Importing Part Geometries and Assembling in ABAQUS

Written by D. Mathis

Layout of Steps 1. Create Geometry in desired CAD package 2. Save file format in .igs, .sat (other formats available) 3. Geometrically Assemble in ABAQUS 4. Create tie constraints between parts

Creating Geometry in CAD Package
• For this example, a simple box was created in Pro-E • This box was then saved as an .igs file, but other file options are available • Once the part has been created and saved, select File in the ABAQUS toolbar, and scroll down to Import, and select part

Importing Part .

and select ok . but for this example the .Importing Part • A window will now pop up that allows you to locate your saved part • Note the variety of file extensions available.igs file extension was used • Choose your selected part file and extension.

Choosing File & Extension .

Importing Part.igs format • After clicking ok. or wireframe topology – The solid topology was chosen here since it was desired to model a solid part • After having chosen your topology. click ok . . shell. a new window will pop up that allows further import options of the chosen parts • You can now choose whether you wish to import the part in a solid.

.igs format .Importing Part.

Now click ok.Importing a Second Part • For this example. but on the “Create Part from an Igs file” window. • A smaller box will now be created . select the scale tab • Click on the “Multiply all lengths option” and type in 0. a second box was imported from the same saved part • Repeat the previous steps of importing the selected part.5.

Scaling the Second Box .

This option will keep your parts from initially overlapping. • In order to be able to separately mesh the two parts. click on the instance part option • Choose your selected parts.Assembling the Parts • Now click on the Assembly Module • From the Assmbly Module. and click on the Auto-offset from other instances option. choose the dependent option • Click ok .

Starting the Assembly .

Moving the Parts • You should now see both of your parts in the view-port window • For this example. and select the smaller box • Then click done . the smaller box will be moved to the upper corner of the big box • To do this. click on the Translate Instance Button.

Moving the part .

in the bottom of the view-port window . select a point on the corner of the smaller box that you want to move to the upper corner of the larger box • Now select a point on the corner of your larger box where you wish point of your smaller box to move to • The smaller box will now move to the selected point • Click ok.Moving Part • Now.

Geometrically Constraining the Parts • The smaller box now has to be geometrically constrained so that it is correctly positioned on the larger box. choose the face to face option . • Click on the Constraint option on the Toolbar. Note the different constraint options that are available • Here.

• A options window will now pop up. select the Show/Hide Selection Options that is located at the bottom of the view-port. To choose this face. click on the “Select the Entity Closest to the screen” to turn this option off . we need to choose the face on the smaller box that is currently butted up against the larger box.Geometrically Constraining the Parts • Now.

Face to Face Constraint .

and press ok • Now.Geometrically Constraining the Parts • Now. click on the part • Further options will now appear at the bottom of the view-port • Cycle through the view options by clicking on the next button. turn the “Select the Entity Closest to the screen” feature back on. until the desired face is selected. and select the face of the larger box .

Face to Face Constraint .

Face to Face Constraint • Arrows will now appear on the figure • Use the flip option at the bottom of the view-port to make sure the arrows are pointing in the same direction • Click ok .

Face to Face Constraint .

and then the respective edge of the larger box. select Edge to edge in the Constraint Toolbar pull-down • Now choose one of the edges of the smaller box.Edge to Edge Constraint • The edge of the smaller box now has to be constrained to the larger box • To do this. Note that is easier to select if you turn off the “Select the Entity Closest to the screen” feature. make sure the arrows are pointing in the same direction • Repeat this for the other edge. Again. Note that the “The instance "box_1-1-1" is fully constrained” message appears in the lower text box once the box is fully constrained .

ABAQUS now needs to know how to physically tie the two parts together • This will be accomplished here by using the Tie Constraint. click on Constraint in the file library .Creating Tie Constraint • Now that the parts have been assembled. which fuses the face of the smaller box to the larger box • To do this.

and choose the tie constraint. choose that the slave type be a surface • Choose the face on the smaller box that is butted up against the larger box. which is the face of the larger box and click done • Next. choose the Master surface.Creating Tie Constraint • A new constraint window will pop up. • Click done • A new window will be brought up to edit the constraint select ok . Note here there are multiple options for these constraints • Now.

Tie Constraint .

however. It should now be noted.Note on Meshing and Parameter Defining • The Part has now been completely assembled and tied together. . that meshing of the parts and section assignments should now be done in the File library under the respective parts.

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