# CALCULATION OF WATER CURRENT FORCES

:-
Mean velocity of water current at HFL ,V = 7.0 m/s
Max. velocity at surface , V = (2)
0.5
*V = 9.90 m/s
V
2
at HFL = 98.0 m/s
Case 1: Water current force for normal case, water flowing at 0
o
Value of "K" = 0.66
Pier shaft width at top (m) = 2.68
HFL
= 2.0 94.875
F
ntensity of pressure due to water
current at HFL, 52KV
2
(t/m
2
) = 3.363
ntensity of pressure due to water
at well cap top level (t/m
2
) = 1.853 1.853t/m2 80.200
Water current force on pier upto
end of varying portion, F (t) = 47.5
Level at which force F acts = 89.876
62.200
Case 2: Water current force for normal case, water flowing at 20
o
Value of "K" along transverse direction = 0.66
= 41.95 t
Value of "K" along longitudinal direction = 1.50
Water current force on pier upto
end of varying portion, F (t) = 56.2
Level at which force F acts = 94.162
Pier shaft width at base (m)
Water current force diagram
ormal
scour level
3.363t/m2
%op of
well cap
Force at base of pier along transverse direction ( taking cosine
component of the value as calculated above & multiplying with the
appropriate obstruction width)
Force at base of pier along transverse direction ( taking sine
component of the value as calculated above & multiplying with the
appropriate obstruction width)
Pier cap top Level
RL 95.950
HFL
RL 94.875
H= 14.68m
RL 80.200
3.90m
3.46m
OBSTRUCTION DIAGRAM IN TRANSVERSE DIRECTION
2.00m
1.00m
pier centre line
%op of well cap
Pier cap top Level
RL 95.95
HFL
RL 94.875
14.68m
RL 80.200
11.00m
10.10m
pier centre line
5.00m
6.00m
OBSTRUCTION DIAGRAM IN LONGITUDINAL DIRECTION
%op of foundation / well cap
V
2
at HFL = 98.0 m/s
Case 3: Water current force for seismic case, water flowing at 0
o
Value of "K" = 0.66
Pier shaft width at top (m) = 2.14
HFL
= 2.00 94.875
F
ntensity of pressure due to water
current at HFL, 52KV
2
(t/m
2
) = 3.363
ntensity of pressure due to water
at well cap top level (t/m
2
) = 1.685 1.685t/m2 80.200
Water current force on pier upto
end of varying portion, F (t) = 45.7
Level at which force F acts = 88.886
65.460
Case 4: Water current force for seismic case, water flowing at 20
o
Value of "K" along transverse direction = 1.50
= 40.34 t
Value of "K" along longitudinal direction = 1.50
Water current force on pier upto
end of varying portion, F1 (t) = 54.7
Level at which force F1 acts = 94.303
%op of
well cap
Seismic
scour level
Force at base of pier along transverse direction ( taking cosine
component of the value as calculated above & multiplying with the
appropriate obstruction width)
Water current force diagram
3.363t/m2
Pier shaft width at base (m)
Force at base of pier along transverse direction ( taking sine
component of the value as calculated above & multiplying with the
appropriate obstruction width)

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