Foundations of Wisdom

Surah Luqman 12-19

You Are Here!

Comprehesive Lessons

Iman
‡ Holistic basis of Qur¶anic Wisdom and Philosophy: Surah al-Faitha ‡ Synthesis of Iman: Intellect + Sound nature: Surah Aali Imran 190-195 ‡ Composition of Light of Iman: Surah An-Noor Ayaat 35-40 ‡ The Fruits of Iman: Surah At-Taghabun ‡ Qur¶anic Proof for the Herafter: Surah al-Qiyamah

‡ Criteria for Salvation : Surah al-Asr ‡ Reality of Piety: Ayatul-Birr ‡ Foundations of Qur¶anic Wisdom: Surah Luqman 1219 ‡ The Greatest Providence: Surah Fussilat 3036

µAmali Salih
‡ Qura¶nic Foundations of Character Building: Surah Mo¶minoon and Ma¶rij ‡ Finer Traits of the Slaves of ArRahman: Surah Furqan ‡ Social values: Surah al-Isra ‡ Guiding Principles of Political system in Islam: Surah Hujrat

Tawasee bil Haq

Tawasee Bis Sabr

Surah alHadeed

‡ Who was Luqman? ‡ What is Hikmah?

Reality of Hikmah
‡ Ha+ka+ma
Indicate strength and maturity e.g. istehkam Maturity of somebody¶s intellect enabling them to discern truths.

(2:269)

Reality of Hikmah- contd
‡ Philosophy- Intellect alone/pure reason/logic ‡ Wisdom- µAql + Fitrah
Intuitive Truths- Foundation Uncorrupted Intellect- The Mason Wisdom- The Structure

First Foundation of Hikmah- Shukr
‡ Story of grateful µAbdul
Sees other people

Sees his parents as everything
x ³I¶m grateful to my parents!´ x ³I¶m grateful to my people´ x ³I¶m grateful to nature´ x ³I¶m grateful to Allah!´ µAbdullah!

Sees the world around him Sees!

Shukr
‡ Imam Raghib: ³Shukr is to understand and recognize a favor or a gift and admit and express the appreciation´.
Recognize the favor Appreciate with tongue Appreciate with you entire being

The Grateful Horses
100.001By the (Steeds) that run, with panting (breath),

100.002And strike sparks of fire,

100.003And push home the charge in the morning,

100.004And raise the dust in clouds the while,

100.005And penetrate forthwith into the midst (of the foe) en masse;-

100.006Truly man is, to his Lord, ungrateful;

In a nut shell
1. Sound fitrah Gratitude 2. Sound µAql Recognizes One Rabb

Hikmah 1+2= Gratitude to the One Rabb Tawheed

Allah doesn¶t need it YOU DO!

Shirk

Shirk fidhaat

Shirk fiSifaat (Attributes)
1. Not granted 2. Not limited 3. Since forever and will remain forever

Shirk fil¶ibada h Rituals of Worship

Trinity etc.

Pantheism

Obedience

Love

Du¶a

Sincerity

Last Word on Shukr
³Whoever is ungrateful to people is ungrateful to Allah´

Al-Baqarah 83 ---------------Al-An¶aam 151 --------------------Al-Isra 023

´Your Mother!µ
Messenger said: ³Paradise lies under the feet of your mother´ -----------³Your Mother!´ ³Your Mother!´ ³Your Mother!´ ³Your Father´

" 019.044O my father! serve not Satan: for Satan is a rebel against (Allah) Most Gracious. 019.045 " O my father! I fear lest a Penalty afflict thee from (Allah) Most Gracious, so that thou become to Satan a friend." 019.046 (The father) replied: "Dost thou hate my gods, O Abraham? If thou forbear not, I will indeed stone thee: Now get away from me for a good long while!" 019.047Abraham said: "Peace be on thee: I will pray to my Lord for thy forgiveness: for He is to me Most Gracious.

‡ Second Foundation of Wisdom
1. Sound nature Ma¶roof and Munkar 2. Sound intellect Absolute Justice impossible in this life Wisdom 1+2= Afterlife where Allah will bring forth every single thing and compensate us for it.

‡ Putting both the foundations together:
Establish Salah Command good and forbid evil. Come what may; Patiently persevere! Station of firm Resolve!

Final Advice

Humility and balance!

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