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Sailing Boat - Boat Design Reviewed

Sailing Boat - Boat Design Reviewed

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Published by: fralgiugia on Aug 22, 2011
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A Sloop Boat

- Design by R.D. "Pete" Culler -
Commentary by Mike O'Brien

T should admit up front to having lusted after the
I Buzzards Bay Sloop for years. How could I not
J. want this boat? With every subtle curve and detail,
her hull demonstrates Pete Culler's gift for proportion
and his sense of appropriate decoration.
We can trace the lineage of the traditionally styled
18-foot 8-inch Buzzards Bay Sloop directly to the
designer's 17-foot 8-inch Concordia Sloop Boat, and
that daysailer has its roots in small working craft. In
Pete Culler's Boats, by John Burke (International Marine,
Camden, Maine, 1984), the Concordia Company's
Waldo Howland recalled considerations that led to the
Sloop Boat's design and construction:
"Such a boat," Howland said, "would have to be
attractive to look at and shipshape in appearance. She
would have to be well built with special attention to
detail. For a number of reasons, wood seemed to be
the best and only medium for construction. Wood has
natural virtues so far as appearance, sound, feel, smell,
and flotation are concerned. Variations and modifica-
tions by [the boat's] owner are easy. And [wood] can
be painted, polished, and puttered with. In short, it
can be loved."

During their search for an appropriate model,
Howland and his fellow conspirators talked about
Scituate lobsterboats, Connecticut River shad boats,
and Bahama dinghies. All having been said, Culler
kept a Kingston lobsterboat firmly in mind while draw-
ing the hull lines for Concordia's daysailer.
Although Burke's book bristles with accounts of the
Sloop Boat's ability in a breeze of wind, this is a light
and narrow craft that carries a healthy spread of can-
vas. It can jump up and bite a sailor who dismisses the
mainsail's deep reefs as mere affectations. For all its
virtues, stability and power are not the Sloop Boat's
strong suits.

In 1977, Wyatt Garfield asked Culler to draw him a
more able version of this design for sailing off the
exposed shores of Cuttyhunk Island. Captain Pete
stretched the hull to 18 feet 8 inches, made it 1 foot
wider, added 6 inches to the draft, cranked some dead-
rise out of the bottom, and included 700 pounds of
outside ballast for good measure. He increased the sail
area sparingly. He swept up the sheer back aft. (So far
as I know, nobody ever accused the old Sloop Boat of
dragging its tail; but, with a lazy helmsman loafing
against the transom, the little boat appeared to be per-
petually climbing uphill.) Lapstrake planking replaced
the smooth set work specified for the original design.
Shadows cast at the laps would accentuate the new
hull's sweet lines.
The gains in stability and power provided by these
changes might surprise a casual observer until he
remembers that "size" increases essentially as the cube
of a hull's length. Of course, the unseen lead ballast
adds considerable inertia to the equation and stability
to the boat.

Grant Robinson finished the first Buzzards Bay Sloop
at his shop in Marblehead, Massachusetts. Since then,
the good people at The Landing School near
Kennebunkport, Maine, have built about twenty boats
to this design — well, almost to this design. They added
an afterdeck to create a usable lazarette and to pro-
vide a solid base for mounting a bronze outboard-
motor bracket. (Some of us believe that hanging an
internal-combustion engine on a boat of such elegance
represents at least a minor crime against nature. As
may be, the bracket is removable.)
The Landing's instructors and students faired the
hull lines first on the drawing table and then on the
loft floor. They drew about 1 inch of additional free-
board at the stem to obviate any chance of the three-

— 39-

A Sloop Boat

dimensional sheer appearing to powderhorn (take on
a reverse or S curve forward) in the finished hull —
no matter from what angle it might be viewed. Most
boatbuilders consider the above modifications to con-
stitute "builder's prerogative." Some designers will
disagree. That's the way it is.
When the folks at The Landing School asked if I'd
like to sail one of their Buzzards Bay Sloops, they
didn't have to wait long for a reply. I drove up to
Kennebunkport on an October Indian-summer after-
noon. The sun was warm, the air crisp, and the visi-
bility stretched far beyond the limits of middle-aged
eyesight — a day to pull from my mind's closet in the
dead of this winter.
I found the sloop resting in a borrowed slip at the
local yacht club. The low autumn sun reflected from
white topsides and mirrored the lapped planks on the
water. Oiled teak decks and rails glowed like honey
in a glass jar. Oh, my.
Once aboard, I was surrounded by comfortably
shaped details. From the steam-bent coaming and slat-
ted benches to the carefully tapered spars, this boat
bespoke first-class professional quality. Never mind
that she was built as a learning experience. Looking
forward from the helm, my eyes followed the ever-
tightening arches formed by closely spaced bent frames.
They define the hull's shape. Of course, most of the
frames are redundant in this glued lapstrake hull.
Landing's president John Burgess explains that they
were included for their "educational value." Yes, and
I'll wager that the students had grand fun bending
them in, too.

The sloop's cockpit is, indeed, good space. But I had
come to sail, and we fired up the iron breeze for the
run to open water. The flooding tide roared at us
through the narrow mouth of the Kennebunk River.
Any moral objections to internal-combustion machin-
ery conveniently disappeared just long enough for us
to power through the cut. (King Kong himself would
have had to think twice before rowing against that

As we worked clear of the gentrified Kennebunkport
waterfront, Jamie Houtz (Landing's director of boat-
building) hoisted sail. He had plenty of strings to pull:

throat and peak halyards for the mainsail, a jib hal-
yard, too-tight reef lines, etc. While the sloop is under-
way, the halyards' falls hang neatly from belaying pins
at the turn of the coaming up forward. They look right,
and they come easily to hand — a fortunate arrange-
ment on this day as the new three-strand running rig-
ging stretched as if made from rubber.
We reached off under a moderate breeze to the good
sound of a lapstrake hull cutting through waves.
(Lapstrake boats don't make noise. They make sound,
lots of sound, pleasant sound.) The sloop's fine fore-
foot blends smoothly into flaring topsides to produce
a smart bow. This boat understands that she should
brush aside small waves but climb over the tall ones.
Her motion is easy and comforting.
The helm is light but firm. Culler's sloop wants to
keep to its heading, although not to the point of being
stubborn. Nudge the tiller, and the boat will change
course smoothly — almost imperceptibly. She is cer-
tain, but stately, in stays. I'd not want to drive her into
a tacking duel with, say, a Herreshoff 12'/2-footer. If
you're accustomed to sailing light centerboarders with
big rudders, you'll be able to send out for lunch while
putting the sloop about.
The low gaff-headed rig suits this boat aesthetically
and functionally. While looking at Culler's drawings,
we might wish he had peaked up the gaff just a wee
bit to preclude its sloughing off to leeward. But, out
on the water, it works fine just as drawn. The gaff's
relatively short length, an efficient angle of pull for the
peak halyard (allowed by a mast that extends well
above the height of the gaff jaws), and a good angle
to the mainsail's leech combine to keep the gaff where
it ought to be.

The total joy of sailing any boat comes from the sum
of a thousand discrete parts — aesthetic and techni-
cal. Aboard the Buzzards Bay Sloop, everything adds
up perfectly; and she's almost as much fun to watch
go as to sail. This was Captain Pete's last design. It
might well have been his best.

Plans for the Buzzards Bay Sloop and other Pete Culler
designs are available from George B. Kelley, 20 Lookout
Ln., Hyannis, MA 02601.


Firm bilges and
outside ballast help
keep the Buzzards
Bay Sloop on her feet.

Culler's original drawings,
shown here, specify
traditional lap-strake
construction. The boat we
sailed had a glued plywood
lapstrake hull.

— 41

Buzzards Bay Sloop
LOA 18'8"
Beam 6'0" Draft
2'0" Sail area 177
sq ft

A Sloop Boat

— 42 —

Concordia Sloop Boat

LOA 17'8"
Beam 5'0" Draft
1'6" Sail area

Tfe Concordia Sloop Boat:
lighter, narrower, less pow-
erful predecessor of the
Buzzards Bay Sloop.

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