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Key Mis Concepts

Key Mis Concepts

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Published by: Naveen Kumar Pisticus on Aug 22, 2011
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Key MIS Concepts August 28 – September 1

People as a Key Resource:

o The single most important resource in an organization is not technology, but it is
people (p. 10). o Technology is a tool that can help an organization produce and manage information more efficiently. In the end, the most important thing to an organization is what its people decide to do with the information.

o Therefore, it is important that you become a technology-literate knowledge
worker. A technology-literate knowledge worker is a person who knows how and when to apply technology (p. 11).

o You cannot apply technology to any given process and expect that process
instantly efficient and effective. In addition, you also must be an informationliterate knowledge worker. Information-knowledge workers (p. 11):     Can define what information they need. Know how and where to obtain that information. Understand the information once they receive it. Can act appropriately based on the information to help the organization achieve the greatest advantage.

o Although you may be both a technology-literate and information-literate
knowledge worker, you must also be resolved to use that information in an ethical manner. Ethics are the principles and standards that guide our behavior toward other people (p. 13).

Being a good knowledge worker also involves protecting yourself and your organization from unethical people (p. 13).

Decentralized Computing and Shared Information:

o Because most organizations have so many different people performing many
different tasks, the concepts of decentralized computing and shared information have become very important (p. 17).

o Shared information is an environment in which an organization’s information is
organized in one central location, allowing anyone to access and use it as he or she needs it (p. 17).

Create business partnerships and alliances. To increase productivity.  Another way to increase employee productivity is to place more of the responsibility of processing transactions on the customer.o Decentralized information is an environment in which an organization splits computing power and locates it in functional business areas as well as on the desktops of knowledge workers (p. and costs associated with processing information in a variety of ways. organizations often use a tool called online transaction processing (OLTP). and updating existing information to reflect the gathered and processed information (p. o The combinations of those two concepts are known as client-server computing. errors. One way to do this is through the use of a customer-integrated system (CIS) which places technology in the hands of an organization’s customers and allows them to process their own transactions. OLTP is the gathering of input information. processing that information. Improve team collaboration.  Facilitate organizational transformation. The computers that store the information in the centralized location are known as servers. o Enhance decision making:  IT can help upper management create alternate ways to do business. 21). or find the information they need to make a decision (p. 17).  Roles and Goals of Information Technology: o There are six major roles and goals of information technology:    Increase employee productivity Enhance decision making.  Technology to support decision making falls into two categories: . and the computers that connect to the servers are known as a client. find solutions to problems. 21).  Enable global reach.  o Increase employee productivity:   IT can reduce time.

o Improve Team Collaboration:  IT can help to manage knowledge within an organization and to support and facilitate communications between geographically dispersed teams. Those that help you analyze a situation and then that decision entirely up to you. It can help you to share information with your business partners. o Enable Global Reach: .  One popular example would be electronic data interchange (EDI). 2. which may alert you to potential problems or opportunities (p.  One aspect of EDI is electronic funds transfer (EFT) which allows for payment without physically sending money. o Create Business Partnerships and Alliances:  IT can help you order from your business partners and suppliers more quickly. Those that actually make some sort of recommendation concerning what to do. 21). One example would be Internet chat rooms. o An example would be an executive information system (EIS) which is a highly interactive IT system that allows you to first view highly summarized information and then choose to see more specific details.  A collaborative system is a system that is designed specifically to improve performance of teams by supporting the sharing and flow of information (p.. 22). o Artificial intelligence (AI) is the science of making machines think and behave like humans (p. 22).   The software component of a collaboration system is groupware. Another example would be software that allows several people to edit a file at the same time. EDI is the direct computer-to-computer transfer of information about transactions such as invoices and purchase orders (p. 24).1.

 IT can allow you to market your products and services in countries all over the world and develop partnerships and alliances with other businesses around the world. . o Facilitate Organizational Transformation:  IT can allow you to stay competitive or enter into new markets and transform the way your organization does its business.

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