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SS USA 04-11

SS USA 04-11

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Published by: steveurkle on Aug 16, 2011
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  • A Cease-Fire in the Drug War?
  • The War on Drugs Has Failed!
  • What if Cannabis Cured Cancer?
  • Dutch Weed Pass:
  • Didymium Glasses
  • Mila’s Journey
  • Rolling Papers
  • Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash
  • The Pollinator Company
  • International Seed Market:
  • Thanks, Jacques
  • LED Trial with Critical Jack
  • Male Cannabis:
  • Dangerous Pastry
  • Gil Scott-Heron:
  • Colophon


ISSUE 4 2011
18+ For adults only. Soft Secrets is published six times a year by Discover Publishers USA, Inc.

In this issue:
A report has just been issued by the Global Commission on Drug Policy, condemning the ineffective and often damaging policies implemented in the War on Drugs. What does this mean for our industry, and how can we move forward? ›› 5

A Cease-Fire in the Drug War?
Doesn’t it seem as if overnight, Cannabis has become socially acceptable in America? The Global Commission on Drug Policy has just released a report about the utter failure of the War on Drugs, despite the billions of dollars flushed through it over the years. HR 2306 could present the first-ever modern Federal legislation that would allow peace for the pot industry, since its criminalization in 1937. A mind-blowing documentary called What if Cannabis Cured Cancer is now sweeping the globe, allaying many of the fears regarding medicinal marijuana that plague the medical community – as well as vindicating the thousands of activists and proponents who have been shouting (at seemingly deaf ears) for decades about the merits of our beloved plant. It’s true. Cannabis is not that bad for you. If the product is grown organically and handled carefully, the consumption of the drug – even smoking it, although we cannot deny the dangers of smoking in general – is not physically addictive, and most of the negative consequences of its effects can be directly attributed to the shortcomings of the user. The punitive nature of America’s drug policies has done more harm than good in incarcerating first-time, non-violent individuals who, at worst, should be in drug treatment facilities. In moderation or clinical settings, Cannabis presents a therapeutic substance that treats more ailments than any other single drug in the history of medicine and should not be unjustly demonized. Allowing people to grow weed will not lead to the immediate collapse of human civilization, nor will it plunge our youth into the depths of depravity. We need education, quality control, safe access, protection for care-givers and patients; but mostly, we need to be TAXED so that cash can be put towards the necessary legislation, organizations and social programs. Sorry, drug dealers: we all know that if weed were ever legalized the price would drop. Why panic? It won’t drop that much, and if laws loosen, the groups of

ades about the freedoms lavished upon the smoking masses in this low-lying nation. Well, it’s all potentially about to crash and burn, as the Dutch government wants to issue marijuana membership cards to legal, tax-paying residents only, restricting their purchases to the one coffeeshop nearest to their house. At a maximum limit of three grams. Read on to find out how this might affect your next vacation.... Finally, no Drug War edition would be complete without a mention of Eddy Lepp. Perhaps one of the most famous Green Prisoners in the world, Eddy is

What if Cannabis Cured Cancer?

›› 7

Simon, proprietor of Serious Seeds, explains how the Cannabis seed industry is even more susceptible to piracy than the music world, and what will happen if it’s not prevented. ›› 14

Hemp Kevlar

›› 17

HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS The Devil’s Harvest Seed Company reveal their secrets of Cannabis seed feminization, why they do it and what the future holds for this Amsterdam label. ›› 20

people who secretly like Cannabis, but avoid it due to issues such as the fact that it’s still absurdly classed as Schedule I, will soon join the ranks of your customer lists. Demand will likely increase, and you can finally go legit! This issue of SSUSA presents a few different ramifications of the War on Drugs, including some of the international effects of bad drug stigma, such as the impending ‘Weed Pass’ in the Netherlands. You’ve all heard for dec-

hardly visible in the Cannabis press, despite his famous arrest and incarceration. Due to his contributions to the medical Cannabis community over the years, we felt that he deserved a ‘visit’. It’s ironic that some of the very pioneers who assisted in the liberalization of US pot laws are locked away and cannot enjoy the new freedom themselves. Things are looking up, folks; however, we’ve still got a long way to go towards complete legalization. How are you helping?



Something Missing?
Don’t see your company, product or techniques featured in the pages of SSUSA? Wish your activist organization could get a little free press? Contact us! Are you or is someone you know particularly gifted with a camera? Then why not submit your amateur photos to SSUSA? They could end up on the cover! Subject is of your choosing, and an emphasis on Cannabis is absolutely not necessary. Be as creative and expressive as possible, and you might just see your work on the front page, or within the next issue of Soft Secrets USA. Photographers will be credited for their work. Cannabis photos are rarely used for cover shots. Oh, and let’s keep it classy, people! Not into photography but still have an interesting talent or story? Contact us if you think you deserve a place in our publication. Feel free to let us know about new books, television and film projects; festivals, events and demonstrations, medical advances, green prisoners or even interesting companies who deserve a little support and media coverage. We love hemp, and are always happy to highlight the innovations that make this industry so exciting. We hope to hear from you. * Press concerns and photos (minimum resolution 300dpi @ 4x4 inches) may be emailed to Kristie@softsecrets.nl. * All submissions will be handled with discretion. Soft Secrets USA is not responsible for unsolicited submissions, either for graphics or text.


Cease-Fire in the Drug War? Page 3 Girl: Warlock The War on Drugs Has Failed! What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? HR 2306 Strain Awards Eddy Lepp Dutch Weed Pass Seed Piracy Hemp Kevlar How to Feminize Cannabis Didymium Glasses Mila’s Journey Rolling Papers Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash Pollinator Company HT Medical Cannabis Cup International Seed Market Thanks, Jacques Kalamata & Panama Red LED Trial: Critical Jack Male Cannabis Dangerous Pastry Royal Queen Seeds Hy’s Deli by oz. A Stoned Selection Gil Scott-Heron Gay Pride San Francisco Colophon 1 3 5 7 9 10 12 13 14 17 20 23 24 26 29 31 31 33 36 37 38 39 41 42 42 44 45 46 46 FROM THE EDITOR STRAIN REPORT LEGAL FILM REVIEW/MEDICINAL LEGAL STRAIN REPORT GREEN PRISONERS AMSTER-RANT

The Warlock was created in the early 1990s by Gerrit, the owner and breeder of Magus Genetics. Due to personal circumstances Gerrit was not able to continue his business and we from Serious Seeds decided to incorporate the strains of Magus Genetics into our program. The Warlock won the 3rd place at the High Times Cannabis Cup in 1997. Short and bushy during the vegetative period, it grows huge, compact buds with few leaves in flowering. Especially indoors the Warlock is a good yielder, with a harvest of 400-500g per square meter. The clear white pistils change to a tan/pinkish color when ripe. Warlock has a sweet smell with a tinge of sour, reminiscent of fresh fruits. The effect is felt very quickly after the toke and is a strong high, which is felt more in the head than in the body. Due to its high THC content, the Warlock has good medical qualities for pain relief and against insomnia. Name: Pedigree: Warlock Mostly indica (Skunk/Afghani x Afghani) Breeder: Gerrit from Magus Genetics Producer: Serious Seeds Height: Short and bushy Weight: Good yielder (400-500g/m2) Flowering Time: 55-60 days



Despite this. Enter the Global Commission on Drug Policy Together with a group of illustrious commissioners (amongst whom were George Papandreou. would start listening to the Devil’s music – which we now call ‘Jazz’. on the first of July. In 2010.. And yet nothing has really changed since the War on Drugs first started. economists. Even though Portugal was able to show positive results over the last ten years. ANY means possible. a part of the United Nations. With no other source of income. sociologists – as well as the criminals involved. violations of those prohibitions are considered as administrative violations. reinforcing the apparent need to combat it by any means possible. Their conclusions are basic and most are obvious. If we are to look at relevant historical references. former Secretary General of the United Nations). JUNE 2011 In their new report. claiming it would see increased drug use amongst youth and become a drug user’s haven. marginalization and stigmatization of people who use drugs but who do no harm to others. Ernesto Zedillo. consumers also have to deal with insecurity in obtaining the drug. The results of prohibition remain the same today as they were then. high prices and no quality control – which can potentially lead to disastrous health issues. governments worldwide have so far refused to adjust their approach. This situation is one of which many are aware: politicians. Not only was this drug considered to be responsible for the moral depravity spreading through the US via foreign immigrants. So. given a bit of thought: to ‘End the criminalization. insecurity. More exactly.’ Also. had published an article recognizing the failure of the War on Drugs and offering a set of principles and recommendations to efficiently tackle the issue. waves of propaganda and misinformation were very efficient in convincing the citizens of the risks these drugs brought to the established order and moral values of the new world. 2001. depression. by the way – and to be promiscuous with black men. other countries still stubbornly deny that a new approach is needed. 27% and 34. the death of brain cells and mental disorders: these are some of the many scare tactics used over the decades to convince people of the dangers of drug-use. Paul Volcker. The Financial Times estimated that the War on Drugs had far-surpassed the trillion-dollar mark. Most of us with a basic understanding of market and social dynamics have known that it was an approach bound to fail. everyone thought it would be for the best. to sum up. to: IS IT THE CANNABIS OR THE PROPAGANDA CAUSING DEPRAVITY? (PHOTO BY KAT) . but for a very few pioneers. While drug use and possession are still legally prohibited. Portugal decriminalized the use of drugs.5%. taxpayers pay the government to ultimately help the very criminals it claims to fight against.5%. the international approach to drugs has been one of intolerance. not criminal offenses. In a publication released in the beginning of June 2011. increased use. However. the taxpayers. History has shown this on numerous accounts. with budgets surpassing $40B a year in America alone. Prime Minister of Greece. And who pays the price for all this? One simple answer: you and me. after having consumed the drug. A couple of countries decided upon new approach- DRUG PROMOTION (PHOTO BY MANTAS RUZVELTAS) es. it also affected white people by encouraging them to abandon their moral values. it is easy to spot the correlation between prohibition. ill health and criminality: the alcohol prohibition that took place in the 1920s. With no regulation whatsoever. the Commission has officially recognized the utter failure of the War on Drugs – as well as the devastating consequences it has had on society and its members. WAR ON DRUGS REPORT. former President of Mexico. broadly generating an uproar from neighboring nations and international press. the Global Commission on Drug Policy published data claiming that rather than dropping. it was surprising to read that the Global Commission on Drug Policy. Having heard of this decision. Cannabis. In the first week of June however. Buddy Kush When the decision was made to start an official war against the use of drugs back in the early 20th century. the government has to use taxation to finance its inefficient war. former Chairman of the US Federal Reserve and Economic Recovery Board and Kofi Annan. cocaine and opiate use have all increased over a ten year period (1998-2008) with a respective increase of 8. hard-drug use. governments continue to invest increasing amounts of funds into a losing battle.. neighboring countries were quick to paint gloomy pictures of the country’s future. harsh repression and propaganda – as well as a recognized waste of taxpayers’ hard earned cash. it was also accused of causing depravity in white women who. the Global Commission on Drug Policy has recognized the need to re-evaluate the international approach to drug use and production. Mind you. The war on Cannabis is the perfect example.5 A REPORT FROM THE GLOBAL COMMISSION ON DRUG POLICY The War on Drugs Has Failed! Since the last hundred years. To give a concrete example. Substances leading to violence.

The Recommendations: 1. 3. society’s leaders) will actively need to take part in order to start rectifying generations’ worth of misinformation. to invest in drug prevention and drug education. taking diverse political. Encourage experimentation with regulation models designed to undermine organized crime and benefit the health and security of end users. COMPARISON OF THE CANNABIS MARKETS IN FRANCE AND THE NETHERLANDS The Measure Themselves: In order to tackle this vast task. considering the problem rationally (not emotionally) and learning from past mistakes is the key to moving things forward. security firms. Challenge misconceptions about drug users. we should discuss the possible creation of licenses allowing the production of these drugs. socio-economic status or. check online at: http://www.globalcommission ondrugs. If one looks at the current structure of drug trade/use. 2. This dynamic will not change unless the legality of drug use and production in itself is revised. all concerned parties (families. In this case. Through open discussion and effective education. educational initiatives and so forth. decades’ worth of propaganda will have to be addressed before any truly unbiased conclusion can be reached.and construction industries the day hemp is fully legalized – but entire new markets will appear. 11. we can not only ensure that the misconceptions are dispersed. shared responsibility. it is time for the relevant institutions to face the facts. however (i. drug use in itself and drug dependency. Drug policies must be pursued in a comprehensive way. Based on discussion. Until this is done. 3.. 9. adapt it – modify it to suit your needs. However. Switzerland. health specialists. trustworthy means of distribution. points six and seven). What about you? For more information on the report. plus medical-. this publication has created waves throughout international press and has . 4.’ organized crime and traffickers. they could potentially find themselves without employment. even today. which can easily be applied given the extensive research done internationally by recognized authorities. the Commission has agreed upon a list of four principles and eleven recommendations they hope can help rectify the situation. neglect. 6.. It is quite an accurate representation of the control each group has on the market. BUT ALSO TO LESS HEALTH ISSUES the health sector. 4. There are exceptions though. And indeed. As many have said before. Imagine how many people profit from the War on Drugs: the prison industry. despite certain shortcomings. You try an approach. to focus repressive actions on violent criminal organizations[. It is therefore important to be critical. is not in any way a measure of success – especially when the consumption of said drug continues to rise. 5. we must also take other social repercussions into account. the conclusions are as follows: The Principles: 1. the ‘forbidden fruit’ effect.’ An ultimate goal is ‘to rethink the approach now in place with regards to people involved in the lower end of the illegal drug markets.e. because of certain countries which. law enforcement etc. forbid research into certain drugs. naturally. This is why extensive efforts must be made to provide adequate resources for prevention – with a focus on the ‘sensitive’ social groups such as youths – as well as the developing of easy access to treatment for the people suffering from drug dependencies. Needless to say we’ll be doing our part. More than that. drug use will never cease. Together with the necessary regulations and quality controls this could create a more secure. Invest more in evidence-based prevention. as peer pressure. Judging the success of the War on Drugs by the number of arrests made. This would thereby limit drug use linked to external influences such DOES THIS MEAN I’LL GET MY CROP BACK? (PHOTO BY KAT) placed at the top. allowing institutions to focus on drug use linked to larger social issues (childhood trauma. Offer a wide and easily accessible range of options for treatment of drug dependence. to keep all these facts in mind and to discuss the issue in its entirety to guarantee as smooth a transition as we can.6 ‘encourage experimentation by governments with models of legal regulation. petrochemical. We must act now! A very good first step. the number of drugs intercepted. living conditions. pharmaceutical companies.) This seems a very commendable set of principles. the control of the drug market and the funds it generates will remain as they are. 2.org/report STIMULATING GOVERNMENTS TO EXPERIMENT WITH REGULATION AND DECRIMINALIZATION HAS PROVEN THAT A LESS REPRESSIVE APPROACH LEADS NOT ONLY TO LOWER DRUG USE. 8. Establish better methods to measure the progress. with a special focus on youth. thereby reducing the harms linked to the underground market. so long as a curious mind exists. Policies should be a global. Stop considering drug users criminals and offer them health and treatment services to those in need. Countries continuing to invest heavily in law enforcement should focus on Conclusions Isn’t it amusing that these facts – which have been preached by activists for years – are finally being acknowledged now that a group of governmental celebrities is repeating them? Regardless. The necessary steps towards rectifying the situation will contain big challenges. social and cultural realities into consideration. The day our approach to drugs evolves.] but first and foremost to begin the transformation of the “global drug prohibition regime” by replacing current measures with responsible policies and strategies built on facts and not on ideology and political convenience. 7. there is no denying that. Develop new sentences for first-time/ small-scale dealers. Spain and Portugal have done – has proven that a less repressive approach leads not only to lower drug use but also to less health issues linked to their consumption. it can be summarized in a pyramidal structure with the end-user a continually repressive approach to dealers help in curbing consumption? Instead. small scale dealers come next. law enforcement. but also give everyone the information necessary for them to be able to make an educated decision with regards to drug use. To be Perfected… Stimulating governments to experiment with regulation and decriminalization – as countries such as the Netherlands. It is essential to everything we do in life. How will really opened up the debate about our approach to drugs worldwide. There are a couple of notions that appear to be lacking. create jobs and economic income and reduce health risks (with regard to altered substances). Base drug policies on human rights and public health principles. The UN must provide leadership in global drug policy reform. as well as revenues that the government can then tax to finance rehabilitation centers. This will create new jobs. while also eliminating the need for an illegal market in one fell swoop. The War on Drugs has failed. involving all relevant parties (families. followed by larger scale dealers and organized crime forming the wide base.) which truly do need attention. Pursue an open debate and break through the taboo surrounding drugs. textile-. Base drug policies on solid evidence. prevention. etc. the drugs market. if lacking. 10. etc. It is time for us to face the issue head-on and adapt. especially [with regards] to Cannabis’ and ‘offer health and treatment services to those in need. judge the results and. To this end. socialand political experiments done internationally. Not only will economic interests shift – imagine what will happen to the paper-.

smell. scientific evidence that will only fail to silence opponents to medical marijuana if they choose to entirely ignore the research. If nothing else. You read that correctly: human beings produce the endogenous version of the herbal cannabinoids responsible for the myriad effects brought about by the consumption of weed. However. Anti-angiogenic (prevents fresh blood supply to tumors). Hard facts replace conjecture. Many of its protective and therapeutic effects may be attributed to the ability of these substances to move freely through the ‘brain/blood barrier’. will burst. reproductive. Type II diabetes. shielding healthy cells and inciting the ‘suicide’ of cancer cells. In addition. the unique combination of these compounds. Naysayers. eat.lenrichmondfilms. makes ‘high’ come on faster but last less time.or herbal) have in the human body. anti-depressant.. CBD: Non-psychoactive. and this is especially important for brain cancer patients. or ECS. growers. where they can then destroy cancer cells in a carefully-guided attack. and is now scientifically-proven.com Some important cannabinoid functions: THC: Mimics the body’s own ECS. malignant tumors and bacterial infections. This means that our very most precious and essential systems are being aided in function and control by the ECS. slows growth of lungand breast cancer. It is this action that takes place when certain cannabinoids pass into the brain. THIS DOCUMENTARY WILL BE ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT FILMS YOU EVER WATCH.and immune systems. which protects the brain from infection and other harm. the man who discovered THC in 1964. The endo-cannabinoid system. smokers. Cannabinoid impact on cancer: Seeking out cancer cells and preferentially killing them. doubters. Activists from within the community will rejoice: the merits of medbut extremely in-depth. we need our ECS for mechanisms that help us to ‘relax. the ECS regulates our moods. Forget what? According to Dr.’ It is a known fact that the lack of pain memory is one of the more important evolutionary aspects of our bodies. Anti-metastatic (stops cancer’s ability to spread). anti-inflammatory. Ever wondered why Cannabis gets you high? It’s no accident. Even if you already knew much of the information covered in What if Cannabis Cured Cancer. Anti-proliferative (inhibits cell growth). known as endogenous cannabinoids. as well as virus-induced leukemia. blends together to present the exact flavor. fights LEN RICHMOND HAS STUNNED VIEWERS WITH A MASTERPIECE DOCUMENTING THE BIO-CHEMISTRY OF CANNABIS: WHAT IF CANNABIS CURED CANCER ANSWERS QUESTIONS THAT VIEWERS PERHAPS NEVER THOUGHT TO ASK ical Cannabis are explained empirically. Written and directed by Len Richmond Narrated by Peter Coyote Edited by Massimo Mazzucco Running Time: 60 minutes . activists. be assured that your education will still have been expanded through the watching of this astonishing film. CBN: Primary product of THC degradation. Not only does smoking moderate amounts of weed NOT cause cancer. agrarian ones. Writer and director Len Richmond has stunned viewers with a masterpiece documenting the bio-chemistry of Cannabis: What if Cannabis Cured Cancer answers questions that viewers perhaps never thought to ask. If Cannabis (and the drug compounds therein) is so dangerous. bronchial dilator. has protective.Stereo . nutrient transport and metabolism. you will obtain the peace of mind that comes with certainty: everything we’ve been saying for years about the benefits of Cannabis has been true. sleep. strongly inhibits tumor growth in leukemia and breast cancer. THESE FOUR CANNABINOIDS ARE CONSIDERED AMONG THE MOST IMPORTANT OF THE 400+ COMPOUNDS FOUND IN CANNABIS. causing a shift from hunter/gatherer societies to static. THCV: Mostly in S. After millions of years of evolution (beginning with the humble sea squirt) humans have developed a sophisticated system of receptors – one of the densest of its type in the human body – specifically designed to accept the exact chemical compounds produced by the Cannabis plant. sedative. or endoSativa Diva cannabinoids. Anthropological conjecture exists over whether Cannabis consumption somehow stimulated early human language skills.DVD » www. BY 1942. forget. ‘We need to have a way to One of the reasons that Cannabis does not physically addict is because of our ECS – our bodies recognize cannabinoids. affects the impact of THC. anti-psychotic. one cannot argue about the proven role and functions that cannabinoids (endogenous. including the nervous-. such as ethno-botany. or we. Most animals and other organisms also have cannabinoid receptors. anxiolytic (anti-anxiety). preventative effect against malignant tumors. antiinflammatory. ALL CANNABIS-BASED DRUGS HAD BEEN REMOVED FROM US PHARMACIES. and storage. African/Thai strains. doctors. circulatory-. forget and protect’. Due to the oily nature of the cannabinoids (the stuff that spreads all over your fingers when you handle buds) the compounds are easily able to slip between the two parts of the body. anyone who has ever had an opinion about Cannabis must watch this film and truly become enlightened. encourages cancer cell death. is responsible for modulating energy intake. Whether or not the above are true. AND WHY WE SHOULD CONTINUE TO DO SO FOR THE SAKE OF THE HUMAN RACE. . effect and duration of each of your favorite strains. but cannabinoids actually have a semi-protective effect on the body. THC has also been medically-proven to slow the growth of breast. Apoptopic (hastens death of cancer cells).Color . Raphael Mechoulam. If you haven’t seen this film.DOCUMENTARY 7 What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? THIS MINDBLOWING FILM EXPLAINS HOW AND WHY WE GET HIGH FROM CANNABIS. KURT CANNABIS (MALCOLM MCDOWELL) AND CONNIE CANCER (ROSEANNE BARR) LIGHTEN THE MOOD IN A SPECIAL COMEDY SHORT. in other realms. Whether you ingest. CBC: Found in extremely low levels. but research diverges here as the functions sometimes differ between species. CANNABIS PHARMACEUTICALS PRESENT A LESS-TOXIC ALTERNATIVE FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE ALREADY ILL.and lung cancer tumors. smoke or vaporize it. then why do we produce nearly atomically-twin substances that our body requires to survive? According to Di Marzo (1998).. scientists claim that hemp was the first intentionally cultivated plant. may act as anti-depressant. their original intent was to receive the same compounds when produced by the human body. The documentary begins with a brief education on the ancient relationship between Cannabis and humans. fights diabetes. drink. then that’s definitely not true. virus-induced leukemia. education into the physical workings of these substances. Perhaps short-term memory isn’t such a bad thing after all. presenting a quick. plus a few others. neuroprotector. anti-epileptic. Many people like to believe they truly ‘know everything there is to know about Cannabis’. providing physical.


The expectation is that the excessive levels of criminality involved in the Cannabis industry will decrease with the more favorable legislation and regulations many states have already begun to implement. and was re-proposed in 2009.and foreign policies. all cynicism aside. with its bi-partisan authorship. and perhaps a few more Congressional Representatives will stop and think for a moment longer when considering HR 2306. with trafficking offenses remaining under Federal jurisdiction. It seeks to remove marijuana regulation from the jurisdiction of the Federal government and hand it back to the state. vote.’ Frank also authored the State’s Right to Medical Marijuana Act in 2001. Republican Congressman for Texas’s 14th District. as well as to campaign in favor of online gambling within the US. HR 2306. let alone the House.). sale and taxation of Cannabis would be wholly regulated by state authorities. On June 23rd. . FOR TEXAS’S 14TH DISTRICT ground in marijuana campaigning and a consistent pro-hemp voting record. only to die again. While previous proposed bills have sought to limit Federal control or legalize certain aspects of marijuana or hemp. Presidential candidate. His stance is informed by a long belief in the states’ ability to govern themselves. of Marijuana by Responsible Adults Act (HR 5843) which initially died in committee. and that nations should begin reviewing current drug policy with a possible view to eventual legalization. Jared Polis (Colo. and it is true that on many issues their views are entirely unaligned. contrary to many of the more sensationalist reports appearing in By Kali Mist the initial days following the announcement.). It is to be hoped that Congressmen Paul good chance of this bill getting at least a little floor time. showing not only the level to which this elder statesman is informed. AS WAS EFFECTIVELY THE CASE PRIOR TO 1937 As a staunch supporter of small government.). a strong dislike of the ‘nanny state’ – and belief in self-determination and our inherent freedom to decide what to put into our bodies. Ron Paul is known for his na issues. HR 2306. his interest in pro-marijuana legislation apparently extends beyond the hypothetical: Paul has even promoted the cause of industrial hemp in the past. it’s clear there is yet another subject upon which they agree – and have done for some time. it seems that the link between these two very different politicians is not so tenuous after all. this bill could be deemed a well-timed move to guarantee media coverage and increased support from a wider demographic. and four further democrats: Reps.. When it comes to marijuana. Many more moderate Republicans seek to distance themselves from him. the popular liberal. Texas). there is a RON PAUL HAS LENT HIS NAME TO AN OTHERWISE ALL-DEMOCRAT PROPOSITION and damaging to society. It comes at a very relevant time – just after the Global Commission on Drug Policy released statements to the effect that the War on Drugs has so far been a failure.LEGISLATION 9 HR 2306: Ending Federal Marijuana Prohibition Act of 2011 A MAJOR SHIFT IN THE APPROACH TO US MARIJUANA LEGISLATION. and in 2008 proposed the Personal Use HOUSE REP. Production. all such publicity is good publicity for the Cannabis cause.. Barney Frank (D. He has a proven record over the past few years on pro-marijua- BARNEY FRANK. despite not always agreeing on matters of policy. sell and smoke marijuana – where it is not prohibited by state law – would no longer be committing a Federal offense. Although the bill is sure to be opposed by many. Frustration that people are being wrongly-deprived of medical marijuana due to outdated and restrictive laws is a sentiment strongly echoed in several of Paul’s previous statements.. FOR THE 4TH DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS and Frank continue their liaisons in the future and that Dr. However. but despite (or perhaps due to) his apparent eccentricity he enjoys a wide following. Paul would remain so emphatically in favor of pro-marijuana legislation – were his presidential campaign to prove successful. this is the first that seeks to entirely remove Federal control (at least within state boundaries). and as such is a milestone in the saga of Cannabis politics. 2011 the bi-partisan bill. Federal raids on dispensaries would no longer occur as citizens invoking their right to cultivate. Paul is no stranger to controversy. Much has been made of the so-called ‘unlikely’ partnership between Ron Paul and Barney Frank. DEMOCRATIC RON PAUL.) and Barbara Lee (Calif. REPUBLICAN HOUSE REP. This bill was each time co-sponsored and supported by Ron Paul. The bill’s authors do however stress that it is ‘not a legalization bill’. and de facto leader of the libertarian Tea Party movement. was proposed to Congress by Ron Paul (R. The bill is being publicized using the decades-old but still effective argument: that prohibition of alcohol had negative effects so severe it was quickly deemed unworkable – and for the same reasons. they have teamed up in the past to campaign for reductions in military spending. and thus Ron Paul has lent his name to an otherwise all-Democrat proposition. and is unlikely to pass committee. has attracted significant media attention. Steve Cohen (Tenn. Nevertheless. Such bi-partisan arrangements – while not uncommon – are likely to attract more attention in the media. So. it is a positive step in the continuing effort to raise awareness in political circles. and as a 2012 Presidential hopeful. but also the level of his enthusiasm and commitment to the cause. continued prohibition of Cannabis should be acknowledged as pointless outspoken criticism of US monetary. it would be contradictory to his stance to condone Federal control over most everyday aspects of life. However. and was in itself remarkable in that HR 2306 SEEKS TO REMOVE MARIJUANA REGULATION FROM THE JURISDICTION OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND HAND IT BACK TO THE STATE. The legislation would limit Federal interference in marijuana law enforcement to cross-border or inter-state smuggling. Democratic House Representative of the 4th District of Massachusetts– the second openly gay member of the House of Representatives – also has a strong backit was the first that sought to remove marijuana legislation from the Federal level – but limited to personal amounts. Barney Frank. Mass.. as was effectively the case prior to 1937.). John Conyers (Mich. having signed the Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2009 (HR1866 2009-H1866) to ‘grant each state regulating authority for the growing and processing of industrial hemp. BOTH RON PAUL AND BARNEY FRANK HAVE A STRONG BACKGROUND IN PROHEMP AND MARIJUANA CAMPAIGNING. With levels of public interest remaining high. Dr.

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and an appeal is in process.” The Church made charitable donations to the local poor. discuss making provisions for large scale licensed indoor cultivation. it is only a matter of time.’” Rev. Eddy explains. Eddy is housed at Lompoc Federal Prison Camp in California.12 GREEN PRISONERS POLITICAL PRISONER AND ACTIVIST EDDY LEPP TALKS WITH SOFT SECRETS USA Eddy Lepp Speaks Eddy Lepp owned and operated Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens in Lake County.” There are six-and-a-half more years remaining in Eddy’s sentence. the legalized extortion of money that the insurance and pharmaceutical companies are allowed to enjoy in this “We started in December with plants going into the ground. Judge Marilyn Patel noted the ten-year mandatory minimum was excessive. Today. It began with FDR and has resulted in the loss of our greatest asset: the great American farmer. Linda passed away shortly before Eddy was arrested. they are still striking out at everyone in their death throes. 25 acres of land were held by the Church for use by the congregation. ‘Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens and MultiDenominational Chapel of Cannabis and Rastafari’ was a dream. indoors allows for increased security and seasonal flexibility. versus the overseeing Federal government’s more restrictive stance. Peace. but did not mitigate his sentence. and offered a way for people to obtain medical islation allowing some local use of marijuana rises. She was my ‘Little Bitty Pretty One. after the loss of his first wife. California cities. Eddy contends that the religious use of Cannabis is nothing new: “It is the main ingredient in the holy anointing oil in the Bible. She was special. “At his memorial his doctor told me I added several months to his life by having him smoke marijuana. but in conflict with Federal law. and again forced Eddy to watch a loved one suffer. Through the Church the cost was about a dollar a gram. CA until his conviction and sentencing in 2008. She was one of the kindest souls I have ever met and just about all who knew her will testify to that. He became involved with helping people connect with safe access to medical Cannabis after his father was diagnosed with cancer. As the number of states where democratically-passed leg- MOST DISPENSARIES CHARGE $15-$25 A GRAM FOR MEDICAL MARIJUANA. There are eight million people without health insurance in California. I am most definitely a political prisoner. We were still planting as late as May or June. “I broke no laws in the state of California. especially the closer relationships you will have with the ‘most high’ as you understand it. When she developed cancer. which we proved (in spite of where I am) that we could do. Even while Eddy is serving out his sentence for similar activities. he “made a promise to Jah (God) that in exchange for spiritual strength for his wife. Grubbycup awaiting appeal.” Cannabis without paying black market prices or contributing to the cash flow of underworld smugglers.” Time goes slowly for imprisoned Eddy. highlighting the problems related to using only traditional cancer treatments. She was a healer and was able to help many people. Current prescription costs are beyond the financial grasp of many. but artificial lighting is much more expensive than using natural sunlight. and sadly as a nation. visit » www. as a rattlesnake with a broken back. His garden was operated in compliance with California State law. Eddy inhabited the gray area between what states claim to be the rights of its citizens to seek non-pharmaceutical relief. According to Eddy.. my strength.. “Either you never met her or you loved her. read.” When asked about his first wife Linda. write. Big business is killing this country. “I believe they have already lost the fight but.” Cannabis has been illegal in California for less than 100 years. The guys I am in here with. In March they were still being planted. my partner.” Sadly. at some point the Federal government should accept the will of the citizens. and smoking marijuana helped. love and puka shells. If you try and work hard enough they will all come TRUE. my friend. the will of the majority of the population should determine the direction of government. “Life in prison is very boring. I [play] Bocci. he would devote the rest of [his] life to helping people and telling them about the Sacred Plant. A Rastafari minister. I am never closer to Jah as when I use the Sacred Herb. helping.” The Church was “loved and wellreceived. I have kept my word as Jah did for me. Eddy’s congregation was comprised of cancer patients. In a democracy. and pressure from citizens to restore that freedom to the citizenry is mounting.” To learn more about Eddy’s case and those of other Green Prisoners. and medical care charges more to private citizens than it does to insurance companies. AIDS patients and other medical users seeking to grow their own medicinal Cannabis – and Rastafarian sacrament. If you believe in something. to a woman whom he says “is the love of my life.com. The illness made eating difficult for his father. and using natural and organic nutrients. I fear for our future as a world power. a belief that we could help ourselves and others without help or aid from the government. Growing Cannabis “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . the re-legalization movement seems to be making progress. follow your dreams. Eddy advises to get the most out of Cannabis: “Go slow and enjoy the benefits. There is little to do and less to care about. THROUGH THE CHURCH THE COST WAS ABOUT A DOLLAR A GRAM.” Eddy eventually remarried.” country means they “are really no worse than the rest of Corporate America. Most dispensaries charge $15-$25 a gram for medical marijuana.Green-Aid. many of them are wonderful people and we would all be better off with many of them home with their families. Grubbycup Linda developed thyroid cancer. She goes to many events and never tires of telling the world of our FIGHT FOR JUSTICE. such as Oakland. If the big business and the banks aren’t brought to heel soon. Arrested in California.” Irrigated by a drip system with overhead misters. “From what I understand they are all indoors and that makes them cost prohibitive.

address and social security number. friendly city. why can’t Holland? So. As a result of all the busts. This is a mistake of Himalayan proportions and experts have told them so. the move will expand an already huge black market. but a hundred mature plants can get you a 10K fine and the chance of a life-changing experience. tourists will potentially only be able to access the passes from their hotel reception or doormen. This could be a law within six months. the pass is only valid in the coffeeshop nearest to where you live. his reply was simply. Well. or.. The new weed pass will fit very well into their plan. In their war on the growers. (PHOTO: MARCEL VAN HOORN) them to visitors is not only stupid. but the Minister of Justice is just pig-headed enough to try and push it through. as I write this. . but the government will not listen. After that. They even know when you buy and how much because payment must be done with a bank card – no more cash. has put forth a proposal to bring Cannabis under the same law that governs tobacco. probably involving money. etc. To close THIS TINY CARD COULD INCITE A HUGE UPROAR. but the government in The Hague is not listening.and personal details. so why don’t politicians get it? It makes me wonder if there isn’t some ulterior motive. This is a moment for some clear-headed thinking and an admission that recreational wants to push the price to over thirty dollars a gram and then tax it. but then private enterprise takes over. has been wrestling with the ‘Cannabis problem’ since they first got together in their grubby little pact. The public know this. Meanwhile in the criminal world. So much for free choice. they would prefer a more liberal approach. PLEASE DON’T COME AGAIN Well. are suddenly looking at it in a favorable light. but we Cannabis use poses no threat whatsoever to society. This is the same justice department that carries out more telephone taps than any other country in the world. Weed may be ‘legal’ in the do. Sure. bringing in enough revenue to kick-start the economy. a tradition as Dutch as tulips and cheese. visited by millions of people and (according to the statistics) a quarter of them will safely visit a coffeeshop. A Monsieur Valiant. In a brain-churning stroke of ostrich politics. When the Minister of Justice was asked about the increase in street dealing that would follow such a move. Whereas the US system is run by medical practitioners. an unelected coalition of tight-assed racists and poker-faced deniers. ours will be run by the justice department and they will want everybody’s name and number. when we had lots of bad drugs and violence on the streets. an ex-cabinet minister. They wished Cannabis didn’t exist. He suggests the government should set aside a hundred thousand acres and start major cultivation. then you’re out of luck… unless you have a ‘wietby O’Riodon pas’ (weed pass). This is dangerous territory and infringes upon our human rights. What if this information falls into the wrong hands? It could have far-reaching effects: denial of auto insurance. tax paying resident. whether it’s good or bad. ‘the police will deal with it. but it doesn’t stop there. In order to get a pass you have to register your name. off limits to you and all other visitors to Holland. after all the ID checks. negatively impact a job application or a custody hearing. The city of Amsterdam is against the plan and a number of other cities in Holland have also expressed doubts. also. with a few changes. Today. but discriminatory and a denial of people’s rights. if France can come up with something positive. Amsterdam is a clean. it is the police who serve the warrant and make the arrest. prices have been rising steadily. Yes.AMSTERRANT 13 Dutch Weed Pass: THANK YOU. folks. they want to turn our coffeeshops into private clubs. There have been rumors of a rather cynical plan that would explain the continuing onslaught on the growers. Then the highly-taxed product would be sold in local tobacconists. if you’re lucky you might find something good and buy the maximum allowance – three whole grams! ONLY LEGAL. despite all the advice to the contrary. along with all the weirdos who smoke it. should you come to visit the fair city of Amsterdam and want to buy some weed. When medical marijuana became big news in the States. you have finally been issued with a weed pass and you need a smoke. This government. This is sending us back to the ‘80s. It is believed the government All this is happening in a time when the French. Quality will go down and there is the added opportunity to get involved in a violent street crime. the Dutch government is busy banging another nail into the coffin of Cannabis tourism. because they will have everybody’s bank. but not so harshly.’ They’ve just cut the police force. you’ll have buy from your nearest coffeeshop. champagne corks are already popping. SHOULD YOU VISIT AMSTERDAM AND WANT TO BUY SOME WEED. Now. who until now have been the bad guys with their relentless persecution of the Cannabis user. THEN YOU’RE OUT OF LUCK… UNLESS YOU HAVE A ‘WIETPAS’ (WEED PASS) coffeeshops. because the card is not valid anywhere else. RESIDENT TAX-PAYERS WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR THE DUTCH GEDOOGKABINET (TOLERANCE CABINET) THE NEW CARD – EFFECTIVELY PRIVATE MEMBERSHIP. they will just have to buy off the street. Fortunately there are number of groups challenging the law on the grounds of discrimination (which is against a current EEC law). they realized it was an opportunity to do the same in Holland. then fight about it with the European Parliament later. private companies now deal with a large part of the busts. They have decided they don’t want your dollars any more and the next time you visit Europe they’d prefer if you went elsewhere to smoke your dope. Unfortunately you can only get one of these if you’re a legal. and tourists were ripped off all the time. Importers and non-licensed growers would still be prosecuted.

basically. talked to the owner. although I can’t remember where I saw them. The names and intellectual property of well-known quality weed strains are being increasingly ripped off too – but without the protection in law granted to legitimate businesses. is a haven for fly-by-night merchants. sometimes not selling anything at all. they can call and check ‘is this a good one or not?’ It’s all to protect the end customer. The days of popping over to Amsterdam or asking a friend to send or bring some back are over. which websites are not to be trusted? I have seen such sites. We guarantee this. $115) for 11 seeds.14 INTERVIEW Pirates of the High Seeds The Internet has been a huge boon for growers around the world. yep. old-school seed breeder extraordinaire and owner of Serious Seeds. fielding complaints. The idea usually is just to sell them and wash your hands [of it]. Nobody else is doing it. He used to buy Serious Seeds from us. Today. They pay for all those people who parasitize on them. Serious Seeds has a shop list of legitimate shops on its website which sell the real thing. And that is interesting enough for pirates to want to copy. It is a lot of hassle to do it: checking numbers. and it filters back to me.’ I said. Growers are basically victims. Lots of people are trying to parasitize on the popularity of certain names. So would you like to see or would you advise other companies to be as careful as Serious in documenting and labeling their varieties? Copying what you’re doing? You can see that the main interest of establishing companies is still making money. but not the full labeling. But we have done it since Day One. The ‘Net. SSUSA spoke to Simon. it seems. If you’re buying seeds off the Internet by name. I was a grower back then. Soft Secrets: You were talking about ripping off the names of weed strains. let’s say. are among the worst hit by this scurrilous activity. especially the Spanish companies. I started to sell the seed tubes and now almost everybody is doing it. But as with the rest of the ‘Net. but I don’t visit forums a lot so can’t say where for sure. right to the last detail. especially those who are not in the position of being able to browse real-life shops for their growing needs. This is only because of this problem. I don’t know exactly how other companies deal with complaints. and now he was selling his own seeds as if they were Serious. And with virtually no chance of them being caught. Simon: Yes. it’s not just Chanel. People ‘buy’ something by credit card and never get anything. When did you first become aware of this problem with piracy? Before I had started my own business. I also get emails regularly from people ‘I bought these AK seeds from this shop – are they real?’ Sometimes they are and sometimes they’re not. I’m getting complaints here and they’re not getting Serious Seeds from you. takes the whole back cover of the High Times for an advertisement. especially when you are operating internationally. It has happened already that companies copy the packaging too. Its sort of ‘upper-middle class’. when you had Skunk and Northern Lights already and in Amsterdam there were shops with seeds with those names way cheaper than the original. cyber-squatters and pirates. said ‘hey man. and I’m not here to advise other companies. So 80 Euros (ca. There are also Black Lists too. People know that. they come to buy our WHITE RUSSIAN IS ONE OF THE MANY LEGENDARY STRAINS CREATED BY SERIOUS SEEDS . OSB – a shop from Canada. But at some point we got a couple of complaints very close to each other from their customers. selling the seeds as if they are real. it may sound like a trivial thing. If they’re lucky they get bogus seeds. How much are pirates typically making on ripped off seeds? How much cheaper are generic seeds compared to branded AK-47 seeds from you? AK-47 is not the most expensive seed but it is certainly not a cheap one either. Very little. ‘No. I’ll give you an example of one case – Ontario Seed Bank. but in our business we are far more limited. but I don’t think it is. The packaging was sort of mine. and from the type of the complaint it was clear that these were not Serious Seeds they were getting. Basically: ‘What do you care? If they have complaints I have to face them. but not totally. such as Bubblegum and AK-47. According to him he wasn’t doing anything wrong. lots of times you will find what you get is not what you anticipated. you’re obviously selling seeds as if they were Serious’ – and he didn’t even bother to deny it. It’s a widespread thing. We have a list of legit sites. If they buy seeds and they have a bad experience – even if they fucked up themselves – we give them new seeds. the Cannabis seed business is a victim of the ease with which ideas can be ripped off and copied. and we keep a database of that. So you can see that they take over good ideas. They can make lawsuits and all the rest. He had been selling our seeds for a while. you’re making money while giving us a bad name. so we go very far with our customer service. So the fact that nobody does it is already pointing in that direction. He’s been operating for a couple of years. whose award-winning household names. and we By Jules Marshall operate in a world that is not really protected like regular companies are. and blah blah blah. So pirates have been there from the start – because it’s lucrative. Are there independent websites where growers can discuss among themselves which seeds or sellers are legit. His first line of argument was that he had to deal with possible complaints. Serious Seeds is the only company as far as I know who individually number each seed package. So I called the shop. It’s very widespread. People can ask whether shops not on the list are real or not. We are also the only company that guarantees our seeds – to protect the customer. They build pirate websites. We want them to have a good experience with our seeds. it’s written about in forums and so on. Prada and branded cigarettes that are being faked and pirated. and only if they’re really lucky do they get the real thing.

Several coffeeshops in Amsterdam are starting to sell seeds under their own name. Sensi Seeds and so on. Before they buy their seeds. There are seeds called OK-57. this is seldom copied. They are offered seeds under these names and they buy them and sell them. don’t just go by the name. selling them under their own name. You have to stop immediately. with complete documentation from seed to consumer. this issue. variations on names is common throughout the industry. because they pay the price. and it’s not permitted to mention all the awards the strain has won. But what is the difference to this and if Mr. White Label seeds and others but there are still a lot of companies selling AK-47 at some point. It’s all about money. But my concern is that the customer. so I think we have a responsibility to warn them. and the rogue site is attracting attention away from the original site. They sell seeds of course. and at some point Wow. but there is no danger of confusion with the original. Unlike the name of the seeds. Chronic – popular names. I found out a couple of months ago that nowadays… this business started with small seed companies. a Jack 47. I went along with the name changes by Nirvana. All we can do is try to protect our interests and name as best we can. But it’s very hard to find out who’s behind it. and is still doing it. and they did: to AK-48! The best thing is to check which company has made the seeds. If something just reminds you of AK-47. they just start selling seeds with somebody else’s name. That is my main concern. then the chances of success are greater. goes to the shop and asks for AK-47. a couple of years ago. You have to look at all these things to boost your chance of success. Nirvana started selling AK-47 until I spotted this at a Cannabis Cup a few years ago and said ‘What the AK-47 IS PROBABLY THE MOST COPIED NAME IN THE BUSINESS fuck is this? You’re using my name. They all seem like equals in the booklet but I see them as copies and in my opinion. They’re even harder to track down.’ Finally they understood my point. Yes. Oké 47. ultimately. I guess one answer is to do something like they’re starting to set up in America. that he shouldn’t be confused with names that are the same or similar and he’s not getting what he wanted. it’s back to the old Caveat Emptor – buyer beware. but it is also good for the end customer. let alone internationally. Heineken was there or a cigarette company? I tell you what the difference is: we’re dealing with a very relaxed. Like I said. Nirvana promised they’d change the name. All copies of the original AK-47. THEY PAY FOR ALL THOSE PEOPLE WHO PARASITIZE ON THEM. But when you see them all printed together it looks like they are all in the same league. So what should growers do to safeguard their choice of seeds? Another thing you see is… Paradise Seeds contacted me – no I contacted them. while they are selling really dangerous drugs – except. After my intervention they changed the name to something referring to or close to AK-47. Or so I hope. nonpoisonous product. Olé 47. but you have to pay a lot of money for such protection. So now there are coffeeshops or grow shops and bars or whatever. That is also difficult: people who did not lift a finger to make seeds themselves – they have no clue how much time it takes. GROWERS ARE BASICALLY VICTIMS.15 decides: that’s what I want. AK-47 as if it’s completely normal. they are not in the business and know no better. To take part under those conditions is just degrading to the original and to my company. right next to my entry is an AK-48. . maybe find out what was going on through your personal networks and had a bit more control. to make them realize that this is going on. Especially when all you can have printed is the name and flowering time. From customers I know. So a customer has to not just look at the name but also look at the company who is producing it. What you also see is people start a website and start selling seeds. A company in Amsterdam – Spliff – just started selling Bubblegum. and after three months shut the whole business down and start a new thing. So there you have it. Luckily I found out right away. and are registered in Canada. and since it was not a delibAs a variant. So just pinching your names and sticking them on their own seeds? Yep. seeds. That’s how weird it can get. not your copies.com. and you also find out what the packaging looks like. he’s doing it with other companies too. nl. I mean. there’s a lot to say about this subject. where you treat the marihuana industry like any other branch of the agricultural industry. you don’t want to moan about it all the time. when he smokes alone or with friends some AK-47. They look very similar but are not. If those two are matched. Armageddon 47 and Jack 47. AK-74. then it’s OK by me. because they think it’s funny. I guess when the seeds business was mostly confined to Amsterdam or Holland. So you have to be on the lookout even here in Amsterdam. There is. It’s happening in Holland. The coffeeshops that are buying them. which is fine. AK-47 is probably the most copied name in the business. they agreed to stop using my names. they don’t know enough about erate action against Serious Seeds. My names are protected in Benelux. to name only a few. look at the website of the company to see if it is a legit shop. Like that it is clear that they were derived from AK-47. theirs are legal and ours is not. you could put out inquires. and someone else started a site called paradiseseeds. not really living up to the original.’ He thought it was perfectly fine to do that. that’s one way. but in European courts they have a hard time not to burst out laughing. Now it is all about big companies in Spain growing massive amounts of seeds and selling to everyone. Their website is called paradiseseeds. Also. so they don’t appreciate the problem. they’re all bought from a big producer – and guess what? They started selling seeds which are originally Serious names: Bubblegum. but with the Internet it’s almost impossible. Kaya 47. There have been cases and law suits about names already. It means when I pay for an ad in a booklet or guide or whatever.


The more publicity that we can bring to these innovative hemp researchers. The latter type of plastics is formed at high temperatures. MAKING IT IDEAL FOR USES SUCH AS THIS SAILCLOTH. all of which show remarkable resistance to tearing and cutting as well as to fire and heavy impacts. brake linings and sporting equipment. as the multinationals have been demonstrating for years. trees and soil. trees and soil. The most significant developments have arguably been in the field of composite plastics. the fiber used to provide strength and durability. around five times stronger than steel.4-phenylene-diamine and terephthaloyl chloride take on a polymerized liquid crystal form. drive in them. and with consumer awareness at an all-time high. there’s no way we can get rid of them any time soon. yarns and fibers. mean- KEVLAR HAS A VERY HIGH TENSILE STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO. but more importantly. cables. eco-friendly ethics are becoming the safest choice for companies wishing to maintain their profit margins. as well as heat-containing linings for aircraft. are usually created in the laboratory in the form of synthetic polymers – nylon. Furthermore. These fibers. Kevlar is also very stable in extremes of temperature – especially sub-zero levels – and has very low thermal conductivity. fly in them.e. but if reheated retain their characteristics and cannot be remolded. acrylic and carbon fiber are common examples. The new fiber had astonishing potential as a substitute for steel and more. Without a return to a vastly simpler existence. Aramids are the class of highstrength. synthetic plastics became the standard. But the small number of innovative organizations out there that are investing heavily into hemp research is slowly growing. we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. Some of them are capable of withstanding intense and proKevlar. walk on them. meaning that it is an excellent insulator and can be used in fire-proof clothing. or poly(p-phenyleneterephtalamide). SHOWING THE INTERLINKED POLYMER RINGS (© BEN MILLS EPHEMERONIUM) “With plastic waste choking the oceans. When spun. Even though the very first plastics were of organic origin. not all possibilities are being as explored as they should. when not sourced from organic materials (such as hemp or flax). Kevlar is generally expensive to produce due to the fact that concentrated sulfuric acid is costly. the propensity for ‘aromatic stacking interactions’ gives the fiber incredible strength and consistency: this UNPROCESSED STATE (©CJP24) A DIAGRAM OF THE MOLECULAR STRUCTURE OF KEVLAR. and with every new piece of research a new incentive emerges for others to join in the movement. and are the best-known current application of body. but the impetus needs to increase still further before we see universal uptake of sustainable technologies. These have a number of uses extending beyond the original use in car tires. and dangerous to work with in an industrial setting.” Over the last decade or so. para-aramids have the best strength-to-weight ratio of them all. In the USA. Due to their versatile nature. light material (to be used as a substitute for steel in racing tires) that researchers found that in a solution of concentrated sulfuric acid. and further research was undertaken immediately. more and more sectors of industry will become aware of the advantages of hemp plastic. and rapidly became seen as indispensable. there is a huge amount of money to be made in plastics. which was revolutionary in the world of polymer research at that time. upon repeated heating. we must find sustainable and environmentally acceptable alternatives soon. such as unsaturated polyester. in the form of Kevlar and other similar technologies. Their characteristics depend on the resin used. they can be molded and remolded into shapes that will be retained when cooled) or thermosetting. which cause them to form ring-like structures. The resulting ultra-thin. so while it is possible to import hemp longed heat. is the tendency for said polymer rings to respond to molecular forces during processing and grow in an even. KEVLAR HAS MANY USES – AS SEEN HERE WITH THESE FIRE-STICK WICKS. advances in hemp plastic have meant that a wide selection of products is now available. the ‘bast’ fibers of the hemp plant) is mixed with a resin. and it is much easier to slap a patent on a synthetic product than one based on plants growing abundantly in nature. and research into further potential uses is picking up pace in many countries of the world. the more we at SSUSA feel we are doing something to assist their efforts. this produces a fiber. (© HENRY HEATLY) DUE TO ITS FIRE-PROOF NATURE. prices remain high. that does not break in the way that nylon and other synthetic fibers do – due to strong. Plastics formed in this way can be thermoplastic (i.and vehicle armor to cover ropes. highly heat-resistant synthetic polymers mostly developed for military and aerospace applications. weblike inter-molecular bonds between the polymer chains. ultra-strong Kevlar fiber can be woven to produce textiles. where a reinforcing fiber (in this case. or layered with resin and thermoset to form composite plastics. However. Even the biggest global businesses are beginning to recognize the potential for bio-plastics. materials and products. is a synthetic ‘para-aramid’ polyamide fiber developed and patented by DuPont in 1965. severe impacts and exposure to extremely corrosive or harmful chemicals.HEMPTECH 17 by Kali Mist Bullet-proof: Plastics are everywhere. A further disadvantage is its low resistance to sunlight and tendency to degrade under UV light. or organic plant-based resins to form a wholly ‘natural’ plastic. There are now several grades of Kevlar on offer in the form of various papers. supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal. it was while attempting to develop a strong. There’s no escaping them in modern life – we wear them. the monomers 1. But there is only so much the planet can stand – and with plastic waste choking the oceans. we even use them as armor. With time. One More Way That Hemp Plastic Could Save Our Lives THE KEVLAR FIBER IN ITS However. due to a combination of inter-related factors – domestic hemp production remains illegal. (© PHIDAUEX) . cylindrical shape – somewhat like a stack of coins.

as a more benign alternative to asbestos. Car companies such as Honda. it is competitive. as well as manufacture of weaponry and defensive items. very good strength-to-weight ratio. However. Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are even investigating the potential to create electricity-generating clothing by interweaving zinc oxide nanowires between the Kevlar fibers. At least one treated hempfiber product is already available. a reasonable level of protection against handguns for an urban or police application. The question now is. Chrysler and Mercedes are all using hemp plastic as we speak. is useful in extremes of temperature. so as a sustainable option it is clearly favorable. which increases its softness and suppleness. in innumerable . so is obviously more suitable for an urban setting than for high-risk police work or warfare. prices remain high. sports equipment. who will be the next industry giant to take up the challenge of making hemp economically viable? Certain stalwarts of the plastics industry would do well to pay attention to the growing hype around hemp. discreet items of clothing that are not apparently armored that demonstrates remarkable tensile strength. These jackets still represent a significant advance in hemp fiber research – and demonstrate major potential for the future. and is also being trialled in modern Thailand as a low-cost alternative to standard bulletproof clothing for police. hemp plastics offer a cheaper and more sustainable option. These textiles are used in a wide variety of protective or industrial clothing due to their fire and chemical-resistant properties. a . as well as comparing to or out-performing silk in many aspects. the more necessary it seems to make them the norm – and fast! While most lovers of Cannabis have no desire to see the plant used for military or law-enforcement purposes. supplies inconsistent and public awareness minimal. There are countless different applications. are mostly non-biodegradable. Hemp composites have been shown to be equally strong. STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO AND IS AN IDEAL SUBSTITUTE FOR KEVLAR IN MANY APPLICATIONS. much research has gone into the field of thermosetting composites. However.357 Magnum. seeking alternatives to these current standards is imperative. silk itself was used in some of the earliest bullet-proof vests. the raw hemp fibers can also be treated in various ways to alter the characteristics of the finished fiber. Therefore. Hemp is abundant. hazardous and often costly production processes. more relaxed laws and a much cheaper and more consistent supply) hemp plastic and fiber products are increasingly known and used. and thus are useful in manufacture of lightweight materials that can be used as automobile paneling (also for armored vehicles). and it would be expected that costs will continue to fall as the industry continues to pick up pace. Given the rabid hostility demonstrated by DuPont towards the innocent hemp plant since the 1930s. It is produced by washing the hemp fiber in a ‘patented enzymatic bath’. Naturally Advanced Technologies. Many of these everyday plastics have a truly terrible environmental track record – they require lengthy. It would be most fitting if a hemp-based plastic could knock DuPont’s product off the top spot. fashion and jewelery. even those based upon traditional plastics. vehicles. such as those from projectiles. The Amsterdam company HempWorks has an in-house clothing label. Lower-cost alternatives for Kevlar are constantly being sought. tested with shots different areas of industry: construction. and it is clear there is much still to be done before hemp products replace Kevlar and other environmentally-damaging plastics. the silk vests tested so far have reached up to level III-A. is not actively researching bullet-proof clothing themselves. Crailar. often ‘disposable’. replacing Kevlar with hemp composite plastic would reduce the cost by a factor of around fifteen. the potential for hemp in such a massive sector of industry simply cannot be ignored. Hempreinforced plastics can have an impact but are capable of protecting against otherwise highly dangerous impacts. and high durability (as well as an almost silk-like texture when woven into textiles). as it appears to be even stronger and lighter. But it seems that everything Kevlar can do. and due to the thermo-regulating properties of hemp. and silk farming in general is often less than eco-friendly. Hemp Hoodlamb. Kevlar is used here. HEMP FIBER HAS A COMPARABLE. the fiber demonstrates many of the necessary characteristics. IF NOT BETTER. who offer a level II-A bulletproof men’s jacket. (© JI-ELLE) used in US research into Kevlar alternatives. these spiders are rare. it’s only right that we actually give them a reason for hating. The silk of a particular Black Widow spider is even being fired from a Glock 9mm. Costs of such discreet bullet-proof clothing. and the closer we look at natural composites. The fact that the industry is worth so much money is in itself significant in that there is almost unlimited funding available from the top multinationals for research and development. However. and are filling up landfills and the ocean everywhere one looks with harmful detritus that will never decompose.18 HEMP HOODLAMB’S BULLET-PROOF MEN’S JACKET (© GABE MCINTYRE) ing that additional protective measures are often needed.and carbonreinforced composites (which are currently used in pretty much everything you or I own). The Kevlar fiber can also be woven into textiles. which produces a toxic dust. can easily run into the hundreds or thousands of dollars. The fiber can also be used as a basis for composite plastics. such as those made from Kevlar. While clothing based upon hemp is still expensive. While remarkably strong in itself. ironically. and maybe better. as well as body armor and even powerboat hulls. The fire-resistant nature of many hemp fibers and fiber composites also makes them particularly strong potential candidates for substitution of Kevlar when used for manufacture of protective clothing for firemen – and other fire-proof items such as fireeaters sticks. In at least one of its uses. such products are neither well-known nor widely-available.” resistance and tensile strength ten times that of steel. Interestingly. and in many cases stronger. Although the company behind Crailar. Since their discovery in the 19th century. This discreet item has a fairly low protection rating due to the thin layer of polymer textile over the standard shell of the jacket. and in this manner can be used to make lightweight. and hemp fiber technology still has a little catching up to do. and are likely channeling further capital into R & D. hemp can do just as well. In the automobile industry in general (but especially in Europe where there is a long tradition of hemp cultivation. fast-growing and (usually) cheap. in brake pads. than current industry standard materials – and not just Kevlar but also glass. packaging. “While it is possible to import hemp materials and products.22 and a .



Five to six days afterward (depending on the strain and the quickness of flower) we spray it again with about three-and-a-half to four liters of distilled water mixed with STS formula. once we spray. and then we spray them again with the same dosage. but we don’t do that because if we refrigerate them and there’s a power outage. dry. It seems to be the most reliable.” Genetics are not the only concern: the quality of a person’s grow room helps to insure either success or failure. the best medium. as seed producers. we allow the hormones to trigger.” The testing process is mandatory for any seed producer wishing to survive in this industry. Then. LATER. depending on what we’re doing and how big the plants are. Some argue that they’re the best thing to happen to both small growers and those with huge plots of land to cover. So how do the DHSC combat hermaphroditism? “By selection of good clones that originally have been around here so long – long before feminized seeds – and they were grown from original genetics. But you realize when growing with feminized that they don’t help you to develop your skills. Also. a soil and worm casting mix with good nutrients. and we grow typically between 12 and 20 plants in six. Fifteen minute break. the silver in which ‘locks out’ the copper in plants. then we spray them again – typically over six plants. Giving it everything we can. it appears to be the favorite. It just isn’t 100% safe for us. Because copper is a required micronutrient. it was the seemingly overnight demand for and rampant popularity of these ‘all-female’ seeds. garbage out. “I started with feminized in my early days of growing. we keep them at room temperature and when you get them it’s up to you to wake up the seeds. it works. We use 600w HPS “One 600w HPS is used over each meter. “The third reason: just because it was a new thing that everyone thought would “Then. and we take them from a vegetative state into the flowering cycle. to give you a harder. rather than the same. In this issue. “We also know from experience that it’s better to store them at room temperature in a cool. simple as that. as a basic grow setup) with light leaks. if you want to do refrigerated storage that’s your decision. so I know why people who are just starting need feminized seeds: lack of space. with spraying them and leaving them out exposed to 24 hours of light while they should be in flower. And even when we do test we still don’t know. “From that point we take female clones that have already been pre-vegged. They were generous enough to share their company secrets and explain how they got started. we use what works. we stress them (in one room. it’s more about safety than anything. make feminized seeds. When they’re sprayed. but we provide it with some guanos and some of these basic. we believe that if you want to store your seeds in the refrigerator for long-term. the DHSC explain how they utilize the STS method (Silver Thiosulfate) to produce feminized Cannabis genetics. That. the DHSC found that. we give them all the stresses to cause an onset of hermaphroditism. so we know 100% that they aren’t selected clones from a feminized plant (these are real mother plants with no [hermaphrodite] traits existent in them already). if any one of them will produce a hermaphrodite. and we’ll use up to six liters of a mixed STS formula. We treat it as though we were flowering the weed. we don’t want to have leaks and we don’t trust taps and stoppers and all that. why they do it and how their genetics are received Sativa Diva around the world. such as gender expression. five milliliters to every one liter of distilled water. Basically. however. In computer terms: garbage in. “We’re not saying it’s 100% until we test. So what makes a seed company decide to take the leap into the feminized realm? For the DHSC. depending on the efforts of the grower. which will repress certain traits. Why feminized? Feminized strains are a hot topic of debate in the Cannabis industry. we’ll use about four liters of distilled water (with STS formula mixed in). we give them a 15-minute break period. then they’ve got traits in there that we don’t like to find. WELL-GROWN PLANTS WILL PRODUCE STRONG. and they test them for us straight away. too. that’s how we do it. lights. MAKING FEMINIZED SEEDS. “Some of the genetics that we have aren’t suited to be feminized because they PRE-VEGGED FEMALE CLONES ARE INTRODUCED TO THE HERMAPHRODITE/SPRAYED PLANTS.21 In issue #3 of SSUSA. they don’t have to maintain a library. When you put them in storage for long periods you can put them in the fridge. in another two weeks – so that would be five weeks of the hermaphrodite plants flowering – they release pollen. LEDs just don’t work: this is seed production. but it isn’t recommended for us to do it because of the large volume we have. organic composts to allow it to naturally grow. thus. The water in Amsterdam is really good anyway – I think if you look up tap waters around the world. and we allow the female plants to finish their flowering period with plenty of breathing room. we spray them while they’re in their dark period with a heavy dose of STS formula. seven days from that point. and then we begin to see the onset of hermaphrodites starting to occur.” While checking out a variety of feminization techniques. but it works. . we dry them out and we grow them in the pre-flower. VIABLE SEEDS. that’s your choice as a customer. Until they come up with a new invention we won’t use anything else. solid shell on your seed. the benefit is not having to keep a collection of mothers and clones – and constant storage. Basically. new flavors every few months. Amsterdam is known for having a really good source of tap water. and we take them into the room and introduce them to the hermaphrodite/sprayed plants. relatively new faces on the Amsterdam seed scene. it just allows you to grow something once. When we trigger them under 12 hours of light.” The process “We select between four and six plants. THE PRE-FLOWERING FEMALES ARE IMPREGNATED. we lose our entire batch of seeds. We don’t do it for flavor. and the new female plants that have just started their pre-flower accept that pollen and. We use grow tents. Hermaphrodites Mixed-gender plants can ruin entire grow rooms. and it’s all about timing. dark place. Outdoor growers get the benefit of maximized space. with our feminized technique. they grow them out and each grower will give us feedback. We don’t use RO water because we don’t stay in these places too long. which is fucking hard. CAREFUL SELECTION OF TRULY FEMALE CLONES WILL HELP TO GUARANTEE SUCCESS IN THE SEED-MAKING PROCESS. It’s about giving you really good seeds that will last long-term in storage. “Our seeds are stored at room temperature for preservation. One half of the company explains: solve all their problems. to see if any will turn. This will also affect the quality of seeds. We provide them to certain growers to test. out of all the thousands of seeds. because we want to provide good seeds. It’s kept refrigerated. “We remove the STS-sprayed plants after seven weeks of flowering. boring flavor for the next 12 months. “We’re using an organic mix. that we won’t cause hermaphrodites. “through trial and error. WHEN POLLEN IS RELEASED. we spray them a third time with a very heavy dosage. If any do. HEALTHY. the plants have fully-induced into flower. “As soon as we make seeds. was not the only reason. we introduced you to the Devil’s Harvest Seed Company. So. For this reason the DHSC attempts to produce their seeds carefully and in good conditions. So we hope from that. and to recreate something new every three months. and from talking to many people who make feminized seeds. When the release of pollen occurs.to eleven liter pots. others fear that they may be creating ‘zombie weed’ due to their unnatural origin. for indoor growers. For us. providing everything that’s good for it: all of the best nutrients we can.” STS is a compound often found in photography labs. So we’re trying to provide the market with what the demand is. And on that. On that three-week period. and the onset of flowering will begin. inhibiting it causes ‘ethylene signaling’. the STS method seems to be the most successful one in the industry. It’s complicated. HERMIES ARE REMOVED TO ALLOW THE FEMALES SPACE TO FINISH FLOWERING. for three to five years if in an air-tight container.

That’s what gets our interest going. but the DHSC varieties are definitely recognizable around town. because that stuff. It’s all about safety. or. the DHSC have one simple criterion: they select what they like to smoke.” It’s this kind of open market that will help to ensure that certain. The more of a challenge it becomes. We’re trying to do this as correctly and safely as possible. And again. we do take precautions against things like that. After that we get to know the strains and how difficult they can be. ciated with the production of feminized seeds should be more worrying. Being an Amsterdam seed company helps to set us apart: ‘they’ are there. when the troops inhale it.thedevilsharvestseeds. more so than the European market.22 do have hermaphrodite traits. There’s no parentage left for it to breed any more. However. once they’ve dried out. the better.. he tells me to just print ‘$$$$$$$$’] Retirement! To keep developing and looking for new strains and to outsource strains in different countries. No matter where So. but due to legal reasons we cannot directly sell there at present. despite knowing it’s a contaminated product? Not the DHSC: “I don’t use that stuff afterward. Otherwise. but that doesn’t mean that everyone in the industry is being so careful. The two explain that “the American market is still open to regular [non-feminized] seeds. and release it with the feminized label. The ingestion of silver through smoking.” Health concerns Hermaphrodites are one issue. it doesn’t mean it’s everyone’s flavor – we go with it. it can bleach your skin. however be in the seeds any more. MALES AND HERMIES ARE PLANTS THAT “WE PROVIDE [OUR SEEDS] TO CERTAIN GROWERS TO TEST. We’re currently researching into old-school genetics and old strains. so we wear breathing masks and rubber gloves. number one is the flavor. is something with a really good flavor. ‘cause it’s an original genetic. It’s mainly based for indoor growing. The older. and the more interesting it can be. But we’re also working on making S1 seeds with it. So. as well as potentially contaminating your growing/flowering space. The North Americans are still into the old way of weed goes in the world.” When choosing strains for feminization. we still provide as well as we possibly can. You’re at no The company’s tendency to produce heavy-hitting. “At the moment. and we’re trying to bring it to them. they were coming up with all these sicknesses. But we love doing what we do and that’s why we keep doing it. the exposure doesn’t end there.” Currently.com On Being A Dutch Seed Co. we haven’t tested them in outdoor regions enough to know the results of where they are best suited. especially with all the genetic experimentation going on these days. “It is definitely not good for our health. Typically. It’s not for amateurs and it’s definitely not to be left around for kids to play with. and we are here. This is the guys standing next to the rocket launchers all day.and feminized versions is no accident.” USUALLY. That’s a really good thing. the seeds should be safe. AND THEY’RE KEEPING THE GENETICS ALIVE MUCH MORE THAN WE ARE OVER HERE are doing it just to make money and just spraying every plant. We have our genetics that North Americans crave for over there. we’re so new that we haven’t even found the region that is most popular for outdoor growing with our seeds. We hope that the hermaphrodites are a very minimal problem. the more fun it is. plus a full coverall suit. it’s not and it’s in fact frowned upon – very hard for us to do. but other people doing it. The lads suggest keeping an eye out for their Shoreline. They are really good lookingseeds. so we have to make S1s to keep the original genetic alive. SUCH AS THIS SUPER SILVER HAZE. AND THEY TEST THEM FOR US STRAIGHT AWAY. they hope to change this soon. However. it’s the same as in rocket launchers. If the spray gets on your hands. We are looking into older generations.. They do more groundwork. but I think it all comes back to Amsterdam. “When we find something that is ‘our’ flavor – and our flavor is our flavor. I don’t think it’s good for anyone. and goggles.to four weeks of drying.” After two.” Photos by DHSC » www.” ONE WOULD AVOID HAVING IN ONE’S GROW ROOM. The DHSC warns: “It’s definitely dangerous to your own health. it’s the only way we can bring it to seed. So. the major difference between some American growers and us in Europe is that they’re doing it legally and we’re doing it illegally. Part of the key to their success is keeping an eye on the international market and understanding the differing needs of growers around the world. it leaves rusty-colored spots on your skin that can stay there for a couple of days. They can do things there that we can’t over here. they’re more legal in Canada than they are in the US. A question that frequently arises when debating the matter is whether people or the plants themselves are harmed as a result. The silver that’s exposed. It’s not legal THE NORTH AMERICANS ARE STILL INTO THE OLD WAY OF DOING IT.” for us to do it here. and they’re keeping the genetics alive much more than we are over here. “It won’t. But that can change very fast. the DHSC enjoys a primarily European customer-base.” That’s probably sound advice regarding much of the things one would find in a grow room. so we’re trying to bring every available clone that is popular in Amsterdam. beloved strains don’t become extinct. THEY GROW THEM OUT AND EACH GROWER WILL GIVE US FEEDBACK. so the Army have records of people breathing this stuff in (the silver thiosulfate). What happens to the sprayed buds? Don’t many people secretly sell them off or smoke them any- risk at this stage.” . You have to remember that these are serious chemicals – you must be a licensed company to buy these chemicals. “Canadians kind of learned their old school growing from the Dutch. we’d be able to do it even better. Even though you may think it’s legal in the Netherlands. potentially causing the loss of the rent payment for months to come. THE DHSC ARE FEMINIZING ALL OF THEIR FAVORITE CLONES FROM THE SMOKE INDUSTRY IN A ‘PREGNANT’ FEMALE FLOWER AMSTERDAM. You have to know what you’re doing. “The DHSC is going fully-feminized this year. the health concerns asso- way. but it’s because of the popularity of the strain. the Canadian growing style is very similar to ours over here. It doesn’t really matter to us about the yield or how it’s grown. rather than going for the hype of the new ones that are available now. A willingness to pursue new customers in new regions also helps to keep growers interested. as the two remind us. who ended up with Veteran’s Disease. but we’re also going to make crosses of it to preserve the genetic. That defines us: we’re restricted in such a way that some of America has more freedom than we do right now. But it’s the production process that’s a dangerous step – there are dangers that just aren’t good for your health. this is where it started and this is where it ends. it would only end for us. If we had a legal way of doing it.” Although they’re a relatively new company. In the future we aim to make [our seeds] available to North Americans as much as they’re making their strains available to us. “At the moment. The DHSC have proven that they can adapt to the ever-changing demands of the Cannabis industry. We need to keep it going. “We’re aiming towards America and Canada. but they’re not feminized. it’s very difficult for us to resource everything. We’re also trying to get genetics from over there and bring them to people over here. “We need to go backwards to go forwards. even though we’re restricted with our resources here in Amsterdam. However..com » devilsharvestinfo@gmail. what does the future hold for DHSC? “A million dollars [big stoner laugh. The demand goes both ways. they’re using those seeds to sell and telling you that they’re feminized. I think it’s too dangerous to give to people because we have sprayed it with silver. and when you breathe it in. “We’re crossing it with everything we have right now. interesting varieties in regular.

23 Mercury vapor (MV) is last type of highpressure light used in growing. imbedded in a plastic housing. These lights were banned in the US in 2008 and will be in 2015 by the EU. The only reasonable application for these lights would be using green ones for allowing you to work in a flowering room during its dark cycle. Fluorescent bulbs can also be used for flowering as long as you do not grow the plants over two feet tall by completion. two are most commonly used in growing: metal halide (MH) and high-pressure sodium (HPS). The bright. there is no worry of interrupting photo-periodic response. this few day heads-up could save your crop. at the foothills of the Himalaya range. There is no reason to speed up the process. Three years ago I would have said. most of us will develop cataracts. Fortunately. An eight-hour exposure would be equivalent to a minute under the mid-day sun. so that you can see your future grow. Vegetate using full spectrum 6500K bulbs for the blue spectrum. and keep the lights within a few inches during their lifetime. The first to be developed was the incandescent bulb. This basically means they are pretty safe. The third group creates light by an electric arc in short tubes filled with various gasses and mineral salts. with a lumen output that is small – compared to the wattage they consume. This blue spectrum. more than any other. Just like the sun. UV lenses are available from clear to Limo. at this point. but they are better for small space and stealth room applications. Fluorescent bulbs are much more efficient than incandescent ones and are an excellent choice for growing. These red spectra are what plants utilize for flowering. Some people compare exposure to snow blindness. This THC production in the plants may be acting as a photo-protector (like melanin does in humans) dissipating the harmful rays. or LEDs. LEDs can produce light across the ultraviolet. commonly known as fluorescent. MH is traditionally used for vegetation. the amount is trivial. make sure you TURN THEM OFF when working around them. Now I would say: make sure your purchase is from a reputable company. if you spend a brief or extended time under the lights. wait till the technology advances. The fourth and final of the lighting groups is the Light Emitting Diodes. This eye-wear allows you to see the true color of your plants and spot nutrient issues several days before they would be obvious to naked eyes. These glasses. save your money. Of this HID group. which become electrified into plasma. Too much of the red spectrum during this early growth phase can cause internodal stretching. yellow-orange light is not damaging to the eyes unless you look right at it. but it can be uncomfortable and makes it impossible to see colors accurately. special clothing and eye protection ought to be worn around them. and there is eye-wear that eliminates those orange spectra. Take care of yourself. At one time they were only available as such. Much of the green light is not absorbed by plants. HPS lights can produce large and delicious flowers. because they give off cancer causing UV-B rays. These lights are known as High Intensity Discharge DIDYMIUM GLASSES HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM THROUGH DIDYMIUM GLASSES . as long as you are not staring directly at them – your blink reflex will limit your exposure as you work around them. LEDs will be as well. A mix of three or four 3000K for a nice red spectrum to one 6500K will provide a modest yet wonderful harvest of medicinal delight. at the very least. young or old. This changes how colors appear – and can even F. The second lighting groups are Low Intensity Discharge. These tubes have a phosphor coating that emits visible light as electricity excites the mercury vapor contained inside. These lights will either need to be turned off. were developed a generation ago by Aura Lens and are distributed by great glass suppliers like ABR Imagery. LEDs are. They have purplish-pink lenses and start at around thirty dollars. so be careful with how close these lights are to your plants. so wear sunglasses with UV protection whenever you are working around them.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING The lighting you choose depends on your purpose. Even for supplemental lighting they are marginal at best. or. They produce light from tiny semiconductor chips. Just as fluorescent bulbs are now available with increased UV-B radiation. full-spectrum lights help eliminate these concerns. The reason some growers would choose a potentially dangerous light has to do with the historical origins of Cannabis in the Parvati Valley. All of these lights give off some serious heat energy. Some people believe that – with their power consumption up to half that of an HID and a much lower heat signature – not only do they compare. they also give off a good amount of ultra-violet (UV) radiation. As these lights become more specialized the spectra available will increase. These different lights give off a diverse spectrum of visible and non-visible electromagnetic radiation. In a hydroponic system or in soil. but growing vegetatively under them will cause serious stretching. Whether you are a professional. Luckily. now there are some crossover bulbs having more of each other’s spectra. These lights have a profound physiological and psychological effect from wavelength energy penetrating the skin and acting at the molecular level. novice. If you decide to use mercury vapor lights for supplemental lighting. The light at this altitude contains a larger amount of UV-B rays. Plants in a vegetative cycle thrive under a blue spectrum. the quality is greatly improved. the sodium flare produced by these lights is similar to the ones that glass blowers make working with borosilicate. lamps. While these lights do produce ultraviolet radiation. The greater health concern is exposure for long periods under cool white fluorescents. protecting your eyes is important.Red pose a health hazard to unprotected eyes. they have never been practical for flowering. visible and infrared spectra. There are four major modern lighting groups. some growers feel that even though flowering under them does not produce the quantity. Wear the proper eye protection. giving off a light similar to sunshine. The intensity of your lights/ lumens they produce also play a large factor in the penetration of your leaf canopy and density of the buds you produce.to eight millimeters in circumference. in most. Most LED lights are classed as ‘one’ or ‘two’ under the laser safety guide for maximum permissible exposure. If we live long enough. Get some polarized lenses to reduce glare or a pair of rose-colored didymium glasses to see the true color of your plants as they flower in the warm light. and there have been several studies showing that THC levels in particular strains increased in direct correlation to UV-B light. called ‘didymium’. so they appear that color. HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM LIGHT WASHES OUT COLORS. and are usually from three. as not all LED panels are equal. While these bulbs have faithfully lit our nights for over a hundred years. comparable to fluorescents and are on their way to challenge HID supremacy. promotes chlorophyll production. Didymium Glasses LIFE THROUGH ROSECOLORED LENSES Growing indoors requires various types of lights.

It was 1976 and they were on a threemonth voyage. the film also represents a different time. Viewers are lucky to steal a personal glimpse into someone’s sacred. Tired and suffering from the elevation. Rinku Kalsy and Christina Jansen » www. in one short generation. Nor is it the amazing shots of indigenous people. It is really a special feeling to be back here again. the Pollinator Company and Hemp Hotel. something magical starts to happen. Mila’s Journey TAKE A TRIP WITH THE HASH QUEEN OF AMSTERDAM Mila Jansen. which allow each of us to find something of ourselves in the story. Upon her return to this verdant land. proprietor of the Hemp Hotel and Pollinator Company in Amsterdam.” The ability to travel was indeed lucky for her. 1967).24 FILM REVIEW Mila points out a virtue of travel: “You can create a situation where there’s space for yourself. that compel you to keep watching. the phenomenon of ‘dropping out’ held less of the negative stigma that it does today. interesting and different world out there. and sometimes even encouraged to do so. “Everything was controlled in the West. In fact. Indicating how much change has occurred since then (for the worse). deporting foreigners across the Belgian border.” » www. All of this against a stunning backdrop of re-discovered film. The desire to experience India first-hand overwhelmed the wish to stay (and put up with the cops). You could go.. The pair were on foot. with Henk Koster (where she also acted in the film De Verloedering van de Swieps [The Whipping Cream Hero]. Weeks of walking and high altitude had taken their toll. You know about her products. THE ORIGINAL TREK WAS DOCUMENTED BY HANS SWART ON 8MM FILM. has been long-considered one of the pioneers of the Cannabis movement in Europe. quick to share a beaming smile with the camera. He had heard about her place (and the fact that hitchhikers could sleep upstairs) while traveling – in Afghanistan! For the first time ever. due to being some of the first Westerners to pass through this rough terrain. Mila could juxtapose her book-learned education on Hinduism with carry ID at all times. THEMSELVES FROM THE ‘70S AS SOUVENIRS.milasjourney. RECENTLY CLEANED AND DIGITIZED. and unfortunately no longer exists. Kink 22. So the footage was cleaned and digitized. with my arms as wide as I could stretch. quite a small country. It was 1968. After running an extremely successful tailored clothing boutique. It is perhaps these universal themes: freedom. in an homage to the familial-type bond that was forged between them during their three-month mountain trek. it is one that also has changed. in an attempt to reconnect with her 1970s guide. The possibilities were limitless. frosted with snow. determined to capture the majesty and nature of the Himalayas and its people. as it reminded them of the not-so-distant WWII. Finally. which ultimately led Mila back Sativa Diva home to Amsterdam. spiritual journey through such amazing lands. exploration. “But we never sold anything there. I didn’t like that. It would be a combination of this police harassment – as well as stories of “India live” that were recounted by the latest traveler to patronize her tea house – that would impel her to seek a life of less restriction. acceptance and loss. One of the most poignant moments is her return to a mountaintop oasis. It was the unfortunate event of Hans falling ill with cancer that brought the two back together: Mila realized that the film had remained without audience for over thirty years – including the filmmakers themselves. family. For Mila. after learning about it through devouring philosophy texts in her publisher aunt’s French home. alone or with friends and family. One bad breakup was all it took – Mila’s half of the 8mm film reel was not to be reunited with that of her ex-husband until three decades later – the documentation of their pilgrimage through one of the world’s most spiritual landscapes. at the time. The magical place has succumbed to the temptations of the Western world.” Besides that. “we just shared!” After a few years of blissful tea-sharing. one that has been lost in the shuffle of modern progress. naive to their own uniqueness. it was back to Manali via Zanskar. I was as insignificant as a speck of sand. I was very lucky. I think. trekking from Manali all the way to Leh. Mila’s Journey covers multiple visits to India and shows just a glimpse of that ethereal world. about to embark. she’s been helping us all to make super-clean. Tashi – a young Tibetan whom they had met in the Manali Bazaar.. Mila opened her own ‘tea house’. For this reason. as well as having a peek into the history of a part of the world responsible for some of the most amazing hashish ever. high-grade hashish. their captivating footage presents a time capsule. She recalls that. In the ‘60s and ‘70s. but Mila and Hans pressed on. which is debated as the first-ever ‘coffeeshop’ in Amsterdam. Especially in the Netherlands. MILA IS A FAMOUS FEMALE AT THE TOP OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY – WHAT SOME CALL “A MAN’S WORLD”. re-connecting with the past is all the more important. her voyage is an amazing experience to behold and it’s difficult not to get as excited about the trip as if you were.anecdote-films. within the past five years the same measures were re-introduced in the Netherlands – and were met with little or no protest. the Dutch police caught on and began raiding the spot weekly. do or think. It’s not simply the rolling green hills or craggy mountaintops. That freedom was what drew Mila back to the spiritual center of Hinduism. yourself. the decision to relocate was not difficult: “People were actively looking for other ways of living than how our parents did it. (PHOTO: CHRISTINA JANSEN) . She and Hans were lucky to obtain much of their footage. a move that incensed Dutch citizens. and the whole of nature was out there – totally – untouched by man.” she recalls. and thus the time capsule has been cracked open. which has drawn millions of pilgrims since that time. she encounters trash-filled rivers (once sacred). covering over 1500km (932 miles). Now you can see for yourself the experiences that helped to lead Mila to the top of the Cannabis industry. so she decided to pack everything up and leave the country. then from Leh to Lamayuru. Whether you know Mila or not. young people were excited about exploring the vast.com Anecdote Films Running Time: One hour Format: DVD Annie Perkins. showing a part of the world formerly untouched by Western influence – a sparkling gem of nature and spirituality. the proceeds of this documentary’s sales are earmarked for the education of his grandchildren. When you begin watching Mila’s Journey. spirituality. Freedom meant that anyone could go anywhere and do anything they wanted.” This was an era in which the Dutch authorities were suddenly insisting that residents It is difficult to watch Mila’s Journey without being compelled to travel to India. satellite dishes and MTV. where they encountered a visit from the Dalai Lama. and is now the subject of a moving documentary in which you can pick your way carefully along the same path to her beloved India. actual stories of the place. love. Since 1994. and they were about to hitchhike to India.. as she needed a break from the Dutch Police. “I’ve stood at several points.com/milasjourney RE-CONNECTING WITH THE LOCAL MONKS – SOME RECEIVED PHOTOS OF LIVING FOR MONTHS IN ROUGH CONDITIONS CREATED A FAMILIAL BOND BETWEEN MILA AND TASHI..


Ultra-thin. Competitors began to appear in the 1800s. Made from very sheer rice paper. but have been reported to cause greater oral and lung irritation. which may be blended with other natural papers such as sugar and flax. it is surprising how much a slight difference between papers will affect the finished joint. Wood pulp papers are the worst environmentally. but as it’s from the ubiquitous rolling paper giant we may see a rapid takeover here). To this end. the joint smoker. as are Hempire and Raw Organic Hemp papers – also claimed to be vegan! Unbleached rice papers are huge in their own right – the two main brands are Raw (who make rice papers as well as the hemp variety) and Smoking Brown (a newer introduction. when Napoleon began to order in bulk for his overseas troops. Rolling papers are an integral part of every joint. and therefore to be selective about choice of paper is pointless. but production was not to seriously take off until 1796. It wasn’t until 1977 that king-size papers began to be marketed (again by Rizla+). but for true aficionados and those who wish to be extra careful there are non-gummed papers available. Bambu and many other wellknown brands was convicted in 2006 of substituting such materials for the usual hemp and linen in an effort to cut costs. many hemp papers now produced match their competitors in terms of thickness. The thinnest papers are made from rice. as well as lung cancer. and the excess can then be torn off along the gum line (see photo). so this rule does not always hold true. clean. Modiano’s elegant range of regular and 1½-sized papers. hemp papers are often thicker than rice papers and others.26 Rolling Papers IT’S NOT JUST WHAT’S INSIDE THAT COUNTS Although the most common way to ingest Cannabis in the USA is through the use of a bong or pipe. The idea when rolling a good joint is to always use as little paper as necessary. When the joint is rolled the unmoistened gum then becomes tucked under a single layer of paper. Some varieties advertise use of pure Acacia gum. If a paper is burned as a test. Production of hemp. That said. There are many products on the market that are advertized as containing no chlorine. flax or rice. Colored. Many papers. although many are bleached must be moistened through this outer layer of paper. The Spanish manufacturer of Smoking. Gummed papers came along in 1942 – another innovation by Rizla+. so for this reason we should be considerate of the papers we use. flax and other grassy fibers is far preferable – at least in environmental terms. and as their supporters are usually among the more health-savvy. although some are made from Esparto grass and wood pulp (which may contribute to lung-. so it is not difficult to avoid as long as one is selective. seasoned joint rollers have developed techniques to minimize paper usage. so it is to be hoped that they and other companies are now offering more considered products. they are often made to be chlorine-free and unbleached. the ash it produces should be very small in quantity and a uniform light gray color.D. Nowadays. rough incarnations first appeared. translucent papers have been around for a while and seem to have gained a majority in the market. they require some HOW TO MAKE A EUROPEAN-STYLE ‘BACK-ROLLED’ JOINT . Others will tear off the gummed strip itself. and not all are created equally. and such papers can safely be avoided as there are many others out there that pass the test. This method ensures that the absolute minimum paper is used. the range of papers available is staggering. Thicker papers not only make a fasterburning joint with a harsher taste. Thin papers burn more slowly – another plus for most smokers. and many will tear off excess paper prior to rolling. It is possible to source additive-free papers. It would seem that the bulk of any lung damage incurred through smoking joints is the fault of combustion of weed and sometimes tobacco at high temperatures. thin rice paper with little or no added chemicals should burn smoothly and consistently.and larynx cancer). In this article SSUSA takes a closer look at the papers themselves. The first cigarette papers were produced in 1660 by the French company Lacroix (later to become Rizla+). Bleaches such as chlorine or calcium carbonate and may contain additives that increase strength while maintaining low weight. finer and stronger. and in 1894 the company Zig-Zag had the brainwave of interleaving the papers (in a ‘zig-zag’ fashion). Beyond the choice of base material. Furthermore. in order to experience the flavor of the Cannabis in as unadulterated a manner as possible. burn by Kali Mist rate and immediate effect on the throat and chest. Their ‘fine’ weight papers appeared in 1799. and also score poorly in terms of trace chemicals that may pose a risk to human health. the thinner the better. as the Acacia gum (gum arabic) that is commonly used as an adhesive contains glycerin. They had been conceived of over a century prior to this. chemicals may be added to the papers during the production process in order to make the paper lighter. lip. aerated – the list goes on and on. a large and growing number of pot users smoke joints or blunts as a primary or supplementary consumption method. present a safer choice. However. but were still quite bulky by today’s standards. But which choice should you. when it comes to papers. Pure Hemp papers are marketed as ultra-thin and additivefree. therefore. especially blunt wraps and colored varieties. or to make them longer-burning. and it is wellworth investing a few hours (and a few ruined papers!) to master the intricacies. flavored. which is thought to be harmful if smoked. The gum THE SELECTION OF ROLLING PAPERS AVAILABLE IS ASTOUNDING. in terms of taste. such as S. Chlorine is highly toxic but calcium carbonate releases only CO2 when combusted and may. make when selecting your preferred paper? Most papers are made from hemp. may also contain potassium nitrate to aid even burning – this substance is linked to acute oral irritation and respiratory tract damage. The more expert will ‘back-roll’: the paper is turned inside-out so that the gum is on the outside facing the roller. with the rise of global Cannabis culture. we should always try to minimize the severity of the risk we undertake when we use Cannabis. a good. Generally. However. Dark ash suggests that the paper may contain contaminants. transparent. IT IS SURPRISING HOW MUCH A SLIGHT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PAPERS WILL AFFECT THE FINISHED JOINT (chalk) may also be used. There has been much evolution since the original thick.

smell. ostensibly in a drive to reduce teen smoking. are very popular indeed. Colored and flavored papers deserve a mention. manufacturers of such papers seem to be very reluctant to disclose these important details. it is thought to be in too small of an amount to pose a risk. Rolling blunts also encourages greater weed consumption as more is packed in. and it is true that they burn very cleanly. but they are not alone in claiming this distinction. BUT MAY CONTAIN HAZARDOUS ADDITIVES. Although glycerin is also present in the gummed strip of ordinary papers. and nowadays the range is very wide. Rizla+ introduced menthol and strawberry flavors in 1906. FLAVORED ROLLING PAPERS AND BLUNT WRAPS WERE RECENTLY BANNED BY THE FDA. as they are reported to contain around 14% glycerin (to increase the suppleness and smoothness of the cellulose) which. and despite maintaining a presence in head shops nationwide. A US Bureau of Customs and Border Protection ruling from 2008 defined them as drug paraphernalia. Blunt wraps. when combusted. for some reason). Aside from the risks of harmful additives. They are based on wood pulp (from eucalyptus trees) which relies upon heavy A JOINT MADE WITH A TRANSPARENT EUCALYPTUS CELLOPHANE ‘PAPER’ and some users have mentioned irritation of the throat after use. that it is now possible to find some really great papers out there.27 sus seems to be that instead of adding to the flavor. with some branding it ‘ridiculous’. a cheap cigar can be split and re-rolled with the same result. Glamorized in countless hip-hop songs. UNBLEACHED HEMP AND RICE PAPERS OFFERED BY MANY COMPANIES TODAY SEEMS TO PRESENT THE SAFEST CHOICE menthol. which is not only wasteful but unnecessary and potentially harmful. unbleached hemp or rice papers yields impressive A WIDE SELECTION OF DYED PAPERS IS AVAILABLE. Fans cite a cooler. Illinois House reps rejected the Senate-approved motion there. As none of us want chemicals in our pot. citing the negative impact on their image from the strong association that blunt wraps have with smoking Cannabis. They are sold as being 100% cellulose and better for health than traditional papers. the rumors have contributed to some decline in popularity. also known as propenol. it stands to reason that we don’t want it in our papers. and all the associated risks remain. as even some gummed papers have similar properties. the clearer the message sent to manufacturers: that we are conscious of what we put into our bodies. is a pulmonary irritant that may be extremely harmful to health and has been implicated as a factor in the development of MS (as it may cause damage to myelin nerve sheaths). Research suggests that levels of acrolein released by smoking with transparent papers is negligible. while avoiding chemical additives. either. . thereby exposing a greater surface area of the lung to smoke damage. Cloves release eugenol. as long as you have the ability to order online or a good head shop within traveling distance. blunt wraps are wholly or mostly composed of tobacco. slower burn with little tendency to ‘canoe’ or burn irregularly. produces acrolein. and many outlets have stopped selling flavored blunts and may soon follow by stopping sale of unflavored wraps too. Transparent cellophane papers have sparked some controversy since their introduction a few years ago (although a transparent paper was apparently produced as early as the 1970s. however. At first their use increased rapidly. A simple online search for additive-free. A SELECTION OF UNBLEACHED. This substance. it was brittle and difficult to work with). The wide variety of natural. the likes of which would have been unseen ten years ago. but very rewarding. that we wish for greater transparency (pardon the pun) regarding what’s in the papers and that we will reject those that are found to be unhealthy. on the other hand. The more of us that support the trend for natural rolling products. However. unbleached hemp and rice papers offered by many companies today seems to present the safest choice for pot smokers. There is very little information available that gives insight into what other additives are used in flavored papers and what the effect may be when smoked. but also with a nod to certain perceived inherent health hazards. The link between teenage smoking and blunt wraps is so pernicious that several states have this year instigated motions to ban their sale – although in January 2011. THE WIDE VARIETY OF NATURAL. but this seemed to diminish before long as the novelty wore off. UNREFINED HEMP AND RICE ROLLING PAPERS practice to master and can be expensive. However. most of these papers in fact detract from the taste of what you are smoking. Fans point to the burn test as demonstrating their superior properties. their use is not widespread and is more as a novelty. a topical anesthetic that encourages smokers to inhale extra deeply. and sensation of smoking ‘plastic’ is unpleasant (although this could be more attributable to hardto-shake preconceptions as they have a mildly sweet taste without the acridity one would expect from plastic). but many question this. The consenresults. and the taste. Others say they go out quickly. Colored papers also are increasingly viewed as a pointless and perhaps harmful complication. for many young stoners it is the method of choice. and they are not difficult to obtain wherever you reside. Many of the flavorings are artificial food additives that are not intended for smoking purposes. so the trend is unlikely to die out completely. So many advances have been made to decrease the weight of the paper. Cigar companies back these campaigns. The FDA in 2009 banned clove cigarettes and other flavored cigarettes and papers (except chemical processing to release its pure cellulose.


Once the two lines were crossed. so accurate information was much more difficult to come by than it is today. As time went on. The first thing I learned is that I wanted to smoke more of it. I wanted flavor as well in each of the crosses. growing it myself seemed the safest choice. I tried a lot of different cultivars. (The same basic principles apply. and I didn’t want to deal with finding someone to buy it from. they had names that were more for record keeping than ease of use. plus once I had seeds. The breeding project had taken over my entire garden at the time. I didn’t want to sell weed. By matching potent plants with nicelyflavored plants. If a line showed promise or had a trait I liked. In selecting the father. and the quality of what I smoked improved.’ Which doesn’t exactly trip off the tongue. is collecting the original pool of genetics to start selecting from. I hoped to start to accumulate the genes needed for a potent. My first grows were all from friends’ bag seeds. but the name stuck. My friends would ask to load up a bowl of whatever was in ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’. the group to declare early. The biggest threat to any marijuana garden walks on two legs. I just wanted to smoke it. since no money would be changing hands. even if I wasn’t working with different cultivars anymore. The pairs were selected by what I thought would be give me the best smoke while I worked on combining all four cultivars. however. but they are set and finite. One drawback to this method is that it creates a bottleneck. but often had something worth trying in it. I didn’t want to spend the money. I was going to breed my own. but other than a slight citrus. they didn’t have the sort of plant structure I was looking for. This was in the 1980s. I found better seeds to grow. The mothers: The Blackberry male’s sisters had a berry flavor. I learned a few things. it was all Grubbycup’s Stash.ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING 29 IT STARTED BECAUSE I WANTED TO SMOKE CANNABIS THAT I REALLY LIKED Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash When I first started smoking weed. I pollinated several mothers. I didn’t want to buy weed. I didn’t want anyone not in my circle by Grubbycup to know I knew anything about weed. I smoked most of what I grew. Meanwhile I’d be smoking each of the pairs. studied botany in college. It takes the same effort to grow average genetics as it does to grow superior genetics. Since these were all experimental plants. As I used to say. I’d bring my latest test buds to share. On the father’s side: The White Rhino male’s sisters were very potent. one promising candidate was: ‘(nl x bb) x bm) x (d x blueb) x black) #2’. It was during this time that Grubbycup’s Stash got its name. I looked for the most robust and best flowering out of “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . I may have gotten potent offspring. second plant in the set. which was an abbreviation for ‘Northern Lights crossed with Big Bud and the result crossed with Blue Mystic and the result of that crossed with a Durban Poison that had been crossed with a Blueberry and then had been crossed with a Blackberry.) I also decided that if I was going to grow my own. For example. the greens in question being Cannabis and cash. information on genetics and for breeding plants in general was much easier to come by. Although information about marijuana-specific breeding was scarce. and pre-Internet. After careful consideration of my options. finally I settled on a White Rhino x Blueberry father crossed with a couple of different Purple Lady x Blackberry mothers. When breeding. and gave the excess to friends. it wouldn’t matter which of the four was paired with the others. and made a lot of different crosses. the generation may have to be repeated. The Purple Lady mother had an amazing kick and a very interesting floral flavor. I wouldn’t need to involve anyone else. and I didn’t want to buy it. For example. Everything in my stash was labeled with an almost unpronounceable code. The Blueberry mother had a very nice flavor. The buds I grew were harsh. but similar to the Blueberry. it’s easier to track one father with several mothers than the other way around. it wound up naming itself. which was often seeded Mexican brown. Growing marijuana came very naturally to me. the trick is in getting the seeds for superior genetics in the first place. we were more concerned with just having enough to smoke and not all that picky about how good it was. Shortly thereafter. Over the years my growing and harvesting techniques improved. I was still labeling with codes for specific traits. uncured and of very ‘iffy’ parentage. so it was my only source of personal smoke. If the genes don’t exist in the starting pool. it might show up again in some form. That would become a lot easier to do once seed banks became more common. and I’d ask them their opinion afterward. they won’t exist in following generations. whether breeding pea plants or Cannabis plants. Anytime I’d join a circle with friends. Using this father. both the Blackberry and Blueberry were used in the final selection. ‘I don’t mix greens’. and to be fair. If I had paired the two most potent. but didn’t have the plant structure I wanted and was a bit cranky to grow. The first step in starting a breeding program. make sure that you select from plants that have traits similar to what you want in your final line. I came to the conclusion that it was too expensive. I didn’t name it. if the father has dropped an important trait. and had always enjoyed gardening. I had grown up on a dairy farm. broken off of bricks (or very expensive). didn’t have the fruity-flowery sort of flavor I had in mind. To create a starting pool of genetics. They were also better than a lot of what my friends were used to smoking. Besides. nicely-flavored variety. Genes may be hidden.

etc. but the GS-C. and making educated attempts to adjust and recombine AN EARLY GS 3 MALE THE LABEL MEANS THAT IT’S FROM THE LAST GROUP OF ORIGINAL SEEDS. love and puka shells. just learn how dominant. As a result. This process was repeated structure and plant structure. AND USED FOR BREEDING the most important to me as a smoker. Both lines were bred using the same criteria in parallel. The process continued as much more of the same. GS 3 has parents that displayed five mothers. New traits have surfaced as recessive genes found matching recessive genes.ancestry. whorled phyllotaxy (3 or more leaves per and grown again with the GS-B lot for potent long lasting ‘creeper’ stone. but GS-A developed to be the more potent of the two. GS-B had superior flavor and structure. Peace. smooth clean flavor. some discarded. ALTHOUGH INFREQUENTLY FEMALE THE LEAVES ON THIS GS 3 The seeds from the five mothers were PLANTS HAVE DEVELOPED THE TRAIT. to good effect. 2) Learn the basic principles of Mendelian genetics. I’m okay with showing a little favoritism to it though. Each container of weed lists the exact plant that it was harvested from.and recessive genes work. This method is commonly used by corporate vegetable seed breeders. and did the same with the Blackberry x Purple Lady. and it’s going to continue to be a work in process until inbred depression sets in. if you just keep breeding your best male to your best female (and don’t add new genetics into the mix) you are off to a good start. IF NOT STYLISH. I felt confident that I had a White Rhino x Blueberry male that had a good chance of contributing desirable traits to the Blackberry x Purple Lady line. I would never claim it to be any better than anyone else’s work. The Blackberry x Purple Lady mother was easier to select. if not thousands of plants. and today have many more traits in common. However. bud node). However. It was my intention to use only the best between the two lines. You don’t have to become an expert. but for breedlots did not produce specimens better rated and more stable than the plant ing against. It is not a fast process. people just tended to say ‘Grubbycup’s Stash’ or ‘GS’. if not thousands of years.30 the gene pool. IF THE labeled GS-A. all you really need to know to make use of the principle is that you should grow out multiple generations at the same time and cross the best plants together. THE LABELS ARE INFORMATIVE. GRUBBYCUP’S STASH I kept working with the White Rhino x Blueberry until potency and flavor regularly showed in the same plant. it is also possible to breed using much smaller numbers of plants. or I find something I like better. This way. Whenever I would get close to deciding in favor of one. and how to use them to make educated predictions. Any plant showing a superior example of a trait was marked as part of the label. but I can grow pretty much any strain I want and Grubbycup’s Stash still makes up most of what I put in my pipe. A few buds of each plant grown are seeded. IT MALE HAVE AN EXTRA FINGER GS-E. Grubbycup . GS-C. GS-B. The goal of the breed is to be my favorite and to that end. Any plant that displays an structure is that they are traits that are undesirable trait can be eliminated from than the GS-A and GS-B mothers. regardless of what generation they are. Seeds are collected and labeled. but it can be done. the GS Gol indicates it has 1) Even if you don’t learn the math or the science behind it. Advice for those interested in trying home breeding: GS MALE NAMED ‘GOLIATH’ THIS GS 3 PRODUCED FOUR LEAVES PER NODE. and each stem at harvest. As with all traits. The reason types of notes are so important is not with GS-B. The key is being able to match each bowlful of final product to its seeds and parentage. That isn’t to say that they aren’t also bred for bud size. and so is the bud as it goes through the curing process. after all. the plants became similar to each other. I’m who I bred it for. the other would produce a superior specimen. GS-D and TRAIT WERE TO BECOME CONSISTENT. The tracking of traits. For example. NODE. grow plants from different generations together. Clear and accurate labels are a must. and that information can be used to extinguish unwanted traits. cross the best plants regardless of generation. you will likely have learned how to deal with it. 3) To benefit from cubing. Anyone interested in breeding is heartily encouraged to learn about it. Over time. but that trait holds a lower priority to quality of smoke. Record keeping becomes absolutely critical. The best of GS-A was cloned quet garni aroma. but with time and patience you can produce noticeable changes and put your own mark on the weed you smoke. some ignored. Personal label machines can help if poor handwriting is a hindrance.only for breeding toward. and by the time you have enough generations under your belt to worry about it. seeds from the best smoke can be selected and seeds from only average buds can GS 3 MALES TEND TO HAVE THREE LEAVES PER be disregarded. In a large-scale operation one option would be to grow very large numbers of the seeds and make selections from hundreds. isolating and recombining. There is a technique known as ‘cubing’ that is very useful to stabilizing a genetic line. them is the heart of any good breeding program. since I could taste test the buds off of clones to select the best ones for seeding. OR TWO AT THE CENTER. It is a work in process. GS-D and GS-E that the effect and flavor are higher. Marijuana is not particularly sensitive to inbred depression. GS-A and GS-B were grown as two separate cultivars and did not cross-pollinate for several generations. More bags with codes: this is why COULD BE A METHOD OF EARLY SEXING. it succeeds. grown in groups. Part of the reason that these comparison. AND ITS MOTHER HAD SUPERIOR COLOR. People bred both plants and animals using this principle for hundreds. Eventually the best of the two lines were merged. Each growing container is labeled. distinctive floral/bou. some of these were kept. The standard for the breed includes a a GS male that was named ‘Goliath’ in its One grow was dedicated to each of the nice initial effect.

good health and enlightenment are common themes throughout the shop and its products.nl » info@pollinator. quite simply. Seminars and panels were held by Cannabis celebrities and experts. bongs. the winners were announced to much fanfare and cheering. is responsible for revolutionizing Dutch hash by starting a craze for clean. Established in the winter of 1994. Seeds. INTERNATIONAL CANNABIS Peace. The Results: Hybrid 1st Place: 2nd Place: 3rd Place: OG Kush (D & M Compassion Center) Star Dawg (Buds & Roses) The Pure (Leonard Moore Co-Operative) Indica 1st Place: Boggle Gum (Harborside Health Center) 2nd Place: The True OG (Elemental Wellness Center) 3rd Place: 7 Star Pure Kush (7 Stars Holistic Healing Center) Sativa 1st Place: Bay 11 (Granddaddy Purple Collective) 2nd Place: Alpha Blue (OrganiCann) 3rd Place: Sonoma Coma (Happy Lil’ Trees) . in Amsterdam enjoys legendary status: Mila. browse the cactus garden or visit the hallucinogenic plants and flowers in the back of the shop. vaporizers.nl THE SECOND HIGH TIMES MEDICAL CANNABIS CUP TO BE HELD IN SAN FRANCISCO. It was nice to see that promise kept. Hemp is also heavily featured. Marijuana was sold and sampled. Credit card grinders and a staggering variety of ways to consume were available to eager shoppers. your one-stop-shop for all things esoteric. love and puka shells. The main floor of the indoor area was busy. MAINSTREAM ENOUGH FOR A BILLBOARD A HAZE WAFTED OVER THE CROWD. and a wide variety of marijuana-related products. Nieuwe Herengracht 25 1011 RL. Additional merchandise includes items for your meditation space. the 215 patient area had a very nightclub/party atmosphere. with a range of glass-. To give the organizers credit. it was obvious that while there were plenty of 20-somethings in attendance. mushrooms or cacti to accessing your spiritual side through mindaltering substances. Oversized joints were passed around. Last year when I attended the HTMCC the line to enter the event was nightmarish. A visible haze rose above the crowd like a fog. nor is it a head shop. each seeming to make a bigger claim than the last. Several booths were rented by LED companies. Mila’s shop is not a grow shop. is. and had a better layout as well. sizes and colors – all brought together over a common interest in marijuana. and it was wall-to-wall with people. At the end of the show on Sunday night. Grubbycup AUTHOR JORGE CERVANTES HEMP WICK TO LIGHT A BONG. Attendees were of all shapes. I even renewed my California patient identification card at one of the booths. Harborside’s Steve DeAngelo. Ice-o-lator bags for water extraction and the latest addition to the family. the shop is loaded with books ranging from how to grow a variety of plants. at least in the smoking section outside. the Pollinator Co. the 2011 entry was both quick and painless in comparison. proprietor.pollinator.and natural substances available. there were plenty of 30. Upstairs had a nice mellow area. its use becomes more mainstream and normal. which made for a very relaxing place to visit after making a circuit in the 215 patient area. Amsterdam. loud music played in the background. if this year’s event was any indication. NL » www. plants and advice are all available. smoking accessories and related products are featured. is a staple for locals and a beloved destination for returning tourists and Cannabis connoisseurs. After you’ve chosen the correct texts and accessories.to 70-somethings as well. This year the High Times Medical Cannabis Cup in San Francisco even had a nearby billboard. next time they will need more room. CA WAS HELD AT THE CONCOURSE EXHIBITION CENTER High Times Medical Cannabis Cup. unlike any other spot in the industry. The venue was larger. Ice-o-lator and Bubbleator machines. Danny Danko. wooden. psychedelic clothes and a full range of posters. Handcrafted wares by artists were sold next to slick commercial products. Vendors sold pipes. Check out the website for virtual demonstrations of and ordering information for the Pollinator. ice-water extracted resin products. Regardless of its legal status. In addition to the hash extractors for which the company is famous. including author Jorge Cervantes. Edible samples were handed out. the shop is perhaps most famous for three mandatory pieces of hash making equipment: the Pollinator dry sieve machines. Artwork lined the walls. including some tasty treats by last year’s medal winners Bliss Edibles. and the senior cultivation editor of High Times. At last year’s awards ceremony High Times magazine’s executive editor Dan Skye promised they would improve the process for this year’s show. Located on a picturesque canal near Amsterdam’s famous Waterlooplein market. Activism. San Francisco by Grubbycup As the laws surrounding Cannabis and medical marijuana in California become more reasonable. from wallets to cosmetics. making the Pollinator Co. the Bubbleator all-in-one system. activist and entrepreneur. Of course. The Pollinator Co. rugs and tables set in the center. DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A In sharp contrast. but with a festive atmosphere.SHOP REVIEW NL / FESTIVALS & COMPETITIONS 31 Sativa Diva The Pollinator Company The Pollinator Co. videos and magazines. It also appeared to have a lot more attendees. The Pollinator Co. enigmatic herbs.


including parts of Europe. enough to keep customers happy for years to come. The team has worked closely with major European breeders for years to provide the connoisseur collectors among us with a steady selection of original genetics. fresh products and the widest possible selection of new strains. and are definitely unsuited to breed further strains (until they have undergone a lengthy process of crossing and back-crossing to fix desired traits into the genome). It’s important for a serious collector to preserve a wide selection of varieties for the future. we’ll take a closer look at the changing nature of the international seed market. time and time again. who offer a range that runs into the thousands. such as Spain and Europe. Therefore. The sheer choice one encounters when browsing the vast lists of products is enough to delight and possibly bewilder even the most choosy and specific of us. but The Attitude is doing a very good job of attempting it. and are hard at work sourcing new companies to work with every day. representing more than ninety seed companies in the effort to bring their customers throughout the world the widest – and best – choice of Cannabis seeds and strains. Now that the focus of the Cannabis industry is moving towards the Americas. despite such endeavors. many genetics would have been lost forever – some have been lost already. The Attitude also have the chance to really explore what’s out there. As with any crop that is selectively bred by people. Their efforts to represent as many seed companies as possible and stock the greatest variety of quality strains show exactly why The Attitude has made it to the top spot – and they’re showing no signs of slowing down! The team has that special something in that they always seek to be where other seed banks have not even thought of venturing yet. innovation is always rewarded. and it’s important work – keeping strains alive and stable in nature is hard enough in a perfect world. and without it The Attitude could not have THE ATTITUDE IS AN AWARD-WINNING SEED BANK. As telecommunications and exchange of goods and services have expanded. interesting and unique strains are thankfully not in shortage. most of the original and still most significant seed companies were founded during this period there. But the staff are not complacent – they are determined to continue their quest to provide quality strains globally. wherever there is a new company producing quality items. Established five years ago. rapid advances in techniques (along with the explosion in new varieties that we’ve seen in recent years) has meant that strains are also in grave danger of being lost. To conclude our three-part series. wherever possible it is important to keep a full inventory of present-day. If new strains are unstable. These heirloom genetics. Seed stock exists in massive quantities. By their constant presence at conventions. Providing reliable information is extremely important to the Attitude. This ability to exchange ideas and techniques is the backbone of the international Cannabis seed industry. bringing never-before-seen products from all corners of the globe. which can demand a huge amount of time and dedication. we should not forget the many years of research and development that our European cousins have put into breeding viable strains. and a quick glance through the online catalog will demonstrate how effectively they have covered the whole spectrum. Without the efforts of the seed banks. Seed banks are also highly important gateways for other breeders and seed companies to become part of the wider network: many of the smaller companies are limited in budget and the opportunities for publicity that The Attitude team offers. with the rise of the Internet seeing relevant websites springing up every day. you can rest assured that the vaults at The Attitude also contain a vast array of seeds from all places and from all points in time – from the early 1980s up until now. they give varied and potentially unsatisfactory results. Yet the valuable heirloom stock safely stored at The Attitude alone could provide stable. are vital. are important in that they have always attempted to provide a good selection of seeds from breeders all over the world – and Over many decades the great breeders worked at creating the varieties we now have. However. and other companies like it. This is where The Attitude comes in. The Attitude. The Attitude wants to know about it. such as promotional videos and representation at major international events. we introduced The Attitude Seed Bank and discussed the recent history of the seed industry.SEED BANKS 33 achieved the massive success they currently enjoy. The Attitude has grown at an explosive rate to become the largest seed bank in the world today. and despite all our knowledge of genetics. the spread is assisted by the efforts of The Attitude. the Netherlands has been a focal point for many years due to the importance of the industry there. with the Netherlands as a base for their activities. Now that the legal Cannabis industry is expanding globally and many collectors are seeking to complete their personal catalog. In the vaults of The Attitude Seed Bank. Although Cannabis itself is found all over the world. not just in the Netherlands but also in countries. and what the future may hold Kali Mist for The Attitude and other companies like it. but it must be noted that the information that is provided cannot concern topics that . healthy parents for innumerable new strains. stable seed stock to avoid strains disappearing – and so that experts sibly decades. The guys at The Attitude take great care to meet with breeders and discuss individual strains in order to give the best and most accurate information to the customer. naturally seek the best and most appropriate setting and methods of operation. many of which will remain viable in seed form (when properly stored) for years and posto the intensive nature of their operations. as even with careful management it is possible to lose a whole lineage. However. and customers can be sure that their queries will be dealt with in a prompt and supportive manner. particularly focusing on Europe and the Americas. Although their customers are sure to receive high quality. the community has had increasing opportunities to transfer information between countries. times will always change and industries in a free market will THE ATTITUDE TEAM maintaining biodiversity by seeking out interesting and unique strains is one of the most important things the collector can do to ensure the future of these genetics. we cannot entirely predict what will happen in the future to a certain strain. can continue to create strong new ones. providing diverse brands perfect for the requirements of thousands of collectors across the world. Many smaller breeders are unable to network fully with potential customers due International Seed Market: A GROWING COLLABORATION In the first two issues of Soft Secrets USA. and sufficient stabilization of new strains often is in jeopardy. It’s simply not possible to preserve every strain out there. due to the vagaries of genetics. are even more important in a time of new grows in Europe being more difficult to complete.

breeding programs have elevated some table Spanish seed companies are also now appearing. with global renown. and is proud to represent the talented and professional organizations that are behind this vital research. During their work in Europe. in fact – for the seed business to reach its current status as a serious and profitable concern. it’s back to work – there are more breeders out there to meet and represent. the team expects that as techniques and exchange of information continues to improve through the community. But as long as companies like The Attitude provide their efficient service to the planet. mountains and two very different maritime climates on the north and south coasts. THE ATTITUDE HAS GROWN AT AN EXPLOSIVE RATE In this way many names that would never normally make it into the spotlight have become popular and well-loved in the global community. allows for a range of adapted varieties to be developed. which reaches subtropical conditions in the Canary Islands. It stands to reason that any one of the new and unknown companies of today could be the next big thing. possession and cultivation of small amounts of Cannabis is now legal. so have those same small companies grown to become the most progress is any indicator. The Attitude Seed Bank is looking forward to a long and exciting role within this revolutionary movement. Whether Cup-winner. linking several continents. as without it none of our indooradapted hybrids would ever have been conceived of in the first place. While the major Dutch companies are still a force to be reckoned with. and new ones are being added all the time. The continent encompasses a massive diversity of climate zones. such as Spain. Much of temperate Europe is ideal for developing great varieties that will flourish in similar conditions elsewhere. It is crucially important for organizations such as The Attitude to continue hundred-plus! With every new addition bringing their contribution of fresh quality strains to the market. repufamous out there. which boasts semi-arid plains. and the contribution of such people is therefore highly important. It’s taken many years – decades.34 may encourage customers to contravene local law. and always has been. wherever they may be. IN AMSTERDAM WITH THE GUYS FROM THE GREENHOUSE . The Attitude is also committed to continuing their work of seeking out a wide range of sources. From humble beginnings. prompt and efficient as always! NATALIA AND JODIE. As for The Attitude team. the sunny pastures of southern Mediterranean countries such as Greece. and a great range of altitudes – sometimes even within one country.and hybrid genetics. Auto-flowering hybrids are improving and are increasingly popular among the customers of The Attitude. auto-flowering genetics to the status of being worthy of consideration by the most serious collectors. and as the seeds of industry were sown by initially small and unknown companies. International collaboration is. and signs that small seed companies may be emerging are apparent. you can be sure that The Attitude team has it waiting for you and is ready to dispatch your order. or the hostile steppes of eastern Europe – where monoecious hemp and autoflowering ruderalis thrive. and have been attracting much attention over the last few years with some amazing sativa. and improvements to techniques cannot benefit the community as a whole. Turkey and Albania. Over the next few years. future research cannot happen. There are vast swathes of undeveloped land where few venture: the remote valleys of alpine Switzerland. TWO INVALUABLE STAFF MEMBERS NATALIA WITH RAKAA FROM DILATED PEOPLES THE WINNER OF B-DAY PROMOTION. infamous cult classic or new and undiscovered gem. the key to a healthy industry. The Attitude team have seen firsthand the diversity that the continent has to offer. by representing all the major players – as well as a plethora of smaller and lesser-known organizations. The Attitude supports such legal enterprises: so hard to get out there and talk to the countless organizations that now exist. The diversity of climate. That’s why The Attitude works their global efforts to provide Cannabis seeds for storage or for legal cultivation. it’s going to be difficult not to spend hours scouring the pages of The Attitude’s online catalog to find that special something to round off your collection. the strains of the future will be spectacular – as far removed from the strains of today as ours are from the varieties of the 1970s and 1980s. they will enjoy a myriad of stable feminized and auto-flowering strains that current collectors can only now imagine. In the Czech Republic. and by next year the list is expected to grow from ninety to a ESTABLISHED FIVE YEARS AGO. Without it. The next generation can only benefit from our efforts to strengthen the gene pool: if current PROVIDING RELIABLE INFORMATION IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT TO THE ATTITUDE customers will find seed companies from many countries represented within their catalog. The network that exists. we can be sure that high quality seeds will be available worldwide for collectors. is allowing for the creation and preservation of amazing strains that deserve a place in any connoisseur’s library.


A double-tank set had real potential. Those traveling to Australia often passed through Singapore. Most used intelligence to beat the controls. but for that you needed paperwork. The trick was to pick up the thirty-five kilo bag off of the belt as if it weighed nothing. as there was less security – and when Afghani hash was not available there was always Manali or Kashmir. Bags sometimes went missing. terrorism has changed many things in the world. Most used the cover of professional oil rig divers. IT ALSO OPENED UP NEW POSSIBILITIES FOR THE SMUGGLER. but it was the real Afghani hash that people wanted. Many just traveled through the airport on combination of luck and guts. this kind of smuggling required physical fitness – a double set with suit and fins weighed around seventy five kilos (ca. where they executed hash smugglers. FATHER OF THE AQUALUNG A WEEK ON THE BEACH: NOT A BAD WAY TO SPEND A ‘BUSINESS TRIP’ ‘BANJOS’ OF AFGHANI HASHISH WERE PASSED AROUND FILLED WITH AIR OR HASH? . Thanks. One group traveling from India transited through Nairobi. with its oil industry. despite the fact that if you were caught they’d lock you away for years. but first you had to get out of the source country. so you needed a reason to travel. They loaded identical bags with bricks and placed them on the same flight. but tanks alone were not enough. but this was a period when officialdom didn’t seem to realize that tanks could carry more than air. a popular route because of its lack of baggage controls on entering the country. they’d been around the world. Access was usually through a screw-off bottom. the luggage would just arrive on the carousel and you’d have to fight a taxi driver to get your bags back. India was a victim of its own class system. The Emirates. it was routine. Due to lax airport searches. That took balls. but it was the diving tank that had the real potential. Others just relied on timing. so it was well-worth locating. lighter hash. It didn’t always go as planned. Should customs have a look. One group of crazies operating on balls and stupidity used to fly out of landlocked Peshawar (in northern Pakistan) and there’s not so much as a puddle for hundreds of miles. Professionals would use a small internal compressed air tank containing just enough to give a convincing phssst should customs open the valve. which was hidden under the rubber boot. However not all of them had the ethics of the Cannabis smuggler. airport accomplices picked up the real bags before the actual owners had cleared immigration. The surf board was a longtime favorite of the hippie smuggler. back then the discovery was gold. the method was also unfortunately used to transport hard drugs. arriving on a Sunday morning when staff levels were low and multiple flights were also arriving from innocent destinations. and it wasn’t until they reached their hotel that they discovered the switch. With the introduction of the aluminum tank the perfect smuggling tool was created. In fact.) Imagine carrying that with a bounce in your step. When things did run to plan. 165lbs. After a week on the beach it was time to think about the final leg home. by the time they were finally reunited with their owner a month later. There was a case of an airline putting the bags on the wrong flight. It only required some simple milling equipment to reduce a twenty-five kilo tank down to twelve. as he’d already loaded them into his taxi. On this particular occasion a driver had grabbed a couple of diving bags off the belt and started to swing them onto his shoulder. A twelve liter tank could carry almost thirteen kilos of Afghani hashish.36 SMUGGLER’S TALES WHEN JACQUES COUSTEAU INVENTED THE AQUALUNG REGULATOR. which in this day and age is a rather disturbing thought. was a popular transit point. The owner of the bags picked them up from the stunned driver and left in another taxi before the police showed up. many a board stuffed with marijuana made it through. A WET SUIT AND A COUPLE OF TANKS WERE ALL THAT WAS NEEDED. but they still did it. With Pakistan’s neighbor at war it was much easier operating out of India. a tank covered in sand and seaweed usually did the trick. but divers were a different breed by O’Riodon altogether. maybe ten. lack of exotic hashish is one of them. COUSTEAU. When the bags reached shoulder height they just kept going and took him straight through a plate-glass window and down a flight of stairs. Some groups would employ runners who’d never been near the source country to make the last part of the journey. Africa was the popular transit point on the route to Europe. Halfway through the movement he felt the momentum of the seventy-five kilo weight. Having loaded the equipment. Unfortunately. Hippie surfers were synonymous with marijuana use. Most would travel to a neutral nation before attempting to enter their destination country. although I’m sure it’s not the case today. Jacques Before the dreadful events of 9/11 it was common to travel by air with all kinds of sports equipment. Filling the tanks was also a problem as there’s not much sport diving in Pakistan. for example finding out the search schedules. the next step was the route. Back in Amsterdam the circular plaques of black border hash were christened ‘banjos’. One group even stole the bags off another while in transit and got away with it. In Nairobi. but there was nothing he could do about it. In Pakistan bribery was often the way to get bags on a plane without a search. Air India flights had virtually no searches for first class passengers and a huge baggage allowance thrown in. The real stuff also fetched double the price. Some didn’t bother with such niceties. IT BECAME POSSIBLE FOR SPORT DIVERS TO TRAVEL THE WORLD AND DIVE WHEREVER THEY LIKED. some even changed passports en route to disguise where they’d come from. At one point there were hundreds of ‘divers’ traveling the world with loaded tanks.

WELL-DRAINED PASTURE LAND. It is likely that the prevalent phenotype for centuries. and low-quality weed from Albania. higher-yielding plant. of course. as well as those from Asia. Both extremes can affect the gene pool. due to police crackdowns on outdoor grows and excessively harsh penalties. must have yielded genetics from many sources. and as with so many of the exceptional landraces out there. led to eradication of Cannabis fields throughout the region. however. In Panama.ENDANGERED STRAIN GUIDE 37 Minor. In much of Central America. long-flowering tropical sativas. It exhibits long red hairs on the flowers. clear sativa high – as opposed to the stupefying narcotic effect of the Colombian Red. but it seems that unless undiscovered communities exist out there in the rugged Panamanian hills and islands. The hilly terrain and numerous small islands provide many opportunities for covert growing.100 AD when the advancing Mongol armies invaded Asia AN EXAMPLE OF A LOCAL SATIVA FROM A KALAMATA GROWER ©KALI MIST MUCH OF THE PELOPONNESE REGION IS CHARACTERIZED BY LOW-LYING. Kalamata has virtually disappeared off the map as a producer of this unique sativa. growers who still manage to finish a crop are increasingly choosing quicker-flowering Skunk varieties. in other locales production has been sidelined in favor of the more profitable coca plant. Many of the secrets of Cannabis that are only now becoming common knowledge to us were known thousands of years ago to the ancient Greeks. In Crete there is a fair amount of cultivation to this day – attitudes towards mainland Greek policy are hostile and many Cretans are prepared to defy the law of the land. On the mainland itself. It can grow up to 15 feet tall and can yield up to five pounds per plant when well-tended. Wild or escaped communities now exist on every continent save Antarctica. Alongside (and arguably due to) police crackdowns. High-quality local cultivars that were widely available in the 1980s are now almost impossible to find. racy effect. existing populations are depleted and phenotypes lost. and represents a significant percentage of overall narcotics trafficking. when land is cleared for intensive coca production. The ‘War on Drugs’ has. while little coca is actually grown in Panama. As with many disappearing landraces and cultivars. The wideranging explorations of the Greeks in their golden era. with long. It is still available from seed banks in hybrid form. Panama Red was the name given to the bushy red cultivar that ultimately emerged: reportedly of an airier structure and lighter color than its predecessor. its massive importance as a trafficking route has meant that local criminal gangs have turned their attention to cocaine. and we can possibly trace its lineage back to East Asia around 1. as well as a reddish coloration to the leaves and flowers themselves. the ravages of the cocaine trade have left an indelible mark on Cannabis cultivation. or the ability of a plant to change its genetic structure in response to environmental pressures. is very apparent in the Cannabis genus. cultivation began in earnest when growers brought seeds (thought to be mostly of the Colombian Red cultivar) to the country from Colombia in defiance of the harsh crackdown on drug production there. Although much of this learning has been lost to the general populace through increasingly harsh domestic drug policy. was a compact sativa with some indica characteristics – similar to other Eastern Mediterranean strains still in existence (such as those found in Lebanon and Egypt). and Cannabis has lessened in importance as an export in recent years. a handful of lineages were able to flourish up until recent times. Also. They brought their own Cannabis genetics. The Red first appeared – and rapidly achieved fame – in the ‘60s and ‘70s. be sure to find the last few remaining guys who grow it and beg for a seed sample. commonly crossed with White Widow or Skunk to enable successful indoor grows. Kalamata is high in THC with an intense. and it is suggested that the species can therefore survive significant climate change and – is indeed already responding to ongoing changes. which then interbred with the local sativas of the time. when intensively farmed. and are introducing hybrids that are flourishing in the benevolent climate – and rapidly gaining dominance. Kalamata Greece has a long history of cultivating Cannabis – mostly sativa varieties that could be selected for fiber and seed as well as to produce higher-THC cultivars. ‘Phenotypic plasticity’. selection pressures have acted against it as cultivators prefer a more robust. It is also believed that the original Greek strains may well have been influenced by some of the by Kali Mist purest African sativas. Kalamata pot is a closely guarded secret and examples are exceptionally rare. further compounding the problem. ©DIRKVDM . But if you ever find yourself there and you have a trusted connection to help you navigate your way around the tricky politics of local weed cultivation. compact flowers that may have a rosy or reddish coloration. Cannabis has followed soon after. The flavor is reported to range from citrus to woody. the pot-smoking population relies heavily upon imported hash from Morocco or Spain. fitter examples evolve or are introduced. Local growers also often selectively breed for desired characteristics. as well as some Thai and Cambodian. Panama’s near-equatorial latitude and forgiving climate allows for the harvest of very pure. leading to highly morphologically-distinct Cannabis populations worldwide. the Red is now truly a lost strain. This enables rapid localized adaptation. and its prominence as a destination for sailors from all corners of the globe. Unfortunately this means that a particular phenotype can become insufficiently suited to its surroundings as conditions change by Kali Mist and newer. the single most profitable strain may be exhausted while others are allowed to die off. Conversely. and in the recent past Panamanian Cannabis was widely available. ©ULRICHSTILL Panama Red Wherever humans have gone. THE RUGGED AND REMOTE TROPICAL TERRAIN PROVIDES PLENTY OF OPPORTUNITY FOR COVERT GROWS. One that does apparently remain (albeit in massively reduced quantities) is a strain developed and made famous over many generations in and around Kalamata. quicker-flowering. if not millennia. and with a racy. and in the intervening centuries since their introduction various landraces have evolved. second city of the Peloponnese (a region on the south coast of mainland Greece that enjoys a very pleasant climate). In some places Cannabis is intensively cultivated. and a flowering time of around 14 weeks – very similar in description to many African landrace genetics. and is apparently now unavailable. It is sativa.

DAY 185: LEDS CAN FLOWER. However. watt for watt. to ensure the plants did not suffer due to crowding. and being mostly solid-state. Four seeds were put in to sprout on December 17th. and as such I would not recommend them as a good choice for novice growers. Bud development started very slow. should last longer without needing bulb or part replacements. but it was also small for its age. Compared to the GPDs from other tests. then that energy is wasted. they produce light. which is why the plant appears green. bulb and socket. they either didn’t work. Dinafem’s Critical Jack seeds were used. smooth with a hint of bite. if green light is not used by the plant. FRESH CUT WEIGHT WAS 2. Peace. The third trial successfully completed from seed to harvest without incident. The self-contained unit is heavy for its size. A fluorescent lamp will use its power to broadcast light in many colors. To ensure that the plants were from quality genetics. but I was curious if the advances in technology had advanced to the point where they were a viable alternative to HIDs and fluorescents. LEDs have come a long way since they first hit the market. Lighting was switched to 12 hours on/12 hours off at 130 days from seed. The LED unit runs much cooler than traditional lighting.38 ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING LED Trial with Critical Jack LIGHT EMITTING DIODES LEDS ARE USED TO TAKE A PLANT FROM SEED TO BUD Light emitting diodes are electroluminescent. Plant transpiration under the unit was reduced. Wet weight was 2. The smoke is sweet tasting. due to a combination of complications from having the light too close to the canopy. Today’s units still come with the hype and the price. The individual diodes are usually one to five watts each. or 10 x 3w diodes. but picked up dramatically in the last couple of weeks. Start to finish it took 185 days. For example. LEDs are made to emit specific wavelengths. and final harvest was 20 grams for a GPD (grams per day) of . three of the plants were removed. and would add the expense of bulb replacement. and at least in theory. bud development was very tight.7 OUNCES (75 GRAMS). blue and violet bands. they are worth taking a look at – if the cost of purchasing the unit doesn’t break the budget. and early growth was compact and vigorous. but was easy to set up in a small space. The plant finished in 55 days (just under 8 weeks). A higher percentage of the energy spent is converted into light that the plants can use. love and puka shells. it declared female). Calculating the GPD for each harvest will allow a gardener to compare the success of grows even if the number of days taken for each is different. would require more electricity to use. My experience so far with LEDs has shown them to be unforgiving of errors. The testing took more trials than expected. and foliage was denser than my experiences with HPS or fluorescent lighting. Gender declared itself as normal (being feminized. Grubbycup DAY 81: THE LED PLANTS ARE SHORT AND DENSE DAY 172: BUDS WITH TIGHT FLORAL CLUSTERS THIS 104W LED UNIT WAS THE ONE USED IN THE TRIAL. The 1000w light would generate a lot more waste heat. DAY 28: THE PLANT WAS MOVED INTO NORMAL LIGHTING FOR THIS PHOTO. but not as well as a 400w HID. blue and violet lamps. be careful of over-watering. For use in stealth cabinets or in a location where heat is an issue.7 ounces (75 grams) which trimmed and dried to . The unit I tested is a commercial 104w combination of one.and three-watt LEDs from the Netherlands. energy is not spent on creating green light. I can confidently say that it is possible to grow good weed under a well-designed LED light. LEDs create about the same amount of light per watt as fluorescent lighting. Since I used perlite as a growing medium. water moved through the plant at a slower rate than I am used to. and leaves a nice warm afterglow. Internode length was shorter. It runs much cooler than HID lighting. 400w of LED array is substantially more expensive than 400w of HID lighting. They sprouted normally. It seems well built. Green light is reflected back away from the plant. Chlorophyll uses light with wavelengths primarily from the red. overwatering wasn’t an issue. I have no doubt that a 400w LED array could easily outperform a 400w HID light.108. TWELVE DAYS FROM SEED THE CRITICAL JACK FROSTED NICELY. . and that. it is not an inexpensive unit to purchase: retail price runs in the same ballpark as a budget HID magnetic coil 1000w. Prototypes of LED grow lights disappointed a lot of early adopters. but when using LEDs over soil. The spacing of the branches was still very short. ballast. Trial one ended prematurely due to low temperature issues. at current market prices. a positive and a negative. so initial cost may be an important consideration. and as a result. is more shock resistant than glass lamps. and the plant was very bushy. This includes spending some energy on producing green light. a single 30w LED light might be manufactured from 30 x 1w by Grubbycup diodes. However.7 ounce (20 grams) of nice smoke. and has a very pleasant exhale. they perform better than HPS or fluorescent technologies. The first units arrived on the scene with a lot of hype and a high price tag. The lower waste heat of the LEDs could be useful in conditions where excess waste heat is a problem. and as a result the plants suffered from the cool temperatures in the space. and nutrient uptake problems. When current is applied from positive to negative. Overall. they use small doped semiconductors to emit light. and the learning curve on use was steeper than it appeared. However. so by using red. the plant appeared to be a miniaturized version of a much larger plant. or didn’t work well. but may be more appropriate if these factors are not a concern. An advantage LED lamps have over fluorescent lamps is the ability to project specific wavelengths (colors) of light. the 104w LED unit performed better than a 250w HID. It delivers a nicely potent hit. The plants were grown in perlite with small plastic pots as containers. Trial two also ended prematurely. in an indoor vented closet. with several wired together to make a single light fixture. They have two leads. During mid flowering. The Critical Jack has a woody aroma with subtle notes of lemon.

male specimens of psychoactive Cannabis strains do contain varying amounts of THC and other cannabinoids.to good quality. you’ll be a little more forgiving when you next find yourself staring at a tiny. sacking and canvas. vigor. weeks before your girls will be ready. On the other hand. The method to produce butter from males is identical to that for females. The females then ripen and are harvested for seed and fiber. remember that a higher quantity of male plant matter will be needed than for female plant extraction. release pollen. Various males must be allowed to pollinate identical groups of female clones to ascertain which male produces the most viable offspring. However. Yes. The archaic English word ‘fimble’ (from the old Dutch femeel) specifically refers to the male hemp plant and male hemp fiber. and some have reported producing hash of medium. Some. if the males are cut just before the flowers mature and begin to release polvery select crops – and hash containing male pollen is said to be yellowish and lower in strength and overall quality. Although levels are low compared with female plants. When selecting males for breeding. WEAVERS HAVE USED THE EARLIER-HARVESTED MALE FIBER TO MAKE FINE LINEN-STYLE ITEMS SUCH AS TOWELS. stronger female fibers were used for ropes. armed with these facts. and this article will tell you a little about them. the fiber is finer but lower in tensile strength. without their pollen. In a greenhouse or indoor grow room. Some enthusiasts claim the products they create are comparable to or even better than those produced from female plants. The coarser.900 years before Western botanists ‘discovered’ sex in plants – also by studying male Cannabis! For this reason alone. around 1. the stalk and foliage may be treated in various ways to extract the psychoactive compounds. stable father can be the basis for hundreds of successful crosses. It’s a terrible feeling staring at a bunch of males. A good. by Kali Mist In the drug Cannabis industry. oil – or butter for cooking. the first sign a plant shows of being male is their cue to rip it up and dispose of it – but is there any use for the males besides causing your precious females to be ruined by seed growth? Unless you are a breeder. Don’t throw them away – try making a batch of brownies. allowing pollination to occur and seeds to develop within the flower as it grows. But their fibers are also prized. The plant matter is ground up as small as possible. Console yourself with the thought that you’ve actually got some usable THC. good height (neither too short nor too tall). the female’s flower period. They are obviously vital for seed production as. by the time you next have to cut down your males you may be looking forward to it! A FLOWERING MALE HEMP PLANT SHOWING ABUNDANT POLLEN PRODUCTION ©ERIK FENDERSSON 2006 TRADITIONALLY. and strains of cultivated monoecious hemp must be re-developed from parent stock every few generations to prevent reversion to the normal dioecious growth. It is said that males make good oil – when extracted by soaking the plant matter in high-quality ethanol – and it is possible that this is the best use for your grow room or greenhouse males. So perhaps. It is improbable that good results would be yielded from most methods of hash-making. It is impossible to create and stabilize a new variety without doing it the old-fashioned way (breeding males with females). knowing that they must be removed from the grow straightaway and that all the care and attention you’ve lavished upon them up to now was wasted. the observable traits that are most desirable are low hermaphroditism. weavers have used the earlier-harvested male fiber to make fine linen-style items such as towels. CLOTHING AND BEDDING has thinner stalks. clothing and bedding. Apart from the world of breeding highpotency Cannabis. and their properties have been long-studied. but at some point male pollen should be introduced and new seeds grown as the genetic begins to weaken. newlyformed male flower basking in the glow of your expensive HPS lights. but the effect a male’s genes will have on the overall look and potency of his daughters can only be known by growing out the progeny to maturity. strong males are prized by breeders. The male matures much faster than the female: it is already producing pollen and is ready to die in the initial few weeks of len. or an eighth of ice-o-lator or oil – who knows. ©RAYELA ART 2008 . Through history. But male plants do have their uses. either in the form of hash. and rapid maturation rate. MALE HEMP FIBER WAS USED TO MAKE FINE ITEMS LIKE THIS LINEN-STYLE CUSHION.and A MALE SUPER SILVER HAZE PLANT IN FULL FLOWER – PART OF A BREEDING PROGRAM ©RIKVA 2009 were world-famous. the male of the species deserves a special place in the annals of botanical history. The dioecious nature of Cannabis and the different uses for male and female hemp were recorded as early as 221 BC in an early Chinese dictionary. Male plants mature faster than females. and stirred into melted butter (or a mixture of butter and water to prevent burning) with reportedly good results. When attempting any of the above methods. Having males and females is an integral part of the Cannabis plant’s nature – just as it is for humans – and maintaining unnatural reproductive cycles for many generations is impossible without great effort. Any alternative to simply throwing them in the trash has got to be worth considering. Male hemp grows 10-15% taller than female. female plants can be cloned for many generations. some indoor growers of highpotency strains have attempted to make ice-o-lator from males. male plants have a very important place in hemp farming. Feminized seed crops must be treated repeatedly with colloidal silver or gibberellic acid to prevent normal flowering. Therefore THC production has already peaked by this point. die and are harvested for fiber. you’ve probably never thought much about it. such as the almost silk-like fabrics manufactured by some Italian weavers. Scent and floral structure may be discernible from male plants also. as THC levels are so low: in many traditional hash-making communities (such as Morocco) males are not separated from females – except for THROUGH HISTORY.39 Male Cannabis: LET’S HEAR IT FOR THE BOYS! For most growers. new healthy generations cannot emerge.


a delicious time bomb about to blow the party apart. The guy I was talking to suddenly lay down on the floor and then got up again as if nothing had happened. It was at that point the cake arrived. All about the place the people were starting to turn green. they began to drop like flies – fortunately I left before the ambulances arrived. then the idea to give it a ‘sparkle’ crept in. a shout announced somebody had found the remainder of the cake. tripped and fell down the stairs. In complete panic. A friend offered to bake a wedding cake. If the dose is right. holding it high. thanks to that social lubricant: alcohol. Depending upon who you talked to. I just beat him to the door. less sensitive days I was inevitably responsible by O’Riodon for giving nearly sixty people just such an experience. it’s tasty and only as dangerous as the sugar that goes with it. but there’s a darker side to eating Cannabis – the surprise effect. It was downhill from there on THEY DROPPED LIKE FLIES . Using the excuse of looking for a knife. In less than a year he would become Minister of Finance and eventually go on to oversee the introduction of the Euro. The artists had softened to the bankers and even I had managed to shake off the stag night hangover. Unwittingly eating a cookie that takes you into another state of mind can be a little unnerving. He left. I mentioned earlier that my new wife was a money dealer. unaware of the experience yet to come. I freaked. a moment later he really passed out. My grandmother even commented on how nice it was that I had a priest for a friend. At first it was going to be a normal fruit cake covered in icing. I rushed up and grabbed what was left and disappeared upstairs.’ Even in my inebriated state. I disappeared with it into the kitchen and locked the door. On the day. I’d just suggested a pinch or two in the mix to mellow things out. I couldn’t throw it away. She was a money dealer and I was a gallery owner. Then. the haranguing I got had little effect. The cake tasted so good. it can be a pleasant and enlightening experience. well. Behind me. After a moment or two of pleasantries. When I reappeared with a plate of minute portions there were lots of complaints. then headed for the cloakroom to get his coat. it was either the best party ever. and that’s where their mother found them. Having already eaten a piece. so we put it all in. it just added to the bizarreness. scattering cake everywhere. he handed over a coffee machine and said goodbye. ‘it didn’t seem like much. especially if it’s your first time.EDIBLES 41 Dangerous Pastry A DELICIOUS TIME BOMB Eating Cannabis is still one of the best ways of consuming nature’s gift. When somebody walked past carrying a large piece. but did prompt a visit to the back room. The bearer. but not as much as when I discovered the Colombian Ambassador had moved into the back room and was holding audience over an Andean-sized pile of cocaine. Rushing into the main room. The hash was actually meant to be a reward for the chef. one of my more lecherous musician friends had turned up dressed as a priest and many of the older guests thought he was legit. the wedding ceremony was over and the party was getting into full swing. I saw cake in all the wrong hands. one uncle had eaten seven pieces. the other half were beginning to wonder why they felt so weird. We married in Amsterdam and the reception was held in the gallery. a miss-match way back in the heady days of the ‘80s. but that was the least of my problems. ing flown over from England with my mother. so I decided to cut off a small piece and hide the rest. When I met him he was just finishing a piece of cake. befitting her status. Numb and in shock. There was also my new wife’s extensive Dutch family. Half the party fell on it like wolves. To my new in-laws I was the devil incarnate. I heard the explosion from the other end of the party. The guest list was varied due to our different professions and wide circle of friends. His Rolls Royce and escort were blocking the street. The occasion was my first marriage. people kept asking for more and my constant refusal seemed weird. This was a chapter out of William Burroughs and I was not enjoying it. in. Back in the party. He promised to look after the cake. My partner’s Siamese cats had retreated to the back room. I realized the explosive implications of a cake containing sixty grams of hash. I even took a half-eaten piece off my grandmother. or the worst. Then it started. I discovered my wife’s uncle had found the cake and was passing it out to little old ladies. I must have seemed deranged. The coat (once found) was handed over smelling of weed. My seventy-four-yearold grandmother even attended. So. Playing with them on the floor were my wife’s teenage nieces. the next surprise. it seemed like a good idea at the time. glistening white and sporting a big red ribbon. I have to confess in my younger. when he got drunk and chased women around the party. they’d all seen it. hav- THE COLOMBIAN AMBASSADOR HAD MOVED INTO THE BACK ROOM AND WAS HOLDING AUDIENCE OVER AN ANDEAN-SIZED PILE OF COCAINE. HE PROMISED TO LOOK AFTER THE CAKE. The cake was handed over with the whispered words. I was beginning to realize just how strong it was. My new in-laws had just discovered the cloakroom was full of hairy people smokIT’S ALWAYS NICE TO HAVE A ‘PRIEST’ IN ATTENDANCE! ing weed. To add to the weirdness. the director of the bank dropped by to pay his respects. When the end finally came it was quick.

Royal Haze Automatic: If you cross a Dutch classic such as Amnesia Haze with a Ruderalis and a type of Skunk. has been crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create another classic: Northern Light Automatic. is a logical step for Royal Queen Seeds. Royal Queen Seeds has decided to launch several new species on the market. and good packaging is of fundamental importance. explains: ‘Today’s Cannabis consumers know exactly what to pay attention to when purchasing high-quality seeds.42 PRODUCT FLASH Royal Queen Seeds Launches New Automatic Species For the past four years. not only because clients expect the correct number of seeds but also because they require them to be selected and packaged with care. our seeds are protected from the light and sterilized. you will obtain a spectacular plant. Northern Light Automatic: The other great classic. Boy Ramsahai.’ For information: Royal Queen Seeds » info@royalqueenseeds. Royal Queen Seeds has become an extremely prominent company. With the new system. already used for years in the medical sector for packaging large quantities of medicine. a species that flowers even more rapidly than any grower could dream of! Royal Queen Seeds Now Packages Seeds Automatically Royal Queen Seeds has recently introduced a Hapamatic automated packaging machine for packaging seeds. The implementation of the Hapamatic machine. in every sense of the word: an automatic Haze that flowers in just nine weeks from bud to harvest! Royal AK Automatic: The well-known AK-47 crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create a genetically stable automatic species. and the selection and packaging processes take place in a sterile environment. the Royal Queen Seeds company has been an important actor on Europe’s constantly expanding Cannabis seed market. Our seeds are hand-chosen before being machine-packed. Due to the enormous success of their so-called auto-flowering species. great attention is given to factors such as humidity in the air and temperature.royalqueenseeds.com “THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!” 5 “ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES” 17 “HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS” 20 . Thanks to reasonable prices. the high quality of the seeds and active participation in creation and distribution of female seeds and the socalled ‘automatic’ species. Northern Light.com » www. owner of Royal Queen Seeds.


and a series of recordings (mostly instrumental) made in Detroit before Marvin followed Motown to Los Angeles. rejected. Divergent Spectrum. TIME REALLY ISN’T A THING. Universal present this super deluxe edition. behind What’s Going On. BRINGING THIS STRING OF DIVINELY UNEXPECTED MOMENTS TO A MOODY AND CINEMATIC CLOSE IS RETURN TO THE JOURNEY. Spanning a cosmic stew of players. New Age synth. From the first day of release. Produced by the band themselves and mixed by Beck’s longtime drummer Joey Waronker. snapping beats and warm bass. ‘no strings’ mix of the title track. the original. Delivering healthy doses of the sound. Natalie Clavier. Jr. several post-album outtakes. to pianist Austin Peralta and his own Grammy-winning brother. the JB’s and the Fania Allstars simultaneously. unexpected chapter of Beauty and the Beast.k. There are raw. The Funk Ark From the Rooftops ESL MUSIC The Funk Ark is a world funk ensemble based in Washington. As always. songwriter and producer. sits Stillwater. ‘I think that has affected me subconsciously. This latest EP release. heavy to soft and pretty to ugly. ‘TIME WILL PASS US BY’. This 40th anniversary edition couples the much-adored music with the wonders of modern day mastering. this masterpiece broke the Motown mold. and the band counts Zane Lowe. INSIDE OF THIS SPACE. The album introduced Marvin Gaye. Wayne Coyne of Flaming Lips and Bad Seed Jim Sciavunos among their burgeoning ranks of avid fans. The set. LA-based. DC. picking up where the pair left off on 2010’s Cosmogramma – further distilling the jazz current running through that landmark Lotus release. this debut album recalls the best of Africa 70. is no disappointment. Federico Aubele. The group draws upon influences from the African. a soft whirl of bluesy piano. with nary a saddle nor spur in sight. For 12 especially exemplifies the latter: its galloping rhythms conjure a feeling of uneasy expansiveness. SHOUT IT FROM THE ROOFTOPS! Thundercat The Golden Age of Apocalypse BRAINFEEDER If indeed ‘you blows who you is’. YET COOLLY ELEGANT BEAUTY THAT MIRRORS THE LANDSCAPE SURROUNDING THEM. The Golden Age of Apocalypse was years in the making even though. You’re The Man. locations and times. battle like story. He will also be featuring on ESL Instigators – Thievery Corporation’s forthcoming release. The Motor City theme of this edition continues on the included 12-inch: the LP’s rare. THE SET PROVIDES NOT ONLY AN ESSENTIAL PIECE OF MARVIN GAYE HISTORY FOR FANS. improvised numbers like Jamboree and virtuosic bass pileups like Fleer Ultra. But Lotus spurred him on. and the result is a gritty and soulful mix of inspired afro-beat and big band funk. BY COMBINING SOUND AND FORCE WITH WEIGHT. out on August 29th 2011. then Stephen Bruner’s bass is a mainline to the soul of a man whose DNA was transcribed from the stars onto staff paper. AND NO HESITATION IN FUSING THE FAMILIAR WITH THE STRANGE. and each song became a journey. includes a fullyremastered version of What’s Going On. to produce an unparalleled insight into Marvin’s showpiece. The first single off of Tamer Animals. IT IS AS PHYSICAL AS IT IS AUDITORY – A LAWLESS ADVENTURE WITH NO LIMITATIONS. Will Rast. A longtime contributor to others’ albums. By Kaz Peet Other Lives Tamer Animals PLAY IT AGAIN SAM At the crossroads of US 177 and State Highway 51. A meditative act of artistic rebellion. RAMP and Raheem Devaughn. yet instantly appealing and alluringly mysterious. ONE OF THE ALBUM’S MOST STUNNING MOMENTS ARRIVES WITH A SPACIOUS COVER OF GEORGE DUKE’S FOR LOVE I COME. which focuses on Marvin’s LP and post-LP Detroit recordings. his single sequel. a timeless aural sublimity of The Great Plains of the Old West.a. There’s the ebullient Daylight. BRUNER SINGS. offers both stone-cold skill and uncanny astrality. disregarding the rules. Bruner had never planned on releasing his own music.and Latin funk/dance music scenes of the 1960s and ‘70s. stories and grooves remain timeless.’ muses Jesse. wobbling basslines and hypnotic soundscapes. It is like the next. Tamer Animals was written and recorded at Other Lives’s own studio over a period of sixteen months.’ Marvin Gaye What’s Going On UNIVERSAL To celebrate the 40th anniversary of Marvin Gaye’s seminal Motown classic What’s Going On. Jesse Tabish. as an uncompromising singer. the music covers every conceivable genre and smashes it all into a synthesis of intense. epic sweep. the end result is unmistakably a Thundercat record – a lush and magical document combining classic jazz-fusion. The package also includes rare and unseen photography from throughout the recording process and the remarkable. Thundercat) is accompanied by an impressive cast ranging from Erykah Badu to members of Sa-Ra and J*DaVeY. THERE. as raw as it is meticulous and as fierce as it is imaginary. Interweaving layer upon layer of intricately winding and pulsing orchestrations. and exists as an open-sourced musical project that is as diverse as it is dogged. it traverses a mashed-up aural continuum that reaches from dark to light. but Other Lives’s music invokes everything from Phillip Glass’s dazzling minimalism to Morricone’s dark. The Golden Age of Apocalypse. his lyrics. the groundbreaking concept work was recognized as a magnum opus. ‘You go five miles outside Stillwater and it’s just untouched plains. THE FUNK ARK IS YOUR NEW ONE-STOP SHOP FOR BOOTY-SHAKING VINTAGE GROOVES. futurist electronic strains and timeless musical seeking. is well known for his work with a veritable encyclopedia of artists – both locally and internationally – such as Mya. drummer Ronald Bruner. the company’s sexy prince. OR THE CLASSIC WITH THE CUTTING EDGE. an upbeat soul strutter powered by Bruner’s digitally-distorted plucks. The group’s keyboardist and main songwriter. A TAUT BEAUTY SPANGLED WITH CRYSTALLINE HARP AND KEYS. original Detroit Mix. UNDERPINNING THE ALBUM’S RICH PALETTE OF SOUNDS IS THE BAND’S NATIVE DUST BOWL AUSTERITY: A STARK. The term ‘chamber-pop’ readily springs to mind. His Flying Lotus-produced debut. on vinyl for the first time. Still. OVER ALL. OK. Tamer Animals. BUT LISTENERS NEEDN’T WORRY. is ambitious in scope: densely textured and uncompromisingly sophisticated. Spanning the spectrum of sonic style. Bruner (a. There’s Walkin. . THE BASSNECTAR EXPERIENCE ENGULFS THE SENSES. unlikely hometown to a remarkable band – Other Lives – and its gifted singer/composer and multi-instrumentalist bandleader. as Louis Armstrong once famously said. these eleven tracks enfold listeners in a bounteous panoply of melodies and textures reminiscent of Brian Wilson’s daring Smile period. in the midst of a vast mid-western plain. including original mono hit singles.44 MUSIC REVIEWS Bassnectar Divergent Spectrum AMORPHOUS MUSIC Bassnectar is the brainchild of Lorin Ashton. their second album. BUT ALSO A UNIQUE AND COMPREHENSIVE INSIGHT INTO ONE OF THE WORLD’S MOST CHERISHED ALBUMS FOR ANY SOUL SISTER OR -BROTHER. For 12 has already gotten the thumbs up from Radiohead.

The followup Pieces of Man brought him together (on record) for the first time with Brian Jackson. who played on ScottHeron’s second album. When Gil was 12 his grandmother died. and a call to arms to the black community: ‘You will not be able to stay home brother. Scott-Heron first came to attention with his 1970 recording The Revolution Will Not Be Televised. rail-thin man with a wispy goatee beard and a countenance of prophetic gravity. It was there that he met Gil’s mother. The song went on to be covered. aged 62.’ He preferred to call himself ‘a blues-ologist’. Sonny Rollins and Dizzy Gillespie. including Whitey’s On The Moon. Pieces Of A Man. Bobbie. and he moved to New York to be reunited with his mother. a Jamaican who had settled in America. in 1978. Gil won a scholarship to a private school. It was a title that ScottHeron himself always deplored. . He was named after his father. allied to the overtly political content of his work. it first appeared in the form of a spokenword recitation on his debut album Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. On the recommendation of his high school English teacher. earning the nickname ‘the Black Arrow’. in the early ‘50s Gilbert Sr. Scott-Heron sang in a roughly arresting voice that was once described as a mixture of ‘mahogany. sunshine and tears’. she bought him a second-hand piano from a local funeral parlor and introduced him to the writings of the Harlem Renaissance novelist and poet Langston Hughes. His parents separated when he was two. Both a genius and a soldier. as head of the Impulse label. the Ethical Culture Fieldston School. sampled and referenced in innumerable recordings. On graduation he published a second novel. Gilbert Heron. about campus unrest. I’m New Here. a thriller about ghetto life. The bass player Ron Carter. who brought up her son on her own. flautist and Gil Scott-Heron: SOUL BROTHER SADLY PASSES AWAY. His vocal style./You will not be able to plug in. for his seminal album Pieces of a Man. with the anti-drug song Angel Dust.OBITUARY 45 Cultivating his interest in music and literature. described it as ‘a voice like you would have for Shakespeare’. played football professionally for Celtic and Third Lanark. Home Is Where The Hatred Is. In 2010. and would lead to his being described as ‘the godfather of rap’. But anger was not the only color in Scott-Heron’s music palette. Tennessee.’ Written when Scott-Heron was just 18. A tall. The Bottle and the anti-apartheid anthem Johannesburg. Thiele released Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. Lillie Scott. and he was sent to live with his maternal grandmother. a compelling attack on the mindless and anesthetizing effects of the mass media. before going on to study at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. who became a major influence. With mantra-like incessance. and his political message. His declamatory singing style. where his prowess at football brought him to the attention of talent scouts from Scotland. The Nigger Factory (1971). Over the course of 20 albums he produced a series of sardonic and biting commentaries on ghetto life and racial injustice. made him widely recognized as one of the Kaz Peet most inspirational figures of rap music and beyond. would be a major influence on such groups as Public Enemy and NWA. In his second year at university he was given leave of absence to write a novel. songs such as Must Be Something and It’s Your World were moving affirmations of faith in the power of the human spirit. a librarian and an accomplished singer. a keyboard-player.’ composer who would become his main collaborator on nine albums. poet and author whose writings and recordings provided a vivid – and often stinging – commentary on social injustice and the black American experience. as well as being the cowriter (with George David Weiss) of Louis Armstrong’s What a Wonderful World. was a composer. had recorded such artists as John Coltrane. Small Talk at 125th and Lenox. He enjoyed further chart success in 1976 with Johannesburg and. while working as a clerk at a dry cleaners. He was soon approached by the jazz producer Bob Thiele who. before returning to Chicago. this time with a full band. and one that always emphasized lyrical content over technique./Skip out for beer during commercials. you just get a lot of posturing. there was a resurgence of interest in his work when he returned with his first studio album in 16 years. The Vulture (1970). Scott-Heron’s music reflected something of the militancy and self-assertiveness of such theorists and polemicists as Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael. his songs that rumble from deep within his soul will continue to incite and inspire generations of young people to take up the struggle from where he left off. a live recording of one of ScottHeron’s club performances. in Jackson. Gil ScottHeron’s legacy will survive his death./Because the revolution will not be televised. He said: ‘You don’t really see inside the person. who died on May 27th. Gil Scott-Heron was born in Chicago on April 1st. YET HIS SPIRIT SHALL NEVER FADE! Gil Scott-Heron. Scott-Heron would credit his grandmother with being one of the primary influences on his life: ‘[She] raised me to not sit around and wait for people to guess what’s on your mind – I was gonna have to say it. The following year he recorded the song for a second time. musician. 1949. serving jail time for various offenses. turn on and cop out./ You will not be able to lose yourself on skag and skip. but was to fall victim to drug abuse more than two decades later. and a collection of poetry. Instead.

love and puka shells. The Sativa Diva. Some politicians. Usually presented in a very matter-of-fact. and throughout the path of the parade.nl Distribution by: P. Federal or international. Distribution Carlos Garcia Circulation Manager www. the publisher hopes Soft Secrets will expose the positive aspects of the normalization of Cannabis use to the public. Peace. simultaneously decreasing the number of unnecessary arrests. Floats. Actor Olympia Dukakis made a personal appearance in a classic car. and it was one of the biggest parades of its kind. 2011 . Whether they are finding their way to the local medical distribution point or growing for personal stash. and even more non-users than ever. The publisher is not responsible for the content and/or point of view of advertisements. polite and a smorgasbord for people-watching. Bisexual. The editors take no responsibility for unsolicited submissions. Editorial adress: E-mail: kristie@softsecrets. Black leather. I hadn’t originally intended to go to the parade. almost half of the states have embarked on a process of relative liberalization towards the use of Cannabis. It looked like a lot of fun. but that didn’t seem like a bad thing. these days the festival appeared to be more a demonstration of free speech – and as an excuse for outrageous outfits. Sensible Seeds Serious Seeds Strain Genius Sweet Seeds Sweet Seeds Vapors SOME OUTFITS WERE MORE INTERESTING THAN OTHERS.A. In 1969 police raided a bar named the ‘Stonewall Inn’. each vying for attention. New York. I happened upon a parade. which was on the other side of the parade route from where I was.org Telephone: +1-310-488-1911 A word from the publisher: To the chagrin of the US Federal Government. I was trying to make my way across it to get to the HT Cannabis Cup. cars and people on foot paraded in front of an admiring crowd. whether local-. Cannabis users are a menace to no one and are causing no discernible social problem. That event and its repercussions are often credited with being a galvanizing force that helped by Grubbycup unite the LGBT movement into organizing. F. Grubbycup Gay Pride Parade in San Francisco While on my way to the Cannabis Cup.Red. This year’s theme was ‘In Pride We Trust’. Taxpayers are frustrated with funding the incarceration of first-time. In the meantime. The costumes ranged from sensual to absurd. The annual celebration commemorates riots that took place at a bar in Greenwich Village.nl Advertisements: Jessica Telephone: +1-661-333 3151 E-mail: jessica@softsecrets. Signs and flags proclaimed support for tolerSMILING PEOPLE IN BRIGHT COSTUMES ance.N. Nothing from this publication may be copied or reproduced in any format without prior permission from the publisher and other copyright holders. Soft Secrets USA #5/2011 out: October 18th. Thousands of people were in attendance. Now we must be patient and see how the debate develops during a period of relative peace between both sides. In spite of its somber inspiration. CA 90067 E-mail: usa@softsecrets. the sight of naked and semi-naked people appeared to have little adverse effect on the crowd. and Cannabis activists are engaged in broadening this progression. San Francisco held the 41st annual San Francisco Lesbian. Soft Secrets forums operate under the assumption that the publisher does not necessarily agree with the views and opinions expressed in articles and advertisements therein. I thought it was GO-GO DANCING FLOAT a fun show with some underlying serious messages. O’Riodon. I had to at least stop and take a look. people stood three-deep or more to watch the festivities. et al. which resulted in a riot.net Mountain High Paradise Seeds Pollinator Company Royal Queen Seeds As oft-marginalized as Cannabis users are. mayors and police chiefs – on a local level – now actively support a ‘compassion club’ distribution system as a way of separating recreational stoners from the people who legitimately need therapeutic help. Soft Secrets does not advocate breaking any laws. state-. non-violent drug offenders (read: pot smokers) as well as the social toll that high numbers of imprisonment brings to some towns and neighborhoods. the motorcycle club ‘Dykes on BIKES’ spearheaded the show. Transgender Pride Celebration. while go-go dancers of all sorts gyrated for the crowd.com Intellibusiness Management Letgrow. we can certainly understand how difficult the fight for LGBT rights can be.46 MARCHES & DEMOS / INDEX OF ADS / COLOFON Index of ads Name Advanced Seeds All American Healing Group Apothecary 420 Attitude the Attitude the Best Price Evaluations Dinafem Seeds Funky Skunk the Ganja Juice Green Door the Higher Level Hydroasis. nudity was a common sight – despite not generally being tolerated in public. as suggestive REPRESENTED ALL TYPES. parents are Sonny and Cher) was this year’s celebrity Grand Marshal. Inc Century Park Plaza 1801 Century Park East. Gay.magazinedistribution. The parade itself is a symbol of the success of that tolerance. and is excited to offer a forum to both proand anti-legalization advocates. Some townships. purple corsets and rainbows galore passed by. The publisher therefore distances himself explicitly from statements or images that might give the impression that an endorsement is being made for the illicit use or production of Cannabis. and the other a stark reminder of the intolerance and bigotry that still exists. Buddy Kush. welcoming all to their flocks. are calling for the outright legalization of marijuana. On the 26th of June 2011. with a dash of Salvador Dali thrown in for good measure. Even folks like myself. Churches marched in the parade. Kali Mist. 24th floor / Suite 2400 Los Angeles. As usual.I. Colophon Page 1 40 16 2 4 19 25 43 28 48 40 43 8 1 43 1 43 47 43 35 11 1 32 35 Soft Secrets USA is published by Discover Publishers USA. Chaz Bono (formerly Chastity Bono. But I was in San Francisco. I couldn’t pass up the opportunity. who had not planned on attending (and merely stumbled into the area) seemed far more amused than shocked by anything we saw. Kaz Peet. Cover Photo: Grubbycup Comic: oz. Overall. On the one hand a playful celebration of sexuality. humorous or overly suggestive way. the crowd seemed very wellbehaved.nl Editor in chief: Kristie Szalanski Contributors: Grubbycup.

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