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Tena koutou i ngā ahuatanga o te wā me te Tau Hou What a year it has been. But before we start talking politics, ‘tis the season to be joyous, to spend time with your whānau and the people you love. ‘Tis the time when whānaungatanga is at its peak as we welcome home our relatives from the cities and overseas. ‘Tis the season for you to relax, reﬂect and to create what you want for the new year. Like you and your whānau, we in the Māori Party will be taking a much needed time out too, but we can assure you that will be short lived as we prepare for an even busier year ahead. Sometimes plans don’t always go exactly how we want them to, particularly when working in Parliament and especially when you are a party of ﬁve members out of 122.
Dr Pita Sharples
That’s a very small minority when numbers decide what makes law and what doesn’t. The journey for us though must be one of hope, of soldiering on and rising above adversity. Since the 2008 general elections, we have championed a number of issues, particularly in highlighting the plight of our peoples’ health and social wellbeing (whānau ora and getting tough on tobacco) and the rights of tangata whenua (UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples). In this publication you will see a survey on the back page. We hope that you will ﬁnd the time to ﬁll it out and send it back to us so we can develop policies on issues that really matter to you and your whānau. Heoi ano Hon Tariana Turia Hon Dr Pita Sharples
Constitutional courage, cons
hen the Māori Party signed up to a relationship and conﬁdence and supply agreement with the National Party in November 2008, we agreed upfront to “act in accordance with Te Tiriti o Waitangi. It was an immediate recognition that the Treaty is the basis of our nationhood and by proxy makes Aotearoa unique. In 1840 it was the invitation for the Crown to enter into a relationship with tangata whenua an invitation which is just as relevant today as it was 170 years on. Judge Taihakurei Durie perhaps said it best: “we must not forget that the Treaty is not just a bill of rights for Māori. We must remember that if we are the tangata whenua, the original people, then the Pakeha are tangata Tiriti, those who belong to the land by right of that Treaty.” Now in 2011, we have a great opportunity to make good on that invitation, to breathe new life into the call from the people to honour the Treaty. On December 8, both parties announced a wide-ranging review to include matters such as the size of Parliament, the length of the electoral term, Māori representation, the
role of the Treaty and whether New Zealand needs a written constitution. The call to honour the Treaty is one which long precedes the entry of the Māori Party into the House. From as early back as May 1840, with Hone Heke’s action in felling the ﬂagpole ﬂying the Union Jack at Kororareka, there has been an incredible history of protest, petition, advocacy, submission, hikoi, occupation and legislation to ensure the Treaty of Waitangi guides our constitutional arrangements. We think of the efforts made by King Tawhiao, King Te Rata and Tahupotiki Wiremu Ratana to have the Treaty recognised by the British Government. Ratana in fact travelled the world twice, carrying his national petition signed by 38,000 Māori and calling for the Tiriti to be written into the statue books of the Dominion, the constitution of Parliament and law. This would allow Tiriti to be the governing foundation document for New Zealand in order to protect the relationship between Pakeha and Māori and Crown. This petition was submitted into the House of Representatives in Wellington in 1932 but
when it came time for it to be presented, Pakeha MPs walked out of the House to prevent it from being tabled and no action was taken. There are many other stories over the centuries that attempt to have the Treaty placed ﬁrmly on the agenda. Treaty cases have been taken right through the appeal processes to the Privy Council in Britain, complaints have been laid with the United Nations, peaceful protest and the more direct activism of Nga Tamatoa in the 1970s are all part of the whakapapa for the constitutional review. So how can you get involved in helping to ensure Te Tiriti is honoured and the implications for a Treaty partnership are understood? The key purpose of the constitutional issues project announced on December 8 is that we will seek the views of all New Zealanders, including, iwi, hapu and whanau in ways which reﬂect the Treaty relationship. It’s up to you to interpret how we make this work – how will your whanau have a say? What is your marae intending to contributing to the project? How do hapu have a voice about the constitutional arrangements that best suit the people of Aotearoa? You can check out the terms of reference for the review at www.maoriparty.org The review will also be open to considering other issues and perspectives that are raised during public engagement. For example, this may include public interest in whether New Zealand should move to a republic, or the relationship between central and local government. It is an amazing opportunity to drive forward, with what we in the Māori Party are calling ‘constitutional courage.’ Our tupuna saw a future for this nation in a partnership based on mutual respect, cooperation and good faith. In our policy, we have referred the Treaty as the promise of our ancestors. We recognise that promise articulated in the Māori text of Te Tiriti o Waitangi. As Sir James Henare once said, the key to the meaning and mana of the Treaty lies in the Māori text – ko te mana te kupu, ko te kupu te mana. We must honour the legacy of our tupuna who for so many decades and generations before us, have been calling for a constitution that honours the Treaty.
Māori Party tackles tobaco
otearoa’s approach to tackling tobacco harm has been turned up another notch because of Māori Party efforts to save and preserve the precious lives of our people and the nation. The party’s tobacco campaign to rid our shores of tobacco harm has resulted in landmark milestones which include increasing tobacco tax and the introduction of legislation to ban retain displays - and keep tobacco out of sight, out of mind. Our very own Tai Tokerau MP Hone Harawira also stepped up the campaign by initiating a inquiry into Māori related tobacco death by Parliament’s Māori Affairs Select Committee. We are making signiﬁcant progress and the momentum must be continued. The past 12 months have been the most rapid in the history of making policy around tobacco control. Just over a year ago, the select committee announced it would carry out an inquiry into the tobacco industry and in particular the consequences of tobacco use for Māori. In March, our co-leader, and Associate Minister of Health, Tariana Turia initiated a public consultation
If any country killed 5000 people in any one year, we would be at war with them. That’s how many people are killed by the tobacco industry. I guarantee you they are girding for war themselves. We must not give up the ﬁght
on a proposal to ban tobacco displays in retail outlets. In April results from the 2009 tobacco use survey showed that the current smoking rates for 1564 year olds had dropped to 21.8%. In real numbers that’s about 60,000 fewer smokers, in real numbers that is estimated to be more than 10,000 Māori. These are fantastic results which demonstrate that people are starting to recognise the serious harms that come from smoking and saying that it’s just not worth it. If we were really adventurous we might line up for Time Warp and go back to 1840. There we would ﬁnd an account of gifts given at the signing of Te Tiriti o Waitangi in the Bay of Plenty, including: Eight pounds of tobacco and 12 pipes for chiefs at Opotiki, ﬁve fancy pipes and half a pound of tobacco at Te Kaha, two fancy pipes and half a pound of
baco to save mokopuna
tobacco at Torere, 11 fancy pipes and ﬁve pounds of tobacco at Whakatane. It deﬁes belief - that at the point of signing our most sacred document, tobacco would be offered as a gift which we now know kills people in numbers too big to ignore. Of course the most critical fact that motivates all of us to be here today is that 45% of Māori aged 15 to 64 years are smokers. One in two long term smokers will die of smoking related diseases. Those, about 5000 every year, who die lose on average 15 years of life. None of these statements are new but we offer no apologies in repeating them. We are still losing generations of our people, dying in middle age. Even more tragic is the fact that almost half the sudden unexplained deaths of Māori infants are attributed to smoking. The biggest issue of all, bigger even than the fact that people are smoking, is the root causes for why people smoke. We need to come to grips with the triggers that cause people to smoke in the ﬁrst place, we have to make the commitment to each other, to our whānau to make long term change in the interests of our future.
Photos courtesy ofTe Reo Marama
One day at a time, one Bill
BY TARIANA TURIA Co-Leader, Māori Party was prompted the other day to look at the Hansard associated with the introduction of the Treaty of Waitangi Bill in November 1974, by the late Matiu Rata as the Minister of Māori Affairs. The 1975 Act recommended that the Waitangi Tribunal could only consider claims arising after the passage of that Act whereas Māori universally wanted claims to be dated back to the Treaty itself. One wonders how Matiu endured the criticism levelled at him that the Act failed to address the injustices that had created a need for the legislation in the ﬁrst place. In his contribution to the third reading debate on 10 October 1975, Rata stated: “There was some doubt about the question of retrospective action and I told the committee that if a Labour government had been able to deal with historical grievances in the past, I saw no reason why it should not continue to do so in the future.” As it transpired, in the course of history, he didn’t have long to wait. The new 1984 law allowed the tribunal to consider any claims aris-
ing on or after February 6, 1840. In his new role as leader of Mana Motuhake, Matiu Rata welcomed the news as a “step in the right direction” admitting “much is the pity that my former colleagues did not accept my advice on this matter in 1975.” I have been pondering this story as I think about some of the submissions that have come in from some Māori submitters who think the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Bill doesn’t go far enough. In the Parliamentary evironment we constantly have to focus on what gains can be made. And so, I am pleased about the progress that has been achieved with the new Takutai Moana Bill which represents a signiﬁcant advance on the 2004 Act. At its most basic form, the 2004 Act removed the long held common law right of Māori to seek customary title in the High Court. The 2010 Bill restores the ability of Māori to seek
Bill at a time
The 2004 Act required Māori to prove extinguishment of customary title had not occurred. Proving something that had not happened over a 170 year period placed a signiﬁcant burden on Māori. The 2010 Bill places that burden on the Crown. If the Crown cannot prove extinguishment then customary title will be recognised. The Bill also explicitly allows for customary practices to evolve over time. The 2004 Act does not recognise the evolving nature of customary rights. We all know it’s not perfect by any means. But it does ensure public access and the inalienability of the customary title – two things iwi have consistently asked be protected in the replacement regime. In my estimation it’s a step forward in a very long journey towards nationhood. I take heart from the experience of our predecessors, such as Matiu Rata, and also in the knowledge that our mokopuna will pick up the ﬁght in their own lifetimes. We need to remind ourselves that our people asked us to do two things after the 2004 Act - Repeal it and ensure our people have access to the courts. We have done both and more.
these rights. Crown ownership under the 2004 Act is explicitly removed. Customary interests extinguished by the 2004 Act are restored, as is the ability for whānau, hapu or iwi to seek customary title. And one of the most signiﬁcant steps is that this bill explicitly recognises the enduring mana-based relationship of iwi and hapu to the marine and coastal area in their rohe. Māori do not have to prove anything in order to achieve this recognition, it is theirs by right as tangata whenua. While these advances are known by those who have taken the time to read the bill, there are some other notable sections in the Bill which warrant a closer look. The Bill incorporates tikanga as a key element in the test for customary title and allows for differences in tikanga from group to group. One of the most creative initiatives is that relating to burden of proof.
The whānau way
he ﬁrst wave of organisations to deliver the Māori Party’s ﬂagship whānau ora policy approach have been selected. And while the delivery of the services using the whānau ora approach is still in its infancy stages, we are expecting thousands of whānau to experience a new and better way of receiving social and health assistance. We now have 25 provider collectives, throughout the country, which are committed to working collaboratively to deliver this innovative approach to engage whānau. We are in no doubt that this strong collaboration will continue to gather momentum and that over time we will see more and more whānau empowered to take control over their future. Our co-leader, and Minister Responsible for Whānau Ora, Tariana Turia told the successful providers at Takapuwahia Marae, Porirua in October that she was extremely proud to see a quality line up of groups which would be implementing such a bold and innovative policy. The whānau ora launch event also saw Tariana announce a $6.6 million fund (Whanau Integration, Innovation and Engagement Fund) which will be open to the providers as well as nongovernment organisations including iwi, hapu, runanga, whanau trusts and marae committees to implement their plans for overcoming the challenges they face.
WE WANT TO KNOW WHAT YOU THINK
How signiﬁcant is the whanāu ora achievement to you and your whanau? Take part in our survey on the backpage.
Warm whare: Almost
PHOTO: Benjamin Diaz in front of his house in the Tai Tokerau that was insulated in October.
1500 low-income Māori whānau have warmer and healthier homes as a result of a concession negotiated by the Māori Party. Securing Government funding for a 100 percent subsidy to heat and insulate 2000 homes, belonging to whānau with community service cards, is making progress. The concession, secured under the Emmissions Trading Scheme, has been incorporated into the Warm Up New Zealand: Heat Smart Scheme run by the Energy Efﬁciency and Conservation Authority. Research tells us that home insulation improves overall health and wellbeing and results in fewer doctor visits, cheaper power bills, lower heating costs and fewer sick days.
Construction underway on Māori units
The Whare Oranga Ake reintegration units, which help Māori inmates learn about their culture, are on track and set to be operational by mid to late 2011. Our co-leader, and Associate Corrections Minister, Dr Pita Sharples, secured government funding for the development of two kaupapa Māori reintergration units at Spring Hill Corrections Facility in Waikato and Hawkes Bay Prison. These ‘whare’ and the programmes that will be delivered in them aspire to reduce re-offending and re-imprisonment. Whare Oranga Ake takes prisoners in the last two years of their sentence and uses a kaupapa Māori framework to prepare them for release by: • Providing support to strengthen their identity • Developing and enhancing knowledge of tikanga Māori • Rebuilding whānau, hapu, iwi and community relationships • Supporting training initiatives and establishing long term employment Dr. Sharples, who designed Whare Oranga Ake, secured $19.8 million over four years to build and operate the two new 16-bed units. Each unit will expand to 32 beds in 2012.
Tamariki living in poverty Poor housing and economic W hardship go hand in hand.
e can never understand how politicians do not relate poverty with the likely impact on tamariki. When we hear that 2000 tamaiti have been admitted to hospital in the past year, a huge increase from 2007, we know we are not getting things right in Government. The 2010 Children’s Social Health Monitor was released just before Christmas but it was hardly festive reading. The overall picture was grim – that our social safety nets are not protecting our tamariki from severe hardship. And so there’s nothing for lunch, a visit to the doctor or the dentist is unthinkable because of cost, no funds for shoes or clothing. Respiratory and infectious diseases seem to be the major causes but we also know that rheumatic fever which begins with a strep throat is on the rise. This is a third world disease and why does this exist in a country of milk and money? DHBs and PHOs must be held accountable to ensuring that services that are funded reach our most vulnerable whanau. Obviously doing the same is not working. We need to do
We need real answers, real solutions, not more policies that continue to depress these families further.
more. Home insulation is a key plus home heating also. While the Māori Party has advocated long and hard for funding for heating and insulation we are not sure that the most vulnerable are in fact accessing it. Poor housing and economic hardship go hand in hand. We need real answers, real solutions, not more policies that continue to depress these families further. We all want to respond by making children’s health and wellbeing a priority. We can do that by focussing attention on the whanau. Some things are part of a long term strategy such as lifting the educational performance of Māori and Pasiﬁka peoples. But the important thing is we have no time to sit around. The social health and resilience of our whanau is our greatest priority.
Toi te kupu
Te Paepae Motuhake is an independent panel of Māori language experts established by our co-leader, and Māori Affairs Minister Pita Sharples, to review the way the Government promotes Māori language. A generation of incredible achievements have transformed the outlook for te reo Māori but a recent Waitangi Tribunal report has underlined that more needs to be done – that kōhanga reo and kaupapa Māori schools are not growing as fast as they need to and lack of government support is the main reason. The government spends more than $200 million a year on programmes that are meant to promote te reo Māori. Te Paepae Motuhake is reviewing whether that money is getting the best possible results for our language. Panel members are Professor Tamati Reedy as chairperson Rahera Shortland, Cathy Dewes, Toni Waho, Kahautu Maxwell, Hana O’Regan and Pānia Papa. Twelve hui around the North Island have reiterated that te reo Māori is a taonga, and that iwi must maintain te rangatiratanga o te reo. The panel will hold meetings in the South Island in early 2011, and with government agencies, before they report to Dr Sharples in March. Their report will lay the basis for a new Māori language strategy.
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Finding solutions to welfare dependency
he Welfare Working Group set up in April has recently released a discussion paper which outlines an extensive range of options for welfare reform. Central to the discussion is a focus on ‘reducing long-term beneﬁt dependency.’ It is with this in mind that a range of options has been put forward by WWG to change parts of the system itself, like its structure, its processes and the way services are delivered. Another range of options relates speciﬁcally to certain groups identiﬁed by WWG as being particularly ‘at-risk’ of being ‘locked into the beneﬁt system.’ Where WWG discusses the needs of Māori, in terms of moving off beneﬁts and into employment, a number of options have been provided. One is the establishment of memoranda of understandings between the Government and Māori. These are effectively agreements in which responsibilities, objectives and expectations are clearly set out by both parties. Through memoranda of understanding, the mandated Māori group could potentially have more direct control of local social support needs. It is expected the memoranda for the purposes of welfare support would be made with the Minister for Social Development and Employment. To see the full range of options or to make a submission go online to:
http://ips.ac.nz/WelfareWorkingGroup It is important that people who have ﬁrst-hand experience of the system inform the changes which are made to it, especially where their lives are affected by those changes. Written submissions should be submitted before the end of January. At the same time as the Government’s working group released its report, the Alternative Welfare Working Group recommended that it should invest more resources in the next generation by addressing income, housing, health and education needs in the present. They called for a focus on the ‘relentless pursuit of wellbeing.’ To ﬁnd out more about what the AWWG has to say go online to www.welfarejustice.org
Where we stand
The Māori Party: • Is committed to reducing the intergenerational dependency of our people on State welfare. • Wants our people to have the right to independent and positive lives. • Believes the State has a responsibility to protect the vulnerable. • Knows that whānau ora can be part of the solution. We must believe that education is also the key to our economic future.
Tariana Turia MP for Te Tai Hauauru, Co-Leader of the Māori Party
E: firstname.lastname@example.org | 0800 4 TURIA (0800 488 742) Whanganui: Phone 06 345 4416 Suite 21, Wicksteed Terrace
Dr Pita Sharples MP for Tamaki Makaurau, Co-Leader of the Māori Party
E: email@example.com | 0800 4 SHARPLES (0800 474 277) Papatoetoe: Phone 09 250 1254 141 Kolmar Road, Hunters Corner
Te Ururoa Flavell MP for Waiariki, Māori Party Whip
E: teururoa.ﬂavell@parliament.govt.nz | 0508 WAIARIKI (0508 924 274) Rotorua: Phone 07 350 3261 | 1489 Eruera Street Whakatane: Phone 07 307 0177 | 40e Landing Road
Rahui Katene MP for Te Tai Tonga, Deputy Māori Party Whip
E: firstname.lastname@example.org | 0800 TETAITONGA (0800 838 248) Wellington : Phone 04 387 4903 | Unit 19, Kilbirnie Plaza, Rongotai Street, Kilbirnie Christchurch : Phone 03 388 9735 | Shop 6, 317 Pages Road, Aranui Invercargill: Phone 03 218 7819 | 7a Martin Street
People before pokies
Get behind our Gambling Harm Reduction Bil. Check out www.maoriparty.org
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