History of Pants

DFT - V

1

Culottes
In the French Revolution, the sans-culottes were the radical militants of the lower classes, typically urban laborers. The appellation refers to the fashionable culottes (silk kneebreeches) of the moderate bourgeois revolutionaries as distinguished from the working class sans-culottes, who traditionally wore pantaloons (long trousers). During the peak of their influence, roughly 1792 to 1795, the sans-culottes provided the principal support behind the two far-left factions of the Paris Commune, the Enragés and the Hébertists
August 24, 2011 2

The popular image of the sans-culotte has gained currency as an enduring symbol for the passion, idealism and patriotism of the common man of the French Revolution Many public figures and revolutionaries who were not strictly working class styled themselves citoyens sans-culottes in solidarity and recognition.

August 24, 2011

3

August 24, 2011

Sample footer

4

HAREM PANTS
‡ Harem pants are women's baggy long pants tapered at the ankle, with side flaps on the hip that button at the waist area. ‡ In Persian, the word literally means pants. ‡ The Persians first developed pants as a form of garment. ‡ In some modern cultures of western Asia, harem pants are known as Kurdish pants.

HISTORY OF HAREM PANTS
‡ In western culture, these baggy pants were introduced as a women's article of clothing in the mid-1800's. ‡ They soon came to be known as "bloomers" and "Turkish trousers". ‡ In 1909, harem pants were brought back into the fashion by French designer Paul Poiret. ‡ The pants were worn below a tunic draped over the upper body. ‡ Unfortunately this trend failed as well, and harem pants were again relegated to being worn for women's sports.

PAUL POIRET S HAREM PANTS

‡ In 2009, harem pants made a comeback. ‡ But today's harem pants are proving to be a fashion statement to be made by the sleek, sophisticated, and chic. ‡ Modern harem pants are a sort of cross between a short skirt and skinny jeans, with the benefits of both without any of the shortcomings. ‡ The legs are typically fitted at the knees with a loose, baggy crotch area made to look as if it were designed for a skirt.

BREECHES
‡ Breeches are an item of clothing covering the body from the waist down, with separate coverings for each leg, usually stopping just below the knee. ‡ In some cases reaching to the ankles. ‡ The breeches were normally closed and fastened about the leg, along its open seams at varied lengths, and to the knee, by either buttons ,drawstring, straps and buckle or brooches. ‡ Formerly the breeching of a young boy, at an age somewhere between six and eight, was a landmark in his childhood.

TYPES

B EECHES

The terms breeches specifically designate the knee-length garments worn by men from the later 1500s ± 1800s. After that, they survived in England only in very formal wear. These are the types of breeches: SPANISH BREECHES: Stiff, ungathered breeches popular from the 1630s until the 1650s. PETTICOAT BREECHES: Very full, ungathered breeches popular from the 1650s until the early 1660s, giving the impression of a woman's petticoat. RHINEGRAVES: Full, gathered breeches popular from the early 1660s until the mid 1670s, often worn with an overskirt over them. FALL FRONT BREECHES: breeches with a panel or flap covering the front opening and fastened up with buttons at either corner.

PETTICOAT BREECHES

SPANISH BREECHES

FALL FRONT BREECHES

RHINEGRAVERS

KNICKERBOCKERS: From the 1890s to the 1930s were in fashion with both men and boys. They reached and were fastened just below the knees, but the thighs were more loosely worn. Breeches are still worn by many chasidic men, particularly those of Galician or Hungarian origin, such as Satmar and Sanz

KNICKERBOCKERS

Jeans
Jeans are trousers made from denim. Originally work clothes, they became popular among teenagers starting in the 1950s. Today Jeans are a very popular form of casual dress around the world.

Hist r
1873: Jacob Davis and Levi Strauss developed the first µblue jeans¶ in 1873. They were designed for strength and durability for heavy laboring in mines. 1930¶s: Cowboys and Jeans in the 1930¶s- the Western theme boosted the popularity of jeans among young and middle-aged men. 1940¶s: Soldiers and Jeans in the 1940¶s- soldiers of WWII were seen as idols and heroes to many. These soldiers wore jeans when they were off-duty attracting the attention of the population throughout Europe .

Rebels and Jeans in the 1950¶s- this was the period of the rebel; teenagers were making jeans their own. Teens were the first to embrace jeans as a symbol of their generation. Since jeans were not allowed in school, it only increased the appeal. 1960¶s: Hippies and Jeans in the 1960¶s- jeans were the virtual uniform of he antiwar movement. The hippie movement inspired jeans to be worn at events like Woodstock and protests. Jeans were modified during this time with psychedelic colors, embroidery, and cut-offs. 1970¶s: Bell Bottom Jeans in the 1970¶s- while the jeans were bell-bottom style and stone-washed, they were still popular. 1980¶s: Ripped Jeans in the 1980¶s- you¶ve got to admit when you hear the term, the 80¶s you can¶t help but smile. During this time jeans were popular by both men and women. And it was a cool thing to rip holes in your jeans and give them a worn out look. 1990¶s: Baggy Jeans in the 1990¶s- wasn¶t as long ago as we may think«during this time, jeans were a staple to wardrobes everywhere. Hip hop artists made the baggy look cool, and during the early 90¶s it was cool to µpeg¶ your jeans by folding the lower leg in and rolling the jeans at the leg opening up, which combined to give the jeans an additional ³turbo-taper´.

1950¶S:

2000 s:
The era of amendments Introduced advance washing procedures & FITs Several dry & wet processes experienced by designers. Jeans has become the most popular bottom wear around the world among teenagers. American¶s spend more than 14 Billions Dollars in an year on Jeans! Now jeans is in reach of every body.

Jea s a d the moder world
Since the mid-1950s denim jeans have consistently been favorites in American youth culture, but have changed style and significance throughout the years. Denim pants are sold in many different styles: boot cut, relaxed, skinny, straight, baggy, flare, cuffed, cropped, pegged, etc. Denim jackets (or jean jackets), originally worn by cowboys as an alternative to a cotton duck "chore coat´, have also gained fashion status since the 1950s. Many pop-culture icons are closely associated with the denim jacket

Popular Brands of Jeans manufacturers
Diesel Lee Jeans Levi¶s Mavi Wrangler QRS Jeans Joe¶s Jeans AG Jeans «««««

Types f Jeans
Shorts Skorts - combination of shorts and skirts Dresses Skirts Jackets Bags Hats Capri's

Fits f Jeans
Fits of jeans are determined by current styles, sex and by the manufacturer. Here are just some of the fits of the past and present: Ankle Loose Straight Boot Cut

Baggy Slim Fit Boy Cut Bell Bottom/Flare Saggy

Carpenter Original Classic Skinny leg

August 24, 2011

Sample footer

20

Ridi g breeches
Riding breeches are specifically designed for equestrian activities. Traditionally, they were tight in the legs, stopping about halfway down the calf, with buckles or laces in the calf section, and had a pronounced flare through the thighs that allowed freedom of movement for the rider. However, with the advent of modern stretch materials such as spandex, modern breeches have no flare and fit skin-tight. Zippers and velcro fastenings have replaced laces and buckles at the calves as well. The flared style is seen at times, and is available to cavalry and other historic reenactors.

Type of ridi g breeches
There are four main types of riding breeches: Knee patch breeches: Breeches that stop mid-calf, designed to be worn with tall boots, which come up to the knee, or with half chaps and short paddock boots. They have grippy material, usually leather or a "grippy" synthetic, only on the inside of the knee area. These are the only type of breeches worn by hunt seat riders. Show jumpers, eventers, show hunters, as well as some endurance riders, and pleasure riders also often use the breeches.

Full seat breeches: Breeches with grippy material from the knee, up the inner thigh, and across the buttocks. These breeches are primarily seen in dressage competition, where the "sticky" seat helps riders stay quiet and deep in the saddle as they sit the gaits of their horses. However, they are also worn by eventers and other riders. They are designed to be worn with tall boots or half chaps. Jockeys' breeches : Also known as silks are made from a white lightweight fabric, usually nylon and typically have elasticized lower legs. Some racing authorities have regulations that require a jockey's name to be inscribed along the thigh of the breeches.
August 24, 2011 Sample footer 23

Jodhpur breeches : jodhpurs are a type of riding pants with legs extending to the ankles, where they end in a small cuff that fits over the top of a low riding boot. They are commonly placed in a separate category from other types of breeches due to their additional length. They are most often worn by children. However, they are worn by adults in the show ring in the United Kingdom and Australia, and in the United States are seen on adults during riding lessons and for casual riding. These riding pants have elastic straps or "stirrups" that run under the rider's boots, and are usually worn with garters, to prevent them from riding up. They are meant to be worn with jodhpur boots, also known as "paddock boots", which come up just above the ankles. The advantage of jodhpurs is that expensive high riding boots are not required to protect the calf of the leg from rubbing against the horse's flank or the stirrup leathers.

Full seat breaches Knee patch breeches

Jockey breeches Jodhpuri breeches

T ai fis er an ant
Thai fisherman pants are lightweight unisex trousers that are made very wide in the waist, one size fits all. The additional material is wrapped around the waist and tied to form a belt. They are usually made of cotton or rayon. Although traditionally used by fishermen in Thailand, they have become popular among others for casual, beach, and exercise wear as well as for backpackers and pregnancy.

Thai fisherman pants are nearly identical to the traditional attire of Intha males, who live on Inlay Lake of Myanmar. They are known in Burmese as Shan baun-mi.

Thai fisherman do in reality wear this style of pants. They are also increasingly common among many men and women of all nationalities.

They are well-regarded by some as being comfortable and well-suited for various casual purposes including exercise.

This style of trousers is now widely available in a variety of styles and fabrics, such as cotton, hemp, bamboo, linen and most commonly polyester blends.

B GGY PANTS
Baggy pants or Wide-leg pants are a style of clothing popularized in the mid-tolate 1990s, while recently revived. The quintessential brand of 'hip-hop' style wide leg jeans was JNCO, though other youth and ethnic oriented clothing companies manufacture them as well.

HISTORY
1960s: old Levi Strauss jeans cut down and bleached by the sea air. 1970s: bell bottom trousers were worn by hippies and disco fans, but modern-day baggy jeans originated in the ghetto, where African American children had to wear secondhand clothes, often handed down from an older sibling or cousin. 1980s: baggy jeans entered mainstream fashion as the hammer pants and parachute pants worn by rappers to facilitate breakdancing.

1990s: These jeans became even baggier and were worn by skaters, hardcore punks, ravers and grungers to set themselves apart from the skintight acid wash drainpipe jeans worn by metalheads. During the 90s they were known as "baggies³ in UK. This term faded and now they are known as "wide leg jeans". 2000s: Baggy jeans continue to be worn by the raver, gangsta rap, and Nu-Metal subcultures. Skaters wore it as these are less likely to rip and allow greater freedom of movement than the skinny jeans popular among hipsters and scene kids.
August 24, 2011 Sample footer 31

DI ENSIONS
The extensive legs on baggy pants are the defining characteristic. They are cut with plenty of room in the thighs and a sharp taper in the ankle cuff. The hem on baggy pants is extremely large. The average length is commonly around twenty inches, but it isn¶t uncommon to discover them using a hem of as much as twenty three inches. Nevertheless, there¶s a trend by some businesses to generate extreme vast leg jeans that has a hem of over twenty six inches.

BELL-BOTTOMS
Bell-bottoms are trousers that become wider from the knees downward. Related styles include flare, loon pants and boot-cut/leg trousers. Hip-huggers are bellbottomed, flare, or bootcut pants that are fitted tightly around the hips and thighs.

HISTORY
Bell-bottoms became very fashionable for women in the mid 1960s in Europe and in North America by the late 1960s. By 1967, they went from high-fashion to become part of the hippie counter-culture movement in the late 1960s. Bell bottoms were mentioned in popular music, such as Bell Bottom Blues" by Blues-Rock super-group Derek and the Dominos in the 1970s, they moved into the mainstream. Sonny and Cher helped popularize bell-bottoms in the USA by wearing them on their popular television show. However, they can be seen as early as 1964, in the concert film The T.A.M.I. Show, worn (white "flares" with a baby-doll top) by a young Toni Basil.

Instead bell bottoms and flared jeans for women in 2011 are all about a neo-1970s style that has the following elements: A hem that is at least as wide as your foot ± the men¶s hem that you can see on the pictures above doesn¶t apply to the women¶s interpretation of the trend Loose at the knee ± The jeans are cut very slim down the thigh and the knee and then flare out from below the knee cap. This is a 1990s interpretation of flares and not the style that¶s on trend in 2011

VARIATIONS OF BELLBOTTOMS
1. FLARES: Flared out back and front from the bottom of the calf down and the hems are slightly curved. Usually worn by lads and girls wearing cuban heeled shoes and Chelsea Boots. The bottoms usually flared to around 18 inches.

2. LOON PANTS: One type of bell-bottomed trousers. They flared more from the knee than typical bell-bottoms, in which more of the entire leg was flared. 3. ELEPHANT PANTS: popular in the mid-to-late 1970s, were similar to loon pants but typically made of denim. Elephant bells had a marked flare below the knee, often covering the wearer's shoes.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN BA Y PANTS AND BELL-BOTTOMS
A lot of people confuse the baggy jeans with the bell bottoms but the difference between the two is a big one. The bell bottoms are wide below the knees and skinny above. Wide leg jeans and pants are at least 20" in circumference at the hem. Wide leg jeans differ from bell-bottoms in that the entire length of the leg is large in circumference whereas flare or bell-bottom jeans become wider below the knee. Wide leg jeans can be considered to be a variant of baggy jeans, which were also popular in the '90s.

Palazzo Pa ts
Palazzo pants are not new to the fashion scene. It turns out they were a big hit in the 70 s. They¶re history in fashion dates as far back as the 30 s.

Coco Chanel in the 1930's when they called them "beach trousers

Katharine Hepburn in the 1940's sported "wide leg" trousers which became her signature style

Bianca Jagger in the 1970's. When they were officially called "palazzo pants"

And in 1993. Flares

At the recently concluded HDIL Couture Week, designer Shahab Durazi, showcased a collection of wide legged palazzo pants, indicating that the trend may be back in vogue.

S eat ants
An informal variety of soft trousers intended for comfort or athletic purposes. Sweatpants are usually made from cotton The chief characteristic distinguishing them from other athletic pants is the elastic band located around the ankles. Sweatpants are traditionally ash gray in colour.

Variations In S eat ants

Fashion pants typically refers to "fashion conscious" sportswear. They lack the elastic band at the ankles.

Windbreakers are lighter and serve to shield the wearer from cold wind.

Tearaway pants are windbreakers with metal snaps running the length of both legs which allow athletes to remove their pants in a timely manner to compete in some sports like basketball.

Yo a Pants an Strai t Cut Jeant

Yo a Pants
Yoga pants are pants which are designed specifically for wear during yoga practice, although they are also suitable to other forms of exercise such as aerobics, dance, and martial arts.

These Pants are highly flexible to allow maximum possible movement of legs while performing yoga.

Yoga Pants

Preferably made of pure organic cotton because this could provide maximum comfort . Other fabrics used are made up of linen, silk, synthetic fibres such as rayon etc.

Yoga Pants

History
yoga flowered in the West in the late sixties and early seventies when several prominent yoga masters traveled to America.

They traveled the length and breadth of the country, introducing a new generation to an ancient practice.

There was no such thing as yoga apparel in those early days until entrepreneurial students started a cottage industry.

Back then, the only pattern they had to work from was their pajamas.
Loose fitted pyjamas

Pajamas were an interesting choice, since the word comes from a Hindi word that means ³leg garment,´ though pajamas were never actually worn by yogis in India, who traditionally wore nothing but a loincloth, if that.

Loin Cloth

Loose fitting, cool cotton pajamas provided a pattern, but in order for the pajama style pant to be functional as yoga apparel, some changes had to be made.

Thicker drawstrings and heavier elastic replaced thin waistbands and heavier cloth was used instead of the flimsy cotton and synthetics used in the manufacture of sleepwear. This is how Yoga Pants came into existence.

Ty es
Yoga pants include variations such as: Full-length Capri Drawstring
Full Length

Drawstring yoga Pants

Capri yoga Pant

Strai

t cut Jeans

Straight-cut pants typically sit at natural waist and are slim through the seat and thighs.

The fabric should skim one¶s silhouette and the leg should be long, tapering off gradually and slightly at the ankle. This style of pant is classic, and if one has the body to wear them, straight-cut jeans can pretty much be paired with anything.

History
Denim trousers were made in Chieri, a town near Turin in Italy, during the Renaissance and were popularized in the 19th century. These trousers were sold through the harbor of Genoa, which was the capital of the independent Republic of Genoa which was long an important naval and trading power.

The Genoese Navy required all-purpose trousers for its sailors that could be worn while swabbing the deck and the denim material met this need. These trousers were laundered by dragging them in nets behind the ship, and the sea water and sun would gradually bleach them to white.

A working uniform was selected to protect traditional uniforms from becoming soiled or torn in the ship's rugged working environment, leaving them for ceremonial occasions. They were first issued in 1901, and were originally straight-legged.

JODHPURIS
‡Jodhpuris are the perfect blend of tradition and contemporary styles. ‡They originate from an ancient style of Indian trouser called the Churidar. ‡Around 1890 Maharaja Sir Pratap Singh of Jodhpur started wearing riding breeches, called jodhpurs, tailored for polo. ‡These were cut in a wing-shape and had leather patches between the knees ‡Now, they are cut full at the hips, very tight fitting from knee to ankle, ending in a cuff with a strap under the instep. ‡Jodhpur pants (Jodhpurs) are made in various styles like adding a pattern cut with the leg seams on the outside of the leg, adding a patch, sometimes leather, on the inside of the knee and a leather or a similar synthetic patch on the seat. ‡They are usually manufactured from prewashed quality cotton, denim, cord and lycra. ‡This loose designer Jodhpuri pants have many pockets to facilitate for carrying many short sized but essentials like telescope, mobile phones or camera etc.

Mousami Prasad

In a more present scenario, the Jodhpur pants, which are still worn in Rajasthan during weddings and special occasions, have become a fashionable item in a man and even a woman's wardrobe.

2010 has brought with it the fashion of loose pants i.e. Jodhpur Pant

They have come on the fashion scene due to their unique shape, which makes them eye-catching.

In modern style stretch fabric is allowed to use for jodhpurs that give a flexibility to pant and attract the viewer.

BOXERS
In 1925, Jacob Golomb, designed elastic-waist trunks to replace the leatherbelted trunks then worn by boxers. These trunks, now known as "boxer trunks", immediately became famous, but were later eclipsed by the popular Jockey-style briefs beginning in the late 1930s. Around 1947, boxer shorts started to gain in popularity again. In more recent decades, boxer shorts got a fashion boost in 1985 Boxer shorts are shaped to fit snugly around the waist, draping at least two thirds of the way down to the knee and should be baggy enough to allow the user a full range of comfortable leg movement. Basic styles of boxer shorts: Boxer shorts with fly: These shorts are the most popular and can have a button or a metal clasp for closing the fly. Gripper boxer shorts: These shorts have an elastic waistband and also 3 snaps on the fly, so that they can open up completely. Yoke front boxer shorts: These shorts do not have an elastic waistband. These boxer shorts have straight-cut leg openings and cover part of the thighs and the entirely the rear side; the length might vary from 8 to sixteen inches. Mousami Prasad

Most boxer shorts have a fly in front. Fly is covered by metal snaps or a button or two. Many boxer shorts on the market do not need a fastening mechanism to close up the fly as the fabric is cut and the shorts are designed to sufficiently overlap and fully cover the opening. This is commonly known as an open fly design. Since boxer shorts fabric is rarely stretchy, a "balloon seat", a generous panel of loosely-fitting fabric in the center rear of the shorts, is designed to accommodate the wearer's various movements. The most common sewing design of boxer shorts are made with a panel seat that has two seams running on the outer edges of the back seating area, creating a center rear panel. Most mass produced commercial boxer shorts are made using this design. Fly fronts are not standard on tapered boxers, but a front cup panel offers some support Fabrics Used: Spandex, Cotton, Jersey knits, Polyester Now a days, Boxer shorts are becoming more of a fashion statement (or fashion fopa)

LEDERHOSEN
Lederhosen, German for leather trousers, are knee-breeches (knickerbockers or shorts) made of leather. They are made, in order of quality, from elk, goat, calf, or pig hide. Usually, they are handsomely and elaborately braided or embroidered with monograms, designs, or edelweiss, hunting or peasant motifs. The buttons are generally made of rough-hewn elkhorn. The Lederhosen was worn by woodsmen and country folk in Bavaria and Austria, when they first came out in the 1830's. It was considered clothing for rural people. people wear the Lederhosen in the Alps, as a sign showing everybody that the owner of Lederhosen belongs to the 'Alpine Tribe'. Lederhosen fell out of fashion for a while in the 1800s as pants made from cotton or cloth started to take over. These days lederhosen is usually reserved for beer festivals like Oktoberfest and other cultural events.
Mousami Prasad

They have a panel in the front that remains in place with either two buttons or a zipper. Most styles have pockets located on the front. Traditionally, the buttons are made of deer horn. A pair of leather suspenders keeps the trousers in place. They are attached to the front and back of the shorts by buttons. A leather strap crosses the chest and connects the suspenders. They cross in the back. The pants are embroidered at the pockets and along the front flap. A seam called an arschnaht is sewn up the back of the pants. In Austria, the seam is an indication of the region of the wearer. eams with a pad indicate a person from north of the Alps, while a straight vertical seam with no pad indicates that the wearer hails from south of the Alps. The leather chest strap on the suspenders usually contains an intricate design in the center. Flowers and birds are common decorations.

Ti
Tights are a kind of cloth leg garment, most often sheathing the body from about the waist to the feet with a more or less tight fit, hence the name. In recent years, they have been sometimes offered as men's fashion. Athletic tights are already considered unisex. In American English, the difference between pantyhose and tights is determined in the weight of the yarn used and the thickness to which the garment is knitted.

ts

Cont
There are many sub-classifications of tights/pantyhose that describe the precise construction (such as control top, seamless, support and sheer). Although most tights are mainly nylon or cotton, lycra is normally included in modern blends to improve fit. Unfooted tights are usually called leggings. Athletic tights are often unfooted, although they may have a "stirrup" that goes under the foot to hold the cuff down near the ankle.

Historical Background
Originally derived from the hose worn by European men several centuries ago, tights were made as close fitting as possible for practical reasons when riding horseback. For men of nobility, the material would be made of silk or fine wool rather than the coarser fabrics used by the lower classes. At the time of King Henry VIII of England, such was the male fashion for displaying a well turned leg that even the king padded the calf area under his hose.

Cont
Tights are common in the world of theater, especially in Renaissance-era costumes, and dance, particularly in ballet. The term "tights" has been used to try to ridicule certain traditional British uniform. Most famously the Serjeant-atArms at the Palace of Westminster, after a protester got past the security, were described in the media as "middle aged men in tights." Renaissance Era costume

Exa
For horseback riding

les of Current Use

Tights can also describe the leg coverings worn in cycling and other athletics, especially by runners and wrestlers. Tights can also reduce muscle strain and other injury. They are also used to create a health and/or beauty benefit for the wearer. Some manufacturers have even put caffeine in tights which they claim can reduce cellulite for the wearer.

Ber u a Pants
Bermuda Shorts, also known as walking shorts or dress shorts, are a particular type of short trousers, now widely worn as semi-casual attire by both men and women. The hem can be cuffed or uncuffed, around one inch above the knee. They are so-named because of their popularity in Bermuda, a British Overseas Territory, where they are considered appropriate business attire for men when made of suit-like material and worn with kneelength socks, a dress shirt, tie, and blazer.

Cont
In addition, many businesses in the West that have a business casual policy similarly allow this kind of clothing in appropriate weather. They are available in a variety of colors, including many pastel shades as well as darker shades. True Bermuda shorts are not to be confused with "clam diggers" or "capri pants" extending below the knee. Cargo shorts may be a similar length, but are typically baggy or less "tailored" than Bermuda shorts

History
Bermuda shorts originated with the British Army for wear in tropical and desert climates, and they are still worn by the Royal Navy. During the 2nd World War, there was a shortage of clothing in Bermuda. According to Jack Lightbourn, former Executive Vice President of the Bank of Bermuda Ltd., The General Managers of the two Banks in Bermuda, The Bank of Bermuda Ltd and The Bank of N.T. Butterfield and Sons Ltdwere concerned that their male employees would not have suitable clothing to wear. They arranged for a tailor in Bermuda to make two pairs of shorts, modeled on the shorts of the British military, for each of their male employees.

Cont
The shorts were made from a very itchy grey flannel material and each employee was supplied with two pairs of heavy grey wool long socks to wear with the shorts. This was the beginning of Bermuda shorts as business attire in Bermuda.

In the post war period local merchants such as Trimingham Bros. and H.A. & E. Smiths improved the design of the shorts and used bright coloured materials as the shorts became more popular.

Pleate Trousers
Pleats just below the waistband on the front of the garment are typical of many styles of formal and casual trousers including suit trousers and khakis. There may be one, two, three, or no pleats, which may face either direction. When the pleats open towards the pockets they are called reverse pleats (typical of khakis and corduroy trousers) and when they open toward the zipper, they are known as forward pleats. Utilitarian or very casual styles such as jeans and cargo pants are flatfront (without pleats at the waistband) but may have bellows pockets.

Ty es of Pleate Pants
Harem Pants Harem pants were seen in many Spring 2009 runway shows. Ralph Lauren, especially, made this style a central focus. Harem pants are an essential piece in the safari/tribal looks that are so popular for the Spring. They¶re usually worn with wide belts, leather sandals or booties and fitted, tucked in tops.

Cont
Carrot Pants Carrot pants are named so because of their carrot-like shape± wide at the hips and tapered at the ankles. Carrot pants can also be worn when sporting the safari/tribal look, but can also be made less rustic. Wear a pair of black carrot pants with a skinny belt, a fitted bow top and stilettos for a sophisticated, urban look.

Cont
Basic Pleated Pants Basic pleated pants are just that«trousers that have pleats. The pleats help to make the leg wider, fuller and flowy. Basic pleated pants are great for work! Pair them with an attractive belt, a fitted top, a blazer and strappy sandals for a very trendy office outfit.

Cont
Cropped Pleated Pants The only difference between these and basic pleated pants is the length. Cropped Pleated Pants should be worn the same way, but make sure you wear heels to fully take advantage of the lengthening qualities of the cropping.

PLUS FOURS
Plus fours are breeches or trousers that extend 4 inches(10 cm) below the knee. They allow more freedom of movement than knickerbockers. They have been traditionally associated with sporting attire from the 1860s and onward. They are particularly associated with golf. Less known are plus twos, plus sixes and pluseights, of similar definitions.

HISTORY
An "extravagant, careless style that fit right in with the looser fashions and lifestyles of the 1920s", plus fours were introduced to America by Edward, Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII of the United Kingdom), during a diplomatic trip in 1924. They were later brought back to prominence by the professional golfer Payne Stewart who wore them on the PGA Tour. The fictional comic book character Tintin was also usually seen wearing them.

OVERALLS( i an

race)

Overall is a type of garment which is usually used as protective clothing when working. These are trousers with an attached front patch covering the chest and with attached braces which go over the shoulders. Bib overalls are usually made of denim and often have riveted pockets, similar to those on jeans. Bib overalls have long been associated with rural men and boys in the U.S. South and Midwest, especially farmers and railroad workers. These workers seldom wear neckties because of the inherent safety risk it would bring. All over America in modern times, painters, farmers, certain factory workers, some train locomotive engineers, carpenters and other tradesmen or workmen often wear overalls as protective over-garments.

OVERALLS(Boiler-suits)
A boiler-suit, or coverall (US English), is a one-piece garment with full-length sleeves and legs like a jumpsuit, but usually less tight-fitting. Its main feature is that it has no gap between jacket and trousers or between lapels, and no loose jacket tails. It usually has a front fastening extending the whole length of the front of the body up to the throat, with no lapels. It may be fastened with buttons, a zipper, velcro, or snap fasteners. Coveralls are most often worn as protective clothing over "street" clothes at work, but sometimes instead of ordinary jacket and trousers.

HISTORY
In the beginning of the 20th century, coveralls came in as protective garments for mechanics in the USA. Women wore overalls in factories in England during the First World War in 1916. Rules were implemented in match factories: "Suitable overalls are required for all workers employed in the phosphorus process, except for people who only put the matches in boxes". During the Spanish Civil War, the Communist soldiers used boilersuits as their uniform. Early aeronauts also wore specially designed one-piece suits. In the 1930s, overalls were used as comfortable children's clothes. After World War II, many athletes also utilized the advantages of overalls. Overalls have sometimes been items of fashion, in the 1960s and 1970s. The fashion world began to sell one-piece overalls as high-quality leisure wear. Ski-overalls were and still are especially popular together with ski jackets.

LEVI S
Organization
Levi Strauss & Co. is a worldwide corporation organized into three geographic divisions: Levi Strauss Americas (LSA), based in the San Francisco headquarters; Levi Strauss Europe, Middle East and Africa (LSEMA), based in Brussels; and Asia Pacific Division (APD), based in Singapore.

The company employs a staff of approximately 10,500 people worldwide, and owns and develops a few brands. Levi's, the main brand, was founded in 1873 in San Francisco, specializing in riveted denim jeans and different lines of casual and street fashion.

History
Jacob Davis was a tailor who frequently purchased bolts of cloth made from hemp from Levi Strauss & Co.'s wholesale house. After one of Davis' customers kept purchasing cloth to reinforce torn pants, he had an idea to use copper rivets to reinforce the points of strain, such as on the pocket corners and at the base of the button fly. Davis did not have the required money to purchase a patent, so he wrote to Strauss suggesting that they go into business together. After Levi accepted Jacob's offer, on May 20, 1873, the two men received U.S. Patent 139,121 from the United States Patent and Trademark Office. The patented rivet was later incorporated into the company's jean design and advertisements. Contrary to an advertising campaign suggesting that Levi Strauss sold his first jeans to gold miners during the California Gold Rush (which peaked in 1849), the manufacturing of denim overalls only began in the 1870s.

Levi Strauss started the business at the 90 Sacramento Street address in San Francisco. He next moved the location to 62 Sacramento Street then 63 & 65 Sacramento Street. By changing the location of the store the company began to become more successful. Modern jeans began to appear in the 1920s, but sales were largely confined to the working people of the western United States, such as cowboys, lumberjacks, and railroad workers. Levi¶s jeans apparently were first introduced to the East during the dude ranch craze of the 1930s, when vacationing Easterners returned home with tales (and usually examples) of the hard-wearing pants with rivets. Another boost came in World War II, when blue jeans were declared an essential commodity and were sold only to people engaged in defense work.

From a company with fifteen salespeople, two plants, and almost no business east of the Mississippi in 1946, the organization grew in thirty years to include a sales force of more than 22,000, with 50 plants and offices in 35 countries. In the 1950s and 1960s, Levi's jeans became popular among a wide range of youth subcultures, including greasers, mods, rockers, hippies and skinheads. Levi's popular shrink-to-fit 501s were sold in a unique sizing arrangement; the indicated size referred to the size of the jeans prior to shrinking, and the shrinkage was substantial. The company still produces these unshrunk, uniquely sized jeans, and they are still Levi's number one selling product. Although popular lore (abetted by company marketing) holds that the original design remains unaltered, this is not the case: the company's president got too close to a campfire, and the rivet at the bottom of the crotch conducted the fire's heat too well; the offending rivet, which is depicted in old advertisements, was removed.

Brands
Levi¶s: The Levi¶s brand epitomizes classic American style and effortless cool. Dockers: The Dockers Brand has defined authentic khaki for 25 years. Since its introduction in 1986, the Dockers® brand has been perfecting khakis ² and the essential goods to go with them ² for men and women all over the world. Denizen: The DENiZEN name means ³inhabitant´ ± belonging to a community of family and friends. The brand is currently available in China, India, Mexico, Pakistan, Singapore and the United States. Signature: The Signature by Levi Strauss & Co.Œ brand, launched in 2003, demonstrates that distinctive products, with premium fabrics and finishes, can be available to people from every walk of life. The brand offers highquality, fashionable jeans at affordable prices to value-conscious consumers

Different fits available
Levis 501 Jeans: fits slightly below the waist, classic seat, thigh and leg with a 17.25 inch leg opening. With over Over 150 years and running these jeans are always in style. Levis 569 Jeans: Loose Straight Jeans have one of the loosest fits. Levis 514 Jeans: is a Zipper fly and bestseller for its universal slim fit, which never feels too snug or looks too baggy. Levis Shrink to Fit Jeans: have are made of rigid denim fabric. These jeans fit below the natural waist. Levis 527 Jeans: is low-rise boot cut and is an all time favorite. Comfortable and easy to wear, it fits straight through the hip and opens into a boot cut. Levis 550 Jeans: have a Relaxed Fit Button waist and zipper fly. Levis 511 Skinny Jeans Levis 505: fits straight through the seat, thigh and leg. It has a straight-cut waistband sits at the waist with soft and comfortable feel.

Dhoti P

ts

Dhoti Pants resembles in shape and silhouette exhibited by dhoti worn by men in India.

A dhoti pant drapes loosely only at the upper leg area and tapers gradually towards the hemline.

The area of gathered fabric for dhoti pants is great. New versions include more cropped and tapered versions.

The difference remains that dhoti pant for women is a stitched ready-to-wear and easy-to-wear garment whereas a typical Indian dhoti needs to be wrapped by folding and tying a 5 yard un-stitched rectangular piece of cloth

Dhoti P

ts

An ideal length for dhoti pants lie just above the ankle. Dhoti styles that are extra-deep are highly in vogue.

Variations may include front or side zippers or buttoned ends. Some may feature very moderate crotch depth or the original rapper styling.

They are made of soft draping fabrics like muslin, cotton or silk to ensure better drape and greater comfort. Georgette, crepes may also allow free drape.

Knick r ock rs
Knickerbockers are men's or boys' breeches or baggykneed trousers particularly popular in the early twentieth century USA.

The name "Knickerbockers" first acquired meaning with Washington Irving's History of New York, which featured the fictional author Diedrich Knickerbockers.

Knickerbockers have been popular in sporting endeavors, particularly golf, rock climbing, cross-country skiing, and bicycling.

Indeed, in cycling they were standard attire for nearly a hundred years, with the majority of archival photos of cyclists in the era before World War I showing men wearing knickerbockers tucked into long socks.

PANTALOONS
Pantaloons are knee-length, calf-length or ankle-length loose pants that can be worn by either men or women.\ The word pantaloon comes from the Italian word pantalone, which in turn was derived from a character in a seventeenth century comedy play. The character in the play, Pantaleone, was shown wearing these pants, and was probably the first person to wear them in public. During the French Revolution, the revolutionaries disdained the then-fashionable breeches in favor of pantaloons, because of higher comfort and ease. In Georgian England, the principle trend setter of the ton, Beau Brummel, adopted ankle-length pantaloons for more fastidious than fashionable reasons. He liked to present a neat, clean appearance, and his pantaloon had foot straps to keep it straight and uncreased. Women took to wearing dress pantaloons in Napoleonic France. Knee-length and ankle-length versions were worn as undergarments under the light muslin Empire-waisted gowns. White or skin-colored girls pantaloons were also in vogue at this time.

Hose
Hose are any of various styles of men's clothing for the legs and lower body, worn from the Middle Ages through the seventeenth century, when the term fell out of use in favor of breeches and stockings. (See also trousers.) The old plural form of "hose" is hosen. The French equivalent is chausses. Early wool hose were fitted to the leg, and fifteenth century hose were often made particolored or mi-parti, having each leg a different color, or even one leg made of two colors. These early hose were footed, in the manner of modern tights, and were open from the crotch to the leg. When very short doublets were in fashion, codpieceswere added to cover the front opening.

HOSE
By the sixteenth century, hose had separated into two garments: upper hose or breeches and nether hose or stockings. From the mid-sixteenth to early seventeenth centuries, a variety of styles of hose were in fashion. Popular styles included: Trunk hose or round hose, short padded hose. Very short trunk hose were worn over cannions, fitted hose that ended above the knee. Slops or galligaskins, loose hose reaching just below the knee. Trunk hose and slops could be paned or pansied, with strips of fabric (panes) over a full inner layer or lining. Pansied slop is a round hose characterized by the addition of a layer of panes, or strips of fabric running from the waistband to the leg band. These are commonly referred to as "pumpkin" pants.Pluderhosen, a Northern European form of pansied slops with a very full inner layer pulled out between the panes and hanging below the knee. Venetians, semi-fitted hose reaching just below the knee.

History of aja as
The word pajama means ³leg garment´ and was incorporated into the English language from Persian. The worldwide use of pajamas is the result of British presence in South Asia in the 18th and 19th centuries.
According to Yule and Burnell's Hobson-Jobson (1903 the word originally referred to loose trousers tied around the waist.

Pajamas were introduced in England as lounging attire in the 17th century but soon went out of fashion. About 1870 they reappeared in the Western world as sleeping attire for men, after returning British colonials brought (them) back The original pajamas were actually loose-fitting drawstring pants developed in Southeast Asia, where they continue to be worn today as daily garments under long tunics. Pajamas for children, men, and women are all slightly different. Children's pajamas are usually designed to be comfortable and practical. Footed or ³footie´ pajamas are one-piece pajama suits that cover the wearer from toe to neck for cold nights.

Types of pajamas
Traditional pajamas
Traditional pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination made of soft fabric, such as flannel; the jacket has a placket front and its sleeves have no cuffs.

Contemporary
These are derived from traditional pajamas, and may be variations of style only, such as short sleeve pajamas,[9] pajama-bottoms of varying length,[10] or, on occasion, one-piece pajamas.

Daywear
daywear, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants; examples of these are capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.

Flannels- Introduction
Flannel is a soft woven fabric, of various fineness. Flannel was originally made from carded wool or worsted yarn, but is now often made from either wool, cotton, or synthetic fiber. The brushing process is a mechanical process where a fine metal brush rubs the fabric to create fine fibers from the loosely spun yarns. Typically, flannel has either a single- or double-sided nap. Double-napped flannel refers to a fabric that has been brushed on both sides. If the flannel is not napped, it gains its softness through the loosely spun yarn in its woven form. Flannel is commonly used to make plaid clothing, bed sheets, and sleepwear.

Flannels- history
Flannel has been made since the 17th century, gradually replacing the older Welsh plains, some of which were finished as 'cottons' or friezes, which was the local textile product. The expansion of its production is closely associated with the spread of carding mills, which prepared the wool for spinning, this being the first aspect of the production of woollen cloth to be mechanised . The marketing of these Welsh woolen clothes was largely controlled by the Drapers Company of Shrewsbury.

TYPE S OF FLANNELS
Cotton Flannel Cotton flannel is also known as Canton flannel. The weave might be loose or tight, and this fabric may have napping on one side or both sides. The napping results from the fibers of one side of the cloth being raised and trimmed.

Bocking Flannel Bocking flannel is also known as baize. Bocking flannel, made of wool or cotton material, is fairly coarse with a feltlike texture. With a nap on both sides of the fabric, it dates back to the 16th century when it was used as a protective cover for doors, tables and carpets.

Linsey Woolsey Linsey-woolsey is a very coarse flannel typically made from linen and wool fibers. it was often woven with a linen warp and a woolen weft. Later on, when cotton grew in popularity, cotton replaced the linen as it was more durable and wore more easily. Linsey Woolsey was a popular fabric due to its weight and its warmth. Today, it is generally used for Colonial decoration and by people who wish to recreate garments from the United States' Colonial era.

Bloomers
Invented by Elizabeth Smith Miller of Peterboro, New York an early pioneer of the vulcanized rubber girdle, but popularized by Amelia Bloomer in the early 1850s (hence the name, a shortening of "Bloomer suit"). They were long baggy pants narrowing to a cuff at the ankles (worn below a skirt), intended to preserve Victorian decency while being less of a hindrance to women's activities than the long full skirts of the period. They were worn by a few women in the 1850s, but were widely ridiculed in the press, and failed to become commonly accepted. British explorer Richard Francis Burton, travelling across the United States in 1860 noted that he saw only one woman (whom he called a "hermaphrodite") wearing bloomers. The costume was called the "American Dress" or "Reform Costume" by the women's activists that wore it. Most of the women who wore the costume were deeply involved in dress reform, abolition, temperance and the women's rights movement. Although practical, the "bloomers" were also an attempt to reform fashion since the majority of "bloomers" were also in upper to middle class and also in the public eye.

Pantalettes
Pantalettes are undergarments covering the legs worn by women, girls, and very young boys (before they were breeched) in the early- to mid-nineteenth century. A form of leggings or long drawers, pantalettes originated in France in the early 19th century, and quickly spread to Britain and America. Pantalettes could be one-piece or two separate garments, one for each leg, attached at the waist with buttons or laces. They were most often of white linen fabric and could be decorated with tucks, lace, cutwork or broderie anglaise. Ankle-length pantalettes for women were worn under the crinoline and hoop skirt to ensure that the legs were modestly covered. Pantalettes for children and young girls were mid-calf to ankle-length and were intended to show under their shorter skirts.

Phat Pants
Phat pants or phatties are usually made of denim but can be made of any material, and are fitted at the waist, but get wider down the legs all the way to the ground where they enclose the feet due to their width. Phat pants are usually worn by ravers and can be used as a visual identifier. Ravers will often customise their phat pants by covering them with reflective materials of their own design. The pants are worn at rave parties, where the glow of the reflectors illuminates people's legs while they dance. It is usually worn by people who listen to hardcore, hardstyle, and other hard genres of electronic music. Phat Pants were first produced in Vancouver in 1995 by Laramie. The head designer was Noel Steen.

UV reflective tape is usually sewn or glued onto phat pants and seems to "glow" as some say when a concentrated amount of light hits the tape causing to some spectators for the tape to "glow" when it is really only reflecting the light. Many ravers and shufflers who wear phat pants purchase small portable UV lights as they can point it at the phat pants giving them an intense "glow"

Parachute Pants
Parachute pants are a style of trousers characterised by the use of nylon, especially ripstop nylon. In the original loose-fitting, extraneously zippered style of the late 70s/early 80s, "parachute" referred to the pants' synthetic nylon material. In the later 80s, "parachute" may have referred to the extreme bagginess of the pant. They are typically worn as menswear and are often brightly colored. Parachute pants became a fad in US culture in the 1980s as part of an increased cultural appropriation of breakdancing. Parachute pants played a pivotal role in the 1980s in fashion.

Parachute pants are infrequent in fashion as of 2010 and have received little serious exposure since the late 1980s. By the early 1990s parachute pants were sometimes mocked in popular culture as emblems of the 1980s, much as flares and bellbottoms are associated with the 1960s/1970s.

Ski Suit
A ski suit is a suit made to be worn over the rest of the clothes when skiing. A ski suit made for more casual winter wear outdoors may also be called a snowsuit. A ski suit can either be one-piece, in the form of a jumpsuit, or two-piece, in the form of a ski jacket and matching trousers, called salopettes (or ski pants). A ski suit is made from wind- and water-resistant or water-proof fabric, and has a non-removable liner made of nylon, silk, cotton or taffeta. Its main function is to keep a person warm while participating in winter sports, especially Nordic (cross-country) or Alpine(down-hill) skiing. It is generally a unisex garment.

A ski suit is usually made to keep the body warm (sometimes partly due to a suitable silvery colour that as a result increases its thermal conductivity), but the user often wears warm underwear too. It can also be used for alpine racing to improve aerodynamics. Ski suits made for speed skiing and alpine skiing might be very thin and skintight, adding as little air resistance as possible to the body.

Sailor Pants
Sailors had been wearing the looser fit work trousers since the 1580s since they allowed them to roll up the legs for wading ashore or climbing rigging.

Sailors may have played a role in the worldwide dissemination of trousers as a fashion

Sailors also pioneered the wearing of jeans, trousers made of denim. These became more popular in the late 19th century in the American West because of their ruggedness and durability.

Evolution
Sailor pants began as part of a practical work uniform, worn exclusively for many years by Navy men. Sailor pants always had a fashionable side, even when old salts wore them on the high seas. The bell bottoms are roomy and comfortable. The lines are sharp. the reason for using these pants was to enable the sailors to roll their pants up while they swabbed the decks or to pull them off easily in the water

Buttons in Sailor Pants
Sailors' pants concerns the 13 buttons on the fly.

the common explanation that the 13 buttons represent the 13 colonies isn't true.

Sailors' pants had seven buttons in the late 18th century and 15 in the early 19th century.

Finally, in the mid-1800s, the pants were redesigned with 13 buttons for purely stylistic reasons.

The women's sailor pant has a mid-rise waist, button fronts or buttons on each hip.

Examples of Sailor Pants
Pierce Jeans
MCQ sailor pants

lightweight cotton fleece sailor pants

white stretch cotton sailor pants high-waist Remy Titanium denim pants

Gauchos
Gauchos are calf-length pants with flared bottoms and elastic waistbands. They are named after the South American version of the cowboy (gaucho), and originated in the South American pampas, chacos or Patagonian grasslands, found principally in parts of Argentina, Uruguay, Southern Chile and Rio Grande do Sul, the southernmost state of Brazil.

These ranchers made up the major part of the population in the 19th century. Their pants reminiscent of modern day gauchos with their loose fit and wide hems.

Gaucho pants are usually made out of a soft cotton, but can also be found in denim or other fabrics. They are higher-waisted, fitted around the hips and flare out as they go down the legs, ending up quite loose around the hems.

In the middle of the 1970s, the former capri was making a comeback as gauchopants.

The free flowing style of the pant gives a casual look and is mainly worn by dancers.

With a hem that fell just below the kneecap and a slightly higher waist than many pant types

While still hitting just below the knee, the new improved gaucho look has a slightly longer inseam and a slightly flared leg that gave the garment an updated look compared to the form fitting models of the decade before

Oxford ags
Oxford bags were a loose-fitting baggy form of trousers favoured by members of the University of Oxford, especially undergraduates, in England during the early 20th century from the 1920s to around the 1950s.

The style had a more general influence outside the University, including in America, but has been somewhat out of fashion since then.

The style originated from a ban in 1924 on the wearing of knickers by Oxford (and Cambridge) undergraduates at lectures.

The bagginess allowed knickers to be hidden underneath easily. The style was invented by Harold Acton of Christ Church.

The style made a comeback in 1970s Britain, often worn with platform shoes. A popular 1970s Scottish boy band, The Bay City Rollers wore a variant of oxford bags with tartan trimmings that fell short of ankle-length.

The state of mind held steady until 1925 when a hot summer was the excuse for Oxford Bags.

The measurement of these loose pants at the leg bottom reached 40 inches!!

Invented and embraced by English Oxford University students, Bags were inspired by the loose trousers that oarsmen slipped on over their shorts.

The extreme fashion did not last long, but wear with the Zoot Suit in 1938.

Oxfor Ba Variations

PEDAL PUSHERS
‡ ‡ Pedal pushers are cuffed and worn tight to the skin. They are related in style to Capri pants, and are sometimes referred to as "clam diggers³.

These are calf-length trousers that were popular during the 1950s. They have seen a resurgence in the 2010s

PEDAL PUSHERS IN 1950s

PEDAL PUSHERS IN 2010s

Pedal pushers are so-called because they were originally worn by cyclists, and are still useful as such.

FLANNEL PANTS
Pants made of flannel are known as flannel pants. Flannel is a soft woven fabric, of various fineness

Flannel fabric swatch

Flannel pants

Flannel pants usually have a soft, flannel-covered elastic waistband with adjustable drawstring

‡Some ants come with side ockets bar-tacked at the to and bottom for extra strength.

Leggings refers to tight, formfitting trousers that extend from the waist to the ankles.

LE

IN S
Women in leggings

In some countries, they are sometimes referred to as tights.

They are a type of fitted clothing covering the legs.

They can be worn by both men and women.

Man in leggings

Leggings are sometimes worn fully exposed, and are more traditionally worn partially covered by a garment such as a skirt, a large t-shirt or shorts, or fully covered by an outer garment, such as a full length skirt.

Leggings are typically ankle-length, and some are stirruped or encase the feet.

JE
Jeggings are a recent variant of leggings. They are leggings that take certain attributes from jeans, such as colour and style and particularly a coloured seam down the side, thus a mixture of the two and hence the adoption of the name "Jeggings". Some styles have even taken the jean-like look to such lengths as adding false pockets and faux zipflies to add to the look.

IN S

CARGO PANTS
Cargo pants are loosely-cut pants designed for tough, outdoor activities distinguished by multiple cargo pockets.

A cargo pocket is a form patch pocket with accordion folds for increased capacity closed with a flap secured by snap, button, or Velcro.

Cargo pants are made of hard wearing fabric and ruggedly stitched.

The garments are characteristically designed to allow bending at the knee and hip and sewn with felled seams.

Ma e y:
Dee ali C ou ary NIFT an ina ar

August 24, 2011

Sample footer

131

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful