EIAA Annual Technical Conference PRESENTATION TITLE

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Presented by Kevin Harrison

Presentation
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Qualification issues. Class B and Class A wiring. DCL B and DCL A wiring. Alberta Building Code 2006 fire alarm systems. ‡ Smoke Alarms ‡ Alberta Building Code 2006 smoke alarms

Qualification
Alberta Qualification in accordance with the Alberta Fire Code

Electrician Before Sept 1/91

Electrician After Sept 1/91

Alarm Technician

Must complete Fire detection course

Basic Electricity Basic Electronics Technical writing Fire Detection

Apply to ECAA for qualification number

Apply to AFSA for qualification number

Fire Alarm System Conductors Rule 32-100 ‡ Insulation rating of not less than 300 V ‡ Shall be suitable for the purpose of the type listed in Table 19 and individual conductors smaller than #14 AWG installed in a raceway shall be equipment wire of the type listed in Table 11. .

d)#22 AWG cable assembly of four or more conductors. b)#19 AWG for individual conductors laid in a raceway. . c)#19 AWG cable assembly of two or more conductors.Fire Alarm System Conductors Rule 32-100 ‡ Conductors shall not be smaller than: a)#16 AWG for individual conductors pulled in a raceway.

Wiring Methods Rule 32-102 (non-combustible construction) ‡ All conductors of a fire alarm system shall be: a) installed in a metal raceway b) installed in a cable having a metal armour or sheath. or installed underground. . c) installed in rigid non-metallic conduit. where embedded in at least 50 mm of masonry or poured concrete. d) installed in electrical non-metallic tubing. where embedded in at least 50 mm of masonry or poured concrete.

Wiring Methods Rule 32-102 (combustible construction) ‡ Conductors installed in combustible construction shall be installed in accordance with Section 12 a) Non-metallic sheathed cable. . b) FAS cable. or c) installed in a totally enclosed nonmetallic raceway.

. (4 conductor circuit) ‡ T tap splices can not be used on either wiring method. (2 conductor circuit) ‡ Class A wiring does not incorporate end of line devices.Conventional Wiring ‡ Class B wiring incorporates end of line devices.

Class B Wiring .

Class A wiring .

Class B wiring for flow switch and tamper switch .

Class B wiring for control vale switch and tamper switch .

Multiplex wiring for addressable systems ‡ DCL B two conductor circuits or data loops do not incorporate end of line devices and can be T tapped. ‡ DCL A four conductor circuits or data loops do not incorporate an end of line device and can not be T tapped .

Addressable System DATA COMMUNICATION LINK Sa CPU Ha Ha ADDRESSABLE INPUT DEVICES E O L BELLS OUTPUT DEVICES .

Wiring for addressable systems .

Addressable System .

Addressable monitor modules .

Addressable signal module .

Building Code Requirements .

‡ 2 stage fire alarm systems shall be designed to notify that an alert signal has been initiated. . ‡ Notification to the fire department shall be provided in conformance with CAN/ULC ±S561 Installation and Services for Fire Signal Receiving Centres and Systems.Signals to Fire Department ‡ Single stage fire alarm system installed in a building of assembly occupancy that has an occupant load of more than 300 shall be designed to notify that an alarm signal has been initiated. ‡ A system that includes waterflow-indicating devices shall be designed to notify that an alarm signal has been initiated.

Fire Protective Signaling Certificate ‡ Owners shall provide evidence of compliance to the authority having jurisdiction by means of a certificate from a certified listing agency showing: a) address of building b) the listed fire alarm installation company and. c) the listed fire alarm monitoring company. .

Electrical Supervision ‡ An automatic sprinkler system shall be electrically supervised to indicate a supervisory signal on the building fire alarm system annunciator for each of the following: .

f) loss of power to an automatically starting fire pump g) temperature approaching freezing in any dry pipe valve enclosure or water storage used for firefighting purposes. c) loss of air pressure in a dry pipe system. e) a significant change in water level in any water storage container used for firefighting purposes. b) loss of excess water pressure to prevent false alarms in a wet pipe system. d) loss of air pressure in a pressure tank. .Electrical Supervision Supervisory a) movement of a valve handle that controls the supply of water to the sprinklers.

.Electrical Supervision Supervisory ‡ Indication of a supervisory signal shall be transmitted to the fire department in conformance with: CAN/ULC -S561 Installation and Services for Fire Signal Receiving Centres and Systems.

‡ Alarm signals shall conform to the temporal pattern defined in the International Standard ISO 8201 (T3 signal) .Audibility of Alarm Systems ‡ Sound patterns of alert signals shall be significantly different from the temporal patterns of alarm signals.

Audibility of Alarm Systems ‡ Sound pressure level in sleeping room from a fire alarm audible signal device shall be not less than 75 dBA in a building of residential occupancy when any intervening doors between the device and the sleeping room are closed. .

Audibility of Alarm Systems ‡ Audible signal devices located within a dwelling unit or a suite of a residential occupancy shall be connected to the fire alarm system a) in a manner such that a single open circuit at one device will not impair the operation of other audible signal devices on that same circuit that serve the other dwelling units or suites of a residential occupancy. . or b) on separate signal circuits that are not connected to the devices in any other dwelling unit. public corridor or suite of residential occupancy.

‡ Each suite can be feed from a separate signal circuit without the need for a signal circuit isolator. .What does this mean? ‡ The signal circuits in the suites can be feed from a Class B or Class A signal circuit isolators located outside the suite or.

.Audibility of Alarm Systems ‡ In buildings classified as a residential occupancy a) separate circuits shall be provided for audible signal devices on each floor area. and b) audible signal devices within dwelling units or suites of residential occupancy shall be wired on separate signal circuits from those not within suites of residential occupancy or dwelling units.

after which time the devices shall restore themselves to normal operation.Audible signal devices ‡ Audible signal devices located within a dwelling unit shall include a means for them to be manually silenced for a period of not more than 10 min. .

Audible signal devices ‡ Audible signal devices within dwelling units that are wired on separate signal circuits need not include manual silencing provided the fire alarm system includes a provision for an automatic signal silence within the dwelling units where : .

‡ The voice communication system has a provision to override the automatic signal silence to allow transmission of the voice messages through silenced audible signal circuits that serve the dwelling units. the silenced audible signal devices will be restored to continuous audible signal if the alarm is not acknowledged and. .Audible signal devices ‡ the automatic signal silence cannot occur within the first 60 s of operation or within the zone of initiation. ‡ After a period of not more than 10 min. ‡ a subsequent alarm elsewhere in the building will reactivate the silenced audible signal devices in the dwelling units.

Visual Signal Appliances ‡ Visual signal devices shall be installed in close proximity to each required audible signal device. ‡ and conform to ULC-S526 Visible Signal Devices for Fire Alarm Systems .

Smoke Alarms ‡ Must be installed in accordance with rules 32-110 of the CEC ‡ Wiring methods for smoke alarms must comply with 32-100 and 32-102(1) for noncombustible construction and 32-102(2) for combustible construction. .

a smoke alarm shall be installed in a location between the sleeping rooms and the remainder of the storey.Location of Smoke Alarms ‡ At least one smoke alarm shall be installed on each floor level. ‡ On any storey of a dwelling unit containing sleeping rooms. and if the sleeping rooms are served by a hallway . . the smoke alarm shall be located in the hallway. including basements that is 900 mm or more above or below an adjacent floor level.

measured following corridors and doorways from any point on a floor level to a smoke alarm on the same level does not exceed 15 m. measured following corridors and doorways of the bedroom door. . and ‡ the distance. within 5 m.Location of Smoke Alarms ‡ Each bedroom shall be protected by a smoke alarm either inside the bedroom or if outside.

Smoke Alarms .

‡ A smoke alarm required to be installed in an existing dwelling unit as a result of developing space for sleeping use need not be interconnected with existing smoke alarms in the dwelling unit. but if more than one smoke alarm is required then all new smoke alarms shall be interconnected.Interconnection of Smoke Alarms ‡ When more than one smoke alarm is required in a dwelling unit. the smoke alarms shall be wired so activation of one alarm will cause all alarms within the dwelling unit to sound. .

THE END .

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