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RESISTANCE (series) Voltage is split between resistors Short circuits can cause wires to overheat and in some cases cause fires! The total current is the sum of the currents in the components (parallel)
Circuit breakers are replacing fuse boxes because they are easier to reset and are more sensitive in measuring current Power = Energy transferred / Time Taken W=J/s
Power = Potential Difference x Current W = V x A Flexes are missing the earth wire Current = Charge / Time I = C / s Energy Transformed = Charge x P.d J = C x V Brass is chosen as the electrical pins because it harder to wear away When electrons are rubbed off onto a plastic the electrons stay there because plastic is an insulator Make the metal cap negatively charged and the metal leaf will rise repelling the negative charge Thunder Clouds If a charge builds and the object is not earthed , then the object will build up a high potential difference and in an attempt to become earthed the charge will jump (sparks) to an area of less electrical potential. Some tall buildings have conductors made of copper installed so that the voltage that builds up in clouds leaks away gradually. As opposed to one large spark that can cause serious damage When electrons are given to metals they spread out easily and earth (where possible) because they are good conductors of electricity Good things about Static Electricity Can be used in power stations to reduce pollution
Bad things about Static Electricity Can cause sparks to occur (when refuelling aircraft this can be dangerous because if the fuel becomes too charged and there s a spark it could ignite)
5KG x m/s^2 Resultant force = mass x acceleration Force = Change of momentum / Time taken N = Short time large force MOMENTUM Momentum = mass x velocity kg.WORK DONE = FORCE x DISTANCE J=NXm J = kg x m WORK DONE = WEIGHT x CHANGE IN HEIGHT Kinetic energy = 0.m/s onto a 1 kg object Velocity = 3m/s .m/s = kg x m/s Momentum before = Momentum after 3kg.5mass x speed^2 Potential energy = weight x height J = 0.
m/s (1.5kg total mass Momentum before = Momentum after 3kg.m/s (2.5 x ?) Force = mass x gravitational field N = kg x W = mg .5 x 2) = 3kg.5kg going at 2m/s = 3kg.m/s 2.m/s 1kg going at 0m/s = 0kg.1.