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Lakshmi-Hayagriva

Lakshmi-Hayagriva

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Lakshmi Hayagriva

By

Tamarapu Sampath Kumaran

He regularly contributes articles on Management.About the Author: Mr T Sampath Kumaran is a freelance writer. Business. festivals and different cultures of people around the world are educative and of special interest to the young. His articles are popular in “The Young World section” of THE HINDU His e-books on nature. Special thanks to www. Ancient Temples. Muruga. Guide to 275 Siva Sthalams.com for hosting my e-books. Tirupati Gangamma. environment. He was associated in the renovation and production of two Documentary films on Nava Tirupathi Temples. Vision of Sri Madhwacharya and Guru Raghavendra. Google for some of the photographs. . Ganesha. and Temple Architecture to many leading Dailies and Magazines. Guide to Kancheepuram. The Path of Ramanuja.scribd. and Courtesy. Hanuman and Hinduism in a nutshell have been well received in the religious circle. and Tirukkurungudi Temple in Tamilnadu. His e-books – Guide to 108 Divya Desams. Acknowledgement: I wish to express my gratitude to the authors from whose works I gathered the details for this book. Pilgrimage to Narasimhaswami shetrams.

(17th sargam-49th slokam) Sri Mahabharatham. the fullmoon day falling during the month of August. Special worship for Hayagriva is being conducted on SravanaPaurnami. Rama before proceeding for His Pattabhishekham. ( in the 17th sloka of 76th sarga ) Parasuraama says to Rama "akshayam madhuhanthaaram jaanaami tvaam survotthamam". As per the Vaishnava tradition Hayagriva is a very important deity. Sri Hayagreevan is being referred to as Madhusoodhanan in the Brahmanda purana : Om namo Vishnave Deva Madhussodhanathe Namah. with a human body and a horse's head. kaitapar. You could have just told me so. immortal. Since. I realise that You are the Devaadhi Deva. guided by the hand of God. He is referred to as Madhusoodhanan. seated on a white lotus. the One who killed madhu. the story represents the triumph of pure knowledge. He is worshipped as the God of wisdon and knowledge. Lord Hayagreevar killed the asuras. Santhi parvam mentions Haygreeva avataara and Sri Hayagreevopanishad. which is considered the day of His avatara. over the demonic forces of passion and darkness. I world have brought Sita back from anywhere wheresoever like Sri Hayagreeva brought the Vedas killing Madhukaitapar”.) An important verse in the Pancharatra Agamas Gyananananda-mayam devam nirmala-sphatikakritim Adharam sarvavidyanaam hayagrivam upasmahe! is now popularly prefixed to the Hayagriva Stotram of poet-philosopher Vedanta Desikar. Hayagriva is also hailed as "Hayasirsa". (Haya means Horse. His blessings are sought when one begins the study of both sacred and secular subjects. In Valmiki Ramayanam Balakandam. In Kishkinthaa kaandam. and Sirsa means Head. no problem. . elaborates the greatness of Haygreevar. pays obeisance to Lord Hayagreevan "dhushtaava praNadhaischaiva sirasaa madhsoodhanam" (6th sargam-7th slokam). madhu and kaitapar. Vaali tells Sri Rama "Even if that Ravana hids Sita in PaathaaLa lokam.As per Hindu scripures Hayagriva is also considered an Avatara of Lord Vishnu. Maha Vishnu. Symbolically.

Ill omens appeared in the air. they grew very worried. the world is descending into chaos as Janardhana. The sun sank before its appointed time. White is a symbolism of purity that is depicted in the "white horse" face he adorns Sri Hayagriva Avataram Long ago. Vishnu's presence was essential. As fate would have it. unaware of his surroundings and stood as one whose life had become extinct. were concerned about Vishnu's state. and the other two hold the Conch and Discus. However. At the end of the battle. is deep in slumber. When the bow recoils from its tense state. in a standing posture. with his head supported by the tip of his peerless bow. Shiva turned to Brahma and said. he fell into a really deep sleep. but the Lord of the sacrifice is asleep. had waged a war lasting sixteen thousand years with the Asuras. also known as Hari. Let it eat the bowstring from the bottom. "The scriptures say that waking someone who is in deep sleep is a great sin. the noise will wake Vishnu up. Vishnu who is also known as Janardhana. Indra supplicated himself before Shiva and said. like fresh cut crystal. he went to sleep. another holding books of wisdom. His beauty. with one in the mode of bestowing knowledge. desperate times call for desperate measures." Accordingly Brahma commanded the insect to break the bowstring. It is also time for the great sacrifice to be conducted by us. is an auspicious brilliance that never decays. I remember that there was a tiny beetle. "O Lord. Hayagreeva is associated with the purity of knowledge and is represented in the same way as Saraswati. All those present were frightened by that terrible sound. that sounded like that made at the end of the world. Among your myriad creations. Please help us!". All creation started acting in a manner inconsistent with . belonging to the Chel species. When the string broke. When the Devas and the divine sages beheld this. For who would protect the world if the great protector is sleeping? Besides. the bow snapped erect with a noise.Sri Vedantha Desika’s dhyana-sloka (meditative verse) on Hayagriva typifies this deity's depiction in Hindu iconography as one who has four lotus hands. He prays “May this Lord of speech who showers such cooling rays of grace on me be forever manifest in my heart”. overcome with fatigue. Even Brahma and Shiva who were present. for the Yagna (sacrifice) to be conducted in heaven.

Let Brahma fit the body of Hari (Vishnu) with that of a horse. Only she can show us the path from our present predicament. "O Devas. an incorporeal voice shouted from the sky. He was known as Hayagreeva (horseheaded). praising the great love she has for all her creations." Long ago. Nobody is safe from his marauding forces.their normal behavior. Listen to this story. There is a reason why I caused Vishnu's head to be cut off from his body. When I appeared before him. she must have caused it to happen. a gory sight met their eyes. Everything that happens is according to her will. Vishnu regained his previous form at the end of this battle. all the Devas. he asked for the boon of immortality. one who controls the fate of the universe." Acting on the instructions from Devi. Vishnu was transformed by the grace of Devi into a wondrous creature. You shall accomplish my will by this means. . an Asura king named Hayagreeva performed a great penance directed to me on the banks of the river Saraswati. in his form as Hayagreeva. and with the head of a head. When the Devas looked to see if Vishnu had woken. he has oppressed the world for a long time. Shiva and Brahma. I have decided that Vishnu should slay him. But Brahma became extremely proud and head-strong of his position as the creator and about his powers of wisdom. They praised her as the force behind all creation. When I told him that it was impossible. Emboldened by my boon. started praying to Shakti. If Vishnu has been beheaded. a grim sight that shook the beholders to the core of their being. he then asked for a boon that he may be killed only by a creature with the face of a horse. is to pray to Devi. "The only thing we can do during this evil time. Brahma understood how various kalpams had begun due to Lord Vishnu's teachings. They sang many hymns extolling her prowess. of immense strength. You have worshiped me as per the method described in the Vedas. The recoiling bow tip had beheaded Vishnu! Only his lifeless torso stood there. I am very much pleased." Accordingly. you have nothing to worry. At last. with the body of a man. At the end of a vicious battle. By the Devi's grace. She is the life force behind the universe. Lord Vishnu taught Brahma the Creation through His breath of Vedas. Brahma said. the Asura Hayagreeva was killed by Vishnu. Another story refers to that the avataram of Hayagreeva Bhagavan took place to restore the Vedas to Brahma. Brahma instantly beheaded a horse with a sword and fitted Vishnu with its head.

Lord Vishnu wanted to remove the pride of Brahma. Brahma continued his work of creation Another episode refers to Sri Hayavadana was the form of the Lord Hayagrîva (Vishnu) that Sri Vâdirâja Tîrtha worshipped. The goldsmith tried many times. the cast took the shape of Lord Hayavadana. veda: me brahma sotthamam" "Vedas alone are my eyes. He rushed to Paathaala Loka fought with the asuras and killed them. the idol kept taking the shape of Lord Hayavadana. The goldsmith prostrated at the feet of Sri Vâdirâja Tîrtha . The whole world is surrounded by darkness due to the absence of Vedas. To his surprise. faultless crystal hued form. How am I to proceed on my creation without the Vedas ? Please arise from the Yoga nithrA and help me Lord! Please give me back my eyes which have been blinded by my own pride. and started hitting the idol with a hammer. as he yawned out the Vedas recklessly. Madhu and Kaitabha. as directed by Sri Hayagrîva. In the dream. To his surprise. they are my wealth. The goldsmith got tired and frustrated. They stole the Vedas from Brahma. one day the goldsmith had a dream." Brahma prostrated to Lord Vishnu and begged the Lord to give him back his vision (Vedas) which had been blinded by his own pride. appeared as the white horse faced. Brahma rushed to the Lord and pleaded to Lord Vishnu for mercy and saving the Vedas prostrating to the Lord he said: "veda: me paramam sakshi: veda: me paramam param veda: me paramam dharma. and asked for the promised icon. however hard he hit. Then. and the Lord Himself used to appear in the form of a white horse to please His devotee. A couple of water droplets from the lotus seat of the Lord incarnated as two Asuras. no damage was happening to the statue. They are my Lord. and each time. Sri Vâdirâja Tîrtha then went to the goldsmith. Lord Vishnu incarnated as Hayagreeva. he saw Sri Hayavadana Himself telling him to give the statue to the saint who would be approaching him the next day. It so happened that a goldsmith was trying to make a gold statue of Ganapati. Hayagreeva handed over the Vedas to Brahma. Unable to carry on his work of creation without the Vedas. with strong luminous body and lustrous form with a lovely long nose. like the heaven surrounded by white bright stars that illumined the whole world.

and used to get into the Mutt where Sri Vâdirâja Tîrtha used to reside. Sri Vâdirâja Tîrtha assured him that he did not own such a horse. Sri Vâdirâja Tîrtha would offer a sweet dish called Hayagrîva (a preparation consisting of jaggery. and offered his land to the Mutt. The owner got angry. and that in fact. On another instance. set to an 'ashvaghati' (literally. a horse's trot) beat. to please the Lord. and would put his feet at the shoulders of Sri Vâdirâja Tîrtha. knowing that the horse was the Lord Hayavadana Himself. and the latter Himself would appear and dance when His devotee sang to Him As a very staunch devotee. Sri Vâdirâja Tîrtha. and asked him to see the places in his field where the "horse" ate. play for some time like a horse. The white horse used to eat the dal (lentils) growing in the field. Every day. when Sri Vâdirâja Tîrtha was in Pandaripura serving Lord Vitthala. The complainant however was not satisfied. he did a full search of its premises. Meanwhile. since he was positive seeing the horse enter the Mutt. and approached Sri Vâdirâja Tîrtha with a complaint that a horse belonging to the latter was coming to his field and eating his crop. but could not locate the horse he expected to see. the latter saw golden corn at all the places where the Lord ate. To his great surprise. He surrendered at the feet of Sri Vâdirâja Tîrtha. there was a corn field near the temple and the owner of the corn field used to see a white horse coming to his field and graze the corn. ghee and kaDale (lentil) by keeping it in a tray and holding it on his head while seated. It is said that Sri Vâdiraja Tîrtha would sing the 'Dashaavataara-stuti'. there was no horse of any description in the Mutt. told the landowner that he was very lucky. The Sri Hayavadana used to take a form of a white horse. which the saint then consecrated and used for worship. eat the sweet.and offered the icon of Lord Hayavadana. and disappear into the Hayavadana icon. Vadirajatirtha would recite the following sloka Na HayagrivAth Param Asthi MangaLam Na HayagrivAth Param Asthi Paavanam Na HayagrivAth Param Asthi Dhaivatham Na Hayagrivam Pranipathya Seedhathi! . almonds.

This is described in Brahmanda puraanam Sri Hayagreeva agasthya samvaadham. he is most commonly worshipped along with his consort Lakshmi and is known as Lakshmi-Hayagriva. No one grieves after performing saranagathi at the sacred feet of Hayagrivan”. At Kanchi. YogaHayagriva. However. Nothing is more sacred than Sri Hayagrivan to destroy our accumulated sins. . There is yet another puranic narration on Hayagreevar.“There is no auspiciousness greater than Hayagrivan. He blessed the muni with Devi mahaathmyam. Agasthya muni was on severe penance on Sriman Narayanan and the Lord appeared as Hayagreevar and was immensely pleased with his tapas. Hayagriva is sometimes worshipped in a solitary pose of meditation. No other God is superior to Hayagrivan.

a significant Srivaishnava monastic institution. Since the. Yathiraaja was performing Thiruvaaraadhanam (worship) to Sri Lakshmi Hayagreeva Vigraham daily. in front of Saraswathi Devi. Ramanuja "officially" released the commentary at the grand gathering of all Sanskrit scholars and Vedic scholarsat Saraswathi peetam in Kashmir.Hayagriva in this form is the presiding deity of Mysore's Parakala Mutt. she honoured the commentary by conferring an award calling it "SRI BHAASHYAM". Saraswathi. This excellent. Sri Ramanujacharya re-established the Visishtadvaita siddhaantham and commented on Brahma suthram in his Bhashyam. she was extremely happy with Yathiraajaa. . she presented to him a Divya mangaLa vigraham of Sri Lakshmi Hayagreevan. Also. immenslely satisfied at the excellent commentary and the truthful presentation of Brahma sUthram. unambiguous vyakhyaanam was completed by Yathiraajaa and fulfilled his "maanaseega guru" Yamaunaacharya's wish (manOradham).

Afetr Swami Desikan's period. Once Swami Desikan wished to stay at Thiruvaheendra puram and was proceeding from Kanchi. without eating anything (just by drinking few drops of water that he had offered to . There lot of grains were stored and piled in sacks. There Swami Desikan did not have anything to offer to his Sri Hayagreeva vigraham and hence. offered just water and he also went to sleep. this was passed on to Sri Brahma tantra Swami and is now with Mysore Parakala Mutt Swami. On the way he stayed at some remote place (that belonged to a grain merchant). the first lyrical work of the great Acharya. Even today.Sri Vedanta Desikar meditated on the Lord at Oushathadri (Thiruvahindrapuram) and was blessed with all knowledge. the Thiruvaaraadhanam is being performed on this Divya MangaLa vigraham of Lord Sri Lakshmi Hayagreeva. He prays to the Lord in his Hayagriva Stotram . This vigraham. through the Acharyas. came to Sri Vedanta Desikar.

Spiritually. Swami Desikan has tears rolling down his cheeks. Hayagriva and as well as a Buddhist God by Buddhists. Horses are very important to the culture of the Mongolians. education. near Chengalpattu. which seems to be worshipped as Narasimha. Next day morning as Swami Desikan. This vigraham was moved from Tiruahindrapuram. beautiful white Horse which started eating those grains from a sack. Hayagriva Upanishad tells us that Tibetan Buddhists worship Hayagriva as a wrathful manifestation of Avalokiteshwara. wealth and progress in all walks of life. located near Kancheepuram. in Chettipunnyam village. Though the Vigraham is older. he cures skin diseases. thinking that it belongs to Swami Desikan. to save it from alien invasion. three km west of Singaperumalkoil.the Lord). Hayagriva is a prominent deity amongst the Vaishavas and hence Hayagriva Jayanthi is an important festival for them. Hayagriva. three km west of Singaperumalkoil. The merchant. and prostrated to the Lord (who had come as the White Horse) and explained to the merchant and asked him to bring a pot of milk. it is believed. Chettipunnyam village. . near Cuddalore. near Chengalpattu. it was installed in this temple in 1848. Hayagriva temples appear to be located mostly only in South India and that too on the east coast. similar to the Narasimhaswamy Temples. bestows upon the devotees. He has 108 forms. immediately woke him up to tie the white horse. Midnight. Tamil Nadu. the merchant noticed a very big. Assam at Manikoota Parvat. The Hayagriva in the temple. is known as Bato Kannon in Japan About the festival Hayagriva was born on the Sravana Poornima day. Tibetan horse-dealers believe that he frightens away horse thieves by neighing loudly like a horse. There is a Yoga Hayagriva vigraham at the Devanathaswami temple. the horse’s neigh drives away maya and reveals truth. started off his journey to Thiruvaheendrapuram the merchant came running to inform that the whole sack. from which the white horse ate is full of Gold coins! Swami Desikan smiled and was overwhelmed with joy for His mercy and leela. The excited merchant and others brought milk which the Lord drank happily and disappeared. That place is called is later as "pon vilaintha kalampudhoor". There is one temple in Guwahati.

particularly on the Hayagriva Jayanthi day bestows all that is necessary for good education to the students.. Popular belief is that praying to Lord Hayagriva. Other related benefits will be elevation on job front. Sri Hayagreeva Stothram: Gyaanaanandamayam devam nirmalasphatikaakritimh Aadhaaram sarvavidyaanaam hayagriivamupaasmahe 1 Svatassiddham shuddhasphatika manibhuubhritpratibhatam Sudhaasadhriichiibhirdhutibhiravadaatatribhuvanamh Anantaistrayyantairanuvihita heshaahalahalam Hataasheshaavadyam hayavadanamiidiimahi mahah 2 Samaahaarassaamnaam pratipadamrichaam dhaama yajushaam Layah pratyuuhaanaam laharivitatirvedhajaladheh Kathaadarpakshubhyatkathakakulakolaahalabhavam Haratvantardhvaantam hayavadana heshaa halahalah 3 Praachii sandhyaa kaachidantarnishaayaah Pragyaadrishterajnjanashriirapuurvaa Vaktrii vedaanh bhaatu me vaajivaktraa Vaagiishaakhyaa vaasudevasya muurtih 4 Vishuddha vigyaanaghana svaruupam Vigyaana vishraanana baddhadiikshamh Dayaanidhim dehabhritaam sharanyam Devam hayagriivamaham prapadye 5 Apaurusheyairapi vaakprapajnchaih Adyaapi te bhuutimadrishtapaaraamh Stuvannaham mugdha iti tvayaiva Kaarunyato naatha kataakshaniiyah 6 Daakshinyaramyaa girishasya muurtih Devii sarojaasanadharmapatnii Vyaasaadayoapi vyapadeshyavaachah Sphuranti sarve tava shaktileshaih 7 . improvement in public image and reputation etc.The festival is also prominently observed by the student community. Legal disputes if any will be solved with much ease and natives would get their rightful fixed assets.

Mandoabhavishyanniyatam virijncho Vaachaam nidhe vajnchita bhaagadheyah Daityaapaniitaanh dayayaiva bhuuyoapi Adhyaapayishyo nigamaanh na cheth tvaamh 8 Vitarkadolaam vyavadhuuya satve Brihaspatim vartayase yatastvamh Tenaiva deva tridasheshvaraanaamh Asprishta dolaayitamaadhiraajyamh 9 Agnou samiddhaarchishi saptatantoh Aatasthivaanh mantramayam shariiramh Akhanda saarairhavishaam pradaanaih Aapyaayanam vyomasadaam vidhatse 10 Yanmuulamiidrikh pratibhaati tatvam Yaa muulamaamnaaya mahaadrumaanaamh Tatvena jaananti vishuddha satvaah Tvaamaksharaamaksharamaatrikaam te 11 Avyaakritaadh vyaakrita vaanasi tvam Naamaani ruupaani cha yaani puurvamh Shamsanti teshaam charamaam pratishtaam Vaagiishvara tvaam tvadupagyavaachah 12 Mugdhendu nishyanda vilobhaniiyaam Muurtim tavaananda sudhaa prasuutimh Vipashchitashchetasi bhaavayante Velaamudaaraamiva dugdhasindhoh 13 Manogatam pashyati yah sadaa tvaam Maniishinaam maanasa raajahamsamh Svayam purobhaava vivaadabhaajah Kimkurvate tasya giro yathaarhamh 14 Api kshanaardham kalayanti ye tvaam Aaplaavayantam vishadairmayuukhaih Vaachaam pravaahairanivaaritaiste Mandaakiniim mandayitum kshamante 15 Svaaminh bhavaddhyaana sudhaabhishekaath Vahanti dhanyaah pulakaanubandhamh .

Alakshite kvaapi niruudhamuulam Angeshvivaanandathumh ankurantamh 16 Svaaminh pratiichaa hridayena dhanyaah Tvaddhyana chandrodaya vardhamaanamh Amaantamaananda payodhimantah Payobhirakshnaam parivaahayanti 17 Svairaanubhaavaastvadadhiina bhaavaah Samriddhaviiryaastvadanugrahena Vipashchito naatha taranti maayaam Vaihaarikiim mohana pijnchhikaam te 18 Praan nirmitaanaam tapasaam vipaakaah Pratyagranishshreyasa sampado me Samedhishiiramstava paadapadme Samkalpa chintaamanayah pranaamaah 19 Vilupta muurdhanya lipikramaanaam Surendra chuudaapada laalitaanaamh Tvadamghriraajiiva rajah kanaanaam Bhuuyaanh prasaado mayi naatha bhuuyaath 20 Parisphurannuupurachitrabhaanu – Prakaasha nirdhuuta tamonushangaamh Padadvayiim te parichinmaheantah Prabodha raajiiva vibhaatasandhyaamh 21 Tvatkinkaraalamkaranochitaanaam Tvayaiva kalpaantara paalitaanaamh Majnjupranaadam maninuupuram te Majnjuushikaam vedagiraam pratiimah 22 Sanchintayaami pratibhaadashaasthaanh Sandhukshayantam samayapradiipaanh Vigyaana kalpadruma pallavaabham Vyaakhyaana mudraa madhuram karam te 23 Chitte karomi sphuritaakshamaalam Savyetaram naatha karam tvadiiyamh Gyaanaamritodajnchana lampataanaam Liilaaghatiiyantramivaashritaanaamh 24 .

Prabodha sindhorarunaih prakaashaih Pravaala sanghaatamivodvahantamh Vibhaavaye deva sapustakam te Vaamam karam dakshinamaashritaanaamh 25 Tamaamsi bhitvaa vishadairmayuukhaih Sampriinayantam vidushashchakoraanh Nishaamaye tvaam navapundariike Sharadghane chandramiva sphurantamh 26 Dishantu me deva sadaa tvadiiyaah Dayaatarangaanucharaah kataakshaah Shrotreshu pumsaamamritam ksharantiim Sarasvatiim samshrita kaamadhenumh 27 Visheshavitvaarishadeshu naatha Vidagdha goshthiisamaraanganeshu Jigiishato me kavitaarkikendraanh Jihvaagra simhaasanamabhyupeyaah 28 Tvaam chintayanstvanmayataam prapannah Tvaamudgrinanh shabdamayena dhaamnaa Svaaminh samaajeshu samedhishiiya Svachchhanda vaadaahava baddhashuurah 29 Naanaavidhaanaamagatih kalaanaam Na chaapi tiirtheshu kritaavataarah Dhruvam tavaanaathaparigrahaayaah Navam navam paatramaham dayaayaah 30 Akampaniiyaanyapaniiti bhedaih Alankrishiiranh hridayam madiiyamh Shankaakalankaa pagamojjvalaani Tatvaani samyajnchi tava prasaadaath 31 Vyaakhyaa mudraam karasarasijaih pustakam shankachakre Bibhradbhinnasphatikaruchire pundariike nishannah Amlaanashriiramritavishadairamshubhih plaavayanh maam Aavirbhuuyaadanagha mahimaa maanase vaagadhiishah 32 Vaagartha siddhihetoh Pathata hayagriivasamstutim bhaktyaa .

Kavitaarkika kesarinaa Venkatanaathena virachitaametaamh 33 Kavitaarkikasimhaaya kalyaanagunashaaline Shriimate venkateshaaya vedaantagurave namah .

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