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Name: Ng Song Leng Class: 5 EHSAN I/C Number: 940110-01-5589 Index Number: BD102A022
. open source gained hold with the rise of the Internet. Before the term open source became widely adopted. such as film. procedures. either by directly providing instructions to the computer hardware or by serving as input to another piece of software. It may also mean the physical components of a computer system. tapes. communication paths. Some consider open source a philosophy. Subsequently. Open (source) hardware is a licensing agreement for electromechanical projects. Software is a collection of computer programs and related data that provide the instructions for telling a computer what to do and how to do it. Program software performs the function of the program it implements. others consider it a pragmatic methodology. In other words.0 Introduction Open-source software is software whose source code is given with it. Sometimes the term includes data that has not traditionally been associated with computers. meaning it "cannot be touched". and associated documentation concerned with the operation of a data processing system. The term was coined to contrast to the old term hardware (meaning physical devices). In other words software is a set of storage of the programs. We can also say software refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the computer for some purposes. meaning application software only. and consumer issues created. software is a conceptual entity which is a set of computer programs. one can modify its source code. the new phrase "opensource software" was born to describe the environment that the new copyright.1. software is intangible. licensing. Open source describes practices in production and development that promote access to the end product's source materials. developers and producers used a variety of phrases to describe the concept. procedures. Moreover. and the attendant need for massive retooling of the computing source code. Software is also sometimes used in a more narrow sense. algorithms and its documentation. In contrast to hardware. domain. and records. and interactive communities. Electronics and robotics and other mechanical projects are open hardware if they are documented and published under an open hardware license. Its source code is not hidden from the user as normally of other software is. Opening the source code enabled a self-enhancing diversity of production models. Hardware is a general term for the physical artifacts of a technology. in the form of computer hardware.
It runs on Intel x86 family (IA-32) IBM PC compatible computers. PowerPC. 3. such as the Linux and Kubuntu operating system. AMD64.2 Example of Open Source Operating System Linux is an open source operating system LINUX windows. FreeBSD is a Unix-like free operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) branch through the 386BSD and 4. become just another Windows application. Sun UltraSPARC.' and often includes restrictions on the resale of the software. Open source does not mean 'copyright free. That’s not the way Mark Shuttleworth puts it.0 The Latest Open Source Operation System (OS) 2. DEC Alpha. That’s not even the FreeBSD way Matt Asay puts it. It’s quite easy to have both open source and Windows.2. 2. IA-64.0 The Latest Source Application Software .4BSD operating systems.1 Meaning of open source OS Open source operating system is a software that is available free of charge with its source code for modification and redistribution. ARM and NEC PC-9801 architectures along with Microsoft's Xbox.
along with the source code of it. Drupal bridges the divide between a content management system like Joomla and a PHP based web framework like say Symfony.1 Meaning of open source application software Open source application software as its name implies. and the famous Apache Foundation. Drupal Highly flexible content management framework powering celebrity sites like MTV and Yahoo developer. 4. It the kind of initiative usually and volunteer work. My site MWolk is also running drupal as well as the WordPress themes directory. free for distribution. modification and reuse at no charge or restriction. It saves all your data and files in International Open Standard Format and also comes with the ability to read and write files from other standard office software packages. spreadsheets.0 The Latest Development in ICT .2 Examples of open source application software Open Office Open Office is an Open Source alternative for Microsoft Office. compilation. like the Firefox project. It comes with great features including support for DOC and XLS files. means providing the software itself. presentations. databases and more. 3.3. The Open Office Suite pack has applications for word processing. graphics.
The first iPhone was introduced on January 9. The iPhone 4 has two cameras for FaceTime video calling and a higher resolution display. An iPhone functions as a camera phone. including text messaging and visual voicemail. with e-mail. Before iPhone 4 has released. and they have been accompanied by four major releases of iOS (formerly iPhone OS). web browsing.2 Software .1 Hardware iPhone 4 The iPhone is a line of Internet and multimedia-enabled smartphone designed and marketed by Apple Inc. including video. and an Internet client. iPhone 4 has better functions. The original iPhone established design precedents like screen size and button placement that have persisted through all models. and WiFiconnectivity.4. There have been four generations of iPhone hardware. The iPhone 3GS brought a compass. and higher resolution camera. 2007. a portable media player.Compares to iPhone 3CS . The iPhone 3G brought 3G cellular network capabilities and AGPS location. faster processor. 4. We use iPhone 3GS . and the megapixes more advance than iPhone 3GS.
but compatibility with other software to protect personal computers. Kaspersky 2011 is better than previne modal. Programs differ notonly integrate seamlessly with the family of operating systems Microsoft Windows. 5. they provide a greater opportunity toadapt the work under the individual needs of users.Kaspersky Internet Security 2010 3-PC upgrade to 2011 Kaspersky Anti-Virus and Internet Security provides a qualitatively newlevel of protection for your PC through the optimal combination oftraditional antivirus technology and modern proactive methods.0 Pervasive Computing . Productseasy to install and configure.
1 Meaning of pervasive computing Pervasive computing is the trend towards increasingly ubiquitous (another name for the movement is ubiquitous computing).5. 5. clothing and various consumer goods . tools. a trend being brought about by a convergence of advanced electronic and particularly. appliances. wireless . but very tiny . by 2010 computing will have become so naturalized within the environment that people will not even realize that they are using computers.2 Examples of pervasive computing . either mobile or embedded in almost any type of object imaginable. Pervasive computing devices are not personal computers as we tend to think of them. including cars. director of the User Sciences and Experience Group at IBM's Almaden Research Center. connected computing devices in the environment. According to Dan Russell.all communicating through increasingly interconnected networks.technologies and the Internet.even invisible devices.
Many PDAs can access the Internet via Wi-Fi. For others. or portable media players. it is a miniature computer that has phone capability. web browsers. often with PClike functionality.0 Conclusion . 6. Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) A personal digital assistant (PDA) is a handheld computer. a smartphone is simply a phone with advanced features like e-mail. a smartphone is a phone that runs complete operating system software providing a standardized interface and platform for application developers. Many PDAs employ touch screen technology. For some. also known as a palmtop computer. Newer PDAs also have both color screens and audio capabilities.Smartphone A smartphone is a mobile phone offering advanced capabilities. or Wireless Wide-Area Networks (WWANs). and/or a built-in full keyboard or external USB keyboard and VGA connector. enabling them to be used as mobile phones. There is no industry standard definition of a smartphone. In other words. Internet and e-book reader capabilities.
Being forced to release some or all of the software of a commercial product as open source software may greatly reduce its value. It is therefore to be expected that more and more companies and institutions will start using open source software. or to avoid being dependent on a single vendor. such as the ability to reduce costs and development time.Using open source software offers various advantages. References . There are however some risks associated with doing so.
com/archives/2009/06/open-source-windows-applications/ http://en.wikipedia.wikipedia.itdunya.webopedia.php?t=139461&page=3 http://en.faceblogger.com/term/a/application_software.http://www.org/wiki/Linux http://en.org/wiki/IPhone_4 .com/showthread.quickonlinetips.com/term/w/window_vista.com/question/index?qid=20060927023338AAe0NTx http://www.org/wiki/Spreadsheet http://webopedia.wikipedia.org/wiki/open_source http://answers.com/term/g/gps.html http://en.html http://www.html http://en.wikipedia.yahoo.wikipedia.com/2010/01/21/move-to-free-open-source-software/ http://www.org/wiki/Outlook_Express http://www.webopedia.internet.
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