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Introduction to Metal Casting

Introduction to Metal Casting

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Published by Vineeth Shankar

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Published by: Vineeth Shankar on Aug 24, 2011
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07/31/2013

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The first is the Furan/Acid system. This system is categorized as the Furan Family but contains no
furan, but rather is composed of either Urea Formaldehyde (UF) or Phenol Formaldehyde (PF) as
well as a Furfuryl alcohol.

google define: Furan

•Resin formed from reactions involving furfuryl alcohol alone or in combination with other
constituents.
www.hghouston.com/f.html
•a colorless toxic flammable liquid used in the synthesis of nylon
www.cogsci.princeton.edu/cgi-bin/webwn
•Furan, also known as furane and furfuran, is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound.
Furan is a clear, colorless, very volatile and highly flammable liquid with a boiling point close
to room temperature. It is toxic and may be carcinogenic.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Furan

The Furfuryl alcohol is said to be miscible with water, to clarify this see below;

google define: Miscible

•Capable of being mixed in any concentration without separation of phases; eg, water and ethyl
alcohol are miscible.
www.havoline.com/carcare/glossary/m.html
•Miscible means able to be mixed. Two liquids are said to be miscible if they are partially or
completely soluble in each other. Commonly, the term miscible is understood to mean that the
two liquids are completely soluble in each other. (See also Solubility.)
ccinfoweb.ccohs.ca/help/msds/msdstermse.html
•The capability of being mixed; mutually soluble.
www.airproducts.com/Products/Chemicals/EpoxyAdditives/content/Glossary.htm
•Capable of being mixed together.
www.sludgehappens.com/dewatering_glossary.htm

The system is considered as Organic, and readily polymerizes with acidic catalysts to a solid state at
room temperature

The Furan family has 3 sub groupings based upon the Nitrogen & water content of the system. These
are generically identified as Low, Medium & High Nitrogen systems.

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