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Sukhatme Director of IIT Bombay (1995-2000) The Indian Institutes of Technology owe their existence to the vision of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, who mooted the idea of establishing them to provide trained technical personnel of international class who would act as leaders in technology for the newly born independent India. The Institutes were set up based on the recommendations of a high power committee of the Government of India called the Sarkar Committee. The Committee had recommended that four higher institutes of technology of the level of their counterparts in Europe and the United States be established to set the direction for the development of higher technical education in India. The institutions were to be designed with the necessary dynamism, flexibility of organisation and capacity to adapt in the light of expanding knowledge and changes in the socio-economic requirements of modern society. While accepting the recommendations of the Committee, the Government of India realised that establishing the institutes with its own resources would take a long time. Hence, it decided to seek international co-operation and exchange of experience from developed countries which would be of immense value in establishing the institutes expeditiously