What is blue eyes? 2) Aims of blues eyes technology 3) Tracks used 4) Making computers see and feel 5) Affective computing 6) Blue eyes enabled devices 7) Software and hardware 8) Current scenario 9) Future 10) Conclusion 11) References
What is Blue eyes?
The U.IBM has been conducting research on the Blue Eyes technology at its Almaden Research Center (ARC) in San Jose.
. Calif. Likewise. computers would be much more powerful if they had even a small fraction of the perceptual ability of animals or humans. hearing and touch. the Blue Eyes project aims at creating computational devices with the sort of perceptual abilities that people take for granted. computer giant. auditory.S. Animal survival depends on highly developed sensory abilities. human cognition depends on highly developed abilities to perceive. Without a doubt. integrate. Thus Blue eyes is the technology to make computers sense and understand human behavior and feelings and react in the proper ways.. since 1997. The ARC is IBM's main laboratory for basic research. and touch information. The primary objective of the research is to give a computer the ability of the human being to assess a situation by using the senses of sight. Adding such perceptual abilities to computers would enable computers and humans to work together more as partners. Toward this end. and interpret visual.
De-spite their lightning speed and awesome powers of computation.
. Such a computer might slow down or replay a tutorial program for a confused student. dumb. and blind. These machines have got their own personality and this personality depends upon the moods of the user. They can't see you. We might berate the computer as if it were an unruly child. of course. The possible applications of "emotion technology" extend far beyond the desktop. could recognize when its operator is feeling angry or frustrated and try to respond in an appropriate fashion. on the other hand. It could even play a recording of Beethoven's "Moonlight Sonata" if it sensed anxiety or serve up a rousing Springsteen anthem if it detected lethargy. and abrupt system crashes. but technologists say such machines would offer important advantages. Every computer user knows the frustration of nonsensical error messages. buggy software. a computer science professor at the MIT Media Lab in Cambridge. A computer endowed with emotional intelligence. or recognize when a designer is burned out and suggest he take a break. the machine can't respond." says Rosalind Picard.Aims
1)To design smarter devices 2)To create devices with emotional intelligence 3)To create computational devices with perceptual abilities The idea of giving computers personality or. and they certainly don't care a whit how you feel. more accurately. or it might sense when a stressed-out motorist is about to explode and warn him to slow down and cool off. today's PCs are essentially deaf. when in fact the computer is the dummy. but. A car equipped with an affective computing system could recognize when a driver is feeling drowsy and ad-vise her to pull over. they can't hear you. "It's ironic that people feel like dummies in front of their computers. emotional intelligence" may seem creepy.
Hence these are the parameters on which lue technology is being developed.voice etc.TRACKS USED
Our emotional changes are mostly reflected in our heart pulse rate.eye movements .
.facial expressions .reathing rate .
that computers that can emulate human emotions are more likely to behave rationally. who is also the author of the groundbreaking book Affective Computing. in a manner we can understand. or informational state. like a tornado. researchers say there is another compelling reason for giving machines emotional intelligence.
. it might modify its investigation to improve the chances of success when a similar request is made." Imagine the benefit of a computer that could remember that a particular Internet search had resulted in a frustrating and futile exploration of cyberspace. studies have shown that feelings actually play a vital role in logical thought and decision-making." she says. "They have tremendous mathematical abilities. but in fact they are constantly operating in the background. Emotions are like the weather. and even to behave' and express emotions. It stands to reason. "If we want computers to be genuinely intelligent and interact naturally with us. argues that computers should operate under the same principle. we must give them the ability to recognize. which in turn can be used to help make the user more productive by performing expected actions or by providing expected information. Next time. Contrary to the common wisdom that emotions contribute to irrational behavior. Beyond making computers more responsive to people's feelings. therefore. Emotionally impaired people often find it difficult to make decisions because they fail to recognize the subtle clues and signals--does this make me feel happy or sad.We only pay attention to them when there is a sudden outburst. Picard. emotional. understand. This information is then analyzed to determine the user's physical.Making computers see and feel
Blue Eyes uses sensing technology to identify a user's actions and to extract key information. but when it comes to interacting with people. helping to monitor and guide our day-to-day activities. they are autistic. excited or bored?--that help direct healthy thought processes.
To that end. and hand gestures. and biometric sensors that can measure body temperature.Algorithms amenale to real time implementation that extract information from facial expressions and head gestures are being explored. the computers have to detect even the minor variations of our moods.Most of the information is extractewd from the position of the eye rows and the corners of the mouth. computer scientists are exploring a variety of mechanisms including voice-recognition software that can discern not only what is being said but the tone in which it is said. Various methods of accomplishing affective computing are : 1) Affect detection: This is the method of detecting our emotional states from the expressions on our face. muscle tension. is to give ma-chines the equivalent of the eyes.Affective Computing
The process of making emotional computers with sensing abilities is known as affective computing. eye movements. In the second step. ears. and other sensory organs that humans use to recognize and express emotion.For eg. blood pressure. In the third step the computers have to react in accordance with the emotional states. a computer with this technology could move the cursor by following the direction of the user's eyes.The steps used in this are: 1)Giving sensing abilities 2)Detecting human emotions 3)Respond properly The first step.a person may hit the keyboard very fastly either in the happy mood or in the angry mood. cameras that can track subtle facial expressions. and other physiological signals associated with emotion. 2)MAGIC pointing: MAGIC stands for Manual Acquisition with Gaze Tracking Technology. researchers say. This type of technology will enable the computer to automatically transmit information related to the screen
The Blue Eyes robot is equipped with a computer capable of analyzing a person's glances and other forms of expressions of feelings. before automatically deciding to proceed to the next program.
Blue Eyes enaled devices
Some of the blue Eyes enabled devices are discussed below: 1)POD: The first blue Eye enabled mass production device was POD .It could tell the driver to go slow if he is driving too fastly and it could pull over the driver when he feels drowsy. 4)EMOTION MOUSE: This is the mouse emedded with sensors that can sense the physiological attributes such as temperature.By marrying input technology and eye tracking .It implements the method for putting computational devices in touch with their user’s changing moods. if he or she understood the information on the screen.pulse rate.we get “MAGIC pointing”. 3)SUITOR: SUITOR stands for “Simple User Interface Tracker”.The expected accuracy is 75%.the car manufactured y TOYOTA. and touching style.Also it could hear the driver some sort of interesting music when he is getting bored.It is mostly used in we ased applications.ut the cursor always appears at the right position as if by “MAGIC”. from the user's expression. etc. 2)PONG: IBM released a robot designed for demonstrating the new technology.that the user is gazing at.By watching what we page the user is currently rowsing. Also.The key is that the user simply interacts with the computer as usual and the computer infers user interest based on what it sees the user do.It could keep the driver alert and active.IBM is still oerforming research on this mouse and will be availale in the market within the next two or three years. before automatically determining the
.The computer can determine the user’s emotional states by a single touch. The user pointing is still done by the hand. it will enable the computer to determine.ody prewssure.the SUITOR can find additional information on that topic.
The device was designed for a major health-care provider to track the activities of doctors and other personnel at large medical facilities. the device will know who has accessed a drug locker and what drugs were removed. IBM is showing this robot to the public at the company's exhibition called "IBM Fair 2000" at the Japan Convention Center (Makuhari Messe) in Chiba prefecture. the records will disappear. when a wearer removes the badge from her body. and it has a pretty good idea of what you are doing and when you are doing it. smiles when the person calls his name. which is equipped with the Blue Eyes technology.next type of action.
. It will also allow doctors to access confidential medical information without carrying around paper charts. its slate wiped clean until the next person puts it on. PONG is capable of perceiving the person standing in front of it. When he looks away. It knows who you are and where you are. the device automatically deactivates. and expresses loneliness when it loses sight of the person. IBM has released a robot called PONG. or another person enters the room. For example. Another advantage of Secure Pad is that it's interchangeable. which can be misplaced or read by unauthorized personnel. Although that may sound ominous. the device will ultimately benefit patients by enhancing the security and accountability of medical facilities. 3)SECURE PAD: This is an electronic badge that can identify the wearer and track his movements and activities with an array of sensors. When a doctor wearing the Secure Pad enters a patient's room. the patient's medical records will automatically appear on a wall monitor when the doctor looks at it. March 1-3.
For eg.For eg. The embedded devices have their own processing capabilities and can function on their own to achieve specific purposes.The user modifies the mother program whenever the user requests or hardware finds that the user is changing his moods.Usually emedded devices are used.if a particular search is found to e failure .SOFTWARE and HARDWARE
BLue Eyes software is called “agent” which analyzes and modifies the mother program. Hardware used is dedicated hardware.the agent might improve the searching y changing the searching key words so as to get the desired results. in a we browsing . a pc camera may drain the processing ailities of the system and can not e used.
. according to the user’s needs and moods.
Egs of the technologies now under study have already been discussed.MIT(Massachussets Institute of Technology).Researches are still going on and commercial availability is supposed to happen within the next few years.Sony.
.Limited success is achieved in translating neurological activities into identifiable emotional states y implanting electrodes in the rain.CURRENT SCENARIO
Pioneers in this field are IBM.
. For eg: A blue eyes enabled TV set would become active when we look in its directions.FUTURE
Future applications of this technology is limitless –from designing cars and developing presentations to interactive entertainment and advertising.Voice commands could then tune your favourite channel and adjust the volume.Also it may become very common in our household devices also .
The Blue eyes technology ensures a convenient way of simplifying the life by providing more delicate and user friendly facilities in computing devices.
.The computers can be run by using the implicit commands instead of the explicit commands. The gap between the electronic and physical world will be reduced.
com 5> www.howstuffworks.im.com
.com 7> www.entecollege.com 4> www.visuallee.im.com 3> www.philologos.com 6> www.com 8> www.research.almaden.techreviwe.metropolismag.com 2> www.REFERENCES