Functional properties of Fruits & vegetable beverages

INTRODUCTION
Rich source of micro chemicals Potential to prevent human Cancer About 30 classes of chemicals-preventive effects Identified hundreds of phytochemicals - prevention of cancer • These include the presence in plant foods of such potentially anticarcinogenic substances as carotenoids, chlorophyll, flavonoids, indoles, isothiocyanates, polyphenolic compounds, protease inhibitors, sulfides, and terpenes • The specific mechanisms of action of phytochemicals in cancer prevention are not yet clear, • Phytochemicals can inhibit carcinogenesis by induction of phase II enzymes while inhibiting phase I enzymes • • • •

Vegetable and fruit juices
Lowers considerably the risk of several important chronic diseases, including coronary heart disease And a number of types of cancer (breast, colon, prostate). The fact that the consumers of vegetables, including processed tomatoes, have a lower risk of many types of chronic diseases, such as heart diseases and some types of cancer ( lung, breast, ovary, intestinal tract and prostate). Lycopene, a carotenoid without provitamin-A activity, is present in many fruits and vegetables; yet tomatoes and processed tomato products are essentially the major sources of our diet.

FUNCTIONAL Red Fruit and Vegetables
• l yc op en e and anthocyanins. • There are many thousands of other beneficial nutrients as well and create some pretty impressive health benefits for our body. • Reduces th e risk of cancer and free ra di ca l da mage . • Lowers the risk of prostate cancer, lowers bl oo d p re ssure, inhibits tumor growth, lowers LD L cholesterol levels, and supports jo int tissue • Red F&V include red peppers, cranberries, tomatoes, pomegranates, apples, strawberries, raspberries, red cabbage, cherries, guava, and watermelon. •

Tomato
• Tomato is known primarily for its carotenoid pigment lycopene. • • Believed to prevent prostate cancer and enhance the skin's ability to protect against harmful UV rays. • • lycopene is a tetraterpene assembled from eight isoprene units

• Its deep red color (useful for food coloring) and antioxidant property is attributed to its conjugated double bonds.

APPLE JUICES
• An Apple a Day keeps  the  Doctor  Away • • Diabetes  patients  are  supposed  to eat sour apple, people suffering from cardiovascular and obesity should eat sweet apple. • • cure constipation.  The  powerful  antioxidants  and  anthocyanin  found  in red apples prevent us  from cancer development and cardiovascular disease . 

POMEGRANATE JUICE
• help  support  the normal  blood  flow  to the heart • reduces the risk of having heart  diseases and heart attacks.  • keep away from forming bad cholesterol and also help in keeping the arteries clear of clots.  • It may also help  reduce the risks of diabetes, cancer etc.  • This fruit is a good natural  source  of  vitamins  A,  C,  E and  folic acid.  • Pomegranate supports the blood by supplying  it with iron which also may help protect anemia symptoms like weakness, dizziness, hear loss and exhaustion. 

strawberry
• Strawberry is the most delicious and nutritious fruit that has the ability to remove harmful toxin in the blood.   • This  fruit  is recommended for constipation, high blood pressure, skin cancer, sluggish liver,  rheumatism  etc.    • fruit  which  is  consumed  as  skin  cleansing food.

cherries
iron and disease fighting antioxidants compared to other  fruits. vitamin C and E,   iron,   fiber,   potassium  and  magnesium. reduce  cholesterol level,   insulin  levels  and  blood  sugar,  besides raising  the  antioxidant  capacity  Every  100  grams  of  fresh  cherries  have  higher percentage of vitamin A which  is five times more than  apples and grapes   twenty fresh cherries may keep us away from depression mood. 

Wat er mel on

1200  varieties  of watermelon and are grown in 96 countries worldwide.

  • ideal  food  without  any  fat  or  cholesterol. 


• good source of potassium and  is rich in  fiber and vitamins A and C. It  is actually not a  fruit but  a  vegetable  that  belongs  tofamily  of  pumpkins and  cucumbers.  It  basically  quenches  our  thirst  and also  prevents  from  diseases like diabetes, asthma, colon cancer, arthritis etc. 

Functional Orange Fruits and Vegetables
• C a ro t en o i ds and citrus b i of l av o n oi d s are the most popular nutrients found in orange produce.

• improve brain function, decrease muscle cramps, lower cancer risk, lower heart disease risk, and increase the efficiency of your immune system. • • examples of orange fruits and vegetables are pumpkin, sweet potatoes, mango, carrots, tangerines, and oranges.

car rot
• It is a root vegetable and gets its characteristic bright orange color from a-carotene, • which is metabolised into vitamin A in humans when bile salts are present in the intestines. • It is also richin dietary fibre, antioxidants and minerals. • Besides, it is a good companion plant for horticulturists. • If intercropped with tomatoes it increases tomato productivity and if it is allowed to flower in the field it attracts predatory wasps that prey upon several harmful pests. • Its ethno pharmacological use in treatment of digestive problems, intestinal parasites, tonsillitis and constipation is popular.

ora nge
• Orange  is one of most popular  fruits  in the world. • •  It is a citrus fruit with excellent source of  vitamin C. • • orange also good source of dietary fiber,  vitam in A, B, B1, calcium and potassium.

•  By consuming oranges frequently we can reduce  the risk  of  cancers  and  heart  diseases.  

Fun cti ona l Y ello w F ruit a nd Veg eta ble s
• L ut ei n a nd zeaxanthin are two big nutrients found in yellow fruits and vegetables • benefit being the decrease risk of macular degeneration and they overall protect eyes from damage. • They can also increase your energy levels and immune system. • Some yellow fruits and vegetables are corn, pineapple, yellow peppers, lemons, yellow apples, and pears.

Mango juice
• The phenols found in mangoes, including astragalin, methylgallat, gallic acid and fisetin, plus the plentiful enzymes, possess ca nc er - p r eventing capabilities . • good  source of  vitamins, minerals and anti‐ oxidants  • contain very few proteins, fats and calories li ke any other fruits. of mangoes are Vitamin • the benefits C and Calcium in mango  tightens  the capillary vessels and preventsbleedings o f  inner parts.  consumption of mango makes the • Regular complexion fair and the skin soft and shining. 

PINEAPPLE
• tropical fruit containing proteolytic enzyme, bromelain helps in digestion of protein. Mainly it can prevent from forming blood clot due to its bromelain content. • used in removal of intestinal worms, to combat diphtheria and other infection of throat and other parts of the body. • It also prevents morning sickness and constipation. • Rich in Vitamin C. • it protects diseases like heart disease, diabetes and various cancers. • it also prevents plague and keeps teeth healthy, keeps skin beautiful and helps us lose weight.

Functional Green Fruit and Vegetables
• C hl or op hy ll is the major nutrient in that green color you find in fruits and vegetables. • Green produce has been shown to lower cancer risk, blood pressure, LDL cholesterol, free radical damage and improve your vision and immune system. • There is lettuce, kiwi, artichokes, asparagus, limes, Brussels sprouts, avocado, spinach, kale, peas, green beans, green peppers, green apples, zucchini, and broccoli that fall under the green produce category.

broccoli
• It is high in vitamins and dietary fiber. It also contains multiple nutrients with potent anticancer properties • such as diindolylmethane (DIM) and minor amounts of selenium. • DIM is also a potent modulator of the innate immune response system and possesses anti-viral and antibacterial properties. • Broccoli also contains glucoraphanin that can be converted into an anticancer compound sulforaphane. • It is also a rich source of lutein, beta-carotene and indole-3-carbinol, • which enhances DNA repair in cells and blocks cancer cell growth. • Regular consumption of broccoli reduces the risk of prostate cancer and heart disease

avo cad o
• Commercially valuable fruit. • It is also famous for its cholesterol lowering benefits due to its oleic acid content, an omega nine fatty acid. • Major constituent is mono-unsaturated fat, • which makes it an important staple in the diet of communities • which have limited access to other fatty foods(meats, dairy products, etc). • Besides, the avocado fruit contains higher potassium content (around60% higher) than bananas and is also rich in vitamins. High fiber content in the fruit (including75 % insoluble and 25 % soluble fiber ) is another desirable feature.

F u n c t i o n a l Blue an d P urp le F r u i t and Vegetables
• The vast array of health benefits found with blue and purple fruit and vegetables range from improving the immune system, digestion, and lowering inflammation in the body to lowering LDL cholesterol levels, tumor growth, and risk of cancer. • The main nutrients that give these fruits and vegetables their color and some health benefits are resveratrol , pr oa nt ho cy anidin , and anthocyanidin . • Blue and purple produce options include raisins, plums, blueberries, blackberries, grapes, eggplant, and pruns.

GRA PE JUI CE AND WIN ES
• Both fresh grapes and commercial grape juices are a significant source of phenolic antioxidants, vitamins. • Extracts of fresh grapes inhibited human LDL oxidation from 22 to 60% • Commercial grape juices from 68 to 75% when standardised at 10µM gallic acid equivalents (GAE ) • prevents diseases such as cancer, and cardiovascular and neurological diseases.

blu ebe rri es
• Blueberries  are  the  finest  fruits  to prevent  high   blood  pressure  and  weakness.  • The antioxidants  in  blueberries  help  us  to maintain brain  health,  • strengthen  our  heart,  fight  against cancer diseases and  prevent  chronic  diseases related with the aging process. 

Fun cti ona l W hite Fr uit an d Veg eta ble s
• Anthoxanthins are health beneficial nutrients found in white produce. • With this color of fruit and vegetables come some great health benefits of lowering cholesterol, blood pressure, stomach cancer risk, and overall heart disease risk. • Onions, potatoes, leeks, bananas, garlic, ginger, mushrooms, and many nuts and seeds are great examples of white fruit and vegetables that give you many nutrients.

banana
amount  of  carbohydrate  can  • high  be transformed  into energy  in our body. • •  heart, kidney,  muscle,  nerve  and  bones. • like  potassium  • symptoms  deficiency which include mind fogginess, nervous shaking, body tiredness, excessive perspiration of their limbs, etc can be improved by eating banana. 

Custard apple
• Custard  apple  contains  Vitamin  C  • which  is  an  anti‐oxidant  and  helps  in neutralizing free radicals. For treating d iarrhea and dysentery, • custard apple can be dried, crushed and used  in  its  unripe  form.  • Vitamin  A  present  in  this fruit  is good for eyes, hair and maintaining health y skin.  • The  low  fat  levels  in  this  fruit also help us to prevent from heart diseases. High source of d ietary fiber in custard apple also helps in digestion

garlic
• sulfur-containing compounds such as thiosulfinates (allicin ) • sulfoxides ( alliin), and dithiin (in which the most researched compound is ajoene) which are not only responsible for its characteristically pungent strong odor but also the source of its many health-promoting effects including its antiinflammatory, antibacterial and anti-viral power. • The same compounds together with the garlic’s other nutrients like vitamins B6 and C, tryptophan, selenium, phosphorous and calcium are also beneficial for weight control, and cardiovascular and cancer protection and promoting optimum health. • A cup of garlic supplies an excellent amount of the mineral manganese which aids in the formation of connective tissue, bones, blood-clotting factors, and sex hormones and plays a role in fat and carbohydrate metabolism, calcium absorption, and blood sugar

conclusion
• Crucifers, Alliums & the other vegetables contain a variety of biologically active phytochemicals • Consumers are increasingly adjusting their diet to boost health and well being and for them this is one of the best option as a functional food • The key to ultimate health is getting a variety of fruits and vegetables and eating the full spectrum of the rainbow. • Each color has its own beneficial nutrients and should have a place in a healthy plant based diet. A diet high in nutrients and lower in nutrient-poor foods is the key to longevity and health.

hanks for your kind attention