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deviating from what is normal or desirable, not typical SYNONYMS abnormal, anomalous, unusual, atypical ANTONYMS normal, common, average
My dog's aberrant behavior led me to worry that he may have been poisoned. (abnormal,
His aberrant comments made everyone wonder whether he was drunk. (abnormal,
a state of temporary suspension or inactivity SYNONYMS suspension, deferment, pause, quiescence, deferral, postponement, cessation ANTONYMS continuance
Since the gas leak in our office building, our work has been in temporary abeyance.
That law has been in abeyance since 1900, but it is likely that it will eventually be reinstated. (cessation, suspension)
to escape or run away in secret SYNONYMS flee, escape, elope ANTONYMS return, stay
Martin was thought to be trustworthy and everyone was shocked when he absconded with all of the company's profits. (fled) Jenny was so embarrassed by her blunder, she wished she could abscond from the room, never to return. (escape, flee)
1. very deep or extreme; 2. terrible, appallingly bad, or extremely severe SYNONYMS immense, extreme, infinite, bottomless, profound, deep, terrible, horrible, dreadful ANTONYMS limited, shallow, wonderful
The children refused to swim in the abysmal waters of the lake. (deep, bottomless) The student's abysmal ignorance of the topic astounded the professor. (profound, extreme)
1. a change or improvement in something; 2. the process of changing or improving something SYNONYMS modification, emendation, revision, change, alteration, correction ANTONYMS
An amendment to the Constitution requires a two-thirds vote by the Congress, as well as ratification by the states. (modification, addition) I have amended my notes to reflect current developments in the research of this topic.
(modified, added to)
(adv.) done in an incorrect or inappropriate way; (adj.) incorrect or not as it should be SYNONYMS (adv.) incorrectly, wrongly, (adj.) erroneous, astray, askance, wrong, awry, improper ANTONYMS (adv.) accurately, properly, (adj.) correct, accurate
Linda knew something was amiss when she discovered a missing report. (wrong, awry) Due to poor planning and inadequate organization, the project went amiss. (astray)
1. to pay off a debt with gradual installments; 2. to spread out the cost over several payments or different applications SYNONYMS liquidate, pay, reimburse, repay, satisfy, settle ANTONYMS renege, breach
He will make additional payments every month in order to amortize the loan. (repay,
They figured it would take five years to amortize their debt. (pay off, repay, satisfy)
germ-free or designed to protect against infection and germs SYNONYMS sterile, sanitary, antiseptic ANTONYMS dirty, contagious
I know my dentist's tools are completely aseptic because after they are sterilized, they are sealed in protective packaging until ready for use. (sterile, sanitary) An aseptic environment will prevent the growth of harmful bacteria. (sanitary)
1. a disparaging statement; 2. a slanderous remark and attack on one's character SYNONYMS slur, affront, invective, calumny, defamation, vilification, slander ANTONYMS praise, compliment
The newspaper was heavily fined for the printed aspersion of the candidate. (defamation,
Because the aspersions made against John damaged his credibility and his ability to get a new job, he sued the organization. (defamatory remarks, slurs)
simple USAGE EXAMPLES The wealthy couple decorated their home very elaborately with ornamental rugs and baroque artwork. (extravagant. (lessen. embellished. ornate) The artist carved chairs ranging in design from simple and classic to complicated and baroque. thin. diminish ANTONYMS thicken. intensify USAGE EXAMPLES When chlorine is attenuated by other chemicals. 2. ornate) . to lessen or weaken. (rococo. rarefy. characteristic of a 17th century style of art. diminish) baroque (adjective) DEFINITION 1. flamboyant. especially in strength or worth SYNONYMS weaken. and highly ornate. lessen. 2. (diluted) Everyone hopes the crisis will attenuate over time. florid. complex. ornate. and architecture SYNONYMS flamboyant. to make thin in size or consistency. narrow. it is not harmful to humans. extravagant.(verb) DEFINITION 1. extravagant. rococo ANTONYMS plain. music. dilute. flamboyant.
(befit. (benefits. help. help) It behooves us to provide our employees with the best compensation plan possible. oblige. or lack of care SYNONYMS blunderer. so I can help you sort out the problem. foolishness. profit. fumbler ANTONYMS expert USAGE EXAMPLES My new assistant has turned out to be a real bungler--he can't even make coffee without burning it! (fool) . profits) bungler (noun) DEFINITION someone who makes errors because of incompetence. advantageous. require. or appropriate SYNONYMS befit. benefit ANTONYMS USAGE EXAMPLES It would behoove you to tell me what's wrong. clumsiness. fool.behoove (verb) DEFINITION to be necessary.
satirize. grow) The once burgeoning high-tech stocks have been flat for over six months. noun) DEFINITION (v. rising) burlesque (verb. blossom. develop. thrive. dropping what seemed like a dozen plates a week. (blossom. mock. (n. spoof ANTONYMS USAGE EXAMPLES .) caricature. swell. flourish. sprout. ridicule.I turned out to be a real bungler as a waitress.) theatrical entertainment that is comical and often satirical in nature SYNONYMS (v. (fool. shrink USAGE EXAMPLES The buds I planted last fall will burgeon into beautiful flowers come spring. (n.) parody. (flourishing. rise. decrease. proliferate. especially to make fun of something serious. increase ANTONYMS diminish. blunderer) burgeon (verb) DEFINITION to grow and flourish SYNONYMS grow. sprout.) to mock through caricature or grotesque or comical imitation. bloom.
authority) The architects were thrilled to find out that they had been given carte blanche to design the structure exactly as they wished. 2. charm. presence ANTONYMS . lure. which some possess naturally. mocks) The funniest skits on Saturday Night Live use burlesque to make fun of political figures and celebrities. control. Melanie's boss gave her carte blanche to handle the project however she saw fit. (freedom. appeal. mockery) carte blanche (noun) DEFINITION free rein or complete decision-making control SYNONYMS authority. (authority. power. sanction ANTONYMS restriction USAGE EXAMPLES As a sign of his confidence in her. enthusiasm and interest in people SYNONYMS magnetism. (parody. freedom) charisma (noun) DEFINITION 1.This author burlesques all sorts of surprising issues. from war to depression. (parodies. satirizes. fascination. freedom. magnetic personality and personal magic of leadership.
charm) The new CEO has such charisma that employee morale. particular) The chary job hunter missed an excellent networking opportunity when she waited too long to approach her target. negligent. afraid of risks and sparing in action SYNONYMS constrained. guarded) chortle (noun. (constrained. snort ANTONYMS . (cautious. (v. magnetism) chary (adjective) DEFINITION 1. imprudent.USAGE EXAMPLES High-level politicians very often have great charisma. and subsequently sales.) to laugh quietly. (magnetism. cautious. characterized by cautious hesitance and vigilance. giggle. hesitant. cavalier USAGE EXAMPLES The chary investor spent much time deliberating over his stock purchases.) a quiet laugh or chuckle. have significantly improved. often with restraint SYNONYMS cackle. verb) DEFINITION (n. 2. particular. reckless. (presence. unconcerned. chuckle. lure. snicker. guarded ANTONYMS careless.
kindness. rudeness ANTONYMS civility. 2. giggle) churlishness (noun) DEFINITION 1. bitterness) The churlish teen used to be such a pleasure. (acerbity. sweetness USAGE EXAMPLES John's churlishness and generally negative demeanor was related to his recent string of bad luck. (chuckle. then feigned a cough. (surly. suavity. irascibility. belligerence.S.USAGE EXAMPLES He accidentally chortled a bit to himself during the board meeting. irascibility. snicker) I let out a chortle when I was looking for my glasses and then found them on my head. crude or rude behavior. gag rule ANTONYMS . rancor. acerbic) cloture (noun) DEFINITION a method of quickly closing debate and calling for an immediate vote on the matter at hand in U. gag law. surliness. (chuckle. parliamentary procedure SYNONYMS closure. the state of being unfriendly and difficult to work with SYNONYMS acerbity. but now she's always cranky.
summation ANTONYMS foreword. Senate has an official record of cloture motions on their web site. classify . (postlude. to arrange in a systematic collection SYNONYMS systematize. or principles into a code or system. introduction USAGE EXAMPLES The musician was frustrated and unable to complete a coda for the end of his composition. 2.S. rules.USAGE EXAMPLES The cloture rule is the only conventional way to end an attempt to delay Senate action. conclusion) The autobiography contained a coda summarizing the state of the author when he wrote the book. (closure. gag-rule) The U. to organize and reduce a body of law. catalogue. extra text in a literary work or speech that gives additional information SYNONYMS finale. prologue. concluding section of a musical piece that has dramatic energy and is distinct from the main structure. (closure. conclusion. 2. (finale. prelude. conclusion) codify (verb) DEFINITION 1. gaglaw) coda (noun) DEFINITION 1. postlude. categorize.
(systematize. brainstorm) Julie never changed her mind once she spent time cogitating the pros and cons of a decision. (classification.ANTONYMS disorganize. cataloging) Most modern civilizations codify their laws as they come into existence. or to turn over in one's mind SYNONYMS contemplate. mull ANTONYMS USAGE EXAMPLES Some people find it helpful to write their thoughts on paper as they cogitate ideas. muse. reflect. (ruminate. categorize) cogitate (verb) DEFINITION to engage in deep thought. (contemplating. ruminate. meditate. brainstorm. pity . to ponder and reflect upon. musing) commiserate (verb) DEFINITION to feel and show sympathy or share sadness SYNONYMS sympathize. declassify USAGE EXAMPLES An important aspect of Roman law was its system of codification.
2. and works of fiction. an odd accumulation or mass of varied things put together. (corporations) The San Diego Comic Convention features a conglomeration of artistry. aggregate.ANTONYMS rejoice USAGE EXAMPLES Will you join me for a cup of coffee and commiserate with me over all the work we have to do this week? (sympathize) Our support group meets each month to commiserate over problems we have at work. hodgepodge) consummation (noun) DEFINITION 1. composite. toys. 2. pity each other) conglomeration (noun) DEFINITION 1. (share sadness. corporation ANTONYMS separation USAGE EXAMPLES Some radio stations boast their independence from media conglomerates. medley. hodgepodge. through sexual intercourse . the act of mixing or coming together SYNONYMS accumulation. completing a marriage in the legal sense. (medley. the act of bringing something to completion.
evasive. skittish. culmination) The tireless scientist felt that a cure for cancer would be the consummation of a lifetime of research. (coquettish) We can't get the client to commit to the contract. shameless. (evasive) curmudgeon (noun) DEFINITION . completion. shy or reserved SYNONYMS coquettish.SYNONYMS fulfillment. pretending to be reserved or modest. usually in a teasing manner. (fruition. (fulfillment. attainment. brazen. actualization. reluctant to make a definite commitment. fulfillment) coy (adjective) DEFINITION 1. arch. timid. culmination. 2. bashful ANTONYMS bold. realization. pushy USAGE EXAMPLES Julie really wants to date Don. she is just being coy in not saying yes immediately. conclusion. 3. they think they will gain an advantage by being coy. shy. fruition ANTONYMS USAGE EXAMPLES The consummation of a lifetime of his charitable contributions was a library built in his honor.
damaging. he complains. (grump) derogatory (adjective) DEFINITION expressing a low opinion or negative criticism of something SYNONYMS disparaging. grump. (grouch. crackpot. appreciative USAGE EXAMPLES The atmosphere around the office grew chilly after Edward heard his coworkers making derogatory remarks about his hairstyle. depreciative. flattering.a bad-tempered. boor. injurious. or stubborn person SYNONYMS grouch. (uncomplimentary. uncomplimentary ANTONYMS complimentary. unfavorable. belittling. defamatory. crackpot) John is a bit of a curmudgeon. he doesn't like to try new things. belittling) The critic's derogatory review made it clear that she had enjoyed almost nothing about the play. jerk ANTONYMS sweetheart USAGE EXAMPLES Professor Jones's assertion that words like "email" are incorrect English and should be eliminated from the language earned him a reputation as a curmudgeon. (unfavorable. disparaging) dichotomy . disagreeable. and when forced to.
division ANTONYMS USAGE EXAMPLES The company's financial statements presented a unique dichotomy. means) disarray (noun) . but a decrease in revenue. (way. (power. power. (contradiction) There was both an increase in unemployment and an increase in consumer confidence. force. effort ANTONYMS USAGE EXAMPLES By dint of hard work and constant studying. creating an interesting economic dichotomy. bifurcation. effort) She got what she wanted by dint of pleading and threatening. (contradiction) dint (noun) DEFINITION a force or power SYNONYMS force. James passed his college entrance exams with flying colors.(noun) DEFINITION a separation of different or contradictory things SYNONYMS contradiction. the company had an increase in income.
extricating) You have had so many problems with her lately. simplify. she had to spend several minutes disentangling the cord from her table and chairs. (messiness. confuse. remove) economical . disorder) disentangle (verb) DEFINITION to untangle. (untangling. unruliness. although his mom makes him clean it every week. entangle.DEFINITION a state of disorganization. chaos. untangle. disharmony. order USAGE EXAMPLES The manager left suddenly for a new job. clutter. indiscipline ANTONYMS tidiness. or clarify by separating SYNONYMS extricate. untidiness. complicate. or confusion SYNONYMS disorder. leaving her various projects in disarray. separate. turmoil. I think it is time for you to disentangle yourself from that relationship. discomposure. (confusion. (free. chaos) Jimmy's room is in a constant state of disarray. free. confusion. clarify ANTONYMS tangle. join USAGE EXAMPLES Since she had been pacing while on the phone. free.
. ( . provident. 2.(adjective) DEFINITION 1. generous USAGE EXAMPLES The spending committee recommended the less elaborate plan because it was more economical. reasonable ANTONYMS wasteful. (efficient. you should be able to save more money. 2. the leaving out of words in a sentence. thrifty.. omissions) . frugal or thrifty. or with a surplus SYNONYMS frugal. . working efficiently. inexpensive. marks. usually three dots (. thrifty) ellipsis (noun) DEFINITION 1. (frugal. efficient.) that indicate the intentional omission of words from a sentence or text SYNONYMS omission ANTONYMS addition USAGE EXAMPLES My professor warned us against using too many ellipses in our papers because it might seem like we were manipulating our sources rather than using them correctly. reasonable) By making more economical decisions. without waste. sparing. especially when their presence or meaning is easily implied.
departure) Kirstin decided." because "cats" is left off after the word "two. (begin. boarding onto an aircraft or ship SYNONYMS beginning. era ANTONYMS interval USAGE EXAMPLES . beginning of something new. 2. (beginning. boarding. entry ANTONYMS exit. start) eon (noun) DEFINITION an immeasurable unit of time SYNONYMS age." (omission) embarkation (noun) DEFINITION 1. that she was ready to embark on a new career as a massage therapist. end USAGE EXAMPLES Let us begin the embarkation of our journey with a prayer. after years of working in sales.There is an ellipsis in the sentence "I have four cats and my best friends has two.
upset. alarm. (ages) No one can imagine what life might be like on earth--if earth still exists--eons from now. the process of fermentation or change. (n. (n. creation. (confusion) figment (noun) DEFINITION a purely imaginary thing. placate. fluster. (change.The event that formed this canyon must have happened eons ago. to stir up. disrupt.) 1. 2. (ages) ferment (verb. 2. change.) 1. inflame. illusion.) change.) pacify. fancy ANTONYMS reality . to evolve or change. or agitate. noun) DEFINITION (v. development. confusion ANTONYMS (v. fabrication. sooth USAGE EXAMPLES The downtown area has seen a great creative ferment recently. disrupt.) agitate. develop. existing as a flight of imagination or fabrication SYNONYMS chimera. disquiet. a state of change or confusion brought about by change SYNONYMS (v. with the opening of several new galleries. development) The resignation of our Mayor has left the city in a state of political ferment.
obstinate. antagonistic. pigheaded. discordant ANTONYMS accommodating. (fancy. unsure if the distant campfire was merely a figment of his imagination. mope. (fabrication. brood ANTONYMS USAGE EXAMPLES Don't fret because worrying won't help anything.USAGE EXAMPLES The traveler rubbed his eyes. (worry. chafe. concordant USAGE EXAMPLES . complaisant. illusion) Some movies temporarily portray figments of character's imaginations as reality. creation) fret (verb) DEFINITION to be anxious or disturbed about something--to worry SYNONYMS agonize. disobedient. stew) Guitar players generally get calluses on their fingers from moving their fingers up and down the frets of the fingerboard. worry. clashing. (raised bars for finger placement) froward (adjective) DEFINITION stubbornly and habitually contrary and disobedient SYNONYMS stubborn. balky. stew.
(slips. (faux pas. faux pas ANTONYMS USAGE EXAMPLES His silly remark was just a gaffe. obstinate) The prisoner's appeals were denied due to his froward attitude. not intended to hurt anyone's feelings. confusing. disconnected. tactless acts) garbled (adjective) DEFINITION unclear. understandable. coherent USAGE EXAMPLES . (antagonistic. or misleading SYNONYMS confusing. muddled. blunder) Miss Manners attempts to help people avoid social gaffes. scrambled. unclear. comprehensible. pigheaded) gaffe (noun) DEFINITION a social mistake or tactless act SYNONYMS blunder. (disobedient.Having been spoiled by his wealthy parents his entire life. misleading. illogical. slip. incoherent. mangled ANTONYMS clear. he was the most froward child imaginable.
3. (unsophisticated. difficulty. uncultured. awkward. or obstacle SYNONYMS challenge. ill-mannered. cultured. incoherent) gauche (adjective) DEFINITION lacking manners and proper social behavior SYNONYMS unsophisticated. uncultured. 2. and if there was one. polite. muddled. tactless. obstacle. uncouth. a challenge issued. and gauche behavior is not tolerated. graceless. (uncouth. glove. ill-mannered) Rules of etiquette are important at that country club. boorish ANTONYMS sophisticated. trial. tribulation. a long glove that extends up the forearm. it was too garbled to understand. any trial. muddled) My professor said that my paper had no clear point. civilized USAGE EXAMPLES His gauche manners at the party can be explained by the fact that he had several cocktails before he arrived. 4. (disconnected. boorish) gauntlet (noun) DEFINITION 1. criticism ANTONYMS .The email message he left me was so garbled that I couldn't understand what he wanted me to do. a form of punishment. (confusing.
good fortune. brag. revel. divide.) manipulation. vaunt ANTONYMS . (dividing.) manipulate.) to manipulate the division of an electoral district in order to give a certain party or candidate an advantage.) the manipulation of political districts SYNONYMS (v. I am against the idea. crow. therefore. or the failings of others SYNONYMS boast.USAGE EXAMPLES The manager told his employees that their competitor had thrown down the gauntlet with its latest product release and his team must rise to the occasion. (n. (obstacle. (manipulate) The interest group pressured the politician into gerrymandering the voting districts. manipulating) gloat (verb) DEFINITION to be smug or self-satisfied or to gain satisfaction from success. (n. division ANTONYMS USAGE EXAMPLES If we gerrymander the districts in this state. (challenge) He knew that in order to be elected he would have to run the gauntlet of his opponents' criticism. noun) DEFINITION (v. trial) gerrymander (verb. we may win the election but we will lose our integrity.
to use a whetstone to sharpen a knife or blade SYNONYMS . mammals are able to maintain a relatively stable body temperature through homeostasis. intensify.downplay USAGE EXAMPLES The division champions gloated over their victory so much that all of the other teams resented them for years to come. stability ANTONYMS imbalance. or improve something over time. stability) hone (verb) DEFINITION 1. to refine. reveled) The rivals were known to gloat over one another's misfortunes. 2. balance. (boasted. (equilibrium) The bodies of reptiles are not naturally able to retain temperature homeostasis. which is why one often sees lizards lounging in the sun to get warm. (revel. instability USAGE EXAMPLES Even when exposed to heat or cold. (balance. vaunt) homeostasis (noun) DEFINITION a state of equilibrium reached and maintained by a metabolic process in the body or by an individual or social group SYNONYMS equilibrium.
over-confidence. (refine) The metal worker spends time honing steel into sharp blades suitable for fine quality knives. (arrogance. and pride SYNONYMS pride. whetting) hubris (noun) DEFINITION excessive arrogance. (pride. (sharpening. arrogance. ambition) The hubris he demostrates is totally unwarranted because he's not nearly as intelligent or important as he seems to believe. ambition ANTONYMS humility USAGE EXAMPLES It was the young CEO's hubris which led to the eventual rebellion of his workers and failure of his company. self-confidence.sharpen. over-confidence. refine. whet ANTONYMS dull USAGE EXAMPLES Olympic swimmers spend hours working to hone their technique to perfection. perfect. over-confidence. excessive pride) idyll (noun) DEFINITION .
brainwash. and romance. (indoctrinate. music. happy. impart) incursion (noun) . peace ANTONYMS USAGE EXAMPLES Plato's Phaedrus is a conversation that takes place in an idyllic scene where the participants are free to lay back or walk barefoot. peaceful. impress.1. or prose depicting such a pastoral or rural scene SYNONYMS romantic interlude. rustic) The poem is an idyll about the simple joys of life in rural France. ingrain. (pastoral poem) inculcate (verb) DEFINITION to teach or fix something in someone's mind through forceful repetition SYNONYMS drill. tranquility. instill. (instilled. tranquility. 2. 3. ingrained) The country tried to inculcate a sense of patriotism in its citizens by having them recite pledges and display flags. indoctrinate. condition. impart. influence ANTONYMS confuse USAGE EXAMPLES I inculcated obedience into my dog through consistent. pastoral scene. imbue. a period of happiness. a rural or pastoral scene of peacefulness and charm. positive reinforcement. a piece of art. (rural.
DEFINITION hostile invasion of a territory SYNONYMS invasion. violation. coherent USAGE EXAMPLES The doctor's terrible hand writing made his perscriptions almost indecipherable. puzzling. unreadable) Her handwriting is usually so bad it's indecipherable. invasion) I didn't appreciate the incursion of my neighbor's wet and muddy dog into my family room. encroachment ANTONYMS protection. read. clear. known. obvious. raid. incomprehensible ANTONYMS legible. intrusion. unintelligible. defense. (illegible. illegible. or decipher SYNONYMS unclear. invasion) indecipherable (adjective) DEFINITION impossible to understand. exit USAGE EXAMPLES The military's plan called for a quick and unexpected incursion into the neighboring country. infiltration. attack. (attack. (illegible. unreadable) indubitably . baffling. unreadable. (encroachment.
insurgent ANTONYMS (adj. complaisant.(adverb) DEFINITION characterized by being so apparent it cannot be doubted SYNONYMS unquestionably. adjective) DEFINITION (n. (unmistakably) insubordinate (noun. vaguely USAGE EXAMPLES As her legs began to itch. (insurgent) When his boss told him to file the report.) defiant. disobedient) . his friend had indubitably lost about 100 pounds. the man decided to be insubordinate and not follow the order. surely ANTONYMS doubtfully.) not submitting to authority SYNONYMS (adj. definitely. positively. (defiant. rebellious. harmonious.) subordinate. (adj. disobedient. clearly. it became indubitably apparent that she had stumbled into a patch of poison ivy. agreeable USAGE EXAMPLES Because she never followed her captain's orders. unmistakably. antagonistic. unequivocally. questionably.) a person who does not submit to authority or follow orders. (clearly) He noticed the difference right away. disorderly. she was considered an insubordinate.
2. examplary) He was given an award for his irreproachable sense of honor and duty. blameless. relationship among people through blood. imperfect. bond. (impeccable. adoption. impeccable.irreproachable (adjective) DEFINITION without fault and not subject to blame SYNONYMS faultless. blamed USAGE EXAMPLES The boy's behavior was irreproachable throughout dinner. exemplary. fellowship ANTONYMS distance (relational) USAGE EXAMPLES . innocent ANTONYMS flawed. affiliation. relationship through similarity SYNONYMS relationship. connection. ancestry. so he was allowed to stay up past his bed time. or marriage. (exemplary) kinship (noun) DEFINITION 1.
to move unnecessarily slowly SYNONYMS dawdle. 2. dodge. act. pretend ANTONYMS oblige . (linger. idling) malinger (verb) DEFINITION to feign illness in order to avoid obligations. loaf. lurk. not doing much. hang out) We spent most of the summer loitering about. especially work SYNONYMS duck.The men's kinship in their business has caused them to become friends outside of work. (connection) loiter (verb ) DEFINITION 1. without a reason for being there. linger ANTONYMS hurry. dally. idle. loaf. rush USAGE EXAMPLES The police officer asked the teenagers not to loiter outside the grocery store. (dawdling. slack. affiliation) Children seem to have a natural kinship with animals. to stand around or hang out in an area. (relationship.
(loaf. usually as a form of protection SYNONYMS imitation. (imitation) minatory (adjective) DEFINITION posing a threat or menace SYNONYMS threatening. foreboding. I was at the beach. feign illness) mimicry (noun) DEFINITION 1. the imitation by a living thing of something else. dodge. perilous ANTONYMS . all on the same day. imitation of others. (slacking. menacing. caricature. 2. during which time graduating students opt to malinger rather than attend class. (imitation. ominous. parody ANTONYMS differentiation USAGE EXAMPLES The late night talk show host is known for his impressive mimicry of famous people. really. parody) Children love to annoy one another with mimicry.USAGE EXAMPLES I was just malingering when I called in sick. mockery. faking illness) Senior ditch day is a tradition at many high schools. resemblance. impersonation.
radiant. forged) motility (noun) DEFINITION ability to move independently SYNONYMS . heated ANTONYMS frozen USAGE EXAMPLES This mountain was once an active volcano that spewed molten lava every few years. molded. (molded. 2. 3. threatening) molten (adjective) DEFINITION 1. formed and shaped with heat SYNONYMS melted. auspicious USAGE EXAMPLES The travelers considered the gathering clouds to be a minatory sign. forged.benign. glowing. liquefied. (menacing. ominous) He made a minatory suggestion that someone might get hurt if they didn't cooperate in the scheme. glowing from intense heat. (glowing. but it is now dormant. (threatening. melted or turned from solid to liquid form by heat. melted) The specialty shop shapes molten silver into shapes of flowers and animals.
(mobility) The amazing thing about vines is that they have motility. beginning to develop SYNONYMS new. evolving. so I would buy in now. motion. (new. budding. newly coming into existence. (mobility. 2. initial. stillness USAGE EXAMPLES Infertility can occur if a male's sperm have low motility. 2. developing. (budding. a recently invented word. movement. the practice of coming up with or coining new words SYNONYMS . incipient ANTONYMS old. developing) The nascent industry is sure to boom. progress ANTONYMS immobility.mobility. growing. independent movement) nascent (adjective) DEFINITION 1. new) neologism (noun) DEFINITION 1. dying USAGE EXAMPLES The nascent community outreach program was already beginning to garner results. primary.
scornful. expressing harsh criticism or scorn. (shameful) palindrome (noun) DEFINITION a word. proud. (harsh. offensive. insulting. shameful ANTONYMS appreciative. (coined word) Merriam Webster's website suggested "chillaxin" as a possible neologism combining the words "chilling" and "relaxing. whether read forwards or backwards SYNONYMS . contemptible.new word. honorable USAGE EXAMPLES The CEO had opprobrious words for his sales department after another weak month. abusive. or number that reads the same. critical. shameful and worthy of contempt SYNONYMS critical. scurrilous. complimentary. disgraceful. worthy. phrase." (new word) opprobrious (adjective) DEFINITION 1. reputable. derogatory. coined word ANTONYMS USAGE EXAMPLES The teacher circled the word "horrification" on the student's paper and wrote "neologism?" with a question mark. 2. infamous. derogatory) It was an opprobrious title to be named "Worst Player" on the team.
minor. consequence. punishment. small in significance. measly. damnation. the state of everlasting suffering or punishment--hell or damnation SYNONYMS hell. bliss USAGE EXAMPLES The priest believed the man's drinking habits were sending him on the road to perdition. abyss. trivial. damnation) The pastor preached about eternal life and the flames of perdition. 2. inconsequent. importance. immature. (hell) petty (adjective) DEFINITION 1.ANTONYMS USAGE EXAMPLES She amused herself by thinking up palindromes like "dump mud" and "straw warts. torment ANTONYMS heaven. was easy to remember because it formed a palindrome. negligible. 123-4321. frivolous. suffering. (number that's the same backward as forward) perdition (noun) DEFINITION in many religions. (suffering. narrow in outlook-childish SYNONYMS small. agony. childish . anguish. or amount." (phrases that are the same read backward as forward) Her telephone number. utopia.
2. happy USAGE EXAMPLES The plaintive plaintiff cried throughout the trial. free from physical desire (as in love). pitiful. insignificant) His petty comment about the ugliness of my dress actually hurt my feelings. pure. woeful) The plaintive song put everyone in a somber mood. glad. spiritual. non-lustful . woeful. mature USAGE EXAMPLES The company has petty cash on hand for smaller purchases like lunch and other incidentals. (trivial.ANTONYMS significant. (mournful. (small. intellectual. wholesome. immature) plaintive (adjective) DEFINITION showing or expressing sadness--sorrowful SYNONYMS melancholy. sufficient. referring to Plato and his philosophies SYNONYMS non-physical. meaningful. mournful ANTONYMS cheerful. pathetic. (melancholy) platonic (adjective) DEFINITION 1. sorrowful.
indoctrinate. influence. (of Plato) propinquity (noun) DEFINITION closeness in proximity. uniqueness USAGE EXAMPLES The geographical propinquity of the two countries made trade between them natural. closeness) The couple broke up because of a lack of propinquity. (wholesome. time or place SYNONYMS closeness. change. relationship. kinship. proximity. neighborhood. their relationship was strictly platonic. convince. nature. (proximity. persuade. sensual USAGE EXAMPLES Although Mark and Susie spent a lot of time together. emotional closeness) proselytize (verb) DEFINITION to convert or try to convert someone to a different religion SYNONYMS convert. (connection.ANTONYMS amorous. nearness. connection. nonphysical) The philosophy professor liked to teach Platonic principles to her students. proselyte . similarity ANTONYMS distance. vicinity.
(widely known. commonly referred to) His proverbial bad temper is feared by his family.) to gulp down a drink in a hearty. spirited manner. draft ANTONYMS (v. gulp. familiar ANTONYMS USAGE EXAMPLES The proverbial key to success in the service industry is to remember that time is money.) ale.) sip . noun) DEFINITION (v. swig. (n. (widely known. widely known. (n.) drink. 2. relating to or used in a proverb. college student. swallow.ANTONYMS USAGE EXAMPLES The missionary tried to proselytize people to her religion. (convert) The cult members tried to proselytize the young. beverage. familiar) quaff (verb.) a hearty draft or drink SYNONYMS (v. widely known and spoken of SYNONYMS spoken of. convince) proverbial (adjective) DEFINITION 1. guzzle. (influence.
) rage. whim ANTONYMS regularity. attack. peculiarity. roar. irregularity. (habit) rant (verb. yell. (oddity) She hated her boyfriend's quirk of wearing socks with sandals. (beverage) quirk (noun) DEFINITION 1.USAGE EXAMPLES I was so thirsty when I got back from my jog that I quaffed a whole pitcher of iced tea. lecture ANTONYMS (v. angry. an unsuspected twist in an event SYNONYMS oddity. harangue.) tirade. and often confusing SYNONYMS (v. habit. (n. (guzzled) The wine may have been cheap. and angry way. rave.) a speech that is long. but it was also a flavorful quaff. rail. sameness USAGE EXAMPLES Her car had a quirk. in order to hear the radio. uncontrolled. twist. 2. declaim. the headlights had to be off. noun) DEFINITION (v. an odd habit or mannerism. mannerism. idiosyncrasy.) to speak in a loud. (n.) whisper. placate .
obscure. 2. explain. think. roar) No one listened to the teacher's rant about the importance of paying attention. confuse USAGE EXAMPLES She didn't understand how anyone could rationalize such an extravagant purchase. mystical. clarify. secret ANTONYMS . intellectualize ANTONYMS complicate. thinking through) recondite (adjective) DEFINITION very difficult. and generally only understood by experts SYNONYMS academic. esoteric. tirade) rationalize (verb) DEFINITION 1. cryptic. apply reason or logic to something SYNONYMS justify. profound. involved.USAGE EXAMPLES The angry protesters continued to rant about their issue. (lecture. reason. (yell. difficult. (reasoning. abstruse. puzzle. excuse. to defend or make excuses for something. rage. (justify) She tried to get her children to use logical problem solving when rationalizing answers to math questions.
) a person who refuses to accept or conform to established authority or standards of conduct.simple. rebel. disobedient ANTONYMS law-abiding USAGE EXAMPLES The recusant student refused to take finals along with the rest of the students.) refusing to obey authority SYNONYMS (n. open USAGE EXAMPLES The students struggled through the recondite material. based on his and his followers' unwillingness to accept certain time-honored policies. disobedient) riveting (adjective) DEFINITION arousing and holding the attention of SYNONYMS fascinating. (adj. (defiant) The recusant priest established a new wing of the church. cryptic) recusant (noun. enthralling. captivating . (abstruse. defiant. lawless. insurgent. clear. abstruse) Quantum mechanic theory is a recondite subject for the average person. (dissentient. easy.) insurgent.) non-conformist. spellbinding. dissentient. (difficult. (adj. rebellious. adjective) DEFINITION (n.
grouchy. captivating) I was riveted to the television as news of the events unfolded. dull. harsh. specialist. uninteresting.ANTONYMS boring. educator. common USAGE EXAMPLES I found the movie riveting and was on the edge of my seat the whole time. expert. gruff) savant (noun) DEFINITION a smart or scholarly person SYNONYMS authority. sullen) We knew he was in a seriously bad mood by his saturnine behavior. and overly serious SYNONYMS irritable. crabby. professor. sullen. surly. scholar. sweet USAGE EXAMPLES The high school students were in a saturnine mood after they got caught skipping class. fixed) saturnine (adjective) DEFINITION gloomy. (irritable. whiz . (enthralling. gruff ANTONYMS happy. pleasant. (held. (surly. bitter. genius.
shabby. unrespectable. trashy. sleazy ANTONYMS well-made. whiz) shoddy (adjective) DEFINITION 1. 2. poorly constructed. shabbily) sodden (adjective) DEFINITION thoroughly and completely wet SYNONYMS . (genius. junky. (expert. inferior. junky) It was a pretty shoddily written novel. showing little consideration or integrity SYNONYMS cheap. expensive USAGE EXAMPLES The new roof leaked because it was poorly constructed from shoddy materials. it seemed to be thrown together very quickly and without much editing.ANTONYMS dummy USAGE EXAMPLES My tutor was a math savant who could solve all of my calculus problems. (poorly. specialist) The child had learning disabilities in school but was a savant when it came to music. (cheap.
(soaked. (adj. waster. sopped. high-roller. saturated. 2. designer clothes. prudent. wasteful in spending SYNONYMS (n. someone who is wasteful with money. adjective) DEFINITION 1. improvident ANTONYMS restrained. waster. doused. (drenched) After the flood. (wasteful. steeped ANTONYMS dry. prodigal. careless) subsume (verb) DEFINITION . frugal USAGE EXAMPLES She was a spendthrift who went shopping everyday and always bought expensive. residents had to clean up their sodden homes and belongings. parched. squanderer) The spendthrift politician spent his entire campaign budget long before the election.wet.) spender. soaked.) wasteful. squanderer. drenched. the field was simply too sodden for play. drenched) spendthrift (noun. careless. profligate. arid USAGE EXAMPLES The baseball game was cancelled because of the rain. (spender. moderate.
to wrap or bandage something. constrict. embody.) unwrap. bind. combine ANTONYMS exclude. cover. 2. enveloped) syllogism (noun) .) 1. incorporated) The new computer program is likely to subsume its predecessor. incorporate) swathe (verb. burp. incorporate. envelop. close out USAGE EXAMPLES Smaller companies are frequently subsumed into large conglomerates. swaddle) The colorful wraps that swathed the models at the fashion show would probably look ridiculous anywhere but on the runway. covered. dress. consume. bar. bare USAGE EXAMPLES The new mother had to learn how to dress. to constrict something. include. involve. (combined. uncover. enclose. wrap. (wrap.) a bandage or binding SYNONYMS (v. and swathe her baby.) bandage. (n. noun) DEFINITION (v.to incorporate something into a larger group SYNONYMS include. contain. (dressed. diaper. swaddle ANTONYMS (v. (contain.
mock ANTONYMS natural. reasoning) On sunny days. reasoning. real USAGE EXAMPLES I thought the sweater was made of wool. good sense ANTONYMS random guess USAGE EXAMPLES Mike took the administrative job based on a simple syllogism -. so he took it. (deduction. man-made. deduction. Today. manufactured. it is sunny. organic. (logic. manufactured) tarry . connection. (artificial. connection) synthetic (adjective) DEFINITION made from artificial substances. man-made. rationale. unnatural. fabricated. Based on this syllogism. inference.he needed insurance. not naturally made SYNONYMS artificial. unnatural) Jane will not use synthetic sweeteners because she does not believe they are safe. unnatural. but it was actually made from synthetic fibers. Mary rides her bike to work. we know that Mary rode her bike to work today. the administrative job offered him insurance. (artificial.DEFINITION a form of logic where a conclusion is drawn from two premises SYNONYMS logic.
disposition. (personality. linger.(verb. outlook. wait. (loiter.) tar-like ANTONYMS (v. to wait or hesitate. rush USAGE EXAMPLES We can't tarry around campus all day. character) My usually patient temperament was put to the test when I was stuck in an elevator for hours. loiter. personality. (delay. character. attitude.) 1. wait) temperament (noun) DEFINITION a person's usual mood or disposition SYNONYMS disposition. mood. hang around. (adj.) hurry. (adj.) delay. hang around. wait) Don't tarry too long. or you'll miss the bus. procrastinate. disposition) turbid . temper ANTONYMS USAGE EXAMPLES I am looking for a dog that likes children and has a sweet temperament. we need to go home and get started on the project. to stay someplace longer than necessary.) like tar SYNONYMS (v. stall. adjective) DEFINITION (v. (attitude. 2.
blurred. unambiguous. blurred. mucky) Many turbid thoughts raced through his head. hazy. categorical ANTONYMS ambiguous.(adjective) DEFINITION 1. translucent USAGE EXAMPLES I still enjoyed the snorkeling trip. certain. (muddy. unambiguous) When delegating tasks and giving out orders. confused) unequivocal (adjective) DEFINITION clear and definite. clouded because of sediment. 2. confused SYNONYMS muddy. unambiguous) . clean. especially said of water. unquestionable. my sister and I were to stop fighting immediately. muddled. (unquestionable. allowing no doubt or confusion SYNONYMS definite. clear. confused ANTONYMS clear. positive. definite. it is important to use unequivocal terms so that no one is confused. (muddled. uncertain USAGE EXAMPLES My mother's message was clear and unequivocal. questionable. even though the water was too turbid to see many fish. (unquestionable. absolute. swampy. unclear. keeping him awake most of the night. mucky. transparent. indisputable.
(genuine. real) unwonted (adjective) DEFINITION rare and unusual SYNONYMS unusual. (rare. earnest ANTONYMS pretended.(heartfelt. uncommon. unique. real. ordinary.unfeigned (adjective) DEFINITION genuine and sincere. odd. sincere. incredible. unusual) . odd) The man's politeness in giving up his bus seat to a stranger seemed unwonted in today's society. trustworthy. heartfelt. fake. real) His apology seemed unfeigned and sincere. artificial. weird. sincere. weird. her unfeigned surprise was priceless. uncommon. rare ANTONYMS common. true. usual USAGE EXAMPLES The bright fuchsia pants were an unwonted and unwanted gift from my grandmother. feigned USAGE EXAMPLES When Bob proposed to Jane. not pretended SYNONYMS genuine. (unusual.
completion. (v. to be immersed in something. effect ANTONYMS beginning USAGE EXAMPLES A new study states that the city does not have an adequate number of hospitals to accommodate its residents. verb) DEFINITION (n. bask ANTONYMS (n.) a large. excitement. jumble.) calm. finish. outcome) The upshot of the report is that the company will have to let 500 employees go in order to maintain a profit. (result. to roll about--wallow. like a liquid SYNONYMS (n. The upshot of the study is that the city needs two additional hospitals. confused. (outcome. conclusion. order USAGE EXAMPLES . outcome. turmoil.) commotion. result) welter (noun. confusion.) 1.upshot (noun) DEFINITION the final result of something SYNONYMS result. or disorderly group of things. conclusion. fuss. soak. wallow. 2.) roll. ending. (v. conclusion. consequence.
soak) . jumble) I did not want Josh to welter in sorrow over his unemployment. (confusion. (roll. so I took him out to dinner.My paper somehow got lost in the welter of stuff on my desk. wallow.
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