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# Physics!

/ Unit IV / UBFPM

Name: ________________________________

## Unbalanced Force Model

Physics Diagrams
Here you can keep track of all of the diagrams that you have learned to draw. You can come back and update it after future models, if youd like. This list might come in handy when you start tackling complex goal-less problems. Name of Diagram Model Example Notes

## Experiment: Pulling Carts with Springs

Sketch and label the experiment setup:

The Objective:

## Graph your data to see if there is a relationship:

Be sure to: Use pencil Label your axes with symbols and units Give the graph a title ([vertical axis variable] vs. [horizontal axis variable]) Draw a best t line (dont connect the dots). Find the slope using points on the line (not data points). Write the equation of the line using the variables from your axes (dont default to y and x); make sure the slope and intercept have the correct units attached to the numbers. Put units on numbers, but never on variables.
3 from Modeling Workshop Project 2006

## Worksheet 1: Goal-less Problems! (Super cool.)

1. A person applies a 10 N horizontal force to a 10 kg block, initially at rest on a frictionless, horizontal oor. The person pushes it for 20 m. a. Which models (CVPM, BFPM, CAPM, UBFPM) apply to this situation and why?

b. Draw AND annotate at least four diagrams and/or graphs to illustrate the situation. Choose diagrams based on the models you talked about in part a.

c.

Using the models you have chosen, make calculations and solve for anything you can nd. If possible, solve for the same quantities using at least two different methods. Beautifully show your work and use units.

## Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

2.

The person once again applies a 10 N horizontal force to a 10 kg block on a horizontal oor, only now the oor is rough, and there is a frictional force of 3.0 N between the block and the oor. The person pushes it for 20 m. Follow the same general procedure as in the previous problem: tell which models apply, draw/annotate diagrams, make calculations.

3.

Once the block from problem 2 has traveled 20 meters, the person stops pushing it. The surface still has friction. Again, follow the same general procedure.

## Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

4.

Determine the magnitude of the net force (in Newtons) on the block from problem 1 at the instant it is traveling with a speed of a. 3.0 m/s.

b. 5.0 m/s.

c.

0 m/s.

5.

Determine the magnitude of the unbalanced force on the block from problem 3 at the instant it is traveling with a speed of 3.0 m/s.

6.

Compare your answers to problems 4a and 5. If your answers are the same, explain how this is so even though in problem 3 the person is no longer pushing. If your answers are different, explain how this is so even though the object has the same instantaneous velocity of 3 m/s. Dont worry, were denitely whiteboarding these! :)

## Worksheet 2: Some thinking about vectors

7. The free body diagrams below are incomplete. Draw and label one more force appropriate to each situation that will result in the forces being balanced.

Ff

Fn

Fg

Fg

Fn

Ft

Fg

Fg

8.

For each situation, draw a vector addition diagram. Use the vector addition diagram to nd the net force on the object (the net force is not a type of force itself; rather, it tells you how unbalanced the forces are).

F1

F2 F1 F2 F4 F3 F3 F1

F3 F2

F4

## Worksheet 3: Multiple Model Problem Solving, cont.

Solve the following problems with the same approach as you did for the goal-less problems on Worksheet 1. List the models that apply (and why!), draw and annotate a lot of diagrams (at least four, but probably more), and then use the models to make as many calculations as you can. 9. When an 85 kg man who is standing in an elevator pushes the button for a higher oor, he starts from rest and accelerates upwards at 2.0 m/s2 for 1.25 s. (HINT: Choose as your system just the man, not the elevator or cable or anything else.) After accelerating for 1.25 s, the man continues to rise with a constant velocity for an additional 6.0 s. After traveling at a constant velocity for 6.0 s, the man nears the desired oor and slows down at a rate of 3.0 m/s2.

## Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

10. The man at pulls the 70 kg box with a 400 N force at an angle of 30 to the horizontal. The box travels 15 m at a constant velocity of 5 m/s.

## Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

11. A 70.0 kg box is pushed by a 400 N force at an angle of 30 to the horizontal. Starting from rest, the box travels 15.0 m in 2.78 seconds.

30o

12. A 70 kg box is pulled by a 400 N force at an angle of 30 to the horizontal. Starting from rest, the box travels 15 m in 2.47 s.

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## Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

13. Three blocks are in contact with each other on a frictionless horizontal surface. A person applies a horizontal force of 18 N to the smallest block. Hint: there are multiple ways to dene your system here. You could draw several FBDs for the same instant (snapshot).

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