AN INSIGHT INTO THE HISTORY OF CHINESE CALLIGRAPHY

RESEARCHED AND COMPILED BY BIJI RAVINDRAN

While learning about Chinese Calligraphy. sometimes creating radically different forms. These styles' stroke orders vary more. revealing the attention this very beautiful art received even during those years. Calligraphy took a more serious turn during the Tang dynasty. One of the ingenious calligraphers of that time is Yan Zhenqing. a suiting ink and ink stone.The origin of Chinese Calligraphy dates back to thousands of years and has been in wide practice till date. calligraphy had been given high regards than painting and sculpture and traces of inscriptions in bones and pottery with the beautifully carved Chinese characters have been found in China. The ink is a solid stick and is made by adding a type of glue to pine soot or oil smoke. Each stroke in calligraphy requires special attention and practice. Great calligraphers like Wang Xizhi and Wang Xianzhi were from this period. The calligraphy works in this period were called as Wei Bei. and it reached its worst during the Ming Dynasty. it is believed to have originated during the reign of the Emperor Cang Jie. The famous calligrapher Liang Hu lived during this period. In order to learn calligraphy and to become an expert. Chinese language uses different writing styles and scripts. Considered as one of the renowned and oldest arts forms. concentration of the ink. cursive. Even though the exact origin of Chinese Calligraphy is not precise. with the use of tools like rice paper. a well pointed brush. All these writing styles require the use of rice paper. There are five common scripts in Chinese writing: Seal. A pottery-baked hard ink . The history of Chinese calligraphy marks its golden years with the rise of the Jin Dynasty. select them carefully and take care of them. from the Song dynasty to Qing dynasty. The only calligraphy works available to the public were the tablets and a whole lot of them were discovered during the Qing dynasty. by developing 120 expressions to describe different calligraphic styles. The cursive style received high recognition during the reign of Emperor Wu of Han. one must know the history of Chinese calligraphy as well. The history of Chinese Calligraphy also reveals the decline of Calligraphy with the fall of the Tang Dynasty. with each style having its own writing styles. Chinese calligraphy is practiced for turning the square Chinese language characters into beautiful art forms. features and purposes. contributed much to the art. a beautifully pointed pen. Clerical and regular styles were the standard styles wherein the cursive styles were used only for writing personal notes. Another calligrapher Tu Meng. In the history of Chinese Calligraphy. The greatest calligraphy paper words were preserved in the Emperor s house. ink and ink stone. Cursive styles are faster and are written with minimal pressure. During those years. it is necessary to learn about the tools used. official or clerical. An effective and beautiful writing depends on the flexibility of the brush. running or semicursive and regular. The new Calligraphy writing style embraces the use of more flat fonts than the use of wide round ones. the thickness and absorptive nature of the paper. and practice each word and stroke with much care. the Qin Dynasty is said to have accepted it as an art and it blossomed during the Han Dynasty. Chinese calligraphy stands out with the use of a unique calligraphic paper known as Xuan paper.

It is said to give a first impression about the calligrapher. The Chinese Calligraphy techniques and trainings have been explained by various calligraphers in books. to those viewing it. Calligraphy is said to be a silent reflection of the soul. the brush has to be held upright and the palm should never make contact with the brush. For delicate strokes and styles. .stone contains the ink and is used to grind the ink stick and to mix water to the ink to attain the required concentration. As calligraphy was believed to have the ability to reveal one s personality. Chinese calligraphers have always considered this art as one of the best mental practices coordinated with the body and mind. With the revelations from the history of Chinese Calligraphy. the history of Chinese calligraphy reveals the employment of great Calligraphers as Court officials. the Chinese must be proud to be experts with rich knowledge and skills in this art and has contributed much to the Calligraphy industry. The choice of animal hair is made according to the style of calligraphy intended to use. thinner types of hair like that of the rabbits are used. For effective writing. The bamboo brushes contain a bundle of animal hair.

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