INFORMATION FOR IEEE TRANSACTIONS, JOURNALS, AND LETTERS AUTHORS
Table of Contents I. IEEE Author Rights and Responsibilities .................................................................................................................. A. Author Responsibilities B. Rights C. IEEE Copyright II. A General Overview: Steps to Publishing in an IEEE Scholarly Publication ......................................................... A. Initial Decisions B. Formats C. Peer Review D. Final Acceptance E. Preparation of Electronic and Final Manuscripts F. Author Proofs G. Reprint Requests H. Printed Issue I. No Returns III. Submission Procedures for Peer Review ................................................................................................................. A. Transactions, Journals, and Letters B. Proceedings of the IEEE IV. General Manuscript Preparation................................................................................................................................ A. Consecutive Numbering of Parts B. Manuscript Formats C. Abstract D. References E. References—Electronic Sources F. Figures, Tables, and Captions List G. Section Headings H. Mathematical Notation I. Units and Abbreviations V. Final Preparation for Publication................................................................................................................................ A. Electronic Disk Preparation B. E-Mail Preparation C. Graphics Preparation D. Author Supplied Electronic Graphics E. Proofs VI. Reprints and Page Charges ....................................................................................................................................... A. Page Charges B. Mandatory and Overlength Page Charges C. Ordering Reprints D. Billing/Ordering Information for Authors and Purchasing Departments 1

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Appendix I. Table of Units and Quantity Symbols ..................................................................................................... A1 Appendix II. Some Common Acronyms and Abbreviations ..................................................................................... A9 Appendix III. List of IEEE Transactions, Journals, and Letters .............................................................................. A13 Appendix IV. List of IEEE Magazines ..................................................................................................................... A16

C.org. The referees return their recommendations if the argument put forth is persuasive. Statements and opinions given in work published by the IEEE are the expressions of the authors. determine whether the dispute merits a formal arbitration process. However the referee chooses to act. together with the rebuttal of the author. inquiries may be e-mailed to copyrights@ieee. unless a time extension is granted by the Vice President of Publication Services and Products. Letters. photographs. Implementation of these policies is the responsibility of the Editor-in-Chief of the publication. Journals. In any case. It is understood that such occasional lengthy exchanges will require an extension to the deadline for the final decision of the submission beyond the 90-day requirement. and distribute) in any computer programs set out in the text of the material. not the IEEE. or other graphics from previously printed material. acting as an intermediary to continue to preserve the referees’ anonymity. if so. IEEE AUTHOR RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES A. In such a case. The author should 1 be so informed. The Editor-in-Chief may seek advice from additional referees during such an exchange. Responsibility for the contents of published papers rests upon the authors. he or she furnishes additional information to the Editor-in-Chief which. an author must transfer copyright to IEEE upon being notified of the acceptance of his/her paper if the transfer has not been done prior to acceptance. The recommendation will be presented to the Publications Board within 120 days of the receipt of the complaint. Rebuttals can correct such erroneous interpretations. For arbitration. and Letters Authors I. The Editor-in-Chief is. In any event. within the framework and policies set by the IEEE Publications Board and the IEEE Board of Directors. IEEE will not insist on a transfer of copyright rights (other than a license to print. For additional information. through consultation with parties to the dispute and with the assistance of knowledgeable members of the professional community. not the IEEE. within 30 days of receipt of written complaint. The editorial policy of an IEEE publication is to be determined by the entity that sponsors or controls the publication. an author may disagree with the referees’ recommendations and with the editorial decision based on those comments. Technical disagreements often occur in such instances because the manuscript is interpreted differently by the referee than is the intended interpretation of the author. the Vice President shall appoint an individual who will. The following copyright notice must be displayed on the first page of any paper copy reproduction of IEEE-copyrighted material or on the initial screen displaying IEEE-copyrighted material electronically: . the Vice President of Publication Services and Products shall. Disputes that arise over review or acceptance of the material submitted for publication is expected to be resolved by the Editorial Board of the publication. the final authority on matters of content and appropriateness of material in the publication. reprint. The procedures outlined below will enable the department to carry out these responsibilities. On the other hand. to determine whether disclosure of their material requires the prior consent of other parties and. the author shall be given the opportunity to prepare a suitably worded rebuttal to the referees’ criticism and to submit the rebuttal to the Editorin-Chief. provides the Editor-in-Chief with additional information on which to base a decision. to obtain that consent. B. If an author uses charts. he/she is responsible for obtaining written permission from the publisher to use the material in his/her manuscript. Journals. Rights Occasionally. IEEE Copyright The IEEE Intellectual Properties Department will process all permission requests and will monitor and report on electronic reuses of IEEE-copyrighted material relative to the proposed policies described here. Author Responsibilities A manuscript submitted for publication to IEEE Transactions. It should not have been previously published and should not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. In the event of a challenge to the review or publishing process that cannot be resolved at the sponsoring entity level. or to the PROCEEDINGS OF THE IEEE should be original work submitted to a single IEEE journal. assess the merits of the dispute and recommend a resolution. The decision on the matter will then be made by the Vice President of Publication Services and Products and is binding on the IEEE entity that is a party to the dispute.Information for IEEE Transactions. the referee is free to counter the rebuttal of the author. the Editor-in-Chief forwards the rebuttals to the referees for their comments. The IEEE assumes that material submitted to its publications is properly available for general dissemination for the readership of those publications. A completed IEEE Copyright Form should accompany any original material when it is first submitted to an IEEE technical periodical or conference publication. in general. It is the responsibility of the authors.

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Authors submitting 2 . monitoring mechanism for authorizing access to the material It is the responsibility of authors who either: 1) are and for the reporting of usage data. its manuscripts be contingent upon the placement of prominently displayed are reviewed with different criteria. 1) the full citation to the IEEE work or Papers submitted for publication in IEEE Transactions. Journals. location.org/publications_standards/publications/ collections of published papers (including collections disauthors/authors_journals.-based organization. Such permission will Transactions.ieee. Individual publications often give details on how the manuscript should be prepared for peer previous electronic version of the accepted paper with either review on one of the journal covers.S. Another condition in granting publishing procedures (or criteria) of an IEEE societypermission will be that the posted collected work includes a sponsored publication. An example of an acceptable notice is as follows: in the public domain is outside the purview of ITAR. and reuse notices appear prominently with the posted material. Copyright may be transferred without notice. A GENERAL OVERVIEW: STEPS TO PUBLISHING This work has been submitted to the IEEE for possible IN AN IEEE S CHOLARLY PUBLICATION publication. permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author’s copyright. after which this version will be superseded. own requirements and procedures for peer review.S. location of a nontheir own servers without permission. scholarly and technical work. 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Therefore. 2) work Personal Servers: Authors and/or their companies shall for a U. U. 2) the IEEE published version. the author A. but follow the same general copyright and reuse notices. and Letters are generally to be sent directly to notice and full citation. these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. such offices can be found on the inside covers of the publications as conference proceedings (full text and/or abstracts) and or at http://www.

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“Theory of traveling-wave optical laser. footnotes. 1965. D. the author will be as follows. vol. In text. These will usually be deleted by Staff Editors if included. 123–135. are urged to submit a proposal containing a description of the topic and its importance to P ROCEEDINGS readers. Wigner. pp. followed by the reference number. C. are emphasized. i. Dick. IV.” Phys. knowledgment)... list of figures and table captions.” in Plastics. Short Papers. introduction. If the proposal Sample correct formats for various types of references are receives a favorable review.e.” IEEE Trans. The list should be arranged in the order of citation in text. B.. 34–39. Jan. Young. information of the paper. pp. pp. A paper may also include appendixes.” IEEE Trans. before preparing a full-length manuscript. “Wavelength-switched pasB. NJ 08855-1331 USA Fax: +1 732 562 5456 [1] G. Nov. reference list. Letters. formats and requirements for the types of papers accepted for Papers Presented at Conferences (unpublished): each publication (i. results.. equations. encouraged to prepare the paper for publication consideration through the normal review process. [2] W. The topics include all aspects of electrical and computer engineering and science. vol.” should not introduce references in the list. R.knowledgeable readers who are not necessarily specialists in the subjects being treated. A635–A646. “Oxygen concisely state what was done. O.” in Proc. Box 1331 Piscataway.S. various abstracts journals and should contain the most critical 1968.O. Footnotes or other words and phrases that are not part of the reference format do not belong on the reference list.”. historical. a glossary of [8] G. abstract. nomenclature if present. Nov. it is not necessary to mention the authors of a reference unless the mention is relevant to the text.” Prospective authors. Stuttgart. and references [5] E. pp. and ethical aspects of technology are published. Manuscript Formats sively coupled single-mode optical network. pp. and original figures and tables for reproStandards/Patents: duction. 585–590. 15–64. Payne and J. to be published. Voges. 1964. “Alternating current fed power symbols. Duncombe. and their significance. “Synthetic structure of industrial plastics. index terms.. Full Papers. Citations of references may be given simply as “in [1] . Applications and technological issues. R. Ebehard and E. 1959. TR-0200 (4230-46)-3. Miller. The papers are of long-range interest and broad significance. J. “For example. New York: McGraw-Hill. not in alphabetical order. 1993. A. Rep. “Infrared navigation—Part I: An assessment of feasibility. Mitchell.. and tables should be cited in text in numerical order. L. Rev. a detailed outline of the proposed paper and its type of coverage. 4. Brandli and M. Similarly. body. Books: PR O C E E D I N G S O F T H E IEEE 445 Hoes Lane P. and a brief biography showing the authors’ qualifications for writing the paper. Consecutive Numbering of Parts [4] E. It is almost never useful to give dates of references in text. Stern. 1984. Illustrations Antennas Propagat. byline. CA.. Belmont. Patent 4 084 217. All manuscript pages. GENERAL MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION ED-11. J. and C. footnote (including any financial support acConf. and an acknowledgment of nonfinancial support. 3. rather than as “in reference [1] . Several issues a year are devoted to a single subject of special importance. CA: Wadsworth. See Section IV-G of this guide.”. see [5]. Linear Networks and Systems.. tion for interferometric sensors. See copies of the publications for examples of proper paper IOOC-ECOC. conclusions. as well as theory. but should instead be given in parentheses in text. Electron Devices. 4 . 2nd ed. 2-5. 134. “A note on reflector arrays. Articles from Conference Proceedings (published): [6] D.). Dec. Tech. each reference number should be enclosed by square brackets. Papers are authored by recognized authorities and reviewed by experts. P. Phrases such as “For example.-K.e. Germany.. author affiliation. U.” presented at the 2nd Int. 1978. Peters. with ample references for those who wish to probe further. E.org. should be labeled in consecutive numerical order. H. A proposal can be reviewed most efficiently if it is sent electronically to the Managing Editor at j. 1985. The abstract will appear later in Los Angeles. Ed. From time to time. supply. Periodicals: [3] J. Carter. References A numbered list of references must be provided at the end of the paper. Chen. papers on managerial. Abstract Technical Reports: The abstract should be limited to 50–200 words and should [9] E. how it was done. List only one reference per reference number. Reber. [7] D.. vol. Optical Fiber Sensors. Jan. etc. principal absorption in the Earth’s atmosphere.calder@ieee.” Aerospace Corp. They include extensive introductions written at a level suitable for the nonspecialist. economic. “Digital single sideband detecFull length papers generally consist of the title.” U.

(1991. [Online]. If corrections cannot be made to a graphic at IEEE. pp. The first letter Department does not provide drafting or art services.should be capital letters. [Type of Medium].org/documents/eic-guide. MA. and Encapsulated Postscript (EPS).045. corrected graphic (including tables) must be submitted by the Available: site/path/file author when returning the proofs. or at most the [3] PROCESS Corp. Section Headings chitecture: Managing information in the new Primary section headings within papers are enumerated paradigm. 2) location where the item is to be found. and 3) item to be retrieved. City. T h e I n t r a n e t A r . May 10).com Journals: Author. Title. month). primary headings Computer Programs and Electronic Documents: ISO rec.halcyon. Reports and Handbooks: Author. the better the published result. PRIMARY HEADING the language or script in which the information is given.com/pub/journals/21ps03-vidmar better the quality of the material submitted. Tables.process. 876–880.). and Portable Document Format (PDF).htp paper. 21(3). the 5 . show only the coordinate axes. [Type of medium]. A p r . References—Electronic Sources The guidelines for citing electronic information as offered below are a modified illustration of the adaptation by the International Standards Organization (ISO) documentation system and the American Psychological Association (APA) style. Books: Author. J. (1993. run into the text for final production. to avoid a dense result after reduction. Papers Presented at Conferences: Author. (see Section V-D for more information on electronic graphics). Plasma Sci. that you use either Times Roman or Sans Serif. Secondary Heading (TEXT) F. IEEE Trans. Generally. pages. Aug. Sample: A. Microsoft Excel. Figures. Compendium of genealogSecondary section headings are enumerated by capital letters ical software. Detailed instructions on the preparation of high-quality electronic graphics can be found at http://www. The current cost for color reproduction is a flat printing fee of US$1. and photographs will be treated as a graphic followed by a parenthesis. ) .00 (4 pages or less with color) plus US$62. any line art. and are followed by a colon.com/doc/products/bsg/intra/infra/html the purpose of typing the manuscript only. Sample: ommends that capitalization follow the accepted practice for I. As part of the production process.com/Intranets/wp2. For http://www. one or two typefaces should suffice. “B. Intranets: Internet technologies major grid lines. T a l l e e n . Harriman. (TEXT) Example: [5] A. Tagged Image File Format (TIFF). In REPORT print. Title. [Online]. http) in Web addresses after “Available” since that is stated in the URL. For best results.pdf All line drawings and photos should be in black and white. CA. month). Three pieces of information are required to complete each reference: 1) protocol or service. Meeting. Available: by Roman numerals and are centered above the text. Title. drawings. Figures will be reduced to make the smallest type size 8 points. volume (issue). The author must provide a method of payment as well. State or Country.) and are flush left above HUMANIST@NYVM.ieee. (year. ( 1 9 9 6 .. all of your figures should be the same size (width × length) Available: site/path/file whenever possible. Presented at INET96 Annu.50 per piece of color artwork. (Please note that this cost does not include the ordering of reprints. charts. Captions should be included as a separate list at the end of the http://home. Available: site/path/file Example: [1] J. (year. If color is to be reproduced in print. Available: http://www. Humanist. the headings will be in italics. the author must agree to accept responsibility for payment of the costs for separations and printing before any processing is performed. The IEEE Transactions/Journals in their sections. Microsoft Word. Example: On graphs. etc.. tables. L . Networks.ORG Message: get GENEALOGY their sections. graphs. (year. (1992. They are indented. unless special arrangements have been made to process them in color.atm.amdahl. (edition) [Type of medium].e. either through their organization or by credit card. It is suggested Title. Available e-mail: followed by periods (“A. Available: http://www. all submitted files are converted to TIFF format. month day). Journal. Available: put boxes around your figures to enclose them. (2nd ed. [Online]. a new Company.G.. Presented at Conference title. It is not necessary to repeat the protocol (i. Microsoft PowerPoint. Jones. Do not deployed behind the firewall for corporate productivity.) [Online]. June). Vidmar.”. (year. [Type of Medium]. Available: site/path/file Example: [2] R. [Online]. Graphic files may be submitted electronically in Postscript (PS). month).E. Example: [4] S .”. On the use of atmospheric plasmas as electromagnetic reflectors. volume (issue). Thus.) Please use consistent typefaces on all your figures. The first letter of each word is capitalized. and Captions List Tertiary section headings are enumerated by Arabic numerals For production purposes. Amdahl Corp.

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Please try to follow the format as described in Section IV-E and IV-F of this document.” c) The lowercase letter “l. fractions are usually “broken down” to fit on one line and confusion can result if terms are not properly labeled.. • The operating system and word processing software used to produce your document should be noted on your disk or e-mail (e. superscripts. Greek letters. If the magnitude of a number is less than one. headings.. tar. • Disks should be labeled with file name(s) relating to the manuscript. In the case of UNIX media. A list of acronyms and abbreviations.. Examples: programs. There is. there is a comma and 2em space before the condition. d) The letters “k” and .e. and the prime sign ('). Any changes made to your files should be reflected in the manuscript. and other symbols. conversion factors. “u” and μ (mu). i. the remaining style rules for each level of section heading should be followed. use TEX or LATEX should be preceded by a zero.2163 0. the following guidelines and suggestions have been set forth in an effort to expedite the production process. (Italic type should be indicated for all text variables. “a few millimeters.102 834 http://www. considering the myriad word processors on the market (public domain included) and disk formats available throughout the world. footnotes.) should also be noted. I. They are identical to tertiary for use in IEEE publications. and figure captions. Mathematical Notation To avoid errors in editing and typesetting. separated by a space. “v” and v (nu). Macintosh. bar. the choice should be consistent for all headings in V. especially those containing extensive mathematics.” and numeral one (1). 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preferred multiples of SI units. Use of the bar is strongly discouraged (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992).APPENDIX I TABLE OF UNITS AND QUANTITY SYMBOLS NOTE: Asterisks (*) indicate SI units. barye barn barrel b bbl bar 100 kPa. In information theory. or other units acceptable for use with SI. Except for limited use in meteorology. technical at *atomic mass unit (unified) u *atto *attoampere bar a aA bar b. Different standard barrels are used for other commodities.) I U F F A H Å atmosphere. etc. a unit of signaling speed equal to one element per second.99 L . SI unit of magnetic field strength. the bit is a unit of information content equal to the information content of a message. Sometimes Occurs as: (do not use) amp. atm 101 325 Pa. SI unit of activity of a radionuclide. In telecommunications. bbl = 42 galUS = 158. Use of the old atomic mass unit (amu). The name gigaelectronvolt is preferred for this unit. BeV . Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). standard atm atmosphere. This is the standard barrel used for petroleum and petroleum products. The signaling speed in bauds is equal to the reciprocal of the signal element length in seconds. Å 10-10 m . is deprecated. A1 barrel per day baud bbl/d Bd baud (w/prefix) l/τ bel *becquerel billion electronvolts bit B Bq GeV b b bev. Deprecated (see NSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). b 10-28 m2 . The (unified) atomic mass unit is defined as one-twelfth of the mass of an atom of the carbon-12 nuclide. the a priori probability of which is one-half. SI prefix for 10-18 . Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). the name bit is used as a short form of binary digit. Also A · h. 2 at kgf/cm . a amp-hr At Unit *ampere ampere-hour *ampere (turn) ampere per meter angstr¨om ° Unit Symbol A Ah A A/m Å Applications and Notes SI unit of electric current. In computer science. SI unit of magnetomotive force. Quantity Symbol (for use as variables. defined by reference to oxygen.

The unit of luminous intensity has been given the name candela. calIT 4. SI prefix for 10-2 . A unit of activity of a radionuclide. usually eight bits long. is preferred. DB A2 day deci decibel d d (prefix) dB 24 h. Use of the SI unit cd/m2 is preferred. A unit of permeability of a porous medium.7 x 10 Bq. By traditional definition. c/sec. D cP·(cm/s)·(cm/atm) = 0. A byte is capable of holding one character set.1840 J. cP mPa · s. c cc cmil ( /4) · 10-6 in. the becquerel. SI unit of electric charge. Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). cSt mm2 /s. cps.Unit bit per second British thermal unit byte Unit Symbol b/s Btu B Sometimes Occurs as: (do not use) Applications and Notes Quantity Symbol (for use as variables. day db. cal 4. a permeability of one darcy will permit a flow of 1 cm3 /s of fluid of 1 cP viscosity through an area of 1 cm2 under a pressure gradient of 1 atm/cm.1868 J.986923 μm2 .) Q calorie (International Table) calorie (thermochemical) *candela candela per square inch *candela per square meter candle calIT cal cd cd/in2 cd/m2 cd nit I L *centi *centimeter centipoise c (prefix) cm cP centistokes cSt *circular mil *coulomb *cubic centimeter cubic foot cubic foot per minute cubic foot per second cubic inch *cubic meter *cubic meter per second cubic yard curie cmil C Cm3 ft3 ft3 /min ft3 /s in3 m3 m3 /s yd3 Ci cfm C cycle per second darcy Hz D c/s.) A byte is a string of bits. See hertz. SI unit of luminance. The name centistokes is deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). SI unit of luminous intensity. Volume. The name centipoise is deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). etc. . cycle 10 Ci 3. (Preferred SI unit multiple. Use of the name candle for this unit is deprecated. Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). operated on as a unit. Use of the SI unit. SI prefix for 10-1.

the lux (lumen) per square meter. ft 0. The gauss is the electromagnetic CGS unit of magnetic flux density. Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). the candela per square meter. Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). Use of the SI unit.Unit degree (plane angle) degree (temperature) degree Celsius Unit Symbol Sometimes Occurs as: (do not use) deg degree centigrade Applications and Notes Quantity Symbol (for use as variables. BeV kMHz. used in expressing Celsius temperatures or temperature intervals. 2 fL (1/π) cd/ft .1 F f. 268-1992).3048 m. Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std. written with no space between the and the letter that follows.5461 L. SI prefix for 109.1 Pa. B 1 The term “(ISO)” means that the definition is from ISO 31. SI prefix for 10. SI prefix for 10-15 . One lumen per square foot leaves a surface whose luminance is one footlambert in all directions within a hemisphere. fd C fpm fps. 1 galUS 231 In3 = 3. GB 109 B. SI prefix for 1018 .) …° °C degree Fahrenheit °F degree kelvin degree Rankine deka dyne *electronvolt erg exa *farad *femto femtometer foot foot of water foot per minute foot per second foot per second squared foot pound-force footcandle K °R da dyn eV erg E F f fm ft ftH2O ft/min ft/s ft/s2 ft · lbf fc SI unit of Celsius temperature. ft/sec footlambert fL 2 fc lm/ft . SI unit of capacitance. The two elements that make the complete symbol are not to be separated. is preferred. Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992).7854 L. 1 gal UK = 4. etc. See kelvin. The name lumen per square foot is also used for this unit. Gc/s Gal cm/s. and R are comprised of two elements. t dyne ev dyn 10-5 N. is preferred. The degree Celsius is a special name for the kelvin. Use of the SI unit of illuminance. (ISO). A unit of luminance. gal gallon gauss Gal gal G *giga gigabyte *gigaelectronvolt *gigahertz G GB GeV GHz kM bev. F. ftH2 O = 2989. A3 . erg 10-7 J. Note that the symbols for C. KMC.

Use of the SI unit of power. work. SI unit of energy. In 1967. SI unit of inductance. hy cps. Q KVA. Quantity Symbol (for use as variables. SI prefix for 103 . is preferred. cycle SI unit of absorbed dose in the field of radiation dosimetry. in inHg = 3386.Unit gilbert Unit Symbol Gb Sometimes Occurs as: (do not use) Applications and Notes The gilbert is the electromagnetic CGS unit of magnetomotive force. SI prefix for 102. The horsepower is an anachronism in science and technology. Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). A4 *kilovar *kilovolt *kilovoltampere *kilowatt kilowatthour . SI unit of heat capacity and of entropy.54 cm.4 Pa (ISO). Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). R E W Q S ips *joule per kelvin kelvin *kilo k *kilobit per second *kilobyte kilogauss *kilogram kilogram-force kb/s kB kG kg kgf *kilohertz *kilohm *kilometer *kilometer per hour kilopound-force kHz kΩ km km/h klbf kvar kV kVA kW kWh Kilopound-force should not be misinterpreted as kilopond (see kilogram-force). 2. the watt. The symbol k shall not be used for kilo. The prefix kilo shall not be used to mean 210 (that is. gr lb/7000. SI unit of frequency.Pm f.09 Pa (ISO). etc. hp 550 ft · lbf/s = 746 W. 1024). kB 1000 bytes. c/s. In some countries the name kilopond (kp) has been used for this unit. and quantity of heat. and assigned it the symbol K (without the symbol ° ). inH O = 249. SI unit of mass.v B *hour inch inch of mercury inch of water inch per second *joule h in inHg inH O in/s J J/K K hr in.) grain *gram gram per cubic centimeter *gray *hecto *henry *hertz horsepower gr g g/cm3 Gy h H Hz hp gm m Hy. the CPGM gave the name kelvin to the SI unit of temperature. L P. kva Also kW·h. Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). which had formerly been called degree kelvin.

Use micrometer. The name mho was formerly given to the reciprocal ohm. etc. The prefix mega shall not be used to mean 220 (that is. SI unit of 1x/lm illuminance. Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). In 1979. vol. Use of the SI unit. The maxwell is the electromagnetic CGS unit of magnetic flux. 55. MB 1 000 000 bytes.S. The script l shall not be used as a symbol for liter. Use of the name tonne is deprecated in the U. /m2 . use (see Federal Register notice of December 20. p.Unit knot lambert Unit Symbol kn L Sometimes Occurs as: (do not use) kn Applications and Notes nmi/h. μ μ A5 The name micron is deprecated. 1 048 576). SI prefix for 106 . l mho S *micro *microampere *microfarad *microgram *microhenry microinch *microliter *micrometer micron μ μA μF μg μH μin μL μm μm See note for liter.S.) *liter L L (1/π) cd/cm2. no. Ω-1. One lumen per square centimeter leaves a surface whose luminance is one lambert in all directions within a hemisphere. Deprecated. L 10-3 m-3 . (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). SI unit of luminous exitance. 52242). see siemens (S). A CGS unit of luminance. is preferred. Quantity Symbol (for use as variables. 0. 1990. lumen per square meter.v liter per second L/s lm *lumen lumen per square foot lm/ft-2 *lumen per square meter *lumen per watt *lumen second *lux maxwell lm/m2 lm/W lm·s lx Mx M K( ) K. SI unit of luminous flux. . Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). t 1000 kg. V. 245.514 m/s. the CGPM approved L and l as alternative symbols for the liter. SI unit of quantity of light. Because of frequent confusion with the numeral 1. the letter symbol l is not recommended for U. SI unit of luminous efficacy. SI prefix for 10-6. A unit of illuminance and also a unit of luminous exitance.KT Q E *mega M megabit per second *megabyte *megaelectronvolt *megahertz *megohm *meter metric ton Mb/s MB MeV MHz MΩ m t M SI unit of length.

SI unit of pressure or stress. SI unit of amount of substance.001 in mi 5280 ft = 1609 m. Use of the bar is strongly discouraged in ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992. SI unit-multiple of dynamic viscosity. *milligram *millihenry *milliliter *millimeter millimeter of mercury millimicron *millipascal second *millisecond *millivolt *milliwatt *minute (plane angle) *minute (time) mg mH mL mm mmHg nm mPa s ms mV mW ′ min See liter. Use of the name millimicron for the nanometer is deprecated. other particles. Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). A6 *ohm ounce (avoirdupois) Ω oz . ions. electrons. *mole mol Time may also be designated by means of superscripts as in the following example. except for limited use in meteorology. molecules. or specified groups of such particles. Although use of mph as an abbreviation is common. the elementary entities shall be specified and may be atoms. SI prefix for 10. SI prefix for 10. SI unit of resistance. oz 1/16 lb = 28. The oersted is the electromagnetic CGS unit of magnetic field strength. See pascal. etc.Unit *microsecond *microwatt mil mile (statute) mile per hour Unit Symbol μs μW mil mi mi/h m mA mbar Sometimes Occurs as: (do not use) Applications and Notes Quantity Symbol (for use as variables. When the mole is used.012 kg of carbon 12. 9h46m30s. SI unit of force. it should not be used as a symbol. month *nano *nanoampere *nanofarad *nanometer *nanosecond nautical mile *neper *newton *newton meter *newton per square meter oersted mo n nA nF nm ns nmi Np N N m N/m Oe oe nmi 1852 m.322 Pa.350 g. The mole is the amount of substance of a system that contains as many elementary entities as there are atoms in 0. Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992).) mph *milli *milliampere millibar mil 0. mmHg = 133.

01 Sv. SI unit-multiple of kinematic viscosity.S. A unit of exposure in the field of radiation dosimetry. SI unit of dynamic viscosity.946 35 L. Deprecated (see . the sievert. lbf 4. *radian rem rad rem revolution per minute revolution per second roentgen *second (plane angle) *second (time) *siemens *sievert slug square foot square inch square meter square meter per second square millimeter per second square yard r/min r/s R ″ s S Sv slug ft in2 m2 m2 /s mm2 /s yd2 A7 2 SI unit of kinematic viscosity. ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). 0.848. SI prefix for 1012.) 1. SI unit of time. Use of the SI unit. it should not be used as a symbol. 0.473 18 L. Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). A unit of dose rem equivalent in the field of radiation dosimetry. is preferred.K.568 26 L. 0.) *pico *picofarad *picowatt *pint poise pound (avoirdupois) pound per cubic foot pound-force pound-force foot pound-force per square foot pound-force per square inch poundal quart rad p pF pW pt P lb lb/ft3 lbf lbf ft lbf/ft2 lbf/in2 pdl qt rd psi pt (U.10-6 rad.453 592 37 kg. etc.1383 N lb ft/s2 pdl qt (U. the gray. pt (U. 1″ = 4. Although use of rpm as an abbreviation is common.594 kg.1365 L. it should not be used as a symbol.S. SI prefix for 10 15. qt (U.01 Sv.S. Quantity Symbol (for use as variables. dry) 1. Use of the SI unit. Ω -1 .1012 L. 1 rem = 0. slug lbf. SI unit of plane angle.4482 N. SI unit of S conductance. CGS unit of ph illuminance. lm/cm2. SI unit of pressure Pa or stress.01 Gy. SI unit of dose equivalent in the field of radiation dosimetry.K. .) 0.82 /ft = 14. pt (U.550 6 L. Although use of the abbreviation psi is common. lb 0. dry) 0.S. A unit of rd absorbed dose in the field of radiation dosimetry. qt (U. liquid) 0.Unit *pascal *pascal second *peta *phot Unit Symbol Pa Pa · s P ph Sometimes Occurs as: (do not use) Applications and Notes N/m . liquid) 0. is preferred.

cd/cm . SI prefix for 1021. yd Also W· h. SI N/(A m)2 T unit of magnetic flux density (magnetic induction). Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). SI unit of voltage. A8 .333 = . Use of the tonne t for this unit is deprecated in the U. SI unit of electric field strength.9144 m.102 Pa. 1 torr = 1/760 = 1. SI unit of thermal conductivity. Wb/m2 . V s. TB 1012 B. SI unit of radiant intensity. is deprecated.) stokes *tera terabyte *tesla St T TB T therm ton (short) ton. A CGS unit of sb luminance. SI unit of magnetic 0. 2000 lb. IEC name and symbol for SI unit of reactive power. SI prefix for 10-24. SI prefix for 1012. thm ton Quantity Symbol (for use as variables. SI unit of power. etc. IEC name and symbol for SI unit of apparent power. Use of the old atomic mass unit (amu). metric thm ton t torr *(unified) atomic mass unit torr u *var *volt *volt per meter *voltampere *watt *watt per meter kelvin *watt per steradian *watt per steradian square meter watthour *weber yard year yocto yotta zepto zetta var V V/m VA W W/(m · K) W/sr (W/sr · m2 ) Wh Wb yd a y Y z Z va Wb flux. SI prefix for 1024. Use not recommended The (unified) atomic mass unit is defined as one-twelfth of the mass of an atom of the carbon-12 nuclide. 100 000 Btu.Unit *steradian stilb Unit Symbol sr sb Sometimes Occurs as: (do not use) Applications and Notes SI unit of solid angle. defined by reference to oxygen.S. SI unit of radiance. 1000 kg. (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). Deprecated (see ANSI/IEEE Std 268-1992). SI prefix for 10-21.

ac A-D. Other terms listed here may be used without definition.APPENDIX II SOME COMMON ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS NOTE: Asterisks (*) indicate terms which must be defined the first time they are used in text. discrete Fourier transform* direct memory access* differential pulse code modulation* differential phase-shift keying* degree of freedom* EDP EHF ELF EMC electronic data processing extremely high frequency* extremely low frequency* electromagnetic compatibility* A9 .c. CCD CDMA CD-ROM CIM CIR CMOS CPM CPFSK CPSK CPU CRT CT CV CW complex conjugate (in equations) charge-coupled device* code division multiple access* compact disk read-only memory computer integrated manufacturing* carrier-to-interference ratio* complimentary metal–oxide–semiconductor continuous phase modulation* continuous phase frequency-shift keying* continuous phase-shift keying* central processing unit cathode-ray tube current transformer* capacitance–voltage continuous wave* dc DC DF DFT DMA DPCM DPSK direct current directional coupler direction finder*. deuterium fluoride. A/D AF AFC AGC AM APD AR ARMA ASIC ASK ATM av avg AWGN alternating current analog-to-digital audio frequency* automatic frequency control* automatic gain control* amplitude modulation avalanche photodiode antireflection* autoregressive moving average* application-specified integrated circuit* amplitude-shift keying asynchronous transfer mode average (subscript)* average (function) additive white Gaussian noise* B-E BER BPSK BWO base–emitter source bit error rate* binary phase-shift keying backward-wave oscillator* c.

induced draft*.EMF EMI ems electromotive force* electromagnetic interference* expected value of mean square* FDM FDMA FET FFT FIR FM FSK FTP FWHM frequency-division multiplexing* frequency-division multiple access* field-effect transistor fast Fourier transform* finite-impulse response* frequency modulation frequency-shift keying* file transfer protocol full-width at half-maximum* GUI graphical user interface HBT HEMT HF HTML HV HVdc heterojunction bipolar transistor high-electron mobility transistor high frequency hypertext markup language high voltage high voltage direct current IC ID IDP IF IGFET i.d. I-O IR IR ISI JFET JPEG LAN LC LED LHS LMS LO LP LPE LR impedance compensation*. IM IMPATT I/O. interdigital* integrated data processing* intermediate frequency insulated-gate field-effect transistor independent identically distributed* intermediate modulation impact ionization avalanche transit time (diode) input-output infrared current-resistance intersymbol interference junction field-effect transistor Joint Photographers Expert Group local area network inductance–capacitance light-emitting diode left-hand side* least mean square local oscillator* linear programming* liquid phase epitaxy* inductance–resistance MESFET MF MFSK MHD metal–semiconductor field-effect transistor medium frequency* minimum frequency-shift keying magnetohydrodynamics A10 . integrated circuit inside diameter.i.

figure of merit quality of service quaternary phase-shift keying R&D RAM RC RF RFI RHS RIN RL rms research and development random access memory resistance–capacitance radio frequency radio frequency interference* right-hand side* relative intensity noise* resistance–inductance root mean square A11 . p-n-p pp.MIS MLE MLSE MMF MMIC MoM MOS MOST MOSFET MPEG metal–insulator–semiconductor maximum-likelihood estimator* maximum-likelihood sequence estimator* magnetomotive force monolithic microwave integrated circuit* method of moments* metal–oxide–semiconductor metal–oxide–semiconductor transistor metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistor Motion Pictures Expert Group NA NIR NMR n-p-n NRZ numerical aperture* near-infrared response* nuclear magnetic resonance* (diode) nonreturn-to-zero* OD OEIC OOP outside diameter optoelectronic integrated circuit* object-oriented programming PAM PC PCM pdf PDM PF PLL PM PML p-i-n.u. p-p PPM PRF PRR PSK PTM p. PWM pulse-amplitude modulation* personal computer pulse-code modulation* probability density function* pulse-duration modulation* power factor* phase-locked loop* phase modulation* perfectly matched layer (diode) peak to peak* pulse-position modulation* pulse-repetition frequency* pulse-repetition rate* phase-shift keying* pulse-time modulation per unit* pulsewidth modulation* Q QoS QPSK quality factor.

time division multiplexing* time-division multiple access* transverse electric transverse electromagnetic thin-film transistor* transverse magnetic television interference* traveling-wave amplifier* UHF UV ultrahigh frequency ultraviolet VCO VHF V–I VLF VLSI voltage-controlled oscillator* very high frequency* voltage–current very low frequency* very large scale integration* WAN WDM wide area network wavelength division multiplexing* A12 . severity index* signal-to-interference ratio signal-to-noise ratio single sideband* short wave* standing-wave ratio* TDM TDMA TE TEM TFT TM TVI TWA time division modulation*.ROM RV read-only memory random variable SAW SGML SHF SI SIR S/N. SNR SSB SW SWR surface acoustic wave* standard generalized markup language super high frequency* International System of Units.

Airborne Electron. Navig. Adv.* IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. Analog Digit. Electron.. Broadcast..* IEEE Trans.* IEEE Trans. Publication IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ADVANCED PACKAGING Acronym ADVP CPMTB* Reference Abbreviation IEEE Trans. Theory Appl. Supercond. II.2003) IEEE Trans. Lett.* IEEE Trans. Mil. Technol. Reg. Electron. Video Technol. Exp. IEEE Trans. Appl. IEEE Trans.* IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. Mater. IEEE Trans. Eng.. Packag. Technol. Circuits Syst. Signal Process. Sci. Bio-Med. Circuit Theory* (until 1973) IEEE Trans.. Bio-Med. Fundam. Eng. Compon. Parts. Aerosp. IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Circuits Syst. Briefs IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst.. Parts. Navig. Compon. (from July 2004) IEEE Trans. Technol. Antennas Propag. I.* (1972-1977) IEEE Trans. AND LETTERS NOTE: * denotes past acronyms/abbreviations of journals (used for pre-1988 publications). Electron. Hybrids. Electron. (1993 . Aeronaut. Papers IEEE Trans.* IEEE Trans. Commun. A* (1994-1998) IEEE Trans. Packag. Circuits Syst. Circuits Syst. IEEE Trans. B* (1994 . Electron. Autom. (1993 . Compon. IEEE Trans.* (June 1971-1977) IEEE Trans.* IEEE Trans.* (1978-1993) IEEE Trans. Med. Manuf. Biomed.* (until 1971) IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AEROSPACE AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATION SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING AES ANE* ANE* AS* MIL* AE* AP LAWP ASC AC ASE BME BME* BME* PGME* BC BC* CSI CSII CAS1* IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BROADCASTING IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS-PART I: REGULAR PAPERS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS-PART II: EXPRESS BRIEFS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS-PART I: FUNDAMENTAL THEORY AND APPLICATIONS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS-PART II: ANALOG AND DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING CAS2* CAS* CT* IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS CSVT COM COM* COMML CAPT CPMTA* CHMT* MFT* PHP* PMP* IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPONENTS AND PACKAGING TECHNOLOGY A13 .2003) IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. Compon. Manuf.APPENDIX III LIST OF IEEE TRANSACTIONS. Technol. I. Packag. Manuf. Autom.1998) IEEE Trans. Packag. Packag. Syst. IEEE Trans. Technol. Hybrids. Control IEEE Trans. Broadcast. Lett. Eng.* (1974-1992) IEEE Trans.* (through 1971) IEEE Commun. Packag. Aerosp. Electron. Technol. Technol. Circuits Syst. Manufact. IEEE Trans.. JOURNALS.* IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Commun. II.

IEEE Trans.* IEEE Comput. Electron Devices IEEE Electron Device Lett.. Inf. IEEE Trans. IEEE/ASME Trans. IEEE Trans. Device Mater. Syst. IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. Inf. Dielectr. IEEE/OSA JOURNAL OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EDUCATION IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRONICS PACKAGING MANUFACTURING IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTATION IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON FUZZY SYSTEMS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL INFORMATICS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION FORENSICS AND SECURITY IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN BIOMEDICINE IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON KNOWLEDGE AND DATA ENGINEERING IEEE/OSA JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS IEEE/ASME TRANSACTIONS ON MECHATRONICS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING IEEE/ASME JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS IEEE MICROWAVE AND GUIDED WAVE LETTERS IEEE MICROWAVE AND WIRELESS COMPONENTS LETTERS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MOBILE COMPUTING . Technol. Theory IEEE Trans. Image Process.. Lightw. IEEE Microw. J. J. IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Electron.Inf. Lett. IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. C* (1996-1998) IEEE Trans. Interference* IEEE Trans. Remote Sens. Lett. Educ. IEEE Trans. Electron. Ind. Electr. Syst. Informat. Comput. IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. Electron. PGI* ITS KDE LT MAG MECH MI MEMS MGWL LMWC MTT MC A14 IEEE Trans.* (until 1993) J. Archit. Wireless Compon.* (1962-1979) IEEE Geosci. Data Eng. IEEE Trans. Manuf. Med. IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. Evol. Knowl. Electron. Electron.Publication IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTERS IEEE COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE LETTERS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONSUMER ELECTRONICS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON DEVICE AND MATERIALS RELIABILITY IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON DIELECTRICS AND ELECTRICAL INSULATION Acronym Reference Abbreviation CAD C EC* CAL CE CST DMR DEI EI* DT E EMC RFI* ED EDL EPM CPMTC* EC EM EVC FUZZ GRS GE* GRSL IP IE IINF IA IFS ITB IT IM I. Syst. Theory Tech. Manag. Compon. Fuzzy Syst. Remote Sens. IEEE Trans. Technol. Manuf. Appl. IEEE Trans. Insul. Comput. IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. Display Technol. Comput. Packag. Biomed. Electromagn. Meas. Contr. IEEE Trans. Lett. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Geosci. Consum. IEEE Trans. (until 2002) IEEE Microw. Forensics Security. IEEE Trans. Energy Convers. Microelectromech. Magn. Mechatronics IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. Ind. Geosci. Technol. Eng. Packag. Microw. Computer-Aided Design Integr. Insul. IEEE Trans Ind. Technol. Electr. IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. Imag. Compat. Transp. Mobile Comput. Intell. Rel. Radio Freq. Guided Wave Lett. Instrum.* IEEE Trans.

Robot. Topics Quantum Electron. Reliab. IEEE Sensors J. Eng. Plasma Sci. J. IEEE Trans. Syst. Cybern. Solid-State Circuits IEEE Trans. Neural Netw. AND CYBERNETICS—PART A: SYSTEMS AND HUMANS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS.* (1971-1995) IEEE Trans. Rehabil. Cybern. Syst. Multimedia IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. MAN. IEEE Trans. AND CYBERNETICS—PART B: CYBERNETICS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS. Power Electron. Areas Commun. Man. Magn. Syst. Prof. Power Del. Quantum Electron. IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. Netw. Nanobiosci.Publication IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MULTIMEDIA IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOBIOSCIENCE IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL NETWORKS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL SYSTEMS AND REHABILITATION ENGINEERING IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON REHABILITATION ENGINEERING IEEE JOURNAL OF OCEANIC ENGINEERING IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER APPARATUS AND SYSTEMS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS IEEE POWER ELECTRONICS LETTERS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION IEEE JOURNAL OF QUANTUM ELECTRONICS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION Acronym MM NB NANO NET NN NS NSRE RE* OE PDS PAMI PTL PS PAS* PWRD PEL LPEL PWRS PC QE R RO RA* RA* SAC STQE STSP Reference Abbreviation IEEE Trans. Eng. Power App. Sci. * (1975-1990) IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib.. Speech. IEEE J. IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. Robot. IEEE Trans. Mach.* (1985-1988) IEEE J. Sel. J. Eng. IEEE Trans. Robot. Neural Syst. Commun.. IEEE J. Semicond. Signal Process. Manuf. Sci. Power Syst. Autom.June 2004) IEEE J. A.* (1993 .. IEEE Trans. Appl. IEEE/ACM Trans. Softw. MAN. Lett. Signal Process. Cybern. Syst.2000) IEEE J. Syst..* (1989 . IEEE Trans. Rev.* (through 1970) IEEE Trans. IEEE Syst. Autom. Jpn. IEEE J. Syst.. Technol. Eng. Cybern. C. Lett.* (through 1985) IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Acoust. Sel. Ocean. Audio Electroacoust. Speech Audio Process. Man.. Syst. (until 1974) IEEE Signal Process. IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans. IEEE Power Electron Lett. IEEE Trans. IEEE J. IEEE Trans. Signal Process IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SELECTED TOPICS IN SIGNAL PROCESSING IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING SM SEN SP ASSP* AU* IEEE SIGNAL PROCESSING LETTERS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SOFTWARE ENGINEERING IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SPEECH AND AUDIO PROCESSING IEEE SYSTEMS JOURNALS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS. Humans IEEE Trans. Rehabil. AND CYBERNETICS—PART C: APPLICATIONS AND REVIEWS SPL SE SSC SAP SYST SMCA SMCB SMCC SMC* SSC* IEEE Trans. IEEE Photon. IEEE Trans. Man. Sel. Cybern. Man. Intell. Nucl. MAN. IEEE Trans. Cybern. IEEE TRANSACTION JOURNAL ON MAGNETICS IN JAPAN TJMJ A15 . IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. Topics. Syst. B. IEEE Trans. IEEE Trans.

Ultrason.* (through 1970) Hum.* IEEE Trans.* IEEE Trans. Vis. Technol. Ultrason. Wireless Commun. Computer Aided Design IEEE Trans. Eng. Veh.. Graphics IEEE Trans. Veh. * (through 1968) IEEE J. Sonics Ultrason. IEEE Proc. IEEE Trans.Publication Acronym MMS* HFE* IEEE JOURNAL ON TECHNOLOGY IN COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ULTRASONICS. Freq. Man-Mach.* (through 1985) IEEE Trans. Comput. (VLSI) Syst.* IEEE Trans. FERROELECTRICS. Syst. IRE* (through 1962) IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VERY LARGE SCALE INTEGRATION (VLSI) SYSTEMS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VISUALIZATION AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS PROCEEDINGS OF THE IEEE A16 . Factors Electron. Control IEEE Trans. Ferroelectr. Commun. Very Large Scale Integr.. Eng. Ultrason. Technol. IEEE Trans. Proc. AND FREQUENCY CONTROL JTCAD UFFC SU* UE* PGUE* VT VC* VLSI VCG WC Reference Abbreviation IEEE Trans.

Mag. IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. Appl. Electron. Mag. IEEE Eng. Syst. Mag. Surveys Tuts. IEEE Expert IEEE Ind. IEEE Commun. IEEE Circuits Syst. IEEE Technol. Mag. Mag. IEEE Internet Comput. Today’s Engineer Wireless Commun. Soc. Commun. Autom. IEEE Computer IEEE Comput. A17 . Insul. IEEE Spectr. Mag. Mag. Meas. Sci. IEEE Security Privacy IEEE Softw. Comput. IEEE Electr. Rev. Graph. Comput. IEEE Eng. Appl. IEEE Concurrency IEEE Control Syst. IEEE Instrum. IEEE Commun. Mag. IEEE Annals Hist. Mag. Power IEEE Comput. Manage. Eng. IEEE Potentials IEEE Power Energy IEEE Power Eng. IEEE Micro IEEE Microw. Internet Comput. Appl. Soc. IEEE Intell. Med. Mag. IEEE Des. IEEE ASSP Mag. Biol. Pervasive Comput. IEEE Robot. Rev. IEEE Multimedia IEEE Network IEEE Pers. IEEE Circuits Devices Mag. Mag. Commun. IEEE Signal Process. Mag. IEEE Comput. Test. Syst.APPENDIX IV LIST OF IEEE MAGAZINES Magazines IEEE Aerospace and Electronics Systems Magazine IEEE Annals of the History of Computing IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine (1979-1984) IEEE Circuits and Devices Magazine (1985-present) IEEE Communications Society Magazine (through 1978) IEEE Communications Magazine (1979-present) IEEE Computation in Science and Engineering Magazine IEEE Computer IEEE Computer Applications in Power IEEE Computer Graphics and Application IEEE Concurrency IEEE Control Systems Magazine IEEE Design and Test of Computers IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine IEEE Engineering Management Review IEEE Expert (through 1997) IEEE Industry Applications Magazine IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Magazine IEEE Intelligent Systems (formerly IEEE Expert) IEEE Internet Computing IEEE IT Professional IEEE Micro IEEE Microwave Magazine IEEE Multimedia IEEE Network IEEE Personal Communications IEEE Potentials IEEE Power and Energy Magazine IEEE Power Engineering Review IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine IEEE Signal Processing Magazine (1991-present) IEEE ASSP Magazine (1984-1990) IEEE Security and Privacy IEEE Software IEEE Spectrum IEEE Technology and Society Magazine Communications Surveys and Tutorials Internet Computing Pervasive Computing Today’s Engineer Wireless Communications Reference Abbreviation IEEE Aerosp. IEEE IT Prof. Mag. Mag.

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