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ISSUE 4 2011
18+ For adults only. Soft Secrets is published six times a year by Discover Publishers USA, Inc.
In this issue:
THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!
A report has just been issued by the Global Commission on Drug Policy, condemning the ineffective and often damaging policies implemented in the War on Drugs. What does this mean for our industry, and how can we move forward? ›› 5
A Cease-Fire in the Drug War?
Doesn’t it seem as if overnight, Cannabis has become socially acceptable in America? The Global Commission on Drug Policy has just released a report about the utter failure of the War on Drugs, despite the billions of dollars flushed through it over the years. HR 2306 could present the first-ever modern Federal legislation that would allow peace for the pot industry, since its criminalization in 1937. A mind-blowing documentary called What if Cannabis Cured Cancer is now sweeping the globe, allaying many of the fears regarding medicinal marijuana that plague the medical community – as well as vindicating the thousands of activists and proponents who have been shouting (at seemingly deaf ears) for decades about the merits of our beloved plant. It’s true. Cannabis is not that bad for you. If the product is grown organically and handled carefully, the consumption of the drug – even smoking it, although we cannot deny the dangers of smoking in general – is not physically addictive, and most of the negative consequences of its effects can be directly attributed to the shortcomings of the user. The punitive nature of America’s drug policies has done more harm than good in incarcerating first-time, non-violent individuals who, at worst, should be in drug treatment facilities. In moderation or clinical settings, Cannabis presents a therapeutic substance that treats more ailments than any other single drug in the history of medicine and should not be unjustly demonized. Allowing people to grow weed will not lead to the immediate collapse of human civilization, nor will it plunge our youth into the depths of depravity. We need education, quality control, safe access, protection for care-givers and patients; but mostly, we need to be TAXED so that cash can be put towards the necessary legislation, organizations and social programs. Sorry, drug dealers: we all know that if weed were ever legalized the price would drop. Why panic? It won’t drop that much, and if laws loosen, the groups of
ades about the freedoms lavished upon the smoking masses in this low-lying nation. Well, it’s all potentially about to crash and burn, as the Dutch government wants to issue marijuana membership cards to legal, tax-paying residents only, restricting their purchases to the one coffeeshop nearest to their house. At a maximum limit of three grams. Read on to find out how this might affect your next vacation.... Finally, no Drug War edition would be complete without a mention of Eddy Lepp. Perhaps one of the most famous Green Prisoners in the world, Eddy is
What if Cannabis Cured Cancer?
Simon, proprietor of Serious Seeds, explains how the Cannabis seed industry is even more susceptible to piracy than the music world, and what will happen if it’s not prevented. ›› 14
HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS The Devil’s Harvest Seed Company reveal their secrets of Cannabis seed feminization, why they do it and what the future holds for this Amsterdam label. ›› 20
people who secretly like Cannabis, but avoid it due to issues such as the fact that it’s still absurdly classed as Schedule I, will soon join the ranks of your customer lists. Demand will likely increase, and you can finally go legit! This issue of SSUSA presents a few different ramifications of the War on Drugs, including some of the international effects of bad drug stigma, such as the impending ‘Weed Pass’ in the Netherlands. You’ve all heard for dec-
hardly visible in the Cannabis press, despite his famous arrest and incarceration. Due to his contributions to the medical Cannabis community over the years, we felt that he deserved a ‘visit’. It’s ironic that some of the very pioneers who assisted in the liberalization of US pot laws are locked away and cannot enjoy the new freedom themselves. Things are looking up, folks; however, we’ve still got a long way to go towards complete legalization. How are you helping?
FROM THE EDITOR
Don’t see your company, product or techniques featured in the pages of SSUSA? Wish your activist organization could get a little free press? Contact us! Are you or is someone you know particularly gifted with a camera? Then why not submit your amateur photos to SSUSA? They could end up on the cover! Subject is of your choosing, and an emphasis on Cannabis is absolutely not necessary. Be as creative and expressive as possible, and you might just see your work on the front page, or within the next issue of Soft Secrets USA. Photographers will be credited for their work. Cannabis photos are rarely used for cover shots. Oh, and let’s keep it classy, people! Not into photography but still have an interesting talent or story? Contact us if you think you deserve a place in our publication. Feel free to let us know about new books, television and film projects; festivals, events and demonstrations, medical advances, green prisoners or even interesting companies who deserve a little support and media coverage. We love hemp, and are always happy to highlight the innovations that make this industry so exciting. We hope to hear from you. * Press concerns and photos (minimum resolution 300dpi @ 4x4 inches) may be emailed to Kristie@softsecrets.nl. * All submissions will be handled with discretion. Soft Secrets USA is not responsible for unsolicited submissions, either for graphics or text.
IN THIS ISSUE:
Cease-Fire in the Drug War? Page 3 Girl: Warlock The War on Drugs Has Failed! What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? HR 2306 Strain Awards Eddy Lepp Dutch Weed Pass Seed Piracy Hemp Kevlar How to Feminize Cannabis Didymium Glasses Mila’s Journey Rolling Papers Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash Pollinator Company HT Medical Cannabis Cup International Seed Market Thanks, Jacques Kalamata & Panama Red LED Trial: Critical Jack Male Cannabis Dangerous Pastry Royal Queen Seeds Hy’s Deli by oz. A Stoned Selection Gil Scott-Heron Gay Pride San Francisco Colophon 1 3 5 7 9 10 12 13 14 17 20 23 24 26 29 31 31 33 36 37 38 39 41 42 42 44 45 46 46 FROM THE EDITOR STRAIN REPORT LEGAL FILM REVIEW/MEDICINAL LEGAL STRAIN REPORT GREEN PRISONERS AMSTER-RANT
MADE IN HOLLAND
The Warlock was created in the early 1990s by Gerrit, the owner and breeder of Magus Genetics. Due to personal circumstances Gerrit was not able to continue his business and we from Serious Seeds decided to incorporate the strains of Magus Genetics into our program. The Warlock won the 3rd place at the High Times Cannabis Cup in 1997. Short and bushy during the vegetative period, it grows huge, compact buds with few leaves in flowering. Especially indoors the Warlock is a good yielder, with a harvest of 400-500g per square meter. The clear white pistils change to a tan/pinkish color when ripe. Warlock has a sweet smell with a tinge of sour, reminiscent of fresh fruits. The effect is felt very quickly after the toke and is a strong high, which is felt more in the head than in the body. Due to its high THC content, the Warlock has good medical qualities for pain relief and against insomnia. Name: Pedigree: Warlock Mostly indica (Skunk/Afghani x Afghani) Breeder: Gerrit from Magus Genetics Producer: Serious Seeds Height: Short and bushy Weight: Good yielder (400-500g/m2) Flowering Time: 55-60 days
HEMP INNOVATIONS GENETICS/BREEDING SERIOUS GARDENING FILM REVIEW HEMP INNOVATIONS ORGANIC CULTIVATION SHOP REVIEW, NL FESTIVALS & EXPOS GENETICS/BREEDING SMUGGLER’S TALES ENDANGERED STRAINS ORGANIC CULTIVATION BOTANY MEDICINAL PRODUCT FLASH COMIC MUSIC OBITUARY MARCHES & DEMOS FROM THE EDITOR
taxpayers pay the government to ultimately help the very criminals it claims to fight against. Not only was this drug considered to be responsible for the moral depravity spreading through the US via foreign immigrants. depression. reinforcing the apparent need to combat it by any means possible. To give a concrete example. And yet nothing has really changed since the War on Drugs first started. In the first week of June however. If we are to look at relevant historical references. the government has to use taxation to finance its inefficient war. In 2010. Paul Volcker. consumers also have to deal with insecurity in obtaining the drug. the Global Commission on Drug Policy published data claiming that rather than dropping. Mind you.5%. given a bit of thought: to ‘End the criminalization. but for a very few pioneers. Having heard of this decision. ANY means possible. Despite this. would start listening to the Devil’s music – which we now call ‘Jazz’. the Global Commission on Drug Policy has recognized the need to re-evaluate the international approach to drug use and production. The results of prohibition remain the same today as they were then. History has shown this on numerous accounts. a part of the United Nations. it was surprising to read that the Global Commission on Drug Policy. Cannabis.5 A REPORT FROM THE GLOBAL COMMISSION ON DRUG POLICY The War on Drugs Has Failed! Since the last hundred years. Substances leading to violence.5%. And who pays the price for all this? One simple answer: you and me. With no regulation whatsoever. it was also accused of causing depravity in white women who. to: IS IT THE CANNABIS OR THE PROPAGANDA CAUSING DEPRAVITY? (PHOTO BY KAT) . 2001. 27% and 34. Enter the Global Commission on Drug Policy Together with a group of illustrious commissioners (amongst whom were George Papandreou. In a publication released in the beginning of June 2011. the taxpayers. This situation is one of which many are aware: politicians. it is easy to spot the correlation between prohibition.’ Also. broadly generating an uproar from neighboring nations and international press. More exactly. to sum up. not criminal offenses. Most of us with a basic understanding of market and social dynamics have known that it was an approach bound to fail. Their conclusions are basic and most are obvious. ill health and criminality: the alcohol prohibition that took place in the 1920s. harsh repression and propaganda – as well as a recognized waste of taxpayers’ hard earned cash. governments worldwide have so far refused to adjust their approach. economists. With no other source of income. marginalization and stigmatization of people who use drugs but who do no harm to others. violations of those prohibitions are considered as administrative violations. it also affected white people by encouraging them to abandon their moral values. by the way – and to be promiscuous with black men. the death of brain cells and mental disorders: these are some of the many scare tactics used over the decades to convince people of the dangers of drug-use. everyone thought it would be for the best. Even though Portugal was able to show positive results over the last ten years. cocaine and opiate use have all increased over a ten year period (1998-2008) with a respective increase of 8.. hard-drug use. So. sociologists – as well as the criminals involved. increased use. The war on Cannabis is the perfect example. insecurity. the Commission has officially recognized the utter failure of the War on Drugs – as well as the devastating consequences it has had on society and its members. neighboring countries were quick to paint gloomy pictures of the country’s future. Portugal decriminalized the use of drugs. Ernesto Zedillo. While drug use and possession are still legally prohibited. high prices and no quality control – which can potentially lead to disastrous health issues. Buddy Kush When the decision was made to start an official war against the use of drugs back in the early 20th century. JUNE 2011 In their new report. the international approach to drugs has been one of intolerance.. on the first of July. claiming it would see increased drug use amongst youth and become a drug user’s haven. The Financial Times estimated that the War on Drugs had far-surpassed the trillion-dollar mark. after having consumed the drug. had published an article recognizing the failure of the War on Drugs and offering a set of principles and recommendations to efficiently tackle the issue. However. other countries still stubbornly deny that a new approach is needed. waves of propaganda and misinformation were very efficient in convincing the citizens of the risks these drugs brought to the established order and moral values of the new world. with budgets surpassing $40B a year in America alone. former Secretary General of the United Nations). former Chairman of the US Federal Reserve and Economic Recovery Board and Kofi Annan. Prime Minister of Greece. WAR ON DRUGS REPORT. former President of Mexico. governments continue to invest increasing amounts of funds into a losing battle. A couple of countries decided upon new approach- DRUG PROMOTION (PHOTO BY MANTAS RUZVELTAS) es.
Switzerland. drug use will never cease. Not only will economic interests shift – imagine what will happen to the paper-. 4. thereby reducing the harms linked to the underground market.) This seems a very commendable set of principles. plus medical-. etc. To this end. as peer pressure. as well as revenues that the government can then tax to finance rehabilitation centers.) which truly do need attention. Base drug policies on solid evidence.6 ‘encourage experimentation by governments with models of legal regulation.. small scale dealers come next. 8. to keep all these facts in mind and to discuss the issue in its entirety to guarantee as smooth a transition as we can. It is essential to everything we do in life.org/report STIMULATING GOVERNMENTS TO EXPERIMENT WITH REGULATION AND DECRIMINALIZATION HAS PROVEN THAT A LESS REPRESSIVE APPROACH LEADS NOT ONLY TO LOWER DRUG USE. society’s leaders) will actively need to take part in order to start rectifying generations’ worth of misinformation. Offer a wide and easily accessible range of options for treatment of drug dependence. Pursue an open debate and break through the taboo surrounding drugs. points six and seven). they could potentially find themselves without employment. living conditions. considering the problem rationally (not emotionally) and learning from past mistakes is the key to moving things forward. especially [with regards] to Cannabis’ and ‘offer health and treatment services to those in need. it can be summarized in a pyramidal structure with the end-user a continually repressive approach to dealers help in curbing consumption? Instead. Needless to say we’ll be doing our part. The Recommendations: 1. Invest more in evidence-based prevention. The day our approach to drugs evolves. this publication has created waves throughout international press and has . the number of drugs intercepted. BUT ALSO TO LESS HEALTH ISSUES the health sector. pharmaceutical companies. all concerned parties (families. if lacking. Judging the success of the War on Drugs by the number of arrests made. This is why extensive efforts must be made to provide adequate resources for prevention – with a focus on the ‘sensitive’ social groups such as youths – as well as the developing of easy access to treatment for the people suffering from drug dependencies. 10.’ An ultimate goal is ‘to rethink the approach now in place with regards to people involved in the lower end of the illegal drug markets. while also eliminating the need for an illegal market in one fell swoop. educational initiatives and so forth. trustworthy means of distribution. it is time for the relevant institutions to face the facts. More than that. This dynamic will not change unless the legality of drug use and production in itself is revised. check online at: http://www.’ organized crime and traffickers. Together with the necessary regulations and quality controls this could create a more secure. the control of the drug market and the funds it generates will remain as they are. the conclusions are as follows: The Principles: 1. Until this is done. To be Perfected… Stimulating governments to experiment with regulation and decriminalization – as countries such as the Netherlands. 11. to focus repressive actions on violent criminal organizations[. there is no denying that. decades’ worth of propaganda will have to be addressed before any truly unbiased conclusion can be reached. However. We must act now! A very good first step. create jobs and economic income and reduce health risks (with regard to altered substances). involving all relevant parties (families. And indeed.. which can easily be applied given the extensive research done internationally by recognized authorities. This will create new jobs. shared responsibility. The War on Drugs has failed. we can not only ensure that the misconceptions are dispersed. neglect. What about you? For more information on the report. the ‘forbidden fruit’ effect. Challenge misconceptions about drug users. How will really opened up the debate about our approach to drugs worldwide. Through open discussion and effective education. even today.] but first and foremost to begin the transformation of the “global drug prohibition regime” by replacing current measures with responsible policies and strategies built on facts and not on ideology and political convenience. followed by larger scale dealers and organized crime forming the wide base. Imagine how many people profit from the War on Drugs: the prison industry. Base drug policies on human rights and public health principles. In this case. 2. is not in any way a measure of success – especially when the consumption of said drug continues to rise. etc. we must also take other social repercussions into account. It is quite an accurate representation of the control each group has on the market. allowing institutions to focus on drug use linked to larger social issues (childhood trauma. security firms. It is time for us to face the issue head-on and adapt. we should discuss the possible creation of licenses allowing the production of these drugs. Develop new sentences for first-time/ small-scale dealers. 2. You try an approach.e. law enforcement etc. If one looks at the current structure of drug trade/use. Countries continuing to invest heavily in law enforcement should focus on Conclusions Isn’t it amusing that these facts – which have been preached by activists for years – are finally being acknowledged now that a group of governmental celebrities is repeating them? Regardless. despite certain shortcomings. adapt it – modify it to suit your needs. Based on discussion. forbid research into certain drugs. 6. 5. to invest in drug prevention and drug education. the Commission has agreed upon a list of four principles and eleven recommendations they hope can help rectify the situation. There are a couple of notions that appear to be lacking. Policies should be a global. COMPARISON OF THE CANNABIS MARKETS IN FRANCE AND THE NETHERLANDS The Measure Themselves: In order to tackle this vast task. The necessary steps towards rectifying the situation will contain big challenges. textile-. This would thereby limit drug use linked to external influences such DOES THIS MEAN I’LL GET MY CROP BACK? (PHOTO BY KAT) placed at the top. social and cultural realities into consideration. socio-economic status or. There are exceptions though. 3. drug use in itself and drug dependency. 4. 3. with a special focus on youth. Stop considering drug users criminals and offer them health and treatment services to those in need.globalcommission ondrugs. but also give everyone the information necessary for them to be able to make an educated decision with regards to drug use. 9. because of certain countries which. taking diverse political. petrochemical. 7. socialand political experiments done internationally. The UN must provide leadership in global drug policy reform. Drug policies must be pursued in a comprehensive way. naturally. prevention. Establish better methods to measure the progress.and construction industries the day hemp is fully legalized – but entire new markets will appear. however (i. Encourage experimentation with regulation models designed to undermine organized crime and benefit the health and security of end users. It is therefore important to be critical. health specialists. As many have said before. judge the results and. Spain and Portugal have done – has proven that a less repressive approach leads not only to lower drug use but also to less health issues linked to their consumption. law enforcement. so long as a curious mind exists. the drugs market.
anti-epileptic. After millions of years of evolution (beginning with the humble sea squirt) humans have developed a sophisticated system of receptors – one of the densest of its type in the human body – specifically designed to accept the exact chemical compounds produced by the Cannabis plant. Many of its protective and therapeutic effects may be attributed to the ability of these substances to move freely through the ‘brain/blood barrier’. reproductive. then why do we produce nearly atomically-twin substances that our body requires to survive? According to Di Marzo (1998). Whether or not the above are true. is responsible for modulating energy intake. Anti-angiogenic (prevents fresh blood supply to tumors). Most animals and other organisms also have cannabinoid receptors. education into the physical workings of these substances. will burst. Writer and director Len Richmond has stunned viewers with a masterpiece documenting the bio-chemistry of Cannabis: What if Cannabis Cured Cancer answers questions that viewers perhaps never thought to ask. The endo-cannabinoid system. THIS DOCUMENTARY WILL BE ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT FILMS YOU EVER WATCH. plus a few others. This means that our very most precious and essential systems are being aided in function and control by the ECS. as well as virus-induced leukemia. presenting a quick. and this is especially important for brain cancer patients. blends together to present the exact flavor. Anti-metastatic (stops cancer’s ability to spread). anyone who has ever had an opinion about Cannabis must watch this film and truly become enlightened. anti-psychotic. the man who discovered THC in 1964. Forget what? According to Dr. affects the impact of THC. malignant tumors and bacterial infections. or we. fights diabetes. scientific evidence that will only fail to silence opponents to medical marijuana if they choose to entirely ignore the research. THCV: Mostly in S. effect and duration of each of your favorite strains. African/Thai strains. sedative. antiinflammatory. THC has also been medically-proven to slow the growth of breast. be assured that your education will still have been expanded through the watching of this astonishing film.or herbal) have in the human body. virus-induced leukemia. the unique combination of these compounds. eat. Type II diabetes. bronchial dilator. However. anxiolytic (anti-anxiety). CANNABIS PHARMACEUTICALS PRESENT A LESS-TOXIC ALTERNATIVE FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE ALREADY ILL. forget and protect’.com Some important cannabinoid functions: THC: Mimics the body’s own ECS.DVD » www. ‘We need to have a way to One of the reasons that Cannabis does not physically addict is because of our ECS – our bodies recognize cannabinoids. causing a shift from hunter/gatherer societies to static. CBD: Non-psychoactive. Even if you already knew much of the information covered in What if Cannabis Cured Cancer. Due to the oily nature of the cannabinoids (the stuff that spreads all over your fingers when you handle buds) the compounds are easily able to slip between the two parts of the body. If Cannabis (and the drug compounds therein) is so dangerous. we need our ECS for mechanisms that help us to ‘relax. smokers. agrarian ones. and storage. encourages cancer cell death. including the nervous-. has protective.. anti-inflammatory. Perhaps short-term memory isn’t such a bad thing after all. one cannot argue about the proven role and functions that cannabinoids (endogenous. circulatory-. the ECS regulates our moods. or endoSativa Diva cannabinoids. scientists claim that hemp was the first intentionally cultivated plant. Apoptopic (hastens death of cancer cells). ALL CANNABIS-BASED DRUGS HAD BEEN REMOVED FROM US PHARMACIES. doubters. BY 1942. strongly inhibits tumor growth in leukemia and breast cancer. Anti-proliferative (inhibits cell growth). fights LEN RICHMOND HAS STUNNED VIEWERS WITH A MASTERPIECE DOCUMENTING THE BIO-CHEMISTRY OF CANNABIS: WHAT IF CANNABIS CURED CANCER ANSWERS QUESTIONS THAT VIEWERS PERHAPS NEVER THOUGHT TO ASK ical Cannabis are explained empirically. then that’s definitely not true. slows growth of lungand breast cancer. activists. doctors. Cannabinoid impact on cancer: Seeking out cancer cells and preferentially killing them. their original intent was to receive the same compounds when produced by the human body. may act as anti-depressant. AND WHY WE SHOULD CONTINUE TO DO SO FOR THE SAKE OF THE HUMAN RACE. sleep. shielding healthy cells and inciting the ‘suicide’ of cancer cells. nutrient transport and metabolism. but research diverges here as the functions sometimes differ between species. In addition. Naysayers. drink. where they can then destroy cancer cells in a carefully-guided attack. Hard facts replace conjecture. Raphael Mechoulam. Anthropological conjecture exists over whether Cannabis consumption somehow stimulated early human language skills. smoke or vaporize it. . You read that correctly: human beings produce the endogenous version of the herbal cannabinoids responsible for the myriad effects brought about by the consumption of weed.lenrichmondfilms. in other realms. If nothing else.’ It is a known fact that the lack of pain memory is one of the more important evolutionary aspects of our bodies. you will obtain the peace of mind that comes with certainty: everything we’ve been saying for years about the benefits of Cannabis has been true.. The documentary begins with a brief education on the ancient relationship between Cannabis and humans. Written and directed by Len Richmond Narrated by Peter Coyote Edited by Massimo Mazzucco Running Time: 60 minutes . Whether you ingest. which protects the brain from infection and other harm. Many people like to believe they truly ‘know everything there is to know about Cannabis’. Activists from within the community will rejoice: the merits of medbut extremely in-depth. smell. but cannabinoids actually have a semi-protective effect on the body. THESE FOUR CANNABINOIDS ARE CONSIDERED AMONG THE MOST IMPORTANT OF THE 400+ COMPOUNDS FOUND IN CANNABIS. Ever wondered why Cannabis gets you high? It’s no accident. and is now scientifically-proven. CBC: Found in extremely low levels.Stereo . Not only does smoking moderate amounts of weed NOT cause cancer.DOCUMENTARY 7 What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? THIS MINDBLOWING FILM EXPLAINS HOW AND WHY WE GET HIGH FROM CANNABIS.and immune systems.and lung cancer tumors. It is this action that takes place when certain cannabinoids pass into the brain. such as ethno-botany. forget. neuroprotector. makes ‘high’ come on faster but last less time. CBN: Primary product of THC degradation. KURT CANNABIS (MALCOLM MCDOWELL) AND CONNIE CANCER (ROSEANNE BARR) LIGHTEN THE MOOD IN A SPECIAL COMEDY SHORT. preventative effect against malignant tumors. If you haven’t seen this film.Color . or ECS. growers. known as endogenous cannabinoids. providing physical. anti-depressant.
). FOR THE 4TH DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS and Frank continue their liaisons in the future and that Dr. showing not only the level to which this elder statesman is informed. this bill could be deemed a well-timed move to guarantee media coverage and increased support from a wider demographic. The legislation would limit Federal interference in marijuana law enforcement to cross-border or inter-state smuggling. continued prohibition of Cannabis should be acknowledged as pointless outspoken criticism of US monetary. His stance is informed by a long belief in the states’ ability to govern themselves. and perhaps a few more Congressional Representatives will stop and think for a moment longer when considering HR 2306. Many more moderate Republicans seek to distance themselves from him. The bill’s authors do however stress that it is ‘not a legalization bill’. let alone the House. with trafficking offenses remaining under Federal jurisdiction. Federal raids on dispensaries would no longer occur as citizens invoking their right to cultivate. HR 2306. On June 23rd. and de facto leader of the libertarian Tea Party movement. they have teamed up in the past to campaign for reductions in military spending. and thus Ron Paul has lent his name to an otherwise all-Democrat proposition. With levels of public interest remaining high. Steve Cohen (Tenn. Republican Congressman for Texas’s 14th District. BOTH RON PAUL AND BARNEY FRANK HAVE A STRONG BACKGROUND IN PROHEMP AND MARIJUANA CAMPAIGNING. John Conyers (Mich. It seeks to remove marijuana regulation from the jurisdiction of the Federal government and hand it back to the state. When it comes to marijuana. it’s clear there is yet another subject upon which they agree – and have done for some time. and was in itself remarkable in that HR 2306 SEEKS TO REMOVE MARIJUANA REGULATION FROM THE JURISDICTION OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND HAND IT BACK TO THE STATE. despite not always agreeing on matters of policy. sale and taxation of Cannabis would be wholly regulated by state authorities. This bill was each time co-sponsored and supported by Ron Paul. It comes at a very relevant time – just after the Global Commission on Drug Policy released statements to the effect that the War on Drugs has so far been a failure. Jared Polis (Colo. and it is true that on many issues their views are entirely unaligned. all such publicity is good publicity for the Cannabis cause. DEMOCRATIC RON PAUL.). Such bi-partisan arrangements – while not uncommon – are likely to attract more attention in the media. The expectation is that the excessive levels of criminality involved in the Cannabis industry will decrease with the more favorable legislation and regulations many states have already begun to implement. He has a proven record over the past few years on pro-marijua- BARNEY FRANK. as was effectively the case prior to 1937. Much has been made of the so-called ‘unlikely’ partnership between Ron Paul and Barney Frank. only to die again. Although the bill is sure to be opposed by many. Ron Paul is known for his na issues. it would be contradictory to his stance to condone Federal control over most everyday aspects of life. having signed the Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2009 (HR1866 2009-H1866) to ‘grant each state regulating authority for the growing and processing of industrial hemp. Dr. Democratic House Representative of the 4th District of Massachusetts– the second openly gay member of the House of Representatives – also has a strong backit was the first that sought to remove marijuana legislation from the Federal level – but limited to personal amounts. contrary to many of the more sensationalist reports appearing in By Kali Mist the initial days following the announcement. but also the level of his enthusiasm and commitment to the cause.and foreign policies. So.LEGISLATION 9 HR 2306: Ending Federal Marijuana Prohibition Act of 2011 A MAJOR SHIFT IN THE APPROACH TO US MARIJUANA LEGISLATION. REPUBLICAN HOUSE REP. Barney Frank. was proposed to Congress by Ron Paul (R. Nevertheless. but despite (or perhaps due to) his apparent eccentricity he enjoys a wide following. Paul is no stranger to controversy.. ... and four further democrats: Reps. HR 2306. It is to be hoped that Congressmen Paul good chance of this bill getting at least a little floor time. there is a RON PAUL HAS LENT HIS NAME TO AN OTHERWISE ALL-DEMOCRAT PROPOSITION and damaging to society. and as such is a milestone in the saga of Cannabis politics. Paul would remain so emphatically in favor of pro-marijuana legislation – were his presidential campaign to prove successful. The bill is being publicized using the decades-old but still effective argument: that prohibition of alcohol had negative effects so severe it was quickly deemed unworkable – and for the same reasons. 2011 the bi-partisan bill.). it is a positive step in the continuing effort to raise awareness in political circles. and in 2008 proposed the Personal Use HOUSE REP. AS WAS EFFECTIVELY THE CASE PRIOR TO 1937 As a staunch supporter of small government. However. and that nations should begin reviewing current drug policy with a possible view to eventual legalization. Presidential candidate. sell and smoke marijuana – where it is not prohibited by state law – would no longer be committing a Federal offense.’ Frank also authored the State’s Right to Medical Marijuana Act in 2001. Frustration that people are being wrongly-deprived of medical marijuana due to outdated and restrictive laws is a sentiment strongly echoed in several of Paul’s previous statements. However. with its bi-partisan authorship. all cynicism aside. the popular liberal. Mass. Production. and was re-proposed in 2009.) and Barbara Lee (Calif. as well as to campaign in favor of online gambling within the US. a strong dislike of the ‘nanny state’ – and belief in self-determination and our inherent freedom to decide what to put into our bodies.. has attracted significant media attention. of Marijuana by Responsible Adults Act (HR 5843) which initially died in committee. it seems that the link between these two very different politicians is not so tenuous after all. this is the first that seeks to entirely remove Federal control (at least within state boundaries). vote. Texas). Barney Frank (D. FOR TEXAS’S 14TH DISTRICT ground in marijuana campaigning and a consistent pro-hemp voting record. and as a 2012 Presidential hopeful. and is unlikely to pass committee. While previous proposed bills have sought to limit Federal control or legalize certain aspects of marijuana or hemp. his interest in pro-marijuana legislation apparently extends beyond the hypothetical: Paul has even promoted the cause of industrial hemp in the past.).
anti-convulsant. this indica is sure to take your pain away – and probably your sensibilities too.00 % 0.22 % Anti-anxiety.22% THC. SGL02191 Cannabinoid 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Cannabidiol Cannabinol 8-Tetrahydrocannabinol Cannabichromene Cannabicyclol Cannabielsoin Cannabigerol Cannabinidiol Cannabitriol Miscellaneous types 9-THC CBD CBN 8-THC CBC CBL CBE CBG CBND CBT General Effects Analgesic. Her trichomes are lined up in perfect single-file for your viewing pleasure.. 1600 South Hill St. neuro-protector. 0. Beginners beware! Too much of a toke from these beauties and you’ll find yourself in couch-lock paranoia. SGL02323 General Effects % Analgesic. Chronically Inclined .00 % Cannabinoid 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol 9-THC Cannabidiol CBD Cannabinol CBN 8-Tetrahydrocannabinol 8-THC Cannabichromene CBC Cannabicyclol CBL Cannabielsoin CBE Cannabigerol CBG Cannabinidiol CBND Cannabitriol CBT Miscellaneous types . Indica Organic Greenhouse Master Kush. Indica Non-Organic Indoor Platinum Bubba.61 % 0. she could be the strongest weapon on the battlefield. byproduct of THC degradation 0. anti-convulsant.00 % Additional information coming soon. Unit D. not all strains are created equal! We’ve seen several Bubba strains with no CBD content at all. These are an interesting breed that. CA 90015. Los Angeles. Behold the greenest of greens! It’s as if you could see nature’s essence flowing through this beauty. inhibits cancer cell growth 0. SGL01328 General Effects % Analgesic.00 % 0. however. Connoisseurs: rejoice. The Green Door San Diego.00 % Additional information coming soon. the rarest of the rare are high CBD (Cannabidiol) strains. STRAIN REPORT StrainGeniusLab Awards Sovereign og. 0.00 % Additional information coming soon. Beneath that amazing head of thick. They leap off the camera lens begging ‘Look at me. So if you need to pass that calculus test. 0. inhibits cancer cell growth Modifies ‘high’.00 % Additional information coming soon. SGL02337 Downtown Collective. 0. are known for their properties in not getting you too high. 0. (213) 746-8420 Cannabinoid 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol 9-THC Cannabidiol CBD Cannabinol CBN 8-Tetrahydrocannabinol 8-THC Cannabichromene CBC Cannabicyclol CBL Cannabielsoin CBE Cannabigerol CBG Cannabinidiol CBND Cannabitriol CBT Miscellaneous types General Effects % Analgesic.00 % Additional information coming soon.00 % 0.00 % Additional information coming soon. appetite stimulant 17. 0.00 % 0. 0. and the Red Warrior doesn’t disappoint.00 % 0. appetite stimulant Anti-anxiety. inhibits cancer cell growth 0. inhibits cancer cell growth 0. inhibits cancer cell growth 1.00 % Additional information coming soon. Palm Desert. appetite stimulant 17.00 % Additional information coming soon. 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So hats off to these master growers for cultivating this rare gem.00 % Photos by: Nick Angilello Best Anxiety Relief Award (High CBD) While we see many great rating THC strains every day.86 % Modifies ‘high’.00 % 0.14 % Anti-anxiety.22 % Anti-anxiety. She boasts a gorgeous glow with well-placed hairs and bright.00 % Additional information coming soon.10 Best Pain Relieving Strain Award (High THC) With this strain scoring high at nearly 20% THC.00 % Additional information coming soon. neuro-protector.61 % Additional information coming soon. relax. 0. byproduct of THC degradation 0. 0. 0. anti-convulsant. 0. reminiscent of a plum-colored Cabernet.89 % Modifies ‘high’.98 % 0. Indica Organic Indoor A1 Purple. but need to take the edge off. neuro-protector. 0.00 % Additional information coming soon. SGL02207 General Effects % Analgesic.60 % Cannabinoid 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol 9-THC Cannabidiol CBD Cannabinol CBN Paragon 77928 Paladas Rd.00 % Pretty in Purple Award We can’t help ourselves. Sovereign. sunset hairs are glowing white bulbs just begging for your vaporizer.00 % Additional information coming soon. 0.11 % Additional information coming soon. anti-convulsant. It’s a completely different experience that we highly recommend. 0. the A1 Purple from The Green Door Collective is a clear winner. This red-headed stepchild is bursting with supermodel appeal. This strong indica is great for an afternoon of relaxation or an after work couch party. pick up some Platinum Bubba from Paragon. CA 92211 (951) 219-4600 Sexiest Strain Award The Downtown Collective has a winner this month with their picturesque Louis XIII. anti-convulsant. strangely enough. Feeling lonely? Wrap your lips around nature’s most fertile Louis XIII.19 % 0.00 % Additional information coming soon. 0.00 % Additional information coming soon. byproduct of THC degradation 0. 0. 0. but are best known for their exceptional anxiety relief. appetite stimulant 20.00 % Additional information coming soon.00 % Additional information coming soon.47 % Modifies ‘high’.00 % Additional information coming soon. 0. appetite stimulant 20. She’s a dark burgundy. and enjoy this Sovereign OG from Sovereign. Downtown Collective.00 % Additional information coming soon. 0. neuro-protector. 0. We’re always blown away by the purps. and she’ll visually enchant anyone who sets their on eyes upon her. byproduct of THC degradation 0. Paragon. At 20. Even the cartoons you’re watching on the television set will know how high you are.34 % Additional information coming soon. neuro-protector. San Diego.86 % Modifies ‘high’.52 % Anti-anxiety.00 % Additional information coming soon.00 % The Green Door San Diego.
CA until his conviction and sentencing in 2008. “From what I understand they are all indoors and that makes them cost prohibitive.12 GREEN PRISONERS POLITICAL PRISONER AND ACTIVIST EDDY LEPP TALKS WITH SOFT SECRETS USA Eddy Lepp Speaks Eddy Lepp owned and operated Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens in Lake County. It began with FDR and has resulted in the loss of our greatest asset: the great American farmer. and offered a way for people to obtain medical islation allowing some local use of marijuana rises. a belief that we could help ourselves and others without help or aid from the government.’” Rev.” To learn more about Eddy’s case and those of other Green Prisoners. There are eight million people without health insurance in California. Arrested in California. I am never closer to Jah as when I use the Sacred Herb. In a democracy. and using natural and organic nutrients. There is little to do and less to care about. Most dispensaries charge $15-$25 a gram for medical marijuana.. She goes to many events and never tires of telling the world of our FIGHT FOR JUSTICE. I [play] Bocci. Eddy’s congregation was comprised of cancer patients. Grubbycup Linda developed thyroid cancer. discuss making provisions for large scale licensed indoor cultivation. and medical care charges more to private citizens than it does to insurance companies. at some point the Federal government should accept the will of the citizens. If the big business and the banks aren’t brought to heel soon. “I believe they have already lost the fight but. He became involved with helping people connect with safe access to medical Cannabis after his father was diagnosed with cancer. Grubbycup awaiting appeal. my friend. the will of the majority of the population should determine the direction of government. THROUGH THE CHURCH THE COST WAS ABOUT A DOLLAR A GRAM. If you try and work hard enough they will all come TRUE. In March they were still being planted. and sadly as a nation. the re-legalization movement seems to be making progress. Big business is killing this country. they are still striking out at everyone in their death throes. to a woman whom he says “is the love of my life. such as Oakland. Eddy is housed at Lompoc Federal Prison Camp in California. She was one of the kindest souls I have ever met and just about all who knew her will testify to that. ‘Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens and MultiDenominational Chapel of Cannabis and Rastafari’ was a dream. and pressure from citizens to restore that freedom to the citizenry is mounting. but did not mitigate his sentence. I am most definitely a political prisoner.” The Church made charitable donations to the local poor. which we proved (in spite of where I am) that we could do. and again forced Eddy to watch a loved one suffer. Through the Church the cost was about a dollar a gram. indoors allows for increased security and seasonal flexibility. “At his memorial his doctor told me I added several months to his life by having him smoke marijuana. “Life in prison is very boring. The guys I am in here with. Eddy advises to get the most out of Cannabis: “Go slow and enjoy the benefits. but artificial lighting is much more expensive than using natural sunlight.com.” Time goes slowly for imprisoned Eddy. and an appeal is in process. versus the overseeing Federal government’s more restrictive stance.” The Church was “loved and wellreceived.” Sadly. Today. I have kept my word as Jah did for me. Eddy explains.” country means they “are really no worse than the rest of Corporate America. follow your dreams. His garden was operated in compliance with California State law. and smoking marijuana helped. When she developed cancer. love and puka shells.” Irrigated by a drip system with overhead misters. California cities.” Eddy eventually remarried. read. We were still planting as late as May or June. If you believe in something. many of them are wonderful people and we would all be better off with many of them home with their families. my strength. She was a healer and was able to help many people. Linda passed away shortly before Eddy was arrested. but in conflict with Federal law. “I broke no laws in the state of California. Growing Cannabis “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . especially the closer relationships you will have with the ‘most high’ as you understand it. Current prescription costs are beyond the financial grasp of many. write. A Rastafari minister. “Either you never met her or you loved her. 25 acres of land were held by the Church for use by the congregation. Judge Marilyn Patel noted the ten-year mandatory minimum was excessive. According to Eddy. highlighting the problems related to using only traditional cancer treatments. Even while Eddy is serving out his sentence for similar activities. The illness made eating difficult for his father. She was special.” Cannabis has been illegal in California for less than 100 years.Green-Aid.” There are six-and-a-half more years remaining in Eddy’s sentence. I fear for our future as a world power. Peace. AIDS patients and other medical users seeking to grow their own medicinal Cannabis – and Rastafarian sacrament.. Eddy contends that the religious use of Cannabis is nothing new: “It is the main ingredient in the holy anointing oil in the Bible. Eddy inhabited the gray area between what states claim to be the rights of its citizens to seek non-pharmaceutical relief. he would devote the rest of [his] life to helping people and telling them about the Sacred Plant. helping. it is only a matter of time.” Cannabis without paying black market prices or contributing to the cash flow of underworld smugglers. my partner.” When asked about his first wife Linda. as a rattlesnake with a broken back. visit » www. the legalized extortion of money that the insurance and pharmaceutical companies are allowed to enjoy in this “We started in December with plants going into the ground. after the loss of his first wife. As the number of states where democratically-passed leg- MOST DISPENSARIES CHARGE $15-$25 A GRAM FOR MEDICAL MARIJUANA. She was my ‘Little Bitty Pretty One. he “made a promise to Jah (God) that in exchange for spiritual strength for his wife.
then you’re out of luck… unless you have a ‘wietby O’Riodon pas’ (weed pass). an ex-cabinet minister. has put forth a proposal to bring Cannabis under the same law that governs tobacco. Importers and non-licensed growers would still be prosecuted. Today. Now. they realized it was an opportunity to do the same in Holland. Weed may be ‘legal’ in the do. Unfortunately you can only get one of these if you’re a legal. A Monsieur Valiant. What if this information falls into the wrong hands? It could have far-reaching effects: denial of auto insurance. and tourists were ripped off all the time. The city of Amsterdam is against the plan and a number of other cities in Holland have also expressed doubts. folks. negatively impact a job application or a custody hearing. Sure. they would prefer a more liberal approach. it is the police who serve the warrant and make the arrest. address and social security number. they will just have to buy off the street. so why don’t politicians get it? It makes me wonder if there isn’t some ulterior motive. if you’re lucky you might find something good and buy the maximum allowance – three whole grams! ONLY LEGAL. ‘the police will deal with it. This government. He suggests the government should set aside a hundred thousand acres and start major cultivation. then fight about it with the European Parliament later.AMSTERRANT 13 Dutch Weed Pass: THANK YOU. because they will have everybody’s bank. The new weed pass will fit very well into their plan. you have finally been issued with a weed pass and you need a smoke. Amsterdam is a clean. bringing in enough revenue to kick-start the economy. the Dutch government is busy banging another nail into the coffin of Cannabis tourism. when we had lots of bad drugs and violence on the streets. This is a mistake of Himalayan proportions and experts have told them so. Whereas the US system is run by medical practitioners. RESIDENT TAX-PAYERS WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR THE DUTCH GEDOOGKABINET (TOLERANCE CABINET) THE NEW CARD – EFFECTIVELY PRIVATE MEMBERSHIP. Yes. SHOULD YOU VISIT AMSTERDAM AND WANT TO BUY SOME WEED. but we Cannabis use poses no threat whatsoever to society. because the card is not valid anywhere else. but the government will not listen. Fortunately there are number of groups challenging the law on the grounds of discrimination (which is against a current EEC law). a tradition as Dutch as tulips and cheese. along with all the weirdos who smoke it. tourists will potentially only be able to access the passes from their hotel reception or doormen. prices have been rising steadily. probably involving money. after all the ID checks. This is sending us back to the ‘80s. This is the same justice department that carries out more telephone taps than any other country in the world. PLEASE DON’T COME AGAIN Well. they want to turn our coffeeshops into private clubs. To close THIS TINY CARD COULD INCITE A HUGE UPROAR. After that. In a brain-churning stroke of ostrich politics. private companies now deal with a large part of the busts. They wished Cannabis didn’t exist. visited by millions of people and (according to the statistics) a quarter of them will safely visit a coffeeshop.and personal details. or. but then private enterprise takes over. are suddenly looking at it in a favorable light. Then the highly-taxed product would be sold in local tobacconists. why can’t Holland? So. Meanwhile in the criminal world.. but not so harshly. Well. (PHOTO: MARCEL VAN HOORN) them to visitors is not only stupid. but it doesn’t stop there. friendly city. with a few changes. should you come to visit the fair city of Amsterdam and want to buy some weed. but a hundred mature plants can get you a 10K fine and the chance of a life-changing experience. etc. Quality will go down and there is the added opportunity to get involved in a violent street crime.’ They’ve just cut the police force. THEN YOU’RE OUT OF LUCK… UNLESS YOU HAVE A ‘WIETPAS’ (WEED PASS) coffeeshops. his reply was simply. The public know this. When medical marijuana became big news in the States. also. whether it’s good or bad. This is dangerous territory and infringes upon our human rights. It is believed the government All this is happening in a time when the French. has been wrestling with the ‘Cannabis problem’ since they first got together in their grubby little pact. ours will be run by the justice department and they will want everybody’s name and number. if France can come up with something positive. They even know when you buy and how much because payment must be done with a bank card – no more cash. champagne corks are already popping. In order to get a pass you have to register your name. This is a moment for some clear-headed thinking and an admission that recreational wants to push the price to over thirty dollars a gram and then tax it. There have been rumors of a rather cynical plan that would explain the continuing onslaught on the growers. the pass is only valid in the coffeeshop nearest to where you live. off limits to you and all other visitors to Holland. you’ll have buy from your nearest coffeeshop. an unelected coalition of tight-assed racists and poker-faced deniers. They have decided they don’t want your dollars any more and the next time you visit Europe they’d prefer if you went elsewhere to smoke your dope. When the Minister of Justice was asked about the increase in street dealing that would follow such a move. but the Minister of Justice is just pig-headed enough to try and push it through. As a result of all the busts. This could be a law within six months. but the government in The Hague is not listening. the move will expand an already huge black market. despite all the advice to the contrary. but discriminatory and a denial of people’s rights. as I write this. In their war on the growers. who until now have been the bad guys with their relentless persecution of the Cannabis user. . So much for free choice. tax paying resident.
If they’re lucky they get bogus seeds. Very little. but not the full labeling. it may sound like a trivial thing. Today. is a haven for fly-by-night merchants. they come to buy our WHITE RUSSIAN IS ONE OF THE MANY LEGENDARY STRAINS CREATED BY SERIOUS SEEDS . I started to sell the seed tubes and now almost everybody is doing it. People can ask whether shops not on the list are real or not. So pirates have been there from the start – because it’s lucrative. but I don’t think it is. right to the last detail. We have a list of legit sites. but in our business we are far more limited. SSUSA spoke to Simon. lots of times you will find what you get is not what you anticipated. Its sort of ‘upper-middle class’. you’re making money while giving us a bad name. and it filters back to me. are among the worst hit by this scurrilous activity. the Cannabis seed business is a victim of the ease with which ideas can be ripped off and copied. Nobody else is doing it. This is only because of this problem. The packaging was sort of mine. So would you like to see or would you advise other companies to be as careful as Serious in documenting and labeling their varieties? Copying what you’re doing? You can see that the main interest of establishing companies is still making money. They can make lawsuits and all the rest. and we By Jules Marshall operate in a world that is not really protected like regular companies are. If you’re buying seeds off the Internet by name. We want them to have a good experience with our seeds. old-school seed breeder extraordinaire and owner of Serious Seeds. So 80 Euros (ca. But at some point we got a couple of complaints very close to each other from their customers. I don’t know exactly how other companies deal with complaints. basically. talked to the owner. Serious Seeds has a shop list of legitimate shops on its website which sell the real thing. said ‘hey man. cyber-squatters and pirates. They pay for all those people who parasitize on them. It’s a widespread thing. OSB – a shop from Canada. when you had Skunk and Northern Lights already and in Amsterdam there were shops with seeds with those names way cheaper than the original. We guarantee this. especially when you are operating internationally. It’s very widespread. especially the Spanish companies. And with virtually no chance of them being caught. sometimes not selling anything at all. but I don’t visit forums a lot so can’t say where for sure. When did you first become aware of this problem with piracy? Before I had started my own business. I’ll give you an example of one case – Ontario Seed Bank. it’s not just Chanel. and we keep a database of that. But as with the rest of the ‘Net. How much are pirates typically making on ripped off seeds? How much cheaper are generic seeds compared to branded AK-47 seeds from you? AK-47 is not the most expensive seed but it is certainly not a cheap one either. but not totally. such as Bubblegum and AK-47. People ‘buy’ something by credit card and never get anything. ‘No. Prada and branded cigarettes that are being faked and pirated. and blah blah blah.14 INTERVIEW Pirates of the High Seeds The Internet has been a huge boon for growers around the world. According to him he wasn’t doing anything wrong. It has happened already that companies copy the packaging too. His first line of argument was that he had to deal with possible complaints. it’s written about in forums and so on. fielding complaints. So the fact that nobody does it is already pointing in that direction. $115) for 11 seeds. whose award-winning household names.’ I said. especially those who are not in the position of being able to browse real-life shops for their growing needs. let’s say. yep. If they buy seeds and they have a bad experience – even if they fucked up themselves – we give them new seeds. The names and intellectual property of well-known quality weed strains are being increasingly ripped off too – but without the protection in law granted to legitimate businesses. I also get emails regularly from people ‘I bought these AK seeds from this shop – are they real?’ Sometimes they are and sometimes they’re not. Growers are basically victims. takes the whole back cover of the High Times for an advertisement. They build pirate websites. We are also the only company that guarantees our seeds – to protect the customer. although I can’t remember where I saw them. Soft Secrets: You were talking about ripping off the names of weed strains. The idea usually is just to sell them and wash your hands [of it]. Simon: Yes. selling the seeds as if they are real. The days of popping over to Amsterdam or asking a friend to send or bring some back are over. and now he was selling his own seeds as if they were Serious. So you can see that they take over good ideas. The ‘Net. It is a lot of hassle to do it: checking numbers. it seems. Are there independent websites where growers can discuss among themselves which seeds or sellers are legit. which websites are not to be trusted? I have seen such sites. Basically: ‘What do you care? If they have complaints I have to face them. and from the type of the complaint it was clear that these were not Serious Seeds they were getting. I’m getting complaints here and they’re not getting Serious Seeds from you. He used to buy Serious Seeds from us. and only if they’re really lucky do they get the real thing. He’s been operating for a couple of years. and I’m not here to advise other companies. so we go very far with our customer service. People know that. And that is interesting enough for pirates to want to copy. they can call and check ‘is this a good one or not?’ It’s all to protect the end customer. He had been selling our seeds for a while. So I called the shop. you’re obviously selling seeds as if they were Serious’ – and he didn’t even bother to deny it. But we have done it since Day One. There are also Black Lists too. Lots of people are trying to parasitize on the popularity of certain names. Serious Seeds is the only company as far as I know who individually number each seed package. I was a grower back then.
So just pinching your names and sticking them on their own seeds? Yep. So now there are coffeeshops or grow shops and bars or whatever. not really living up to the original. maybe find out what was going on through your personal networks and had a bit more control. But my concern is that the customer. Now it is all about big companies in Spain growing massive amounts of seeds and selling to everyone. where you treat the marihuana industry like any other branch of the agricultural industry. Their website is called paradiseseeds. but there is no danger of confusion with the original. and at some point Wow. while they are selling really dangerous drugs – except. you don’t want to moan about it all the time. they’re all bought from a big producer – and guess what? They started selling seeds which are originally Serious names: Bubblegum. Olé 47. They all seem like equals in the booklet but I see them as copies and in my opinion. I guess one answer is to do something like they’re starting to set up in America. to make them realize that this is going on. But when you see them all printed together it looks like they are all in the same league. because they pay the price. It means when I pay for an ad in a booklet or guide or whatever. but it is also good for the end customer. GROWERS ARE BASICALLY VICTIMS. selling them under their own name. After my intervention they changed the name to something referring to or close to AK-47. and someone else started a site called paradiseseeds. Nirvana promised they’d change the name. All we can do is try to protect our interests and name as best we can. a couple of years ago. It’s all about money. they don’t know enough about erate action against Serious Seeds. Heineken was there or a cigarette company? I tell you what the difference is: we’re dealing with a very relaxed. don’t just go by the name. Yes. and are registered in Canada. that he shouldn’t be confused with names that are the same or similar and he’s not getting what he wanted. AK-47 is probably the most copied name in the business. and it’s not permitted to mention all the awards the strain has won. So you have to be on the lookout even here in Amsterdam. this is seldom copied. The coffeeshops that are buying them. I guess when the seeds business was mostly confined to Amsterdam or Holland.’ Finally they understood my point. it’s back to the old Caveat Emptor – buyer beware. If something just reminds you of AK-47. Kaya 47. Before they buy their seeds. If those two are matched. then the chances of success are greater. Armageddon 47 and Jack 47. THEY PAY FOR ALL THOSE PEOPLE WHO PARASITIZE ON THEM. That’s how weird it can get. they agreed to stop using my names. Or so I hope. Several coffeeshops in Amsterdam are starting to sell seeds under their own name. I went along with the name changes by Nirvana. to name only a few. Luckily I found out right away. They are offered seeds under these names and they buy them and sell them. so they don’t appreciate the problem. theirs are legal and ours is not. I mean. They sell seeds of course. Especially when all you can have printed is the name and flowering time. Unlike the name of the seeds. they are not in the business and know no better. But what is the difference to this and if Mr. look at the website of the company to see if it is a legit shop. Like that it is clear that they were derived from AK-47. That is also difficult: people who did not lift a finger to make seeds themselves – they have no clue how much time it takes. AK-74. So what should growers do to safeguard their choice of seeds? Another thing you see is… Paradise Seeds contacted me – no I contacted them. they just start selling seeds with somebody else’s name. I found out a couple of months ago that nowadays… this business started with small seed companies. there’s a lot to say about this subject. What you also see is people start a website and start selling seeds. and you also find out what the packaging looks like. White Label seeds and others but there are still a lot of companies selling AK-47 at some point. and is still doing it. you could put out inquires. because they think it’s funny. which is fine. then it’s OK by me. but with the Internet it’s almost impossible. You have to look at all these things to boost your chance of success. so I think we have a responsibility to warn them. not your copies. You have to stop immediately. seeds. Oké 47. when he smokes alone or with friends some AK-47. From customers I know. There have been cases and law suits about names already. Nirvana started selling AK-47 until I spotted this at a Cannabis Cup a few years ago and said ‘What the AK-47 IS PROBABLY THE MOST COPIED NAME IN THE BUSINESS fuck is this? You’re using my name. . but you have to pay a lot of money for such protection. AK-47 as if it’s completely normal. nonpoisonous product. and after three months shut the whole business down and start a new thing. variations on names is common throughout the industry. But it’s very hard to find out who’s behind it. To take part under those conditions is just degrading to the original and to my company. So a customer has to not just look at the name but also look at the company who is producing it. nl.com. that’s one way. and they did: to AK-48! The best thing is to check which company has made the seeds. he’s doing it with other companies too. this issue. and since it was not a delibAs a variant. They’re even harder to track down. Like I said.15 decides: that’s what I want. with complete documentation from seed to consumer. That is my main concern. let alone internationally.’ He thought it was perfectly fine to do that. All copies of the original AK-47. and the rogue site is attracting attention away from the original site. So there you have it. Sensi Seeds and so on. A company in Amsterdam – Spliff – just started selling Bubblegum. Chronic – popular names. goes to the shop and asks for AK-47. Also. My names are protected in Benelux. There is. but in European courts they have a hard time not to burst out laughing. a Jack 47. They look very similar but are not. right next to my entry is an AK-48. There are seeds called OK-57. It’s happening in Holland. ultimately.
supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal. and with every new piece of research a new incentive emerges for others to join in the movement. Kevlar is also very stable in extremes of temperature – especially sub-zero levels – and has very low thermal conductivity. KEVLAR HAS MANY USES – AS SEEN HERE WITH THESE FIRE-STICK WICKS. there’s no way we can get rid of them any time soon. Kevlar is generally expensive to produce due to the fact that concentrated sulfuric acid is costly. cylindrical shape – somewhat like a stack of coins. and are the best-known current application of body. Even though the very first plastics were of organic origin. With time. all of which show remarkable resistance to tearing and cutting as well as to fire and heavy impacts. mean- KEVLAR HAS A VERY HIGH TENSILE STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO. These have a number of uses extending beyond the original use in car tires. which was revolutionary in the world of polymer research at that time.4-phenylene-diamine and terephthaloyl chloride take on a polymerized liquid crystal form. and dangerous to work with in an industrial setting. Furthermore. synthetic plastics became the standard. The new fiber had astonishing potential as a substitute for steel and more. the fiber used to provide strength and durability. One More Way That Hemp Plastic Could Save Our Lives THE KEVLAR FIBER IN ITS However. advances in hemp plastic have meant that a wide selection of products is now available. trees and soil. the monomers 1. fly in them. The resulting ultra-thin. or poly(p-phenyleneterephtalamide). cables. or layered with resin and thermoset to form composite plastics. Even the biggest global businesses are beginning to recognize the potential for bio-plastics. But the small number of innovative organizations out there that are investing heavily into hemp research is slowly growing. so while it is possible to import hemp longed heat. The more publicity that we can bring to these innovative hemp researchers. Plastics formed in this way can be thermoplastic (i. SHOWING THE INTERLINKED POLYMER RINGS (© BEN MILLS EPHEMERONIUM) “With plastic waste choking the oceans. materials and products. but more importantly. we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. not all possibilities are being as explored as they should. more and more sectors of industry will become aware of the advantages of hemp plastic. the ‘bast’ fibers of the hemp plant) is mixed with a resin. in the form of Kevlar and other similar technologies. Aramids are the class of highstrength. upon repeated heating. (© HENRY HEATLY) DUE TO ITS FIRE-PROOF NATURE. this produces a fiber. where a reinforcing fiber (in this case. ultra-strong Kevlar fiber can be woven to produce textiles. meaning that it is an excellent insulator and can be used in fire-proof clothing. severe impacts and exposure to extremely corrosive or harmful chemicals. as well as heat-containing linings for aircraft. highly heat-resistant synthetic polymers mostly developed for military and aerospace applications. walk on them. A further disadvantage is its low resistance to sunlight and tendency to degrade under UV light. brake linings and sporting equipment. Their characteristics depend on the resin used. such as unsaturated polyester. is a synthetic ‘para-aramid’ polyamide fiber developed and patented by DuPont in 1965. eco-friendly ethics are becoming the safest choice for companies wishing to maintain their profit margins. when not sourced from organic materials (such as hemp or flax). Due to their versatile nature. There’s no escaping them in modern life – we wear them. trees and soil.HEMPTECH 17 by Kali Mist Bullet-proof: Plastics are everywhere. para-aramids have the best strength-to-weight ratio of them all. but if reheated retain their characteristics and cannot be remolded. but the impetus needs to increase still further before we see universal uptake of sustainable technologies. around five times stronger than steel. and further research was undertaken immediately. and with consumer awareness at an all-time high. as the multinationals have been demonstrating for years. There are now several grades of Kevlar on offer in the form of various papers. light material (to be used as a substitute for steel in racing tires) that researchers found that in a solution of concentrated sulfuric acid.e. Some of them are capable of withstanding intense and proKevlar. When spun. MAKING IT IDEAL FOR USES SUCH AS THIS SAILCLOTH. These fibers. due to a combination of inter-related factors – domestic hemp production remains illegal.and vehicle armor to cover ropes. or organic plant-based resins to form a wholly ‘natural’ plastic. prices remain high. drive in them. and it is much easier to slap a patent on a synthetic product than one based on plants growing abundantly in nature. (© PHIDAUEX) . weblike inter-molecular bonds between the polymer chains. Without a return to a vastly simpler existence.” Over the last decade or so. it was while attempting to develop a strong. But there is only so much the planet can stand – and with plastic waste choking the oceans. are usually created in the laboratory in the form of synthetic polymers – nylon. is the tendency for said polymer rings to respond to molecular forces during processing and grow in an even. they can be molded and remolded into shapes that will be retained when cooled) or thermosetting. and research into further potential uses is picking up pace in many countries of the world. The latter type of plastics is formed at high temperatures. the propensity for ‘aromatic stacking interactions’ gives the fiber incredible strength and consistency: this UNPROCESSED STATE (©CJP24) A DIAGRAM OF THE MOLECULAR STRUCTURE OF KEVLAR. which cause them to form ring-like structures. yarns and fibers. acrylic and carbon fiber are common examples. In the USA. the more we at SSUSA feel we are doing something to assist their efforts. and rapidly became seen as indispensable. there is a huge amount of money to be made in plastics. we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. we even use them as armor. However. The most significant developments have arguably been in the field of composite plastics. that does not break in the way that nylon and other synthetic fibers do – due to strong.
hemp plastics offer a cheaper and more sustainable option. Car companies such as Honda. and are filling up landfills and the ocean everywhere one looks with harmful detritus that will never decompose. The Amsterdam company HempWorks has an in-house clothing label. and in this manner can be used to make lightweight. a reasonable level of protection against handguns for an urban or police application. At least one treated hempfiber product is already available. the potential for hemp in such a massive sector of industry simply cannot be ignored. as a more benign alternative to asbestos. Interestingly. it’s only right that we actually give them a reason for hating. more relaxed laws and a much cheaper and more consistent supply) hemp plastic and fiber products are increasingly known and used. so is obviously more suitable for an urban setting than for high-risk police work or warfare. as well as body armor and even powerboat hulls. and are likely channeling further capital into R & D. HEMP FIBER HAS A COMPARABLE. and it would be expected that costs will continue to fall as the industry continues to pick up pace. much research has gone into the field of thermosetting composites. and in many cases stronger. STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO AND IS AN IDEAL SUBSTITUTE FOR KEVLAR IN MANY APPLICATIONS. Crailar. fast-growing and (usually) cheap. as well as comparing to or out-performing silk in many aspects. and silk farming in general is often less than eco-friendly. such as those from projectiles. fashion and jewelery. The silk of a particular Black Widow spider is even being fired from a Glock 9mm. the fiber demonstrates many of the necessary characteristics. Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are even investigating the potential to create electricity-generating clothing by interweaving zinc oxide nanowires between the Kevlar fibers. who will be the next industry giant to take up the challenge of making hemp economically viable? Certain stalwarts of the plastics industry would do well to pay attention to the growing hype around hemp. in innumerable . a . and it is clear there is much still to be done before hemp products replace Kevlar and other environmentally-damaging plastics. and due to the thermo-regulating properties of hemp. discreet items of clothing that are not apparently armored that demonstrates remarkable tensile strength. However. and high durability (as well as an almost silk-like texture when woven into textiles). The fire-resistant nature of many hemp fibers and fiber composites also makes them particularly strong potential candidates for substitution of Kevlar when used for manufacture of protective clothing for firemen – and other fire-proof items such as fireeaters sticks. the more necessary it seems to make them the norm – and fast! While most lovers of Cannabis have no desire to see the plant used for military or law-enforcement purposes. which increases its softness and suppleness. While remarkably strong in itself. tested with shots different areas of industry: construction. “While it is possible to import hemp materials and products. In the automobile industry in general (but especially in Europe where there is a long tradition of hemp cultivation. Hemp is abundant. is useful in extremes of temperature. and is also being trialled in modern Thailand as a low-cost alternative to standard bulletproof clothing for police. even those based upon traditional plastics. While clothing based upon hemp is still expensive. prices remain high. Although the company behind Crailar. There are countless different applications. Many of these everyday plastics have a truly terrible environmental track record – they require lengthy. Hemp composites have been shown to be equally strong. hemp can do just as well. The fiber can also be used as a basis for composite plastics. (© JI-ELLE) used in US research into Kevlar alternatives. However. These jackets still represent a significant advance in hemp fiber research – and demonstrate major potential for the future. This discreet item has a fairly low protection rating due to the thin layer of polymer textile over the standard shell of the jacket. seeking alternatives to these current standards is imperative. it is competitive. in brake pads. silk itself was used in some of the earliest bullet-proof vests.18 HEMP HOODLAMB’S BULLET-PROOF MEN’S JACKET (© GABE MCINTYRE) ing that additional protective measures are often needed. these spiders are rare. ironically. sports equipment. It would be most fitting if a hemp-based plastic could knock DuPont’s product off the top spot. Chrysler and Mercedes are all using hemp plastic as we speak. It is produced by washing the hemp fiber in a ‘patented enzymatic bath’. such products are neither well-known nor widely-available. Therefore. replacing Kevlar with hemp composite plastic would reduce the cost by a factor of around fifteen. and hemp fiber technology still has a little catching up to do. Since their discovery in the 19th century. Kevlar is used here. packaging.22 and a . Costs of such discreet bullet-proof clothing. which produces a toxic dust. the silk vests tested so far have reached up to level III-A. supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal. very good strength-to-weight ratio. Hempreinforced plastics can have an impact but are capable of protecting against otherwise highly dangerous impacts. as well as manufacture of weaponry and defensive items. and the closer we look at natural composites. can easily run into the hundreds or thousands of dollars. often ‘disposable’.” resistance and tensile strength ten times that of steel. However.and carbonreinforced composites (which are currently used in pretty much everything you or I own). is not actively researching bullet-proof clothing themselves. Hemp Hoodlamb. who offer a level II-A bulletproof men’s jacket. than current industry standard materials – and not just Kevlar but also glass.357 Magnum. the raw hemp fibers can also be treated in various ways to alter the characteristics of the finished fiber. IF NOT BETTER. are mostly non-biodegradable. so as a sustainable option it is clearly favorable. vehicles. Naturally Advanced Technologies. In at least one of its uses. The Kevlar fiber can also be woven into textiles. The fact that the industry is worth so much money is in itself significant in that there is almost unlimited funding available from the top multinationals for research and development. such as those made from Kevlar. and maybe better. hazardous and often costly production processes. as it appears to be even stronger and lighter. Given the rabid hostility demonstrated by DuPont towards the innocent hemp plant since the 1930s. These textiles are used in a wide variety of protective or industrial clothing due to their fire and chemical-resistant properties. Lower-cost alternatives for Kevlar are constantly being sought. and thus are useful in manufacture of lightweight materials that can be used as automobile paneling (also for armored vehicles). The question now is. But it seems that everything Kevlar can do.
SEEN HERE IN THE STRAWBERRY SOUR DIESEL. .20 MADE IN HOLLAND How to Feminize Cannabis: MAKE HER AN HONEST WOMAN THE PLANTS ARE TRIGGERED INTO FLOWER AND SPRAYED SEVERAL TIMES. AFTER A FEW WEEKS. Photos: DHSC THE FLOWERS/HERMIES BEGIN TO SHOW.
and we grow typically between 12 and 20 plants in six. It just isn’t 100% safe for us. they don’t have to maintain a library. That. was not the only reason. “Our seeds are stored at room temperature for preservation. we stress them (in one room. with our feminized technique. and we’ll use up to six liters of a mixed STS formula. lights. and they test them for us straight away. and to recreate something new every three months. which is fucking hard. a soil and worm casting mix with good nutrients. and then we spray them again with the same dosage. too. in another two weeks – so that would be five weeks of the hermaphrodite plants flowering – they release pollen. Until they come up with a new invention we won’t use anything else. the silver in which ‘locks out’ the copper in plants. THE PRE-FLOWERING FEMALES ARE IMPREGNATED. seven days from that point. Also. we give them a 15-minute break period. . For us. Five to six days afterward (depending on the strain and the quickness of flower) we spray it again with about three-and-a-half to four liters of distilled water mixed with STS formula. organic composts to allow it to naturally grow. the DHSC found that.” STS is a compound often found in photography labs. “We also know from experience that it’s better to store them at room temperature in a cool. depending on what we’re doing and how big the plants are. We don’t do it for flavor. Why feminized? Feminized strains are a hot topic of debate in the Cannabis industry. We provide them to certain growers to test. We use 600w HPS “One 600w HPS is used over each meter. simple as that. We treat it as though we were flowering the weed. that we won’t cause hermaphrodites. the best medium. “As soon as we make seeds. if you want to do refrigerated storage that’s your decision. then they’ve got traits in there that we don’t like to find. The water in Amsterdam is really good anyway – I think if you look up tap waters around the world. we believe that if you want to store your seeds in the refrigerator for long-term. It’s about giving you really good seeds that will last long-term in storage. we keep them at room temperature and when you get them it’s up to you to wake up the seeds. HERMIES ARE REMOVED TO ALLOW THE FEMALES SPACE TO FINISH FLOWERING. and it’s all about timing. “through trial and error. Some argue that they’re the best thing to happen to both small growers and those with huge plots of land to cover. When you put them in storage for long periods you can put them in the fridge. it appears to be the favorite. why they do it and how their genetics are received Sativa Diva around the world. “I started with feminized in my early days of growing. and the onset of flowering will begin. LATER. for three to five years if in an air-tight container. such as gender expression. because we want to provide good seeds. They were generous enough to share their company secrets and explain how they got started. Fifteen minute break. to see if any will turn. the DHSC explain how they utilize the STS method (Silver Thiosulfate) to produce feminized Cannabis genetics. We use grow tents. In this issue. that’s your choice as a customer. On that three-week period.” While checking out a variety of feminization techniques.21 In issue #3 of SSUSA. for indoor growers. So. the benefit is not having to keep a collection of mothers and clones – and constant storage. but it isn’t recommended for us to do it because of the large volume we have. Then. it was the seemingly overnight demand for and rampant popularity of these ‘all-female’ seeds. One half of the company explains: solve all their problems. so I know why people who are just starting need feminized seeds: lack of space. LEDs just don’t work: this is seed production. relatively new faces on the Amsterdam seed scene. it works. When they’re sprayed. solid shell on your seed. we’ll use about four liters of distilled water (with STS formula mixed in). but we don’t do that because if we refrigerate them and there’s a power outage. to give you a harder. But you realize when growing with feminized that they don’t help you to develop your skills. So we’re trying to provide the market with what the demand is. And even when we do test we still don’t know. the STS method seems to be the most successful one in the industry. we don’t want to have leaks and we don’t trust taps and stoppers and all that. Amsterdam is known for having a really good source of tap water.” The process “We select between four and six plants. Outdoor growers get the benefit of maximized space. “Some of the genetics that we have aren’t suited to be feminized because they PRE-VEGGED FEMALE CLONES ARE INTRODUCED TO THE HERMAPHRODITE/SPRAYED PLANTS. and we allow the female plants to finish their flowering period with plenty of breathing room. So we hope from that. it just allows you to grow something once. For this reason the DHSC attempts to produce their seeds carefully and in good conditions. then we spray them again – typically over six plants. CAREFUL SELECTION OF TRULY FEMALE CLONES WILL HELP TO GUARANTEE SUCCESS IN THE SEED-MAKING PROCESS. inhibiting it causes ‘ethylene signaling’. When we trigger them under 12 hours of light. that’s how we do it. rather than the same. MAKING FEMINIZED SEEDS. And on that. In computer terms: garbage in. which will repress certain traits. dry. others fear that they may be creating ‘zombie weed’ due to their unnatural origin. It’s kept refrigerated. we use what works. we dry them out and we grow them in the pre-flower. This will also affect the quality of seeds. Because copper is a required micronutrient. as seed producers. we allow the hormones to trigger. providing everything that’s good for it: all of the best nutrients we can. VIABLE SEEDS. we introduced you to the Devil’s Harvest Seed Company. we lose our entire batch of seeds. “The third reason: just because it was a new thing that everyone thought would “Then. Basically. Giving it everything we can. we spray them a third time with a very heavy dosage. “We’re using an organic mix. We don’t use RO water because we don’t stay in these places too long. with spraying them and leaving them out exposed to 24 hours of light while they should be in flower. WELL-GROWN PLANTS WILL PRODUCE STRONG. but we provide it with some guanos and some of these basic.” The testing process is mandatory for any seed producer wishing to survive in this industry. “We remove the STS-sprayed plants after seven weeks of flowering. out of all the thousands of seeds. and the new female plants that have just started their pre-flower accept that pollen and. and we take them into the room and introduce them to the hermaphrodite/sprayed plants. make feminized seeds. if any one of them will produce a hermaphrodite. once we spray. it’s more about safety than anything. When the release of pollen occurs. WHEN POLLEN IS RELEASED. thus. If any do. the plants have fully-induced into flower. “From that point we take female clones that have already been pre-vegged. garbage out. but it works. as a basic grow setup) with light leaks. HEALTHY. dark place. It seems to be the most reliable. boring flavor for the next 12 months. So how do the DHSC combat hermaphroditism? “By selection of good clones that originally have been around here so long – long before feminized seeds – and they were grown from original genetics. and we take them from a vegetative state into the flowering cycle. It’s complicated. we give them all the stresses to cause an onset of hermaphroditism. we spray them while they’re in their dark period with a heavy dose of STS formula. and from talking to many people who make feminized seeds. so we know 100% that they aren’t selected clones from a feminized plant (these are real mother plants with no [hermaphrodite] traits existent in them already). five milliliters to every one liter of distilled water. and then we begin to see the onset of hermaphrodites starting to occur. new flavors every few months. “We’re not saying it’s 100% until we test. depending on the efforts of the grower. they grow them out and each grower will give us feedback. however.to eleven liter pots.” Genetics are not the only concern: the quality of a person’s grow room helps to insure either success or failure. Basically. So what makes a seed company decide to take the leap into the feminized realm? For the DHSC. Hermaphrodites Mixed-gender plants can ruin entire grow rooms.
when the troops inhale it. The North Americans are still into the old way of weed goes in the world. They do more groundwork.. You’re at no The company’s tendency to produce heavy-hitting.thedevilsharvestseeds.” It’s this kind of open market that will help to ensure that certain. However. That defines us: we’re restricted in such a way that some of America has more freedom than we do right now. who ended up with Veteran’s Disease. We hope that the hermaphrodites are a very minimal problem. more so than the European market. “We’re aiming towards America and Canada. this is where it started and this is where it ends. and we’re trying to bring it to them. They are really good lookingseeds. But we’re also working on making S1 seeds with it. “At the moment.. And again.” for us to do it here. “It is definitely not good for our health. the better. The demand goes both ways. A willingness to pursue new customers in new regions also helps to keep growers interested. Part of the key to their success is keeping an eye on the international market and understanding the differing needs of growers around the world. However. as the two remind us. It doesn’t really matter to us about the yield or how it’s grown. so we wear breathing masks and rubber gloves. it’s not and it’s in fact frowned upon – very hard for us to do. and the more interesting it can be.” That’s probably sound advice regarding much of the things one would find in a grow room. However. MALES AND HERMIES ARE PLANTS THAT “WE PROVIDE [OUR SEEDS] TO CERTAIN GROWERS TO TEST. It’s not for amateurs and it’s definitely not to be left around for kids to play with. but we’re also going to make crosses of it to preserve the genetic. so the Army have records of people breathing this stuff in (the silver thiosulfate).to four weeks of drying. we’d be able to do it even better. ‘cause it’s an original genetic. however be in the seeds any more. the DHSC have one simple criterion: they select what they like to smoke. The silver that’s exposed. The two explain that “the American market is still open to regular [non-feminized] seeds. But it’s the production process that’s a dangerous step – there are dangers that just aren’t good for your health. but they’re not feminized. and they’re keeping the genetics alive much more than we are over here. is something with a really good flavor. it doesn’t mean it’s everyone’s flavor – we go with it. We’re also trying to get genetics from over there and bring them to people over here. We’re trying to do this as correctly and safely as possible. we’re so new that we haven’t even found the region that is most popular for outdoor growing with our seeds. we haven’t tested them in outdoor regions enough to know the results of where they are best suited. If we had a legal way of doing it. The DHSC warns: “It’s definitely dangerous to your own health. and goggles. ciated with the production of feminized seeds should be more worrying. but I think it all comes back to Amsterdam. We are looking into older generations. number one is the flavor. It’s not legal THE NORTH AMERICANS ARE STILL INTO THE OLD WAY OF DOING IT. once they’ve dried out. That’s what gets our interest going. Otherwise. Even though you may think it’s legal in the Netherlands. I think it’s too dangerous to give to people because we have sprayed it with silver. as well as potentially contaminating your growing/flowering space. So. the more fun it is. or. but the DHSC varieties are definitely recognizable around town. I don’t think it’s good for anyone. If the spray gets on your hands. it’s the only way we can bring it to seed. You have to remember that these are serious chemicals – you must be a licensed company to buy these chemicals. even though we’re restricted with our resources here in Amsterdam. We need to keep it going. they were coming up with all these sicknesses. This is the guys standing next to the rocket launchers all day. Being an Amsterdam seed company helps to set us apart: ‘they’ are there. despite knowing it’s a contaminated product? Not the DHSC: “I don’t use that stuff afterward. In the future we aim to make [our seeds] available to North Americans as much as they’re making their strains available to us. They can do things there that we can’t over here. but other people doing it. We have our genetics that North Americans crave for over there. What happens to the sprayed buds? Don’t many people secretly sell them off or smoke them any- risk at this stage. You have to know what you’re doing. “At the moment. rather than going for the hype of the new ones that are available now. AND THEY’RE KEEPING THE GENETICS ALIVE MUCH MORE THAN WE ARE OVER HERE are doing it just to make money and just spraying every plant. The lads suggest keeping an eye out for their Shoreline. and we are here. they’re using those seeds to sell and telling you that they’re feminized. it can bleach your skin. the exposure doesn’t end there. potentially causing the loss of the rent payment for months to come. Typically. and when you breathe it in. It’s mainly based for indoor growing. That’s a really good thing. “We’re crossing it with everything we have right now. “When we find something that is ‘our’ flavor – and our flavor is our flavor. THE DHSC ARE FEMINIZING ALL OF THEIR FAVORITE CLONES FROM THE SMOKE INDUSTRY IN A ‘PREGNANT’ FEMALE FLOWER AMSTERDAM. After that we get to know the strains and how difficult they can be. especially with all the genetic experimentation going on these days.com On Being A Dutch Seed Co. “Canadians kind of learned their old school growing from the Dutch.” After two. THEY GROW THEM OUT AND EACH GROWER WILL GIVE US FEEDBACK. No matter where So. so we have to make S1s to keep the original genetic alive.” When choosing strains for feminization. The DHSC have proven that they can adapt to the ever-changing demands of the Cannabis industry.” Health concerns Hermaphrodites are one issue. the Canadian growing style is very similar to ours over here. But we love doing what we do and that’s why we keep doing it.” Photos by DHSC » www. it leaves rusty-colored spots on your skin that can stay there for a couple of days. SUCH AS THIS SUPER SILVER HAZE. he tells me to just print ‘$$$$$$$$’] Retirement! To keep developing and looking for new strains and to outsource strains in different countries. So. A question that frequently arises when debating the matter is whether people or the plants themselves are harmed as a result.22 do have hermaphrodite traits. But that can change very fast. it’s the same as in rocket launchers. what does the future hold for DHSC? “A million dollars [big stoner laugh. because that stuff. plus a full coverall suit. The more of a challenge it becomes.com » devilsharvestinfo@gmail. “It won’t. We’re currently researching into old-school genetics and old strains. so we’re trying to bring every available clone that is popular in Amsterdam. the health concerns asso- way.” . they’re more legal in Canada than they are in the US. interesting varieties in regular. AND THEY TEST THEM FOR US STRAIGHT AWAY.” Although they’re a relatively new company. The ingestion of silver through smoking.and feminized versions is no accident. the seeds should be safe. beloved strains don’t become extinct. It’s all about safety.” USUALLY.” Currently. “The DHSC is going fully-feminized this year. but due to legal reasons we cannot directly sell there at present. “We need to go backwards to go forwards. we do take precautions against things like that.. but that doesn’t mean that everyone in the industry is being so careful. it would only end for us. we still provide as well as we possibly can. and release it with the feminized label. but it’s because of the popularity of the strain.” ONE WOULD AVOID HAVING IN ONE’S GROW ROOM. There’s no parentage left for it to breed any more. the major difference between some American growers and us in Europe is that they’re doing it legally and we’re doing it illegally. the DHSC enjoys a primarily European customer-base. they hope to change this soon. The older. it’s very difficult for us to resource everything.
This blue spectrum. Just as fluorescent bulbs are now available with increased UV-B radiation. Didymium Glasses LIFE THROUGH ROSECOLORED LENSES Growing indoors requires various types of lights. this few day heads-up could save your crop. There are four major modern lighting groups.Red pose a health hazard to unprotected eyes. the sodium flare produced by these lights is similar to the ones that glass blowers make working with borosilicate. These glasses. giving off a light similar to sunshine. The greater health concern is exposure for long periods under cool white fluorescents. wait till the technology advances. Some people believe that – with their power consumption up to half that of an HID and a much lower heat signature – not only do they compare. Even for supplemental lighting they are marginal at best. called ‘didymium’. but it can be uncomfortable and makes it impossible to see colors accurately. if you spend a brief or extended time under the lights. visible and infrared spectra.to eight millimeters in circumference. two are most commonly used in growing: metal halide (MH) and high-pressure sodium (HPS). save your money. or. In a hydroponic system or in soil. commonly known as fluorescent. This changes how colors appear – and can even F. If you decide to use mercury vapor lights for supplemental lighting. they also give off a good amount of ultra-violet (UV) radiation. were developed a generation ago by Aura Lens and are distributed by great glass suppliers like ABR Imagery. the quality is greatly improved. at the very least. more than any other. These lights have a profound physiological and psychological effect from wavelength energy penetrating the skin and acting at the molecular level. While these lights do produce ultraviolet radiation. Plants in a vegetative cycle thrive under a blue spectrum. and are usually from three. but growing vegetatively under them will cause serious stretching. imbedded in a plastic housing. The fourth and final of the lighting groups is the Light Emitting Diodes. A mix of three or four 3000K for a nice red spectrum to one 6500K will provide a modest yet wonderful harvest of medicinal delight. full-spectrum lights help eliminate these concerns. These different lights give off a diverse spectrum of visible and non-visible electromagnetic radiation. novice. at this point. Just like the sun. in most. All of these lights give off some serious heat energy. and there have been several studies showing that THC levels in particular strains increased in direct correlation to UV-B light. special clothing and eye protection ought to be worn around them. The intensity of your lights/ lumens they produce also play a large factor in the penetration of your leaf canopy and density of the buds you produce. At one time they were only available as such. Whether you are a professional. Much of the green light is not absorbed by plants. Too much of the red spectrum during this early growth phase can cause internodal stretching. LEDs are. which become electrified into plasma. This basically means they are pretty safe. This THC production in the plants may be acting as a photo-protector (like melanin does in humans) dissipating the harmful rays. MH is traditionally used for vegetation. some growers feel that even though flowering under them does not produce the quantity. yellow-orange light is not damaging to the eyes unless you look right at it. They have purplish-pink lenses and start at around thirty dollars. now there are some crossover bulbs having more of each other’s spectra. While these bulbs have faithfully lit our nights for over a hundred years. The second lighting groups are Low Intensity Discharge. UV lenses are available from clear to Limo. there is no worry of interrupting photo-periodic response. There is no reason to speed up the process. Fluorescent bulbs can also be used for flowering as long as you do not grow the plants over two feet tall by completion. If we live long enough. The third group creates light by an electric arc in short tubes filled with various gasses and mineral salts. The first to be developed was the incandescent bulb. Three years ago I would have said. These tubes have a phosphor coating that emits visible light as electricity excites the mercury vapor contained inside. The light at this altitude contains a larger amount of UV-B rays. Luckily. at the foothills of the Himalaya range. Of this HID group. comparable to fluorescents and are on their way to challenge HID supremacy. Wear the proper eye protection. and keep the lights within a few inches during their lifetime. because they give off cancer causing UV-B rays. so they appear that color. protecting your eyes is important. so be careful with how close these lights are to your plants. The bright. most of us will develop cataracts. These red spectra are what plants utilize for flowering. lamps. HPS lights can produce large and delicious flowers. Some people compare exposure to snow blindness. They produce light from tiny semiconductor chips. Fortunately. young or old. as long as you are not staring directly at them – your blink reflex will limit your exposure as you work around them. The only reasonable application for these lights would be using green ones for allowing you to work in a flowering room during its dark cycle. and there is eye-wear that eliminates those orange spectra. These lights are known as High Intensity Discharge DIDYMIUM GLASSES HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM THROUGH DIDYMIUM GLASSES . promotes chlorophyll production. they have never been practical for flowering. As these lights become more specialized the spectra available will increase. This eye-wear allows you to see the true color of your plants and spot nutrient issues several days before they would be obvious to naked eyes. LEDs will be as well. Get some polarized lenses to reduce glare or a pair of rose-colored didymium glasses to see the true color of your plants as they flower in the warm light. Now I would say: make sure your purchase is from a reputable company. An eight-hour exposure would be equivalent to a minute under the mid-day sun. Vegetate using full spectrum 6500K bulbs for the blue spectrum. These lights were banned in the US in 2008 and will be in 2015 by the EU. 23 Mercury vapor (MV) is last type of highpressure light used in growing. LEDs can produce light across the ultraviolet. These lights will either need to be turned off. The reason some growers would choose a potentially dangerous light has to do with the historical origins of Cannabis in the Parvati Valley. make sure you TURN THEM OFF when working around them. but they are better for small space and stealth room applications. Most LED lights are classed as ‘one’ or ‘two’ under the laser safety guide for maximum permissible exposure. or LEDs.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING The lighting you choose depends on your purpose. Take care of yourself. with a lumen output that is small – compared to the wattage they consume. as not all LED panels are equal. HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM LIGHT WASHES OUT COLORS. Fluorescent bulbs are much more efficient than incandescent ones and are an excellent choice for growing. the amount is trivial. so wear sunglasses with UV protection whenever you are working around them. so that you can see your future grow.
quick to share a beaming smile with the camera. For Mila. I was as insignificant as a speck of sand. She and Hans were lucky to obtain much of their footage. love. it is one that also has changed.” Besides that. re-connecting with the past is all the more important. The desire to experience India first-hand overwhelmed the wish to stay (and put up with the cops). In fact. spiritual journey through such amazing lands. something magical starts to happen. After running an extremely successful tailored clothing boutique. and unfortunately no longer exists. the Dutch police caught on and began raiding the spot weekly. yourself. Upon her return to this verdant land. It was 1968. the decision to relocate was not difficult: “People were actively looking for other ways of living than how our parents did it. which ultimately led Mila back Sativa Diva home to Amsterdam. I didn’t like that. frosted with snow. THE ORIGINAL TREK WAS DOCUMENTED BY HANS SWART ON 8MM FILM. deporting foreigners across the Belgian border.24 FILM REVIEW Mila points out a virtue of travel: “You can create a situation where there’s space for yourself. the phenomenon of ‘dropping out’ held less of the negative stigma that it does today. Viewers are lucky to steal a personal glimpse into someone’s sacred. Rinku Kalsy and Christina Jansen » www. a move that incensed Dutch citizens. He had heard about her place (and the fact that hitchhikers could sleep upstairs) while traveling – in Afghanistan! For the first time ever. due to being some of the first Westerners to pass through this rough terrain. as she needed a break from the Dutch Police. Weeks of walking and high altitude had taken their toll. One of the most poignant moments is her return to a mountaintop oasis. which allow each of us to find something of ourselves in the story. It is perhaps these universal themes: freedom. Mila’s Journey covers multiple visits to India and shows just a glimpse of that ethereal world. proprietor of the Hemp Hotel and Pollinator Company in Amsterdam.anecdote-films. as it reminded them of the not-so-distant WWII. family. has been long-considered one of the pioneers of the Cannabis movement in Europe. high-grade hashish. 1967). Nor is it the amazing shots of indigenous people.com Anecdote Films Running Time: One hour Format: DVD Annie Perkins. about to embark.” This was an era in which the Dutch authorities were suddenly insisting that residents It is difficult to watch Mila’s Journey without being compelled to travel to India. THEMSELVES FROM THE ‘70S AS SOUVENIRS. Finally. Whether you know Mila or not. the proceeds of this documentary’s sales are earmarked for the education of his grandchildren. spirituality. The pair were on foot. that compel you to keep watching. acceptance and loss. so she decided to pack everything up and leave the country.” she recalls. “But we never sold anything there. do or think. It was 1976 and they were on a threemonth voyage. Especially in the Netherlands. Now you can see for yourself the experiences that helped to lead Mila to the top of the Cannabis industry. It’s not simply the rolling green hills or craggy mountaintops.. with my arms as wide as I could stretch. but Mila and Hans pressed on. Tashi – a young Tibetan whom they had met in the Manali Bazaar. and they were about to hitchhike to India. Since 1994. “we just shared!” After a few years of blissful tea-sharing. determined to capture the majesty and nature of the Himalayas and its people. and thus the time capsule has been cracked open. I was very lucky. alone or with friends and family. trekking from Manali all the way to Leh. she encounters trash-filled rivers (once sacred). One bad breakup was all it took – Mila’s half of the 8mm film reel was not to be reunited with that of her ex-husband until three decades later – the documentation of their pilgrimage through one of the world’s most spiritual landscapes. All of this against a stunning backdrop of re-discovered film. So the footage was cleaned and digitized. exploration. (PHOTO: CHRISTINA JANSEN) . actual stories of the place. naive to their own uniqueness. in one short generation. the film also represents a different time. their captivating footage presents a time capsule. I think. It would be a combination of this police harassment – as well as stories of “India live” that were recounted by the latest traveler to patronize her tea house – that would impel her to seek a life of less restriction. RECENTLY CLEANED AND DIGITIZED. and the whole of nature was out there – totally – untouched by man. after learning about it through devouring philosophy texts in her publisher aunt’s French home. her voyage is an amazing experience to behold and it’s difficult not to get as excited about the trip as if you were. covering over 1500km (932 miles). interesting and different world out there... quite a small country. “Everything was controlled in the West. When you begin watching Mila’s Journey.milasjourney.. showing a part of the world formerly untouched by Western influence – a sparkling gem of nature and spirituality. the Pollinator Company and Hemp Hotel. then from Leh to Lamayuru. which is debated as the first-ever ‘coffeeshop’ in Amsterdam. It was the unfortunate event of Hans falling ill with cancer that brought the two back together: Mila realized that the film had remained without audience for over thirty years – including the filmmakers themselves.” » www. Mila’s Journey TAKE A TRIP WITH THE HASH QUEEN OF AMSTERDAM Mila Jansen. You could go. She recalls that. You know about her products. “I’ve stood at several points. and is now the subject of a moving documentary in which you can pick your way carefully along the same path to her beloved India. That freedom was what drew Mila back to the spiritual center of Hinduism. in an attempt to reconnect with her 1970s guide. which has drawn millions of pilgrims since that time. In the ‘60s and ‘70s. it was back to Manali via Zanskar. as well as having a peek into the history of a part of the world responsible for some of the most amazing hashish ever. The magical place has succumbed to the temptations of the Western world. Mila could juxtapose her book-learned education on Hinduism with carry ID at all times. she’s been helping us all to make super-clean.” The ability to travel was indeed lucky for her. with Henk Koster (where she also acted in the film De Verloedering van de Swieps [The Whipping Cream Hero]. The possibilities were limitless. where they encountered a visit from the Dalai Lama. and sometimes even encouraged to do so.com/milasjourney RE-CONNECTING WITH THE LOCAL MONKS – SOME RECEIVED PHOTOS OF LIVING FOR MONTHS IN ROUGH CONDITIONS CREATED A FAMILIAL BOND BETWEEN MILA AND TASHI. satellite dishes and MTV. Freedom meant that anyone could go anywhere and do anything they wanted. within the past five years the same measures were re-introduced in the Netherlands – and were met with little or no protest. MILA IS A FAMOUS FEMALE AT THE TOP OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY – WHAT SOME CALL “A MAN’S WORLD”. one that has been lost in the shuffle of modern progress. Tired and suffering from the elevation. For this reason. in an homage to the familial-type bond that was forged between them during their three-month mountain trek. It is really a special feeling to be back here again. Kink 22. Mila opened her own ‘tea house’. young people were excited about exploring the vast. Indicating how much change has occurred since then (for the worse). at the time.
26 Rolling Papers IT’S NOT JUST WHAT’S INSIDE THAT COUNTS Although the most common way to ingest Cannabis in the USA is through the use of a bong or pipe. However. It is possible to source additive-free papers. and as their supporters are usually among the more health-savvy. with the rise of global Cannabis culture. Ultra-thin. and such papers can safely be avoided as there are many others out there that pass the test. Dark ash suggests that the paper may contain contaminants. when Napoleon began to order in bulk for his overseas troops. flax and other grassy fibers is far preferable – at least in environmental terms. although some are made from Esparto grass and wood pulp (which may contribute to lung-. but have been reported to cause greater oral and lung irritation. aerated – the list goes on and on. but were still quite bulky by today’s standards. Bambu and many other wellknown brands was convicted in 2006 of substituting such materials for the usual hemp and linen in an effort to cut costs. they require some HOW TO MAKE A EUROPEAN-STYLE ‘BACK-ROLLED’ JOINT . The first cigarette papers were produced in 1660 by the French company Lacroix (later to become Rizla+). transparent. especially blunt wraps and colored varieties. Nowadays. To this end. the thinner the better. Furthermore. There has been much evolution since the original thick. and many will tear off excess paper prior to rolling. such as S. therefore. Chlorine is highly toxic but calcium carbonate releases only CO2 when combusted and may. so this rule does not always hold true. lip. a good. But which choice should you. so for this reason we should be considerate of the papers we use. we should always try to minimize the severity of the risk we undertake when we use Cannabis. and in 1894 the company Zig-Zag had the brainwave of interleaving the papers (in a ‘zig-zag’ fashion). thin rice paper with little or no added chemicals should burn smoothly and consistently. translucent papers have been around for a while and seem to have gained a majority in the market. hemp papers are often thicker than rice papers and others. The idea when rolling a good joint is to always use as little paper as necessary. If a paper is burned as a test. The gum THE SELECTION OF ROLLING PAPERS AVAILABLE IS ASTOUNDING. the range of papers available is staggering. In this article SSUSA takes a closer look at the papers themselves. Pure Hemp papers are marketed as ultra-thin and additivefree. when it comes to papers. which may be blended with other natural papers such as sugar and flax. flavored. which is thought to be harmful if smoked. in order to experience the flavor of the Cannabis in as unadulterated a manner as possible. It wasn’t until 1977 that king-size papers began to be marketed (again by Rizla+). present a safer choice. Bleaches such as chlorine or calcium carbonate and may contain additives that increase strength while maintaining low weight. However. but for true aficionados and those who wish to be extra careful there are non-gummed papers available. they are often made to be chlorine-free and unbleached. Many papers. Beyond the choice of base material. Colored. may also contain potassium nitrate to aid even burning – this substance is linked to acute oral irritation and respiratory tract damage. The Spanish manufacturer of Smoking. flax or rice. although many are bleached must be moistened through this outer layer of paper. as are Hempire and Raw Organic Hemp papers – also claimed to be vegan! Unbleached rice papers are huge in their own right – the two main brands are Raw (who make rice papers as well as the hemp variety) and Smoking Brown (a newer introduction. in terms of taste. finer and stronger. Thicker papers not only make a fasterburning joint with a harsher taste. seasoned joint rollers have developed techniques to minimize paper usage. It would seem that the bulk of any lung damage incurred through smoking joints is the fault of combustion of weed and sometimes tobacco at high temperatures. When the joint is rolled the unmoistened gum then becomes tucked under a single layer of paper. Gummed papers came along in 1942 – another innovation by Rizla+. the joint smoker. The thinnest papers are made from rice. There are many products on the market that are advertized as containing no chlorine. burn by Kali Mist rate and immediate effect on the throat and chest. make when selecting your preferred paper? Most papers are made from hemp. Made from very sheer rice paper.D. Thin papers burn more slowly – another plus for most smokers. many hemp papers now produced match their competitors in terms of thickness. Others will tear off the gummed strip itself. but as it’s from the ubiquitous rolling paper giant we may see a rapid takeover here). and not all are created equally. or to make them longer-burning. and also score poorly in terms of trace chemicals that may pose a risk to human health. and it is wellworth investing a few hours (and a few ruined papers!) to master the intricacies. a large and growing number of pot users smoke joints or blunts as a primary or supplementary consumption method. as the Acacia gum (gum arabic) that is commonly used as an adhesive contains glycerin. rough incarnations first appeared.and larynx cancer). chemicals may be added to the papers during the production process in order to make the paper lighter. and the excess can then be torn off along the gum line (see photo). but production was not to seriously take off until 1796. IT IS SURPRISING HOW MUCH A SLIGHT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PAPERS WILL AFFECT THE FINISHED JOINT (chalk) may also be used. and therefore to be selective about choice of paper is pointless. Some varieties advertise use of pure Acacia gum. Generally. That said. Wood pulp papers are the worst environmentally. as well as lung cancer. Modiano’s elegant range of regular and 1½-sized papers. it is surprising how much a slight difference between papers will affect the finished joint. clean. the ash it produces should be very small in quantity and a uniform light gray color. Their ‘fine’ weight papers appeared in 1799. Rolling papers are an integral part of every joint. They had been conceived of over a century prior to this. This method ensures that the absolute minimum paper is used. so it is not difficult to avoid as long as one is selective. Competitors began to appear in the 1800s. so it is to be hoped that they and other companies are now offering more considered products. The more expert will ‘back-roll’: the paper is turned inside-out so that the gum is on the outside facing the roller. Production of hemp.
but they are not alone in claiming this distinction. it was brittle and difficult to work with). also known as propenol. and the taste. They are based on wood pulp (from eucalyptus trees) which relies upon heavy A JOINT MADE WITH A TRANSPARENT EUCALYPTUS CELLOPHANE ‘PAPER’ and some users have mentioned irritation of the throat after use. and all the associated risks remain. Rizla+ introduced menthol and strawberry flavors in 1906. that we wish for greater transparency (pardon the pun) regarding what’s in the papers and that we will reject those that are found to be unhealthy. The wide variety of natural. slower burn with little tendency to ‘canoe’ or burn irregularly. unbleached hemp and rice papers offered by many companies today seems to present the safest choice for pot smokers. and many outlets have stopped selling flavored blunts and may soon follow by stopping sale of unflavored wraps too. are very popular indeed. on the other hand. for many young stoners it is the method of choice. either. citing the negative impact on their image from the strong association that blunt wraps have with smoking Cannabis. the clearer the message sent to manufacturers: that we are conscious of what we put into our bodies. the likes of which would have been unseen ten years ago. UNREFINED HEMP AND RICE ROLLING PAPERS practice to master and can be expensive. however. as long as you have the ability to order online or a good head shop within traveling distance. FLAVORED ROLLING PAPERS AND BLUNT WRAPS WERE RECENTLY BANNED BY THE FDA. As none of us want chemicals in our pot. manufacturers of such papers seem to be very reluctant to disclose these important details. but many question this. as even some gummed papers have similar properties. unbleached hemp or rice papers yields impressive A WIDE SELECTION OF DYED PAPERS IS AVAILABLE. Transparent cellophane papers have sparked some controversy since their introduction a few years ago (although a transparent paper was apparently produced as early as the 1970s. The more of us that support the trend for natural rolling products. while avoiding chemical additives. Although glycerin is also present in the gummed strip of ordinary papers. which is not only wasteful but unnecessary and potentially harmful. is a pulmonary irritant that may be extremely harmful to health and has been implicated as a factor in the development of MS (as it may cause damage to myelin nerve sheaths). Cloves release eugenol. the rumors have contributed to some decline in popularity. ostensibly in a drive to reduce teen smoking. Colored papers also are increasingly viewed as a pointless and perhaps harmful complication. but also with a nod to certain perceived inherent health hazards. most of these papers in fact detract from the taste of what you are smoking. The consenresults. Illinois House reps rejected the Senate-approved motion there. A US Bureau of Customs and Border Protection ruling from 2008 defined them as drug paraphernalia. for some reason). Blunt wraps. So many advances have been made to decrease the weight of the paper. it stands to reason that we don’t want it in our papers. Others say they go out quickly. . The FDA in 2009 banned clove cigarettes and other flavored cigarettes and papers (except chemical processing to release its pure cellulose. Glamorized in countless hip-hop songs. a cheap cigar can be split and re-rolled with the same result. There is very little information available that gives insight into what other additives are used in flavored papers and what the effect may be when smoked. THE WIDE VARIETY OF NATURAL. but very rewarding. Rolling blunts also encourages greater weed consumption as more is packed in. Research suggests that levels of acrolein released by smoking with transparent papers is negligible. thereby exposing a greater surface area of the lung to smoke damage. and sensation of smoking ‘plastic’ is unpleasant (although this could be more attributable to hardto-shake preconceptions as they have a mildly sweet taste without the acridity one would expect from plastic). their use is not widespread and is more as a novelty. They are sold as being 100% cellulose and better for health than traditional papers. Fans point to the burn test as demonstrating their superior properties. At first their use increased rapidly. so the trend is unlikely to die out completely. A SELECTION OF UNBLEACHED. and they are not difficult to obtain wherever you reside. and despite maintaining a presence in head shops nationwide. BUT MAY CONTAIN HAZARDOUS ADDITIVES. and it is true that they burn very cleanly. it is thought to be in too small of an amount to pose a risk. produces acrolein. and nowadays the range is very wide. Colored and flavored papers deserve a mention. as they are reported to contain around 14% glycerin (to increase the suppleness and smoothness of the cellulose) which. However. However. blunt wraps are wholly or mostly composed of tobacco. a topical anesthetic that encourages smokers to inhale extra deeply. This substance. Cigar companies back these campaigns. that it is now possible to find some really great papers out there. but this seemed to diminish before long as the novelty wore off. with some branding it ‘ridiculous’. Fans cite a cooler. smell. when combusted.27 sus seems to be that instead of adding to the flavor. A simple online search for additive-free. Aside from the risks of harmful additives. Many of the flavorings are artificial food additives that are not intended for smoking purposes. UNBLEACHED HEMP AND RICE PAPERS OFFERED BY MANY COMPANIES TODAY SEEMS TO PRESENT THE SAFEST CHOICE menthol. The link between teenage smoking and blunt wraps is so pernicious that several states have this year instigated motions to ban their sale – although in January 2011.
My first grows were all from friends’ bag seeds. studied botany in college. but similar to the Blueberry. The mothers: The Blackberry male’s sisters had a berry flavor. second plant in the set. I wanted flavor as well in each of the crosses. The Purple Lady mother had an amazing kick and a very interesting floral flavor. which was an abbreviation for ‘Northern Lights crossed with Big Bud and the result crossed with Blue Mystic and the result of that crossed with a Durban Poison that had been crossed with a Blueberry and then had been crossed with a Blackberry. By matching potent plants with nicelyflavored plants. the generation may have to be repeated. one promising candidate was: ‘(nl x bb) x bm) x (d x blueb) x black) #2’. Once the two lines were crossed. I didn’t want to buy weed. ‘I don’t mix greens’. I had grown up on a dairy farm. Growing marijuana came very naturally to me. If I had paired the two most potent. plus once I had seeds. I was going to breed my own. I smoked most of what I grew. I tried a lot of different cultivars. and made a lot of different crosses. They were also better than a lot of what my friends were used to smoking. so accurate information was much more difficult to come by than it is today. and I didn’t want to deal with finding someone to buy it from. and had always enjoyed gardening. I looked for the most robust and best flowering out of “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . finally I settled on a White Rhino x Blueberry father crossed with a couple of different Purple Lady x Blackberry mothers. nicely-flavored variety. This was in the 1980s. I learned a few things. I didn’t want anyone not in my circle by Grubbycup to know I knew anything about weed. and the quality of what I smoked improved. I was still labeling with codes for specific traits. Anytime I’d join a circle with friends. I just wanted to smoke it. but didn’t have the plant structure I wanted and was a bit cranky to grow. The breeding project had taken over my entire garden at the time. In selecting the father. When breeding. since no money would be changing hands. but other than a slight citrus. even if I wasn’t working with different cultivars anymore. Meanwhile I’d be smoking each of the pairs.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING 29 IT STARTED BECAUSE I WANTED TO SMOKE CANNABIS THAT I REALLY LIKED Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash When I first started smoking weed. didn’t have the fruity-flowery sort of flavor I had in mind.) I also decided that if I was going to grow my own. but the name stuck. the trick is in getting the seeds for superior genetics in the first place. I didn’t want to sell weed. For example. Although information about marijuana-specific breeding was scarce. The first step in starting a breeding program. The biggest threat to any marijuana garden walks on two legs. I may have gotten potent offspring. it might show up again in some form. but they are set and finite. I’d bring my latest test buds to share. As I used to say. I didn’t name it. As time went on. It was during this time that Grubbycup’s Stash got its name. and to be fair. I hoped to start to accumulate the genes needed for a potent. I came to the conclusion that it was too expensive. they won’t exist in following generations. it wouldn’t matter which of the four was paired with the others. I wouldn’t need to involve anyone else. Besides. For example. and I didn’t want to buy it.’ Which doesn’t exactly trip off the tongue. The first thing I learned is that I wanted to smoke more of it. we were more concerned with just having enough to smoke and not all that picky about how good it was. and I’d ask them their opinion afterward. it was all Grubbycup’s Stash. Everything in my stash was labeled with an almost unpronounceable code. the greens in question being Cannabis and cash. and gave the excess to friends. To create a starting pool of genetics. I found better seeds to grow. I didn’t want to spend the money. One drawback to this method is that it creates a bottleneck. whether breeding pea plants or Cannabis plants. It takes the same effort to grow average genetics as it does to grow superior genetics. Shortly thereafter. My friends would ask to load up a bowl of whatever was in ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’. broken off of bricks (or very expensive). uncured and of very ‘iffy’ parentage. Using this father. After careful consideration of my options. both the Blackberry and Blueberry were used in the final selection. The Blueberry mother had a very nice flavor. If a line showed promise or had a trait I liked. I pollinated several mothers. The buds I grew were harsh. they didn’t have the sort of plant structure I was looking for. Genes may be hidden. which was often seeded Mexican brown. they had names that were more for record keeping than ease of use. it wound up naming itself. is collecting the original pool of genetics to start selecting from. so it was my only source of personal smoke. the group to declare early. Since these were all experimental plants. but often had something worth trying in it. The pairs were selected by what I thought would be give me the best smoke while I worked on combining all four cultivars. and pre-Internet. however. if the father has dropped an important trait. (The same basic principles apply. make sure that you select from plants that have traits similar to what you want in your final line. If the genes don’t exist in the starting pool. That would become a lot easier to do once seed banks became more common. growing it myself seemed the safest choice. On the father’s side: The White Rhino male’s sisters were very potent. it’s easier to track one father with several mothers than the other way around. Over the years my growing and harvesting techniques improved. information on genetics and for breeding plants in general was much easier to come by.
but I can grow pretty much any strain I want and Grubbycup’s Stash still makes up most of what I put in my pipe. grown in groups. ALTHOUGH INFREQUENTLY FEMALE THE LEAVES ON THIS GS 3 The seeds from the five mothers were PLANTS HAVE DEVELOPED THE TRAIT. some ignored. but with time and patience you can produce noticeable changes and put your own mark on the weed you smoke. I’m okay with showing a little favoritism to it though. This method is commonly used by corporate vegetable seed breeders. you will likely have learned how to deal with it. A few buds of each plant grown are seeded. IF THE labeled GS-A. People bred both plants and animals using this principle for hundreds. The key is being able to match each bowlful of final product to its seeds and parentage. bud node). It is a work in process. There is a technique known as ‘cubing’ that is very useful to stabilizing a genetic line. New traits have surfaced as recessive genes found matching recessive genes. to good effect. Peace. GS-D and GS-E that the effect and flavor are higher. That isn’t to say that they aren’t also bred for bud size. It was my intention to use only the best between the two lines. if not thousands of years. GRUBBYCUP’S STASH I kept working with the White Rhino x Blueberry until potency and flavor regularly showed in the same plant. it succeeds. IT MALE HAVE AN EXTRA FINGER GS-E. GS-A and GS-B were grown as two separate cultivars and did not cross-pollinate for several generations. and it’s going to continue to be a work in process until inbred depression sets in. but it can be done. However. and that information can be used to extinguish unwanted traits. Whenever I would get close to deciding in favor of one. and each stem at harvest. whorled phyllotaxy (3 or more leaves per and grown again with the GS-B lot for potent long lasting ‘creeper’ stone. I would never claim it to be any better than anyone else’s work. IF NOT STYLISH. the plants became similar to each other. it is also possible to breed using much smaller numbers of plants. seeds from the best smoke can be selected and seeds from only average buds can GS 3 MALES TEND TO HAVE THREE LEAVES PER be disregarded. This way. if you just keep breeding your best male to your best female (and don’t add new genetics into the mix) you are off to a good start. It is not a fast process. Clear and accurate labels are a must. regardless of what generation they are. grow plants from different generations together. Any plant showing a superior example of a trait was marked as part of the label. You don’t have to become an expert. THE LABELS ARE INFORMATIVE. The process continued as much more of the same. GS-C. distinctive floral/bou. and did the same with the Blackberry x Purple Lady. NODE. if not thousands of plants. cross the best plants regardless of generation. Both lines were bred using the same criteria in parallel. The reason types of notes are so important is not with GS-B. Each container of weed lists the exact plant that it was harvested from. etc. after all. isolating and recombining. For example. GS-B had superior flavor and structure. Eventually the best of the two lines were merged. love and puka shells. but that trait holds a lower priority to quality of smoke. some of these were kept. the other would produce a superior specimen. them is the heart of any good breeding program. 3) To benefit from cubing.and recessive genes work. Part of the reason that these comparison. OR TWO AT THE CENTER. More bags with codes: this is why COULD BE A METHOD OF EARLY SEXING. Each growing container is labeled. AND USED FOR BREEDING the most important to me as a smoker. I felt confident that I had a White Rhino x Blueberry male that had a good chance of contributing desirable traits to the Blackberry x Purple Lady line. and so is the bud as it goes through the curing process. Over time.only for breeding toward. Any plant that displays an structure is that they are traits that are undesirable trait can be eliminated from than the GS-A and GS-B mothers. The Blackberry x Purple Lady mother was easier to select. and how to use them to make educated predictions. Record keeping becomes absolutely critical. Grubbycup . Marijuana is not particularly sensitive to inbred depression. However. but the GS-C. AND ITS MOTHER HAD SUPERIOR COLOR. or I find something I like better. Personal label machines can help if poor handwriting is a hindrance. 2) Learn the basic principles of Mendelian genetics.ancestry. As a result. and today have many more traits in common. I’m who I bred it for. This process was repeated structure and plant structure. The tracking of traits. and by the time you have enough generations under your belt to worry about it. and making educated attempts to adjust and recombine AN EARLY GS 3 MALE THE LABEL MEANS THAT IT’S FROM THE LAST GROUP OF ORIGINAL SEEDS. Seeds are collected and labeled. since I could taste test the buds off of clones to select the best ones for seeding. The best of GS-A was cloned quet garni aroma. smooth clean flavor. some discarded. The standard for the breed includes a a GS male that was named ‘Goliath’ in its One grow was dedicated to each of the nice initial effect. all you really need to know to make use of the principle is that you should grow out multiple generations at the same time and cross the best plants together. The goal of the breed is to be my favorite and to that end. but for breedlots did not produce specimens better rated and more stable than the plant ing against. GS-D and TRAIT WERE TO BECOME CONSISTENT. people just tended to say ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’ or ‘GS’.30 the gene pool. In a large-scale operation one option would be to grow very large numbers of the seeds and make selections from hundreds. Advice for those interested in trying home breeding: GS MALE NAMED ‘GOLIATH’ THIS GS 3 PRODUCED FOUR LEAVES PER NODE. GS 3 has parents that displayed five mothers. Anyone interested in breeding is heartily encouraged to learn about it. just learn how dominant. GS-B. but GS-A developed to be the more potent of the two. As with all traits. the GS Gol indicates it has 1) Even if you don’t learn the math or the science behind it.
I even renewed my California patient identification card at one of the booths. This year the High Times Medical Cannabis Cup in San Francisco even had a nearby billboard. Harborside’s Steve DeAngelo. Of course. it was obvious that while there were plenty of 20-somethings in attendance. At the end of the show on Sunday night. The venue was larger. your one-stop-shop for all things esoteric. videos and magazines. the 2011 entry was both quick and painless in comparison. plants and advice are all available. psychedelic clothes and a full range of posters. nor is it a head shop.and natural substances available. the 215 patient area had a very nightclub/party atmosphere. browse the cactus garden or visit the hallucinogenic plants and flowers in the back of the shop. Grubbycup AUTHOR JORGE CERVANTES HEMP WICK TO LIGHT A BONG. is responsible for revolutionizing Dutch hash by starting a craze for clean. if this year’s event was any indication.nl THE SECOND HIGH TIMES MEDICAL CANNABIS CUP TO BE HELD IN SAN FRANCISCO. loud music played in the background. Regardless of its legal status. proprietor. It also appeared to have a lot more attendees. rugs and tables set in the center. is.to 70-somethings as well. and a wide variety of marijuana-related products. including some tasty treats by last year’s medal winners Bliss Edibles. Edible samples were handed out. the shop is loaded with books ranging from how to grow a variety of plants. Amsterdam. DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A In sharp contrast. the Pollinator Co. including author Jorge Cervantes.SHOP REVIEW NL / FESTIVALS & COMPETITIONS 31 Sativa Diva The Pollinator Company The Pollinator Co. Seeds. there were plenty of 30. Danny Danko. quite simply. and it was wall-to-wall with people. A visible haze rose above the crowd like a fog. Activism. Last year when I attended the HTMCC the line to enter the event was nightmarish. Seminars and panels were held by Cannabis celebrities and experts. in Amsterdam enjoys legendary status: Mila. NL » www. Ice-o-lator bags for water extraction and the latest addition to the family. the Bubbleator all-in-one system. smoking accessories and related products are featured. Artwork lined the walls. Attendees were of all shapes. Located on a picturesque canal near Amsterdam’s famous Waterlooplein market. To give the organizers credit. at least in the smoking section outside. Upstairs had a nice mellow area. Established in the winter of 1994. making the Pollinator Co. mushrooms or cacti to accessing your spiritual side through mindaltering substances. sizes and colors – all brought together over a common interest in marijuana. Additional merchandise includes items for your meditation space. which made for a very relaxing place to visit after making a circuit in the 215 patient area. Credit card grinders and a staggering variety of ways to consume were available to eager shoppers. The Pollinator Co. CA WAS HELD AT THE CONCOURSE EXHIBITION CENTER High Times Medical Cannabis Cup. each seeming to make a bigger claim than the last. Oversized joints were passed around. its use becomes more mainstream and normal. next time they will need more room. enigmatic herbs. The Results: Hybrid 1st Place: 2nd Place: 3rd Place: OG Kush (D & M Compassion Center) Star Dawg (Buds & Roses) The Pure (Leonard Moore Co-Operative) Indica 1st Place: Boggle Gum (Harborside Health Center) 2nd Place: The True OG (Elemental Wellness Center) 3rd Place: 7 Star Pure Kush (7 Stars Holistic Healing Center) Sativa 1st Place: Bay 11 (Granddaddy Purple Collective) 2nd Place: Alpha Blue (OrganiCann) 3rd Place: Sonoma Coma (Happy Lil’ Trees) . good health and enlightenment are common themes throughout the shop and its products. is a staple for locals and a beloved destination for returning tourists and Cannabis connoisseurs. ice-water extracted resin products.nl » info@pollinator. but with a festive atmosphere. Check out the website for virtual demonstrations of and ordering information for the Pollinator. Ice-o-lator and Bubbleator machines. It was nice to see that promise kept. the winners were announced to much fanfare and cheering. The Pollinator Co. and had a better layout as well. Vendors sold pipes. wooden. After you’ve chosen the correct texts and accessories. The main floor of the indoor area was busy. Nieuwe Herengracht 25 1011 RL. activist and entrepreneur. unlike any other spot in the industry. Mila’s shop is not a grow shop. INTERNATIONAL CANNABIS Peace. with a range of glass-. In addition to the hash extractors for which the company is famous. At last year’s awards ceremony High Times magazine’s executive editor Dan Skye promised they would improve the process for this year’s show. Several booths were rented by LED companies.pollinator. from wallets to cosmetics. San Francisco by Grubbycup As the laws surrounding Cannabis and medical marijuana in California become more reasonable. vaporizers. Handcrafted wares by artists were sold next to slick commercial products. Hemp is also heavily featured. MAINSTREAM ENOUGH FOR A BILLBOARD A HAZE WAFTED OVER THE CROWD. the shop is perhaps most famous for three mandatory pieces of hash making equipment: the Pollinator dry sieve machines. love and puka shells. bongs. and the senior cultivation editor of High Times. Marijuana was sold and sampled.
and customers can be sure that their queries will be dealt with in a prompt and supportive manner. and it’s important work – keeping strains alive and stable in nature is hard enough in a perfect world. we introduced The Attitude Seed Bank and discussed the recent history of the seed industry. which can demand a huge amount of time and dedication. including parts of Europe. These heirloom genetics. and a quick glance through the online catalog will demonstrate how effectively they have covered the whole spectrum. Without the efforts of the seed banks. Now that the focus of the Cannabis industry is moving towards the Americas. and what the future may hold Kali Mist for The Attitude and other companies like it. bringing never-before-seen products from all corners of the globe. and despite all our knowledge of genetics. they give varied and potentially unsatisfactory results. but The Attitude is doing a very good job of attempting it. are even more important in a time of new grows in Europe being more difficult to complete. time and time again. we should not forget the many years of research and development that our European cousins have put into breeding viable strains. Established five years ago. Although Cannabis itself is found all over the world. the community has had increasing opportunities to transfer information between countries. But the staff are not complacent – they are determined to continue their quest to provide quality strains globally. despite such endeavors. innovation is always rewarded. and other companies like it. the spread is assisted by the efforts of The Attitude. particularly focusing on Europe and the Americas. are important in that they have always attempted to provide a good selection of seeds from breeders all over the world – and Over many decades the great breeders worked at creating the varieties we now have. In the vaults of The Attitude Seed Bank. you can rest assured that the vaults at The Attitude also contain a vast array of seeds from all places and from all points in time – from the early 1980s up until now. the Netherlands has been a focal point for many years due to the importance of the industry there. However. interesting and unique strains are thankfully not in shortage. Providing reliable information is extremely important to the Attitude. It’s important for a serious collector to preserve a wide selection of varieties for the future. with the Netherlands as a base for their activities. are vital. By their constant presence at conventions. Many smaller breeders are unable to network fully with potential customers due International Seed Market: A GROWING COLLABORATION In the first two issues of Soft Secrets USA. not just in the Netherlands but also in countries. and sufficient stabilization of new strains often is in jeopardy. As with any crop that is selectively bred by people. due to the vagaries of genetics. who offer a range that runs into the thousands. naturally seek the best and most appropriate setting and methods of operation. healthy parents for innumerable new strains. It’s simply not possible to preserve every strain out there. providing diverse brands perfect for the requirements of thousands of collectors across the world. As telecommunications and exchange of goods and services have expanded. such as Spain and Europe. This is where The Attitude comes in. and without it The Attitude could not have THE ATTITUDE IS AN AWARD-WINNING SEED BANK. Although their customers are sure to receive high quality. stable seed stock to avoid strains disappearing – and so that experts sibly decades. and are definitely unsuited to breed further strains (until they have undergone a lengthy process of crossing and back-crossing to fix desired traits into the genome). The sheer choice one encounters when browsing the vast lists of products is enough to delight and possibly bewilder even the most choosy and specific of us. Yet the valuable heirloom stock safely stored at The Attitude alone could provide stable. The Attitude. representing more than ninety seed companies in the effort to bring their customers throughout the world the widest – and best – choice of Cannabis seeds and strains. The Attitude also have the chance to really explore what’s out there. The team has worked closely with major European breeders for years to provide the connoisseur collectors among us with a steady selection of original genetics. The guys at The Attitude take great care to meet with breeders and discuss individual strains in order to give the best and most accurate information to the customer. The Attitude wants to know about it. fresh products and the widest possible selection of new strains. Now that the legal Cannabis industry is expanding globally and many collectors are seeking to complete their personal catalog. Seed banks are also highly important gateways for other breeders and seed companies to become part of the wider network: many of the smaller companies are limited in budget and the opportunities for publicity that The Attitude team offers. and are hard at work sourcing new companies to work with every day. This ability to exchange ideas and techniques is the backbone of the international Cannabis seed industry.SEED BANKS 33 achieved the massive success they currently enjoy. but it must be noted that the information that is provided cannot concern topics that . wherever possible it is important to keep a full inventory of present-day. we’ll take a closer look at the changing nature of the international seed market. most of the original and still most significant seed companies were founded during this period there. Seed stock exists in massive quantities. many of which will remain viable in seed form (when properly stored) for years and posto the intensive nature of their operations. To conclude our three-part series. However. rapid advances in techniques (along with the explosion in new varieties that we’ve seen in recent years) has meant that strains are also in grave danger of being lost. many genetics would have been lost forever – some have been lost already. times will always change and industries in a free market will THE ATTITUDE TEAM maintaining biodiversity by seeking out interesting and unique strains is one of the most important things the collector can do to ensure the future of these genetics. we cannot entirely predict what will happen in the future to a certain strain. enough to keep customers happy for years to come. The Attitude has grown at an explosive rate to become the largest seed bank in the world today. If new strains are unstable. Therefore. as even with careful management it is possible to lose a whole lineage. such as promotional videos and representation at major international events. Their efforts to represent as many seed companies as possible and stock the greatest variety of quality strains show exactly why The Attitude has made it to the top spot – and they’re showing no signs of slowing down! The team has that special something in that they always seek to be where other seed banks have not even thought of venturing yet. with the rise of the Internet seeing relevant websites springing up every day. can continue to create strong new ones. wherever there is a new company producing quality items.
Whether Cup-winner. and new ones are being added all the time. The Attitude supports such legal enterprises: so hard to get out there and talk to the countless organizations that now exist. such as Spain. The Attitude Seed Bank is looking forward to a long and exciting role within this revolutionary movement. they will enjoy a myriad of stable feminized and auto-flowering strains that current collectors can only now imagine.34 may encourage customers to contravene local law. and a great range of altitudes – sometimes even within one country. breeding programs have elevated some table Spanish seed companies are also now appearing. allows for a range of adapted varieties to be developed. or the hostile steppes of eastern Europe – where monoecious hemp and autoflowering ruderalis thrive. the team expects that as techniques and exchange of information continues to improve through the community. The next generation can only benefit from our efforts to strengthen the gene pool: if current PROVIDING RELIABLE INFORMATION IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT TO THE ATTITUDE customers will find seed companies from many countries represented within their catalog. repufamous out there. The Attitude is also committed to continuing their work of seeking out a wide range of sources. While the major Dutch companies are still a force to be reckoned with. The continent encompasses a massive diversity of climate zones. infamous cult classic or new and undiscovered gem. The Attitude team have seen firsthand the diversity that the continent has to offer. and have been attracting much attention over the last few years with some amazing sativa. and by next year the list is expected to grow from ninety to a ESTABLISHED FIVE YEARS AGO. Turkey and Albania. is allowing for the creation and preservation of amazing strains that deserve a place in any connoisseur’s library. That’s why The Attitude works their global efforts to provide Cannabis seeds for storage or for legal cultivation. International collaboration is. by representing all the major players – as well as a plethora of smaller and lesser-known organizations. which reaches subtropical conditions in the Canary Islands. Without it.and hybrid genetics. During their work in Europe. prompt and efficient as always! NATALIA AND JODIE. As for The Attitude team. The diversity of climate. possession and cultivation of small amounts of Cannabis is now legal. with global renown. which boasts semi-arid plains. It is crucially important for organizations such as The Attitude to continue hundred-plus! With every new addition bringing their contribution of fresh quality strains to the market. and is proud to represent the talented and professional organizations that are behind this vital research. and the contribution of such people is therefore highly important. and improvements to techniques cannot benefit the community as a whole. THE ATTITUDE HAS GROWN AT AN EXPLOSIVE RATE In this way many names that would never normally make it into the spotlight have become popular and well-loved in the global community. so have those same small companies grown to become the most progress is any indicator. TWO INVALUABLE STAFF MEMBERS NATALIA WITH RAKAA FROM DILATED PEOPLES THE WINNER OF B-DAY PROMOTION. Auto-flowering hybrids are improving and are increasingly popular among the customers of The Attitude. it’s going to be difficult not to spend hours scouring the pages of The Attitude’s online catalog to find that special something to round off your collection. and as the seeds of industry were sown by initially small and unknown companies. The network that exists. It’s taken many years – decades. as without it none of our indooradapted hybrids would ever have been conceived of in the first place. the sunny pastures of southern Mediterranean countries such as Greece. we can be sure that high quality seeds will be available worldwide for collectors. you can be sure that The Attitude team has it waiting for you and is ready to dispatch your order. and signs that small seed companies may be emerging are apparent. mountains and two very different maritime climates on the north and south coasts. future research cannot happen. But as long as companies like The Attitude provide their efficient service to the planet. From humble beginnings. it’s back to work – there are more breeders out there to meet and represent. There are vast swathes of undeveloped land where few venture: the remote valleys of alpine Switzerland. wherever they may be. auto-flowering genetics to the status of being worthy of consideration by the most serious collectors. IN AMSTERDAM WITH THE GUYS FROM THE GREENHOUSE . the strains of the future will be spectacular – as far removed from the strains of today as ours are from the varieties of the 1970s and 1980s. linking several continents. It stands to reason that any one of the new and unknown companies of today could be the next big thing. and always has been. the key to a healthy industry. in fact – for the seed business to reach its current status as a serious and profitable concern. Much of temperate Europe is ideal for developing great varieties that will flourish in similar conditions elsewhere. Over the next few years. In the Czech Republic.
Should customs have a look. with its oil industry. Unfortunately. The Emirates. but they still did it. but it was the real Afghani hash that people wanted. but for that you needed paperwork. In Pakistan bribery was often the way to get bags on a plane without a search. some even changed passports en route to disguise where they’d come from. Those traveling to Australia often passed through Singapore. With Pakistan’s neighbor at war it was much easier operating out of India. IT ALSO OPENED UP NEW POSSIBILITIES FOR THE SMUGGLER. On this particular occasion a driver had grabbed a couple of diving bags off the belt and started to swing them onto his shoulder. it was routine. the method was also unfortunately used to transport hard drugs. COUSTEAU. The trick was to pick up the thirty-five kilo bag off of the belt as if it weighed nothing. Having loaded the equipment. which in this day and age is a rather disturbing thought. IT BECAME POSSIBLE FOR SPORT DIVERS TO TRAVEL THE WORLD AND DIVE WHEREVER THEY LIKED. When things did run to plan.) Imagine carrying that with a bounce in your step. and it wasn’t until they reached their hotel that they discovered the switch. It didn’t always go as planned. Most used the cover of professional oil rig divers. Some didn’t bother with such niceties. Filling the tanks was also a problem as there’s not much sport diving in Pakistan. was a popular transit point. where they executed hash smugglers. by the time they were finally reunited with their owner a month later. the next step was the route. Africa was the popular transit point on the route to Europe. 165lbs. In Nairobi. With the introduction of the aluminum tank the perfect smuggling tool was created. but it was the diving tank that had the real potential. Hippie surfers were synonymous with marijuana use. The real stuff also fetched double the price. Bags sometimes went missing. Many just traveled through the airport on combination of luck and guts. so it was well-worth locating. It only required some simple milling equipment to reduce a twenty-five kilo tank down to twelve. but divers were a different breed by O’Riodon altogether. Halfway through the movement he felt the momentum of the seventy-five kilo weight. the luggage would just arrive on the carousel and you’d have to fight a taxi driver to get your bags back. Professionals would use a small internal compressed air tank containing just enough to give a convincing phssst should customs open the valve. many a board stuffed with marijuana made it through. Thanks. although I’m sure it’s not the case today. arriving on a Sunday morning when staff levels were low and multiple flights were also arriving from innocent destinations. The surf board was a longtime favorite of the hippie smuggler. They loaded identical bags with bricks and placed them on the same flight. One group of crazies operating on balls and stupidity used to fly out of landlocked Peshawar (in northern Pakistan) and there’s not so much as a puddle for hundreds of miles. a tank covered in sand and seaweed usually did the trick. lighter hash. for example finding out the search schedules. That took balls. back then the discovery was gold. but tanks alone were not enough. The owner of the bags picked them up from the stunned driver and left in another taxi before the police showed up. as he’d already loaded them into his taxi. In fact. a popular route because of its lack of baggage controls on entering the country. Access was usually through a screw-off bottom. Some groups would employ runners who’d never been near the source country to make the last part of the journey. as there was less security – and when Afghani hash was not available there was always Manali or Kashmir. However not all of them had the ethics of the Cannabis smuggler. There was a case of an airline putting the bags on the wrong flight. airport accomplices picked up the real bags before the actual owners had cleared immigration. India was a victim of its own class system. they’d been around the world. which was hidden under the rubber boot.36 SMUGGLER’S TALES WHEN JACQUES COUSTEAU INVENTED THE AQUALUNG REGULATOR. After a week on the beach it was time to think about the final leg home. Due to lax airport searches. A twelve liter tank could carry almost thirteen kilos of Afghani hashish. so you needed a reason to travel. Air India flights had virtually no searches for first class passengers and a huge baggage allowance thrown in. One group traveling from India transited through Nairobi. lack of exotic hashish is one of them. Jacques Before the dreadful events of 9/11 it was common to travel by air with all kinds of sports equipment. terrorism has changed many things in the world. Most used intelligence to beat the controls. FATHER OF THE AQUALUNG A WEEK ON THE BEACH: NOT A BAD WAY TO SPEND A ‘BUSINESS TRIP’ ‘BANJOS’ OF AFGHANI HASHISH WERE PASSED AROUND FILLED WITH AIR OR HASH? . this kind of smuggling required physical fitness – a double set with suit and fins weighed around seventy five kilos (ca. maybe ten. Most would travel to a neutral nation before attempting to enter their destination country. Back in Amsterdam the circular plaques of black border hash were christened ‘banjos’. A double-tank set had real potential. despite the fact that if you were caught they’d lock you away for years. One group even stole the bags off another while in transit and got away with it. A WET SUIT AND A COUPLE OF TANKS WERE ALL THAT WAS NEEDED. Others just relied on timing. At one point there were hundreds of ‘divers’ traveling the world with loaded tanks. but this was a period when officialdom didn’t seem to realize that tanks could carry more than air. but there was nothing he could do about it. but first you had to get out of the source country. When the bags reached shoulder height they just kept going and took him straight through a plate-glass window and down a flight of stairs.
Local growers also often selectively breed for desired characteristics. its massive importance as a trafficking route has meant that local criminal gangs have turned their attention to cocaine. led to eradication of Cannabis fields throughout the region. It is likely that the prevalent phenotype for centuries. High-quality local cultivars that were widely available in the 1980s are now almost impossible to find. and in the intervening centuries since their introduction various landraces have evolved. was a compact sativa with some indica characteristics – similar to other Eastern Mediterranean strains still in existence (such as those found in Lebanon and Egypt). quicker-flowering. which then interbred with the local sativas of the time. One that does apparently remain (albeit in massively reduced quantities) is a strain developed and made famous over many generations in and around Kalamata. compact flowers that may have a rosy or reddish coloration. be sure to find the last few remaining guys who grow it and beg for a seed sample. This enables rapid localized adaptation. It can grow up to 15 feet tall and can yield up to five pounds per plant when well-tended. due to police crackdowns on outdoor grows and excessively harsh penalties. Unfortunately this means that a particular phenotype can become insufficiently suited to its surroundings as conditions change by Kali Mist and newer. In some places Cannabis is intensively cultivated. or the ability of a plant to change its genetic structure in response to environmental pressures. leading to highly morphologically-distinct Cannabis populations worldwide. when land is cleared for intensive coca production. It is still available from seed banks in hybrid form. The ‘War on Drugs’ has. growers who still manage to finish a crop are increasingly choosing quicker-flowering Skunk varieties. but it seems that unless undiscovered communities exist out there in the rugged Panamanian hills and islands. commonly crossed with White Widow or Skunk to enable successful indoor grows. Wild or escaped communities now exist on every continent save Antarctica. The flavor is reported to range from citrus to woody. The Red first appeared – and rapidly achieved fame – in the ‘60s and ‘70s. ©ULRICHSTILL Panama Red Wherever humans have gone. But if you ever find yourself there and you have a trusted connection to help you navigate your way around the tricky politics of local weed cultivation. and Cannabis has lessened in importance as an export in recent years. selection pressures have acted against it as cultivators prefer a more robust. ©DIRKVDM . and we can possibly trace its lineage back to East Asia around 1. is very apparent in the Cannabis genus. WELL-DRAINED PASTURE LAND. the single most profitable strain may be exhausted while others are allowed to die off. Although much of this learning has been lost to the general populace through increasingly harsh domestic drug policy. Kalamata Greece has a long history of cultivating Cannabis – mostly sativa varieties that could be selected for fiber and seed as well as to produce higher-THC cultivars. Panama’s near-equatorial latitude and forgiving climate allows for the harvest of very pure. The hilly terrain and numerous small islands provide many opportunities for covert growing. On the mainland itself. the pot-smoking population relies heavily upon imported hash from Morocco or Spain. In much of Central America. if not millennia. It is also believed that the original Greek strains may well have been influenced by some of the by Kali Mist purest African sativas. cultivation began in earnest when growers brought seeds (thought to be mostly of the Colombian Red cultivar) to the country from Colombia in defiance of the harsh crackdown on drug production there. racy effect. The wideranging explorations of the Greeks in their golden era. Both extremes can affect the gene pool. In Panama. existing populations are depleted and phenotypes lost. In Crete there is a fair amount of cultivation to this day – attitudes towards mainland Greek policy are hostile and many Cretans are prepared to defy the law of the land. as well as those from Asia. Many of the secrets of Cannabis that are only now becoming common knowledge to us were known thousands of years ago to the ancient Greeks. Cannabis has followed soon after. fitter examples evolve or are introduced. with long. and a flowering time of around 14 weeks – very similar in description to many African landrace genetics. Kalamata is high in THC with an intense. and is apparently now unavailable. higher-yielding plant. and its prominence as a destination for sailors from all corners of the globe. in other locales production has been sidelined in favor of the more profitable coca plant. however. a handful of lineages were able to flourish up until recent times. They brought their own Cannabis genetics. while little coca is actually grown in Panama. As with many disappearing landraces and cultivars. It exhibits long red hairs on the flowers. and as with so many of the exceptional landraces out there. Kalamata has virtually disappeared off the map as a producer of this unique sativa. ‘Phenotypic plasticity’. and are introducing hybrids that are flourishing in the benevolent climate – and rapidly gaining dominance. and low-quality weed from Albania. as well as a reddish coloration to the leaves and flowers themselves. and in the recent past Panamanian Cannabis was widely available. of course. Alongside (and arguably due to) police crackdowns. the ravages of the cocaine trade have left an indelible mark on Cannabis cultivation. as well as some Thai and Cambodian. when intensively farmed. and with a racy. Conversely. and represents a significant percentage of overall narcotics trafficking. must have yielded genetics from many sources. THE RUGGED AND REMOTE TROPICAL TERRAIN PROVIDES PLENTY OF OPPORTUNITY FOR COVERT GROWS. Panama Red was the name given to the bushy red cultivar that ultimately emerged: reportedly of an airier structure and lighter color than its predecessor.ENDANGERED STRAIN GUIDE 37 Minor. and it is suggested that the species can therefore survive significant climate change and – is indeed already responding to ongoing changes. Kalamata pot is a closely guarded secret and examples are exceptionally rare. clear sativa high – as opposed to the stupefying narcotic effect of the Colombian Red.100 AD when the advancing Mongol armies invaded Asia AN EXAMPLE OF A LOCAL SATIVA FROM A KALAMATA GROWER ©KALI MIST MUCH OF THE PELOPONNESE REGION IS CHARACTERIZED BY LOW-LYING. second city of the Peloponnese (a region on the south coast of mainland Greece that enjoys a very pleasant climate). further compounding the problem. the Red is now truly a lost strain. It is sativa. long-flowering tropical sativas. Also.
Trial one ended prematurely due to low temperature issues. They have two leads. and being mostly solid-state. To ensure that the plants were from quality genetics. and as a result the plants suffered from the cool temperatures in the space. Since I used perlite as a growing medium. The smoke is sweet tasting.38 ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING LED Trial with Critical Jack LIGHT EMITTING DIODES LEDS ARE USED TO TAKE A PLANT FROM SEED TO BUD Light emitting diodes are electroluminescent. bud development was very tight. but was easy to set up in a small space. 400w of LED array is substantially more expensive than 400w of HID lighting. During mid flowering. Bud development started very slow. Overall. they produce light. is more shock resistant than glass lamps. Trial two also ended prematurely. water moved through the plant at a slower rate than I am used to. watt for watt. The plants were grown in perlite with small plastic pots as containers. it declared female). It seems well built. For use in stealth cabinets or in a location where heat is an issue.7 ounces (75 grams) which trimmed and dried to . the 104w LED unit performed better than a 250w HID. LEDs create about the same amount of light per watt as fluorescent lighting. Gender declared itself as normal (being feminized. would require more electricity to use. The third trial successfully completed from seed to harvest without incident. overwatering wasn’t an issue. FRESH CUT WEIGHT WAS 2. but it was also small for its age. DAY 28: THE PLANT WAS MOVED INTO NORMAL LIGHTING FOR THIS PHOTO. An advantage LED lamps have over fluorescent lamps is the ability to project specific wavelengths (colors) of light. or 10 x 3w diodes. For example. and the learning curve on use was steeper than it appeared. The testing took more trials than expected. Compared to the GPDs from other tests. but picked up dramatically in the last couple of weeks. Green light is reflected back away from the plant. blue and violet lamps. be careful of over-watering. I have no doubt that a 400w LED array could easily outperform a 400w HID light. and would add the expense of bulb replacement. Chlorophyll uses light with wavelengths primarily from the red. blue and violet bands. the plant appeared to be a miniaturized version of a much larger plant. if green light is not used by the plant. I can confidently say that it is possible to grow good weed under a well-designed LED light. or didn’t work well. and has a very pleasant exhale. three of the plants were removed. but I was curious if the advances in technology had advanced to the point where they were a viable alternative to HIDs and fluorescents. but may be more appropriate if these factors are not a concern. A higher percentage of the energy spent is converted into light that the plants can use. LEDs have come a long way since they first hit the market. love and puka shells. should last longer without needing bulb or part replacements. The LED unit runs much cooler than traditional lighting. The individual diodes are usually one to five watts each. Dinafem’s Critical Jack seeds were used.108. a positive and a negative. energy is not spent on creating green light. they are worth taking a look at – if the cost of purchasing the unit doesn’t break the budget. It runs much cooler than HID lighting. Prototypes of LED grow lights disappointed a lot of early adopters. It delivers a nicely potent hit. The spacing of the branches was still very short. they use small doped semiconductors to emit light. This includes spending some energy on producing green light. Four seeds were put in to sprout on December 17th.7 OUNCES (75 GRAMS). Plant transpiration under the unit was reduced. Lighting was switched to 12 hours on/12 hours off at 130 days from seed. and at least in theory. and foliage was denser than my experiences with HPS or fluorescent lighting. Calculating the GPD for each harvest will allow a gardener to compare the success of grows even if the number of days taken for each is different. Today’s units still come with the hype and the price. TWELVE DAYS FROM SEED THE CRITICAL JACK FROSTED NICELY. in an indoor vented closet. The self-contained unit is heavy for its size. but not as well as a 400w HID. due to a combination of complications from having the light too close to the canopy. but when using LEDs over soil. The first units arrived on the scene with a lot of hype and a high price tag. Wet weight was 2.7 ounce (20 grams) of nice smoke. However. LEDs are made to emit specific wavelengths. and as such I would not recommend them as a good choice for novice growers. The unit I tested is a commercial 104w combination of one. and leaves a nice warm afterglow. The lower waste heat of the LEDs could be useful in conditions where excess waste heat is a problem. they either didn’t work. with several wired together to make a single light fixture. The plant finished in 55 days (just under 8 weeks). Peace.and three-watt LEDs from the Netherlands. a single 30w LED light might be manufactured from 30 x 1w by Grubbycup diodes. and final harvest was 20 grams for a GPD (grams per day) of . they perform better than HPS or fluorescent technologies. Grubbycup DAY 81: THE LED PLANTS ARE SHORT AND DENSE DAY 172: BUDS WITH TIGHT FLORAL CLUSTERS THIS 104W LED UNIT WAS THE ONE USED IN THE TRIAL. They sprouted normally. so by using red. and that. and the plant was very bushy. A fluorescent lamp will use its power to broadcast light in many colors. at current market prices. Start to finish it took 185 days. However. and nutrient uptake problems. so initial cost may be an important consideration. . The Critical Jack has a woody aroma with subtle notes of lemon. ballast. The 1000w light would generate a lot more waste heat. When current is applied from positive to negative. My experience so far with LEDs has shown them to be unforgiving of errors. and as a result. it is not an inexpensive unit to purchase: retail price runs in the same ballpark as a budget HID magnetic coil 1000w. smooth with a hint of bite. and early growth was compact and vigorous. Internode length was shorter. which is why the plant appears green. to ensure the plants did not suffer due to crowding. then that energy is wasted. However. DAY 185: LEDS CAN FLOWER. bulb and socket.
weavers have used the earlier-harvested male fiber to make fine linen-style items such as towels. It is impossible to create and stabilize a new variety without doing it the old-fashioned way (breeding males with females). as THC levels are so low: in many traditional hash-making communities (such as Morocco) males are not separated from females – except for THROUGH HISTORY. clothing and bedding. But their fibers are also prized. but at some point male pollen should be introduced and new seeds grown as the genetic begins to weaken. either in the form of hash. It’s a terrible feeling staring at a bunch of males. good height (neither too short nor too tall). Any alternative to simply throwing them in the trash has got to be worth considering. some indoor growers of highpotency strains have attempted to make ice-o-lator from males. CLOTHING AND BEDDING has thinner stalks.and A MALE SUPER SILVER HAZE PLANT IN FULL FLOWER – PART OF A BREEDING PROGRAM ©RIKVA 2009 were world-famous. Some enthusiasts claim the products they create are comparable to or even better than those produced from female plants. vigor. the first sign a plant shows of being male is their cue to rip it up and dispose of it – but is there any use for the males besides causing your precious females to be ruined by seed growth? Unless you are a breeder.to good quality. armed with these facts. The method to produce butter from males is identical to that for females. oil – or butter for cooking. around 1. The dioecious nature of Cannabis and the different uses for male and female hemp were recorded as early as 221 BC in an early Chinese dictionary. Through history. you’ve probably never thought much about it. When attempting any of the above methods. The females then ripen and are harvested for seed and fiber. and rapid maturation rate. So perhaps. the female’s flower period. Therefore THC production has already peaked by this point. by Kali Mist In the drug Cannabis industry. but the effect a male’s genes will have on the overall look and potency of his daughters can only be known by growing out the progeny to maturity. Although levels are low compared with female plants. The male matures much faster than the female: it is already producing pollen and is ready to die in the initial few weeks of len. and some have reported producing hash of medium. Apart from the world of breeding highpotency Cannabis. knowing that they must be removed from the grow straightaway and that all the care and attention you’ve lavished upon them up to now was wasted. In a greenhouse or indoor grow room. and strains of cultivated monoecious hemp must be re-developed from parent stock every few generations to prevent reversion to the normal dioecious growth. the male of the species deserves a special place in the annals of botanical history. if the males are cut just before the flowers mature and begin to release polvery select crops – and hash containing male pollen is said to be yellowish and lower in strength and overall quality. Console yourself with the thought that you’ve actually got some usable THC. Feminized seed crops must be treated repeatedly with colloidal silver or gibberellic acid to prevent normal flowering. sacking and canvas. remember that a higher quantity of male plant matter will be needed than for female plant extraction.39 Male Cannabis: LET’S HEAR IT FOR THE BOYS! For most growers. and stirred into melted butter (or a mixture of butter and water to prevent burning) with reportedly good results. WEAVERS HAVE USED THE EARLIER-HARVESTED MALE FIBER TO MAKE FINE LINEN-STYLE ITEMS SUCH AS TOWELS. without their pollen. When selecting males for breeding. stronger female fibers were used for ropes.900 years before Western botanists ‘discovered’ sex in plants – also by studying male Cannabis! For this reason alone. allowing pollination to occur and seeds to develop within the flower as it grows. MALE HEMP FIBER WAS USED TO MAKE FINE ITEMS LIKE THIS LINEN-STYLE CUSHION. Various males must be allowed to pollinate identical groups of female clones to ascertain which male produces the most viable offspring. male specimens of psychoactive Cannabis strains do contain varying amounts of THC and other cannabinoids. Some. Male plants mature faster than females. However. male plants have a very important place in hemp farming. The coarser. release pollen. the observable traits that are most desirable are low hermaphroditism. die and are harvested for fiber. A good. weeks before your girls will be ready. ©RAYELA ART 2008 . The plant matter is ground up as small as possible. or an eighth of ice-o-lator or oil – who knows. you’ll be a little more forgiving when you next find yourself staring at a tiny. female plants can be cloned for many generations. and their properties have been long-studied. Yes. Don’t throw them away – try making a batch of brownies. and this article will tell you a little about them. Having males and females is an integral part of the Cannabis plant’s nature – just as it is for humans – and maintaining unnatural reproductive cycles for many generations is impossible without great effort. They are obviously vital for seed production as. the stalk and foliage may be treated in various ways to extract the psychoactive compounds. Male hemp grows 10-15% taller than female. such as the almost silk-like fabrics manufactured by some Italian weavers. Scent and floral structure may be discernible from male plants also. It is improbable that good results would be yielded from most methods of hash-making. the fiber is finer but lower in tensile strength. But male plants do have their uses. It is said that males make good oil – when extracted by soaking the plant matter in high-quality ethanol – and it is possible that this is the best use for your grow room or greenhouse males. by the time you next have to cut down your males you may be looking forward to it! A FLOWERING MALE HEMP PLANT SHOWING ABUNDANT POLLEN PRODUCTION ©ERIK FENDERSSON 2006 TRADITIONALLY. The archaic English word ‘fimble’ (from the old Dutch femeel) specifically refers to the male hemp plant and male hemp fiber. On the other hand. stable father can be the basis for hundreds of successful crosses. new healthy generations cannot emerge. newlyformed male flower basking in the glow of your expensive HPS lights. strong males are prized by breeders.
EDIBLES 41 Dangerous Pastry A DELICIOUS TIME BOMB Eating Cannabis is still one of the best ways of consuming nature’s gift. I couldn’t throw it away. it seemed like a good idea at the time. I have to confess in my younger. The coat (once found) was handed over smelling of weed. the haranguing I got had little effect. My new in-laws had just discovered the cloakroom was full of hairy people smokIT’S ALWAYS NICE TO HAVE A ‘PRIEST’ IN ATTENDANCE! ing weed. I saw cake in all the wrong hands. The cake was handed over with the whispered words. He promised to look after the cake. or the worst. but that was the least of my problems. a miss-match way back in the heady days of the ‘80s. and that’s where their mother found them. I’d just suggested a pinch or two in the mix to mellow things out. I mentioned earlier that my new wife was a money dealer. a moment later he really passed out. All about the place the people were starting to turn green. His Rolls Royce and escort were blocking the street. but not as much as when I discovered the Colombian Ambassador had moved into the back room and was holding audience over an Andean-sized pile of cocaine. This was a chapter out of William Burroughs and I was not enjoying it. so I decided to cut off a small piece and hide the rest. There was also my new wife’s extensive Dutch family. Numb and in shock. At first it was going to be a normal fruit cake covered in icing. scattering cake everywhere. glistening white and sporting a big red ribbon. I must have seemed deranged. the next surprise. Then. To my new in-laws I was the devil incarnate. The guest list was varied due to our different professions and wide circle of friends. people kept asking for more and my constant refusal seemed weird. My grandmother even commented on how nice it was that I had a priest for a friend. they’d all seen it. In less than a year he would become Minister of Finance and eventually go on to oversee the introduction of the Euro. The artists had softened to the bankers and even I had managed to shake off the stag night hangover. Unwittingly eating a cookie that takes you into another state of mind can be a little unnerving. in. I rushed up and grabbed what was left and disappeared upstairs. the wedding ceremony was over and the party was getting into full swing. On the day. I just beat him to the door. A friend offered to bake a wedding cake. I discovered my wife’s uncle had found the cake and was passing it out to little old ladies. Then it started. so we put it all in. In complete panic. Using the excuse of looking for a knife. Back in the party. Half the party fell on it like wolves. We married in Amsterdam and the reception was held in the gallery. The guy I was talking to suddenly lay down on the floor and then got up again as if nothing had happened. I heard the explosion from the other end of the party. He left. My seventy-four-yearold grandmother even attended. It was at that point the cake arrived. hav- THE COLOMBIAN AMBASSADOR HAD MOVED INTO THE BACK ROOM AND WAS HOLDING AUDIENCE OVER AN ANDEAN-SIZED PILE OF COCAINE. If the dose is right. unaware of the experience yet to come. Having already eaten a piece. The hash was actually meant to be a reward for the chef. ing flown over from England with my mother. I freaked. especially if it’s your first time. the director of the bank dropped by to pay his respects. HE PROMISED TO LOOK AFTER THE CAKE. it was either the best party ever. To add to the weirdness. less sensitive days I was inevitably responsible by O’Riodon for giving nearly sixty people just such an experience. She was a money dealer and I was a gallery owner. but there’s a darker side to eating Cannabis – the surprise effect. they began to drop like flies – fortunately I left before the ambulances arrived. holding it high. one of my more lecherous musician friends had turned up dressed as a priest and many of the older guests thought he was legit. The bearer. a shout announced somebody had found the remainder of the cake. then headed for the cloakroom to get his coat. I disappeared with it into the kitchen and locked the door. it just added to the bizarreness. thanks to that social lubricant: alcohol. Behind me. When I met him he was just finishing a piece of cake. tripped and fell down the stairs. the other half were beginning to wonder why they felt so weird. Depending upon who you talked to. Playing with them on the floor were my wife’s teenage nieces. I realized the explosive implications of a cake containing sixty grams of hash. ‘it didn’t seem like much. but did prompt a visit to the back room. befitting her status. My partner’s Siamese cats had retreated to the back room. So. When the end finally came it was quick. when he got drunk and chased women around the party. The occasion was my first marriage. When somebody walked past carrying a large piece. I even took a half-eaten piece off my grandmother. one uncle had eaten seven pieces. After a moment or two of pleasantries. It was downhill from there on THEY DROPPED LIKE FLIES . it can be a pleasant and enlightening experience. it’s tasty and only as dangerous as the sugar that goes with it.’ Even in my inebriated state. well. The cake tasted so good. he handed over a coffee machine and said goodbye. then the idea to give it a ‘sparkle’ crept in. a delicious time bomb about to blow the party apart. When I reappeared with a plate of minute portions there were lots of complaints. Rushing into the main room. I was beginning to realize just how strong it was.
already used for years in the medical sector for packaging large quantities of medicine. Due to the enormous success of their so-called auto-flowering species. Northern Light Automatic: The other great classic. has been crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create another classic: Northern Light Automatic. Royal Haze Automatic: If you cross a Dutch classic such as Amnesia Haze with a Ruderalis and a type of Skunk. a species that flowers even more rapidly than any grower could dream of! Royal Queen Seeds Now Packages Seeds Automatically Royal Queen Seeds has recently introduced a Hapamatic automated packaging machine for packaging seeds.com » www. Northern Light. is a logical step for Royal Queen Seeds. in every sense of the word: an automatic Haze that flowers in just nine weeks from bud to harvest! Royal AK Automatic: The well-known AK-47 crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create a genetically stable automatic species. The implementation of the Hapamatic machine. Royal Queen Seeds has decided to launch several new species on the market. you will obtain a spectacular plant.royalqueenseeds. Boy Ramsahai. and the selection and packaging processes take place in a sterile environment. great attention is given to factors such as humidity in the air and temperature. our seeds are protected from the light and sterilized. Our seeds are hand-chosen before being machine-packed.com “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . With the new system. Thanks to reasonable prices. explains: ‘Today’s Cannabis consumers know exactly what to pay attention to when purchasing high-quality seeds. owner of Royal Queen Seeds. the Royal Queen Seeds company has been an important actor on Europe’s constantly expanding Cannabis seed market. the high quality of the seeds and active participation in creation and distribution of female seeds and the socalled ‘automatic’ species. Royal Queen Seeds has become an extremely prominent company. not only because clients expect the correct number of seeds but also because they require them to be selected and packaged with care.42 PRODUCT FLASH Royal Queen Seeds Launches New Automatic Species For the past four years. and good packaging is of fundamental importance.’ For information: Royal Queen Seeds » info@royalqueenseeds.
on vinyl for the first time. He will also be featuring on ESL Instigators – Thievery Corporation’s forthcoming release. the music covers every conceivable genre and smashes it all into a synthesis of intense. ‘TIME WILL PASS US BY’. OVER ALL. his lyrics. But Lotus spurred him on. The Golden Age of Apocalypse. as Louis Armstrong once famously said. their second album. Thundercat) is accompanied by an impressive cast ranging from Erykah Badu to members of Sa-Ra and J*DaVeY. THE BASSNECTAR EXPERIENCE ENGULFS THE SENSES. BRINGING THIS STRING OF DIVINELY UNEXPECTED MOMENTS TO A MOODY AND CINEMATIC CLOSE IS RETURN TO THE JOURNEY. including original mono hit singles. futurist electronic strains and timeless musical seeking. rejected. and each song became a journey. the company’s sexy prince. is well known for his work with a veritable encyclopedia of artists – both locally and internationally – such as Mya. AND NO HESITATION IN FUSING THE FAMILIAR WITH THE STRANGE.’ Marvin Gaye What’s Going On UNIVERSAL To celebrate the 40th anniversary of Marvin Gaye’s seminal Motown classic What’s Going On. in the midst of a vast mid-western plain. Interweaving layer upon layer of intricately winding and pulsing orchestrations. heavy to soft and pretty to ugly. a soft whirl of bluesy piano. A longtime contributor to others’ albums. The Motor City theme of this edition continues on the included 12-inch: the LP’s rare. is ambitious in scope: densely textured and uncompromisingly sophisticated. For 12 especially exemplifies the latter: its galloping rhythms conjure a feeling of uneasy expansiveness. his single sequel. Spanning the spectrum of sonic style. yet instantly appealing and alluringly mysterious. The term ‘chamber-pop’ readily springs to mind. this debut album recalls the best of Africa 70. OR THE CLASSIC WITH THE CUTTING EDGE. songwriter and producer. snapping beats and warm bass. ‘no strings’ mix of the title track. it traverses a mashed-up aural continuum that reaches from dark to light.a. His Flying Lotus-produced debut. behind What’s Going On. wobbling basslines and hypnotic soundscapes. and exists as an open-sourced musical project that is as diverse as it is dogged. By Kaz Peet Other Lives Tamer Animals PLAY IT AGAIN SAM At the crossroads of US 177 and State Highway 51. disregarding the rules. You’re The Man. Spanning a cosmic stew of players. is no disappointment. offers both stone-cold skill and uncanny astrality. picking up where the pair left off on 2010’s Cosmogramma – further distilling the jazz current running through that landmark Lotus release. ONE OF THE ALBUM’S MOST STUNNING MOMENTS ARRIVES WITH A SPACIOUS COVER OF GEORGE DUKE’S FOR LOVE I COME. includes a fullyremastered version of What’s Going On. Jesse Tabish. unexpected chapter of Beauty and the Beast. a timeless aural sublimity of The Great Plains of the Old West. Tamer Animals was written and recorded at Other Lives’s own studio over a period of sixteen months.’ muses Jesse. RAMP and Raheem Devaughn. The first single off of Tamer Animals. drummer Ronald Bruner. The Funk Ark From the Rooftops ESL MUSIC The Funk Ark is a world funk ensemble based in Washington. The set. This 40th anniversary edition couples the much-adored music with the wonders of modern day mastering. BY COMBINING SOUND AND FORCE WITH WEIGHT. It is like the next. There are raw. ‘You go five miles outside Stillwater and it’s just untouched plains.44 MUSIC REVIEWS Bassnectar Divergent Spectrum AMORPHOUS MUSIC Bassnectar is the brainchild of Lorin Ashton. Jr. original Detroit Mix. BRUNER SINGS. BUT LISTENERS NEEDN’T WORRY. as raw as it is meticulous and as fierce as it is imaginary. an upbeat soul strutter powered by Bruner’s digitally-distorted plucks. For 12 has already gotten the thumbs up from Radiohead. which focuses on Marvin’s LP and post-LP Detroit recordings. IT IS AS PHYSICAL AS IT IS AUDITORY – A LAWLESS ADVENTURE WITH NO LIMITATIONS. and the result is a gritty and soulful mix of inspired afro-beat and big band funk. to pianist Austin Peralta and his own Grammy-winning brother. The Golden Age of Apocalypse was years in the making even though. and a series of recordings (mostly instrumental) made in Detroit before Marvin followed Motown to Los Angeles.and Latin funk/dance music scenes of the 1960s and ‘70s. but Other Lives’s music invokes everything from Phillip Glass’s dazzling minimalism to Morricone’s dark. The album introduced Marvin Gaye.k. Bruner had never planned on releasing his own music. THERE. From the first day of release. Universal present this super deluxe edition. OK. THE SET PROVIDES NOT ONLY AN ESSENTIAL PIECE OF MARVIN GAYE HISTORY FOR FANS. INSIDE OF THIS SPACE. DC. the end result is unmistakably a Thundercat record – a lush and magical document combining classic jazz-fusion. out on August 29th 2011. Divergent Spectrum. Federico Aubele. this masterpiece broke the Motown mold. Bruner (a. stories and grooves remain timeless. improvised numbers like Jamboree and virtuosic bass pileups like Fleer Ultra. . There’s Walkin. LA-based. TIME REALLY ISN’T A THING. Tamer Animals. battle like story. the original. A TAUT BEAUTY SPANGLED WITH CRYSTALLINE HARP AND KEYS. Natalie Clavier. the JB’s and the Fania Allstars simultaneously. ‘I think that has affected me subconsciously. There’s the ebullient Daylight. THE FUNK ARK IS YOUR NEW ONE-STOP SHOP FOR BOOTY-SHAKING VINTAGE GROOVES. with nary a saddle nor spur in sight. BUT ALSO A UNIQUE AND COMPREHENSIVE INSIGHT INTO ONE OF THE WORLD’S MOST CHERISHED ALBUMS FOR ANY SOUL SISTER OR -BROTHER. The group’s keyboardist and main songwriter. This latest EP release. several post-album outtakes. epic sweep. A meditative act of artistic rebellion. as an uncompromising singer. locations and times. YET COOLLY ELEGANT BEAUTY THAT MIRRORS THE LANDSCAPE SURROUNDING THEM. Delivering healthy doses of the sound. sits Stillwater. As always. New Age synth. then Stephen Bruner’s bass is a mainline to the soul of a man whose DNA was transcribed from the stars onto staff paper. Produced by the band themselves and mixed by Beck’s longtime drummer Joey Waronker. The group draws upon influences from the African. UNDERPINNING THE ALBUM’S RICH PALETTE OF SOUNDS IS THE BAND’S NATIVE DUST BOWL AUSTERITY: A STARK. to produce an unparalleled insight into Marvin’s showpiece. SHOUT IT FROM THE ROOFTOPS! Thundercat The Golden Age of Apocalypse BRAINFEEDER If indeed ‘you blows who you is’. Still. these eleven tracks enfold listeners in a bounteous panoply of melodies and textures reminiscent of Brian Wilson’s daring Smile period. Will Rast. Wayne Coyne of Flaming Lips and Bad Seed Jim Sciavunos among their burgeoning ranks of avid fans. The package also includes rare and unseen photography from throughout the recording process and the remarkable. and the band counts Zane Lowe. the groundbreaking concept work was recognized as a magnum opus. unlikely hometown to a remarkable band – Other Lives – and its gifted singer/composer and multi-instrumentalist bandleader.
. there was a resurgence of interest in his work when he returned with his first studio album in 16 years. described it as ‘a voice like you would have for Shakespeare’. his songs that rumble from deep within his soul will continue to incite and inspire generations of young people to take up the struggle from where he left off. His vocal style. On the recommendation of his high school English teacher. as head of the Impulse label./ You will not be able to lose yourself on skag and skip. He enjoyed further chart success in 1976 with Johannesburg and. a librarian and an accomplished singer. Gil Scott-Heron was born in Chicago on April 1st. she bought him a second-hand piano from a local funeral parlor and introduced him to the writings of the Harlem Renaissance novelist and poet Langston Hughes. Scott-Heron would credit his grandmother with being one of the primary influences on his life: ‘[She] raised me to not sit around and wait for people to guess what’s on your mind – I was gonna have to say it. The Bottle and the anti-apartheid anthem Johannesburg. this time with a full band. earning the nickname ‘the Black Arrow’. YET HIS SPIRIT SHALL NEVER FADE! Gil Scott-Heron. while working as a clerk at a dry cleaners. in 1978./Because the revolution will not be televised.OBITUARY 45 Cultivating his interest in music and literature. It was a title that ScottHeron himself always deplored. and a call to arms to the black community: ‘You will not be able to stay home brother./You will not be able to plug in. Scott-Heron sang in a roughly arresting voice that was once described as a mixture of ‘mahogany. had recorded such artists as John Coltrane. who became a major influence. made him widely recognized as one of the Kaz Peet most inspirational figures of rap music and beyond. was a composer. On graduation he published a second novel. aged 62. Over the course of 20 albums he produced a series of sardonic and biting commentaries on ghetto life and racial injustice. Scott-Heron’s music reflected something of the militancy and self-assertiveness of such theorists and polemicists as Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael. but was to fall victim to drug abuse more than two decades later. He was soon approached by the jazz producer Bob Thiele who. Sonny Rollins and Dizzy Gillespie. for his seminal album Pieces of a Man. His parents separated when he was two. a Jamaican who had settled in America. poet and author whose writings and recordings provided a vivid – and often stinging – commentary on social injustice and the black American experience. including Whitey’s On The Moon. Gilbert Heron. and would lead to his being described as ‘the godfather of rap’. In 2010. and one that always emphasized lyrical content over technique. rail-thin man with a wispy goatee beard and a countenance of prophetic gravity. He was named after his father. In his second year at university he was given leave of absence to write a novel. the Ethical Culture Fieldston School. a compelling attack on the mindless and anesthetizing effects of the mass media. as well as being the cowriter (with George David Weiss) of Louis Armstrong’s What a Wonderful World. where his prowess at football brought him to the attention of talent scouts from Scotland. Bobbie. and he moved to New York to be reunited with his mother. would be a major influence on such groups as Public Enemy and NWA.’ He preferred to call himself ‘a blues-ologist’. With mantra-like incessance. in the early ‘50s Gilbert Sr. sampled and referenced in innumerable recordings. The followup Pieces of Man brought him together (on record) for the first time with Brian Jackson. Instead. turn on and cop out. Gil won a scholarship to a private school. The bass player Ron Carter. allied to the overtly political content of his work. serving jail time for various offenses. played football professionally for Celtic and Third Lanark. a keyboard-player. Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. in Jackson. about campus unrest.’ composer who would become his main collaborator on nine albums. before returning to Chicago. flautist and Gil Scott-Heron: SOUL BROTHER SADLY PASSES AWAY. and a collection of poetry. who brought up her son on her own. you just get a lot of posturing. songs such as Must Be Something and It’s Your World were moving affirmations of faith in the power of the human spirit. But anger was not the only color in Scott-Heron’s music palette. Home Is Where The Hatred Is. before going on to study at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. I’m New Here. Gil ScottHeron’s legacy will survive his death. A tall. The Vulture (1970). a thriller about ghetto life. Thiele released Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. a live recording of one of ScottHeron’s club performances. it first appeared in the form of a spokenword recitation on his debut album Small Talk at 125th and Lenox./Skip out for beer during commercials. The following year he recorded the song for a second time. 1949. who died on May 27th.’ Written when Scott-Heron was just 18. sunshine and tears’. Tennessee. He said: ‘You don’t really see inside the person. When Gil was 12 his grandmother died. It was there that he met Gil’s mother. musician. Scott-Heron first came to attention with his 1970 recording The Revolution Will Not Be Televised. and he was sent to live with his maternal grandmother. and his political message. who played on ScottHeron’s second album. Pieces Of A Man. The song went on to be covered. with the anti-drug song Angel Dust. Lillie Scott. His declamatory singing style. The Nigger Factory (1971). Both a genius and a soldier.
Bisexual. I had to at least stop and take a look. Floats. the motorcycle club ‘Dykes on BIKES’ spearheaded the show. The publisher is not responsible for the content and/or point of view of advertisements. Inc Century Park Plaza 1801 Century Park East. with a dash of Salvador Dali thrown in for good measure. the crowd seemed very wellbehaved. Federal or international. which was on the other side of the parade route from where I was.A. Soft Secrets forums operate under the assumption that the publisher does not necessarily agree with the views and opinions expressed in articles and advertisements therein. Thousands of people were in attendance. non-violent drug offenders (read: pot smokers) as well as the social toll that high numbers of imprisonment brings to some towns and neighborhoods. but that didn’t seem like a bad thing. I thought it was GO-GO DANCING FLOAT a fun show with some underlying serious messages.magazinedistribution. Even folks like myself. state-. Sensible Seeds Serious Seeds Strain Genius Sweet Seeds Sweet Seeds Vapors SOME OUTFITS WERE MORE INTERESTING THAN OTHERS. Colophon Page 1 40 16 2 4 19 25 43 28 48 40 43 8 1 43 1 43 47 43 35 11 1 32 35 Soft Secrets USA is published by Discover Publishers USA. I hadn’t originally intended to go to the parade. we can certainly understand how difficult the fight for LGBT rights can be. people stood three-deep or more to watch the festivities. mayors and police chiefs – on a local level – now actively support a ‘compassion club’ distribution system as a way of separating recreational stoners from the people who legitimately need therapeutic help. Some townships. Kali Mist. almost half of the states have embarked on a process of relative liberalization towards the use of Cannabis. the publisher hopes Soft Secrets will expose the positive aspects of the normalization of Cannabis use to the public. Transgender Pride Celebration. Cannabis users are a menace to no one and are causing no discernible social problem. In spite of its somber inspiration. Overall. each vying for attention. Peace. On the 26th of June 2011. and even more non-users than ever.Red.org Telephone: +1-310-488-1911 A word from the publisher: To the chagrin of the US Federal Government. In 1969 police raided a bar named the ‘Stonewall Inn’. as suggestive REPRESENTED ALL TYPES.net Mountain High Paradise Seeds Pollinator Company Royal Queen Seeds As oft-marginalized as Cannabis users are. Actor Olympia Dukakis made a personal appearance in a classic car.nl Advertisements: Jessica Telephone: +1-661-333 3151 E-mail: jessica@softsecrets. these days the festival appeared to be more a demonstration of free speech – and as an excuse for outrageous outfits. et al. which resulted in a riot. I happened upon a parade. Kaz Peet. Grubbycup Gay Pride Parade in San Francisco While on my way to the Cannabis Cup. and is excited to offer a forum to both proand anti-legalization advocates. The costumes ranged from sensual to absurd.nl Editor in chief: Kristie Szalanski Contributors: Grubbycup. The publisher therefore distances himself explicitly from statements or images that might give the impression that an endorsement is being made for the illicit use or production of Cannabis. San Francisco held the 41st annual San Francisco Lesbian. are calling for the outright legalization of marijuana. CA 90067 E-mail: usa@softsecrets. In the meantime. 2011 . the sight of naked and semi-naked people appeared to have little adverse effect on the crowd. 24th floor / Suite 2400 Los Angeles. New York. Taxpayers are frustrated with funding the incarceration of first-time. As usual.N. and Cannabis activists are engaged in broadening this progression. Chaz Bono (formerly Chastity Bono. Buddy Kush. whether local-. It looked like a lot of fun. parents are Sonny and Cher) was this year’s celebrity Grand Marshal. simultaneously decreasing the number of unnecessary arrests. Churches marched in the parade. Some politicians. and throughout the path of the parade. I was trying to make my way across it to get to the HT Cannabis Cup. nudity was a common sight – despite not generally being tolerated in public. The editors take no responsibility for unsolicited submissions. This year’s theme was ‘In Pride We Trust’.nl Distribution by: P. Now we must be patient and see how the debate develops during a period of relative peace between both sides.com Intellibusiness Management Letgrow. Nothing from this publication may be copied or reproduced in any format without prior permission from the publisher and other copyright holders. and the other a stark reminder of the intolerance and bigotry that still exists.I. Usually presented in a very matter-of-fact. Black leather. The annual celebration commemorates riots that took place at a bar in Greenwich Village. while go-go dancers of all sorts gyrated for the crowd. Distribution Carlos Garcia Circulation Manager www. and it was one of the biggest parades of its kind. Whether they are finding their way to the local medical distribution point or growing for personal stash. The Sativa Diva. O’Riodon. That event and its repercussions are often credited with being a galvanizing force that helped by Grubbycup unite the LGBT movement into organizing. polite and a smorgasbord for people-watching. Gay. But I was in San Francisco. humorous or overly suggestive way. The parade itself is a symbol of the success of that tolerance. Signs and flags proclaimed support for tolerSMILING PEOPLE IN BRIGHT COSTUMES ance. purple corsets and rainbows galore passed by. Cover Photo: Grubbycup Comic: oz. who had not planned on attending (and merely stumbled into the area) seemed far more amused than shocked by anything we saw. F. Editorial adress: E-mail: kristie@softsecrets. On the one hand a playful celebration of sexuality. cars and people on foot paraded in front of an admiring crowd. I couldn’t pass up the opportunity.46 MARCHES & DEMOS / INDEX OF ADS / COLOFON Index of ads Name Advanced Seeds All American Healing Group Apothecary 420 Attitude the Attitude the Best Price Evaluations Dinafem Seeds Funky Skunk the Ganja Juice Green Door the Higher Level Hydroasis. Soft Secrets does not advocate breaking any laws. love and puka shells. Soft Secrets USA #5/2011 out: October 18th. welcoming all to their flocks.
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