Disadvantages of Nano robotics

:
Some of the disadvantages of nano robotics are:
y Cluster of different nano robots with one another is harmful,
y Installation cost is high,
y Maintenance is difficult.
The nano robotic future is very bright. Nowadays, nano robotics is developing faster day by day because of their use
in medical industries. They cure many senior ill patients and renew their lives by the use of nano robotics. HIV,
cancer and other harmful diseases are also under progress for curing. The development of nano robotics is endless
and there is more advancement yet to come in the future.

NANOTECHNOLOGY:
Nanotechnology is based on the principles of controlling matter at its basic level. This technology is
about the controlling matter at an atomic and molecular level. Nanotechnology is expected to prove
helpful in the production of new materials. It can prove being useful in a variety of fields like
electronics and medicine. But we need to look at the dangers it may pose to the life forms on Earth.
Look at some of the disadvantages of nanotechnology.

According to a discovery, silver nanoparticles used in socks to fight foot odor if released in water can
prove detrimental to the purity of water.

Silver nanoparticles are bacteriostatic, by which we mean that they limit the growth of bacteria. This
may result in the destruction of bacteria that help in breaking down the organic matter in water
treatment plants.

Recent research has revealed that some kinds of carbon nanotubes can prove as harmful as asbestos
inhaled in fair quantities. Sometimes, they can cause mesothelioma.

The process of manufacturing nanomaterials results in the release of certain waste products. This
waste can float in air or even penetrate animal and plant cells.

Nanoparticles have large surfaces. This makes them susceptible to get absorbed by macromolecules in
an animal body. They can hinder biological processes, thus intervening the functioning of nature.

Nanotechnology poses certain serious social implications. Nanotechnological products may replace
natural substances. Farmers and factory workers whose livelihood depends on the production and
distribution of these natural substances will face difficulties. Nanotechnology will thus lead to people
losing their jobs. Agricultural countries will have to face financial losses if nanomaterials produced in
developed countries begin substituting for their agricultural products.

Nanotechnology can be advantageous to a certain extent. But considering its environmental and social
implications, the decision to apply it in various spheres of life requires a second thought.





INTRODUCTION
Nano robots are the
controllable devices
measured on the
scale of Nanometers
to perform the tasks
in both Medical and
Industrial fields.
Designed by using
nanotechnology.
1 Nanometer=
1/(10)^9 meters.
Technique like
Atomic
Force Microscopy are
being employed to
establish a visual
interface & to enable
us to sense the
molecular structure of
These nano scaled
devices.
CONSTRUCTION
Carbon atoms in a
diamond structure &
light elements such
as hydrogen, oxygen,
nitrogen, silicon etc.
Super smooth
surfaces
These are so tiny.
The nanofactories
would use nano-scale
tools capable of
constructing
nanorobots with
exact specifications.
The construction
Process is nearly
cost-free and
virtually pollution free.
Controlled through
limited design
functionality,
programming.
EX: A simple
nanorobot that was
designed a few years
ago is the artificial
mechanical red cell
which we call it as
³Respirocyte
RESPIROCYTE - A
simple Nanorobot
Respirocyte measure
about a micron in
diameter and just
floats along in the
blood stream.
It is a spherical
nanorobot made up
of 18-billion atoms.
Respirocyte can
deliver 236 times
more oxygen Per unit
volume than a natural
red cell.
Nanorobot is for more
efficient because its
diamond construction
permits a much
higher operating
pressure
‡ Amazing fact about
Respirocyte!
If 1 liter of
respirocytes are
added into our
bloodstream, then we
can hold our breath
for nearly 4 hours by
sitting quietly at the
bottom of a
swimming pool.
If we were sprinting
at top speed, then we
could run for at least
15 minutes before we
had to take a breath!
NANOROBOT AND
ITS PARTS
It have a wide range
of sensors to
navigate through
human body and fast
molecular
identification.
It may have powerful
transport subsystem
to molecular deliver
system
Wide range of
computer guided
nanomanipulator also
required.
It may have
broadcasting system
which can connect to
other nanorobot and
macro computers
Finally, it may have
long telescopic
manipulators to
holding cells or
surfaces.
SOURCES OF
ENERGY
Glucose / natural
body sugars / body
heat and oxygen and
other biochemical /
molecular parts.
By using the energy
& mass in the body
the nanorobots can
replicate themselves
to µn¶ times.
FEATURES OF
NANOROBOT
Nanorobot posses at
least rudimentary two
way communication.
It will response to
acoustic signals.
It will able to receive
power and
programming
instructions from
external source via
sound waves
APPLICATION OF
NANOROBOT
Electronics field
Telecommunication
field
Biotechnology field
In Electronics &
Telecommunication
Nanotechnology
In Nano circuits.
In Bio-technology
Molecular / Atomic /
Cellular based
therapies
The characteristic
that they can easily
flow through human
body makes them
find application in
Medical field .
In Medical field
Treatment of cancer.
Diabetes - Monitoring
glucose levels.
Repairing the
damaged pancreas
cells.
Detection of toxic
cells.
Use of nanorobots
in humanbody
To destroy cancer
cells and leaving
healthy cells
untouched.
A patient undergoing
this treatment could
expect to have no
awareness of
molecular devices
working inside him.
Nanorobots
in Cancer treatment
Chemotherapy
treatment can affect
the body health &
also weaken the body
strength.
The traditional
treatment of radiation
that kills not only
cancer cells but
healthy human cells
as well, causing hair
loss, fatigue,
nausea, depression,
and a host of other
symptoms.


Reference: http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-nanorobotics-full-report?page=3#ixzz1V1av5Xoi


























Repairing of damaged cell
in human being using nano
robots
What is nanotechnology?
Nanotechnology is a creation
of functional materials,
devices and systems,
through understanding and
control of matter at
dimensions in nanometer
scale length(1-100 nm),
where new functionalities and
properties of matter are
observed and harnessed for
broad range of applications
Nanotechnology Applications
INTRODUCTION
š A Nanorobot is
Nanotechnological robot
Nanomachine also called a
Nanite.
š Element used is carbon in
form of diamond
š On the other hand some
light elements are used for
special purposes
š Powering of Nano robots
can be done by metabolizing
local glucose and oxygen for
energy
Nanotechnology in medicine
š Nano robots are injected in
patient body to perform their
treatment on cellular level
š Nanorobots used in
medical field are
manufactured in carefully
controlled Nano-factories
š Nanorobots distinguish
between different cell types
by checking their surface
antigens
d DNA REPAIR MACHINE
d STRUCTURE OF
NANOTUBE
NANOROBOTS
COMMUNICATION
š A Nanorobot injected in
human body will be mobile
and have powerful navigation
system
š It is manufactured
from flawless diamond due to
bio-capability with human
body
š It is categorized in three
types
o Nanorobots communicating
with machine outside human
body
o Nanorobots communicating
with other nanorobots inside
human body
o Nanorobotss
communicating with human
organs,tissues,cellular
systems
FUTURE NANOROBOTICS
š Most reliable and high
performance molecular
machines may be
constructed out of
diamondoid materials
š In 10 to 20 years from
today, earliest molecular
machine systems and
Nanorobots may join medical
armamentarium
š The prospect for diamond
Nanorobotics remains
controversial
d Nano injector
d CANCER CELLS
Respirocytes
š Artificial mechanical red
blood cell is example for
future device
š Respirocytes mimic the
action of natural haemoglobin
filled red blood cells
š Injection of 5ml therapeutic
dose of 50% respirocyte
saline suspension , a total of
5 trillion individual nanorobots
into human bloodstream
would exactly duplicate gas
carrying capacity of patients
entire 5.4L of blood
As Newton stated that for
every action there will be an
Equal and opposite
reaction
³If the applications and uses
heads in one direction , the
disadvantages like nano-
pollution heads in other
direction´
d Nano -pollution
conclusion
As per the aim we have
discussed about the repairing
of damaged cell in human.
This method doesn¶t affect
the healthy cells such that the
cancer affected person is
healthy after the treatment.
This treatment doesn¶t
involve critical operations.
This treatment will not take
longer time as in any other
treatments . This can be very
well used for other dangerous
diseases


Reference: http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-nanorobotics-full-
report?page=3#ixzz1V1b8qrMC



Swarm Robotics:
ABSTRACT
This paper presents
an introduction to
the world of swarm
robots and
adumbrates its
applications.
It is currently one of
the most important
application areas for
swarm intelligence.
These robots can
spy in any region
without any danger
of being detected.
Swarm provides the
possibility of
enhanced task
performance ,high
reliability ,low unit
complexity and
decreased cost over
traditional robotic
systems.
Swarm-bots are a
collection of mobile
robots able to self
assemble and to
self-organise in
order to solve
problems that can¶t
be solved by single
robot.
They are applied to
many fields, such as
flexible
manufacturing
system ,space craft,
inspection
,maintenance,
construction
,agriculture and
medicine work.
INTRODUCTION
The emerging field
of nano robotics
deals with both the
designs of nano
scale machines and
controlled
manipulation of
nano sized objects.
Medical science will
be the first
application to reap
the benefits of nano
robot
A major advantage
that nanorobots
provide is durability
,as theoritically they
can lasts for years.
WHAT IS
NANOROBOTICS ?
Programmable
assembly of nm-
scale components
either by
manipulation with
macro or micro
devices, or by
directed self-
assembly.
Design and
fabrication of robots
with overall
dimensions at or
below the mm range
and made of nm-
scale components.
Programming and
coordination of large
numbers (swarms)
of such nanorobots.
EVOLUTION OF
SWARM
Researchers try to
examine hoe
collections of
animals, such as
flocks ,herds and
schools , move in a
way that appears to
be orchestrated. A
flock of birds moves
like a well
choreographed
dancce troup. How
can they coordinate
their action so well.
In 1987 Reynolds
created a µBIOD¶
model, which is a
distributed model, to
simulate on a
computer yhe
motion of a flock of
birds.
The swarm
behaviour of
simulated flock is
the result of the
dense interaction of
relatively simple
behaviours of the
individual biods.
SWARM
ROBOTICS
Swarm robotics is a
new approach to the
coordination of
multirobot systems
which consist of
large numbers of
mostly simple
physical robots. It is
supposed that a
desired collective
behavior emerges
from the interactions
between the robots
and interactions of
robots with the
environment. This
approach emerged
on the field of
artificial swarm
intelligence, as well
as the biological
studies of insects,
ants and other fields
in nature, where
swarm behaviour
occurs.
SWARM
INTELLIGENCE
Swarm Intelligence
systems are
typically made up of
a population of
simple agents or
boids interacting
locally with one
another and with
their environment.
The agents follow
very simple rules,
and although there
is no centralized
control structure
dictating how
individual agents
should behave,
interactions
between such
agents lead to the
emergence of
"intelligent" global
behavior, unknown
to the individual
agents. Natural
examples of SI
include ant colonies,
bird flocking, animal
herding, bacterial
growth, and fish
schooling.
The application of
swarm principles to
robots is called
swarm robotics,
while 'swarm
intelligence' refers
to the more general
set of algorithms.
GOALS AND
APPLICATIONS
Both miniaturization
and cost are key-
factors in swarm
robotics. These are
the constraints in
building large
groups of robotics;
therefore the
simplicity of the
individual team
member should be
emphasized. This
should motivate a
swarm-intelligent
approach to achieve
meaningful behavior
at swarm-level,
instead of the
individual level.
Potential
applications for
swarm robotics
include tasks that
demand for
miniaturization
(nanorobotics,
microbotics), like
distributed sensing
tasks in
micromachinery or
the human body. On
the other hand
swarm robotics can
be suited to tasks
that demand cheap
designs, for
instance mining
tasks or agricultural
foraging tasks. Also
some artists use
swarm robotic
techniques to
realize new forms of
interactive art.
THE WATER
SKATER ROBOT
Robots are getting
so light that they
can be made to
stand on the surface
of water without
breaking the surface
tension. There is a
big difference
between something
that floats in the
water and
something that just
stands on top of it
without getting wet.
A bug like robot
inspired by insects
that skate across
water has been
engineered. The
machine is about
7cm.
SELF
RECONFIGURING
MODULAR ROBOT
Modular self-
reconfiguring robotic
systems or self-
reconfigurable
modular robots are
autonomous
kinematic machines
with variable
morphology.
For example, a
robot made of such
components could
assume a worm-like
shape to move
through a narrow
pipe, reassemble
into something with
spider-like legs to
cross uneven
terrain, then form a
third arbitrary object
(like a ball or wheel
that can spin itself)
to move quickly
over a fairly flat
terrain; it can also
be used for making
"fixed" objects, such
as walls, shelters, or
buildings.
Each module has its
own computer and
communicates via
infrared connections
CHAIN ROBOTS
SNAKE ROBOT
Chain robots are the
long chains that can
connect to one
another at specified
points. Depending
on the number of
chains and where
they connect ,these
robots can resemble
snakes or spiders.
They can also
become rolling
loops or bipedal
walking robots. A
set of modular
chains could
navigate an
obstacle by crawling
like snake ,crossing
rocky terrain as
spider or riding
tricycle across a
bridge.
SPIDER ROBOT
TET-WALKER
The TETWALKER
stands for
tetrahedral walker. It
is designed for
robots that uses a
unique form of
locomotion based
on shifting of the
centre of mass of a
tetrahedron.
Tetwalker can
further be shrinked
to nano size and
join the troops of the
swarm to carry out a
diverse set of tasks.
TET WALKER
ADVANTAGES --
DISADVANTAGES
ADVANTAGES :-
High durablity.
Very less chance of
being detected.
Can be used in
almost every field.
Highly smart
technology.
DISADVANTAGES:-
High cost.
Implimentation
difficulties.
SCOPE AND
FUTURE
Robots are going to
be an important part
of future. Once
robots are useful,
groups of robots are
the next step, and
will have
tremendious
potential to benefit
mankind. Software
designed to run on
large groups of
robots is the key
needed to unlock
this potential.
Work on nanorobot
construction has
begun at a low level
and will increase as
the project evolves.
CONCLUSION
There are some
huge questions yet
to be answered.
How far can we take
nanorobotics before
it interferes our
basic humanity
However, the
control design and
the development of
complex nano
systems with high
performance can be
well used to pave
the way for future
use of nanorobotics.
With the emerging
era of molecular
engineering , the
new approaches of
nanorobotics
behaviour are
expected to have a
great impact for an
effective
development on
nanorobotics.


Reference: http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-nanorobotics-full-report?page=3#ixzz1V1bOljkZ















Potential disadvantages of nanotechnology:
Another potentlul problem wlth nunotechnology ls the luck of our own knowledge. We know thut we cun creute
muterluls wlth nunotechnology but we stlll huve to stop und understund the lmpuct of the creutlon of these
products wlll huve on the nunoscule.
If we chunge the structure of muterlul on the nuno level wlthout understundlng the potentlul lmpuct on the
nunoscule, we rlsk creutlng u whole world of muterluls thut huve utoms thut uctuully do not flt together
coheslvely.
There ure some potentlul dlsudvuntuges of nunotechnology thut full ln the reulm of both the pructlcul und the
ethlcul. If nunotechnology cun help the humun body recover from lllness or ln|ury then lt ls qulte posslble thut
nunotechnology cun creute un ultered humun stute.
We could potentlully be uble to creute u humun ruce thut ls englneered und ultered to become hyperդ
lntelllgent und super strong. The serlous compllcutlons wlth such lssues lnclude the ldeu thut the sclentlflc
technology would only be uvulluble to those who cun ufford lt. Thut would meun there would be un undercluss
of people; the people we ure now.
Should nunotechnology uctuully be uble to procure un honest und true moleculur munufucturlng muchlne for
every household how would the worldըs economy survlve? Whut would we do wlth ull those |obs thut ure lost
ln the munufucturlng flelds und how would we culculute monetury concerns when lt comes to thls type of on
demund munufucturlng?
There ls u host of potentlul weuponry thut could be produced on u moleculur level. For uny sclentlst, the
potentlul to englneer dlseuses und creute lethul weuponry thut cunըt even be seen ls un ethlcul quugmlre. Even
more dlstresslng ls whether or not other countrles thut huve nunotechnology cupubllltles wlll creute these
weupons.
Whlle lt sounds us though the dlsudvuntuges of nunotechnology wlll be the end of the world, thls ls not reully
the cuse. Wlth ull the good uny sclence cun do, there ls ulwuys the cupublllty of englneerlng evll potentlul.
There ls u system of checks und bulunces ln pluce to help prevent the mlshundllng of sclentlflc reseurch und
cupubllltles.
There ls ulso not u greut llkellhood thut most of the potentlul dlsudvuntuges wlll come to frultlon. Ruther, lt ls
more llkely thut the ethlcul questlons und concerns wlll be uddressed us the potentlul for uctuul development
und pructlcul use comes lnto pluy. Most of the concerns thut sclentlsts und ethlcul experts ure concerned wlth
wlll not be u reullstlc potentlul for u long tlme to come.

Reud more: http://nunogloss.com/nunotechnology/the-potentlul-dlsudvuntuges-of-
nunotechnology/#lxzz1V1o2sluf


Reud more: http://nunogloss.com/nunotechnology/the-potentlul-dlsudvuntuges-of-
nunotechnology/#lxzz1V1nsC2n5





INTRODUCTION Nano robots are the controllable devices measured on the scale of Nanometers to perform the tasks in both Medical and Industrial fields. Designed by using nanotechnology. 1 Nanometer= 1/(10)^9 meters. Technique like Atomic Force Microscopy are being employed to establish a visual interface & to enable us to sense the molecular structure of These nano scaled devices. CONSTRUCTION Carbon atoms in a diamond structure & light elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, silicon etc. Super smooth surfaces These are so tiny. The nanofactories would use nano-scale tools capable of constructing nanorobots with exact specifications. The construction Process is nearly cost-free and virtually pollution free. Controlled through limited design functionality, programming.

If we were sprinting at top speed. Nanorobot is for more efficient because its diamond construction permits a much higher operating pressure ‡ Amazing fact about Respirocyte! If 1 liter of respirocytes are added into our bloodstream. then we can hold our breath for nearly 4 hours by sitting quietly at the bottom of a swimming pool.EX: A simple nanorobot that was designed a few years ago is the artificial mechanical red cell which we call it as ³Respirocyte RESPIROCYTE .A simple Nanorobot Respirocyte measure about a micron in diameter and just floats along in the blood stream. Respirocyte can deliver 236 times more oxygen Per unit volume than a natural red cell. then we could run for at least 15 minutes before we had to take a breath! NANOROBOT AND ITS PARTS It have a wide range of sensors to . It is a spherical nanorobot made up of 18-billion atoms.

SOURCES OF ENERGY Glucose / natural body sugars / body heat and oxygen and other biochemical / molecular parts. it may have long telescopic manipulators to holding cells or surfaces. It will able to receive power and programming instructions from external source via sound waves APPLICATION OF .navigate through human body and fast molecular identification. By using the energy & mass in the body the nanorobots can replicate themselves to µn¶ times. It will response to acoustic signals. It may have broadcasting system which can connect to other nanorobot and macro computers Finally. It may have powerful transport subsystem to molecular deliver system Wide range of computer guided nanomanipulator also required. FEATURES OF NANOROBOT Nanorobot posses at least rudimentary two way communication.

Nanorobots in Cancer treatment Chemotherapy treatment can affect the body health & also weaken the body strength. Detection of toxic cells. The traditional . Repairing the damaged pancreas cells.NANOROBOT Electronics field Telecommunication field Biotechnology field In Electronics & Telecommunication Nanotechnology In Nano circuits. In Bio-technology Molecular / Atomic / Cellular based therapies The characteristic that they can easily flow through human body makes them find application in Medical field .Monitoring glucose levels. Use of nanorobots in humanbody To destroy cancer cells and leaving healthy cells untouched. A patient undergoing this treatment could expect to have no awareness of molecular devices working inside him. Diabetes . In Medical field Treatment of cancer.

com/Thread-nanorobotics-full-report?page=3#ixzz1V1av5Xoi .treatment of radiation that kills not only cancer cells but healthy human cells as well. depression. and a host of other symptoms. Reference: http://www. nausea. fatigue. causing hair loss.seminarprojects.

š Element used is carbon in form of diamond š On the other hand some light elements are used for special purposes š Powering of Nano robots can be done by metabolizing local glucose and oxygen for energy Nanotechnology in medicine š Nano robots are injected in patient body to perform their treatment on cellular level š Nanorobots used in medical field are manufactured in carefully . through understanding and control of matter at dimensions in nanometer scale length(1-100 nm). devices and systems.Repairing of damaged cell in human being using nano robots What is nanotechnology? Nanotechnology is a creation of functional materials. where new functionalities and properties of matter are observed and harnessed for broad range of applications Nanotechnology Applications INTRODUCTION š A Nanorobot is Nanotechnological robot Nanomachine also called a Nanite.

earliest molecular machine systems and Nanorobots may join medical armamentarium š The prospect for diamond Nanorobotics remains controversial d Nano injector d CANCER CELLS Respirocytes .cellular systems FUTURE NANOROBOTICS š Most reliable and high performance molecular machines may be constructed out of diamondoid materials š In 10 to 20 years from today.tissues.controlled Nano-factories š Nanorobots distinguish between different cell types by checking their surface antigens d DNA REPAIR MACHINE d STRUCTURE OF NANOTUBE NANOROBOTS COMMUNICATION š A Nanorobot injected in human body will be mobile and have powerful navigation system š It is manufactured from flawless diamond due to bio-capability with human body š It is categorized in three types o Nanorobots communicating with machine outside human body o Nanorobots communicating with other nanorobots inside human body o Nanorobotss communicating with human organs.

a total of 5 trillion individual nanorobots into human bloodstream would exactly duplicate gas carrying capacity of patients entire 5. This can be very well used for other dangerous diseases Reference: http://www. This treatment will not take longer time as in any other treatments .š Artificial mechanical red blood cell is example for future device š Respirocytes mimic the action of natural haemoglobin filled red blood cells š Injection of 5ml therapeutic dose of 50% respirocyte saline suspension . This method doesn¶t affect the healthy cells such that the cancer affected person is healthy after the treatment.seminarprojects.com/Thread-nanorobotics-fullreport?page=3#ixzz1V1b8qrMC . the disadvantages like nanopollution heads in other direction´ d Nano -pollution conclusion As per the aim we have discussed about the repairing of damaged cell in human.4L of blood As Newton stated that for every action there will be an Equal and opposite reaction ³If the applications and uses heads in one direction . This treatment doesn¶t involve critical operations.

such as flexible manufacturing system . Swarm provides the possibility of enhanced task performance .maintenance.agriculture and medicine work.space craft. INTRODUCTION . inspection .Swarm Robotics: ABSTRACT This paper presents an introduction to the world of swarm robots and adumbrates its applications.low unit complexity and decreased cost over traditional robotic systems. construction . It is currently one of the most important application areas for swarm intelligence. These robots can spy in any region without any danger of being detected. They are applied to many fields.high reliability . Swarm-bots are a collection of mobile robots able to self assemble and to self-organise in order to solve problems that can¶t be solved by single robot.

move in a . Programming and coordination of large numbers (swarms) of such nanorobots.herds and schools . Medical science will be the first application to reap the benefits of nano robot A major advantage that nanorobots provide is durability . WHAT IS NANOROBOTICS ? Programmable assembly of nmscale components either by manipulation with macro or micro devices.The emerging field of nano robotics deals with both the designs of nano scale machines and controlled manipulation of nano sized objects. or by directed selfassembly.as theoritically they can lasts for years. EVOLUTION OF SWARM Researchers try to examine hoe collections of animals. Design and fabrication of robots with overall dimensions at or below the mm range and made of nmscale components. such as flocks .

The swarm behaviour of simulated flock is the result of the dense interaction of relatively simple behaviours of the individual biods. as well as the biological studies of insects. This approach emerged on the field of artificial swarm intelligence. which is a distributed model. In 1987 Reynolds created a µBIOD¶ model. to simulate on a computer yhe motion of a flock of birds. SWARM ROBOTICS Swarm robotics is a new approach to the coordination of multirobot systems which consist of large numbers of mostly simple physical robots.way that appears to be orchestrated. How can they coordinate their action so well. It is supposed that a desired collective behavior emerges from the interactions between the robots and interactions of robots with the environment. . A flock of birds moves like a well choreographed dancce troup.

Natural examples of SI include ant colonies. interactions between such agents lead to the emergence of "intelligent" global behavior. where swarm behaviour occurs. animal herding. and although there is no centralized control structure dictating how individual agents should behave. The agents follow very simple rules. and fish schooling.ants and other fields in nature. bacterial growth. unknown to the individual agents. SWARM INTELLIGENCE Swarm Intelligence systems are typically made up of a population of simple agents or boids interacting locally with one another and with their environment. GOALS AND APPLICATIONS Both miniaturization . bird flocking. The application of swarm principles to robots is called swarm robotics. while 'swarm intelligence' refers to the more general set of algorithms.

These are the constraints in building large groups of robotics. Also some artists use swarm robotic techniques to realize new forms of interactive art. therefore the simplicity of the individual team member should be emphasized.and cost are keyfactors in swarm robotics. This should motivate a swarm-intelligent approach to achieve meaningful behavior at swarm-level. THE WATER SKATER ROBOT Robots are getting so light that they can be made to . On the other hand swarm robotics can be suited to tasks that demand cheap designs. Potential applications for swarm robotics include tasks that demand for miniaturization (nanorobotics. microbotics). instead of the individual level. like distributed sensing tasks in micromachinery or the human body. for instance mining tasks or agricultural foraging tasks.

it can also be used for making .stand on the surface of water without breaking the surface tension. a robot made of such components could assume a worm-like shape to move through a narrow pipe. A bug like robot inspired by insects that skate across water has been engineered. reassemble into something with spider-like legs to cross uneven terrain. There is a big difference between something that floats in the water and something that just stands on top of it without getting wet. then form a third arbitrary object (like a ball or wheel that can spin itself) to move quickly over a fairly flat terrain. For example. SELF RECONFIGURING MODULAR ROBOT Modular selfreconfiguring robotic systems or selfreconfigurable modular robots are autonomous kinematic machines with variable morphology. The machine is about 7cm.

SPIDER ROBOT TET-WALKER The TETWALKER stands for tetrahedral walker. such as walls. They can also become rolling loops or bipedal walking robots. It is designed for robots that uses a unique form of locomotion based on shifting of the centre of mass of a tetrahedron. Tetwalker can further be shrinked to nano size and join the troops of the .these robots can resemble snakes or spiders. A set of modular chains could navigate an obstacle by crawling like snake ."fixed" objects. Each module has its own computer and communicates via infrared connections CHAIN ROBOTS SNAKE ROBOT Chain robots are the long chains that can connect to one another at specified points.crossing rocky terrain as spider or riding tricycle across a bridge. Depending on the number of chains and where they connect . or buildings. shelters.

Very less chance of being detected. How far can we take nanorobotics before it interferes our basic humanity However. DISADVANTAGES:High cost. Implimentation difficulties. SCOPE AND FUTURE Robots are going to be an important part of future. Highly smart technology. CONCLUSION There are some huge questions yet to be answered. and will have tremendious potential to benefit mankind. Can be used in almost every field. Software designed to run on large groups of robots is the key needed to unlock this potential. Work on nanorobot construction has begun at a low level and will increase as the project evolves. groups of robots are the next step. Once robots are useful. the .swarm to carry out a diverse set of tasks. TET WALKER ADVANTAGES -DISADVANTAGES ADVANTAGES :High durablity.

com/Thread-nanorobotics-full-report?page=3#ixzz1V1bOljkZ . With the emerging era of molecular engineering . Reference: http://www. the new approaches of nanorobotics behaviour are expected to have a great impact for an effective development on nanorobotics.control design and the development of complex nano systems with high performance can be well used to pave the way for future use of nanorobotics.seminarprojects.

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