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The French government purchases the rights to the invention and makes it available to the public. Within months, clients are paying photographers to make daguerreotype portraits. Photographers are also sent on expeditions to make daguerreotypes in Russia, Egypt, and the Middle East.
1842 A daguerreotype camera is taken along on an expedition led by John Fremont to chartthe Western territories. Fremont is inexperienced with the process and obtains poor results.
1845 John L. O Sullivan coins the phrase Manifest Destiny to justify America s Western expansion.
1850 s Ansel Adams s grandfather, William James Adams, establishes a profitable grocery business in Sacramento and San Francisco, selling goods to Gold Rush migrants.
1851 Robert Vance holds an exhibit in New York called Views of California . With more than 300 daguerreotypes, the exhibit receives rave reviews. March 25: The Mariposa Battalion enters Yosemite Valley under the leadership of Lafayette Bunnell. Supported by prospectors, their mission is to remove the Native American population in Yosemite to reservations.
1853 John Fremont leads an expedition to California, and brings along professional photographer Solomon N. Carvalho, who successfully makes many good photographs.
1854 James Cutting s ambrotype, a thin collodion negative on a glass plate, is developed. The wet plate process soon improves to make it possible to make paper positive prints from wet collodion glass plate negatives.
1857 William James Adams (Ansel s grandfather) opens a lumber business, Adams &Blinn, which will become the Washington Mill Company.
1859 Charles Weed photographs Yosemite and displays his work in Sacramento at the Fifth Annual Fair of the State Agricultural Society.
1871 William Henry Jackson takes photographs of Yellowstone. is born in California. is born in Iowa while her family is going west in a wagon train. 1862 Olive Bray. 1864 The Bray family settles in Carson City. Yosemite s awe-inspiring granite formation. 1868 Charles Hitchcock Adams. exploring and mapping America s Western lands. Ansel Adams s mother. Ansel Adams s father. Ansel Adams will later call O Sullivan s work one of the most extraordinary photographs ever made in America . . Nevada. Pomeroy of Kansas to convince the Senate of Yellowstone s value. and makes many photographs that receive critical acclaim at an exhibit in New York. which are used by Senator Samuel . 1875 John K. Arizona. making photographic wet plates obsolete. and lead to the formation of the U. 1878 George Eastman gets a patent for a process of manufacturing gelatin dry plates.S. Survey work will continue until 1879.1861 Carleton Watkins travels to Yosemite for the first time. Hillers becomes the first person to photograph the Grand Canyon. 1873 Timothy O Sullivan photographs the ancient ruins at Canyon de Chelly. These photographs inspire President Abraham Lincoln to deed Yosemite as park land to the state of California. Geological Survey. Seasonal climbing cables are erected on the back of Half Dome. 1872 Yellowstone becomes the nation s first national park. The cables allow adventurous souls to make a hair-raising ascent to the top. where they become prominent figures in the city s social scene. 1867 Washington legislators initiate what will become four Great Surveys . for the first time.
1915 The Panama Pacific Exposition. music will come to dominate his studies. Photography is now more accessible to amateurs. Adams s father buys him a year-long pass so he can attend the exposition daily. is held for ten months in the present-day Marina District. The Adams family s home survives with little damage. 1906 April 18: A powerful earthquake strikes San Francisco. celebrating the opening of the Panama Canal. Yosemite becomes a national park. Over the next fifteen years. and Adams will decide to become a concert pianist. 1896 Olive Bray and Charles Adams get married and settle in San Francisco. 1888 George Eastman invents lightweight photographic film that does not have to be developed immediately after exposure. San Francisco. because it is located on the city s outskirts.7 square miles is completely destroyed. 1907 The Adams family loses a substantial amount of its fortune in the financial panic. 1902 February 20: Ansel Adams is born at 114 Maple Street. followed by a fire that burns uncontrolled for three days. 1890 Due to lobbying by John Muir. Four-year-old Ansel suffers a broken nose in an aftershock.1887 Avid hunter and future president Theodore Roosevelt joins with Forest and Stream editor George Bird Grinnell to found the Boone and Crockett Club. Roosevelt begins his public career as an advocate for wilderness by mobilizing club members to defend Yellowstone Park from the threats of mining and railroad interests. He also makes arrangements for his son to study ancient Greek and take piano lessons privately with Frederick Zech. . 1914 Adams s father takes Ansel out of school and tutors him at home. the only child of Olive and Charles. An area of 4.
1922 Publishes first article in the Sierra Club Bulletin. Adams begins to photograph the park and develops an enthusiastic interest in both photography and Yosemite. When he returns to San Francisco at the end of the summer. Adams returns to Yosemite every year for the rest of his life. at the tail end of the worst epidemic in American history. in the Sierra Nevada. Summer: After several summers of avid hiking. He will ascend and descend Half Dome for six days every spring and every fall. Still determined to become a concert pianist. exploration. He also places and removes the seasonal cable system on the back of Half Dome that enables adventurous park visitors to summit it. certain that marriage is incompatible with the musical career he still seeks. the worldwide death toll is upwards of 30 million. and there meets Virginia Best. Though he will recover. 1921 Takes first high country outing with the Sierra Club. He finds it in the studio of painter Harry Best. . In this role for several years. He determines to return as soon as possible to Yosemite. They give their son his first camera. carrying the heavy clamps in a backpack. Adams learns flash photography (before the era of flash bulbs) to make himself more versatile and tells a few stories of nearly setting his subjects on fire. a place that seems pure and healing to him. whom he will later marry. and photography in Yosemite. 1924 Explores Kings River Canyon with the Le Conte family. he will lead tours. over half a million Americans die. 1919 Winter: Adams is infected with the Spanish influenza. 1920 Adams s first published photograph appears in the Sierra Club Bulletin. and maintain a library. he breaks up with Virginia. answer questions. a Kodak Box Brownie. 1925 Summer: Adams photographs in the area of the Kings River. Adams seeks a practice piano at Yosemite.1916 Adams convinces his parents to go to Yosemite for a vacation. Adams joins the Sierra Club and applies for a job as summertime custodian of the club s Yosemite headquarters.
and becomes committed to fulltime career in photography after understanding Strand s total dedication to creative photography and seeing hisnegatives. Ansel Adams meets photographer Edward Weston at Albert Bender s. the Face of Half Dome depicts Half Dome with a sharp.oo apiece. and the sky is darkened for dramatic effect. invites Adams to be the official photographer of a Sierra Club outing to the Canadian Rockies. Adams decides to abandon his musical career. Meets photographer Paul Strand in Taos. clear focus.1925-26Winter: Adams supports himself as a piano teacher in San Francisco. Strand s modern style affects Adams s own style. Monolith. Continues commercial work into the early 1970 s. Adams makes albums for the Sierra Club outings held at the San Francisco office of the club. meets Georgia O Keeffe and John Marin. William Colby. 1930 Adams and his wife build a home next to his parents house in San Francisco. Adams begins accepting commercial photography assignments. 1928 January 2: Adams and Virginia Best are married in Yosemite.A.C. New Mexico. the F. During the Depression. Adams makes a photograph in a style uniquely his own. Adams prints Farm Security Administration photographer Dorothea Lange s photographs while she is out in the field so she can get feedback before they are sent to Washington. San Francisco insurance man and arts patron Albert Bender underwrites Adams s first portfolio. D. 1929 Photographs in the Taos Pueblo in Northern New Mexico for a book project. Parmelian Prints of the High Sierras. 1927 Winter: Disillusioned with the politics and posturings of San Francisco s musical world. 1930 s Adams photographs Kings River and Kern River in the Sierra Nevada. He demonstrates varying angles and techniques of photographing the same subject. which contains 18 prints. detailed photographs of leaves and flowers. executive director of the Sierra Club. For the first time. and inspires him to make intimate. One hundred portfolios are printed and they sell out at $50. He considers it to be his first visualization . had hired photographers to document American rural life.S. .
Charles Adams is made Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. The members. including Adams. and Jon Paul Edwards. is born.1931 Adams begins writing a photography column for The Fortnightly. is born. . D. Adams meets master photographer and art world authority Alfred Stieglitz for the first time at his gallery. Adams organizes a Conservation Convention and Wildflower Festival. January-May: Camera Craft Magazine runs a series of articles by Adams called An Exposition of Technique . Henry Swift. 1935 Ansel and Virginia s daughter. The Group f/64 is created. It becomes the Adams/Danysh Gallery. Michael.. The name of the group is derived from the very small lens aperture used to increase sharpness and depth of field. Sonya Noskowiak. Anne. one of the few galleries to exhibit photographs at the time. The Smithsonian Institution in Washington. The San Francisco Museum of Art gives Adams a one-person exhibit.C. An American Place. 1932 The M. are committed to defining photography as a pure art form rather than a derivative of other art forms. Adams reopens it as the Ansel Adams Gallery for photography. Imogen Cunningham. His Making a Photograph is published. Willard Van Dyke. Adams shares responsibility for gallery with Joseph Danysh so he can go back to photographing. 1934 Adams holds an impromptu Yosemite Wildflower Festival. September: When the Gallerie Beaux Arts at 166 Geary Street in San Francisco closes. He is also a member of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. de Young Memorial Museum in San Francisco holds a solo exhibit of Adamss photographs. Stieglitz is very impressed with Adams s portfolio. mounts a solo exhibit of Adams s work entitled Pictorial Photographs of the Sierra Nevada Mountains by Ansel Adams . Adams is never paid for the eight prints of his that Reed sells. in New York City. Adams begins a 37-year tenure as a member of the Sierra Club s Board of Directors.H. 1933 Ansel and Virginia s son. Edward Weston. November: Adams meets gallery director Alma Reed at her Delphic Studios in New York.
June: A fire in Adams s darkroom in Yosemite destroys one-third of his early negatives. Roosevelt. The University of California at San Francisco hosts a one-man show by Adams. 1940 Congress passes a bill making Kings Canyon a national park. Virginia Adams inherits her father s gift shop in Yosemite.C. which sells paintings. so Adams sends Ickes another copy. in addition to his view camera. D. D.C. Adams begins working on the assignment.1936 January: A conference on the national parks is held in Washington. December 31: Beaumont Newhall curates the first photography exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art. his gallery in New York. a Contax. Adams shows his photographs of the Sierra to lawmakers and the Secretary of the Interior. Adams photographs Carlsbad Caverns National Monument. Adams s Sierra Nevada: The John Muir Trail is published. May 9: The Washington Times reviews an Arts Club exhibit of Adams s work in Washington. December: Adams is hospitalized for a chest infection and mononucleosis. October 27: Alfred Stieglitz hosts a one-person exhibit of Adams s work at An American Place . Adams sends a copy to Ickes. He helps found . Weston and his wife help sort through the wreckage. and becomes a consultant to the museum. as well as photographs of the Old West made by 19th century photographers such as Carleton Watkins and Timothy O Sullivan. 1937 January 7: Curator Beaumont Newhall invites Adams to display some of his photographs at a Museum of Modern Art exhibit entitled Photography: 1839-1937 . November: Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes commissions Adams to make photographs of the national parks. Roosevelt keeps the book for the White House. The family moves to Yosemite. 1938 After working on the book for nearly a year. who shows it to President Franklin D. Harold Ickes. Best s Studio. Adams helps him plan the exhibit. Adams begins to work with a little camera . which he plans to enlarge into murals for the Department of the Interior s main building. and curios. for the U. New Mexico.S Park Service. He takes photography treks with Weston through the High Sierra and with Georgia O Keeffe and David McAlpin through the Southwest. Adams curates A Pageant of Photography for the Golden Gate Exposition. This overview of American photographic history features photographs of the Civil War. photographs. The Sierra Club sends Adams to lobby for the establishment of Kings Canyon as a national park.
October 31: Adams makes one of his best-known photographs. While there. California. Sierra Nevada. March: Adams patron Albert Bender dies. he documents the plight of the internees at his own expense. New Mexico. Paul Strand. Arizona. with Ansel contributing the photographs. 1942 Due to the outbreak of World War II. he shoots Winter Sunrise. Unfortunately. 1941 Ansel and Virginia Adams write Michael and Anne in Yosemite Valley. many of the color prints have faded due to the instability of the dyes in the Ektachrome film. 1941-42 Adams develops the Zone System technique of exposure and development control while teaching at the Art Center School in Los Angeles. Moonrise. the Department of the Interior is forced to cancel its mural project. Adams shoots his celebrated Surf Sequence on an outing with Beaumont and Nancy Newhall. The book is quite successful. . Refusing government funding. 1943 Adams visit Manzanar. an internment camp for Japanese-Americans.the Department of Photography at the Museum with Newhall and David McAlpin. despite Adams s complaints about the poor quality of the reproductions. 1940 s. 1940 s Adams gets an assignment from AT&T to photograph employees at their jobs. The children s book depicts their two young children. and Charles Sheeler to 50 s shoot advertising photos with Kodak film. Hernandez. He works as photography consultant to the Office of War Information in Los Angeles. The text is written by Virginia.George Waters at Kodak hires Adams along with Edward Weston. from Lone Pine. October: Adams curates Image of Freedom exhibition at New York s Museum of Modern Art with Nancy Newhall. Adams makes his own version of Timothy O Sullivan s 1873 photograph of the ancient ruins at Canyon de Chelly.
and one for Fortune on agriculture in the San Joaquin Valley. 1950 s Adams and Dorothea Lange work together on assignments one on the Mormons of Utah for Life. he makes photographs of Denali National Park. He establishes the International Museum of Photography there. 1947 Adams goes to Alaska to work on his Guggenheim project and on an assignment for Kodak. . Adams passes on his teaching position to Minor White. 1946 Adams is awarded a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship to photograph national parks and monuments. 1945 February: Adams and Dorothea Lange collaborate to photograph the wartime shipyards in Richmond. 1944 Born Free and Equal. Beaumont Newhall is appointed as the first curator of the George Eastman House in Rochester.Nancy Newhall curates an exhibit of Adams s Manzanar photographs at the Museum of Modern Art. Many criticize him for being disloyal. Adams publishes two books that teach about photography: The Camera and t e Lens and The h Negative. California for Fortune. Ted Spencer. because it takes up too much of his time. While there. is published. 1948 Adams s Guggenheim Fellowship is renewed. president of the San Francisco Art Association. 1949 Adams s My Camera in Yosemite Valley is published. a book featuring Adams s Manzanar photographs. New York. asks Adams to set up a department of photography at the California School of Fine Arts.
a journal of creative photography. is published. which is held at the LeConte Memorial Lodge in Yosemite before traveling throughout the United States. New York s Museum of Modern Art. Virginia and Ansel Adams start a company called Five Associates with three friends. Adams begins an annual photography event: The Ansel Adams Yosemite Workshop. June and July: Adams and Nancy Newhall collaborate on a series of articles for Arizona Highways. is published. Adams has made the photographs for these books with support from his Guggenheim fellowships for photographing the national parks. Adams co-founds Aperture. Minor White. an intense. Among its venues are the Smithsonian. Artificial Light Photography. The company produces high-quality photographic postcards and notecards. Adams goes to Hawaii on an assignment for Kodak. and others.1950 My Camera in the National Parks and National Parks and Monuments are published. 1958 Adams makes the photographs Aspens. another of Adams s teaching books. which are sold at Best s Studio. and the California Academy of Science. Northern New Mexico in both horizontal and vertical formats. short-term creative photography learning experience. directed by David Meyers. 1952 Natural Light Photography. 1954 Adams and Nancy Newhall collaborate on Death Valley. Adams s The Print is published. a magazine that showcases photographs of nature. Photographer. 1956 Another Adams teaching book. 1955 Nancy Newhall and Adams curate an exhibit called This Is the American Earth . . 1953 Adams does LIFE magazine photo-essay with Dorothea Lange on the Mormons in Utah. 1957 Adams films Ansel Adams. with the Newhalls.
Adams and Nancy Newhall produce a book called A More Beautiful America. but deep rifts in political strategies are created within the Sierra Club. 1961 Adams receives honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree from the University of California. He has a rubber stamp made that says. 1966 Adams is elected as fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Cole Weston leases art gallery space to Adams. Berkeley. 1960 s Adams and the Sierra Club fight to get Pacific Gas & Electric to move the site of their nuclear power plant from Nipomo Dunes to Diablo Canyon. the Interior Department s highest civilian honor. His resignation is not accepted. . California. a retrospective of Adams s work held at the de Young Museum in San Francisco. 1962 Adams sells his San Francisco house and builds a home and studio overlooking the Pacific Ocean in Carmel Highlands. At the President s request. 1965 Adams meets with President Lyndon B. who starts an organization called Friends of Photography in Carmel. which uses Adams s photographs and text from Johnson s speeches. The site is moved. 1968 Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall awards Adams the Conservation Service Award. 1963 Nancy Newhall curates The Eloquent Light . he loses his battle and he believes the region is done irreparable harm. Johnson to discuss environmental issues and takes an active role in his task force. Remember Tenaya!!! . In the end.Adams tries to resign from the Sierra Club during the battle to widen the Tioga Road near Tenaya Lake.
Spring: David McAlpin organizes an exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art to display Adams s lesser-known work in portraiture. Adams presents him with the print. President.1969 Adams is elected director of the Sierra Club. He is elected Honorary Fellow of the Royal Photographic Society of Great Britain. Tucson. 1974 Adams s first trip to Europe. every time you lean back in your chair. Adams returns to Arles photography festival during his second European trip and photographs Scotland. Switzerland and France. Adams becomes more involved with the Wilderness Society because of their focus on wilderness issues and because of his friendship with William Turnage. 1975 January 28: President Gerald Ford requests a print of Clearing Winter Storm after seeing it in Images: 1923-1974 . Adams s Photographs of the Southwest is published. He receives the Progress Medal from the Photographic Society of America. 1971 After 37 years of service. Adams delivers Alfred Stieglitz Memorial Lecture at Princeton University. that picture is going to remind you of your responsibility to do something for the national parks. France photography festival. He teaches at the Arles. Adams resigns as director of the Sierra Club. 1977 JamesAlinder becomes executive director of Friends of Photography. 1972 The Sam Francisco Museum of Modern Art holds an exhibit called Ansel Adams: Recollected Moments . Adams says to President Ford. Mr. The Victoria and Albert Museum in London hosts an exhibit of Adams s work. as well as his outline of a New Initiative for the National Parks . where his archive is established. who is serving as executive director. . The exhibit s catalogue is called Singular Images. 1976 Adams s Taos Pueblo is reprinted. Adams helps found the Center for Creative Photography at the University of Arizona.
Adams receives Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree from Harvard University. This marks the first time photographs are used instead of paintings. It is the first American exhibit to be invited to the . 1980 June 9: Adams receives the Presidential Medal of Freedom. An exhibition of Adams s work is held in Shanghai. Pianist Vladimir Ashkenazi performs at the party. then transfers workshop to the Carmel area to be run by The Friends o f Photography. An hour-long biographical film. New Mexico sells for $71. February 19: A celebration marking Adams s 80th birthday is put on by the Alinders at the Monterey Peninsula Museum of Art. from President Carter.500. 1983 Ansel Adams Day is proclaimed by the California State Legislature. Adams is awarded the Hasselblad Medal of Honor at the Museum of Modern Art in New York by the King and Queen of Sweden. 1982 Receives the Decoration of Commandeur in the Order of the Arts and Letters. Ansel Adams Photographer. September 3: Adams appears on the cover of Time magazine. the highest price ever paid for a print. 1978 The Friends of Photography mount an exhibition called Ansel Adams: 50 Years of Portraits . the nation s highest civilian honor. 1979 Adams is invited to make official photographs of President Jimmy Carter and Vice-President Walter Mondale for the National Portrait Gallery. He holds the final workshop in Yosemite. the highest cultural award given by the French Government to a foreigner. Adams s Yosemite and the Range of Light is published. Hernandez. He receives the first Ansel Adams Award for Conservation given by the Wilderness Society.John Szarkowski curates Ansel Adams and the West at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. 1981 A mural-sized print of Moonrise. is co-produced by Andrea Gray and John Huszar for Film America. An exhibition called The Unknown Ansel Adams is curated by Jim Alinder for the Friends ofPhotography in Carmel.
000 acres of land between Yosemite National Park and John Muir Wilderness Area as the Ansel Adams Wilderness Area. on the Southwest boundary of Yosemite National Park.National Museum of Beijing since the Communist takeover. . is officially named on the first anniversaryof his death. an 11. He views it as an opportunity to express his views on conservation.760-foot peak located at the head of the Lyell Fork of the Merced River. May: An Adams interview in Playboy magazine comes out. June 30: Adams is invited to meet with President Reagan. Adams is outspoken in his opposition to President Ronald Reagan. 1985 April 22: Mount Ansel Adams. Congress passes legislation designating more than 200. 1984 April 22: Ansel Adams dies at the age of 82.
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