UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES COLLEGE OF LAW, FIRST SEMESTER 2011-2012

PUBLIC OFFICERS COURSE OUTLINE PROF. ANTONIO G. M. LA VIÑA

COURSE OBJECTIVES AND REQUIREMENTS 1. Course Objectives: a. To help you become lawyers (Pass the bar) b. To help you become good lawyers (for your future clients) c. To teach law in a grand manner and to help you become great lawyers (for the poor, for the country, and for the world) 2. Course Requirements: 50% = 3 Hour (2 Part) Final Examinations at the end of the semester 50% = to be derived equally from Collective Recitation Grade and MCQ Assignments PRELIMINARY REFLECTIONS *JOSE RIZAL, NOLI ME TANGERE AND EL FILIBUSTERISMO *MATERIALS ON REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH BILL DEBATE *MATERIALS ON SARA DUTERTE INCIDENT

I.

THE CONCEPT OF PUBLIC OFFICE

Definition ‡ ‡ Laurel v. Desierto, 381 SCRA 48 Veterans Federation of the Phils. v. Reyes, 483 SCRA 526B.

Characteristics ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ II. ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡
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Art. XI, Sec., 1987 Constitution Saura vs Sindico, 107 Phil. 336 Santos vs Secretary of Labor, 22 SCRA 848 Aparri vs Court of Appeals, 127 SCRA 231 De la Victoria vs Comelec, 199 SCRA 561 Mathay, Jr. vs Court of Appeals, 320 SCRA 703E. Abeja v. Tanada National Land Titles and Deeds Registration Administration v. CSC, 221 SCRA 145 Segovia v. Noel, 47 Phil. 543 REQUIREMENTS FOR PUBLIC OFFICE Fariñas v. The Executive Secretary, 417 SCRA 503 Aparri v. CA, 127 SCRA 231 Triste v. Leyte State College Board of Trustees, 192 SCRA 326 Binamira v. Garrucho, 188 SCRA 154 Sevilla v. CA, 209 SCRA 637 National Amnesty Commission v. COA, 437 SCRA 655 Marohombsar v. Alonso, 194 SCRA 268

108 Phil. CSC. Romero. 472 SCRA 587 Bautista v. 77 Phil 684 People v. Executive Secretary. Joson. Capistrano 53 Phil. 724 Lino Luna vs Rodriguez. 170 SCRA 190 Garcia v. 208 SCRA 240 Costin v. Gabitaran. Crescini. Comelec 254 SCRA 397 Rodriguez v. 429 SCRA 773 Tuanda vs Sandiganbayan. CSC 238 SCRA 572 Malaluan v. 172 SCRA 169 Quintos-Deles v. 405 SCRA 614 Frivaldo v. 136 Garchitorena v. Rodriguez. 234 SCRA 617 Gayatao v. 406 SCRA 156 DE FACTO AND DE JURE OFFICERS Requisites of de facto officership ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Page 2 CSC v. Director of Public Shools. Comelec. 210 SCRA 183 Office of the Ombudsman. 429 SCRA 212 . 451 SCRA 570 Andaya v. 10 Dec 2003 Who may Prescribe Qualifications ‡ Saura v. COA. Quitoriano. 226 SCRA 356 Civil Liberties Union v. 437 SCRA 403 Aguila v. 103 SCRA 380 Yee v. 37 Phil 136 Regala vs Court of First Instance. 191 SCRA 317 Macalintal v. Sandico. 120 SCRA 159 Maquira v. 107 Phil. CA. 1 Phil. 176 SCRA 1 Latasa v. Laxina. 237 SCRA 184 Alinsugay v. GR 154829. Abalos. 238 SCRA 572 Mendoza v. Ermita. Comelec. 37 Phil. 336 Scope of Qualifications ‡ Manalang v. 94 Phil. 37 Phil. 73 Lino Luna v. 399 SCRA 437 Luego v.‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Tapispisan v. Salonga. CSC. CSC. 249 SCRA 342 Tayko v. 866 Tomali v. CSC. Borra. CA. CSC. CSC v. CA. 903 Duration of Qualifications ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ III. 7 SCRA 832 Tomali v. 675 Bejarasco v. RTC-Cebu. 459 SCRA 695 Pimentel v. Comelec. Commission on Appointments 177n SCRA 259 Soriano v. Cruz. 91 Phil. 319 SCRA 696 Debulgado v. de la Cruz. 740 Aquino v. 194 SCRA 317 Caasi v. 174 SCRA 245 Labo v. 148 SCRA 521 Lacson v. Buenconsejo. CSC. 44 OG 45 US v. Factoran. 143 SCRA 327 Umoso v. Lista. 84 Phil. 15 SCRA 7 Disqualification ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Monsanto v. 903 ‡ Cuyegkeng v. Quimbo. Genato. Tan. Comelec.

et al. Calleja. 6 Appointments ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Constitution. IX B. 442 SCRA 507 Peralta v. supra Tolentino v. 168 SCRA 122 Fontanilla v. 452 SCRA 406 BDCEU v. 237 SCRA 271 Hospicio de San Jose v. 462 SCRA 382 Naseco. Joson. Mallare. CA. 154 SCRA 238 Abella v. Salas. IAC. 2 (2) PD 807. 274 SCRA 414 De los Santos v. supra Pagcor v. CSC. 291 SCRA. 28 SCRA 34 Sison Sison v. 213 SCRA 807II. 807 sec. 116 SCRA 468 CSC v. Macaraig. CSC. Torrijos. 113 SCRA 268 Chua v. CA. 322 Effects of Acts of de facto officer ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ IV. Sec. Roco. 475 SCRA 41 CSC v. 197 SCRA 168 Maturan v. sec. Osme a. 84 SCRA 364 Eugenio v. 412 CRA 263 . Allas. Buenaseda. NLRC. Maglana. 164 SCRA 516 PD. 197 SCRA 251 Mendoza v. CA. 20 SCRA 620 Cantillo v. 194 SCRA 486 Duty Free Philippines v. CA. CA. Edralin. Rilloraza. CSC. 85 SCRA 512 PT&T v. 24 (a) Abrot v. vs Ortiz. 140 SCRA 22 Marohombsar v. 4-5 Ignacio v. Art. CA. Pangramuyen. Claudio. 206 SCRA 65 Achacoso v. CA. Maliaman. Cuaderno. THE CIVIL SERVICE Constitution Art. Mojica. 350 SCRA 528 Eligibility ‡ PD 807. sec. CSC. 359 SCRA 525 Promotion ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Page 3 Español v. Arrieta. Petilla. de Jesus. NLRC. 107 Phil 1000 Sampayan vs Daza. 206 SCRA 715 Pineda v.‡ Solis v. 464 SCRA 220 General v. 201 SCRA 308 Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila v. 38 SCRA 53 ‡ Menzon vs Petillam 197 SCRA 253 ‡ Dimaandal vs Commission on Audit. 56 SCRA 167 Romuladez III v. ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Monroy v. 471 SCRA 776 Bautista v. 13 SCRA 591 Pagcor v. 197 SCRA 308 Ambas v. 195 SCRA 235 Regis v. CSC. 61 SCRA 55 Menzon v. CSC. 25 (a) PD 807 sec. 302 SCRA 623 Cui. 87 SCRA 289 Corpus v. IX B Meram v.

Carreon. 226 SCRA 356 Gloria v. 204 SCRA 826 DOH v.‡ Debulgado v. Tomas. CA. 149 SCRA 595 Preventive suspension ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ De Guzman v. Aldao. CSC. Gervacio. 463 SCRA 151 Tudtud v. 336 SCRA 188 NPC v. Camposano. Gonzalez. Sta. section 29 RTC Makati Movement against Graft and Corruption v. 235 SCRA 103 Miranda v. Apolonio. 192 SCRA 84 ‡ Huertas v. Guzman. 466 SCRA 277 Gloria v. CA. Fatoran. supra Caniete v. Sto. 451 SCRA 256 Page 4 . 206 SCRA 256 Lastimosa v. 413 SCRA 597 Miranda v. Desierto. Sandiganbayan. CA. Isabel. 454 SCRA 10 Aquino v. Vasquez. 430 SCRA 1 Malanyaon v. Dumlao. CA. CA. COA. 401 SCRA 303 CSC v. Secretary of Education. Ongpin. Comelec. supra Espiritu v. 182 SCRA 721 Borres v. Lising. Zaldivar. Valera. 243 SCRA 509-510 Office of the Ombudsman v. 106 SCRA 237 Appeal ‡ Paredes v. Caayton. 108 SCRA 190 Floreza v. 472 SCRA 548 GSIS v. CA. 465 SCRA 437 People v. Canonoy. Sandigabayan. 464 SCRA 165 Decision ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Gloria v. 452 SCRA 634 Monsanto v. 233 SCRA 310 Bolastig v. 471 SCRA 715 Yabut v. 24 Divinagracia v. Ombudsman. Borromeo. 192 SCRA 496 Garces v. 472 SCRA 489 Gloria v. 333 SCRA 849 Apuyan v. 182 SCRA 692 Discipline ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ PD 807. 249 SCRA 126 Republic v. Degamo. Bubgubung. Matias. 451 SCRA 413 Procedure ‡ CSC v. 247 SCRA 108 Brucal v. CSC. 191 SCRA 563 Villaluz v. CSC. CA. 15 SCRA 710 Quimbo v. 237 SCRA 184 Other personnel actions ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ PD 807. Malgar. Fernandez. supra Garcia v. 259 SCRA 99 De Guzman v. supra Orbos v. 457 SCRA 438 Ledesma v. 244 SCRA 595 Manglapus v. Sandiganbayan. 425 SCRA 394 ‡ Quezon v. sec.

COA. CA. XI. 94 Phil. CSC. 458 SCRA 278 ‡ National Appellate Board of the Napolcom v. Fernando. 152 SCRA 284KMG v. 466 SCRA 624 Right to Self-Organization ‡ SSS Employees Association v. COA. v. COA. Gangan. 115 SCRA 418 Malayan Integrated Industries Corp. Sec. Municipal council of Carigara. VII. Comelec. of Education.. 363 SCRA 417 Balitaosan v. 106 SCRA 745 Calles v. 457 SCRA 32 American Tobacco Co.‡ CSC v. 474 SCRA 203 Brion v. 117 SCRA 804 INHIBITIONS Constitution Articles VI.VIII. 10 SCRA 233 New York Times v. SSS. 169 SCRA 507 Javellana v. 409 SCRA 80 Celerian v. 462 SCRA 1 Maderada v. CA. US. 89 Borja v. 190 SCRA 1 Administraative Code 0f 1987 Dycaico v. Gloria. 78 SCRA 175 Garcia v. 476 SCRA 538 Cena v. 437 SCRA 655 Local Government Code Book I. Director of Patents. Bunag. 443 SCRA 184 Villena v. 467 SCRA 500 Legazpi v. Brillantes. Sec. 175 SCRA 686 ‡ Trade Unions of the Philippines v. COA. 213 SCRA 640 Argana v. CA. v. NHC. 471 SCRA 624 Baybay Water District v. 468 SCRA 87 Nitafan v. 212 SCRA 475 Domingo v. CIR. Savellano. 423 SCRA 98 Reyes v. 319 SCRA 100 . Republic. Tantuico. Fajardo. 67 SCRA 286 Meralco Securities Corporation v. Bobifacio 124 SCRA 1 National Amnesty Commission v. 410 SCRA 233 Constantino-David v. Minister of Finance. Mamauag. 374 SCRA 482 De Jesus v. COA. 399 SCRA 601 Lorenzana v. ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ VI. 399 SCRA 243 Polloso v. 226 SCRA 356 Castro v. 211 SCRA 179 Toledo v. Gentallan. DILG. Sulyap. 267 SCRA 523 De Jesus v. 504 PNOC v. ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Page 5 AUTHORITY OF THE PUBLIC OFFICER Grapilon v. 403 SCRA 666 Abanilla v. National Development Co. CA. Title III. Fernandez. 2 SCRA 103 Gillera v. Pangandaman-Gania. Secretary of the Interior. 335 SCRA 750 SALARY AND PERQUISITES Sevilla v. CSC. Anosa. 413 SCRA 313 Solomon v. Sandiganbayan. XVI Santos v. 397 SCRA 27 Monroy v. ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ VII. 437 SCRA 371 Philippine Retirement Authority v. Yatco. 403 US 713 Poliand Industrial Limited v. 173 SCXRA 33 V. Gocon. COA. IX. 20 SCRA 620 San Luis v. Melchor. NEA. CA. Mediodea. 67 SCRA 451 Festejo v. 174 SCRA 258 Cristobal v.

Alipante. 160 SCRA 771 Quasi-judicial officers ‡ Philippine Racing Club v. 3 SCRA 413 CSC v. Fortich 143 SCRA 397 . CSC. Chavez 183 SCRA 347 Uy v. Enriquez 218 SCRA 1 Cambaliza v. Sandiganbayan 303 SCRA 309 Court Administrator v. 213 SCRA 109 Saunders v. LIABILITY OF PUBLIC OFFICERS Kinds of duties ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Mendiola v. 424 SCRA 135 President ‡ Estrada v. C. Singayao. Gangan. 154 SCRA 101 Tabuena v. Lood 96 SCRA v. 312 Chavez v. People. 219 SCRA 192 Gabriel v. 508 ‡ Rama v. Canchela & Associates. Gentallan. Sandiganbayan. 154 SCRA 107 ‡ In Re: Raul M. 33 Phil. 207 SCRA 85 Sibulo v.‡ GSIS v. Domingo 189 SCRA 672 Corea v. CFI of Bulacan 92 SCRA v. 356 SCRA 636 ‡ Mendoza v. 466 SCRA 190 Personal liability ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Tabuena v. Sandiganbayan 354 SCRA 651 Rodrigo v. Sumanguit 5 SCRA 707 Urbano v. Gonzalez. Rural Bank of San Miguel. Go 349 SCRA 595 Palama v. CA. Bonifacio. Desierto. 148 SCRA 496 Judges ‡ Dantes v.V. Reyes. de Leon. Sandiganbayan 318 SCRA 144 Amaro v. Cristal-Tenorio 434 SCRA 288 Police Commission v. 162 SCRA 88 USA v. 475 SCRA 218 Orocio v. Sandiganbayan. 819 Mirales v. 461 SCRA 236 ‡ Haw Tay v. Ramirez. 458 SCRA 278 DOH v. 245 SCRA 179 VIII. 268 SCRA 332 Pajares v. Sandiganbayan. CA. COA. 109 SCRA 233 Liability for acts of subordinates ‡ Albert v. Sandiganbayan 193 SCRA 292 Remedies ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Page 6 Tecson v. Veridiano. 154 SCRA 58 Reyes v. 353 SCRA 452 Legislators ‡ Santiago v. Caguioa. 353 SCRA 673 ‡ Chan v.

Angeles 76 Phil. 466 Lizares v. 30 Joson v. Abad 56 SCRA 522 Topacio Nueno v. 683 Ingles v. Comelec 162 SCRA 812 Gonzales v. CA 411 SCRA 621 De Tavera v. Quetolio 82 Phil. Raquiza 67 SCRA 116 City of Manila v. 289 Cristobal v. Green 58 N. Alba 100 Phil. Hernandez 2 SCRA 228 Mendoza v. To-Chip 158 SCRA 243 US v. Garrido 379 SCRA 154 Cabagnot v. Mijares 442 SCRA 532 Philcoa v. Guingona 257 SCRA 55 Resales v. Mora 470 SCRA 711 Resignation ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Estrada v. Abejuela 12 Phil. Macaraig 208 SCRA 74 Paloma v. CA 284 SCRA 276 Divinagracia v. Sandiganbayan 305 SCRA 396 Alajar v. Mutuc 26 SCRA 171 Santos v. Pangitinan 322 SCRA 117 Floreza v. Tiongson 265 SCRA 653 Canonizado v. de la Costa 66 Phil. Sto. de Leoz 400 SCRA 193 TERMINATION OF OFFICIAL RELATIONS Expiration of term ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Paredes v. Tomas 244 SCRA 595 Salvador v. Norio 187 SCRA 453 Ortiz v. Anonuevo v. Melchor 78 SCRA 175 CSC v. Macaraig 175 SCRA 284 Lao v. Sebastian 472 SCRA 364 Acceptance of incompatible office ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ People v. Lomeda 246 SCRA 69 Pimentel v. Melchor supra Salazar v. Mathay 73 SCRA 275 . Aguirre 351 SCRA 659 Abandonment ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Floresca v. Mallare 87 Phil. 295 Zandueta v. Hechanova 17 SCRA 58 Oliveros v. 615 Sangguniang bayan of San Andres v. CA 331 SCRA 438 Adion v. Desierto supra Punzalan v. 12 Lecaroz v. Villaluz 57 SCRA 163 Libana v. CSC 221 SCRA 59 De los Santos v. CA 371 SCRA 373 Removal ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Page 7 Salalima v. Sandiganbayan 233 SCRA 163 Morono v.‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ IX. CSC 209 SCRA 371 Pascual v.Y. Provincial Board 106 Phil. 128 Isberto v. Mendoza 140 SCRA 153 Triste v. Mar 114 SCRA 41 Cristobal v. Subido 17 SCRA 231 Lameyra v.

A. Maglana 113 SCRA 268 Cuevas v. Barin 526 SCRA 1 Dario v. Quisumbing 186 SCRA 108 Urgelio v. People¶s Homesite and Housing corporation 185 SCRA 656 UP Board of Regents v. XI. 69-75 Adormeo v. 2 Impeachable officials ‡ Constitution Art. No. Bacal 347 SCRA 338 Constitution Art. National Tabacco Administration 408 SCRA 337 Rubio v. 3 ‡ Francisco v. VIII sec. Zamora 360 SCRA 718 Death ‡ Malanyaon v. 3 R. sec. November 12. Secretary of Justice 51 O. XI sec. Osmena 9 SCRA 317 Larin v. House of Representatives 415 SCRA 44 Forfeiture ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Perez v. Navarro 66 SCRA 79 Maturan v. Hechanova 58 SCRA 713 Buklod ng Kawaning EIIB v. Provincial Board 113 SCRA 187 Constitution Art. X. Elma 494 SCRA 53 Mendoza v. Caube 402 SCRA 33 -end- Page 8 .‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Alim v. Lising 106 SCRA 237 ‡ Loyao v. 155083-84. Comelec GR No. Comelec GR nos. 11 ‡ Constitution art. Comelec 376 SCRA 90 Socrates v. Alba 112 SCRA 294 Gregorio v. Executive Secretary 280 SCRA 713 City of Basilan v. 154683. 7160. 2002 Mendoza v. CA 129 SCRA 184 Kapisanan ng mga Kawani ng Energy Regulatory Board v. 2002 Lonzanida v. Mison 176 SCRA 84 Bagaoisan v. Comelec 311 SCRA 337 Abolition of office ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Ocampo v. sec. 147 De la Llana v. CSC 204 SCRA 510 Dario v. 154512. 149736 December 17. Mison 176 SCRA 84 Cruz v. secs.G. Rasul 200 SCRA 685 Public Internet Center v.

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