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ADA 2011 Pre-Architecture Revit

ADA 2011 Pre-Architecture Revit

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Sections

  • History
  • Process
  • Tools
  • About This Unit
  • Lessons
  • About This Lesson
  • Key Terms
  • Standards
  • Design Using Elements
  • Design Using Form
  • The Massing and Site tab
  • Place Mass
  • In-Place Mass
  • Create Building Elements from Masses
  • Annotations
  • Dimensions
  • Exercises
  • Navigating the Ribbon Interface
  • The Ribbon
  • Ribbon Tabs
  • Structure
  • Application Menu
  • Revit Architecture Screen Display
  • The Project Browser
  • The Status Bar
  • View Control Bar
  • Navigation Bar
  • Quick Access Toolbar
  • Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs
  • Display and Hide RibbonTabs
  • Exercise: Context Tabs
  • Context Tabs
  • Work with Views and Objects
  • Exercise: View Controls
  • Visibility
  • View Properties
  • Graphic Display Options
  • Exercise: Work With Families
  • Use the Revit Architecture Library
  • Exercise: Create Custom Families
  • Modify an Existing Family
  • Create an In-Place Family
  • Background
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Engineering
  • Math
  • Summary
  • Questions
  • Lesson Plan
  • Building Codes
  • Drawing Units
  • Scale and Dimensions
  • Sheets
  • Title Blocks
  • Templates
  • Exercise: Select a Template
  • Select a Template
  • Exercise: Set Units
  • Set Project Units
  • Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style
  • Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style
  • Exercise: Create a New Sheet
  • Duplicate and Modify a Plan View
  • Set Project Information
  • Add a Sheet
  • Add a View to the Sheet
  • Exercise: Create a Title Block
  • Draft a Title Block
  • Add a Company Logo
  • Add Text to the Title Block
  • Add Labels
  • Exercise: Insert a Title Block
  • Insert a Title Block
  • Exercise: Create a Template
  • Create a Template
  • General Questions
  • Revit Architecture Questions
  • Space Planning
  • Wall Types
  • Partition Walls
  • Frame Walls
  • Platform Framing
  • Balloon Framing
  • Wall Structures
  • Concrete
  • Brick
  • Stone
  • Gypsum Board
  • Wood
  • Fire-Stops
  • Wall Function
  • Wall Structure
  • Walls in Revit Architecture
  • Exercise: Place Walls
  • Sketch Walls
  • Exercise: Modify Walls
  • Align Walls
  • The Wall Trim Tool
  • Exercise: Define a Wall Structure
  • Introduction
  • Modify Wall Structure
  • Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure
  • Wall Sample Height
  • Split Region Tool
  • Merge Region Tool
  • Modify Tool
  • Assign Layers
  • Overview of Doors and Windows
  • Elements of Doors and Windows
  • Doors Elements
  • Windows Elements
  • Door Types
  • Window Types
  • Revit Architecture Doors and Windows
  • Exercise: Place Doors
  • Add Doors
  • Load Families
  • Exercise: Place Windows
  • Add Windows
  • Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall
  • Equality Constraints
  • Exercise: Copy Windows
  • Create Similar
  • Copy Windows
  • Elements of Stairs and Railings
  • Stairs
  • Railings
  • Stair Calculations
  • Stair Types
  • Quarter-Turn Stair
  • Half-Turn Stair
  • Winding Stair
  • Circular Stair
  • Spiral Stair
  • Requirements and Building Code
  • Landings
  • Risers and Treads
  • Nosings
  • Ramps
  • Handrails
  • Stairs in Revit Architecture
  • Exercise: Create Stairs
  • Straight Run Stairs
  • Exercise: Modify Stairs
  • Exercise: Add a Railing
  • Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs
  • Create a Reference Plane
  • Use Hide/Isolate
  • Reset the Display
  • Materials and Terminology
  • Materials
  • Roof Construction
  • Sloping Roofs
  • Roof Types
  • Gable
  • Cross Gable
  • Flat
  • Hipped
  • Cross Hipped
  • Pyramidal
  • Shed
  • Mansard
  • Gambrel
  • Salt Box
  • Roof Slope
  • Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture
  • Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof
  • Drawing Reference Planes
  • Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile
  • Join/Unjoin Roof
  • Trim Walls
  • Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint
  • Change the Roof Pitch
  • Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration
  • Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration
  • Create a Roof Opening
  • Add Slope Lines
  • Exercise: Create a Hip Roof
  • Create the Roof
  • Raise the Roof
  • Exercise: Create a Shed Roof
  • Create a Shed Roof
  • Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof
  • Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials
  • Define a Roof Structure
  • Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia
  • Exercise: Place Gutters
  • Place Gutters
  • Building Sections
  • Building Section Information
  • Purpose of Building Sections
  • Drafting Building Sections
  • Section Types
  • Exterior Elevations
  • View Scale
  • Exterior Materials
  • Unnecessary Information
  • Interior Elevations
  • Interior Orientations
  • Casements and Cabinets
  • Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings
  • Section Views
  • Callouts and Detail Sections
  • Interior Elevation Views
  • Section Command
  • Section View
  • Section Symbol Visibility
  • Controlling View Depth
  • Reference Bubbles
  • Detail Sections
  • Exercise: Create a New Section View
  • Section Properties
  • Exercise: Change the Section Head
  • Exercise: Create a Detail Section
  • Detail the View
  • Add Detail Components
  • Add Detail Lines
  • Add Insulation
  • Add Breaklines
  • Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section
  • Add Notes
  • Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet
  • Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation
  • Switch to an Elevation View
  • Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation
  • Exercise: Add Slope Annotations
  • Add Slope Annotations
  • Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation
  • Schedule Tables
  • Placement of Schedules
  • Types of Schedules
  • Schedule Tags
  • Use of Symbols in Schedules
  • Schedules in Revit Architecture
  • Exercise: Create a Window Schedule
  • Group and Sort Schedules
  • Change from Instance to Type Schedule
  • Exercise: Add Room Tags
  • Add Room Tags
  • Exercise: Create a Room Schedule
  • Exercise: Export a Schedule
  • Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design
  • Prepare the Model
  • Export the Model to FBX
  • Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture
  • Place a Camera
  • Render Setup
  • Enhance the Model
  • Change Materials
  • Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture
  • Create a Walkthrough
  • Play the Walkthrough
  • Export the Walkthrough
  • Columns
  • Braces
  • Beams
  • Column Grids
  • Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams
  • Place Columns
  • Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces
  • Place Beam Systems
  • Place Braces
  • Exercise: Create Column Grids
  • Create a Rectangular Column Grid
  • Create a Radial Column Grid
  • Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture
  • Use a Column Grid to Place Columns
  • Add Footings to Columns

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

1

With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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3

Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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6

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
s s s s s

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

midpoints) and relationships (vertical. the display shows editable distances and angles. intersections. Distances can be adjusted at any time. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .When sketching walls. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints.

section. elevation. Other building elements such as doors. roofs. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . floors. furniture.Software Tools .Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. and 3D views. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. You can add building elements in plan. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. windows. stairs.

windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. or at any time after. In the illustration shown. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . the other will move as well. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together.While components are being sketched. In the two illustrations shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. If one is moved.

In essence. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .If the left side wall is moved.Software Tools . all the windows obey their constraints.

About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to science. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. s Place a predefined Mass family. engineering.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. Technology. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . technology. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. and math standards. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. s Constrain placement of objects.

or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes.Software Tools . size. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. roofs. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. and curtain systems. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. There are mass families available to load into a project. or masses. you can create in-place masses. and then converted into building components such as floors. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. such as distance requirements from roadways. owner. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. walls. Masses can be edited in many ways. A designer. quickly.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools .

walls. and curtain systems by selecting faces of.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. masses. roofs. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. or within. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall.

18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools . 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . To print a mass displayed in a view.

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

s Explain the use of dimensions. and math standards. Technology. tags. Engineering. Annotation includes text notes. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. legends. and Language Arts. s Recognize temporary dimensions. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Math (STEM). Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . and symbol heads. technology.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering.

rfa) can be opened and edited. Each symbol family file (*. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.Software Tools .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

radial. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. Permanent dimensions can be linear.Software Tools . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. and permanent dimensions for annotating. or angular.

Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. and how other levels change display accordingly.z) coordinate system. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.y.

Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

and Options Bar. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. the Type Selector. Math (STEM). s Open and use ribbon tabs. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. Engineering. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. engineering.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson.Software Tools . 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Technology. and math standards. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Open tabs on the ribbon. s Work with tool buttons.

Some commands will not be active (that is. windows. and rooms. doors. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Its position is fixed. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. beams. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Display and Navigation s 31 . for instance.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.

Display and Navigation s 33 . columns. and text. symbols. structural walls. trusses. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. braces. detailing. and foundations. slabs.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. and parameters. and inquiry. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Context tabs display as you work.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. copy/paste.Software Tools . materials. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Print. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.Software Tools .Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Open. and Close. This menu has file management tools such as New. Save.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

schedules. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. sheets. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. families.Software Tools . and groups. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. with four elevation markers visible. Legends. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . schedules. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.

This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. cropping. visual style. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. View Control Bar View scale. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked.Software Tools . To toggle the Project Browser on/off. shadow display. level of detail. sun settings. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. A check mark indicates it is visible. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. rendering (in 3D views). Windows panel on the ribbon.

To change the scale of a view. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Display and Navigation s 43 .View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Select the desired view scale from the list. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. but not at Coarse.

The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line.Software Tools . Shaded. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Hidden Line is the default. Shaded with Edges. It enables you to switch between Wireframe.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

which can be according to the view. sun and shadow intensity. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. date and time. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. Display and Navigation s 47 . or by global location.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces.The Render control is active in 3D views. Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.

Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

the view window displays a colored border.Software Tools . You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Once elements have been hidden. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.Crop region selected.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . are available in the Properties palette for the active view.Software Tools . along with other display settings. enabling you to select them. These controls.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view.

Massing & Site. Collaborate. To activate or open a view. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Display and Navigation s 55 . Insert. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Nine tabs are available: Home. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Annotate. Manage and Modify.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Structure. View.

Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Properties Palette. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image.Context Tabs. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. showing options that you can select while you are working. If you select items in the view window. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. the Options Bar may display below it. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Options Bar. When a context tab is active. Display and Navigation s 57 .

58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 . The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.Software Tools . In 3D views.

Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. and Publish. File Save. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Click a file name to open that file. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. New File. Export. Print. The application menu contains file management controls. File Close only appears on the application menu. the application menu. such as File Open. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Display and Navigation s 65 .

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. 2. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. click OK in the dialog box that opens. The completed exercise 4. Do this for other tabs. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. make the Home tab active. On the ribbon. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. Select Minimize to Panel Titles.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. After you have examined each of them. Display and Navigation s 67 . or click New > Project from the application menu. If you select the menu option. 3. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. To start a new project.

Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Icons for panels display below tab titles. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Close the file without saving. you opened a project file.5. and then viewed. Select Cycle Through All. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays.Software Tools . In this exercise. 6. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 7.

Exercise 2. doubleclick the view name. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. You worked on this file in Getting Started. A copy is also in the courseware datasets.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Display and Navigation s 69 . Open view Floor Plan Level 1. In the Project Browser. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. 2. The file opens to a 3D view.rvt. Open quick_start_building_elements. Quick Start for Revit Architecture.

On the Properties palette.3. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. You are selecting everything visible. Click OK. Click the door in the upper left of the model. doors. .Software Tools . 8. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. 5. Click any interior wall. 4. and windows highlight blue. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. 6. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. all the walls. Click Filter panel > Filter. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Clear Walls and Doors. 7. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows.

10. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.9. you opened a project file. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list.rvt. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. examined the menus and toolbars. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. On the Properties palette. Click any door. In this exercise. click Create panel > Create Similar. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. On the Modify | Doors context tab. 12. Place a door as shown. Display and Navigation s 71 . 11. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set.

and 3D views using the View menu. Engineering. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. drafting views. s Create a new in-place family. lines. Component families include model objects (furniture. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. display controls. building elements (walls. floors). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. s Work with Revit families. You can create sections. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. and views. operating settings.Software Tools . Revit provides floor plan. schedules. mechanical equipment). Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. In the exercises. templates.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Load and place component families. annotations. ceiling plan. System families include levels. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. either predefined or user-created. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Pan. and elevation views by default. Technology. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. Math (STEM).

This lesson relates to science. and math standards. engineering. technology. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

3. Click the Annotation Categories tab. even a small one. First. The completed exercise Visibility 1. VG also opens the dialog box.Software Tools . There is no way to see everything in it. Click OK. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Rightclick in the view window. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Click Zoom to Fit. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Right-click. Four elevation markers are visible. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. is an extensive database. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Use your keyboard to enter VV. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 2. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Click Zoom to Fit. Open Unit2_building_elements.Exercise: View Controls A building model. The display changes.rvt. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. There is also a copy in the course datasets.

This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. 5. On the View Control Bar. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. 6.4. Right-click. Zoom to Fit. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. click Detail Level. Right-click. Click Zoom In Region. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Enter ZF. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Click Open. There are two parts to an elevation. 7. Select Detail Level: Medium. so be sure to select them both. Click and drag the cursor as shown. In the Project Browser. Select the roof outline. Working with Views and Objects s 75 .

8. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . change the Underlay value to None. doors and windows are not shown. Enter VH.Software Tools . This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. 2. Turn off visibility of the elevations. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. On the Properties palette. as before. View Properties 1. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. Click Zoom to Fit.

Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. and where the cut plane sits. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. 4. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. click Edit. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Click OK. For Name. enter Roof. Click Rename.0".3. the ridge is now visible. Right-click. Next to View Range.

select Winter Solstice.Graphic Display Options 1. 4. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. Accept the location that activates.Software Tools . In the Presets list. Set the time to 9:30 am. 5. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. select Shading with Edges. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. In the dialog box that opens. select Still. 2. Open Elevation view South. In the Sun Settings dialog box. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. select Shadows On. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 3. under Solar Study.

you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. The elevation shadows update. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. In this exercise. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.rvt. Save the file as Unit2_views. 6.

3. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. Doors are considered standard family entities. These components are called families and there are several different types. This exercise illustrates how you locate.Software Tools . s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. floors. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. and so on.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. commercial. load. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . windows. s A system family. and families in place. You add closet doors to interior walls. Doors. click Door. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. In Revit.rvt. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. Build panel. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. standard families. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. There are system families. such as levels. 2. Additionally. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. furniture. Open Unit2_views. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. and floors. windows. or institutional structures. On the Home tab. lights. and furniture. and annotations are examples of standard families. furniture). You worked on this file in the previous exercise. and place Revit families. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. is predefined within Revit. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. or stand-alone (for example. you open an existing project file. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. doors and windows are dependent on walls). and use a Revit family to place a door. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. walls. railings. roofs.

rfa. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. 5. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Tag panel. s s 6. and Annotation. Click the Doors folder. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Accept the default size. It has a number of different sizes defined. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Project files have a file extension of *.rvt. Furniture. 4. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors.rfa. If you highlight a door family. You click to place an instance of the door family. Family files have a file extension of *. Locate Double Panel 2. Click Open. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. As you move your cursor near any wall.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Click Open.

The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. but not strongly.Software Tools . 9. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. loaded. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. Place two more instances of the door as shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. Place an instance of the door as shown. In this exercise. you located. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door.7. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and placed instances of a door family. simply click it.rvt. 8. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.

enter 48" x 80". 4. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. 2. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. 5. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. For Name. modify a door family. you open an existing project file. and create an in-place family.rvt. 3. This door needs to be 48" wide. The required width is not available. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Click OK.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Select the double door as shown. click Duplicate. Open Unit2_doors_walls.

Software Tools . The door updates. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. click Component > Model In-Place. 4. Build panel.6. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Click OK. 3. select Generic Models. set the Extrusion End value to 6". Click OK. On the Properties palette. 1. For Name. 2. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. In the dialog box. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). 5. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. is to create a component family in place. enter Hall Clock. On the Home tab. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown.

11.rvt. loaded. you located. You have created the base of the clock. Revit will display . Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . The exact dimensions and location are not critical. In this exercise. click Rectangle.6. 9. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. 10.4" as shown. and placed a door family. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . 7. as shown. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". 13. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one.2". Click OK. The family model updates. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. On the Draw panel.0' 2". Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . 8. 12.

Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.

and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s What is Moore's Law.

Zoom to an area selected by a right click. s Adjust Visual Style Options. d. c. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. a. depending on the template selected. False 2. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. False 4. Create a 3D perspective view. 7. s Change view displays. True b. a. c. and place a family from a library. c. s Change type properties of a family. d. context tabs. Zoom in Region is used to: a. a. Spin the model in 3D space. True b. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. b. All content tools are located on the ribbon. Each project has several predefined views. s Open different views. s Create an in-place model family. a. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings.Software Tools . The tool shown is used to: a. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. False 5. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. True b. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Go to View > View Name in the menu. Views can be renamed. d. False 3. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. Questions 1. load. s Change view properties. Zoom to the entire model. Either a or b. and Options Bar. b. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. Turn on Shadows. 6. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. s Access. and click Open. tab. b. To activate a view: a. Right-click.

Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . windows. Project Browser d. a. All of the above. depending on settings 9. Scroll d. Blocks c. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Standard b. Pan and Zoom b. etc. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors.8. System c. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Multiview b.) are called: a. Parts d. a. Properties palette 10. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. A family created within a project is called ________________. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. In-Place d. Rotate c. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Families 11.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 4.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Create dimensions and text. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. 6. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. s Create a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. Review Revit Architecture setup. s Create dimension and text styles. 8. 9. s Set project units. s Duplicate and modify views. s Create labels. (Student) Evaluate Students. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 3. 7.

Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. After completing this lesson.org. and the settings that are preset within them. Visit the AIAS website at www. based on the AIA standards.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Visit the AIA website at www. linetypes. and Language Arts. should be used. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.org. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture.aias. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. colors. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. Engineering.Standards and Building Codes . Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols.aia. linetypes. colors. Math (STEM). and so forth. Explain why templates are used. defining the layers. Many cities and counties have their own rules.

This lesson relates to technology. engineering. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards.

If there is a fire. a bathroom. A garage must be completely enclosed. and so on. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. otherwise it is considered a carport. defined and adopted by convention. and so on. and one closet. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. doors. A unit is a particular physical quantity. the number being its numerical value. it must have at least one door.Standards and Building Codes . a garage. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . If it lacks any of these components. windows. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. a common area (such as a living room or family room). Drawing Units Architectural drawing. like mechanical drawing. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. For example. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. one window. it cannot be called a bedroom.

is 169 m. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. glass. and other materials. In architectural drafting. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. or imperial.. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. unit symbol ft. Another method is to apply dual notation. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. using imperial units. is 555 ft. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. also known as the International System of Units. the construction industry still uses the English. in the United States.. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. unit symbol m. units are applied to dimensions. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . such as room size and wall height. However. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. Here h is the physical quantity. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169.For example. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. its value is expressed in the unit meter.

sheets. In Revit Architecture.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. one value representing another value. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. and viewports. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.) 8. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale.Standards and Building Codes . dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). every 1/8" would represent 1'.Scales are ratios. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. for example 1/8" = 1'-0".5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Each size is designated by a letter. line weight and pattern. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point.

An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). The integers go from 0 to 9. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. and then add a title block or other symbols. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup.01. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). symbols. temporary Schedules Sections.01. You create and position views. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. notes Demolition. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. site plan. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. elevators. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. Standards and Building Codes s 97 .a modified version of the AIA standard. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3.

or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. that is. the HVAC company. and so on. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. and other relevant information. annotation plot sizes. so that the height is less than the width. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. fonts. It identifies the drawing with a title or description.Standards and Building Codes . For example. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. the electrician. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. and layer standards. Typically. Templates are usually preset with drawing units.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. The next space is for tracking revisions. Usually. drawing scales. the author of the drawing. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. followed by information on the building's owner. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. The column is divided into sections. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. the date drawn. The paper is oriented landscape. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation.

in the City of San Francisco. title blocks. layer settings. required symbols. dimension and text styles. and so forth. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . The template will contain the required sheets/layouts.

Technology. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. These can be used to build your model. and Language Arts. Engineering.Standards and Building Codes . Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). windows. dimension styles. and walls. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. views. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Settings About This Lesson In this lesson.

This lesson relates to technology. Settings s 101 . and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering.

Condominiums. In Revit. Select a Template 1. In the New Project dialog box. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. click New > Project. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you use templates as starting points.Standards and Building Codes . 2. Open Revit to an empty project file. or store. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. 3. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. On the application menu. factory. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. click Browse. apartments.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. you create a new project file using a template.

You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. In this exercise.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. 6. Click Open. Click OK. 5. you started a new project file using a standard template. click Close to close this project without saving. saving set up time. On the application menu. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Settings s 103 . Sheets are already set up for documenting the project.4. Select the Residential-Default.

s Place the cursor over the left wall. Build panel. click Wall. Click to start a new wall.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. open ADA__Settings. 2. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. The file opens to a 3D view. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. In this exercise. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement.rvt. In the Project Browser. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. Press ESC to cancel the wall. The Wall tool remains active. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model.Standards and Building Codes . To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. the drawing setup options are preset. In the courseware datasets folder. Pull the cursor to the right. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. 3. expand Floor Plans under Views.

For Format: s Set Units to Meters. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. s Set Unit symbol to m. 5. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Place the cursor over the left wall. Click Format for Length. click to start a new wall. In this exercise. Click OK twice to save the setting change. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. 8. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. and move the cursor right. Settings s 105 . you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Close the file without saving.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Press ESC to cancel the wall.4.) 6. 7.

4. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. On the Properties palette.rvt. enter Big Text. 2. click Aligned. In the Type Properties dialog box.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . or insert components. dimensions not only display. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. On the Annotate tab. Open ADA_Dimensions. create. For Name. Temporary dimensions display when you select. click Edit Type.Standards and Building Codes . Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. there are two types of dimensions. By default. 1. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. Click OK. but also control the size and location of objects. temporary and permanent. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. Dimension panel. 3. click Duplicate. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. dimensions snap to wall centerlines.

Select the top. The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. 6. and bottom horizontal walls. s Set Text Size to 3/16". Drag the dimension to the left of the view. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. Settings s 107 . s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". Click to place. 7.5. left. s Click OK twice. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot.

Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 9. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. and far right vertical walls. s s s Select the far left. Click to place the dimension. you opened an existing file. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. Close the file without saving. upper. The Dimension tool stays active. In this exercise.8.Standards and Building Codes . created a new dimension style.

Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. and the view window displays the new plan. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. In order to do this. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. 3. In the datasets folder. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. Settings s 109 . you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. There are no annotations visible. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. In the Project Browser. Notice the door and window tags. 2.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. These are annotations.

right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 9. Click OK. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. select Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. Double-click to open it. 7. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. Click Rename. 8. On the Manage tab. 5. In the Project Browser. 6. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. 1. click Project Information.Standards and Building Codes . Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets.4. Model Categories tab. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Click OK to update the display of this view. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Settings panel. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box.

click Edit. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Click OK. 2. Rightclick. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Settings s 111 . Click OK. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. 2. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Click New Sheet.Add a Sheet 1. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information.) 3. 3. You can also enter the address of your school. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. In the Value column of Project Address. or supply your own values: Click OK. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Enter the address as shown.

Click Apply. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. Next. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. Add a View to the Sheet 1.Standards and Building Codes . change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. 5. In the Identity Data and Other sections. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .4. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. Notice the change to the title block.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value.

Select the new viewport. 3. Settings s 113 . Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. You see the view at the end of your cursor. 2. 4. It is small compared to the size of the sheet.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Right-click. Right-click in the view. Select Deactivate View. Select Add View to Sheet. Click Activate View. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list.

over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Finish the move. you: select it. s Placed a view on the sheet. The Scale updates in the title block. Place the cursor 7. Close the file without saving. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes.Standards and Building Codes . The view updates on the sheet. s Added a sheet. 6. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. of the sheet.5. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. deselect it.

2.5. Start Revit Architecture. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. It opens to the Recent Files window. Select A-11x8. This is one of the longer exercises. Settings s 115 . 3.rft. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). On the application menu. A copy of the 11 x 8. Click Open. 4.5 title block template opens. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. click New > Titleblock.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

3.

Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

2.

Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

4.

Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

5.

Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

7.

Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

8.

Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

9.

Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

2.

On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

3.

The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

7.

Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

s

Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
s

8.

On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

6.

You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . select Drawn By. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. 14. Click Zoom to Fit. 13.Landscape. click Save to save the title block. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Your teacher may specify another location. Accept the Sample Value. On the Quick Access toolbar. Accept the Sample Value. Save the title block as A . 11. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Accept the Sample Value. 10. Add a label for Sheet Number. On the application menu. In this exercise. Add a label for Checked By. s Accept the Sample Value. click Close. Right-click. 12. you created a title block using a template file. s Click Add. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. 15. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list.rfa.9.Standards and Building Codes .

3. In the Recent Files window. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. 2. On the View tab. 5. you create a new project file. click New to create a new project using the default template. Insert a Title Block 1. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Locate your title block. 4. Your title block is now displayed in the list. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Click Open. Settings s 125 . Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. and then load a custom title block into your project. The title block appears in the graphics window. Highlight the title block and click OK. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise.

s For Drawn By. s For Checked By.rvt in a location determined by your instructor.Standards and Building Codes . 5. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. Select the title block. click Project Information. Click OK. On the Properties palette. 2. enter your instructor's name. Click OK. Click Zoom to Fit. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. 6. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. 3. enter Student Project Unit 3. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK. In this exercise. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. enter your name. 4. On the Manage tab. you a created a new project file. Settings panel.

This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. you define the title block. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. settings. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. and geometry from the template. and then load them like families. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. in addition to predefined wall types. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . angles. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. There are various settings you can define for your template. and slope angle. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. such as 3D and plan views. In the New Project dialog box. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. including how the rendered image looks. Click OK. 1. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. you create a new project file. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. 3. In this exercise. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. select Project Template. s Families: Load in families you use most often. Create a Template In this exercise. On the Insert tab. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. click New > Project. a dimension style. and the units for your custom template. 2. On the application menu. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls.

On the Manage tab. For Name. Next. click Settings panel > Project Units.4. 6. 8.rfa. Click OK. 10. On the Annotate tab. There will be no visible change. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the Type Properties dialog box. 7. 9.Standards and Building Codes . enter 3/16" Verdana. You create a custom dimension style. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Click OK twice. click Duplicate. 5.Landscape. Click the Length field in the Format column. create a Dimension Style. Open the title block A . Set the units for the template.

Click OK. Settings s 129 . Click New Sheet. Select the A . In the Project Browser.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2.11. 14. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. 12. Click OK. 15. select Sheets (All). Change the following settings as shown: 13. Rightclick. On the Properties palette. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By.

The title block updates. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. Click OK. Save your project template in your class project folder.rte.Standards and Building Codes . 17. You can use this template for future projects. In this exercise. you created a new template file using a dimension style. Save the file name as A-English template. as well as dimension style and units.16. and units that you defined. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. title block.

s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. abstract format.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. or new combinations of existing materials. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code.

An architect b. A unit 4.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. A particular physical quantity. 1:32 5. s Change dimension colors. English c.02 b. is defined as what? a. False 3. NCTM d. 1:24 d.02 d. s Create a title block. P. s Create a dimension style. True b.05 c. UBC c. a. you learned to: s Set units in a file. s Create dimensions.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. Using AIA Standards. s Create a template. a. AIA b. and symbols used in drawing? a. 1:12 c. s Create labels. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. General Questions 1. s Create text. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. s Change lineweight. NCSESA 2. 1:3 b. Metric d. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. dimension styles. S. a. s Create a text style. A. A.

Project Tools dialog box > Units d. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Point offsets 3. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Wall centerlines c. a. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. False Summary/Questions s 133 . View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. To create a new sheet. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. you click: a. By default. To change the scale of a view. True b. In Revit Architecture. True b. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. To set the units in a project. dimensions snap to: a. a. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. a. Wall midpoints d. True b. Wall faces b. False 4. you use: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. False 6. Application menu > Properties b.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

(Student) Evaluate Students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . s Align walls. 3. 4. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 2. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. you will be able to: s Create a wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 6. 5. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls.

List the different types of occupancy. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Describe platform framing and balloon framing. After completing this lesson. their construction and materials. or filling in between. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. them. separate.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. and protect its interior spaces.Walls . or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

About Walls

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Expand the Type Selector list. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Enter 10. Click to set the endpoint. After you create the wall. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process.Brick on Mtl. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Select the Single Line option. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. 4. As you continue to move the cursor.3. indicating wall length. click it to open an edit field. 5. It will not print. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Walls s 151 . Clear the Chain option. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. Stud.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. To modify a dimension. a dashed line displays. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. the dimension updates incrementally. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . but it disappears when you begin another action. an angular dimension displays.

click the Detail Level icon. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. click Modify to stop placing walls. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Depending on your zoom in the view. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays.6. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. On the Modify | Walls tab. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. 8. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The wall does not show any internal detail. enter 7. Click the wall. Press ENTER. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Select panel. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. On the View Control Bar. Click to start the next wall. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. 7.Walls . Create panel. the controls may sit on top of one another. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. After setting the vertical wall's direction. click Create Similar.

Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Walls s 153 . a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Select the right vertical wall.9. no matter where you move the cursor. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. an alignment line displays. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Also. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. notice how the wall joins at the corner. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Click Modify. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. release the mouse button to set a new length. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. 10. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Notice that two dimensions display.

Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. When using the Chain option. 14. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Sketch the walls as shown. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Right-click. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points.11. 12. This is the same as clicking Modify. 15. Select the lower vertical wall. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 16. 13. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays.Walls . Repeat. On the Home tab. Build panel. click Wall. Click Cancel. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Clear the Chain option. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Click Create Similar again. 20. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Walls s 155 . you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc.rvt. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. In this exercise.18. 17. 19. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". After clicking the second end. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Click Modify. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click Zoom to Fit.

Split Walls 1. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Only part of the wall highlights. Both split walls are shown below. You now remove the upper right corner. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. Click Modify. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. showing that there are now two separate wall sections.Walls .Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. 3. 4. To do this. align. This exercise illustrates how to split. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls.rvt from the previous exercise. 2. Do the same for the vertical wall. you first split the walls at the intersections. and extend walls. trim. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . fillet.

select Radius. Select any wall. On the Modify | Wall tab. click Create Similar. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. 4. click Undo and repeat the steps. 3. Modify panel. 5. You can also click the flip control.Fillet Walls 1. click Delete. This is how you create rounded wall corners. On the Options Bar. Create panel. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Enter 5'. Click Fillet Arc. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. If you make a mistake. 2. Walls s 157 . You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. On the Modify | Walls tab. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation.

Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. select Basic Wall: Interior . You align the wall in the next steps. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.Walls . 2. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 3. Place an interior wall as shown.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. The Wall tool is still active. 1. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.

s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. The Wall Trim Tool 1. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Pull the cursor straight up. The length is not critical. Walls s 159 . clear Chain.4. s On the Options Bar. You can lock the alignment. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. such as location lines. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Click to create a wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall.

This will extend to the border. The length is not critical. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element.Walls . 4. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the horizontal wall as shown. 6. 3. The walls can cross. 2. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue.s Move the cursor to the left and click. Select the two interior walls in turn. Select the vertical wall as shown. 5. This will be the border. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action.

align. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. In this exercise. and trim. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.7.rvt. fillet. Walls s 161 .

A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door.Walls . Open ADA_Wall_Structure. satisfy different requirements. 2. In the Project Browser. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. and vary in cost. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Edit Type. 1. Select the Exterior wall as shown. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. 3. The Modify tool is active by default. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. On the Properties palette.

4. To edit the structure of the wall. For Name. 8. click Edit in the Structure value field. Walls s 163 . has a Function you can edit. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. 7. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. 6. s Click Up. s Click the number of Layer 3. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. the wall structure should be as shown. Click OK. Click Insert twice. enter 8" Insulated Stud. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. except Core Boundary. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. s Select Finish 1 [4]. When you are finished. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. Every layer of a wall. 5. s Click the arrow at the right. s Click Down twice. Add two additional layers to the wall.

11. s Click the icon that appears at the right. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 10. Material.Exterior .Stud Layer.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. which displays plan or section views. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.9. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s Set the Material to Finishes . Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". 13. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. Modify the Function.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. s Set the Material to Wood . select Finishes . s Set the Thickness to 5/8".Walls . 12. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box.

In the Project Browser. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. 17. expand the Families branch. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. On the Properties palette. 15. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. Walls s 165 . From the Detail level list. 16.14. select Medium. Click Apply to update the view. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. select the view name as shown to expose its properties.

Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. 20. From the Type Selector list. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You opened an existing file. In this exercise.Walls . defined a new wall structure. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. Close the file without saving. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Right-click 8" Exterior.18. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. 19. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane.

such as a weatherproof outside surface. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. In this exercise. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. 3. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. The model opens in a 3D view. 2. wood rails. You can define a wall type with these elements. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. you create and modify vertically compound walls.rvt. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. and a decorated interior surface.Brick on Mtl. The file is in the courseware datasets folder.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. a structural mid-section. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. for example. Select one of the Exterior . Stud walls as shown. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above.

Wall structures are Type Properties. To define the structure of the wall. into regions.4. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 5. so all instances of this type change. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. You can set the sample height to any value. In this exercise. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. 6. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. click Edit. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. or you will lose your changes. either horizontally or vertically. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. 1. You change the type. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. You can split regions into other regions. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. 8. highlight one of the borders. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. If not already expanded.Walls . When you split a layer. To split a layer or region horizontally. Click Split Region. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. 7. You can assign different materials to regions. 2. the new regions assume the same material as the original. To split a layer or region vertically. in the Structure value field. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. As indicated in the dialog box title.

a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. 1. After merge. Click Merge Regions. Click to merge the two layers. 3. When you merge regions.Brick layer. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Prehighlight a border between regions. Click to merge them. Walls s 169 . assign Layer 1. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Click to split the region into two parts. 2. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits.3. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. The upper split disappears. In this case. 4. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer.

Change the value to 12. 3. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. s Select the split line. After a region is split. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. 1. To create a new wall layer. indicating that it is modifiable. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. 4. Press ENTER. 2. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". If you set the split offset down from the top. to the next parallel line. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. The dimension text turns blue. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. you assign the material Masonry Brick . instead of down. Next. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. 2. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Click again to return to the original position. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. 3. Click the temporary dimension text. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. In the Edit dialog box. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. 1. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). click Modify. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Click Insert. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one.

When a layer is selected in the table. 8. All walls of this type have been changed. Split Region. 6. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. because it is now the selected layer. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. it highlights in blue in the preview window. 5. 10. It also shows a thickness value. Close the file without saving. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. Click Assign Layers. Merge Region.Brick Soldier Course. The preview changes appearance. Modify.Brick Soldier Course layer. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. 7. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. 9. Walls s 171 . as shown. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected.4. In this exercise. Change the Material to Masonry . It immediately highlights in blue. and Insert Layer tools. Click OK. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Click OK. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes.

earth.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. ducting. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. piping. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong.Walls . s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. installed. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. and insulation. and protected. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Doors and Windows . the ventilation.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. but also the natural lighting. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Custom types and sizes can also be built. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. the view. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. and to protect property values. About Doors and Windows s 185 . Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.

ft. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. The height can be no less than 24".Doors and Windows .An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. the width can be no less than 20". An unobstructed opening of 5.7 sq. if there is no other escape route. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.

Some families are loaded into each empty file. windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. move.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. s Copy windows. Technology. s Center a door in a wall. and furniture are defined in family files. and math standards. you learn how to place doors and windows. In this unit. Engineering. Math (STEM). Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. and Language Arts. and how to position. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. and copy these elements. how to load additional door and window families. Doors and Windows s 187 . you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Components such as doors.

Open ADA_Doors_Windows. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. In other words. click Door.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. This can be done in a plan view. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. 2. 3. Build panel. When placing doors in a plan view. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. elevation view. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. Once a door is placed. Add Doors 1.Doors and Windows . the door swing would be to the left side. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. or 3D view. On the Home tab. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. To reverse the swing.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. To flip the door.

In order to keep file size small. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. click Load Family. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". on the Modify | Place Door tab. 3. Doors and Windows s 189 . Select the door Double-Panel 2. With the Door command active.rfa.Load Families 1. Mode panel. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. except for the Type Selector. walls. Click Open. The display does not change. 2. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. and windows into project files. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. From the Type Selector list.

Place a second instance in the wall opposite.Doors and Windows . From the Type Selector. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. 5.4. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. If necessary. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.

change a temporary dimension. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Remember. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. Do not add the dimensions. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. If you place a door in the wrong location. simply click it and enter the correct value. or by using the swing control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it.6. Place instances of single doors as shown.

7. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors.rvt.

Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Windows have exterior and interior sides. the outside of the window is to the left side. On the Home tab. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. 2. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Open Unit5_doors. approach the wall from the right side.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . click Window. From the Type Selector.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. You can place windows in a plan view. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. or 3D view. To face the outside of the window to the other side. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. click Modify and select the window. To reverse the window after performing another operation. Add Windows 1. elevation view. Build panel. When placing windows in a plan view.

Place seven more windows as shown. placed doors. 5. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . You do not need to add dimensions.Doors and Windows .rvt.3. loaded a door family. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. you opened an existing project. Window tags do not number in sequence. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. and placed windows. 4. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. In this exercise. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown.

s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. Dimension panel. wall. 2. window. The file is also available in the course datasets folder.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. 4. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. place a door. s Align and modify walls. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. On the Annotate tab. you open an existing project file. click Aligned. 1. 3. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . and modify the wall. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door.rvt. constrain it to be centered in a wall. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. and so on. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door.

This means that if one wall shifts. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click the center of the door. the other wall will remain aligned.s s s s Click the left wall. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click it and it changes as shown. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Align Walls 1. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. The walls are now aligned. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall.Doors and Windows . Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. The door changes location. Click the lock icon to enable it. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Click the right wall. 2. 5. Notice the symbol. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Select the upper wall first. 6.

Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension.) The dimension value is now shown. Right-click. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Change the dimension to 16. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. 5. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Doors and Windows s 197 . Dimensions display below it. 3. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown.4. The walls shift and remain aligned. Clear the EQ Display value. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units.

Right-click.6. Save the file as Unit5_aligned.Doors and Windows .rvt. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. Click Zoom to Fit. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 7. In this exercise. you placed a continuous dimension.

Create panel. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. 2. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Doors and Windows s 199 .rvt. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. On the Modify | Windows tab. 4. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. 1. click Create Similar. In this exercise.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. especially if there are many different types. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type.

3. 4. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . click Copy. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. The window will change appearance. 2. Modify panel.Doors and Windows .Copy Windows 1. On the Modify | Windows tab. The window is copied. Select the window you just placed.

Right-click. In this exercise. 6. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt.5. Doors and Windows s 201 . you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.

STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. flat glass is a recent invention. cold. heat. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. The stability of glass in response to wind.Doors and Windows . Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.

32" b. s Align a door or window. 34" 4. Standard b. 36" c. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. a. False 2. 40" d. a. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. 32" d. General Questions 1. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. True b. s Place a window. 28" b. If a room is used for sleeping.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. 30" c. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. Custom 3. you learned to: s Place doors.

you use ________. Properties 3. Clone b. 6. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Duplicate d. you use: a. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Click Flip Direction. Click Door Properties. Right-click. Select the door. Click the appropriate blue arrows. d. Copy 8. d. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. c. To center a door or window in a wall. Click the appropriate blue arrows. A reference plane b. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Click Door Properties. To change the swing direction of a door: a. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Link c. b. a.Doors and Windows . 4. Door and window tags are placed automatically. a. you: a. Select the door. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. True b. Load from Library b. True b. Use door grips to reposition.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To change the location of a door or window. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Select the door. False 2. Insert d. b. True b. c. Select the door. Offset c. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Load c. a. a. False 5. The center snap 7. a.

4. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 5. (Student) Evaluate students. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Review stairs and railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. s Create railings. 2.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 3. s Modify stair boundaries.

List the different stair types. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. stair and railing types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. After completing this lesson.Stairs and Railings .About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Technology. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. Engineering. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to technology. engineering. and math standards.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Once the actual riser height is determined. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Then. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. About Stairs and Railings s 209 .

such as ice and snow. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle.Stairs and Railings . Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs.

Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Due to building code. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. This saves space when changing direction. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders.

Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.Stairs and Railings . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.

Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Doors should swing the direction of egress.

Stairs and Railings . 11" maximum. s Riser height: 4" minimum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.

Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. but not more than 2". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2".

You can define straight runs. For safety reasons. Engineering. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. U-shaped stairs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). which includes elevators. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. and spiral stairs. s Create U-shaped stairs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. engineering. This lesson relates to technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. and math standards. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. As you move the cursor. In multistory buildings.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. of certain horizontal depth or run. s Modify stairs. You create stairs in a plan view. and stairs. Technology. L-shaped runs with a landing. s Add a railing. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. ramps.Stairs and Railings . or vertical circulation. The riser and run values update accordingly. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. or tread. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs.

rvt. From the courseware datasets folder. 3.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. This file is in metric units. Before you create the stairs. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. Stairs and Railings s 217 . open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. you create stairs using a straight run. This enables you to place the stairs properly.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. On the Properties palette. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. Zoom in Region to the lobby.

4. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). These tools are used to define your stairs. Click OK to close the dialog box. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. 5. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The cursor changes to a crosshairs. On the Home tab. click Stairs. Circulation panel. Run is preselected.Stairs and Railings . you create a straight run. In this case. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run.

select Finish (green check). You can continue to move the cursor up. As you move the cursor up. Select this intersection point to start your run. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. 9. On the Mode panel. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. the run footprint stops expanding. You can also enter a distance of 4400. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. If you have not fully created the run. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. 7. Stairs and Railings s 219 . To change the run dimension. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. 10. Revit displays the number of risers you created. 8.6. and then click to define the run of stairs. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions.

11. To avoid overwriting the original file. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. In this exercise. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. 12. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D.rvt. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. you created and placed a straight run stair.Stairs and Railings . AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. and switched to a 3D view. click application menu > Save As > Project. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. 13. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction.

Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. On the Modify tab. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing.rvt. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. 2. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Activate view Floor Plans. click Align. Level 1. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Edit panel. The stair is not centered on the landing. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3.

5.Stairs and Railings . Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. The Align command remains active. You can rotate your model to get a better view. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. which is located at the center of the stairs. Click the center of the stairs. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. select Wall centerlines. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Options Bar. If you have a scroll mouse. Take time to make the selections correctly. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. from the Prefer list. Click the center of the wall first. Open the lobby stair view to see the result.4.

s Click Duplicate. On the Properties palette. expand Sections (Building Section). As you prehighlight them. Hover the cursor over the railing. In the Project Browser. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. 9. 7. s Click OK. and Dimensions subsections. enter Lobby Stairs. Graphics. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. railings were created with the stairs. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. click Edit Type. 8. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 .6. s For Name. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. Change Width to 1350. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. On the Properties palette. Select the stairs.

s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .10. Select both railings. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Lobby Stair View. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Stairs and Railings .Cherry s s Click Modify. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

s On the Modify | Stairs tab. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. s Select the stairs (not a railing). s Zoom in on the stairs. In the Type Selector. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Next. you change the shape of the stairs. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Mode panel. The railings change.12. 14. Click it to select it. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. 13. Delete this line. click Edit Sketch. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. The stair changes to the run sketch.

To place the second arc endpoint. click the left end of the top riser. Click to place the arc. 17. s On the Modify panel. On the Draw panel.Stairs and Railings .15. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. click Boundary. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Click Modify. s Select the arc boundary you just created. 19. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 16. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 18.

the arc center point. Click to exit the Mirror command.21. Stairs and Railings s 227 . First. This will define a rounded first step. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. The left boundary will be mirrored. select the endpoint of the left boundary. For the third point. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Next. click Riser. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. 20. Click CenterEnds-Arc. On the Draw panel.

you modified stair properties and boundaries.Stairs and Railings . On the Mode panel. 23.22. Open the {3D} view to see the results.rvt. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You also modified the properties of a railing. In this exercise. click Finish. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.

rvt from the previous exercise. Zoom into the landing area as shown. you sketch the plan view path. 2. The completed exercise To create a railing. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Click Modify. Select the right side railing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Therefore. you need to define a path for the railing. 3. To make sure you are selecting the railing. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Stairs and Railings s 229 . Open the Level 2 floor plan view. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. This is typically done in plan view. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. In this case. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. For simple railings.

4. edit the temporary dimension. click Edit Path.Stairs and Railings . Select Finish to exit the railing definition. 7. Once the railing is selected. Then. select Chain. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. 5. To set the exact distance. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. The dimensions are shown as a guide. Mode panel. On the Draw panel. s s On the Options Bar. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. You do not need to add dimensions. 6. click Line. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. on the Modify | Railings tab.

9. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Stairs and Railings s 231 .s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Delete your lines and try again. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. 8. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.rvt. In this exercise. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing.

Work Plane panel. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. s On the Home tab. In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Create a Reference Plane 1. 2. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below.rvt from the previous exercise. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. you create a reference plane.Stairs and Railings . 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. s On the Options Bar.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. set the Offset value to 850. In a floor plan view. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. the stairs appear as a U-shape. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref.

Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Dark Gray. For Name. change the Width parameter to 900. 3. To start sketching the run.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. click Stairs. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Click OK. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Click Edit Type. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. On the Home tab. 5. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Pull the cursor straight up. On the Properties palette. 6. Click OK twice. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Circulation panel. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. 4. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Matte 2. enter Exit Stairs.

Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform.Stairs and Railings . Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. enter 1925. Click to finish the stair run. 8. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . with none remaining to be created. Move the pointer to the right. Press ENTER. 9. Click to place the first run. If you have trouble making the correct distance display.7. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads).

Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. If you get an error message. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. click Finish Stairs. Remove the additional lines. Select the two walls of the stair tower. it is because you have overlapping lines. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. You temporarily hide the walls in the view.10. Click Finish Stairs again. You want to inspect your stairs. On the View Control bar. you select Continue to return the sketch. 2. but they are hidden behind walls. Stairs and Railings s 235 . On the Stairs panel. 11. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. Use Hide/Isolate 1. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. To remove the lines.

Finally.3. 4. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. The exterior walls reappear. you learned to create a reference plane.Stairs and Railings . Select the stairs so they highlight. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 2. The walls are now hidden.rvt. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. 3. This is a multistory stair. and to create a U-shaped stair. Zoom in to see your stairs. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. On the View Control Bar. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. Reset the Display 1. 6. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 5. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs.

ramps. STEM Connections s 237 . escalators. and elevators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs.

238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . this openness makes them fire hazards. but they can also be highly decorative. and deliver riders without wait time. Include landings as required by your local building code. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. smoke guards. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. They cost less. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less.

32" c. 30" b. a. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. you learned to: s Create stairs. a. s Modify stair boundaries. a. 36" d. b. 45 degrees c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. True b. General Questions 1. s Create railings. True b. 25 degrees b. 90 degrees d. False Summary/Questions s 239 . Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. and all treads should be the same run. 40" 4. False 2. 180 degrees 3. A stairway must be at least how wide? a.

a. Fasten Railing 5. Railings. Home b. Circle 4. risers 3. risers and treads. Manage d. Run. that is. False 6. a. To create railings on stairs without railings. a. riser d. Arc d. Modify c. Insert 2. True b. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Attach Railing c. Align Railing d. Line b.Stairs and Railings . risers b. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. riser lines c. You can apply materials to different stair components. a. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Boundary lines. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you use the _______ option. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. True b. Pick New Host b. Rectangle c. Treads.

Evaluate Students. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 7. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 5. (Student) 6. (Student) 4. s Place fascia. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 10. s Place gutters. (Discussion) 2. Review of roof types. (Student) 11.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 9. s Define a roof structure. Lesson Plan 1.

Roofs . run. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. It addresses roof construction. Identify the different roof types. gutters. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. and pitch of a sloped roof. tiles. Calculate the rise. roof types. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. After completing this lesson. and downspouts.

s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. engineering. technology.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. and math standards. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Rake: The inclined. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Math (STEM). About Roofs s 243 . Engineering. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

texture. both low and steep. rot. maintenance. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. and sun. and color. are designed for shedding water and snow. resistance to wind and fire. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. fire-resistant. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. and colors. and low maintenance roofing material. About Roofs s 245 . maintenance. Sloped roofs. durability. and sunlight. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. the roofing pattern. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. and if visible. snow. You can use them for many different applications. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. brands. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. the roofing pattern. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and color. durability. resulting in at least one textured face. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. and if visible. texture. as well as how effective a shelter it is. resistance to wind and fire. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. They come in several types. These are used more often on upscale homes.

In a house with a cathedral ceiling. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. and require little maintenance. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. and insulating capability (R-value). or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). reinforced plastic. They are fire-resistant. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. special characteristics (for example. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. or corrugated structural glass. quality. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. Unfortunately. fiberglass. galvanized steel. zinc alloy. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. When choosing the insulation for your job. Therefore. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. This same roof on a clear. durable.Roofs . s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. galvanized steel. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. consider such factors as cost. treatment for insects. choose a type that will suit your needs. odor. and so forth). 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly.

and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.

and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. eave flashing. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. the requirements for underlayment. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.s Timber or steel beams.

Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

About Roofs s 251 . Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

These are commonly used in French-style houses. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. as opposed to being perfectly triangular.Roofs . Many barns use gambrel roofs.Shed One basic face with a slope. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.

run. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. the pitch is displayed as 1/12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. but the two sides are not symmetrical. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. The run value is typically equal to 12. A number indicates the value of the rise. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. where as. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. and span.

7 to 12.When designing a roof. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7 on 12.Roofs . Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7 and 12. try to specify standard roof pitch. 7-12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and pitch is noted as a fraction.

s Create a roof fascia. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s Place gutters. you can add gutters. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. that convey rainwater to drains. often supporting a gutter. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. you work with massing shapes and not building components. water. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. and fascia. snow. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. To create a roof by the extrusion method. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. or eaves. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. Once you create a roof. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. or ice. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create a hip roof. Roofs s 255 . s Assign roof structure and materials. dormers. or roof overhangs. soffits. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. To create a roof by face. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s Create various roof types. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint.

engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Engineering. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards.Roofs . Math (STEM).

rvt. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. you create an extruded roof.. 2. To create an extruded roof. select the Name option. In the Work Plane dialog box.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Click OK to continue. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. the top of the roof profile is sketched. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . 4. 3. Open ADA_Roofs. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion.

enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. 4. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. In the Go To View dialog box. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. click Line. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. s Use the image below for guidance. 6. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. The section view should display as shown. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. Draw panel. On the Work Plane panel. select Section: Section 1. click Ref Plane. Before sketching the roof's profile. 2. Click Open View. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .5. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. Drawing Reference Planes 1. 3.Roofs . In the Place Reference Plane context tab.

To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. s Click Modify. Using a positive offset value.6. 5. sketch from right to left along the Level line. Using the image below for guidance. s Select the new dimension. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Roofs s 259 . s Click the EQ toggle.

Click OK. Right-click. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 6. 3. 2. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 5. Click Modify. 1. The name displays when you select the reference plane. enter Horizontal. 7. click Line.Roofs . On the Properties palette. 4. On the Mode panel. s On the Options Bar. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. you can label them. click Finish (green check). click Chain. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. for Name.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes.

Roofs s 261 . Switch to a 3D view. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .8. 9.12" type.

Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. On the Modify tab. Edit Geometry panel. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 3. This is a two-step process.Roofs . Select the edge of the roof as shown. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. 2. Using the images for guidance. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. 1. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . carefully select the far right roof edge.

the vertical walls extrude through the roof. open the view Sections: Section 1. On the Modify Wall panel. Trim Walls 1. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. click Attach: Top/ Base. In the Project Browser. 2. To select both walls together. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. This will join the wall tops to the roof. select Attach Wall: Top. However.4. 3. Select the roof. Roofs s 263 . On the Options Bar. Select both walls.

The roof now looks correct.4. 5. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. Switch to a 3D view. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.Roofs . s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. In this exercise.

On the Home tab. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. The inner loops define openings in the roof. 3. Because you are in a 3D view. In this exercise. from existing walls. by Footprint.rvt. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. Click Yes. Build panel. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. 4. select Garage Roof. 1. a dialog box is displayed. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. so you look straight down as in a plan. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. From the drop-down list. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Unit7_first_roof. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view.

click Pick Walls. 7. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . click Defines Slope. clear the Defines slope option.5. s On Options Bar. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. select the vertical wall on the left. Next. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. 8. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. Use the image below for guidance.0". 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6.Roofs . The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. If you place a line on the wrong side.

When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. The new roof displays. click Finish. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. click Yes. Select the right side roof line. Change this value to 6"/12". By default. 1. Other controls also display. Roofs s 267 . defining lines separately. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. 2. Click Modify. change the value to 6"/12". That value displays next to the slope arrow. It becomes an editable field. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. When a roof line is set to slope defining. 3. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Select the left slope defining line. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Click the 9"/12" text. To complete the roof.

rvt. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. In this exercise. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. 5.Roofs .4. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.

Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. 3. On Home tab. The file opens to a 3D view. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. click to select them. On the Options Bar. Roofs s 269 . set the overhang to 1' 0". The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. 2.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. When all of the walls prehighlight. Build panel. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.rvt. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. 4. To chain-select all of the walls. Clear Defines Slope. you create a gable roof using a footprint. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key.

click Rectangle. Right-click. As an alternate. On the Options Bar.Roofs . you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. On the Draw panel. 4. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. Zoom into the chimney area. verify the 0' 0" Offset. 2. 3. Using the image for guidance.Create a Roof Opening 1. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face.

When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 4. Select the uppermost. On the Options Bar. 3. Roofs s 271 . Click Modify. select the Defines Slope. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. On the Options Bar. 2. 5. As in the previous exercise. horizontal line. Select the left lower horizontal line. 6. Click Finish. select Defines Slope. The slope indicator displays. click Yes.Add Slope Lines 1.

Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.7.rvt. 8. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. In this exercise.Roofs . and chimney penetration. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. attached walls.

The completed exercise On the Home tab. 3. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 5. Build panel. Select the three walls shown in the image. 4.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Select Defines Slope. Create the Roof 1. you create a hip roof.0". Roofs s 273 . The file should open to a 3D view. Zoom into the area shown. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. On the Options Bar. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 2.rvt. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. set Overhang to 2' .

Roofs . s s Clear Defines Slope. click Line. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Raise the Roof 1. 3. Click OK. Switch to a 3D View. Right-click the ViewCube. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. s On the Draw panel. you use the Line tool. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. 6. On the Properties palette. In addition. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To close the roof sketch. Roof sketches must create a closed loop.0".7. 2. Click Finish to complete the roof. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed.

To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Select the edge of the hip roof first. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Roofs s 275 .

Roofs . you created a hip roof using a footprint. and then joined it to a wall.2.rvt. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.

Roofs s 277 . Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. 5. 4.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. 2. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 6. 3. The file should open to a 3D view. 7. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Clear Defines Slope. On the Draw panel. click Pick Walls. click Line. Create a Shed Roof 1. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown.rvt.

12. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Select the lower. 9. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 13. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0".Roofs . Right-click the line. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Modify. 10. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 11.8. On the Properties palette. Set the Offset to 0' 0". Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile.

15. Finish the Roof.rvt. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Click OK. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 16. click Yes. 18.14. In this exercise. Roofs s 279 . 17. Switch to a 3D view. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. you created a shed roof using a footprint.

280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. Activate the view North Elevation. Select the Roof. 3. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. 2. Open the Default 3D view.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. select Level 3.rvt. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. You see four levels defined in the model. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. The roof updates. On the menu bar. 5. Cutoff Level list.Roofs . On the Properties palette.

7. 10. 9.rvt. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. To set the slope for the new roof. 11. Open Floor Plan: Level 3.6. Select the inner rectangle as shown. On the Options Bar. 12. 13. Finish the Roof. In this exercise. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. on the Properties palette. On the Draw panel. Zoom and spin to see your model. Switch to a 3D View. set the slope value to 3"/12". click Pick Lines. 8. Roofs s 281 . select Defines Slope. On the Home tab.

Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. The file should open to a 3D view. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design.rvt. 2. 1. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. Select the main roof over the house. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. In the Type Selector. thereby reducing energy consumption. 3. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Asphalt Shingle Insulated.Roofs . select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" .Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise.

4. click Duplicate. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. It is a generic roof type. 3. 5. Click Insert to add a layer. s Click OK. Select Layer 2 as shown. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. enter Clay Tile. 2. Roofs s 283 . For Structure Value. Select the roof over the garage. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. For Name.Define a Roof Structure 1. click Edit Type. click Edit.

you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". In this exercise. 7. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .s s s In the Materials dialog box. The garage roof displays a pattern. 6. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. s Click OK. Click OK twice. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. select Model.Roofs . 8.rvt. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2".

On the Home tab. In the Open dialog box.rfa. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. to support a gutter. click Roof > Fascia. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. In this exercise. Roofs s 285 . 4. On the Insert tab. 2. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. or for decoration. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia.rvt. 3. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. Click Open.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1.

Matte. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Click Duplicate. Set the Material value to Metal . 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Paint Finish Ivory. For Name.Roofs .5. 6. for Profile. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. Click OK. In the Type Properties dialog box. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. click Edit Type.

Roofs s 287 . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.8. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.rvt. 9. you defined and applied a roof fascia.

5. For Name. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Metal Aluminum. The file should open to a 3D view. Place Gutters In this exercise. under Profile parameter. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. 6.rvt. so as not to detract from the design of the building. Click OK.Roofs . 2. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. 1. Under Material parameter. On the Home tab. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. you add gutters to a building. Click OK. 3. The completed exercise 4. select Gutter . In the Type Properties dialog box. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. click Roof > Gutter.Bevel: 5" x 5". s Click Duplicate.

Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. If you click the interior face. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. 8. you attached gutters to a roof. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments.7. Segments will clean up at corners. 10. In this exercise.rvt. 9. Roofs s 289 . 11. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Save the file as Unit7_gutters.

STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. and cold. heat.Roofs . water. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.

s Using your own house. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them.m. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.

A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. True b. Shed 4.Roofs . Hip c. False 2. True b. s Place gutters. a. General Questions 1. s Define a roof structure. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. s Place fascia. a. None of the above 3.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Gable b. Medium c. a. the run is always 12. High d. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Gambrel d. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. When referring to roof slope. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Low b.

Turn slopes on or off. sketch. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. a. Cut/Lengthen c. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Footprint b. profile 2. TAB b. d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Create an opening. False 7. extrusion. ______ or _______. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. extrusion. a. Change the direction of the roof. Footprint b. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. lines c. Material 8. a. Slope c. Walls. True b. a. True b. To add a slope to a roofline. you use: a. Add Slope b. profile. False 5. a. Footprint. face b. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. b. ENTER 4. Face 3. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. pick d. DEL d. Trim/Extend b. Footprint. c. Sketch c. a. Extrusion d. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Defines Slope c. Walls d. A compound roof contains layers. Sketch. Activate Slope 9. Expand/Contract 6. True b. SHIFT c. False Summary/Questions s 293 . a. Roofs can be created using ______. Change the direction of the slope. Create Slope d. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. place a check mark next to: a. 10.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Create a section view. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Lesson Plan 1. s Create slope annotations. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet.

you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. the location of special equipment. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. the kitchen. Sections are used to examine the roof. and tool racks. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. floor. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. After completing this lesson. In a commercial structure. and special equipment. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. bathrooms. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. cabinetry. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. In a residential building.Sections and Elevations .About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans.

and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. Technology. technology. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. engineering.

Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. and are properly cross-referenced. on the long axis of the building. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . across its narrower dimension.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. t Cross or transverse sections. and foundation plans. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. framing. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. s Section lines need not be entirely straight.Sections and Elevations .

Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. partial. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. and steel. such as framing connections and foundation details. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . full. unnecessary.

Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . For larger elevations. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. such as doors and windows.Sections and Elevations . Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s The position relationship between different elements.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. it is acceptable to decrease the scale.

Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. this is reversed. shadows." Mfr. the titles assigned (North. and then the name of the material. Therefore. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. however. bushes. For a wood structure. followed by any additional information about spacing. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. You may. With interior elevations. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. Unnecessary Information Shades. people. For siding. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. South. or methods of installation. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. The size of the object is listed first. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. quantity. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. and so forth. East. For example. cars.

The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. This is usually done using a topset. and lip. Hinges are concealed. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. It may have curves. and other appliances. and types of finish materials used. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. or linoleum) and the wall. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. or decorative patterns. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. tile. The trim is usually glued into place. doors and direction of door swings. shelf arrangements. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. or a baseboard. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. dishwashers. doors. It can also be used around doorways and windows. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. casements. This is more costly than regular overlay. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. and materials used. coving. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. other openings. Molding is normally decorative in nature. chamfers. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Molding is usually made of plaster. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". flush overlay. windows. which is a formed pressboard. and special equipment such as toilets. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. or MDF. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. wood.Sections and Elevations .

s Place a section view on a sheet.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Create and add notes to a detail section. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Add slope annotations. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Change the section head. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . s Create an interior elevation. which you can then add to a sheet. and a section symbol on all plans. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation.

the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. engineering.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Once created. and Language Arts.Sections and Elevations . like an elevation. technology. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. Technology. Engineering. A section is a horizontal view. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. or other section view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. provided its crop region intersects the view. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. elevation. For example. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. Sections and Elevations s 307 .Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan.

When you create a section view.Sections and Elevations . Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. the section does not display in the elevation view. it includes a crop region to resize the view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . By resizing the crop region. you can more closely control what displays in the section view.

A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. s Add structural details. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. s Add detail notes. In the example shown. such as anchor bolts and siding. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. The slope is the ratio rise:run. So.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. tracing over the existing elements. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. Details are crucial for effective construction. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. In a set of construction documents. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. s Add breaklines as needed. which is spoken as 2 in 12. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Once you create the detail section. Slope is also referred to as pitch.

The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch.

rvt. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. Create a Section View 1.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. On the View tab. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Open the file ADA_Sections. The completed exercise 6. The file opens to a 3D view. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. The Section command is available from the View tab. 3. click Section. Create panel. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. 4. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". 2.

The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Section Properties 1. This is called the crop region. The actual location is not critical. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. 2. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. and it has control grips to resize it. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut.Sections and Elevations . the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. With the section line selected. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. On the Properties palette. 3.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated.

In the Properties palette. 7. 8. When you drew the section line.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 313 . The section view updates. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. 6. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. 5. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. In this exercise. you automatically created a section view. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). The view is listed in your Project Browser. Clear Crop Region Visible. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. Save the file as Unit8_section1. change Far Clip Offset to 10.4.

The view does not change. Section Head . Click OK.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. 7. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2. and Section Head . In the Type Properties dialog box.rvt. click Duplicate. Settings panel. 5. enter Open Arrow. On the Manage tab. 4.No Arrow.1 point Filled. On the Insert tab. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Load from Library panel. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Click Open to load the family. Select Section Head-Open.rfa. They include Section Head .Filled. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. 3. In this exercise. click Load Family. click Additional Settings > Section Tags.Sections and Elevations . Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Several section head families are available. For Name. 6.

Sections and Elevations s 315 . Click Duplicate. 14. The section head updates to the new head type. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line.8. 9. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. For Section Head. In this exercise. Save as Unit8_section_open. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Click OK.rvt. Click OK. 11. select Open Arrow.Open. 12. 10. select Section Head . In the Section Tag field. On the Properties palette. For Name. Select the section line. enter Open Arrow. click Edit Type. 13.

The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. On the View tab. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 6. 4. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1.Sections and Elevations . 5. Use the image below for guidance. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. select the border of the callout. click Callout.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. To reposition the callout head. On the Options Bar. This is a building section. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown.rvt. 3. Create panel. 2. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Detail panel. but not strongly. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. On the Draw panel. 3. detail components. 8. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. On the Annotate tab. as shown. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Sections and Elevations s 317 . 1.7. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. select Chain. 4. Line is selected automatically. On the Properties palette. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. On the Options Bar.rvt. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. region patterns. You can add detail lines. 2. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. click Region > Filled Region.

enter Earth. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. 6. Click OK. Select the upper and right side lines. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. On the Properties palette. Click Modify. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 7. For Name.Sections and Elevations . Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties.5.

Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. 1. If you zoom in closer. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. 3. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. which are visible only in the view where they are placed.Section. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Detail panel. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. 2. 9. From the Fill Pattern list. Detail panel. the pattern becomes visible.rfa. Sections and Elevations s 319 . select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. select Finish (green check). click Component > Detail Component.8. On the Mode panel. On the Place Detail Component tab. click Load Family. On the Annotate tab. Click Open. the filled region may appear as solid fill.

Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. In the Specify Types dialog box. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click OK.Sections and Elevations . You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees.4. 5. From the Type Selector.

add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Move it after placement if necessary. 7. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. From the Type Selector. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. 8. Sections and Elevations s 321 . select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4.6. From the Type Selector list. Add another Detail Component. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. select Plywood. Using the image below for guidance.

The exact vertical placement is not critical. Use the image below for guidance. 10. On the Properties palette. set the Thickness to 3/4". 12. From the Type Selector. Select the vertical plywood.Sections and Elevations . at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. This component represents the subflooring. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Click Component > Detail Component. Click Modify. 11. Place the component similarly to the image below. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select anchor bolt.9. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face.

Use the image below for guidance. select Copy. select Lap Siding. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Sections and Elevations s 323 . From the Type Selector. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. On the Options Bar. Add another Detail Component.13. select Multiple. 14. Click Modify.

15. On the Annotate tab. 2.Sections and Elevations . Add Detail Lines 1. Save the file. From the Line Style Selector. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. 16. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. click Detail Line. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. select Wide Lines. Detail panel. Start at the end of the siding.

Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Zoom out. Sections and Elevations s 325 .3. 4. 5. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Still using Wide Lines. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high.

you show the gypsum board in the wall. Click Modify. 2. Click Edit in the Structure field. Save the file. 7. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Right-click.6. click Insulation. On the Annotate tab. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. 8. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. 9. The wall display updates. identified as Wall material 1.Sections and Elevations . Detail panel. 10. Next. Add Insulation 1. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. select the Material field in row 3. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Select the wall so it highlights.

From the Type Selector. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Detail panel.2. select Break Line. 1. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. click Component > Detail Component. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. On the Annotate tab. Sections and Elevations s 327 . Your view should resemble the image shown. 3.

add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. Place the breakline as shown. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. You place another breakline. detail lines. The view should resemble the image shown. 6. To complete the detail. 7.4. and detail components to it. Save the file. Click Zoom to Fit. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. 5. The Detail Component tool is still active. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. In this exercise. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .

3. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. The size of the object is listed first. and ventilation methods in construction documents. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 .rvt. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. 2. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. quantity. To add notes. s Clear Annotation Crop. 1. weatherproofing. or methods of installation.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. The border around the view will disappear. With nothing selected in the view. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing.

R13. click Two Segments. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . On the Annotate tab. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. leader arrow as shown. 12. Move the pointer up 11. 8. On the Format panel.Sections and Elevations . Finally. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. 10. 6. insulation. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Text panel. 9. As you pull your cursor to the right.4. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. 7.4" WEATHERING. 5. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. From the Type list. click Text.

Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. 16. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together.. 20.C.C. as the second line of text. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the floorboard. . Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK.13. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Start the next text at the interior wall. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. is an acronym for On Center.. O. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Enter 5/8" GWB . 14. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Sections and Elevations s 331 . 19. Start the next text at the baseboard.C. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Click off the text to finish the entry. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. 18. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. 17. 15.C. CONT is short for Continuous.TYPE X. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove.

Note: CONC signifies concrete.Sections and Elevations .Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. 21. 22. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes.rvt. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Click Zoom to Fit. 23. Click Modify. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click ENTER to start a second line. In this exercise.

and locate the detail view on it. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. Locate the A-Landscape. 4. Click New Sheet. In this exercise.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. In the Project Browser. 6. 3. Sections and Elevations s 333 . Right-click. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Highlight your title block. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. click Load. section. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. The new sheet becomes the current view.rvt. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. you will want to add the views to a sheet. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 5. Click Open. 2. or elevation view. highlight Sheets.

On the View Control Bar. In the Project Browser. Both Level ends will move together. Drag it to the right. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. click Show Crop Region. select view Detail at Foundation.Sections and Elevations . You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Click the control at its left end. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. 8. 9. Select a Level Line.7. click Hide Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. close to the crop border.

In this exercise. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. highlight the new sheet. s Modified the label values in the title block. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. you: s Created a new sheet.301. 12. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. Sections and Elevations s 335 . Right-click. Click Rename. In the Project Browser. enter S. Click OK.rvt. 11. Click Zoom to Fit. For Name. 13. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. For Number.10.

Right-click.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. four elevation views are included: north. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1.Sections and Elevations . Select Elevations. Open ADA_Elevations. 2. Click the Annotations tab. 4. 2. Click Zoom to Fit. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 6. east. s Set the display for building components as needed. Click OK.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. 5. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. s Add slope indication for roof. The elevation markers are now visible. 3. It is defined by the green dotted line. s Add material notes. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. When you create a project with a template. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. south. s Add any necessary dimensions. and west.

Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. clear Sections.2. Next. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Sections and Elevations s 337 . adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. 3. 5. On the Annotations tab. 4. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. On the View Control Bar. On the Modelling tab. clear Planting.

13. modified its display. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. Select the wall. 12. click Edit Type.Sections and Elevations . On the Properties palette. and modified the wall display characteristics. select Edit in the Structure field. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern.rvt. Click the button that displays to select a material. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Type Properties dialog box. In Surface Pattern.Exterior Stucco. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. 9. Click Zoom to Fit. you activated an elevation view. 8. In this exercise. Select the Material field for Layer 1. It will be identified as Condo . 10. click to open the list. 11.7. Select Sand.

4. Add a note for the foundation. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. The size of the object is listed first. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Sections and Elevations s 339 .rvt. 2. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. 5. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Enter TX. or methods of installation. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. 3. Set the Leader type to One Segment. quantity. In the Type Selector. Add a note for the stone wall.

you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated.6. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 8. 9. Add a note for the roof. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. Add a note for the brick wall.rvt. 7.

On the Annotate tab. select Triangle. 4.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. Dimension panel. 1. 6. enter 1/8".rvt. 3. On the Options Bar. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Click to select the roof line. click Spot Slope. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 2. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. For Offset from Reference. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. 5. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. from the Slope Representation list. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch.

Click to select the roof line. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Annotate tab. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8.7. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable.Sections and Elevations . click Aligned. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. 11. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Click to locate the slope indicator. Click Modify. Dimension panel. 9. 10.

12. 14. select wall breaks and levels. To create a continuous dimension as shown.rvt. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. 13. leaders. In this exercise. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. and vertical dimensions. The west elevation now contains material notes. and dimensions for clarity. Arrange notes. Sections and Elevations s 343 . slope indicators. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension.

Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete.rvt. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Highlight the view. kitchens. Click Find Referring Views. 2. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. Click Open View. equipment rooms. special closets. and cabinetry. dimensions. In this exercise. In the Project Browser.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials.Sections and Elevations . or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Right-click. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 3. This view was already defined in the drawing.

Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Select Suppress 0 Feet. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. In the Name box. 7. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line.4. click OK. Right-click. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. On the Annotate tab. click Aligned. s s s s Click Duplicate. 5. 6. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Sections and Elevations s 345 . An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Clear Use Project Settings. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Dimension panel. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes.

In this exercise.9. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.Sections and Elevations . you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt. You modified a dimension style. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. detail the interior section. 10. Using the Text and Dimension tools. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.

s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. 4. Not in Concrete b. 2. s Create material annotations. d. Either one. False 3. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Create slope annotations. Nobody in Charge d. Walls c. s Create a section view. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . All of the above. is always the true orientation. c. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. The orientation of the exterior elevation. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. The direction the structure is facing. such as north. Not in Contract c. General Questions 1. Cabinetry d. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. s Create filled regions. b. c. b. it depends. All of the above 5. Bathrooms and kitchens b. The direction the viewer is facing.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. True b. Show the relationships between elements. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. a.

True b. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. b. d. but not a 6. d. a. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. South d. The detail level of the view.Sections and Elevations . b. you use: a. click Sheet Composition > View. False 2. The dotted line indicates: a. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. 4. The Visual Style of the view. West c. The boundaries of the view. False 5. Element properties c. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. c. On the View tab.Revit Architecture Questions 1. The height of the view. Which elevation is it? a. a. True b. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. b and c. East b. c. Right-click. Click Add View. Sun and Shadow b. North 3. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. Lesson Plan 1. s Load a schedule tag. 3. Review Schedules.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. 4. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . s Export a schedule. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 6. s Reformat a schedule.

The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . After completing this lesson.Schedules .

but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. This lesson relates to science. and thickness. such as reference number.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. and math standards. about the building objects in your architectural plan. height. About Schedules s 351 . Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. width. Some of these building objects include. Technology. Engineering.

While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). Placement of Schedules Whenever possible.Schedules . s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. However. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . depending on the style of the architectural firm. the same primary information is included. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. Instance. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. There are different types of schedule tables.

s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.

E for electrical. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. hexagon. and A for appliances. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows.Schedules . However. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. Like schedules. Other letters are P for plumbing. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. The following image shows door. window. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. A circle. Using the software.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. equipment. technology. Engineering. Project templates include preset schedules. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and you can create your own schedules. Technology. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Schedules s 355 . Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Schedules list items such as doors. rooms. This lesson relates to science. windows. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. s Create a room schedule. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. and math standards. Math (STEM).Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Add room tags. materials. s Export a schedule. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. hardware. and Language Arts.

This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. and you set the schedule to display totals. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. 2. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.rvt. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Open ADA_Window_Schedules.Schedules .Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.

Add Count. Height. On the View tab. 6. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. 7. Click Add. select Comments.s Window Tag 5. Schedules s 357 . 4. and Width. Level. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Continue to add fields to the schedule. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. 3. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Type Mark. Select Windows from the list. In Available Fields. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed.

Select the fields. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. 9. from left to right.Schedules . The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click OK to finish the schedule.8. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.

click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. but without any useful calculations yet.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. select Type Mark. Schedules s 359 . Select Blank Line. 3. From the Sort By list. 2. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 1. On the Properties palette for the schedule view.

The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. click Edit. select Level. you can have the schedule report this. in this case). In the lower left corner of the dialog box. in the Then By sorting field. In order to calculate the total number of windows. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . On the Properties palette. Rather than make a manual calculation. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. In the Project Browser. 3. 1.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. click the schedule name. clear Itemize Every Instance. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. 4. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. for Sorting/ Grouping. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Notice how the schedule has changed. 2.

On the Properties palette. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. s Set the schedule to display category totals. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. The totals for each window type now display. Schedules s 361 . select Footer. In this exercise. click Edit 7. From the list. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. and Totals. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. 6. select Title. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark.5. Count. for Sorting/ Grouping.rvt.

and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. Locate the file named Room Tag.rvt. floor type. 5.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. In this exercise.Schedules . You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. 2. Room & Area panel. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. 3. based on the amount of space in each room. Room size. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. Open ADA_Room_Tags. ceiling type. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. click Room > Room. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Open. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . On the Home tab. 4. occupancy. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. click Overwrite the Existing Version.

6.In the Type Selector. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. On the Home tab. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. click Room > Room Separation Line. 7. 8. Click Modify to terminate the placement. Schedules s 363 . select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. a total of 7. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. Room & Area panel. and in the hall as shown.

Schedules . Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Select Room #2. Click Modify. s Click the Room text. 10. On the Room & Area panel. The room tag updates. 11. 12. The area value for Room 7 updates. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. click Room. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. The cursor changes to sketch mode. Place a room tag below the room separation line. An edit box activates. s Change the word Room to Manager. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 13.9.

Schedules s 365 . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. enter Sales.14. On the Properties palette. for Name. 15. s Tagged various objects. you: s Loaded a room tag. s Changed room tag field values.rvt. s Added a room separation. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16.

The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Click OK. On the View tab. For Name. 3. enter Square Footage Report. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. 2. select Number. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Set the Sort By value to Number. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Create a Room Schedule 1. Click Add--> after each selection. and Area to be included in your schedule. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Create panel. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list.Schedules . 4. Name. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. 6. The New Schedule dialog box displays. In the Available Fields pane. The completed exercise 5.rvt.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms.

Highlight the Number field. In the Format dialog box. Click OK. 9. s Click Field Format. Highlight the Area field. clear Use Project Settings. s Select Calculate Totals. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Click the Formatting tab. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. 8. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box.7. 10. s Set Alignment to Right. Schedules s 367 . Change the Heading to No. s Set Units to Square Feet. Select Grand Totals.

368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Totaled one of the columns.Schedules . Click OK to exit the dialog box. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. you: s Created a room schedule.rvt.11. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. In this exercise. 12.

You can then use this file in other applications. 5. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. On the application menu. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Note the formatting that has been applied. you export the room schedule to a text file. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. The file is created. Using your Windows Explorer.txt) file. Click Save. 2.rvt. locate the file you created.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. 6. Browse to a directory to save your report. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. 3. Double-click it to open it. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Click OK. Schedules s 369 . 4.

you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.Schedules . 8. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.7. Close the text file. In this exercise. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

False 4. Matrix d. b. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. you learned to: s Create a schedule.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. c. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. Instance 3. Quantity c. a. s Export a schedule. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. a. A list of information that defines specific building objects. True b. s Load a schedule tag. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. True b. 2. A list of sheets used in a project. s Place a schedule tag. Questions 1. Type b. None of the above. What is a schedule table? a. d. s Reformat a schedule.

Annotate tab b. Modify 2. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . use the ____ . View tab c. To export a schedule. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Application menu d. View c. Annotate b.Schedules . Home d. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Manage tab 3. a. CSV d. a. TXT b. XLS c.Revit Architecture Questions 1.

Lesson Plan 1. 3. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review Visualization. 2. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture.

374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Play a walkthrough. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Orient walls and windows. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Place a camera. s Add planting components. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. After completing this lesson. s Export a DWG file. s Assign materials.Visualization . you create a walkthrough. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. The animation file can be played in any media player. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. or camera on a path. Finally. s Export a walkthrough. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Apply shading to a view. s Export an FBX file. Technology. Engineering. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Create a raytrace rendering. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine.

Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. courseware datasets. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Assign materials. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. To prepare your model for rendering. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. s Make a camera view the active view. Open Unit2_custom_family. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original.rvt. s s 2. You worked on animations. Click Zoom to Fit. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises.

Right-click. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. 5.3. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 4. Stud. The wall display updates. Select one of the exterior walls. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. If you do not see any change in the wall display. 6. Select any exterior wall. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. The walls now display layers of materials.Visualization . Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side.

Click OK. 8. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly.7. Open the Default 3D view. Select Site: Grass. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Right-click. Select walls. you can: s s s 9. On the Properties palette. Select the toposurface object. Click Change wall's orientation. Repeat the process for the windows. Visualization s 377 . 10. In addition to using the control arrows. select the icon at the right of the Materials field.

Click OK in any notices and warnings. 3. Select the Roof. select Autodesk (*. Depending on your system resources. click Import > Import. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. This will filter the file list. On the application menu. Open 3ds Max Design. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. for Files of type.FBX). Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Save the file as Unit10_Export. On the application menu. Note the file location. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . 2. Select the file name. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. click Export > FBX.rvt. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to FBX 1.11. In the Select File to Import dialog box. you have completed this exercise. 12. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. and click Open. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.

Export the Model to DWG 1. On the application menu. open Unit10_Export. you have completed this exercise. Visualization s 379 . If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. click Next. 3. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Close the file without saving. If necessary. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box.rvt. There is no way to update it from Revit. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 2. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Open or return to Revit. Depending on your system resources. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design.4. Note the file location. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.

Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. Open or return to Revit.Visualization . In the File Link Manager .4. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. click References > File Link Manager. On the application menu. If necessary. Close the File Link Manager. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Open 3ds Max Design. open Unit10_Export. click File. click Attach This File. 5.max. 6. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 9. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Open. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Select two windows as shown.rvt. Select the file name. 7. 8.

On the application menu.10. In the dialog box. Visualization s 381 . click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Save the export file using the same name as before. 13. The windows have updated. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Save the file. Open the 3D view. 11. 12.

The linked file updates. Open the Files tab. In this exercise. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Click Reload. Open the File Link Manager. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Oriented walls and windows.Visualization . s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. The windows have changed. 15. s Close the File Link Manager. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Changed a material definition.14. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture.

Visualization s 383 . Open the Site view. you place a camera in a model. Place a Camera 1. change materials. Open Unit10_Export. On the View tab. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. generate a rendering. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model.rvt. as shown. add plantings to the model.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. and create a second rendering. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 2. In this exercise. If you place the camera too close to the model. 3. Create panel. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. click Camera.

Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. The camera will be visible. Open the Site view again. 2. 6.Visualization . Render Setup 1. s s s s Open a floor plan view. 5. Right-click. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Click Show Camera. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the View Control Bar. The camera perspective view opens. select Very Few Clouds.4. Return to the perspective view. click Show Rendering Dialog. If necessary. 7.

s Click Render to create a new rendered image.3. Click Render. Output Settings. and Lighting. Accept the default settings for Quality. Open the Site view. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Open view 3D View 1. click Site Component. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Enhance the Model 1. 3. Model Site panel. On the Massing & Site tab. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium.30' approximately as shown. 2. s Click Render. Visualization s 385 .

In the Layer 1 Material field. Revit places the image in its own view. 3. 4. In the Rendering dialog box. 2. In the Rendering dialog box.Visualization . click Save to Project.Wood Shake. Change Materials 1. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. Select the roof. On the Properties palette. click OK. click Edit Type. Click Edit in the Structure field. click Show the Model. 5. select Roofing . On the Properties palette.4. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 6. and you can now select elements for editing. In the Materials list. Select an exterior wall. In the Save to Project dialog box. click Edit Type. 5. The model displays in the view. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle.

Visualization s 387 .Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 8. 7. Click Replace. 9. Click Edit in the Structure field. Select the icon next to Masonry .10. Click the Render Appearance tab.

15.Visualization .Brick Uniform Running Brown. 13. 14. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click OK. Save the file as Unit10_render. s Placed site planting components in the model. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. s Edited materials in model components. click Render. click Save to Project. In the Rendering dialog box. 12. The new image is placed in its own view. 16.rvt. In this exercise. s Generated and captured a render image. Select Masonry . You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. These images are now available as options to present to a client. s Created a raytrace setup. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view.11. s Generated and captured a second render image.

Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Click Zoom to Fit. in a project model. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. Visualization s 389 . Open floor plan view Level 1. The cursor changes to a crosshair. click to the left of the model as shown. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. click 3d View > Walkthrough. along the path can be viewed in different modes. and exported individually. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. rendered. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. Create panel. or walkthroughs. s Right-click again. The camera and path can be edited. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. 4. s On the View tab. or frame. s Right-click. s View the animation in a media player.rvt. Each view. 3. s Edit the camera and path. In this exercise. 2. Click Zoom Out (2x). Open Unit10_render. To place a key frame.

9. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The camera is located on the final key frame. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. The Options Bar changes. On the Modify | Cameras tab. so that the camera is pointing at the model. click Finish Walkthrough. 6. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. click Edit Walkthrough. Drag it to the left. Walkthrough panel. 8.Visualization . On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 11. 7. Walkthrough panel. Select the direction control for the camera.5. Repeat for all the key frames. 10. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building.

12. select Path. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. If camera positions distort. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Visualization s 391 . 13. Click Open. Click Edit Walkthrough. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. 2. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. From the Controls list. The path displays control dots at key frames. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. 3. On the Walkthrough panel. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Check the view in several key frames. click Next Key Frame.

In the Video Compression dialog box. Revit generates the external AVI file. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. notice where you save the file. 2. Click Save. 4. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Play the Walkthrough 1. 2. In the Length/Format dialog box.Visualization . select a video compression method to hold down file size. Click Play.rvt. 3. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. Click OK. Export the Walkthrough 1. click OK. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. File Name. On the application menu. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. The walkthrough plays in the view window.

5. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. such as shaded or rendering. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Plan your class time accordingly. It plays in your media player. Visualization s 393 . Double-click the new file name. 6.

s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. save the Revit Architecture file. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Played the animation file in a media player.7.Visualization . In this exercise. If you have made changes to the building model. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Edited the path.

you use: a. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. s Export a DWG file. Demolish 2. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. False Summary/Questions s 395 . s Add planting components. View > Shading d. Flip Orientation d. Split b. a. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Place a camera. s Export a walkthrough. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. you use: a. Align c. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False 2. s Export an FBX file. True b. Save As > FBX c. Print to File b. s Assign materials. s Apply shading to a view. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. Export > FBX 3. Questions 1. s Create a raytrace rendering. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. True b. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. a. s Orient walls and windows. s Play a walkthrough.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. Review structural columns. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . In the following exercises. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. Lesson Plan 1. you learn how to place structural columns. beam systems. beams. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. foundations. 5. and braces. beams and braces. (Student) Evaluate Students.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 3. 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams.

For example.Structural . posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. and other structural elements will be located in a building. beams. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage.

Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 .Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.

This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. and other building objects. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. especially columns.Structural . 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Knowing where structural members. walls.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Place columns and beams on grids. and Language Arts. Structural s 401 . This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Engineering. Place beam systems and braces. Create column grids.

spans without walls. wood. 3. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. Select a floor. this is known as post and beam construction. or concrete. 2. Beams connect columns or walls. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. Open Deck Framing. As with columns. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. They come in types defined by size and shape. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. 1. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. In this exercise. wood. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. often mainly glass. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. or reinforced concrete. In residential construction. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Build panel of the Home tab.Structural . click Temporary Hide/Isolate . click Column > Structural Column. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. On the View Control Bar.Hide Category. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. Structural columns can be steel. beams can be steel.

On the Options Bar. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". 6. 5. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 3A. 7. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. In the Type Selector. Structural s 403 .4. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". 8. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. and 4B. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. click Depth. On the View Control Bar. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. The Properties palette displays the floor properties.

Structural . rail. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Click Hide In View > Element. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Click OK. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Right-click. and columns clearly. 2. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. In the Project Browser. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". 11. 10. Click OK. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Place Beams 1. double-click view Framing Cutaway.9.

Structure panel. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. s In the view window. click Beam. On the Options Bar. 4. Click. To place beams: Structural s 405 . In the Type Selector.3. On the Structure tab. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. 5. select Chain.

Click. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Hold CTRL and select the new beams.Structural . 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Properties palette. Click Modify. 6. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. Click. 7.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2.

Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. as shown. 11. On the Properties palette. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Structure panel. Structural s 407 . you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall.8. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Click OK. Click Modify. click Make Wall Bearing. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Click. Click on grid intersection B4. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. In this exercise.rvt. Save the file as Deck Beams. 9. 12. If a Warning dialog box that opens. click Beam.

Structural . click Pick Supports. 4. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Click the beam on Grid 1. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. you: s Place beam systems. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab.rvt. or number of beams in a bay. click Sketch Beam System. Place Beam Systems 1.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. click No. On the Structure tab. 2. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. click Beam System. Structure panel. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. 3. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. In this exercise. The completed exercise 5. Open Deck Beams. distance. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. s Place braces.

Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.6. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Structural s 409 . as shown. On the Draw panel. 7. click Line.

Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. 11. 10. On the Properties palette. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' .Structural .6". set Elevation to -0'-9". On the Mode panel. click Create Similar. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. s s On the Draw panel. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor.8. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab.2". Click the beam on Grid 2. s 9. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Finish (green check). s s s On the Draw panel. Click Finish. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . Trim as necessary. click Line. click Pick Supports. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. On the Properties palette.

unlike regular elevations. It has an automatic work plane. 5. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Create panel. On the Structure tab. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 4. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. Structure panel. On the View tab.Place Braces 1. In the Project Browser. 3. click Brace. Structural s 411 . as shown. 2. Click to place the elevation. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. On the View Control Bar. Adjust the view crop region as shown.

9. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 8. In the view window. Repeat the brace going right to left. 7.6. In the Type Selector. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. to start the brace.Structural . Click Modify.

11. Structural s 413 .10. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.rvt. In this exercise. s Placed braces. you: s Placed beam systems. Save the file as Deck structure.

Datum panel. beams. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. You can change a grid number at any time. but they can also be angular and radial. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. click in the lower left to start a grid line. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. and section views. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. and walls. Pull the cursor straight up. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. The exact location is not critical. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . elevation. This is a common step early in designing a large building.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. In plan views. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. as shown. 2. click Grid.Structural . The exact length is not critical. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. The numbering automatically increments. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. In this exercise. s s In the view window. Grid datasets. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical.

Structural s 415 . Click to start another grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Click to place a new grid line.3. The Grid tool is still active. 4.

s Select Grid Line 2. click Copy. Press ENTER. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. 6. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Repeat to create grid line 4. Press ENTER. The new grid line is number 5. 7. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. close to the heads. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Pull the cursor to the right. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Click to start a grid line. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Enter A at the keyboard. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid.5.Structural . You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. The new grid line will be number 3. click to place the grid line. Pull the cursor to the left. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble.

On the grid line. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. The Grid tool is still active. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Structural s 417 . Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. 10. This completes the main grid.1 is still selected. 9. s Click to place the grid line. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. This grid line will be number B. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read.8. s Click Copy. Change the number to 2.1. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Grid 2. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Select grid 2. 11. click the elbow control to place an offset.

s Click to start the grid line. Change the number to EE. click Radius. set Offset to 15'-0". select Center-Ends Arc. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. On the Draw panel. Create panel. In the Radius field. enter 15. On the Home tab. Press ENTER. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The Grid tool is still active. On the Options Bar. click Pick. On the Options Bar. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. click Grid. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". On the Draw panel. Zoom to Fit. 4.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Click to place the grid head. Click in the new grid bubble. 3.Structural . s s Click grid intersection D3. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135.000 o .

7. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Structural s 419 . Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. You will need to identify it easily. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line.5. Drag it down below the radial grids. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. 6. Click to place grid FF.

s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. Enter 31 to change the name. s 10. 11.Structural . Zoom to Fit. click Mirror . you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Click grid intersection D3. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. Press ENTER. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Click in the new grid bubble.8. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120.rvt.000. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. click Create Similar. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. 9. Revit will create grid 32. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s In this exercise.Pick Axis. s Select grid 31. Click to place the grid line. s Select grid 3.

s Use a column grid to place beams. Structure panel. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. As a result. This is a steel column. 2. Now you place columns at grid intersections. click Column > Structural Column. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. In this exercise. s Add footings to columns. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Open ADA_Grids-complete. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. In the Type Selector. s Change a grid layout. Structural s 421 . s 3. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. you typically create a grid.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan.

Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections.Structural .s s On the Options Bar. In the Multiple panel. A. 3. set Height to Level 3. B. click At Grids. click Finish. 2. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. 5. 4. On the Multiple panel. C and D. 6.

Zoom to Fit. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". click Beam. and beams will move to the right. On the Multiple panel.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. columns. 4. Click Grid 1. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. 3. The grid. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. click Finish. Structural s 423 . Window-select all the grid lines. click On Grids. 5. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. On the Multiple panel. Open Floor Plan Level 2. 2.

Structural . 6. 1. On the Quick Access toolbar. Columns and beams will move to the right. click Undo. click No. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. On the Multiple panel. 3. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. click At Columns.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. 2. window-select all the columns. Click Redo. 4. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. Open the Default 3D view. click Isolated. click Finish. In the view window. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. On the Multiple panel. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one.

5. 6. Structural s 425 . To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. 7. The footing had been placed at Level 1. To change the size of the footing. s On the Properties palette. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Press ESC to clear the column selection. The footing changes size. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. in the Type Selector. A warning displays. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. Click OK.

s Changed a grid layout. s Added footings to columns.8. s Used a column grid to place beams. Save and close the file. In this exercise.Structural . you: s Used a column grid to place columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . spans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans.

Structural . s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. using formulas based on physics.

Questions 1. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Change a grid layout. Column b. s Place braces. s Use a column grid to place columns. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. 2. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. True b. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Brace c. Beam d. All of the above. s Add footings to columns. s Place beam systems.

Pick points. To create a beam system.Revit Architecture Questions 1. b. you use: a. To change the height of a column. When placing columns or beams. Select the type of beam or column to place. If you relocate a grid line. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. you can: a. Properties c. a. 3. d. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. A but not B. True b. you: a. c. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. 2. b. Stretch b.Structural . All of the above. False 4. c. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Use grid lines and grid intersections. Flip Orientation d. 5. A and B. d. a. True b. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Select a beam type and define the system layout.

Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Executive Director. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Ltd. WI Roger Dohm .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan .Director. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Teacher. Starkweather .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. PE . CA Ronald A Williams. Smith .org Project Lead the Way. Poway High School.iteaconnect. Poway. South Division High School. Mathematics. Randy Dymond. Milwaukee.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Susan Harrington .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Copyright s 431 . International Technology Education Association www. Inc.Instructor.

All other brand names.. INC. Inc.© 2010 Autodesk. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. AutoCAD Civil 3D. Published by: Autodesk. AutoCAD. for any purpose. CA 94903. Inc. may not be reproduced in any form. 2010 Autodesk. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. Autodesk Revit MEP. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. INC. by any method. Autodesk Revit Architecture.. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. product names. Inc. “AS IS. Trademarks Autodesk. Inc. All rights reserved. or parts thereof. this publication. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. Autodesk Inventor.” AUTODESK. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. AutoCAD Architecture. AutoCAD MEP. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. Inc. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. All rights reserved. or trademarks belong to their respective holders.

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