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ADA 2011 Pre-Architecture Revit

ADA 2011 Pre-Architecture Revit

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Sections

  • History
  • Process
  • Tools
  • About This Unit
  • Lessons
  • About This Lesson
  • Key Terms
  • Standards
  • Design Using Elements
  • Design Using Form
  • The Massing and Site tab
  • Place Mass
  • In-Place Mass
  • Create Building Elements from Masses
  • Annotations
  • Dimensions
  • Exercises
  • Navigating the Ribbon Interface
  • The Ribbon
  • Ribbon Tabs
  • Structure
  • Application Menu
  • Revit Architecture Screen Display
  • The Project Browser
  • The Status Bar
  • View Control Bar
  • Navigation Bar
  • Quick Access Toolbar
  • Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs
  • Display and Hide RibbonTabs
  • Exercise: Context Tabs
  • Context Tabs
  • Work with Views and Objects
  • Exercise: View Controls
  • Visibility
  • View Properties
  • Graphic Display Options
  • Exercise: Work With Families
  • Use the Revit Architecture Library
  • Exercise: Create Custom Families
  • Modify an Existing Family
  • Create an In-Place Family
  • Background
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Engineering
  • Math
  • Summary
  • Questions
  • Lesson Plan
  • Building Codes
  • Drawing Units
  • Scale and Dimensions
  • Sheets
  • Title Blocks
  • Templates
  • Exercise: Select a Template
  • Select a Template
  • Exercise: Set Units
  • Set Project Units
  • Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style
  • Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style
  • Exercise: Create a New Sheet
  • Duplicate and Modify a Plan View
  • Set Project Information
  • Add a Sheet
  • Add a View to the Sheet
  • Exercise: Create a Title Block
  • Draft a Title Block
  • Add a Company Logo
  • Add Text to the Title Block
  • Add Labels
  • Exercise: Insert a Title Block
  • Insert a Title Block
  • Exercise: Create a Template
  • Create a Template
  • General Questions
  • Revit Architecture Questions
  • Space Planning
  • Wall Types
  • Partition Walls
  • Frame Walls
  • Platform Framing
  • Balloon Framing
  • Wall Structures
  • Concrete
  • Brick
  • Stone
  • Gypsum Board
  • Wood
  • Fire-Stops
  • Wall Function
  • Wall Structure
  • Walls in Revit Architecture
  • Exercise: Place Walls
  • Sketch Walls
  • Exercise: Modify Walls
  • Align Walls
  • The Wall Trim Tool
  • Exercise: Define a Wall Structure
  • Introduction
  • Modify Wall Structure
  • Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure
  • Wall Sample Height
  • Split Region Tool
  • Merge Region Tool
  • Modify Tool
  • Assign Layers
  • Overview of Doors and Windows
  • Elements of Doors and Windows
  • Doors Elements
  • Windows Elements
  • Door Types
  • Window Types
  • Revit Architecture Doors and Windows
  • Exercise: Place Doors
  • Add Doors
  • Load Families
  • Exercise: Place Windows
  • Add Windows
  • Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall
  • Equality Constraints
  • Exercise: Copy Windows
  • Create Similar
  • Copy Windows
  • Elements of Stairs and Railings
  • Stairs
  • Railings
  • Stair Calculations
  • Stair Types
  • Quarter-Turn Stair
  • Half-Turn Stair
  • Winding Stair
  • Circular Stair
  • Spiral Stair
  • Requirements and Building Code
  • Landings
  • Risers and Treads
  • Nosings
  • Ramps
  • Handrails
  • Stairs in Revit Architecture
  • Exercise: Create Stairs
  • Straight Run Stairs
  • Exercise: Modify Stairs
  • Exercise: Add a Railing
  • Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs
  • Create a Reference Plane
  • Use Hide/Isolate
  • Reset the Display
  • Materials and Terminology
  • Materials
  • Roof Construction
  • Sloping Roofs
  • Roof Types
  • Gable
  • Cross Gable
  • Flat
  • Hipped
  • Cross Hipped
  • Pyramidal
  • Shed
  • Mansard
  • Gambrel
  • Salt Box
  • Roof Slope
  • Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture
  • Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof
  • Drawing Reference Planes
  • Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile
  • Join/Unjoin Roof
  • Trim Walls
  • Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint
  • Change the Roof Pitch
  • Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration
  • Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration
  • Create a Roof Opening
  • Add Slope Lines
  • Exercise: Create a Hip Roof
  • Create the Roof
  • Raise the Roof
  • Exercise: Create a Shed Roof
  • Create a Shed Roof
  • Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof
  • Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials
  • Define a Roof Structure
  • Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia
  • Exercise: Place Gutters
  • Place Gutters
  • Building Sections
  • Building Section Information
  • Purpose of Building Sections
  • Drafting Building Sections
  • Section Types
  • Exterior Elevations
  • View Scale
  • Exterior Materials
  • Unnecessary Information
  • Interior Elevations
  • Interior Orientations
  • Casements and Cabinets
  • Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings
  • Section Views
  • Callouts and Detail Sections
  • Interior Elevation Views
  • Section Command
  • Section View
  • Section Symbol Visibility
  • Controlling View Depth
  • Reference Bubbles
  • Detail Sections
  • Exercise: Create a New Section View
  • Section Properties
  • Exercise: Change the Section Head
  • Exercise: Create a Detail Section
  • Detail the View
  • Add Detail Components
  • Add Detail Lines
  • Add Insulation
  • Add Breaklines
  • Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section
  • Add Notes
  • Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet
  • Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation
  • Switch to an Elevation View
  • Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation
  • Exercise: Add Slope Annotations
  • Add Slope Annotations
  • Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation
  • Schedule Tables
  • Placement of Schedules
  • Types of Schedules
  • Schedule Tags
  • Use of Symbols in Schedules
  • Schedules in Revit Architecture
  • Exercise: Create a Window Schedule
  • Group and Sort Schedules
  • Change from Instance to Type Schedule
  • Exercise: Add Room Tags
  • Add Room Tags
  • Exercise: Create a Room Schedule
  • Exercise: Export a Schedule
  • Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design
  • Prepare the Model
  • Export the Model to FBX
  • Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture
  • Place a Camera
  • Render Setup
  • Enhance the Model
  • Change Materials
  • Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture
  • Create a Walkthrough
  • Play the Walkthrough
  • Export the Walkthrough
  • Columns
  • Braces
  • Beams
  • Column Grids
  • Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams
  • Place Columns
  • Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces
  • Place Beam Systems
  • Place Braces
  • Exercise: Create Column Grids
  • Create a Rectangular Column Grid
  • Create a Radial Column Grid
  • Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture
  • Use a Column Grid to Place Columns
  • Add Footings to Columns

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

1

With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
s s s s s

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

the display shows editable distances and angles. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. intersections. Distances can be adjusted at any time. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .When sketching walls.

Software Tools . floors. stairs. Other building elements such as doors. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. windows. You can add building elements in plan. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and 3D views. roofs.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. elevation. section. furniture. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design.

windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. or at any time after. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . In the two illustrations shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient.While components are being sketched. the other will move as well. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. If one is moved. In the illustration shown.

Software Tools . 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In essence. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.If the left side wall is moved. all the windows obey their constraints.

s Use tools to create building elements from masses. technology. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. s Constrain placement of objects. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. s Place a predefined Mass family. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . Engineering. Technology. and math standards. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to science. engineering.

The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. roofs. size. A designer. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There are mass families available to load into a project. and then converted into building components such as floors. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. and curtain systems. such as distance requirements from roadways. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. or masses. Masses can be edited in many ways. you can create in-place masses.Software Tools . quickly. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. walls. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. owner.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.

Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. roofs. walls.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . When a mass has been placed or created in a project. or within. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. masses.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off.

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Engineering. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Recognize temporary dimensions. Math (STEM). technology. and symbol heads. tags. Technology. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. and math standards. Annotation includes text notes. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. s Explain the use of dimensions. legends. engineering.

Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. Each symbol family file (*. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .rfa) can be opened and edited.

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. or angular. Permanent dimensions can be linear. and permanent dimensions for annotating. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. radial. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .y.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.z) coordinate system. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. and how other levels change display accordingly. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.

Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. s Open tabs on the ribbon. and Options Bar. s Open and use ribbon tabs. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. and math standards. Math (STEM).Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. technology. s Work with tool buttons. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. the Type Selector. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. Technology. engineering. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering.Software Tools .

Some commands will not be active (that is. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. for instance. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. Its position is fixed. and rooms. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. windows. Display and Navigation s 31 . beams. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. doors. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design.

Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. columns. slabs. braces. and foundations. structural walls. trusses. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. and text. symbols. Display and Navigation s 33 . detailing.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .

Context tabs display as you work.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. and parameters. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. copy/paste. materials. and inquiry. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. Save.Software Tools . Open. This menu has file management tools such as New. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and Close. Print.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

families. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. sheets. schedules. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. and groups.Software Tools . The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. Legends. with four elevation markers visible.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. schedules. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

shadow display. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . click the User Interface button located on the View tab. level of detail. A check mark indicates it is visible. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. visual style. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. sun settings. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. To toggle the Project Browser on/off.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked.Software Tools . Windows panel on the ribbon. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. View Control Bar View scale. rendering (in 3D views). cropping. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. and a selection filter counter at the far right end.

Display and Navigation s 43 . To change the scale of a view. but not at Coarse. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Select the desired view scale from the list.

Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Shaded. Hidden Line is the default. Shaded with Edges. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Hidden Line. It enables you to switch between Wireframe.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

sun and shadow intensity. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. which can be according to the view.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. or by global location. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. Display and Navigation s 47 . The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. date and time.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 49 .The Render control is active in 3D views. shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Crop region selected. Once elements have been hidden. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. the view window displays a colored border.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

along with other display settings.Software Tools .The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . enabling you to select them. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.

Massing & Site. To activate or open a view. Collaborate. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette.All views are listed in the Project Browser. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. View. Nine tabs are available: Home. Structure. Display and Navigation s 55 . Insert. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Annotate. Manage and Modify.

Software Tools . 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

If you select items in the view window. When a context tab is active. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Options Bar.Context Tabs. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. showing options that you can select while you are working. Display and Navigation s 57 . Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. Properties Palette. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. the Options Bar may display below it. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started.

58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 .

Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In 3D views. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.Software Tools . There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 .

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

such as File Open. Export. and Publish. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. the application menu. Print. File Close only appears on the application menu. File Save. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. The application menu contains file management controls. Click a file name to open that file. Display and Navigation s 65 . New File.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. You can switch this list to show open views in open files.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools .

make the Home tab active. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. To start a new project. 2. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. or click New > Project from the application menu. The completed exercise 4. Display and Navigation s 67 . click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. The panel titles display under the tab titles. If you select the menu option. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Select Minimize to Panel Titles.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Do this for other tabs. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. After you have examined each of them. On the ribbon. 3. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles.

Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Cycle Through All. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Close the file without saving.5. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. 6. and then viewed. you opened a project file. 7. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon.Software Tools . In this exercise.

The file opens to a 3D view. doubleclick the view name. Display and Navigation s 69 . Open quick_start_building_elements. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. 2. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Exercise 2. In the Project Browser. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. You worked on this file in Getting Started.rvt.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs.

Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. Click any interior wall.3. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". 4. On the Properties palette. Click the door in the upper left of the model. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. 8. Clear Walls and Doors. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 7. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. and windows highlight blue. doors. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. all the walls. Click OK.Software Tools . You are selecting everything visible. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Click Filter panel > Filter. 5. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . . The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. 6.

9. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. 11. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Click any door. 10. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. On the Properties palette. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. 12. Place a door as shown. you opened a project file. In this exercise. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.rvt. Display and Navigation s 71 . examined the menus and toolbars. click Create panel > Create Similar.

72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You can create sections. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. In the exercises. floors). Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. ceiling plan. mechanical equipment). Views can be added to your drawing sheets. Math (STEM).Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. System families include levels. templates. drafting views. and Language Arts. Technology. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. Engineering.Software Tools . s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. s Create a new in-place family. either predefined or user-created. operating settings. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. lines. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. s Work with Revit families. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Component families include model objects (furniture. annotations. and elevation views by default. schedules. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and 3D views using the View menu. building elements (walls. s Load and place component families. Pan. and views. Revit provides floor plan. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. display controls.

Working with Views and Objects s 73 . engineering.This lesson relates to science. technology. and math standards.

The display changes. 2.rvt. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box.Software Tools . 3. Click OK. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Rightclick in the view window. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Four elevation markers are visible. even a small one. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top.Exercise: View Controls A building model. There is also a copy in the course datasets. First. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Click Zoom to Fit. VG also opens the dialog box. is an extensive database. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Open Unit2_building_elements. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Use your keyboard to enter VV. There is no way to see everything in it. Click the Annotation Categories tab.

You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Select Detail Level: Medium. Click Zoom In Region. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Select the roof outline. Right-click. Right-click. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. 7. Click Open. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Enter ZF. Click and drag the cursor as shown. There are two parts to an elevation. 6. Zoom to Fit. 5. In the Project Browser. click Detail Level. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. On the View Control Bar. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. so be sure to select them both.4. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit.

doors and windows are not shown.Software Tools . The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. On the Properties palette. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Turn off visibility of the elevations. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. Enter VH. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. View Properties 1. 2. Click Zoom to Fit. as before. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. change the Underlay value to None.8. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans.

Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. For Name. Right-click. click Edit. enter Roof. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views.0". Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. and where the cut plane sits. Click OK. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Set the cut plane value to 7' . By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Click Rename.3. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Next to View Range. the ridge is now visible. 4.

select Winter Solstice. Accept the location that activates. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. under Solar Study. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. In the Sun Settings dialog box. In the dialog box that opens. select Shadows On. Set the time to 9:30 am. select Shading with Edges. 3. 2. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 4.Software Tools . On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options.Graphic Display Options 1. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. 5. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. select Still. Open Elevation view South. In the Presets list. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8.

you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . Save the file as Unit2_views.rvt. In this exercise. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 6. The elevation shadows update. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time.

standard families. windows. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. railings. load. 2. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. Doors are considered standard family entities. or institutional structures. You add closet doors to interior walls. you open an existing project file. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. lights. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Build panel. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture.rvt. and place Revit families. is predefined within Revit. and use a Revit family to place a door. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. commercial. In Revit. walls. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project.Software Tools . There are system families. windows. 3. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. and families in place. floors. such as levels. Open Unit2_views. roofs. and floors. and so on. This exercise illustrates how you locate. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Additionally. and furniture. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. Doors. These components are called families and there are several different types. furniture. furniture). s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. or stand-alone (for example. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and annotations are examples of standard families. On the Home tab. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. s A system family. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. click Door. doors and windows are dependent on walls).

verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). and Annotation. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Project files have a file extension of *. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. The Door Insertion tool stays active. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement.rfa. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . 4. It has a number of different sizes defined. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. 5.rvt. Family files have a file extension of *. Accept the default size. Click Open. Tag panel. Click Open. Click the Doors folder. Locate Double Panel 2.rfa. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. You click to place an instance of the door family. As you move your cursor near any wall. s s 6. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. If you highlight a door family. Furniture.

You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. but not strongly.Software Tools . loaded. 9.7. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 8. you located. Place two more instances of the door as shown. In this exercise. and placed instances of a door family. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. simply click it. Place an instance of the door as shown. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.rvt.

Working with Views and Objects s 83 . The required width is not available. Click OK. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. you open an existing project file. and create an in-place family. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 3. modify a door family. Open Unit2_doors_walls. This door needs to be 48" wide. In the Type Properties dialog box.rvt. enter 48" x 80". For Name. 4. Select the double door as shown. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. 2. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. click Duplicate. 5.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise.

imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. is to create a component family in place. 2. click Component > Model In-Place. Click OK. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Click OK. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. On the Home tab. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 1. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings.Software Tools . 5. In the dialog box. On the Properties palette. select Generic Models. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. 3. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). enter Hall Clock. 4.6. The door updates. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. Build panel. For Name. set the Extrusion End value to 6".

8. loaded. On the Draw panel.4" as shown.6. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. 9.2".0' 2".rvt. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. 10. 11. 12. you located. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. You have created the base of the clock. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Click OK. The family model updates. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. click Rectangle. In this exercise. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. 7. Revit will display . Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). as shown. and placed a door family. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Click Mode panel > Finish as before. 13.

s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.Software Tools .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.

Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is binary math. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. s What is Moore's Law. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .

False 3. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. Each project has several predefined views. c. context tabs. s Open different views. 7. a. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. Zoom in Region is used to: a. d. d. Either a or b. tab. and click Open. The tool shown is used to: a. Views can be renamed. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Questions 1. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. Create a 3D perspective view. False 4. 6. c. s Change type properties of a family. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. Right-click. s Access. s Create an in-place model family. b. depending on the template selected. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. b. d. s Change view displays. Go to View > View Name in the menu. True b. Spin the model in 3D space. True b. False 5. True b.Software Tools . Turn on Shadows. All content tools are located on the ribbon. load.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. b. a. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. c. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. s Adjust Visual Style Options. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. s Change view properties. False 2. True b. and Options Bar. a. To activate a view: a. Zoom to the entire model. and place a family from a library. a.

Rotate c. If you have a scroll wheel mouse.8. In-Place d. Standard b. a. System c. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 .) are called: a. Project Browser d. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. a. Scroll d. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Properties palette 10. Pan and Zoom b. etc. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. depending on settings 9. Parts d. A family created within a project is called ________________. All of the above. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Blocks c. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Families 11. Multiview b. windows.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 .Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. you will be able to: s Select a project template. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 6. (Student) Evaluate Students. 8. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 7. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Set project units. s Create a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. 4. s Create dimension and text styles. 9. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 3. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. s Create labels. 2. 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . Lesson Plan 1.

based on the AIA standards. defining the layers. should be used. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. and so forth. colors. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. colors. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Visit the AIA website at www. Many cities and counties have their own rules.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. To review the list of standards for each lesson. linetypes. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.org. linetypes. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .aias. Visit the AIAS website at www.Standards and Building Codes . and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. Math (STEM). After completing this lesson.org.aia. and the settings that are preset within them. Technology. Engineering. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. and Language Arts. Explain why templates are used.

engineering. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards.

the number being its numerical value. one window. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. If it lacks any of these components. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value.Standards and Building Codes . uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. and so on. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. doors. windows. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. a bathroom. and one closet. a garage. otherwise it is considered a carport. defined and adopted by convention. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. it must have at least one door. and so on. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. A garage must be completely enclosed. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. a common area (such as a living room or family room). it cannot be called a bedroom. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. like mechanical drawing. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. If there is a fire. A unit is a particular physical quantity. For example.

such as room size and wall height. using imperial units.For example. is 555 ft. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. units are applied to dimensions. However. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. is 169 m.. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. or imperial. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. Here h is the physical quantity. in the United States. also known as the International System of Units. unit symbol ft. Another method is to apply dual notation. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. glass. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. unit symbol m. In architectural drafting. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. Standards and Building Codes s 95 .. and other materials. the construction industry still uses the English. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. its value is expressed in the unit meter.

Scales are ratios. one value representing another value. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. line weight and pattern. In Revit Architecture. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.Standards and Building Codes . Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). and viewports. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. every 1/8" would represent 1'. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Each size is designated by a letter. sheets.) 8. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point.

a modified version of the AIA standard. and then add a title block or other symbols. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. notes Demolition. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs.01. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). symbols. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. elevators. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. temporary Schedules Sections. The integers go from 0 to 9. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). You create and position views. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets.01. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. site plan.

and so on. that is. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects.Standards and Building Codes . Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. The column is divided into sections. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . so that the height is less than the width. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. annotation plot sizes. Usually. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. and other relevant information. fonts. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. drawing scales. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. Typically. and layer standards. followed by information on the building's owner. The next space is for tracking revisions. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. the author of the drawing. the HVAC company. The paper is oriented landscape. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. the date drawn. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. the electrician. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. For example. It identifies the drawing with a title or description.

layer settings. and so forth. dimension and text styles. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. title blocks.in the City of San Francisco. required symbols.

dimension styles.Standards and Building Codes . you use templates that are preset with drawing units.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. Engineering. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and Language Arts. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. windows. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. views. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. Math (STEM). and walls. Technology. These can be used to build your model.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. engineering. Settings s 101 .This lesson relates to technology.

Open Revit to an empty project file. Condominiums. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. In Revit. In the New Project dialog box.Standards and Building Codes . Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. apartments. 3. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. click Browse. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. 2. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. factory. click New > Project.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. or store. On the application menu. you create a new project file using a template. Select a Template 1. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you use templates as starting points.

In this exercise. 6. Click Open. you started a new project file using a standard template. Click OK. click Close to close this project without saving.4. Settings s 103 . Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. 5. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. On the application menu. saving set up time.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Select the Residential-Default. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project.

3. Press ESC to cancel the wall. expand Floor Plans under Views. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. Click to start a new wall. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. Pull the cursor to the right. click Wall. In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. Build panel. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. the drawing setup options are preset. In the Project Browser. open ADA__Settings. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. 2. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. In the courseware datasets folder. The Wall tool remains active.rvt.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. s Place the cursor over the left wall. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The file opens to a 3D view.

s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place.) 6. Place the cursor over the left wall. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Click OK twice to save the setting change. 7. click to start a new wall.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Press ESC to cancel the wall. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Settings s 105 . 8. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. and move the cursor right. In this exercise. Close the file without saving. s Set Unit symbol to m. Click Format for Length.4. 5.

106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. click Duplicate. On the Annotate tab. On the Properties palette. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Temporary dimensions display when you select. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. there are two types of dimensions. For Name.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. By default. dimensions not only display. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. In the Type Properties dialog box.rvt. click Edit Type. click Aligned. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. 4. Open ADA_Dimensions. or insert components.Standards and Building Codes . Dimension panel. but also control the size and location of objects. 2. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. create. 1. temporary and permanent. enter Big Text. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. 3.

s Set Text Size to 3/16".5. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". and bottom horizontal walls. 7. left. The Dimension tool is still active. Settings s 107 . Select the top. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Click to place. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. 6. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Click OK twice. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline.

Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls.8. The Dimension tool stays active. In this exercise. created a new dimension style. you opened an existing file. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. Close the file without saving. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s s s Select the far left.Standards and Building Codes . and far right vertical walls. 9. Click to place the dimension. upper. Drag the dimension to the top of the view.

There are no annotations visible. In order to do this. These are annotations. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. 3. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1.rvt. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser. In the datasets folder. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. Right-click. and the view window displays the new plan. Settings s 109 . The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. Notice the door and window tags.

You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. 8. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Model Categories tab. select Floor Plan: Level 1. 1. Click OK. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. In the Project Browser. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. 6. On the Manage tab. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Click OK to update the display of this view. Double-click to open it. 7. 5. click Project Information.Standards and Building Codes . 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Settings panel.4. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. 9. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. In the Project Browser. Click Rename.

Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Settings s 111 . You can also enter the address of your school. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. Click New Sheet. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Enter the address as shown. Click OK. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. In the Value column of Project Address. highlight the title block displayed in the list.) 3. 2. click Edit. Rightclick. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Click OK.Add a Sheet 1. 2. or supply your own values: Click OK. 3. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet.

you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. Notice the change to the title block.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.Standards and Building Codes . 5. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. Click Apply.4. Add a View to the Sheet 1. Next. In the Identity Data and Other sections. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. It is automatically filled in when you place your views.

Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Select the new viewport. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Right-click. Click Activate View. Right-click in the view. 2. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. You see the view at the end of your cursor. 3. Select Add View to Sheet. 4. Select Deactivate View. Settings s 113 . Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet.

Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. s Added a sheet. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. Place the cursor 7. 6. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. The view updates on the sheet. deselect it. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Finish the move. The Scale updates in the title block. of the sheet. Close the file without saving. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you: select it.5. s Placed a view on the sheet.Standards and Building Codes . The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow.

It opens to the Recent Files window.5. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Select A-11x8. Start Revit Architecture. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. 4. This is one of the longer exercises. 3. On the application menu. click New > Titleblock. Settings s 115 . The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1.rft.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. 2.5 title block template opens. Click Open. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). A copy of the 11 x 8.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

3.

Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

2.

Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

4.

Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

5.

Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

7.

Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

8.

Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

9.

Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

2.

On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

3.

The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

7.

Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

s

Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
s

8.

On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

6.

You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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11. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. 15. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Your teacher may specify another location.rfa.Standards and Building Codes . 13. On the application menu. Accept the Sample Value. Accept the Sample Value. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. you created a title block using a template file. Right-click. On the Quick Access toolbar. select Drawn By. s Accept the Sample Value. click Close. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Click Zoom to Fit. Add a label for Sheet Number. Save the title block as A . 12. click Save to save the title block. In this exercise.Landscape. 14. Add a label for Checked By. 10. s Click Add. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block.9. Accept the Sample Value.

Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. 2. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. In the Recent Files window. Locate your title block. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Your title block is now displayed in the list. Settings s 125 . 3. 5. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Click Open. 4. Insert a Title Block 1. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. you create a new project file. and then load a custom title block into your project. The title block appears in the graphics window. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. click New to create a new project using the default template. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. On the View tab. Highlight the title block and click OK.

The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Click OK. Click OK. s For Checked By.Standards and Building Codes . On the Manage tab. On the Properties palette. 2. enter your name. click Project Information. 4. enter your instructor's name. 6. s For Drawn By.rvt in a location determined by your instructor.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. Select the title block. In this exercise. Click OK. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. Click Zoom to Fit. Settings panel. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. you a created a new project file. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. 3. 5. enter Student Project Unit 3. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

click Load From Library panel > Load Family. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. a dimension style. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. Create a Template In this exercise. Click OK. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. including how the rendered image looks. select Project Template. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . you create a new project file. settings. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. angles. and then load them like families. click New > Project. s Families: Load in families you use most often. 3. in addition to predefined wall types. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. such as 3D and plan views. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. and slope angle. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. On the application menu. and the units for your custom template. and geometry from the template. 1. On the Insert tab. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. In this exercise. 2. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. you define the title block. In the New Project dialog box. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views.

9. 6. On the Annotate tab. Click OK twice. Open the title block A . Set the units for the template. Click OK. enter 3/16" Verdana. click Duplicate. On the Manage tab. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types.Standards and Building Codes . 10. 7. There will be no visible change.rfa.Landscape. 5. 8. Click the Length field in the Format column. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4".4. click Settings panel > Project Units. You create a custom dimension style. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . create a Dimension Style. Next.

Click OK.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. 12. Click New Sheet. select Sheets (All). Click OK. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 14. Select the A . Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Change the following settings as shown: 13. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. On the Properties palette. 15.11. In the Project Browser. Rightclick. Settings s 129 .

The title block updates. Click OK. you created a new template file using a dimension style. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . as well as dimension style and units. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block.16. Save your project template in your class project folder. You can use this template for future projects. 17. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. title block. In this exercise. Save the file name as A-English template. and units that you defined.rte.Standards and Building Codes .

or new combinations of existing materials. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. abstract format. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed.

1:12 c.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0".Standards and Building Codes . Metric d. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. s Create labels. P. s Create a text style.05 c. 1:3 b. is defined as what? a. UBC c. dimension styles. s Create a dimension style. s Change dimension colors. A. and symbols used in drawing? a. A particular physical quantity. An architect b. A. False 3. True b. General Questions 1. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. S. s Create a template. NCTM d. s Create a title block. s Create text. a. s Change lineweight. AIA b.02 d. 1:32 5. a. s Create dimensions. a. 1:24 d. A unit 4. you learned to: s Set units in a file.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson.02 b. English c. Using AIA Standards. NCSESA 2. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value.

you click: a. True b. dimensions snap to: a. a. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. To create a new sheet. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. True b. Wall faces b. False Summary/Questions s 133 . False 6. a. In Revit Architecture. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Application menu > Properties b. Wall centerlines c. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Point offsets 3. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. you use: a. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. True b. a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. To set the units in a project. By default. To change the scale of a view. False 4.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Wall midpoints d.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

you will be able to: s Create a wall. s Trim and extend walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 4. 3. 5.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 6. Lesson Plan 1. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Student) Evaluate Students. 2. s Define a wall structure. s Align walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure.

Describe platform framing and balloon framing. After completing this lesson. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs.Walls . 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . List the different types of occupancy. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. them. separate. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. their construction and materials. or filling in between. and protect its interior spaces.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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an angular dimension displays. Enter 10. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Expand the Type Selector list.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Select Basic Wall: Exterior .3. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. It will not print. As you continue to move the cursor. To modify a dimension. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Select the Single Line option. the dimension updates incrementally. Click to set the endpoint. After you create the wall. 4. indicating wall length.Brick on Mtl. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. click it to open an edit field. Walls s 151 . 5. but it disappears when you begin another action. Stud. Clear the Chain option. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. a dashed line displays. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process.

On the Modify | Place Wall tab. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Create panel. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Depending on your zoom in the view. On the Modify | Walls tab. The wall does not show any internal detail. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. After setting the vertical wall's direction. click Modify to stop placing walls. Set the Detail Level to Medium. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. 8. enter 7. Select panel. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. click Create Similar. Click the wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Click to start the next wall. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. click the Detail Level icon. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Press ENTER.6. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. the controls may sit on top of one another. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation.Walls . 7. On the View Control Bar. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. no matter where you move the cursor. 10. Click Modify. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side.9. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Notice that two dimensions display. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. release the mouse button to set a new length. an alignment line displays. Select the right vertical wall. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Walls s 153 . Because you drew the wall from up to down. Also. notice how the wall joins at the corner. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Because you drew this last wall from down to up.

You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. click Wall.11. This enables you to sketch walls continuously.Walls . Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. This is the same as clicking Modify. 13. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Repeat. Sketch the walls as shown. 14. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 12. Click Cancel. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. When using the Chain option. On the Home tab. 15. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Right-click. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Build panel. 16. Select the lower vertical wall.

19. Click Zoom to Fit. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. After clicking the second end. Clear the Chain option. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Click Modify. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click Create Similar again.18. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 17. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually.rvt. In this exercise. Walls s 155 . 20. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Select the Three Point Arc tool.

you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. and extend walls. 4.rvt from the previous exercise. 3. To do this. 2. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The cursor changes to a razor blade. Split Walls 1. You now remove the upper right corner. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Both split walls are shown below. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. fillet. you first split the walls at the intersections. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Only part of the wall highlights. align. This exercise illustrates how to split. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Click Modify. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split.Walls .Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Do the same for the vertical wall. trim. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection.

Fillet Walls 1. Modify panel. You can also click the flip control. On the Modify | Wall tab. If you make a mistake. Click Fillet Arc. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. click Create Similar. On the Options Bar. This is how you create rounded wall corners. 4. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. click Undo and repeat the steps. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. 3. select Radius. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. On the Modify | Walls tab. 5. click Delete. Enter 5'. Walls s 157 . You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. 2. Select any wall. Create panel. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections).

Place an interior wall as shown. 3.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. The Wall tool is still active. You align the wall in the next steps. select Basic Wall: Interior . 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line.Walls . 1. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 2.

Click to create a wall. The Wall Trim Tool 1. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. The length is not critical. You can lock the alignment. such as location lines. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s On the Options Bar. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. Pull the cursor straight up. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. Walls s 159 .4. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. clear Chain.

This will extend to the border. Select the two interior walls in turn.s Move the cursor to the left and click. This will be the border. Select the vertical wall as shown. The walls can cross. 2. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. 4. The length is not critical. 6. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 3. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 5.Walls . Select the horizontal wall as shown. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element.

Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. fillet. align. Walls s 161 . In this exercise.7. and trim.rvt. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.

Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. Select the Exterior wall as shown. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. and vary in cost. click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. 2.Walls . The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . In the Project Browser. The Modify tool is active by default.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. 1. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. 3. satisfy different requirements. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building.

enter 8" Insulated Stud.4. s Click the number of Layer 3. click Edit in the Structure value field. Walls s 163 . s Click the arrow at the right. For Name. 6. Click OK. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. To edit the structure of the wall. has a Function you can edit. Click Insert twice. When you are finished. s Select Finish 1 [4]. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. 8. 7. s Click Down twice. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. the wall structure should be as shown. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. s Click Up. 5. Add two additional layers to the wall. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. except Core Boundary. Every layer of a wall. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2.

and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].9. 11. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. 13. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s Set the Material to Finishes .Stud Layer. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. 10. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s Set the Thickness to 5/8".Exterior . 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . which displays plan or section views. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. Material. s Set the Material to Wood . Modify the Function.Interior Gypsum Wall Board.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.Walls . 12. select Finishes . s Click the icon that appears at the right. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.

Click Apply to update the view. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. expand the Families branch.14. 17. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. On the Properties palette. select Medium. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. 15. 16. Walls s 165 . select the view name as shown to expose its properties. In the Project Browser. From the Detail level list.

Close the file without saving. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. In this exercise. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties.18.Walls . defined a new wall structure. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Right-click 8" Exterior. You opened an existing file. 19. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. 20. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. From the Type Selector list.

and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above.Brick on Mtl. In this exercise. 2. Stud walls as shown. 3. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. and a decorated interior surface.rvt. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. a structural mid-section. for example. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. you create and modify vertically compound walls. You can define a wall type with these elements. The model opens in a 3D view.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. such as a weatherproof outside surface. Select one of the Exterior . wood rails. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. The completed exercise Walls s 167 .

Walls . You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. 5. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. As indicated in the dialog box title. You can set the sample height to any value. highlight one of the borders. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. 7. You can split regions into other regions. You can assign different materials to regions. the new regions assume the same material as the original. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. To define the structure of the wall. so all instances of this type change. Wall structures are Type Properties. 2. When you split a layer. 8. If not already expanded. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. or you will lose your changes. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. in the Structure value field. To split a layer or region vertically. 1. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. In this exercise. To split a layer or region horizontally. into regions. either horizontally or vertically. Click Split Region. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active.4. click Edit. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. You change the type. 6. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

1.Brick layer. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. After merge. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Prehighlight a border between regions. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. 3. In this case. 2. Click Merge Regions. assign Layer 1.3. When you merge regions. 4. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Click to merge the two layers. Walls s 169 . Click to merge them. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. The upper split disappears. Click to split the region into two parts. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections.

Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). In the Edit dialog box. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. After a region is split. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Press ENTER. 2. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. To create a new wall layer. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 3. Click the temporary dimension text. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Change the value to 12. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. The dimension text turns blue. 1. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Click again to return to the original position. If you set the split offset down from the top.Walls . 3. 2. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Next. Click Insert. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. click Modify. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. 1. 4. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. indicating that it is modifiable. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. s Select the split line. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. to the next parallel line. instead of down. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall.

click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Merge Region. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. 9. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. 7. as shown. Walls s 171 . Split Region. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes.Brick Soldier Course layer. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. 10. In this exercise. It immediately highlights in blue. 8. Change the Material to Masonry . Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. 6. it highlights in blue in the preview window. Click Assign Layers.4. Modify. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Click OK. When a layer is selected in the table. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. All walls of this type have been changed. 5. and Insert Layer tools. Click OK. It also shows a thickness value. Close the file without saving. The preview changes appearance.Brick Soldier Course. because it is now the selected layer. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected.

Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. earth. ducting. installed. piping. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. and protected. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and insulation. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared.Walls .

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

and the amount of space you have inside your building.Doors and Windows . Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. the ventilation. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Custom types and sizes can also be built. the view. but also the natural lighting.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). and to protect property values. About Doors and Windows s 185 .

An unobstructed opening of 5. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. The height can be no less than 24". the width can be no less than 20". if there is no other escape route.Doors and Windows . ft.7 sq. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.

Technology.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and furniture are defined in family files. Doors and Windows s 187 . move. engineering. and how to position. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. how to load additional door and window families. Math (STEM). Some families are loaded into each empty file. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. and copy these elements. Engineering. Components such as doors. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. windows. s Copy windows. you learn how to place doors and windows. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. In this unit. s Center a door in a wall. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

rvt under the courseware datasets folder. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. In other words. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. 3. or 3D view. Build panel. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. the door swing would be to the left side. On the Home tab. click Door. To reverse the swing. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. elevation view. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. To flip the door. Add Doors 1. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. This can be done in a plan view. Once a door is placed.Doors and Windows . 2. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. When placing doors in a plan view.

Doors and Windows s 189 . 2. except for the Type Selector. With the Door command active. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. From the Type Selector list. Mode panel. and windows into project files. click Load Family. on the Modify | Place Door tab. The display does not change. Select the door Double-Panel 2. 3.Load Families 1. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library.rfa. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. walls. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. In order to keep file size small. Click Open. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder.

use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. 5.Doors and Windows .4. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Place a second instance in the wall opposite. From the Type Selector. If necessary. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.

You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. If you place a door in the wrong location. Place instances of single doors as shown. change a temporary dimension.6. or by using the swing control arrows. To Doors and Windows s 191 . simply click it and enter the correct value. Do not add the dimensions. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Remember. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement.

192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt.Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors.7.

Open Unit5_doors. Windows have exterior and interior sides. To reverse the window after performing another operation. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. or 3D view. approach the wall from the right side.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. To face the outside of the window to the other side. the outside of the window is to the left side. click Modify and select the window. Build panel. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. elevation view. click Window. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. From the Type Selector. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. 2. You can place windows in a plan view. Add Windows 1. When placing windows in a plan view. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. On the Home tab.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations.

3. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Place seven more windows as shown. 4. and placed windows. you opened an existing project. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown.rvt. You do not need to add dimensions.Doors and Windows . The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. placed doors. loaded a door family. In this exercise. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. Window tags do not number in sequence. 5.

and so on. place a door. 3. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. you open an existing project file. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. and modify the wall.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. click Aligned. s Align and modify walls. 1. wall. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. window. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. On the Annotate tab. constrain it to be centered in a wall. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . Dimension panel. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. 2.rvt. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. 4. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center.

Click it and it changes as shown. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. The walls are now aligned. Click the center of the door. 5. Align Walls 1. 2. 6. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Select the upper wall first.Doors and Windows . Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Click the lock icon to enable it. Click the right wall. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. The door changes location. the other wall will remain aligned. This means that if one wall shifts. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall.s s s s Click the left wall. Notice the symbol.

Clear the EQ Display value. Doors and Windows s 197 .4. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Right-click. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Change the dimension to 16.) The dimension value is now shown. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. 3. Dimensions display below it. The walls shift and remain aligned. 5.

In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_aligned.6. 7.rvt. Right-click.Doors and Windows . 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. you placed a continuous dimension.

Doors and Windows s 199 .rvt. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. On the Modify | Windows tab. In this exercise. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. especially if there are many different types. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. 2. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. 1. 4. Create panel. click Create Similar.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time.

Select the window you just placed.Doors and Windows . 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 2. 4. click Copy. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. The window will change appearance.Copy Windows 1. The window is copied. Modify panel. 3. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. On the Modify | Windows tab.

Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click.rvt. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. 6. In this exercise. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Doors and Windows s 201 .5.

and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. The stability of glass in response to wind. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. heat.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.Doors and Windows . s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . cold. flat glass is a recent invention.

a. Custom 3. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . s Align a door or window. you learned to: s Place doors. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 30" c. s Place a window. If a room is used for sleeping. s Copy a door or window.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. a. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. Standard b. 34" 4. 32" b. 36" c. General Questions 1. 28" b. False 2. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 40" d. s Position a door or window. True b. 32" d.

Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Use door grips to reposition. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Select the door. True b. b. Click Door Properties. you: a. Select the door. Click the appropriate blue arrows. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you use ________. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Select the door. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Properties 3. c. Click the appropriate blue arrows. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. False 2. Clone b. The center snap 7. Load from Library b. b. Select the door. Insert d. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Copy 8. you use: a. Right-click. True b. Door and window tags are placed automatically. c. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. True b. To change the location of a door or window. To center a door or window in a wall. To change the swing direction of a door: a. a.Doors and Windows . a. Click Flip Direction. a. Link c. Duplicate d. Click Door Properties. A reference plane b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Offset c. 6. False 5. a. d. a. d. 4. Load c. but is available from the Revit Architecture library.

(Student) Evaluate students. 5. 6. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. s Create railings. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . s Modify stair boundaries. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 2. 3. 4. Lesson Plan 1. Review stairs and railings.

you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. After completing this lesson. List the different stair types. stair and railing types. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . and Language Arts. and math standards. Math (STEM). Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. Technology. engineering. This lesson relates to technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Once the actual riser height is determined. Then. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height.

A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions.Stairs and Railings .The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. such as ice and snow. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.

This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Due to building code. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. This saves space when changing direction. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing.

Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Stairs and Railings . Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress.

Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. 11" maximum.Stairs and Railings . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. s Riser height: 4" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". but not more than 2". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2".

sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). Math (STEM). or tread. In multistory buildings.Stairs and Railings . ramps.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. As you move the cursor. L-shaped runs with a landing. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. which includes elevators. of certain horizontal depth or run. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. engineering. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. You create stairs in a plan view. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. s Create U-shaped stairs. The riser and run values update accordingly. or vertical circulation. You can define straight runs. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. For safety reasons. Technology. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and math standards. and spiral stairs. s Modify stairs. s Add a railing. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. Engineering. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. you will be able to: s Create stairs. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. and Language Arts. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. and stairs. U-shaped stairs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. This lesson relates to technology. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs.

Stairs and Railings s 217 . you create stairs using a straight run.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. Zoom in Region to the lobby. Before you create the stairs. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. This enables you to place the stairs properly.rvt.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. This file is in metric units. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. From the courseware datasets folder. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. 3. On the Properties palette.

The cursor changes to a crosshairs.4. Click OK to close the dialog box. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. Circulation panel. In this case. you create a straight run. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). click Stairs. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run.Stairs and Railings . These tools are used to define your stairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Home tab. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. Run is preselected. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. 5.

the run footprint stops expanding. and then click to define the run of stairs. select Finish (green check). If you have not fully created the run. Select this intersection point to start your run. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. Stairs and Railings s 219 . You can continue to move the cursor up. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. 8. You can also enter a distance of 4400. On the Mode panel. Revit displays the number of risers you created. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. To change the run dimension. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions.6. 9. 10. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. 7. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. As you move the cursor up.

Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 13. To avoid overwriting the original file. In this exercise. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. and switched to a 3D view.11. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. click application menu > Save As > Project. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. 12. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. you created and placed a straight run stair. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction.Stairs and Railings . AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises.rvt.

Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. The stair is not centered on the landing. Activate view Floor Plans. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. 2. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Level 1. click Align. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick.rvt. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Edit panel. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Stairs and Railings s 221 . On the Modify tab.

Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Click the center of the wall first. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT.4. You can rotate your model to get a better view. 5.Stairs and Railings . Open the lobby stair view to see the result. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Take time to make the selections correctly. On the Options Bar. from the Prefer list. select Wall centerlines. Click the center of the stairs. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . which is located at the center of the stairs. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. If you have a scroll mouse. The Align command remains active. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow.

Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. 9. On the Properties palette.6. click Edit Type. railings were created with the stairs. On the Properties palette. 7. Hover the cursor over the railing. 8. s For Name. enter Lobby Stairs. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. s Click Duplicate. As you prehighlight them. In the Project Browser. Graphics. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. and Dimensions subsections. s Click OK. expand Sections (Building Section). Select the stairs. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. Change Width to 1350.

Stairs and Railings . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Select both railings. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Lobby Stair View. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Cherry s s Click Modify. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.10.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .

Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. s Zoom in on the stairs. Delete this line. click Edit Sketch. Click it to select it. The stair changes to the run sketch. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. 13. s Select the stairs (not a railing). you change the shape of the stairs. The railings change.12. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Mode panel. 14. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Next. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. In the Type Selector. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan.

15. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. s Select the arc boundary you just created. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 16. Click to place the arc. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click Modify. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall.Stairs and Railings . click the left end of the top riser. 17. 19. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. On the Draw panel. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. s On the Modify panel. 18. To place the second arc endpoint. click Boundary. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly.

select the middle of the seventh riser going up. For the third point. On the Draw panel. the arc center point. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. This will define a rounded first step. The left boundary will be mirrored. Click to exit the Mirror command. select the endpoint of the left boundary. click Riser. Click CenterEnds-Arc. 20.21. Stairs and Railings s 227 . Next. select the endpoint of the right boundary. First.

Open the {3D} view to see the results. On the Mode panel.Stairs and Railings . You also modified the properties of a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. you modified stair properties and boundaries. click Finish. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 23. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In this exercise.22.rvt.

To make sure you are selecting the railing. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. For simple railings. Therefore. you need to define a path for the railing. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Click Modify. This is typically done in plan view. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Select the right side railing.rvt from the previous exercise.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. 2. Stairs and Railings s 229 . Open the Level 2 floor plan view. s s Sketch a Railing 1. In this case. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. 3. you sketch the plan view path. Zoom into the landing area as shown. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. The completed exercise To create a railing.

Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. click Line. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. You do not need to add dimensions. To set the exact distance. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. 5. select Chain. Mode panel. s s On the Options Bar. 7. 6. On the Draw panel.4. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. click Edit Path. on the Modify | Railings tab. Then. edit the temporary dimension. The dimensions are shown as a guide. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Once the railing is selected.

you used sketch tools to create a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Stairs and Railings s 231 . 8. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default.rvt. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. 9. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Delete your lines and try again. In this exercise.

you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between.Stairs and Railings . In this exercise. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. you create a reference plane. In a floor plan view. the stairs appear as a U-shape. s On the Home tab. Create a Reference Plane 1. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. s On the Options Bar. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .rvt from the previous exercise. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. 2. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. set the Offset value to 850. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Work Plane panel.

enter Exit Stairs. 4. 5. Stairs and Railings s 233 . You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. 3. Click Edit Type. On the Home tab. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. On the Properties palette. Dark Gray. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Circulation panel.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Matte 2. Pull the cursor straight up. To start sketching the run. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. change the Width parameter to 900. Click OK twice. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. 6. Click OK. click Stairs. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . For Name.

with none remaining to be created. Press ENTER. enter 1925. Move the pointer to the right. 8. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click to finish the stair run. Click to place the first run.7.Stairs and Railings . If you have trouble making the correct distance display. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 9.

but they are hidden behind walls. On the Stairs panel. Use Hide/Isolate 1. 11.10. Click Finish Stairs again. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. If you get an error message. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. click Finish Stairs. On the View Control bar. Remove the additional lines. You want to inspect your stairs. you select Continue to return the sketch. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. it is because you have overlapping lines. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. Select the two walls of the stair tower. 2. To remove the lines. Stairs and Railings s 235 .

Click Zoom to Fit in the view. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. Finally.rvt. you learned to create a reference plane. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. On the Properties palette. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. 2. The walls are now hidden. This is a multistory stair. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. and to create a U-shaped stair. 4. 5. 6.Stairs and Railings . 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The exterior walls reappear. Zoom in to see your stairs. In this exercise. 3. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. On the View Control Bar.3. Select the stairs so they highlight. Reset the Display 1. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. ramps. STEM Connections s 237 . and elevators. escalators.

but they can also be highly decorative. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . this openness makes them fire hazards. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. smoke guards. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. They cost less. Include landings as required by your local building code. and deliver riders without wait time.Stairs and Railings .

32" c. 180 degrees 3. 45 degrees c. True b. a. and all treads should be the same run. a. s Modify stair boundaries.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. you learned to: s Create stairs. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. b. True b. General Questions 1. False Summary/Questions s 239 . 30" b. False 2. 25 degrees b. 36" d. a. 40" 4. s Create railings. 90 degrees d. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. A stairway must be at least how wide? a.

risers and treads. Arc d. Rectangle c. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . a. risers 3. risers b. Circle 4. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 6. You can apply materials to different stair components. To create railings on stairs without railings. Fasten Railing 5. riser lines c.Stairs and Railings . True b. you use the _______ option. Home b. Treads. a. True b. Boundary lines. Manage d. riser d. Modify c. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. a. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Run. Align Railing d. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. that is. Pick New Host b. a. Insert 2. Railings. Line b. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Attach Railing c.

Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 4. s Place fascia. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Review of roof types. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 5. s Place gutters.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Evaluate Students. (Student) 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 7. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 6. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Lesson Plan 1.

roof types. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. Calculate the rise. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. and pitch of a sloped roof. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. gutters. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. Identify the different roof types. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. and downspouts. It addresses roof construction. tiles.Roofs . After completing this lesson. run.

Technology. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. This lesson relates to science. engineering. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Math (STEM). s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. s Rake: The inclined. Engineering. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. About Roofs s 243 . technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

They are easy to install and require low maintenance. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. brands. the roofing pattern. and if visible. maintenance. texture. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. These are used more often on upscale homes. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. both low and steep. and color. the roofing pattern. and sun. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. durability. as well as how effective a shelter it is. durability. You can use them for many different applications. fire-resistant. and low maintenance roofing material. resistance to wind and fire. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. resulting in at least one textured face. and if visible. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and color. They come in several types. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. maintenance.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. rot. About Roofs s 245 . texture. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. Sloped roofs. resistance to wind and fire. and sunlight. are designed for shedding water and snow. and colors. snow.

s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. choose a type that will suit your needs. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. galvanized steel. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. and require little maintenance. and so forth). In a house with a cathedral ceiling. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. consider such factors as cost. galvanized steel. durable.Roofs . They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. quality. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. reinforced plastic. When choosing the insulation for your job. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. or corrugated structural glass. treatment for insects. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. fiberglass. special characteristics (for example. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. zinc alloy. Unfortunately. odor. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. Therefore. and insulating capability (R-value). but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. This same roof on a clear. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). They are fire-resistant. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day.

The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material.

the requirements for underlayment. eave flashing. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.Roofs . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams. purlins.

Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Roofs . 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.

About Roofs s 251 .Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.

as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Many barns use gambrel roofs. These are commonly used in French-style houses. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.Roofs . 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.Shed One basic face with a slope. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.

A number indicates the value of the rise. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . The run value is typically equal to 12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. and span. but the two sides are not symmetrical. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. where as. run.

try to specify standard roof pitch. 7 to 12. 7-12.When designing a roof. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7 and 12.Roofs . 7 on 12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. and pitch is noted as a fraction.

snow. or roof overhangs. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. To create a roof by the extrusion method. you can add gutters. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. s Assign roof structure and materials. To create a roof by face. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. or eaves. s Place gutters. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. Once you create a roof. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. that convey rainwater to drains. you work with massing shapes and not building components. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. or ice. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. Roofs s 255 . s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. often supporting a gutter. s Create a roof fascia. soffits. water. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. s Create a hip roof. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. dormers. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. s Create various roof types. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. and fascia. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint.

engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Technology. and math standards.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). Engineering.Roofs . and Language Arts.

you create an extruded roof. 3. To create an extruded roof. 4. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. In the Work Plane dialog box. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . select the Name option.rvt. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Click OK to continue. 2. the top of the roof profile is sketched.. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Open ADA_Roofs. and then extruded by applying a thickness value.

select Section: Section 1. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. Before sketching the roof's profile. The section view should display as shown. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. Click Open View. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. Drawing Reference Planes 1. click Line. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. s Use the image below for guidance. Draw panel. click Ref Plane.Roofs . In the Go To View dialog box. 3. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. 2. In the Place Reference Plane context tab.5. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. On the Work Plane panel. 4. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway.

Using a positive offset value. 5. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.6. Using the image below for guidance. s Click Modify. s Select the new dimension. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click the EQ toggle. Roofs s 259 . Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls.

On the Properties palette. The name displays when you select the reference plane. 7. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. enter Horizontal. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Right-click. 6. 2. On the Mode panel. 4. you can label them. click Chain. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 3.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Click OK. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 5. click Finish (green check). click Line. 1.Roofs . Click Modify. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. for Name. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. s On the Options Bar. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Switch to a 3D view. 9. Roofs s 261 . Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.8.12" type.

Using the images for guidance.Roofs . 1. Edit Geometry panel. 3. Select the edge of the roof as shown. On the Modify tab. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. click Join/Unjoin Roof. This is a two-step process. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. carefully select the far right roof edge. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. 2.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion.

4. To select both walls together. Roofs s 263 . However. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. 2. Select both walls. This will join the wall tops to the roof. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. select Attach Wall: Top. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. On the Options Bar. In the Project Browser. 3. open the view Sections: Section 1. On the Modify Wall panel. Trim Walls 1. click Attach: Top/ Base. Select the roof.

rvt. 5. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .4. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view.Roofs . The roof now looks correct. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.

The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. Build panel. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. from existing walls. 4. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. a dialog box is displayed. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. select Garage Roof. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. so you look straight down as in a plan. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. 1. From the drop-down list. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties.rvt. Because you are in a 3D view. you create a gable roof using a footprint. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. by Footprint.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. Unit7_first_roof. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . On the Home tab. In this exercise. Click Yes. The inner loops define openings in the roof. 3.

the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' .Roofs . To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. 7. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. 8. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. Next.0". 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select the vertical wall on the left. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. Use the image below for guidance. s On Options Bar. If you place a line on the wrong side.5. click Defines Slope. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. 6. click Pick Walls. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. clear the Defines slope option.

3. When a roof line is set to slope defining. It becomes an editable field. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Select the right side roof line. change the value to 6"/12". defining lines separately. The new roof displays. Click Modify.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. By default. Other controls also display. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. 1. Change this value to 6"/12". you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. click Yes. click Finish. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. That value displays next to the slope arrow. 2. Select the left slope defining line. Roofs s 267 . To complete the roof. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Click the 9"/12" text. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run.

Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.Roofs . 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.rvt. 5. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.4.

3. When all of the walls prehighlight. Roofs s 269 . you create a gable roof using a footprint. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. The file opens to a 3D view. set the overhang to 1' 0". The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. On Home tab.rvt. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. To chain-select all of the walls. 4. click to select them. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Build panel. On the Options Bar. 2. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. Clear Defines Slope. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.

On the Draw panel. click Rectangle. Using the image for guidance. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 2.Create a Roof Opening 1. verify the 0' 0" Offset. 3. 4. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Right-click. On the Options Bar. Zoom into the chimney area. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney.Roofs . As an alternate.

click Yes. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. Click Modify. 6. Select the uppermost. The slope indicator displays. On the Options Bar. Roofs s 271 . select Defines Slope. horizontal line. 5. 4. As in the previous exercise. On the Options Bar. 2. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Click Finish.Add Slope Lines 1. select the Defines Slope. 3. Select the left lower horizontal line.

attached walls. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. and chimney penetration. 8.rvt.7.Roofs .

Click Pick Walls if it is not already active.rvt. On the Options Bar. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The file should open to a 3D view. Create the Roof 1. Build panel. Zoom into the area shown. Select Defines Slope. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. 5. Select the three walls shown in the image. you create a hip roof. 2. 3. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. The completed exercise On the Home tab.0". set Overhang to 2' .Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Roofs s 273 . 4.

2. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Right-click the ViewCube. On the Properties palette. Switch to a 3D View. In addition.7. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Click OK. s On the Draw panel. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. To close the roof sketch. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. s s Clear Defines Slope. Raise the Roof 1.Roofs . you use the Line tool. 3. 6. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Click Finish to complete the roof. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. click Line.0".

click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Select the edge of the hip roof first. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Roofs s 275 . To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.

rvt. and then joined it to a wall. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.Roofs . In this exercise. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .2. you created a hip roof using a footprint.

Create a Shed Roof 1.rvt. 3. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. 6. The file should open to a 3D view. click Pick Walls. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Roofs s 277 . Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Clear Defines Slope. click Line. 7.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. 4. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. On the Draw panel. 5.

Select the lower. Right-click the line. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 11. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 10. 9.8. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Click Modify. Set the Offset to 0' 0". edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 12.Roofs . 13. On the Properties palette. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Set the Slope to 6" / 12".

Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. In this exercise. 15. Finish the Roof.rvt. Click OK. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Roofs s 279 . 17. 16. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. click Yes.14. 18. Switch to a 3D view.

You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.Roofs . On the Properties palette. Open the Default 3D view.rvt. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. The roof updates. select Level 3.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. You see four levels defined in the model. 4. Activate the view North Elevation. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Cutoff Level list. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. 2. On the menu bar. Select the Roof. 3. 5.

set the slope value to 3"/12". Select the inner rectangle as shown. Zoom and spin to see your model. On the Draw panel. Finish the Roof.rvt. click Pick Lines. 8. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 13. Switch to a 3D View. Roofs s 281 . 7. On the Options Bar. select Defines Slope. On the Home tab. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. 9. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. 10.6. To set the slope for the new roof. 11. 12. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. In this exercise. on the Properties palette.

Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. 3. Select the main roof over the house. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. In the Type Selector. The file should open to a 3D view.Asphalt Shingle Insulated.rvt.Roofs . thereby reducing energy consumption. 2. 1. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.

5. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. For Structure Value. Select Layer 2 as shown.Define a Roof Structure 1. For Name. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. click Edit Type. Roofs s 283 . click Edit. enter Clay Tile. Select the roof over the garage. 2. s Click OK. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. click Duplicate. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. 3. It is a generic roof type. Click Insert to add a layer. 4.

Roofs . s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". 6. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. In this exercise. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Click OK. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. 7. The garage roof displays a pattern. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. Click OK twice. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6".s s s In the Materials dialog box. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. Click OK to exit the dialog box. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. 8.rvt. select Model.

The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. 3. 4.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. 2. In this exercise. or for decoration. In the Open dialog box. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. On the Home tab.rvt. Roofs s 285 . to support a gutter. On the Insert tab.rfa. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. click Roof > Fascia. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. Click Open.

6. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Click Duplicate. In the Type Properties dialog box. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Click OK to exit the dialog box. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Click OK. Set the Material value to Metal . enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. click Edit Type.5. for Profile.Paint Finish Ivory. For Name. Matte.Roofs .

Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. 9.rvt.8. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. In this exercise. Roofs s 287 .

Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box.Bevel: 5" x 5". The completed exercise 4. Under Material parameter. under Profile parameter. Place Gutters In this exercise. Click OK. select Metal Aluminum. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. click Edit Type. 2. 3. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK.rvt. you add gutters to a building. 5. For Name. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Click Duplicate. 6. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. select Gutter . To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. so as not to detract from the design of the building. The file should open to a 3D view. 1. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. click Roof > Gutter.Roofs . On the Home tab.

You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. 9. Roofs s 289 . Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments.rvt. the gutter displays on the wrong side. 8. 10. If you click the interior face. you attached gutters to a roof. In this exercise. 11.7. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Segments will clean up at corners. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia.

water. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function.Roofs . heat. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. and cold.

Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.m. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s Using your own house.

s Place gutters. General Questions 1. True b. When referring to roof slope. a. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. s Place fascia.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. High d. True b. Gable b. Shed 4. a. Medium c. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. the run is always 12.Roofs . False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Define a roof structure. Low b. None of the above 3. a. Hip c. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. False 2. Gambrel d.

Expand/Contract 6. a. Walls d. Face 3. False Summary/Questions s 293 . extrusion. TAB b. a. Extrusion d. Create Slope d. c. Defines Slope c. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. face b. SHIFT c. Footprint. a. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. ENTER 4. pick d. Material 8. a. Roofs can be created using ______. d. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Footprint b. False 5. profile 2. 10. Footprint b. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. lines c. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. b. Trim/Extend b. Walls. a. Turn slopes on or off. True b. DEL d. ______ or _______. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. a. Sketch. To add a slope to a roofline. Activate Slope 9. Create an opening. sketch. Change the direction of the roof. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. True b. extrusion. Cut/Lengthen c. place a check mark next to: a. you use: a. Change the direction of the slope. Footprint. Slope c. False 7. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Add Slope b. profile. A compound roof contains layers. Sketch c. True b.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Lesson Plan 1. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Create slope annotations. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create material annotations. s Create a section view. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8.

and special equipment. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. In a residential building. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. cabinetry. Sections are used to examine the roof. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. floor. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. the kitchen. After completing this lesson. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In a commercial structure.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. bathrooms. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. and tool racks.Sections and Elevations . Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. the location of special equipment. and wall conditions at that particular slice location.

engineering. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . and math standards. Engineering. Math (STEM). technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science.

s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. s Section lines need not be entirely straight.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. and are properly cross-referenced. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . t Cross or transverse sections. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. framing. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. and foundation plans. across its narrower dimension. on the long axis of the building.Sections and Elevations . s Vertical transportation method (stairs).

such as framing connections and foundation details. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . unnecessary. partial. full.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. and steel.

Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used.Sections and Elevations . s The position relationship between different elements.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. For larger elevations. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). it is acceptable to decrease the scale. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. such as doors and windows. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views.

the surface covering and underlayment is notated. the titles assigned (North. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. Therefore. With interior elevations. and so forth. and then the name of the material. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. For a wood structure. Unnecessary Information Shades. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr." Mfr. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. bushes. South. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. cars. people. shadows. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. this is reversed. or methods of installation. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. For example. quantity. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . For siding. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. The size of the object is listed first. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. You may. followed by any additional information about spacing. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. however. East. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building.

This is usually done using a topset. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. or decorative patterns. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. windows. and lip. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. and special equipment such as toilets. Molding is usually made of plaster. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. It may have curves. It can also be used around doorways and windows. and materials used. or MDF.Sections and Elevations . The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. wood. or a baseboard. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. The trim is usually glued into place. other openings. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. casements. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . tile. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. and other appliances. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. dishwashers. chamfers. shelf arrangements. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". which is a formed pressboard. doors. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. coving. This is more costly than regular overlay. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. or linoleum) and the wall. doors and direction of door swings. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Hinges are concealed. flush overlay. and types of finish materials used.

Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Place a section view on a sheet. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. s Change the section head. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . s Add slope annotations. s Create and add notes to a detail section. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. which you can then add to a sheet. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. and a section symbol on all plans. s Create an interior elevation. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation.

engineering. and math standards.Sections and Elevations . Technology. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Once created. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. A section is a horizontal view. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. like an elevation. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. technology. This lesson relates to science. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

provided its crop region intersects the view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. For example. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . elevation.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. or other section view.

When you create a section view. it includes a crop region to resize the view. the section does not display in the elevation view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line.Sections and Elevations . By resizing the crop region. you can more closely control what displays in the section view.

s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. the slope of this roof is 2:12. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. such as anchor bolts and siding. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. So. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . s Add detail notes. In the example shown. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Once you create the detail section. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. s Add breaklines as needed. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. tracing over the existing elements. Slope is also referred to as pitch. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. s Add structural details. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. In a set of construction documents. Details are crucial for effective construction. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise.

try to specify standard roof pitch. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.

2. On the View tab.rvt. click Section. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Create panel. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. 4. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Open the file ADA_Sections. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. 3. The completed exercise 6.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. The Section command is available from the View tab. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Create a Section View 1. The file opens to a 3D view. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR.

s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. Section Properties 1. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. The actual location is not critical. This is called the crop region. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. 2. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . With the section line selected. On the Properties palette. 3. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. and it has control grips to resize it. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset.Sections and Elevations . Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building.

7. 8. Save the file as Unit8_section1. The section view updates. The view is listed in your Project Browser. change Far Clip Offset to 10. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. In the Properties palette.rvt. In this exercise. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view.4. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. you automatically created a section view. 6. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. 5. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Clear Crop Region Visible. Sections and Elevations s 313 . When you drew the section line.

In the Type Properties dialog box.No Arrow. Click OK. 7. They include Section Head . On the Insert tab.Sections and Elevations . click Load Family. 2. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. 3. 5. Section Head .rfa. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. and Section Head . Several section head families are available. The view does not change.Filled. 6. Load from Library panel. In this exercise. Settings panel. For Name. On the Manage tab. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Select Section Head-Open. enter Open Arrow.rvt. 4. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations.1 point Filled. click Duplicate. Click Open to load the family.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles.

Select the section line. select Section Head . For Section Head. click Edit Type. In this exercise. 12. In the Section Tag field.Open. Save as Unit8_section_open. The section head updates to the new head type. 11. For Name. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 315 . 9. enter Open Arrow. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Click Duplicate. On the Properties palette. Click OK. 13. select Open Arrow. Click OK.8. 14. 10.

rvt. This is a building section. 2. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. On the View tab. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". 6. select the border of the callout. click Callout. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . On the Options Bar. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. To reposition the callout head. 3. 4. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. Create panel. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. 5. Use the image below for guidance. Open file ADA_Detail_Section.

You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly.7. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Sections and Elevations s 317 . change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. detail components. On the Annotate tab. as shown.rvt. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. On the Draw panel. 1. 4. select Chain. On the Options Bar. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. region patterns. 2. On the Properties palette. Detail panel. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. You can add detail lines. 3. 8. click Region > Filled Region. but not strongly. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. Line is selected automatically.

Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. 7. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click OK. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties.5. Select the upper and right side lines. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type.Sections and Elevations . On the Properties palette. For Name. enter Earth. 6. Click Modify. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Detail panel. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. On the Annotate tab. If you zoom in closer. On the Mode panel. From the Fill Pattern list. Click OK. 1.Section. click Component > Detail Component. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 319 . Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. select Finish (green check). 9. On the Place Detail Component tab. click Load Family. 2. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Click Open. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. the filled region may appear as solid fill.8. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below.rfa. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. the pattern becomes visible. 3.

select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . From the Type Selector. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Click OK.4. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. In the Specify Types dialog box. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. 5.Sections and Elevations . You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10.

Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. From the Type Selector. Move it after placement if necessary. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. From the Type Selector list. 8. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4.6. Using the image below for guidance. 7. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. select Plywood. Add another Detail Component. Sections and Elevations s 321 .

Use the image below for guidance. From the Type Selector. set the Thickness to 3/4".Sections and Elevations . 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Component > Detail Component. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. This component represents the subflooring. 11. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. On the Properties palette. 12. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Select the vertical plywood. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model.9. select anchor bolt. Click Modify. 10. Place the component similarly to the image below. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10.

select Multiple. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Copy. From the Type Selector. Use the image below for guidance. select Lap Siding. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Add another Detail Component.13. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Options Bar. Click Modify. 14.

324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. select Wide Lines. 2. click Detail Line.15. On the Annotate tab. Detail panel. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding.Sections and Elevations . Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Add Detail Lines 1. From the Line Style Selector. Start at the end of the siding. 16. Save the file.

Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Sections and Elevations s 325 . The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. 5.3. Still using Wide Lines. Zoom out. 4.

click Insulation. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. identified as Wall material 1. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. 8.6. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. On the Annotate tab. Select the wall so it highlights. 9. The wall display updates. Add Insulation 1. 2. Right-click. Click Edit in the Structure field. Next. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. select the Material field in row 3. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . 7. 10. Detail panel.

1. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. select Break Line. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Sections and Elevations s 327 .2. click Component > Detail Component. Detail panel. 3. On the Annotate tab. Your view should resemble the image shown. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. From the Type Selector.

Place the breakline as shown. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. detail lines.Sections and Elevations . add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and detail components to it. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. 6. Save the file. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. You place another breakline. 5. To complete the detail. The view should resemble the image shown. 7. In this exercise. you created a detail section view and added filled regions.4. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Click Zoom to Fit. The Detail Component tool is still active.

quantity. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. The size of the object is listed first. The border around the view will disappear. With nothing selected in the view. 2. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. To add notes. and ventilation methods in construction documents. 3. weatherproofing. s Clear Annotation Crop. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. or methods of installation.rvt. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. 1.

7. leader arrow as shown. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Move the pointer up 11. 8. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .4" WEATHERING. click Two Segments. Finally. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one.4. 10. R13. 5. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. On the Format panel. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. insulation.Sections and Elevations . Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. click Text. Text panel. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. 6. From the Type list. As you pull your cursor to the right. On the Annotate tab. 12. 9. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board.

20.C. 17. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. 16. as the second line of text. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O.C.C. CONT is short for Continuous.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Click off the text to finish the entry. Enter 5/8" GWB . Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Start the next text at the baseboard. . Start the next text at the floorboard. O.TYPE X. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O.. 14. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Start the next text at the interior wall. 15. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. 19. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. is an acronym for On Center. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. or wood treated with preservative against rot.. 18.13. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST.

332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. In this exercise.. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. 23.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard.Sections and Elevations . Click Modify. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. 22.rvt. Click ENTER to start a second line. Click Zoom to Fit. Note: CONC signifies concrete. 21.

Click New Sheet. 5. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. Highlight your title block. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 2. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. click Load. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. The new sheet becomes the current view. section. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. or elevation view. 6. you will want to add the views to a sheet. Right-click. Sections and Elevations s 333 . Locate the A-Landscape. and locate the detail view on it.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. In this exercise. Click Open. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.rvt. 4. 3. highlight Sheets. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. In the Project Browser. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1.

Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Select a Level Line. click Show Crop Region. click Hide Crop Region. Both Level ends will move together.Sections and Elevations .7. close to the crop border. select view Detail at Foundation. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. 8. On the View Control Bar. In the Project Browser. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. 9. Drag it to the right. Click the control at its left end. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Click Rename. 12. highlight the new sheet. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. Click Zoom to Fit.10. you: s Created a new sheet.301. For Name. 11. In the Project Browser. enter S. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. In this exercise. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. 13. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Right-click. For Number. s Modified the label values in the title block. Click OK. Sections and Elevations s 335 . enter Detail at Foundation Sill.rvt.

Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Click the Annotations tab. It is defined by the green dotted line. Right-click. Click OK. Open ADA_Elevations. south. east. s Add slope indication for roof. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Turn On Elevation Markers 1.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. 6. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line.Sections and Elevations . You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Select Elevations. 5. 4. 2. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). s Add any necessary dimensions. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. The elevation markers are now visible. s Add material notes. and west. s Set the display for building components as needed. Click Zoom to Fit. 2. 3. When you create a project with a template. four elevation views are included: north.

click Visual Style > Hidden Line.2. Next. On the Modelling tab. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. 4. 3. clear Planting. On the Annotations tab. 5. clear Sections. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Switch to an Elevation View 1. On the View Control Bar. Click OK to exit the dialog box.

On the Properties palette. 13. click Edit Type. Click Zoom to Fit.Sections and Elevations .7. 10. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 9. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Type Properties dialog box.rvt. 8. In this exercise. Select the Material field for Layer 1. you activated an elevation view. 12. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. modified its display. Click the button that displays to select a material. select Edit in the Structure field. click to open the list. 11. Select Sand. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. In Surface Pattern. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. Select the wall.Exterior Stucco. and modified the wall display characteristics. It will be identified as Condo .

you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Add a note for the foundation. quantity. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. The size of the object is listed first. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. In the Type Selector.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 339 . or methods of installation. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Enter TX. Set the Leader type to One Segment. 2. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. 5. 4. 3. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Add a note for the stone wall. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation.rvt. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note.

340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 9.6. Add a note for the brick wall.Sections and Elevations .rvt. 8. Add a note for the roof. In this exercise. 7. Add a note for the exterior stucco. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated.

2. 1. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. click Spot Slope. 4. For Offset from Reference. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 6. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Click to select the roof line. from the Slope Representation list. enter 1/8". 3. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. select Triangle. Dimension panel.rvt. 5. On the Annotate tab. Sections and Elevations s 341 . Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. On the Options Bar.

Click to select the roof line. Dimension panel.Sections and Elevations . Click Modify. click Aligned. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 10. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line.7. 11. 9. On the Annotate tab. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Click to locate the slope indicator. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

rvt. Sections and Elevations s 343 .12. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. To create a continuous dimension as shown. and vertical dimensions. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. 13. select wall breaks and levels. and dimensions for clarity. slope indicators. In this exercise. Arrange notes. The west elevation now contains material notes. leaders. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. 14.

The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. equipment rooms.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. special closets. kitchens. 3. In the Project Browser. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Click Open View. Highlight the view. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete.rvt. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. This view was already defined in the drawing. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom.Sections and Elevations . Right-click. dimensions. Click Find Referring Views. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and cabinetry. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. In this exercise. 2.

Sections and Elevations s 345 . 7. Right-click. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. click OK. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. On the Annotate tab. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4".4. s s s s Click Duplicate. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. 5. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Select Suppress 0 Feet. In the Name box. Dimension panel. click Aligned. Clear Use Project Settings. 6. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes.

10.9. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. detail the interior section.rvt. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.Sections and Elevations . Using the Text and Dimension tools. You modified a dimension style. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise.

it depends. All of the above 5. such as north. c. s Create slope annotations. General Questions 1. The direction the structure is facing. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . 2. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. The direction the viewer is facing. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. b. Not in Concrete b. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. s Create a section view. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. True b. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. The orientation of the exterior elevation. 4. b. s Create filled regions. is always the true orientation. a. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. Show the relationships between elements. Cabinetry d. s Create material annotations. c. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Nobody in Charge d. Not in Contract c. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Bathrooms and kitchens b. Indicate the location of doors and windows. d. Either one. All of the above.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Walls c. False 3.

b. North 3. True b. The detail level of the view.Sections and Elevations . d. c. Which elevation is it? a. a. a. False 2. The Visual Style of the view. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. The boundaries of the view. Click Add View. West c. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. click Sheet Composition > View. East b. b. False 5. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. Element properties c. True b. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. Right-click. you use: a. but not a 6. 4. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. Sun and Shadow b. d. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. On the View tab.Revit Architecture Questions 1. The dotted line indicates: a. c. The height of the view. South d. b and c.

5. Lesson Plan 1. 6. 3.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. s Load a schedule tag. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Export a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 2. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. Review Schedules. s Reformat a schedule. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule.

About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.Schedules . The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. After completing this lesson. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

and Language Arts. width. technology. Math (STEM).column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. height. Some of these building objects include. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. and thickness. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. about the building objects in your architectural plan. such as reference number. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. and math standards. About Schedules s 351 . engineering.

each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). Instance.Schedules . the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. the same primary information is included. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. There are different types of schedule tables. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. However. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. depending on the style of the architectural firm. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 .

A circle. The following image shows door.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Other letters are P for plumbing. window. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. E for electrical. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC).Schedules . Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. However. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. Like schedules. hexagon. Using the software. and A for appliances.

rooms. Technology. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Schedules s 355 . equipment. s Create a room schedule. engineering.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Export a schedule. s Add room tags. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and you can create your own schedules. windows. Engineering. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. technology. Math (STEM). hardware. Schedules list items such as doors. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. materials. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Project templates include preset schedules. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. This lesson relates to science. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. and you set the schedule to display totals.Schedules . This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.rvt. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. 2.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise.

In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. In Available Fields. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Schedules s 357 . Level. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.s Window Tag 5. 6. select Comments. Select Windows from the list. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Click Add. 4. 7. 3. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Add Count. Type Mark. On the View tab. and Width. Height.

9. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.Schedules . 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click OK to finish the schedule. Select the fields. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.8. from left to right.

3. 1. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. From the Sort By list. but without any useful calculations yet. Select Blank Line. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 2. Schedules s 359 . On the Properties palette for the schedule view. select Type Mark.

The schedule still does not show totals by window type.Schedules . in the Then By sorting field. On the Properties palette. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. for Sorting/ Grouping. click Edit. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. In the Project Browser. 4. click the schedule name. select Level. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you can have the schedule report this. in this case). The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. 1. In order to calculate the total number of windows. Rather than make a manual calculation. 3. 2. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. clear Itemize Every Instance.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. Notice how the schedule has changed.

select Title. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule.rvt. select Footer. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. Schedules s 361 .5. s Set the schedule to display category totals. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. Count. In this exercise. From the list. On the Properties palette. for Sorting/ Grouping. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. The totals for each window type now display. and Totals. 6. click Edit 7.

rvt. Room size. based on the amount of space in each room. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. 5. Click Open. Locate the file named Room Tag. On the Home tab. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules.Schedules . 2. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. click Room > Room. Room & Area panel. 3. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 4. floor type. occupancy. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Open ADA_Room_Tags. click Overwrite the Existing Version.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. ceiling type. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. In this exercise.

Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. 8. a total of 7.In the Type Selector. and in the hall as shown. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. click Room > Room Separation Line. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. On the Home tab. Click Modify to terminate the placement. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. Room & Area panel. 7. Schedules s 363 . 6.

Place a room tag below the room separation line. 13. An edit box activates. The cursor changes to sketch mode. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . 12. s Click the Room text. Select Room #2. 10. The area value for Room 7 updates.9. Click Modify. click Room. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. The room tag updates. On the Room & Area panel. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. 11. s Change the word Room to Manager.

15. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16.rvt. you: s Loaded a room tag. In this exercise. Schedules s 365 . for Name.14. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Added a room separation. On the Properties palette. s Changed room tag field values. enter Sales. s Tagged various objects. Save the file as Unit9_rooms.

Create a Room Schedule 1.rvt. 6. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. 4. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Name. Click OK. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. enter Square Footage Report. 2. Click Add--> after each selection. Create panel. For Name. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. 3. In the Available Fields pane. The completed exercise 5. and Area to be included in your schedule. select Number. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. The New Schedule dialog box displays. On the View tab.Schedules .Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Set the Sort By value to Number. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab.

Click the Formatting tab. In the Format dialog box.7. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Change the Heading to No. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. s Click Field Format. Highlight the Area field. Schedules s 367 . s Select Calculate Totals. Highlight the Number field. 8. s Set Alignment to Right. clear Use Project Settings. 9. Click OK. s Set Units to Square Feet. Select Title and Totals from the list. 10. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Select Grand Totals.

Schedules . Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. s Totaled one of the columns.rvt. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.11. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 12. you: s Created a room schedule. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. In this exercise.

This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. 3. Double-click it to open it. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Click OK. you export the room schedule to a text file. 2. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report.rvt.txt) file. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. 6. Schedules s 369 . You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. You can then use this file in other applications. Using your Windows Explorer. The file is created. 5. Note the formatting that has been applied. 4. Click Save. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Browse to a directory to save your report. locate the file you created. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. On the application menu. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1.

The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.Schedules . 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Close the text file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.7. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. 8. In this exercise.

None of the above. s Load a schedule tag. d. True b. Quantity c. Matrix d. a. False Summary/Questions s 371 . A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. A list of sheets used in a project. b. a. True b. Questions 1. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. 2. Type b. Instance 3. s Reformat a schedule. c. s Place a schedule tag. What is a schedule table? a. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. you learned to: s Create a schedule. False 4.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Export a schedule.

Manage tab 3.Schedules . View c. a. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Annotate b. XLS c. CSV d. use the ____ . To export a schedule. Home d. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Application menu d. Modify 2. TXT b. View tab c. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Revit Architecture Questions 1. Annotate tab b. a.

(Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review Visualization.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. Lesson Plan 1. 2. 3. 5. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 .

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. After completing this lesson. or camera on a path. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. you create a walkthrough.Visualization . s Place a camera. Technology. s Export a DWG file. s Export an FBX file. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Play a walkthrough. Finally. s Orient walls and windows. s Apply shading to a view.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. and Language Arts. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Assign materials. s Export a walkthrough. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Add planting components. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Create a raytrace rendering. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine.

Open Floor Plan View Level 1. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. courseware datasets. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. Assign materials. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. Click Zoom to Fit. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design.rvt. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. To prepare your model for rendering.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. s Make a camera view the active view. You worked on animations. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. s s 2. Open Unit2_custom_family.

The wall display updates. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise.Visualization . Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 4. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. If you do not see any change in the wall display.3. Right-click. Stud. Select one of the exterior walls. 6. The walls now display layers of materials. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 5. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Select any exterior wall.

Select the toposurface object. Select walls. On the Properties palette. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Click OK. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Repeat the process for the windows. 10. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Select Site: Grass. Visualization s 377 . Open the Default 3D view. In addition to using the control arrows. Right-click. 8. you can: s s s 9.7. Click Change wall's orientation.

you have completed this exercise. In the Select File to Import dialog box. select Autodesk (*. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.FBX). Note the file location. click Export > FBX. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view.rvt. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. On the application menu. Export the Model to FBX 1. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. On the application menu. Select the Roof.Visualization . Depending on your system resources. Save the file as Unit10_Export. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 2. click Import > Import. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Select the file name. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. This will filter the file list. 12. 3. for Files of type. and click Open.11. Open 3ds Max Design.

Close the file without saving. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. 2. open Unit10_Export. On the application menu. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Export the Model to DWG 1. If necessary. you have completed this exercise. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Note the file location. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. 3.rvt. Visualization s 379 . click Next. There is no way to update it from Revit. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Open or return to Revit. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.4. Depending on your system resources.

In the File Link Manager . 9. Close the File Link Manager. Open or return to Revit. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. click References > File Link Manager. 7. 5. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. If necessary. Select the file name. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export.Visualization . Select two windows as shown. On the application menu. 8. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .max. open Unit10_Export. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. click Attach This File. click File. 6. Open 3ds Max Design. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.rvt.4. Click Open.

click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. In the dialog box. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". 12.10. Save the file. Save the export file using the same name as before. 13. Open the 3D view. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. 11. The windows have updated. Visualization s 381 . On the application menu.

s Close the File Link Manager. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file.Visualization . The windows have changed. s Click Reload. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Oriented walls and windows. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. Open the File Link Manager. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .14. 15. s Changed a material definition. The linked file updates. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. Open the Files tab. In this exercise.

rvt. as shown. If you place the camera too close to the model. Place a Camera 1. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. On the View tab. 3. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. you place a camera in a model. add plantings to the model. click Camera. Open the Site view.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. Create panel. generate a rendering. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. Open Unit10_Export. and create a second rendering. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. 2. Visualization s 383 . In this exercise. change materials.

On the View Control Bar. If necessary. Render Setup 1. click Show Rendering Dialog. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . select Very Few Clouds. The camera will be visible. 6. Right-click.Visualization . 2. s s s s Open a floor plan view. Click Show Camera.4. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Return to the perspective view. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. 7. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Open the Site view again. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. The camera perspective view opens. 5. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust.

3.3. Enhance the Model 1. click Site Component. Model Site panel. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Open view 3D View 1. Click Render. s Click Render. 2. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Accept the default settings for Quality. Visualization s 385 .30' approximately as shown. and Lighting. Open the Site view. Output Settings. On the Massing & Site tab.

Select the roof. 5. In the Rendering dialog box. click Show the Model. 4. In the Materials list. On the Properties palette.Visualization . In the Layer 1 Material field. In the Rendering dialog box. On the Properties palette. Select an exterior wall. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Edit Type. The model displays in the view. Change Materials 1. select Roofing . 2. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. click Save to Project.4. In the Save to Project dialog box. 6. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. Revit places the image in its own view. click Edit Type. Click Edit in the Structure field.Wood Shake. click OK. 3. and you can now select elements for editing. 5.

Visualization s 387 . Click the Render Appearance tab.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 7. Click Edit in the Structure field.10. Select the icon next to Masonry . 8. 9. Click Replace.

The new image is placed in its own view. 14. Select Masonry .Visualization . In the Rendering dialog box. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. 13. click Render. click Save to Project. s Created a raytrace setup. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .rvt. 16. s Generated and captured a render image. In the Rendering dialog box. 12. In this exercise. s Generated and captured a second render image. Save the file as Unit10_render.Brick Uniform Running Brown.11. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. s Placed site planting components in the model. 15. s Edited materials in model components. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. Click OK. These images are now available as options to present to a client.

along the path can be viewed in different modes. s Edit the camera and path. Click Zoom to Fit. s Right-click. The cursor changes to a crosshair. Open Unit10_render. rendered. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. s Right-click again. The camera and path can be edited.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. To place a key frame. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. 3. or walkthroughs. Each view. click 3d View > Walkthrough. s On the View tab. Open floor plan view Level 1. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model.rvt. in a project model. s View the animation in a media player. 2. and exported individually. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. Click Zoom Out (2x). 4. Create panel. or frame. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Visualization s 389 . click to the left of the model as shown. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. In this exercise.

Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown.5. 10. On the Modify | Cameras tab. click Edit Walkthrough. Drag it to the left. click Finish Walkthrough. 9.Visualization . 6. 7. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Repeat for all the key frames. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Select the direction control for the camera. Walkthrough panel. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. The Options Bar changes. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 11. 8. Walkthrough panel. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. The camera is located on the final key frame.

Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Check the view in several key frames. Edit the Walkthrough 1. 2. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before.12. Click Edit Walkthrough. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Click Open. From the Controls list. Drag the path away from the model as shown. On the Walkthrough panel. If camera positions distort. click Next Key Frame. The path displays control dots at key frames. 13. select Path. 3. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Visualization s 391 .

click OK. The walkthrough plays in the view window. In the Length/Format dialog box.Play the Walkthrough 1. File Name.rvt. Click Play. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. In the Video Compression dialog box. 2. Click Save. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. 2. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. 3. 4. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. notice where you save the file. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . select a video compression method to hold down file size. Revit generates the external AVI file. Export the Walkthrough 1. Click OK. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. On the application menu.Visualization .

Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. such as shaded or rendering. Plan your class time accordingly. It plays in your media player. 6. Visualization s 393 . Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file.5. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Double-click the new file name. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player.

s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. s Played the animation file in a media player. s Edited the path. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. If you have made changes to the building model. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In this exercise. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture.7. save the Revit Architecture file.Visualization . you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path.

you use: a. Save As > FBX c. a. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Play a walkthrough. View > Shading d. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Create a raytrace rendering. you use: a. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Export an FBX file. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. True b. s Apply shading to a view. Align c. False Summary/Questions s 395 . a. Flip Orientation d. s Export a walkthrough. Demolish 2. Print to File b. s Assign materials.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False 2. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. True b. Export > FBX 3. Split b. s Add planting components. s Create and edit a walkthrough. True b. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Place a camera. Questions 1. s Export a DWG file. a. s Orient walls and windows.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

4. 5. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. foundations. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. Lesson Plan 1. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. Review structural columns.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . beam systems. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. and braces. beams and braces. 2. In the following exercises. (Student) Evaluate Students. beams. 3. you learn how to place structural columns.

398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. For example. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.Structural . posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. beams. and other structural elements will be located in a building.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. Knowing where structural members. walls. especially columns. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. and other building objects. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural .

Math (STEM).Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Technology. Place beam systems and braces. Structural s 401 . and Language Arts. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Place columns and beams on grids. Create column grids.

The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. 1. wood. In this exercise. On the Build panel of the Home tab. 3. Beams connect columns or walls. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. On the View Control Bar. Open Deck Framing. this is known as post and beam construction. 2. or concrete. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. spans without walls. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. often mainly glass. As with columns.Structural . Structural columns can be steel. They come in types defined by size and shape. wood. In residential construction. click Column > Structural Column. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. or reinforced concrete.Hide Category. Select a floor. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. beams can be steel.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets.

7. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. 8. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 3A. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. click Depth. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. In the Type Selector. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. Structural s 403 . On the Options Bar. 5. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". 6. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". On the View Control Bar.4. and 4B. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. Repeat at grid intersections 2A.

Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). In the Project Browser. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. 2. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Click OK. 10. 11. double-click view Framing Cutaway. rail. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Place Beams 1. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". The columns are now hidden by the floors. Right-click. Click Hide In View > Element. Open Plan View Deck Framing.Structural . Zoom in so you can see the deck.9. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Click OK. and columns clearly. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

4. To place beams: Structural s 405 . click Beam. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. Structure panel. 5.3. In the Type Selector. Click. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. select Chain. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. s In the view window. On the Options Bar. On the Structure tab.

On the Properties palette. Click. 7. Click. Hold CTRL and select the new beams.Structural .s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 6. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click Modify.

If a Warning dialog box that opens.rvt. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. On the Properties palette. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. Structural s 407 . you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Click on grid intersection B4.8. click Make Wall Bearing. Save the file as Deck Beams. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. click Beam. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Click. 9. 11. Click OK. Click Modify. In this exercise. as shown. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. 12. Structure panel. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab.

you: s Place beam systems. 4. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. Open Plan View Deck Framing. or number of beams in a bay. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan.Structural . 3. On the Structure tab. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. click Beam System. Structure panel. Open Deck Beams. The completed exercise 5. In this exercise. Place Beam Systems 1. click Sketch Beam System. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. distance.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. Click the beam on Grid 1. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click No. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. 2. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. click Pick Supports. This system saves time when preparing framing plans.rvt. s Place braces.

On the Draw panel.6. as shown. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Structural s 409 . Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. click Line. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. 7.

click Finish (green check). set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . click Line. s s On the Draw panel. s s s On the Draw panel. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. Click Finish. click Create Similar. click Pick Supports. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .8.2". s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. On the Properties palette. s 9. On the Mode panel. Trim as necessary. On the Properties palette. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens.6". set Elevation to -0'-9". 11. Click the beam on Grid 2. 10. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing.Structural .

2. 3. It has an automatic work plane. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Adjust the view crop region as shown. On the View tab. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. unlike regular elevations. In the Project Browser. as shown. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. On the Structure tab. Structural s 411 . Click to place the elevation. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Structure panel. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Create panel. On the View Control Bar. 4.Place Braces 1. click Brace. 5.

select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4.6. 7. Click Modify. In the view window. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 9. Repeat the brace going right to left. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 8.Structural . 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . to start the brace. In the Type Selector.

10. Save the file as Deck structure.rvt. In this exercise. 11. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. you: s Placed beam systems. s Placed braces. Structural s 413 .

Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. and walls. Datum panel. The exact length is not critical. s s In the view window. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. elevation. In plan views. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. You can change a grid number at any time. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. Pull the cursor straight up. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. as shown. In this exercise. The numbering automatically increments. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model.Structural . beams. and section views. 2. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. Grid datasets. click Grid. but they can also be angular and radial. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . This is a common step early in designing a large building. click in the lower left to start a grid line. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. The exact location is not critical. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns.

Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to start another grid line. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point.3. The Grid tool is still active. Click to place a new grid line. Structural s 415 . 4.

click Copy. Click to start a grid line. 6. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Enter A at the keyboard. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". close to the heads. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Pull the cursor to the left. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Pull the cursor to the right. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Grid 3 is already the selection set. 7. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. s Select Grid Line 2. The new grid line will be number 3. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Repeat to create grid line 4. Press ENTER. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. click to place the grid line.Structural . s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Press ENTER. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. The new grid line is number 5.5.

This completes the main grid.1. s Click Copy. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. 9. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool.1 is still selected. click the elbow control to place an offset. Change the number to 2. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. s Click to place the grid line. This grid line will be number B. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. 11. Grid 2. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. 10. On the grid line. The Grid tool is still active. s Select grid 2.8. Structural s 417 .

On the Options Bar. On the Draw panel. set Offset to 15'-0". click Grid. Change the number to EE. Zoom to Fit. click Pick. On the Draw panel. The Grid tool is still active. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Click to place the grid head. On the Home tab. Press ENTER. In the Radius field. 3.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. On the Options Bar. s s Click grid intersection D3. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Create panel.Structural . Click in the new grid bubble. enter 15. s Click to start the grid line. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. select Center-Ends Arc. Revit will convert this to 15'-0".000 o . 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. click Radius.

6. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Select grid 3 to show its controls.5. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. You will need to identify it easily. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Click to place grid FF. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. 7. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Structural s 419 . Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Drag it down below the radial grids.

Structural . To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. click Mirror . Press ENTER. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Revit will create grid 32. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete.8. 11. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120.Pick Axis. Zoom to Fit. s Click grid intersection D3. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s 10. Click in the new grid bubble. 9. s In this exercise.000. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.rvt. s Select grid 31. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. Click to place the grid line. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Select grid 3. Enter 31 to change the name. click Create Similar. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. In this exercise. s Change a grid layout. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. 2. Structure panel. s Use a column grid to place beams. s 3. click Column > Structural Column. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. s Add footings to columns. Now you place columns at grid intersections. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. This is a steel column. Structural s 421 . you typically create a grid. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. As a result. In the Type Selector.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Open ADA_Grids-complete. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1.

s s On the Options Bar.Structural . 3. set Height to Level 3. 5. In the Multiple panel. 2. 6. click At Grids. On the Multiple panel. B. click Finish. A. C and D. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. 4. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1.

Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. 2. columns.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. On the Multiple panel. Zoom to Fit. On the Multiple panel. and beams will move to the right. Window-select all the grid lines. Structural s 423 . Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. click Beam. 3. Open Floor Plan Level 2. Click Grid 1. 4. The grid. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". click Finish. 5. click On Grids.

window-select all the columns. click No. 2. Open the Default 3D view. click Isolated. 6. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. click At Columns. In the view window. click Finish. Click Redo. click Undo. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. On the Quick Access toolbar.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. On the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 1. 3. 4.Structural . 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Columns and beams will move to the right.

set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Press ESC to clear the column selection. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves.5. A warning displays. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. 7. Click OK. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. The footing had been placed at Level 1. s On the Properties palette. The footing changes size. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. 6. To change the size of the footing. Structural s 425 . in the Type Selector. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18".

s Changed a grid layout.Structural . In this exercise. s Used a column grid to place beams. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .8. s Added footings to columns. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. Save and close the file.

the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 .STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. spans. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers.

Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . using formulas based on physics. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Structural .

s Add footings to columns. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Use a column grid to place columns. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Questions 1. All of the above. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Place beam systems.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Column b. s Place braces. s Change a grid layout. Beam d. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. True b. 2. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Brace c.

To create a beam system. d. When placing columns or beams. Properties c. 3. 5. True b. you use: a. a. c. To change the height of a column. False 4. Pick points. you: a. 2. b. Flip Orientation d.Structural . A and B. Stretch b. c. Select the type of beam or column to place. True b. A but not B. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . a. Use grid lines and grid intersections. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. d. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Select a beam type and define the system layout. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. you can: a. All of the above.Revit Architecture Questions 1. If you relocate a grid line. b.

Teacher. Inc.Executive Director. International Technology Education Association www. Smith . WI Roger Dohm . Virginia Tech Eric Losin . South Division High School.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . PE . Copyright s 431 .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Instructor. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.iteaconnect. Susan Harrington . CA Ronald A Williams. Milwaukee. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.org Project Lead the Way. Randy Dymond.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Poway High School. Mathematics. Poway. Ltd. Starkweather .Director.

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