# Table of Integrals∗

Basic Forms x dx = a+x x(a + x) − a ln √ x+ √ x+a (25) ln axdx = x ln ax − x √ 2 (−2b2 + abx + 3a2 x2 ) ax + b (26) 15a2 ln ax 1 dx = (ln ax)2 x 2 ln(ax + b)dx = 1 x(ax + b)dx = 3/2 (2ax + b) ax(ax + b) 4a √ (27) −b2 ln a x + a(ax + b) x+ b a ln(ax + b) − x, a = 0 (42) (43) Integrals with Logarithms

1 x dx = xn+1 n+1
n

(1) (2)

1 dx = ln x x udv = uv − vdu

√ x ax + bdx =

(3) (4)

(44)

1 1 dx = ln |ax + b| ax + b a Integrals of Rational Functions

ln(x2 + a2 ) dx = x ln(x2 + a2 ) + 2a tan−1

x − 2x (45) a

1 1 dx = − (x + a)2 x+a (x + a)n dx = (x + a)n+1 + c, n = −1 n+1 (x + a) ((n + 1)x − a) (n + 1)(n + 2)
n+1

(5) (6)

x3 (ax + b)dx =

b b2 x − 2 + x3 (ax + b) 12a 8a x 3 √ b3 + 5/2 ln a x + a(ax + b) (28) 8a

ln(x2 − a2 ) dx = x ln(x2 − a2 ) + a ln

x+a − 2x (46) x−a

ln ax2 + bx + c dx = − 2x +

1 a

2ax + b 4ac − b2 tan−1 √ 4ac − b2 (47)

x(x + a)n dx =

(7)

1 x2 ± a2 dx = x 2

1 x2 ± a2 ± a2 ln x + 2

x2 ± a2 (29)

b + x ln ax2 + bx + c 2a bx 1 − x2 2a 4 1 b2 + x2 − 2 2 a

1 dx = tan−1 x 1 + x2 1 1 x dx = tan−1 a2 + x2 a a x 1 dx = ln |a2 + x2 | a2 + x2 2 a2 x x dx = x − a tan−1 + x2 a
2

(8) (9) (10) x (11) (12) 1 x √ dx = sin−1 a a2 − x2 (13) x √ dx = x2 ± a2 x √ dx = − a2 − x2 x2 1 dx = x 2 ± a2 x2 ± a2 (33) a2 − x2 dx = 1 x 2 a2 − x2 + 1 2 x a tan−1 √ 2 a2 − x2 (30)
3/2

x ln(ax + b)dx =

ln(ax + b)

(48)

1 2 x2 ± a2 dx = x ± a2 3

(31)

x3 1 1 dx = x2 − a2 ln |a2 + x2 | 2 + x2 a 2 2 1 2 2ax + b dx = √ tan−1 √ ax2 + bx + c 4ac − b2 4ac − b2 1 1 a+x dx = ln , a=b (x + a)(x + b) b−a b+x x a dx = + ln |a + x| (x + a)2 a+x x 1 dx = ln |ax2 + bx + c| + bx + c 2a 2ax + b b − √ tan−1 √ a 4ac − b2 4ac − b2 Integrals with Roots √ 2 x − adx = (x − a)3/2 3 √ 1 √ dx = 2 x ± a x±a √ √ 1 dx = −2 a − x a−x

1 √ dx = ln x + x2 ± a2

1 x ln a2 − b2 x2 dx = − x2 + 2 1 a2 x2 − 2 2 b

ln a2 − b2 x2

(49)

x2 ± a2

(32) Integrals with Exponentials 1 ax e a

eax dx = (34) √

(50)

xeax dx =

(14)

a2 − x2

(35)

√ √ 1 √ ax i π xe + 3/2 erf i ax , a 2a x 2 2 where erf(x) = √ e−t dt π 0 xex dx = (x − 1)ex

(51)

(15) √

x2

x2 ± a2

1 2 a ln x + 2

x2 ± a2 (36)

(52) eax (53) (54) (55) (56) (57)

ax2

xeax dx =

x 1 − 2 a a

(16)

ax2 + bx + cdx = +

b + 2ax 4a

ax2 + bx + c a(ax2 + bx+ c) (37)

x2 ex dx = x2 − 2x + 2 ex x2 eax dx = x2 2x 2 − 2 + 3 a a a eax

4ac − b2 ln 2ax + b + 2 8a3/2

(17) x (18) (19) √ 1 ax2 + bx + c = 2 a 48a5/2
2 2

x3 ex dx = x3 − 3x2 + 6x − 6 ex ax2 + bx + c xn eax dx = ax2 + bx + x (38) xn eax dx = xn eax n − a a xn−1 eax dx

− 3b + 2abx + 8a(c + ax ) √ +3(b3 − 4abc) ln b + 2ax + 2 a

(−1)n Γ[1 + n, −ax], an+1

√ 2 2 x x − adx = a(x − a)3/2 + (x − a)5/2 3 5 √ ax + bdx = 2b 2x + 3a 3 √ ax + b

(58)

(20)

1 1 √ dx = √ ln 2ax + b + 2 a ax2 + bx + c

where Γ(a, x) = a(ax2 + bx + c) (39)
x

ta−1 e−t dt

(21) (22) (23) x 1 √ dx = ax2 + bx + c a ax2 + bx + c b − 3/2 ln 2ax + b + 2 a(ax2 + bx + c) 2a dx x = √ + x2 )3/2 a2 a2 + x2

(ax + b)3/2 dx = √

2 (ax + b)5/2 5a √ 2a) x ± a

√ √ 2 i π eax dx = − √ erf ix a 2 a √ √ 2 π e−ax dx = √ erf x a 2 a xe−ax dx = −
2

(59) (60) (61)

2 x dx = (x 3 x±a

(40)

1 −ax2 e 2a

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«

x dx = − a−x

x(a − x) − a tan

−1

x(a − x) x−a

(24)

(a2

(41)

x2 e−ax dx =

2

1 4

√ π x −ax2 erf(x a) − e a3 2a

(62)

. n = 0 n (65) x = ln | csc x − cot x| + C csc xdx = ln tan 2 1 csc axdx = − cot ax a 2 (109) sin3 axdx = − (66) (67) (68) Integrals of Hyperbolic Functions (89) cosh axdx = 1 1 csc3 xdx = − cot x csc x + ln | csc x − cot x| 2 2 1 csc x cot xdx = − cscn x. n = 0 n n cos axdx = sin 2ax x cos2 axdx = + 2 4a cosp axdx = − 2 F1 1 sinh ax a (110) (90) eax cosh bxdx =  ax  e  2 [a cosh bx − b sinh bx] a − b2 2ax x e  + 4a 2 sinh axdx = 1 cosh ax a 1 cos1+p ax× a(1 + p) 1+p 1 3+p . 1. ix)] (74) xn cosaxdx = a = b (114) a=b (115) (97) cos2 ax sin axdx = − 1 cos3 ax 3a (75) 1 (ia)1−n [(−1)n Γ(n + 1. . . 1. − tan2 ax 2 2 1 1 ln cos ax + sec2 ax a 2a x 2 (80) 1 xn sin xdx = − (i)n [Γ(n + 1. 1E. −e   a 1 . cos2 ax 2 2 2 3 sin ax sin 3ax + 4a 12a (91) (92) a=b (111) a=b (112) (69) sec x csc xdx = ln | tan x| Products of Trigonometric Functions and Monomials cos3 axdx = (70) cos ax sin bxdx = cos[(a − b)x] cos[(a + b)x] − . ixa)] (98) cos ax cosh bxdx = sin2 ax cos2 bxdx = sin[2(a − b)x] x sin 2ax − − 4 8a 16(a − b) sin[2(a + b)x] sin 2bx + − (76) 8b 16(a + b) sin 4ax x − 8 32a (77) 1 [a sin ax cosh bx a2 + b2 +b cos ax sinh bx] (116) x sin xdx = −x cos x + sin x x sin axdx = − sin ax x cos ax + a a2 (99) (100) cos ax sinh bxdx = 1 [b cos ax cosh bx+ a2 + b2 a sin ax sinh bx] (117) sin2 ax cos2 axdx = 1 tan axdx = − ln cos ax a tan2 axdx = −x + 1 tan ax a x2 sin xdx = 2 − x2 cos x + 2x sin x (78) (79) x2 sin axdx = 2−a x 2x sin ax cos ax + a3 a2 2 2 (101) sin ax cosh bxdx = (102) 1 [−a cos ax cosh bx+ a2 + b2 b sin ax sinh bx] (118) tann axdx = 2 F1 tann+1 ax × a(1 + n) n+3 n+1 . −ix) − (−1)n Γ(n + 1. −e2bx − eax 2 F1  a −1 ax 2b  ax   e − 2 tan [e ]   a tanh ax dx = 1 ln cosh ax a a=b (113) a=b sin2 x cos xdx = 1 sin3 x 3 (96) (73) cos[(2a − b)x] cos bx cos ax sin bxdx = − 4(2a − b) 2b cos[(2a + b)x] − 4(2a + b) 2 1 xn cosxdx = − (i)n+1 [Γ(n + 1. . . −ix)] 2 (103) Products of Trigonometric Functions and Exponentials sin ax sinh bxdx = 1 [b cosh bx sin ax− a2 + b2 a cos ax sinh bx] (119) tan3 axdx = (81) sinh ax cosh axdx = (82) ex sin xdx = 1 x e (sin x − cos x) 2 (104) sinh ax cosh bxdx = 1 [−2ax + sinh 2ax] 4a (120) sec xdx = ln | sec x + tan x| = 2 tanh−1 tan sec2 axdx = 1 tan ax a (83) ebx sin axdx = 1 ebx (b sin ax − a cos ax) a2 + b2 (105) 1 [b cosh bx sinh ax b2 − a2 −a cosh ax sinh bx] (121) . cos2 ax 2 2 2 3 cos ax cos 3ax + 4a 12a 1 sin ax a 1 sec x tan xdx = secn x. −iax) 2 −Γ(n + 1. −ix) 2 +(−1)n Γ(n + 1.Integrals with Trigonometric Functions sec3 x dx = 1 sin axdx = − cos ax a sin2 axdx = x sin 2ax − 2 4a (63) sec x tan xdx = sec x (64) sec2 x tan xdx = sin axdx = 1 − cos ax a 2 F1 n n 1 1 sec x tan x + ln | sec x + tan x| 2 2 (84) ex cos xdx = 1 x e (sin x + cos x) 2 (106) (85) (86) ebx cos axdx = 1 ebx (a sin ax + b cos ax) a2 + b2 1 x e (cos x − x cos x + x sin x) 2 1 x e (x cos x − sin x + x sin x) 2 (107) 1 sec2 x 2 xex sin xdx = (87) xex cos xdx = (88) (108) 1 1−n 3 .a = b 2(a − b) 2(a + b) (71) x cos xdx = cos x + x sin x x cos axdx = 1 x cos ax + sin ax a2 a (93) (94) (95) sin[(2a − b)x] sin ax cos bxdx = − 4(2a − b) sin[(2a + b)x] sin bx − + 2b 4(2a + b) 2 x2 cos xdx = 2x cos x + x2 − 2 sin x (72) 2x cos ax a2 x2 − 2 x cos axdx = + sin ax 2 a a3 2 eax sinh bxdx =  ax  e  2 [−b cosh bx + a sinh bx] a − b2 2ax x e  − 4a 2 eax tanh bxdx =  (a+2b)x e a a 2bx    (a + 2b) 2 F1 1 + 2b . 2 + 2b . 1.