Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until

8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 5, 2011

USDL-11-1151

Technical information:
Household data:
(202) 691-6378 • cpsinfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/cps
Establishment data: (202) 691-6555 • cesinfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/ces
Media contact:

(202) 691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov

THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION – JULY 2011
Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 117,000 in July, and the unemployment rate was little
changed at 9.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Job gains occurred in health
care, retail trade, manufacturing, and mining. Government employment continued to trend down.

Chart 1. Unemployment rate, seasonally adjusted,
July 2009 – July 2011

Chart 2. Nonfarm payroll employment over-the-month
change, seasonally adjusted, July 2009 – July 2011

Percent

Thousands
600

11.0

400
10.0
200
0

9.0

-200
8.0
-400
-600

7.0
Jul-09 Oct-09

Jan-10

A pr-10

Jul-10

Oct-10

Jan-11

A pr-11

Jul-11

Jul-09 Oct-09 Jan-10 A pr-10

Jul-10

Oct-10

Jan-11 A pr-11

Jul-11

Household Survey Data
The number of unemployed persons (13.9 million) and the unemployment rate (9.1 percent) changed
little in July. Since April, the unemployment rate has shown little definitive movement. The labor force,
at 153.2 million, was little changed in July. (See table A-1.)
Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (9.0 percent), adult women
(7.9 percent), teenagers (25.0 percent), whites (8.1 percent), blacks (15.9 percent), and Hispanics (11.3
percent) showed little or no change in July. The jobless rate for Asians was 7.7 percent, not seasonally
adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of persons unemployed for less than 5 weeks declined by 387,000 in July, mostly
offsetting an increase in the prior month. The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27
weeks and over), at 6.2 million, changed little over the month and accounted for 44.4 percent of the
unemployed. (See table A-12.)
The civilian labor force participation rate edged down in July to 63.9 percent, and the employmentpopulation ratio was little changed at 58.1 percent. (See table A-1.)
The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as
involuntary part-time workers) was about unchanged in July at 8.4 million. These individuals were
working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time
job. (See table A-8.)
In July, 2.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little changed from a year
earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted
and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not
counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.
(See table A-16.)
Among the marginally attached, there were 1.1 million discouraged workers in July, about the same as
a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently
looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.7 million persons
marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the
survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)
Establishment Survey Data
Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 117,000 in July, following little growth over the prior
2 months. Total private employment rose by 154,000 over the month, reflecting job gains in several
major industries, including health care, retail trade, manufacturing, and mining. Government
employment continued to decline. (See table B-1.)
Health care employment grew by 31,000 in July. Ambulatory health care services and hospitals each
added 14,000 jobs over the month. Over the past 12 months, health care employment has grown by
299,000.
Retail trade added 26,000 jobs in July. Employment in health and personal care stores rose by 9,000
over the month with small increases distributed among several other retail industries. Employment in
retail trade has increased by 228,000 since a recent low in December 2009.
Manufacturing employment increased in July (+24,000); nearly all of the increase was in durable
goods manufacturing. Within durable goods, the motor vehicles and parts industry had fewer seasonal
layoffs than typical for July, contributing to a seasonally adjusted employment increase of 12,000.
Manufacturing has added 289,000 jobs since its most recent trough in December 2009, and durable
goods manufacturing added 327,000 jobs during this period.
In July, employment in mining rose by 9,000; virtually all of the gain (+8,000) occurred in support
activities for mining. Employment in mining has increased by 140,000 since a recent low in October
2009.
-2-

Employment in professional and technical services continued to trend up in July (+18,000). This
industry has added 246,000 jobs since a recent low in March 2010. Employment in temporary help
services changed little over the month and has shown little movement on net so far this year.
Elsewhere in the private sector, employment in construction, transportation and warehousing,
information, financial activities, and leisure and hospitality changed little over the month.
Government employment continued to trend down over the month (-37,000). Employment in state
government decreased by 23,000, almost entirely due to a partial shutdown of the Minnesota state
government. Employment in local government continued to wane over the month.
The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged over the month
at 34.3 hours. The manufacturing workweek and factory overtime for all employees also were
unchanged at 40.3 hours and 3.1 hours, respectively. In July, the average workweek for production and
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 33.6 hours for the sixth consecutive
month. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)
In July, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls increased by 10 cents,
or 0.4 percent, to $23.13. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by 2.3
percent. In July, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees
increased by 8 cents, or 0.4 percent, to $19.52. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)
The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for May was revised from +25,000 to +53,000, and the
change for June was revised from +18,000 to +46,000.

The Employment Situation for August is scheduled to be released on Friday, September 2, 2011, at
8:30 a.m. (EDT).

-3-

. .090 896 3. . .. . . .687 2. .417 1. . .. . . . . .274 908 3. . ..680 982 2. ... . .3 Total. . . . . . . .... ...5 9. ... . ... . . . . ... 8.... . . . ... . . .. . . . .164 2. . .8 14.991 58...Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.. . . . ... Black or African American. . . .. . . . . .. . 237. . ... . . ...8 11. .. ... ... . . . . .. . ...262 239. . . . . . . .. . .. .3 – -0. .. .. . . .7 8. . .. . . .. .... Some college or associate degree.2 9. . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . ... . . .. ... . . .. . . .. . . . . .. .470 8. . . . . ... . . Job leavers.396 5.. .. . . .3 4. . . . . .0 7. . . . . . ... . ..637 9.. NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.. . . ... . 9. . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . ..9 26... .... . . .0 14.7 11.. .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . ... .. .1 8.. . . . ..289 2. . . .... . . ... . ... . . . . .. . .6 9. . .931 9. . . . . ... .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . .. . . .. . ..2 12. ... 2.. . .. . . ..270 -46 -37 -20 48 Duration of unemployment Less than 5 weeks. . ... Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. . .. .. ...664 2. . . .. . .. .. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. 15 to 26 weeks.. . . 5 to 14 weeks. . . . . . .. . .. . . .. . . . 25 years and over. .. . ... Participation rate.. .. .HOUSEHOLD DATA Summary table A... . . .296 58.. . ... . . .890 153. .. . .. ... .9 25. . . .. .. . . .. . . ... .. .. . ... . . . ... .. ... . . . . .4 4. . .. . .. . .. .5 7.433 1.. .. . . . ... . .... .1 8. . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . ... . .836 6. . . . .. ..671 153. . . . . . . ... 16 years and over. .. . .5 8.... .. . . ... .. . . . .0 16.1 16.. .. . ..... . ... .620 239.. . .1 374 Unemployment rates Total. .1 -0. . . ... .... .0 9..533 6. . .0 24. .. . . . .1 9. . .552 5. .833 3... .. .. . . .2 14. Adult men (20 years and over). . .. . . .. . .. White. . ...1 85. .. .. . .. . . . .. .. . . . . .. .. . . . Teenagers (16 to 19 years).. . . .301 18. . . . . . . .. . . .. . .9 8. . . . . . .. .5 8.. . ... .. .. .. .1 13... . .... . . . .. . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . ..468 8. . . . . . . . .410 1. ..5 0. ... . .... . . 27 weeks and over. . . . . . .....200 3.. .0 8.. . .. . . .. . .0 11. . . . .. .. .. . .. .. . .. .9 10. .6 138. . . . .. . . Not in labor force.. . . . . . .. . . .. .. . .. . .. . . . . . . .219 8. . . . .. .. . ..473 18. .. Less than a high school diploma.. .. 8..1 -0. . .. .4 14.. .. . . . .. . . ..231 8. .. .. ...4 13. ..... . .. . . ... . High school graduates. . . .. . . .. . .9 7... . . . .. ... ... . ..... .. . . ..... . . . . . . . . . ... . .. . . . 2. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 9. .5 8. .. .7 7...... . . .1 139..... . . . .. . . . .. .. . .. . . .... . ... . . .2 6. . . .. . ..228 63.8 15. . .2 86. . .. .. . . .. . . . . . .. . .. . . Employed. .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .689 3. . .. . . . . .. .. . . . . . . ...2 0. . .. . .892 1. . ... . . . .. ... . . .. . .. .. . .0 4.9 139.. . .. Hispanic or Latino ethnicity. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ..206 822 2.. . . . . . . . . .. Could only find part-time work. . . .. ..628 64... . . .3 -0.. . ... . . ... . . ..215 928 3. ... . . . ... .1 13. . .779 58.. . . . .3 10.. ... .. .. . . ... .098 2. . . .. . . . Employment-population ratio. . . . .. . . . . .. . .185 2.. . . . . . . . . . .. . . .421 64...... .. . . . ... ...3 -0.965 6. .. .806 2. .. ... . .197 8. .. . .. . . . New entrants.. .. . . .. .401 18. . . . . . . .. . ... .539 2. . . .... .2 7.. .. . . .1 86. . . .. .171 6. Slack work or business conditions.. . . .. . . .. . . . . . .. .... . . . . ... . ..7 9.. . . .. . . ... . .. .... ... . .185 -387 116 129 -104 Employed persons at work part time Part time for economic reasons..313 153. ...0 -0.. .. .5 84.. . . ... .. . . .. .2 -38 -0. .4 4. .. ..088 1. .. . .1 -156 -0. . . . . Civilian labor force. . . ... . . . . .. .. .. .. .. ... . .. . .1 8. .. . . Bachelor’s degree and higher. ..076 2. . . . . . .9 9. .2 8..785 1.2 139. . .. . ..914 9..693 64.0 8. .. .069 239. . . .. .. no college. .. . .. . ..517 18. .. ... . .... ... . .. .. . . . .. .. . . .. . Discouraged workers. . . . . . .261 965 3. . . . .....1 9.. .. . .. . . . .1 Reason for unemployment Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs. Unemployed. . . . .. ..622 1. . . . . . .. . . ... ... .4 7. ... . . . . . .. . ...334 58. ...7 -0.. .. . . . .834 2. . . . . . . .. .... . . . .. .. . . Reentrants. .258 -156 -119 116 -212 Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted) Marginally attached to the labor force.. .222 8.1 0. . . . . . ..7 -0. .. . .. . .... .. . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . .1 15. .. . . .... ... . . . . .. . .. . .... .. . . . ... . . . . . ... . . . . . . ...3 8. . . . . . . ... . Household data. ..087 9. . . . . . . .. ... . . . . . Asian (not seasonally adjusted). . .. . . ... . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Category July 2010 May 2011 June 2011 Change from: June 2011July 2011 July 2011 Employment status Civilian noninstitutional population. .. . ... . . .. .. . Unemployment rate. . . . . . .. . .. . ... .. .. .972 1.. . . ... .. . . . . ..489 153. . Adult women (20 years and over). .430 1. . .. . . .. ..119 – – .. . . ...443 182 -193 -0. . . .. . .. .. .984 6. .1 -0.. .1 8. . . . . . . . . . .. .548 5. . .0 24. ... . . . . ... . . .. . . . . .. .. ... . .6 15. . . . . ... . . Part time for noneconomic reasons. . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . in thousands) Total nonfarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 1. . . .0 82. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 0. . . . . .0 1 112 1. . . . . Average weekly earnings. . . .9 82. . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 -6 64 5. . . .8 0. . Nondurable goods. . . .6 $ 19. .8 9. . . . . . . Establishment data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 -0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .02 $791. . . . . . . . . .0 0. . . .0 0. . . . . . . . . Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . 4 The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. . . . Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . .8 36 28. . . . .4 $ 23. . . . . . . . .5 48. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 $ 19. . . . . . . . . . . .4 Category HOURS AND EARNINGS ALL EMPLOYEES Total private Average weekly hours. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 92. . . . . . . . .13 $793. .4 33. . . . and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .08 $ 639. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0 0 13 44 -1. . . . . . Durable goods1 .18 100. . . . .1 DIFFUSION INDEX (Over 1-month span)5 Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61 $ 773. . . . .3 -3 65 3. . . . . . .9 1 Includes other industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -49 93 28 7 -11 32 35 21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours. . . . . . . . . . . . .7 0. . . . .3 99. . . . .0 82. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 33 3 -34 117 154 42 10 8 24 23 12. . . . . . . . . . . . . Government. . . . . . . .8 48. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 58. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 -11 79 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 49. . . . .3 $ 23. . .5 $ 19. . . .93 93. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 34. . . . . . . . . . Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)4 . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 53. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 0. . . . .89 93. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0 0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 $ 23. . . . . . . . . . . . .6 33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 $ 22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 0. . . . . . Motor vehicles and parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Temporary help services. . . . . . . .1 0. .0 131. . .ESTABLISHMENT DATA Summary table B. . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Professional and business services1 . . . . . .4 47. .1 56. . . . .4 51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 103. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 34. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .03 $789. . . .7 17 0 -37 WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES2 Total nonfarm women employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average weekly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 100. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Construction. 2 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average hourly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 HOURS AND EARNINGS PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES Total private Average weekly hours. Manufacturing. . . . . . . . .44 $653. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 $ 19. . . . . . .1 130. . . . . . . . . .1 -1 -4 34 0. . . . . . . . . 33. Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Over-the-month percent change.87 101.6 54. . . Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . .0 5 -10 -2 -2. . . . . . . . . . 49. . . . . 56.2 33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 0 -18 4 -11. . Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 99. . . . . . . . . . . . .0 21 26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 102. . .42 $652. . . . . . Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 93. . . . . . .52 $655. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34. . . .0 0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 -0. . .3 38 36. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 53. . . . . . . . Average hourly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation and warehousing. . .6 12 12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 131. . . . . . . . . . . .3 0. . .2 34. .4 49. . . . . . . . Education and health services1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 55. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health care and social assistance. . . . .3 82. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 48. . . .0 -25 3 -46 46 80 16 10 -5 11 17 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total private production and nonsupervisory employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . seasonally adjusted July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY (Over-the-month change. . . Manufacturing. . . not shown separately. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . construction employees in construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goods-producing. . . . . .1 103. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total private women employees. . . . . . . . . . .2 -5 19 -142 53 99 20 10 3 7 18 0. . . .4 49. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Private service-providing1 . Mining and logging. . .3 126. . p Preliminary . . . . . . . . . . . .

The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of workers. in the immediately succeeding 2 months. please visit www. The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups. monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths.gov/web/cesbmart. Why does the establishment survey have revisions? The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the initial publication of the estimates. agricultural workers. unpaid family workers.htm. it is not possible to determine how many are counted in either survey. to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and native born. Therefore. For more information on the monthly revisions. The establishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. while the threshold for a statistically significant change in the household survey is about 400. the household survey has a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed. The . For more information on the annual benchmark revision. An over-the-month employment change of about 100.000.000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey. The establishment survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice. The adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses? Yes. about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business establishments with fewer than 20 employees.htm.bls. and private household workers. The establishment survey sample is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment estimate.bls. who are excluded by the establishment survey. firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.gov/ces/cesrevinfo. please visit www. However. neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal status of workers. On an annual basis. However. the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment insurance tax records. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys? It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants.Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates Why are there two monthly measures of employment? The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations. but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign born. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms? Yes.

gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln. there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who want a job. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year. semi-monthly. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for work? Yes. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off. even 1 hour. results in a reduction in average weekly hours.establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid time during the pay period. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on average weekly hours than on employment. In addition. or monthly pay period. . including pay for holidays. All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are included among the unemployed. It is not possible to quantify the effect of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey. or had a job but were not at work the entire week. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours. or other time off. may work extra hours. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment insurance benefits? No. alternative measures of labor underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment Situation news release. (People on temporary layoff are included even if they do not actively seek work. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period. however. the reference period is the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. the reference period is generally the calendar week that includes the 12th of the month. About half of all employees in the payroll survey have a 2-week. For example. while some workers. Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most requested statistics page at http://data. including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs are available (discouraged workers). sick leave. but not always. In the household survey. the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.) There is no requirement or question relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey. some employees may be off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection. due to bad weather. are counted in the payroll employment figures. such as those dealing with cleanup or repair. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically.bls. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates? In the establishment survey. employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period.

Additional information about the establishment survey can be found at www. as well as from federal. marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. offices. even if they hold more than one job. The establishment survey provides information on employment. . the data appear in the "B" tables. The household survey provides information on the labor force. bad weather.htm. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the labor force. definitions. which may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week. and the employment-population ratio is the employed as a percent of the population.S. The numerous conceptual and methodological differences between the household and establishment surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a percent of the population. and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls. employment. the reference period is generally the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. The unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.  The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older. unemployed persons. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. hours. Census Bureau for the U. and stores. Persons are counted in each job they hold. the data for a given month relate to a particular week or pay period.gov/cps/documentation.bls. and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference week. People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness. construction workers in construction. the reference period is the pay period including the 12th. because individuals are counted only once. Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System. The sample includes about 140. In the establishment survey. state. In the establishment survey. or personal reasons. unpaid family workers. For both surveys. and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries. labor-management disputes. Employees on nonfarm payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay period. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and Differences in employment estimates. These groups are excluded from the establishment survey. and local government entities. The establishment survey is not limited by age. each person 16 years and over in a sample household is classified as employed. the Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics survey (establishment survey). Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Based on responses to a series of questions on work and job search activities. vacation.Technical Note This news release presents statistics from two major surveys. People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees during the reference week. and private household workers among the employed. profession. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees.S. The establishment survey does not. Coverage. It is a sample survey of about 60. Establishment survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian noninstitutional population. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm payroll employees.bls.  The household survey has no duplication of individuals. or not in the labor force. marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. Among these are:  The household survey includes agricultural workers.000 businesses and government agencies representing approximately 440. Production and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging. the self-employed.000 households conducted by the U. employees working at more than one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately for each appearance. The sample establishments are drawn from private nonfarm businesses such as factories. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. unemployed. and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables. or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm. worked in their own business.000 worksites and is drawn from a sampling frame of roughly 9 million unemployment insurance tax accounts. People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria: they had no employment during the reference week. and differences between surveys Household survey. they were available for work at that time.  The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed. or on their own farm. Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor force.gov/ces/#technical. Additional information about the household survey can be found at www. In the household survey. including persons on paid leave.

the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 100.Seasonal adjustment Over the course of a year. In the establishment survey. the large number of youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that have taken place relative to May. For example. that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1. on a timely basis. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50. In this case.0. For both the household and establishment surveys. The first component excludes . including the failure to sample a segment of the population. in the household survey. however. total employment. the size of the nation's labor force and the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. If. payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term. such as total payroll employment.19 percentage point. The precision of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over time. in the establishment survey. or more detailed age categories. Reliability of the estimates Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. employment generated by new firms. Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household and establishment surveys. risen that month. for this reason. such as declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor force.100. however. there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they represent. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90percent level of confidence.5 percent. estimates for the most recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns.000). and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/.6 standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling error. and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.000. a concurrent seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all relevant data. obscuring the underlying employment trends in the industry. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.000 (50. reasons. and this variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate.280.000 from one month to the next. To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth. In general. employment in most major sectors. inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample. such as for quarterly and annual averages. this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the duration. There is about a 90percent chance. 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year. it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had. estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based on a small number of observations. For example. or level of confidence. The exact difference. in fact. At an unemployment rate of around 5. or sampling error. The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated. easier to spot. When a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Similarly. new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. and errors made in the collection or processing of the data. that the estimate is considered final. The 90percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from -50. in fact. major holidays. when nearly all sample reports have been received. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly estimate. increased that month. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather.000 +/. their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular seasonal variation.000. The seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in month-tomonth economic activity.000 to +150. which can occur for many reasons. the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250. These figures do not mean that the sample results are off by these magnitudes. and the opening and closing of schools. In the household survey. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large. but rather that there is about a 90-percent chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within this interval. an estimation procedure with two components is used to account for business births. new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. we could not say with confidence that nonfarm employment had. the adjusted series for many major estimates. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments. the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about +/. inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis. in the establishment survey. mistakes made by respondents. In both surveys. the statistics can be adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable. Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year. total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four major agesex components. Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the inability to capture. varies depending on the particular sample selected. making it difficult to determine if the level of economic activity has risen or declined.000. these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. For example. Since this range includes values of less than zero. then all of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater than zero. up to and including the data for the current month. However. For example.

6 percent. The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.employment losses from business deaths from samplebased estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births. The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision.7 to 0. and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years. This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out of business. Other information Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. with a range from -0. This procedure accounts for most of the net birth/death employment. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of industries. absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0. and serves as a rough proxy for total survey error. but imputing to them the same employment trend as the other firms in the sample. . Over the past decade. The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database. Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.3 percent. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200.

088 8. . . . . .1 139.4 6. . . . . . .747 9. Participation rate. . . . . . .877 7. . . . . .6 14.3 84. Unemployment rate. . .402 55. . . .2 139. . . . . . 16 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population. . .5 74.4 13. . . . . . . .917 8.078 16.320 53. . . . . . . . . .384 58.641 79. .890 155. . . . .045 68. .453 123. . . . .868 68. .4 5. . . . . .313 153.0 46. . . . . . .864 27. . Civilian labor force. .405 24. . . .603 54. . . Not in labor force. . . . . . . . .698 34. . . . .908 63. . . . . . . . . .617 107. .197 42.797 60. . . . .6 28. . . . . . . . . . . .805 8. .372 68.864 58. .592 33.894 114. . . . .7 27. .3 84. . .7 45. . . . . . . . . .466 63. . . . 2011 Apr. .897 8. . .102 8. .201 16.399 24. .286 107. . . . . .5 5. . . . .193 73. .588 67. . . . .014 63. . . . . .104 73. Unemployed. .4 33. .284 116. . . . . Persons who currently want a job. . . . . .2 65. . . . .406 64. . . . . . . .2 63.2 14.455 58. . . . .1 13. and age July 2010 June 2011 July 2011 July 2010 Mar. . . .941 58. . . . .2 33. . . . . .877 5. . . .5 62. . . .499 9. . . . . . . . . .124 239. . .526 26. . .221 115. . .2 1.734 8. . . . . .973 63. 106.4 34. .6 63.388 53. . . . . . . .340 55. . 115. .3 1. . . . . . . .4 13. therefore.7 72. . . . . .3 73. . . . . .5 28. . .9 139. . . .6 9.993 74. . . . Unemployment rate. . .382 116.810 237.538 64. . . . .827 5. .417 7. . . . .871 71. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .671 153.7 34. . . .811 9.781 58. . . .8 7. . . . . . .0 6. . . . . . . . . . .479 55. . . . . . . .344 107. . .3 1. . . . .792 68. .2 73. .2 71.890 153. . . .4 71. . .412 25.932 239. . .1 4.4 71. . . . . .3 140. . . .255 25.1 71. .782 16. Participation rate. . . . . . .385 53. . . . . . . .641 78. . .3 6. . . . . . . .168 116.914 9. . . . . .679 16. . . . . . . . . . . .0 28. . . . .5 51. .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-1. . . . . . . .9 5. .775 54. . .5 13. . . . . . . . .012 71. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .986 71. .6 45. . Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . .856 73.653 9.520 10. . . . . . . . . . . . .732 58. . . . . .340 66. . .575 Men. . .566 55.039 16. . . . .671 154. . . . .312 25.5 7. . . Unemployment rate. .586 115.2 139. . . . . . . . . . . . . .146 153.334 58.177 63. . . . . . . . . . .8 5.2 11. .045 68.427 67. . . . . .262 5. .954 68.0 6. . . Employed.910 9. . . . .2 75. . . . . .773 79.0 63. . . . . .176 52. . . .069 6.6 140. .684 70. .756 53. . .628 64.566 79. . . . . . . . .459 59. . . . .0 6. . . .4 65.9 46. .594 6. . .792 5. Unemployment rate. . .373 107. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 7.702 53. . . Not in labor force. . . . . .7 7.383 122. .0 46.1 85. . . . . . . .3 51. . . . . . .129 58. . .908 59. . . . . . . . . . .104 1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation. Employed.450 7. .848 64. . identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns. . . . . . .4 72. . . .4 50. . . .6 51. .157 71. . Employment-population ratio. . . .493 116. . . . . . . .381 78.216 54. . . . . . . . .896 60. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 1.8 28. .9 7. .313 116. Employed. . . . . .2 27.324 71.8 65.6 4. . Participation rate. . . .324 73. .228 63. . . . . . .287 9. . .6 33. . . .1 7. . .5 84. . . .596 Men. . . Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age [Numbers in thousands] Seasonally adjusted1 Not seasonally adjusted Employment status. . . .134 8. .978 41. . . . . . . . . . . .079 71.966 70. . .4 74. . . . . . . .4 14.952 9. .240 25. .0 4. . . . .5 1.140 16. . . . . .602 53.5 51. . . .1 86. . .6 5. . .0 65.193 31.906 73. . . . . . . . . . . . .669 33. . .764 9.620 6. . . . . . . . .520 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Civilian labor force. .755 40. . . . . . . . . . 114. . . . . .666 59. . .618 59. . . . . . . . .0 6. . . . .2 5. . .6 72. . . . . . .4 5. . .664 9.988 81. . . .4 5. . . . . . . Unemployed. . .035 8. . . .5 11. . . . . . . . . .207 83. 16 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population.637 9. . . .227 239.134 58.143 239. . . . .1 74. . .3 65.773 78.6 74. . . . . . . . . . .744 34. .6 7. . . . . . . . . . .859 6. . . . Not in labor force. .7 7. 16 to 19 years Civilian noninstitutional population. .575 114.021 16. . .3 6. . . . . . . . . . .909 8. . .000 153. .339 25. . . . . . . .764 73. . . . . . .4 51. . .907 26.0 85. . . .4 51. 237. . . . . . . . . . 20 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population. . .3 6.7 7.0 1. . . .9 7. .071 72. . . . . . .458 123.8 1.942 8. .891 29. .138 68. . . . . . .244 25.6 46. . . . . . . .1 28. .542 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 6.324 71.352 24. . .1 51. . . . . . . . . . . .489 154.270 65. .6 5.757 71. . . .4 6. . . . .959 67. . . . . . .2 139. . . . Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .156 81. . . . . . . .5 71. . . . . . . . . . .6 34. . . .3 34.776 5. . . .239 71. .1 62.347 82. .505 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployed. . . .282 53.683 71. . .8 6. . . . . . . . . . . . .489 153.458 7. .413 24. . .809 5. . Not in labor force. . . .3 4.626 114.539 239. . sex. . .476 115. . .9 28. . Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . .620 6.693 64. . .931 9. . . . . . . . .9 45. .443 6. . . .9 63. . .421 64. . . .784 123. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .656 33. . .0 63. . . . . . Unemployment rate. . . .1 11.674 58.564 107.250 81. . . . . . . . . . . . .476 58.322 73. .749 64. .5 11. . . .5 51. . . . . 16. . . . . .6 72. . . . .976 8.717 60. . . . .068 67. . .2 46. . . . . . . . . . . . .2 86. . .6 138. . .056 8. . .951 7. . . . . .5 34. . . . . .811 54. . . Employed. .421 64. .512 59. Employment-population ratio. . . . .5 14. . . . . Participation rate. Participation rate.776 6. . . . .250 82. . .108 63. . .6 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 63.5 9.537 239.9 7. .167 9.3 65. .3 5. .836 66. .838 34. . . . . .9 5.814 9. . . . . .2 65. . . . Civilian labor force. . .3 65. . . . . Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . .280 123. . . . . .648 107. . . . . Employment-population ratio. .7 28. . . . . .332 7. . . . . .760 6. .3 4. . .083 16. . . . . . . . .612 107.812 64. . . . . . . . .642 58. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .509 239. . .070 9. . .117 8.648 8. . . . .347 81. . . . . . . . . . .9 45. .451 106. . . . . . . . . . Employment-population ratio. . . .898 60. . Employed. . . .847 Women. . .4 73. .0 32. . .844 9.737 58. 20 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population.087 9. .526 53.484 123. . . . . 2011 May 2011 June 2011 July 2011 TOTAL Civilian noninstitutional population.991 58.299 25. Unemployed. . . .9 15. . . .668 79. .290 31. . .428 9.7 82. . .683 72. . . . NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 140. . . . . .9 8. .6 1.427 115. . . . . . . . Civilian labor force.296 58. . . . . .654 115. . . . . . .7 4. . .047 115.138 68. . . . .098 54. . .472 Both sexes. . . .199 58.137 67. .372 68. . . . . . . . .785 25. . . . . . . Unemployed.939 66. . . .751 70.135 116. . Not in labor force. . .668 79. . . . . . .067 81. . . .7 4.207 81. . . . . . . .323 10. . . . . . . .0 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 6.9 11. .342 123. . .867 Women. . . Unemployment rate. . . . . . .356 74. . . .3 1. . 122. . . . . . . . . . .674 70. . Participation rate. . . . . .989 70.2 74. . . . . . .5 62. . . . . .704 58.972 114. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 7. . . .208 64. . .760 5. .8 85.8 8. . .469 78. . Employed. . . . . . . . .6 5. . .566 9. . . . .041 123.409 9. . . . . .137 9. . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployed.725 6. . . . .779 58. . . .239 71. .712 9. . . Employment-population ratio. . . . . .937 66. . . .0 65. .

. . .420 59. . . . . . . . . . .011 61. . .2 3. . . . . . . . .5 5. . .555 68. . .364 17. . . . .7 1. . Employed. . . . . . . . .2 1. . . . .5 7. . .793 57. . . . . .9 5. . .9 60. . .503 64. Employment-population ratio. .1 68. . . . . . . .313 29. . . . . . . .870 51. . . . . .1 60. . . . . . . . . .749 58. . . . .7 8.389 8. . .841 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employment-population ratio. .088 69. . . . .1 1. . . . . . . .766 6. race. . . . . . . . . .5 378 14. . Men. . .4 50. . . . . . .791 7. .1 1. .004 16. . . . . . . . .9 68.5 260 40.9 54.696 59. . . .5 9. .9 54. . . . . . . . . .5 11. . .858 7. . . . . . .8 51. . . . . . . . . . . .032 73.7 669 25.540 35. . . . . . . 16 to 19 years Civilian labor force.912 59. . . . .054 62. . . .3 284 41. . . . . Employment-population ratio. .7 8.094 65. .350 59. . . . . . .1 14. . .0 4. . .335 64. . . .9 360 45. Employment-population ratio. . . .914 7. . . .786 50. Employed. .471 54. . .4 14. . . . .6 8. .2 376 14. .877 124. . . .0 5. . .836 61. .546 43. . . .5 114. . . . . .785 59. . .8 5. . . . .109 125. .8 440 16.8 4. . . . . . .718 18. .646 36.603 74. . . . . . .464 59. . .050 61. . . .7 4. . . and age WHITE Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . .0 740 28. . . .745 52.1 115. . . .5 9.2 2. . . Unemployment rate. . .067 51. . Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203 74. .9 11. . . . . and age [Numbers in thousands] Seasonally adjusted1 Not seasonally adjusted Employment status. .1 54. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 387 14. . . .6 3. . . . . . . . . . . . .4 817 30. . .610 28. . . .335 74. . . .669 57. .836 53. .7 65. Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . .106 124. . . . . . . . . . .4 1. . . . . . .866 55. . . . . . . . .7 115. . . .633 59.7 1. Employment-population ratio. . .9 233 39. . . . . . .360 29. . . .066 192. . . .496 193.7 11. .5 14. .2 60. .6 10. . . . . . .3 54. . . . Employed. .8 8.8 1. .4 641 24.4 9. .645 56. . . . . Unemployed. .582 60. .184 55.191 192. . . . Participation rate. . . . . .6 3. . .6 114. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employed. . . . . . . .2 1. . . . . .3 4. .035 17. . . . . .261 8.672 28. . . . .119 68. . . . . .5 3. . . . . .2 361 44. . .8 9. . . . . . . .3 1. . . . . . . Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .016 192. .0 68. . .036 22. . . . . . . .183 60. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .119 7. .7 3. . . . . . . .7 50. .1 68. .0 68. . 2011 Apr.706 59. . sex. .771 124. . . . . . . .2 67. . . . .411 17. . .1 65. . .044 67. . .708 36. .410 – – – – – – . . . . . . . . . .625 28. . . . . .379 11. . . . . . .312 59.377 24. Both sexes.1 1.998 8.7 6. . . . . . .7 59.111 68. . . . . Civilian labor force.3 10. . . . . .5 14.1 7. . . . .307 14. . . .418 74. Employed. . . . . . .450 34. .8 8. . . . . . .0 5. . .200 13. .634 59.3 1. . .923 54. . . .837 37.2 6. . . .7 1. . . .229 28. . Employment-population ratio. . . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-2.0 4.1 54. . . . . . . . . . sex. . .355 68. . . . . .706 28.733 61. . . . . . . .7 65. . . . . .2 7. . . . . .4 50. .5 2. . . . .6 6. . . . Women. . .362 16. . .5 15. . . Unemployment rate. . . . .2 265 41.654 193.854 54. . . . . 20 years and over Civilian labor force.864 73. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .908 51. .005 7. . . . . .8 6. .971 59. Unemployed. . . .811 64. .688 124. . . . . .9 15. .123 17.5 10. . . . . . . . . 20 years and over Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . Unemployed. . 2011 May 2011 June 2011 July 2011 192.2 398 15. . . . .0 6.650 64. . .3 4. .863 54.127 12. . .8 1. . . . . . . .895 61. . . . . . . . . .6 4. . . . .883 7. . .5 267 39. . . . . .7 54. . . . .758 57. . . . . . . . . . . .957 192. . . . .9 594 22. . . . . .429 55. . . Employed. . . . July 2010 June 2011 July 2011 July 2010 Mar. . . . . . . . .186 29. .493 64. . . . . . . . .640 28. . .251 13.6 3. . . . . . . . . . .050 62. . . . . . . . . . . .855 51.2 799 30.164 12. .5 1. . . .603 65. . . . . . . .890 51. .161 63.8 11. . . . . . .989 125. . . .659 65. . .5 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 59. . . . .026 8. . . .4 1. . . .131 23. .6 638 24. . .026 62. . 16 to 19 years Civilian labor force. . .950 59. . . .105 68. . . .8 1. .718 52. . . . . . . . . . . . . .915 46. .1 11. Unemployed. . Unemployment rate. .6 50. .3 4. . . .5 9. . . . . . . .0 9. . . . .235 13.1 2. . . . . . . . .2 945 20. . . .760 53.213 68. . . .9 65. . . . .448 192.718 17. . . . . .0 7. . . . . . .8 3. . . . . . . . . .339 16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . .943 68. .6 54. . . . . . . . . . .8 51. Unemployed. . . .7 114. .6 1.1 54. . . . .7 8. . .882 16. .9 114. .972 16. .1 114. . .345 54. . .123 17. .8 59. . . . . . . Not in labor force.7 114. .6 7. . . .6 3. . .798 45. . . . . . .5 114. . .782 8. . . . . .0 1. . . Unemployment rate. .0 54. . .2 11. . .945 61.1 7. .169 29. . .0 5. . . . . . . . . .138 55. . . . .056 68. . . . . .7 4.7 59. . .2 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployment rate. .680 56. . . . . . . . . .1 50. . . .709 52.8 456 17. .1 682 26. . . .966 51. . . .005 17. .375 23. . . . . .205 7. . . . 20 years and over Civilian labor force. . . . . .9 9. . . . . . .3 4. .9 1. .1 5. .8 5. . . . . . . . . . . . .360 74. . .877 16. . . . . . . . . .2 1. . . . . . . .200 11. . .9 2. .929 67.4 4.993 51. . . .2 11. .995 59. . . . . .9 1. . . . . . . . . .769 15. . . .361 16. . . .7 10. . . . . . . . Civilian labor force.0 7. . . .155 68. . . . . . . . . . . Unemployment rate. . .396 74. . . . . . . . . . . .5 8. . . . . Participation rate. . . . . . . .4 3. .340 8. . . . . .999 55. . . . . . . . .7 306 41. Unemployed. . . . . . . .9 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . .953 61. . Participation rate. . . . .168 68. . . .1 3. .043 29. . Both sexes. .731 56. . . . .093 17. .969 8. . . . . . . .563 35.083 8. . . . . . . . .676 61.063 17. . .966 61. . . . . . ASIAN Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . .652 59.083 23. . . . . . .1 5. . . . . . . . . . Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . .093 17. . Employment-population ratio. . Men. .4 3. . . . .106 125. .6 67. .7 1.767 8. . . . .5 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152 65. . . . . . .750 61. .8 3. .014 7. . .0 10.2 60.833 7. . . . Employed.619 28. . . . . . . . .541 8. . . . . .8 14. .8 64. . . .059 52. . . . . .4 1.127 29. . . . . . .850 68. . . . . . . .170 7. . . . . .167 7. . . . . . . .7 65. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 65. Employed. . . . . . .8 281 42. . . .109 126. . . . . Women. Employment status of the civilian population by race. .830 7. . .382 17.3 668 25. .903 68. . . . . . . . . .657 36. . . . . . .7 6. . .775 55.0 8. . . .8 2. . .358 59. . . . . . .3 3. .099 73. . . . .6 1. . . .348 23. . . . . .9 2. . . . . . Participation rate. . .6 4. . . .0 28. . . . . . .5 10. . . . . .0 59.135 8. . . .849 61.683 36. . .955 55. .0 14.3 1. . .880 16. . .8 7. . . . . .168 32. . . . . . . . .847 53. . . . .652 29. . 20 years and over Civilian labor force. . .309 8. . . .7 6. . . . .958 7.056 62. . . . .122 192. . . . . . . . . Unemployment rate. . . . . .2 3. . .8 402 15. . . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table. . . . . . . . . . . .736 56.3 6. . . .011 21. . . .2 5. . . Participation rate. . . .5 1.341 14. . .651 68. . . . . . . . . . . . .497 64.113 68. . . . . .210 13. . . .5 433 16.6 10. .0 8. . . .9 361 13. . . .008 68. . .217 13. . . . . . . . . . .748 56. . . . . . . . . .2 3. . . . . . . . Participation rate. BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN Civilian noninstitutional population.017 21. . .339 16. . . .9 65. .357 16. . . . . . . .2 67. . . .375 17.429 59.8 50. . . . . Unemployed. . . .839 59. . . . .066 62. . .1 50. . Participation rate. . .4 14. . . .767 15. . .3 9. . .007 16. .3 5. . . . .4 65. . . . .4 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .989 124. . . . . . . . . . . . . .129 7. . .796 15. . . .3 10. .5 11.

995 July 2011 7. .342 65.405 64. . . .2 3. sex. . .8 3.5 504 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employment status of the civilian population by race. . . . Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . Employed. . . . . . . Not in labor force. . . . . . . .9 6. . . . . . . . . .9 568 7. . . . . . . . . . . . .881 60. . . . . . . . . Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . .2 601 8. . 2011 – – – – – – – May 2011 – – – – – – – June 2011 – – – – – – – July 2011 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation. . . . . . . . . . . . and age Civilian labor force.HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns. . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 4. . . . . . . Unemployment rate. . . . .004 July 2010 Mar. . .857 June 2011 7. 2011 – – – – – – – Apr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Participation rate.9 6. . race. .838 59. . . . . . . . . sex. . .Data not available. . . . . NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. . . . . Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. . . therefore. . . . . . .384 64. . .742 60. . . July 2010 7. . . . .6 6. . . . . . . . . and age — Continued [Numbers in thousands] Seasonally adjusted1 Not seasonally adjusted Employment status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

010 34. . . . . . . . .728 13. . .757 12. .980 59. .435 34. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .391 22. . . .105 58. .9 2. . . . . . . . . . .574 34. . . . . .3 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1. .5 20. .839 34. . Employment-population ratio. . .050 12.5 1. . . . .8 7.599 51. .004 81. . .6 20. . . .1 8. . . . . . . . . . . .4 19.065 83.549 33. . . .852 52. . Participation rate.747 22. . . . . . . . identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2011 May 2011 June 2011 July 2011 33. . . . . . . . . . . .2 13. . .3 20. . Unemployment rate. . . . Employment-population ratio. . . .908 67. . . . Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . Men. . . . .798 12. . . . . . .570 11. . .920 66. .7 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .571 11. . . .507 34. . . . . . . . . . . . .0 2. . . . . . . . . . .8 775 23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 years and over Civilian labor force. . . . . . . .5 7. . . . . . 2011 Apr.739 66. . . . . . .5 11. . . . . .8 7. . . Unemployment rate. . .688 11. . . . .9 418 35.110 32. . . .653 11. . . Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . July 2010 June 2011 July 2011 July 2010 Mar. . . . . . .479 34. . . . . . . . 20 years and over Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . Employed. .4 1. . .2 10. . . . . .741 66. . . Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . .025 58.884 66. . . . . . . . .7 1. .9 20.715 11. . . . . . .747 22. Employed. .3 11. . . . . . . Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age [Numbers in thousands] Seasonally adjusted1 Not seasonally adjusted Employment status. . .596 11. . . . . . . . . . . .1 1.171 58. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0 11.110 58.3 360 35. . .737 67. . .731 73. . . . . .3 11. . . .470 22. .018 29.7 2.3 11. Unemployed. NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. . . . . . . . Unemployed. .2 987 11. . . . .330 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-3. . . . . . .798 66. . . .470 22. . . . .882 74. . . . . .3 20. Unemployment rate. . . . Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. . . . . . . therefore. . . . . .571 34. . . . . . . .8 402 36. . . . . .311 22. . Women. . . . .164 58. . . .206 9. . . .5 20. . . . . . . . Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .391 22. . .676 66. . . . . . . .1 11. . . . . . . . . . . Participation rate. . . . . . .8 13. .233 22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .735 74. . . . . . . Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . .0 20. . . 16 to 19 years Civilian labor force. . . . Participation rate. . . . . . Employed. . . . . . .010 11. Employed. . .650 58. .722 57. . . . . . . .6 11. . . . . . .9 11. . . . . . . . . . . . .088 82. . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 658 19.8 11. .0 1. Not in labor force. . . . . Unemployed. . .6 2.273 9. . .2 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 8. . Unemployed. sex. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .241 58. . .2 11. . . . .7 1. .193 36. . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 708 20.2 2. . .9 2. . .155 22. . . . . . . . . .4 2. . . . . . . . . . .325 59. . . . . . . . . . .816 66. .6 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 1. Both sexes. and age HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . .643 11. . . . . . . . . . .4 20. . . . .735 51. . . . . . . . . .2 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation. . . . . . .4 8.Data not available. .861 58. . .110 59. . . . . . . . . .

... .621 76. . . . ...686 68.583 61.752 15... .2 3.3 1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.792 70. . . . ...1 37.. .9 2.. .....3 11.9 3. .. .5 2. . ... .. Employment-population ratio.059 39. 2011 May 2011 June 2011 July 2011 Less than a high school diploma Civilian labor force......980 76..171 60..807 74...... .......6 36. . ....7 45......9 37.6 34.6 1.. .. ..725 72..4 46. . and doctoral degrees...852 64.0 33..963 76..... ......1 11......8 1. .2 44. .. ..... . . ..6 3..0 3. Employment-population ratio..... .. ..739 9... .. ..286 40.... ... .. .. ...822 10...... .786 69.9 44.. .897 77. . . 2 Includes persons with bachelor’s. Unemployment rate.1 43...9 3. ... ..5 3.. ..641 14. ... . ....9 1...186 4. . .626 9. ... ...... . ...128 8....... . .938 64. . ....730 7. Employed. . ..0 9.. ...653 69...... ......0 44. .. . .894 73.506 60..6 3...789 73.1 12. . .... .. .. Participation rate.. . .... 46. .0 1.. .... 2011 Apr. Employed..579 63. . . ......4 46.1 33.704 46.. ..... . .1 37.... .876 38... .. .5 9. . ..... . ......169 8.351 60.048 8.... . . .. . ... ..345 40..780 69..5 2. . .. .. . ..092 4. .499 9.7 11. ... . ... ...... .1 9..4 36. .652 46.629 46. .907 64. ..141 40.... . .7 33.....654 54. ...531 13..0 2.. . ...7 11...4 33.0 37......3 Some college or associate degree Civilian labor force.... .....0 33.. .113 59... ...538 9...3 Bachelor’s degree and higher2 Civilian labor force. ... ...... .988 40. ..691 14. . Unemployment rate... .3 3.. Employed.. ... ... ... Participation rate.5 37.. ... .. . .. ..HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-4...081 8... ... .881 54. . ... ......0 1..0 44...5 2. ...5 36.5 46..653 60. . .. ..8 33..442 45. ... ... .. . ..685 14..888 72. .. master’s. ..0 36.. .4 3..... ...505 60..079 8.... .454 69.. professional.. .517 9... Unemployed. . ...317 5.. ... . .... .9 3. .9 33.. . .823 46.538 13. . .. . Employment-population ratio. Participation rate. ... .. . Unemployed. Unemployment rate... .076 4. no college1 Civilian labor force.. . . .....0 46..4 46... .. Employed..... . ..1 10.4 36. .. . ...843 73..2 43.006 54..8 44. Unemployment rate. 37...4 34. ..9 11. .715 64. ... ...3 3....750 54...4 10.069 4. .4 2... .757 38.925 77. . ..9 2.. .1 2. ... ...... ... . ...013 47... . .919 76......... . ... .. . . . .0 11.. .775 10.435 72.. .003 4.7 37.4 2.836 54....5 2. .. ....4 36. .044 4. .9 1.. . Employment-population ratio. . Unemployed...... ... . ..612 60. .581 9...6 33.4 3.768 38.6 9. NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. . .7 33.... .928 8...5 46.... . ....... .884 70...2 10. ..109 4.6 11.668 13... .. . . ..155 55..844 54. .1 10....2 33..6 1.657 63. .118 4. .072 54..... . .042 76. .4 1. ... . .... ..680 76..5 37...977 61.. ....633 76. .. ... ..567 45....364 9.. .... ..4 3...4 36.... Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment [Numbers in thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Educational attainment Seasonally adjusted July 2010 June 2011 July 2011 July 2010 Mar..7 2..3 33..637 69.672 46.. .... .1 44. . 36.. .. Unemployed. .. ..5 3.711 64.5 3. ... 11..5 46. .677 72.. .. ...... ...5 1.813 54..5 37.... .392 45.. .. . .406 63..9 33...715 7.6 2.. ..593 13. ..952 39. . . ... .0 High school graduates... . .. Participation rate.7 33. . . .6 34... .2 33.9 9.. .624 14.706 68. .. ... . . .. ...5 36.. .028 8...708 63.9 33.5 44. . . ....590 72......

. .277 9. . . . . .806 10. . . . . .371 9.739 53. .0 316 55. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present).3 232 12. . . . . . . Not in labor force. . . .5 6. . . .210 10. . . . . . . . . . . . .3 226 56. . . . . . . .758 1. Unemployment rate. . . . . . Employment-population ratio. . .9 65 5. . Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .878 80. . . . . . . 10. . . . . . . . Participation rate. . . . .3 1. . . . . .560 375 106 28. . .947 2. . Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 286 8. . . . . . . . . . . . .9 63. . . . . . . .3 331 8. . . .9 292 8. . .174 53. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. . .3 128.0 108 402 262 65.HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-5. . . . . . . . .324 52. . . . . Employed.0 953 52. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 1. . . Employed. . Participation rate. . . . . . . . .053 58. .085 58.285 77.3 2. . . .035 70. Employed. . . . . . .1 139 Gulf War-era I veterans Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . .528 90.1 9.654 33. . . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployment rate. . .8 669 1.721 NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U. . . . . . . . .4 994 8. . . . . . . . .0 68. . . . . . Armed Forces. .335 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Not in labor force. . . Unemployment rate. . .4 9. . . . . . . . .3 63. . . . Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975). Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. . . .6 223 NONVETERANS. . . . .3 316 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .306 55.6 13. . . . . . .3 739 Gulf War-era II veterans Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . Unemployed. . . . .1 322 402 295 73.470 1. . . . . . . . . . . . .9 191 7. . . . . . . . . . .596 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 492 2. . . .0 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .412 48. . . .426 3. . . . . .2 32 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .328 31. Civilian labor force. . . .209 5. . .0 127. . . Employed. . . . . . . . . and period of service July 2010 Men July 2011 July 2010 Women July 2011 July 2010 July 2011 VETERANS. . . . . . . .717 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .441 2. . . . . . . . . . .6 185 573 349 61. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .809 48. . . . .554 92. . . . . . . . . . . .609 74. . . . .5 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .787 1. Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 183 12. . . Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 325 71. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .712 69. .7 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . and other service periods (all other time periods). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 361 456 349 76. . . .140 21.397 54. . . . . . . . . . Participation rate. . . . . .5 66. 18 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population.959 67. . . . . .6 33 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .425 9. .1 34 9. . . . . . .434 58. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .573 61. . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployment rate. . . . 5. . . . . .538 54. .803 117. . . . . . . Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .969 80. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 6 1. . . . . . .3 6. .9 110 10. . . . . . . . . Participation rate.0 20. . . . . .6 2 2. . . . . . . . . . . .674 59. . . . Civilian labor force. . . .794 10. . . . . Employed. . . . . . . . . and Vietnam-era veterans Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 363 65. . . . . .8 865 8. . . . . . . . . . . . .2 131 World War II. .9 10.596 3. . . . . . . . . . . .242 32. . . . . . . . . . . . .8 19. . .551 33. . . . . . . . . . . .125 87.6 2. . . . . . .457 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 24 6. . . . . . . .7 3. . . . .227 553 368 66. . . . not seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Total Employment status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 262 65. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .806 116. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployed.7 6. . . . . . . . . . . Civilian labor force.S.5 215 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .096 85. . .471 19. .395 69. .863 49. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 3. . .088 3. . . . .456 83.265 76. . . . . .1 46. . . . . . . . . . . . .824 84. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .802 1. . .529 87.5 930 8. . . . . . . . .092 71. . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 268 7. .357 209. . . . .161 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 104 27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .265 140. . . . . . . . . .897 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .645 70. . . . . . .6 3. .7 156 7. . . .206 59. .4 64. . . . . . 207. . . . . . . . . Employment-population ratio. . . . . .971 3. . .968 3. . . World War II (December 1941-December 1946). . . period of service. .2 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 108 490 359 73. . . . . . . . .4 1. . . . . . .997 11. Civilian labor force. . .420 73. . . . . 2.5 328 8. . . .908 59. . . . . . . . .4 2. . . . . . . . .2 86 25. . . . . . . . . . .1 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .554 70. . . .3 326 66. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .293 79. . .3 2. .473 85. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Not in labor force. . .857 53. . . .0 47. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 195 12. . .0 229 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001). . . . .339 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 262 8.7 9. . . . Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .985 36. .4 461 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. . . . . . . . . Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . .4 1. . . . . . . . . . . Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 37 14. .884 3.459 47. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 10. .2 12. . . . . . . . . . . . . .387 52. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21. . . . . . . . . . . . . .394 5. . . . . . . .4 64. . . . . . .965 9. . . . . . . . . . . . .4 6. . . . . . . . . . .3 423 2. . .487 140. . . . . . . . . .6 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employment-population ratio. . . Unemployed. . . . . . . . . .415 3. . . . .1 2. . . Not in labor force. . . and sex. . .450 5. . . . . . . . Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . .860 70. . . . .9 158 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .859 53. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .528 35. . . . . .S. . . . . . . . . . .2 975 8. . Unemployed. . . . . .4 6. . . . . . . . . .2 180 7. . . . . . . . . . . . 18 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . veteran status. . . . . . . . .615 83. .7 246 Veterans of other service periods Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . .3 3. . . . . . .1 1. . .2 9. .2 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . .620 34. . . . . . . . .986 10. .118 62. . . . . . .702 9. .9 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .063 59. . . . . . . . Employed. . . . Korean War. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .209 20. . . . . . . . . . .0 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Participation rate. . . . . . . . .879 36. . . . . . . . . . . . .8 336 2. .943 54.257 61.1 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 269 338 92 27.908 68. Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .346 76.9 260 7. . . . . . . . . .937 1. . . . . . . .8 226 7. . . Korean War (July 1950-January 1955). . . . . . . . . .939 78. . . . . . Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .574 59. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 6 6. . . . . . . . .6 1. .312 3. . . . . . . .999 78. . . . . . . . Participation rate. . . . . . .

....... ........ .....3 1.... .. ...... .....2 416 18.... .... . ......749 854 6...........3 69.606 36.... ... .. 16 to 64 years Civilian labor force... ...036 71....... . .. .. . ...890 149.. . . . ... .. ....... ... ...... ..223 212...... .... ... ... . ... . .... .5 5... . .... .... Employed........ .1 386 6........ .......215 29...... .... . .. ... ..... ....... .. .1 10... . ........801 24.4 20. . .......210 9..... ... .. ...8 4... .... .. Employment-population ratio......... ..... ..8 21..816 24. .. . . .. ..684 18. . .... . ....... .... . .824 21... ... . ... ....6 135... . .... . . ..425 20. 26......... ..2 4... Unemployment rate. ... . ............. .........HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-6.039 70. ..... .135 NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing... .... ...0 919 16.. ...... .....8 5.3 21..... ... ... ... Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.... not seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Persons with a disability Employment status............ .... Not in labor force. . .... . .. ... .............. .. .5 62....... . .......... ..2 89 11. ....... ..... ...... Unemployment rate.. . . ....... ... ... .. ... ...... ....... .. . ..... .. ... .. ....602 2.. has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs.. ... .. ....... ........ .. ..... Employed.... .. . Participation rate. Unemployed...... ..... ... ..458 9......... . ... ...... . ......555 64.. ..7 1. ..393 149....... . ..... ..... ...... ....0 399 6.827 65.......... ... . . ..354 Men. .. ...... .. .... ...... ..... ..... ..... . . .. . .. . ..... .... ..... .. ......505 211. ...167 30.... .. .... .... ... . ...... . . . . . . ... ...... .. . Participation rate..... ... Employed... .. ... ............... .. ....... . 16 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population...... ..... . ..... . Employment-population ratio. ..... . remembering..... ....147 22. .....270 Women.... ... . ....... .......... . ........... .... . .. .. .. ...... ....... .7 6.. .. . . .. ..... .... ... .. ..9 771 6. ....... .... ... ......1 6.... is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses.. .. ...... ... mental.. and age July 2010 July 2011 Persons with no disability July 2010 July 2011 TOTAL... ... Employment-population ratio........ ...9 14.499 5. .. Employment-population ratio. ..... ... ......... .. ......... . . .. ... ... .. .... . or emotional condition........4 5. .. ... ....... ..... ..... ... . . ...1 439 16..... or emotional condition.761 21. ......3 26. ...... . .... ...278 5... .....232 29............ . . .. . . ... ... .. has serious difficulty concentrating. . .... . Not in labor force........8 13.9 14... ............ .. . ... .. ... ... .. .. ...... .....603 21.2 83 9... .1 15... ....208 83... ... .. .. . .2 2.. . . ........ ..5 4......... . . .. . .. . . .. ... . ...... . ... ... .... .. ..... .... .. or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping because of a physical.... .. Not in labor force.. .802 17.. .. Civilian labor force.......046 2. 2.. .. ... ..198 75. . . . ..... .... ... . ......... .. ..2 135.218 9.581 63.. . . . . ... .687 36..... .. ...... ...... .000 5... .... .... .... .. Employment status of the civilian population by sex.. .... ... ...609 9...... 805 7...... .... Unemployed..... age... . 65 years and over Civilian labor force........ ..... ......2 26..... ... ..... .. Not in labor force.. . .. .. ... . ... ... . ..... ..............129 9. .... ......... ..... .......... .. ............... ..450 63. ..... mental... ... .... ... or making decisions because of a physical. ....... .....460 66. .... . .266 75...8 7... .. .. Employed. Unemployed.0 63. .. ... . ... . Unemployment rate.... . .. ... .. .. ... ........ ...... .6 970 16..... .. ..... . . ... ..685 71.7 11....773 21.... Unemployment rate. . ... . ..942 9..... .. ..2 69. . ... .. ...................0 716 6...... ...... .. ...432 76... . and disability status....2 60..... . . . .. ........ .. . . ..... sex. ..... ..... .. . . .......7 6. .. .. ....668 70. .... 2........ . . .. . .192 30..... .734 76.397 27... .. ..... . .. . ... . Unemployed. Participation rate.. ... .. ... ...8 21. .... ...6 4... . .. ...............331 6.7 60... .. .. .6 5...... . ...... .......... . .... ... ... ... ..... . .808 84.. ...... ...... .... .. . .... .9 391 17.. ..... .. ... .. . .... ... .. ..... ... .. has difficulty dressing or bathing....... ... ... . . ... ..... .. . . .... Participation rate. .949 Both sexes. ..9 472 17. ..... ........ .2 2. ..272 67. ... 16 to 64 years Civilian labor force..

. .918 10. . . . .683 130. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176 9.684 64. . . .408 63. . . . .7 932 9.3 6. . . .. . . . . . .207 24. . . .1 6.9 2.3 72. . . . . . Employment-population ratio.973 49. . .203 53. . . . Unemployment rate. . . . Not in labor force. . . . . . . . .5 12.673 17. . . .2 12. . . . . . .917 63. . . . . . . . . .266 14. . . . .746 80.. .999 59.476 53. . . . . .884 58. .8 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .516 67.909 49. . . . .S. . .101 18. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .996 61. . .291 72. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .326 70. .941 54. . . . . .5 8.264 60. .340 73. . . . . . . . . .296 64.2 8. .799 96. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployment rate. . . Employed. . . citizen.8 1. . . . . 16 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population. . . .0 56. . . .100 68. . . . . . .615 98. . . . . . .8 8. ..796 9. Employed.0 968 9. . . . . . . . .621 36. . . . . . . . . .5 5. . . . .941 68. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. .5 2. . . . . .S. . . . . .2 118. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .384 104. . . . . .249 61. . . . . . .247 14. . . . . Unemployed. . . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-7.120 58. .7 13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 5. .5 61. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 12. . . . . .095 130. . .741 62. . . . .252 9.5 11. . . . . . Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 42. . . . . Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . That is.. . . . . . . . . . . .999 203. .328 9. . . . . . .800 9. . . . . . . .387 Native born. . . .8 117. .841 54. . . .996 NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U. . . . . . . . . . . . Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. .586 67. .7 8. . . . . . .358 59. . . . .520 18. Civilian labor force. . citizen. . . citizens at birth. . .576 24.5 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 61. . . .. . . . . Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . .882 9. . to parents neither of whom was a U. . . . . . .4 42. .297 69. . . . . . . .380 9. . . . . . . .8 70. . . .9 22. .S. . . . . . . . . .. . . Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .575 79. . . not seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Total Employment status and nativity July 2010 Men July 2011 July 2010 Women July 2011 July 2010 July 2011 Foreign born. . . Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 56. . . . .284 8. . . . .942 9.803 104. .3 29. . . . . . . 36. . . . . . . . . Employment-population ratio.9 13. . . . . . . . . . The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam. . . . . .405 9. .0 1. . . . .337 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0 22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .060 18. . . . .1 28. . . . . . . . 16 years and over Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . 201. . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . Nonagricultural industries Part time for economic reasons3 ..381 692 107. . . . .600 5.689 2.035 128. . . . . Self-employed workers. .983 8.655 – 2. . .704 2. . . . . . .. . . . . . . .542 2.051 2. . . .235 17. . .087 1. Slack work or business conditions. . Unpaid family workers. . . . Private industries.332 18. ..433 5.738 5. . . 4 Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems.994 2.. . . .927 83 2. . .341 18. . . . . . Government. 2011 May 2011 June 2011 July 2011 2. . . .533 6. . .258 8.551 128. .384 6. .950 20. . . . . . . . . . . .302 108. . . . . .164 2. holidays.484 1.610 5. . . . .309 108. .396 5. . . . . . . .Data not available.726 108. . . . . Wage and salary workers1 . . . . . . .737 5. . . Self-employed workers. .886 8.318 108. .393 20. . .569 2. . .880 1 Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated. . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-8. .510 8. . . .189 1. .599 127. . . . . .360 16. . . Could only find part-time work. . . . . . . Unpaid family workers. unincorporated. .. . . . . . . . . . 2011 Apr... Wage and salary workers1 . ..707 20. .217 1. .989 – 106. ..680 8.400 5. .711 128. .209 – 107. . . .438 2. .. . . . . . . . . . . .514 5. . and other reasons. . . .470 8. . . . .800 20. . . .511 8.. . .416 1.437 20.543 – 2.538 822 108. . . . . . .419 810 – 136.391 822 – 137. . .731 2. . . . . . . . . . . .283 8. unincorporated. . .151 8.858 107. . . .355 8. .126 8. 3 Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status [In thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Category CLASS OF WORKER Agriculture and related industries. . . . . .328 825 – 136. . . . . . inability to find full-time work.525 – 8. .. . . Other industries. .444 18. . or seasonal declines in demand. . .. PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME2 All industries Part time for economic reasons3 .752 76 2. . ..218 5.400 5. Part time for noneconomic reasons4 . .505 – 107. . . . . . . . .251 8. . . .806 2. . .883 20. ..773 – 2. .186 – 107.139 108. .977 8. . .517 18.301 18. . . . . . This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations. . . . .555 16.. . . .837 128. . . . . . . .635 8.907 2. . . . . . NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. . . . . .485 884 47 137. Private households. .548 5. .840 20.468 8. .457 17. . . . .265 5. . . .200 19.595 128. . . . .. .423 835 – 137.552 5. . .. Seasonally adjusted July 2010 June 2011 July 2011 July 2010 Mar.661 109.650 – 2.251 1.305 17. .. . . .475 5.581 2.536 16. .570 2. illness. .219 8. .595 2. . ..780 – 2. . . . .507 875 36 137.282 8. .900 129. . .504 2.326 108. . .243 1. . . . .. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.537 16. .362 8. . . . . .. .744 766 107.946 – 107. . . . .070 – 107.803 20. . .618 82 2. . . . . . and bad weather. Could only find part-time work. . . . 2 Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week. .687 2. . . .480 18. . . Slack work or business conditions.417 8.716 8.689 8. .466 17. . .600 5. . . . . . . . .. Part time for noneconomic reasons4 . .596 867 21 137. . . . . . .717 128. .834 2.. . . retirement or Social Security limits on earnings. . .319 8. . .727 8.570 17. .372 5. .419 1.928 106. . . . . . . family or personal obligations. . . .660 2. . . .738 128.346 16... school or training. . . . . . .313 8. .401 18. . . . .245 818 – 137.984 8. . . Nonagricultural industries.967 8. .473 18. .383 829 – 137. . .245 1. . . . . . . . .

. . . .416 30. . . 65. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176 2. . . . . .525 13.438 64.564 65. . . . . .275 121. . .296 4. .405 30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .345 – 42. . . . .573 43. . . . . .388 2. . . . . . 25 to 54 years. . . spouse present.711 65.8 6. . . . . .213 33. . . . . . . . . . .446 72. . .945 135. .733 139. .982 135. . . . .550 30. .177 2. . .149 57. 2 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week. . .537 63. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .035 12. . . . . .646 65. . . . . . . . 113. . . .129 4. . .OR PART-TIME STATUS Full-time workers1 . . .477 – 9. . . . . . . . .627 5. .665 16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157 32. .680 905 1.385 2.731 65. . . . .014 15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .690 30.746 4. . . . . . 20 to 24 years. .414 16. . . .949 30. . . . . 20 to 24 years. . .418 111. . . . . . . .7 6.447 17. . .449 9. . .431 65. . . . . . . .023 139. unincorporated.890 13. . .322 30. . . . 25 years and over. . .177 28. . . . . . . . .479 93. . .064 43. . . .247 2. . . . . . . . . . . 35 to 44 years.772 13. . .239 57. . . . .087 74. . . . . . . . .641 93. . . . . . . .249 2. .124 15.776 72. .409 13. . . . .075 30. .302 32. . .646 72. . .329 16. .343 2. . . . . .768 15.123 15. . . . . .421 17. . .756 2. .886 8. .306 14. . . . . . . . .464 71. . . . .979 28. . . . . .775 27. . . . . .573 65.222 713 1.987 34.269 16. . .288 30. .939 5. . . . . .989 28. . . . .287 14. 6. .463 30. . . . . . . . . . . . .602 2. .090 74. .734 – FULL. .126 671 1. . . .624 16. .698 3. . .829 43. . . . . . .789 13. .605 – 9. .419 12. . .800 13. . .014 2. 140. . . . . . . . . .747 62. . .848 2. . .797 13. . .756 65. . . . . . . .895 28.510 63. . . . . . . .919 30. .004 13. . .566 6. . Married women. . . . . . .451 71.751 93. .937 6. . . . .427 7. . . . . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-9. . . . . . . . . . . . .343 2. . . . . . . . . .505 30. . .906 27. . . . . . . . . . .968 15.677 122. . . . . . .386 17. . . . . . . . . . . . . .471 779 1. . .530 139. . . . . . . . . . . . . .098 6. . .619 888 1. . . . . . . . . . .207 50.441 30. .216 6. . . . . . .340 6. . . . . . . . .481 16. . .441 71.610 33. . . . . .691 62. . . . . .591 134. . . .749 2.875 13. . . . . . . .722 139. . . . 55 years and over. . . .959 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .211 50. . .616 16. . .340 6.098 94. . . . . .285 65. . . .553 4. . . . . .096 33.759 26. . . . . . . . . . .609 794 1.631 65. . 16 years and over. . . .784 15. .836 6. . . . 16 to 19 years. .0 6. .557 16.528 13. . . . .978 122. . . .230 43. . . .440 121. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145 33. . 35 to 44 years. . .376 50. . . .137 6. . . . . . .573 826 1. . .466 2. . . .217 15. NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. .313 56. . .358 43. . . . . . . .9 6. . . . . .712 65. . . . . . . . . . . . . .708 13. . . .864 4. .222 665 1. . . .190 638 1. . . . .605 32.554 3. . . . . . .747 16. . .097 73. .479 6. . . .051 65. . . .539 12. . . .7 6. . .062 – 42. . . .441 32. . . . . . . . . .320 2. . . . . . .811 5. . . . . . . . 43. . . .068 6. . . .160 113. . . .108 75. . . 45 to 54 years. . . . Women who maintain families. . . . . . .367 33. . . . . . .371 17. . . . .881 15. . . . . .990 135. . .861 4. . . . . . . . . . . . 16 to 19 years. .342 16. . . . Selected employment indicators [Numbers in thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Characteristic Seasonally adjusted July 2010 June 2011 July 2011 July 2010 Mar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .949 93. . . . .236 – 42. . .9 6. . .255 26. . . . . . . .989 135. . 16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . .021 122. .911 122. . . . . . . . . . . . 45 to 54 years.038 43. .454 71. . . . .677 16. . . . . . .666 16.358 16.149 688 1.157 13.004 33. . . . 45 to 54 years. . . . .170 32. .723 13. . . . . . . . .641 17. . . . . .890 135.186 672 1. . .214 57. . . . . . .724 4. .844 13. . . . . . . . . . . . .217 15. .429 71. . . . . . .244 1.224 43. . . . . . . .107 16. . . . . . . incorporated.087 112. . .461 50. . .538 30. .526 2. . .841 13. . . . . . .289 121. . . . . . .548 63.606 MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS Total multiple jobholders. . . .484 27. . . . .249 32. . . . . . . . .780 30. . .607 16. . .335 1 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week. Percent of total employed. .745 28.163 50. . . . .966 73. . . . .702 2. . . .631 111. . . . 20 years and over. .372 – 9. . . .238 56. . . . . . .767 13. . . . .860 122. . . . .040 594 1. . . .146 Women.193 50.358 2. . .Data not available. .167 15. . . . . .939 6. . .569 93. . . . . . . . . . . . 18 to 19 years. . . .372 34. . . .816 62. .754 65. . .862 14. .676 – 43. . . . . . . . .282 2. .741 4.083 14.811 6. . . . 18 to 19 years. . . . . 16 to 17 years. . . . . . . .880 13. . . . . . . . . . . .624 112. .809 13. . . . .859 27. . .170 9. . . . .418 56.485 – 9. .880 4.600 13. . .9 6.132 9. .973 2. . . . . . . . . . . . .155 9. .134 5. . . . .627 30.8 6. .679 12. . .228 93. . . .200 654 1. . .813 13. . . .934 50. .088 112. . . . . . . . .421 775 1. . . . .018 16. .702 17. . . 20 years and over. . .677 Men. . . . . . .384 5. . . . . . . . . . .494 63. . . . . . . . . .193 43.592 74. . .197 32. . .208 2. .584 13. .481 17.290 57.342 27. . .880 34. . .108 2. . . . . . . . . .193 50.418 138.255 1. . . .731 72. . . .561 13.532 MARITAL STATUS Married men. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .175 93. .808 28. . .833 15. . 55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 years and over. . . . .127 65. . . . . . . . .468 – 9. . . 16 years and over. . . . . .448 50. . . . .982 43. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .998 33. . . 5. .875 113. . .509 140. .714 3. . . . . . 20 to 24 years. . . . .879 15. . . . . .603 6.608 – 9. . . .478 135. .710 15. . . 16 years and over. . . .461 63. .191 13.857 65. . . . .172 13. . . 25 to 34 years. . . . .789 140. . Part-time workers2 . . . 25 to 54 years. 55 years and over. . 16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . .124 15. . . .431 30. . . . . . .365 17. . .806 28. .164 43. . . . .272 43. . .189 15. . .670 139. . . .096 16. . . . . . . . . . . 25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . .193 1. . . . .402 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . .423 93. . . . . .145 112. .674 4. 35 to 44 years. . . .775 6. . . . .588 74. . . . . .401 65. . . .238 13. . .312 1. 74.333 30. .339 1. . . . . . . .974 134. . . . . . . .201 65. . . .266 57. .779 4. . . .8 SELF-EMPLOYMENT Self-employed workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . .733 13.077 646 1. 2011 May 2011 June 2011 July 2011 AGE AND SEX Total. . .533 13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.033 582 1. . . . . . .588 7. . . . .775 4. . . .299 1. . .470 32. . . . . .826 – 43. . . . . . . . . . 25 to 34 years.240 1. .002 27.891 1. . . 25 years and over. .290 1.052 12. . spouse present. .290 43. . .243 9. . . . . .241 16. . .974 26. . . . . . . . . . . . .537 63. .172 691 1. . . . .428 17. . . . . . . . . . . . .354 30. . . .768 13. 16 to 17 years.157 56. . . . . . Self-employed workers. . . . . . . . . .326 2. . . . . 25 to 54 years.334 4. .798 14.991 4. . 18 to 19 years.337 135.908 2. . . . . .970 122. . . .892 28.591 13. . . . . . .072 652 1. .133 73. . . . . . 2011 Apr. . . 20 years and over.579 4.907 27. . . .

. . .9 8.4 6.2 8.5 19. . . . . ..001 1. ..142 13. .. . . . . .8 24.. .. spouse present.270 6.3 8. .8 9.175 897 6.. .081 2. ... .6 7.399 535 869 12.. 16 to 17 years. Women who maintain families1 .525 3. . . . .. .1 7. . . . .819 2.3 7. .931 1. . . .854 12. .. ...1 6. . .9 13.. .2 7. 25 to 54 years. . . .. . . . . . Selected unemployment indicators. .. . . . .668 1.... .0 13. . ..2 28. . . NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. . . ...335 2.. ..6 7.1 7.4 10. .4 29. .. . . . .6 12... .. .... . . . .5 6. .. . . ... . 16 to 17 years. . . . ..3 8..4 9.2 29.0 7. . . .5 14. . . . . 3. .608 1.0 7. .0 13. . .. . .9 5.. . .. . . ..100 1.5 23.7 7...1 9.5 7. .. .. . . .0 8.5 9. . .123 9.4 8. . ..4 7.0 9. . . . ..6 6. . .562 3. . . . .0 5. .2 29.8 6. . . . . .498 1.389 1. . . .678 3.1 7.. . .6 8. . . .5 14. .6 25.4 6. . . ..1 8. . .314 8.4 8... .4 9.3 27.158 1. .999 1. . .4 5.. . . ... . . . . . . . . .. . . .. .... . . .429 6.. ... .6 8.. .. .1 8. .. . .1 24....9 Men. .0 31.. .0 28... . . .. .1 5. 18 to 19 years.. . .7 5.842 1. . .8 6. . . .7 6.. . ..5 8. . .. . .5 6. .. ..5 22. .. . . . .. .1 FULL... . . . ....5 9. . . . . . . . .4 20.. . 35 to 44 years. . .. . .7 25. ..4 26.9 8.167 1. 20 years and over.0 8. . . .. . .7 9. . . 18 to 19 years. .. .9 7..3 6. .0 9.. .. spouse present. . .. . .035 1.5 20.. ..423 1. .972 12. . .9 25. 25 years and over..7 29.2 9. .6 8. .. . .. . .. . .7 8. . . .952 1. .231 2.. . .5 18.549 1. 16 years and over. . . .6 8. 8. . . .325 2.8 9. ..4 23. ... .362 2. . .. .7 7.4 30. . . . . .7 6.. .. . . .1 7.740 1. .7 9.. . . . . 16 to 19 years.. . .8 6. . .581 2.378 3. . . .. . . . .4 22. . .. . . . . . . .. ..4 7. . . .. . . .5 5.. .088 638 262 379 5.6 8. .3 7. . . .... . . . .3 7..5 25. . .2 22...7 7. ..2 8.1 8. .... . . .... .. . .. ... . .6 10.111 2.7 7. .. . .3 9.. .1 1 Not seasonally adjusted. . .9 7. . .190 10. . Married women. .. . . . . . . ..7 6. .952 785 285 502 7..0 9. . . .5 9.. . .. ...7 26. 45 to 54 years. . . ..493 3. . . 6. . 16 to 19 years..3 14. .. .3 7. . . .019 1. . . .5 8. . 18 to 19 years. .653 1. . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . .. ...4 9.. 2011 May 2011 June 2011 July 2011 AGE AND SEX Total. .2 7. . .OR PART-TIME STATUS Full-time workers2 . 20 to 24 years.520 867 321 533 7.3 7. . .6 21..... . . ..8 8. . . . . . .319 2. . . . ..3 6. ....7 6. 14..1 17.254 5. .. . . . ..519 2. . 25 to 54 years.7 8. . . .2 15. . . . .... . .239 6. .. .. . .1 7.526 587 924 13. . .8 13. .584 1. .7 9... . . .. . 55 years and over1 . . . .4 7.8 8...688 2... . .695 2. ... . . . .. . .. . .. . . . ... .866 1. . .3 9. ..6 7. . 20 years and over.0 7.9 7. .. . . . .. ..6 14. . . . . . . .5 29.7 27. 25 years and over..0 15. . . . .520 951 4. . ..5 26.6 5.4 7..0 22.9 31. . ... .3 8.111 984 6.0 32.450 938 4. . .8 16. . .8 9. .5 7.. . .6 6.2 28. . . 25 to 34 years. .. . . . .. . 12. .5 27. . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . .. .8 9. . . . 45 to 54 years. .2 7. . . .. . ..3 25. .4 7. .5 5. . .9 9. ..9 8.. . .261 5. . . . . .2 8... .1 32.257 2..8 7.. . .2 9. .8 9. . .9 15. . .2 6. . .. . . 2011 Apr. 20 to 24 years. . Part-time workers3 ... . .. . . . .. . ..4 21. .. .. .. . . . . . . .8 12. . . . ... ....412 540 870 12. . . .. . ..7 11.0 7.. .7 7.. 16 years and over...5 6. 35 to 44 years. .9 15..6 7. .. ...070 1. . . . . .. 25 years and over.0 24.. . .. . . . . .. .7 27. .. . . 45 to 54 years. .. ... .. . . ..8 7. . .. . . . . ... ..844 774 278 491 7. seasonally adjusted Characteristic Number of unemployed persons (in thousands) Unemployment rates July 2010 June 2011 July 2011 July 2010 Mar. . .. 20 years and over... .. . . .. . . . . .1 7. ..1 10. . . ..4 9..649 2.087 1. .. .442 1. . .. .5 21.6 7. .600 2. . .. .7 8. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.. . . .8 7.072 14. . . ..821 1.637 1.644 1. . ... .. . . . .7 9. .. . . .. .. . . .. . . .6 27. . . . .151 1... . . .547 2. . . .2 7. .157 3.... . . .. . . . . . .9 13.. .. . ..... . .104 1.. . . .3 7...093 1.1 30.1 6.. . .. .132 1....5 6.117 659 266 391 5. . . . . .7 7.. . . .. . .. . . ..787 8... .4 28. ..710 1.. . .. . . . . . .. .1 7.821 4. .010 4. . 3 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs..7 7..337 10..5 28...7 13. 16 to 19 years.192 10. . . .. . .. . .1 15.8 8. .. .. . .. . . .0 9. . . . . . . . . .5 7. . 55 years and over.. . .. . . . . .0 9. .. . .390 1. .7 23. ..2 24. ... . . . .. .213 10. 35 to 44 years.9 12.781 10. .8 9.. . ..... . .8 6.7 12.1 6.. . . . .. .4 Women. .6 16.. ... ..5 8... . . . . . .. .227 7. . . . ... . . ...HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-10. 25 to 34 years.3 26. .5 8. . . .0 8. ... . . .. .7 7.. . . . . ...6 6.8 30. . 2 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs. .7 9. 55 years and over. ..9 8.042 8. . .1 6.458 908 4. . . ..2 5.7 7. . ..9 5.. . . .. . . . . .. . ....9 19..9 9.. 25 to 34 years. . . . . . .. .. . . .425 1.573 8.3 MARITAL STATUS Married men..382 1. . . .4 21.1 7.5 9. .. .1 25.4 7.301 7. . .. . ...7 8. .. ... .3 22. .. . ..6 9. .. .. . ..4 8.. .. . 25 to 54 years. .6 12. .. .2 7.. ...134 614 249 367 5..2 8... . 16 to 17 years. . . .9 8. . .. . . ..7 18.... . ... . ... . .. . .9 6. 20 to 24 years. . . . .318 1. .8 8. . ..8 8. . .. . 16 years and over... .3 7.. . . . .. ..3 6. ..

.682 6.... .. .. . . . ... . . .. . New entrants. Not on temporary layoff. . . . .894 5. ... .360 8. .. .060 5... . . . . .281 7...090 1. ... . . .813 5. .. . . .5 23. Job leavers... . .3 6. . . . .1 5.. . .. .. .567 1. . .. 5.. . Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment [Numbers in thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Reason July 2010 June 2011 Seasonally adjusted July 2011 July 2010 Mar.3 1.. . .8 9. ... .. ..5 7.. .013 5.. . ..8 6.9 5. . . . . . Persons who completed temporary jobs. . . . .4 0.. . . .214 7. .. . . .. .. . . . . .. . .2 0..9 59.. ..1 7. .. . . .. Reentrants. . . .107 1. .. .388 896 3. . . .300 935 3.2 8. Reentrants.. .5 50. .6 2.. . ..2 50. . . .. . . . . ... .. . . ..0 47.603 1. ... . . ..383 1...0 6. ..1 0. .360 896 3. .9 6.. ..2 9. . .. . . . ..430 1.710 8. . .. .. . . .8 0. . Permanent job losers. . .6 11.843 5.. .. . . ... . . .5 1. .. .8 5. . ...647 7. . . . ..606 1. . .. .. .. . .6 47. . . ...2 23. .8 8. . .. . .. .. . .7 53. .462 1. . . . .. .4 0. .. ... .1 6. . . . ..6 2. . . .. .262 1. .2 0. .3 8....9 59. . .. . ... .3 1.7 51.1 5..1 49. . . .. . . . ... .. . ..6 2.. ... .8 8..8 NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. .. ..509 1.8 59. ... .6 24.. .. . .197 8.0 9. . . . ...591 1..0 50. .144 1.380 928 3..940 1.... . . . . . .. .375 1.7 25. .822 6.... .. . .2 UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs. . . .. . . .8 8. . .. . .. . .964 1. .4 9.6 2. . .268 7. .2 0. . . .. . .6 2. .8 5. .947 5. .097 6. .... ... ... ... . . .270 PERCENT DISTRIBUTION Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs. .209 1. . .. ... . .6 2.268 6. .. . .. . . . .6 2. . .9 5. ..7 8.294 6. . .6 6.5 6. . .4 26. . .0 12.. .. .2 6. . . .. . . . . . .. . 8. . 59. .. . . ..197 7. Job leavers.8 24. . .407 908 3..836 1. ... .653 1. . . . . . ... . . . . .2 0. . . On temporary layoff.. . Not on temporary layoff. .8 59.9 55..010 5. . .8 51.2 0.. .251 6.4 0.. ... ... .4 0. . .1 0. Reentrants.7 10. . . .. . . . . .215 1. . . ... . . . .. . . . . 2011 Apr.. . . .. . .. . . . .2 59. . . .. . . . . . . .405 965 3..346 8.. ... . . .410 1. ... .. . . ...... . .414 942 3. . . .222 8. . . .4 8..7 24. . . Job leavers.2 0. .... . . ...9 0..745 9. . .3 0.343 923 3. . .4 9..5 9.. .. ..433 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... . .. .. .. .231 8. New entrants. . .274 1.417 1. . . .. .6 2. 2011 May 2011 June 2011 July 2011 NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs. . .. . . . .625 1. .. . . . . .. On temporary layoff. . . .480 1. . .251 7. ..1 5. . . .1 23.7 9.305 973 3.261 1. ..9 56.0 24..HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-11. . .8 5. . . . .. . New entrants. .. .1 62.500 1..6 2. ..

. . . 20.4 14. . . . . . ..9 21. . .2 43. ..HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-12.7 39. .519 1. . . . . .. . .0 19.. . .2 58. . . . .. .3 13.0 21. .. .845 2.3 22. . .7 39. .4 45. . . . . .. .. .... . . . . .4 19. .. .541 3. For more information.076 2. . . .0 39.892 8. . 3. .6 14.449 2... in weeks.4 21.1 21. . .3 39.098 8. . . . . . .0 21. . . ..2 PERCENT DISTRIBUTION Less than 5 weeks. . . .2 26..gov/cps/duration. 2011 May 2011 June 2011 July 2011 NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED Less than 5 weeks.4 19.7 60. .4 18. . . . . . . . . . . .. ..5 24. .122 2. . . 27 weeks and over. . .9 22. .903 1. . . . . . . . NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data..7 54. . . . . .htm.. . . . . ... 2011 Apr.507 8..7 38. . . . .289 2. .8 44.. . . .bls.709 2. .078 1. . .664 2. . . .7 22.4 21. . .839 2. .200 3.. . ..6 23. .1 14.8 42.. . .. . 15 to 26 weeks. .539 2. .689 3. 27 weeks and over. . . .. . .2 56. Median duration. . . .184 1.185 Average (mean) duration. .762 6. . .0 19. . . . .6 20. . . . .. .. . 5 to 14 weeks.. . . . . . . . .1 44.. . . .907 7.111 3. . ..218 2. . . . . .. . this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. . . . . .1 19.952 3.4 21.. . .836 6. . .496 7.0 20. .3 12. . . .. . . . .972 8... . .7 21. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment [Numbers in thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Duration July 2010 June 2011 July 2011 Seasonally adjusted July 2010 Mar. . . . .691 2. . . .. .. 15 weeks and over. . . .6 58. . . . 15 weeks and over. . . ... . . . . 15 to 26 weeks.125 1. ... . .978 6. .088 8. ... . 32.7 33..2 21. . . . . .6 45. . . . . . 5 to 14 weeks. .5 20... .. in weeks1 . .171 6. . . . .. . .0 59. . .0 57. .957 6. ..3 20.8 12. . . . .0 44. . . .5 14. . .914 8. . .9 43.. .833 3... . . . . .845 6. . .3 13. . ..5 40.. . . .2 59. . .808 2.7 18. . . . .. . ..980 1. .2 55. .. .5 14. . . see www. . .. . . .. .4 1 Beginning in January 2011. . . . . . .3 38.006 5. .1 43.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .058 2. . . . ... .698 7.150 1.. . . . . . .984 6. . . . . . . . . .965 6. . ..

. . . .. .... . . ..503 17. . . .068 16. . . .. . .. .744 157 1. ..045 1. NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Transportation and material moving occupations.. .6 5.. . . . . . .. . and related occupations. not seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Employed Occupation Total. . No historical data have been revised. .. . . .053 1... . . . . . . . . .S... . . . ..8 9. . .131 15. .... . .642 2.095 2. . . . . . . . . business. . .7 5. ... .915 25.3 9. . .775 4. . . . occupations reflect the introduction of the 2010 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey. . . and forestry occupations. .161 426 13. .. .417 1. ... ..7 7. .. . .. . . .. . .5 11. . . ... ..0 21.. . .. . .. ... . . . ... .. ...054 12..314 33. ...9 11..317 4. .. Natural resources.1 8. . . ..400 18.. . . ..886 1. .049 1. .. .. Sales and office occupations... .... . . .2 10. .. .5 11. . . . Employed and unemployed persons by occupation. . .2 10. . . .934 2. .9 9. . Data for 2011 are not strictly comparable with earlier years..055 8.9 4.188 21.. . . .. .. . .588 15. . . . .. . ..166 7.. . ... ... Construction and extraction occupations. .. . . .3 11. . . . .. . . . .. .3 9. ..3 5.... .689 2.... . .. .. ... . . . ..903 3. . . . . .... . .. . . . .015 29..662 15.. .. . .. . .974 140. . Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total. .4 10. . .... .1 12.. .. . ..117 142 1.... ... . . . Production occupations. fishing.. . . ..2 11. . .... .134 50. . . Professional and related occupations. . .. .. . . ...160 7.687 14..590 8... . . and material moving occupations. .764 3. .... ..7 13..428 2. . or household survey.742 9. . .304 8.. This classification system is derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC).. Sales and related occupations. .. . . . . . . professional. . .. . .. .723 1.. . .. . ..771 1.. Management. construction. .0 9.494 1. . . Farming..4 8.9 15.288 1. .. .. . . . . . .137 2. .... . ..685 4.0 1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.. .470 506 1..628 1. . ..950 13. . . Office and administrative support occupations. . . .0 9... ..3 11.. . transportation. . . . . and repair occupations..9 16.. . . . .. . .. .. maintenance. .. ..161 1. .. .747 29.. . . .. . ..372 8. . ....534 2... and financial operations occupations. and maintenance occupations. . . . ..103 1. . . . .. ... . . . . 16 years and over1 . .384 51..9 13. . . . .603 1..256 1. . . .7 5. . Unemployed Unemployment rates July 2010 July 2011 July 2010 July 2011 July 2010 July 2011 140. ... . . . . Production. . Installation. . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-13. . . . Management.. Effective with January 2011 data..... . . ... .... Service occupations. . ..959 25.584 33.. ..

4 8. ... .. .. . . ... . ....... . . Information.8 6. . ... . . . . .... . . .. ... .... . .. .. .. ... ... . ..8 6. . .. . ...5 5... . . . . . .0 10.. .. . .. . . . . . Number of unemployed persons (in thousands) Unemployment rates July 2010 July 2011 July 2010 July 2011 15. .. . .. ..9 10.. . . ..7 5. Other services... Financial activities.. . ..... . . . .. . .. . .... . ... .6 6... . . . . . .... . . and unpaid family workers.. . . . ... .. . . .. .... ..... .. ...4 7. .. . .... . . . .420 1...... . . ... .. . ... . ... .... . ... . Leisure and hospitality.. . . .. .... ... ... ... ..447 1..... .... ........ ... ... .. . . .. . ..HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-14. .. . .. . . ... Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers. ......... .3 10... . ....... ..... ..... . ...023 537 344 582 1. .. . . quarrying. . .2 9. .. .. . . . . .. . .. ... . ... . . ...187 614 14.. . .. ... .... . . .... ...... . . ...6 11. ..6 9.. . Manufacturing. . .. .. unincorporated.. ...5 9. . . . ... . Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker..0 13.. . .... .. .. ..... .4 1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.. ... . . .510 554 166 1... . ... . .4 6. . Professional and business services.. . ... . .... . .. . . . .... .. ..8 9.... . . ..4 5. .. not seasonally adjusted Industry and class of worker Total.. ..9 8. ... .... ... .137 11. .. .. .. . .2 9. . . Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.. .. .. ..... . . . . . .. .. ..... .. ...028 528 2..... . .. .. . .....418 934 484 1. . .. ......6 6.. .. .. Durable goods..... .... ... .... .. .. . . Transportation and utilities. . . . ... .. . . . ... . .. .. ... .. . . Education and health services. .. . . .. . .137 1.. ..... . .4 9.. .. . ... . ... ..... . Construction.. . ..570 469 134 1. ... . .. . . . .. .. and oil and gas extraction. .. . . . . .. ..7 9. Wholesale and retail trade.... . .. .. . . ... . ...0 6.. . . . .. ..... ...428 10. . .6 10.. . ... . . .. . . 16 years and over1 . .. .. . . ..555 79 1.. .. ... ...... . . .S. .. .3 8.... . .2 10. .556 1... . ......... .... .. . . . . ... . .. .. Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers. .. .. ... ... . . ... . ..8 7. . .8 9. .. Government workers. ... . . .. .. . ... .. .. . . . . ..... .... .. .. .... ... . .... ..... .. .. .... .916 486 237 552 1. ..... ... . .. . ... ... .. .... .. Nondurable goods.389 1. .. . .. .. . . . . ..4 7.. .263 1.. .. ... .. .. .. .0 9. .. . .515 53 1. .. . .349 653 9.. ... . NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.. .6 8. ... . .. . . .. . . . ... ... Self-employed workers.. . .....4 10... .. Mining. .. .... .... ... . . . .6 9.. .. .. .. . . . .528 1..... . .1 17... . ... ... . ... ... .. .... .. . .. ... .. . . .. . .... .. . . ... . .

2 9.. . .3 5.3 5. . . . . . .2 9... .1 5. as a percent of the civilian labor force.3 10.7 15.4 5.. as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force. .. . U-5 Total unemployed. .... . . U-6 Total unemployed. 2011 Apr. . .5 9. ... . . . . .. . . . . . .. .9 10. . .. Alternative measures of labor underutilization [Percent] Not seasonally adjusted Measure U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer. . . Seasonally adjusted July 2010 June 2011 July 2011 July 2010 Mar. . . ... .. . . . plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force. . .5 9.4 9.4 16. . . . .8 9.8 16. .5 15. .4 10. .7 10. . . . . Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule.. . . . .2 16.2 5. . .9 10.. . . a subset of the marginally attached. . .. . . . . . .3 9. . . plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force. . .9 15. . . as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers.3 9. .. . have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. . plus discouraged workers. . . . . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-15. .1 5. . . . .3 16. . ..3 10.4 9.1 10..9 11.. . . . . . .. . Discouraged workers.7 9... Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.1 9. ..3 5. .. . as a percent of the civilian labor force. . . . . 2011 May 2011 June 2011 July 2011 5. . . . .8 11.1 5. . ..9 5..8 16. . .5 5. .. . . U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers.1 NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. . U-3 Total unemployed. . . ...7 16. .. . . . .. . . . .0 10. . . .. . . . . .8 9.. . . . .... ... . . . . .4 9. . . ..7 5. .4 5. .0 10. . . .4 5. . . as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate). U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs. . . plus total employed part time for economic reasons. . . . .. as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force. . .. . .8 5. . ..2 10.0 9. .5 8.2 5.3 5.3 5... .

. . . .. .. .620 6. . ..574 1. and were available to take a job during the reference week.. . . .... . . .. . . . ..1 1.143 2. . .135 2. ...726 246 1. . .569 1. . and transportation problems. .. . .. Primary job full time. . . . . . . . . . could not find work. 2 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available. .7 3. Percent of total employed.437 84.5 1. . . . .2 1. ..118 3. .072 1.. . ... not shown separately. . .603 1. . . . ...859 6. . . .. . . . 4 Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s). . .. . . . . . . . lacks schooling or training. . . .. .. . . . . . . . . .. . ill health. .. . . . . . .. . . ..353 5. . . NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. . . .. . . . . have searched for work during the prior 12 months. . . . .... . . . . . .. Marginally attached to the labor force1 . . ... Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex.122 84 540 3.385 742 644 33. . . .. .622 1... . . .484 3.144 6. . Primary and secondary jobs both full time. .237 443 793 51.. .667 32. . 3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities. . . .... . . .. . .098 95 561 1 Data refer to persons who want a job. . . .424 1.. . . . . . as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined. ..206 4. . but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks. .738 1. . . ..373 5... . . ..679 283 1...476 3. .392 639 754 50. . .. . . . . .801 1...371 4. . . .. . . . . . . . . . .HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-16. . ...8 3. . . Other persons marginally attached to the labor force3 .. . . . . . . . . .383 3. . . . 6. .343 1.821 557 199 604 3. .994 628 151 557 3.. .119 1. .. .. . . ... . . .. ... . Primary and secondary jobs both part time. . . . .3 1. . Hours vary on primary or secondary job. . . .724 4. . . .. . not seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Total Category July 2010 Men July 2011 July 2010 Women July 2011 July 2010 July 2011 NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE Total not in the labor force.579 4. . secondary job part time. . . . . .. . . . . . . . .785 1. Persons who currently want a job. . . . .. and other types of discrimination. . .185 1. . . . . . . .. . . . . . employer thinks too young or old.. . Discouraged workers2 . 82.. . . .810 2. . .393 480 913 MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS Total multiple jobholders4 . .

001. . . .1 122. .5 695.1 469.500 1. Nonresidential building. Apparel.190 109. . .9 435. . .3 1. .9 711. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 403. .710 11.9 371. . .5 489. . . .1 5. .5 0. .078. . .8 118. . . .4 404. . .439 1.9 86. . . .3 116.130. .7 1. . . .579.114 342. . .4 -0. . .379.4 2.7 812 49. . .411.6 116. .1 5. . . . . . . .6 5. 4. . .050. . .929. .0 1. . . .565. . . .0 396.7 2. . . . . . . . . .271.541. . . . . .569 108. . . .3 7. . .288 331. .645 89. . .734 1. .003. . . . .128. Motor vehicles and parts2 .5 2. . . . . . .955. .675.7 220.7 1. . . . . . . . .0 782.6 816. . . . .8 1.0 -0.4 2.0 86.8 2. . . . . . . .000.029 132. . .0 372. . .6 847.351 17.6 1.9 3.1 660. .045. .7 1.967 91.041.7 777 45. .365. .129. . . .0 7. . . .9 5.532 1.538.4 86.9 354. .5 112.1 398.8 1.6 1. .893 24. .1 1. . . . .252 18. Seasonally adjusted July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p 129. .6 776. Nondurable goods. . .1 158. . . . . .445. . .6 371. . . . . . . . . . . Residential specialty trade contractors. . .9 29. . . .2 111. . . 722 51. . . .1 1. .5 436.355. . . . .8 1.0 115.9 2. .8 5. . . . .448. . . . .576.4 362. .2 5.6 354. .8 212. . . Nonresidential specialty trade contractors. . Beverages and tobacco products.1 114.1 Manufacturing.2 2. . . . . .539. .7 1. . . . . . .1 5.434 1. . .7 119. .5 699. . . .0 657. . .3 4.1 14.361.6 1.639. . . .7 731. . .3 122. .9 1. . . . . . . .462 1. . . .9 29.4 1. .5 790 46. .420 1.463. .353. . .7 557.4 404. .9 7. . .323.791 131.6 351. . . . . . . . . .483.3 630.7 846. . . .9 156. .9 119. .7 628. .0 898. . . . . .965. . . .742 91. . . . . . . .7 123. . . .7 80. . .4 119.0 662. . . . . . . . .9 80. . . . . .212. . .0 2.463. . .3 1. .7 750.7 9. . . . .9 1. .6 365. . . .9 408. .000. . .4 28. .3 116.9 384. . . . . .0 780 47.4 387. . . . . .5 351. .7 8. . . .9 215. . .0 1.9 777. . .8 1. . . . .062 18. .2 26. 5.3 557. . . . . .8 185. . .1 87. .048. . . . . . . . .9 2. . . . . . . . .4 7. . . . . . . . . . . . Textile mills. . . . . . .8 372. . . . .5 366.8 566. .920 110. . .1 2. .433 1.614. . . . .448. .039.4 -0. . .9 3. . . . . . .4 12. . .3 1. . .1 1. . . . . . .5 4. . . .3 383. . Electronic instruments. .0 5.0 1. . . . Miscellaneous manufacturing.105. .991 24. . . . . . . .560 90. . .1 1. . . . . . . . .2 370.6 1. . .1 1. . . . .027 108. . .6 1. . .3 405. . . .3 113. . . 11. . . . . . . . .0 1. .3 782.9 3.1 161. .0 786. . . .951.576. .964.773.8 429.1 0. .429. Nonmetallic mineral products.6 670.4 467. .7 578. . .3 1. . . . . . . .7 -0. . . .355. .077 Change from: June2011 July2011p 117 154 42 Mining and logging. .2 1. . .151 110. . . . . . . . .5 999.2 171. .791.942. .5 1. . .271 337.2 1. . . . . .9 806. .1 Private service-providing. .0 -0. . .2 388.0 466.3 209. . Printing and related support activities.4 Nondurable goods.2 808. . . . . . .9 2. .8 775. Oil and gas extraction.0 848.9 1.8 5. . . . . . .1 800 47. .5 118.. .790. .520.324 130.5 674.3 5. .7 27. . Electrical equipment and appliances.5 14. .5 123.948.776. . . . . . .5 686. . . .3 1. .9 1. . . .5 1. .6 821. . transportation.4 -2. . . .1 711 50. . . . . . . .543. . . . . . . .745 24 Durable goods. .7 171. . . .0 14.362. . . .2 1.524 1.8 1. .6 1. . . . .3 4.717.466 1. . . .4 2. . .7 575.7 384. . .7 14. Food manufacturing.2 1. . .4 161.002 18.8 375. . . . . . . .483.2 400.2 659.7 182.0 353.8 -0. 24. .7 556. . . . . . .0 395. . .6 385.372. . Residential building. .1 382. . .3 8 1. .9 3.922 18.293. . .123. . . .2 383. .7 212.3 3. .4 819. .5 660.903 90. . . . .670. . .7 1. .5 5. . .1 2. . . . .019 131.6 1. . .2 1. . . .8 402. . except oil and gas1 .0 2. .5 631.0 1. . . . . .707 109. .6 428. Fabricated metal products. . .9 1. . . . . . . . . . .4 155. .041. . . .465. . . . .1 1. . .9 156. .6 386. . . . . .365. .5 5. . . . . .669. . .609 24. . . . .721 11. . . .2 7.7 -1. . . . .2 884. Computer and electronic products1 . . . .7 1 1. . . .4 Construction.8 683.773. . .4 5. . . . .3 1. .3 816. . . .923 24. Communication equipment. . Construction of buildings. . . . . . . . . . . .317 336.199 18. . . . .1 25. . . . . . . . . .9 5. . . . .7 1. . . . . . . .3 189.8 -0.4 684.0 1.4 1.5 2. . .9 118.360. . . . . . .0 356. . . . . .331 340. .8 112. . .368.2 29. . .7 159. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail [In thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Industry Total nonfarm.037. . .8 3. . . . . . .7 153. .7 384. . . . . . .6 -0.9 742.3 364. . . . .0 152.2 998.0 566. .7 86. . . .458.5 175.0 3.148 91. . .0 4. . . .8 183. . 5. .035 131. . . .3 818. . . .8 564. .5 23 -4. .1 1. .5 2. . . .0 381. . Chemicals. . .066 18. . . Durable goods.6 363. .451. .9 29. . .101.5 579.484. .775. . . .499 1. .5 581.611 11. . .8 2. . .2 202. .5 156. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 See footnotes at end of table. . . . . . . . . .6 697. .569 1. . . Primary metals. . . . . . . . .0 364.046.9 399. .4 629. . . . .3 213. .006. . .3 797 46.550. . . . .4 732.5 371. . . . . .6 382. . . . . . . .0 1.7 1. .7 29.529 1. . .7 14. . .7 356. . Leather and allied products. Heavy and civil engineering construction. . . . . . . .693.6 117. . .8 432.6 -0. .7 1. Coal mining.263 338.616.7 1. .3 301.688. .8 371.791 11. . .474 1.8 119. . . . . . .011. . .3 1. . .7 0. . . . . .2 4. . . . .4 429. .4 822. . . .1 776. . .838 24. .253.7 368.1 -0. . . . . .217. .4 1. . .419.951 28 Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . .7 118. .2 1. .3 219. .125. . .7 364. .1 -0. .156 18.4 180. . . Transportation equipment1 . . . .0 169.6 344.4 171. . Machinery. . . . .8 825. . .097.458. . .9 117.3 171.6 587. . . . . . . . . .732.038.3 5. .7 664. 90.455. . . . . . .598. . .443.061. . . .4 86. .8 173. . .3 14. . . . . .3 354. . . . .5 Retail trade.311 327.3 1. . . . . .0 487. .3 7.053. . . . .5 1. . .8 1.4 1. . .1 116. .536. . . . . . .8 1.6 14. . . . . . . . . Logging. Motor vehicle and parts dealers1 .218. . . . . .112 350. . . .4 4.3 1. .121.454. . . . .5 156. . . . . . . .9 3. . .3 7.8 371. . . . . . .0 4. . Mining. . . .6 0.3 871.295. . .8 628. . .9 402.0 655. .3 2. . . . .6 4. .045. . . . . .3 1.480. . . . . .6 698. Computer and peripheral equipment. .683 11. .473. . . . .7 -0.ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-1. . . .079 112 Trade. . . . . .5 182. . . . . . Paper and paper products.4 438.967 24.9 122. . . . . .417 129.1 573. Support activities for mining.632. . . .0 171. .6 116. . . Furniture and home furnishings stores. . . and utilities. Total private. .9 174.793 11. . .265. . . .4 626. .2 558.4 372. .4 396. .452. .1 0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mining.453. . .9 117. . . . . . . . . Electronic markets and agents and brokers. .6 1. .466. . . .3 119. .4 370.9 356. . Furniture and related products.349.4 154.7 371. Automobile dealers. . . . . . . . .221. . . . . .1 629. . . . . .545.7 1.4 1. .9 118. . . . . . . . . . . .6 123.8 116. . . .8 467. . .7 908. . . .6 -1. .948.6 299. . Semiconductors and electronic components. . .4 403.1 763.366. .8 3.5 8.6 751. . . . . . . Plastics and rubber products. Textile product mills. . . . . . . . .4 628.1 384.3 436.8 385. . . . . . . .7 702.2 1.5 10 0.605 24. . . . . . . . . . .5 578. . . . .5 578. . . . . . . .771 1.580 11. .6 2. . . .5 184. . Wood products.6 348. .217.5 1. . . .4 469. . . Specialty trade contractors. . . . . 7. . .170 91.037. .9 190. . .104 131. .993. . .9 117. . . .814 1. Goods-producing.4 169. . .0 382.3 576. . .3 3. . .0 -1. . . . . . . . . .2 397. . . . . . . . .932 107.5 470. . .3 177. Petroleum and coal products. .0 7.544. . . . . .6 399. . 14. . .1 780. . .5 171. .582. . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 14. .073 109. . . .676.

. . . . . . . .723.8 1. Monetary authorities . . .2 1. .7 521.1 1.631. .3 43. . . . .972. . .7 0. . .051. . . . . .2 1. .3 294. . .193 7.493. . .2 4. . . .9 1.872. Real estate and rental and leasing.7 1. . . .6 -1. . . . . . .264.3 770. . . . .3 160. . . . . . . . . . . .5 1. . . . . . . . . . . . .2 1. .277. . . . . . . . .6 2. . . . .311. .0 21. . . .4 979. . . .8 627. . .0 445. . . Real estate. . .648. . .506.3 Industry Retail trade . .0 238. . .1 1.296. . .8 1. . .7 2. .796. . .669 5. Management and technical consulting services. . . . .5 239.5 1.6 812. . . . . . . .6 1. .1 1. .6 625. . .607 5.495. . Accounting and bookkeeping services. . . .688 752. . . . . . hobby. .9 2. . . . .3 1. .754. . .9 1.3 43. .1 1. . . . .0 821. . . . . .2 554. . . .3 2. Truck transportation. . . . .6 241. . .608. .451.317.2 16. .2 833.7 811.2 882.8 519. .1 993. . . . . . .3 7. . . . . . . .6 503. .9 216.8 21. .5 1. . .114.7 1.5 41. .8 822.4 554. . .7 445.9 978. .4 366.046.5 475.0 547. .2 976.706 760. . . .4 2.6 577. Securities. . . . . . .0 2.0 -3. Insurance carriers and related activities. . . . .958. .6 1.407.386. . .5 1. . . . . . .1 43. . .5 1. .9 239.central bank. Data processing.6 556.278.120. . . . . . .7 7. . . . . . . .3 -2.2 1. . . . . . . . . . .4 558. . .4 518. . . . . . . . .121. . .5 -2. . .4 978.5 4. trusts. . .159 7. . . . . .548. . . . .8 808.5 1. .9 480. .7 809. .6 928.9 87. . .1 -1.8 478.9 2. .7 600.5 929. . 485. . . . .4 475.9 555. . . .497. . .1 1.2 1. . .6 2. General merchandise stores1 . .8 240. . .386. .323. .3 36. .603 5. . . .683. Credit intermediation and related activities1 . . .5 1. . Water transportation.2 -0. .113. . . . .7 21. .4 17.8 581.825.5 2. .7 0. . . . . . .8 1. investments. 553. . .1 437.153 7. .1 820.155 7. . .6 769.3 380.7 551. .3 515. . .465. . . . . . . Broadcasting.501.0 Transportation and warehousing. .1 31.233.2 806.0 21. . .738. .548.7 493.1 628. Motion picture and sound recording industries. .931. . . .4 17. . . . .7 6.9 2.2 1. . . . .9 1. . . . .2 502.9 1.0 25.3 2. . .8 21.618 5. . . . .0 1.9 1.6 1. .4 3. . . .0 446. .467. . . . .427. . .1 1.1 13. .120.856.830.2 62.4 293. .1 865. . .4 1. . .987. .6 1.1 226. .662.246. . .7 1. . .236. .3 0. . .6 1.7 3. .9 2. . . . .408. . .3 627. .404.7 1.2 579. .5 -4 -3.122. .6 5.970.325. .1 376.8 7. .895. . Sporting goods.3 -0. . . . . .2 2. .0 1. .7 970. . .7 7. . . . . Rail transportation.4 509.8 417.479.9 556. .8 866. .9 34 17.8 627. .188. . .8 894.6 892. .666.2 494. . . . .979. .9 850. . .2 1. . Other information services.1 1. .5 7. . . .6 17. .1 869.4 2. .9 21. .1 367. . . . . .3 406.9 1. . . .5 36. . . . .6 1. .5 64.207. . .7 366.2 494. . . . . . . . . .298. . . . . . 4.759. . . . .8 550.403.683 756. . . . .0 377. . .7 20. . .5 2. . .9 1.0 1. . . . .940.8 766. .8 7. . . .4 822. .1 -0. . . .330. Depository credit intermediation1 . .3 2.2 7.5 1.213. .714 762.2 501. .3 87. See footnotes at end of table. .156. .9 27.8 294. . .7 527. book. . . Nonstore retailers.9 511. .674 5. . .6 2. . .4 2.3 1. Health and personal care stores. . .5 1. .2 1. .1 1. .4 1.5 1.0 1. .1 1.700.624. . .657 5.1 529.299. .8 87. .ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-1.290. . . . . Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets.203. . .0 62. . . . .178. . . . . .110. . . .3 760.312. . . .619. .8 1. .676. . .148.886. . . . .6 1. . . .441. .0 1.8 -0.548.830.7 4.283. .3 2.5 596. hosting and related services. . .2 43. . Building material and garden supply stores.1 24.5 158.732.9 0.9 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 1. . . . . commodity contracts.939. .0 1.327. Commercial banking.2 2. . .7 1.7 1. . . . . . Architectural and engineering services. . . .2 -1. Warehousing and storage.9 227. . . .7 1.8 479. .7 2.273.0 1.1 1.034. .295. .3 7.983. .276.9 1. . . . . . . Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail — Continued [In thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p Change from: June2011 July2011p Electronics and appliance stores. . . . .0 764. .408. . .3 295.5 875.755. .3 88.5 223. .985. .444. .7 831. . and music stores. .4 155. . . . . .8 462.2 1. . .0 368.428. . . . . .5 Utilities.6 972. .266 7. . . . .7 25. .323. .6 924.0 -0. . .Continued Professional and business services. . . .2 1. . . .4 1. . . . .7 1. .8 862. . .2 4. . .5 834.5 2.6 2. . .260.3 2.0 17. .3 990.292. . . . . Clothing and clothing accessories stores.6 -1. . . Funds. Transit and ground passenger transportation. . . . .237. . . .6 775. . .7 491. Administrative and waste services. . . . .957. . . Food and beverage stores. . .3 558. Publishing industries. . . . .668.1 2. .7 1. .6 2. .7 1. . .4 447. . .3 29.4 578. . .291. .7 419.8 1. Legal services.516. .0 970. .1 2. . . Telecommunications.2 1. .5 240. .764. . . . . .3 25. . .4 1.0 622. .684 755.3 242. . . .7 240.5 4. . . . . . .3 -0.1 597. . . . . . . . . . . . .3 382. . .430.4 4.0 416.5 552. . . . Department stores. . . . .537. Management of companies and enterprises. . . . .9 295. . . . . .4 868.7 551. . .6 2.2 522.4 969. . Computer systems design and related services.7 223.5 509. . .6 1. . . . . . .8 155. .7 4.109. . .124. . .0 512. . .6 1.5 29. .862.6 598. except Internet.8 7.644. .7 814. . . .504. .684 755. .8 406. .5 2.8 765. . .686. .307. . . Scenic and sightseeing transportation.6 2. . . . .7 -3.282. Air transportation. . . . . . Pipeline transportation.430. . except Internet. . . . . Rental and leasing services.6 1. . . . .3 7.7 1. .4 43.2 2. .6 86.3 2. . .681 7.2 64. .2 7. . .038. . .378. . .518.9 65. . . .685 758. .326. .5 42.9 463.1 4.6 544.883. .4 7.5 623.540.7 1.4 -0.3 63. . .7 25. .5 162. . .5 2. .211. .8 416. . . . . . . .883. Gasoline stations.9 7. . . Professional and technical services1 . . . .3 0.625 5. . . . . . .495.4 552.5 85. .184.8 226.697 757.8 372.949. .512.4 539. . . . .5 65.5 142. . . and other financial vehicles. . .3 7.9 1. .4 226. . . .8 1. .0 1. .6 295. . . . . . .4 0. .8 403. .0 805. .854.3 2. . .745. .211. . . . . .777 7.9 -3.3 1.7 812.9 0. .2 1. . .3 1.111. .831.8 1. .541. . . . . . . . . . .7 1.1 25. . . . . . . .3 2.2 1. .543.7 820. . . . . . .387. . . . . .118. . . . Couriers and messengers.0 1.933. Support activities for transportation.754. Miscellaneous store retailers. . . . . . . . .6 1.9 5. . 2.9 4. .0 Information. .7 161. .6 1. .6 551.881.2 7. .4 1. .2 86.6 38. . . . .9 1.371.9 Financial activities.757.4 25.2 1.5 8. . . .6 216.8 2. . . . . .147. . . . . .408. . . .7 0.040. 7.651.5 1. .7 -0.1 1.403. .9 385.3 1. .548.499. . . . . .1 866. .832. ..2 1. .0 295. . .9 2. . . . . .3 1. . . .275. . . . . .3 43. .414. . . . . . .7 803. .5 1.0 2. .7 1. .7 25. . .8 1. .8 1. .989. . . .3 28. . Finance and insurance. . . .5 465. . . . . .6 17. . .3 64.6 522. . .4 -0.6 1. . .1 3. .043. .419.1 1.685. . . . . . . . . .8 16. .8 86. . . . .9 514.1 405.9 766. .2 481. .973.0 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .299 7. . . . .8 143.4 2. . .3 866.2 2.434.2 17. . . . . . .657.894.215. . .617 5. .295. .3 515. .5 512.6 293. . . . . .2 1.4 627.2 1. .9 20.264. .123. . . .4 -0. . .547. . . .2 -1 0. . . . .948. . .808.

. .4 3. . .0 2.1 1. . .773. . . . .3 13. .5 0.0 833.821 2.0 3.883. . . .0 11. and recreation. 7.4 3. . .638. . .768. . . .7 22.6 4. . Temporary help services.8 3.7 2. Health care and social assistance.296. .9 14.7 2. . .980. .0 -0.203. .2 3. . Nursing and residential care facilities1 . . entertainment. . .790.289. .317 3. . .5 363. .7 31. . .4 2. . Arts.142. . .368.0 2. . Ambulatory health care services1 . .0 2.166.2 11. . .0 6. .9 630. excluding education.7 620. .991. . .8 7. . . .9 795. . Employment services1 .6 2. . . .9 419. .912.662. . .9 618. .144.265.073. . .8 5. .1 453. . .1 2. . . . . . . . .8 3. . .9 16.866. . .913. . .3 601.7 6. . . 5.229. . . . . .5 2. Membership associations and organizations. . . . . . . . .8 5.4 143. .685. . . Educational services. .9 14. . . . .028. .743. . . .989 3. .0 1. .1 19. . .724. State government education. .8 7.2 2. .912.9 361. . . . .9 6. .3 127.5 6. . . . .0 1. .013 1.153.467 1. .739. . . gambling. . . . .858 2. .681.360. p Preliminary . .393. . . .366.123.766. .224.1 2. . .1 1. .771.0 147. . .8 5. . .3 3. .899.1 14.845. . . .744. . . . . .854.8 9.672. .2 4. . . .034 2. and parks.0 2. .121. . . . .406. .6 13. .1 -23. . .256 2. Local government.9 2.268.301. . . Personal and laundry services.2 9. .722.6 363.1 1. .886.093.3 3.5 795.926 3.149. . hospitals.117.663. . . . .116.737. .8 2.3 14.5 1. .288.6 851. .7 22.9 38 1. . .9 19. . .161.6 6. . . .895.9 1. . . . .124.3 369. .084.0 2.0 2. .4 13.503. . . .362 1.0 619. . .1 419. .389.0 2.7 2. . . . .8 1. . . .5 4.0 6. . . . 2 Includes motor vehicles.167.763. .0 5. . . . . .0 1.0 2. . .743. .149.8 2. .285. .418 1.5 1. . .7 1. .0 2. .1 369.689 2.354. . .5 1. .0 3. .071 2.5 5. . . .093.2 2. . .4 1. . . Outpatient care centers. . .5 3. .8 Industry Administrative and waste services . . .508 2. . . . .388.007.147. . . . . . .115.499. .5 9. . .715. . .9 4. .571 3.614.5 2. . . .5 2. .8 362. . .0 619. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail — Continued [In thousands] Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p Change from: June2011 July2011p Administrative and support services1 .9 1.2 14.6 1.9 13. .145.7 Government. .689. .7 3. .785. .6 796.4 2.217.0 8. . .812. . .484. .0 1. . . . .924. Services to buildings and dwellings.680. .858. . .6 4.297.874.0 2. . .832. . .3 11.3 2. . .561.2 -3.900.6 36. .2 803. .1 13.960.1 1. . .1 626. Postal Service. . . Local government education.7 658.1 14. .1 6.6 860.3 362.077.9 622. . .6 2.355.573. .899. . . . .3 808. . . . .1 6.314.6 1.898. 19. . .2 19.3 6. . . . .9 4. .9 2.5 3.3 1. .8 3. .S. . . . .0 6. . .161. . . .3 -0.518 1.4 6.5 5. . . .834. .312. . .964.087.8 3.976 3.152.205.0 2.705. .201. . .9 7. .133. . .4 11. .231. . .5 1. .448 1. Postal Service.8 884. .4 16.2 -0.062. . . . Performing arts and spectator sports. Home health care services. . . .759 3.3 2. . . . .009.0 2.0 7.0 9. . . . .136.5 1. . .6 1. . .5 3. . . .6 1. . Health care3 .058. . . .7 13. .4 135. . . . Hospitals.5 16. . .3 1.7 14.433 1.9 -37 2.3 2. . . .7 2.3 1. Accommodation and food services.9 9. .ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-1.314.360. . . . .123. zoos. . .7 20. . . . .225 1. . .269. . .5 3. .6 14. . .696. . .6 1. .838.390. . . .879.6 1. . . . .0 11.6 804. . . .5 14. .9 445. .938 3. . . . . . Local government.5 630.2 7.247.4 5.905. . .5 5. . .6 5. . . . .0 6. .294. . . .249. . . Child day care services. .152. .581 3. . . . .2 3.0 3. . . . .448 1. . . .5 791.732. historical sites. . .208 1. . .2 Leisure and hospitality. .1 2. .6 4.676. Museums.902 2.6 7.794. .049.5 2. .3 2.0 7.082. Business support services. . .1 13.686.198.2 1.372. . .075. .1 9. .259. . . . . . . .5 5.6 3.3 7.204.386.2 6.0 -12.6 13. . .934.5 129. . . . . .431. .270. 21.885.5 1.8 9. .281. . . . . . .5 4.S. .9 5. . . .8 1. . .847. .5 2. . . .621. . . .3 2. .3 11. . . .8 407.578. .3 Other services.688. . .0 1. .0 1. .214. . Offices of physicians.5 144. .445 1. .0 19.229. . except U. .924.774. .1 1. . . .088.628. . . .0 16. . . . . . . .638 2. .2 2. .3 619. . .235.073. .862. .7 2.0 8. . .386.3 14. . .5 131.2 2.0 2. . U. .356. .710.503. .697. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .770.9 803.1 14.9 2. .3 2.540. .189.755. .088. . . .3 1.670. . . . .1 13. . .314.1 6. . .4 1. . . . . . . . .3 4.309. . .020. . . . . .0 2. . . .734. .8 2.5 13. . .457.154.175 1. .0 1. . . . . Food services and drinking places.2 1. . . .387. . .8 14. 3 Includes ambulatory health care services.388.0 3.2 1. . . .360.228.4 17 13. . . Nursing care facilities. Federal.8 -16.260. .6 1. .5 1.136.0 131. . . . . . Federal. . . .0 14.829. .6 22. excluding education. 13. . . . . . .207. .9 5. . motor vehicle bodies and trailers. .1 7. .Continued 1 Includes other industries. . .809.198.960.865. .3 3. .765.453.3 0. .0 22. . . . .896. .241.5 11.4 6. .8 11. . .151.716. . .1 13. . . . . . . . .713.289. . . . . . . .2 428. .418.7 -3. . . .2 626. .6 5. . State government. .1 2. . . .417. . .8 16.0 2.010.122.041. .3 22.135. . . .362. .8 Education and health services. .045.356. . . .184. .0 2. and motor vehicle parts. .8 19.529. .681. Accommodation. Repair and maintenance. .781. .7 0. . . . . . . . . not shown separately. .5 9.844. . .064. . . .1 0 0.0 3. .0 781. Amusements.0 854.7 2. . .1 6.154. . . .9 16. . . . . .117. . .2 1.377.2 1.346. . .7 1. Waste management and remediation services. . . .3 1.008. . .0 7. . . .0 7.760.3 14. . . .220.351. .2 2.8 847. .249. . . .872.6 1. .8 2. and nursing and residential care facilities.3 412. .0 2. .6 16.750. . .4 -23. .0 2. .6 22. . .0 2. .3 12.416. . . . . .6 618.4 1. .1 600. .741. . .131. .3 372. . .7 1. . .679. . .674. .2 652. . .139. . . Social assistance1 .1 1. .5 5. .3 -1. .1 19. . . . .3 2. .153. . . . . .5 5. . .281. . State government.4 4. .066.0 7. .8 790.518 1. .806.6 4.041. . .426.030.4 0. .0 2. .751. . . . . . and recreation. . .204.0 2. .085 2.9 1. .006.720. .692.180.671.3 16.261. .4 399.7 19. . .3 6. .665.678.105 2. .192. . . . . .4 5. .2 627. .

.2 38. .4 40. . . ... . 3. . . . . . transportation... .. . . . .. . . . .. ... . . .... . . . .. . .. . . . . .. .6 41. . .. . . . . . .. . .. ..... . ..... .. .. ..... Durable goods. . .. ...3 40. . . .7 34. ... . . . .. .. ... . Goods-producing. . . . . . Construction. . . . ... ..... . .. . .. . . ... .. Other services.. . .. . . .. .. . . . .... . .... .. ..... . . .0 35.. . . and utilities. .. . .7 39. . .. .1 3. .6 38.. .. .3 38.... .. .. ..... ..... ...7 32. ... . . .. . . .. .7 36. .. .. .8 31. . . . . ... .. .5 38.1 3. .. .. .9 40.. .. .. . ....... Financial activities.. .. .. . .. . . Private service-providing... .. ... . . ... ..6 41. . . . ... . Durable goods. . .. . .. . . ... . ... . .. .. ...5 39. . ....6 39. .. . . . . . .. .7 31... .. .. ... .4 40.7 32.. . ... .. . . . . .. ...... . .. . ... .. ... . .. ... .. .. .. ..8 40.. . . . ... . . . .... .8 33. .... . . . . ... . . . . .. .. .. . .. . ... . .. . . .. . . .... . . . . .. .. . Education and health services. .... . Professional and business services.. . . .. Mining and logging... .. . . .. .. . .. . .. ...1 3..... ..0 33.. . . . .. . . . ... . .0 2. .. . .... . .. . . .2 40. . .... . .. .. . .6 37. . .. . . . . .. .. . . . Transportation and warehousing. .5 41. . . . .. .. .1 3. .. . .. . . . . .. . . . .8 31. ..1 44. . ... .... .. . . . ..... .. .. .... .. ... . .6 40. . . .. .3 40... .. .5 38. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector.. ...8 25.. ... .. .. . .. . ..6 37. .. ..... . .9 44. .. . .... ... ... .. .... . .8 34. ....2 34. . .... . . . . . . . .2 3.... .. . .. . .. ... . .1 36.... ..2 34. . . . . . . . . . . . .... ... ... .. . . . ..2 39. .... .. .. .. ... .7 38. ... Utilities. . .... .. ...2 31.. . . . ...... ... .. .. . . . .8 31....1 35.5 32. ..8 44. . . . . . .. .... . . . .. . . .... ..... . . . .... . . .6 31... . ....1 3. .1 36.. . . ... .6 36. .. .. .... 34. seasonally adjusted July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS Total private. ..2 3. .. ... . . . ..7 32. . . . .. .. .. . ... ..... .5 38. .. . . ... . .. . . .. .. . . .... .... .. ... . . .. .. . .... . .. . .... .. .7 34. .. .. . . .. .. .... .. .. . . .. .... .. . .. . . ... . . ...6 37. . .. . . . .. . .... . .... . . ... . .. .. . .. . ..... . ..... . . . . . . . . . .. ..3 40.... .4 38. .. . .. . . . . . ... . .. .. . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . .2 3. .5 40. . . . . .....3 39. .... . . . . ...... .. . ...3 3.. . .. .. ..6 43. . ... . ... . . ... ... .... .. Retail trade. . . .. . . . . . . .. .. .. .. . . . .. .. .. . ...4 38. .. .. . . . ... ... . ... . . .. . .. .. Trade. .. . ... . Nondurable goods. .. . .1 35. . . . . . . .... . . .. .7 42.4 35... ..... .. . .6 37.. .. ...... . .. .... . . . . .. .. . . ... Wholesale trade.. .. . . Nondurable goods. . .7 AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS Manufacturing. . . .. ... .. . . ... .. .. .8 25. .1 34. ... .. .. . .. . . .. . . . . .9 31. . .. . .4 38. .... . . . . ..... . . ..... ...3 39. .6 31. . ..... . . . . . .. . ..8 25. . . . .. . . . Information.. . .. Manufacturing... . .8 33.. . .. . Leisure and hospitality. .. .ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-2.2 34. .. . .6 37. . . ... .9 25.. ..6 33. .. .9 3. . .. ... . . .. .. ... .. ... .. . . . . .. ... . .. .4 38. . . ... . ... .2 Industry p Preliminary .. .. . . .

.41 1.41 28. . . .13 24..47 27. .. Professional and business services.021..54 13. . . . ...71 20. .95 21.87 969..... ... . . . . .04 694. . .. . .ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-3. .. .24 20. .. .. .92 340. .58 1.. .. . . .. . . .34 25. . ..148. . . . .03 24. ..79 25. . . .76 737. . . Information..11 772. ... . .. ..22 20.. .59 28.. . .29 674.78 21. . . Education and health services. ..54 13..93 $ 793. ..46 15. .83 805.66 23. .89 $ 789. .93 1.. . ..78 978. .27 951.. . . .49 999. ... .64 1. . .. Transportation and warehousing. . . . .. . .33 24.336. .43 27...33 21. . . . .36 23.77 31. ..031.22 954..37 23. . . .. . .. . .. .. . .31 753.30 1... .61 27. ..36 23.79 20. .02 24. . . . . . .78 23. . ..31 15...47 $23. . . . .74 1. . .421. .18 23.. .. ... . .06 27... .. . . .59 20. . .69 1. . . .26 $ 791...87 962. .21 21. ...32 22.. .396. . .10 22.35 691. .156. . . . .. ..81 20.. .151..008.236. . .. ... . .. . .03 26. . .40 829. . . .. . . ..263. .. . ..30 15. .. . .99 1.000. .27 19. . .015...09 1. . .72 27.69 13. .13 26.64 33.51 p Preliminary July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p $ 773. Nondurable goods. . . . .39 27.. . . . . . . . . . .. . . .62 33.67 937.16 1. . ... ..81 21.67 26. .. . . . . ... . . ... . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. .90 650. . .. ..031.. . . . .49 31.. $22.. . .. . . . .62 846.. .43 500. . ... .40 839. .. . transportation. Leisure and hospitality.87 1. . ... . . . . Utilities. .72 648.27 27. . .86 31.. . . . .. .69 835...249. . . . .. Other services. . . .16 973..51 1. .97 757. . ... .026.16 22.40 25. .01 26. . . ..00 1. ... ... .75 1.. . . . ... . .028.. . ..113.. .80 976.57 1. . Manufacturing.64 33. . .36 952. .408.017. . . . . .. . ... .194. . . . . . .. . . .49 496... . .92 32.. . .. .86 987. .14 752.. .39 27.46 27. . . Durable goods.68 690.42 836. . .. . .. .78 843.80 1... . . .. .. . .. .20 22.72 27.. .. . and utilities.53 1.. .. . .02 23. .40 337. . . . Wholesale trade. .. .. .. Trade. .30 341.. . ..14 $23. . . . . . ..96 1. . . . .028.95 22.. . .81 1..36 973. Mining and logging. .08 638.45 1.. . . .. .72 1. . . Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector.004. . . . . . .... . .96 25.. ....97 25. . . . .. . .. . .74 1. . . .. . . .19 20. .. . .. . . . .. . . . .51 30. . .. . ..36 489. .81 1.53 495.44 648... Goods-producing.... . . ..22 21.. . . .. .028.. . Construction. . .. .30 958. . . .42 772. . . .. . seasonally adjusted Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings Industry July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p Total private. Retail trade.97 13...41 1.30 835.21 342. . .98 753.07 20. . . . ..17 . .. .. ..84 973.. .46 991. .. . . ... . .. .11 779. .. . . . . . .61 24..17 15. . Private service-providing. ..82 971. ... .40 $23. . . . .. . . . . . Financial activities. . . . . . . ...68 25.70 25. ..68 20. .

.. . Leisure and hospitality.. .7 93. . Other services. .. . .6 83.. . . .1 0. Construction.5 102. . . .. .0 111. transportation. .. . . . . . . .. . . . . .0 0.. . Mining and logging. . .. . ..1 0. Trade..9 94.1 0. . .. . ...4 85.9 117.9 93.3 97. . Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.8 0.3 107. . . .6 112.2 78. ..8 111. . . . .2 106. .... . .6 0. . .1 0. . . . .5 100. . . .. . ..0 80. .3 93.0 0. Nondurable goods. ... . Goods-producing. .9 82..7 81.6 108.3 89.. . . . .. .0 93. .8 97. . .6 93. . ..7 103.8 94.. . ... . Information.5 89. .. . .8 111.3 106. ..3 93. . .6 96.9 90.. p Preliminary .3 95.6 88. .. . .5 107.4 117. . .. . . . . .5 90.. .. . ... . .7 102..1 -0...3 73.. . .0 73.5 94. . .3 104. .7 95...0 0.1 1. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector. seasonally adjusted [2007=100] Index of aggregate weekly hours1 Index of aggregate weekly payrolls2 Industry July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p Percent change from: June 2011 July 2011p Total private.2 98.0 -0. . .2 0. .. .7 0. .0 0.. .3 106. .0 100. . Durable goods.2 0. .4 101. .7 96.. ..7 100. . . .2 103. . .3 101. . . . Professional and business services. .4 103. .. . and employment. . Education and health services. . .0 97. . . . .. Private service-providing.1 97. .5 99. .9 -0. . . . . Utilities. .1 100. . . . . Retail trade. . . ..9 105.1 90. Financial activities. .5 100. . . . .. . . . . . 92. . . . .2 91... . . . . . .8 94...1 104. .4 95.. . . ..8 110. .2 93.0 111. .6 0..6 93. . . .2 0.3 109.6 0.6 124. . . ..2 0.1 99.. . . .0 98.4 97. .4 95. . .9 91. . . . .9 103. . . . . .7 93.3 1.3 94... .9 109. .5 88. .7 103. .2 100. . .4 71.. . . . .. . . . average weekly hours.. .1 112. .. .. .1 85. . .1 0. . . . . .4 92. . . Transportation and warehousing. . .0 0.. . . . . . .3 93. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings. .. . . . . .4 0.. . .0 83.0 94. . .6 96. . .9 93.4 0.ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-4. . .0 107.6 103. . and utilities.4 103. ..8 82. . . .7 94. . .7 90. . .4 92. . .9 89. . . . . .2 -0. . . .1 88.6 1.0 103. .1 102.4 124. . . . . . .. . .. ..3 0. .0 85.7 88.2 1 The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. . . . . . . .5 100. . Wholesale trade.9 107. . . .5 92.. .2 94.1 0.. .0 July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p Percent change from: June 2011 July 2011p 99. .1 100. . .7 97. . . . .9 93. .2 0. .7 107.1 98. ..7 82. . . . . Manufacturing. .4 90. . . . . ..4 97. .6 80. .0 96.7 93.. . 2 The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. .5 0. . . . . . . .4 93. .. .5 95. . .3 0.5 99.5 94. . .2 0.. . ..2 83. . . .0 103. . .1 97. .0 111.4 80..4 89.5 97. .. ..3 106.9 90. . .. . .6 118.. . .8 124.8 94.2 96. .. . .5 111. .1 0. . . .4 92.2 87..9 92.6 93. . . .7 93. ..7 0. . . .1 73.8 102. . .. .. .. . ..2 97. . .0 0.5 83. . . . .. . .6 0.2 95. ..1 93.. .1 101.8 80.

6 24. . .250 1.5 23. . .. . . .004..853 52..888 2. . . .001 1.842 52. .0 22. . . . Durable goods.. . . . .. .278 1..212 10.3 12.0 49.1 134. .484 7.2 30. .524 48. . . .7 58.092 4. . .724 1. . .. .9 57.4 53. . ... .7 34. . . . .. .. .. seasonally adjusted Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees Industry July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p Total nonfarm. . . Education and health services.. . . . ..8 27. . ... .. ....7 1... .5 13.. . . .. . ...0 50. .. .4 44.. .876 2.8 56. .003 1. . .6 138. .. . . ..1 52. . .878 2. .873 12. . .. .726 1.. . ..0 40. .624 15. . .3 40.. ..3 24. Financial activities. .. . .1 12. .4 44. . . .8 48.. ... . . .7 134. .. . . . . . . ..... Goods-producing. .446 7. ..1 49. . .. .091 4. .. .. . ..223.. . . . .271 4. . . . . . .2 52. . .0 49... . . . . . .. .8 7. .. . .. . . . . . . . . .624 15.092 4.190.7 23. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .... . . ..4 53. . .. . .. Wholesale trade. ... . .665.9 1. . . ..1 52.9 22. .0 49. .. . . .9 27. .. . . . ... . .7 58. . . . .0 22. .3 12. .1 30. . . . .0 49.669.6 13.4 76.999 1. . ... Private service-providing. .. . Utilities. . . . .0 13. . . .875 12. ... . Nondurable goods. . .. . . . .. . .. . . . . . .839 12.. . . . . . . . . . . . . ...004.. . ..7 34.571 64. . . . .3 7.5 13.6 30. .860 64.4 44. . .811 4.0 40. . . .. 64. .. . . . . . . . . ..9 p Preliminary . . . . . .0 134. .635. . .. . .671 51.527 48.6 58.. . . . .7 58.4 40.5 48.. . . . . .. . . ...8 57.4 23. . . . .663. .8 52. .292 6.. ...1 28.. .1 24. . . . ... .. .0 25. . .059 104 707 3. . .3 1. .9 1. . .. Information. .. . . Total private. . . .520 48. .095 97 720 3.281 4. .. . .. .306 4. . . . . transportation. .. .5 24. . . .244 9. . . .. . . . .7 52. . .. . .409 15. ...3 23. . ..0 7.248 1. .. .. . ..625 15.572 64.543 47. . . . . . . . . .441 7. Transportation and warehousing. . .. . . . .3 53.3 23. .. . . .. .244 1.. . . . . . .8 56...4 1. .008. Mining and logging. . .5 40. .4 34.. . .5 53.. ... . . .195.. .8 27.. . . . ... . . . . ... .. .6 24. . . . . .. . . . and utilities. . Leisure and hospitality. .. . . . . . . . . ..090 6. . . . . . . ..8 1. .. . .789 2.. ... .5 40. . . . . . .6 23. .. .5 48. . . . . .. .834 52. . . . Professional and business services. . . .874 12. .. .. . . . . . . . .9 44.. . . . .. . . ... .062 105 713 3. . .. .217 9. . .008.. .. . . . . .7 52. Manufacturing. .3 76.190. . .064 105 709 3. . . . .304 6. . Construction..4 7. . .. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector.. . . .4 76. . .325 6. .4 47. . . . . .. . . .0 40.102 4.. . . .. ..735 1. . Trade. . ... . .5 13. . . Other services. .999 1. . . ..1 30. Retail trade.. . .. . .1 40.2 52.528 49.454 7.9 1..0 1. .7 23.. .9 49.. . .716 10..ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-5. . . . . .1 52. .. .721 1. .4 77. . . Government. . . ..6 34. . .

. . . .. ... .... seasonally adjusted1 [In thousands] Industry July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p Total private.... . . . . . Trade. .. . ... . .. . ..... .3 3. . . .... .. . . .. . . . . .. .. ... . . . . . .. ......085 4... . . . ...... ...... .... . . Wholesale trade.8 12. .. . .. . . ....... ..190 8. . ... . .. .. .. ..527. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.... .. . .. ...155 5.551 1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing... ..... Private service-providing. .. .... . .479 4.999 593 4. . .. .376.. .. .. . ... .. .. .. .... . . . . . ... .. .6 2. . . . ..... . Education and health services. . .632. .. ... ...443.... ... . . ...795 533 4. .. ... .... . ... . . .... . . .... . ..156 11. .... . .. ...449 11. .. ........ .. ... .. .. p Preliminary ..... . . .. .. ... . . . . .. .... . .. ..441... . . . . .. and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.... ... .... . .. . ...... ... . . . .. ...... .. . .. .... . . . . ... .. transportation.. . . . .. .. ..438. . . . .. . . .. .627 4. . . . .. . Manufacturing. ... . . .410. . . ... .692 20... . . .509.. .... .. . .... ... .874 3. . .. ... . .... . . . . . ..249 75. .. . .... ...... ..... .. .. Goods-producing..043 598 4..... . . . .. ... . .. . Information. . ... . .. ... . . ..985 3..221 4.. .. ... .... ..... . .. . .2 441..156 5. . . ... . ...774 21. ..876 13.. . . . . ... .676.. .. . . . .. .. . . . . .. . . . .. ..1 2.. ... ... . .0 3.. .. . . .. . .837 14... Leisure and hospitality..... . . . . .. . ... . .... . .. . .... .. . . .228 4. .. .. .. .... . .986 587 4. . . ....... .. .. .... .. ... . .. . .. .025 3...652 4.... .. . . .9 12.. ..173 5. . ... .... . .. ... . . .. ....... ... Utilities.. .. .. 88. . .... . . .... ..151 5.. .. . . . . ...832 12.... .. .821 14.. .. ... .... .... Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector. .. .. .2 12. .. . . .541..139 8..137 17. .554 89. .487 12.... . . ...... .. . . .2 441..464 11. .. .. .997 3.... .... . . . ..... . . .. .. .. .... . .. . . . . ... . .... .. . .. . .. ... . Durable goods. . . . ... . .231 76. . ..... .. ... . ... .. . . . .. ... ..967 13.. Other services.. Retail trade.. ..... . .. . .. . . . . .178 8.. ... . .667.. .. ... .4 441.102 4.0 2. .. . . . . ..660 4..... .. ...236 76. .. .. . . . . .. ..... . . .. .. . . . . . . . . and utilities... .. ..... ..... ... .. .. . ..... .... . .. ... . . . .. .. .. ... . . ... .... . construction employees in construction.......663 17. . .....1 12. ... .. . . . .. ....6 440. Construction.. .ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-6. .502 11.. ..924 21..760 12. . .. ..... .. . ..6 2... . . .. ...056 4. .. ..... .. . ..9 3..675. . ... .... .. .230 76.. ..861 4..178 8. . . ... . . .255 5. . .. .... ... ... ... .... . . . . . .. . . Mining and logging.. . . . .. . . .. ... .... .4 3. ... . .. .123 4. .. . .104 17.. Financial activities.. . . . . .. Nondurable goods. ..821 14.. .. ..552 89. ... Transportation and warehousing.. ... .. .. . .095 17. .. ..... .. . . .. . . . .. ...484 89.... . ... Professional and business services.. .. . . .. . . ... . . . . . .. . .. .. .. .. ..833 21. ... . .. . .. ....

.... ... . . .4 41.... . . .3 24. . Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector. .. . ... . . . ... construction employees in construction.... . .... ... .... . . . . ... . ... .. . .4 36.... .. . . . ...... . . ..0 41.... . . . . ...1 4.. . . .. ... ..... . .. . . . .. . . .. .9 30. . .. . . .. .. .... .. . . . . .4 40. Financial activities. ... .4 33.. . .. . . . . ... . . . . . ... .. . . ... .4 39...2 36.3 44.... . .... .. ... ... ... .. . .7 4. . .. .. .7 32. . ... .... . ... ...... ..5 40.3 37.3 36.. . .. . . . . . .. . . ....8 42.. .. . . . .. .. .8 30... .. .. . .. ... .. . . ... .. . .. .. . ... .. .. . ..8 30. .. .. .. . . ...2 32. ... p Preliminary .... . . .. . . . . . .... . . . ... .. . . . . .. .8 33.4 24. . . . . .. . .1 32. . .. .1 41. . .... . . 33. .. ... . . .. ... .. .. . . ... .. . . ...8 40.. . .. . . .4 41. .....2 4. ... ... . These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.. . .. . . . .. .. ... . .. Durable goods. .. Utilities.. . .. .. . .. ... .. .. .. .. . . ..2 32. .... ... ... ..9 46.. . . .... . . . . .. . . .. . .. . ..... .. . Information... .. . . . ... .. .. .. .. . ... ..6 38. ... .... . . . ..... .. ....1 24. . ... ... .6 40. .. .. . ........ ... . Wholesale trade. . . . . . . ... .... Nondurable goods.. . . .3 42.. . ... . . . ... ..8 3. .2 41. . .. . .8 40. . . . . . ... .2 35. . .. .. . .. .. .1 4.. .... . .. . ... .. .9 4. .. . .... .... .. . .. ... .. .. . . Goods-producing.7 33... . .. . . . ..... .. ... . . .. . . Manufacturing. ..4 33. Durable goods. . . .. .. . . ... ... . ... .. . .. .. ....4 37...... . ... . . ..4 41.. . .. ..0 30.. . .. . .. . .9 32. .. ... and utilities. .. .2 39. . . .......... . . . ... .7 38. ..4 38. ... transportation.. . . ... . . . . . . . .... . .. . .... . . . .. . .. .. .. .. .... .. Construction. . ..7 40..7 38.. .. . . .. .. . . . . seasonally adjusted1 July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS Total private. .. .. . Other services... . .. . . .. . Nondurable goods.. . .. . . ... . . .9 32. .. ... .. . . . . . ... .. .. . .. . .. . .4 38...1 4..... . .. . .. . .. . . . . . . . .5 30.. . .. . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . ... . . ... . . ... . Transportation and warehousing. . Education and health services. ... Retail trade. . . .. .. .. . . .. . ..5 30. . . . . . .. ... . . . .2 35. . . . . .3 33. . . . .8 32... . .9 46. . .. .. . .8 3. . . . . . . ..7 33. ..1 36. .. .. . .. . ... ...6 40... . . . . . . .. . . . . . Trade..4 30. ..... . . ... . . . .. . . . . . .1 41. . . .... ... . .. . . . . . . . . .. .. . .. . ... . .. .. . .. .. .. . ... . Professional and business services.. .. .9 47. . ... . . .. . ... . .. .3 33... ..0 4. . . . . .... .. ... . . .. .. ... . . . ...... . . .. . . . ... . 3.. . .2 36. . . . . ..2 41. Mining and logging. ... . .... . ... ... . . .. ...1 4. .. . .. . .. . . .. ... .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. . ....... .. ....... . .6 40.. . . . .. .. ... . . . . . .0 42.ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-7. . ... . . .. ...1 36..9 42.. Leisure and hospitality.. .. .....8 30. .. .. . ..6 AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS Manufacturing.. .. . . ... . .... . .. .3 35.. . . . ... . . Private service-providing. . . .. . . . . ... .. . .. . . . .. . . .. .. .. . ... .... .. ... .... . .. . .5 37..4 36.2 32. ... . . . . .0 Industry 1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing. .. .. .. . . . . .. ...3 24. . . . .5 39. .4 36.7 38.2 3. . ...... . ..2 35. . .. .. . . and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.

.99 786.. . . ..18 17. . .. .. .25 $19. . .. . .83 11. .... . . . . . .54 22.. . .. . . . . . ... . . ... . and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. .14 22. .. . . ..58 529. . . .. Mining and logging.85 20. . . . . . ...295. ...43 818. .29 July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p $ 639. .. Trade. . ... . . .92 23. .22 18. .. .. Information. .. . .39 849. .. . . .28 1. . Other services. $19. .62 24.71 11. . .... . .. . . . .45 30. . .20 917. ... . . .. . . . .76 843.36 942.. . . .64 24. . ... .09 17. . . . .16 816.. .. . ... . ..74 23.02 20. . .32 811. .. .15 956.. . . . .39 696. . . .55 21.. . .ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-8. Financial activities.50 19. . Utilities.00 921. .25 20. .. . .. .02 402. . .94 20.08 887. .. ... .36 848..... . . . . . . . .. .51 966. . ... . .. . . ..18 843. . .. . .88 411. . .. . . . .. .57 21. . . . . . . . . . Wholesale trade. ..... . . ..19 20.42 1. Construction. . .275. p Preliminary .89 282. . . . .23 19. .22 26.. . . . .75 713. . . . ... .18 736.96 737.83 16... . transportation. . .. .. . . .80 23.14 17. . .44 20. .81 21. . . . .. .. . . .25 17.11 13... . . .18 $ 652. . . .53 18.37 528. .64 11. . ... Leisure and hospitality. .75 786. . . ..77 26.18 22. . . .12 30. . . .46 23... .069. .. .. .47 764. .93 674. .. . .. .. ...56 18. .05 19. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls. .. . . . . ...62 578. .74 23. . .. . .33 17.. .39 608.. .. . . . Manufacturing. .41 19. . . . .298.59 685..14 11. .. . . .. ..04 19. . .. seasonally adjusted1 Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings Industry July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p Total private. and utilities...35 529. ..76 16.09 $19.51 $ 653. ..23 847. . .50 17. .47 23. . . . . ... . . .51 1. . .22 1. .40 646. .. . .. Professional and business services..11 20. ..66 19.21 618.... ..42 20.29 818. . ... . . . . . . . .. . . . .. Education and health services. ...16 17..154.. .. ..34 737.. . . . .87 621...07 1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing. . . .. . .. . . . . ... .. . .10 19. . . . . . . . .45 575. Goods-producing... . .90 846. . .. . .46 784. .... .. .98 13.70 561.. . . . ...42 779.137.13 21. . . .. ... . .. . .. .87 787.146..42 30. .80 26.45 19. . . . ... .84 26.. .47 17.12 285. . . . .84 18. .305. . . . . ..35 21. ..57 577. . .26 23.27 1. . . ... Transportation and warehousing. ...55 13. . . . . .48 844. . . . . . Private service-providing. .86 1. . . . .. .48 30. ..21 $19.64 699. . . .. . construction employees in construction.12 782.23 17. . . .. . . . ... .04 21.08 20. .06 841.87 816.. ....20 284.70 23. . ..65 967..49 666..52 20.34 804.92 1.60 19... ... . .91 20. . . .85 839. . . . .. .. . . .99 791. . . .94 695. .. . . . ..74 24. . . .67 668.... .01 13. ...16 1. . . .67 927.18 $ 655. Durable goods.. . . . ..32 408. . Retail trade. .49 17. . . ... .. .19 406.46 284..43 623.... .. . . Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector. .95 526. . .97 818. Nondurable goods. .. .

8 104.4 -0.5 135.8 104.0 116. .. .. .. . . .0 129. . .8 -0.. . . .. . ... . .. . . .5 138. . .. .1 100. . .2 148.. . . . . .7 120. .6 78.1 111.1 117. . .1 115. . . ..3 120. . .0 98.1 130.7 105. . . . .5 136.2 93.3 110. . These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.9 104.5 92. . .7 98.4 78.3 123. . . . .2 145. . ...7 0.. . .. . . .4 99.. . . . .4 101..3 93. . . .1 1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing. ...1 110... . . . .7 103.. . . .5 97. . Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings. . .. . .. . .9 100.6 99. . .1 0. ... . .9 104. . Leisure and hospitality. .8 81.4 95. . . .9 98. . Mining and logging..0 101. .. . ... .8 105.1 -0. .6 75. . . .3 0... .6 206. . .3 134.7 0. .3 0. . . .8 101.1 0.. .4 93.. Manufacturing.9 121. Utilities.8 135.. . .. . . . . .. .1 0.1 0. .. . . ..3 167. ... . . .4 122..0 89. ...2 76. . . . Other services.8 135. . Retail trade.6 99.2 131... .0 0.4 0. . .0 -0. .. . . . . . . . . .. .2 89.5 157.2 -0.5 130. . .9 94.3 121. ..1 0. . .. . transportation. .0 78.0 95. . . . . . . . . . .8 81. . .. . . .6 100. . and employment.. Information. . Durable goods. .5 147. . . .4 94. . .8 102. . . . .5 211. .2 78. . . .4 93. .. .3 106. . .. .7 96.7 135.8 120.6 105.9 0. . Goods-producing.5 0.. .0 123.ESTABLISHMENT DATA Table B-9.8 106.7 96.0 121.1 96. .0 102. . . . . Trade. 99.2 0. .. .0 123. . . . ... . .. . .. ..8 89. .6 101. . .9 95.1 99. . .9 139.2 78. . . .6 0. . . .3 100. ..8 96. .4 105. .5 0. .2 -0. .5 0.3 July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p Percent change from: June 2011 July 2011p 126. . . .8 78. ..9 1. . . 2 The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. . . Construction. .9 0. . ..5 153. . . . . .3 97. .. .. .5 165..5 96. . .2 0. . . . ..1 129.. . .3 0. . .0 97. construction employees in construction..5 77.1 95. . . .5 122..5 165. . . . . .3 108. . . ..6 211. . . Nondurable goods... . . . .6 146. . .1 140.8 176. ..1 1. . .8 77. and utilities. . . Professional and business services.0 81.8 107.6 103.9 89.. Education and health services. . . . . . . .7 138. . p Preliminary . ..9 112.9 0.7 98. ..5 102.1 81. .. .0 131. .. . . .4 104. . . .. . Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.7 106.. .2 0. . .5 124. .7 121.6 111. . Wholesale trade.1 97. . .3 129.1 0.9 152. .6 95. . . .4 -0. . average weekly hours. . .1 97..3 0. seasonally adjusted1 [2002=100] Index of aggregate weekly hours2 Index of aggregate weekly payrolls3 Industry July 2010 May 2011 June 2011p July 2011p Percent change from: June 2011 July 2011p Total private.2 0. . 3 The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. . .1 117.1 78. ..3 154. .7 77.4 82.8 118.1 100. . Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector.8 111. Financial activities.5 1.5 0. . . . .5 130.. .. . . Private service-providing.6 130.. . . . .3 123. . .. .3 78. . . . . . . . . . . .1 100.0 123.5 122. .1 0. . . .7 81... .. Transportation and warehousing. . .. . . . .6 79. . . . .0 116.. . .. . . . . ..0 106. .. . ..8 126. . . ..6 140..0 138. . .8 98. . and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.2 0. .

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