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REPORT

EXPERIMENT 1 : ACCESSORIES AND TOOLS USE IN ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION

ET 102 : ELECTRICAL WIRING


NAME : 1. (student name)
2. 3.
LECTURE : -EN. MOHD KHAIRUDDIN BIN AHMAD KHAIR -EN. -EN.

DUE DATE : 4 AUGUST 2011

RESULT
y TASK 1

TOOLS AND ACCESSORIES NAME AND FUNCTION OF TOOLS AND ACCESSORIES

Combination Pliers
hold objects firmly, for cutting, bending, or physical compression.

Screwdrivers
driving screws and rotating other machine elements

Hammer
driving nails, fitting parts, forging metal and breaking up objects

Cable cutter

Test pens

Drills
a tool fitted with a cutting tool attachment or driving tool attachment, usually a drill bit or driver bit, used for drilling holes in various materials

Cut cable with the size needed

checking whether a conductor is live

PVC conduit spring bender


To bend a PVC to a size needed

PVC cutter
To cut a PVC with the size needed

Tin clips clamping


Make a tin clips with the size needed

Measuring tape
flexibility allows for a measure of great length to be easily carried in pocket or toolkit and permits one to measure around curves or corners

Sesiku L
ameasurementtool usedto testa surfaceperpendicul ar andkerataanwoods urface, and test theangularityof wood

G cutter

A cutter to cut a GI conduit to a size needed

Dice Set
To bend a pvc conduit or a tools that can holds a GI counduit and cut GI conduit with the size needed

One way switch


Was a light switch, and most commonly used on operate electric lights, and fans.

Two way switch


A simple changeover switch: C (COM, Common) is connected to L1 or to L2.

Intermediate switch
internally wired for polarity-reversal applications: only four rather than six wires are brought outside the switch housing

Lamp Holder

1.5 mm Cable wires (Red,Black,Green)


A wires running side by side and bonded, twisted or braided together to form a single assembly, and used to carry electric currents. Lighting circuit

To hold a lamp

2.5 mm Cable wires (Red,Black,Green)

PVC conduit

GI conduit

Use in a power circuit wires cable.

Used as the Used as the insulation on insulation on electric wires and for electric wires and for protection and protection and routing of electrical wiring routing of electrical wiring

PVC Trunking 5 cm Used as the insulation on electric wires and for protection and routing of electrical wiring

Switch by using multimeter and selector in ohm mode. STATUS ON OFF ON OFF ONE WAY 0 TWO WAYS C-S1 0 C-S2 0 INTERMEDIATE C1-C4 0 C2-C3 0

TASK 2

Procedures

To procedures a lighting circuit and power circuit. Below show the step by step and the explaination of how to make a lighting circuit and power circuit.
Put tin in here to make a tin clips with the size needed

1.

Tin clips clamping, to make a tin clips to holds the lighting circuit, and power circuit.
30 cm
Black RED GREEN

2.

Cable (L/N/E) about 30 cm to make a lighting and power circuit.

3.

Use cable cutter or wire striper, to cut a cable and stripe a wire.

4.

Stripe the cable using wire stripe in 1 cm. Cable are in using is 1.5 mm and 2.5 mm.
Go to panel or bay, to make a lighting circuit and power circuit. Bring along with hammer,tin clips,wire, and nails.

5.

6.

Hammer and nails use to holds the tin clips that clips lighting circuit and power circuit.

7.

Using hammer and nails making lighting circuit and power circuit. 1.5 mm cable use for lighting circuit and 2.5 mm cable use for power circuit. Clips the wire in 90 degree position. The distance between clips is less than 10 cm.
3 CM 5 cm Power Circuit 6 CM 10cm

8.
Lighting Circuit

In above is the lighting circuit and power circuit when it done.

y Task 3
Procedures 1. Prepare the tools and accessories that want to use, the tools and accessories are in use is PVC cutter, PVC conduit spring bender, measuring tape, G cutter, Dice set, PVC conduit, and GI conduit.
PVC CUTTER G CUTTER

PVC CONDUIT

DICE SET To hold GI conduit or bend GI conduit

GI CONDUIT

PVC CONDUIT SPRING BENDER

MEASURING TAPE

2. Cut PVC conduit using PVC cutter about 40 cm and bend 90 degree at the center of PVC conduit, using PVC conduit spring bender.
PVC conduit 4 0 C M

Bend 90 degree of PVC conduit at the center using PVC conduit spring bender at the knee.

PVC conduit after cut and bend 90 degree

3. Cut 2 pieces of GI conduit using G cutter about 40 cm, and make trip about 2 cm long using dice set.

40 CM

Cut a GI conduit using G cutter

Clean outside GI conduit after cut

Clean inside Gi conduit after cut

Adjust dice set before make a trip

Make a trip using dice set about 2cm long

GI conduit after cut and make a trip 40 CM Trip about 2cm

4. First pieces of GI conduit, center of GI conduit bend in 90 degree by using GI bender bench.
Bend a GI conduit using bender bench in 90 degree

90 degree GI conduit after bend using bender bench

5. Second pieces of GI conduit, make a 30 degree offset shape at the center, and the lenght between two angle is 15 cm.
Using GI bender bench to make a 30 degree offset shape

15 cm

The GI conduitshape of 30 degree offset after bend using GI bender bench

y TASK 4 1. Cut PVC trunking conduit about 40cm using PVC cutter and sawn.
Using a sawn to cut the PVC trunking with the size needed.

4 0 c m

40 cm

PVC Trunking when it done with the cut of 40 cm

2. Make PVC trunking conduit in a 90 degree shape.


At the center of PVC trunking, mark a 9 cm length then at the center of the 9 cm mark about 4.5 cm mark the center.

After done mark and cut the line of the mark, combine the PVC trunking accessories.

At this section we cut it with the same lenght of the PVC trunking.

PVC Trunking Conduit with the shape of 90 degree.

DISCUSSION TASK 2 :

y Differences between theory and practical. Theory is anidea and hypothesis which explains about making light circuit and power circuit but practice is an exercise and application of making a light circuit and power circuit into action and making it with real.

y The problem during the practical is the measure wires or length of the circuit or the between clips, to overcome this problem we must look carefully with our eyes, watch the object to measure,example: measuring tape we must look at the top and center of it.

CONCLUSION : After complete making a light circuit and power circuit, we can identify the names, terminal, labels of acessories and tools use in electrical installation.

DISCUSSIO TASK 3 :
y A theory is an idea and hypothesis which explain on how to make a PVC conduit and GI conduit into 90 degree and 30 degree offset shape at the center. Practice is an exercise and application tomake the PVC conduit and GI conduit with our bare hand, we feel, touch, and make it with the shape and condition that have been given in task.

y The problem during the practical is making a trip in GI conduit using dice set, when the pressure and tight screw are high at the end of GI conduit side it will become loss or damage, to overcome this problem we can loss the tight of the screw or make it with slowly.

CONCLUSION : We have complete with confidence at the center of accessories ( PVC conduit and GI conduit ) by 90 degree and 30 degree offset of shape at the center.

DISCUSSION TASK 4 :
y Theory is where we know everything about making a PVC trunking into a shape of 90 degree but nothing works. Practice is where everything about make a PVC Trunking into a shape of 90 degree works but nobody knows why. A theory is an idea and practice is exercise and application of any task or theory or in other words translation of an idea into action. y The problem during the practical is when we cut the PVC trunking then we cut in wrong direction or the mark line it will make unsharp cutting of PVC trunking. The solution is we must cut it with carefully.

CONCLUSION : We have complete with confidence of the center of accessories ( PVC Trunking) by 90 degree.

References :

 www.wikipedia.com  www.google.com/image  www.google.com/translate


Book : Electric circuit by David A. Bell(sixth edition)