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PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2010

FIZIK

PERATURAN PERMARKAHAN

KERTAS 1, KERTAS 2 & KERTAS 3

Physics Paper 1 Trial Examination SBP 2010 Marking Scheme 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 B D D A D C B D C B A C D B B A B D A A C C C A B 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 B A A C A B A D A B B C D C B D D D D A C B C A A [ 50 marks ] .

Normal force. P2 = 219. Temperature is change into kelvin scale and correct substitution 200 kPa = 303 2. Resulting in complete combustion. R acting upwards 500 N // 490 N 1. Air from the outside is pushed (sucked) into the hole 1 2. R = mg + ma // R = 500 + 100 2. Total P2 333 1 3 (a) (i) (ii) (b) (c) 1 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 . Concave lens Convex lens 1. Hit the wall of the tyre with higher velocity/momentum since the volume of tyre is constant.1 > 5.1 < 5.2 Image must be on the retina.8 kPa Total 4 (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) 5 (a) (b) (i) (ii) (c) (d) (i) (ii) (e) When the lift accelerate upwards // Diagram 4(b) 1. Correct shape of lens (concave) drawn in the box 2. 1 Total 5 Pressure increases 1 1 1. Weight acting downwards 2. Light rays diverge after passing through concave lens then converge on the retina after passing through eye lens. 2010 PART A: No 1 (a) (b) (i) (ii) (c) 2 (a) (i) (ii) (b) (c) Answer Maximum displacement from the rest point C The length of pendulum C same as A Resonance Mark 1 1 1 1 Total 4 Bernoulli’s principle 1 Y 1 Gas flow out the nozzle at highest speed 1 1.MARKING SCHEME PAPER 2.2 Image distance 5. 1 Pressure Law 1 1. R = 600 N zero Total Refraction Object distance 5. Temperature increases// kinetic energy of air molecules increases 2.

Bar magnet pushed away 1. Increase the number of turns of coil 2. Because total/effective resistance decreases Total North pole 1. Decreases 2.1 > 6. Y becomes North pole / same pole as the bar magnet / force of repulsion Iron rod is still attracted to the coil Bar magnet will oscillate/ vibrate Relay switch // electric bell etc Total The half-life of a radioactive material is the time taken for the activity of radioactive fall to half its original activity From graph T1/2 = 5000 years a: 227 b: 90 Proton: 89 Neutron: 227-89//138 -Beta -can penetrate the box Long half-life Long lasting 1 (b) (i) (ii) (iii) (c) (i) (ii) (d) 7 (a) (b) (c) (i) (ii) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12 (d) (i) (ii) (e) 8 (a) (b) (c) (i) (ii) (d) (i) (ii) (e) C Total . Resistance 6.2 As the cross sectional area increases. Cross sectional area 6.1 > 6.2 > 6. X becomes South pole and still attract the iron rod 2. resistance decreases 1. Soft iron rod is attracted to the coils 2.6 (a) Resistance is the ratio of potential difference to the current flow // a device that resists/impedes the current/electron flow in a circuit.2 Current for both circuits are the same.1 Potential difference 6. Increase magnitude of current / reduce resistance in the rheostat 1.

Cross-sectional area of piston A is smaller than piston B to produce large output force. Pressure is produced and transmitted uniformly throughout the liquid towards piston B // Pascal’s Principle 3.PART B: NO. Pressure multiply by the surface area of piston B will produce the output force that lift load M. As the density of liquid decreases. When force is applied to piston A 2. 3. 4. Weight and the buoyant force are equal and the same in both cases. Density of liquid P is higher. Oil as liquid Reasons Small force can produce bigger force /torque to press piston A Liquid can flow in one direction and does not back flow Liquid flows back to the storage reservoir To produce large output force. 4. MARK SUB TOTAL 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 (ii) (b) 1. 1. the lower the bottle floats. When density of liquid decreases the volume of liquid displaced increases to produce the same buoyant force. 9 9(a) (i) MARKING CRITERIA Sum of two or more forces to produce one resultant force. 1 1 1 1 4 (c) Suggestion Fix a long handle on piston A Equip the hydraulic jack with valves Use released valves Piston A is made smaller // piston B bigger. 2 2 2 2 2 10 Does not evaporate easily // does not flow out easily// prevent from rust. Bottle in liquid Q floats lower 2. 5. 20 marks .

1 // Current flow in Diagram 10.2 the p end of diode is connected to positive terminal of dry cell Bulb in Diagram 10.10 10 (a) MARKING CRITERIA MARK SUB TOTAL Doping is a process of adding a certain amount of specific impurities 1 1 to semiconductors to increase their conductivity • Diagram 10.NO.2 The bulb will lights up when the p end of diode is connected to the positive terminal of dry cell // vice versa Current only flow in the circuit when p end of diode is connected to positive terminal of dry cell or in forward bias (b) 1 1 1 1 1 • • • • 5 (c) (i) (ii) Draw correct symbol and correct direction Draw smooth waveform Capasitors store charge when current flow Capasitor discharge when current does not flow 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 LDR is replace by termistor / diagram resistance decrease when temperature increase Termistor is place at R1 and R1 replace LDR / diagram So that V across R1 increase when the room is hot Relay switch replace LED To switch on secondary circuit /to switch on the fan Fans are arranged parallel All fans received 240 V power supply / other fans still functioning even though one fan did not function 9 Resistor connected to the base of transistor 10 limit the current to the transistor 1 3 4 (d) 10 10 20 marks .1.1 does not lights up No current flow in Diagram 10. the p end of diode is connected to negative terminal of dry cell // Diagram 10.

high potential energy and will change to high kinetic energy. The energy and momentum from the first ball is transferred to the second ball and then transmitted through the balls at rest to the ball on the other end.05)(0. 1 1 1 • • 1 1 • 1 • 1 4 (c) The balls touch each other The type of material used to make the balls is steel Two strings used to hang each ball the position of the ball to start the oscillation 2 2 2 2 2 10 The most suitable design is Q because the ball s touch each other. it strikes the second ball which is at rest and comes to a dead stop.04 / 0.8 N 1 1 1 1 1 5 .04 kgms-1 (iii) Impulsive force = -0.05 = 0. Because the momentum and energy is maintained in this system. The momentum of the ball becomes zero as its velocity is zero. use two strings attached to each ball and the initial position of the ball is high. High position of the ball. This string arrangement restricts the balls’ movements to the same plane. the ball on the opposite side will move at the same velocity as the ball that were in initial motion (any four) This will reduce losses of energy which will reduce the speed of the balls Steel balls are hard and produce highly elastic collision.m2u2 = 0 – (0. made from steel.33 ms-1 (ii) m1v1 . The last end ball will swing at bigger speed.8) = -0. Energy can easily propagates through the intermediate balls. The Principle of Conservation of Momentum states that in a collision between two objects the total momentum of the objects in the system remains unchanged.PART C: QUESTION 11: (a) (b) The Principle of Conservation of Momentum / Energy • When the ball on one end is pulled up and let to fall. (d)(i) m1u1+ m2u2= m1v1 + m2v2 (5)(0.8) + (3)(0) = 0 + (3) v2 v2 = 1.

5 Hz 1 1 1 5 (ii) V = λ f = 0. concrete retaining wall . high wall and smaller slit 2 2 2 2 2 10 (c) (i) f = v λ = 6 0. 12.75 cm 1 1 20 marks .5 = 3.8 = 7.QUESTION 12: NO.5 x 7.(a) (i) (ii) MARKING CRITERIA Refraction wave move from deeper to shallow area the wavelength decrease the speed decrease the direction of wave bends towards normal MARK SUB TOTAL 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 (b) Characteristics Bay Concrete retaining wall High wall Smaller opening/ aperture / slit of retaining wall P Reason Wave is calmer Stronger/ / lasting Prevent high wave Diffraction obvious // low wave energy At bay.

Repeat the experiment and find the average.0 v/cm 12. v and m.a smooth best straight line F .36 1.5 11.MARKING SCHEME PAPER 3 2010 No. v and m correctly in the table.v and m.15 1. u/cm 9. v and m.00 0.0 10.The eye’s of observer must be perpendicular to the scale reading in 1 order to avoid the parallax error.a smooth best straight line F .4 Mark 1 1 1 6 m 1.minimum size of the graph is 5 x 4 squares of 2 x 2 cm.0 12.minimum size of the graph is 5 x 4 squares of 2 x 2 cm. A .9 9.Label y-axis and x-axis correctly B .0 10. B State the correct unit of u.0 14.67 (c) Draw the graph of v against m . v Constant variable = Volume of water used. A Shows a table u. u Responding variable = Image distance.Label y-axis and x-axis correctly B . 1 (a) (i) (ii) (iii) (b) Answer Manipulated variable = Object distance. C All values of u are correct D All values of v are correct E All values of m are correct F State a consistent decimal place for u. TOTAL 16 5 1 .87 0. No of ticks Score 6 5 5 4 3-4 3 2 2 1 1 (d) (e) State the correct relationship based on the candidate’s graph v is directly proportional to m // v is increasing linearly to m 1.5 points correctly plotted: E .Both axes with the even and uniform scale: D . Draw the graph of v against m .States the unit at the axis correctly C . 2.2 11.Both axes with the even and uniform scale: D . V Tabulate u.5 points correctly plotted: E .76 0.0 13.States the unit at the axis correctly C .0 11. A .4 9.

5 = 3 x 108 v -Correct answer with correct unit v = 2 x 108 ms-1 1 1 1 (c) 1 1 (d) -State one precaution correctly. Make sure do the experiment in the dark room. -Show the vertical line corresponding to sin r at point 0.6440 1 1 1 1 1 1 (iii) -Draw a sufficiently large triangle minimum (8 x 8) cm -Correct substitution (Follow candidate’s triangle) 0. -Identify the value of sin i = 0.2.5 -Correct substitution 1. 3.6 -State the value of i correctly = 0.4. 1 12 . Position of eyes are perpendicular to the scale. 2. Repeat the experiment and calculate the average.5 (b) n = gradient n = 1. 1.6 -Correct answer and no unit 1.9 0. (a) (i) (ii) Sin i is directly proportional to sin r.

. metre rule Arrangement of apparatus : 1 1 1 1 State the method of controlling the manipulated variable • A rod which is 10 cm long is marked at intervals of 1 cm and suspended from the hook of a spring balance. W is recorded.0 cm and reading on the spring balance.Marking Scheme Section B 3 (a) (b) 1 (c)(ii) 1 1 State a suitable inference The buoyant force can be determined by finding the weight of water displaced State a relevant hypothesis The more the rod is immersed. the lower the reading on the spring balance State the aim of experiment To investigate the relationship between weight of water displaced and the buoyant force State the manipulated variable and the responding variable 1 Manipulated : length of rod below the liquid level Responding : weight/ loss in weight 1 State ONE variable that kept constant Density of liquid Complete list of apparatus and materials Beaker. rod. spring balance. • The experiment is started by lowering the rod to depth of 5.

0 cm. i.e.0 cm and 9.1 State the method of measuring the responding variable • The length of rod below the liquid level is measured and the reading on the spring balance is recorded. 7.0 cm Tabulation of data: h/ cm 1 W/ N Analyse the data . W/N 1 h/cm Total marks 12 . 8. H = 6.0 cm. Repeat the experiment at least 4 times • The experiment is repeated by lowering the rod to different depths.

4 (a) (b) State a suitable inference 1 The distance between 2 loud speaker affect the distance between 2 loud or soft sound. the distance between two consecutive constructive or destructive interference is decrease. 1 State the method of measuring the responding variable 1 • the distance between two successive loud regions is measured by a metre rule = x . measuring tape. x State ONE variable that kept constant 1 Distance between the source and the screen. The listener is requested to walk in a straight path from left to right. audio signal/frequency generator. Use a distance between two loud speaker. State the manipulated variable and the responding variable 1 Manipulated : Distance between two coherent sources. Arrangement of apparatus : 1 1 State the method of controlling the manipulated variable • • • • By using a metre rule the distance between the listener from the loudspeaker is measured= D The audio-frequency generator is switched on. a Responding : Distance between two consecutive constructive or destructive Interference.0m. (c)(ii) 1 State the aim of experiment To investigate the relationship between two coherent sources and the distance between two consecutive constructive and destructive interference. State a relevant hypothesis 1 When the distance between two coherent sources of sound is increase. connection wire. Complete list of apparatus and materials 1 Loud speaker. power supply. a= 1.

0 1. 2.0 2.5m.5 2.0m.0m. Tabulation of data: a/m 1 1. a/m x/m 1 x/cm Total marks 12 .Repeat the experiment at least 4 times • The experiment is repeated using a distance between two loud speaker a=1.5 3. 2.5m and 3.0 Analyse the data .

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