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Published by: Nazcar Pine on Aug 20, 2011
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Narcar Pine

What is Geotagging?

The increase use of Internet capable mobile devices like Blackberry and Apple's iPhone, geotagging has seen a surge in popularity as well. With the ability to quickly add GPS information to media, smartphones make geotagging a simple task. Geotagging is the process of marking a video, photo or other media with a location in the form of geospatial metadata. This can not only help people find images and information based on a location, but it can also be used to create location-based news and media feeds by combining an application like Google Maps with geotagged blogs, news articles and Flickrphotos.

You should create a ICBM meta tag that includes the latitude and longitude in the contents of the tag: <meta name="ICBM" content="48. These are named "geo. Geotagging can help users find a wide variety of location-specific information. Or it can define the location place name or regional identifier. For example: <meta name="geo.-122" /> Another way you can tag your pages is to use the Geo microformat. For instance.The related term geocoding refers to the process of taking non-coordinate based geographical identifiers. Geotagging Coding The easiest way to add geotags to a Web page is with meta tags. Geotagging HMTL A geotag can define the longitude and latitude of the tagged item. Geotagging-enabled information services can also potentially be used to find location-based news. websites. website. It can also include information such as the altitude and bearing. you could tag it with a geotag indicating that.position" content="48. or RSS feed. Such techniques can be used together with geotagging to provide alternative search techniques. -122" /> You can then add other meta tags that include the region. It can also refer to the location that the page or photo is about. one can find images taken near a given location by entering latitude and longitude coordinates into a suitable image search engine.region" content="US-WA" /> <meta name="geo.*" and the contents are the value for that tag. To add it to your pages. placename. So if you wrote an article about the Grand Canyon in Arizona. Geotagging can tell users the location of the content of a given picture or other media or the point of view. etc). simply . such as a street address.placename" content="Snohomish" /> <meta name="geo. There are only two properties in the Geo microformat: the latitude and longitude. and finding associated geographic coordinates (or vice versa for reverse geocoding). By placing a geotag on a Web page. and other elements (altitude. or other resources. and conversely on some media platforms show media relevant to a given location. you provide information to your readers and to search engines about the geographical location of the site.

o Microformat  The Geo microformat allows coordinates within HTML pages to be marked up in such a way that they can be "discovered" by software tools . y HTML o RDF feeds  refers to data feed in RDF (and maybe a little bit of OWL) format. machinereadable).386013</span>.e. Latitude and longitude are stored in units of degrees with decimals. y SMS messages The GeoSMS standard works by embedding one or more 'geo' URIs in the body of an SMS. For example: <div class="geo">GEO: <span class="latitude">37. <span class="longitude">-122. such as the cross-platform open source ExifTool. and the resulted RDF data resources can be consumed by computers (i.082932</span> </div> Geotagging File formats JPEG photos y With photos stored in JPEG file format. RDF is an emerging semantic web standard language ideal for describing real world objects. It's also a good idea to surround the entire location with a div or span with the title "geo". the geotag information is typically embedded in the metadata (stored in Exchangeable image file format (EXIF)). These data are not visible in the picture itself but are read and written by special programs and most digital cameras and modern scanners.surround the latitude and longitude information in a span with the title "latitude" or "longitude" as appropriate. This geotag information can be read by many programs.

com. launched in 2008. Searching a list of blogs and pictures tagged using geotag technology allows users to select areas of specific interest to them on interactive maps.the addresses were pinpointed with GPS-level accuracy within minutes. Geotagging Dangers The International Computer Science Institute (ICSI). days or even hours of research either . which showed the user Wikipedia pages that are geographically closest to one's current location. Using sites like Craigslist. in its current function. is due to present new findings next month regarding "cybercasing. even those who had posted the content anonymously. photos and videos (those that include location information) can be used by criminals and other dangerous parties to mount real-world attacks. via messaging and reviews. seems to give only geotagged photo results. claims to feature Wikipedia searching via a map. The experiments didn't take weeks. . Geotagging Apps One of the first attempts to initiate the geotagging aspect of searching and locating articles seems to be the now-inoperative site Wikinear. California. also allowing users to interact with people around them. however. etc. the researchers were able to crossreference information contained within publicly available online content to determine the exact home addresses of potential victims. The app." a word researchers coined to refer to how geotagged text. launched in 2009. Twitter and YouTube. The app Respotter Wiki. a non profit research organization in Berkeley.Geoblogging It attaches specific geographic location information to blog entries via geotags.

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