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Using a Combination of a Group of High Efficiency White LEDs and a Unique Voltage Controller Circuit

Using a Combination of a Group of High Efficiency White LEDs and a Unique Voltage Controller Circuit

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Published by: ravipedapudi on Aug 21, 2011
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Using a combination of a group of high efficiency white LEDs and a unique voltage controller circuit, almost an ideal LED

emergency lights circuit can be constructed. We will see the procedure here.
Introduction

We are all aware of the ill effects of the global warming that is gripping the world strongly with each passing day. Though the major cause of this phenomenon is the use of fossil fuels as the main source of energy by many countries, yet the contribution of lights to the problem in different forms cannot be entirely ignored too. The age old incandescent bulbs have become obsolete, but even the modern CFLs emit quite a bit of heat. White LED lamps today are getting popular due to their rather "cool" nature and high efficiency. We will learn in this article how simple it is to construct a versatile LED emergency lights circuit using a handful of white LEDs and a unique circuit design that helps to increase the overall efficiency of the unit.
Principle of Functioning of the Present Circuit

The functioning of the present circuit may be understood as follows:

jiming.globalspec. By adding 4 diodes we are able to drop the voltage to exactly the forward voltage of the LEDs (since each diode will drop a voltage of approx. So what's the big deal in illuminating a group of white LEDs with this battery? That's true.LED T8. at the first glance the circuit pretty ordinary .connecting a group of LEDs in parallel to a battery.Ribbons Ads by Google In the present circuit we use a 6 volt battery as the power source.com Search Thousands of Catalogs for Battery Charger Circuit Rechargeable Lamp Fan www.6 volts and a maximum of 20 mA of current. Thus.Highbay. After that the procedure may be repeated by by-passing the next diode. 0.We know that to illuminate a white LED we need a minimum of 3.PAR30. you can simply adjust the switch S1 a step ahead by-passing one of the diodes. implies that if the 6 volt supply is directly applied to the LEDs.6 volts).com.6 volts.lightvision-led. may be for another couple of hours.6 volts (as discussed above). resulting in unnecessary dissipation of heat through the resistors and the LEDs and will discharge the battery very fast. But something's special about this circuit. This will immediately restore the brightness of the LEDs. The latter being the forward voltage drop of a white LED.cc 24Hour Service E-mail: cs@jiming. when the battery is fully charged at about 6 volts. This will happen because a potential difference of 6 volts is simply too high than the forward voltage of the LEDs which is 3.sg Manufacture LED Lights & Products MR16. .cc Professional manufacturer & factory LED Lighting Singapore www. the LEDs will be receiving 3. decreasing the efficiency of the circuit. We know that according to Ohms law voltage is directly proportional to the current. they will start drawing excessive current. It's the inclusion of four diodes in series with the LEDs and off course the addition of S1. Now suppose the battery voltage drops to an extent when you see the LEDs become weaker in their intensity. Battery Charger Circuit www. just enough to make them glow brightly without dissipating extra power.

Thus you are able to get multiple back-ups using the same battery which wouldn’t be possible if the LEDs were connected directly. BATTERY = 6 VOLTS 4 AH. ¼ Watt. LEDS = WHITE. CFR. S1 = SINGLE POLE 3-WAY SWITCH. T1 = BD 140. 5%. ¼ Watt. Why the Present Circuit is Unique? . HIGH EFFICIENCY. C2 = 100uF. ALL LED RESISTORS ARE = 22 Ohms. 25V. 5mm. PPC. 5%. Parts List You will require the following parts for this plug & play emergency lights circuit: R1 = 1M. CFR R3 = 10 Ohms 1Watt. Z1 = 9 V. C1 = 205/400V. ¼ Watt. 1 WATT. R2 = 10K. ALL DIODES = 1N4007.

. Placement and spacing of the white LED s will depend on the cabinet size and structure. insert and solder the remaining passive components and also the transistors and the diodes. As long as mains power is alive. SO BE EXTREMELY CAREFUL WHILE HANDLING AND TESTING THE DEVICE. This property of white LEDs has been exploited here. Be careful with the transistor pin-outs and the diode orientations. The present LED emergency light circuit is different from them because it consumes very little battery power (6 Volts) and thus remains illuminated for at least 40% more time than its ordinary counterparts. Inter-link correctly each component lead by bending and soldering the component leads together with the help of the circuit schematic. and here we go. Next. This keeps the LEDs shut off and they are not able to light up. Clamp the battery and the transformer tightly in the cabinet with only the mains cord coming out of it. a LED emergency light circuit is ready! You will find many such trivial circuits in many other websites. The construction procedure is as follows: • • • • • Finish the emergency light board assembly by soldering the white LED s and the other parts properly with the help of the given diagram. Construction Clues CAUTION: THE WHOLE CIRCUIT MAY CONTAIN DANGEROUS FLOATING AC MAINS WHEN SWITCHED ON.Connect a group of white LED s with a few series resistors to a 12 volt battery. It will be interesting for the readers to know that it is the voltage and not the current that matters to keep the white LED s glowing. T1 receives a direct positive rectified potential through D1 and thus is unable to conduct. which may be home built or may be obtained ready-made. Automatic Switch-Over and Battery Charging This plug and play emergency lights circuit is completely automatic and may be kept connected to the AC mains permanently.

Ads by Google .In the meantime. The moment AC supply fails. the positive potential from the T1's base is removed. so that now it gets biased through R2 and starts conducting. the battery gets slowly trickle charged through D1 and D2. instantly illuminating the whole LED array.

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