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IRRI Annual Report 1989

IRRI Annual Report 1989

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Planning for the 1990's
Planning for the 1990's

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Published by: International Rice Research Institute on Aug 22, 2011
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An ~nil.iirn 'tlMi:pw.3Ibii r i'f,!&1!1 il"liu IIM~ !O!!'MII i!!'J: i~!r!!!.':r ~.~ 1rnr!!!1I!!~. m.Q~ ~ ilill'iii'U iIlUil €!II ~'l"Ii ifr1l!m 'iliIi!i ;~~ti(i. wlitlli!Ui: :II~nc'iII'i!!! !I'li::!fi' ~I:d.

IIJQ~p!H~' ii.,., ...fi~shlcultum i '
Fle~~ ~Jlel!lJ ~4!"i 'r:ll'"i~ITI'i!"i~~
J1fj!J~Wti'! ¥"i'li~ou~:M~r~ r

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i"i '!ll'i~~

fBIm_, iincumM
R!Qre i!,hEin 8

~EM tIm

fi 'iU::.i1 pEl!"

riwEi' yie~$.

on 11~:he~IIMre

lif! !El'eeWJ.IB18r,"

ril:lElIliIll~s in eaS'bQ~ji'j. I~ia.

Im~o!!_~'~,d~f;;i fO!ii-~mi 'lbal:,ifi(Ii:tWYI!III1'k~wll!il!l
l~!~

li~1+I ~;ii1:ii1

t& liI'iI1,:~I;~tiii:

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RRI"!;l

e'na'i-el:;o!>'J'$~elj]f;J13

'l?FO-

fiiiI.t!' ;!?GOg '5t!.l!ffi. and b~c~nii:JiI.iI~ '~[li spK--.dI 'r'E!se.udli ~J:1 a[~ 1!!!LCi.!i'JI'5it~m.~ 5~~i£. ~j!;!~t!i. A n~x!b~f;;"! :r.eseoJ'Ll'c'lru oiIgErnd!3 ,F.ijilCil\l'.s.l:l~ ti:li
'r,.e._~11i11

,~I~'!'I'rrted ge~D'!)IE' ~kf;!0wll_ ~(i, edi§e" '1!IP1:l!~ !:',oilill-e' 11;0 more t'Mn

cti.-a"ii;I-efli!"'I!IJn !REip51 !l:it ell'n1~, ~C1[J~!,c~~~II;;!;;!~~, ,iili'lClJ !s(lC!h:!i~tOFit.Wli!D: vi!]rUi!J!~.rl, ~'c!i'y-e~~,'to he!1D~et re~eafflt1I.F.!ii1"!i)fiitJes.. New COmliJiJk:ti' Silli'f1llJlf!tiOiil! t~c;I'nPQIJ!S~ aM ~1i!j)l1r~ In1l'oqilaUon ~~L~i!I'!8 ~ ~iit it ~I;j: to, tlr:laiym ooilE!rml· nillilt~ of rioB prDd!JG~j)!!i]1 a range Gef BFI'4I">f!nmBnts" Ineimhng eliJll1a1e ~Maill&e;!l, In
E'AI:!Ili$p_m

!!tltl

~~!;iI, ll;l~d

~~

b '~he'11J~!Jm~ We used ,oil t3lmu~Btloo med'e'l ~e wedle~ ft~~el.;l~
Wei;j'~IlI~l eDil.;!i!;I.:ii'1$

!;i!]:lfiS OCi!.lflei"lt. t'ecfti"iD!~

(lI.dC'T~:ty l'Q] l:xrot.i~eII1S not

uJ'Jder 'ibe

!i!f!I~I~i;I

iF!

2O~O.

Pi"edh:ilecl i'lcL\U.s !Nt're

~Id~

~l 'ide:r~I!~m~. 'IP'rnJli'd:1N brld~' ~1';i6~1i:' t'l!.i'k".-l!:'('h dUM .itt ~ther
o"L1.'hrnr:t(6tI: llilo:;tLtit'IUuiii~, i11'11ti' &tt1il~1.'" ~ht,::.nd. ffpli,t.'i1:DT!Ol;."!:lireh d~ in [th.'" !.1!~l~!itl:!l1II='S~ili:c p~,riIms
oliUli d, ! Ij,

liO% lower till!:!" totJ~:I'$'~Iel~s. \~, 1i1~ de\!e~0;i)e[!~~"'!MQJo.(!cs re uni!!lyre '~i!lbjjitv In th8' IJtI;I!Slcal 1I)ro;m' ,eillies .wr-!'f(ic SGill:; ThrJ' o!Ji"t"ltRfro ~E. W ~ICatlj '[na nrmfl~Ur!311tJel'lt pirKL'S· on ,anEi
~tJIlf!Pi lri.~,;tI'Cn~i!1.1i!i5 rlilltotl",d FOr rn.1ioojlit't.' Ifl! l3ooE.}lElt.amilih~a:::tl!!nZ8~lon Pi"OOlX:t!'lO n :s imilliE! tJ ;fts..
Ij!Ifolil::li!:iOO8 ~e5eSiUlh

and

..

Ii!tlilJ 0!!1t~ I

p IF!::! g !"aitls. :~Cif" ri~

:aI·ma Imot1iiiiU Im_:i!1:B
the' ri9iro5;p'l"ier,e-the na~
z,oFlj! O'~'::3~1I neOilF''the' FOM'9,wtlt:'i\~,

'rE'~;~['h.

In

dl!emIO"f!! ~rn1 b!Q1Io,~lcnl~,~ct'eriistj'cs Iffii"i't'r ~eal~ fftlifTll ~11!i;~ 0-1'ths' A 1~ICJj EC'05Y51i~M ~l.Jrll"OUi!'!difje: ~ia-.~ dfrfitill!t.!;i(:;t~ it !3~nd~ lass than one rnllllmster from rL./!.. i ~ o"I.iIDN ~'li tMilii rOM ~w!i1aOE. Wf: ~m OOrTWh3r.r'irnrl,'j]ng rnreG't ~riFliE!ntilli !Iiib~f!,ra\IQng wli.h W,@ ,;:!IOO dlt"'!f€'l~l?rng m!l'!in1ilJ!1vall:l,&l/' lSilfJiuloitilI!rII ITIod',",I:; and iTKJ1\1' ha'i'e a madel of '!;he f9".i!iIl:liiel1l aF q~l!!ft resea~ed tl)' h!i d.e.f:ine Ui~ :il\iIlilg,li!'!I;l'f H'a.ltrnE!i:5"· rIcB' fOots· to '~8rr[llllt, ir'Dlll Jil'res'8n~ Irl lila' sell, pfiDb.1ems: i;I:OO o:pp8rmnil:l.ei3. ThE! IUnde~EB.m!l:IIlng 1lh£i mIZD9pl1eil">E'. CfiU.kd ~i;li;I tc ~r ,I'!I~i'1(:es ~F! Ibree(l ~ ~rsl;em 'wj~~ cl!i!:i~j'fy 'j ~ril;r~W-l.il,~~~n rli:;l138tor etfkl:ef!~'m!!!lrl~t ~t.E!1i£! ;BFi~ 'i,!ll~ ~~n;:!noe !~r ::sCiI ~t!\eSf}e~, ~ntl ~III lrilJ'j I'm>e p'hr~fi I!;@ ~ !(H !!7I;t,li t.i~. ittll[)I 01g~' tlel'J.:l lri ~e!l!!il)lng mcwe il!: l/BI.el1l't ~lnle PJf$~ices,
iF

eal, ,eJl!~J~oolb!eg'>o!l{I(mr:c foHi!:m.s iJlJ
e'.1Ch t"(CiS]'~it~.

The ~Thf"m"!•.'tlM '1JJli1l1:i refil.soHrlill~d ii1lID iJ gJ:!!Ji,glfiliplilc d"Hti'i· b,jj5!.".IDIc~~['J;h:'i.g;trn:- l.~tl'[lt of aili ,"m~y:st1I.'"m":S "t'"tlih~lrt:~ '~lJI,hcll? Us
".~Il oJ:~;' r, ".. •l ,~~ ~'LI li:!IiiIU,,),' :~r1I[]iFiIll~t~ ill!", 'i,i',i1]Ilil!Liii II

I!\I!!!W' IKIHII£ji.ili!!at!i iI!~!!!=!.S'I!!],~i: irii,l:tl.]'
iI;I!;t:~.~~~~~,

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(ii' '8C!l i
tii;ii~!,

U'illl!B'

:i!iOO more em~l'fil: ,ii!]Dfi.IlmiI~' iP"KjlkM.

iIf~!;!'irw

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MI ~rl!Jti!N! ....

!~

'impro"liiil!lJTu!I1t

.mel

,rUI"1E!!>4!.iIJfch iJllI

'mE!f.i~s,eme:n~~ TId; dilWl~,,1&":' wUlIlh~] P '!.lOS, ~xlm· pt!ili'll ... tl:l1.;" P'Ll!l!!ti~."ill: ~1P1I1l;),J' Il'if' :g.'IJ,aG':S.SriW'l It«h]ltlh~t~h.~. i'ltfli!' 'W{!.
liJ'lildi '~~~~'

~p

reslSlln:e Lill rl(1ei~ ~e' ifjl;am~i~ ~m!.l!~f!1t oocwring, IZ:!:tFl'DPOi.l~ ,ill 'fUiii!1}ti!'eS; !JI' IfIOO' 'tilri!:1Ws,~' ~ible !9._i'!d ~-sr.s.tMt t'tl ~1low ~nr:in'!"Ort'll' ant! l~iIf{l:!Mcr·. ~iiid WEI i'OLi/'li:I di 'af;·'
(lIlJOO~ :!.lii'Igmg

IKtlII'GI'fIOII_ 'de. Iplant trO,lafU_i is pari; gr' oor W(!i~k 1,)1ll@er.s.talll!il the r:Wfice5'se5 o:f I~l 'til) 't!1g vtlr:i!3'iKlEl~

dtl''V~·]opdMJg, I!:ru:p simtg~iii'ti!jJtiI ~'!1dlil,· ootll~t~k'8iL'O qUi!i:lrutiify' UB'~t'lliIiS {lOr IfiLi:iiIll'.JJ.i!lJng crop 'PRlil;h.lrl'tJ!l.'In ~nd.

(!"

brflrl, IlIl.a!nLlg.[!ni~'IlIl.
iFb,,!a".i1Il'-t.11

'",..uTld ,Fi$~ . S-'!!I.~Jl~Y ~l"dder:I1:orm,iIen ,nil!l;~~t ~~li:ies wm HI'!i'~wilh :sllJ'dh~s, rh.e Si}C I'll <I1iutil'eo£'!(Imml" 'r: h~p.'l~~s;l:1!f flit:W 1b.."<llm~l®~Les. 'f auLiC&"II~ f~ m1'J8t b;J Ml1ppciIJ U W'i~D'ifril'! Ito 'pr~ C't: 1t~1I! iol'ppliQibmlty !iil1' n~ t-BdYI)wlcgias;. OfU;!' ~amJpJI;! ,is the 5~il-'~'i!i!!1!leV'-

m.1:o t'hl!! !MJ~e:t5!1:'!(

fOO!':j)fo. RfiXQF!j ~ltSQ; )!iEiI'di!d too ~Ert amOUiit !lII' Ii;aIn:iF1711J!TI@s_ p.(2rhe~al ,and l13'Nhe:Blm:1l~1 werre rcnaJOfiWl'I!iitlb.:lents In 'i]1~ 'IQIatll~.!i, '.;II' i~36i:,~betr iey. 1I11.aWert! mLII~ &!;io.H;!f 11'11 'DRM!3f'l;!'ariEnie~~l!'!E!il:!Ie WE!~ ~: e Oft!!!( in 'me wlk! ti'ice
Q,lyloliipe(~

Qf'th~.3'6 ~d5 '[00ild. 11r'!fjl1n!31imas. 'iihe ma]tt~ C_iilf!il~~ w ~!1 \!i:i!.a1lI!E:S SUs;':;!!IptiliII9' Rs~mrn ,arn!lli l'BISi'Slant 1R3i3 •. Efut mSl Ieru13lwas::i6 'URIS'S,hfghe1 IIIi

fln

!Plant: 'HI ~ _ II and In;d '.
We wse(JI C~~FIFIQgraphJ

NJI!I....

_1CiI!

[E1i.Gl., ~~t:h~r'!'lQ'~~ ai;tatft!r!.l~: W ijrlMGrt ~llni!!l!3', 'Iill' g:~8i31i197.' piant !reJa~ita&-(nclllliiln~ ~ a® l!:tIefiUl"ieQ 1(00] rl~ $nts---4m 5.Elm5~ ra81iKl1ii.~S'~ !ibe Ie~ilfolde~~ ,Sclfle WQl!E!~I!ecom" g1Ol,JlildS Il;lii@~~~ ~rrt:e'ly ,~~j{e' 00 "'re/iitiaJ, 1if!~..i"I! mlfiOClOIS..lihfl
'i."'ii3.1ii" _.... __ ....
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;i[l!!d ~,'u,ri"g 'the ~~TI$ition (n'lrr! i'10L~~, In llI~fII_(loooed.BetJ~e~' [I,Inde!l',;i''3~i!rl~'!i.lr- n~~ IProtesse ti't '~~(" ro11t·oo.U ~.tlibG!dfJJt@ sub· in mt:!Fgcd ,wns will hdf 'Un :!illll1ctin,~ Wn(iti~ th~JI: ~I;J' :nUblU!l:1I5 t;lfffi· dl"J:'iUy ,.Jfi.d t'hfl_i!: I:ll~H:HCI~CiiiIp, OOin ~I:oos~ :!!~!ih, Mi :~Li"UliHVmoo ijJi·lk..lIID Itr.

Qanl cault! !be ylilu

d!iidlci;l~111~rtlIi;jjUh~-~ ,51wngly foe~e! IN~ ~r'

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"'~Ii.'iJ

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~e In bi\eed1n;!ii ~C!rtCs.i:s~tiMm.

InMKd N*bi!ncce .n 'wi \ like..
re:si!iotartre'W~ gu~e~jl!11Y lI~Rd (;iiff~l,!s ItO ~uliln'elaij rloe~ O!.!!F !5eE!rtRi for ~d"~~jonal oonIJrE 'iIlr~ ,&an~tiC:.rI!l8i5.1EmcE!i5~ we e'!.Ish.lated 'wlde i"rybr'W ~ .;rl O• .tJt,m. ~tl~l'l~ ane! oolliiB~~ I'if:~ 0.. ~!;1'UV8' at!d 1;J~~~~ed ~~!iS fiX ~lsta~ i.G ~IIIJIN starn lIHIlr.eFand irice ~8ffuld!;!r"
I!m:;gil-'ib" Ilf;antOOlJpeI ,81'1!:ri iE!Elfumpper.'

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m)!!I ~

m

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'Cf!Ii~

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11'l3l-C'I!tS'l;af

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'~.r~ms._f-eill'.e.t:L

0.

EstLd:,~isli1l~ng fh.llil'Wt c~H't"Shtlil\tjs ~ UI:l:i!!P[!5.1: ~~..ruol!s.~ht:l.t c':;'USij]! ceo'1i111;~:!Mk crop lrus) hll!lif"5 in m.l!,kIn,g
[p,

;lleJ-leswere In.fe~1ed with'
indieal<es ilhat ~S'~finee

la~
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:5fna11 i:1IiQ blf'ldilJW-liligJu" 11ti~

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ilad

~n

n.;lj!;t."m~i'i•. ~oI,%~i~iLlIl!"I!c'" IUld PI!Il:J!"r;'iW (:fc!r :5ilfijTUin~H{t:ri~ t~~:~

MoI.~.tllllr UaJ:y._1I '0' IJIR!! udti:o.n PJ'iPghdi~n~ l
Ijlalter i:lm~l"&tai'id~

wl,J~,

i!.:~1i111 ,~J~I;.'!! i(i!'

cp5~1 emles,

,!r~L fI f~lnmi~;;,

and

D\.o.t!.J.ntrLiltLL~ !Lt.!.!, fl~y~~ fI!td liit1l.\th"IiIlI~ll1S of r~I-· ~"(' L~li+~ Will ,~i!lr d~m1il!!pilli. '~n.~i!{iilo,gically ~J1!i.;iI ~(!!oor:milt'a,~ny 1
h.ttlil:hi;fIJ;t'iciIIJ t1ll.ti'i~1,Pl;.."S:t mi'lilli ~t'm!i'tl! ~~t'!'

t:eci'iflIQ'Llei;j to in one' ,~tudy,. 'WE

Impro'!.'-Eid 'methods.

tn ImIn~~ :s.1PiDy 'i'.srlaooli
~F!

'riOL' t.'I!."'.Irl~yS!l"IlfI&.
~~stE1l;ll~~

mll.

S~~iJ ~R"l~t~n Il:'

ml ptl'r~.1jj.'i't in j.I.l!

d'O'IITUlIh!:ill iIIliiiJ wli!:itlmtJjj',g;

for' [dl '!lOO~'

'IlIDn ®'r bl'i.§lLit irol~, :~ b itiht lPai:!hi:l.g_81ii POP!Uhlt,ionG. iti~ WCL."'!':iIsQj;lj:letlt 'to iCJ~ geneth::alJ)o diffell'.e,:r"f~:hm ~Qsei irufEic.1Jjn.lil, 6:ie> This imljc;;i,tK lliat ;JJ!i$as!Z1d~~ d.@ !ii.lt pro'!ild'~ 11Q;~8 i@ iliu,sati:!1IIi 81 rlD1;! GIfo-JI!. DNA ~!'y~8-!1, ,ai:;ifio are iJe;Jng,!;!£E!C 'iJ:® L'dE!nliif~ nEW r~l5;ta[j~ gene's IJ"l
a,

b6cleooi 'bllS,ht

,allQ'or.; e[®-j)mei'[t ~ !!!ir ~ni5!!~~ ~fI p[!Il.blfiitiD~. ,IJ 'iihf!lEl ti~ ~tl1!J.g,.efllS. 1[,1I:medl 58'lE!ral tfans~IE!' ge:nB~iil: elarnarus '~i\Dni 'thE and !J!;ied i;jns' of them as. a ~ 1lD i!ilifal:p:e i:II ,ooll'!!'CrilIiS!39Gii'fS i'g 1'Jlt;11l' ct!lJps. We· !J:!!ed ~_

~' vami:h:m

In ri~!!l Ptl[I'i"~M

would

eOf'!~~,j!erT'!"I~I~

<l:L'trli i5< ,21m8.j1l:~·

!COITtDi!!.rrIinf

i!;J!IIft1~<II~I,jI.1~ F!,~.I!J~

g;!.:'ml].J'I~:!sm -!!:~I,"~~"~1i! ,jlI._i;I ~II'! il1!le!f'-' n~~i (j;.t1ul mL'.tr~~1 ~n~, 'It'~.~.i!lO:!f:f~iI!.~ IIU~ IJID1l~)" h!ln::t!l :!l:iI:-.JiJ[gjj, 1m III~® ~
CliiUp~ !51'L:1'j11,-':1It

'I'DiIt~'" d]Ii'_'1 Nil - _< ••• nH.-hm OI:!'a' miAu,M to' rice: The !.'rild Irios s,>peciaEi iJ.. mirnr,rja ~5 lI\I!iii;ist:afl..t to. lSc8Vi!lfsllliliEi!lltlsl3s amml in~
~~,
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~l,flll: 1$ iJl'lI)' iii-E;~an~i~rElated
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j~(I'.nirn:l'~~ ." r-~C~S{I'.
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on

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~~iir""" '~i~tb0~J ts arfltCl :grY~iI1~hQl a;bA: :rh.1!' rr>up,

!Jnei, Wl1ft the ~I}er rll,iFliibef 01 $~1Il@5.fIfIl;eS. bt015U. am[l~h,,!1l' tD Ib!'J~t.tlrra! i)!Iigm.. TtrIe blas~ Il:!ai::h~n a~~ronU\f' nM: d~rrl!t:!J~ ilQ'Jerililil L'O~nf.l j)CnljtJ:'a'till~ lli!!l' fiea!,!8s aI' the wikl ~8. ~F~ ·fllJ1l;gUE ~oo~. i!!flhmr HlIE!IIsaf. It IC'a1i'ICIlGstabl'i:;h [tself. ii=ml'b;,Ii:::tEina'j blight, a~.~8~t 'thif!36' dnifMerli:. rE!EliEitan!l8 f.actGtS ~l!iGar be be!!l~ FiJil. in !li!1ij8 '111"18'.

yea~. '1.'8 ®bt-alned !:Iaril.!'ativEr for il1:.:e' One lillie I~ re!;;l~l'llifl,t l.., ..

Mg.lgi!J~~~~; '€i~'Iii::!(j pi;8Ui.M iIIiIffIllliiia'iJ it!) 'l:1W' d~f,!J~~.g4:

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"I;.'s.i.!'~nl{"",,· hl !i;h.lUi.~rln~ h.1L'i~<;, ~~ I h('j~1l'l:'1 j!J1'1Ii! 10111 ~n~~ C':r,jhck,~ng ~ .:1'! V'H~ .·~f~ L~~ ."l !tf~ millirig. W,,-' ... ~ "hi .. I ~!.!I.;h~ fi(i~t~"'i'"\I'!.!~ I(I~~(::_;; ~) hi'i pn,l"~1 N I. 1..' cl'L.'!!J~n Ib!'f ~g ~'h r,~h .. ;, wimW .. '4!~. :t!:J]rh, m v
d F_'fi!'fi'!;,im-t~!fIU h.. U]!I!;L' fiIilo.rjliht~. fi nd ~mfi ij mfl i!5'l .1'hlLt LiL~hrlllilL~f.'ii._ ToQ "·!lf!t~hlji!::V I h~' 'II~~L.'mhJfhl ~~. I "1St' of '['!oCt· !.;.~PJ'Qj~tlm. Sljil.J!~.1~
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I:Inc!i~~~r~~Uo!l ~I'~ sis; E~i IOn ~h~ sam a 3, Es;[-,t on .r:hmrnnarrrna '1. and ~:l 011 m:r>DfiI1iO~rne U ..1M I;!,o.mlOCI Amp-1. am;! Gfir J on ;;;I'!FOrr'lg~t!'!~l~ :2 ~ iil'.l4E'psnd!£l'It ai each

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ogy fl1ir ldl[!I1iI:i.r:y~n~ !l:U1t!,<lfilif::;, itmTl seed Lm.rl Jai~t,,",Jrioo, 'mdtlm.;)l!!l [() !I:..... 't!;j~,! 1ii!!!d d.t55try ';;f'!(I;'K!i'd riel;! ~ ~
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We i9&.'L>.E! genet'.f!tecl :~ilI.[Ij ~~e j:!iillt E.ef!erl!:'l.tOfI$ ~~ i;!e~Lillng raLqlilJi'H5h!;p.E; i!!l'UIlJn~ ~1"!:iloii!it2!!, jM~~I)" ~ Flf!.Jl ffltl~~~~_

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,,->fjosysh_"m Oli:l~~ d~velopi,1iliS lJ-locl<l$dlll res b(,'j iIOLl,kil"" .~t!2 SCI'I.:!· 'ililll~ oj U tll~mp(ffi'!,l"8J rikES ii'lJttd thd'r' ~",flld r!d,\'l~L'Lresf~)r ~ht <;eill
(!!iII&:.h

'ifiB:iI.ue 1!CUlilin. tu' SP!iiil!dilp:liflifit: titffidlnll: ~rr~ii1er cu!~ure ls 8 ~i;ibOi'"a1~ tEcnfllQUe tihat .an:;Qu;r~ thi? a8E!~1 dEM3~D!l1ei"'lt O'!' Flee· .p181l113, Irom s,fa1f! head~. It al!m.W5. r~li:! production D ' pure breed-, ina;unes wi'i.h ~jr~tJle' CMriile1er!~~!~~ ("~HJ~1l ~t .850 ~r8no~ ~r b'Ia!:/t, I"il3Eiis~arv.:Ell in 'Lwa goBIll:lrnt.iOOG. it'~Lc~t.! or ~ !Sii'; Of sc;ren n.edetJ In (:GI1I\!BM' tlOlbdI br.eed!ng. But iIhBI ~iJQvJt; ~:; t~ be rCflli'!-~ 81!«:! S'l.'OO!!~, 't\!\3. B!,!-atui!~8d :a6 I;;! 'IltIri"O'titls fm d'iltir pl~nc rt:E'pFmi"600tl tibl!tl.r m ,r.'!f heir' ~!, ~wr.e'. !ht!;l jpll;l!,lii!llE'S' 81 dalEt:rase f!Jl'" 'i\il'idrfl '51utiiQ:Gi, High iiFUnilt refi~f,I:te oDf'!e! ~t ~eneJBtliJfII ability haw bee'fl aGhi~d in 12 lil'IDS, IJtl!:I SOmi] jlOC!ji' r!~' s.p~cr:; ~f'ltlliH. !1 resPG:l'l(le~ Ilt(iI)' i:I~ ,jj;iDd parsl!lt'§, tOf wide 8"jO~5!3::; of'

In:: IJ m'!lI a \l.1:I1!] .:5t1(~ res, We ,a~ d~"'loPiild ~

trL'l]R5.. (;il!Iid~r.M;f~tiXIL~ II;lf ::;~~dlo;

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IillIl'llt il:ll'iIIils 'wl! 1.1. hL:!.l'l.·."iil~~bh:! , M .:r,nd .!J dli1I~tillmil5il:." ~iD krl:1i't."(1 :pr~r"lim!i; ~v~rywi1~m.

~n~

lie.~ nie~ill,!ifr! r(li'" ,anltJer (U!tur:e er r~alla1l'afTt mEilaa nc!]:s~ ThE! QUality ,an..d qlJmi:ity ~r MJ\O_fef'l ~:iIi WI otli~;!lI ~'a.etElr_ 'We. ~,ii use this !i~H:!dillm In lh~ an'!hE:. Gul~ IJf intlJ;t~r~iee eresses,

1PQ'lIim iCulitU:i\~

~iIi>&

Wu IJbtiiilij;:ti ,swt:ee~!lr!l!i pl~nt regeneration 'from r:5DIi!rt.8d p!J1 . 1'1 ~Ufi.tIJfl~ m IndiCt] VllifieW ! !i!'i!!J ~tiTi !9.~\o 'tiS ..... SUCI!:E!ssCul ~ irn JiajXinl~D 'Ii~rl~i)' 'V'i!!i~i are .. 309~, NiJ.....we <iI"e Qri~lflB 'lJ~e O::Il)~l'IJr.e (!Qooltlorus· to Increase' IlIJI~n .plant fonllli1'~iI:!n !3 ffi e iOJ;K;!li"

~l

j\J'!'II..i(,AT]r1N'5 OF rt~I'I""'D1 rnn C1InllVt.1t 1"ilrIl!:'1N'EM~

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l''Ili","ol ....1ll' 'fo'lJfr thrus4:!i; or ,lItmrel ~e:rm,~IL'I~LrriI by ~)r~"'(,t~-1~~~~.rnb:i~ t!fl1llils from 'i..,!d~ :ru-'~'l!le';les;of !fj'~ ~IJ'I billi"l!.IJ HI.. '!.·tr.kl.l. IrhCi.!'.l.~;i'by '):;,~j1~' i ~p'Jid~~~""
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.... di~~'p lr~ll The km.l'wi~l\dge 'bioI e(ihffi~'~(irg:JC~~~'lthl!n!i d C'iLr"i~olP (,,1I;'1j 00 used adt:i:p i'be ilN:OS,yS'~Em5 . .md wiU !iurp;por-t·an InlE!ma tiDnil~ 1B~i;J!~eC'hnCi'ifJIm"Nel"1!,.-;ltIf'k !5P'Jn-· g~rl b'l!' tt.t~fi!XiiClkef>ellier
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'Li~lIllill, l!rcgrclll'J,'l!s Iii HOOSE!' the 'I.'l,fO:Ii'Ld' ~[Ul.j~u ULL'i! £ :f!@".!"I'I.illpI8!in1 aJ1~iM~jl!.l.rll,!!il!lldpriD-,

cfooe ~riCeg:ro.ll!J!f~ 'i,:,'!id'il ] .. ~arCtii iPOO$ r.JIii'IiS. ]'11;[' iLl.'ii::n~1~ :~!l.Wi. iii!~ b 1.:11" of :1i<t.1J;;."ilIoch ·LJI ~~j-.",]lI:hl1S k!:!)" 'LlI: lr;;::~",.!:ifum i!iiru:s !lJutiii.clQ' nUtl
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'Ih~r:.J.a:ipr.::! Iii$lbjJ3ty [tL:m.,ml!i~ Ii ,(j ill il:.n'l!f" ii1nd, em]:!i!i4.;-rr.l!l.n.l b~i nfio:r.-]]liitiun L1inl 'r.:i.ce and :ci;ce-relaited,
!5 i:~E!nDE!.

servlees t~~.,

thtr~LlIl,Bnth~ 'fie.'iB'':il:ooh ~-ilJn'i'" ~fiOO'II,aoo~I-lo~ ~1 f~ the'i".:-'lc¥llrftln' it'i.""Uon.a1 H'ru.griiliil7lS llif:t11 'WtUiI 'OO!!.'!~ !l.'fi'Llioli1 .from ilikTI:ilil~iUiIii;aJ pro~.-am pr'lJ\j'Qcli!i;, §mme 'HmpiJrtiVll'ti· 'WO,'l'il;;: ~5 f;ilmerll i:lIl.!lt iixI, 1:r1lm~im! with !l'eSE!alm.':h '~r.ti-

OIgtlThi2!:!! (O~J'im':~' te :m('[!!~'L~I~ ILli;c' C'~cl\_. nl5!.: o:F 'J.tij(j,! ..i~!.!!l[l;.:!' iiliod cUtm '~Jt5-iIIpp'Uhcil:th.m ttil ~. ~illil'\rrns !l!t1il_i!!Il',glJ'UJg pr,qib:.letrlis:,. '" ~~mr:ii]! ifne' !e'Kl!t.lIn.~ 0:1' 'boch-· 'l'I.{!ih';l~i~s~!I1d: ~1!!1i!~!!"'~.'!/,i!I~IU,M~('I11! b'jI
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sii;niltm;,g irlEiicl'-Bd IIilioln.g c"P!l.I~ Cirgllill~:iti'l'Iig :re1e-vo1.nt. 'OOlJ~efenOE!;.<;; ~,Tld'';ii.'1lf~~h~. QUi~&!ll~~O!r..nn!'!,g ir-i

'iP'N:!"",ide I5l!il;~~~..J~~rrr! lo~(IIifclil1!~ {!I(u.1 deg,ree Ir~ip.I!n~ '~~ oo'lIil!iblJ!v:lH®fl
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E,'i.~imi;i'~~ blild1li~' rflr ~lfif' ~:rt.kefflgi~o.1'i~,;e :pirl1,SmID,S d !l!ring, o 1'990-1994· 1.'i_ru'-lbtilsG.rl Will ithL.!' :s!lj].ifllr sttlliJ tlIUl!.:::n,t~!.~:d ill. !l.'..iI[,~ 'prDg:rilm.
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rPl::lilIIe l3Ilfal~aDte, '~iJ UiJe' rIDe' 'falmers O'f lY"liEI wooLtI, '11ihc litS~tu~:e"s. IMeri'fI@titll'1f11 f'rClWiill IS iQi1ati[i:J US 10 ~i~£i~i l1'Iirlldt'i£l u:!:<Q:'ful [F1fltlm"latit!~ aiM Iltin[i~"'II8~.ge tJ!! li'ii.atiit!rta~ nice rnipraliE!mEmi plio;grem~ around

T
~

ne ilel'iljefits!

O'~ Ifml

f€3'e~roh 'N'OlJld be of:lly 11~'Rlr!iI'o~s ali'1i:!1 dr'tlalii:5i ilr 'U'.Iej1 we>rE' rm~

11Ila:Irhf~ lI=!!l"ed~ct~11e.!l~ iLQ ifJIlNovIn~the, W€1~;zrJeill l'loe.I-arrnlfl.,g l
'Jnf'll'tI[]M.

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~!lrlc, Wf: m!'lhe' ne:w. rlQe. teclw!:lItog.ies if:I~ll~labl~ f~f f1ii11 ooal
~y::lill!i:im~ 'tD K:lst.

1)if01\t!l:i Mid as W!€I Joirnl)i address ! ~t!l'dtll;:1! en ii!lrlI~iCi!J~OO!llifltiEl'. ilJliltJ t.;j Fill iJlfinrnilll!iQ a ~ s t iij i~at!il ~t¥ ~ I:0'11~ tci3 m s 1n IJ'i 13! riDS- '8 (:!iJ s~:;;,1l~ s, 0 is] n'I Ii1I3!i'I apllr'l:;II.ilICn k5 'L[]I 'ErsrnsJel' S!l:iI"UlB. res,lJ'DooEb~II.~ (iJf H!~I@n>El1U'alnl~B '
i

T1he ne-aGi for, tltaiiilf1g rCDntili'JLJ<I3B ~n'" ~hiin~'e!5~5 nati!!J1iiril i!:irtlgi",ams

to mere iXi~at1eejj i'l'EitlorliIJljilIrO'
'~lJlrE fogrtrsi:n

th~,

,~l"~~d ppl)i; ~ In ~um, feed 'tlilieil' r~$·eaj\l;lh
iollJ'i:lpL

~,i!:I~l~. Wu iPl!i:ll~ltJ !:iiJl1tJrll:!iutt:!' t!lli H'ii5! $trei'l'g~IiII~nii'!r!l O'F the! I nfra$~liU!;'-

resu Its ~n.1tI InfQl"mat~fii IB boo., lflQ'lINaliI1ela!problems bse ,tiJI UlRi" n~Q'~Ipi\OC~:SiS ~s 'Jit.;tl rn, ikQgpiog IIRRi"s r~Seart:11 rele~a.nl ,ai'!-dI
rig(lro'~5_ Riee' geneli!;t re~!!J~e!;i, are thE,

itrles-

nf, n th{i5'e eoun!'1crefiSilng tne rele\faflee, of ith~ Ii;giilillig ~(i!d, ~I'I\~J'![!I n!1!l 'true.

ftlil' ~tk!~1U

~~Iiig,;Ii;,~~Q D i!';jJii~r lMN!im~m' G i!iIi!!'f.l!iil

P:~lIiWi1~

IifelilJlltiQdllOf n'te blfeed'j!1j !!limgrams. 'The I n'lltffi:.EHilonall Rice' G.eoojflilasm ~n~~r .give.s,~II !ti©Lmr 'tiles, r.e~If~~e (;If thinr J;lol~tieW :s:y:5tem, 'free ,~S5 :WI alIT! ell'llilrl11C!~S ~efle P!)C1I! tl:i! enrich IlMe g&!"I~hc ease I(If lhtur flii'tt.(l~al tIFO-

r[c;:e-grawIElg c'OLLn'l:ri~~ ''i,'ill;h !;iLrnil.;gr i~tere~,t~. I RlI1illI"~ 1I:!DIIB.t!Ql"i:!til¥e ~Ciufltl)' IJmjecitS :aISQ :stT"e'J1j~thelIi D'l!8itEof1l!i1 rice ,eseflrdl ~tems. es~ecl:am~
Ilill;ll3l],~S, >a11'l'iIlJ{ig

ill OOiJl1'tti~~ 'Wfier'Ei prDd'tlt;:liion

IIJ;;iJi-

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mil: IlfiliRI

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illi!t-emiiJt,j'iOll"IaI

neC,""'il:I~ fa!:;~I~t~te wmltilwhde tI1I~EIl~n~ of 1I\1E~kIl1lEWiJ~~' arK! teehn QIQglG'S. mlRw!:j, r'Elsl:t<iillu'h 'i'l.lDuli:l bfI {Ii Ibnd:E!dIviii we ~th{l~t OLIf work wilt]
s'llrGTIg partners
fI

niJ't me;e~ the nE!ed':5 C!F!l'apid~:y irl'!:~reasi~ pOIJ!I.!Ratiol'1l.!ii. are We CQmFl'lftLeilM l{! the l[!fig,term la5'k ~~' helvlflg: them bWlld tllel r ~paClJil)' to IJnoorl:akfl: '~l3'lr CI'Ul!I nib€:: Pet~~l'(:h and! ~~~j!lI~, I1iftl.gr~mB. We oolie~, 'tilat ~ IKiP!.!~!l!'!5 l'it::e-

the- flffil{ll'lial rlee

;ai'ld' ,riiDe.oEillis-.lmIJlt&em,lIn" tt)! ean fac~ itllr= fu~Jijr~lUI th ~[jfi~"ll· dli±;FJtA:! !Cnl~ 'l,'l,il'll'h :S~flH~g Ci!iptlbim~,)' a fIJI' rioe re~ea:rch Simrilde-~I@prnent,

growl~

pi1agmFll~.Thus, tralnl fig ,Bi'I!l i::olliloo!J,~tl'!i~ .eOUM~' fll"OJeots are
'thE!! k~St_M@

t)'r

OUi' prO'gFal'l'fI to FeiSl!3a!r!::1fi

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<It 00 0 s.tlJQl!l(g-«lm~r1se tne

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