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however. like former circumstances and incidents that the person sees and installed in the mind in a certain manner. like one’s thoughts. in spite of his father being imprisoned for three years which made Elvis distant to his father. He became extremely popular and altered the record of rock and roll. Chapman. beliefs. there is a link between what the individual perceives in his/her mind and the biological mind functions that precede or turn out to be an outcome. Elvis Presley was born to a needy couple in Mississippi (Meyer. By 1954. There may also be precipitating reasons in which present effects exists that causes the behavior to appear. Elvis Presley: Case Overview In 1935. Elvis grew up in a fairly usual family. and the failure of his marriage were issues that affected his problem. attitudes. 2009). Elvis began his career in astronomy. however.Case Study: Elvis Presley The concentration of clinical psychology is to evaluate and treat a collection of psychological as well as behavioral abnormalities (Plante. When undertaking the responsibility of comprehending the etiology of an abnormality. There are usually predisposing factors. values. investigating the probable causative measures versus abnormalities is also another factor. has everything to do with interconnectivity of signs and symptoms. Also. Also. How an individual believes. In this article. treating the patient is not only the important factor. The procedure of comprehending how and why abnormalities evolve is the objective in this area. Important events like being enlisted in the army. etc. there are many that add to its commencement. I will investigate polysubstance abuse and its etiology in the case of Elvis Presley’s. it is vital to be knowledgeable to the idea of multiple causalities. & Weaver. the loss of his mother with whom he has an intimate relationship with.. His mother also relied on prescription medication for anxiety and to be . No abnormality has a single component. Elvis Presley depended extremely on various prescription pills. 2005).
. biologic. behavioral. Applying the idea of multiple causality. 2008). likewise is substance misuse. 2009). Chapman. In lieu of traditional scientific psychology. can activate the biologic memory and produce desire to repeat the effect of the drug again. This philosophy of using substances to change the brain chemistry is biologically deficient in a brain chemical or to relax unpleasant emotional conditions (Hansell& Damour. The disease model also adds to the biologic style with self-medication philosophy. leaving a biologic mechanism of drug usage. Genes can also have an impact on the susceptibility of effects of substances. 2008). First is the neurotransmitter system that regulates the center of the mind is the one mostly affected with the utilization of almost every drug (Hansell & Damour. which will be tackled later. Over a period of time. and socio-cultural mechanisms of polysubstance dependence will be tackled. Elvis Presley would have been diagnosed with polysubstance dependence. Etiology of Polysubstance Dependence Biological Factors The biologic style to misuse of substance involves various justifications. cognitive. like the level of pleasure and the level of presence of withdrawal effects (Hansell & Damour. 2009). Just as mental abnormalities are connected to family inheritance. Ecological factors.able to get to sleep (Meyer at al. Hereditary factors are also connected to substance abuse. the mind stores memories of the pleasures inherited from the drugs. at the age of 42. Polysubstance dependence includes the utilization of three or more substances but does not involve caffeine or nicotine and should have been taken for at least half a year (Meyer. A few individuals take pleasure in the effects of a substance whereas others might mostly not like it. and withdrawal of “hangover” manifestations . & Weaver. Elvis’ toxicology result has shown occurrences of numerous kinds of drugs. Elvis passed away in 1977. 2008).
Chapman. Social stress and self-medication philosophy might fit and other genetic aspects that can be identified to his parents. and at the same time relieves any bad emotions. Dysfunctional cognitive schemas and negative automatic thoughts evolve throughout the substance user’s existence. like low self-esteem and self-efficacy. Presley saw his mother take alcohol and drugs to get by. drugs can have a great impact on the person for both the positive and negative reinforcement it gives. Drugs can give an extremely pleasant feeling while using them. With operant conditioning. This is classified as social leaning (Hansell & Damour. have much to do with the possibility of drug usage in people. as well as in conclusion manage to utilize drug to help him get by as well. 2008). 2008) Cognitive/Psychological Factors The cognitive factors. Meyer. Presley. Elvis Presley’s reliance on prescription drugs can be connected to hereditary factors with multiple probabilities. and Weaver (2009) recommended suicide as probable reason of death. Behavioral Factors Operant and classical conditioning are two conventional philosophies pertinent to substance use. still turned out to be an unhappy and lonely individual who attained a poor sense of self-efficacy. as well as therefore make the opportunity and the downward spiral of substance utilization as well as abuse. in spite the love of his fans and attaining a bright future in his chosen profession in life. although autopsy results do . modeling drug usage through Presley’s mother might have had a vital impact on his personal substance dependence. Classical conditioning can also add to the behavioral mechanism of substance use. With the case of Presley.differ widely from person to person. Also. also known as tension reduction (Hansell & Damour. the on-stage surroundings and elements of rock and roll lifestyle could easily have conditioned his intellectual processes into connecting it with drug usage. aside from conditioning and hereditary factors.
His mother. and ultimately his death. The recent investigation and understanding connected to prescription drug usage and the result on mixing these drugs has come a long way. Now and in the upcoming years. It is vital to . his spouse might have primarily been an enabler to the problem that eventually detached that bond. or they might unconsciously allow the substance abuser. The family systems technique is quite the same. Socio-cultural pleasures as well as stresses can be an adding factor in substance use and the eventual reliance on drugs. who loved him dearly. suicide is also connected to psychological factor and low self-esteem and self efficacy. the main issue of substance abuse originated inside the family. Socio-cultural and Family Systems Factors The socio-cultural model looks at substance abuse as an outcome from social environment. as well as continue and attempt to comprehend the psychological procedures behind individual’s behavior. after his mother had passed away. clinical psychology should adjust to the standard of society. has several issues as well as probabilities. Later in Elvis’ life. Any of these probabilities might have taken part in Elvis’ polysubstance dependence. like any other areas of work. Family may not admit or overlook the situation.not say so. however. Case Study and Clinical Psychology: Adaptation Clinical psychology. The case of Elvis Presley might have been dealt differently now than it was 50 years ago. might have not admitted that her child had any kind of problem because she herself had a dependency issue. involve and integrate up to date investigation findings. is continuously developing and constantly adapting with the changes of the society. If this is the case. Conclusion Elvis Presley became dependent on several prescription pills. as well as the not being satisfied with life. The reason of this dependence.
remember and perform the concept of multiple causalities that involves mechanisms like neurotransmission. environmental influences. even his physicians. genetics. All of these ideas had an impact on Presley’s life in various levels at various episodes in his life. if only the problem was addressed right away by close family and friends. and family effects. behavioral conditioning. . then intervention techniques might have been done to alleviate the situation and gave Presley a good quality of life. Unfortunately. cognitive processes.
J. (2008).). L.. (2005). G.). & Weaver.G. Hoboken.). M. K. Chapman. Meyer. Boston: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon.. (2009).References Hansell. Plante. NJ: Wiley . T. Abnormal psychology (2nd ed. NJ: Wiley. & Damour. R. Case studies in abnormal behavior (8th ed. Hoboken. Contemporary clinical psychology (2nd ed. C. L.
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