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You learned a rectangle and its properties when you were at an elementary school. To recall them, discuss the following tasks with your classmate(s).
What are you going to learn?
To define a rectangle. To discover the formula of the perimeter and area of a rectangle.
• area • perimeter • rectangle
a. Find something around you in which the surface has a shape of book pages. b. Suppose one of your book pages has a rectangular shape as shown in the figure below. What are the elements of the rectangle ABCD?
D A C B
Mini - Lab
Work in Groups
Materials: paper, scissors, a ruler, and a protractor. 1. Take a piece of paper forming a rectangle as in D C the figure on the right. O 2. Cut the paper into 2 of the same measure and B A share them with your classmate(s). 3. Name each rectangle ABCD. 4. Connect point A with point C, point B with point D, and mark the point of the intersection from those 2 lines and name it. 5. Use ruler to measure the lengths of sides and diagonals of the rectangle ABCD! AB =.......cm AD =........cm AC =........cm DC =.......cm BC =........cm BD =.......cm OA =........cm OB =........cm OC =.......cm OD =........cm 6. What is the relation between the lengths of AB and DC , AD and BC , and AC and BD ? 7. What is the relation of the lengths of OA , OB , OC , and OD ? 8. Use the protractor to measure the following angles. ∠DAB =.......° ∠ABC =.......° ∠BCD =.......° ∠CDA =.......° 9. What is the relation of ∠DAB, ∠ABC, ∠BCD, and ∠CDA? 10. Cut all corners of rectangle ABCD and then fit together side by side. Do the four angles form a whole turned angle or 360°? 11. Based on the activity, what can you conclude? Explain.
Mathematics for Junior High School Year 7/305
The elements of rectangle ABCD are sides AB , BC , CD , and
AD ; diagonal, that is AC dan BD ; and angles ∠A, ∠ B, ∠ C, and
Properties of a rectangle are that: 1. it has equal opposite sides. 2. it has four right angles. 3. it has two diagonals that are equal and bisect each other. Based on the properties above, we can conclude that: A rectangle is a quadrilateral that has 4 right angles and its opposite sides are equal in length.
Think about the following
1. “A rectangle is a quadrilateral which has 4 right angles.” Is the
statement enough to describe a rectangle?
2. Are opposite sides of a rectangle parallel? Explain your answer. 3. “A rectangle is a quadrilateral with parallel opposite sides.” Is the
statement enough to describe a rectangle? Explain your answer.
The figure given is rectangle PQRS. a. Name two pairs of equal sides. b. What are the lengths of PS and PQ ? c. Name two diagonal lines. d. Name two parallel sides. e. Name all right angles.
R 2 cm
306/Student’s Book – Quadrilaterals
Banana Garden Problem
Daddy has a rectangular banana garden which is 20 metres long and 10 metres wide. He wants to make a fence around the garden. What is the length of the fence?
Athlete Problem An athlete is running around a rectangular field. This field is 160 metres long and 80 metres wide. If the athlete runs once around the field, how far will he or she run? Cloth Problem Ani has a piece of rectangular cloth. The cloth will be decorated with lace around it. If the cloth is p cm long and l cm wide, what is the length of the lace that Ani should buy to decorate it? Garden Fence Problem Anto’s mother has a rectangular garden. The garden will be fenced with 3 piles of wire. The length of the wire needed is 600 m. What is the measure of the garden of Anto’s mother?
To answer those questions, what should be done?
Answer the question in each problem above.
If the sum of all sides of two-dimensional shapes is called perimeter, then what is the perimeter of rectangle ABCD? Explain.
Mathematics for Junior High School Year 7/307
Room Floor Suppose you have a room. The room floor is in a rectangular shape. The floor will be covered with square tiles.
1. Suppose there are 120 units of tiles used. In your own words, express the relation between 120 units of tiles and the floor of your room. 2. Suppose 15 units of tiles can be placed along the length and 8 units of tiles can be placed along the width. What is the relation between 15, 8, and 120? 3. Suppose there is a rectangular floor with 5 units of tiles in length and 3 units of tiles in width. How many tiles exactly are needed to cover the floor?
The number of tiles exactly used to cover the floor is called the area of the floor in units of tiles
What is the area of rectangle ABCD on the left? Explain.
Suppose a rectangle with a length of l units and a width of w units and the perimeter is P units and the area is A units, then the formula of the perimeter and the area of the rectangle is P = 2(l + w) and A = l × w
308/Student’s Book – Quadrilaterals
1. KLMN is a rectangle. Then a. KL = ... cm and LM = ... cm b. KM = ..... c. NM =... cm and KN = ... cm d. ∠K = ∠ ..... = ∠ .....
= ∠ ..... = .....° e. Two parallel lines are ........................... 2. RSTU is a rectangle. a. RU = ..... = ..... cm b. UT = ..... = ..... cm c. RT = ..... = ..... cm
3. EFGH is a rectangle, then a. EF //..... and EH //..... b. OE = ..... = OF = .....
d. ∠FOG = .....° e. ∠HOG= .....°
c. ∠EOF= ∠ ..... and ∠EOH= ∠ .....
4. UVWX is a rectangle, then a. x = ..... and y = ...... b. OX= ..... = ..... = .....
3x+7 2y−5 V M
5. On rectangle KLMN on the right, OK = 7 cm. N a. What are the lengths of OL, OM, and ON? b. What are the lengths of KM and LN? K 6. ABCD is a rectangle. a. Name two pairs of equal and parallel lines. b. What are the lengths of BC and AB ?
O L D 5 cm 8 cm C
Mathematics for Junior High School Year 7/309
7. Open Question. Name at least 5 objects around you that have rectangular surface. 8. Sketch. Copy each rectangle below and draw its diagonals.
H G Y X S
R P E F U V Q
a. Complete. EG = ..... ; VY =..... ; and PR = ...... b. Name all pairs of parallel sides on each rectangle. c. Name all right angles on each rectangle. 9. Open Question. Sketch rectangle RSTU with its diagonal of 6 cm and then measure the length of the 4 sides. How many rectangles can be drawn? 10. Critical Thinking. What can you conclude about the sum of four angles of a rectangle? 11. Critical Thinking. Look at rectangle ABCD below.
a. b. c. d. e. f.
What are the measures of ∠DAO and ∠ABO? List another angle that has the same measure List another angle that has the same measure What is the measure of ∠AOD? List another angle that has the same measure List another angle that has the same measure
as ∠DAO. as ∠ABO. as ∠AOD. as ∠AOB.
12. How many triangles are there in rectangle ABCD in no. 11?
310/Student’s Book – Quadrilaterals
13. Complete the following table.
No. a. b. c. d. e. f. g. Length 6 mm 8 cm ...... dm ...... dm 10 m 20m ...... m Width 4 mm 5 cm 5 dm 8 dm ...... m ...... m ....... m Perimeter of Rectangle .......... mm .......... cm 34 dm 46 dm ........ m ........ m ........ m Area of Rectangle ........ mm 2 ........ cm 2 ........ dm 2 ........ dm 2 60 m 2 140 m 2 160 m 2
14. Calculate the perimeter and the area of rectangles with the following measures: a. Length is 17 dm and width is 7 dm. b. Length is 20 mm and width is 5 mm. c. Length is 25 m and width is 8 cm. 15. The area of a rectangle is 24 m 2 and the length of one of its sides is 8 m. Determine the perimeter of the rectangle. 16. Open Question. Determine the dimension of a rectangle with the area of 36 m 2 . 17. A rectangle is 4 cm wide and its perimeter is 28 cm. Calculate the length and area of the rectangle. 18. Land. Pak Anwar will buy a piece of land forming a rectangle of 30 m long and 20 m wide. The price of the land is Rp 50,000.00 per m 2 . How much will Pak Anwar pay for the land? 19. Critical Thinking. The perimeter of a rectangle is 100 cm. The ratio of the length and the width of the rectangle is 3 : 2. Calculate the length and the width of the rectangle. 20. Can you calculate the perimeter of a rectangle of a given area? Explain your answer.
Mathematics for Junior High School Year 7/311
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