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Hong Jun Sh Eng

Hong Jun Sh Eng

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Grandmaster Hong Jun-Sheng and His Chen Style TaiJiQuan

By Peter Wu Shi-zeng
Translated by Hean K. Low / C. K. Kan

Grandmaster Hong Jun-sheng was born in the Jun county of Henan province in 1907. His name Jun-sheng literally meant 'born in Jun county'. His grandfather served in the government of the Qing dynasty (A.D. 1644 - 1912). He followed his father to live and study in Beijing when he was young. He passed away in Jinan city, the capital city of Shandong province, in the north eastern part of China, on the 23rd of January, 1996. According to the traditional Chinese chronological calculation, he died at the age of 90. Hong was weak and frequently sick as a child. He stopped going to school at the age of 17 because of illness and his health remained poor. In 1930, he started to train in Wu style taijiquan under Master Liu Mu-san who was the leading student of Grandmaster Wu Jian-quan. Several months later, Liu brought along more than thirty students to study Chen style taijiquan under Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke. Hong became a student of Chen Fa-ke from then on. Hong's health was improved a lot by his training in taijiquan. This in turn enhanced his interest in taijiquan and also his close relationship with Chen - they treated each other as father and son. Chen occasionally lived in Hong's home for as long as two to three months. After the Japanese invasion and their occupation of Beijing, Hong's source of income from his family had ceased. Sometimes he did not even have enough food to feed his six children and had to bring them all to Chen Fa-ke's home for meals. The deeds that we hear today about Chen Fa-ke's prominent martial skills were largely recorded by Hong. Hong was originally from an affluent family, but was in poor health and unemployed. This enabled him to accompany Chen every day to witness and record these stories. They allow us to have a more detailed understanding of Chen Fa-ke's taijiquan skills today. In 1944, Hong left Chen to work in Jinan city. In 1956, Hong was deeply upset by his wife’s death. He returned to Beijing for 4 months to revise the applications of taijiquan forms and push-hands with Chen Fake. This brought his total training time under Chen Fa-ke in the fighting skills of Chen style taijiquan to 15 years. His life long experiments and research have enabled him to grasp the theory and techniques of Chen style taijiquan, allowing him to become one of this generation's principal representatives. Two years have passed since the death of Grandmaster Hong and I am writing this article to commemorate him. Apart from Grandmaster Hong's virtues and profound martial skills, I believe the introduction of some of his detailed training techniques will be of great interest to the reader.

B had originally practiced Chinese wrestling (shuai-jiao) before learning taijiquan under Hong. and rebound the jin back to their opponents while enhancing the total rebound force by adding their own jin to it. However. Liu responded with lu-cai (roll-back and pull) technique. On different occasions. B. B came to . Mr. The problem was that the push-hands method used by this master was not good.The Prominent Figure among the Famous Taijiquan Masters of the Present Day With the passing of time. This master arbitrarily selected one of the bystanders who was a retired professor and was slightly younger than him to demonstrate peng (ward-off). I have either trained under them. Others I have only seen on video tapes. who was asked by the organisers to demonstrate in the competition. After completing the routines. only then could I have the opportunity to see for myself his real skill. some use their own jin to throw their opponents off after neutralising the incoming jin. or seen their demonstration. this will only push the opponent away but it will not throw him off cleanly and sharply. After several arm-circling movements. Mr. Although his skills are not at a great level. I feel that some famous masters are not as good as we are led to believe. If Hong's students could execute such a technique. When A tried to push Liu with force. he has some skills and power (gong-li). The only sure way to examine the skill level is in the push-hands drill. The quantitative aspects of qi and jin will determine how far your opponent would fly. I realised this was not the case. My feeling about these masters of the present day is that once they can competently perform fajin (issue power) in the tui-shou (push-hands) exercise to throw off their opponents. When you execute the pull technique correctly. there are not many who can uproot and send their opponents flying. but that also could not show his great skills either. Whether you can send your opponent flying is still mainly dependent on the techniques. while leaning his body forward. Among those taijiquan masters who can fa-jin sharply to throw off their opponents. I attended a big taijiquan competition in one city of China. One day. Although this was not very far. then you can uproot the opponent with both feet off the ground. I went to Jinan city to live in his home and study under him. This was because the explanation of the applications was just following the preset forms. the function and status of taijiquan in people's lives has changed dramatically. lu (roll-back). Since the beginning of the 1980's. While it is not easy to send your opponent flying backwards using the ji (press) and an (push) techniques. Some people said you first need to obtain the skill to execute fa-jin to throw off your opponent sharply. only about half to one meter away. A because I have forgotten his name. one was called Liu and the other person I called him Mr. A would be thrown off in the situation where real force was used. However. you can send your opponent flying. Mr. and not about the techniques. were practicing pushhands. In late 1984. I have read about it and listened as other people talked about it. was invited by one of the representative groups from another city to give them instruction and guidance. several students came to visit Hong and we all got together to chat and discuss taijiquan. Some others can change the direction of the incoming jin. I was not sure about his level of skills. saying they were not 'too bad'. ji (press) and an (push) techniques. Mr. It is commonly acknowledged that the famous taijiquan masters of today are far less skilful than the masters of the previous generations such as Chen Fa-ke and Yang Cheng-fu. I was not clear about the technique of uprooting and throwing opponent off with both feet off the ground. In the above case. The reason was that they did not actually use much force in the drill and I was not sure how far Mr. masters who can do this are extremely rare. This taijiquan master also wrote a book about taijiquan and he seemed to have a lot of knowledge about taijiquan. it is even harder to execute the techniques of lu-cai (roll back and pull) to send your opponent flying behind you. the master suddenly separated his both hands. the opponent was a student of the famous master of Wu (Hao) style taijiquan.that depends on his opponent's skill level. lifting both of A’s feet off the ground. At that time. Of course. some of the practitioners asked for push-hands drill instructions with him. attempting to lift his opponent's armpits and push him away. Once. The taijiquan master could not do anything to B and praised B's skills. One morning. In the 80's. there was no need to question Hong's skills any further. But once I saw their practice. B practiced push-hands with a famous taijiquan master. I had also read other articles about him which were written by other taijiquan practitioners. Hong could explain the application of taijiquan forms to others in a fascinating manner. Grandmaster Hao Sau-ru. Grandmaster Hong was one of these few. It was not the truely correct technique but it is one commonly used by many practitioners. Ultimately. and many such forms were designed for training the beginners. However. This is not the best technique and is quite exhausting. even a skilful master will not always win . Of course. Overall. Within this group of masters who can uproot their opponents. one taijiquan master. I have had come across many taijiquan masters who are renowned for their skills in mainland China or overseas. I had read his manuscripts and articles. it really amazed me. this does not include merely pre-arranged fa-jin demonstrations. Only this is the best technique and the most energy-efficient. You keep training with the same technique until your qi is full and your jin is complete (qi zhu jin zheng). his opponent immediately sank his qi and the master was bounced back a step (the front foot stepped back as the back foot). I had corresponded with him by letter. Before I met Grandmaster Hong. This seemed to be mainly a question of qi and jin. and throwing A behind him. attended their lectures. Another day Liu came to visit Hong with another student. they come to be regarded as a famous master with real kung-fu (techniques). Two of them.

Hong turned his body. Suddenly I was being sprung and pushed back about 4 to 5 meters away. B realised that I could neutralise. I started to laugh loudly. I asked Hong. B turned back towards me with a smile and said. The sounds from both of his feet as he landed on the ground became louder. B then smiled and said. once his both hands used force." This was very obvious. 18th generation of the Chen family).e. Hong smiled and then said.ask Hong about push-hands. Hong took a small step forward. I only felt the internal of his body was turning and changing. After watching for a while. B used his right hand to hold my right wrist while his left hand was below my elbow and pushed upwards). I neither controlled him first and put him into a disadvantaged position nor made use of his own force to throw him off. Jiang could still maintain his body in an upright position. without any visible external movements. In the article. "Of course. This time Hong and Jiang were in a bigger room. I could not help myself and said to B. I felt that my hands were pushing against a wall of springs.1981. With a puzzling mind. Hong turned his body and Jiang was being controlled and was put into a disadvantaged position. I understood that if I used more force to press. I said this courteously because it was in front of Grandmaster Hong. This was the first time we had met. "Let's try. Since B's force kept coming. After a while. not very fast and not applying a lot of force. I asked Hong how he could bounce brother Jiang away. "You also have the ability". and turned my body slightly towards the right. as if I was pushing against a very sensitive spinning device. "Do you have to step forward ?". my front leg stepped back). Jiang later learnt taijiquan from Grandmaster Hong. Mr Liu then said. Therefore. I countered immediately by extending my peng-jin (ward-off energy) on my right hand. As Jiang used more force and became quicker. Before I met Grandmaster Hong. No matter what techniques B used. Hong did not step forward. I said the same thing again. son of great Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke) and Master Chen Jin-ao (18th generation of the Chen Family. Jiang previously trained under many famous Chen style taijiquan teachers like Master Chen Zhao-pi (1892 1973. I inadvertently asked Hong. Hong said that this student was originally a practitioner of the xingyiquan (form and mind boxing). once B's both hands began to use force. came to Jinan from Xuzhou to visit Grandmaster Hong. Master Wu has the ability". the student was sent flying over Hong's wife. Jiang Jia-jun. After this incident. Hong and B then began to push-hands in the lounge room. After two consecutive attempts. B was already being put into a disadvantageous position. Mr. then grabbed and twisted my right arm with his both hands. my martial arts brother. That particular punch from him was extremely powerful and swift. Master Hong only needed one hand". It was very fascinating and amusing to watch. I mainly used B's both hands to make him hard to change and then used my own force to throw him off. whereas the hands of Grandmaster Hong's seemed to be longer'. and consequently he was bounced back in such a long distance. learnt taijiquan from Chen Xin). I was so scared that my whole body began to perspire". Sometimes Hong stepped forward. This gave Hong's wife a shock. Hong would turn his body with very little hand movement. After hearing what I said. my hands could not find any substantial places. once B began to use force. can you counter without using hand techniques ?'. falling at the other end of the room about 5 to 6 meters away from his original position. 'If the opponent suddenly push you against your chest. However. On another occasion. Grandmaster Hong told me this story: Once he was practicing taijiquan applications with a student on one side of a building which was about the size of three bedrooms in total. and in some cases. He replied. Jiang was being uprooted and thrown off one to two meters away. The student attacked with his right fist. As soon as Hong used his right hand to intercept the external side of the student's wrist. she would walk off the area. and B was thrown onto the sofa (the lounge room was small in size). Hong's wife was squatting down in the middle of the room to do some housework. Jiang also raised some questions regarding push-hands. I became more cautious in using force. 18th generation of the Chen family.e. While I was hesitating. When I pushed against his body with my both hands. B was uprooted (with both feet off the ground) and thrown backwards about a meter. pushed forward with both hands. I used the neutralising movement which I had recently learnt from Hong. Master Chen Zhao-kui (1928 . This was very fascinating and made me very happy. Grandmaster Hong smiled after listening to what I have said. 'You can try me with force and I will not use my hands to intercept'. this is because you did not use any force and then I need to step forward". I felt that I could not control him. I then really pushed Hong's chest abruptly with great power. as if he was ready to attack again. I read an article by Jiang regarding his push-hands experience with Hong in 1971. whenever Hong practiced push-hands with someone."Buddha pounds the mortar" (jin-gang dao dui). using his body through my hands and pushed me backwards (i. My left hand also moved forward and held his right elbow. it was stated that "When I pushed hands with Grandmaster Hong. B did not know my level of skill. In some cases the distance was a bit further. therefore we were both very gentle. the force was being sprung back towards him. while at other times Hong just stepped forward a little bit. I quickly said. From then on. your whole body is controlled by Grandmaster Hong. and he then quickly used force to seize my right hand (i. "Once you use force. I would be thrown even farther away. "I have to use both hands. Hong then used the hand intercepting technique from the first posture of Chen style taijiquan routine . where one hand was used to intercept the opponent's wrist and the other hand to intercept the elbow. B was being uprooted (with both feet off the ground) and jumped backwards with a distance of half a meter. he was being uprooted faster and was thrown away even further. At the same time. . "No.". I always felt as if my hands were shorter. The nature of this technique was different from what Grandmaster Hong used. He then let me have a try. No matter what techniques Jiang used. This was mainly because I really knew there was an obvious difference of skill levels between Grandmaster Hong and myself.

It is much better than Master XXX (who was a very famous Chen style taijiquan practitioner and frequently came to Shanghai to visit Li). Some people believe that whatever written in the taijiquan books is all correct and truth. Grandmaster Yang Lu-chan had very good martial skills. you must learn the techniques from different perspective. what some masters teach are in fact not real taijiquan techniques. For those who have not achieved a high level yet. "Would it be wrong in the taijiquan book ?". I once explained to a student the requirement of a technique. For example. and which skill is of the higher level. and did not know about whether to sink the qi to the bottom of the feet or into the ground. I met with a descendant from the Chen village. Some of them are even wrong practices. He once learnt Chen style taijiquan under great Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke. many of the olden day Chinese wushu (martial art) masters were not well educated and did not know how to write articles. they certainly will develop the techniques and specialties that are most suitable for themselves. In 1982. they are not of the same level. . There is a saying in the Chinese martial arts community which could be translated literally as: "To pass down [the knowledge] only through a phrase but not in three books". one should imitate his own master as much as possible during the learning phase. not only were each son’s techniques not exactly the same as their father's but they were also different from each other's. Later when I mentioned this to Master Liu Ji-shun and he said that the qi should actually sink into the ground. Some are high while others are low. He sincerely told me some of the Chen style taijiquan training methods. Taijiquan has a recorded history of over 300 years. there was a famous wushu (martial art) master called Li Dong-yuan. his kungfu will not have reached a high level. there are various skill levels. he told one of his students. it is not easy to sink their qi down to the dantian. If a master did not wish to pass down his skills. Hong went to Shanghai to attend the National Taijiquan Famous Masters Demonstration. Not only that. to compare and experiment with various techniques in order to find out which one is correct. Otherwise. The Exquisite and Profound Skills Prior to discussing the taijiquan skills of Grandmaster Hong. or you thought that sinking the qi to the bottom of the feet or into the ground were both incorrect. once I went to visit his home. This is because everyone has his own unique physical condition and a different psychology. Instead. This is because not everybody will have the same conditions as the master. I felt what he said was sensible. especially the old taijiquan classics. Thus. the techniques will become different from his master's. After we became familiar with each other. Nowadays. the variations may be fairly significant for the same taijiquan technique. he said that the qi should sink down to the bottom of the feet in order to be able to uproot your opponent into the air with both feet off the ground.". Some people believe that taijiquan skills and techniques are all the same. In fact. Li Dong-yuan saw Hong's demonstration. he went back to live in Chen village for several years and learnt taijiquan from a couple of senior masters there. he then later learnt taijiquan from me. "Grandmaster Hong's kung-fu is very good. I replied that there were a lot of things not mentioned in the books and some of the materials were wrong. It was just the same skill at a different levels. For instance. Therefore. Therefore. Therefore. Once the skills have reached a high level. or to the bottom of the feet. Some of the materials in the books may be wrong or of low levels. In fact it is normal to see variations in the techniques between different martial arts experts. Whatever one master teaches should also be taught by others. the requirement of "qi chen dantian" (sinking the qi down to the dantian) can frequently be mentioned by many taijiquan practitioners and can be seen in many books. it could be concluded within a phrase. or into the ground are all correct. During the cultural revolution.In Shanghai. we need to clarify several issues regarding the taijiquan skills and techniques. I went to Xi-an city to study Chen style taijiquan under Master Chen Li-qing. you should not believe or consider yourself to have understood the secrets of taijiquan. the master will be regarded as incompetent. there are heaps of materials out there more than that mentioned in the books. Their characters and upbringings are also different. Millions of people have practiced the art. He was surprised and said. After he met Hong. even within the real taijiquan techniques. there are a lot of specific methods that were needed to be explained further. In fact this is a misunderstanding in taijiquan. he would not let you understand what he meant even though he had written down his knowledge in as many as three books. The student told me about this when she migrated to Melbourne in Australia. even in this saying. after you have the opportunity to learn some taijiquan techniques. Every skilful expert will have his own techniques and characteristics. they would adopt a conservative approach not to tell very clearly. When their kung-fu has reached a certain level. then you would only attain a certain level of skills and would not progress further. He had a lot of real fighting experience. He should try his best to understand and experiment what has been taught by his teacher. However. Even though if they could write. Of course. After a period of experiment. Some were borrowed from other martial arts that do not match with characteristics of taijiquan. Another student who has learnt taijiquan elsewhere for many years. In 1984. meaning if a master really wanted to pass down his true technique. while other people do not. If you only knew about sinking the qi down to the dantian. When talking about "qi chen dantian". If one's techniques are exactly the same as the master. He said that he had never read about this requirement in any taijiquan books. who has fairly good taijiquan skills. His two sons also had very good kung-fu. He still has not developed and made full use of his own advantages. I came to realise that sinking the qi to the dantian.

Only after explanation by the teacher can one understand the specifics of the applications. This is because the practice of each movement of the Grandmaster Hong’s form was according to the actual technique application meaning how you apply the technique will determine how you practice the movement. Eventually. Even with these good results. He then tested and experimented the techniques with his students. the teacher will be very happy as everyone will regard him as a good teacher. After watching the practice of Grandmaster Hong. who was able to distinguish steeds from ordinary horses. In the Chinese proverbs there is a saying "To find a steed according to the book". The students taught by Grandmaster Hong’s students have for many years been representing the Shandong province in the national push-hands competition. Grandmaster Hong felt that many theories or the routine movements mentioned in the books were not in accordance with the teachings of Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke. Some of the movements they taught would miss the details of the corresponding applications. people were more conservative. the daughter of Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke. she said it was just like watching her father practicing taijiquan. They frequently won the majority of the five gold medals. He thought he was already capable of distinguishing steeds from ordinary horses. In addition. As he read the book. These were all previous mentioned in details in Grandmaster Hong's manuscripts. What Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke originally taught was to raise both hands simultaneously. it was one hand at the front and the other at the back while one hand was higher than the other. Some of the minor movements in Hong’s form were different from Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke. These people not only deceive themselves but also mislead others. Grandmaster Hong was still not satisfied. I will only mention his several outstanding and important techniques for the reference of the readers: . as her father and elder brother had both passed away. many of them had acquired very good push-hands skills. Here. If a student of a particular taijiquan teacher wins a gold medal.Provided the master might sincerely want to write down the knowledge. But when he explained the application. Bo-le’s son studied the book very hard and soon he was able to remember all the details mentioned in the book. up to shoulder level. Chen Yu-xia went to Jinan city twice to visit and stay with Grandmaster Hong so as to learn taijiquan form applications and tui-shou techniques from him. He told me in his letter that these good results did not prove that these students of his students had already attained the high level taijiquan techniques. Grandmaster Hong’s main taijiquan techniques were all learnt from Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke. there were also some other movements absorbed from other martial arts. In olden days. Grandmaster Hong always encouraged his students to strive for excellence in real taijiquan. There are also some people who. He came across many steeds. after reading a few taijiquan books and watching some taijiquan videos. he had obtained a deep understanding of Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke’s techniques and applications. Some of them had even attained a high level of skills. he caught a large toad instead that he reckoned would satisfy all the requirements of a steed mentioned in his father's book. Looking at the movements. Nowadays in China. Grandmaster Hong told me that in the 1960s. Grandmaster Hong’s comments totalled two books which were kept by his student. but one cannot solely rely on them. They have been achieving very good results for many years. Therefore. After learning from Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke for a period of 15 years. Everybody said this was a well-written book. with the palms facing each other. he made comments and criticisms on the available spaces in the book. his comments were more than the original book. After reading the book. This was only because their opponents’ skills were lower. believe that they have mastered the art of taijiquan and began to write articles in an authoritative manner. One hand which intercepted the opponent’s wrist while the other hand intercepted the opponent’s elbow. Since Grandmaster Hong used practical and higher level taijiquan techniques to instruct his students. I am not prepared to comprehensively introduce and describe the techniques of Grandmaster Hong’s taijiquan. He wrote a book by summing up his many years of experience in this field. She even said that visiting Hong was just like returning home. Taijiquan books can assist people to learn taijiquan. This is impossible to describe all that even in one book. After seeking the approval from Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke. Just to look at the form would not make you understand how to apply them. but failed to recognise any of them. This can also be used as a proof of Grandmaster Hong’s teachings. His father let him to go out to look for a steed. someone had written a book on Chen style taijiquan. there are annual national push-hands competition. In the '80s. there were also differences between the written words and their interpretations. the application techniques are not there or they are not practical. Hong was a very intelligent person. Hong then practiced the forms in accordance to the actual technique applications. called Bo-le. She treated Grandmaster Hong like her elder brother. Take for example the intercepting hand movement in the form "jin-gang dao dui" (Buddha pounds the mortar). or how to apply them effectively. his techniques and applications were very practical and were of a high level. Sometime they even won gold medals in all five weight categories. The competition was categorised into five classes according to body weight. The story said that once there was a famous horse expert. One hand moved in the "ni chan" (opposite spiralling motion) while the other hand moved in "shun chan" (along the spiralling motion). Finally.

The benefits of loosening the joints and maintaining softness in the push-hands exercise are as follows: (1) to allow adherence. and do not know what peng-jin actually is. more easily once in contact with your opponent (2) to increase your touching sensitivity (Ting-jin: Listening jin) (3) to follow better. Instead. Peng-jin (outward radial jin) is the basis of all the taijiquan martial techniques. If you had the opportunity to practice push-hands drill with Grandmaster Hong. Grandmaster Hong practiced taijiquan with great relaxation and softness. and these movements must utilise brute force and must be very firm and hard. Without peng-jin. leading them to initiate an attack without much cautions. cautious . They emphasised that one should attain peng-jin in taijiquan training. firm and stable. Some of his movements required big circular motions at the joints. There are also people who misunderstand Chen style taijiquan. such as Chen Fa-ke and Yang Cheng-fu. and do not know how. hollow and light but relax. You knew his peng-jin was there during the push-hands. and to practice push-hands with him. They say that the practice of peng-jin adversely affects the relaxation and softness. In fact. it was only the sudden change of speed of his motion that expelled his opponent away swiftly. In fact. If relaxation and softness exist without peng-jin. They cannot deal with the pressures that are imposed by opponents who know how to move with relaxation and to sink their qi. thinking that there are fa-jin movements in the tao-lu (forms). in particular the palm and arm movements. they can only deal with opponents who only know the simple techniques and are physically stiff. Some taijiquan practitioners emphasise relaxation and softness. "taijiquan is peng-jin". you would not feel any brute muscular force. many taijiquan masters. softness and pengjin in Grandmaster Hong's techniques was that it would induce his opponents to mistakenly believe that they could easily break into the centre of defence. If one has had the opportunity to see how Grandmaster Hong demonstrated the Chen style taijiquan routines. but you would feel it rotating very slippery and smoothly. softening and opening up his joints. But you would also feel there was peng-jin inside and this peng-jin was neither opposing your force nor has it any overwhelming pressure on you. and disagree on the emphasis of peng-jin. and as a result ding-jin (opposing jin) may occur in the push-hands. Consequently. the touching feeling with his arms were soft and relaxed. the reason for saying that is mainly due to their lack of correct understanding of peng-jin. The attacker’s force would then rebound back onto the attackers themselves. until it developed into the stage of "externally soft and internally hard". their line of defence will be basically lost when facing opponents who can issue speedy and powerful jin.1. Experienced opponents would not initiate an attack on him without caution. They think that peng-jin is the stretching out of the torso and the limbs in a circular manner that looks elastic. ‘sticking’. Another advantage of having relaxation. There are people who overemphasise the benefits of relaxation and softness but they dare not. You would feel that this could only be achieved by relaxing. meaning taijiquan is the fist of ward-off jin and if there is no peng-jin then there is no taijiquan. to fill their relaxation with peng-jin. so that more time can be spared to know your opponent's jin and to determine your own response (4) to prevent your opponent's force transferring to your body and to make your opponent's jin ineffective (5) to make it easier to change to other postures. then he will have a new understanding of the peng-jin and Chen style taijiquan. had made similar proposal. Hong's practice was soft but you would feel the softness of his movements was not insubstance. The True "wai rou nei gang" (Externally Soft and Internally Hard) Grandmaster Hong said. When Grandmaster Hong performed fa-jin.

In 1956. but it is a lower level. wrists and fingers. When he was nearly 80 years old. called "chensi-jin" (silk reeling jin). The elbows do not touch the rib cage. is the focus of power and energy to move the whole body towards a direction in a coordinated manner by means of certain kinds of formal training. the more interesting they became. how would you respond by extending peng-jin when your opponent presses on one of your front arms. The joints are opened up and articulate enough to make changes. Grandmaster Hong specifically emphasised the need to open up the finger joints which should not be bent and slack. Furthermore. I will open up the joints sideways. Grandmaster Hong went back to Beijing from Jinan city to revisit his skills with Chen Fa-ke. In fact. Jin. This explains that the finger joints have not been opened up and peng-jin has been lost. An innocent baby can move his or her hands spirally when they are getting excited but we can not say they are practicing chensi-jin. Later when I studied under Grandmaster Hong. There would have been no way Hong could have neutralised Chen's force. Your opponent's jin will not reach the ribs. in regard to the need to match the fingers pointing directions with certain kind of motions. an experienced opponent would seize this opportunity to break into your defence. Chen's wife praised Hong's progress. This can be regarded as a type of peng-jin. Previously when I read Grandmaster Hong's manuscripts. attention should be paid to their direction and angle of opening up. The more I experimented with these techniques. Chensi movement can be commonly found in daily life. he could execute fa-jin with full control. In fact. When the attacking force is coming straight in. In fact. When Chen really took the drill seriously. his opponents would feel big shocks in their internal organs. upwards and downwards. One of the usual practices is to extend your front arms as much as possible. The True Spherical Spiral Movement A lot of taijiquan practitioners know the need to have Spiral jin in taijiquan. It seemed that these kind of recommendations were troublesome. Although the elbow may look like it is in contact with the ribs. When Hong was sent flying by Chen's second attack. it will not happen. Grandmaster Hong would open up his shoulder joints by sinking the elbows downward while at the same time extending the fingers upward in order to open up the joints at the elbows. This will result your opponent's incoming jin to be lifted up. Hong also suggested that one's elbows can touch his own rib cage when necessary. The rotation of the hands must be led . There is neither forward opposing force nor backward retreating force that can be utilised by your opponent. as if there are springs placed under your armpits to stretch your front arms. "Maybe my hands have no power". Because of the great relaxation and softness in Grandmaster Hong's taijiquan practice. the jin of the elbow is not loosely touching the rib but sunk down to maintain the peng-jin. Hong could neutralise Chen's first fa-jin attack. Over-extending of jin can make transitional changes relatively difficult and slow. 2. this was because Hong had maintained peng-jin in his relaxation and softness. For the same hand peng-jin technique. simple technique. There is still a tiny gap between the elbows and ribs. Chen's jin would hit directly onto Hong's body.opponents will not initiate an attack on the insubstantial locations. Some people can perform the fa-jin movements in a form powerfully while practicing but their fingers are bent and slack in other relaxed and soft movements. I then gradually realised that the angle direction of opening up the fingers should be adjusted according to the change of jin used in the motion. he demonstrated the whole Pao-chui (Cannon fist) routine in an open exhibition in just over 2 minutes. Hong said humbly. Such peng-jin may seem to survive the pressure from the incoming jin but your opponent may make use of your extended jin by performing lu-jin (pull back). Many people usually refer to it as how their hands and legs should perform the normal and reverse reeling techniques. This kind of opening up of the joints should come naturally without intentionally stretching the muscles with strength. The advantage of this is that it will give you more space to perform hua-jin (deflection jin) without ding-jin (opposing jin). If it was only no power and no peng-jin in Hong's hands. wrists and palms in a circular manner. He could send his opponent flying with the very first fa-jin. For instance. Whoever had the chance to practice push-hands drill with Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke could tell you about their experience. I could tell that the sound was different from others when you were sent flying by your teacher". Many people agree that peng-jin should be attained in taijiquan training. in Chinese martial arts terms. When this situation occurs in the push-hands drill. Only when this was done properly and then diu-jin (disconnected energy) and ding-jin (opposing energy) would not occur. Therefore. Such peng-jin was mainly generated by the pulling force in the opposite directions. One may think the opponent's incoming force may transfer from your arms to your rib cage. During the push-hands exercise. In regard to the lesser impact on Hong in reaction to Chen's fa-jin. This cannot be done easily even by a young practitioner. chensi-jin or spiral jin is to perform a certain spiral movement through the concentration and coordination of the whole body's jin and force. Only then could one maintain the peng-jin within the softness. but there are different opinions on how to achieve this. Grandmaster Hong emphasised the need to loosen up every single joint of the body (this instruction was originally said by Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke). it made me feel hard to comprehend. tears would come out of their eyes and there was a temptation to vomit as if experiencing an electric shock. Chen style taijiquan has more obvious spiral rotations. in the same way that no one would bother to hit a soft hanging tree branch with force. An experienced practitioner will use relaxed and sinking jin to pressure the opponent until the opponent can no longer alter his position and then execute fa-jin at the substantial point once it is located. they are only talking about its external movement but not the jin itself. saying "Even though I was outside and didn't see what had happened.

It is generally recognised by every taijiquan practitioner that "jin originates from the root of the feet" (not necessarily the heel). For the same movement. but also because he did not know how to train to rotate the dantian. During a visit to Hong by Master Chen Zhao-kui in Jinan city. Once I received his jin. The jin produced by these postures of legs and waist is rotating in a level plane. the technique of rotating the dantian. This brought his hands into a one up and one down position. The fact was that Chen Fa-ke only taught his disciples. The opponent still would be able to push even harder. I sank one knee down while pulling the other up. Grandmaster Hong told me a story. Since Grandmaster Hong could perform chensi-jin very well. precisely and right to the point. This will lead the waist and torso to turn right (where the two sides of the hip bone are of the same height as well) which in turn brings the hands forward. I mentioned to him how Grandmaster Hong performed his spiral jin. you will know that the external appearance of the training method is very obvious and is very hard to cover up. This made one of his hands higher than the other and consequently his torso's balance was upset. However. but had not heard about "dantian nei zhuan". but the issue is how the jin should continue to progress once it is generated from the root of the feet. the right leg is bending forward at the front while the left leg is stretching backwards behind). my technique was not good enough. To lead the waist to rotate to the right. Many traditional Chen style techniques did not have any specific terms to describe them until someone gave them new names afterwards. If this was Hong who did it. he could deflect. Normally people would push opponent with both hands by extending the left foot and bending the right knee with both knees of the same height. Once you have seen Hong's demonstration you realise that his dantian did rotate obviously. This technique is more delicate and skilful. Someone said Grandmaster Hong had not learnt the secret technique of "dantian nei zhuan" (internally rotate your dantian) but his criticism merely exposes his own ignorance and shallow knowledge. He then used both his hands to lock the two sides of my waist in order to prevent my waist from turning so that I would not be able to change. However. he again nearly fell to the ground but I did not retreat. This makes the rotation of leg and waist not level any more. the motion is spherical in nature. I guess the term was later made up by Master Chen Zhao-kui in order to remind people to pay attention to the need of rotating the dantian in training. I consulted several people. the quality of spiral jin varies depending upon the skill level of the practitioners. then I wrote to Grandmaster Hong and he simply said Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke did not teach him "dantian nei zhuan". Your opponent can be pushed away but cannot be uprooted and sent flying. and because of that. This is because I rotated upward and downward too much after I received his jin. Only such a movement will constitute the chensi-jin which is pursued by taijiquan practitioners. Chen asked. but did not mention "dantian nei zhuan". I received both his hands' force and knew that I could not rotate left or right. This also prevents people from further progress after achieving a certain level of skill. Hong would sink his left knee and pull up his right knee such that the left is lower than the right. This fitted the characteristics of Chen style taijiquan when the term was used in one particular martial arts article later on. He did not use his most powerful jin. Chen mentioned the name of a technique that Hong had not heard of.by the jin from the whole body. For those who know the technique how to rotate their dantian. including Hong and other students. He would only allow the opponent's jin to deviate a little bit but his balance would not be largely upset. Here. I once discussed taijiquan with a friend who had been studying taijiquan for many years specifically under a famous push-hands master. Rather. But I used the upward and downward movements of my knees to lead my hip to rotate up and down as well. This would allow the jin to rebound back and send the opponent flying. It is necessary to position your centre of gravity lower than your opponent and to push slightly upwards in order to execute uproot technique. When he lost his balance. If we refer to many other old articles. Different people have different practices. no need to mention about the fact that he had had trained under Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke for 15 years. the left side of the hip bone follows the left knee to sink down a little bit so that the right hip bone is slightly higher. we can not thoroughly discuss how to perform chensi-jin in detail. In order to make him understand. "Martial art brother. he could prevent it from showing while practicing. leading his torso to turn and unbalance. Not only because he had not seen Hong's taijiquan. I can only introduce one of the key points that Hong emphasised. including Master Chen Zhao-kui's long article on the rotation of the dantian when practicing chensi-jin in Chen style taijiquan routines and push-hands back in 1963. haven't you . This made his hands' jin completely changed directions to an up and down positions. I let him do it again by experimenting and explaining slowly. If you have had dantian internal rotation training yourself. but it will certainly be utilised in push-hands drill. In fact. The generated power is basically moving horizontally. where the requirement for "qi chan dantian" was mentioned and the importance of rotating the dantian when practicing chensi-jin. He found it hard to comprehend because he knew it is necessary to turn the waist to perform any taijiquan technique. once the opponent used force he would rotate just right to the point. The chance to send your opponent flying is very small. Grandmaster Hong emphasised the use of upwards and downwards movements of both knees so that the jin will encapsulate spherical and spiral motion from the start. Let us examine one of the common practices among the taijiquan practitioners: double hand push with the right bow stance (i. Hong was intelligent and would probably have understood the rotation of dantian on his own in 15 days. control. This key point is on how to execute good chensi-jin. But it did not mention the term "dantian nei zhuan". I was not sure whether this was a new secret training method or just a new term for the same traditional method. he only used part of his jin. I knew the need to rotate dantian while practicing taijiquan routines. I let him push me with both hands. He pressed on both sides of my waist with his two hands and attempted to push me backward forcefully.e. uproot and send his opponents flying easily.

In 1984. He did not expect Hong to be able to penetrate so swiftly and stably into his stance. To move the whole dantian up and down will only affect the stability of your centre of gravity. In Grandmaster Hong's technique the motion of the dantian did not originate from itself. Only when the changing of footwork has become familiar would it then allow for the effective execution of various techniques of the upper torso. but also insisted on constant training by the more experienced students. Hong said. This basic technique. "This is the basic training that should be practiced prior to learning any routines". It amused Hong and he decided to join in. After training for a while. In one of Grandmaster Hong's manuscripts. his students seemed to do it differently among themselves. Hong said. He not only requested that his new students practice the technique. however they still would not know how to change their footwork. which is to draw circles in the air with a single hand. Moreover. Here. After the incident. the arms should also twist or spiral. The movement of the dantian is led by the upward and downward movements of the knees. People would wonder why Hong did not use the term "dantian nei zhuan". They also do not know how to change their footwork. people may know how to change the centre of gravity between the two legs. His movements were elegant. In addition. Hong started to laugh after Chen had demonstrated the technique. Master Lei Mu-ni said. and the centre of gravity will rise up easily and make it very hard to send your opponent flying. many people would become stationary once they tried to apply force to the opponent. When the "Master" tried to perform the lu (pull back) technique on Hong. while on the way to another place. Also. he saw a man (who looked like a taijiquan "Master") practicing pushhands in turn with his students. Simply to draw circular motions in the air with the hands to train for the rotation of the chensi-jin of the whole body. 3. dantian should be tilted on one side. and the inner palm should face a particular direction while executing certain movements. I went to train in another province where I met a student who had trained for 10 years under Master Chen Zhao-kui. This is not to suggest that the overall skill level of Hong was stronger than the other master at that time. someone later told Hong that the "Master" was actually a prominent student of a famous master of another taijiquan style. On the other hand. This was possibly due to avoidance of confusion. Grandmaster Hong grouped the motions into two types: the normal hand circle and the reverse hand circle. To lead the rotation of the body by the rotation of the dantian will make the starting point of jin too high. This made the centre of gravity sink and become stable and firm. but at least this incident illustrates that using good footwork to penetrate the opponent's stance will make the hand techniques more effective. I sometimes experimented with my students to observe the effect of various aspects of the techniques. It is normally quite easy to swing your hands in a circular motion but fairly hard to synchronise the spiralling of the arms with the whole body's movement. "Master Hong's hands rotate a lot". to move the dantian with one side up while keeping the other side down will keep your centre of gravity stable and firm. . it is to say that most people did not know how to step forward in order to follow the Master’s movements and therefore would be much more easily pulled back by him. At the same time. The True "bu sui shen huan" (Footwork follows the Change of Torso Movements) Taijiquan practitioners know the need to coordinate the movements of the upper and lower torsos. In 1930. It is the realisation of chensi-jin". It is necessary to understand the fighting technique of each movement in order to determine the degree of spiralling of the arms. he started to train under Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke. Most taijiquan practitioners know that the hand movements should move in an arc or in a circle. leading to the rising up of his centre of gravity. the development of the jin power will become limited. Grandmaster Hong had mentioned an incident. However. I have not seen Master Chen Zhao-kui's taijiquan demonstration and do not know how he performs "dantian nei zhuan". Hong did not get the meaning from Chen only that because Chen used new term to describe it. Hong said he would not have practiced tui-shou with this "Master" if he knew who this "Master" was before joining in. I asked Master Chen Li-qing whether Master Chen Zhao-kui trained like that himself and the answer from him was a straight "Never !". The dantian should not move by itself. Without a full understanding. Inexperienced people rotate their arms either too much or insufficiently. "bu sui shen huan". Instead. I would like to point out that the rotation is referring to the twisting of Master Hong's hands. rather than the overall circular swinging movements of his arms. This also benefits the future development of the jin. In fact Hong did value this basic technique a lot. Several years later. stepping in between the man's legs while at the same time executing the ji (press). he indicated that the fingers should point to. but I felt the degree of rotation of his dantian was far too big.trained with this technique before ?". I felt that these requirements were far too complex and appeared to be unnecessary. He may have been pushed away just because he was not on guard. There is no technique that should move the whole dantian to circle up and down. Only when they were done properly would it unveil the miraculous and the fun part of taijiquan. did not have any names previously. It was not until Grandmaster Hong did the demonstration and also through my own experiments that I realised the importance of these requirements. Grandmaster Hong used the legs' jin to lead the rotation movement of the dantian. "Can you show me ?". Master Feng Zhiqiang also said. The "Master" was pressed one step backward. "Master Hong's hands rotate a lot and it is correct. Some people say the dantian is the centre. His chensi movement was distinct and obvious. Nevertheless. The starting point of jin was very low and made it easier to send your opponent flying. Hong followed his momentum and moved a half step forward.

He was intelligent and acute. the centre of gravity will become unstable once in motion. Hong required the distance between the two feet to be about shoulder width at the moment the heel of the front foot touched the floor. even in relationships between father and son or between brothers. just to sit down and have a little chat with him was a joyful experience. I eventually had the opportunity to go to meet him. Hong replied that I could stay in his home. the technique applied has lost its power and the effectiveness of the attack will be much diminished. I would have never known. one of Hong's students escorted me to the martial arts stadium to see how Hong's other two students taught others. and was multi-talented. The second is to allow the back foot to step forward to become the front foot. After all the other students had left at night. After arriving at Hong's home. this caused him a lot of trouble. I was moved by the action. The second situation is when your stance has not reached its stretching limit. saying. The inside part of the heel touches the floor but not the middle back parts. If one's changing of footwork is not good enough. Disregard for Materialistic and Monetary Rewards In the fall of 1984. studied broadly. I hoped it would make my study at Hong's place a little more convenient.Under what circumstances should you change your footwork ? Normally there are two situations. the motion will become heavy. Hong said to them that I would be allowed to stay and study in his home and I would not go to study in the martial art stadium. "Do we still need to do this ?". I wrote to him requesting that he arrange hostel accommodation for me that was close to his home. However. practical. Apart from the fact that one can actually attack his opponent by shovelling the opponent's feet with the extending front foot. One is to change your footwork when your existing stance has reached the limit of its travel. the main function of the practice is to make moving forward quick as well as stable. the centre of gravity is less prone to rocking. after nearly two years' correspondence with him by mail. major food items were limited and strictly controlled and supplied by the government). and you only apply your techniques within the most powerful range. "I come here to share the meals with you. This will give your opponent an opportunity to take advantage of. Hong pushed them back to me. While the front foot should move pointing slightly inwards when moving forward. Hong possessed many traditional Chinese virtues which are worth learning from: 1. Other taijiquan styles do not have this requirement at all. In today's society. he should execute changes of footwork very well. clumsy and slow. One is to advance your front foot forward by roughly half a step and then the back foot follows the same distance behind. then if you have no other option you should change your footwork in order to maintain your forward momentum. . Another of Hong's students told me that when I wrote to Hong to suggest a visit. meaning your front knee bends only up to the vertical line of the heel of the same foot. I took out a little sum of money and some food dockets to give him (at that time. Lasting Memories Grandmaster Hong was a person full of character. had a good memory. Therefore. If this student had not tell me about this. meaning he had accepted me as a close friend and there was no need to pay a tuition fee. we were chatting together happily. It can also prevent your opponent hooking your leg and tripping you. Grandmaster Hong imposed very strict requirements on footwork and they are very practical in use. On the way. many people place a lot of emphasis on money. If the sinking of the jin from the hip joint to the back foot is insufficient and as a result the front leg also needs to support part of the body weight. the back leg should lower slightly to maintain the groin's jin This makes the brushing action quick and stable. But if one wants to maintain the hands and legs in the most powerful application range. including those from interstate or overseas. He treated people warm-heartedly and sincerely with a receptive and open mind. we still need to buy some rice for cooking." He then accepted my offer. I was very pleased by this since not only would it save me money but also it was convenient for study purposes. With the front foot brushing the floor. Hong worried that the financial burden would be too much for me to afford. I had better not tell them I was staying at Hong's house and studying under him. In fact. Your centre of gravity can also follow your foot to move forward to an appropriate and useful distance from your opponent. humorous and optimistic. If you intend to attack beyond the range you should change your footwork accordingly. One day. some Chen style taijiquan practitioners would require the front foot to extend forward while brushing the floor with the heel while others would not. Hong's words have deeply impressed me ever since. Even if you did not learn taijiquan from him. not to mention dealings between friends or students. For instance. This is because once the stance and the hands have reached their limit. ought to pay them first and then they would pay Hong portion of the money. he told me that if I met any government officials there. in order to step forward. For instance. Hong took a risk by doing this. Grandmaster Hong had not told me anything about all this. Value on Intimacy and Feelings. He was also righteous. This was because the local government had decided that all non-local students. There are two ways to change footwork. Although you would still be able to push your opponent away. saying. This was because his own political problems were still unsettled. when you try pushing your opponent with both hands stretched to their limit and your knee is already bent as far as the vertical line of the toe. therefore he would neither charge me personally for tuition nor allow the government official to charge me for the fee. the end stage of the application will not be within the most powerful range. Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke's teaching required the brushing action.

This made me feel uneasy. After hearing this. he often said that we had not really seen the very best yet. I said that I was about to leave for my hometown. Nowadays. He never mentioned to me anything about food or clothing. He was really in need of the money. Due to my lack of culinary skills. However. in honour of Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke. One day. Grandmaster Hong had replied. I once sent some money to Grandmaster Hong. Grandmaster Hong replied that he would use the money I had given him as the donation in my name. he kept using this pair of eyeglasses. Therefore he would rather not have this kind of popularity. several years later. he asked me from whom I had learnt this movement. He had mentioned one incident: there was a Japanese lady who went to China to learn taijiquan from him every year. I wrote to Grandmaster Hong requesting that he keep me informed and let me know of the final details of the proposal. These would make hua-jin (deflection jin) unable to be performed very well. he discovered that I had changed this particular movement. she began to cry during training saying that she believed the learning path would become easier as the years went by. He laughed and told me that when he had asked someone to buy him a pair of long-sighted eyeglasses. Grandmaster Hong had his own unique ways of teaching taijiquan. he would send me another letter before I had replied to the previous one. . I also did not go to the kitchen. a pair with excessive corrective degrees was delivered. Therefore. therefore Shandong province must have one too. I was not only able to perform some of the taijiquan practice requirements. Later when Master Gu Liuxing asked me why Grandmaster Hong’s writings were so small. and it would be better for me to stay back at Hong's home and practice. because of consideration of other people's feelings was more important to him than how much money he could get for himself. 3. one of them told me how to perform the withdrawal of the right fist in "The Cannon Out of Bosom" posture. it was Grandmaster Hong who put higher demands on her as her training progressed further. 2. After watching me practise the last couple of movements of the Pao-chui. I heard that there was a plan to build a monumental stele (as a pseudo burial site where only the dead person's clothing would be buried) in Beijing. he had thought only of my own financial position. According to custom. Some foreigners had honoured Grandmaster Hong with the title "Taijiquan Super Star". students must always reply to their teachers' letters as soon as possible and only the teachers can reply late. His facial expression then changed. and he invited all of us to his home for a meal. His stance was very low and the withdrawal of his right fist was also low and turned more. using a severe tone. Whoever wants this should do it". We ate whatever food was prepared on the table. Grandmaster Hong reckoned that many people just wanted to carry the titles. it is better to really understand taijiquan. But this did not bother Grandmaster Hong. the financial situation of Grandmaster Hong had not been good (due to his personal political problems) for many years. and much attention was paid to minor details. In fact. He reckoned Grandmaster Chen Fa-ke was really the best. When people praised his taijiquan and push-hand skills. Grandmaster Hong took an easy going attitude towards materialistic living. it happened once that one of his students held a family celebration. I felt the way he performed the posture looked great and began to follow his method of practising. and mentioned that one local government officer had said to him that Chen style taijiquan research societies had been set up in Beijing and Shanghai. Grandmaster Hong normally did not wear eyeglasses except when he wrote. just like sitting in an examination. Emphasise on Real Achievement and Less of Popularity Grandmaster Hong once wrote to me. Consequently I always replied by letter very late. It appeared like a magnifying glass. When I was staying with Grandmaster Hong. but also at times asked for my opinions on some issues. He also explained that this was the old way of doing the movement. but how come it was getting more difficult ? In fact. In reply to his questions. He never went to the kitchen and never asked for the menu. I told him the reason and he too began to laugh happily. Emphasise on Taijiquan and Less on Worldly Materials Grandmaster Hong placed a high demand in practicing taijiquan. Not long after that. Sometimes. But this did not upset Grandmaster Hong. When I wrote to him asking for advice. and they would have no practical contributions. This made the small writings appear not that small when he wrote. he not only answered my questions. when the meals were being prepared. as I will not have the time to do it. I would always think hard to find the best possible answer prior to my reply. we all began to laugh. I asked him why his writings were so small. we chatted along and discussed taijiquan until it was time for meals at the dinning table. In order to avoid wastage. "You guys better make sure that you can really spare the time in the research. but also would be able to analyse some of the philosophies. However. and it was different from what I had done. since I was willing to donate some money to the project.After I had moved to Australia. Later when Grandmaster Hong saw me practising. there were a few students from different places who had come to visit Grandmaster Hong. He laughed and said that super star does not serve any purpose. After going through his way of learning. Grandmaster Hong then went there by himself. although when he was young he was brought up with a good supply of materials in an affluent family. I immediately replied to him that the money I had given him was for his own personal use. This was because the right fist had been withdrawn too close to the body and the arm had turned too much. the daily three meals were prepared by his second wife or his students. And that had made her training feel more difficult.

Grandmaster Hong and his wife were living in a small apartment which comprised two bedrooms and a lounge room. helping me to comprehend more about taijiquan. Grandmaster Hong always sat at the sofa near the door while I sat on the other one. Whenever there was a need to see the movements. Many experiences gained from that time have allowed me to recall them until today. we would both get up and experiment. then I began to learn new techniques from him. but every day I had new gains. his other student came by. Acknowledgments I would like to thank my students Joseph Wong. we would sit and chat together in his bigger room while we were having tea. They lived in the large bedroom while I was staying at the smaller one. This continued until 9:00 o'clock in the evening. Once inside my room. Low. Hugh Grady. I stayed on the side and watched carefully. Whenever I had questions I would ask and he replied. Hean K.m. Each day I spent more than 10 hours together with Grandmaster Hong. Sometimes. Grandmaster Hong would open his room door and come out and I would greet him. in particular the late Grandmaster Hong Jun-sheng. Sometimes we discussed about human life and experiences. K. I began to review and record what I had heard and learnt during the day. I believe it will continue to be like that in the future. It was about bed time for Grandmaster Hong and I wished him good night before returning to my room. After the breakfast. At about 7:00 o'clock in the morning. Danny McCartin and C. The kind and intimate image of Grandmaster Hong still appears in my mind as if he is standing in front of me and it will remain like that forever. knowledge and inspiration has made this article possible. Hong chose the ground floor apartment for the convenience of practicing taijiquan. whenever I recalled the days I spent learning taijiquan in his house. The routines seemed to be always the same. I would always feel intimacy and happiness in my heart. Often there were students from other places. When Grandmaster Hong taught them. . During my stay with Grandmaster Hong. I also learnt a lot of things this way. Kan for their assistance and dedication in the preparation of this article. We even discussed whether the human soul existed ! It was not until Grandmaster Hong said. After washing up. "Let's practise taijiquan". I also want to express my gratitude to all my great taijiquan teachers. It was either Hong’s wife or his students who prepared the breakfast. he did not go out to teach taijiquan. whose wisdom. Everyday I woke up at 6:00 a. and began to train in the lounge room.Although it has been many years since my last meeting with Grandmaster Hong. we continued chatting and drinking tea.

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