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C4302 Road and Transport Engineering

POLYTECHNICS OF MINISTRY OF HIGHER EDUCATION MALAYSIA DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

C4302 ROAD AND TRANSPORT ENGINEERING

DURATION

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1 SEMESTER (15 WEEKS) THEORY : 30 HOURS PRACTICAL : 0 2.0 NONE

CREDIT HOURS PREREQUISITES

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SYNOPSIS ROAD AND TRANSPORT ENGINEERING provides knowledge regarding the analysis, method and design involved in road and transport engineering. The emphasis of the module is on the method, procedure and simple economic analysis in the transport planning system. This module also provides knowledge in designing junctions, designing geometrical alignments, traffic management aspect and road laws as well as acts in Malaysia.

OBJECTIVES At the end of this module, the student will be able to: 1. identify the functions and planning, general policy and criteria in selecting a good transport plan. make transport economy analysis. design vertical and horizontal alignment. calculate optimal two-phase circulation time and normal roundabout design. explain the function of traffic management and the road laws as well as acts in Malaysia.

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RESTRICTED SUMMARY C4302 Road and Transport Engineering (30 THEORY : 0 PRACTICAL) 1. economic basis simple method of transport economy analysis.0 ROAD LAWS AND ACTS This topic covers regarding the history of road legislation in Malaysia.0 JUNCTION DESIGN This topic covers regarding the types of at-grade intersection. Road Transport Act and Environmental Quality Act.0 TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT This topic covers regarding the function and purpose of traffic management. vehicle parking space system and road accidents. transport planning. traffic management techniques. 3. (6 hours) (3 hours) (7 hours) (7 hours) (5 hours) (2 hours) 2/11 RESTRICTED . 2. policy and transport system execution.0 TRANSPORT PLANNING This topic covers regarding the function of transport.0 TRANSPORT ECONOMY This topic covers regarding the importance and purpose. cross-section design. 6.0 ALIGNMENT GEOMETRY DESIGN This topic covers regarding vertical and horizontal geometry alignment design. 5. traffic light junction design. 4. priority junction design and roundabout design.

1 Land transport. 1.3 1. Study stage b. 1.13 3/11 RESTRICTED .3 Long term planning. Explaining the classification of land transport system. 1.5. 1.10. Stating the elements of transport planning: 1. Explaining the purpose of transport planning.7 1.12 1. Explaining the characteristics that a good transport planning must have.2 Water transport.12.4 1.6 1.8 1.1 Planning process a. 1.5 Vehicle parking study 1.2 1.3 Trade transport. Stating the transport study conducted in the planning process 1.6.10 1.2 Medium term planning. 1.5 Explaining the relation between transport.12.12.0 C4302 Road and Transport Engineering TRANSPORT PLANNING 1.5.10.5.1 Defining transport engineering.13. c. 1.2 Volume study 1. Explaining the types of transport. 1.13.RESTRICTED SYLLABUS 1. 1.1 Origin-purpose study 1.6.9 1. Proposal plans evaluation stage. 1.3 Local speed study 1.4 Course speed and delay study 1.11 1. Stating the duration of transport planning. humans and goods. Explaining the importance of transport.3 Air transport.10. Sketching the transport planning cycle. Demand prediction and proposal plans preparation stage.2 Public transport.2 Execution of selected plan. 1.13.13.6. 1.5. road and traffic engineering.3 Monitoring and rechecking.13. Explaining the importance of transport planning. 1.1 Short term planning. Stating the function of transport.4 Pipe transport.1 Private transport.

1 Explaining the importance of economic evaluation. Explaining the steps that must be taken in the transport plan execution stage.16 1.1 Public transport-based urban development 1.4 2.3.3 Physical aspect Identifying specific policies of transport planning in Malaysia Explaining the evaluation factor in the determination of the proposal plan.5.15.14 C4302 Road and Transport Engineering Explaining the work involved in the origin-purpose study 1.15 1.4.2 Society’s involvement in transport planning.1 Social aspect 1. 1. Course generation b.18 1.1 Yearly Rate of Return a.4.1 Money and interest (interest rate) 2.21. First Year Rate of Return b.2 2. Single Year Rate of Return 2.3. Course distribution c. Modal split d.5 4/11 RESTRICTED .3 Explaining the purpose of economic evaluation.0 TRANSPORT ECONOMY 2.1 Cost/benefit during construction and maintenance 2.14.19 1. Traffic assignment Stating the general policies that must be considered in transport planning 1. Explaining the economic components whether cost or benefits in road transport 2.2 Types of interest 2.3 Cost to the environment Explaining the basic concept of engineering economy 2.RESTRICTED 1. 2. urban and territory as well as its relation with transport as practiced in Malaysia.17 1.1 Zoning 1.15.2 Data gathering 1.3.14. Discussing issues related with transport development 1. Explaining the general criteria of transport plan selection.14. Explaining the study of land usage.2 Cost/benefit during operation 2.21.4.3 Cash flow equity Making economic analysis using 2.2 Economic aspect 1.21 2.20 1.3 Data analysis a.15.

3.5. Defining sight distance.1 Horizontal alignment design. Stating the horizontal alignment elements. Deriving the minimum radius formula of a round curve. Stating with the aid of sketches. Stating the purpose of vertical alignment. highest or lowest level on the curve. the types of vertical curve. Conducting design calculations of a round curve to acquire the curve length sight distance radius or the flat relief distance.15 3. Explaining the things that limit the length of a straight road. Stating the vertical alignment elements.6 3.5. Stating with the aid of sketches.17 3.7 3.13 3. 3. the types of round curve.4 At-grade intersection design. 3. 3. 3.RESTRICTED 2.1.2 Vertical alignment design.3 Stating the purpose of geometric design. Defining a straight road.12 3. Explaining the stopping sight distance.5 Tiered intersection design.20 5/11 RESTRICTED .5. Stating with the aid of sketches.10 3. Explaining grade and gradient.4 3.9 3. Stating the purpose of horizontal alignment. the characteristics of round curves. 3.14 3. 3.3 2.0 ALIGNMENT GEOMETRY DESIGN 3.1.1.2 3.1.1. the characteristics of parabolic curves. Stating with the aid of sketches.3 Cross-sectional design.18 3. Stating the criteria considered in formulating the geometric design standard.1 Stating the components of geometric design.11 3.19 3. Conducting design calculations of a sag and peak curve by considering the sight distance requirement to acquire minimum curve length. Explaining the passing sight distance.4 Cost Benefit Analysis Ratio Net Present Value Internal Rate of Return C4302 Road and Transport Engineering 3.2 2.16 3.8 3.5 3.

22.9.6 Embankment and cutting slope.22.2 4.4 Amber/yellow time.1 Green time.1 Junction without signage/control. 4. 4.22.1 Cross slope and pavement peak. 3.7 4.RESTRICTED 3. 4.22 Stating the road cross-section elements. 4.3.4 Tee junction.3 Traffic isolator or median. Stating the selection factors of junction type.2 Priority junction. 4. C4302 Road and Transport Engineering Explaining the purpose of road cross-section elements.2 Staggered junction. 3. 4. 3.8 4.2 Effective green time. Stating the selection factors of traffic lights.9 4. 3.9.22. 4.5 Circulation time.3.4 4. Defining the term traffic light circulation time design.9.21 3. 4.22.12. 4. 3.9.11 4.5 4.12 6/11 RESTRICTED .1 Defining junction.12. Stating with the aid of sketches.3. 4. Conducting design calculation of optimal circulation time for two-phase. 4. 4.3 Stating the factors that affect junction load.1 Cross junction.3. 3. Explaining the ways to reduce conflict at a junction.4 Roundabout with or without traffic light. Explaining and sketching the conflict point and the conflict area at a junction.9.3.10 4.22. 4. 4.12. Defining priority junction.0 JUNCTION DESIGN 4.2 Pass limit width and pavement width. 4.9. 4.4 Road side and road curb. Stating the types of priority junction. Stating the types of movement at a junction. the types of junction. 4.6 Lost time.3 Priority junction with routing. 4.6 Tiered junction.5 Traffic light controlled junction.3 Red time.6 4.5 Guard rail.3.

13 C4302 Road and Transport Engineering Explaining the sight distance required at a junction.RESTRICTED 4. 4. Explaining the meaning and characteristics of a roundabout. Road signage 5. Physical retention of traffic movement e.4 Twin roundabout. Vehicle speed barrier e. Vehicle parking control l.16.16 4. Preparation of public transport facilities j. Conducting design calculations to acquire sight distance and design speed at a junction. 4.2 5.15 4.17 5. Junction improvement c. Traffic sign and road signage modification h. a.13. Vehicle sharing ii. Traffic direction sign b.1 Explaining the functions of traffic management.2 Approach sight distance. Stating the types of roundabout. Change of level. Traffic passage control c.0 TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 5. surface texture and alignment for vehicle speed control purposes f.1 Normal roundabout.16. Conducting calculations for a normal roundabout design. Traffic movement isolation b. 4. Identifying traffic management techniques.16. 5. 4. 4. 4. Metered ramp 5. 4. Preparation of pedestrian and bicycle rider facilities i. Local area geometry improvement d.1 Sight triangle.3.3 Management of information to road users.16.13.3.16. One-way road d. 5.2 Small roundabout. Improvement and changes of landscape and road equipment k. Public transport prioritization 7/11 RESTRICTED .1.3. Physical management of road system.3 Mini roundabout. 4. Cornering movement obstruction c. Tidal flow method f. HOV multiple passenger vehicle program campaign i. 4.6 Roundabout with traffic light.5 Tiered roundabout. a. Introduction of traffic control phase coordination g.14 4.3 Explaining the purpose of traffic management.16.13.3 Departure sight distance. Traffic control b. a.2 Instruction form and traffic regulation management. 4.

1 Human factor 5.11. Stating the purpose of the drafting of the Environmental Quality Act 1974.4 6.11. Identifying the causing factors of accidents 5.3. Physical barrier 5.3 Explaining the purpose of the introduction of acts related with roads. 6.10 5. Knowing the effects of car park areas on traffic flow.6 6.6 Explaining the car park necessity for various types of user.5 5.11 5. Explaining administrative ways and car park area control method.7 6. Explaining the method of car park area usage study.3.3 Urban and Rural Planning Act 1976 6.2 Environmental Quality Act 1974 6.11.RESTRICTED 5.4 Local Government Act 1976 and Federal Territory Act 1973 Explaining the history of road laws in Malaysia Stating the purpose of the drafting of the Road Transport Act 1976.3 Vehicle factor Explaining how traffic management can help reduce road accidents. Cordon appreciation e. Stating the general content of the Road Transport Act 1976. 5.12 6. Explaining the method of preparing inventory.2 6. Road appreciation system d.3. Listing acts related with roads 6. 6. Additional license method c.7 5.1 Road Transport Act 1976 6.8 8/11 RESTRICTED . design principles and layout of car park area space.3.8 5. a. Explaining road accidents as a daily occurring disaster.1 Explaining the importance of act enforcement aspects that are related with roads and road laws. car park area as well as the types of car park area.4 5.4 C4302 Road and Transport Engineering Management of payment for traffic facilities.0 ROAD LAWS AND ACTS 6. Explaining the factors that affect demand. Vehicle parking management b.2 Road condition factor 5.9 5.3.5 6. Explaining the KEJARA and KESARA systems.

6.9 C4302 Road and Transport Engineering Explaining the Environmental Quality Act 1974 from the aspect of air pollution resulting from motorized vehicles.10 6.RESTRICTED 6. Explaining the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Report requirement on transport projects. Explaining the Environmental Quality Act 1974 from the aspect of sound pollution resulting from motorized vehicles.11 9/11 RESTRICTED .

Assignment/Tutorial – minimum of 4 Tests – minimum of 3 (60%) 20% 30% 50% FINAL EXAMINATION (FE): Final examination is held at the end of the semester.RESTRICTED ASSESSMENT C4302 Road and Transport Engineering Assessment of the module is as follows: i. c. Continuous Evaluation (CE) Final Examination (FE) 60% 40% CONTINUOUS EVALUATION (CE): (CE breakdown is based on 100%) Continuous evaluation is carried out throughout the semester and consists of the following parts: a. Quizzes – minimum of 5 b. ii. (40%) 10/11 RESTRICTED .

(1989). (1990). Rekabentuk Geometri Jalan Dan Lebuh Raya. Highway Engineering. Pengangkutan Bandar Di Malaysia. Highway And Traffic Vol. John Wiley & Son. O’flaherty. Kejuruteraan Lalu Lintas. E.J. (1990).K. (1991). (1987). DBP. 11/11 RESTRICTED . Pengenalan Pembinaan Jalan Raya Berbitumen. (1990). Model Pengangkutan Bandar: Pendekatan Secara Teori dan Amali.A. (1992). Meor Othman Hamzah. A Guide To The Design Of At Grade Intersection. DBP.J. Rekabentuk Jalan Raya Untuk Jurutera. Kuala Lumpur Wright. DBP. Manual On Pavement Design. 1 & 2. DBP. Kuala Lumpur Ibrahim Wahab. Mohamad Rehan Karim. R.RESTRICTED REFERENCES C4302 Road and Transport Engineering Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 8/86. DBP. Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 11/87. DBP. Riza Atiq Abdullah O. USM. R.H. Kuala Lumpur Ir Hj. Meor Othman Hamzah. DBP. Teknik Sistem Lalulintas Dan Pengangkutan. (1983). Cawangan Jalan Ibu Pejabat JKR. Pengenalan Sistem Kawalan Lalu Lintas Berlampu Isyarat. Kuala Lumpur Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 5/85. Highway Traffic Analysis And Design. Kuala Lumpur Ibrahim Wahab. Salter. Meor Othman Hamzah..Rahmat. Terjemahan Ahmad Helmi Abd. C. P. (1991). Salter. Cawangan Jalan Ibu Pejabat JKR. A Guide On Geometric Design Of Roads. Hamid. (94). & Arnold. Cawangan Jalan Ibu Jejabat JKR.