ART, MAN AND SOCIETY

Humanity define as: • • • All human beings collectively; the human race, mankind The quality or condition of being human; human nature The quality of being humane; kindness; benevolence

Humanities is: • • Came from the Latin word humanus meaning human, refined and cultured It emphasizes the dignity and worthiness of man and recognizes creative expressions.

Art is: • • • • • • From the Latin word “ars” meaning ability or skill Expression of self and love for beauty Skill/ability/craft Internal happiness Human activity Acquired by study and experience

Work of art: • • Creative expression using sound, image, action and movement Means to satisfy the human need to communicate thoughts, feelings and beliefs

Division of Art • Classification of art according to purpose

1. Practical or useful arts- when human activity is directed to produce artifacts and utensil which cope with human needs. Examples: basket weaving, agriculture, mechanical arts 2. Liberal arts- in which intellectual efforts are considered. Example: grammar, astronomy, psychology, philosophy

Mixed arts.which take only one medium of expression as sound in music and color in painting 5. Combine arts.which are the products if the human creative activity in so far as they express beauty in different ways and media.which use two or more media. Kinetic arts. Example: music. Example interior decoration • Classification of art according to forms 1. for the contemplation of the mind and the relaxation of the spirit 4.mediums can be seen and which occupy space 2.mediums can be heard and which are represents by man 3. Visual or space arts. Minor arts.3. such as music.which are connected with the practical uses and purpose.refers to the material or means which the artist uses to objectify his feelings or thought Painting Sculpture Music Literature Dance • Pigment Wood. metal Sound Words Body movements Classification of art according to medium 1. stone.whose mediums can be both seen and heard Function of arts . literature 3. Fine arts.which are developed through space and perceived by the sense of sight. Major arts. rhythmic movement such as dance. drama.which use as their most important element. poetry and drama. Pure arts.which are based o sounds and words as media of expression. such as. Medium. poetry and sculpture 5. 4. Phonetic arts. Auditory or time arts. Plastic arts. sculpture and architecture 2.which are characterized by their actual and potential expressiveness and by a purely disinterested purpose. painting. Examples: music.

Figures 6. scene or event described on represented in a work of art Ways of representing subject 1. Surrealism.combination of realism and distortion. Personal function 2.things are depicted in the way they would normally appear in nature 2.the process of simplifying and/or recognizing objects and elements according to the demands of artistic expression 3.figures are arranged that proportions differ noticeably from natural measurements. Religion and mythology 9. Dreams and fantasies Content • • • • refers to what the artist expresses or communicates on the whole i his work The “meaning”. Animals 4. Fantasies Kinds of subjects 1. “theme” The statement we apprehend or the feeling or mood we experience Reveals artist’s attitude towards his subject . object. Everyday life 7. Distortion. Still life 3. Social function 3. Realism. stretching or deforming the natural shape of the object 4.this refers to any person.1. Twisting. seascape and cityscape 2. History and legend 8. Physical function Subject. Landscape. Abstraction. Portraits 5.

Graphic arts i.multi reproduction of graphic works Commercial art. Film b. vi. vi.applying pigment Drawing. Theatrical plays/drama b.advertisements. Plastic arts i. ii. Dance c. ii. iv. v. Novels c. Literary arts a. Performing arts. Visual arts. Newspaper c. Magazines .The Scope of Humanities 1.those that we perceive with our eyes a. iii. speaking and gestures a.involves movements. posters Mechanical processes Photography b. Architecture Interior designing Sculpture Crafts Dress and costume designing Theatre designing 2. Popular arts a. Painting. Short stories b. v.representing something by lines Graphic processes. signs. iv. Music 3. iii. Plays/drama 4.

Authors d. Visual artists are: a. Photographers e. Performers 3. Music and dance artists are: a. What did the artist make? What is it about? (this concerns the subject) 2. Singers d. Dramatists f. Gustatory arts a. Literary artist are: a. Composers c. How good is it? (this is the judgment) 7. What is the meaning conveyed by the art? How does it make life more meaningful? Who are the artists? 1.d. Food decoration and preparation Judging and Understanding an Artwork 1. Musicians b. Poets b. What is the personality of individuality of the artworks? (this refers to the style and mood or temper of the artwork) 6. Actors • • • • • • • • • Leonardo da Vinci Michaelangelo Buonarroti Pablo Picasso Guillermo Tolentino Jose Nepomuceno Lino Brocka Julian Felipe Levi Celerio Lisa Macuja • • William Shakespeare Severino Reyes . Novelists c. Sculptors c. Painters b. What is the artwork made of? (this refers to the materials or mediums used) 4. Film makers f. How is the material put together or organized? (this refers to the materials or mediums used) 5. Playwright e. Graphic artists 2. Radio and TV e. Architects d. Choreographers e. Cartoons 5. What did the artist want to show in his work? What is the artwork for? (this concerns the function of the art) 3.

is a continuation of the Byzantine era where almost no difference in subject is observed. Teresa which focuses on human emotions of love.in the court of influential kings or queen especially in France. Baroque sculpture. Romanesque sculpture. or wood. or they may be assembled such as by welding. glass.SCULPTURE Is a three-dimensional artwork created by shaping or combining hard materials. or plastic materials such as clay. panels. Renaissance sculpture. warriors and athletes. philosophers. typically stone such as marble. Common subjects prominent during this era are Biblical characters and the image of God the father as a bearded old man. hardened such as by firing. molding or casting - History of Sculpture • • Egyptian sculpture.Rome conquered Greece and in order to retain something in truly Roman. polymers and softer metals Materials may be worked by removal such as carving. most of their works are of human figures. therefore. vessels and others were carved into elaborate designs and perfection. Greeks are lovers of the human body. metal. Roman sculptures deducted the human body and concentrated on the bust or the head part of the human figure. Byzantine sculpture. usually of their gods and goddesses. 2.Greece is the place of artists. Roman sculpture. Sculptors were meticulous on the garments worn by their figures. Gothic sculpture.Bernini’s works such as The Ecstasy of St. • • • • • • • ELEMENTS OF SCULPTURE 1. pain and suffering are main features of this era Rococo sculpture.most elaborate of all eras.was the Golden Era of Arts and this period brought back the adoration of the human body introduces by the Greeks. Nude sculpture is fine example of this Era.the Roman persecution ended and the celebration of the mass became legal.characterized by sculptures from stone placed on tombs of important persons or temples of powerful rulers Greek Sculpture. textiles. 4. SubjectMediumTextureSpace- . 3. England and Spain their furniture.

he is the first modern Filipino sculptor.he is a sculptor. 5. 5. experimentation and modern techniques in sculpture. Oblation statue of the University of the Philippines. Egyptian. protection of their family. Earliest/ prehistoric. Napoleon Abueva. Cantilever. 2.he says that he is the master of all masters both painting and sculptor. a jeweller and truly the artist of realism and of the modern time .makes use of a beam extending horizontally into space beyond its post Evolution of Architecture 1. He is best remembered of his David . is one of his great contributions. 3. Theresa is one of his most eye catching masterpices 2.one of his monumental creations and lasting legacy to his race is the inspirations that could be taken from the Bonifacio Monument located in Caloocan City. Line Color Volume Texture Space Construction Principles 1. Michelangelo Buonarroti. Pyramid.makes use of 2 vertical supports spanned by horizontal beam. Guillermo Tolentino. Baby Moses and Ring of the Gods ARCHITECTURE Art of designing and constructing a building which will serve a definite purpose Elements 1. 2. He did abstraction. Post and lintel.Great sculptors 1.earliest man lived in caves.consists of separate pieces of wedge-shaped blocks arranged in a semicircle 3. Eduardo Castrillo. 4. rectangular or square-shaped which .triangular. Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini. a painter. this masterpiece will be best appreciated by admirer if a little background of a statue will be introduced. another rmasterpice is his La Pieta 3.believed that Pharaohs were gods which great influenced their architecture.the ecstacy of St. Truss. the Liberators and People Power 4. experimenting with whatever materials they could find. 2.system of triangular forms assembled in a rigid framework 4. Arch.

8.plain abacus capital. thick columns and a heavy massive appearance. 2.capital characterized by a pair of spirals. 4. rainy days • Sun vs.surrounded by massive. mathematical standards of measurement. 5. Materials of architecture 1.3. Gothic. tallest and most slender Roman.capital featuring curling leaves. round arches. one great place between towers. 3.growth of industrialization. C. new means of transportation and communication and new concepts of medicine and education. Doric. Ionic. Romanesque. walls replaced with brilliantly colored stained glass windows. shortest and most massive. lightweight. short. columns and vaults Modern.used architectural Orders. Byzantine. Corinthian. entombs the Pharaoh.characterized by objective. Baroque. taller or more slender. B. 6.characterized with thick walls.characterized by small windows with a simple. wooden roof.more elaborate arches. used post and lintel system.early Christian. Renaissance. overcast • CHARACTERISTICS OF A GOOD PICTURE • • .a. high walls. Temples. Greek. Medieval. massive windows. Wood Stone Concrete Steel PHOTOGRAPHY • Basic composition – – – – Mood and atmosphere Qualities of a good photo Basic composition Improving composition CREATING THE MOOD Overall feel of a picture Created by – Perspective – Color – Focus (isolation and distance) – Weather and light • Sunrise/sunset • Misty.12th century. adopted and modified by some Greek architecture. walls and domes were covered in a brilliant mosaic.usually built in a Greek cross. 4. 7.requisites have been resolved.practical and realistic.

or color Pattern can help echo the character of a photo Catching attention Lines into the horizon show depth and perspective for the viewer Vanishing point – Point at which lines converge and vanish in to the horizon – Place off-center Close-ups decrease perspective while wide-angles can exaggerate it  Random patterns  Slight variation in a pattern  Pattern in common places . Shape b. Pattern • • • Orderly combination of shape. Depth d. line. SHAPE• • • • Tends to be noticed first.1. Pattern c. Focal point/subject f. Perspective Line leads the eye e. S-curves Line creates perspective • • • 3. before texture and pattern Easiest and most recognizable composition tool Shape helps create a mood/character for the picture Search for the unconventional or surprise shape in objects 2. Diagonals g. LINELines create a.

4. Use a frame d. and distances a. Be creative—maybe you want to distort Giving perspective • Linear—Lines which converge into the distance • Diminishing size—objects further away are smaller • Aerial perspective—atmosphere creates haze. Size and space 2D pictures distort depth. Texture • • • • • Adds realism (sense of touch) to a photo Sharp (hard) light highlights texture Especially important for close-up and b/w shots Side lighting highlights texture Most portraits use front lighting to decrease texture on skin Using light for depth • • Sometimes hard light is inappropriate for illustrating shape and depth Soft side lighting can give a sense of shape and depth without high contrast – – – Portraits Still life When shape/depth is more important that texture 5. Include reference item b. which lightens objects farther away Depth and perspective • Overlapping forms—overlapping objects in a picture create depth and distance . Include parts of the fore.or background c. relative size.

etc. Balance • Balance color and weight in a picture • Formal and informal • Symmetrical and asymmetrical Fill the frame • Would this picture look better if I was closer? – Focus on subject . depth. Avoid mergers Cut offs • Avoiding cutting out parts or wholes of people or main subjects • Avoiding cutting out the path of a moving object 3. Framing • Adds depth • Should fit theme • Helps subject fill the frame • Can block unwanted subjects from view • Watch focus on foreground • Focus on foreground in landscape • Focus on subject in portraits • Auto-focus should be centered on main topic • Overall—DEPENDS ON CAMERA 5. distance. Rule of thirds Have a strong center of interest • Take pictures at different angles with different compositions • Work around the rule of thirds 2.• Selective focusing—focusing on the foreground and blurring the background Improving composition 1. Simplicity One strong center of interest • Foreground or background should be simple or complimentary to center of interest • Include foreground or background for sense of isolation. Angle and perspective Working with angles • Low angles – Clear sky backdrop – Accentuate movement or action • High angle – Eliminate cloudy sky • 45 degree angles will cut glare • Avoid centered horizons 4.

Cloudy: Outdoors on a cloudy day . and the picture goes a different tint because the camera’s idea of white is off – so we can change the white balance setting to compensate: .Daylight/Sunny: Outdoors on a bright day . but not always . under tungsten/incandescent/bulb lighting .Fluorescent: Under fluorescent lighting .Shade: In shaded areas .Tungsten: Indoors.Custom: Focus on something white for it to remember .Flash: To compensate for flash .Automatic: Usually guesses correctly.• • • – Detail Start far and move closer Fill the frame with objects that “fit” Long range shots provide depth and perspective Digital cameras sometimes get confused trying to recreate colours.

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