PRESIDENTIAL DECREE (P.D.) NO.

1096 ADOPTING A NATIONAL BUILDING CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES (NBCP) THEREBY REVISING REPUBLIC ACT NUMBERED SIXTY-FIVE HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (R.A. No. 6541)
WHEREAS, the country's accelerating economic and physical development, coupled with urbanization and population growth, makes imperative the formulation and adoption of a uniform building code which shall embody up-to-date and modern technical knowledge on building design, construction, use, occupancy and maintenance; WHEREAS, while there is Republic Act No. 6541, entitled "An Act to Ordain and Institute a National Building Code of the Philippines", the same does not conform with the developmental goals and infrastructure program of the Government and does not adequately provide for all the technological requirements of buildings and structures, in terms of up-to-date design and construction standards and criteria; WHEREAS, in the formulation of a new national building code, it is desire and policy of the Government to avail of and harness the technical expertise and professional know-how to men not only in the public but in the private sectors as well. NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby order and decree the revision of Republic Act. No. 6541 to read as follows:

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
Section 101. Title. This Decree shall be known as the "National Building Code of the Philippines" and shall hereinafter be referred to as the "Code". Section 102. Declaration of Policy. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the State to safeguard life, health, property, and public welfare, consistent with the principles of sound environmental management and control; and to this end, make it the purpose of this Code to provide for all buildings and structures, a framework of minimum standards and requirements to regulate and control their location, site, design quality of materials, construction, use, occupancy, and maintenance. Section 103. Scope and Application. (a) The provisions of this Code shall apply to the design, location, sitting, construction, alteration, repair, conversion, use, occupancy, maintenance, moving, demolition of, and addition to public and private buildings and structures, except traditional indigenous family dwellings as defined herein. (b) Building and/or structures constructed before the approval of this Code shall not be affected thereby except when alterations, additions, conversions or repairs are to be made therein in which case, this Code shall apply only to portions to be altered, added, converted or repaired.

Section 104. General Building Requirements. (a) All buildings or structures as well as accessory facilities thereto shall conform in all respects to the principles of the safe construction and must be suited to the purpose for which they are designed. (b) Buildings or structures intended to be used for the manufacture and/or production of any kind of article or product shall observe adequate environmental safeguards. (c) Buildings or structures and all parts thereof as well as all facilities found therein shall be maintained in safe, sanitary and good working condition. Section 105. Site Requirements. The land or site upon which will be constructed any building or structure, or any ancillary or auxiliary facility thereto, shall be sanitary, hygienic or safe. In the case of sites or buildings intended for use as human habitation or abode, the same shall be at a safe distance, as determined by competent authorities, from streams or bodies of water and/or sources ofr considered to be polluted; from a volcano or volcanic site and/or any other building considered to be a potential source of fire or explosion. Section 106. Definitions. As used in this Code, the words, terms and phrases enumerated in Annex "A" hereof shall have the meaning or definition, correspondingly provided therein.

CHAPTER II ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT
Section 201. Responsibility for Administration and Enforcement. The administration and enforcement of the provisions of this Code including the imposition of penalties for administrative violations thereof is hereby vested in the Secretary of Public Works, Transportation and Communications, hereinafter referred to as the "Secretary". Section 202. Technical Staff. The Secretary is hereby authorized to constitute and provide in his Department a professional staff composed of highly qualified architects, engineers and technicians who possess diversified and professional experience in the field of building design and construction. Section 203. General Powers and Functions of the Secretary under this Code. For purposes of carrying out the provisions of this Code, the Secretary shall exercise the following general powers and functions: (1) Formulate policies, plans, standards and guidelines on building design, construction, use occupancy and maintenance, in accordance with this Code. (2) Issue and promulgate rules and regulations to implement the provisions of this Code and ensure compliance with policies, plans, standards and guidelines formulated under paragraph 1 of this Section. (3) Evaluate, review, approve and/or take final action on changes and/or amendments to existing Referral Codes as well as on the incorporation of other referral codes which are not yet expressly made part of this Code.

(4)

Prescribe and fix the amount of fees and other charges that the Building Official shall collect in connection with the performance of regulatory functions.

Section 204. Professional and Technical Assistance. The Secretary with the assistance of his technical staff shall provide such professional, technical, scientific and other services including testing laboratories and facilities as may be required to carry out the provisions of this Code; Provided that the Secretary may secure such services as he may deem necessary from other agencies of the National Government and may make arrangement for the compensation of such services. He may also engage and compensate within appropriations available therefor, the services of such number of consultants, experts and advisers on full or part-time basis, as may be necessary, coming from the government or private businesses, entities or associations to carry out the provisions of this Code. Section 205. Building Officials. Except as otherwise provided herein, the Building Official shall be responsible for carrying out the provisions of this Code in the field as well as the enforcement of orders and decisions made pursuant thereto. Due to the exigencies of the service, the Secretary may designate incumbent Public Works District Engineers, City Engineers and Municipal Engineers act as Building Officials in their respective areas of jurisdiction. The designation made by the Secretary under this Section shall continue until regular positions of Building Official are provided or unless sooner terminated for causes provided by law or decree. Section 206. Qualifications of Building Officials. No person shall be appointed as a Building Official unless he possesses the following qualifications: 1. A Filipino citizen and of good moral character. 2. A duly registered architect or civil engineer. 3. A member of good standing of a duly accredited organization of his profession for not less than two years. 4. Has at least five years of diversified and professional experience in building design and construction. Section 207. Duties of a Building Official. In his respective territorial jurisdiction, the Building Official shall be primarily responsible for the enforcement of the provisions of this Code as well as of the implementing rules and regulations issued therefor. He is the official charged with the duties of issuing building permits. In the performance of his duties, a Building Official may enter any building or its premises at all reasonable times to inspect and determine compliance with the requirements of this Code, and the terms and conditions provided for in the building permit as issued. When any building work is found to be contrary to the provisions of this Code, the Building Official may order the work stopped and prescribe the terms and/or conditions when the work will be allowed to resume. Likewise, the Building Official is authorized to order the discontinuance of the occupancy or use of any building or structure or portion thereof found to be occupied or used contrary to the provisions of this Code.

Such standards. Section 210. Section 211. repair. Penal Provisions. Section 213. Every Building Official shall keep a permanent record and accurate account of all fees and other charges fixed and authorized by the Secretary to be collected and received under this Code. Exemption. It shall be unlawful for any person. the term "additional indigenous family dwelling" means a dwelling intended for the use and occupancy by the family of the owner only and constructed of native materials such as bamboo. use. construct. city or municipal treasurer and shall accrue to the General Fund of the province. remove. obligation expenses and sheriff's fees and payment of other prior years' obligations not adequately funded. subject to existing budgetary and auditing rules and regulations. The remaining eighty percent shall be deposited with the provincial. Any provision of law to the contrary notwithstanding. Use of Income from Fees. firm or corporation. city or municipality concerned. In the implementation of the provisions of this Code. the Secretary is hereby authorized to prescribe the procedures for the use of all net income realized by the office of the Building Official from the collection of fees and charges not exceeding twenty percent thereof in accordance with Section 208.Section 208. supplies and materials. occupy. rules and regulations shall take effect after their publication once a week for three consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation. As used in this Code. Such income may be used to cover necessary operating expenses including the purchase of equipment. alter. to erect. Section 209. demolish. Administrative Fines. accounting and auditing rules and regulations. For the violation of any of the provisions of this Code or any of the rules or regulations issued thereunder the Secretary is hereby empowered to prescribe and impose fines not exceeding ten thousand pesos. improve. or maintain any building or structure or cause the same to be done contrary to or in violation of any provision of this Code. nipa. be punished by a fine of not more . Any person. firm or corporation who shall violate any of the provisions of this Code and/or commit any act hereby declared to be unlawful shall upon conviction. traveling expenses. Section 212. enlarge. or lumber. equip. Public buildings and traditional indigenous family dwelling shall be exempt from payment of building permit fees. the Secretary shall formulate necessary rules and regulations and adopt design and construction standards and criteria for buildings and other structures. Subject to existing budgetary. Implementing Rules and Regulations. move. the Building Official is hereby authorized to retain not more than twenty percent of his collection for the operating expenses of his office. convert. Fees. the total cost of which does not exceed fifteen thousand pesos. logs.

The rights. This is without prejudice to further action that may be taken under the provisions of Articles 482 and 694 to 707 of the Civil Code of the Philippines. or safety. the penalty shall be imposed upon its officials responsible for such violation and in case the guilty party is an alien. Application for permits. that in the case of a corporation firm. (3) The use or occupancy for which the proposal work is intended.than twenty thousand pesos or by imprisonment of not more than two years or by both such fine and imprisonment: Provided. or abandonment. constitute a hazard to safety or health or public welfare because of inadequate maintenance. Section 216. or are otherwise dangerous to human life. vacation or demolition depending upon the degree of danger to life. move. signed and sealed by a duly mechanical engineer in case of mechanical plans. and by a registered electrical engineer in . Dangerous buildings are those which are herein declared as such or are structurally unsafe or not provided with safe egress. CHAPTER III PERMITS AND INSPECTION Section 301. firm or corporation. Every application shall provide at least the following information: (1) A description of the work to be covered by the permit applied for. Section 302. convert or demolish any building or structure or cause the same to be done without first obtaining a building permit therefor from the Building Official assigned in the place where the subject building is located or the building work is to be done. (4) Estimated cost of the proposed work. Other Remedies. Section 215. the Building Official shall order its repair. partnership or association. Section 214. When any building or structure is found or declared to be dangerous or ruinous. No person. repair. a copy of the contract of lease shall be submitted. he shall immediately be deported after payment of the fine and/or service of his sentence. construct. Dangerous and Ruinous Buildings or Structures. health. alter. (2) Certified true copy of the TCT covering the lot on which the proposed work is to be done. Building Permits. in addition to the TCT. dilapidation. including any agency or instrumentality of the government shall erect. obsolescence. Abatement of Dangerous Buildings. or which constitute a fire hazard. or which otherwise contribute to the pollution of the site or the community to an intolerable degree. To be submitted together with such application are at least five sets of corresponding plans and specifications prepared. In order to obtain a building permit. or which in relation to existing use. the applicant shall file an application therefor in writing and on the prescribed form from the office of the Building Official. If the applicant is not the registered owner. actions and remedies provided in this Code shall be in addition to any and all other rights of action and remedies that may be available under existing laws.

conform to the requirements of this Code and other pertinent rules and regulations. suspension or revocation of building permits on any or all of the following reasons or grounds: (a) Errors found in the plans and specifications. within fifteen days from payment of the required fees by the applicant. Non-Issuance. Whenever the issuance of a permit is based on approved plans and specifications which are subsequently found defective. the Building Official shall. issue the building permit applied for. modified or altered without the approval of the Building Official and the work shall be done strictly in accordance thereto. Suspension or Revocation of Building Permits. structural design. Approved plans and specifications shall not be changed. lines and grades. A building permit issued under the provisions of this Code shall expire and become null and void if the building or work authorized therein is not commenced within a period of one year from the date of such permit. The issuance of a building permit shall not be construed as an approval or authorization to the permittee to disregard or violate any of the provisions of this Code.case of electrical plans. the Building Official is not precluded from requiring permittee to effect the necessary corrections in said plans and specifications or from preventing or ordering the stoppage of any or all building operations being carried on thereunder which are in violation of this Code. Processing of Building Permits. Section 306. . (c) Non-compliance with the provisions of this Code or of any rule or regulation. When satisfied that the work described in an application for building permit and the plans and specifications submitted therewith. The Building Official may issue a permit for the construction of only a part or portion of a building or structure whenever the plans and specifications submitted together with the application do not cover the entire building or structure. except in those cases exempted or not required by the Building Official under this Code. The processing of building permits shall be under the overall administrative control and supervision of the Building Official and his technical staff of qualified professionals. Section 305. or if the building or work so authorized is suspended or abandoned at any time after it has been commenced. sanitary and sewerage. Validity of Building Permits. Section 304. Section 303. The Building Official may order or cause the non-issuance. for a period of 120 days. (b) In correct or inaccurate data or information supplied. In processing an application for a building permit. environmental health. the Building Official shall see to it that the applicant satisfies and conforms with approved standard requirements on zonings and land use. electrical and mechanical safety as well as with other rules and regulations promulgated in accordance with the provisions of this Code. Issuance of Building Permits.

Section 308. . The owner of the Building who is issued or granted a building permit under this Code shall engage the services of a duly licensed architect or civil engineer to undertake the full time inspection and supervision of the construction work. Appeal. The Certificate of Occupancy shall be posted or displayed in a conspicuous place on the premises and shall not be removed except upon order of the Building Official. the designing architect or civil engineer is not precluded from conducting inspection of the construction work to check and determine compliance with the plans and specifications of the building as submitted. Inspection and Supervision of Work. Upon completion of the construction. to the Building Official. The non-issuance. He shall also prepare and submit a Certificate of Completion of the project stating that the construction of building conforms to the provisions of this Code as well as with the approved plans and specifications. It is understood however that in either case. the said licensed architect or civil engineer shall submit the logbook.Notice of non-issuance. suspension and revocation of Certificates of Occupancy and the procedure for appeal therefrom shall be governed in so far as applicable. duly signed and sealed. Section 307. the applicant/permittee may file an appeal with the Secretary who shall render his decision within fifteen days from date of receipt of notice of appeal. weather conditions and other pertinent data are to be recorded. stating the reason or grounds therefor. it is found that the building or structure complies with the provisions of this Code. There shall be kept at the jobsite at all times a logbook wherein the actual progress of construction including tests conducted. Within fifteen (15) days from the date of receipt of advice of the non-issuance. No building or structure shall be used or occupied and no change in the existing use or occupancy classification of a building or structure or portion thereof shall be made until the Building Official has issued a Certificate of Occupancy therefor as provided in this Code. Certificate of Occupancy. suspension or revocation of building permits shall always be made in writing. Section 309. suspension or revocation of permits. A certificate of Occupancy shall be issued by the Building Official within thirty (30) days if after final inspection and submittal of a Certificate of Completion referred to in the preceding section. The decision of the Secretary shall be final subject only to review by the Office of the President. by the provisions of Section 306 and 307 of this Code. Such architect or civil engineer may or may not be the same architect or civil engineer who is responsible for the design of the building.

Walls. Structural elements may be any of the materials permitted by this Code: Provided. A building or structure which is located partly in one fire zone and . For purposes of this Code. Walls. and permanent partitions shall be of incombustible fireresistive construction: Except. Changes in Types. and promulgate rules and regulations therefor. Fire Zones Defined. No change shall be made in the type of construction of any building which would place the building in a different sub-type or type of construction unless such building is made to comply with the requirements for such sub-type of construction: Except. and resistance to fire. Type III buildings shall be of masonry and wood construction. Type I buildings shall be a wood construction. Type V buildings shall be fire-resistive. exists. that permanent non-bearing partitions of one-hour fire-resistive construction may use fire-retardant treated wood within the framing assembly. Types of Construction. iron. type of construction. Type II buildings shall be of wood construction with protective fire-resistant materials and one-hour fireresistive throughout: Except. Type IV buildings shall be of steel. relating to structural framework. that permanent non-bearing partitions may use fire-retardant treated wood within the framing assembly. Fire zones are areas within which only certain types of buildings are permitted to be constructed based on their use or occupancy. when the changes is approved by the Building Official upon showing that the new or proposed construction is less hazardous. Requirements on Type of Construction. The structural elements may be any of the materials permitted by this Code. Buildings located in more than One Fire Zone. Section 403. Type IV. concrete. or masonry construction.CHAPTER IV TYPES OF CONSTRUCTION Section 401. concrete. that the building shall be one-hour fire-resistive throughout. The structural elements shall be of steel. iron. and permanent partitions shall be of incombustible fire-resistive construction. all buildings proposed for construction shall be classified or identified according to the following types: (1) Type I. Type V. floors. Exterior walls shall be of incombustible fire-resistive construction. than the existing construction. ceiling. Section 502. and roofs. interior walls and enclosures. (2) (3) (4) (5) Section 402. based on life and fire risk. exterior walls and openings. Type II. ceilings. and stairs construction. or masonry construction. CHAPTER V REQUIREMENTS FOR FIRE ZONES Section 501. the Secretary shall prescribe standards for each type of construction. Subject to the provisions of this Chapter. Type III.

repaired or moved except as follows: (a) Such building is entirely demolished. the value of the work does not exceed twenty percent of the value of the existing building. Fire-resistive rating means the degree to which a material can withstand fire as determined by generally recognized and accepted testing methods. Designation of Fire Zones. Section 505. (c) Changes. Fire-Resistive Rating Defined. . and provided that. alterations and repairs may be made provided that in any 12-month period. and do not. and such buildings or structures shall be-completely removed upon the expiration of the time limit stated in such permits. Temporary Buildings. the center line of an adjoining street or alley may be considered an adjacent property line. Temporary building such as reviewing stands and other miscellaneous structures conforming to the requirements of this Code. provided that. such changes do not add additional combustible material. Section 504. The Secretary shall promulgate specific restriction for each type of Fire Zone. increase the fire hazard. as set forth in Sub-section 604 (b). Any building or structure moved within or into any fire zone shall be made to comply with all the requirements for buildings in that fire zone. For the purpose of this Chapter. Restrictions on Existing Buildings. using the same kind of materials of which the building or structure was originally constructed. typhoons or any fortuitous event may be repaired. Section 503. (d) Additions thereto are separated from the existing building by fire walls. the cost of such repair shall not exceed twenty percent of the replacement cost of the building or structure. Section 506. (e) Damage from fire or earthquake. Moved Building. (b) Such building is to be moved outside the limits of the more highly restrictive Fire Zone to a zone where the building meets the minimum standards.partly in another shall be considered to be in the more highly restrictive fire zone. Cities and municipalities shall be divided into such Fire Zones in accordance with local. and spatial framework plans submitted by city or municipal planning and/or development bodies. Section 507. in the opinion of the Building Official. Center Lines of Streets. may be erected in the fire zones by special permit from the Building Official for a limited period of time. canopies and fences used for the protection of the public around and in conjunction with construction work. Existing buildings or structures in fire zones that do not comply with the requirements for a new building erected therein shall not hereafter be enlarged. altered. physical. when more than one-third of its total floor area is located in such zone. and sheds. CHAPTER VI FIRE-RESISTIVE REQUIREMENTS IN CONSTRUCTION Section 601. Distances shall be measured at right angles to the street or alley. remodeled.

reformatories. Fire-Resistive Time Period Rating. All materials of construction. the installation of fire doors and windows and smoke and fire detectors for fire protective signaling system. Section 604. Hotels and Apartments Group B Occupancies shall be multiple dwelling units including boarding or lodging houses. Education and Recreation Group C Occupancies shall be buildings used for school or day-care purposes. row houses. (4) Group D. monasteries. or recreation. Fire-Resistive Standards. Mental hospitals. two-hours. The Secretary shall prescribe standards and promulgate rules and regulations on the testing of construction materials for flamespread characteristics. tests on fire damages. nursing homes with nonambulatory patients. (3) Group C. application and use of controlled interior finish. fire-resistive floor or roof ceiling. Section 603. Occupancy Classified.sa d Division 2.four-hours. threehours. apartment buildings. hotels. jails. CHAPTER VII CLASSIFICATION AND GENERAL REQUIREMENT OF ALL BUILDINGS BY USE OF OCCUPANCY Section 701. Nurseries for full-time care of children under kindergarten age. and buildings where personal liberties of inmates are similarly restrained. (2) Group B. . fire tests of building construction and materials. fire-resistive assemblies for protection of openings and fire-retardant roof coverings. Residential Dwellings Group A Occupancies shall be dwellings. Institutional Group D Occupancies shall include: Division 1. and not classified in Group I or in Division 1 and 2 or Group H Occupancies. (a) Buildings proposed for construction shall be identified according to their use or the character of its occupancy and shall be classified as follows: (1) Group A.Section 602. Fire-Resistive Regulations. involving assemblage for instruction. sanitaria. mental sanitaria. convents. and assemblies or combinations thereof shall be classified according to their fire-retardant or flame-spread ratings as determined by general accepted testing methods and/or by the Secretary. Residentials. and similar buildings each accommodating more than five persons. etc. door assemblies and tinclad fire doors and window assemblies. fire-resistive walls and partitions. education. and other similar building each of which accommodates more than ten persons. hospitals. Fire-resistive time period rating is the length of time a material can withstand being burned which may be one-hour. prisons. fireresistive protection for structural members.

dry cleaning plants using flammable liquids. Division 2. planning mills and box factories. Wholesale and retail stores. homes for children of kindergarten age or over. factories and workshops using incombustible and non-explosive materials.Division 3. welding. police and fire stations. Division 2. and storage and sale rooms for incombustible and nonexplosive materials. Division 3. storage garages and boot storage structures where no work is done except exchange of parts and maintenance requiring no open flame. pumping plants. Storage and Hazardous Group G Occupancies shall include: Division 1. Division 3. (8) Group H. Industrial Group F Occupancies shall include: ice plants. processed or generated. that Group D Occupancies shall not include buildings used only for private or family group dwelling purposes. (5) Group E. power plants. Gasoline filling and service stations. warehouses where highly combustible material is store. Division 5. Business and Mercantile Group E Occupancies shall include: Division 1. Group G. each accommodating more than five persons: Provided. rcraft repair hangers. Repair garages. paint stores with bulk handling. factories where loose combustible fibers or dust are manufactured. Storage and handling of flammable materials. cold storage. and creameries. office buildings. Storage and handling of hazardous and highly flammable material. paint shops and spray painting rooms. Division 4. shops. Wood working establishments. (6) Group F. drinking and dining establishments having an occupant load of less than one hundred persons. printing plants. Aircraft hangers and open parking garage with no repair work is done except exchange of parts and maintenance requiring no open flame. factories and workshops using not highly flammable or combustible materials and paint stores without bulk handlings. welding or the use of highly flammable liquids. Nursing homes for ambulatory patients. Assembly Other Than Group 1 Group H Occupancies shall include: (7) . or the use of highly flammable liquids.

Stadia. Accessory Group J Occupancies shall include: Division 1. nor more than ten percent of the basic area permitted in the occupancy requirements. Assembly Occupant Load 1000 or More Group I Occupancies shall be any assembly building with an age and an occupant load of 1000 or more in the building. reviewing stands. Mixed Occupancy. Other subgroupings or divisions within Groups A to J may be determined by the Secretary. Change in Use.80 meters high. (a) General Requirements When a building is of mixed occupancy or used for more than one occupancy. (9) Group I. sheds and agriculture buildings. No change shall be made in the character of occupancy or use of any building which would place the building in a different division of the same group of occupancy or in a different group of occupancies. Private garage. Division 4. and towers. (10) Group J. than the existing use. The character of occupancy of existing buildings may be changed subject to the approval of the Building Official and the building may be occupied or purposes set forth in other Groups: Provided the new or proposed use is less hazardous. based on life and fire risk. (b) over 1.Division 1. or about which there is any question shall be included in the Group which it most nearly resembles based on the existing or proposed life and fire hazard. amusement park structures not included within Group I or in Division 1. Any assembly building without a stage and having an occupant load of less than 300 in the building. 2. unless such building is made to comply with the requirements of this code for such division or group of occupancy. Division 3. Any other occupancy not mentioned specifically in this Section. Any assembly building with a stage and an occupant load of less than 1000 in the building. in (2) . Division 2. Section 703. Section 702. carports. Division 2. Any assembly building without stage and having an occupant load of 300 or more in the building. each portion of the building shall conform to the requirement of the particular occupancy housed therein and. the whole building shall be subject to the most restrictive requirement pertaining to any of the type of occupancy found therein except in the following: (1) When a one-storey building houses more than one occupancy. Fences tanks. and 3 of this Group. Where minor accessory uses do not occupy more than ten percent of the area of any floor or a building.

or when necessary. and where the occupancy separation is horizontal. the major use of the determine the occupancy classification. All openings in such separation shall be protected by a fire-assembly having a one-hour fire-resistive rating. that. The walls of such vertical enclosures shall be of not less than two-hour fire-resistive construction. All openings in walls forming such separation shall be protected by a fire assembly having a three-hour fireresistive rating.which case. . where any occupancy separation is required. or divisions of occupancies. and all openings therein shall be protected by a fireassembly having a three-hour fire-resistive rating. of such other forms as may be required to afford a complete separation between the various occupancy divisions in the building. All openings in floors forming a "Three-Hour FireResistive Occupancy Separation" shall be protected by vertical enclosures extending above and below such openings. All openings in such separation shall be protected by a fire-assembly having a two-hour fire-resistive rating. A "Four-Hour Fire-Resistive Occupancy Separation" shall have no openings therein and shall be of not less than four-hour fire resistive construction. Types of Occupancy Separation Occupancy separation shall be classified as "One-Hour FireResistive". (b) building Forms of Occupancy Separation Occupancy separations shall be vertical or horizontal or both. the minimum shall be a "One-Hour Fire-Resistive Occupancy Separation". The Secretary shall promulgate rules and regulations for appropriate occupancy separations in buildings of mixed occupancy: Provided. structural member supporting the separation shall be protected by an equivalent fire-resistive construction. The total width of all openings in any three-hour fire-resistive occupancy separation wall in any one-storey shall not exceed 25 per cent of the length of the wall in that storey and no single opening shall have an area greater than 10. subgroupings. "Three-Hour FireResistive" and "Four-Hour Fire-Resistive: (1) A "One-Hour Fire-Resistive Occupancy Separation" shall be of not less than one-hour fire-resistive construction. (c) (2) (3) (4) (d) Fire-Rating for Occupancy Separation Occupancy Separations shall be provided between groups. A "Two-Hour Fire-Resistive Occupancy Separation" shall be of not less than two-hour fire-resistive construction. "Two-Hour Fire Resistive".00 square meters. A "Three-Hour Fire-Resistive Occupancy Separation" shall be of not less than three-hour fire-resistive construction.

For the purpose of this Section. the center line of an adjoining street or alley shall be considered an adjacent property line. Distance shall be measured at right angles from the property line. streets or yards extending along and adjoining two or more sides of the building or structure subject to the approval of the Building Official. Section 707. and when the buildings so considered.Section 704. Maximum Height of Buildings. each portion of a building separation by one or more area separation walls may be considered a separate building provided the area separation walls meet the requirements prescribed therefor by the Secretary. Allowable Floor Area Increases. No Building shall be constructed unless it adjoins or has direct access to a public space yard or street on at least one of its sides. Projections beyond the exterior wall shall not exceed beyond a point one-third the distance from an assumed vertical plane located where the fire-resistive protection of openings is first required to the location on property whichever is the least restrictive. buildings on the same property and court walls shall be assumed to have a property line between them. When a new building is to be erected on the same property with an existing building. house different occupancies or are of different types of construction. (a) General. that two or more buildings on the same property may be considered as one building if the aggregate area of such building is within the limits of allowable floor areas for a single building. The allowable floor areas for one-storey building and buildings over one-storey shall not exceed the limits prescribed by the Secretary for each occupancy groups and/or types of construction. Provided. For purposes of this Section. Allowable Floor Areas. (b) Fire Resistance of Walls. the area shall be that allowed for the most restrictive occupancy or construction. The maximum height and number of storeys of every building shall be dependent upon the character of occupancy and the type of . Section 706. Eaves over required windows shall not be less than 750 millimeters from the side and rear property lines. The floor areas hereinabove provided may be increased in certain specific instances and under appropriate conditions. Buildings on Same Property and Buildings Containing Courts For the purpose of determining the required wall and opening protection. the sum of the areas of such openings in any storey shall not exceed 50 percent of the total area of the wall in that storey. based on the existence of public space. (c) Section 705. Exterior walls shall have fire resistance and opening protection in accordance with the requirements set forth by the Secretary. When openings in exterior walls are required to be protected due to distance from property line. the assume property line from the existing building shall be the distance to the property line for each occupancy as set forth by the Secretary. Location of Property.

Every dwelling shall be so constructed and arranged as to provide adequate light and ventilation as provided under Section 805. Each post shall be anchored to such footing by strap and bolts of adequate size. (b) Light and Ventilation. erected as part of a building and not used for habitation or storage are limited as to height only by structural design if completely of incombustible materials. Footing shall be of sufficient size and strength to support the load of the dwelling and shall be at least 250 millimeters thick and 600 millimeters below the surface of the ground. There shall be at least one entrance and another one for exit. of this Code. to the (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) . and steeples. The dimensions of wooden post shall be those found in Table 708-A Dimensions of Wooden Posts (Annex B-1). widths of streets and car parking requirements. Foundation. Roof . Sanitation.00 meters above the height limits for each occupancy group if of combustible materials. (a) Dwelling Location and Lot Occupancy. Post. Mechanical Requirements. Electrical Requirements. building bulk. The wind load for roofs shall be at least 120 kilograms per square meter for vertical projection. Stairs. that the height measured from the lowest adjoining surface shall not exceed such maximum height by more than 3. Floor. at least 150 kilograms per square meter. Section 708. All electrical installation shall conform requirements of the Philippine Electrical Code. with a rise of 200 millimeters and a minimum run of 200 millimeters. The height shall be measured from the highest adjoining sidewalk or ground surface: Provided.construction as determined by the Secretary considering population density. and subject to the provisions on Easement on Light and View of the Civil Code of the Philippines. Every dwelling shall be provided with at least one sanitary toilet and adequate washing and drainage facilities.00 meters: Except. Entrance and Exit. Minimum Requirements for Group A Dwellings. spires. shall be at least 2 meters from the property line. Stairs shall be at least 750 millimeters in clear width. The dwelling shall occupy not more than ninety percent of a corner lot and eighty percent of an inside lot. The live load of the first floor shall be at least 200 kilograms per square meter and for the second floor. or may extend not to exceed 6. that towers.

and area. and special hazards. Requirements for Other Group Occupancies. and equipped to provide adequate light and ventilation. nature. yards. Subject to the provisions of this Code. sills. and subject to the provisions of the local zoning requirements and in accordance with the rules and regulations promulgated by the Secretary. and location of the site. Section 804. exit facilities. light. (a) The measurement of site occupancy or lot occupancy shall be taken at the ground level and shall be exclusive of courts. height. location on property. (b) (c) All buildings shall face a street or public alley or a private street which has been duly approved. (a) Minimum size of courts and their least dimensions shall be governed by the use. ventilation. Section 709.Mechanical systems and/or equipment installation shall be subject to the requirement of the Philippine Mechanical Engineering Code. the Secretary shall promulgate rules and regulations for each of the other Group Occupancies covering: allowable construction. area. enclosures of vertical openings. General Requirements of Light and Ventilation. type of construction. No building shall be altered nor arranged so as to reduce the size of any room or the relative area of windows to less than that provided for buildings under this Code. Size and Dimensions of Courts. wall copings. and height of the building as provided in the rules and regulations promulgated by the Secretary. or to create an additional room. (a) Subject to the provisions of the Civil Code of the Philippines on Basement of Light and View and to the provisions of this part of the Code. yards. (a) Maximum site occupancy shall be governed by the use. CHAPTER VIII LIGHT AND VENTILATION Section 801.00 meters. type of construction. No building shall be enlarged so that the dimensions of the required court or yard would be less than that prescribed for such building. (b) Courts. fire extinguishing systems. (d) Section 802. . and light wells. Percentage of Site Occupancy. and light wells shall be measured clear of all projections from the walls enclosing such wells or yards with the exception of roof leaders. or steel fire escapes not exceeding 1. constructed. unless such additional room conforms to the requirements of this Code. Measurement of Site Occupancy. provided that the minimum horizontal dimension of court shall be not less than 2.20 meters in width. and height of the building and the use. and sanitation. Section 803. every building shall be designed.

3. Kitchens.80 meters above and below it. Such duct or intake shall have a minimum unobstructed cross-sectional area of not less than 0.70 meters and that for the second storey 2. 3. (a) Ventilation or vent shafts shall have a horizontal crosssectional area of not less than 0. (a) Minimum sizes of rooms and their least horizontal dimensions shall be as follows: 1. (a) Habitable rooms provided with artificial ventilation have ceiling heights not less than 2. Unless open to the outer at the top for its full area. 3.30 square meter (c) . Vent Shafts. or open water courses.40 meters measured from the floor to the ceiling. Section 809.90 meters. either by a passageway with a minimum width of 1.20 square meters with at least dimension of 0. Section 806. Workshops. School Rooms. 3. (b) Mezzanine floors shall have a clear ceiling height not less than 1. Air ducts shall open to a street or court by a horizontal duct or intake at a point below the lowest window opening.00 cubic meters with 1. Section 808. Section 807. and Offices. Factories.50 meters.(b) All inner courts shall be connected to a street or yard.00 2. (a) Minimum space shall be provided as follows: 1.00 square meter. 14. Ceiling Heights. Rooms for Human Habitations. the minimum ceiling height of the first storey shall be 2.70 meters.00 square meter of floor area per person. vent shaft shall be covered by a skylight having a net free area or fixed louver openings equal to the maximum required shaft area. shall be provided with a window or windows with a total free area of openings equal to at least ten percent of the floor area of room. not provided with artificial ventilation system as herein specified in this Code. 1.20 meters or by a door through a room or rooms. 12.00 square meters with at least dimensions of 2. public street or alley. Section 805. Habitable rooms.00 cubic meters of space per person.10 square meter for every meter of height of shaft but in no case shall the area be less than 1. 2. 6. Size and Dimensions of Rooms. yard. No vent shaft shall have its least dimension less than 600 millimeters. Window Openings. and such window shall open directly to a court. Air Space Requirements in Determining the Size of Rooms. (b) Skylights. (a) Every room intended for any use. Above stated rooms with a natural ventilation shall have ceiling height not less than 2.40 meters and succeeding storeys shall have an unobstructed typical head-room clearance of not less than 2.10 meters above the finished floor. Provided that for buildings of more than one-storey. Bath and toilet.00 cubic meters of space per person.00 square meters with at least dimension of 1.

45 cubic meter of air per minute shall be supplied for each person accommodated. For wards and dormitories of institutional buildings not less than 0. General. not less than three changes of air per hour shall be provided. Section 810. The openings to the duct or intake shall not be less than 300 millimeters above the bottom of the shaft and the street surface or level of court at the respective ends of the duct or intake. relocated or repaired for human habitation shall be provided with adequate and potable water supply. altered. (a) Rooms or spaces housing industrial or heating equipment shall be provided with artificial means of ventilation to prevent excessive accumulation of hot and/or polluted. restaurants. shall be followed. Artificial Ventilation. and suitable wastewater treatment or disposal system. For rooms entirely above grade and used for office. laundries other than accessory to dwellings. or as stores. markets. hotel or restaurant kitchens. 2. Ownership. the equipment shall be designed and constructed to meet the following minimum requirements in changes: 1. For other rooms or spaces not specifically covered under this Section of the Code. 5. CHAPTER IX SANITATION Section 901. (a) Skylights shall have glass area not less than that required for the windows that are replaced. and its Modification.03 cubic meter of air per minute shall be supplied for each person. and such other measures required . For rooms entirely above grade and used as bakeries. (b) Whenever artificial ventilation is required. Section 811. with seats or other accommodations not less than 0. noise abatement device. storm water drainage. remodeled. applicable provisions of the Philippine Mechanical Engineering Code. Ventilation Skylights. sales rooms. workshops. pest and vermin control. clerical. Subject to the provisions of Book II of the Civil Code of the Philippines on Property. or administrative purposes. For auditorium and other rooms used for assembly purposes.with a minimum dimension of 300 millimeters. 3. all buildings hereafter erected. or machinery rooms. and boiler rooms not less than ten changes of air per hour shall be provided. plumbing installation. 4. They shall be equipped with movable sashes or louvers with an aggregate net free area not less than that required for openable parts in the window that are replaced or provided with approved artificial ventilation of equivalent effectiveness. factories.

Wastewater Disposal System. (b) The quality of drinking water from meteoric. The design. (a) Sanitary sewage from buildings and neutralized or pretreated industrial wastewater shall be discharged directly into the nearest street sanitary sewer main of existing municipal or city sanitary sewerage system in accordance with the criteria set by the Code on Sanitation and the National Pollution Control Commission. The water piping installations inside buildings and premises shall conform to the provisions of the National Plumbing Code of the Philippines. Sanitary and industrial plumbing installations inside buildings and premises shall conform to the provisions of the National Plumbing Code. (c) Section 906. Noise Pollution Control.for the protection and promotion of health of persons occupying the premises and other living nearby. (b) Adequate provisions shall be made to drain low areas in buildings and their premises. systems of private housing subdivisions or industrial estates shall be governed by existing laws relating to local waterworks system. construction and operation of deepwells for the abstraction of groundwater shall be subject to the provisions of the Water Code of the Philippines. Section 905. (a) Whenever available. (c) (d) (e) Section 903. Water Supply System. Section 902. Pipe Materials. Storm Drainage System. Section 907. The design. (c) Section 904. (a) All buildings with hollow and/or wood construction shall be provided with rat proofing. surface or underground sources shall conform to the criteria set in the latest approved National Standards for Drinking Water. construction and operation of independent waterworks. (b) All buildings located in areas where there are no available sanitary sewerage system shall dispose their sewage "Imhoff" or septic tank and subsurface absorption filed. the potable water requirements for a building used for human habitation shall be supplied from existing municipal or city waterworks system. Pest and Vermin Control. DINING rooms for public use without artificial ventilation shall be properly screened. Industrial establishments shall be provided with positive noise abatement devices to tone down the noise level of equipment and machineries to acceptable limits set down by the Department of Labor and the National Pollution Control Commission. . (b) Garbage bins and receptacles shall be provided with ready means for cleaning and with positive protection against entry of pest and vermins. (a) Rain water drainage shall not discharge to the sanitary sewer system.

A canopy or marquee is a permanent roofed structure above a door attached to and supported by the building and projecting over a wall or sidewalk. (a) No part of any structure or its appendage shall project into any alley or street. provided. unless the owner concerned shall pay the corresponding entities for the rerouting of the parts of the affected utilities. or sewer lines. (c) Section 1003. Projection of Balconies and Appendages (Annex B-2).00 meters above the established sidewalk grade. and provided further. (a) No part of any building or structure or any of its appendages shall project beyond the property line of the building site. (b) The clearance between the established grade of the street and/or sidewalk and the lowest under surface of any part of the balcony shall not be less than 3. Section 1005. (a) Definition. water.40 meters below grade along national roads or public highway may project not more than 300 millimeters beyond the property line.00 meters. CHAPTER X BUILDING PROJECTION OVER PUBLIC STREETS Section 1001. gas. The width of the arcade and its height shall be uniform throughout the street provided. communication. Canopies (Marquees). national road or public highway except as provided in this Code. (a) The extent of any projection over an alley or street shall be uniform within a block and shall conform to the limitations set forth in Table 1003-A. This includes any object or decoration attached thereto. except as provided in this Code. (b) Footings located at least 2. (a) Whenever required by existing building and zoning regulations. Foundations may be permitted to encroach into public sidewalk areas to a width not exceeding 500 millimeters.All pipe materials to be used in buildings shall conform to the Standard Specifications of the Philippine Standard Council. Section 1004. that in no case. The vertical clearance between the pavement or ground line and the under surface . Projection of Balconies and Appendages Over Streets. that the top of the said foundations is not less than 600 millimeters below the established grade. The horizontal clearance between the outermost edge of the marquee and the carb line shall be not less than 300 millimeters. shall an arcade be less than 3. Projection into Alleys or Streets. General Requirements. (b) The projection of any structure or appendage over a public property shall be the distance measured horizontally from the property line to the outermost point of the projection. that said projections does not obstruct any existing utility such as power. Arcades. Section 1002. (b) Projection and Clearance. arcades shall be constructed on sidewalks of streets.

the Secretary shall determine the size and form of the chaflan. Section 1007. when fully opened or upon opening. General Requirement. (b) If the building is arcaded. The horizontal clearance between the awning and the curb line shall not be less than 300 millimeters.00 meters. Windows. Collapsible awnings shall be so designated that they shall not block a required exit when collapsed or folded. Doors. An awning is a movable shelter supported entirely from the exterior wall of a building and of a type which can be retracted. A marquee shall be constructed of incombustible material or materials of not less than twohours fire-resistive construction. CHAPTER XI PROTECTION OF PEDESTRIANS DURING CONSTRUCTION OR DEMOLITION Section 1101. alley or public sidewalk for the performance of work covered by a building permit except in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter. Doors. (b) No person shall perform any work on any building or structure adjacent to a public way in general use for pedestrian travel. (a) No person shall use or occupy a street. (a) Definition. provided. or collapsed against the face of a supporting building. Every marquee shall be so located as not to interfere with the operation of any exterior standpipe connection or to obstruct the clear passage from stairway exits from the building or the installation or maintenance of electroliers. unless the pedestrians are protected as specified in this Chapter.40 meters. . (b) Clearance. Section 1008. Corner Buildings with Chaflans. and the like. (a) Every corner building or solid fence on a public street or alley less than 3. no chaflan is required notwithstanding the width of the public street or alley.60 meter in width shall be truncated at the corner.40 meters above the pavement or ground line shall not. The vertical clearance between the undermost surface of the awning and the pavement or ground line shall be not less than 2. The face of the triangle so formed shall be at right angles to the bisector of the angle of the intersection of the street lines. project beyond the property line except fire exit doors. windows and the like less than 2. Location.of any part of the marquee shall not be less than 3. (c) Construction.00 meters. (d) Section 1006. folded. Movable Awnings or Hoods. less than 12. It shall be provided with necessary drainage facility. that in no case.

canopies. A durable wearing surface shall be provided throughout the construction period.00 meter high shall be provided. Section 1106. Section 1105. that the live load shall be not less than 600 kilograms per square meter. catch basin. Storage in Public Property.40 meters above the railway. (a) Protection Required. Walkway. Fences shall enclose entirely the building site. Fences. The protective canopy shall have a clear height of 2. by a railing when adjacent to excavations. Adequate railings when required shall be built substantially strong and should be at least 1. and be placed on the side of the walkway nearest to the building site. Canopies. or in case there is no sidewalk in front of the building site during construction or demolition. between sunset and sunrise. (c) (d) . Pedestrian traffic shall be protected by a railing on the street side when the walkway extends into the roadway. and by such as set forth in Table 1106-A: Type of Projection Required for Pedestrians (Annex B-2) (b) Railings. (b) The walkway shall be capable of supporting a uniform live load of 650 kilograms per square meter. Fences shall be built of an approved material. fire or police alarm box. and shall be structurally safe. (a) When the Building Official authorizes a sidewalk to be fenced or closed. the edge along the street shall be protected by a tight curb board not less than 300 millimeters high and an railing not less than 1.20 meters wide shall be provided. Protection of Utilities.40 meters in height above grade. Mixing Mortar or Public Property. on public Section 1104. Section 1102. Materials and equipment necessary for work to be done under a permit when placed or stored on public property shall not obstruct free and convenient approach to and used of any fire hydrant. utility box. concrete.00 meter in height. not less than 2. The mixing of mortar. or similar materials streets shall not be allowed.(c) Any material or structure temporarily occupying public property. The protection shall be maintained while such work is being done and shall not obstruct the normal functioning of any such utility. All public or private utilities above or below the ground shall be protected from any damage by any work being done under the permit. If materials are stored or work is done on top of the canopy. The entire structure shall be designed to carry the loads imposed upon it: Provided. Every canopy shall have a solid fence built along its entire length on the construction side. a temporary walkway of not less than 1. and walkways. Section 1103. including fence. shall be adequately lighted. or manhole and shall not interfere with any drainage of any street or alley gutter. Openings in such fences shall be provided with doors which shall be keep closed at all times. Pedestrian Protection.

All protective devices shall be properly maintained in place and kept in good order for the entire length of time pedestrians may be endangered. Whenever the depth of excavation for any construction is such that the lateral and subjacent support of the adjoining property or existing structure thereon would be affected in a manner that the stability or safety of the same is endangered. All other matters relative to the structural design of all buildings and other structures not provided for in this Chapter shall conform with the provisions of the National Structural Code of Buildings. the design and quality of materials used structurally in excavation. Foundation and Retaining Walls. General Requirements. no work shall be done until such plans. and in foundations shall conform to accepted engineering practice. specifications and complete schedule of demolition. Maintenance and Removal of Protective Devices. Section 1202 Excavation. characteristics and properties of materials. (a) Subject to the provisions of Articles 684 to 686 of the Civil Code of the Philippines on lateral and subjacent support. specifications and schedule are approved by the Building Official. Demolition. footings. (a) Maintenance. CHAPTER XII GENERAL DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS Section 1201. (b) The Building Official may require the permittee to submit plans. other wise known as the "Civil Engineering Law". Excavation and other similar disturbances made on public property shall. type of occupancy and classification. Buildings proposed for construction shall comply with all the regulations and specifications herein set forth governing quality. (b) Excavation and Fills (1) Excavation or fills for buildings or structures shall be so constructed or protected that they do not endanger life or property. Every protective fence or canopy shall be removed within 30 days after such protection is no longer required as determined by the Building Official. the person undertaking or causing the excavation to be undertaken shall be responsible for the expense of underpinning or extending the foundation or footings of the aforementioned property or structure. as adopted and promulgated by the Board of Civil Engineering pursuant to the Republic Act Number 544. methods of design and construction. be restored immediately (2) (3) . (b) Removal. Section 1108. When so required. unless otherwise excluded by the Building Official.Section 1107. as amended. (a) The work of demolishing any building shall not be commended until all the necessary pedestrian protective structures are in place.

The design of all veneer shall comply with the following: (1) Veneer shall support no load other than its own weight and the vertical dead load of veneer immediately above. Adhered veneer and its backing shall be designed to have a bond to the supporting elements sufficient seismic effects on the total assemblage. tile. retaining walls shall be provided and such shall be of adequate design and type of construction as prescribed by the Secretary. It shall be the responsibility of the architect and/or engineer to adopt the type and design of the same in accordance with the standards set forth by the Secretary. and Retaining Walls (1) Footings and foundations shall be of the appropriate type. Surfaces to which veneer is attached shall be designed to support the additional vertical and lateral loads imposed by the veneer. (2) Section 1203. Anchors supports and ties shall combustible and corrosion-resistant. plastic. of adequate size. or anchored either on the interior or exterior of the building or structure. protection. Veneer is a non structural facing of brick. (a) Definition. and deflection. metal. or other similar approved materials attached to a backing or structural components of the building for the purpose of ornamentation. and capacity in order to safely sustain the superimposed loads under seismic or any conditions of external forces that may affect the safety or stability of the structure.to its former condition within 48 hours from the start of such excavation and disturbances by whosoever caused such excavation or disturbance. concrete. or enclosure that may be adhered. Consideration shall be given to differential movements of the supports including those caused by temperature changes. Anchored veneer and its attachment shall be designed to resist horizontal forces equal to twice the weight of the veneer. be non- (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) . Veneer. creep. Foundations. (c) Footings. shrinkage. Whenever or wherever there exists in the site of the construction an abrupt change in the ground levels or level of the foundation such that instability of the soil could result. integrated. (b) Design Requirements. glass.

Enclosure of Vertical (a) General.Zones and Fire-Resistive Standards and under Chapter 6 . enclosures shall not be required for escalators: Provided.r ducts in Group A Occupancies need not be enclosed in a shaft if conforming to the mechanical provisions of this Code. Elevator shafts extending through more than two storeys shall be equipped with an approved means of adequate ventilation to and through the main roof of the building: Provided. Air ducts passing through a floor shall be enclosed in a shaft. Dampers shall be installed where ducts pierce the shaft enclosure walls. Floor Construction. Vertical openings shall the fire-resistive requirements construction as set forth in this (b) Openings.Types of Construction. and other vertical openings not covered in paragraph (b) above shall have enclosing walls conforming to the requirements specified under the type of construction of the building in which they are located. Automatic sprinkles shall be provided around the perimeter of the opening and within a 600 millimeters of the draft curtain. Roof covering for all buildings shall be either fire-retardant or ordinary depending upon the fireresistive requirements of the particular type of construction. The distance between the sprinkles shall not exceed 1. (d) Air Ducts. Such draft curtain shall enclose the perimeter of the unenclosed opening and shall extend from the ceiling downward at least 300 millimeters on all sides. further that the top of the escalator opening at each storey shall be provided with a draft curtain.Section 1204. Walls and partitions enclosing elevators and escalators shall be of not less than the fire-resistive construction required under the Types of Construction. Roof Construction and Covering. (b) All floors shall be so framed and secure into the framework and supporting walls as to form an integral part of the whole building. ducts. The shaft shall be as required in this Code for vertical openings. that in those buildings housing Groups F and G Occupancies equipped with automatic fireextinguishing systems throughout. (a) Floors shall be of such materials and construction as specified under Chapter 5 Fire. Enclosing Walls of elevator shafts may consist of wire glass set in metal frames on the entrance side only. (a) Roof Covering. Elevator Enclosures. The use of combustible roof insulation shall be permitted in all types of construction provided it is . In other than Group A Occupancies rubbish and linen chutes shall terminate in rooms separated from the remainder of the building by a One-Hour Fire-Resistive Occupancy Separation. Section 1206. Openings into the chutes shall not be located in required exit corridors or stairways. All shafts. Section 1205. be enclosed depending upon of a particular type of Code. (c) The types of floor construction used shall provide means to keep the beam and girders from lateral buckling. chutes.80 meters center-to-center. (c) Other Vertical Openings.

covered with thereto. Where roof drains are required. Draft stops shall be constructed as for attic area separations. adequate overflow drains shall be provided. Attics (1) Access. Enclosed attic spaces of combustible construction shall be divided into horizontal areas not exceeding 250 square meters by fire-resistive partitions extending from the ceiling to the roof. Overflow Drains and Scuppers. Regardless of the type of construction. Enclosed attics including rafter spaces formed where ceilings are applied direct to the underside or roof rafters. Except. Roof drains shall be installed at low points of the roof and shall be adequate in size to discharge all tributary waters. between roof and bottom chords or trusses. (1) Roof Drains. (c) (3) (4) (d) Roof Drainage System. Camber shall be provided to prevent sagging. and readily accessible in buildings of any height. An attic access opening shall be provided in the ceiling of the top floor of buildings with a combustible ceiling or roof construction. that where the entire attic is equipped with an approved automatic fire-extinguishing system. For ladder requirements. (2) Area Separation. The minimum clear headroom of 800 millimeters shall be provided above the access opening. shall be provided with adequate ventilation protected against the entrance of rain. All roofs shall be so framed and tied into the framework and supporting walls so as to form an integral part of the whole building. refer to the Philippine Mechanical Engineering Code. in all buildings exceeding 2000 square meters. draft stops shall be installed in trusses roofs. The allowable working stresses of materials in trusses shall conform to this Code. Ventilation. Diagonal and sway bracing shall be used to brace all roof trusses. (b) approved roof covering applied directly Roof Trusses. An opening shall not be less than 600 millimeters square or 600 millimeters in diameter. The opening shall be located in a corridor or hallway of buildings of three or more storeys in height. the attic space may be divided into areas not to exceed 750 square meters. (2) . Openings in the partitions shall be protected by self-closing doors. Roof trusses shall have all joints well fitted and shall have all tension members well tightened before any load is placed in the truss. Draft Stops.

shall be installed in accordance with the provisions of the National Plumbing Code. Stairs. Roof drainage water from a building shall not be permitted to flow over public property. Flashing and counter flashing shall be provided at the juncture of the roof and vertical surfaces. and which is used for classroom. assembly. Every storey or portion thereof having an occupant load of 1000 or more shall have at least four (4) exits. The construction of stairs and exits shall conform to the occupant load requirements of buildings. Except in Groups A Occupancies. when concealed within the construction of the building. Any room having an occupant load of more than 50 where fixed seats are not installed. Posting of Room Capacity. bleachers and grandstands: (1) Determinations of Occupant Loads. The number of exits . (2) (3) (4) (b) Exits (1) Number of Exits. The Occupant load permitted in any building or portion thereof shall be determined by dividing the floor area assigned to that use by the unit area allowed per occupant as determined by the Secretary. Section 1207. or similar purpose shall have the capacity of the room posted in a conspicuous place near the main exit from the room. (4) (e) Flashing. reviewing stands. Every building or usable portion thereof shall have at least one exit. Exit Requirements. Over Public Property. shall have at least than two stairways to an adjacent floor. Exits and Occupant Loads. (a) General.(3) Concealed Piping. Every storey or portion thereof. floors above the first storey having an occupant load of more than 10 shall not have less than two exits. In all occupancies. Changes in Elevation. except for Group A and J Occupancies. changes in floor elevations of less than 300 millimeters along any exit serving a tributary occupant load of 10 or more shall be by means of ramps. No obstruction shall be placed in the required width of an exit except projections permitted by this Code. if greater in area than 185 square meters or more than 18. Exit requirements of a building or portion thereof used for different purposes shall be determined by the occupant load which gives the largest number of persons. Each mezzanine floor used for other than storage purposes. Roof drains and overflow drains. having an occupant load of 500 to 999 shall have at least three exits.00 meters in any dimension.

exit passageway. (2) Width. Distance to Exits. No point in a building without a sprinkle system shall be more than 45. basements and cellars used for other than service of the building shall have not less than two exits. when a storey below exits through the level under consideration) and 25 percent of the occupant load in the storey immediately beyond the first adjacent storey. The maximum number of exits required for any storey shall be maintained until egress is provided from the structures. If only two exits are required they shall be placed a distance apart to not less than one-fifth of the perimeter of the area served measured in a straight line between exits. (1) Swing. Such width of exits shall be divided approximately equally among the separate exits. (3) (4) (c) Doors. a horizontal exit. measured along the line of travel. The total width of exits in meters shall not be less than the total occupant load served divided by 165. Floors above the second storey. The maximum exit width from any storey of a building shall be maintained. Where three or more exits are required they shall be arranged a reasonable distance apart so that if one becomes blocked. For purposes of this Section basement or cellars and occupied roofs shall be provided with exits as required for storeys. Exit door shall swing in the direction of exit travel when serving any hazardous areas or when serving an occupant load of 50 or more. the others will be available.00 meters from an exterior exit door.required from any storey of a building shall be determined by using the occupant loads of floors which exit through by using the occupant loads of floors which exit through the level under consideration as follows: 50 percent of the occupant load in the first adjacent storey above (and the first adjacent storey below. or an enclosed stairway. In a building equipped with a complete automatic fire extinguishing system the distance from exits may be increased to 60. The provisions herein shall apply to every exit door serving an area having an occupant load of more than 10 or serving hazardous rooms or areas. . The total exit width required from any storey of a building shall be determined by using the occupant load of that storey plus the percentage of the occupant loads of floors which exits through the level under consideration as follows: fifty (50) per cent of the occupant load in the first adjacent storey above (and the first adjacent storey below when a storey below exits through the level under consideration) and twenty five per cent of the occupant load in the storey immediately beyond the first adjacent storey.00 meters. Arrangement of Exits.

Egress from Door.Double acting doors shall not be used as exits serving a tributary occupant load of more than 100. they shall conform to all provisions in the following cases: Approved revolving doors having leaves which will collapse under opposing pressures may be used in (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) . that in Group A and B occupancies. A double acting door shall be provided with a view panel of not less than 1. Other exit doors shall be so marked that they are already distinguishable from the adjacent construction. stating that the door is to remain unlocked during business hours. Width and Height. sliding.00 meters in height.20 meters in width. Additional Doors. nor equipped with public hardware. exit doors shall be capable of openings at least 90 decrees and shall be so mounted that the clear width of the exit way is not less than 700 millimeters. and overhead doors shall not be used as required exits. Door Identification. that this requirement shall not apply to exterior exit doors in a Group E or F Occupancy if there is a conspicuous. nor shall they be used as a part of fire assembly. Glass doors shall conform to the requirements in Section 1005. Revolving.300 square centimeters. Regardless of the occupant load there shall be a floor or landing on each side of an exit door. In computing the required exit width the net dimension of the exitway shall be used. Special Doors. No leaf of an exit door shall exceed 1. Change in Floor Level at Doors. When installation in exit doorways. readily visible and durable sign on or adjacent to the door. Every required exit door shall give immediate access to an approved means of egress from the building. The locking device must be of a type that will readily be distinguishable as locked. a door may open on the top step of a flight of stairs or an exterior landing provided the door does not swing over the top step or exterior landing and the landing is not more than 200 millimeters below the floor level. When additional doors are provided for egress purposes. Every required exit doorway shall be of a size as to permit the installation of a door not less than 900 millimeters in width and not less than 2. ? Exit door shall be openable from the inside without the use of a key or any special knowledge or effort: Except. Door Leaf Width. The floor or landing shall be leveled with. or not more than 50 millimeters lower than the threshold of the doorway: Except. (2) Type of Lock or Latch. Flush bolts or surface bolts are prohibited.

equipment. Exterior exit balconies cannot project into an area where protected openings are required. Doors in any position shall not reduce the required width of the corridor by more than one-half.10 meters in width.00 meters in length. and doors when fully opened shall not reduce the required width by more than 200 millimeters. they shall be arranged to allow going to either direction from any point dead ends permitted by this Code. Projections. every interior door opening shall be protected as set forth in generally recognized and accepted requirements for dual purpose fire exit doors. (1) Width. (d) Corridors and Exterior Exit Balconies. railings. Walls and ceilings of corridors shall not be less than one-hour fire-resistive construction. Access to Exits. (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (e) Stairways. Dead Ends. Provided. nor to corridors. and corridors of one-storey building housing a Group E and F Occupancy occupied by one tenant only and which serves an occupant load of 30 or less. every stairway serving any building or portion thereof shall conform to the following requirements: . Corridors and exterior exit balconies with dead ends are permitted when the dead end does not exceed 6. formed by temporary partitions. The provisions herein shall apply to every corridor and exterior exit balcony serving as required exit for an occupant load of more than ten. Other interior openings except ventilation louvers equipped with approved automatic fire shutter shall be 7 millimeters thick fixed wire glass set in steel frames. that this requirement shall not apply to exterior exit balconies.exit situations: Provided: That such doors have a minimum width of 2.00 meters or they are not used in occupancies where exits are required to be equipped with panic hardware or at least one conforming exit door is located adjacent to each revolving doors installed in a building and the revolving door shall not be considered to provide any exit width. in any portion of an interior corridor wall shall not exceed twentyfive percent of the area of the corridor wall of the room being separated from the corridor. The required width of corridors and exterior exit balconies shall be an obstructed: Except that trim handrails. Openings. The total area of all openings other than doors. Except stairs or ladders used only to access. When more than one exit is required. Construction. When corridor wall are required to be one-hour fire-resistive construction. Every corridor or exit balcony shall not be less than 1.

Trim and handrails shall not reduce the required width by more than 100 millimeters. In Group A Occupancy and in private stairways in Group B Occupancies. Distance Between Landings. Directional exit signs shall be provided as specified in this Code. winders may be used if the required width of run is provided at a point not more than 300 millimeters from the side of the stairway where the treads are narrower but in no case shall any width of run be less than 150 millimeters at any point. There shall be not more than 3. Winding Stairways. Private stairways serving an occupant load of less than 10 may be 750 millimeters. The rise of every step in a stairway shall not exceed 200 millimeters and the run shall not less than 250 millimeters. All treads in any one flight between landings shall have identical dimensions within a 5 millimeter tolerance. Where a basement stairway and a stairway to an upper storey terminate in the same exit enclosure. Stairways serving an occupant load of more than 50 shall not be less than 1. the rise may be 200 millimeters and the run may be 250 millimeters. Handrails shall be placed not less than 800 millimeters nor more than 900 millimeters above the nosing of treads (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) .60 meters vertical distance between landings.(1) Width. Handrails. Intermediate handrail shall be spaced approximately equal within the entire width of the stairway. Circular stairs may be used as an exit provided the minimum width of run is not less than 250 millimeters. Stairways serving an occupant load of 50 or less may be 900 millimeters wide. in case of private stairways serving an occupant load of less than 10. Stairways shall have handrails on each side and every stairway required to be more than 3. Landings when provided shall not be reduced in width by more than 100 millimeters by a door when fully open. Landing. Rise and Run. The maximum variations in the height of risers and the width of treads in any one flight shall be 5 millimeters: Except.00 meters in width shall be provided with not less than one intermediate handrail for each 3.10 meters. an approved barrier shall be provided to prevent persons from continuing on to the basements. Circular Stairways. Every landing shall have a dimension measured in the direction of travel equal to the width of the stairway. except as provided in subparagraph (3) below. Basement Stairways.20 meters when the stairs has a straight run. Such dimension need not exceed 1.00 meters of required width.

Every required stairway shall have a headroom clearance of not less than 2.and ends of handrails shall be returned or shall terminate in newel posts or safety terminals: Except. (11) Stairway to Roof. Exterior stairs shall be protected as required for exterior walls due to location on property as specified in this Code. measured horizontally of an exterior exit stairway serving a building over two storeys in height shall be protected by a self-closing fire assembly having a three-fourths hour fireresistive rating: Except. The width of ramps shall be as required for corridors. In every building four or more storeys in height. (12) Headroom. The dispersal area into which (g) . a horizontal exit may be considered as the required exit.10 meters or less in width and stairway serving one individual dwelling unit in Group A or B Occupancies may have one handrail.00 meters. Exterior stairway shall be of incombustible material: Except.90 square meters per non-ambulatory occupant. Horizontal Exit. The capacity shall be determined by allowing 0. that on Type III buildings which do not exceed two storeys in height. which are located in less fire-restrictive Fire Zones. except that such stairway open on one or both sides shall have handrails provided on the open side or sides: or stairway having less than four risers need not have handrails. All openings in a separation wall shall be protected by a fire assembly having a fire-resistive rating not less than the occupant load served by such exit. the walls and soffits of the enclosed space shall be protected on the enclosed side as required for one-hour fire-resistive construction.00 meters. in the following cases: Stairways 1. (f) Ramps. All openings in the exterior wall below or within 3. (9) Exterior Stairway Protection. (10) Stairway Construction-Exterior. Exterior stairways shall not project into an area where openings are required to be protected. that opening may be unprotected when two separated exterior stairways serve an exterior exit balcony.30 square meter of net floor area per ambulatory occupant and 1. A ramp conforming to the provisions of this Code may be used as an exit. Such clearance shall be established by measuring vertically from a plane parallel and tangent to the stairway tread nosing to the soffit above all points. If conforming to the provisions of this Code. as well as on Type I buildings may be of wood not less than 50 millimeters in nominal thickness. one stairway shall extend to the roof unless the roof has C slope greater than 1 in 3. Where there is enclosed usable space under stairs.

Stairs in Group A Occupancies need not be enclosed. ramp. There shall be no openings directly into the interior of the building. There shall be no enclosed usable space under stairways in an exit enclosure. In building five storeys or more height. All exit doors in an exit enclosure shall be appropriately protected. Enclosed corridors of passageways are not required from unenclosed stairways. (h) Exit Enclosures. except exit doorways and openings in exterior walls. ramp. or escalator shall be enclosed as specified in this Code: Except. or escalator serving only one adjacent floor and not connected with corridors or stairways serving other floors. Access shall be through a vestibule with one wall at least fifty percent open to the exterior and having an exit door from the interior of the building and exit door leading to the smokeproof enclosure. There shall be no openings into exit enclosures except exit doorways and openings in exterior walls. Stairway and ramp enclosures shall include landings and parts of floors connecting stairway flights and shall include a corridor on the ground floor leading from the stairway to the exterior of the building. The opening from the building to the vestibule or balcony shall be protected with a self-closing fire assembly having one-hour fire-resistive rating. as an enclosure will not be required for stairway. Every interior stairway. that in other than Group D Occupancies. access may be by way of an open exterior balcony of incombustible materials. one of the required exits shall be a smokeproof enclosure. (1) Enclosure walls shall not be less than two-hour fire-resistive construction. shall be of There shall be no openings in smokeproof enclosures. A stairway in an exit enclosure shall not continue below the grade level exit unless an approved barrier is provided at the ground floor level to prevent persons from accidentally continuing into the basement. In lieu of a vestibule. (2) (3) (4) (i) Smokeproof Enclosures A smokeproof enclosure shall consist of a vestibule and a continuous stairway enclosed from the highest point to the lowest point by walls of two-hour fire-resistive construction. nor shall the open space under such stairways be used for any purpose. (1) (2) Stairs in smokeproof enclosures incombustible construction.the horizontal exit loads shall be provided with exits as required by this Code. The opening from the vestibule or balcony to the stair tower shall be protected by a self-closing fire assembly having a one-hour fire-resistive rating. (3) .

(3) (4) (k) Exit Signs and Illuminations Exits shall be illuminated at any time the building is occupied with light having an intensity of not less than 10. The slope of exit passageway shall not exceed 1 in 8. The guardrail shall make an angle of not more than 30 degrees with the axis of the exit court. Every exit court shall discharge into a public way or an exit passageway. (2) Slope The slope of exit courts shall not exceed 1 in 10. floors.00 meters wide shall be protected by fire assemblies having not less than three-fourth hour fireresistive rating. The required width of exit courts or exit passageway shall be unobstructed except as permitted in corridors. such required width being based on the occupant load served. (1) Width Every exit court and exit passageway shall be at least as wide as the required total width of the tributary exits. the exit illumination shall be provided with separate circuits or separated sources of power (but not necessarily separate from exit signs when these are required for exit signs illumination). Except. The exit passageway shall be without other openings and shall have walls. floors. Number of Exits Every exit court shall be provided with exits as required in this Code. Passageways shall be without openings other than required exits and shall have walls. and ceilings of the same period of fireresistance as the walls. floors and ceilings of the building but shall not be less than one-hour fire-resistive construction. or exit passageway. that for Group A Occupancies. A stairway in a smokeproof enclosure shall not continue below the grade level exit unless an approved barrier is provided at a ground floor level to prevent persons from accidentally walking into the basement.00 meters above the floor of the exit court may be unprotected. Aisles (1) . that openings more than 3. and Passageways Every exit shall discharge into a public way. At any point where the width of an exit court is reduced from any cause.7 lux at floor level: Except. the reduction in width shall be affected gradually by a guardrail at least 900 millimeters in height. Openings All openings into an exit court less than 3. exit court. and ceilings of two-hour fire-resistance.(4) A smokeproof enclosure shall exit into a public way or into an exit passageway leading to a public way. (5) (j) Exit Outlets. Courts.

Cross Aisles Aisles shall terminate in a cross aisle. Such exit doors shall provide a minimum clear width of 1. foyer. crosssle. the line travel to an exit door by ansle shall be not more than 45. provided further that the distance between seats back to back is at least one meter. 500 millimeters clear for rows of 35 seats . (2) (3) (4) (5) (m) Seats (1) Seat Spacing With standard seating. Slope The slope portion ofsle shall not exceed a fall 1 in 8. as follows: 450 millimeters clear for rows of 18 seats or less. The width of the cross aisle shall be not less than the sum of the required width of the widest aisle plus fifty percent of the total required width of the remaining aisle leading thereto. or foyer and shall be increased by 30 millimeters for every meters in length towards the exit. With continental seating. or exit. merchandise.00 meters. crosssle or foyer. aisles shall be so located that there will be not more than seven seats between the wall and ansle and not more than fourteen seats between aisles. (1) Width Every aisle shall be not less than 800 millimeters wide if serving only one side. and not less than 1 meter wide if serving both sides. equipment. or similar materials shall be provided with aisles leading to an exit. the spacing of rows of seats from back-to-back shall not less than 840 millimeters. Such minimum width shall be measured at the point farthest from an exit. With standard spacing. The number of seats between aisles may be increased to 30 where exit doors are provided along each side aisle of the row of seats at the rate of one pair of exit doors for every five rows of seats. tables.00 meters in length. aisles shall not be provided a dead end greater than 6.70 meters. Exit Distance In areas occupied by seats and in Groups H and I Occupancies without seats. Vomitories Vomitories connecting the foyer or main exit with the cross aisles shall have a total width not less than the sum of the required width of the widest aisles leading thereto plus fifty percent of the total required width of the remaining aisles leading thereto. the spacing of rows of unoccupied seat shall provide a clear width measured horizontally. H and E Occupancies. In Groups C. as specified in this Code.Every portion of every building in which are installed seats.

and bleachers shall be 500 kilograms per square meter of horizontal projection for the structure as a whole.4)Number of Seats Between Aisles The number of seats between any seat and an aisle shall not be greater than 15 for open air stands with seats without backrests in buildings. be (2) Design Requirements The minimum unit live load for reviewing stands. (3. (3. There shall be a space of not less than 300 millimeters between the back of each seat and the front of the seat immediately behind it. Grandstands. 750 millimeters for seats with backrests. (3. The sway force. and 550 millimeters clear for rows of 46 seats or more. 525 millimeters clear for rows of 45 seats or less.3)Seating Capacity For determining the seating capacity of a stand the width of any seat shall not be less than 450 millimeters nor more than 480 millimeters. and 850 millimeters for chair seating. (1) Height of Stands Stands made of combustible framing shall limited to 11 rows or 2. Sway forces need not to be applied simultaneously with other lateral forces.1) Row spacing The minimum spacing of rows of seats measured from back-to-back shall be: 600 millimeters for seats without backrests in open air stands. grandstands. Seat and footboards shall be 180 kilograms per linear meter.70 meters in height. (2) Width The width if millimeters.1)Aisles Required Aisles shall be provided in all stands: except.or less. (3) (4) Aisles (4.2)Rise Between Rows The maximum rise from one row of seats to the next shall not exceed 400 millimeters. shall be 35 kilograms per linear meter parallel to the seats and 15 kilograms per linear meter perpendicular to the seats. and Bleachers. applied to seats. that aisles may be . Spacing Seats (3. any seat be not less than 450 (n) Reviewing Stands.

the number of rows does not exceed 11 in height. (5. and the first seating board is not more than 500 millimeters above grade. the top seating board is not over 3. (6) Guardrails .2)Ramp Slope The slope of a ramp shall not exceed 1 in 8. (4. Stairs for stands shall have handrails.5) Width Aisles shall have a minimum width of 1.3) Handrails A ramp with a slope exceeding 1 in 10 shall have handrails. Ramps shall be roughened or shall be of approved nonslip material. Seats are without backrests.4) Dead End No vertical aisle shall have a dead end more than 16 rows in depth regardless of the number of exits required. (5) Stairs and Ramps The requirements in this Code shall apply to all stairs and ramps except for portions that pass through the seating area.omitted when all the following conditions exists. (5. (4. the rise from row to row does not exceed 300 millimeters per row. (4.3) Stairs Required When an aisle is elevated more than 200 millimeters above grade. (4. (5. The maximum variation in the width of treads in any one flight shall not be more than 5 millimeters and the maximum variation in one height of two adjacent rises shall not exceed 5 millimeters.00 meters above grade.1) Stair Rise and Run The maximum rise of treads shall not exceed 200 millimeters and the minimum width of the run shall be 280 millimeters.2) Obstructions No obstruction shall be placed in the required width of any aisle or exitway. the aisle shall be provided with a stairway or ramp whose width is not less than the width of the aisle. Handrails shall conform to the requirements of this Code.10 meters.

2) Railings shall be 1.3) A midrail shall be placed adjacent to any seat to limit the open distance above the top of any part of a seat to 250 millimeters where the seat is at the extreme end or at the extreme rear of the bleachers or grandstand.10 meters above the rear of a seat plank or 1. (6.(6.20 meters above the grade and at the front of stands elevated more than 600 millimeters above grade. Handrails at the front of stands and adjacent to an aisle shall be designed to resist a load of 75 kilograms per linear meter applied at the top rail. that railings may be omitted when stands are placed directly against a wall or fence giving equivalent protection.3) Two Exits Required (8) .1) Guardrails shall be required in all locations where the top of a seat plank is more than 1. Exits (8. stairs and ramps shall be provided with guardrails.10 meters above the rear of the steps in the aisle when the guardrail is parallel and adjacent to the aisle: Except.00 meters. (7) Foot Boards Footboards shall be provided for all rows of seats above the third row or beginning at such point where the seating plank is more than 600 millimeters above grade. that the height may be reduced to 900 millimeters for guardrails located in front of the grandstand. (8. Other handrails shall be designed to resist a load of 40 kilograms per linear meter. (6. Where only sections of stands are used.2) Aisle Used as Exit An aisle may be considered as only one exit unless it is continuous at both ends to a legal building exit or to a safe dispersal area. guardrails shall be provided as required in this Code.1) Distance to Exit The line of travel to an exit shall not be more than 45. The intervening space shall have one additional rail midway in the opening: Except. (8. For stands with seats without backseats this distance may be measured by direct line from a seat to the exit from the stand.

Exits shall be located at a reasonable distance apart. When only two exits are provided. that for an open air stand with seats without backrests four exits need not be provided unless there are accommodations for more than 3000 occupants. they shall be spaced not less than one-fifth of the perimeter apart. (8. No exit shall be less than 1.4) Three Exits Required Three exits shall be required for stands within a building when there are more than 300 occupants within a stand and for open air stands with seats without backrests where a stand or section of a stand accommodates more than 1000 occupants. that for open air stands with seats without backrests the total width of exits in meter shall not be less than the total occupant load served divided by 500 when existing by stairs.6) Width The total width of exits in meters shall not be less than the total occupant load served divided by 165: Except. the total width of exits shall be determined by using both figures as applicable. (8. Every stand or section of a stand within a building shall have at least two means of egress when the stand accommodates more than 50 persons.10 meters in width. When both horizontal and stair exits are used. that when less than 25 chairs are used upon single raised platform the fastening of seat to the platform may be omitted. and divided by 650 when existing by ramps or horizontally. When more than 500 loose chairs are used in connection with athletic events.A stand with the first seating board not more than 500 millimeters above grade of floor may be considered to have two exits when the bottom of the stand is open at both ends.5) Four Exits Required Four exits shall be required when a stand or section of a stand accommodates more than 1000 occupants: Except. (9) Securing of Chairs Chairs and benches used on raised stands shall be secured to the platforms upon which they are placed: Except. (8. Every open air stand having seats without backrest shall have at least two means of egress when the stand accommodates more than 300 persons. chairs shall be fastened .

Corrugated wired glass may have supports 1. shall be set at least 100 millimeters above the roof. if located above the first storey.5 millimeters in diameter with a mesh not larger than 25 millimeters. (b) Spacing between supports in one direction for flat wired glass in skylights shall not exceed 625 millimeters. there shall be a minimum of three exits. one of which may be a ladder. (o) Special Hazards (1) Boiler Rooms Except in Group A Occupancies. that wire glass may be used in ventilation equal to not less than one-eight the cross-sectional area of the shaft but never less than 1. the glass of which is set at an angle of less than 45 degrees from the horizontal. every boiler room and every room containing an incinerator or liquified petroleum gas or liquid fuel-fired equipment shall be provided with at least two means of egress. All skylights. and for more than 9000 persons there shall be a minimum of four exits. All interior openings shall be protected as provided for in this Code.50 meters apart in the direction of the corrugation. and nitrocellulose processing rooms shall have not less than two exits. The aggregate clear width of exits from a safe dispersal area shall be determined on the bases of not less than one exit unit of 600 millimeters for each 500 persons to be accommodated and not exit shall be less than 1. All glass in skylights shall be wired glass: Except. Frames of skylights shall be designed to carry loads required for roofs. Skylights. (2) Section 1208. (a) All skylights shall be constructed with metal frames except those for Groups A and J Occupancies. Any glass not wire glass shall be protected above and below with a screen constructed of wire not smaller than 2. The screen shall be substantially supported below the glass. (10) Safe Dispersal Area Each safe dispersal area shall have at least two exits. that skylights over vertical shafts extending through two or more storeys shall be glazed with plain glass as specified in this Code: Provided. Cellulose Nitrate Handling Film laboratories. projection rooms.together in groups of not less than three. Curbs on which the skylights rest shall be constructed of incombustible materials except for Types 1 or 11 Construction.10 meters in width. . and shall be tied or staked to the ground. If more than 6000 persons are to be accommodated within such an area.20 meters is provided at the top of such shaft. a reasonable distance apart that shall be spaced not less than one-fifth of the perimeter of the area apart from each other.

(c)

Skylights installed for the use of photographers may be constructed of metal frames and plate glass without wire netting. Ordinary glass may be used in the roof and skylights for greenhouses, Provided, that height of the greenhouses at the ridge does not exceed 6.00 meters above the grade. The use of wood in the frames of skylights will be permitted in greenhouses outside of highly restrictive Fire Zones if the height of the skylight does not exceed 6.00 meters above the grade, but in other cases metal frames and metal sash bars shall be used. Glass used for the transmission of light, if placed in floors or sidewalks, shall be supported by metal or reinforced concrete frames, and such glass shall not be less than 12.5 millimeters in thickness. Any such glass over 100 square centimeters in area shall have wire mesh embedded in the same or shall be provided with a wire screen underneath as specified for skylights in this Code. All portions of the floor lights or sidewalk lights shall be of the same strength as required for floor is surrounded by a railing not less than 1.10 meters in height, in which case the construction shall be calculated for not less than roof loads.

(d)

(e)

Section 1209. Bays, Porches, and Balconies. (a) Walls and floors in bay and oriel windows shall conform to the construction allowed for exterior walls and floors of the type of construction of the building to which they are attached. The roof covering of a bay or oriel window shall conform to the requirements of the roofing of the main roof. Exterior balconies attached to or supported by wall required to be of masonry, shall have brackets or beams constructed of incombustible materials. Railings shall be provided for balconies, landings, or porches which are more than 750 millimeters above grade. Section 1210. Penthouses and Roof Structures. (a) Height No penthouse or other projection above the roof in structures of other than Type V construction shall exceed 8.40 meters above the roof when used as an enclosure for tanks or for elevators which run to the roof and in all other cases shall not extend more than 3.60 meters in height with the roof. (b) Area The aggregate area of all penthouses and other roof structures shall not exceed one third of the area of the supporting roof. Prohibited Uses No penthouse, bulkhead, or any other similar projection above the roof shall be used for purposes other than shelter of mechanical equipment or shelter of vertical shaft openings in the roof. A penthouse or bulkhead used for purposes other than that allowed by this Section shall conform to the requirements of this Code for an additional storey. Construction

(c)

(d)

Roof structures shall be constructed with walls, floors, and roof as required for the main portion of the building except in the following cases: (1) On Types III and IV constructions, the exterior walls and roofs of penthouses which are 1.50 meters or more from an adjacent property line may be of one-hour fire-resistive incombustible construction. Walls not less than 1.50 meters from an exterior wall of a type IV construction may be of one-hour fire-resistive incombustible construction. The above restriction shall not prohibit the placing of wood flagpoles or similar structures on the roof of any building.

(2)

(e)

Towers and Spires Towers and spires when enclosed shall have exterior walls as required for the building to which they attached. Towers not enclosed and which extend more than 20.00 meters above the grade shall have their framework constructed of iron, steel, or reinforced concrete. No tower or spire shall occupy more than one-fourth of the street frontage of any building to which it is attached and in no case shall the base area exceed 150 square meters unless it conforms entirely to the type of construction requirements of the building to which it is attached and is limited in height as main part of the building. If the area of the tower and spire exceeds 10.00 square meters any horizontal cross section, its supporting frames shall extend directly to the ground. The roof covering of the spires shall be as required for the main room of the rest of the structure. Skeleton towers used as radio masts, neon signs, or advertisement frames and placed on the roof of any building shall be constructed entirely of incombustible materials when more than 7.50 meters in height, and shall be directly supported on an incombustible framework to the ground. No such skeleton towers shall be supported on roofs of combustible framings. They shall be designed to withstand a wind load from any direction in addition to any other loads. Chimneys, Fireplaces, and Barbecues.

Section 1211. (a) Chimneys (1)

Structural Design Chimneys shall be designed, anchored, supported, reinforced, constructed, and installed in accordance with generally accepted principles of engineering. Every chimney shall be capable of producing a draft at the appliance not less than that required for the safe operation of the appliance connected thereto. No Chimney shall support any structural load other than its own weight unless it is designed to act as a supporting member. Chimneys in a wood-framed building shall be anchored laterally at the ceiling line and at each floor line which is more than 1.80 meters above grade, except when entirely within the framework or when designed to be free standing.

(2)

Walls Every masonry chimney shall have walls of masonry units, bricks, stones, listed masonry chimney units, reinforced concrete or equivalent solid thickness of hollow masonry and lined with suitable liners in accordance with the following requirements: (2.1) Masonry Chimneys for Residential Type Appliances Masonry chimneys shall be constructed of masonry units or reinforced concrete with walls not less than 100 millimeters thick; or of rubble stone masonry not less than 300 millimeters thick. The chimney liner shall be in accordance with this Code. (2.2) Masonry Chimneys for Low Heat Appliances Masonry chimneys shall be constructed of masonry units or reinforced concrete with walls not less than 200 millimeters thick: Except, that rubble stone masonry shall be not less than 300 millimeters thick. The chimney liner shall be in accordance with this Code. (2.3) Masonry Chimneys for Medium-Heat Appliances Masonry chimneys for medium-heat appliances shall be constructed of solid masonry units of reinforced concrete not less than 200 millimeters thick, Except, that stone masonry shall be not less than 300 millimeters thick and, in addition shall be lined with not less than 100 millimeters of firebrick laid in a solid bed of fire clay mortar with solidly filled head, bed, and wall joints, starting not less than 600 millimeters below the chimney connector entrance. Chimneys extending 7.50 meters or less above the chimney connector shall be lined to the top. (2.4) Masonry Chimneys for High-Heat Appliances Masonry chimneys for high-heat appliances shall be constructed with double walls of solid masonry units or reinforced concrete not less than 200 millimeters in thickness, with anr space of not less than 50 millimeters between walls. The inside of the interior walls shall be of fire-brick not less than 100 millimeters in thickness laid in a solid bed of fire clay mortar with solidly filled head, bed, and wall joints.

the walls shall not be less than 100 millimeters of firebrick except that higher than 9. (2. If the grate area of such an incinerator exceeds 0. common brick alone 200 millimeters in thickness.80 square meter shall have walls of solid masonry or reinforced concrete. Firebrick not less than 500 millimeters thick may be used in place of fire clay chimney. lined with not less than 100 millimeters of firebrick extending the full height of the chimney. The lining shall extend from 200 millimeters below the lowest inlet. carefully bedded one on the other in fire clay mortar.80 square meter respectively.6) Masonry Chimneys for Commercial and Industrial Type Incinerators Masonry chimneys for commercial and industrial type incinerators of a size designed for not more than 110 kilograms of refuse per hour and having a horizontal grate area not exceeding 0. (3) Linings Fire clay chimney lining shall not be less than 15 millimeters thick.50 square meter shall have walls of solid masonry or reinforced concrete not less than 100 millimeters thick with lining of not less than 100 millimeters of firebrick.5) Masonry Chimneys for Incinerators Installed in Multi-Storey Buildings (Apartment-Type Incinerators) Chimneys for incinerators installed in multi-storey building using the chimney passageway as a refuse chute where the horizontal grate area of combustion chamber does not exceed 0.80 square meter. from the throat of the fireplace to a point above enclosing masonry walls. If the design capacity of grate area of such an incinerator exceeds 110 kilograms per hour and 0. may be used. walls shall not be less than 200 millimeters thick. or. not less than 100 millimeters thick with a chimney lining as specified in this Code. Fire clay chimney linings shall be installed ahead of the construction of the chimney as it is carried up.00 meters above the roof of the combustion chamber. with close-fitting joints left smooth on the inside.(2. Area (4) . which lining shall extend for not less than 12.00 meters above the roof of the combustion chamber. in the case of fireplace.

Change in Size or Shape No change in the size or shape of a masonry chimney shall be made within a distance of 150 millimeters above or below the roof joints or rafters where the chimney passes through the roof. corbeling of masonry chimneys on the exterior of the enclosing walls may equal the wall thickness. (12) Cleanouts Cleanout openings shall be provided at the base of every masonry chimney. or within 25 millimeters when the chimney is built entirely outside the structure. Corbeling No masonry chimney shall be corbeled from a wall more than 150 millimeters nor shall a masonry chimney be corbeled from a wall which is less than 300 millimeters in thickness unless it projects equally on each side of the wall. (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) Clearance Combustible materials shall not be placed within 50 millimeters of smoke chamber or masonry chimney walls when built within a structure. Separation When more than one passageway is contained in the same chimney. (5) Height Every masonry chimney shall extend at least 600 millimeters above the part of the roof through which it passes and at least 600 millimeters above the highest elevation of any part of a building within 3. barbecues. Inlets Every inlet to any masonry chimney shall enter the side thereof and shall be of not less than 3 millimeters thick metal or 16 millimeters refractory material. In every case the corbeling shall not exceed 25 millimeters protection for each course of brick. smoke chambers and fireplace Chimneys shall be of solid masonry or reinforced concrete .00 meters to the chimney. In the second storey of a two-storey building of Group A Occupancy.No chimney passageway shall be smaller in area than the vent connection of the appliance attached thereto. masonry separation at least 100 millimeters thick bonded into the masonry wall of the chimney shall be provided to separate passageways. (11) Termination All incinerator chimneys shall terminate in a substantially constructed spark arrester having a mesh not exceeding 20 millimeters. (b) Fireplaces and Barbecues Fireplaces.

The maximum thickness of joints in firebrick shall be 10 millimeters. that where a lining of firebrick is used. No part of metal hoods used as part of a fireplace. Walls of chimneys without flue lining shall not be less than 200 millimeters in thickness. 18 gauge copper. The firebox shall not be less than 200 millimeters in thickness. such walls shall not be less than 200 millimeters in thickness. Hoods. This clearance may be reduced to the minimum requirements set forth in this Code. Combustible materials shall not be placed within 150 millimeters of the fireplace opening.and shall conform to the minimum requirements specified in this Code. The goods shall be sloped at an angle of 45 degrees or less from the vertical and shall extend horizontally at least 150 millimeters beyond the limits of the firebox. Metal hoods shall be kept a minimum from combustible materials. No such combustible material within 300 millimeters of the fireplace opening shall project more than 3 millimeters for each 25 millimeters clearance from such opening. The firebox shall not be less than 500 millimeters in depth. smoke chamber. Walls of chimneys with flue lining shall not be less than 100 millimeters in thickness and shall be constructed in accordance with the requirements of this Code. (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) . or other equivalent corrosion-resistant ferrous metal with all seams and connections of smokeproof unsoldered construction. (1) Fireplace Walls. Walls of fireboxes shall not be less than 250 millimeters in thickness: Except. galvanized iron. Front and side walls shall not be less than 200 millimeters in thickness. Clearance of Combustible Materials. Approved metal heat circulators may be installed in fireplaces. Metal hoods used as part of a fireplace or barbecue shall not be less than No. or chimney walls when built entirely within a structure. Smoke chamber back walls shall not be less than 150 millimeters in thickness. barbecue or heating stoves shall be less than 400 millimeters from combustible material. Smoke Chamber. Fireplace Chimneys. Circulators. or within 25 millimeters when the chimney is built entirely outside the structure. Combustible materials shall not be placed within 50 millimeters of fireplace. Walls of fireplaces shall not be less than 200 millimeters in thickness.

or fittings. (a) Fire-Extinguishing Systems When required. When fully open. study. damper opening shall be not less than ninety percent of the required flue area. and Dampers. (1) Construction and Tests. When fully opened. or other approved noncombustible hearth slab at least 300 millimeters wider on each side than the fireplace opening and projecting at least 450 millimeters therefrom. valves. rehearsal rooms.(7) Area of Flues. Dry standpipes shall be of wrought iron or galvanized steel and together with fittings and connections shall be of sufficient strength to withstand 20 kilograms per square centimeter of water pressure when ready for service. (1) In every storey. This slab shall not be less than 100 millimeters thick and shall be supported by a non-combustible material or reinforced to carry its own weight and all imposed loads. stone. concrete. 12 gauge metal. Tests shall be conducted by the owner of the building contractor in the presence of a representative of the Building . Where dampers are used. In all rooms used for storage or handling of photographic x-ray nitrocellulose films and other inflammable articles. Throats. and other rooms with an occupant load of more than 10 or assembly halls under Group H and I occupancies with occupant load of more than 500. and which has an occupant load of more than 20. Fire-Extinguishing Systems. (2) (3) (b) Dry Standpipes Every building four or more storeys in height shall be equipped with one or more dry standpipes. they shall be of not less than No.00 meters from the nearest safe fire dispersal area of the building or opening to an exit court or street. dining. damper blades shall not extend beyond the line of the inner face of the flue. Lintel. or work. Every fireplace shall be provided with a brick. In all dressing rooms. Hearth. and in the manner provided in this Code. recreation. basement or cellar with an area of 200 square meters or more which is used for habitation. The net cross-sectional area of the flue and of the throat between the firebox and the smoke chamber of a fireplace shall not be less than the requirements to be set forth by the Board. standard automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be installed in the following places. workshops or factories. and if the next doors of said rooms are more than 30. without leaking at the joints. (8) (9) Section 1212. Masonry over the fireplace opening shall be supported by a non-combustible lintel.

F. E. Standpipes shall be located within enclosed stairway landings or near such stairways as possible or immediately inside of an exterior wall and within 300 millimeters of an opening in a stairway enclosure of the balcony or vestibule of a smokeproof tower or an outside exit stairway. All dry standpipes shall be equipped with a two-way 63 millimeters outlet above the roof. All dry standpipes shall extend from the ground floor to and over the roof and shall be equipped with a 63 millimeters outlet nor more than 1. Every Group H and I Occupancy of any height.20 meters above the floor level at each storey. Location. Siamese Connections. All Siamese inlet connections shall be recessed in the wall or otherwise substantially protected. All outlets shall be equipped with gate valves. Dry standpipes shall be of such size as to be capable of delivering 900 liters of water per minute from each of any three outlets simultaneously under the pressure created by one fire engine or pumper based on the standard equipment available. and every Group C Occupancy of two more storeys in height and every Group D. Outlets. that Group H .20 meters above the grade and shall be equipped with a clapper-checks and substantial plugs. Subject to the provisions of subparagraph (2) all 100 millimeters dry standpipes shall be equipped with a two-way Siamese fire department connection. Every building four or more storeys in height where the area of any floor above the third floor is 950 square meters or less. shall be equipped with at least one dry standpipes and an additional standpipe shall be installed for each additional 950 square meters or fraction thereof. An iron or bronze sign with raised letters at least 25 millimeters high shall be rigidly attached to the building adjacent to all Siamese connections and such signs shall read . All Siamese inlet connections shall be located on a street-front of the building and not less than 300 millimeters nor more than 1. Number Required. D. All 125 millimeter dry standpipes shall be equipped with a three-way Siamese fire department connection and 150 millimeters dry standpipes shall be equipped with a four-way Siamese fire department connections. and G Occupancy of three or more storeys in height and every Group G and E Occupancy over 1800 square meters in area shall be equipped with one or more interior wet standpipes extending from the cellar or basement into the topmost storey: Provided. CONNECTION TO DRY STANDPIPE".Official whenever deemed necessary for the purpose of certification of its proper function. (2) Size. Signs. (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (c) Wet Standpipes.

D.1) Interior wet standpipes shall have an internal diameter sufficient to deliver 190 liters of water per minute under 2. All interior wet standpipes shall be equipped with a 38 millimeter valve in each storey. (3) Number required. including the basement or cellar of the building.20 meters above the floor. The Building Official may require discharge capacity and pressure tests on completed wet standpipe systems. (2. Size (2. for all other occupancies only one outlet need be figured to be opened at one time. Where occupant loads are less than 500 the above requirements may be waived: Provided. In no case shall the internal diameter of a wet standpipe be less than 50 millimeters. and G Occupancies location of all interior wet standpipes shall be in accordance with the requirement for dry standpipes: Provided.0 kilograms per square centimeter pressure at the hose connections. one at the rear of the auditorium and one at the rear of the balcony. (2) (4) (5) .00 meters in length. C. that portable fireextinguishers of appropriate capacity and type are installed within easy access from the said locations. (1) Construction.2) Any approved formula which determined pipe sizes on a pressure drop basis may be used to determine pipe size for wet standpipe systems. F. except when the standpipe is attached to an automatic fire-extinguishing system. Interior wet standpipes shall be constructed of the same materials as those required for dry standpipes. Location. The number of wet standpipe when required in this Code shall be so determined that all portions of the building are within 6. E. Buildings of Group Hand I Occupancy shall have wet standpipes systems capable of delivering the required quantity and pressure from any two outlets simultaneously. and located not less than 300 millimeters nor more than 1. outlets shall be located as follows: one on each side of the stage. In Group B. In Group H and I Occupancies. that at least one standpipe is installed to cover not more than 650 square meters.buildings having no stage and having a seating capacity of less than 500 need to be equipped with interior wet standpipes.00 meters of a nozzle attached to a hose 23. Outlets.

Tanks shall have a capacity sufficient to furnish at least 1. Such pumps shall be supplied with an adequate source of power and shall be automatic in operation.000 liters per minute with a pressure of not less than 2 kilograms per sq. such standpipe shall be connected at their bases or at their tops by pipes of equal size. Discharge pipes from pressure tanks extend 50 millimeters into and above the bottom of such tanks. to a water tank or sufficient size as provided in subparagraph (8). (d) Basement Pipe Inlets. (7) (8) (9) Fire pumps. Each hose outlet of all interior wet standpipe shall be supplied with a hose not less than 38 millimeters in diameter. Water Supply. or when the water pressure is insufficient. An approved standard form of wall hose reel or rack shall be provided for the hose and shall be located so as to make the hose readily accessible at all times and shall be recessed in the walls or protected by suitable cabinets.(6) Threads. or factory where there are cellars or basements under same: . All those threads used in connection with the installation of such standpipes. cm.00 meters in length. pressure at the topmost base outlet for its entire supply. The source of supply for such pump shall be a street water main of not less than 100 mm. at the topmost hose outlet. warehouse. Such hose shall be equipped with a suitable brass or bronze nozzle and shall be not over 23. (10) Hose and Hose Reels. cm. Pressure and Gravity Tanks. All tanks shall be tested in place after installation and proved tight at a hydrostatic pressure fifty percent in excess of the working pressure required. All interior wet standpipes shall be connected to a street main not less than 100 millimeters in diameter. Fire pumps shall have a capacity of not less than 1. including valves and reducing fittings shall be uniform with that prescribed by the Secretary. Incombustible supports shall be provided for all such supply tanks and not less than a 900 millimeters clearance shall be maintained over the top and under the bottom of all pressure tanks. Where such tanks are used for domestic purposes the supply pipe for such purposes shall be located at or above the center line of such tanks. When more than one interior wet standpipe is required in the building. Basement pipe inlets shall be installed in the first floor of every store.500 litters per minute for period of not less than 10 minutes. Such tanks shall be located so as to provide not less than 2 kilograms per sq. diameter or a well or cistern containing a one-hour supply.

(1) Material. All fire-extinguishing systems. when employed to actuate ventilator doors. (a) Stage Ventilators. Stages and Platform. A wire screen.Except. or bronze with lids of cast brass or bronze and shall consist of a sleeve not less than 200 millimeters in diameter through the floor extending to and flush with the ceiling below and with a top flange. automatic sprinklers. Section 1213. or similar uses. There shall be one or more ventilators constructed of metal or other incombustible material near the center and above the highest part of any working stage raised above the stage roof and having a total ventilation area equal to at least five percent of the floor area within the stage walls. Location. brass. The lid shall have the words "FOR FIRE DEPARTMENT ONLY. or expansion by heat or wrapping of the framework. All basement pipe inlets shall be of cast iron. Design. basement pipe inlets. recessed with an inside shoulder. Springs. penthouses. Glass. wet and dry standpipes. The lid shall be a solid casting and shall have a ring lift recessed on the top thereof. The entire equipment shall conform to the following requirements: (1) Opening Action. appurtenances thereto shall meet the approval of Department as to installation and location and subject to such periodic test as it may require. safe deposit vaults. Glass. wherein such cellars or basements there is installed a fire-extinguishing system as specified in this Code or where such cellars or basement are used for banking purposes. Springs shall be no stressed more than fifty (2) (3) (4) . if used in ventilators must be protected against falling on the stage. to receive the lid and flush with the finished floor surface. DO NOT COVER UP" cast on the top thereof. must be so placed that if clogged it cannot reduce the required ventilating area or interfere with the operating mechanism or obstruct the distribution of water from the automatic fire extinguishing systems. and supporting framework shall be designed in accordance with this Code. Basement pipe inlets shall be strategically located and kept readily accessible at all times to the Fire Department. rust. Ventilators. The lid shall be installed in such a manner as to permit its removal readily from the inlet. Ventilators shall open by spring action or force of gravity sufficient to overcome the effects of neglect. Spring Actuation. so as to flushed. dirt. if used under the glass. shall be capable of maintaining full required tension indefinitely. steel. chemical extinguishers. including automatic and the the fire shall be (2) (e) Approval.

The main counterweight sheave beam shall be designed to support a horizontal and vertical uniformly distributed live load sufficient to accommodate the weight imposed by the total number of loft blocks in the gridiron. or electrical control shall provide for both opening and closing of the ventilator doors for periodic testing and shall be located at a point on the stage designated by the Building Official. Gridirons and fly galleries shall be designed to support a live load of not less than 367 kilograms per square meter. nor exposed to elements. The sheave blocks shall be designed to accommodate the maximum load for the loft or head blocks served with a safety factor of five. Each loft block well shall be designed to support 373 kilograms per linear meter and the head block well shall be designed to support the aggregate weight of all the loft block wells served. and shall be so located as not to be affected by the operation of fire-extinguishing systems. (1) Gridirons. which shall be the main opening for viewing performances. When remote control of ventilator is electrical. The proscenium wall shall extend not less than 1. (2) (c) Rooms Accessory to Stage. the dressing room sections.20 meters above the roof over the auditorium. each of which shall be not more than 2. power failure shall not affect its instant operation in the event of fire.percent of their rated capacity and shall not be located directly in the air stream. (5) Location of Fusible Links. (6) (b) Gridirons. Remote. (d) . A fusible link shall be placed in the cable control system on the underside of the ventilator at or above the roof line or as approved by the Building Official. Hand winches may be employed to facilitate operation of manually controlled ventilators. A stage shall be completely separated from the auditorium by a proscenium wall or not less than two-hour incombustible construction. one opening at the orchestra pit level and not more than two openings at the stage floor level. All openings in the proscenium walls of stage shall be protected by a fire assembly having a one and one-half fire-resistive rating. workshops. and pin-rails shall be constructed of incombustible materials and fire protection of steel and iron may be omitted. The proscenium opening. Proscenium Walls. manual. Control. Proscenium walls may have the addition to the main proscenium openings. and store rooms shall be located on the stage side of the proscenium wall and shall be separated from each other and from the stage by not less than a One-hour Fire Resistive Occupancy Separation. fly galleries.00 square meters in area. The head block well must be provided with an adequate strongback or lateral brace to offset torque. In a building having a stage.

50 square meters for each additional machine. each at least 750 millimeters wide and 2. All entrances to a projection room shall be protected by a self-closing fire assembly having a three-fourths hour fire-resistive rating. Stage Exits. or H Occupancy. (e) closing fire-resistive Stage Floor.00 square meters or less. The type of construction for storage floors shall depend upon the requirements based on the type of Occupancy and the corresponding fire-resistive requirements.40 meters from the finished floor. Platforms. Every projection room shall have at least two doorways separated by not less than one-thirds the perimeter of the room.00 meters high. (a) General. Exit. Enclosed platforms shall be provided with one or more ventilators conforming to the requirements of stage ventilators: Except.shall be provided with a self curtain as specified in this Code. that the total area shall be equal to five percent of the area of the platform.00 square meters and 3. shall be enclosed in a projection room large enough to permit the operator to walk freely on either side and back of the machine. The room shall have a floor area of not less than 7. Every motion picture machine using ribbon type film in excess of 22 millimeter width and electric arc projections equipment. All parts of the stage floor shall be designed to support not less than 620 kilograms per square meters. I. At least one exit not less than 900 millimeters wide shall be provided from each side of the stage opening directly or by means of a passageway not less than 900 millimeters in width to a street or exit court. Openings through stage floor shall be equipped with tight-fitting trap doors of wood of not less than 5 millimeters nominal thickness. rheostats. The stairs required in this sub-section need not be enclosed. Motion Picture Projection Rooms. and all such films present in any Group C. The type of construction for platforms shall depend upon the requirements based on the type of Occupancy and corresponding fire-resistive requirements. they shall be so spaced as to provide proper exhaust ventilation. The ceiling shall not be less than 2. Every projection room shall be of not less than one-hour fire-resistive construction throughout and the walls and ceiling shall be finished with incombustible materials. Ventilators shall not be required for enclosed platform having a floor area of 45. Each tier of dressing rooms shall be provided with at least two means of egress each not less than 750 millimeters wide and all such stairs shall be constructed in accordance with the requirement specified in this Code. (f) (g) Section 1214. together with all electrical devices. machines. The provisions of this Section shall apply only where ribbon type motion picture films in excess of 22millimeters width and electric projection equipment are used. Such doors shall open outward and lead to proper exits as required in this (c) . (b) Construction. When more than one ventilator is provided. An exit stair not less than 750 millimeters wide shall be provided for egress from each fly gallery.

which upon operating. A fresh-air inlet from the exterior of the building not less than 900 square centimeters and protected with wire netting. Ports in projection room walls shall be of three kinds: projection ports. Outlets. Shutters. In addition. will close all the shutters. Shutters may be omitted when only acetate safety film is used. each of which shall not exceed 750 millimeters by 600 millimeters.60 cubic meters for the room itself. observation ports. Ventilation shall be provided by one or more mechanical exhaust systems which shall draw air from each are lamps housing to out-doors either directly or through an incombustible flue used for no other purpose. shall be provided with a shutter of not less than 2. the source of which shall be remote from other outside vents or flues. Except. which shall be limited in area to 1. including. that when acetate safety film is used. any fresh-air inlets but excluding exit doors and exhaust ducts. spot or floodlight machines.300 square centimeters shall be equipped with a counter-balance.300 square centimeters. The maximum width of such door shall be 750 millimeters. There shall be provided for each motion picture projector not more than one projection port. projection ports may be increased in size to an area not to exceed 4.4 millimeters thick sheet metal or its equivalent large enough to overlap at least 25 millimeters on all sides of such openings. (2) (e) Ventilation. and combination ports used for both observation and for stereopticon. Each port opening shall be completely covered with a pane of glass.500 square centimeters. (2) .Code and shall not be equipped with any latch.40 cubic meter per minute for each arc lamp plus 5. (1) Ports Required.50 cubic meter nor more than 1. and not more than one observation port. shall be installed within 50 millimeters of the floor in every projection room. Each port and every other opening in projection room walls. Shutters of a size greater than 1. which when fused by heat will cause closure of the shutter by gravity. There shall be not more than three combination ports. There shall also be a fusible link located over the upper magazine of each projector. Each shutter shall be equipped with a 74º fusible link. which shall be limited in area to 750 square centimeters. Shutters shall be arranged to slide without binding in guides constructed or material equal to the shutters in strength and fire-resistance. (d) Ports and Openings. (1) Inlet. Exhaust capacity shall not be less than 0. there shall be provided suitable means for manually closing all shutters simultaneously from any projector head and from a point within the projection room near each exit door.

fixtures. All shelves. CHAPTER XIV PHOTOGRAPHIC AND X-RAY FILMS Section 1401. Ventilation of these rooms. and Installation of Wall Boards. No solders shall be used in the construction of such cabinets. Section 1302. CHAPTER XIII ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL REGULATIONS Section 1301. . 294 as amended. Mechanical Regulations. 184 otherwise known as the electrical Engineering Law. The exhaust systems serving the projection room may be extended to cover rooms associated therewith such as rewind rooms. No dampers shall be installed in such exhaust systems. Section 1215. and fixed equipment in a projection room shall be constructed of incombustible materials. The installation of lath. Electrical Regulations.00 cubic meters. (f) Regulation of Equipment. All mechanical systems. Storage and Handling. All electrical systems equipment and installation mentioned in this Code shall conform to the provisions of the Philippine Electrical Code. shall not connected in any way with ventilating or air-conditioning systems serving other portions of the building. otherwise known as the Mechanical Engineering Law. as adopted by the Board of Mechanical Engineering pursuant to Commonwealth Act No. Exhaust ducts shall be of incombustible material and shall either be kept 25 millimeters from combustible material or covered with 10 millimeters of incombustible heat-insulating material. All films not in actual use shall be stored in metal cabinets having individual compartments for reels or shall be in generally accepted shipping containers. equipment and installations mentioned in this Code shall conform to the provisions of the Philippine Mechanical Engineering Code. plaster and gypsum wall board shall conform to the fire-resistive rating requirements and the type of construction of building.Systems shall be controlled from within the enclosure and shall have pilot lights to indicate operation. (a) Storage rooms of unexposed photographic and X-ray films shall be provided with automatic fire extinguishing systems in the following cases: (1) When unexposed films in generally accepted safety shipping containers exceed the aggregate 14. Plastering. Lathing. as adopted by the board of Electrical Engineering pursuant to Republic Act No.

. it shall be in vented storage vault or in a detached structure or roof vault. Where the film stored exceeds 450 kilograms. CHAPTER XV PRE-FABRICATED CONSTRUCTION Section 1501. and methods of installation as prescribed in accordance with the requirements of the Secretary.40 cubic meters in capacity. all fire extinguishing system when so required shall be of a type. Not more than 110 kilograms shall be stored in any single cabinet. Classes of Film Exempted. and Storage is not in shipping containers 14. vented storage vaults or outside storage houses. Section 1403. (b) Safety photographic X-ray film may be identified by the marking on the edge of the film. not exceeding 12 films to an envelope. establishments manufacturing photographic films and their storage incidental thereto and films stored or being used in standard motion picture booths.(2) Where shelving used for storage of individual packages not in said shipping containers exceed 1. the integral parts of which have built up or assembled prior to incorporation in the building. dental X-ray film. (a) The provisions of this Section do not apply to the following: film for amateur photographic use in original packages or "roll" and "film pack" films in quantities of less than 1. chimneys. Fire Extinguishing System. There shall be first aid provisions of types using water or water solutions. No films shall be stored within 600 millimeters of steam pipes. specifications. generally accepted safety in any section exceeding (3) (b) Film negatives in storage or in process of handling shall be kept in heavy manila envelopes.40 cubic meters. Film negatives shall be kept in properly insulated vented cabinets. Portable lights on extension cords are prohibited. Door openings in vault shall be of four-hour fire-resistive construction and shall be kept closed except when in use. (c) (d) (e) (f) Section 1402.00 cubic meters. Unless otherwise provided in this Code. Discarded films shall be stored and handled in the same manner as other films until removed from the premises. safety film. Conspicuous "NO SMOKING" signs shall be posted. or other sources of heat. Only incandescent electric light shall be permitted: protected with substantial wire guards or vapor roof globes or both. Prefabricated Assembly. (a) Prefabricated assembly is a structural unit. Expanding envelopes shall not be used.

(c) (d) CHAPTER XVI PLASTICS Section 1601. or other equipment. soundness. maximum unsupported spans. Installation. In structural design. Fastenings shall be adequate to withstand design loads and internal and external stresses required of the assembly. that: (1) The wall in which such glazing is installed is so located that openings are not required to be fire-protected. conduits. Sufficient and substantial technical data shall be submitted to establish stresses. (b) Fastenings. Plastic used in glazed openings for Type II Construction shall be materials appropriate for use according to flame-spread characteristics and (2) (3) . in the case of members forming part of a structural frame as specified in this Code. The products of combustion shall be no more toxic than the burning of untreated wood under similar conditions. Every device or system to connect prefabricated assemblies shall be capable of developing the strength of the different members as an integral structure. Section 1603. Glazing of Openings. weather and fire resistance of the prefabricated assemblies. (a) Doors. durability. Except for Type I Construction. All plastic materials shall be of adequate strength and durability to withstand the prescribed design loads. Approved plastic materials shall be those which have a flame-spread rating of 225 or less and a smoke density not greater than that obtained from the burning of untreated wood under similar conditions when tested in accordance with generally accepted engineering practices. and spacing of such glazed openings do not exceed the values set forth by the Secretary. (a) Structural Requirements. Placement of prefabricated assemblies shall be inspected to determine compliance with this Code. Section 1602. sashes and framed openings in exterior walls of all buildings except Types IV and V Constructions may be glazed or equipped with approved plastics: Provided. Approved Plastics. Except. Anchorages and connections between members and the supporting elements of the structure or walls shall be capable of withstanding all probable external and internal forces or other conditions for structurally adequate construction. and such other information as may be deemed necessary for the various thicknesses and forms used. proper allowances shall be made for any material to be displaced or removed for the installation of pipes. the location size. Proper allowances of plastic materials in conjunction with other materials with which it is assembled or integrated shall be provided.(b) The Secretary shall prescribe special tests to determine the structural adequacy.

and sawtooth glazing shall not exceed twenty percent of the floor area of the room or occupancy sheltered. Approved plastics may be used in skylights installed on roofs of Types I. gauge with a mesh not larger than 25 millimeters is provided immediately below the skylight. size. (d) Section 1605. (a) General. The area of individual plastic skylights shall not exceed 10. Where fire-resistive ceiling is not required in one-storey buildings.00 meters along the slope of the roof. II. The edges of dome-type properly flashed. E. (2) (3) (b) Installation Requirements. and in all buildings provided with an approved automatic fire-extinguishing system.00 square meters. Plastic may be used in approved skylights in Type II one-hour fire-resistive construction which are located 300 millimeters or more above the lower place of the ceiling. F. The walls of the skylight well shall be no less fire-resistive than the adjacent ceiling.00 meters of a property line. 12 U. or III constructions and all buildings in these categories shall be equipped with an approved automatic fire-extinguishing system in Groups A. approved plastics may be used in skylights. Skylights. (c) Allowable areas. Curb Requirements. .S. skylights shall be (2) (3) Plastic skylights shall be separated from each other by at least 2. Where a fire-resistive rating is not required for the roof structure. C. The curb may be omitted where a wire screen not smaller than No. Plastic skylights in roofs having a slope of less than 1 in 3 shall have a 100 millimeters high curb. B. that: (1) Approved plastics may be used in any type of construction or occupancy as a fire venting system when approved by the Building Official.the location. J. H-3 and H-4 Occupancies: Except. approved plastics may be used with or without such as the lighttransmitting medium in monitors and sawtooth: Except. (1) Except in Group A Occupancies. and spacing of the openings do not exceed the values set forth by the Secretary. Light-Transmitting Panels in Monitors and Sawtooth Roofs. monitors. no skylight shall be installed within 3. The screen shall be substantially mounted below the skylight. Section 1604. that plastics used in monitors or sawtooth roofs of Type II Construction shall be of materials appropriate to be used according to flame-spread characteristics. (a) General. The total aggregate area of plastics used in skylights.50 meters laterally and 3.

and plastic light diffusers which are located between an approved automatic fire-extinguishing system and the area to be protected other than public corridors for Group A. Section 1607. for the plastic light diffusers which are installed in the first floor area of Group C Occupancies having egress directly to the exterior of the building. B. that plastic veneer may be attached to exterior walls above the first storey of buildings located outside of highly restrictive Fire Zones: Provided. Where partitions are not required to be of fire-resistive or incombustible construction. Area Sections of plastic veneer shall not exceed 15.00 square meters in area. Plastic light diffusers shall be installed in such a manner that they will not readily become detached when subjected to room temperature of 80ºC for 15 minutes. (c) Section 1606. The area of individual plastic glazing used in monitors and sawtooth glazing shall not exceed 15. the area may be increased by fifty percent.00 square meters. further that the height of the veneer is not in excess of 10. (a) General. Plastic Light Diffusers in Ceilings. monitors. Except. and shall conform to the provisions of this Section. that in less restrictive Fire Zones. G. Area Separation. The lower edge of the plastic material shall be at least 150 millimeters above the surface of the adjoining roof surface.20 meters vertically and 600 millimeters horizontally. Excepts. (b) Height Plastic veneer shall not be attached to any exterior wall above the first storey: Provided.(b) Allowable Area. D. (a) General Exterior veneer may be of approved plastic materials. (b) Installation. Partitions. E. C. Separation Sections of plastic veneer shall be separated by a minimum of 1. (c) (d) . and sawtooth glazing shall not exceed twenty percent of the floor area of the room or occupancy sheltered.00 square meters of room area shall be of approved plastics conforming to the requirements specified in this Code.00 meters above the adjacent of elevation. The area of such plastic panels shall be separated from each other by a section of incombustible material or by a section of the roofing material of the structure not less than 1. Exterior Veneer. The total aggregate area of plastics used in skylights. Ceiling light diffusers having an area greater than ten percent of any 10. H and I Occupancies if tests required by the Secretary have established that such installation will not interfere with the efficient operation of such automatic fire-extinguishing systems. approved plastics conforming to the requirements specified in this Code may be used.50 meters in length. Section 1608.

. Light. shall have a fire curtain or metal deflector not less than 100 millimeters deep installed at the upper outer edge of the booth opening. 18 U. Section 1703.Section 1609. (b) Exhaust Ducts. CHAPTER XVII SHEET METAL PAINT SPRAY BOOTHS Section 1701. Floor Construction The floor shall be constructed of incombustible material. The mechanical exhaust system shall be designed to move the air through any portion of the paint spray area at the rate of not less than 30. Ventilation. (c) (d) Section 1702. Paint spray booths shall be illuminated through hammered wire or heat-treated glass panels. Paint spray booths shall be designed to permit the free passage of the exhaust air from all parts of the interior and all interior surface shall be smooth and continuous without outstanding edges. provided such awnings and canopies are constructed in accordance with provisions governing projections and appendages as specified in this Code. (b) Area The area of a paint spray booth shall not exceed 150 square meters not ten percent of the basic area permitted for the major of the building according to its Occupancy Group. The motor shall not be mounted in the spray booth or the duct system and belts shall be enclosed where they enter the booth or duct system. Section 1704. (a) General Paint spray booths shall be constructed of steel of not less than No. (a) General Mechanical ventilation shall be provided direct to the exterior of the building. (a) Plastic materials appropriate for use according to Flame Spread characteristics may be utilized in awnings and canopies. Fire Protection.S. Sheet Metal Paint Spray Booths. The blades of exhaust fans shall be constructed of non-ferrous material and shall be mounted in such a manner as to prevent contact with the exhaust duct.00 lineal meters per minute. (b) Approved plastics may canvass is permitted. Interior Surface. Every spray booth having an open front elevation larger than 1. be used in awnings where untreated (c) Approved plastics may be used in lieu of plain glass in greenhouses in less restrictive Fire Zones. gauge in thickness and shall be designed in accordance with this Code.00 square meter and which is not equipped with doors. Awnings and Canopies. The glass panels shall be located in such a manner as to reduce the hazard of ignition caused by paint spray deposit.

breaking stress levels.00 meters from the adjoining combustible construction nor less than 8. Area Limitation. Glazing. and design safety factors. Glass firmly supported on all four edges shall be glazed with minimum laps and edge clearances in accordance with Section 1801 paragraph (b). Section 1805.20 meters. Louvered Windows. Exposed glass edges shall be smooth.Exhaust ducts shall be constructed of steel having a thickness not less than the values set by the Secretary. and J Occupancies not over three storeys in height. fixed glass panels. Frameless glass doors. B. Section 1803. The area of individual lights shall not be more than the maximum allowable area of glass according to the wind load multiplied by the appropriate adjustment factor. CHAPTER XVIII GLASS AND GLAZING Section 1801. Provided. that glass edge clearance in fixed openings shall be not less than what is required for wind and earthquake drift. Regular plate. Impact. shall bear the manufacturer's identification showing the special characteristics and thickness by etching or other permanent identification that shall be visible after the glass is glazed. Each light with special performance characteristics such as laminated. Each light shall bear the manufacturer's label designating the type and thickness of glass.6 millimeters minimal and not longer than 1. General Requirements (a) This Chapter shall apply to exterior glass and glazing in all Occupancies except Groups A.00 meters from adjoining exterior wall openings: Except. sheet. and to interior and exterior glass and glazing in all occupancies subject to human impact as specified in this Code. glass in doors. (c) Section 1802. Glass supports shall be considered firm when deflection of the support at design load does not exceed 1/175 of the span. or patterned glass in jalousies and louvered windows shall not be thinner than 5. Section 1804. that the discharge point for exhaust ducts is not regulated in a waterwash spray booth. heat strengthened fully tempered or insulated. The discharge point for ducts in a paint spray booth shall be not less than 2. For glass not firmly supported on all four edges and design shall be submitted for approval of the Building Official. Exterior glass and glazing shall be capable of safely withstanding the load due to wind pressures for various height zones above ground acting inward or outward. and similar glazed openings which may be subject to accidental human impact shall conform with the requirements set forth by the Secretary on impact loads of glass: Except in the following cases: (1) Bathtub and shower enclosures shall be constructed from approved shatter-resistant . (b) Standards for materials shall conform to the provisions set by the Secretary on glass dimensional tolerances.

6 millimeters glass not less than 4. General Requirements. Submission of Computer-Generated Computations. dimension is not (3) (4) Glass lights 1. All signs. Maintenance. The use of computers for all or any part of the design of buildings under this Code is permitted provided that all programs to be used are documented. (b) No sign or signboard shall be constructed as to unduly obstruct the natural view of the landscape. shall be kept in repair and in proper state of preservation. guys and anchors. fully tempered millimeters thick: or not less than 6. The certification should include the identification of the specific program used for each portion of the computer-generated computations being submitted. The out sheets shall be accompanied by a certification of a designer and/or consultant that the output sheets are the results obtained through the use of documented programs. The display of all signs shall be kept nearly painted and secured at all times. together with all of their supports. or device. signal. distract or obstruct the view of the public as to constitute a traffic hazard. Program Documentation.materials. braces. Documenting a program under this Code consists of filing with the Building Official a reference to a publication or publications accessible to him were the detailed description of the program or a brief statement of the theoretical background of the program including a description of the algorithms used are found. Section 1902. Glass lights when the least greater than 450 millimeters.50 square meters or less in area. A copy of the output sheets for computer-generated computations shall be submitted as a part of the design computations. General Rule.4 Glass lights located not less than 450 millimeters above the adjacent finished floor or walking surface. such as: wire less than 5. . or otherwise defile. (2) reinforced glass not thick. Section 2002.8 laminated safety glass millimeters thick. debase or offend aesthetic and cultural values and traditions. CHAPTER XX SIGNS Section 2001. Section 1903. CHAPTER XIX THE USE OF COMPUTERS Section 1901. (a) No sign or signboard shall be erected in such manner as to confuse or obstruct the view or interpretation of any official traffic sign.

and signs on marquees shall be constructed of incombustible materials. Projections and Clearances. roof signs. or standpipe. Signs erected within 1. Supports and Anchorages. The sign or sign structure must not project more than 1. Sign structures shall be designed and constructed to resist all forces in accordance with the National Structural Code for Buildings. the dead and lateral loads shall be transmitted through structural frame of the building to the ground in such a manner as not to overstress any of the elements of the building. or any combination thereof. No sign or sign structure shall project into any public alley below a height of 3. No sign shall obstruct any opening to such an extent that light ventilation is reduced to a point below that required by this Code. All signs or sign structures erected in highly restrictive Fire Zones shall have structural members of incombustible materials. Obstruction of Openings. (c) (d) (e) Section 2005. (b) Clearances from Fire Escapes. Display Surfaces. wall signs.5 meters above established sidewalk grade. (b) Materials. Non-Structural Trim. Non-structural trim and portable display surfaces may be of wood. The supports and anchorage of all signs or sign structures shall be placed in or upon private property and shall be constructed in conformity with the requirements of this Code.00 meters to 4. Such earth shall be carefully placed and thoroughly compacted. The weight of earth superimposed over footings may be used in determining the dead load resisting moment. Combinations signs. approved plastics. Projection Over Alleys. projecting signs. Ground signs may be constructed of any material meeting the requirements of this Code. Design and Construction. Restrictions on Combustible Materials.50 meters of an exterior wall in which there are openings within the area of the sign shall be constructed of incombustible material or approved plastics. Clearances of signs from high voltage power lines shall be in accordance with the Philippine Electrical Code. or approved plastics.Section 2003. (a) General. No signs or sign structures shall be erected in such a manner than any portion to its surface or supports will interfere in any way with the free use of any fire escape.00 meter into the public alley where the sign or sign structure is (c) (d) . (a) Clearances from High Voltage Power Lines. Materials for construction of signs or sign structures shall be of the quality and grade as specified in this Code. exit. nor project more than 300 millimeters where the sign structure is located 3. For signs on buildings.00 meters above established sidewalk grade. No combustible material other than approved plastics shall be used in the construction of electrical signs. or Standpipes. metal. Display surfaces in all types of signs may be made of metal. Section 2004. Exits. glass.

provisions of charters. amended. However. Existing Buildings and Structures. if legally done in accordance therewith.A. executive orders. Effectivity. Section 2102. conversions. rules and regulations or parts thereof contrary to or inconsistent with the provision of this Decree are hereby repealed. alterations. Separability Clause. Done in the City of Manila. additions. or modified accordingly. All buildings or structures constructed under R. shall be respected subject to such limitations established in this Code. Signs shall be illuminated only by electrical means in accordance with the Philippine Electrical Code. ordinances. This Decree shall take effect upon its promulgation. . the same shall not affect the validity of the other provisions. If any provision of this Decree or the application thereof is to any person or circumstance declared unconstitutional or invalid for any reason.50 meters above established sidewalk grade. nineteen hundred and seventy-seven. Lighting. CHAPTER XXI TRANSITORY AND FINAL PROVISIONS Section 2101.located more than 4. this 19th of February. Section 2104. All laws. Interim Rules and Regulations. Section 2006. 6541 or existing city or municipal building codes or ordinances. Section 2103. when not in conflict with the provisions of this Code. and/or repairs to be made in such building or structures shall be subject to the provisions of this Code. Section 2105. Repealing Clause. decrees. Interim rules and regulations on buildings promulgated by the Secretary before the adoption of this Code pursuant to existing laws or decrees shall continue to have binding force and effect. in the year of Our Lord.

AGRICULTURAL BUILDING A building designed and constructed to house farm implements. designed and intended for. ACCESSORY BUILDING A building subordinate to the main building on the same lot and used for purposes customarily incidental to those of the main building such as servants quarters. poultry. built. or collapsed against the face of a supporting building. livestock or other horticultural products. let or hired out to be occupied. or occupied by one family for living. grain. laundry. garage. or built as to be habitation. BACKING The surface or assembly to which veneer is attached. TERMS AND PHRASES (Definitions) ACCESSORIA OR ROW HOUSE A house of not more than two storeys. leased. or AWNING A movable shelter supported entirely from the exterior wall of a building and of a type which can be retracted. entertainment. ARCADE Any portion of a building above the first floor projecting over the sidewalk beyond the first storey wall used as protection for pedestrians against rain or sun. or awaiting transportation or of a hundred or more persons in drinking and dining establishments. ASSEMBLY BUILDING OR HALL A building or a portion of a building used for the gathering together of fifty or more persons for such purposes as deliberation. treated or packaged. addition. or modification in construction of occupancy. and shall include flats and apartments. ATTIC STOREY Any storey situated wholly or arranged. hay. partly in a roof. sleeping. and cooking purposes. rented. composed of a row or dwelling units entirely separated from one another by partly wall or walls and with an independent entrance for each dwelling units. nor shall it be placed used by the public. This structure shall not be a place of human habitation or a place of employment where agricultural products are processed. which is designed. storage.ANNEX "A" WORDS. workshop. APARTMENT A room or suite of two or more rooms. used for business. or which is occupied as the home or residence of three or more families living independently of each other and doing their own cooking in the building. ALLEY Any building space or thoroughfare which has been dedicated or deeded to the public or for public use as a passageway with a width of not more than three meters. pump house. APARTMENT HOUSE Any building or portion thereof. . ALTER OR ALTERATION Any change. amusement. folded. etc. so designed.

in HOUSE with five or more sleeping rooms where the boarders are with lodging. or persons. and which serves as a required means of egress.BALCONY A portion of the seating space of an assembly room. the lowest part of which is raise 1. BASEMENT A portion of a building between floor and ceiling which is partly below and partly above grade but so located that the vertical distance from grade to the floor is less than the vertical distance from grade to ceiling. CELLAR The portion of a building between floor and ceiling which is wholly or partly below grade and so located that the vertical distance from . BAY OR PANEL One of the intervals or spaces into which the building front is divided by columns. or accordance with previous arrangement. or division walls. or joints. buttresses. and the open area above the guardrail shall be so distributed as to prevent the accumulation of smoke or toxic gases. the average ground level of the buildable area shall be considered the established grade elevation. shelter. The long size shall be at least fifty percent open. BUILDING WIDTH Its shortest linear dimensions usually measured in the direction of the floor. to the average height of the highest gable or a pitch or hip roof. beams. either fuel-fired or electric. BALCONY EXTERIOR EXIT A landing or porch projecting from the wall of a building. and meals for fixed sum paid by the month. animals. BUILDING LENGTH Its general lineal dimensions usually measured in the direction of the bearing wall for girders. In case of sloping ground. used for floor preparation. chattels. BOILER ROOM Any room containing a stream or hotwater boiler. or to the top of the parapet if the roof is provided with a parapet. or property of any kind. BOARDING A house provided week.20 meters or more above the level of the main floor. enclosure of BUILDING HEIGHT The vertical distance from the established grade elevation to the highest point of the coping of a flat roof. BUILDING Any structure built for the support. BARBECUE A stationary open hearth or brazier. BUILDABLE AREA The remaining space in a lot after deducting the required minimum open spaces.

volcanic scoria.grade to the floor below is equal to or greater than the vertical distance from grade to ceiling. pumice. or pilaster. COPING The material or units used to form a cap of finish on top of a wall. CONCRETE BLOCK A hollow or solid concrete masonry unit made from portland cement and suitable aggregates such as sand. CHIMNEY LINEAR The lining materials of fire clay or other approved material. stones.20 percent copper. (c) CHIMNEY CONNECTOR The pipe which connects a flue burning appliance to a chimney. . and unobstructed by appendages from the ground upward. crushed stone. CORROSION-RESISTANT MATERIAL Materials that are inherently rust-resistant or materials to which an approved rust-resistive coating has been applied either before or after forming or fabrication. or steel with not less than 10 percent chromium or with less than 0. gravel. CHIMNEY CLASSIFICATIONS: (a) RESIDENTIAL APPLIANCE TYPE A factory-built or masonry chimney suitable for removing products of combustion from residential type appliance producing combustion gases not in excess of 538ºC measured at the appliance flue outlet. or any metal having an unbroken surface of non-ferrous metal. bituminous or anthracite cinders. COURSE A continuous horizontal layer of masonry units. CORROSION-RESISTANT The non-ferrous metal. (b) LOW-HEAT APPLIANCE TYPE A factory-built masonry or metal chimney suitable for removing the product of combustion from fuel-burning lowheat appliances producing combustion gases not in excess of 538ºC under normal operating conditions but capable of producing combustible gases of 760ºC during intermittent forced firing for periods up to one hour. CHIMNEY MASONRY The chimney of solid masonry units bricks. free. or reinforced concrete. open. All temperatures are measured at the appliance flue outlet. burned clay. pier.r cooled or expanded blast furnace slags. listed hollow unit masonry units. COURT An occupied space between building lines and lot lines other than a yard. MEDIUM-HEAT APPLIANCE TYPE A factory built masonry or metal chimney suitable for removing the products of combustion from fuel-burning medium-heat appliances producing combustion gases not in excess of 1093ºC measured at the appliance flue outlet.

DWELLING UNIT One or more habitable rooms which are occupied or which are intended or designated to be occupied by one family with facilities for living. (as contrasted to veneer. horizontal exits. corridors. leased. "lodging house". DWELLING. doorways. exit courts. and eating. An exit shall be deemed to be that point which open directly into a safe dispersal area or public way. the total cost of which does not exceed fifteen thousand pesos. or which are occupied for living purposes. sleeping. EXIT PASSAGEWAY An enclosed means of egress connecting a required exit or exit court with a public way. DWELLING. used. or lumber. and shall include intervening doors. ramps. or a "hotel" as defined in this Code which contained one or two "dwelling units" or "guest rooms". DWELLING. smokeproof. Dispersal areas shall be based upon the area of not less than 0.00 meters from the stand or building.28 square meter per person. in such a manner that no person within the area need be closer than 15.DISPERSAL AREA (SAFE) An area which will accommodate a number of persons equal to the total capacity of the stand and building it serves. It is one constructed of native materials such as bamboo. ONE-FAMILY A detached building designated for. cooking. MULTIPLE A building used as a home or residence of three or more families living independently from one another. exit passageways. FACING Any masonry. intended or designed to be built. let or hired out to be occupied. see definition). each occupying one or more rooms as a single housekeeping unit. used. EXIT HORIZONTAL A means of passage from one building into another building occupied by the same tenant through a separation wall having a minimum fire resistance of one-hour. . nipa. forming an integral part of a wall used as a finished surface. or occupied exclusively by one family. and yards. INDIGENOUS FAMILY A dwelling intended for the use and occupancy by the family of the owner only. EXIT COURTS A yard or court providing egress to a public way for one or more required exits. rented. logs. exterior exit balconies. EXIT A continuous and unobstructed means of egress to a public way. FIREBRICK A refractory brick. enclosures. DWELLING Any building or any portion thereof which is not an "apartment house". All measurement are to be made to that point when determining the permissible distance of the travel. stairways.

FOUNDATION All the portions of the building or structure below the footing. The Fire-retardant properties shall not be considered permanent when exposed to the weather. Open parking garages are further classified as either ramp-access or mechanical-access. open parking garages are those employing a series of continuously rising floors permitting the movement of vehicles under their own power from and to the street level. varies widely in physical properties. GARAGE. repaired or kept for remuneration. distillate. FLOOR AREA The area included within the surrounding exterior walls of a building or portion thereof. or sale. flammable liquid in its tank. GARAGE PRIVATE A building or portion of a building in which only motor vehicles used by the tenants of the building or buildings on the premises are stored or kept. OPEN PARKING A structure of one or more tiers in height which is at least 50 percent open on two or more sides and is used exclusively for the parking or storage of passenger motor vehicles having a capacity of not more than nine persons per vehicle. the earth upon which the structure rests.FIRECLAY A finely ground clay used as a plasticizer for masonry mortars. FIRE RETARDANT TREATED WOOD Lumber of plywood impregnated with chemicals and when tested in accordance with accepted fire standards for a period of 30 minutes shall have a flame-spread of not over 25 and show no evidence of progressive combustion. repaired. GARAGE COMMERCIAL A garage where automobiles and other motor vehicle are housed. or other volative. equipped. Rampaccess. The floor area of a building or portion thereof not provided with surrounding exterior walls shall be the usable area under the horizontal projection of the roof or floor above. FIREPLACE A hearth and fire chamber or similarly prepared place in which a fire may be made and which is built in conjunction with a chimney. is stored. GARAGE A building or portion thereof in which a motor vehicle containing gasoline. the remaining storeys being numbered in regular succession upward. cared for. Mechanical access parking garages are those employing parking machines. . hire. FOOTING That portion of the foundation of a structure which spreads and transmits loads directly to the soil or the pile. or other mechanical services for vehicles moving from and to street level and in which public occupancy is prohibited above the street level. elevators. FIRST STOREY The floor of which is at or above the level of the sidewalk or adjoining ground. or kept. exclusive of vent shafts and courts. lifts.

cooking. COMMON A corridor or passageway used in common by all the occupants within a building. HOTEL APARTMENT An apartment house which may furnish dining room service and other services for the exclusive use of its tenants. HOTEL A building or a part thereof with rooms occupied or intended to be occupied for hire as temporary aboding place of individuals with a general kitchen and public dining room service. utility rooms. or storage of helicopters is permitted. service rooms. connecting corridors. Every 9. bath or toilet room. for heliport buildings and other heliport facilities. living. is either one of the following: . INCOMBUSTIBLE As applied to building construction material.50 meters distant from sidewall. but no provision for cooking in any individual suite or room. beginning with second for the first next above. HELISTOP The same as heliport except that no refueling. GUEST ROOM Any room or rooms used. in the form it is used. the landing and take off helicopters and any appurtenant areas which are used. HALL. the grade shall be the elevation of the sidewalk. alley. excluding such enclosed spaces as closets. or intended for use. unfinished attics. or other public way. or intended for use. space cellars. or dining purposes. alley. HELIPORT An area of land or water or a structural surface which is used. STAIRS A hall which includes the stair.50 meters distant from said wall. storage. as material which. pantries. and similar spaces. HALL. or intended to be used by a guest for sleeping purposes. shall be designated by the successive floor numbers counting upward. the other storeys. stair landings. In case walls are parallel to and within 1.30 square meters of superficial floor area in a dormitory shall be considered to be a guest room. laundries. maintenance repairs. and those portions of the common halls through which it is necessary to pass in going between the entrance floor and the room. HABITABLE ROOM Any room meeting the requirements of this Code for sleeping. GRADE (ADJACENT GROUND ELEVATION) The lowest point of elevation of the finished surface of the ground between the exterior wall of a building and a point 1.GIRDER A horizontal structural piece which supports in end of the floor beams or joists or walls over opening. or the lowest point of elevation of the finished surface of the ground between the exterior wall of a building and a property line if it is less than 1. or public way.50 meters of a public sidewalk. GROUND FLOOR The storey at or near the level of the grade.

LOAD. BUILDING The line formed by the intersection of the outer surface of the enclosing wall of the building and the surface of the ground.2 millimeters thick which has a flamespread rating of 50 or less. and fire-topped between the studs with incombustible material 20 centimeters above the floor and at the ceiling. moisture. earthquakes. LODGING HOUSE Any building or portion thereof. sheet. "Incombustible" does not apply to surface finish materials. OCCUPANT The total number of persons that may occupy a building or portion thereof at any one time. and weight of temporary partitions. it includes the weight of the walls permanent partitions. (b) INCOMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL When referred to as structural material. LOAD. counters. or other dynamic forces. roofs. LOAD. or other materials shall refer to material conforming to the provisions of this Code. LINE. terracotta. steel. LOAD. LINTEL The beam or girder placed over an opening in a wall. and all loads imposed due to the occupancy of the building or structure. labor or otherwise. and similar equipment. metal. through the effects of age.(a) Material having an structural base of incombustible material as defined in Item (2). which supports the wall construction above. it includes all loads except dead and lateral. DEAD The weight of the permanent portions of a building or structure. Material required to be incombustible for reduced clearance to flues. INCOMBUSTIBLE ROOFING A covering of not less than two thickness of roofing felt and a good coat of tar and gravel or tin. concrete. corrugated iron or other approved fire-resisting material with standing seam of lap joint. INCOMBUSTIBLE STUD PARTITION A partition plastered on both sides upon metal lath or wire cloth for the full height. cases. framing floors. or other atmospheric condition. stone. and other construction entering into and becoming a part of a building or structure. or tiles. iron. above. No material shall be classed as incombustible which is subject to increase in combustibility or flame-spread rating beyond the limits herein established. containing not more than five guest rooms which are used by not more than five guests where rent is paid in money. with a surfacing material not over 3. LATERAL That load cased by winds. . heating appliances. means brick. LIVE The weight of the contents of a building or structure. goods. used either singly or in combination. and all other permanent and stationary fixtures mechanism.

LOT. The . lot area. yard requirement. hollow clay tile. MASONRY SOLID Masonry of solid units built without hollow spaces. LOT. NON-CONFORMING USE The use of a building or land or any portion of such building or land which does not conform with the use and regulation of the zone where it is situated. gypsum. MASONRY UNIT Brick. stone or other similar building unit or combination thereof. LOT. MEZZANINE OR MEZZANINE FLOOR A partial intermediate floor in any storey or room of a building having an area not more than one-half of the area of the room or space in which it is constructed. and percentage of occupancy. it may be either frontage. concrete block or tile. WIDTH OF The average horizontal distance between the side lot lines. concrete. NON-CONFORMING BUILDING A building which does not conform with the regulations of the district where it is situated as to height. made to be bounded together by a cementation agent. LOT. brick. OCCUPANCY The purpose for which a building is used or intended to be used. OPEN A lot bounded on all sides street lines. A lot may or may not be the land designated as lot or recorded plot. or other similar building units of material or combination of these material laid up unit and set in mortar. block. LOT.LOT A parcel of land on which a principal building and its accessories are placed or may be placed together with the required open spaces. DEPTH OF The average horizontal distance between the front and the rear lot lines. tile. LOT. CORNER A lot situated at the junction of two or more streets forming an angle of not more than one hundred thirty-five degrees (135º). INSIDE A lot fronting on but one street of public alley and the remaining sides bounded by lot lines. MASONRY A form of construction composed of stone. FRONT The front boundary line of a lot bordering on the street and in the case of a corner lot. LOT LINE The line of demarcation between either public and private property.

MASONRY The wall between the bottom of the window sill and the ground. a column. CEMENT A mixture of portland cement. dumbwaiters. columns. REPAIR The construction or renewal of any part of an existing building for the purpose of its maintenance. more than 3.00 meters in width. Change of occupancy is not intended to include change of tenants or proprietors. or other entertainment wherein scenery. or both. SHAFT A vertical opening through a building for elevators. girders. and aggregate and other approved material as specified in this Code. mechanical equipment. appropriated to the free passage of the general public. demonstrations. ENCLOSED A partially enclosed portion of an assembly room the ceiling of which is not more than 1. . PLASTER. and insanitary condition of the building within the area. SLUM Blighted Area: Eyesore. PUBLIC WAY A parcel of land unobstructed from the ground to the sky. lintels. obsolescent. of the effects may be installed or used.term shall also include the building or room housing such use. or portland cement and lime. An area where the values of real estate tend to deteriorate because of the dilapidated. PORTLAND. PLASTER A portion of the wall which projects on one or both sides and acts as a vertical beam. SOCALO. The word "repair" shall not apply to any change of construction. Any eyesore is a building or area which is markedly unpleasant to look at. SHOW WINDOW A store window in which goods are display. drops. PANIC HARDWARE A bar which extends across at least one-half the width of each door leaf. which will open the door if subjected to pressure. PLATFORM. or corporation owning the property or properties under consideration or the receiver or trustee thereof.50 meters above the prossenium opening and which is designed or used for the presentation of plays. PIER An insolated mass of masonry forming support for arches. APPROVED Plastic materials which have a flame spread rating of 225 or less. PARTITION An interior subdividing walls. or similar purposes. PLASTICS. and similar structural parts. company. decorations. trusses. OWNER Any person.

SOFFIT The underside of a beam.60 meters above grade as defined herein at any point. or other entertainment wherein scenery. racing or STAGE A partially enclosed portion of an assembly building which is designed or used for the representation of plays. COMMERCIAL A stable wherein the breeding purposes. carabao. or other cattle. or joists. The clear height of balconies is measured from the highest point of the sidewall grade to the underside of the balcony floor joists. STOREY That portion of a building included between the upper surface of any floor and the upper surface of the floor next above. floor beams. If the finished floor level directly above a basement. cellar or unused underfloor space shall be considered as a storey. If these joists are sealed. shelter. cellar or unused underfloor space is more than 3. STRUCTURAL FRAME The framing system including the columns and the girders. STABLE Any structure designed and intended for the enclosure. or revear.50 meters. STREET Any thoroughfare of public space which has been dedicated or deeded to the public for public use. Such basement. STRUCTURE That which is built or constructed. SUPORTALES . an edifice or building of any kind or any piece of work artificially built up or composed of parts joined together in some definite manner. STOREY. STAIRWAY. and where the distance between the top of the prosecenium openings and the ceiling above the stage is more than 1. demonstrations. HEIGHT OF The perpendicular distance from top to top of two successive of floors. animals kept are for business. beams. this clear height is measured to the underside of the sealing. STABLE. trusses. and spandrels having direct connections to the columns and all other members which are essential to the stability of the building as a whole. or protection of any horse. The clear height of a storey or a room is the distance from the floor to the ceiling. PRIVATE A stairway serving one tenant only. STAIRWAY Two or more risers shall constitute a stairway. The members of floor or roof which have no connection to the column shall be considered secondary and not a part of the structural frame. lintel. except that the topmost storey shall be that portion of a building included between the upper surface of the topmost floor and the ceiling or roof above. drops or other effects may be installed or used.

such as posts or stanchions. pie de gallos (knee braces) or crosettas (cross bracing) are sometimes used. (b) (c) VALUE OR VALUATION OF A BUILDING The estimated cost to replace the building in kind. WEATHER-EXPOSED All surfaces of walls. CROSS A term which may be used synonymously with a partition.The vertical supports. INTERIOR Surfaces other than weather-exposed surfaces. EXTERIOR Veneer applied to weather-exposed surfaces. or any fireroof construction intended for the storage of valuables. Walls or portions of walls within an unenclosed roof area. SURFACE. soffits. . and similar surfaces exposed to the weather except the following: (a) Ceiling and roof soffits by walls. as used in indigenous or traditional type of construction. or by beams extend a minimum of 300 millimeters below such ceiling or roof soffit. EXTERIOR Weather-exposed surface. WALL. SURFACE. floors. when located a horizontal distance from an exterior opening equal to twice the height of the opening. ceilings. These may be freestanding as stilts or integrated into the wall structure. WALL BEARING A wall which supports any load other than its own weight. DEAD A wall without openings. CURTAIN The enclosing wall of an iron or steel framework or the nonbearing portion of an enclosing wall between pier. WALL.00 meters from the outer edge of the ceilings or roof soffits. roofs. SURFACE. VENEER ADHERED Veneer secured and supported by approved mechanical fasteners attached to an approved backing supported through adhesion to an approved bonding material applied over an approved backing. VENEER. INTERIOR Veneer applied to surfaces other than weather-exposed surfaces. In the case of former. WALL. and Ceiling and roof soffits beyond a horizontal distance of 3. EXTERIOR Any wall or element of a wall or any number or group of members. based on current replacement costs. VENEER. WALL. VAULT Any surface or underground construction covered on top. which defines the exterior boundary or courts of a building.

YARD. when covered with building paper. Foundation and retaining walls are measured from the grade downward to the base of the footing. WINDOW An opening through a wall of a building to the outsider for the purpose of admitting natural light andr. provide a backing for portland cement plaster. . WALL. WINDOW. REAR The yard lying between the side lot lines and the nearest lot line and the nearest building line.00 meters. YARD. WALL. and used in common by the said buildings. WALL. Extension above the roof is 1. a subsurface wall built to resist the lateral pressure of internal loads. WALL. by starting at the foundation and extending continuously through all storeys to. YARD OR PATIO The vacant space left in a lot between the building and the property line.WALL. PARAPET That part of any entirely above the roof line. WALL. WALL. FOUNDATION That portion of an enclosing wall below the first tier of floorjoists. WALL. cut curried on brackets or corbels. FIRE Any wall which subdivided a building so as to resist the spread of fire. FACED A wall in which the facing and backing are so bonded together that they act as a composite element. SIDE The yard lying between the side line and the nearest building and between the front and the rear yards. WALL. ORIEL A projecting window similar to a bay window. PARTY A wall separating two or more buildings. NONBEARING A wall which supports no load other than its own weight. and exert a common action under load. WIRE BACKING Horizontal strands of tautened wire attached to surfaces of vertical wood supports which. HEIGHT OF The perpendicular distance measured from its base line either at the grade or at the top of the girder to the top of the coping thereof. THICKNESS OF The minimum thickness measured on the bed. The term "bay window" may also be applied to an oriel window projecting over the street line. or above the roof. RETAINING Any wall used to resist the lateral displacement of any material.

12. x 17.5cms.x 20 cms.x 3.00 m.00 m.00 4.ANNEX "B" TABLE 708-A.00 M 1-Storey Shed 5. DIMENSION OF WOODEN POSTS OR SUPORTALES Type Maximum Building Height of 1st Floor Total 1-Storey Shed 4.x 12. to less than 11. provided that these are of such sizes and spacing as to sustain vertical loading equivalent at least to the loading capacities of the posts and spacing in this Tables.00 m.00 M 1-Storey Shed 3. 12. but between one-fourth to one half the height of construction Six feet or more but exceeding one-half the construction height PROTECTION REQUIRED Rating None Fence and Canopy Fence and Canopy More than eight feet Fence None Note: All protective devices shall include appropriate lights and warning signs . TABLE 1106-A.00 m. 12.00 m.00 m. 1. 1. 10 cms.5cms. 13.5cms.00 7.50 M 2-Storey House 5. x 10 cms. 0. 1.50 M 4. x 12.00 m. TABLE 1003-A PROJECTIONS OF BALCONIES AND APPENDAGES Width of Streets Over 3.00 m.00 m.00 M 3.50 M or Chalet 2-Storey House 1.5cms.00 9.50 m. 15 cms.00 m. up to 11. x 10 cms. 10.5cms.5cms. 1. 17. 1.00 to 2-Storey House 3. or over Balconies With Balcony With Balcony With Balcony With Balcony With Balcony With Balcony With Balcony Total Projections 0.50 M 6.50 4.00 8. TYPE OF PROTECTION REQUIRED FOR PEDESTRIANS HEIGHT OF DISTANCE FROM CONSTRUCTION CONSTRUCTION Eight feet or Less than six feet less Six feet or more Less than six feet Six feet or more but not more than one-fourth the height of construction Six feet or more.5cms.00 M Maximum Height of Post 3. 12.00 6. 10.00 m.00 m.00 M 1-Storey House 5.50 M M M M 12.00 M 4.00 m.x 12 cms.5cms.10 m. but less than 6.40 m. Logs or tree suportales may be used as post in indigenous traditional type of construction. to less than 13. to less than 14. 20 cms. 14.00 4.00 M M M M Maximum Spacing of Suportales Required Maximum Finished Size 10 cms.60 m. to less than 10.90 m.00 M 2-Storey House 4.30 m.

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