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Anti Lock Brakes

Anti Lock Brakes

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Published by: Chaithanya Chatrathi on Aug 26, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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ABS (Anti-Lock brake system)  ABS allows the driver to maintain steering control of the vehicle while in hard braking situations . 


Computerized ABS is designed to keep the wheels from locking as the brakes are applied. A locked wheel provides very little or no directional control.

 Doing so will make the ABS system ineffective.  .  Always apply firm pressure.ANTI-LOCK BRAKES When operating a vehicle with ABS never pump the brakes.

or pedal kick back during an ABS stop.ANTI-LOCK BRAKES  Drivers may experience a pulsation in the brake pedal. This is normal and not to be confused with a conventional brake pedal pulsation .

ANTI-LOCK BRAKES Master Cylinder Assembly Pressure Valve Dump/Vent Valve Speed Sensor Anti Lock Anti-Lock Brake Module 12 V .

Speed sensor's Wiring.ANTI-LOCK BRAKES  Major components of the anti-lock brake system consist of a Brake control module. . Solenoid valve assembly. and the amber ABS brake warning light.

ANTI-LOCK BRAKES Brake Control Module:  The brake control module is a compute that receives information from the speed sensor and compares it to the speed of other wheels.  .  When one wheel is approaching lock-up pressure can be vented allowing the wheel nearing lock-up to speed up.

ANTI-LOCK BRAKES If a wheel is too fast then pressure can be increased to slow down the wheel.  If both wheels are approximately at the same speed the brake control module can enter a pressure hold mode of operation.  .

Hold pressure steady C. Decrease pressure . Increase pressure B.ANTI-LOCK BRAKES  Solenoid Valve Assembly: Is a pair of valves that can: A.

ANTI-LOCK BRAKES Pressure increase mode Solenoid 1 Pressure increase During pressure increase mode of operation fluid is allowed to flow through both solenoids to the brake caliper Solenoid 2 Pressure decrease/Vent solenoid Brake line under pressure Brake fluid line not under pressure .

ANTI-LOCK BRAKES Pressure hold mode Solenoid 1 Pressure increase During Pressure Hold mode of operation both solenoids are closed and no additional fluid is allowed to flow to brake calipers. Solenoid 2 Pressure decrease/Vent .

The Vent solenoid opens allowing fluid to vent into an accumulator chamber Solenoid 2 Pressure decrease/Vent .ANTI-LOCK BRAKES Pressure Vent mode Solenoid 1 Pressure increase During Pressure Vent mode the pressure increase solenoid is closed.

 Normally pumping brake 20-30 times will release pressure.ANTI-LOCK BRAKES ABS system can maintain extremely high static pressure and must be disabled before attempting repairs.  .

ANTI-LOCK BRAKES  ABS brake system are Integrated Nonintegrated .

 A nonintegrated has the master cylinder and control valve assembly made separate.  .ANTI-LOCK BRAKES An integrated system has the master cylinder and control valve assembly made together.

 ABS system only operates when wheel lock-up is emanate.  .  A bussing noise and bakes pedal vibration is normal during ABS operation.ANTI-LOCK BRAKES ABS operates using the same hydraulic principal as conventional brakes.

ANTI-LOCK BRAKES  To determine if wheel lock-up is about to occur vehicles have a wheel speed sensor.  .

channel normally RWAL (rear wheel anti-lock) In a one channel RWAL system the rear wheels are controlled together .ANTI-LOCK BRAKES  There 3 ABS configurations 1.


ANTI-LOCK BRAKES  ABS brakes are either 1 Channel 3 Channel 4 Channel .

ANTI-LOCK BRAKES 1 channel ABS system controls the rear wheel together.  .  A 1 channel system only has 1 speed sensor and control valve assembly.

ANTI-LOCK BRAKES A three (3) channel ABS system control the rear wheel together and the front independently.  Three channel ABS system have 3 speed sensor and one (1) control module  .

is the wheel speed in relation to vehicle speed.  If vehicle speed is faster than the wheel speed slippage is negative. And the wheel may become lock-up  .ANTI-LOCK BRAKES Wheel Slippage.

Traction control prevent a vehicle from spinning out of control.  .  Positive wheel slippage occurs when a wheel is spinning.ANTI-LOCK BRAKES If vehicle speed is slower than wheel speed. Wheel slippage is positive.  NOTE: Late model vehicles use the same ABS components with traction control.

ANTI-LOCK BRAKES The best braking action occurs at between 10-20%.  If vehicle speed and wheel speed is the same wheel slippage is 0%  A lock-up wheel will have a wheel slippage of 100%  .

Diagonally split brake system Master Cylinder . Diagonally split systems offer an added safety value.ANTI-LOCK BRAKES   In a diagonally split system brake system the left front and right rear brakes are controlled together.

When tires lose their grip of the road. Under these conditions the wheels may lock up and the tires run the risk of losing their grip. there is a good chance that the car may go into an uncontrolled spin. This is why drivers in older vehicles have been taught in the past to pump brakes when on icy roads. Difficulties arise with these conventional brakes if the road is slick and the driver executes a panic stop. which squeezes brake calipers together around the wheel's rotor when the brake petal is depressed. .ADVANTAGES OF ABS   The advantages of ABS brakes (anti-lock braking system) are that they eliminate or greatly reduce the possibility of brake lock up and therefore provide a better chance of steering out of trouble. Conventional hydraulic brakes work by using a cylinder (actuator).

Since brakes are most effective at slowing the car at a point just before wheel lock up. .  Anti-lock brakes do just this by using a computer processor to monitor and control the application of the brakes. With this information. At braking. These pulses achieve the desired braking pressure without allowing the wheels to lock up. measured amounts of pressure are sent to each wheel in the form of hydraulic pulses of pressure to the calipers. ABS brakes were designed to combat the problem of tire lock up and uncontrolled spins. a system that provides for wheel braking while preventing wheel lock up is very desirable. the processor monitors rpm and braking pressure on each of the vehicle's wheels.

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