development in the neighbourhood area of its stations. Environment Management Plans. NTPC. These are administered through specific policy frameworks and dedicated institutional set up like Environment Engineering Group (EEG). These are administered through specific policy framework and dedicated institutional set up like R&R cell. CENPEEP. Adoption of International Standards like OHSAS-18000. Ash Utilization Department (AUD). Safety. NTPC thus follows the global practice of addressing the CSR issue in an integrated multistakeholder approach covering the environment and social aspects. Energy Efficiency. Ash Utilisation. Environmental Management Group (EMG). Social Security for Old Age. Education. Afforestation. Community Development. Decentralised Distributed Generation and supply of power. Gender Equality. which had been impacted due to establishment of the project. The environmental concerns include Environment Impact Assessment. This is administered primarily as part of resettlement and rehabilitation effort. National Calamity. NTPC’s approach towards Community Development Most of NTPC stations are located in remote rural areas which are socio-economically backward and deficient in the basic civic amenities. and special focus on the marginalized section of society during recruitment etc. Non-conventional Energy Sources Group etc. SPV-A. Safety Department and respective sections of HR Department. Rain water harvesting. Health.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress NTPC has also adopted the Social Code framed by India Partnership Forum promoted by Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) and UNDP. Similarly the social concerns include Resettlement & Rehabilitation. NTPC has now expanded it horizon and social vision to make its impact felt at national level by addressing the following niche domains of socio-economic issues at national level through establishing NTPC Foundation.
through establishing a development centre for physically challenged persons as national resource and development centre • • • • To organise conservation of the national monuments and cultural heritage sites on selective basis To provide relief and assistance during national calamities etc To facilitate unemployed people in and around the new projects/ old stations in selfemployment through co-operatives / self-help groups Any other program/ activity as deemed appropriate by the Foundation. 55 . particularly in the remote and far-flung places where the power is either not available or is in acute shortage. formulating the project proposal and establishing the feasibility of DDGS on the specific request of an entrepreneur.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • • To promote DDGS through covering the initial risks like cost of feasibility studies for the entrepreneur/ local communities To facilitate economic self. NTPC also recognizes the need for conserving national monuments and cultural heritage sites and providing relief in case of national calamities. Thus. This is more applicable to the section of disabled persons. the opportunities will depend on the entrepreneur skills and attitude of the individuals.reliance of physically challenged persons. NTPC has the wherewithal of providing requisite technical support. The decentralized distributed generation and supply (DDGS) of power could be a plausible solution though it involves initial risk while formulating the project proposal. Further. the job opportunities are getting restricted. additional resources and support will be needed to fructify the entrepreneurship of this marginalized section of society. Yet additional resources will be required to provide risk cover during the formulation of project proposal and establishing feasibility NTPC recognizes that in the changing environment of liberalisation and globalization. Hence development of entrepreneurship among disabled persons is key issue for promoting economic self-reliance. NTPC also recognizes that generation of power is key to development. in future.
NTPC proposes to fill this gap through its community development policy at national level by addressing the issue of promoting economic self reliance among the physically challenged persons. supporting conservation of national monuments and cultural heritage sites. Similar programme may also be included in unit level community development programme. providing relief during national calamities and any other program as deemed appropriate by the Foundation. The approach would be towards filling the gaps in the existing governmental programmes and the local needs. Community development at unit level / operating stations NTPC also recognizes that it has social responsibility to continue the community and peripheral development works in the neighbourhood area of its operating stations. 56 . The approach of NTPC towards CSR-CD both at national and unit level may be oriented towards commitment and full involvement on planning and implementation. approach may focus on collaboration and partnership rather than just funding the programme. This will include any other program based on the need and requirement as deemed appropriate by the new project/ operating stations. where the same has been closed under R&R policy. in self-employment through co-operatives / self-help groups may be considered under the national programme. Where other agencies / organizations are involved. covering initial risk at the feasibility study stage for the decentralized distributed generation of power. The programme may include provisions for the enabling mechanism such as backward linkage like tying up the input resources and forward linkage like marketing etc. It should be ensured that the efforts of government were not duplicated and sustainability was maintained.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The programme of facilitating the unemployed people in and around the new projects / old operating stations.
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The annual plan of action would be formulated after appropriate consultation with the local government officials of the State. The NTPC 57 . NTPC will establish a foundation under Indian Trust Act 1882 for addressing the niche domains of social development at national level through strategic interventions.
The Foundation will be the nodal agency for implementing the national level programmes as per the CSR-CD policy of NTPC.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Foundation will provide greater focus on identified issues of concern. receive funds from national and international agencies etc. • • To promote DDGS through covering the initial risks like cost of feasibility studies for the entrepreneur/ local communities To facilitate economic self. Aims and objectives of NTPC Foundation To facilitate the entrepreneurs/ communities in formulating the project proposals and establishing the feasibility for promoting the decentralized distributed generation and supply of power (DDGS) for meeting the power and development requirement of remote and far flung places. 58 . The following niche domains of socio-economic development will be covered by the NTPC foundation. through establishing a development centre for physically challenged persons as national resource and development centre • • • • To organise conservation of the national monuments and cultural heritage sites on selective basis To provide relief and assistance during national calamities etc To facilitate unemployed people in and around the new projects/ old stations in selfemployment through co-operatives / self-help groups Any other program/ activity related to social upliftment as deemed appropriate by he Foundation. The foundation will also extend the NTPC’s technical expertise in the field and provide the interface with NTPC – REC joint venture for collaboration and establishing DDGS as per the need and requirement. The foundation will consider the risk mitigation by bearing the cost of such feasibility studies where the project is found unviable.reliance of physically challenged persons. The foundation will promote the plantation and forestry programmes for producing biomass required for DDGS programme. create partnership with various stakeholders.
in case the project is found un-viable. 5. 2. Giving preference to small and medium projects covering a group of persons To organise conservation of national monuments and cultural heritage sites on selective basis. 3. 6. Facilitating micro-financing and/or venture/seed capital for project of economic self reliance and mentoring. in self-employment through co-operatives / self-help groups. Extending cover for initial risks like conducting the feasibility studies.. Providing requisite support from initial phase of identification of livelihood opportunity till achieving the level of self sustenance. the foundation will establish an a development centre for physically challenged persons as national resource and development centre for enhancing the economic opportunities through strategic interventions such as 1. For this.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress To facilitate the disabled persons in improving the economic and employment opportunities. The programme may include provisions for the enabling mechanism such as backward linkage like tying up the input resources and forward linkage like marketing etc. Conducting advocacy and awareness programs for identification of appropriate economic and employment opportunities Identifying and administering the need based vocational/ managerial training programs with clear linkage to livelihood opportunity. 59 . To facilitate the unemployed people in and around the new projects / old operating stations. 4. market research etc. To provide appropriate assistance and send volunteers and resources for relief and restoration in the times of national calamities. To take up or support any other social upliftment programme (in addition to the programmes stated above) at national level as deemed appropriate.
Institutional set up NTPC Foundation: The NTPC Foundation will be governed by The Board of Trustees. details of which are given below: CMD Dir (HR) Dir (Fin) Independent Director Professional with required experience and/ or with right aptitude and full commitment on an honorary basis Staffing for day to day operations: The professionals may be engaged on fixed term contract basis as program officers based on the need and requirement or volunteers from present and past NTPC employees may be deputed. The centre will be headed by a project director. awareness campaigns and community outreach programmes in the above areas. The Development Centre will address the following four categories of disability. regulatory bodies and responding to issues initiated by them.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress To develop and undertake advocacy. who will report to the Board of the Trustees. • • Visually challenged persons Deaf and dumb persons Chairman of Board of Trustee Trustee Trustee Trustee Secretary to the Trust Or Director General 60 . Development Centre for physically challenged persons: The Development Centre for physically challenged persons will be a separate entity under the Foundation. To interact collaborate and promote partnership with other related national and international agencies/ organization and seek funds/ grants for specific programmes/ projects. To interact with policy makers. To organize workshops/ conferences/ symposia on the above areas and the related areas.
Monitoring and Evaluation: The monitoring of CD programme will be done by Foundation. The Development Centre will also consider establishing sub-centres at regional / local level. vocational training. placement services. documentation centre. The details will be presented to NTPC Management on regular basis. it will develop and maintain basic infrastructure facilities for providing supports like counselling. market research etc. Reporting: The NTPC Foundation will prepare its annual report. The Corporate CSR Group will coordinate with the NTPC Foundation for all related activities. The effectiveness of CD programme will be evaluated through external agencies for providing required feed back and inputs to formulate and improve the programmes in future. which will submit quarterly report to NTPC management for its information. The foundation will submit a quarterly progress report to the CSR group for apprising the management.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • • Physically challenged persons Mentally challenged persons with mild intensity The Development Centre will be located in its own building where. 61 . Implementation Mechanism Planning & Co-ordination: The NTPC Foundation will be responsible for the overall planning and coordination of CD programmes at national level. The corporate CSR Group will review the work of Foundation and put up an exception report for appraising the management on quarterly basis.
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The summary of the report will also be posted on the NTPC website under a dedicated section on CSR. This part of policy addresses the issue of 'Community Development' in the neighbourhood area of operating stations where the same have been completed and closed as per the R&R 62 . The website will include the policy and the details of CD programmes undertaken etc.
the community development programmes have to be identified and formulated based on the specific needs and requirement of the particular site. computer training etc. 63 . children. ITI training. Drinking Water. To create appropriate partnership with the concerned stakeholders for the effective delivery of community development programmes through consultation and participation. Preference may be given to girl child.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress policy of NTPC. Supply of Study material like bags. NTPC’s operating stations are located all over India under varying socio-economic condition. peripheral development etc. The policy will also be applicable to NTPC managed stations for which the funds will be provided under the station expenses. Aims and Objectives To undertake community development in the neighbourhood area of operating stations with particular focus on women. The suggestive list of the programmes which could be considered by the operating stations while formulating the annual plans is given below. The operating stations include the take over stations. disabled persons and aged persons. or for enabling people to start IGS. It will include sponsoring people for vocational training. Education: To organise Skill Development / Vocational Training and other training programmes to improve the skills and employability of the people. Education. To explore and work in various domains of community development such as Health. stationary etc. books. Scholarships for the selected local children for studying in schools in NTPC township equivalent to fees charged by schools. Programmes covered under unit level CSR-CD Since.
Health: To conduct health surveys. children. To organise regular health camps like family planning. panchayats. The programmes for providing community infrastructure will be on the basis of bearing one time capital cost for creating such infrastructure and on the basis of written assurance that the operational and maintenance cost of such infrastructure will be borne by the concerned stakeholder like the Government Department / Agency or the Panchayat/ local authority or the community based organizations/ non governmental organizations etc. publicity printed material / films etc. roads etc. equipments etc. community centre. 64 . Peripheral Development: To augment basic infrastructure facilities like area electrification. with particular focus on women. medical checkup for eye and heart etc. To facilitate the creation / upgradation of community health / educational facilities in partnership with the concerned government agencies and the local community. in the villages by providing the equipments and other facilities. water drains. To organize regular immunization programme for children and medical checkup in schools. as per the need and requirement of local administration based on the need assessment survey to be carried out by the NTPC. villages.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Implementation of Quality Circle and 5S in schools. awareness campaigns. Others: To promote rural sports and organise annual sports meet etc. disabled persons and old age persons. identification of health concern. panchayat ghar. Each station will compulsorily identify a specific day/ week for organising annual rural sports meet. Priority may be given to those schools / primary health centre which are operating but do not have facilities like building.
The Head of HR will be over all responsible at Stations. In addition. Volunteering by NTPC Employees & their family members: The volunteering by NTPC employees will be promoted through the NGOs created by NTPC employees at stations. and compilation of information and annual reports. any other programme will be considered under this policy as deemed appropriate by the Head of the Station. Regional headquarters: A nodal officer from HR Department will coordinate and monitor the CD activities at stations under region and will compile the quarterly and annual CD report for submission to Corporate CSR Department. 65 . The region will also form an advisory committee for considering the unit level CSR – CD programmes and may include the representatives of concerned State Government. organising annual CSR-CD meet and facilitating the processing of allocation of funds to stations.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress Sponsoring deserving local sportsman for training and development at national sports institutes. To facilitate the unemployed people in and around the new projects / old operating stations. Institutional set up Corporate Centre: The Corporate CSR Group will be responsible for policy matters. The Corporate CSR Group will also be responsible for designing the training programmes for CSR-CD staff. Operating Stations: The CSR-CD policy will be implemented through dedicated CSR Cell under the HR Department. To organize Veterinary camp for the cattle stock. in self-employment through co-operatives / self-help groups. The programme may include provisions for the enabling mechanism such as backward linkage like tying up the input resources and forward linkage like marketing etc. To promote community plantation and forestry programmes.
The HR Department at Stations will prepare annual plan for each year. local community and NTPC will be formed for consultation while formulating annual plans. The CD Programme will. NTPC employees will also be encouraged to mentor the needy local population. The annual plan will be prepared based on the findings of need assessment surveys. Implementation Mechanism Planning & Co-ordination: The specific programmes will be identified based on the need of communities. a detailed programme report will be prepared detailing the need for a CD programme. The head of HR at operating stations will be responsible for over all planning and coordination. which will change from time to time and location to location.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress which will be partner in planning and implementation of the identified CD programmes. volunteer with the NTPC Foundation and participate in the relief work in cases of national calamities. be formulated based on Need Assessment Surveys (NAS) for identifying the specific areas of concern. Based on the survey. time frame of implementation and budget. Consultation and participation of stakeholders: The targeted communities and the local authorities will be closely involved in the process of planning and implementation of the CD programmes to the extent possible and subject to meeting the NTPC's rules and procedures. local authorities. NGOs. Panchayat / Nagar Nigam. The findings of the need assessment survey and the draft of the annual plan will be discussed in the VDAC. Preference will be given to those activities. The Village Development Advisory Committee (VDAC) comprising of representatives from the district administration. Monitoring and Evaluation: 66 . therefore. The views of VDAC will be considered subject to provisions of NTPC policy and availability of budget. for which the State Government/ Local Administration/ Panchayat provides matching budget/ grant.
The Corporate CSR Department will compile and prepare an annual report for the Corporation. The details will be presented to the NTPC management regularly. benefits accrued to neighbouring communities and the number of people benefited. the implementation of CD programme will be regularly reviewed in the regional head of HR meeting for identification of need for specific interventions. The summary of the report will be published in print and also posted on the NTPC website under a separate dedicated section on CSR. The regional ED will review the progress of Stations in that region on six monthly basis in RMC. The Head of stations will review progress on quarterly basis in the SMC.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The Head of HR at operating stations will review the CD programme on monthly basis. At regional level. The regional HQ will compile and prepare an annual report of the CD activities carried out in the operating stations of that region. Reporting: Each station will prepare an annual report of community development activities delineating the activities identified. the outcome of the meeting of regional Head of HR will be deliberated for suggesting suitable policy interventions. The Dir (HR) will review the progress on half yearly basis. 67 . The effectiveness of CD programme will be evaluated through external agencies for providing required feed back and inputs to formulate and improve the programmes in future. At corporate level. The website will include the policy. the details of CD programmes undertaken and other details.
68 .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress An amount of up to Rs. 17 crores will be earmarked every year for implementation of CSRCD programs as per this policy.
Since business organisations are of different sizes there is no one-size-fits-all method for implementing a CSR approach: each firm has unique characteristics and circumstances that 69 .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress The allocation of funds may vary depending on the need and requirement of NTPC operating stations.20 5. The broad allocation will likely be as follows: %age of funds 50-60 30-40 10 100 Net Value (Rs. will be decided on year to year basis.10-6.80 1. 1 2 3 Allocation Operating Station NTPC Foundation Unallocated (for foundation.) 8. stations. National calamities etc. In Cr.No. NTPC foundation and provision for the national calamity in the respective year and therefore.7 17 S.) Total Allocation of funds for the operating stations will be based on the proposals submitted by these stations and the overall allocation of funds.50-10.
Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress affects how it views its social responsibilities and also its awareness of CSR issues and how much work it has already done towards implementing a CSR approach. resettlement and rehabilitation activities. Implementation Framework When? (Conceptual phase) Plan What? (Task delineation) 1. check and improve” in the areas of quality and environment management. This would help the organisation to integrate economic.Conduct a CSR assessment • • • How? (Checkpoints on the journey) Assemble a CSR leadership team Develop a working definition of CSR Review corporate documents. etc. and in turn for those who are affected by the firm’s activities. Though NTPC is a highly socially responsible organisation performing various CSR activities in a systematic manner. NTPC also undertakes various other CSR activities such as community development. social and environmental decision-making through out the firm. do. Besides undertaking various measures to protect and improve the ecology around it operating stations and at national level. we would like to suggest the following implementation framework (see next page). Being a thermal power generation company NTPC’s main concern is to minimising the adverse impacts of its operations on the environment. processes and 70 . This will help the enterprise to reap optimal benefits for itself and its shareholders. Likewise NTPC also has its unique characteristics and circumstances that affect its CSR approach and implementation. This framework follows the familiar “plan.
Develop CSR commitments • • • • • • • • 4. Evaluate and improve • • • Cross-check: One cycle completed Return to plan and start the next cycle The research has revealed that social responsibility is regarded as an important issue within the NTPC organisation.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress activities • • • • • Identify and engage key stakeholders Build support with senior management and employees Research what others are doing prepare a matrix of proposed CSR actions Develop ideas for proceeding and the business case for them Decide on direction. And therefore NTPC has been showing a positive commitment towards corporate social responsibility and demonstrating a socially responsible behaviour by 71 . approach and focus areas Do a scan of CSR commitments Hold discussions with major stakeholders Create a working group to develop the commitments Prepare a preliminary draft Consult with affected stakeholders Develop an integrated CSR decision-making structure Prepare and implement a CSR business plan Set measurable targets and identify performance measures Engage employees and others to whom CSR commitments apply Design and conduct CSR training Establish mechanisms for addressing problematic behaviour Create internal and external communications plans Measure and verify performance Engage stakeholders Report on performance Evaluate performance Identify opportunities for improvement Engage stakeholders 2. Implement CSR commitments • • • • • • • Check 5. Verify and report on progress Improve 6. Develop a CSR strategy • Do 3.
internal as well as external to the organisation.ntpc.csmworld. etc. • • • • www. commitment towards improving the quality of life of the local community as well as the society at large.com 72 . Thus.co. socially and commercially.google.in www. Our analysis and findings about NTPC reveal that the organisation has been engaged in a variety of socially responsible activities .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress being engaged in a variety of socially responsible actions and doing this irrespective of any benefits that such action might bring to the organisation.co. through activities like community development.in www. we conclude that NTPC consider CSR to be an important and imperative activity ethically. While the external activities include protecting and improving the ecology. An activity that enables the organisation to “give something back to the community”.karmayog. resettlement and rehabilitation. The internal activities include NTPC’s commitment towards improving the quality of life of its workforce and their families. legally.com www.
businessworld. What is CSR? Why is CSR important? 73 .com 1. 2.Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress • www.
P.C.T.C. 10. 7. 9. supports which institutions and bodies in which states? What is the Distributed Generation prospective of NTPC? 74 .Largest Indian Power Company Powering People’s Progress 3.e.P. 5.C all about? What is the remedial action plan for the various projects? N.? 4. What are the other measures taken by NTPC for its employees? What is NTPC’s Project Affected Persons (PAPs )project? Can you elaborate on your CSR project i.T.P.T. 6. the issue of Project Affected Persons (PAPs)? What is the rehabilitation and resettlement project of N. 8. As we all know that corporate social responsibility for on organization is not only for its customers and the masses but also for its employees then in that area what are the necessary measures taken by N.
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