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Presented by: Mdm. Audrey Koh Sui Ean B. Education (TESL) (Honours) UK
Writing carries 30%
2nd most important component Divided into 2 sections Section 1: Report Writing (40 mins x 40 marks) Section 2: Academic Essay (50 mins x 60 marks)
Let’s start with Question 1
Report writing tests understanding of non-linear stimuli (graphs) and synthesizing it into linear form (composition).
CONCLUSION Last Paragraph: Summary (Mention the main trend again) .What’s the Formula for Q1? 1. TITLE (usually found in the question) 2. INTRODUCTION Paragraph 1: Introduction (What do the stimuli show?) Overview (What is the general trend?) 1. BODY Paragraph 2-3/4: Key Features (What are the outstanding info from the graphs? 1.
WR Q1 FORMULA: TITLE I + OV KFs S .
Useful Vocabulary to describe the FOUR (4) MAIN TRENDS 1) 2) 3) 4) rise fall/drop stable/ erratic gain loss stabilise fluctuatin increase decrease g constant improve depreciate unstable consistent escalate deteriorat inconsiste incline e USEFUL ADJECTIVES nt high/highe decline slight/steady/gradual sharp/steep/drastic r/ low/lower/ doubled/tripled/quadrupl highest lowest ed record high/record low more than less than most least .
Your article should integrate all the information given below. You have been asked to write a short article on tourism in Malaysia. You are a junior reporter writing for a travel magazine. You should write between 150 to 200 words. .Let’s Analyse a Sample Question Question 1 [40 marks] You are advised to spend about 40 mins on this task.
Thailand and Indonesia.Tourism in Malaysia (I) The stimuli show a bar graph comparing tourist arrivals in Malaysia. (OV) The general trend is a decrease of tourist arrivals and tourism income in Malaysia. . a table of the top five tourist markets of income earned from tourism in Malaysia and a newspaper headline on the drop of tourist arrivals.
Malaysia recorded the highest tourist arrivals in 1999 with more than 7 million persons but it then dropped to 6 million in 2001. there was a drastic drop in 2007 to just over 5 million visitors.1%) and Japan (-22. (KF2) It stabilised in 2003 and 2005 with an increase to 7 million tourists. .(KF1) According to the bar graph.0%). (KF3) However. (KF4) This caused a sharp loss of income earned especially from the top three tourist markets in Malaysia. (KF5) Statistics show a steep decrease of tourist spending of more than 20% mostly from Taiwan (-24. Singapore (-22.2%).
the fall in tourist arrivals is due to unknown viral diseases and the fear of natural disasters in Malaysia. (S) In conclusion.(KF6) Based on the newspaper headline. . the tourism trend in Malaysia is on the decline and it is affecting our tourism income.
the tourism trend in Malaysia is on the decline and it is affecting our tourism income. a table of the top five tourist markets of income earned from tourism in Malaysia and a newspaper headline on the drop of tourist arrivals. Malaysia recorded the highest tourist arrivals in 1999 with more than 7 million persons but it then dropped to 6 million in 2001. the fall in tourist arrivals is due to unknown viral diseases and fear of natural disasters in Malaysia.1%) and Japan (-22.2%). According to the bar graph. Based on the headline. Singapore (-22.Complete Sample Answer Tourism in Malaysia The stimuli show a bar graph comparing tourist arrivals in Malaysia. The general trend is a decrease of tourist arrivals and tourism income in Malaysia. there was a drastic drop in 2007 to just over 5 million visitors. . However. It stabilised in 2003 and 2005 with an increase to 7 million tourists. Thailand and Indonesia. Statistics show a steep decrease of tourist spending of more than 20% mostly from Taiwan (-24.0%). This caused a sharp loss of income earned especially from the top three tourist markets in Malaysia. In conclusion.
Summary Writing Marking Scheme: Band 6 Band 5 Band 4 Band 3 Band 2 Band 1 Task Fulfilment 20 – 18 17 – 15 14 – 11 10 – 7 6–4 3–0 Language & Organisation 20 – 18 17 – 15 14 – 11 10 – 7 6–4 3–0 TOTAL 40 – 34 33 – 27 26 – 21 20 – 14 13 – 7 6–0 .
a point of view.Question 2: Academic Essay Students may be presented with: 1. 2.an argument or 3. .a problem as the core of the question.
mature ideas Ideas and Evidence – support your points (elaboration & examples) Communicative Quality Vocabulary and Sentence Structure .Question 2: Academic Essay What do we look for in an essay: Quality of Arguments – logical.
1: STEP 1: BRAINSTORM It is very important to make a list of ideas/main points.Academic Essay Tip No. List 2. You may use various techniques to develop argument/content: 1. Mind map .
2: STEP 2: ORGANISE You MUST write in an academic style. 1. Introduction 2. 5 paragraphs.Academic Essay Tip No. Body (min x3) .
RECOMMENDED ESSAY STRUCTURE FOR MID TO HIGH PROFICIENCY STUDENTS: MODEL 1 .
Thesis Statement 2. 1. Support (Concluding sentence) 3.6 1.Closing statement .Introductory Statements .Topic Sentence 70 words per paragraph.RECOMMENDED for BANDS 3 . Support 3. at least 350 words. BODY: 3 – 5 points ( x 3-5 paragraphs) Basic guideline: .Restate thesis . 2.e. CONCLUSION ( x 1 paragraph ) . INTRODUCTION ( x 1 paragraph) . Support i.
MODEL 1 ADVANTAGES Promotes critical thinking skills Room for creativity Shows off linguistic proficiency DISADVANTAGES Unfocussed Danger of going out of topic Difficult for low proficiency students to excel .
RECOMMENDED ESSAY STRUCTURE FOR LOW TO MID PROFICIENCY STUDENTS: MODEL 2 .
Outline (In this essay.RECOMMENDED for BANDS 1 . I think/agree/disagree that…) 3. ___________ & __________. 70 words) 1. Stand (In my opinion.) . I will discuss 3 reasons/strategies/suggestions which are ____________.… In today’s era of …) 2. Current situation (Nowadays.3 INTRODUCTION ( x 1 paragraph.
Main Idea (Firstly.) 4.1ST POINT ( x 1 paragraph.… First and foremost.…) 2. Mini conclusion (Therefore. 70 words) 1.…) . Reasons (This is because…Moreover. Examples (For example.… and so on.…) 3.
… and many more. Main Idea (Secondly.…) .…The second reason is…) 2. Mini conclusion (Thus.…) 3. Examples (For instance. 70 words) 1.) 4.2ND POINT ( x 1 paragraph. Reasons (This is due to…In addition.
Examples (Take for example. Reasons (This means that… Furthermore.…) 3.…Last but not least…) 2.…) .) 4. Main Idea (Finally.… and others. 70 words) 1.3RD POINT ( x 1 paragraph. Mini conclusion (Hence.
Recommendation (Our government should…/We should…) . Repeat Stand (In my opinion.CONCLUSION ( x 1 paragraph. 70 words) 1. the 3 reasons/strategies/suggestions I have mentioned above are…) 2. Repeat Points (In conclusion/In a nutshell. I still strongly believe that…) 3.
MODEL 2 ADVANTAGES Helps students achieve basic proficiency by providing structures Boosts confidence and motivation to write Aids in developing and organising ideas DISADVANTAGES Stifles creativity Repetitive style of writing Monotonous for examiner to mark May bore high flyers .
Malaysia has been known for its peaceful and multi-racial society.Let’s look at a sample question: Question 2: Since achieving independence in 1957. . What can be done to further enhance national unity and solidarity among the various races? Elaborate and give relevant examples in more than 350 words.
In this essay.1 Paragraph . st . In my opinion.Introduction: Nowadays. I will discuss three solid strategies for enhancing national unity which are every individual needs to be more patriotic. Malaysia is a leading tourist destination because we are famous for our multi-racial society who live in peace and harmony. be respectful of each different culture and mould a future generation that is tolerant and grateful to be Malaysian. I strongly agree that national unity can be enhanced to strengthen solidarity among all the various races in this country.
Moreover. fly our national flag during Independence day and so on. every one of us can respect the ‘Negaraku’ song and our ‘Rukunegara’. This is because when we are patriotic we will appreciate being a Malaysian citizen who has the right to live a peaceful and war-free life. . For example. this will easily enhance the spirit of national unity. Therefore.2 nd Paragraph . if everyone plays their part and becomes more patriotic.Point 1: First and foremost. every individual can play a part in enhancing national unit by being more patriotic. having high patriotism will ensure that we really love our country and we will not do anything to harm the peace and harmony.
Chinese and Indians as well as the indigenous races will ensure that we will continue to live side by side in harmony. we should always be respectful of each and every culture found in this country. This is due to the fact that respecting the main races like Malays. In addition. Thus. by respecting the uniqueness of every culture. For instance. rd .Point 2: Secondly. we should visit one another during ‘Open House’ or wedding celebrations. every race that makes up the Malaysian society is unique and should be cherished for its special traditions and cultures.3 Paragraph . this helps us promote racial solidarity and enhance national unity . religious festivals and many more. as loyal Malaysians.
Take for example. Furthermore. everyone can cooperate to reduce cases of truancy. Hence. This means that we can get assistance from the police as they are the higher authority and they can even set up a ‘Police Hut’ within the school grounds. th . to solve this problem we can organise regular spot checks by police.4 Paragraph . give the school emergency number to the shop owners. the public can report students wearing uniform who escape by calling or sending sms messages to the school authorities or even the police.Point 3: Last but not least. neighbourhood residents and others. truancy can be curbed by encouraging cooperation with local police authorities and the general public.
Conclusion: In a nutshell. the three strategies I have suggested are to be more patriotic and respectful of each unique culture as well as teach our children to be more grateful Malaysian citizens. I still strongly believe that national unity can be enhanced if we all play an active role.5 Paragraph . th . In my opinion. I hope that our government can highlight this issue in the media by organising more patriotism campaigns so that we can produce a united society that can contribute productively to the achievement of Vision 2020.
A final note on Question 2… Remember to address the following: 1. & GRAMMAR . 3. QUESTION @ ISSUE. REGISTER @ VOCABULARY 4. ORGANISATION @ FORMAT. 2.
Writing Marking Scheme (Question 2) Band 6 Task Fulfilment Language & Organisation Band 5 25 – 21 Band 4 20 – 16 Band 3 15 – 11 Band 2 10 – 6 Band 1 5-0 30 – 26 30 – 26 25 – 21 20 – 16 15 – 11 10 – 6 5-0 TOTAL 60 – 51 50 – 41 40 – 31 30 – 21 20 – 11 10 – 0 .
.If you can follow this writing style.. Good luck!!! . you will definitely move up in your current band.
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