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Functional properties of Fruits & vegetable beverages

INTRODUCTION
Rich source of micro chemicals Potential to prevent human Cancer About 30 classes of chemicals-preventive effects Identified hundreds of phytochemicals - prevention of cancer These include the presence in plant foods of such potentially anticarcinogenic substances as carotenoids, chlorophyll, flavonoids, indoles, isothiocyanates, polyphenolic compounds, protease inhibitors, sulfides, and terpenes The specific mechanisms of action of phytochemicals in cancer prevention are not yet clear, Phytochemicals can inhibit carcinogenesis by induction of phase II enzymes while inhibiting phase I enzymes

Vegetable and fruit juices


Lowers considerably the risk of several important chronic diseases, including coronary heart disease And a number of types of cancer (breast, colon, prostate). The fact that the consumers of vegetables, including processed tomatoes, have a lower risk of many types of chronic diseases, such as heart diseases and some types of cancer ( lung, breast, ovary, intestinal tract and prostate). Lycopene, a carotenoid without provitamin-A activity, is present in many fruits and vegetables; yet tomatoes and processed tomato products are essentially the major sources of our diet.

FUNCTIONAL Red Fruit and Vegetables


l yc op en e and anthocyanins. There are many thousands of other beneficial nutrients as well and create some pretty impressive health benefits for our body. Reduces th e risk of cancer and free ra di ca l da mage . Lowers the risk of prostate cancer, lowers bl oo d p re ssure, inhibits tumor growth, lowers LD L cholesterol levels, and supports jo int tissue Red F&V include red peppers, cranberries, tomatoes, pomegranates, apples, strawberries, raspberries, red cabbage, cherries, guava, and watermelon.

Tomato
Tomato is known primarily for its carotenoid pigment lycopene. Believed to prevent prostate cancer and enhance the skin's ability to protect against harmful UV rays. lycopene is a tetraterpene assembled from eight isoprene units

Its deep red color (useful for food coloring) and antioxidant property is attributed to its conjugated double bonds.

APPLE JUICES
AnAppleaDaykeeps the Doctor Away Diabetes patients are supposed to eat sour apple, people suffering from cardiovascular and obesity should eat sweetapple. cureconstipation. The powerful antioxidants and anthocyanin found inredapplespreventus from cancerdevelopmentandcardiovasculardisease .

POMEGRANATE JUICE
help support the normal blood flow totheheart reducestheriskofhavingheart diseasesandheart attacks. keep away from forming bad cholesterol and also help in keeping the arteries clear ofclots. Itmayalsohelp reducetherisksofdiabetes,canceretc. Thisfruitisagoodnatural source of vitamins A, C, E and folicacid. Pomegranatesupportsthebloodbysupplying itwithiron whichalsomayhelpprotectanemiasymptomslike weakness,dizziness,hearlossandexhaustion.

strawberry
Strawberry isthe most delicious andnutritious fruit that has the ability to remove harmful toxin in the blood. This fruit isrecommendedfor constipation, high blood pressure, skin cancer, sluggish liver, rheumatism etc. fruit which is consumed as skin cleansingfood.

cherries
ironanddiseasefightingantioxidantscompared toother fruits. vitaminCandE, iron, fiber, potassium and magnesium. reduce cholesterollevel, insulin levels and blood sugar, besidesraising the antioxidant capacity Every 100 grams of fresh cherries have higherpercentageofvitaminAwhich isfivetimesmorethan applesandgrapes twentyfreshcherriesmaykeepusawayfrom depressionmood.

Wat er mel on

1200 varieties ofwatermelonandaregrownin96 countriesworldwide.

ideal food without any fat or cholesterol.

goodsourceofpotassiumand isrichin fiberandvitaminsAandC. It isactuallynota fruitbut a vegetable that belongs tofamily of pumpkinsand cucumbers. It basically quenches our thirst andalso prevents from diseases like diabetes, asthma, coloncancer,arthritisetc.

Functional Orange Fruits and Vegetables


C a ro t en o i ds and citrus b i of l av o n oi d s are the most popular nutrients found in orange produce.

improve brain function, decrease muscle cramps, lower cancer risk, lower heart disease risk, and increase the efficiency of your immune system. examples of orange fruits and vegetables are pumpkin, sweet potatoes, mango, carrots, tangerines, and oranges.

car rot
It is a root vegetable and gets its characteristic bright orange color from a-carotene, which is metabolised into vitamin A in humans when bile salts are present in the intestines. It is also richin dietary fibre, antioxidants and minerals. Besides, it is a good companion plant for horticulturists. If intercropped with tomatoes it increases tomato productivity and if it is allowed to flower in the field it attracts predatory wasps that prey upon several harmful pests. Its ethno pharmacological use in treatment of digestive problems, intestinal parasites, tonsillitis and constipation is popular.

ora nge
Orange isoneofmostpopular fruits intheworld. Itisacitrusfruitwithexcellentsourceof vitaminC. orangealsogoodsourceofdietaryfiber, vitam inA,B,B1,calciumandpotassium.

Byconsumingorangesfrequentlywecanreduce therisk of cancers and heart diseases.

Fun cti ona l Y ello w F ruit a nd Veg eta ble s


L ut ei n a nd zeaxanthin are two big nutrients found in yellow fruits and vegetables benefit being the decrease risk of macular degeneration and they overall protect eyes from damage. They can also increase your energy levels and immune system. Some yellow fruits and vegetables are corn, pineapple, yellow peppers, lemons, yellow apples, and pears.

Mango juice
The phenols found in mangoes, including astragalin, methylgallat, gallic acid and fisetin, plus the plentiful enzymes, possess ca nc er - p r eventing capabilities . good sourceof vitamins,mineralsandanti oxidants containveryfewproteins,fatsandcaloriesli keanyotherfruits. ofmangoes areVitamin thebenefits CandCalcium inmango tightens thecapillaryvesselsandpreventsbleedingso f innerparts. consumption ofmangomakesthe Regular complexion fair andtheskinsoftandshining.

PINEAPPLE
tropical fruit containing proteolytic enzyme, bromelain helps in digestion of protein. Mainly it can prevent from forming blood clot due to its bromelain content. used in removal of intestinal worms, to combat diphtheria and other infection of throat and other parts of the body. It also prevents morning sickness and constipation. Rich in Vitamin C. it protects diseases like heart disease, diabetes and various cancers. it also prevents plague and keeps teeth healthy, keeps skin beautiful and helps us lose weight.

Functional Green Fruit and Vegetables


C hl or op hy ll is the major nutrient in that green color you find in fruits and vegetables. Green produce has been shown to lower cancer risk, blood pressure, LDL cholesterol, free radical damage and improve your vision and immune system. There is lettuce, kiwi, artichokes, asparagus, limes, Brussels sprouts, avocado, spinach, kale, peas, green beans, green peppers, green apples, zucchini, and broccoli that fall under the green produce category.

broccoli
It is high in vitamins and dietary fiber. It also contains multiple nutrients with potent anticancer properties such as diindolylmethane (DIM) and minor amounts of selenium. DIM is also a potent modulator of the innate immune response system and possesses anti-viral and antibacterial properties. Broccoli also contains glucoraphanin that can be converted into an anticancer compound sulforaphane. It is also a rich source of lutein, beta-carotene and indole-3-carbinol, which enhances DNA repair in cells and blocks cancer cell growth. Regular consumption of broccoli reduces the risk of prostate cancer and heart disease

avo cad o
Commercially valuable fruit. It is also famous for its cholesterol lowering benefits due to its oleic acid content, an omega nine fatty acid. Major constituent is mono-unsaturated fat, which makes it an important staple in the diet of communities which have limited access to other fatty foods(meats, dairy products, etc). Besides, the avocado fruit contains higher potassium content (around60% higher) than bananas and is also rich in vitamins. High fiber content in the fruit (including75 % insoluble and 25 % soluble fiber ) is another desirable feature.

F u n c t i o n a l Blue an d P urp le F r u i t and Vegetables


The vast array of health benefits found with blue and purple fruit and vegetables range from improving the immune system, digestion, and lowering inflammation in the body to lowering LDL cholesterol levels, tumor growth, and risk of cancer. The main nutrients that give these fruits and vegetables their color and some health benefits are resveratrol , pr oa nt ho cy anidin , and anthocyanidin . Blue and purple produce options include raisins, plums, blueberries, blackberries, grapes, eggplant, and pruns.

GRA PE JUI CE AND WIN ES


Both fresh grapes and commercial grape juices are a significant source of phenolic antioxidants, vitamins. Extracts of fresh grapes inhibited human LDL oxidation from 22 to 60% Commercial grape juices from 68 to 75% when standardised at 10M gallic acid equivalents (GAE ) prevents diseases such as cancer, and cardiovascular and neurological diseases.

blu ebe rri es


Blueberries are the finest fruits toprevent high blood pressure and weakness. Theantioxidants in blueberries help us to maintainbrain health, strengthen our heart, fight againstcancerdiseases and prevent chronic diseasesrelatedwiththe agingprocess.

Fun cti ona l W hite Fr uit an d Veg eta ble s


Anthoxanthins are health beneficial nutrients found in white produce. With this color of fruit and vegetables come some great health benefits of lowering cholesterol, blood pressure, stomach cancer risk, and overall heart disease risk. Onions, potatoes, leeks, bananas, garlic, ginger, mushrooms, and many nuts and seeds are great examples of white fruit and vegetables that give you many nutrients.

banana
amount of carbohydrate can high betransformed intoenergy inourbody. heart,kidney, muscle, nerve and bones. like potassium symptoms deficiencywhichincludemind fogginess, nervous shaking, body tiredness, excessive perspiration of their limbs, etc can be improvedbyeatingbanana.

Custard apple
Custard apple contains Vitamin C which is an antioxidant and helps inneutralizingfreeradicals.Fortreatingd iarrheaanddysentery, custardapplecanbedried,crushedandused in its unripe form. Vitamin A present in thisfruit isgoodforeyes,hairandmaintaininghealth yskin. The low fat levels in this fruitalsohelp us to preventfromheartdiseases.Highsourceofd ietary fiber incustardapplealsohelpsindigestion

garlic
sulfur-containing compounds such as thiosulfinates (allicin ) sulfoxides ( alliin), and dithiin (in which the most researched compound is ajoene) which are not only responsible for its characteristically pungent strong odor but also the source of its many health-promoting effects including its antiinflammatory, antibacterial and anti-viral power. The same compounds together with the garlics other nutrients like vitamins B6 and C, tryptophan, selenium, phosphorous and calcium are also beneficial for weight control, and cardiovascular and cancer protection and promoting optimum health. A cup of garlic supplies an excellent amount of the mineral manganese which aids in the formation of connective tissue, bones, blood-clotting factors, and sex hormones and plays a role in fat and carbohydrate metabolism, calcium absorption, and blood sugar

conclusion
Crucifers, Alliums & the other vegetables contain a variety of biologically active phytochemicals Consumers are increasingly adjusting their diet to boost health and well being and for them this is one of the best option as a functional food The key to ultimate health is getting a variety of fruits and vegetables and eating the full spectrum of the rainbow. Each color has its own beneficial nutrients and should have a place in a healthy plant based diet. A diet high in nutrients and lower in nutrient-poor foods is the key to longevity and health.

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