Guida N°6 désercitazione di Matematica

“Logaritmos”

.

PROPIEDADES

log a b = log a c ⇔ b = c

log a 1 = 0

log a a n = n

log a b ⋅ c = log a b + log a c

log a a = 1
b
log a = log a b − log a c
c

1
log a n b = ⋅ log a b
n

log a b n = n ⋅ log a b

log a b =

log c b
log c a

c ≠1

GUIA DE EJERCICIOS
I.

Resolver las siguientes ecuaciones logarítmicas:

1.
2.
3.
5.
7.

log( 3x − 4) + log( x + 2) = log( 15 x + 2) + log x − log 5
log x − log( x − a ) = log( x − a ) − log( x + a )
x −1 + log

log

4. 2 log 7 x + 5 − log( 9 x − 7) = 0
6. log( x + 2) − log x = log 12
8. log 3 (5x − 2) + log 3 ( 2 x + 5) = 1

x + 4 − log( x +1) = 0

log( 3x + 2) = log( x − 4) + 1
2 log x + log x = log 27

log( 5 + x 2 )
=2
9.
log( 3 + x )

10. log 3 ( 2 x + 1) − log 3 ( x − 2) = 1

11. log 2 x + log 2 6 = log 2 30 − log 2 5
log 4 ( x 2 + 8)
=2
13.
log 4 ( x + 3)
15. log( x + 9) − log x = log( x + 1)
17. log 7 x + 5 + log 2 x + 7 =1 + log
log 2 +

12. log 5 (5 x − 4) − log 5 ( 2 x − 7) = 2
14. log 2 ( x 2 − 9 x + 8) − log 2 ( x − 8) = 3
16. log x + log 2 = log 60 − log 5
18.

4,5

1
1
log( x −) − log 3 = log x − log( 2 x + 5)
2
2

19. log( x + a ) + log( x − b) − log x − log( x − a ) = 0

20.

log

21.

22.

log( x − 56 )
=3
log( x − 2)

25. a x +2 = b 3 x −5

24. 2 x +3 = 3 x +5
26. 35 x ⋅ 2 3 x −1 = 6 x −2

log( 5 + x )
=2
log( 3 + x )
23. (3 x + 5) log 0,0625 = log 8 x + ( x + 5) log 0,25
2

27.

log

2 x − 3 + log

3
2

x −1
x −2
= ( )2
28. 2 + 2

x − 5 = log 30 −1

log( x + 7)
= log( x + 5)
2
31. 3 2 x = 6561
33. x 5 3 + x 5 6 = 30
2

−5 x +9

x + 5 =1 + log 1,2

3

0,5
10 −8
32. 3 2 x −4 = 729
2
34. 9 x −7 x +12 = 1
x
x +1
30. 2 ⋅ 5 =

29.

35. 7 x

3 x + 4 + log

= 343

RESULTADOS
2. a

1. 5
9. −

2
3

17. 10
24.

3. 5

4.6

10. 7

11. 1

12.

18. 10; 2

19.

3

5 log 3 − 3 log 2
log 2 − log 3

29. -3
35. 2;3

25.
30. 7

ab
2a − b

5.6
19
5

13. −

20. 4 21.

− 2 log a − 5 log b
log a − 3 log b

31.

−2
3

26. −

6.
1
6

2
11

14. 9

22. 4 23.
1
2

32. 5

7. 3

8. 1/2

15. 3

16. 6

14
5

27. 6;

1
2

log 3

28. log 2
33. 3
34. 3;4

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