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ADA 2011 Pre-Architecture Revit

ADA 2011 Pre-Architecture Revit

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Sections

  • History
  • Process
  • Tools
  • About This Unit
  • Lessons
  • About This Lesson
  • Key Terms
  • Standards
  • Design Using Elements
  • Design Using Form
  • The Massing and Site tab
  • Place Mass
  • In-Place Mass
  • Create Building Elements from Masses
  • Annotations
  • Dimensions
  • Exercises
  • Navigating the Ribbon Interface
  • The Ribbon
  • Ribbon Tabs
  • Structure
  • Application Menu
  • Revit Architecture Screen Display
  • The Project Browser
  • The Status Bar
  • View Control Bar
  • Navigation Bar
  • Quick Access Toolbar
  • Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs
  • Display and Hide RibbonTabs
  • Exercise: Context Tabs
  • Context Tabs
  • Work with Views and Objects
  • Exercise: View Controls
  • Visibility
  • View Properties
  • Graphic Display Options
  • Exercise: Work With Families
  • Use the Revit Architecture Library
  • Exercise: Create Custom Families
  • Modify an Existing Family
  • Create an In-Place Family
  • Background
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Engineering
  • Math
  • Summary
  • Questions
  • Lesson Plan
  • Building Codes
  • Drawing Units
  • Scale and Dimensions
  • Sheets
  • Title Blocks
  • Templates
  • Exercise: Select a Template
  • Select a Template
  • Exercise: Set Units
  • Set Project Units
  • Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style
  • Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style
  • Exercise: Create a New Sheet
  • Duplicate and Modify a Plan View
  • Set Project Information
  • Add a Sheet
  • Add a View to the Sheet
  • Exercise: Create a Title Block
  • Draft a Title Block
  • Add a Company Logo
  • Add Text to the Title Block
  • Add Labels
  • Exercise: Insert a Title Block
  • Insert a Title Block
  • Exercise: Create a Template
  • Create a Template
  • General Questions
  • Revit Architecture Questions
  • Space Planning
  • Wall Types
  • Partition Walls
  • Frame Walls
  • Platform Framing
  • Balloon Framing
  • Wall Structures
  • Concrete
  • Brick
  • Stone
  • Gypsum Board
  • Wood
  • Fire-Stops
  • Wall Function
  • Wall Structure
  • Walls in Revit Architecture
  • Exercise: Place Walls
  • Sketch Walls
  • Exercise: Modify Walls
  • Align Walls
  • The Wall Trim Tool
  • Exercise: Define a Wall Structure
  • Introduction
  • Modify Wall Structure
  • Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure
  • Wall Sample Height
  • Split Region Tool
  • Merge Region Tool
  • Modify Tool
  • Assign Layers
  • Overview of Doors and Windows
  • Elements of Doors and Windows
  • Doors Elements
  • Windows Elements
  • Door Types
  • Window Types
  • Revit Architecture Doors and Windows
  • Exercise: Place Doors
  • Add Doors
  • Load Families
  • Exercise: Place Windows
  • Add Windows
  • Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall
  • Equality Constraints
  • Exercise: Copy Windows
  • Create Similar
  • Copy Windows
  • Elements of Stairs and Railings
  • Stairs
  • Railings
  • Stair Calculations
  • Stair Types
  • Quarter-Turn Stair
  • Half-Turn Stair
  • Winding Stair
  • Circular Stair
  • Spiral Stair
  • Requirements and Building Code
  • Landings
  • Risers and Treads
  • Nosings
  • Ramps
  • Handrails
  • Stairs in Revit Architecture
  • Exercise: Create Stairs
  • Straight Run Stairs
  • Exercise: Modify Stairs
  • Exercise: Add a Railing
  • Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs
  • Create a Reference Plane
  • Use Hide/Isolate
  • Reset the Display
  • Materials and Terminology
  • Materials
  • Roof Construction
  • Sloping Roofs
  • Roof Types
  • Gable
  • Cross Gable
  • Flat
  • Hipped
  • Cross Hipped
  • Pyramidal
  • Shed
  • Mansard
  • Gambrel
  • Salt Box
  • Roof Slope
  • Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture
  • Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof
  • Drawing Reference Planes
  • Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile
  • Join/Unjoin Roof
  • Trim Walls
  • Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint
  • Change the Roof Pitch
  • Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration
  • Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration
  • Create a Roof Opening
  • Add Slope Lines
  • Exercise: Create a Hip Roof
  • Create the Roof
  • Raise the Roof
  • Exercise: Create a Shed Roof
  • Create a Shed Roof
  • Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof
  • Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials
  • Define a Roof Structure
  • Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia
  • Exercise: Place Gutters
  • Place Gutters
  • Building Sections
  • Building Section Information
  • Purpose of Building Sections
  • Drafting Building Sections
  • Section Types
  • Exterior Elevations
  • View Scale
  • Exterior Materials
  • Unnecessary Information
  • Interior Elevations
  • Interior Orientations
  • Casements and Cabinets
  • Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings
  • Section Views
  • Callouts and Detail Sections
  • Interior Elevation Views
  • Section Command
  • Section View
  • Section Symbol Visibility
  • Controlling View Depth
  • Reference Bubbles
  • Detail Sections
  • Exercise: Create a New Section View
  • Section Properties
  • Exercise: Change the Section Head
  • Exercise: Create a Detail Section
  • Detail the View
  • Add Detail Components
  • Add Detail Lines
  • Add Insulation
  • Add Breaklines
  • Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section
  • Add Notes
  • Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet
  • Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation
  • Switch to an Elevation View
  • Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation
  • Exercise: Add Slope Annotations
  • Add Slope Annotations
  • Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation
  • Schedule Tables
  • Placement of Schedules
  • Types of Schedules
  • Schedule Tags
  • Use of Symbols in Schedules
  • Schedules in Revit Architecture
  • Exercise: Create a Window Schedule
  • Group and Sort Schedules
  • Change from Instance to Type Schedule
  • Exercise: Add Room Tags
  • Add Room Tags
  • Exercise: Create a Room Schedule
  • Exercise: Export a Schedule
  • Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design
  • Prepare the Model
  • Export the Model to FBX
  • Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture
  • Place a Camera
  • Render Setup
  • Enhance the Model
  • Change Materials
  • Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture
  • Create a Walkthrough
  • Play the Walkthrough
  • Export the Walkthrough
  • Columns
  • Braces
  • Beams
  • Column Grids
  • Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams
  • Place Columns
  • Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces
  • Place Beam Systems
  • Place Braces
  • Exercise: Create Column Grids
  • Create a Rectangular Column Grid
  • Create a Radial Column Grid
  • Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture
  • Use a Column Grid to Place Columns
  • Add Footings to Columns

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

1

With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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3

Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

4

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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6

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
s s s s s

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

8

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints.When sketching walls. the display shows editable distances and angles. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. intersections. Distances can be adjusted at any time.

Software Tools . elevation. section. roofs. floors. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. furniture. You can add building elements in plan. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and 3D views. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. windows. stairs. Other building elements such as doors.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied.

or at any time after. the other will move as well. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . In the two illustrations shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. If one is moved. In the illustration shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant.While components are being sketched.

all the windows obey their constraints. In essence. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .If the left side wall is moved.Software Tools . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.

you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . engineering. and math standards. Engineering. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. technology. s Constrain placement of objects. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. s Place a predefined Mass family.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). and Language Arts.

or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. A designer. walls. owner. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. or masses.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and curtain systems. such as distance requirements from roadways. and then converted into building components such as floors. size. roofs. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. you can create in-place masses. Masses can be edited in many ways. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process.Software Tools . There are mass families available to load into a project. quickly.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Software Tools .

and curtain systems by selecting faces of. walls. roofs. masses. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. or within. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 .

18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off.

Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. engineering. Annotation includes text notes. and symbol heads. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. Technology. legends. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Recognize temporary dimensions. s Explain the use of dimensions. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. tags.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Engineering. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rfa) can be opened and edited.Software Tools . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. Each symbol family file (*.

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. radial. or angular. and permanent dimensions for annotating. Permanent dimensions can be linear.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching.Software Tools . 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .z) coordinate system. and how other levels change display accordingly. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.y.

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

Software Tools . Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. engineering. and math standards. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Open and use ribbon tabs. and Options Bar. technology. and Language Arts. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Work with tool buttons. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. the Type Selector. s Open tabs on the ribbon. Engineering. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Math (STEM). s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. This lesson relates to science.

Its position is fixed. Some commands will not be active (that is. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. Display and Navigation s 31 . You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. doors. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. windows. beams. and rooms. for instance. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

slabs. braces. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. trusses. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. Display and Navigation s 33 . symbols. and foundations. columns. structural walls.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. detailing. and text.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing.Software Tools . materials. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. Context tabs display as you work. copy/paste. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and inquiry. and parameters.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Open.Software Tools . 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. and Close. Print. This menu has file management tools such as New. Save.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. Legends. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. with four elevation markers visible.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. schedules. schedules. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. sheets.Software Tools . families. and groups.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. shadow display. View Control Bar View scale. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . sun settings. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. A check mark indicates it is visible. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. rendering (in 3D views).The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. visual style. Windows panel on the ribbon. level of detail. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things.Software Tools . cropping. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project.

To change the scale of a view. Select the desired view scale from the list. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Display and Navigation s 43 .View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. but not at Coarse. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click.

Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Hidden Line. Hidden Line is the default. Shaded.Software Tools . Shaded with Edges.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. date and time. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. or by global location. Display and Navigation s 47 . You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. which can be according to the view. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. sun and shadow intensity.

48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.The Render control is active in 3D views. shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces.

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Once elements have been hidden.Software Tools . You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Crop region selected. the view window displays a colored border.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

are available in the Properties palette for the active view.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view.Software Tools . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. along with other display settings. enabling you to select them. These controls. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Structure. Annotate. To activate or open a view. Nine tabs are available: Home. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Insert. Massing & Site. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. View. Display and Navigation s 55 . Manage and Modify. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Collaborate. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons.All views are listed in the Project Browser.

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.

a context tab opens on the ribbon. Options Bar. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image.Context Tabs. Display and Navigation s 57 . When a context tab is active. If you select items in the view window. Properties Palette. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. showing options that you can select while you are working. the Options Bar may display below it.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.When you select an item or start a placement tool. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. Display and Navigation s 59 .

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.Software Tools . 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

File Save. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. such as File Open. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Export. the application menu.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. and Publish. Click a file name to open that file. New File. The application menu contains file management controls. Print. File Close only appears on the application menu. Display and Navigation s 65 .

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools .

Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. After you have examined each of them. If you select the menu option. Do this for other tabs.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. The panel titles display under the tab titles. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. or click New > Project from the application menu. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. On the ribbon. 2. 3. To start a new project. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. Display and Navigation s 67 . make the Home tab active. The completed exercise 4. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them.

In this exercise. and then viewed. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Close the file without saving. Select Cycle Through All. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. you opened a project file. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.5. 7. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 6. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon.Software Tools . 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Select Minimize to Panel Buttons.

doubleclick the view name. Exercise 2. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Open quick_start_building_elements. 2. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Display and Navigation s 69 . A copy is also in the courseware datasets. In the Project Browser.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs.rvt. The file opens to a 3D view. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. You worked on this file in Getting Started.

Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. 4. On the Properties palette.Software Tools . and windows highlight blue. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Click the door in the upper left of the model. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Clear Walls and Doors. Click OK. doors. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 6. You are selecting everything visible. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 8. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. . 7. all the walls. Click any interior wall. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements.3. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. 5. Click Filter panel > Filter.

Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Click any door.9. 11.rvt. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. you opened a project file. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. click Create panel > Create Similar. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Place a door as shown. On the Properties palette. examined the menus and toolbars. Display and Navigation s 71 . On the Modify | Doors context tab. 10. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. 12. In this exercise.

floors). mechanical equipment). Pan. In the exercises. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Work with Revit families. templates. You can create sections. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Component families include model objects (furniture. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Load and place component families. Revit provides floor plan. and Language Arts. and views. Technology. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. building elements (walls. operating settings. Engineering.Software Tools . schedules. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. lines. s Create a new in-place family. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. and 3D views using the View menu. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. System families include levels. ceiling plan. annotations. drafting views. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . display controls. Math (STEM). s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. and elevation views by default. either predefined or user-created. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

engineering. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . technology.This lesson relates to science. and math standards.

Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. The completed exercise Visibility 1. even a small one. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Click OK. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Open Unit2_building_elements. 3. First. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Click Zoom to Fit. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Click the Annotation Categories tab. The elevation markers disappear from the view.rvt. 2. There is also a copy in the course datasets. VG also opens the dialog box. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Four elevation markers are visible.Software Tools . Right-click. There is no way to see everything in it. The display changes.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Click Zoom to Fit. is an extensive database. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Rightclick in the view window. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view.

7. Select the roof outline. Right-click. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Enter ZF. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Select Detail Level: Medium. 6. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. so be sure to select them both. Click and drag the cursor as shown. click Detail Level. Click Zoom In Region. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall.4. On the View Control Bar. Click Open. 5. Right-click. In the Project Browser. There are two parts to an elevation. Zoom to Fit. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker.

doors and windows are not shown. change the Underlay value to None. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. 2.8. Click Zoom to Fit. Enter VH. On the Properties palette. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. Turn off visibility of the elevations. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You simplify it into a Roof Plan. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. as before. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. View Properties 1.Software Tools .

Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Next to View Range. the ridge is now visible. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views.0". Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. click Edit.3. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Click Rename. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. and where the cut plane sits. Set the cut plane value to 7' . enter Roof. Right-click. Click OK. For Name. 4. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D.

In the Sun Settings dialog box.Graphic Display Options 1. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. select Still.Software Tools . select Shadows On. select Shading with Edges. Open Elevation view South. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. Accept the location that activates. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Set the time to 9:30 am. In the dialog box that opens. 3. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. select Winter Solstice. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. 2. under Solar Study. In the Presets list. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. 4. 5.

In this exercise.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. 6. The elevation shadows update.rvt. Save the file as Unit2_views. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views.

2. and floors. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. railings. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Doors. click Door. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. furniture. This exercise illustrates how you locate. 3. or stand-alone (for example. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. walls. furniture). Build panel. These components are called families and there are several different types. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. and use a Revit family to place a door. you open an existing project file. In Revit. and annotations are examples of standard families. standard families. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. lights. commercial. or institutional structures. Open Unit2_views. and furniture. floors. On the Home tab.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise.Software Tools . Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. s A system family. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. windows. roofs. Doors are considered standard family entities. Additionally. doors and windows are dependent on walls).rvt. load. windows. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You add closet doors to interior walls. and families in place. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. is predefined within Revit. There are system families. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. and so on. such as levels. and place Revit families. except they are fully parametric and table-driven.

Working with Views and Objects s 81 . verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Locate Double Panel 2. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. As you move your cursor near any wall. You click to place an instance of the door family. Click the Doors folder.rvt. Accept the default size. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls.rfa.rfa. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Family files have a file extension of *. 4.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. 5. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Project files have a file extension of *. If you highlight a door family. Click Open. Click Open. Furniture. Tag panel. On the Modify | Place Door tab. s s 6. It has a number of different sizes defined. and Annotation. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window.

but not strongly. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. 8. 9. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. simply click it. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. you located. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. Place an instance of the door as shown. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In this exercise.7.Software Tools . Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. loaded.rvt. and placed instances of a door family. Place two more instances of the door as shown.

The required width is not available. modify a door family. This door needs to be 48" wide. 2. In the Type Properties dialog box. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click Duplicate. 3. For Name.rvt. you open an existing project file.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. Click OK. 4. Open Unit2_doors_walls. enter 48" x 80". Select the double door as shown. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. 5. and create an in-place family.

set the Extrusion End value to 6". select Generic Models. Build panel. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 3. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. enter Hall Clock. Click OK.Software Tools . 2. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . is to create a component family in place. 1. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. On the Home tab. 4. 5. For Name. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. On the Properties palette. The door updates.6. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. In the dialog box. Click OK. click Component > Model In-Place.

You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. You have created the base of the clock. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. click Rectangle. 12.rvt. 10. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. In this exercise. Revit will display . Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". Working with Views and Objects s 85 .6. The family model updates. as shown. 7. 8. On the Draw panel. Click OK. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . and placed a door family. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Click Mode panel > Finish as before.4" as shown.2". loaded. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . 13. 11. you located. 9.0' 2". Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before.

Software Tools . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.

s What is Moore's Law. s What is binary math. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years.

6. Go to View > View Name in the menu. and click Open. Each project has several predefined views. s Change type properties of a family. Create a 3D perspective view. Spin the model in 3D space. s Adjust Visual Style Options. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. depending on the template selected. c. c. and Options Bar. context tabs. a. a. Questions 1. Zoom to the entire model. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. False 5. False 2. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. a. True b. c. 7. d. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. load. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. True b. d. s Open different views. Turn on Shadows. Views can be renamed. b. a. Zoom in Region is used to: a. tab. s Create an in-place model family. s Change view displays. d. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. False 3. and place a family from a library. s Change view properties. The tool shown is used to: a. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. Right-click. All content tools are located on the ribbon. s Access. True b.Software Tools . Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. b. Either a or b. b. False 4. To activate a view: a. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson.

Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. In-Place d. Pan and Zoom b. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Project Browser d. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors.) are called: a. Families 11. a. windows. A family created within a project is called ________________. Rotate c. Scroll d. All of the above. Multiview b. System c. Parts d. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . a. Standard b. Blocks c. etc.8. Properties palette 10. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. depending on settings 9. you can use the scroll wheel to: a.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

8. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 9. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Set project units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . s Create a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 3. 4. 6. Lesson Plan 1. 5.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Duplicate and modify views. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. s Create dimensions and text. s Create labels. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. s Create dimension and text styles. 7. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style.

Visit the AIA website at www. linetypes. defining the layers. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Many cities and counties have their own rules.aias. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments.aia. should be used. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. and the settings that are preset within them. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols.org.org.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. colors. and so forth. based on the AIA standards. Engineering.Standards and Building Codes . colors. Explain why templates are used. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. linetypes. After completing this lesson. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. Visit the AIAS website at www. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Technology. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

This lesson relates to technology. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . and math standards. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. a common area (such as a living room or family room). otherwise it is considered a carport.Standards and Building Codes . it cannot be called a bedroom. doors. If there is a fire. the number being its numerical value. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . it must have at least one door. and one closet. A unit is a particular physical quantity. If it lacks any of these components. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. defined and adopted by convention. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. one window. A garage must be completely enclosed. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. a bathroom. like mechanical drawing. and so on. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. a garage.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. and so on. windows. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. For example. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls.

In architectural drafting. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. units are applied to dimensions. glass.For example. such as room size and wall height. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. unit symbol ft. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. is 169 m. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. the construction industry still uses the English.. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. However. unit symbol m. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. also known as the International System of Units. is 555 ft. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. using imperial units. Another method is to apply dual notation. or imperial. in the United States. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555.. Here h is the physical quantity. and other materials. its value is expressed in the unit meter.

dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. line weight and pattern. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale.) 8. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. sheets. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. every 1/8" would represent 1'.Scales are ratios. Each size is designated by a letter. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.Standards and Building Codes . and viewports. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). for example 1/8" = 1'-0". Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. In Revit Architecture. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. one value representing another value. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted.

Standards and Building Codes s 97 . a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type.01. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). notes Demolition.a modified version of the AIA standard. site plan. elevators. temporary Schedules Sections. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. The integers go from 0 to 9. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. symbols. You create and position views.01. and then add a title block or other symbols. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing.

Typically.Standards and Building Codes . fonts. that is. The column is divided into sections. The next space is for tracking revisions. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. The paper is oriented landscape. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. drawing scales. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. followed by information on the building's owner. and other relevant information. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the HVAC company. Each building project must comply with a specific standard.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. For example. annotation plot sizes. and so on. and layer standards. the date drawn. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. so that the height is less than the width. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. the author of the drawing. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. Usually. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. the electrician. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text.

required symbols. and so forth. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts.in the City of San Francisco. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . layer settings. title blocks. dimension and text styles.

Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. views. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. dimension styles. and walls. These can be used to build your model.Standards and Building Codes . you use templates that are preset with drawing units. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. Engineering. Math (STEM). Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. windows.

engineering.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Settings s 101 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

In Revit. On the application menu. factory. apartments. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. or store. In the New Project dialog box. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Open Revit to an empty project file. click New > Project. Select a Template 1. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. you create a new project file using a template. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. 3. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types.Standards and Building Codes . 2. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you use templates as starting points. Condominiums. click Browse.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise.

Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Click Open. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Select the Residential-Default. 5. 6. In this exercise. Click OK. you started a new project file using a standard template. saving set up time. On the application menu. click Close to close this project without saving. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Settings s 103 .4.

Press ESC to cancel the wall. In this exercise. s Place the cursor over the left wall. Build panel. The file opens to a 3D view. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the drawing setup options are preset. In the Project Browser. Pull the cursor to the right. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. Click to start a new wall. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. expand Floor Plans under Views. The Wall tool remains active. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. 2. open ADA__Settings. In the courseware datasets folder.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab.rvt.Standards and Building Codes . you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. 3. click Wall.

s Set Unit symbol to m. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. 7. Settings s 105 . Click OK twice to save the setting change.4.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 5. click to start a new wall. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. 8. Click Format for Length. and move the cursor right. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Close the file without saving. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units.) 6. In this exercise. Place the cursor over the left wall.

4. Temporary dimensions display when you select. there are two types of dimensions. 1. For Name. or insert components. click Aligned. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the Properties palette. but also control the size and location of objects. click Edit Type. temporary and permanent. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. Open ADA_Dimensions.rvt. By default. In the Type Properties dialog box. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. create. dimensions not only display. 2.Standards and Building Codes . Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. enter Big Text. Click OK. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. click Duplicate. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. On the Annotate tab. 3. Dimension panel. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar.

s Set Text Size to 3/16". In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Click OK twice. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". 7.5. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 6. and bottom horizontal walls. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. Select the top. The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Click to place. Settings s 107 . s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. left.

s s s Select the far left. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Click to place the dimension. and far right vertical walls. you opened an existing file. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style.8. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Drag the dimension to the top of the view. 9. The Dimension tool stays active.Standards and Building Codes . Close the file without saving. created a new dimension style. In this exercise. upper. Note the differences between the two dimension styles.

You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. In the Project Browser. In order to do this. 3. There are no annotations visible. In the datasets folder. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. open the project ADA_New_Sheet.rvt. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. Notice the door and window tags. These are annotations. and the view window displays the new plan. Settings s 109 .Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. 2.

In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. In the Project Browser. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 1. 7. On the Manage tab. click Project Information. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. 5. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Click OK.4. 9. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. Click OK to update the display of this view.Standards and Building Codes . Settings panel. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Click Rename. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Double-click to open it. Model Categories tab. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. In the Project Browser. 8. 6.

Click OK. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. In the Value column of Project Address. Click OK.Add a Sheet 1. Settings s 111 . click Edit. 2. Rightclick. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. 3. 2. Enter the address as shown. You can also enter the address of your school. or supply your own values: Click OK. highlight the title block displayed in the list.) 3. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Click New Sheet. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window.

5. Next. Click Apply.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value.Standards and Building Codes .4. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Notice the change to the title block. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. Add a View to the Sheet 1. In the Identity Data and Other sections. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. It is automatically filled in when you place your views.

Right-click. Settings s 113 . Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Click Activate View.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Select the new viewport. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Right-click in the view. 4. 2. Select Add View to Sheet. Select Deactivate View. 3. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. It is small compared to the size of the sheet.

over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Added a sheet. s Placed a view on the sheet. Place the cursor 7. 6. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. you: select it. Close the file without saving. Finish the move. deselect it. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow.5. of the sheet.Standards and Building Codes . Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. The Scale updates in the title block. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. The view updates on the sheet. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

rft. Settings s 115 . It opens to the Recent Files window. Start Revit Architecture. On the application menu. A copy of the 11 x 8. click New > Titleblock.5.5 title block template opens. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. 2. 3. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Select A-11x8. 4. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). This is one of the longer exercises.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. Click Open.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

3.

Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

2.

Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

4.

Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

5.

Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

7.

Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

8.

Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

9.

Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

2.

On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

3.

The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

7.

Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

s

Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
s

8.

On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

6.

You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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you created a title block using a template file. select Drawn By. Right-click. Accept the Sample Value. Add a label for Checked By. Accept the Sample Value. 13. 15. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Add a label for Sheet Number. 10. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. 14. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Accept the Sample Value. click Close. On the application menu. s Accept the Sample Value. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. 12. 11. click Save to save the title block. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. On the Quick Access toolbar. In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . s Click Add.rfa.9. Your teacher may specify another location.Landscape. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the title block as A .

On the View tab. Highlight the title block and click OK. 5. and then load a custom title block into your project. In the Recent Files window. Your title block is now displayed in the list. 2. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Click Open. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Locate your title block. Settings s 125 . The title block appears in the graphics window. you create a new project file. click New to create a new project using the default template. 3. Insert a Title Block 1. 4. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks.

Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Click OK. Click Zoom to Fit.Standards and Building Codes . edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Select the title block. On the Properties palette.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. Click OK. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 6. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Settings panel. In this exercise. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. enter your instructor's name. 4. s For Checked By. you a created a new project file. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. 3. Click OK. 2. 5. click Project Information. On the Manage tab. enter your name. enter Student Project Unit 3. s For Drawn By.

s Families: Load in families you use most often. In this exercise. In the New Project dialog box. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. angles. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. 1. 2. 3. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. you define the title block. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. and then load them like families. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. Click OK. click New > Project. select Project Template. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. settings. a dimension style. and slope angle. you create a new project file. There are various settings you can define for your template. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . On the Insert tab. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. On the application menu. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. such as 3D and plan views. Create a Template In this exercise. and geometry from the template. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. and the units for your custom template. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. including how the rendered image looks. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. in addition to predefined wall types. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls.

6. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. create a Dimension Style. Click OK. 10.rfa. Set the units for the template. 8.4. 5. enter 3/16" Verdana. On the Manage tab. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". You create a custom dimension style.Standards and Building Codes . There will be no visible change. Next. In the Type Properties dialog box. Open the title block A . click Duplicate. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 9.Landscape. On the Annotate tab. 7. For Name. click Settings panel > Project Units. Click OK twice. Click the Length field in the Format column.

On the Properties palette. In the Project Browser. 15. Settings s 129 . 14. Click OK. Click New Sheet. select Sheets (All). Click OK. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Select the A . Change the following settings as shown: 13. Rightclick.11. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Click Dimension panel > Aligned.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. 12.

16. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template.rte. as well as dimension style and units. title block. You can use this template for future projects. The title block updates. you created a new template file using a dimension style. Save your project template in your class project folder. Click OK. and units that you defined. 17. Save the file name as A-English template.

s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. abstract format. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. or new combinations of existing materials. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation.

Standards and Building Codes . NCSESA 2. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. General Questions 1. P. is defined as what? a. s Change dimension colors.02 b. s Create text. s Create a title block. AIA b. English c. and symbols used in drawing? a. UBC c.02 d. 1:24 d. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. s Create a template. s Change lineweight. Metric d. s Create labels. 1:12 c. a. dimension styles. s Create a text style. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0".05 c. A unit 4.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. A. True b.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . An architect b. A particular physical quantity. Using AIA Standards. you learned to: s Set units in a file. A. S. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. s Create dimensions. False 3. 1:3 b. a. 1:32 5. NCTM d. s Create a dimension style. a.

title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. you click: a. Wall midpoints d. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. By default. Application menu > New > Sheet b. To create a new sheet. a. True b. False 4. False 6.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Wall faces b. Wall centerlines c. False Summary/Questions s 133 . True b. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. a. dimensions snap to: a. a. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. To set the units in a project. Point offsets 3. To change the scale of a view. True b. In Revit Architecture. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Application menu > Properties b. you use: a.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

you will be able to: s Create a wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. 5. 3. s Align walls. 4.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . s Define a wall structure. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 2. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . s Trim and extend walls.

or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and protect its interior spaces. them. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Describe platform framing and balloon framing.Walls . After completing this lesson. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. or filling in between. List the different types of occupancy.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. separate. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. their construction and materials.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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the dimension updates incrementally. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Walls s 151 . but it disappears when you begin another action. As you continue to move the cursor. Enter 10. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. an angular dimension displays. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right.3. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . click it to open an edit field. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. After you create the wall. Expand the Type Selector list. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. To modify a dimension. Select the Single Line option. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. 4. Clear the Chain option. Stud. indicating wall length.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Click to set the endpoint. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. a dashed line displays.Brick on Mtl. It will not print. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. 5.

A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Select panel. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. 7. After setting the vertical wall's direction. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Click the wall. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Depending on your zoom in the view. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. the controls may sit on top of one another. Press ENTER. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. 8. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. click Modify to stop placing walls. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. enter 7.Walls . click the Detail Level icon. On the Modify | Walls tab. Click to start the next wall.6. The wall does not show any internal detail. On the View Control Bar. click Create Similar. Create panel. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. On the Modify | Place Wall tab.

Walls s 153 . Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. release the mouse button to set a new length. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Also. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Click Modify. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. no matter where you move the cursor. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. 10. an alignment line displays. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Select the right vertical wall. Notice that two dimensions display. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side.9. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up.

15. Click Cancel. 14. When using the Chain option. Build panel. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays.Walls . Select the lower vertical wall. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Sketch the walls as shown. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. This is the same as clicking Modify. Repeat. click Wall. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. On the Home tab. 13. 12. Right-click. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 16.11. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays.

Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. 20. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click Modify. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Walls s 155 . After clicking the second end.18. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. Clear the Chain option.rvt. 19. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 17. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Click Create Similar again. Save the project as Unit4_walls.

The cursor changes to a razor blade.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. You now remove the upper right corner. Only part of the wall highlights.Walls . trim. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Do the same for the vertical wall. and extend walls. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. 3. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This exercise illustrates how to split. 4.rvt from the previous exercise. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. you first split the walls at the intersections. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. fillet. Both split walls are shown below. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. align. 2. Split Walls 1. To do this. Click Modify. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls.

Enter 5'. click Create Similar. On the Modify | Walls tab. Create panel. 4. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. If you make a mistake. click Undo and repeat the steps. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. 2. On the Modify | Wall tab. 5. Click Fillet Arc.Fillet Walls 1. 3. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Walls s 157 . On the Options Bar. You can also click the flip control. click Delete. Select any wall. This is how you create rounded wall corners. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. select Radius. Modify panel. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value.

To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 3. You align the wall in the next steps. The Wall tool is still active. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Place an interior wall as shown.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. 1. 2. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line.Walls . Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. select Basic Wall: Interior . Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.

You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Pull the cursor straight up. The Wall Trim Tool 1. such as location lines. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s On the Options Bar. You can lock the alignment. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall.4. The length is not critical. Click to create a wall. clear Chain. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. Walls s 159 . The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned.

The length is not critical.s Move the cursor to the left and click. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the vertical wall as shown. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Select the two interior walls in turn. 3. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 4. 5. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. This will be the border. 6. 2. The walls can cross. Select the horizontal wall as shown. You can click Undo if you make a mistake.Walls . This will extend to the border.

7. Walls s 161 . fillet. In this exercise. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.rvt. and trim. align.

Select the Exterior wall as shown. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design.Walls . and vary in cost. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. 3. On the Properties palette. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. 2.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. In the Project Browser. satisfy different requirements. The Modify tool is active by default. click Edit Type. 1. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view.

To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. s Click Up. s Click the arrow at the right. s Select Finish 1 [4]. has a Function you can edit. 6. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. s Click Down twice. click Edit in the Structure value field. Every layer of a wall. except Core Boundary. When you are finished. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. enter 8" Insulated Stud. 5. s Click the number of Layer 3. 7. 8. Walls s 163 . To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. the wall structure should be as shown. To edit the structure of the wall.4. For Name. Click Insert twice. Click OK. Add two additional layers to the wall.

164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2".Stud Layer. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. which displays plan or section views. Modify the Function. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure.Exterior . The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. 13.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". s Set the Material to Wood . s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. s Click the icon that appears at the right. 10. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s Set the Material to Finishes . Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Material. select Finishes . 12. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. 11. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1.9.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.

Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. expand the Families branch. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. select Medium. Click Apply to update the view.14. 16. On the Properties palette. From the Detail level list. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. 15. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. In the Project Browser. 17. Walls s 165 . Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box.

18. defined a new wall structure. 20. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. 19. Close the file without saving.Walls . From the Type Selector list. In this exercise. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. You opened an existing file. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Right-click 8" Exterior. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. such as a weatherproof outside surface. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. a structural mid-section. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Stud walls as shown. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1.Brick on Mtl. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. You can define a wall type with these elements.rvt. 3. In this exercise. wood rails. you create and modify vertically compound walls. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. for example. Select one of the Exterior . The model opens in a 3D view. 2. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. and a decorated interior surface. The file is in the courseware datasets folder.

either horizontally or vertically. the new regions assume the same material as the original. Wall structures are Type Properties. You can set the sample height to any value. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. To split a layer or region vertically. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. As indicated in the dialog box title. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. highlight one of the borders. 6. click Edit. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. 1. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. in the Structure value field. You can split regions into other regions. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. or you will lose your changes. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. You change the type.4. In this exercise. 2. Click Split Region. 5. You can assign different materials to regions. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . into regions. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. To split a layer or region horizontally. If not already expanded. When you split a layer. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. 8.Walls . so all instances of this type change. 7. To define the structure of the wall. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane.

assign Layer 1. Click to split the region into two parts. 4. Click to merge the two layers. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. 2. When you merge regions. In this case. 3. The upper split disappears. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry .Brick layer. After merge.3. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Click to merge them. 1. Prehighlight a border between regions. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Click Merge Regions. Walls s 169 .

vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. To create a new wall layer. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area.Walls . You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. 2. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. you assign the material Masonry Brick . After a region is split. Click again to return to the original position. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. 3.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. instead of down. 1. Change the value to 12. 3. indicating that it is modifiable. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Next. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. 1. Click the temporary dimension text. The dimension text turns blue. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. 2. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . If you set the split offset down from the top. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Click Insert. 4.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. In the Edit dialog box. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. s Select the split line. to the next parallel line. Press ENTER. click Modify. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Revit converts the value to 12' 0".

9.4. It also shows a thickness value. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. as shown. Click Assign Layers. and Insert Layer tools. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. 6. Click OK. 5. Merge Region. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. 10. Close the file without saving.Brick Soldier Course. Split Region. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . because it is now the selected layer. Walls s 171 . When a layer is selected in the table. All walls of this type have been changed. 7. Click OK. it highlights in blue in the preview window. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. It immediately highlights in blue. 8. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. The preview changes appearance. In this exercise.Brick Soldier Course layer. Change the Material to Masonry . Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Modify.

and insulation. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. and protected. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. earth.Walls . s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. installed. piping. ducting. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Custom types and sizes can also be built. but also the natural lighting. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation.Doors and Windows . The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. and the amount of space you have inside your building. the ventilation. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. the view. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). and to protect property values. About Doors and Windows s 185 . The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.

and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.Doors and Windows . must be provided by the window being used as an egress. ft. An unobstructed opening of 5. if there is no other escape route. the width can be no less than 20".7 sq. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The height can be no less than 24".

To review the list of standards for each lesson. and how to position. move. and Language Arts. engineering. Math (STEM). how to load additional door and window families. Doors and Windows s 187 . Technology. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. technology. windows. In this unit. you learn how to place doors and windows. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and copy these elements. s Copy windows. and math standards. Some families are loaded into each empty file. This lesson relates to science. s Center a door in a wall. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and furniture are defined in family files. Components such as doors. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project.

There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. or 3D view. When placing doors in a plan view. move the cursor to the right side of the wall.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. click Door. Once a door is placed. Add Doors 1. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. the door swing would be to the left side. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall.Doors and Windows .rvt under the courseware datasets folder. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. 3. Build panel. In other words. On the Home tab. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . To reverse the swing. 2. This can be done in a plan view. To flip the door. elevation view. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol.

on the Modify | Place Door tab. With the Door command active. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Mode panel. and windows into project files. Doors and Windows s 189 . Select the door Double-Panel 2. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. walls.Load Families 1. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. The display does not change. 2. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors.rfa. From the Type Selector list. click Load Family. 3. In order to keep file size small. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Click Open. except for the Type Selector.

Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. From the Type Selector.4. If necessary. 5. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84".Doors and Windows . Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing.

Place instances of single doors as shown. If you place a door in the wrong location. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Remember.6. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. simply click it and enter the correct value. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. change a temporary dimension. or by using the swing control arrows. Do not add the dimensions.

Save the file as Unit5_doors.rvt. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .7.

elevation view. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. When placing windows in a plan view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. the outside of the window is to the left side.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. approach the wall from the right side. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. 2. or 3D view. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. click Modify and select the window. On the Home tab. To face the outside of the window to the other side. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . From the Type Selector. Add Windows 1. To reverse the window after performing another operation. click Window. You can place windows in a plan view. Open Unit5_doors. Build panel.

Place seven more windows as shown. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes.Doors and Windows . 4.3. you opened an existing project. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. Window tags do not number in sequence. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and placed windows. You do not need to add dimensions.rvt. 5. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. In this exercise. placed doors. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. loaded a door family.

even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. and modify the wall.rvt.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. s Align and modify walls. place a door. wall. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. 4. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Dimension panel. 3. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. constrain it to be centered in a wall. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. you open an existing project file. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. 2. 1. click Aligned. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. window. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. On the Annotate tab. and so on. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows.

This means that if one wall shifts. Select the two wall faces indicated to align.s s s s Click the left wall. 6. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Align Walls 1. Select the upper wall first. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Notice the symbol. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The door changes location. the other wall will remain aligned. Click the center of the door. Click the right wall. Click the lock icon to enable it.Doors and Windows . It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Click it and it changes as shown. The walls are now aligned. 2. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. 5.

Change the dimension to 16.) The dimension value is now shown. Right-click. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Clear the EQ Display value.4. 5. Doors and Windows s 197 . Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Dimensions display below it. 3. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. The walls shift and remain aligned. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units.

You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. In this exercise.rvt.Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_aligned. you placed a continuous dimension. Click Zoom to Fit. 7. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Right-click.6.

Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Create panel. 1. 4.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. In this exercise. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. click Create Similar. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. 2. especially if there are many different types. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Doors and Windows s 199 . Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. On the Modify | Windows tab.rvt.

Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. click Copy. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 2. Modify panel.Doors and Windows . Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 4.Copy Windows 1. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 3. The window is copied. Select the window you just placed. On the Modify | Windows tab. The window will change appearance.

you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Right-click.5. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. Doors and Windows s 201 . 6.

Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. flat glass is a recent invention. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. heat.Doors and Windows . The stability of glass in response to wind. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. cold.

s Copy a door or window. you learned to: s Place doors. False 2.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 32" b. General Questions 1. a. 32" d. 34" 4. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 30" c. s Position a door or window. True b. 40" d. Custom 3. If a room is used for sleeping. Standard b. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. s Place a window. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. a. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 36" c. 28" b. s Align a door or window.

A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. a. False 5. Use door grips to reposition.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. To change the swing direction of a door: a. you: a. b. Select the door.Doors and Windows . Copy 8. True b. Select the door. Click the appropriate blue arrows. To center a door or window in a wall. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. 4. True b. The center snap 7. c. To change the location of a door or window. c. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Right-click. True b. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . a. Load c. Link c. a. d. b. you use ________. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Offset c. A reference plane b. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Clone b. Door and window tags are placed automatically. a. False 2. Select the door. d. you use: a. Click Door Properties. Click Flip Direction. Properties 3. Load from Library b. Select the door. Click Door Properties. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Duplicate d. Insert d. 6.

4. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Student) Evaluate students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 3. 5. 6. Lesson Plan 1. 2. you will be able to: s Create stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. s Create railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. Review stairs and railings.

Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. After completing this lesson. stair and railing types. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. List the different stair types.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . and Language Arts. Math (STEM). engineering. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. Technology. This lesson relates to technology. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Then. Once the actual riser height is determined. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number.

particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. such as ice and snow.Stairs and Railings . 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs.

Due to building code. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. About Stairs and Railings s 211 .Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. This saves space when changing direction. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders.

Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Stairs and Railings . Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.

Doors should swing the direction of egress. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide.

11" maximum.Stairs and Railings . Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Riser height: 4" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.

The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". but not more than 2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". About Stairs and Railings s 215 .

L-shaped runs with a landing. This lesson relates to technology. which includes elevators. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. and spiral stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. ramps. Engineering. and math standards. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. To review the list of standards for each lesson. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. and stairs. or vertical circulation. You create stairs in a plan view. s Modify stairs. For safety reasons. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). of certain horizontal depth or run. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. You can define straight runs. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. and Language Arts. U-shaped stairs. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. In multistory buildings.Stairs and Railings . You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. engineering. s Add a railing. s Create U-shaped stairs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). The riser and run values update accordingly. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. or tread. Technology. As you move the cursor.

open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. On the Properties palette. 3. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. From the courseware datasets folder. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. Zoom in Region to the lobby.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. Stairs and Railings s 217 .Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. you create stairs using a straight run.rvt. Before you create the stairs. This enables you to place the stairs properly. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. This file is in metric units.

In this case.Stairs and Railings . The cursor changes to a crosshairs. you create a straight run. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You can define either a straight run or a circular run. Circulation panel. Click OK to close the dialog box. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. On the Home tab. These tools are used to define your stairs. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. click Stairs. Run is preselected.4. 5.

You can also enter a distance of 4400. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. the run footprint stops expanding. select Finish (green check). click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. To change the run dimension. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. 10. If you have not fully created the run. As you move the cursor up. 8. You can continue to move the cursor up. 9. Revit displays the number of risers you created. On the Mode panel. Stairs and Railings s 219 . Select this intersection point to start your run. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create.6. 7. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. and then click to define the run of stairs. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs.

The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. and switched to a 3D view. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. To avoid overwriting the original file. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. you created and placed a straight run stair.rvt. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. 13.Stairs and Railings . 12. In this exercise. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise.11. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click application menu > Save As > Project. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction.

rvt. The stair is not centered on the landing. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Stairs and Railings s 221 . you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Activate view Floor Plans. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. click Align. 2. On the Modify tab. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Edit panel. Level 1.

You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Click the center of the stairs. 5.Stairs and Railings . select Wall centerlines. Click the center of the wall first. If you have a scroll mouse. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. The Align command remains active. You can rotate your model to get a better view. Open the lobby stair view to see the result.4. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. which is located at the center of the stairs. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Options Bar. Take time to make the selections correctly. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. from the Prefer list.

On the Properties palette. 8. enter Lobby Stairs. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. s Click Duplicate. In the Project Browser. click Edit Type. Change Width to 1350. Select the stairs. 9. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Hover the cursor over the railing. s Click OK. expand Sections (Building Section). As you prehighlight them. Graphics.6. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. s For Name. and Dimensions subsections. railings were created with the stairs. 7. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. On the Properties palette. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 .

Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.10.Stairs and Railings .Cherry s s Click Modify. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Lobby Stair View. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Select both railings.

12. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Stairs and Railings s 225 . and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Click it to select it. In the Type Selector. The railings change. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. Mode panel. click Edit Sketch. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. 14. s Zoom in on the stairs. you change the shape of the stairs. The stair changes to the run sketch. 13. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. s Select the stairs (not a railing). s On the Modify | Stairs tab. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Delete this line. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Next.

Click to place the arc. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. 19. 17. 16. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. s On the Modify panel. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Select the arc boundary you just created. On the Draw panel. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. click the left end of the top riser. Click Modify. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure.15.Stairs and Railings . To place the second arc endpoint. click Boundary. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 18.

First. The left boundary will be mirrored.21. Click CenterEnds-Arc. the arc center point. Next. For the third point. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. This will define a rounded first step. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Click to exit the Mirror command. click Riser. 20. On the Draw panel. Stairs and Railings s 227 . select the endpoint of the left boundary. select the middle of the seventh riser going up.

22. You also modified the properties of a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. you modified stair properties and boundaries. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 23. In this exercise. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .rvt. On the Mode panel. Open the {3D} view to see the results. click Finish.Stairs and Railings .

Select the right side railing. For simple railings. you need to define a path for the railing. Click Modify. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. 2. The completed exercise To create a railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. 3. This is typically done in plan view. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Therefore. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing.rvt from the previous exercise. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. you sketch the plan view path.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. Stairs and Railings s 229 . s s Sketch a Railing 1. In this case.

Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. 7. s s On the Options Bar. click Line. Then. edit the temporary dimension. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You do not need to add dimensions. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. On the Draw panel. select Chain. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint.Stairs and Railings . on the Modify | Railings tab. Once the railing is selected. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. To set the exact distance. 6. The dimensions are shown as a guide. Mode panel.4. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. 5. click Edit Path.

Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. you used sketch tools to create a railing.rvt. Delete your lines and try again. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. In this exercise. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. 9. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. 8. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.

the stairs appear as a U-shape. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Work Plane panel. In this exercise. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. set the Offset value to 850.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. s On the Home tab. In a floor plan view. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you create a reference plane. Create a Reference Plane 1.Stairs and Railings . s On the Options Bar. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. 2. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters.rvt from the previous exercise.

Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Click OK.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. On the Home tab. change the Width parameter to 900. 3. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Pull the cursor straight up. 4. click Stairs. enter Exit Stairs. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Stairs and Railings s 233 . For Name. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Click Edit Type. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . On the Properties palette. Dark Gray. To start sketching the run. Matte 2. Circulation panel. Click OK twice. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. 6. 5.

Stairs and Railings .7. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click to place the first run. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. with none remaining to be created. Move the pointer to the right. 8. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Click to finish the stair run. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. 9. Press ENTER. enter 1925. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.

click 3D View to view your model in 3D.10. Click Finish Stairs again. Select the two walls of the stair tower. click Finish Stairs. Use Hide/Isolate 1. If you get an error message. 2. On the View Control bar. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. You want to inspect your stairs. it is because you have overlapping lines. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. To remove the lines. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. Stairs and Railings s 235 . but they are hidden behind walls. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. 11. On the Stairs panel. Remove the additional lines. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. you select Continue to return the sketch.

The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. you learned to create a reference plane. 6. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Properties palette. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. The exterior walls reappear. This is a multistory stair. 5. On the View Control Bar. In this exercise. 2. Zoom in to see your stairs. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects.3. Finally. Reset the Display 1.rvt.Stairs and Railings . You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. 3. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. and to create a U-shaped stair. 4. Select the stairs so they highlight. The walls are now hidden.

ramps. escalators. STEM Connections s 237 .STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. and elevators.

They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and deliver riders without wait time. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. smoke guards. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers.Stairs and Railings . require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. They cost less. Include landings as required by your local building code. this openness makes them fire hazards. but they can also be highly decorative. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall.

All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. s Modify stair boundaries. and all treads should be the same run. a. 25 degrees b. 36" d. True b. a. 180 degrees 3. 30" b. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. False Summary/Questions s 239 . 90 degrees d. s Create railings.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 40" 4. 32" c. a. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. False 2. 45 degrees c. General Questions 1. True b. b. you learned to: s Create stairs.

Rectangle c. you use the _______ option. Attach Railing c. Fasten Railing 5. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. riser lines c. False 6. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. risers and treads. Line b.Stairs and Railings . Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Treads. Manage d. that is. a. Align Railing d. risers 3. Run. Modify c. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Pick New Host b. a. riser d. Insert 2.Revit Architecture Questions 1. risers b. a. True b. Railings. Boundary lines. a. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Circle 4. You can apply materials to different stair components. True b. a. To create railings on stairs without railings. Arc d. Home b.

(Student) 9. Lesson Plan 1. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 7.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . s Place fascia. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Review of roof types. s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 4. (Student) 10. Evaluate Students. (Student) 6. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 11. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 .

Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. and pitch of a sloped roof. Calculate the rise. and downspouts. gutters. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. It addresses roof construction. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles.Roofs . List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. Identify the different roof types. tiles. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. run. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. roof types. After completing this lesson.

About Roofs s 243 . s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. engineering. and Language Arts. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. technology. This lesson relates to science. s Rake: The inclined. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. Technology. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Shed: A roof with a single slope.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

the roofing pattern. snow. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. and if visible. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. and color. the roofing pattern. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. They come in several types. as well as how effective a shelter it is. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. maintenance. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and color. About Roofs s 245 . texture. rot. brands. and colors. and sunlight. These are used more often on upscale homes. resistance to wind and fire. resistance to wind and fire. durability. both low and steep. and sun. Sloped roofs. and low maintenance roofing material. durability. and if visible. fire-resistant. are designed for shedding water and snow. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. maintenance. resulting in at least one textured face. texture. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. You can use them for many different applications.

and require little maintenance. zinc alloy. consider such factors as cost. quality. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes.Roofs . If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. odor. durable. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. Therefore. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. and insulating capability (R-value).s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). fiberglass. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. They are fire-resistant. galvanized steel. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . This same roof on a clear. galvanized steel. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. or corrugated structural glass. reinforced plastic. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. treatment for insects. When choosing the insulation for your job. special characteristics (for example. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. and so forth). a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. Unfortunately. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. choose a type that will suit your needs.

Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). The slope usually leads to interior drains.

Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. the requirements for underlayment. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . eave flashing.Roofs .

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams. purlins.

Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.Roofs . 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.

About Roofs s 251 .Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.

Roofs .Shed One basic face with a slope. These are commonly used in French-style houses. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Many barns use gambrel roofs. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.

run. A number indicates the value of the rise. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . where as. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. and span. but the two sides are not symmetrical. The run value is typically equal to 12.

254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 7 on 12. try to specify standard roof pitch. 7-12. 7 and 12. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 to 12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio.When designing a roof.Roofs . Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs.

or roof overhangs. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. you can add gutters. water. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. s Assign roof structure and materials. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. snow. Roofs s 255 . s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. often supporting a gutter. dormers. s Create a roof fascia. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. To create a roof by the extrusion method.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. soffits. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. or ice. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. and fascia. or eaves. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. you work with massing shapes and not building components. s Create a hip roof. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Place gutters. s Create various roof types. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. that convey rainwater to drains. To create a roof by face. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. Once you create a roof.

To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Math (STEM).Roofs . engineering. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology.

rvt.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. select the Name option. To create an extruded roof. In the Work Plane dialog box. you create an extruded roof. 3. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Click OK to continue. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1.. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. 4. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. 2. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. the top of the roof profile is sketched. Open ADA_Roofs.

enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. s Use the image below for guidance. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. Before sketching the roof's profile. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. click Line. The section view should display as shown. Draw panel. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. In the Go To View dialog box. On the Work Plane panel. 3. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. Click Open View. 2. select Section: Section 1. click Ref Plane. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". 4. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. Drawing Reference Planes 1.Roofs .5. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box.

Using the image below for guidance. Using a positive offset value. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. s Click Modify.6. s Click the EQ toggle. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. sketch from right to left along the Level line. Roofs s 259 . Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. 5. s Select the new dimension.

click Chain. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. for Name. Click OK.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 5. click Finish (green check). s On the Options Bar. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. enter Horizontal. 6. The name displays when you select the reference plane. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool.Roofs . Right-click. On the Mode panel. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Click Modify. 2. you can label them. 3. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. click Line. 4. 7. 1. On the Properties palette.

8. Switch to a 3D view. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Roofs s 261 . Revit creates the roof using the Generic .12" type. 9.

Roofs . 1. 3. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. carefully select the far right roof edge. This is a two-step process. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Using the images for guidance.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Edit Geometry panel. 2. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. On the Modify tab. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. Select the edge of the roof as shown.

the vertical walls extrude through the roof. On the Options Bar. To select both walls together. 3. Select the roof. However. On the Modify Wall panel. Roofs s 263 . The roof is now trimmed on both sides. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. select Attach Wall: Top. 2. open the view Sections: Section 1. Select both walls.4. This will join the wall tops to the roof. click Attach: Top/ Base. Trim Walls 1. In the Project Browser.

rvt. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.Roofs . s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof now looks correct. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. Switch to a 3D view.4. In this exercise. 5.

click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. select Garage Roof. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. from existing walls. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. From the drop-down list. On the Home tab. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. Unit7_first_roof. a dialog box is displayed.rvt. In this exercise. 4. by Footprint. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. 1. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The inner loops define openings in the roof. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. Build panel. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. 3. Click Yes. Because you are in a 3D view. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. so you look straight down as in a plan.

0". If you place a line on the wrong side. Next. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . 6. s On Options Bar. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. clear the Defines slope option. select the vertical wall on the left.5. click Pick Walls. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. Use the image below for guidance.Roofs . 7. click Defines Slope. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. 8.

Change this value to 6"/12". It becomes an editable field. defining lines separately. 3. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Select the left slope defining line.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. The new roof displays. Other controls also display. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. That value displays next to the slope arrow. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Click Modify. change the value to 6"/12". 1. To complete the roof. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. click Finish. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. click Yes. Click the 9"/12" text. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Select the right side roof line. 2. By default. Roofs s 267 .

Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.rvt. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.Roofs . 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .4. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. 5. In this exercise. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.

4. The file opens to a 3D view. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. click to select them. When all of the walls prehighlight. On Home tab. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Build panel. Roofs s 269 . Clear Defines Slope.rvt. 2. On the Options Bar. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. To chain-select all of the walls. set the overhang to 1' 0". 3. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof.

Right-click. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. 4. Zoom into the chimney area.Create a Roof Opening 1. verify the 0' 0" Offset. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 3. As an alternate. click Rectangle. 2. Using the image for guidance.Roofs . 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

As in the previous exercise. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. The slope indicator displays. 2. 4. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. Select the left lower horizontal line. 5. On the Options Bar. Click Finish. click Yes. Select the uppermost. select Defines Slope.Add Slope Lines 1. Roofs s 271 . On the Options Bar. 6. select the Defines Slope. 3. Click Modify. horizontal line.

7.rvt. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. In this exercise. attached walls. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. and chimney penetration.Roofs . 8.

2. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Zoom into the area shown. Build panel. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Roofs s 273 .0".rvt. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. 4. set Overhang to 2' . On the Options Bar. Select Defines Slope. 5. Select the three walls shown in the image.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. 3. The file should open to a 3D view. you create a hip roof. Create the Roof 1.

s s Clear Defines Slope. Raise the Roof 1. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. On the Properties palette. Switch to a 3D View. Click OK. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Line. In addition.7. Right-click the ViewCube. To close the roof sketch.Roofs . s On the Draw panel. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other.0". change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. you use the Line tool. 3. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Click Finish to complete the roof. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. 2. 6.

The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Roofs s 275 . Select the edge of the hip roof first. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.Join/Unjoin Roof 1.

Roofs . you created a hip roof using a footprint.rvt.2. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and then joined it to a wall. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.

Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 3. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". 5. click Pick Walls. Clear Defines Slope. On the Draw panel.rvt. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. click Line. 6. 7.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Roofs s 277 . 2. Create a Shed Roof 1. 4. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. The file should open to a 3D view.

edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". horizontal line at the front of the roof. 13. Click Modify. 12. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 11.Roofs . Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Set the Offset to 0' 0". Select the lower. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. On the Properties palette.8. 10. Right-click the line. 9. Click Toggle Slope Defining.

rvt. 18. Roofs s 279 . In this exercise. click Yes. Switch to a 3D view. Save as Unit7_shed_roof.14. Finish the Roof. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. you created a shed roof using a footprint. 17. 16. 15. Click OK.

The roof updates. 3. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 5. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. 2. Cutoff Level list. Activate the view North Elevation.rvt.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. On the menu bar. On the Properties palette. You see four levels defined in the model.Roofs . Select the Roof. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Level 3. 4. Open the Default 3D view.

10. Zoom and spin to see your model. on the Properties palette.rvt. On the Draw panel. 11. Roofs s 281 .6. click Pick Lines. 12. 7. 9. Select the inner rectangle as shown. Finish the Roof. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. To set the slope for the new roof. select Defines Slope. 8. 13. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. In this exercise. On the Home tab. Switch to a 3D View. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. On the Options Bar. set the slope value to 3"/12".

Asphalt Shingle Insulated. thereby reducing energy consumption. In the Type Selector. 3.rvt. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. 1. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" .Roofs . Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. Select the main roof over the house. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. 2.

Define a Roof Structure 1. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. s Click OK. click Edit. 3. 4. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. enter Clay Tile. For Name. For Structure Value. Select Layer 2 as shown. 5. It is a generic roof type. Click Insert to add a layer. Roofs s 283 . 2. click Edit Type. click Duplicate. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. Select the roof over the garage. s s In the Type Properties dialog box.

s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure.Roofs . s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. In this exercise. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". Click OK twice. The garage roof displays a pattern. 8.s s s In the Materials dialog box.rvt. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 7. select Model. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. s Click OK. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field.

to support a gutter.rfa. 3. click Roof > Fascia. On the Insert tab. In the Open dialog box. In this exercise. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 4. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. Roofs s 285 . On the Home tab.rvt. Click Open. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. 2. or for decoration.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof.

Click Duplicate. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. Set the Material value to Metal .5. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Matte.Paint Finish Ivory.Roofs . 6. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. for Profile. For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Click OK. s Click OK to exit the dialog box.

8. In this exercise. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments.rvt. Roofs s 287 . Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. 9. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied.

under Profile parameter. so as not to detract from the design of the building. select Metal Aluminum. 3. you add gutters to a building. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. Click OK. 2. select Gutter .Roofs . 6. For Name. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. The completed exercise 4. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. 5.Bevel: 5" x 5". click Roof > Gutter. 1. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. s Click Duplicate. On the Home tab. Under Material parameter.rvt. The file should open to a 3D view. Place Gutters In this exercise.

10. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. 8. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Segments will clean up at corners. you attached gutters to a roof. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. If you click the interior face.7.rvt. 11. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Roofs s 289 . Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. In this exercise. 9.

heat. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. and cold. water.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.

Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. s Using your own house.m. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .

True b. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. s Place fascia. High d. Gambrel d. When referring to roof slope. False 2. a. Hip c. a. Medium c. the run is always 12. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Place gutters. Gable b. General Questions 1. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a.Roofs . you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. Shed 4. Low b. True b. None of the above 3. s Define a roof structure.

b. Create an opening. pick d. Extrusion d. ______ or _______. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. c. Footprint b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. Footprint. Slope c. Face 3. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. False 7. lines c. Sketch. sketch. Material 8. To add a slope to a roofline. Defines Slope c. Walls. Trim/Extend b. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. profile 2. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. ENTER 4. Add Slope b. False Summary/Questions s 293 . you use: a. d. a. 10. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Change the direction of the roof. Change the direction of the slope. A compound roof contains layers. face b. a. a. place a check mark next to: a. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Turn slopes on or off. Activate Slope 9. a. a. True b. Sketch c. DEL d. Expand/Contract 6. SHIFT c. Footprint b. profile. a. a. Roofs can be created using ______. extrusion. True b. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Cut/Lengthen c. Footprint. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Create Slope d. TAB b. False 5. extrusion. Walls d.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Lesson Plan 1. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Create filled regions. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9.

you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and tool racks. and special equipment. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. floor. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions.Sections and Elevations . After completing this lesson. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. Sections are used to examine the roof. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. the kitchen. bathrooms. cabinetry. In a residential building. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. In a commercial structure. the location of special equipment. interior elevations may be used to show display cases.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . and Language Arts.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. Math (STEM). and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology.

s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor.Sections and Elevations . across its narrower dimension. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. and are properly cross-referenced. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). on the long axis of the building. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. framing. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. t Cross or transverse sections. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and foundation plans. s Section lines need not be entirely straight.

full. partial. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. and steel. unnecessary. About Sections and Elevations s 299 .Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. such as framing connections and foundation details.

Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

Sections and Elevations . Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s The position relationship between different elements. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . such as doors and windows.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. For larger elevations.

For a wood structure. Therefore. With interior elevations. this is reversed. people. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. You may. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . however. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. East. shadows. The size of the object is listed first. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. Unnecessary Information Shades. cars. For siding. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. and so forth.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. bushes. South. the titles assigned (North. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. quantity. and then the name of the material. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. or methods of installation. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. For example. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. followed by any additional information about spacing." Mfr.

Molding is normally decorative in nature. or a baseboard. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. windows. Molding is usually made of plaster. chamfers. The trim is usually glued into place. This is more costly than regular overlay. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. flush overlay.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". and other appliances. or linoleum) and the wall. and types of finish materials used. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. This is usually done using a topset. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. and special equipment such as toilets. dishwashers. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. coving. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0".Sections and Elevations . wood. doors. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. or decorative patterns. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. and materials used. It may have curves. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. and lip. casements. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . tile. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. doors and direction of door swings. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. Hinges are concealed. shelf arrangements. or MDF. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. which is a formed pressboard. other openings.

This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Change the section head. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Place a section view on a sheet. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Create an interior elevation. s Create and add notes to a detail section. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. and a section symbol on all plans. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. s Add slope annotations. which you can then add to a sheet.

but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Once created. and Language Arts. like an elevation. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. To review the list of standards for each lesson. A section is a horizontal view.Sections and Elevations . You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Technology. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. and math standards. Math (STEM). Engineering. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . technology.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view.

select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. Sections and Elevations s 307 . elevation. provided its crop region intersects the view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. or other section view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. For example. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off.

308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you can more closely control what displays in the section view. By resizing the crop region.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line.Sections and Elevations . When you create a section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. it includes a crop region to resize the view. the section does not display in the elevation view.

Slope is also referred to as pitch. In a set of construction documents. So. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. s Add structural details. Details are crucial for effective construction. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. the slope of this roof is 2:12. s Add breaklines as needed. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. tracing over the existing elements. Once you create the detail section. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. In the example shown. such as anchor bolts and siding. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. s Add detail notes. which is spoken as 2 in 12. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise.

The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.Sections and Elevations . try to specify standard roof pitch. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.

click Section. 3. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Create panel. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. The file opens to a 3D view. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. On the View tab. 2.rvt. The completed exercise 6. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". The Section command is available from the View tab. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. Create a Section View 1. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. 4. Open the file ADA_Sections. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view.

Sections and Elevations . s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. With the section line selected. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. On the Properties palette. 3. This is called the crop region.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The actual location is not critical. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. Section Properties 1. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. and it has control grips to resize it. 2.

you automatically created a section view. 6. When you drew the section line. 7.4. In the Properties palette. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Sections and Elevations s 313 .rvt. 8. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. change Far Clip Offset to 10. In this exercise. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. The view is listed in your Project Browser. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. The section view updates. Save the file as Unit8_section1. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Clear Crop Region Visible. 5.

5. The view does not change. Load from Library panel. In the Type Properties dialog box.rvt. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. On the Insert tab. Click Open to load the family. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. Select Section Head-Open. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. 2.No Arrow. For Name. 3.1 point Filled. Section Head . 7. 4. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . They include Section Head . click Duplicate. 6. Several section head families are available. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. On the Manage tab. In this exercise. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Settings panel. Click OK. enter Open Arrow.Sections and Elevations . click Load Family.rfa. and Section Head .Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1.Filled.

select Open Arrow. 9. 14. Save as Unit8_section_open. 12.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 315 . For Name. select Section Head . In the Section Tag field. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. 10. click Edit Type. Click OK. For Section Head. In this exercise. 13. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. Select the section line. Click Duplicate.8.Open. 11. Click OK. enter Open Arrow. The section head updates to the new head type. On the Properties palette.

click Callout. select the border of the callout. On the View tab. 4. Use the image below for guidance.Sections and Elevations . Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". 2. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. This is a building section. On the Options Bar. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 5. Create panel. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. To reposition the callout head. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. 3.rvt. 6.

8. 4. 1. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. On the Annotate tab. On the Properties palette. 3. On the Draw panel.7. You can add detail lines. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. but not strongly. select Chain. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. click Region > Filled Region. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Line is selected automatically. Detail panel. On the Options Bar. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. 2. Sections and Elevations s 317 . region patterns. as shown.rvt. detail components. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall.

Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines.5. 6. 7. enter Earth. Select the upper and right side lines.Sections and Elevations . 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. On the Properties palette. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. For Name. Click OK. Click Modify.

On the Annotate tab.8. Detail panel. Click OK. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Detail panel. If you zoom in closer. On the Place Detail Component tab.Section. select Finish (green check). From the Fill Pattern list. click Load Family. 9. 3. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects.rfa. Click Open. 1. On the Mode panel. click Component > Detail Component. the pattern becomes visible. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. the filled region may appear as solid fill. 2. Sections and Elevations s 319 . which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below.

4. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. From the Type Selector. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Click OK. In the Specify Types dialog box. 5.Sections and Elevations . 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Add another Detail Component. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. 7. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Move it after placement if necessary.6. 8. Using the image below for guidance. From the Type Selector list. select Plywood. From the Type Selector.

set the Thickness to 3/4". Click Modify. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. 11.9. On the Properties palette. This component represents the subflooring. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face.Sections and Elevations . The exact vertical placement is not critical. Use the image below for guidance. From the Type Selector. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Click Component > Detail Component. Place the component similarly to the image below. select anchor bolt. 12. Select the vertical plywood. 10.

select Copy. On the Options Bar. Click Modify. Use the image below for guidance. From the Type Selector. Add another Detail Component. select Multiple.13. select Lap Siding. 14. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Sections and Elevations s 323 . Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall.

324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Start at the end of the siding. 2. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. From the Line Style Selector. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab.15. 16. Add Detail Lines 1. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. select Wide Lines. click Detail Line. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Save the file.Sections and Elevations .

Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. 4. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Zoom out. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. 5.3. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Still using Wide Lines.

click Insulation. identified as Wall material 1.Sections and Elevations . In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Save the file. Add Insulation 1. Click Modify. Next. 7. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. 8. Right-click. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Click Edit in the Structure field. The wall display updates. 9. select the Material field in row 3. 2. Select the wall so it highlights. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .6. Detail panel. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 10. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. On the Annotate tab.

Sections and Elevations s 327 . Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Your view should resemble the image shown. click Component > Detail Component. select Break Line. 1. 3. The component snaps to the middle of the wall.2. On the Annotate tab. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Detail panel. From the Type Selector.

detail lines. To complete the detail. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. In this exercise. The view should resemble the image shown.Sections and Elevations . You place another breakline. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. Save the file. 6. 5. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool.4. Click Zoom to Fit. 7. and detail components to it. Place the breakline as shown. The Detail Component tool is still active. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. 2. 3. The size of the object is listed first. To add notes. With nothing selected in the view. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. quantity. 1. weatherproofing. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. s Clear Annotation Crop. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . or methods of installation.rvt. The border around the view will disappear.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. and ventilation methods in construction documents. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise.

click Two Segments. 5. 6. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. 12. Architectural standards favor aligned notation.Sections and Elevations . Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER.4. leader arrow as shown. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. Move the pointer up 11. R13. 9. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . As you pull your cursor to the right. 7. click Text. insulation. Text panel. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. Finally. From the Type list. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 10. On the Annotate tab. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall.4" WEATHERING. 8. On the Format panel.

20. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. is an acronym for On Center.C. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. 16. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board.C. Start the next text at the baseboard..13. Start the next text at the floorboard. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. 14.TYPE X.. . Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. as the second line of text. 18. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. 17. Enter 5/8" GWB . O. 15. Start the next text at the interior wall. 19. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK.C. CONT is short for Continuous. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Click off the text to finish the entry. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance.

23. Note: CONC signifies concrete.Sections and Elevations .Note: GALV signifies galvanized.rvt. 22. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Click Modify.. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise. 21. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Click ENTER to start a second line.

you create a new sheet with your custom title block. Click Open. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. 2. Sections and Elevations s 333 . 3. The new sheet becomes the current view. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. 4. Locate the A-Landscape. section. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Right-click. click Load. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. 5. Highlight your title block. you will want to add the views to a sheet. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. highlight Sheets.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. In the Project Browser. Click New Sheet. and locate the detail view on it.rvt. or elevation view.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. In this exercise. 6.

close to the crop border. Click the control at its left end. 8. click Show Crop Region. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the View Control Bar. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. On the View Control Bar. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Drag it to the right. In the Project Browser. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet.7. click Hide Crop Region. Both Level ends will move together. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Select a Level Line.Sections and Elevations . select view Detail at Foundation. 9.

301. In the Project Browser.10. highlight the new sheet. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. 13. Right-click. s Modified the label values in the title block. Sections and Elevations s 335 . enter Detail at Foundation Sill. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. Click Rename. 11. For Name. you: s Created a new sheet. Click Zoom to Fit. For Number. 12. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Click OK. enter S. In this exercise.rvt. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet.

s Add slope indication for roof. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). four elevation views are included: north.Sections and Elevations . Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. and west.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. s Add material notes. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. The elevation markers are now visible. 2. Select Elevations. Open ADA_Elevations. 4. 2. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Click the Annotations tab. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. east.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. When you create a project with a template. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Set the display for building components as needed. 3. Click OK. s Add any necessary dimensions. 6. Click Zoom to Fit. It is defined by the green dotted line. 5. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Right-click. south.

5. 4.2. 3. Next. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Sections and Elevations s 337 . click Visual Style > Hidden Line. On the Annotations tab. On the View Control Bar. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. On the Modelling tab. clear Sections. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. clear Planting. Enable the visibility of Levels 6.

In the Type Properties dialog box. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Exterior Stucco. In this exercise. and modified the wall display characteristics. Click the button that displays to select a material. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. click to open the list. select Edit in the Structure field. modified its display.Sections and Elevations . 11. Select Sand. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. In Surface Pattern. 12.rvt. On the Properties palette.7. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. Click Zoom to Fit. Select the Material field for Layer 1. 10. 8. click Edit Type. 9. 13. Select the wall. you activated an elevation view. It will be identified as Condo . Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.

Set the Leader type to One Segment. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. quantity. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Sections and Elevations s 339 . Enter TX. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. 5. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. 2. 3. In the Type Selector. 4. Add a note for the stone wall. The size of the object is listed first.rvt. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. or methods of installation. Add a note for the foundation.

Add a note for the brick wall.rvt. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the roof. Add a note for the exterior stucco.6. 8. 7. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 9. In this exercise.Sections and Elevations .

Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. click Spot Slope. 5. On the Annotate tab. 2. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. from the Slope Representation list. 6. Sections and Elevations s 341 . Dimension panel.rvt. enter 1/8". 4. 3.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. select Triangle. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 1. On the Options Bar. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Click to select the roof line. For Offset from Reference.

Click to select the roof line. Click to locate the slope indicator. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . click Aligned. 9. Dimension panel. 10. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Click Modify. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. On the Annotate tab. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces.7. 11.

13. Arrange notes. slope indicators.12. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. 14. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. Sections and Elevations s 343 . you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. and vertical dimensions. In this exercise. leaders. select wall breaks and levels. To create a continuous dimension as shown. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension.rvt. The west elevation now contains material notes. and dimensions for clarity.

This view was already defined in the drawing. Right-click. 2. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. equipment rooms. In the Project Browser. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. Highlight the view. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. and cabinetry. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Find Referring Views.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise.rvt. dimensions. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. special closets. kitchens. 3. Click Open View.

An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Clear Use Project Settings. Sections and Elevations s 345 . click OK. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. 5. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. In the Name box. Right-click.4. 7. 6. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Dimension panel. Select Suppress 0 Feet. On the Annotate tab. click Aligned. s s s s Click Duplicate. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active.

Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10.9. detail the interior section. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.Sections and Elevations .rvt. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. You modified a dimension style. Using the Text and Dimension tools. In this exercise.

Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. 4. Bathrooms and kitchens b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. d. such as north. False 3. Indicate the location of doors and windows. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. s Create a section view. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. s Create material annotations. s Create slope annotations. All of the above 5. The direction the structure is facing. Either one. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . All of the above. s Create filled regions. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. b. a. 2. Not in Contract c. Show the relationships between elements. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. General Questions 1. The direction the viewer is facing. is always the true orientation. it depends. Not in Concrete b. True b. b. c. Nobody in Charge d. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Walls c. Cabinetry d. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. c.

False 5. West c. True b. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. East b. b and c. but not a 6. c. The Visual Style of the view. Click Add View. Right-click. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Which elevation is it? a. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. The detail level of the view. 4. c.Sections and Elevations . Element properties c. a. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The height of the view. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. d. click Sheet Composition > View. b. False 2. South d. a. The boundaries of the view. The dotted line indicates: a. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. b. d. you use: a. On the View tab. Sun and Shadow b. North 3. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. True b. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a.

s Load a schedule tag. Review Schedules. s Export a schedule. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Reformat a schedule. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 6.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . 2. 4. (Student) Evaluate Students. 5.

Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . After completing this lesson.Schedules . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.

This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. About Schedules s 351 . Engineering. and Language Arts.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. Some of these building objects include. Technology. engineering. width. about the building objects in your architectural plan. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. and thickness. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. such as reference number. height. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. However. the same primary information is included. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity).Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components.Schedules . and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. There are different types of schedule tables. depending on the style of the architectural firm. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. Instance. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible.

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 .

these tags can be placed automatically or manually. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. A circle. and A for appliances. hexagon. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). Like schedules. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. E for electrical. However. window. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Using the software.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules.Schedules . The following image shows door. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. Other letters are P for plumbing.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. windows. technology. Project templates include preset schedules. Math (STEM). Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Schedules list items such as doors. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Engineering. s Export a schedule. hardware. s Add room tags. and math standards. materials. engineering. and you can create your own schedules. s Create a room schedule. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. equipment. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Technology. Schedules s 355 . Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. rooms.

This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. 2. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.rvt. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. and you set the schedule to display totals. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. Open ADA_Window_Schedules.Schedules . s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

Schedules s 357 . In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. 3. and Width. Level. 4. select Comments. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.s Window Tag 5. Type Mark. Click Add. Height. Add Count. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Select Windows from the list. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. 7. On the View tab. 6. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. In Available Fields.

Click OK to finish the schedule. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. 9.8. from left to right. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Select the fields. A view opens with the schedule you just defined.

Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Select Blank Line. 3. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. 2. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. From the Sort By list. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Schedules s 359 . 1. select Type Mark. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. but without any useful calculations yet.

click Edit. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. Rather than make a manual calculation. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. you can have the schedule report this. 2. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. In the Project Browser. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. in the Then By sorting field. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . click the schedule name. in this case). select Level. 3. On the Properties palette. for Sorting/ Grouping. 1. In order to calculate the total number of windows. Notice how the schedule has changed.Schedules . The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 4.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. clear Itemize Every Instance.

From the list. On the Properties palette. click Edit 7. and Totals. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. select Footer. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. In this exercise. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. Schedules s 361 . This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. for Sorting/ Grouping.rvt. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. select Title. s Set the schedule to display category totals. 6. Count. The totals for each window type now display.5. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family.

click Room > Room. 2. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. click Overwrite the Existing Version. occupancy. Room & Area panel. floor type. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Room size. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. 4.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. In this exercise. ceiling type. Locate the file named Room Tag.rvt.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition.Schedules . On the Home tab. 3. based on the amount of space in each room. Open ADA_Room_Tags. 5. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. Click Open.

Room & Area panel. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. 6. a total of 7. On the Home tab. Schedules s 363 . click Room > Room Separation Line. 7. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Click Modify to terminate the placement. 8.In the Type Selector. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. and in the hall as shown.

s Change the word Room to Manager. 12. An edit box activates. 13. s Click the Room text.9.Schedules . The cursor changes to sketch mode. Select Room #2. The room tag updates. 11. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Place a room tag below the room separation line. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. Click Modify. On the Room & Area panel. click Room. 10. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. The area value for Room 7 updates. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights.

for Name. you: s Loaded a room tag. On the Properties palette. Schedules s 365 . enter Sales. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Changed room tag field values. s Added a room separation. 15. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. s Tagged various objects.rvt.14. In this exercise.

The completed exercise 5. For Name. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Name. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. 3. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order.Schedules . you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. 2. Set the Sort By value to Number. enter Square Footage Report. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Click OK. Create a Room Schedule 1. The New Schedule dialog box displays. 6. On the View tab. Click Add--> after each selection. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. select Number. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise.rvt. 4. In the Available Fields pane. Create panel. and Area to be included in your schedule.

In the Format dialog box. s Select Calculate Totals. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. s Set Alignment to Right. Highlight the Number field. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Click OK. s Click Field Format. 9. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Select Grand Totals. 10. Highlight the Area field. Schedules s 367 . Select Title and Totals from the list.7. Click the Formatting tab. s Set Units to Square Feet. Change the Heading to No. clear Use Project Settings. 8.

In this exercise. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. 12.11. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. you: s Created a room schedule.rvt. s Totaled one of the columns.Schedules . 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

The file is created. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Note the formatting that has been applied. 5. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report.rvt. 6. 2. Double-click it to open it. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Click OK. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. you export the room schedule to a text file. locate the file you created. You can then use this file in other applications. 4. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Click Save.txt) file. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. 3. Browse to a directory to save your report. On the application menu. You can save the data in a delimited text (*.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Using your Windows Explorer. Schedules s 369 .

Schedules . 8.7. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. In this exercise. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. Close the text file.

Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Load a schedule tag. s Export a schedule. True b. Quantity c. A list of sheets used in a project. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. you learned to: s Create a schedule. None of the above. False Summary/Questions s 371 . A list of information that defines specific building objects. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. s Place a schedule tag. Instance 3. What is a schedule table? a. Matrix d. d. b. Type b. s Reformat a schedule. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. False 4. a. c. a. Questions 1. True b. 2.

a. Home d. Modify 2. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. CSV d. Manage tab 3. Annotate b. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . XLS c. View c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. use the ____ . View tab c. To export a schedule.Schedules . Application menu d. a. TXT b. Annotate tab b. Schedules are created from the ____ tab.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 3. 2. Lesson Plan 1. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. Review Visualization. 4. 5. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Student) Evaluate Students.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Add planting components. or camera on a path.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Export a walkthrough. After completing this lesson. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. The animation file can be played in any media player. Finally. s Create and edit a walkthrough. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Create a raytrace rendering. you create a walkthrough. s Export a DWG file. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Assign materials. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Apply shading to a view. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Technology. Math (STEM). s Place a camera. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows.Visualization . s Orient walls and windows. s Export an FBX file. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Play a walkthrough.

rvt.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. s s 2. To prepare your model for rendering. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. courseware datasets. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. Open Unit2_custom_family. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. Click Zoom to Fit. You worked on animations. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. s Make a camera view the active view. Assign materials. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format.

The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. The wall display updates. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 5. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. 6. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. The walls now display layers of materials. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. Select one of the exterior walls.3. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. If you do not see any change in the wall display. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. 4. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Right-click. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Stud.Visualization . Select any exterior wall.

Select Site: Grass. Select walls. On the Properties palette. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly.7. Select the toposurface object. 8. In addition to using the control arrows. Right-click. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Visualization s 377 . you can: s s s 9. Open the Default 3D view. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. 10. Click OK. Repeat the process for the windows. Click Change wall's orientation.

Export the Model to FBX 1. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. 12. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. and click Open.11. 3. click Export > FBX. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. This will filter the file list. Open 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. 2. select Autodesk (*. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Note the file location.FBX). Select the Roof. you have completed this exercise. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Select the file name. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the application menu. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. for Files of type. click Import > Import.rvt. Save the file as Unit10_Export.Visualization . The file opens in 3ds Max Design. In the Select File to Import dialog box. Depending on your system resources.

Depending on your system resources. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. you have completed this exercise. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. 2. click Next. If necessary. 3.rvt. Visualization s 379 . Export the Model to DWG 1. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Note the file location. There is no way to update it from Revit. Close the file without saving. On the application menu. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. open Unit10_Export. Open or return to Revit. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG.4.

click References > File Link Manager. On the application menu. 8. Close the File Link Manager. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . open Unit10_Export. In the File Link Manager . If necessary.4. Open 3ds Max Design. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Open or return to Revit. Click Open. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager.rvt. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. click File.max. Select two windows as shown. Select the file name. click Attach This File. 5. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. 7. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. 6. 9.

The windows have updated. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Visualization s 381 . 12. 13. Save the export file using the same name as before.10. In the dialog box. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. On the application menu. Save the file. Open the 3D view. 11.

s Oriented walls and windows. The windows have changed.14. Open the Files tab. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays.Visualization . s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Click Reload. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Close the File Link Manager. 15. In this exercise. The linked file updates. Open the File Link Manager. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Changed a material definition.

If you place the camera too close to the model. Place a Camera 1. generate a rendering. you place a camera in a model. Visualization s 383 . Open the Site view. In this exercise. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. change materials. and create a second rendering. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. On the View tab.rvt. 3. as shown. click Camera. Create panel. add plantings to the model. Open Unit10_Export.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. 2. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera.

384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 5. 2.4. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly.Visualization . select Very Few Clouds. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. click Show Rendering Dialog. Return to the perspective view. If necessary. On the View Control Bar. Click Show Camera. Right-click. The camera will be visible. The camera perspective view opens. s s s s Open a floor plan view. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. 7. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. 6. Open the Site view again. Render Setup 1.

Open view 3D View 1. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view.30' approximately as shown. Model Site panel. and Lighting. 2. s Click Render. 3. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. click Site Component. Accept the default settings for Quality. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Visualization s 385 . On the Massing & Site tab. Click Render. Enhance the Model 1. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak .3. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Open the Site view. Output Settings.

In the Save to Project dialog box. Click Edit in the Structure field. 5. Select the roof. In the Rendering dialog box. Revit places the image in its own view. On the Properties palette. 5.4. The model displays in the view. select Roofing . Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. click Save to Project. 2. click Edit Type. 4. 6. click Show the Model. click Edit Type.Visualization . In the Rendering dialog box. In the Materials list. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . and you can now select elements for editing.Wood Shake. 3. Select an exterior wall. Change Materials 1. click OK. On the Properties palette. In the Layer 1 Material field. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle.

Click Replace. Select the icon next to Masonry . Visualization s 387 . Click Edit in the Structure field. 7.10. 9. Click the Render Appearance tab. 8.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field.

In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box.rvt. click Render. s Created a raytrace setup. 13. s Generated and captured a render image. s Edited materials in model components. In this exercise.Visualization . click Save to Project. 16. In the Rendering dialog box. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. Save the file as Unit10_render. 15. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Brick Uniform Running Brown.11. s Placed site planting components in the model. These images are now available as options to present to a client. Click OK. 14. The new image is placed in its own view. s Generated and captured a second render image. Select Masonry . 12. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view.

Visualization s 389 . s On the View tab. s View the animation in a media player. The camera and path can be edited. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. or walkthroughs. in a project model. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. In this exercise. s Right-click. click to the left of the model as shown. Click Zoom to Fit. 4. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. Open floor plan view Level 1. along the path can be viewed in different modes.rvt. Each view.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. 2. click 3d View > Walkthrough. and exported individually. rendered. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. Click Zoom Out (2x). The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. 3. or frame. The cursor changes to a crosshair. s Edit the camera and path. To place a key frame. s Right-click again. Create panel. Open Unit10_render.

Walkthrough panel. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 9.5. click Finish Walkthrough. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 8. 7. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 6. The Options Bar changes. Drag it to the left. 11. Walkthrough panel. On the Modify | Cameras tab. Repeat for all the key frames. The camera is located on the final key frame. Select the direction control for the camera. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. click Edit Walkthrough. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 10.Visualization . Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown.

click Next Key Frame. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. 2. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. 3. If camera positions distort. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. The path displays control dots at key frames. 13. Click Open. From the Controls list. Check the view in several key frames. Click Edit Walkthrough. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.12. On the Walkthrough panel. select Path. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Visualization s 391 .

File Name. Click Play. notice where you save the file. On the application menu. In the Video Compression dialog box.Play the Walkthrough 1. 2. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. Click OK.rvt. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. In the Length/Format dialog box.Visualization . click OK. select a video compression method to hold down file size. Click Save. 4. 2. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Export the Walkthrough 1. The walkthrough plays in the view window. Revit generates the external AVI file. 3. This may take a long time depending on your system resources.

It plays in your media player.5. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Plan your class time accordingly. Visualization s 393 . Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. such as shaded or rendering. 6. Double-click the new file name.

s Edited the path. In this exercise. save the Revit Architecture file. s Played the animation file in a media player. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.7. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. If you have made changes to the building model.Visualization . s Exported the walkthrough to an external file.

Align c. True b. False 2. Questions 1. s Play a walkthrough. s Add planting components. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. s Orient walls and windows. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Export an FBX file. s Export a walkthrough. a. s Export a DWG file. a. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. you use: a. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. Flip Orientation d. Export > FBX 3. True b. Split b. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Create a raytrace rendering. View > Shading d. s Place a camera. s Assign materials. s Apply shading to a view. Demolish 2. a. False Summary/Questions s 395 . Save As > FBX c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. you use: a. Print to File b.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . and braces. 2. In the following exercises. Review structural columns. 3. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. you learn how to place structural columns. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. (Student) Evaluate Students. beam systems. beams and braces. 4. 5. beams. Lesson Plan 1.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. foundations. 6.

For example. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.Structural .About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. beams. and other structural elements will be located in a building.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 .

Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. walls.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. Knowing where structural members.Structural . are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . especially columns. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. and other building objects.

Place columns and beams on grids. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Place beam systems and braces. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. After completing this lesson. Create column grids. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Structural s 401 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Engineering. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams.

or reinforced concrete. Beams connect columns or walls. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. As with columns. or concrete. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. Open Deck Framing. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. In this exercise. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. this is known as post and beam construction.Structural .Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. 1. In residential construction.Hide Category. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . Structural columns can be steel. often mainly glass. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. 2. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. click Column > Structural Column. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. spans without walls. Select a floor. On the View Control Bar. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Build panel of the Home tab. beams can be steel. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. 3. They come in types defined by size and shape. wood. wood. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members.

Repeat at grid intersections 2A. 6. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". On the View Control Bar. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 8. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. and 4B. 3A. On the Options Bar. In the Type Selector. Structural s 403 . Click Modify to terminate the Column tool.4. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". 5. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. 7. click Depth.

404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. The columns are now hidden by the floors. 10. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". In the Project Browser. and columns clearly. Right-click. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Click OK. 11. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Click OK. Place Beams 1. Open Plan View Deck Framing.Structural . Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Click Hide In View > Element.9. rail. Click off the columns to clear your selection set.

Click. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. 5. select Chain. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. To place beams: Structural s 405 . On the Options Bar. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. click Beam. 4. Structure panel. s In the view window.3. In the Type Selector. On the Structure tab.

7. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. On the Properties palette.Structural . Click. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click. 6. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click Modify.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2.

9. In this exercise. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click. click Make Wall Bearing. Click Modify. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Structural s 407 . If a Warning dialog box that opens. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. 12.rvt. Click on grid intersection B4. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Click OK.8. click Beam. Structure panel. as shown. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Save the file as Deck Beams. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. On the Properties palette. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. 11. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection.

Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.Structural . A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. 2. click Beam System. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. click Pick Supports. 4. click No. 3. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. or number of beams in a bay. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. Structure panel. you: s Place beam systems. Open Plan View Deck Framing. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. Open Deck Beams. Place Beam Systems 1. click Sketch Beam System. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. s Place braces.rvt. The completed exercise 5. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. In this exercise. On the Structure tab. distance. Click the beam on Grid 1. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Draw a line on the face of the wall.6. On the Draw panel. as shown. 7. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Structural s 409 . Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. click Line.

click Pick Supports. On the Properties palette. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . set Elevation to -0'-9". Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' .8. s s s On the Draw panel. click Line. 10. click Finish (green check). On the Mode panel. Trim as necessary. Click Finish.2".6". To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab.Structural . Click the beam on Grid 2. click Create Similar. s 9. On the Properties palette. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. 11. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . s s On the Draw panel.

Click to place the elevation. unlike regular elevations.Place Braces 1. as shown. On the View Control Bar. It has an automatic work plane. 5. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. click Brace. Open Plan View Deck Framing. On the Structure tab. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. In the Project Browser. Structural s 411 . On the View tab. Structure panel. 2. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Adjust the view crop region as shown. 3. 4. Create panel.

7. In the Type Selector.6. Repeat the brace going right to left. to start the brace. Click Modify. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4.Structural . click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. In the view window. 8. 9. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

11. s Placed braces. Structural s 413 .10. In this exercise. Save the file as Deck structure. you: s Placed beam systems.rvt. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.

Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. The exact location is not critical. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Grid. and section views. and walls. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. elevation. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. Datum panel. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. This is a common step early in designing a large building. but they can also be angular and radial. as shown. click in the lower left to start a grid line. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. Pull the cursor straight up. Grid datasets. The exact length is not critical. In this exercise. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model.Structural . beams. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. 2. The numbering automatically increments. You can change a grid number at any time. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. In plan views. s s In the view window.

Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Click to place a new grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0".3. 4. Structural s 415 . The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to start another grid line. The Grid tool is still active.

Grid 3 is already the selection set. Press ENTER. click to place the grid line. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. 7. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Repeat to create grid line 4. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Pull the cursor to the left. Pull the cursor to the right. 6. close to the heads.Structural . The new grid line will be number 3. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Enter A at the keyboard. The new grid line is number 5.5. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. click Copy. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". s Select Grid Line 2. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Click to start a grid line. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Press ENTER. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR.

8. s Click to place the grid line. s Select grid 2. This grid line will be number B. 9. Structural s 417 . Click outside the bubble to enter the number. 11. Grid 2. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Change the number to 2. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. On the grid line. The Grid tool is still active. s Click Copy. click the elbow control to place an offset.1 is still selected. This completes the main grid.1. 10. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one.

Click to place the grid head. On the Options Bar. On the Options Bar. click Grid.000 o . On the Draw panel. The Grid tool is still active. Press ENTER.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. click Radius. 3. Create panel. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. enter 15. click Pick. select Center-Ends Arc. Change the number to EE. On the Home tab. 4. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Zoom to Fit. s Click to start the grid line. On the Draw panel. In the Radius field. s s Click grid intersection D3. Click in the new grid bubble. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. set Offset to 15'-0".Structural .

Drag it down below the radial grids.5. Click to place grid FF. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. 7. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. 6. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. You will need to identify it easily. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Structural s 419 . Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid.

Click to place the grid line. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel.rvt. s In this exercise. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.Pick Axis.8. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s 10. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 9. 11.000. Zoom to Fit.Structural . you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. click Mirror . s Select grid 31. click Create Similar. Click in the new grid bubble. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Revit will create grid 32. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s Click grid intersection D3. s Select grid 3. Press ENTER. Enter 31 to change the name.

As a result. In this exercise. In the Type Selector. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. Structure panel. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s 3. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. Now you place columns at grid intersections. click Column > Structural Column. This is a steel column. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. Structural s 421 . s Add footings to columns. s Use a column grid to place beams. 2. s Change a grid layout. Open ADA_Grids-complete. you typically create a grid.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab.

click At Grids. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 4. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . A. On the Multiple panel. B.s s On the Options Bar. In the Multiple panel. 3. click Finish. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 4.Structural . 2. set Height to Level 3. C and D. 5. 6.

Click Grid 1. On the Multiple panel. 4. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Structural s 423 .Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. columns. and beams will move to the right. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". 2. The grid. 3. click Finish. click Beam. Open Floor Plan Level 2. Zoom to Fit. On the Multiple panel. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Window-select all the grid lines. click On Grids. 5. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns.

On the Multiple panel. click No. Open the Default 3D view. 3. click Isolated. click Finish. 4. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. In the view window. click At Columns. window-select all the columns. click Undo. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 1. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. On the Quick Access toolbar. 2. 6. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Columns and beams will move to the right. On the Multiple panel. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once.Structural . Click Redo.

but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. A warning displays. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column.5. in the Type Selector. To change the size of the footing. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". s On the Properties palette. 7. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. The footing had been placed at Level 1. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". 6. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. Structural s 425 . Press ESC to clear the column selection. Click OK. The footing changes size.

you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Used a column grid to place beams. s Changed a grid layout.Structural . s Added footings to columns. Save and close the file. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In this exercise.8.

spans. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders.

Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Structural . using formulas based on physics. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Beam d. Brace c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. 2. s Add footings to columns. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Place braces. s Place beam systems. Column b. True b. Questions 1. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. All of the above. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Change a grid layout.

If you relocate a grid line. A and B. A but not B. To create a beam system. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. All of the above. c. c. To change the height of a column. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Use grid lines and grid intersections. Flip Orientation d. b. Select the type of beam or column to place. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. Pick points. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 5. Properties c. 2. 3. a.Structural . False 4. b. a. d. you can: a. you: a. Stretch b. When placing columns or beams. True b. Select a beam type and define the system layout. d. you use: a. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1.

Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Ltd.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . WI Roger Dohm . Copyright s 431 .Director. South Division High School. Poway.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Teacher.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .org Project Lead the Way. Smith . Starkweather .Executive Director. Randy Dymond. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Susan Harrington . Milwaukee. CA Ronald A Williams. International Technology Education Association www. Inc. Mathematics.Instructor. Poway High School. PE .iteaconnect. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.

Inc. may not be reproduced in any form.. INC. Autodesk Revit MEP. 2010 Autodesk.. Inc. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. AutoCAD MEP. AutoCAD Architecture. All rights reserved. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. Autodesk Inventor. Inc. INC. “AS IS. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. product names. CA 94903. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. All rights reserved. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. AutoCAD. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. Trademarks Autodesk. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries.” AUTODESK.© 2010 Autodesk. Inc. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . or parts thereof. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. Inc. Autodesk Revit Architecture. this publication. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. by any method. All other brand names. for any purpose. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. Published by: Autodesk. AutoCAD Civil 3D. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite.

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