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# INVERTER 3 PHASE Forced Commutation

## Department of Electrical Engineering Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology (ITS) Surabaya

Mengubah dari tegangan DC menjadi AC Aplikasi: power supply, UPS (uninterruptible power supply), electric drive, active filter, power factor correction dsb.

## Inverter 3-Phase Forced Comm, Dr. M.Ashari-T.Elektro ITS

Tegangan Inverter

Line Commutation: Switch devices: thyristor bridge 3 phasa diset 90o Padam karena teg. line Forced Commutation: Switch devices: keluarga Transistor (BJT, IGBT etc), thyristor dengan rangkaian pemadaman Padam karena dipaksa Resonant: Switch devices: thyristor Padam karena beban berupa komponen resonansi
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Tegangan DC input:

Tegangan AC output:
Square wave Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Sinusoidal

## Inverter 3-Phase Forced Comm, Dr. M.Ashari-T.Elektro ITS

Line Commutation

Forced Commutation
Switching 3-Phase Inverters: 1. Square wave 180o Conduction 2. Square wave 120o Conduction 3. PWM switching 180o Conduction setiap switch mengalami konduksi selama 180o 120o Conduction setiap switch mengalami konduksi selama 120o
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Switching devices: 6 thyristor Sumber DC berupa battery, PV panel dll. Sudut penyalaan diset >90o Berfungsi sebagai current controlled inverter

## (1) 180o Conduction

Masing-masing switch konduksi 180o Terdapat 3 switch yang konduksi bersama-sama 1 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 2 3 4 5 6 2 A

R B C R

Period 1: Q1 on, Ph A=+Vdc,VAB=+Vdc Q5 on, Ph C=+Vdc,VBC=-Vdc Q6 on, Ph B=:-Vdc,VCA= 0 Period 2: Q1 on, Ph. A=+Vdc,VAB=+Vdc Q2 on, Ph C=-Vdc,VCA=-Vdc Q6 on, Ph B=-Vdc,VBC=0 Period 3: Q1 on, Ph A=+Vdc, VAB=0 Q2 on, Ph C=-Vdc, VBC= +Vdc Q3 on, Ph B=+Vdc, VCA=-Vdc
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## Inverter 3-Phase Forced Comm, Dr. M.Ashari-T.Elektro ITS

Line Voltage
2Vdc/3

Vdc/3
Period 1:
VAN=Vdc/3 VBN=-2Vdc/3 VCN=Vdc/3

VAB

Period 2:

VBC VCA C
Inverter 3-Phase Forced Comm, Dr. M.Ashari-T.Elektro ITS 9

A N

## VAN=2Vdc/3 VBN=-Vdc/3 VCN=-Vdc/3

Period 3:
VAN=Vdc/3 VBN=Vdc/3 VCN=-2Vdc/3

B
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## Voltages of 180o Conduction

Voltage line-to-line:
VRS (t ) =

## (2) 120o Conduction

Masing-masing switch konduksi selama 120o Terdapat 2 switch yang konduksi bersama-sama 1 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6
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n =1, 3, 5...

VRMS _ LL =

VRMS LN =

VRMS LL 3

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## Voltages of 120o Conduction

Voltage line-to-neutral:

Vdc

A VAN VBN N
V AN (t ) =

n =1, 3, 5...

VRMS _ LN =

n =1, 3, 5...

2Vdc n cos 6 n 2

-Vdc

VCN C B

## RMS Voltage line-to-line:

VRMS LL = VRMS LN 3
Inverter 3-Phase Forced Comm, Dr. M.Ashari-T.Elektro ITS 14

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## (3) SPWM Switching

PWM Waveform

Generating PWM signal is similar to the single-phase Requires one triangle signal and three-phase sinusoidal reference

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