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Power Measurement

Power Measurement

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Published by: Namcha Techaveerapong on Aug 26, 2011
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01/10/2014

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ûøåĒõăť Ď

âēĄøõĆĎèĝĄĘĥĎè âēĄĈĒõâĪ ēĆĒèèēú(Power measurement)
úĖĦ ĝüŭ úâēĄøõĆĎèĝÿĘĥ Ďĉė âĊēĞĆđĈĒõâĪ ēĆĒèĝûĄâãĎèĝåĄĘĥ Ďèăúöũ õĖ ĝìĆ
Yanmar : 580 cc 10.5 hp@2400
rpmĞĆđĈĕ ĝåĄēđČũ åĈēĂġĂťĞúťúĎúãĎèâĪēĆĒèĝûĄâøĖĥåĪ ēúĈôġõŦ Ġúâē
ĄøõĆĎèúĖĦéđøĪēâēĄûĒúøėâýĆãĎè
- åĈēĂĝĄĤĈĄĎûøĖĥ ġõŦ (N)
- ĞĄèøĖĥ ğČĆõġõŦĄĒû (F)
- ĝĈĆēøĖĥ ĠëŦĠúâēĄĝýēýĆēîĝëĘĦĎĝÿĆĕèãúēõ 51.04cc (t)
ğ õ ă úĪ ē åť ē øĖĥ ġ õŦ ĝ Č Ćť ē úĖĦ Ă ē åĪ ē ú Ĉ ô öť Ď é đ ġ õŦ
åĈēĂĝĄĤ Ĉĝëĕ èĂę ĂĝøťēâĒû 209.96rad/sec,ĞĄèûĕ õĝøťēâĒû34.54 Nm,
Heat input ĝ øť ē âĒ û 36.1kW
ĝĂĘĥĎġõŦåĈēĂĝĄĤĈĝëĕèĂę ĂâĒûĞĄèûĕõéđċēĂēĄ÷åĪēúĈôâĪēĆĒèĎĎâĂēġõŦ ĝ
øť ēâĒû 7.25 kWĞĆđĂĖ åť ēåĈēĂĞúť úĎúöť ēèģĝâĕ õãėĦ úõĒĦ èúĖĦ torque
arm ĝøťēâĒûേͲǤʹͺͷ͹Ψ, load cell ĝøťēâĒûേͲǤʹͶͺ͹ Ψ, tachometer
ĝøťēâĒûേͲǤͲʹͷΨ , âĄđûĎâĈĒõúĦĪ ēĂĒú ĝøťēâĒûേͳǤͳͻͲΨ, ĞĄèûĕ õ
ĝøť ēâĒûേͳǤ͹͹ͶΨ ĞĆđâĪ ēĆĒè ĝøť ēâĒûേͲǤ͵͹ͺΨğõăĝåĄĘĥ Ďèăúöũ õĖ ĝìĆ
Yanmar
øĖĥ ĠëŦ ĠúâēĄøõĆĎèĂĖ ĎĒöĄēâēĄĝýēýĆēîĝëĘĦ ĎĝÿĆĕ è
ହଵǤ଴ସ ୡୡ
ହଶǤଽୱ
ൎ0.96
cc/sĞ Ć đ â ē Ą ĈĒ õ Ğ Ą è Ğ Ć đ å Ĉ ē Ă ă ē Ĉ ã Ď è Torque
armĂĖýĆöť ĎåĈēĂġĂť Ğúť úĎúãĎèâĪēĆĒèĂēâøĖĥ ċęõ









ûøúĪē
â ē Ą ø õ Ć Ď è ĝ ĄĘĥ Ď è Power Measurement
ĝüŭ úâēĄøõĆĎèĝÿĘĥĎĉėâĊēĝâĖĥăĈâĒûâēĄĈĒèâĪēĆĒèãĎèĝåĄĘĥĎèăúöũ ċĒúõē
üāēăĠúìėĥèĝüĆĖĥăúÿĆĒèèēúĝåĂĖĠúĝëĘĦĎĝÿĆĕèĝüŭ úÿĆĒèèēúåĈēĂĄŦĎúĞ
ĆŦ Ĉ ĝ ü ĆĖĥ ă ú ĝ üŭ ú âĪ ē ĆĒ è è ē ú
ìėĥ èéđ÷Ě âċť èöť ĎĝÿĘĥ ĎġüČĂę úĝÿĆēãĎèĝåĄĘĥ Ďèăúöũ ğõăýť ēúëę õâĆġâ
Ğöť ĠúüūééęûĒúúĖĦ ĂĖâēĄĠëŦüĄđğăëúũ éēâÿĆĒèèēúĠúČĆēăõŦēúúĎâĝČ
úĘ Ďé ē âĝ åĄĘĥ Ďè ăúöũ ċĒ úõē ü ĝ ëť ú âē Ą ýĆĕ öġ ĀĀš ē ĝ üŭ úöŦ ú
õĒèúĒĦúĠúñēúđĈĕĉĈâĄéėèéĪēĝüŭ úöŦĎèĂĖåĈēĂĄĚ ŦĝâĖĥăĈâĒûâēĄĈĒõÿĆĒèèēúĝ
ÿĘĥĎøĄēû÷ėèÿĆĒèèēúøĖĥöŦĎèĠëŦĠúâēĄċĄŦēèâĪēĆĒèĠČŦġõŦöēĂøĖĥöŦĎèâēĄĞ
ĆđúĪēâĪēĆĒèøĖĥ ġõŦġüĠëŦèēúĠČŦĝâĕõüĄđğăëúũċĚ èċęõ

ĈĒö÷ęüĄđċèåũâēĄøõĆĎè
1. ĝÿĘĥ ĎĈĒõâĪēĆĒèĝûĄâãĎèĝåĄĘĥ Ďèăúöũ
2. ĝ ÿĘĥ Ď Ĉĕ ĝ å Ą ē đ Čũ å Ĉ ē Ă ġ Ăť Ğ úť ú Ď ú Uncertainty
ãĎèâĪēĆĒèĝûĄâãĎèĝåĄĘĥ Ďèăúöũ

ĈĕùĖâēĄøõĆĎè
1. øĪēâēĄĈĒõåťēåĈēĂăēĈ Water brake dynamometer with
torque arm ğõăĠúâēĄøõĆĎèúĖĦ ĂĖ ãúēõ 175 mm.,
åť ēãúēõĝċŦúýť ēúĉĚ úăũâĆēèãĎèâĄđûĎâĠċťúĦĪēĂĒúĞĆđĞâúāēă
Ġ ú â Ą đ û Ď â Ġ ċť úĦĪ ē ĂĒ ú
øĖĥ Ġëť Ğûť èĄđõĒûĠúâēĄéĒûĝĈĆēĞĆđåĈēĂČúēãĎèĞâúõŦ Ĉă,
åť ēåĈ ēĂăēĈĠ úĞöť Ćđëť Ĉè ãĎè âēĄ éĒ ûĝ Ĉ Ćē ûĒ úøė âåť ē
ĝÿĘĥ ĎĠëť ĠúâēĄåĪēúĈôČēüĄĕĂēöĄãĎèâĄđûĎâöĈè
2. ûĒúøėâåťē resolution ãĎèĎęüâĄôũ Torque arm, Load cell
ĞĆđ Tachometer (ĂēöĄĈĒõĎĒöĄēĄĎû)
3. ĝ õĕ ú ĝ å ĄĘĥ Ď è ă ú öũ õŦ Ĉ ă ĎĒ ö Ą ē ĝ ĄĤ Ĉ Ą Ď û øĖĥ âĪ ē Č ú õ
ìėĥ è âĪ ē Č ú õ Ġ ČŦ ĂĖ åť ē ü Ą đ Ă ē ô 1 8 6 0 rpm
Ğ Ćđ üĄĒ ûĞ Ą è âõöŦ ē úã Ďè úĦĪ ē ĎăĚť øĖĥ üĄ đ Ăē ô 20 kg
ğõăċēĂēĄ÷Ďť ēúåť ēøĖĥ ġõŦ éēâĝ åĄĘĥ ĎèĈĒ õ dynamometer
øĖĥ ĞċõèýĆĎĎâĂēøēèČúŦēüūõ
4. ĝ ĂĘĥ ĎøĪ ēâēĄöĒĦ èåť ēĝ Ąĕĥ ĂöŦ úöť ēè ģġ õŦ åĄûöēĂâĪ ēČúõĞĆŦ Ĉ
éė è ĈĒ õ ĎĒ ö Ą ē â ē Ą âĕ ú úĦĪ ē ĂĒ ú ğ õ ă â ē Ą éĒ û ĝ Ĉ Ć ē
ìėĥ èâēĄûĒúøė âåť ēâēĄéĒûĝĈĆēúĒĦ ú éđûĒúøė âåť ēĝĈĆē 2 ëť Ĉè
åĘ Ď ëť Ĉ è Ğ Ą è ğ õ ă ĝ Ąĕĥ Ă é ē â ãĖ õ û ú ċę õ ÷ė è ãĖ õ øĖĥ ċ Ď è
ìėĥ è ĂĖ å Ĉ ē Ă ă ē Ĉ ëť Ĉ è åĘ Ď 4 2 mm. Ğ Ć đ ëť Ĉ è øĖĥ ċ Ď è
ğõăĝĄĕĥ ĂéēâãĖ õøĖĥ ċĎè÷ė èãĖ õøĖĥ ċēĂ ìėĥ èĂĖ åĈēĂăēĈëť ĈèåĘ Ď 38
mm. ûĒúøė âåť ēĝ ĈĆē(s),åť ēĞĄèøĖĥ load cell (kg)
ĞĆđéĪēúĈúĄĎû(rpm) ĝÿĘĥĎĠëťĠúâēĄåĪēúĈô T(torque) ĞĆđ
P(power)
5. øĪ ē â ē Ą ø õ Ć Ď è ö ē Ă éĪ ē ú Ĉ ú 5 Ą Ď û
ğõăøĪēĝĄĕĥ ĂøĪēĠČĂť öĒĦèĞöť ãŦĎ3 - 4 éúåĄû 5 ĄĎû
ýĆâēĄøõĆĎè
Test No.
n(rpm)
Ȧ
(rad/sec)
V
f
(cc) t(s) F(kg)
Torque
(Nm)
Power
(kw)
1 2011 210.59 51.04 55.5 20.0 34.34 7.23
2 2002 209.65 51.04 48.4 20.3 34.85 7.31
3 2005 209.96 51.04 55.8 19.9 34.16 7.17
4 2004 209.86 51.04 49.6 20.1 34.5 7.24
5 2003 209.75 51.04 55.0 20.3 34.85 7.31
ۻܩܳ܀ܜܬ ܻܙ 2005 209.96 51.04 52.9 20.1 34.54 7.25

åťēåèøĖĥ öťēèģ
Torque arm(L) = 175 mm.
ɏ
ௗ௜௘௦௘௟
= 0.862 kg/l
LHV = 43.4 MJ/kg

öĒĈĎăťēèâēĄåĪēúĈô
ĠúøĖĥ úĖĦĝĆĘĎâĠëŦåť ēøĖĥġõŦéēââēĄøõĆĎèåĄĒĦèøĖĥ 4
Test No.
n(rpm)
Ȧ
(rad/sec)
V
f
(cc) t(s) F(kg)
Torque
(Nm)
Power
(kw)
4 2004 209.86 51.04 49.6 20.1 34.5 7.24

Torque(T) = Force(F)ൈgൈTorque arm(L); g = 9.81 m/s
2

= 20.1 kg ൈ 9.81 m./s
2

భళఱ ౣౣǤ
భబబబ ౣౣǤȀౣǤ

= 34.5 NM



Power(P)=ȦൈT
=ʹߨ ቀ
ଶ଴଴ସ
଺଴
Bzቁ ൈ ͵ͶǤͷ NmǤ
= 7.24 kW

Heat input = ɏ
ௗ௜௘௦௘௟




ൈ Bv
= (0.862 kg/l)ቀ
ହଵǤ଴ସ ୡୡ
ସଽǤ଺ ୱ

ଵ ௟
ଵ଴଴଴ ୡୡ
ቁ ൈ Ͷ͵ǤͶ N}Ȁkg
= 38.496 kW

Thermal efficiency =
୔୭୵ୣ୰
ୌୣୟ୲ ୧୬୮୳୲
ൈ ͳͲͲ
=
଻Ǥଶସ
ଷ଼Ǥସଽ଺
ൈ ͳͲͲ
=18.80 %
öēĄēèûĒúøėâåĈēĂġĂť Ğúť úĎúãĎèĎęüâĄôũöťēèģ

ĎęüâĄôŭ Resolution Uncertainty
Torque arm(L) േ 1 mm. ܷ

= േ0.285%
Load cell േ 0.1 kg ܷ
ி
= േ
Tachometer േ1 rpm ܷ

= േ
âĄđûĎâĈĒõúĦĪēĂĒú േ 1 mm. ܷ

= േ

âēĄåĪēúĈôČēåĈēĂġĂť Ğúť úĎú
Torque arm

ܷ

ൌ േͲǤͷ ൈ ͳ݉݉ ൌ േͲǤͷ݉݉ሺͻͷΨ ܿ݋݂݊݅݀݁݊ܿ݁ ݈݁ݒ݈݁ሻ
ܷ

ሺΨሻ ൌ േͲǤͷ݉݉ ൈ
ͳͲͲ
ͳ͹ͷ݉݉
ൌ േͲǤʹͺͷ͹Ψ
Load cell
ܷ
ி
ൌ േͲǤͷ ൈ ͲǤͻͺͳ ܰ ൌ േͲǤͶͻͲͷ ܰሺͻͷΨ ܿ݋݂݊݅݀݁݊ܿ݁ ݈݁ݒ݈݁ሻ
ܷ
ி
ሺΨሻ ൌ േͲǤͶͻͲͷ ܰ ൈ
ଵ଴଴
ଶ଴ǤଵൈଽǤ଼ଵ ே
ൌ േͲǤʹͶͺ͹ Ψ

Tachometer
ܷ

ൌ േͲǤͷ ൈ ͳ ݎ݌݉ ൌ േͲǤͷ ݎ݌݉ሺͻͷΨ ܿ݋݂݊݅݀݁݊ܿ݁ ݈݁ݒ݈݁ሻ
ܷ

ሺΨሻ ൌ േͲǤͷ ݎ݌݉ ൈ
ଵ଴଴
ଶ଴଴ହ ௥௣௠
ൌ േͲǤͲʹͷΨ

âĄđûĎâĈĒõúĦĪēĂĒú

ܷ

ൌ േͲǤͷ ൈ ݎ݁ݏݑ݈݋ݐ݅݋݊ሺͻͷΨ ܿ݋݂݊݅݀݁݊ܿ݁ ݈݁ݒ݈݁ሻ

ܷ
௛ଵ
ൌ േͲǤͷ ൈ
ଵ଴଴
ଷ଼
ൌ േͳǤ͵ͳ͸Ψ

ܷ
௛ଶ
ൌ േͲǤͷ ൈ
ଵ଴଴
ସଶ
ൌ േͳǤͳͻͲΨ

ܷ



ܷ
௛ଵ

൅ ܷ
௛ଶ



ൌ േͳǤ͹͹ͶΨ

ĞĄèûĕõ
ܷ

ሺΨሻ ൌ േ

ܷ
ி

൅ ܷ



ܷ

ሺΨሻ ൌ േξͲǤʹͶͺ͹

൅ ͲǤʹͺͷ͹


ൌ േͲǤ͵͹ͺΨ


âĪēĆĒè
ܷ

ሺΨሻ ൌ േ

ܷ


൅ ܷ



ܷ

ሺΨሻ ൌ േξͲǤ͵͹ͺ

൅ ͲǤͲʹͷ


ൌ േͲǤ͵͹ͺΨ

ċĄęüýĆâēĄøõĆĎè
éēââēĄøõĆĎèĝĄĘĥĎè Power Measurement
ĝÿĘĥĎĈĒõâĪēĆĒèĝûĄâãĎèĝåĄĘĥĎèăúöũ
ĞĆđĈĕĝåĄēđČũåĈēĂġĂť Ğúť úĎúãĎèâĪēĆĒèĝûĄâĝåĄĘĥĎèăúöũ
ÿûĈť ēĝåĄĘĥ ĎèăúöũõĖĝìĆ Yanmar
øĖĥĠëŦĠúâēĄøõĆĎèĂĖĎĒöĄēâēĄĝýēýĆēîĝëĘĦĎĝÿĆĕè
ହଵǤ଴ସ ୡୡ
ହଶǤଽୱ
ൎ 0.96
cc/s ĞĆđĂĖâēĄċĄŦēèâĪēĆĒèġõŦ7.25kw øĖĥåĈēĂĝĄĤĈĄĎûĝêĆĖĥă
2005rpm ğõăâēĄĈĒõĞĄèĞĆđåĈēĂăēĈãĎèTorque
armĂĖýĆöťĎåĈēĂġĂť Ğúť úĎúãĎèâĪēĆĒèĂēâøĖĥċęõåťēøĖĥ ġõŦøĒĦè 5
åĄĒĦèéėèĂĖåĈēĂåĆēõĝåĆĘĥĎúġüéēâãĎûĝãöøĖĥĈĕĝåĄēđČũġĈŦöĒĦèĞöťöĎúĞĄ
âĝĂĘĥĎĝøĖ ăûâĪēĆĒèøĖĥġõŦéēâĝåĄĘĥĎèăúöũ âĒû Heat inputøĖĥåĪēúĈôġõŦåĘĎ
36.1kw ÿûĈť ēĂĖüĄđċĕøùĕāēÿĝëĕèåĈēĂĄŦĎúĂĖ ĝÿĖăè
20.08%ĞċõèĠČŦĝČĤúĈť ē
ĝåĄĘĥ ĎèăúöũøĖĥĠëŦĠúüūééęûĒúăĒèúĒûĈť ēĂĖâēĄĝýēýĆēîĝëĘĦĎĝÿĆĕèøĖĥåť ĎúãŦē
èĂēâ

ûøú â üúâ ü øõ øõ úìè ü ü ìèé ÷â èö ú é â å õèúú úñ ú ÿ ü ö úüééûúú â èÿ è â ú ú ÿ ëü è Power â âûâ ü ú èâ â Measurement èã è å è è úö úõ ú è õ úú â üúöú õÿ èè ú ú â úÿ èè ú å ú ë ÿ è üúÿ èè úå ã è å ëú â â è úö õ ý úëõâ ý ö âûâ ëúé âÿ èè ú ú è úö úõ ü â éèé üúö è å .

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