P. 1
Kisari Mohan Ganguli - Mahabharata - Book 15 - Asramavasika Parva

Kisari Mohan Ganguli - Mahabharata - Book 15 - Asramavasika Parva

|Views: 21|Likes:
Published by hairao
The Mahabharata is one of the two epics of India, the other being The Ramayana. This book was sourced from www.sacred-texts.com, in a text form which I thought was too cumbersome to read.
Hence I have reformatted and pdfed the same. This should make reading easier.
Whatever I have done is for my pleasure, the real thanks should go to sacredtexts for their commendable efforts.
The Mahabharata is one of the two epics of India, the other being The Ramayana. This book was sourced from www.sacred-texts.com, in a text form which I thought was too cumbersome to read.
Hence I have reformatted and pdfed the same. This should make reading easier.
Whatever I have done is for my pleasure, the real thanks should go to sacredtexts for their commendable efforts.

More info:

Published by: hairao on Aug 24, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/24/2015

pdf

text

original

“Dhritarashtra said, ‘O best of kings, thou shouldst also reflect

properly on war and peace. Each is of two kinds. The means are

various, and the circumstances also, under which war or peace

may be made, are various, O Yudhishthira.[18] O thou of Kuru’s

race, thou shouldst, with coolness, reflect on the two (viz., thy

strength and weakness) with regard to thyself. Thou shouldst not

suddenly march against a foe that is possessed of contented and

healthy soldiers, and that is endued with intelligence. On the other

hand, thou shouldst think carefully of the means of vanquishing

him.[19] Thou shouldst march against a foe that is not provided

with contented and healthy combatants. When everything is

favourable, the foe may be beaten. After that, however, the victor

should retire (and stay in a strong position). He should next cause

the foe to be plunged into various calamities, and sow dissensions

among his allies. He should afflict the foe and inspire terror in his

heart, and attacking him weaken his forces. The king, conversant

with the scriptures that marches against a foe, should think of the

three kinds of strength, and, indeed, reflect on his own strength

and of his foe.[20] Only that king, O Bharata, who is endued with

alacrity, discipline, and strength of counsels, should march against

a foe. When his position is otherwise, he should avoid defensive

MAHABHARATA – BOOK 15 – ASRAMA VASIKA PARVA KISARI MOHAN GANGULI

44

operations.[21] The king should provide himself with power of

wealth, power of allies, power of foresters, power of paid soldiery,

and power of the mechanical and trading classes, O puissant

one.[22] Among all these, power of allies and power of wealth are

superior to the rest. The power of classes and that of the standing

army are equal. The power of spies is regarded by the king as

equal in efficacy to either of the above, on many occasions, when

the time comes for applying each. Calamity, O king, as it

overtakes rulers should be regarded as of many forms. Listen, O

thou of Kuru’s race, as to what those diverge forms are. Verily of

various kinds are calamities, O son of Pandu. Thou shouldst

always count them, distinguishing their forms, O king, and strive

to meet them by applying the well-known ways of conciliation

and the rest (without concealing them through idleness). The king

should, when equipt with a good force, march (out against a foe),

O scorcher of enemies. He should attend also to the considerations

of time and place, while preparing to march, as also to the forces

he has collected and his own merits (in other respects). That king

who is attentive to his own growth and advancement should not

march unless equipt with cheerful and healthy warriors. When

strong, O son of Pandu, he may march in even an unfavourable

season. The king should make a river having quivers for its stones,

steeds and cars for its current, and standards for the trees that

cover its banks, and which is miry with foot-soldiers and

MAHABHARATA – BOOK 15 – ASRAMA VASIKA PARVA KISARI MOHAN GANGULI

45

elephants. Even such a river should the king apply for the

destruction of his foe. Agreeably to the science known to Usanas,

arrays called Sakata, Padma, and Vijra, should be formed, O

Bharata, for fighting the enemy.[23] Knowing everything about

the enemy’s strength through spies, and examining his own

strength himself the king should commence war either within his

own territories or within those of his foe.[24] The king should

always gratify his army, and hurl all his strongest warriors

(against the enemy). First ascertaining the state of his kingdom, he

should apply conciliation or the other well-known means. By all

means, O king, should the body be protected. One should do that

which is highly beneficial for one both here and hereafter. The

king, O monarch, by behaving duly according to these ways,

attains to Heaven hereafter, after ruling his subjects righteously in

this world. O foremost one of Kuru’s race, it is even thus that thou

shouldst always seek the good of thy subjects for attaining to both

the worlds.[25] Thou hast been instructed in all duties by

Bhishma, by Krishna, and by Vidura, I should also, O best of

kings, from the affection I bear thee, give thee these instructions.

O giver of profuse presents in sacrifices, thou shouldst do all this

duly. Thou shalt, by conducting thyself in this way, become dear

to thy subjects and attain to felicity in Heaven. That king who

adores the deities in a hundred horse-sacrifices, and he who rules

his subjects righteously, acquire merit that is equal.’”

MAHABHARATA – BOOK 15 – ASRAMA VASIKA PARVA KISARI MOHAN GANGULI

46

MAHABHARATA – BOOK 15 – ASRAMA VASIKA PARVA KISARI MOHAN GANGULI

47

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->